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Northeast Nebraska County Delivers Blow to Plans for Carbon Pipeline

by Paul Hammel (Nebraska Examiner)  Stanton County denial would require Summit Carbon Solutions to reapply for conditional use permit -- A rural Nebraska county delivered a blow Tuesday to plans by an Iowa corporation to build a pipeline carrying carbon dioxide across

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Engine Technology Forum to Testify in Support of Maryland’s Critical Infrastructure Streamlining Act of 2024

(Engine Technology Forum)  — Maryland’s House and Senate will consider The Critical Infrastructure Streamlining Act of 2024 tomorrow. The legislation, sponsored by Gov. Wes Moore, would remove a regulatory barrier impacting how back up power systems are classified and considered as part

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Project Presentation – Life Cycle Assessment of the Production of Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) and Renewable Diesel (RD) from Oil Palm and its Crop Residues in Colombia

(International Sustainability and Carbon Certification)  In a collaborative effort funded by the World Bank, ISCC, with the support of its sister companies MEO and GRAS, has been diligently conducting a Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) of Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) and Renewable

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Exclusive: White House Set to Back Tougher Climate Model for Ethanol, Sources Say

by Jarrett Renshaw, Stephanie Kelly and Leah Douglas (Reuters) President Joe Biden's administration is poised to announce an adjustment to its scientific modeling for ethanol that will show the corn-based fuel to be less effective at reducing greenhouse gas emissions than

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Ag Census Confirms Cropland Decline, Adoption of Environmental Practices

by Scott Richman (Renewable Fuels Association)  The first tranche of data from the 2022 Census of Agriculture was released by USDA on Tuesday, and it showed that the amount of cropland in the U.S. fell by 14 million acres (4%) since 2017, continuing a

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Sustainable Carbon Removals Limits Identified, Huge Climate Mitigation Challenge Revealed

(University of Melbourne/EurekAlert!) Governments and businesses are relying on dangerous amounts of future removal of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere, instead of more rapidly reducing emissions and phasing out fossil fuels. This problem is partly due to an incomplete picture1 of

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Another Attempt to Block Carbon Pipelines from Using Eminent Domain Fails

by Joshua Haiar (South Dakota Searchlight)   Another legislative attempt to stop a proposed carbon sequestration pipeline from using eminent domain failed Monday.  “It is up to us to defend South Dakotans’ property rights,” said Rep. Jon Hansen, R-Dell Rapids, the prime sponsor of

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US Counties Are Blocking the Future of Renewable Energy: These Maps, Graphics Show How

by Elizabeth Weise, Stephen J. Beard, Suhail Bhat, Ramon Padilla, Carlie Procell, Karina Zaiets (USA TODAY)   Across America, local bans, moratoriums and construction impediments are blocking wind and solar energy with increasing levels of red tape.  ... The U.S. has set a goal

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South Dakota Could Soon Regulate Hydrogen Pipelines, Same as Carbon

by Dominik Dausch  (Sioux Falls Argus Leader)  Just as the South Dakota's Governor's Office of 2009 foresaw the need for carbon dioxide pipelines to come under the purview of state regulators, so too did this year's legislative body decide the same for

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Minnesota Agency Releases Draft EIS for 28-Mile Section of Summit’s CO2 Pipeline Project Public Comment DEADLINE February 23, 2024 Hearings: February 6, 7 (in-person) and 8 (virtual)

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The Minnesota Department of Commerce on Jan. 26 released the draft environmental impact statement (EIS) for a 28.1-mile section of Summit Carbon Solution’s proposed carbon dioxide pipeline. A public comment period on the EIS is

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Summit Adds 12 Ethanol Plants to Pipeline Proposal in Iowa

by Jared Strong (Iowa Capital Dispatch) Summit Carbon Solutions has reached an agreement to nearly double the number of ethanol facilities that will connect to its proposed carbon dioxide pipeline system in Iowa, the company announced Monday. The agreement with POET —

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North Dakota Commissioners Say Counties Won't Be Able to Restrict Summit Carbon Pipeline

by Donnelle Eller (Des Moines Register) The Ames-based company that wants to build a $5.5 billion carbon capture pipeline across Iowa and neighboring states got a boost as North Dakota regulators signaled cities and counties there will be unable to impose

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BP Pushes to Extend Definition of ‘Advanced’ Biofuels as Green Aviation Targets Loom

by Jonathan Packroff (EURACTIV)  Oil giant BP Europe is pushing for a revision of the EU’s rules for biofuels, fossil fuel alternatives made from crops, animal fats, and waste, to allow more crops into the EU’s definition of ‘advanced’ biofuels

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As Sustainable Aviation Fuel Plant Opens, Get US Ethanol into the Game

by Monte Shaw (Iowa Renewable Fuels Association/Des Moines Register)  Carbon capture and sequestration cuts U.S. ethanol’s carbon score by more than half. Carbon capture and sequestration alone gets us in the game. ... Ready to go, but sitting on the bench, is

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Republicans Dodge Iowa’s Hot-Button Energy Issue: CO2 Pipelines

Jeffrey Tomich (Politico Pro Climatewire)The GOP nominating process is moving on from the Hawkeye State. Voters still aren’t sure where candidates stand on carbon pipelines. -- Florida Gov. Ron DeSantis and former U.S. Ambassador to the U.N. Nikki Haley brought their

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California, The Ethanol State?

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine) ... Consider this: In 2022, more than 103 million gallons of E85 was purchased in California for use in flex-fuel vehicles. Importantly, the E85 sales figure for 2022 represents a 66 percent

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CO2 Pipeline Projects Struggle to Gain Traction

by Christopher E. Smith (Oil & Gas Journal)  A much larger pipeline network than that already used for enhanced oil recovery would be needed for carbon capture, storage, and sequestration (CCS) to meet national greenhouse gas reduction goals. Estimates published

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RFA Welcomes Recognition of GREET Model in SAF Tax Credit Guidance

(Renewable Fuels Association) The U.S. Treasury Department today released guidance regarding the implementation of the Inflation Reduction Act’s sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) tax credit. The guidance clarifies that a soon-to-be-updated version of the Department of Energy’s GREET model will be among the methodologies used

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Duvall Calls Property Rights “Recurring Concern” for Farm Bureau

(Brownfield Ag News) Zippy Duvall (president of the American Farm Bureau Federation) tells Brownfield eminent domain concerns have been driven by the green energy movement. For a state like Missouri, that means energy transmission lines and for other states, its carbon pipelines,

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Bold Actions to Accelerate the Bioeconomy: Report from Ottawa Meet-up of the Bold Goals Action Group

by Jim Lane (REenergize the Gulf Coast) In Ottawa, on the sidelines of the Jeff Passmore’s SCALING UP meeting, a coalition of the willing known as the Bold Goals Action Group refined and amended a series of 37 Bold Actions that must be

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Canada Confirms US Feedstocks Comply with CFR’s Land Use, Biodiversity Criteria

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Environment and Climate Change Canada has acknowledged that U.S. feedstocks are in compliances with the land use and biodiversity (LUB) criteria included under the country’s Clean Fuel Regulation, according to a report filed with the

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Can Solar and Farming Coexist?

by Clinton Griffiths (AgWeb)   The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) believes solar could provide up to 40% of the country’s electricity by the year 2035. However, it’s estimated roughly 5.7 million acres of land will be needed. “While that amount is

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Growth Energy Urges Washington State to Clarify “Biofuels” Definition, Fully Embrace Bioethanol’s Emissions Benefits

(Growth Energy) Growth Energy, the nation’s largest biofuels trade association, today (November 1, 2023) urged regulators in Washington state to clarify their definition of “biofuels” under the state’s Cap-and-Invest program in a way that allows them to “maximize the use of

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Growth Energy Urges CARB to Follow the Science, Maintain Bioethanol’s Exemption from Cap-and-Trade Program

(Growth Energy) Growth Energy, the nation’s largest biofuels trade association, submitted comments today (October 26, 2023) to the California Air Resources Board (CARB) as part of its effort to revise the state’s cap and trade regulations. Specifically, the comments called on

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The Potential of Agrivoltaics for the U.S. Solar Industry, Farmers, and Communities

by Michele Boyd (U.S. Department of Energy) Large-scale solar energy installations are a relatively new form of development in many rural areas. Solar energy development can create clean energy, jobs, and other economic benefits in these communities. At the same time, the

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Bold Actions to Accelerate the Bioeconomy: Findings from the Bold Goals Action Group

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In San Francisco on the sidelines of the ABLC NEXT 2023 meeting, a coalition of the willing called the Bold Goals Action Group outlined a series of 31 Bold Actions that must be taken by industry

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Brazil Bucks Trend for EVs by Turning to Biofuels

(NHK) Electric vehicles are leading the charge to decarbonize the global auto industry, but Brazil is making a strong case for bioethanol. And some of the biggest names in the business are jumping on board. "I refueled with ethanol," says a driver

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New Report Provides Comprehensive Plan to Meet U.S. Net-Zero Goals and Ensure Fair and Equitable Energy Transition

(National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine)  A new report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provides a broad set of recommendations that form a comprehensive plan to put the U.S. on a pathway to realize its net-zero carbon emissions

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Heartland Greenway Project Update: Carbon Pipeline Project Canceled

(Navigator CO2) The development of Navigator CO2’s pipeline project has been challenging. Given the unpredictable nature of the regulatory and government processes involved, particularly in South Dakota and Iowa, the Company has decided to cancel its pipeline project. Matt Vining, CEO of

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Judge Halts Major Bay Area Refinery Project for State Environmental Review

by Natalie Hanson (Courthouse News Service) Phillips 66 cannot begin operations at a new California biofuel refinery until Contra Costa County fixes flaws in an environmental analysis of the project. -- Phillips 66 must halt a plan to start operating a new

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Navigator Carbon Capture Pipeline Company Moves to Pause Bid for Iowa Permit

by Jared Strong (Iowa Capital Dispatch/Des Moines Register)  Navigator CO2 Ventures wants to suspend the permit process for its planned carbon capture pipeline in Iowa until it wins approval for the project from utility regulators in Illinois. The pipeline would carry emissions

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Analysis: US Carbon Capture Pipeline Setbacks Reflect Challenges in Climate Fight

by Leah Douglas (Reuters)   A series of permit rejections for two high-profile carbon pipeline projects in the U.S. Midwest could bode poorly for carbon capture and storage (CCS) as a widespread solution to climate change, reflecting deep-seated public concern about its

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Ethanol Blog -- RFA Chief: EPA Science Board Using Bad Data to Question Corn Ethanol Emissions

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer)  As the EPA's Science Advisory Board meets Thursday and Friday, the ethanol industry is continuing to push back on the board's claim that there are "minimal or no climate benefits" in using corn ethanol in

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CO2 Pipelines: The New Populist Republican Target

by Mike Soraghan (E&E News Energywire)  Far-right leaders are often fans of pipelines crossing the country, but when it comes to ones carrying carbon dioxide — forget it. Big pipeline and carbon sequestration projects in the Midwest, which would involve thousands of

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GOP Lawmakers Testify against Eminent Domain Use for Carbon Pipeline

by O. Kay Henderson (Radio Iowa)  An Iowa lawmaker is suggesting the Iowa Utilities Board lacks the authority to grant Summit Carbon Solutions permission to seize property along its proposed pipeline route from unwilling landowners. Republican Representative Steven Holt of Denison says

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Rastetter Testimony Sought for Evidence of Summit’s ‘Anticompetitive’ Agreements

by Jared Strong (Iowa Capital Dispatch)  Bruce Rastetter, the influential co-founder of Summit Carbon Solutions, should be subpoenaed to testify to state regulators in support of his company’s carbon dioxide pipeline proposal, according to the daughter of a landowner who is

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The Largest U.S. Aquifer Is Running Dry

by Regina Rae Weiss, Brooklyn (New York Times) Re “America Is Using Up Its Groundwater Like There’s No Tomorrow” (“Uncharted Waters” series, Sept. 2): Back in the 1960s, geologists studying the Ogallala Aquifer — the United States’ largest aquifer, which lies under

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Singapore Supports Use of Palm Oil in Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production

by Janice Lim (Business Times)  Palm oil should be included as feedstock for the production of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), said Acting Transport Minister Chee Hong Tat. He made the comments at a regional meeting of transport ministers from the Association of

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Decision Looms by Sept. 6 on Navigator Pipeline Permit, Overruling South Dakota Counties

by John Hult (South Dakota Searchlight/Argus Leader) The Public Utilities Commission will decide at a later date whether it will overrule county zoning officials on behalf of a carbon pipeline company. Friday marked the second day of a two-day hearing in

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SAF Modeling Debate Isn’t Really about “GREET vs. ICAO.” It’s about Current Data vs. Old Data.

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association) Last year’s Inflation Reduction Act created tax credits meant to stimulate the production and use of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), a critical tool in the aviation sector’s decarbonization strategy. To qualify for the tax credits, SAF

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Gas Promotion Highlights Ethanol, Biodiesel as Profitable Option for Farmers

by Daniel Bethers (Herald-Whig)  Discounted fuel to promote biofuel helped kick off the harvest in Hancock County. West Central FS and the the Hancock County Farm Bureau held the 20th annual Biodiesel/Ethanol Promotion at the Carthage station. Officials hosted state Senator Neil

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Augusta Biofuel Plant on Hold as Commissioners Want More Discussion with Neighbors

 (WJBF) – A biofuels plant in South Augusta sounds like it could be a community asset: turning trash into natural gas. “It probably is. It probably can be a good project, but there again let us find out more about it,” said Commissioner

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Enviros Assail Forest Service Report, Saying It Could Promote Logging

by Minho Kim (Politico Pro Climatewire) The Forest Service faces criticism for projecting that forests could become carbon emitters by 2070 instead of continuing as carbon sinks.  -- Activists are condemning a recent Forest Service report to Congress, saying one of its

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Protecting the Future of Low-Carbon Aviation

by Emily Skor (Growth Energy/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Launched in 2021, the Biden administration’s Sustainable Aviation Fuel Grand Challenge aims to produce enough low-carbon jet fuel to slash aviation emissions in half by 2050. Thanks to new incentives created by the Inflation Reduction Act,

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North Dakota Regulators Deny Siting Permit for Summit Carbon Dioxide Pipeline; Company Will Reapply

by Jack Dura (Associated Press) North Dakota regulators denied a siting permit Friday for a proposed carbon dioxide pipeline that would cross five states. The decision complicates an already complex process for Summit Carbon Solutions, which is seeking similar authorization in the

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Swiss Firm to Allocate 1$ Bln for Green Hydrogen Production in Egypt

(Asharq Al Awsat)  Smartenergy intends to expand in Egypt by producing green hydrogen in a project of initial value worth one billion dollars, said well-informed sources. The company is specialized in renewable energy. Smartenergy didn’t make an official statement regarding the project, but

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Groups Win Legal Challenges to Massive Bay Area Biofuel Refinery Projects

(Center for Biological Diversity)  Flawed Reviews Downplayed Harms to Communities, Environment -- Communities for a Better Environment and the Center for Biological Diversity won legal victories today over Contra Costa County’s approval of two proposed biofuel refinery conversions in the Bay Area.

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EASA Launches SAF Research Project at Copenhagen Airport (CPH)

by Rytis Beresnevicius (Aerotime Hub) The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) announced that it has launched a research project to improve Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) supply and infrastructure at Copenhagen Airport (CPH).  According to EASA, there are two key barriers to

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Bioenergy as Harmful as Fossil Fuels if CO2 Emissions Not Priced

(Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK)/Mirage News) A new study in Nature Climate Change shows that under current land-use regulations, CO2 emission factors for biofuels might even exceed those for fossil diesel combustion due to large-scale land clearing related to

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Are Biofuels Bad for the Environment?

by Charles H. Gessner, Neil Caskey, Suzy Friedman and Allen Schaeffer (New York Times) To the Editor: Re “A Climate Solution That’s Bad for the Climate,” by Michael Grunwald (Opinion guest essay, June 12): ... Michael Grunwald, not today’s farmers, seems mired in the “horse-and-buggy

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Iowa Regulators to Begin Summit Carbon Capture Pipeline Hearing Aug. 22 in Fort Dodge

by Donnelle Eller  (Des Moines Register) State regulators plan to hold a hearing beginning Aug. 22 in Fort Dodge on Summit Carbon Solutions' $4.5 billion proposal to build a roughly 680-mile carbon capture pipeline across Iowa, according to an order released

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Understanding Indirect Land-Use Change (ILUC) and Why Reality Is a Special Case --- June 28, 2023 --- ONLINE

(IEA Bioenergy) Indirect Land-Use Change (ILUC) refers to the phenomenon where changes in land use for one purpose, such as the cultivation of crops for biofuels, can indirectly impact land use and environmental conditions elsewhere. Specifically, ILUC explores the potential

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Commission Sees Crop Biofuels’ Clean Transport Value, but Outside EU

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV.com)  ... At a G7 meeting in Hiroshima late last month, the world’s richest countries adopted a document, also signed by the EU, in which the value of biofuels – among other options – in decarbonising road transport

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Corn-Powered Planes? Why Delta — and Minnesota Gov. Tim Walz — Lobbied for New Biofuel Tax Credit

by Walker Orenstein (MinnPost) The governor and other supporters argue that incentives for a burgeoning industry can slash emissions, create jobs and provide a future for Minnesota’s large biofuels industry as electric vehicles become a larger share of ground transportation. ... “Ninety-eight

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Ethanol: From Road to Air Transport

by Phillipe Marchand (Transport Energy Strategies) ... Qualification for sustainability: Two issues are at the heart of the criticism of biofuels by environmental NGOs. The first is insufficient CO2 emission abatement and the second, production on agricultural land that is suspected

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Letter: Inaccurate Statements about Corn and Ethanol

by Richard Syverson (Minnesota Corn Growers Association/Echo Press) Information included in Karen Tolkkinen’s May 10 piece, “Alexandria Senior College lecturer lists possible solutions for imperiled wetlands” was inaccurate regarding corn and the production of ethanol. Wetland status in Minnesota is a

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Should Aviation Be Given Preferential Access to Scarce Land and Clean Energy Resources for SAF, Questions Paper

by Christopher Surgenor (CleanAir Online)  An academic analysis of 12 roadmaps for decarbonising the global aviation industry finds they place a heavy reliance on biogenic fuels in the medium-term and synthetic e-kerosene in the longer term but largely omit a

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Unlocking the Bioethanol Economy

(United Nations Industrial Development Organization)  A Pathway to Inclusive and Sustainable Industrial Development in Developing Countries -- ... Developing a bioethanol industry and value chain, by leveraging a vibrant agriculture sector and agro-industries in developing, least developed, and small island

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Iowa Regulators Propose Using Mediators to Settle Summit Carbon Capture Pipeline Disputes

by Donnelle Eller (Des Moines Register)  Iowa regulators propose hiring mediators to settle easement disputes between an Ames company and landowners in the path of its nearly 800-mile carbon-capture pipeline who could be targeted for eminent domain. The Iowa Utilities Board floated

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German Biofuel Industry in Jeopardy, and So Is Feed Production

(All about Feed) Germany mulls phasing out crop-based bioethanol production in the coming decade chasing a declared goal to fortify European and world’s food security. However, as market players reveal, the effect of the widely discussed reform is likely to be

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Port: Don't Be Fooled by Anti-Carbon Pipeline Hype

by Rob Port (InFORum) A professional political campaign, paid for by unknown interests, has hyped consternation about the Midwest Carbon Express pipeline, giving a false impression of public sentiment.  -- The Midwest Express carbon pipeline has made a lot of headlines recently

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From Palm Oil Waste to Cellulosic Ethanol: Indonesia’s Opportunity (Commentary)

by Tenny Kristiana (Mongabay)  • Many Indonesian farmers say they haven’t seen benefits from the country’s biofuel program. Cellulosic ethanol could help fix the problem, a new op-ed says. Tenny Kristiana of the International Council on Clean Transportation argues Indonesia

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Oregon Considers Permanent Restrictions on Growing Canola in the Willamette Valley

by Tracy Loew (Salem Statesman Journal) The Oregon Legislature is considering making a 500-acre limit on canola crops in the Willamette Valley permanent. That could end a three-decade-long fight among the state’s seed growers. In addition to the limit, Senate Bill 789 would require

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Report Forecasts Clean-Energy Boost from Turning Cornfields into Solar Power Fields

by Erik Gunn (Wisconsin Examiner) About 1 million acres of Wisconsin farmland produces corn for ethanol fuel, but an environmental group says the land could produce 100 times as much energy if planted with solar farms instead. In addition, it would take

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In the Palm of Your Hand

(Biofuels International) ... Waste and residues from agricultural activities have the best potential to deliver zeroemissions energy as traditional sources of farm emissions from the biodegradation of farm wastes are converted into renewable sources of energy. The European Union, in its

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Currently Used and Future Potential of Biomass Resources in the US

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Billion Ton 23 update is coming. BETO needs a comprehensive biomass resource assessment that is end-use agnostic — for example, MSW and microalgae numbers in BT16 do not represent current BETO Analysis. There is

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Eat Less Meat, We Need Space for Biofuels, German Producer Says

by Jonathan Packroff (EURACTIV) In an ongoing dispute over biofuels made from crops such as rapeseed and wheat, Germany’s biggest biofuel producer argues that reducing meat consumption would be a much better way to free up agricultural space for food production,

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S’pore Looking into Wider Adoption of Biofuels, Bioresources to Hit Net-Zero Emissions Target

by Cheryl Tan (Straits Times)  To reach net-zero carbon emissions by 2050, the Republic is studying the potential for wider adoption of biofuels and sustainable bioresources in carbon-intensive sectors such as electricity generation, transport and heavy industry. The Ministry of Trade and Industry (MTI)

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Solutions from the Land’s Global Work Program

(Solutions from the Land) ... Farmers, ranchers and foresters in the 21st century are being called upon to address hunger, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, sequester carbon, navigate and mitigate climate change, build soil health, clean up water sources, and produce clean

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US Carbon Capture Incentives Leave EU ‘Lagging Behind’, Biofuel Makers Warn

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com) Efforts to boost carbon capture and storage (CCS) in Europe are insufficient according to biofuel makers, who say the United States offer better incentives. CCS sees carbon taken out of the atmosphere and injected underground, usually in

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‘It’s Unfair to the Community’: Barrio Logan Votes to Oppose Controversial Biofuel Plant’s Pipeline Plans

by Emily Alvarenga (San Diego Union-Tribune) New Leaf Biofuel says the pipeline would cut down on truck traffic. But the planning group decided it wouldn’t be enough to benefit the community. ... New Leaf Biofuel wants to build an underground pipeline to

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Midwest CO2 Pipelines Push ahead as Bills Fizzle

by Jeffrey Tomich, Carlos Anchondo, Mike Soraghan (E&E News Energywire)  Companies planning carbon capture projects in the Midwest are defeating legislative proposals to add regulations or block them, increasing the likelihood that a sprawling network of planned pipelines to transport the

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Biden-Harris Administration Proposes Strongest-Ever Pollution Standards for Cars and Trucks to Accelerate Transition to a Clean-Transportation Future Hearing May 2-3, 2023; Public Comment DEADLINE TBD

(Environmental Protection Agency) Building on rapid advancements and investments in clean vehicle manufacturing, including investments in domestic manufacturing in the Inflation Reduction Act, EPA’s proposed standards would deliver on President Biden’s agenda to tackle the climate crisis Today, the U.S. Environmental

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Jatropha: The Biofuel that Bombed Seeks a Path to Redemption

by Sean Mowbray (Mongabay) • Earlier this century, jatropha was hailed as a “miracle” biofuel. An unassuming shrubby tree native to Central America, it was wildly promoted as a high-yielding, drought-tolerant biofuel feedstock that could grow on degraded lands across

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Battle Brews over Climate Law Credits for Aviation Biofuels

by Brian Dabbs (E&E News Energywire)  The Inflation Reduction Act is setting up a fight over the climate footprint of biofuels for aviation, with significant implications for the nation’s emissions trajectory, the U.S. transportation sector and rural communities. In coming weeks, the

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Is Green Methanol an Alternative to CO2 Pipelines?

by Erin Jordan (The Gazette) Several Iowa farmers are optimistic CapCO2 could ‘solve the pipeline issue’ -- Some renewable fuels advocates say carbon dioxide pipelines are the only way to save Iowa’s ethanol industry, but Jeff Reints doesn’t buy it. Especially not

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Ag Policy Blog: Despite Ethanol Industry Concerns, Iowa House Votes to Restrict Carbon Pipelines

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) In one of the most heated political battles in the state, the Iowa House of Representatives on March 22 voted against the interests of the state's biofuels industry in a 71-20 vote to tighten rules

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Sustainable Land Use Is Not “Land Consumption” – UFOP

(Bioenergy International) The discussion about banning internal combustion engines (ICEs) is in full swing at national- and European levels. Critics of the use of sustainable biofuels from cultivated biomass for transportation often use the term "land consumption" as an argument against

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Bill Would End Eminent Domain for Carbon Capture Pipelines

by Terry L. Jones (Louisiana Illuminator/Floodlight)  A Louisiana legislator wants to help keep landowners from losing their property to pipelines needed for the dozens of carbon capture projects proposed around the state. Rep. Robby Carter, D-Amite, has prefiled a bill for

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ePURE Criticises New Claims Made by T&E

(Biofuels International) ePURE has hit back at claims made by Transport & Environment that Europe was wasting land the size of Ireland on biofuels. Maik Marahrens, biofuels manager at T&E, said: “Biofuels are a failed experiment. To continue to burn food

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US Carbon Pipeline Faces Setback as Residents Refuse to Cede Land Rights

by Leah Douglas (Reuters)  Navigator CO2 Ventures’ proposed carbon pipeline project in the U.S. Midwest is struggling to secure a site to store millions of tons of greenhouse gas it hopes to collect from the region’s ethanol plants, as residents refuse

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CO2 Pipeline Build-out Generates Bipartisan House Interest

by Jeremy Dillon (E&E News/Politico Pro)  Lawmakers on a House panel found some consensus Wednesday on the operation and safety of carbon dioxide pipelines, as Congress seeks to reauthorize the agency responsible for the nation's pipeline network. The bipartisan interest at a

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Land Conversion Due to the Renewable Fuel Standard May Harm Endangered Species, Study Says

by Katie Peikes (Iowa Public Radio)  ... But the federal policy may affect endangered species and their necessary habitat when farmers convert land into cropland to grow more corn, which is processed into ethanol, according to a new analysis in the journal Biological

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House Bill Would Establish New Rules for Carbon Pipelines, Landowners Rally

by O. Kay Henderson (Radio Iowa) It’s a farmer versus farmer debate over proposed rules for developers planning to build three carbon pipelines through Iowa. Under a bill that’s cleared a House subcommittee, landowners along 90% of a pipeline’s route would have

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Navigator’s Proposed Carbon Pipeline Struggles to Gain Support in Illinois

by Aydali Campa (Inside Climate News) McDonough County residents are asking officials to stand their ground as Navigator offers payments totaling up to $18.9 million to the county in exchange for its support. -- A farming county in Western Illinois doesn’t

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UFOP Study: Models to Assess Indirect Land Use Change Not Sufficiently Robust

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen e. V. (UFOP))   Controversial debates about the impact of European biofuel policy on cultivation of agricultural commodities in other regions, i.e. indirect land use change (iLUC), have been underway since the target of 10%

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Ethanol Executive: Carbon Capture Might Be ‘Life or Death’ for Producers

by Jared Strong (Iowa Capital Dispatch) An increasing demand for low-carbon fuels will imperil ethanol producers unless there is widespread adoption of equipment to capture emissions from ethanol plants, the executive director of the Iowa Renewable Fuels Association said Tuesday. “I honestly

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MPOC Urges EU to Include Palm Oil Wastes and Residues in Bioenergy Use

(UkrAgroConsult) The Malaysian Palm Oil Council (MPOC) has urged the European Union (EU) to include palm oil wastes and residues in bioenergy use. The organisation made its comments following the EU’s new public input session into sustainable biofuels and biogases, which

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Report Forecasts Clean-Energy Boost from Turning Cornfields into Solar Power Fields

by Erik Gunn (Wisconsin Examiner) About 1 million acres of Wisconsin farmland produces corn for ethanol fuel, but an environmental group says the land could produce 100 times as much energy if planted with solar farms instead. In addition, it would take

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Sen. Jeff Magrum Files 8 Bills Related to Summit Carbon Solutions Pipeline

by Jeff Beach (InForUm) Summit Carbon Solutions says its $4.5 billion pipeline project will help ethanol plants and corn growers but has been met with resistance from landowners. -- The controversial Summit Carbon Solutions carbon capture pipeline has spawned at least

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Bioenergy through the Eyes of a BETO Intern

by Julia Matney (U.S. Department of Energy) ... While I did not understand much about biofuels initially, learning about them through the lens of NGO opinions was fascinating. During this time, I created a database collecting and organizing those views, and

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Food, Feed and Fuel for Europe: The Future of Renewable Ethanol

by David Carpintero  (ePURE/Ethanol Producer Magazine) ... As policymakers hammer out the final details of the so-called Fit for 55 package of climate and energy legislation, there is at least general agreement that reducing emissions from transport requires an important

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Are There Better Places to Put Large Solar Farms?

(North America Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance) Farmers and conservationists are worried about large-scale solar farms – especially some projects in Virginia – that rely on deforestation and displacement of farmland that, managed properly, will capture carbon in the air. Some

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Out-of-Country Farmland Investors: Here’s What The Numbers Show

by Jenna Hoffman (AgWeb)  A reality check on foreign-owned farmland -- This summer, a sale of 300 acres of North Dakota farmland raised eyebrows and alarm. The $2.6 million price tag was noteworthy, but the bigger kicker was the buyer —

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Transport: You’ve Got to Change Your Habits, They Say

by Philippe Marchand (European Technology and Innovation Platform (ETIP)/Transport Energy Strategies) On the road to 2050, transport is not the easiest sector to decarbonize, or, more precisely, de-fossilize, but it must be done without further ado.  ... Still, what if the “if”

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Moratorium on Unregulated Biomass Facilities Approved in Madison County, US

(Bioenergy Insight)  Commissioners in Madison County, North Carolina, US, voted unanimously on 16 November to establish a moratorium on biomass facilities in the area, reported WLOS. Clear Sky Madison president Jim Tibbetts said county leaders decided after speaking with community residents that

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Ethanol Industry Eyes Transformation to Kill ‘Food vs Fuel’ Argument

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV.com) Although Hungary’s agriculture minister has recently hailed the ethanol industry’s fresh investments in animal feed and foodstuffs in addition to biofuel production, the European Commission appears to remain unconvinced, still invoking the “food versus fuel” argument. Speaking at

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US Can Reach 100% Clean Power by 2035, DOE Finds, but Tough Reliability and Land Use Questions Lie Ahead

by Herman K. Trabish (Utility Dive) New aggressive planning is needed to identify the long-duration storage technologies and find the land to grow enough resources to reach Biden net zero emissions goals, a DOE national lab reports. -- Four major

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Solar Panels Reduce CO2 Emissions More per Acre than Trees — and Much More than Corn Ethanol

by Matthew Eisenson (Columbia Climate School) ... On September 21, the New York Times published an essay by Gabriel Popkin titled “Are There Better Places to Put Large Solar Farms Than These Forests?” Popkin describes a recently approved 4,500-acre solar project in Virginia that will

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Special Report: Advisory - Story Has Been Withdrawn - How U.S. Ethanol Plants Are Allowed to Pollute More than Oil Refineries

Reuters is withdrawing a Sept. 8 article that compared carbon emissions from U.S. ethanol plants and oil refineries because of its flawed interpretation of data on ethanol-plant pollution and fuel-production capacity. That led to inaccurate estimates of carbon emissions for

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Diverse, Sustainable Biofuels Crucial for Indonesia’s Energy Transition

by Stella Kusumawardhani - Tenggara Strategics (The Jakarta Post) Indonesia is at the forefront of biofuel advancement worldwide, especially with regard to biodiesel, both in terms of blending rate and production scale, but its contribution to decarbonization is questionable since

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THIS REPORT HAS BEEN WITHDRAWN BY REUTERS Special Report: How U.S. Ethanol Plants Are Allowed to Pollute More than Oil Refineries

Sept 23 (Reuters) - Reuters is withdrawing a Sept. 8 article that compared carbon emissions from U.S. ethanol plants and oil refineries because of its flawed interpretation of data on ethanol-plant pollution and fuel-production capacity. That led to inaccurate estimates

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Surface Pressure: U.S. Losing Farmland at Alarming Rate

by Sara Schafer (Farm Journal Ag Web)  From 2001 to 2016, the U.S. lost or compromised 2,000 acres of farmland and ranchland every day. That adds up to 11 million acres of farmland that has been paved over, fragmented or developed,

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Lawsuit Challenges EPA’s Damaging Renewable Fuels Standard

(Center for Biological Diversity) The Center for Biological Diversity filed a lawsuit in the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals today challenging the Environmental Protection Agency’s fuel volume requirements for corn ethanol and other biofuels for 2020, 2021 and 2022. Earlier this

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European Groups Comment on Key RED Vote in Parliament

(ePURE/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The European Parliament has taken a positive step on EU renewable energy policy as ITRE Committee members voted decisively in favor of increasing the ambition for GHG emissions reduction in transport while leaving Member States free to use

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Biofuel Production One of Most Important Areas of Work of Agrarian Policy Ministry – Dpty Minister

(Interfax Ukraine)  Increasing production of fuel from agricultural raw materials had become one of the priority areas of work of the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food since the spring of this year, after Russia's full-scale invasion into Ukraine, Taras Vysotsky,

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American Farmland Trust Says Smart Growth Needed to Reduce Loss of Ag Land

by Steve Davies (Agri-Pulse)  A new report from American Farmland Trust projects if the current trend of farmland conversion continues, the United States will lose an area nearly the size of South Carolina in the not-too-distant future. AFT's new “Farms Under Threat

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White House Should Move Beyond E15, Boost Biofuel’s Economic, Environmental, National Security and Public Health Benefits

(Solutions from the Land)  ... Reports out of Washington indicate that EPA submitted to the White House late last month its proposal on biofuel mandates, calling for a retroactive reduction for years 2020 and 2021, then boosting it back up for

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Conservationists Sue to Stop SoCal Biofuel Refinery Expansion

by Hillel Aron (Courthouse News Service)  Biofuels are considered by some to be an important tool in the fight against climate change. But it has a growing number of detractors, including those within the environmental justice movement.  -- Three environmental nonprofits

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Electric Vehicle: India’s Target to Have 20% Ethanol Blended in Petrol by 2025 Could Affect Its Food Security

by Tanvi Deshpande (IndiaSpend.com/Scroll.in)  Achieving the target won’t drastically reduce emissions nor will India achieve energy security because of it. -- For India to meet its target of 20% ethanol blended in petrol by the year 2025 (commonly known as the

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Food or Fuel

by Peeping Tom (Kaieteur News – In 2009, there was a pushback against plans, by then President Bharrat Jagdeo, to use agricultural lands for the cultivation of crops for biofuels. At the time, the world was reeling from the triple

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Biofuels as an Indispensable Component of Security of Supply

by Dieter Bockey (UFOP/Biofuels Digest) ... The production of sustainable biofuels from oilseeds and cereals, with their production of essential co-products for food and animal feed, is an integral element of the entire food chain, because biofuel production, measured in

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Seaweed Farming Has Vast Potential (But Good Luck Getting a Permit)

by Alex Brown (PEW Stateline) ... The state’s permitting process involves nine different agencies, and the paperwork is so burdensome and time-consuming that few people bother. “There's a lot of people who are interested in seaweed farming, take a look at that

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Palm Oil for Biodiesel in the Amazon: Sustainable Fuel or Deforestation Risk?

Monica Prestes (Dialogo Chino)  A planned biorefinery will require the cultivation of 120,000 hectares of oil palm, increasing the area planted in Brazil by 60%. An all too familiar debate is underway  -- Oil palm, known as dendezeiro in Brazil, can produce up

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Alien Energy: Unlocking the Potential of Invasive Plants in South Africa

by Arianna Baldo and Tjaša Bole-Rentel (RSBBioenergy and WWF South Africa) Invasive alien plants (IAPs) are a scourge across Southern Africa – with species like black wattle and port jackson found across the region. It is estimated that more than 10%

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Call to Remove Food Crops from European Biofuels

by Aisling O'Brien (Agriland) Removing wheat from the production of biofuels in Europe would offset over 20% of the collapsed Ukrainian supplies, according to a campaign group. A study by Transport and Environment (T&E) has shown that 10,000 tonnes of wheat – the equivalent

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ETHANOL Outlook Sunny; Try Again

by Geogg Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association/Minneapolis Star Tribune) Contrary to the assertions of the March 13 article "Ethanol's emissions clouding its benefits," ethanol's environmental benefits are as clear as the blue sky on a cloudless, sunny day. While the article correctly mentions that

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MEP Proposes Fewer Restrictions on Biofuels to Meet Higher Renewables Target

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com) The amount of bioenergy in the EU’s transport sector will increase under plans by the lawmaker leading the European Parliament’s position on the EU’s renewable energy law, a scenario likely to rankle green legislators. Markus Pieper, the

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The Implications of India’s Revised Roadmap for Biofuels: A Lifecycle Perspective

by Promit Mookherjee (Observer Research Foundation)  Transport activity in India has increased more than sevenfold over the last two decades, its gasoline-fuelled pathway leading to a rapid rise in negative environmental externalities. To decouple the sector’s growth from high emissions,

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Dev Shrestha: Real-World Data Shows No Food Insecurity or ILUC from Biofuels

by Tammy Klein (Transport Energy Strategies)  On this episode of the Fueling the Future podcast, I spoke with Dr. Dev Shrestha of the University of Idaho about the recent paper he co-authored, “Biofuel Impact on Food Prices Index and Land Use Change.” The

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Farm and Food: Big Ethanol Sees Electric Cars as a Market Maker, Not a Market Taker

by Alan Guebert (The Hawk Eye) ... However, in an interview for an episode of the podcast “Corn Save America,” Jeremy Martin, the director of fuels policy at UCS (Union of Concerned Scientists), suggests ethanol and other “biofuels” may claim a

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Midlands Voices: Carbon Capture Storage Will Provide Economic Boost to Rural America

by (Julius Schaaf) Omaha World-Herald) ... Almost every business sector has green initiatives being put forward by industry leaders to tackle the changing environment. Lowering carbon emissions is a noble cause and one that would have a tremendous impact on

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ACE Corrects Misrepresentations of RFS Environmental Outcomes

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In South Dakota, the American Coalition of Ethanol said a report released recently in the Proceedings of the National Academy of the Sciences by Tyler Lark and others brought to life several misrepresentations of the environmental outcomes

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Carbon Pipeline Plans See Pushback: Eminent Domain Debate Heats Up in Iowa as Carbon Pipeline Projects Stack Up

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) ... An Iowa state senator's bill would take away the companies' ability to use eminent domain. The bill introduced by state Sen. Jeff Taylor, a Republican from northwest Iowa, would limit the use of eminent

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Setting the Record Straight on the Environmental Outcomes of the Renewable Fuel Standard

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association) A new report published today (February 14, 2022) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of the Sciences, funded in part by the National Wildlife Federation, purports to examine the “environmental outcomes” of the Renewable

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In Historic Vote, Los Angeles Will Phase out Oil Drilling

by Adam Mahoney (Grist)  Once a magnet for urban oil drilling, the city now moves to curb its dependence on fossil fuel production. --  On Wednesday, the Los Angeles City Council approved a sweeping measure that will ban new oil and gas

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White House Will Recruit Rural Land for New Clean Energy Projects, Could It Create Too Much Competition for Land?

by Tyne Morgan (Farm Journal AgWeb) The Biden Administration is ramping up its efforts to deploy clean energy infrastructure across the country. The White House announced this week plans to utilize public lands and rural America for wind, solar and other clean energy

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Off-Season 'Cover' Crops Expand as U.S. Growers Eye Low-Carbon Future

by Karl Plume (Reuters) ... The purpose of cover crops is to restore soil, reduce erosion and to pull climate-warming carbon from the atmosphere through photosynthesis. The carbon trapped in roots and other plant matter left in the soil is measured

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An Energy Transition Needs Lots of Power Lines.

by Dan Gearino (Inside Climate News)  This 1970s Minnesota Farmers’ Uprising Tried to Block One. What Can it Teach Us? As the country moves toward a massive build-out of transmission lines, a decades-old rebellion offers a way through potential opposition. -- If

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Ethanol Producers, Advocates Aim for Net-Zero Ethanol by 2050

by Susanne Retka Schill (Great Plains Institute) As US and world leaders engage on climate change and carbon reduction efforts, leaders in the American ethanol industry have announced pledges and efforts to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The country’s largest

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Feinstein Urges EPA to Update Feedstock Eligibility under RFS

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) Sen. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., on Dec. 7 sent a letter to EPA Administrator Michael Regan urging the agency to revise the Renewable Fuel Standard to allow biomass harvested from federal land as part of wildfire mitigation

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Yesterday Is Always Tomorrow for the Global Bioeconomy

by Douglas L. Faulkner (Leatherstocking LLC/“Cleantech Conservative”/Biofuels Digest)  ... It never ceases to amaze me that the media and politicians frequently belittle biofuels and biobased products as old-fashioned, hopelessly low-tech, of no import, and, yes, even damaging to the environment and

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Maine Hits the Brakes on 145-Mile Transmission Project

by Matthew Choi (Politico's Morning Energy)  Maine Department of Environmental Protection Commissioner Melanie Loyzim suspended the permits for the New England Clean Energy Connect, a controversial 145-mile transmission project that would deliver hydropower from Quebec into New England. The suspension

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ITOCO Launches Its Nopal Cactus Carbon Capture Program in Portugal through a Joint Venture with LATINCHOICE-UNIPESSOAL LDA

(Accesswire/ITOCO) ITOCO INC. (OTC PINK:ITMC) ITOCO is pleased to announce it has selected LATINCHOICE - UNIPESSOAL LDA. in Portugal to Joint Venture as it expands its Nopal Cactus Carbon Capture Program internationally.  The ITOCO Nopal Cactus Carbon Capture Program has been

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America’s Native Grasslands Are Disappearing

by Katharine Gammon  (The Guardian)  The Great Plains are being torn up at a ferocious rate – with frightening implications for biodiversity and carbon storage. -- ... (Patrick)Lendrum led a research team that released a report in September showing that from 2018

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As Demand for Green Energy Grows, Solar Farms Face Local Resistance

by Ellen Rosen (New York Times) Developers say industrial-scale farms are needed to meet the nation’s climate goals, but locals are fighting back against what they see as an encroachment on their pastoral settings.  READ MORE As Demand for Green Energy

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Maine Is in Danger of Losing Some of Its Best Agricultural Land to Solar Farms

by Julia Bayly (Bangor Daily News)  Approximately 67,000 fixed-tilt, bifacial panels will comprise a solar farm under construction at the Eastern Piscataquis Industrial Park in Milo. There is growing concern that development of solar farms will come at the expense

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California’s Dirty Little Secret: Oil Wells in the Backyard

by Alexandria Herr (Capital & Main) Even Texas and Wyoming do a better job protecting communities from oil and gas drilling.  -- As a child, Ashley Hernandez remembers pretending that the oil pumpjacks that loomed over her neighborhood were dinosaurs. Other children

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Fit for 55: The EU's Plan for a Green Transition

(European Council)  As part of the European Green Deal, with the European Climate Law, the EU has set itself a binding target of achieving climate neutrality by 2050. This requires current greenhouse gas emission levels to drop substantially in the next decades.

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CPOPC Urges the EU to Rethink Its Palm Oil Policy

(Biofuels International)  The Council of Palm Oil Producing Countries (CPOPC) has again urged the European Union to revise its approach on vegetable oils in biofuels. This comes under the framework of RED II in light of the upcoming revision of

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Indonesia's B30 Program to Drive Global Biodiesel Production in 2021-2030: Report

by Aditya Kondalamahanty  (S&P Global)  Indonesia's use of palm oil to make biodiesel to rise by 23% by 2030; Biodiesel use projected to increase by 7% over coming decade; Palm oil production expected to weaken on sustainability, land constraints Indonesia will be the main

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Thinking Beyond Wires: Using Advanced Transmission Technologies to Accelerate the Transition to Clean Energy

(Environmental Law and Policy Center) In order to integrate renewables nationwide and reduce the worst impacts of climate change, we need a robust, efficient, and modern electricity delivery network. [caption id="attachment_143383" align="aligncenter" width="637"] From Environmental Law & Policy Center report[/caption] Transmission lines already

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EU to Launch Carbon Farming Framework by End-2021 Following Two-Year Study

by Jack Ellis (Ag Funder News) The European Commission – the executive branch of the EU administration which is responsible for proposing bloc-wide legislation – has published the findings of its two-year study into creating a “carbon farming” framework for the EU. The

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A California County, Despite the State’s Climate Goals, further Embraces Fossil Fuels

by Miranda Green (Washington Post)  The long shadows cast here in the San Joaquin Valley come from oil derricks, not palm trees. Two hours inland from the Pacific Ocean, the arid terrain is peppered with petroleum and gas wells. The

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Earth Day 2021 Series Day 14: Sustainable Land Use: What Can We Learn from Farmers?

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  They say that Sustainability is a three-legged stool: Environmental Sustainability, Economic Sustainability and Social Sustainability. If any of these legs is missing, the stool falls over.  Climate Smart Agriculture The North America Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance is

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QUOTE OF THE WEEK -- Brian Ross

"Holy moly. How on Earth are you going to get people not coming with pitchforks and tar to these siting meetings?" Brian Ross, a vice president at the St. Paul, Minn.-based Great Plains Institute upon reviewing a map representing the

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Biden's Dilemma: Land for Renewables

by Peter Behr and Jeffrey Tomich (E&E News) Picture an area of land equal to the combined territories of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio, Kentucky, Tennessee, Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island. That's the space that could be required to site the massive

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Brazil Is Growing Its Biofuel Industry

by Julio Bravo (Farm Futures)  Brazil already has the largest fleet of cars driven by ethanol, mainly from sugarcane; now corn-based ethanol plants are on the rise. The ethanol produced by sugarcane and corn has have the potential to reduce up

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Groups Fight Wisconsin Transmission Line

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy)Conservation groups on Wednesday sued over the federal government’s approval of the 102-mile, $500 million Cardinal-Hickory Creek high-voltage transmission line that would carry electricity from renewables from Iowa to Wisconsin. The suit argues that the

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Austria to End Crediting of Biofuels from Palm Oil in July

(Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants (UFOP)/Biobased Diesel Daily)  The accounting of biofuels with a high risk of indirect land use change (iLUC) will end in Austria July 1. This exclusion is provided for in the late-January

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pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass 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inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose 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system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) 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