Marine Gas Oil (MGO)

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As Decarbonisation Momentum Builds, So Does Biofuel Usage

by John Snyder (Riviera) Based on samples tested in 2023, VPS reports biofuel usage more than doubled year-on-year, reaching 558,000 metric tonnes  --  While biofuels represented less than 1% of the marine fuels tested in 2023, interest in their use is rising

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Stena RoRo Takes Delivery of E-Flexer RoPax Vessel Number Ten for Long Charter to Canadian Crown Corporation Marine Atlantic

(Stena RoRo/PR Newswire)  Today, number ten of the Stena RoRos E-Flexer series was delivered from the CMI Jinling, Weihai Shipyard. The vessel, named Ala'suinu, will be on a long charter agreement with the Canadian state-owned Marine Atlantic and operate a ferry line

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VPS Publishes Paper on Importance of Testing for Accurate Energy Content of Marine Biofuels

(VPS/Biobased Diesel Daily) VPS announced Jan. 15 that it has carried out significant research across numerous test parameters that enables potentially problematic characteristics of marine biofuels to be measured and controlled. VPS research has shown that by using these test methods, biofuels

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Baseblue Delivers Marine Biofuel to 3-Masted Clipper Stad Amsterdam

(Baseblue) Baseblue collaborates with Stad Amsterdam on renewable biodiesel bunkering operation -- Baseblue, the marine energy solutions provider, has successfully delivered renewable biodiesel to the Clipper Stad Amsterdam, a three-masted clipper recognised for its design, marking a significant step towards decarbonisation and

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GS Caltex Sells Its First Bio-Marine Gasoil Bunker in Singapore

by Jeslyn Lerh and Florence Tan (Reuters) GS Caltex Singapore Pte Ltd said on Monday it has sold its first cargo of biofuel-blended marine gasoil to Maersk Oil Trading (MOT) at the world's largest bunker hub Singapore as it seeks to

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Europe: Stena Oil Makes First Foray into Biofuel Bunkering

by Lesley Bankes-Hughes (Bunkerspot) On October 26, Stena Oil supplied biofuel to Oslo Wave 3, a 17,485 DWT cargo vessel operated by Dalarö Shipping. The B25 fuel supplied to the vessel was a blend of RME (25%) and marine gasoil (75%) which, according to

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Interview: Chevron's Robert Wolf on the Growing Popularity of Biofuel

(Maritime Executive)  Biofuel is one of the simplest options available for vessel operators to lower emissions today, without waiting for new equipment or new technology. According to the Global Centre for Maritime Decarbonisation, biofuel can cut net carbon emissions by 20

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Without Green Hydrogen Policy, Shipping and Aviation Will Never Get to Zero Emissions

(Sasha Coalition) All pathways to truly sustainable fuels for the shipping and aviation sectors require green hydrogen (produced from renewables), with some of them requiring carbon dioxide from sustainable sources like direct air capture (DAC), according to a report released today

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ScanOcean and Neste Launch New Co-processed DMA MGO Bunker Fuel

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) In Sweden, Ship & Bunker report ScanOcean and Neste have expanded their collaboration to include a new co-processed DMA MGO bunker fuel that reduces GHG emissions by 80% compared to purely fossil fuel DMA MGO. The fossil

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Biofuels as a Path to Decarbonization

(Hellenic Shipping News/GAC)  Biofuels look set to become the most viable option for widespread adoption as a bunker fuel for commercial shipping. Hydrotreated vegetables, blend-in combustibles and biomethanol are already being used as drop-in power on some ships, with the

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Sener Completes the Design of a New Sustainable Biofuel Tanker Capable of Capturing CO2 from Other Vessels

(Sener) The aim of this new type of vessel is not only to provide a solution for supplying biofuels, but also to help decarbonize the naval industry by mitigating and reducing the emissions from its fleets. The design is set

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TotalEnergies, Corsica Ferries Wrap up 1st Biofuel Bunkering in France

by Fatima Bahtić (Offshore Energy) French fuel supplier TotalEnergies Marine Fuels has completed its first biofuel bunkering trials in France together with compatriot ferry operator Corsica Ferries. During this test carried out in the Port of Toulon, 100 tonnes of biofuel,

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Singapore: Golden Island Begins Fleetwide B30 Biofuel Bunker Trial, Starts Tests with “Double Happiness”

(Manifold Times) Singapore bunker supplier Golden Island Diesel Oil Trading Pte Ltd (Golden Island) on 13 April supplied B30 biofuel to Double Happiness, a 4,700 metric tonne (mt) capacity bunker tanker operated by the company, as part of preparations for IMO 2030/2050. “The Double

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First Biofuel Bunkering Operation in the Mediterranean Sea

(infoMARE)  It was built by TotalEnergies Marine Fuels and Corsica Sardinia Ferries in the port of Toulon -- TotalEnergies Marine Fuels and Corsica Sardinia Ferries have announced that it has carried out the first bunkering operation of biofuel in the

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GCMD-led Consortium Successfully Completes Trialling Two Supply Chains of Sustainable Biofuels

(Global Center for Maritime Decarbonization) The Global Centre for Maritime Decarbonisation (GCMD) has successfully completed trialling two supply chains of biofuel blends sourced from different origins. The supply chain trials encompassed tracing biofuels from their production sites outside Singapore, to Singapore

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CNC Petroleum Provides Alternative Bunker Fuel to Coastal and Marine Market with MGO B20

(PS Energy)  CNC Petroleum, a subsidiary of PS Energy Group, now distributes MGO B20, a sustainable bunker fuel option to coastal and marine customers. A blend of standard MGO and biodiesel, MGO B20 is distributed at the company’s floating kiosk, CNC 5,

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Viewpoint: US Biofuels Bunker Demand Seen Muted

by Stefka Wechsler (Argus Media)  Biofuels used for bunkering could see an uptick in use in New York and California in 2023, driven by smaller, harbor vessel demand, but demand from larger, ocean-going vessels will likely remain muted from a lack

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Furetank Pilots Waste-Based Renewable Fuel for Equinor

(Furetank) The dual-fuel tanker Fure Valö has performed the first voyage on a new Equinor fuel blend containing used cooking oil. It reduces greenhouse gas emissions while, judging from the first test indications, maintaining the same high performance as conventional marine

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Argus Media Whitepaper: Marine Biodiesel Demand Set to Grow Next Year

(Manifold Times) Argus Media on Wednesday (9 November) released a whitepaper on marine biodiesel where its marine fuels team explain how competitive this sustainable ‘drop in’ fuel is and introduce new Argus indexes aimed at providing clarity into costs. In the whitepaper

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Royal Caribbean Ship Becomes First to Run on Renewable Diesel Fuel in US

by Laurie Baratti (Travel Pulse)  This past week, Royal Caribbean International’s Navigator of the Seas set sail from the Port of Los Angeles on Friday, partially powered by a form of renewable diesel fuel. In doing so, Royal Caribbean Group set a cruise

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Getting Shipshape with Biofuels

by Eliseo Curcio and Michele Miceli (Biofuels International) ... Currently, fossil-based fuels such as VLSFO and MGO and other bunkers are used in the shipping industry as main fuels. The amount of carbon monoxide emitted every year is growing, with the

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Tight Distillates Could Buoy ARA Biodiesel Demand

by Stefka Wechsler (Argus Media)  Tight distillate supplies could buoy interest in B100 biodiesel for bunkering in Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Antwerp (ARA) early next year. EU sanctions will ban all imports of Russian diesel from February next year, requiring Europe to replace 750,000 b/d of supply,

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Top 5: All EVs, All the Time in the EU??

by Tammy Klein (Transport Energy Strategies) ... • Plug-in Hybrids with E85: An IFPEN study has showed that they’re just as climate-friendly as EVs – but will the EU Commission, Parliament and Council listen as they enter the trilogue negotiations

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PRIO’s Advanced Biofuels Route – Supporting the Energy Transition and Shipping Decarbonisation

by Filipa Oliveira and Telmo Ferreira (PRIO/EurActiv) Maritime transport emits around 940 million tons of CO2 annually and is responsible for about 2.5% of global greenhouse gas emissions. More than 80% of all goods are transported via international shipping lanes, and the

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ICCT Report on LNG Pathway Makes Flawed Assumptions Based on Outdated Data

(SEA-LNG) SEA-LNG responds to a report by the NGO International Council on Clean Transportation: Comparing the Future Demand for, Supply of, and Life-Cycle Emissions from Bio, Synthetic, and Fossil LNG Marine Fuels in the European Union --   The recent ICCT

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Holland America’s Volendam Completes First Sustained Biofuel Test

(Maritime Executive) The first sustained test of biofuels for a cruise ship was recently completed by Carnival Corporation’s Holland America Line while its cruise ship was in Rotterdam. According to the companies which worked with supplier GoodFuels this along with a

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World’s Longest Green-Shipping Corridor to Be Established between the Netherlands and Singapore

(The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore and the Port of Rotterdam/Biobased Diesel Daily) The Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore and the Port of Rotterdam have signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) to establish the world’s longest green and

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$18m Project to Build Drop-in Biofuel Assurance Framework

by Gary Howard (Seatrade Maritime News)  The Global Centre for Maritime Decarbonisation (GCMD) and 17 industry peers launched a project to safeguard the premium and value of marine biofuels. -- The 18-strong coalition said it has committed $18m in cash and

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Vestas Announces World’s First Hydrogen-Fueled Crew Transfer Vessel

(Vestas/NGV Journal) As part of its journey towards becoming carbon neutral by 2030, without the use of offsets, Vestas is pioneering innovative solutions to reduce carbon emissions from its own operations. In collaboration with long-term supplier Windcat Workboats, Vestas is launching

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GAC Bunker Fuels Opens New Office in Westport: Increased Support for Alternative Fuel Demands

(GAC Bunker Fuels) GAC Bunker Fuels has opened a new office in Westport, Connecticut, USA, as part of its commitment to global customers seeking ways to decarbonise in American ports and beyond. The office will be manned by LNG, biofuel, LSFO and

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Unifeeder Group Makes Major Decarbonization Move with VARO Energy’s Advanced, Renewable B100 Biofuel

(Unifeeder Group)  Unifeeder has bunkered its first truly sustainable 100% biofuel from VARO Energy ("VARO") in the Port of Rotterdam.  -- This is the first biofuel collaboration between Unifeeder and VARO, which supports both companies’ ambition to significantly reduce the carbon footprint

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Charting a Course toward Cleaner Shipping

by Christina Nunez  (Industry Today) Research suggests that swapping heavy fuel with fuel made from wood waste, waste fats, oils and greases could cut planet-warming emissions. ... Using batteries instead of heavy fuel oil to propel gigantic cargo ships, which annually

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Testing Continues to Show Environmental Benefits of Biofuels

(The Maritime Executive)  A growing number of shipping companies across different segments of the industry are continuing to test variations of biofuels as an alternative to improve operations. Among the recent projects was what is being called the world’s longest-running trial

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Tidal Transit Sails on 100% HVO Bio Diesel!

(Work Boat 365) Having been fully utilised this year working for Ørsted and James Fisher Marine Services supporting offshore wind farms on the UK’s west coast, Tidal Transit’s Kitty Petra crew transfer vessel (CTV) was recently mobilised from Barrow-in-Furness to Grimsby for scheduled

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Euronav Successfully Concludes Four Month Trial of B50 Biofuel Blend on Suezmax

(Euronav)  After a successful completion of a B30 biofuel blend test on the Suezmax Statia (2006 – 150,205 dwt), Euronav has now successfully concluded a B50 biofuel blend trial on its Suezmax Marlin Sardinia (2019 – 156,607 dwt). The biofuel,

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Unifeeder Supplied with GoodFuels’ Biofuel to Boost Decarbonization

(Unifeeder)  Start of a new partnership will enable the largest feeder and shortsea operator in Europe to immediately decarbonize its seaborne operations  -- Sustainable biofuels pioneer GoodFuels and the international feeder and shortsea company Unifeeder have together succeeded in completing their first bunkering

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Maersk Tender Completes a Successful Trial in Partnership with The Ocean Cleanup, Blending Biofuel into the Marine Gasoil to Reduce CO2 Emissions during Her Recent Charter in the Pacific.

(Maersk)  In May 2021, Maersk Supply Service decided together with The Ocean Cleanup to run a trial programme, in which they would blend biofuel into the marine gasoil on one of the vessels. Maersk Tender was selected as the guinea

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Berge Bulk and Marine Biofuel Pioneer GoodFuels Successfully Complete First Bio-Bunkering

(GoodFuels)  Trial further demonstrates the viability of GoodFuels’ sustainable marine biofuel in future fuel mix and takes Berge Bulk another step closer to shipping’s decarbonisation goals  -- GoodFuels, the leading marine biofuels supplier for the global shipping industry, and independent dry

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Understanding Energy Density of Future Fuels Could Be Key to Clearer Decarbonization Decision-Making

(SEA-LNG) Just as like for like full lifecycle GHG comparisons of future fuels are essential, accurate comparisons of energy density are also vital --  Greater understanding around the comparative pricing, vessel performance and procurement of marine fuels is required to avoid

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ABS Unveils Latest Trends and Projections for Future Fuels and Decarbonization

(American Bureau of Shipping) Low Carbon Shipping Outlook Suggests Industry Will Need to Do More to Meet GHG Targets --  ABS has published the latest trends and projections on carbon-reduction strategies for shipping as the industry looks to meet decarbonization

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Biodiesel, Ethanol, Sustainable Aviation & Maritime Fuels: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to IEA Renewables

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The International Energy Agency published “Renewables 2020”, an analysis and forecast through 2025 of the impact of Covid-19 on renewables in the electricity, heat and transport sectors. We pulled the transport and biofuels pieces so

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Every 10% of Bio-LNG Drop-In Gives Another Two Years ‘Runway Extension’ for GHG Reduction Compliance

(SEA_LNG) New analysis from SEA-LNG, the coalition for accelerating LNG as a marine fuel, has determined that for every 10% of bio-LNG dropped in and blended with LNG as a marine fuel, a vessel can achieve two extra years’ compliance with

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The Drive to Decarbonize Shipping: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Shell

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Shell is working with customers and partners in the shipping industry to help accelerate decarbonisation towards a net-zero emissions future for shipping. ‘ ‘All Hands on Deck’ is a joint report with Deloitte that outlines industry perspectives

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Brazil Eyes Sustainable Shipping Fuel Market

(Argus Media) Brazil is looking to ride a wave of sustainable marine fuel as part of the shipping industry's effort to halve maritime carbon emissions by 2050. Talks are still underway on which new fuels will dominate the international shipping industry in

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Solving the Low Carbon Shipping Fuel and Energy Algorithm – Quickly!

by Adrian Tolson (BLUE Insight/Biofuels Digest) BLUE Insight’s Low Carbon Shipping Fuels and Energy Guide 2020 is a market first assessment of the leading low carbon marine fuels with potential to replace fossil fuels as the marine fuel of the future and analyses

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2019 Demand in Rotterdam Bunker Port More Sustainable

(Port of Rotterdam)  The demand for LNG, bio and low-sulphur bunkers has increased enormously in Rotterdam over the past year. Total sales in this largest European bunker port fell from 9.5 million m3 to 9 million m3. -- In the last

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Rising Prices Show Tighter Supplies of Cleaner Fuel for Global Shipping

by Stephanie Kelly, Collin Eaton (Reuters)  The price of very low-sulfur fuel oil (VLSFO) has risen in recent months, a sign of increasing worry there is not enough of the fuel to comply with new global shipping laws that took effect

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Pyrolysis Party and Who’s the Pilot Steering the Ship? BTG and GoodFuels to Invest in World’s 1st Marine Biofuel Refinery Based on Pyrolysis Oil

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  ... In the Netherlands, BTG and GoodFuels are preparing for major investment in a new biorefinery to support shipping’s low carbon fuels demands. Biomass technology group BTG will set up a new company that can convert

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Meriaura Brings out Climate Neutral Contracts Powered by Biofuel

(Meriaura)   Meriaura and Stockholm Exergi sign a contract of nearly CO2 neutral sea transport  -- Meriaura and and Stockholm Exergi have signed a contract for the sea transport of woodchips and woodpellets within the Baltic Sea by using  climate friendly, 100% biofuel

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Zero Emission Heavy Fuel Oil: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to GoodFuels’ Marine Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  GoodFuels is seeing a fast rise of low carbon marine fuels as a very logical one. The demand. The supply. The environmental impact. Even the economics. It’s all making sense now. In November, GoodFuels completed trials

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Høglund to Deliver Biogas-Ready Fuel Solutions for Six Hurtigruten passenger ship retrofits in collaboration with HB Hunte Engineering, Supporting Greener Travel in Cruise Sector

(Høglund Marine Solutions)  Høglund, the leading global marine solutions and system integration expert, today (March 20, 2019) announced that it has been awarded a contract to deliver biogas-ready fuel gas supply systems (FGSS) for six Hurtigruten passenger ship retrofits. Høglund will work

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Marine Biofuels Begin to Make Headway in Ocean Shipping

(Benzinga)  Biofuels created by recycling used cooking oils are being tested by ocean-going ships in pilot trials around the world. Such biofuels may even be gaining acceptance by ocean-shippers, freight forwarders and ship operators. The latest news is from international container ocean carrier

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IKEA, CMA CGM and the GoodShipping Program Join Forces to Test Sustainable Marine Bio-Fuel Oil

(GoodShipping Program)  IKEA Transport & Logistics Services, CMA CGM, the GoodShipping Program and the Port of Rotterdam have today announced they will cooperate in a first of its kind partnership to test and scale the use of sustainable marine bio-fuel oil.

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Coalition Provides Sustainable Marine Biofuels Verification

(FreightEurasia)  A proof-of-concept coalition made up of global mining company BHP, NYK, sustainable biofuel supplier GoodFuels and applications’ developer Blockchain Labs for Open Collaboration (BLOC), has delivered verifiably sustainable biofuels to the BHP-chartered, NYK-owned bulk carrier Frontier Sky. The biofuel, supplied by GoodFuels

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BHP and NYK Use GoodFuels Biofuel to Progress Decarbonisation Goals

(GoodFuels)  BHP, NYK, GoodFuels and BLOC collaborate to progress sustainable biofuel bunkering in Rotterdam, verified with blockchain. --  Today (February 4, 2019) global mining company BHP, Japanese shipping company NYK, leading sustainable biofuel company GoodFuels and BLOC (Blockchain Labs for Open Collaboration)

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Red Funnel Trials New Biofuel and Expands Fleet

by Rebecca Moore  (Passenger Ship Technology)  Red Funnel has been spinning several plates this year – from beginning construction of a £10M (US$14M) ferry to launching its latest catamaran, Red Jet 7, and trialling a new biofuel.  ...  In terms of alternative

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Biofuels for the Marine Shipping Sector: An Overview and Analysis of Sector Infrastructure, Fuel Technologies and Regulations

by Chia-wen Carmen Hsieh and Claus Felby (University of Copenhagen/IEA Bioenergy) The merchant shipping sector is one of the mayor players in world trade. More than 80% of all goods are transported via international shipping routes. The sector consumes more

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kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring/measuring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National 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nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC 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power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propane/renewable propane pumps propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis pyrolytic liquefaction Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R Factor R100/RD100 R33 R5 R95B5/RD95B5 R99/RD99 rabbits race radiata pine radish leaves Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rain tree rainforest ranchers RAND rare earth metal/critical minerals RD10 RD100 RD20 RD3 RD30 RD50 RD55 RD80 RD80B20 RD99 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP) Regulated Emissions regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit renewable diesel pipelines Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED/RED II/RED III) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of 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