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World Fuel Gets International Sustainability Approval

by Charles Alcock (Aviation International News) New certifications cover North America, Europe and Singapore -- World Fuel Services this week achieved key approvals to meet international standards for carbon reduction measures and services. Today (April 5, 2024), the company announced it has

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The Digest’s Biofuels Mandates Around the World 2024

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Florida, the Daily Digest today released its annual review of biofuels mandates and targets around the world, looking at the state of biofuels mandates in 65 countries. Get the latest up to the minute new

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DHL Partners with Schneider Electric to Launch New Shipping Model for Improved Sustainability and Agility

(DHL Group)  Together with Schneider Electric, DHL Global Forwarding has successfully deployed two innovative multi-modal shipping bridges - between Singapore and North America and between India and North America - to reduce Scope 3 carbon emissions from air freight. -- Pilot schemes

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Low Carbon Fuels 2040

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Emerging Markets Online is focused on market trends and futures in biodiesel, renewable diesel, sustainable aviation fuels, low carbon fuels, integrated biorefining, and feedstock business development industries, and is the publisher of Low Carbon Fuels 2040.

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Targray Joins Green Marine to Advance the Adoption of Sustainable Marine Fuels

(Targray/PR Web CISION) Targray's new partner membership within Green Marine underscores the company's commitment to fostering a positive transformation within the maritime industry through sustainable marine fuels and supply chain solutions. Targray, a global leader in the supply of renewable fuels, feedstock,

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FincoEnergies Expands Its Sustainable Biofuels and Cecarbonization Solutions into the Americas Region

(Seanews) In a strategic move to extend its footprint in the Americas, FincoEnergies, a leading independent provider of energy and decarbonisation solutions for the heavy transport sector, has announced the expansion of its GoodFuels, GoodShipping, and GoodZero brands. The company has

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Comstock Fuels Completes All Validation Milestones

(Comstock/Globe Newswire)  Executes Exclusive License for Proven Refining Process --  Comstock Inc. (NYSE: LODE) (“Comstock” and the “Company”) today announced completion of all milestones required for the scale-up of its proprietary lignocellulosic biomass refining process, culminating in the execution by its wholly

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European Biogas Association to Cooperate with Global GHG Protocol in Developing Rules for the Reporting of Biomethane Purchase

(European Biogas Association) The European Biogas Association (EBA), together with the Coalition for Renewable Natural Gas (RNG Coalition), met last week with Pankaj Bhatia, Global Director of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol at World Resources Institute, during the New York Climate Week. They discussed the growing

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Scania and Flix Announce Long-​Term Partnership to Make Sustainable Long-​Distance Travel a Reality

(Scania)  New long-term partnership between Flix and Scania will see the increased use of biogas vehicles in bus travel; Initially, Scania will supply up to 50 Bio-LNG (LBG) coaches to be run by Flix’s bus partners across its FlixBus network by

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Clean Fuels Releases Outlook on Global Supplies of Used Cooking Oil for Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Production

(Clean Fuels Alliance America) Global UCO supplies are anticipated to rise from 3.7 billion gallons in 2022 to between 5 billion and 10 billion gallons by 2030. The U.S. market at 850 million gallons could rise to 1.1 billion gallons. Clean Fuels

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The Pan American Liquid Biofuels Coalition Will Meet with Specialists and Authorities in Buenos Aires to Discuss Opportunities Provided by the Energy Transition

(InterAmerican Institute for Cooperative Agriculture)  Specialists, industry leaders, representatives of government and international organizations and producers from the Americas and Europe will attend the Pan American Liquid Biofuels Summit on June 29 in Buenos Aires. The high-level meeting will provide an

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EV Manufacturer Pays Wallenius Wilhelmsen to Use Biofuels Shipments

(Maritime Executive) A major EV manufacturer is entering into a shipping agreement where they are going to be paying the additional cost of using environmentally-friendly biofuel for the transportation of their products. The agreement is with Norway’s Wallenius Wilhelmsen and follows

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Global Clean Energy Holdings

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Global Clean Energy, a vertically integrated renewable fuels business that is focused on reducing transportation-related carbon emissions sustainably through its proprietary camelina varieties – the only varieties currently qualified for both federal and California standards

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Blue Hydrogen Market Size Worth $6.0 Billion by 2032

(The Brainy Insights/Globe Newswire) The rising environmental issues are driving the blue hydrogen market's growth. The increased usage of hydrogen in fuel cell vehicles is projected to drive the market demand soon.  --  The Brainy Insights estimates that the USD

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Liquid Biofuels Market Growth Looks Promising as Transportation Biofuels Create a Buzz: Fairfield Market Research

(Fairfield Consultancy Services/Globe Newswire) Rising consumer awareness regarding the massive clean energy potential of liquid biofuels will largely favor the liquid biofuels market. In addition, the supportive role of governments setting Net-Zero targets, and policy compliance will collectively accelerate the progression of

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Obeo Biogas Closes $3 Million Seed Funding Round to Bring Sustainable Biogas Solution to Dairy Farms across North America

(Obeo Biogas/Business Wire) Obeo Biogas, a leading provider of innovative biogas solutions for dairy farms, is pleased to announce the successful completion of its seed investment round led by Diagram Ventures, a venture studio and investment group. The C$3 million investment

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Nikola and Voltera Enter into a Definitive Strategic Partnership on Hydrogen Station Infrastructure Funding for up to 50 Stations

(Nikola/PR Newswire) Creating the largest North American open network of commercial hydrogen refueling stations --  Nikola Corporation (Nasdaq: NKLA), a global leader in zero-emissions transportation and energy supply and infrastructure solutions, via the HYLA brand, and Voltera, a leading provider of critical infrastructure necessary to support

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Peaks Renewables Joins BDO Zone Strategic Alliance

(BDO Zone)  Ecostrat is pleased to announce that Peaks Renewables has joined the BDO Zone Strategic Alliance as a partner in the Project Group. BDO Zone Strategic Alliance Partners include some of the leading companies in the bioenergy industry that help de-risk biobased project

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The Road to Lumberton: TerraStar Energy and Emerging Fuels Technology Strike a Deal for Biomass-to-Fuels Scaled to Feedstock

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ...  TerraStar Energy and Emerging Fuels Technology have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to license EFT’s Fischer-Tropsch  and Maxx Jet/Maxx Diesel proprietary technology to build a fleet of FLEXplants; small-scale, modular renewable diesel facilities. Small ball Recently the Due Diligence Wolfpack has been

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Growing In Iowa: The Future of Food and Farming -- Pivot Bio Improves Grower Access to a Dependable Nitrogen Source

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From his time at the University of Iowa to the first startup he founded with support from the John Pappajohn Entrepreneurial Center, Karsten Temme, Ph.D., credits much of his accomplishments as Pivot Bio CEO and co-founder to the invaluable

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Enbridge Commits $1 Billion to Company Turning Food Waste to Energy

by Nichola Groom (Reuters) Divert Inc, a U.S. company that converts rotting food into energy, on Wednesday said it has received a $1 billion commitment from Canadian pipeline operator Enbridge Inc (ENB.TO) to expand its facilities across North America. It is the latest in

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PlanET Biogas Announces Expansion and Formation of Food Waste Processing Company

(Bioenergy Insight) PlanET Biogas has created PlanET Organics, a new company specifically focused on food waste processing and nutrient recovery technologies. The move comes as a result of the firm's successful delivery of anaerobic digesters (AD) and renewable natural gas

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What Can Ethanol Plant Owners Do to Thrive in the Ethanol Business Today?

by Mike Sticklen and Doug Rivers (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest) The US ethanol industry is faced with flat volume (Fig. 1) and mediocre returns on capital (Fig. 2).  There are several strategic opportunities available to return to revenue growth and improve

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The Biochar Carbon Market 2022 : Two-Year-Old And Booming: A Genuine Opportunity

by Melissa Leung, Paul Ferguson et Suzanne Allaire (GECA Environnement et Accend)  GECA Environnement and Accend have joined forces to provide an overview of the burgeoning market for biochar carbon credits.​ The report is addressed to buyers, suppliers, investors and financiers. Our

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BNEF: SAFs Could Make up 7.5 per Cent of Jet Fuel Demand by 2030

by Cecilia Keating (Business Green) But analyst warns of 'significant hurdles' in scaling nascent sustainable aviation fuel market, including scarcity of supply and competition for feedstock with renewable diesel market  READ MORE 2022 Sustainable Aviation Fuel Outlook (BloombergNEF) Excerpt from Bloomberg NEF: For the

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Hydrogen at Risk of Being the Great Missed Opportunity of the Energy Transition: Hydrogen Forecast to 2050

(DNV) Hydrogen has a crucial role in decarbonizing the world’s energy system, but uptake will be too slow. Governments need to make urgent, significant policy interventions, according to a new report by DNV. In Hydrogen Forecast to 2050, DNV predicts the amount of

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Renewable Energy Group Enters Strategic Partnership with CFN and Pacific Pride to Expand Distribution of Cleaner Fuels

(Renewable Energy Group/Business Wire) Renewable Energy Group, Inc. (REG) (NASDAQ: REGI), a global producer and supplier of bio-based diesel, has entered into strategic collaboration agreements with CFN and Pacific Pride, two of North America’s largest cardlock fueling networks, to provide cleaner

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Plug Power and Olin Corporation Partner to Produce Green Hydrogen in 15 Ton per Cay Plant to Serve North America

(Plug Powwer)  Plug Power Inc. (NASDAQ: PLUG), a leading provider of turnkey hydrogen solutions for the global green hydrogen economy, and Olin Corporation (NYSE: OLN), a leading vertically integrated chlor alkali producer and marketer, announced today the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MOU)

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Liquid Biofuels Market Size to Surpass Around US$ 126.45 Bn by 2030

(Precedence Research/Intrado/Globe Neswire) According to Precedence Research, the global liquid biofuels market is predicted to surpass around US$ 126.45 billion by 2030 and growing at a CAGR of 6.5% over the forecast period 2021 to 2030.  --  The liquid biofuels market size was

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WasteFuel Agriculture Launches to Turn Agriculture Waste into Green Fuel

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) Waste-to-fuel start up WasteFuel has launched WasteFuel Agriculture which will turn farm waste into low-carbon fuels including renewable natural gas and bio-methanol that can be used in land and marine transport with significantly lower emissions

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Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2

by Will Thurmond (Emerging Markets) Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2. (249 pages, September 2021) provides a detailed analysis and outlook for low-carbon feedstock availability, and a feasibility assessment for technology commercialization pathways in sustainable aviation fuels

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Carinata Cover Crops: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Nuseed

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Where are the opportunities for cover cropping? How can non-food, non-GMO, RSB-certified carinata make a difference? How can it be used for oil/fuel and high protein meal? Is it scalable globally? Check out this slide

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Pharma-Grade Ethanol: Thinking beyond Fuel-Grade Ethanol

by Ghanshyam Deshpande  (Praj Industries/Biofuels Digest) ... In fact, there have been global shortages due to the huge demand and supply gap of pharma grade ethanol since the pandemic. To meet the demand posed by the pandemic, distilleries (ethanol plants) rose

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Global Clean Energy Holdings Acquires Madrid-Based Camelina Firm

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) Global Clean Energy Holdings Inc. announced Jan. 3 that it has acquired Camelina Company España S.L., Europe’s largest camelina crop innovator and seed producer headquartered in Madrid, Spain. According to GCEH, CCE has developed world-class intellectual

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The Renewable Era

by Matthew Choi (Politico's Morning Energy)  RENEWABLES ON THE UP: The world is getting more renewables, but it won’t be enough to hit net-zero global emissions by 2050, according to the International Energy Agency’s 2021 renewables report released today. ... IEA is

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Lummus to License Braskem Technology for Green Ethylene Projects

( Lummus Technology/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Lummus Technology announced that it has executed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with Braskem Netherlands B.V., a subsidiary of Braskem, the largest biopolymer producer in the world. The MOU is for the licensing of Braskem's

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Trends of Bioenergy in the Member Countries of IEA Bioenergy

(IEA Bioenergy/Electric Energy Online) IEA Bioenergy has just released its updated Country Reports, showing the trends of bioenergy in the IEA Bioenergy member countries up to 2019, looking at the role of bioenergy in total energy supply (TES), in electricity use,

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Lummus and Braskem Partner to License Technology for Two Green Ethylene Projects

(Lummus Technology/PR Newswire) -Lummus and Braskem execute MoU for joint licensing two projects of leading technology to produce green ethylene from ethanol based on Braskem's process operated at their plant in Triunfo, Brazil - Leveraging Lummus and Braskem's extensive experience and

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Nikola Expands Investments in Green Hydrogen Stations for Trucks in U.S.

(Nikola/NGV Journal)  Nikola Corporation and OPAL Fuels LLC have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding on the development, construction, and operation of hydrogen fueling stations in North America and the use of renewable natural gas in hydrogen production. Under this strategic

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Fuelling the SAF initiative

(Biofuels International)  Established in 1973, Avfuel Corporation has grown from a regional fuel supplier in the US to a global supplier of aviation fuel and services. Today, Avfuel holds a 23% market share of fuel-supplier branded fixed base operators (FBOs)

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GIDARA ENERGY Announces a New Facility Converting Non-Recyclable Waste into Advanced Biofuels

(GIDARA Energy) GIDARA Energy is pleased to announce its first advanced biofuels facility in Amsterdam; Advanced Methanol Amsterdam (“AMA”). The plant will convert non-recyclable waste into advanced methanol. This product will be used for fuel blending, and therefore meet governmental

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Carbon Clean, BayoTech to Develop Hydrogen, CO2 Capture Solutions

(Bioenergy Insight)  Carbon Clean has joined forces with BayoTech to develop on-site hydrogen with carbon capture solutions. Carbon Clean, a leader in cost-effective CO2 capture and separation technology, signed a memorandum of understanding with BayoTech, to explore commercial opportunities targeted at

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Neste and Finnair Present Sustainable Aviation Fuel Based Solution to Reduce Business Travel Emissions

(Neste)  Neste and Finnair are joining forces to reduce carbon emissions related to Neste employees’ business travel by using Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF). Neste has recently made 300 tons of Neste MY Sustainable Aviation Fuel™ available at Helsinki Airport in Finland for

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Campaigns Questioning the Use of Woody Biomass for Energy Are Missing Key Facts Says IEA (International Energy Agency) Bioenergy

(International Energy Agency) There are concurrent media campaigns and publications questioning the use of woody biomass for renewable energy production. Several of them misrepresent on-the-ground forestry practise and bioenergy systems, and associate the use of woody biomass for energy with overexploitation

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Competitive Edge: MBP Solutions Biofuels, Biogas Production

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... We are adding value to biological by-products through our 5 core competencies: Product and Application Expertise, International Sales & Marketing, Legal Compliance, Sustainability and Supply Chain Management. ... We offer a wide variety of specialist services,

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Local Oil, Biofuel Companies File for Bankruptcy

by Jessica Corso (San Antonio Business Journal) Two San Antonio area companies in the biofuels and oil industries have filed for bankruptcy over the past week. On Oct. 13, Castroville-based Finger Oil & Gas Inc. submitted its bankruptcy petition in a San

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Ductor to Develop 200 Biogas and Organic Fertiliser Projects

(Biofuels International) Finnish-Swiss biotech firm Ductor has closed funding from BW Group to develop 200 new biogas and sustainable organic fertiliser projects over three years. Ductor will develop the projects in the EU and North America after receiving a significant investment

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S&P Global Platts Launches First Sustainable Aviation Fuel Price Assessments in Americas

(S&P Global/Market Watch) S&P Global Platts ("Platts"), the leading independent provider of information and benchmark prices for the commodities and energy markets, today announced the launch of the first-to-market Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) price assessment for the Americas, aimed at bringing

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Implementation Agendas: 2018-2019 Update Compare and Contrast Transport Biofuels Policies

by Mahmood Ebadian, James D. McMillan, Jack (John) N. Saddler and Susan van Dyk (University of British Columbia, Canada/National Renewable Energy Laboratory, USA/IEA Bioenergy) Global production and use of transport biofuels Global biofuels production has continued to increase over the last decade,

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Limited Biofuels M&A Activity in 2019, Stage Set for Potentially Busy 2020

by Bruce Comer (Ocean Park/Biofuels Digest) Biofuels Merger and Acquisition (M&A) activity in North America was subdued in 2019. Only four operating biodiesel, ethanol and advanced biofuels plants were sold during the year. These four acquired plants were relatively small with

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Paraguayan Government Grants ‘Free Zone Regime’ for Omega Green Biofuel Plant

(Biofuels International)  The government of Paraguay has recently granted a Free Zone regime for the Omega Green project, which is being touted as the first advanced biofuels plant in the southern hemisphere. The facility, which will be built by ECB

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The New Waste Business Model: Evaluation of Existing and Projected WtE Projects

by Andrew Grant (Lee Enterprises/Biomass Power Corp/Biofuels Digest)  This article addresses the due diligence requirements for the increasing variety of waste-to-energy projects investors are now considering.  The topics apply to both early and later development stage project assessment. Twenty-five years ago, the

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Solutions from the Land: IPCC Report Stresses the Need to Act Now

(Solutions from the Land) ... SfL is facilitating farmer-led, multi-stakeholder adaptive management planning initiatives at the continental level through its North America Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance platform. SfL is also heavily engaged at the state level; for example, it facilitated the North Carolina Agriculture and

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New Research Calculates Capacity of North American Forests to Sequester Carbon

(University of California-Santa Cruz/EurekAlert!)  Gains of only 22 percent over the next six decades represent best-case scenario  --  Researchers have calculated the capacity of North American forests to sequester carbon in a detailed analysis that for the first time integrates the effects

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Engage North American Youth to Prevent, Recover and Recycle Food Loss and Waste DEADLINE: May 3, 2018

(Commission for Environmental Cooperation) The Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) is requesting proposals from prospective consultants to work in collaboration with youth organizations and government to empower and motivate youth (ages 5-23) to participate in reducing the quantities of food

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Biofuels Mandates Around the World 2018

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Florida, the Digest today releases its annual review of biofuels mandates and targets around the world, looking at the state of biofuels mandates in 65 countries. The bulk of mandates continue to come from the EU-27,

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White Biotechnology Market to Reach $487.08 Billion By 2024: Grand View Research, Inc.

(Grand View Research/PR Newswire)  The global white biotechnology market is expected to reach USD 487.08 billion by 2024, according to a new report by Grand View Research, Inc. Rising awareness and emphasis for the adoption of greener and environment-friendly technologies in various

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Biomass-Based Diesel Mandates and Trade Trends around the World

by Susan Olson (Genscape/Biofuels Digest)  Biomass-based diesel mandates for blending in transportation fuel have increased in many nations worldwide over the last year. In several of these countries, domestic biodiesel production is underutilized and many of these same countries are

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Endowment Launches Updated Bioenergy Database, Mapping Tool

(U.S. Endowment for Forestry and Communities/Biomass Magazine)  The U.S. Endowment for Forestry and Communities recently announced the launch of the revitalized wood bioenergy facility database and mapping tool. The site, www.wood2energy.org, is the most comprehensive database of its kind in

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New Biobased Projects Around the World

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Who’s building what, where, now. 29 projects in construction or in commissioning in Africa, Europe, Asia, the Middle East, Australia, and the Americas Despite low oil prices, first-gen biofuels and advanced biofuels continue to develop, and

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An Integrated Approach to Cellulosic Fuels: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to Clariant’s sunliquid process

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Clariant’s sunliquid technology for the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into sugars, followed by fermentation to cellulosic ethanol, is flexible to be used to convert different feedstocks on a regional basis, for example corn stover in

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Tough Characters: Looking for Biofuel Plants that Can Survive Drought and Other Harsh Conditions

by Chris Woolston (Bioenergy Connection)  With its crown of pink blossoms, the humble seashore mallow may look unassuming, even delicate. But when it comes to brutal environments, this seaside shrub is no pushover.  Seashore Mallow can survive one drought after

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college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning commo Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement/engagement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression ratios compression-ignition engine computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology Cook Islands cook stoves cooking fuel cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 COP28 COP30 copper coppice cordgrass corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade 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kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania 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morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National 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nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC 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