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Plant Fuels Could One Day Power Airlines and Cars while Lowering Carbon Emissions

by Joe Tarr (Wisconsin Public Radio) Head of the Wisconsin Energy Institute, Mary Blanchard, details biofuels innovations -- ... However, Blanchard (Mary Blanchard, associate director of the Wisconsin Energy Institute) told WPR’s “The Morning Show,” new biofuels have the potential to totally replace

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Groups Urge Treasury to Promptly Complete §45Z Clean Fuels Production Credit Guidance

(Clean Fuels Alliance America) Today (May 15, 2024), 25 trade associations representing producers, feedstock providers, blenders, consumers, and retailers of low-carbon, renewable fuels sent a letter to Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen, urging Treasury to finalize and publish guidance for the §45Z Clean

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Ethanol Blog: Federal Appeals Court Upholds EPA Action on 2020-2022 Renewable Fuel Standard Volumes

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer)   Renewable Fuel Standards set for 2020 to 2022 will stay in place after a federal appeals court on Tuesday denied review to a group of refining companies.  Numerous lawsuits were filed against the U.S. Environmental Protection

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The EPA E15 Ruling– No Need to Stop There.

by Doug Durante (Clean Fuels Development Coalition/Biofuels Digest) Go ahead, blend any amount of ethanol you want.  And here’s why. --  ... The recent decision by the Biden Administration to provide an “emergency waiver” so E15 can continue to be sold during

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Ethanol’s Next Frontier

by Keith Reid (Fuels Market News/Source North America Corporation) ... Here are three reasons why the staying power of ethanol will likely intensify in the coming years. The expansion of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) took a step forward. ... Critics have voiced skepticism that

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Farmers and 45Z Tax Credit: 45Z Tax Credit Offers a Market for Ag and Carbon Scores, Demands Data and Trust

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) Farmers are still planting their 2024 spring crops, but their local biofuel plants are going to be increasingly focused on the carbon intensity score of those crops as well. The initial Treasury Department guidance for the

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Meeting SAF Demand with Ethanol-to-Jet Technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  To achieve net zero by 2050, SAF production needs to increase quickly and substantially, says Omar Hamid, Group Manager, Low Carbon Fuels at Worley Consulting in presenting these slides at ABLC 2024 on technology transition. He

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AOA Thursday 5-9-2024 Agriculture of America Podcast

(American Ag Network) On Thursday's AOA, with guest host Mike Adams, we have another busy show today. In Segment One we have Mike Zuzolo with Global Commodity Analytics to discuss markets and the upcoming WASDE reports. In Segment Two we discuss

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Never Stop Educating

Doug Durante (Clean Fuels Development Coalition/South Dakota Farmers Union)  For all of us long-time ethanol supporters, we share the frustration that American agriculture and the ethanol we produce is so often misunderstood. We were reminded of this after participating in the

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EPA, FDA, and USDA Issue Joint Regulatory Plan for Biotechnology

(U.S. Food and Drug Administration) In response to President Biden’s Executive Order 14081, “Advancing Biotechnology and Biomanufacturing Innovation for a Sustainable, Safe, and Secure American Bioeconomy,” the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and

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Co-Processing SAF: Standards, Incentives and Regulation

by Maria J. L. Perez and Milica Folić (Topsoe/Biomass Magazine) ... One method of SAF production, known as co-processing, has emerged as a viable solution in the here and now. But what are the regulations and standards that producers need to

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Suspicions of Fake China Cooking Oil Alarm US Biofuel Industry

by Kim Chipman, Tarso Veloso, and Michael Hirtzer (Bloomberg) ... One of the biggest concerns is that China shippers are adding UCO to fresh palm oil. Palm, the world’s most widely used vegetable oil, is a bane to environmentalists and many countries

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Will Making Hydrogen ‘Green’ Depend on China?

by Christian Robles (E&E News) Machinery that makes hydrogen fuel from water could become another energy technology whose production is centered in Asia. ... China leads the world in producing the essential technology for green hydrogen made from renewables: electrolyzers. The machines use

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Commodity Groups Appeal Fuel Test Rule

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) Commodity Groups: Ethanol Threatened by Fuel-Test Rule Buried in EV Mandate -- New fuel economy test procedures contained in the Biden administration's final pollution standards for passenger vehicles penalize ethanol and should be declared unlawful, three

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bp's Archaea Energy Brings Online Its Largest Modular RNG Plant to Date in Kansas

(bp) The plant can convert 9,600 standard cubic feet of landfill gas per minute into lower-carbon renewable natural gas (RNG). Plant is expected to produce enough renewable natural gas to heat up to 38,000 homes annually, according to the EPA Landfill

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Stabenow, Thompson Release Outlines For 2024 Farm Bill

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) U.S. Senate Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Committee Chairwoman Debbie Stabenow, D-Mich., and House Agriculture Chairman Glenn “GT” Thompson, R-Pa., on May 1 released outlines for competing versions of the 2024 Farm Bill. The Farm Bill is

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Republicans Intensify Fight against EPA Tailpipe Rules

by Kelsey Brugger (Politico Pro/E&E Daily) House and Senate lawmakers will introduce resolutions Wednesday to overturn the rulemaking. -- Republicans on Capitol Hill have a new favorite punching bag: President Joe Biden’s electric vehicle “de facto mandate.” On Wednesday, four GOP lawmakers are

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Ethanol Groups Challenge Fuel Economy Formula In EPA’s Auto Rule

(Inside EPA) Several ethanol groups are challenging EPA’s update to test-fuel requirements, adopted alongside the agency’s final passenger vehicle emissions rulemaking, claiming that a revised fuel economy calculation to account for the test fuel unlawfully boosts the stringency of fuel economy

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RFA Welcomes 40B Sustainable Aviation Fuel Guidance, But Says Additional Work Needed

(Renewable Fuels Association) The 40B tax credit guidance and modified GREET model released today by U.S. Treasury begin to unlock the door for U.S. ethanol producers and farmers to participate in the emerging market for sustainable aviation fuels (SAF). However, more work

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Low US Distillate Consumption Reflects Slow Economic Activity, Biofuel Substitution

(U.S. Energy Information Administration/Biobased Diesel Daily)  U.S. distillate consumption so far this year is lower than usual because of warm winter weather, reduced manufacturing activity, and continued substitution of biofuels in place of petroleum distillate on the U.S. West Coast (PADD 5). As reported

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Biofuel Tax Credit Claims Need More Scrutiny, Watchdog Says

by Erin Schilling (Bloomberg Tax) The IRS needs more authority to properly evaluate—and deny, if necessary—biofuel tax credit claims, an agency watchdog said in a new report. The Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration evaluated biofuel tax claims and found 42 of the

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For SAF’s Take-off, Look to India’s Policies

by Eric McAfee (Aemetis/Biofuels Digest) ... We win wars by issuing Cost Plus contracts to defense contractors so they can build new production capacity to produce the weapons of war. SAF is just such a weapon, but our leaders have not been

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30 House Republicans Take Action to Overturn Biden's Gas Car Crackdown

by Thomas Catenacci (Fox News/Yahoo!) A group of more than 30 House Republicans is introducing a resolution Friday that would overturn President Biden's actions targeting gas-powered vehicles as part of his climate push. The nearly three dozen GOP lawmakers, led by Rep. Andrew Clyde, R-Ga.,

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Nine Trade Associations Ask EPA to Meet November Deadline for 2026 RFS Volumes

(Clean Fuels Alliance America) Letter highlights negative impact of unreasonably low 2023 – 2025 volumes -- Today, nine trade associations representing feedstock providers, advanced biofuel producers, and low-carbon fuel customers wrote to EPA Administrator Michael Regan, urging the agency to propose and

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SMALL refinery exemption – A 5-Letter Word for EARTH MONTH

The SMALL Refinery Exemption (SRE) is a provision UNDER the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) in the United States that allows certain SMALL oil refineries to be exempted from THEIR obligations to BLEND renewable FUELS such as ethanol into THEIR gasoline

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Power Progress Podcast: Complying with EPA Phase 3 GHG Rules for Heavy Duty Trucks

(KHL Group – Power Division) The Power Progress Podcast highlights issues relevant to the development of vehicles and equipment for the on-highway, off-highway, marine and power generation industries, including progress being made toward decarbonization. Topics will cover power systems and powertrain

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Biden Administration to Release Low-Carbon Aviation Fuel Tax Credit Model on Tuesday - Sources

by Jarrett Renshaw and Stephanie Kelly (Reuters)  The Biden administration is expected to release a climate model for its sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) subsidy program on Tuesday, two sources familiar with the matter said. The rule will dictate how ethanol producers can

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EPA Approves Registration of Vertimass Green Gasoline Blends

(Vertimass)  VertiGas20, a renewable gasoline product, is now registered to be sold as 20% blends in conventional gasoline to help mitigate transportation carbon emissions -- Vertimass is pleased to announce that the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has approved registration for

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Garamendi, King Introduce Biomass for Transportation Fuel Act

(Office of Congressman John Garamendi (D-CA 8th))  Supports renewable electricity from forest byproducts to charge electric vehicles -- Congressman John Garamendi (D-CA) and Senator Angus S. King, Jr. (I-ME) introduced the "Biomass for Transportation Fuel Act” (H.R.7609), with U.S. Senator Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH)

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Democrats Go to Court to Defend Biden’s New Clean Car Rule

by Lesley Clark (E&E News PM) California is "not going to watch radical Republicans put the profits of big oil over the health of our planet," Gov. Gavin Newsom said. -- A coalition of Democratic-led states is countering Republican critics of the

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Biogenic Testing via Carbon-14 Analysis Validates Biofuel Blends for Regulatory Compliance

by Jordan Turner* (Beta Analytic for Advanced Biofuels USA) Biofuels are gaining attention on the market as a renewable alternative to fossil fuels. Often biofuel regulations require assurances of the replacement of fossil fuel with renewables. Carbon-14 analysis can provide

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EPA Issues Emergency Fuel Waiver for E-15 Sales 

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) EPA takes action to provide consumers relief at the pump by helping ensure an adequate fuel supply ahead of the upcoming season --  Today, April 19, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency is issuing an emergency fuel waiver to

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Engineering Breakthrough – The Davis Refinery Project in North Dakota will be the World’s First Net Zero Carbon Refinery

(Meridian Energy Group)  Design of the Davis Refinery has now established GHG emissions from Davis have been reduced to less than 50% of industry average levels, and the remaining GHG emissions are offset by coprocessing vegetable oil in its Diesel Hydrotreater

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EPA: 2 New SRE Petitions Filed, 38 SRE Petitions Now Pending

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA on April 18 released updated small refinery exemption (SRE) data, reporting that two additional SRE petitions have been filed under the Renewable Fuel Standard in the past month. A total of 38

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Senate Tailpipe Rule Vote Fails Despite Dem Defections

by Manuel Quinones and Emma Dumain (Politico Pro E&E News PM)  Critics of EPA's new emissions rule for cars and small trucks suffered a defeat in the Senate on Thursday afternoon. The chamber rejected Finance ranking member Mike Crapo's legislation, S. 4072, against

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Exclusive: US EPA to Announce Temporary Expanded Sales of Higher-Ethanol Gasoline Blend - Sources

by Stephanie Kelly and Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters) The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency will announce by Friday plans to temporarily expand sales of higher-ethanol blends of gasoline this summer, a win for the corn ethanol industry that will likely see demand increase,

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Renewable Diesel Market Report

(Stillwater Associates) On March 21, 2024, Stillwater President Megan Boutwell presented the Renewable Diesel Market Report to the Washington Alternative Fuel & Vehicle Technical Assistance Group. Stillwater President Megan Boutwell shares a presentation on the Supply and Regulatory Incentive Considerations for RD

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CARB’s In-Use Locomotive Regulation Rule Will Hurt the American Economy Public Comment Deadline April 22, 2024

(Association of American Railroads) Policy Position: Congress should call on EPA to prevent CARB from moving forward with its new framework. EPA should instead ensure locomotive emissions regulations move forward in a responsible, measured fashion that takes into full account technology readiness,

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More to Do on Methane

by Patrick Serfass and Adam Comora (American Biogas Council/OPAL Fuels/Biofuels Digest) A recent study released by the journal Science supported by research conducted by Carbon Mapper and the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory revealed that methane emissions from landfills are greater than previously

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Ethanol Blog: Lawmakers, Retailers Make Last-Minute Push for E15 Summer Waiver

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer)  Letters continue to fill the mailbox at the White House from federal lawmakers, ethanol industry officials and fuel retailers pressing the Biden administration to grant a waiver to allow the continued sale of E15 this

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Growth Energy Launches Campaign to Preserve Summer Access to E15

(Growth Energy) Growth Energy launched a new ad campaign calling on the Biden administration to protect summer access to E15, an affordable, cleaner-burning fuel option. The digital advertising campaign will run across multiple platforms, including key news sites and YouTube. Watch the ad here. “The clock

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Attorney General Bird Leads 13-State Lawsuit to Pull the Plug on Biden Electric Vehicle Handout and Defend Ethanol

(Office of Iowa Attorney General) Iowa Attorney General Brenna Bird today led a 13-state coalition in a lawsuit to pull the plug on Biden’s electric vehicle handout and defend ethanol. -- In Biden’s most recent attack in the war on gas vehicles, he

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Senate Prepares for Vote on EPA Tailpipe Rule

by Kelsey Brugger (E&E Daily) The vote would cap a flurry of activity this week on the Biden climate agenda on transportation. -- The Senate will vote as soon as Thursday on bipartisan legislation to stymie President Joe Biden's big electric vehicle

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Dead Wrong About E85

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association) ... So, what is driving the rebirth of E85 flex fuel? The fuel’s resurgence is likely resulting from two compelling consumer benefits: lower carbon emissions and lower prices. Flex fuels offer substantial reductions in greenhouse gas

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US EIA Now Publishes Interregional Renewable Diesel Rail-shipment Data

(U.S. Energy Information Administration/Biobased Diesel Daily) In its March Petroleum Supply Monthly, the U.S. Energy Information Administration introduced data on the interregional movement of renewable diesel. These new data add to its existing tanker- and barge-movement coverage for renewable diesel. With the new data,

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Aemetis Allocated $10.5 Million IRA Section 48C Tax Credits by DOE and IRS for Biofuels Plant Efficiency Projects

(Aemetis/Globe Newswire) Aemetis, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMTX), a renewable natural gas and renewable fuels company focused on low and negative carbon intensity products, today announced that it received an allocation of $10.5 million of Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) tax credits by the

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Ethanol Industry on EVs: The Infrastructure Isn’t There and Consumers Aren’t All In

by Currey McCullough (RFD TV) The ethanol industry is raising concerns over the Biden Administration’s adamant approach for an all-electric vehicle fleet, saying it is on a collision course with reality. As policymakers and industry leaders navigate this shifting landscape, voices from the

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Five Major Issues for EPA and Farmers EPA Administrator Highlights $4 Billion in 'Green Fund' for Rural Communities

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) EPA Administrator Michael Regan on Friday spotlighted rural investments in new green funds while saying the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Technologies (GREET) model update is coming in the "very near future"

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Exclusive: Biden Administration's Initial SAF Subsidy Model to Raise Climate Hurdle for Ethanol

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters) The Biden administration will release a preliminary climate model for its sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) subsidy program in the coming weeks that is more restrictive than what the corn-based ethanol industry had expected, two sources familiar with

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Farmers, Ethanol Industry Workers Call for Summertime E15 Waiver

(Renewable Fuels Association) Nearly 1,000 farmers, ethanol industry workers and other supporters from across the country sent a letter to President Biden today calling on his administration to take action to allow continued access to E15 throughout the upcoming summer driving season. E15

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LIMIT – A 5-Letter Word for EARTH MONTH

LIMIT – Although LIMITations are typically viewed as negative, a broader application WOULD invite us to understand the feedback mechanism a LIMIT provides. Currently the sale of fuel BLENDs such as E15 have LIMITed availability over the summer MONTHs due to

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Biden’s EPA Can Justify His New EV Rules Only by Cooking the Books

Benjamin Zycher (American Enterprise Institute/The Hill) Before federal regulations are implemented, they must be justified with an extensive analysis of costs and effects. The new Environmental Protection Agency rule forcing a massive shift toward electric vehicles is no exception. Weighing in at 1,181

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RFA Urges SAF Interagency Working Group to Use a 30-Year Time Period for LUC Calculations

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The Renewable Fuels association is urging federal officials to use a 30-year time frame to account for land use change (LUC) emissions as they work to complete the upcoming 40BSAF-GREET model, which will be used

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Sen. Klobuchar Tours MN Bio-Fuels Producer Member Heartland Corn Products

(Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association)  Sen. Amy Klobuchar toured Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association (MN Bio-Fuels) Producer Member, Heartland Corn Products (HCP), in Winthrop on March 27 to discuss her efforts in addressing some of the challenges facing Minnesota’s ethanol industry. Among those efforts include securing

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Iowa Republican Miller-Meeks Named New Chair of Conservative Climate Caucus

by Zack Budryk (The Hill) The House Conservative Climate Caucus has named Rep. Mariannette Miller-Meeks (R-Iowa) as its new chair, succeeding founder Rep. John Curtis (R-Utah). Miller-Meeks, who sits on the House Energy and Commerce Committee, has attended every United Nations climate summit since her election

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The EPA E15 Ruling Opens the Door for E30

by Doug Durante (Clean Fuels Development Coalition/South Dakota Farmers Union)  ... Ethanol is in no way mandated under the RFS – the refiners choose ethanol as a way to meet their obligation, they could have used renewable diesel, biogas, even

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QUOTE OF THE WEEK -- Kurt Kovarik

EPA’s rule (emission standards for heavy-duty vehicles) flatly dismisses the benefits of biodiesel and renewable diesel as the lowest-cost and most widely available options to kickstart decarbonization of the heavy-duty vehicle sector. There should be no uncertainty that biodiesel and

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Tester Bill on Small Refineries Irks Ethanol Lobby

by Marc Heller (E&E News) The Montana senator said his legislation would keep big companies from claiming ethanol-blending waivers for small refineries. -- A bill introduced by Sen. Jon Tester raises a contentious point for the biofuel industry: How small does a

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US Judge Strikes down Biden Highway Climate Rule for States

by David Shepardson and Nate Raymond (Reuters)   A U.S. judge in Texas struck down a climate rule adopted by the Biden administration requiring states to measure and set declining targets for greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles using the national highway system. Texas

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New EPA Emissions Rule for Semi-Trucks: EPA Rolls Out World's Toughest Emission Standards for Heavy-Duty Trucks

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer)  ... EPA announced new, final national emission standards for heavy-duty vehicles model years 2027 through 2032. Officials stated the new rule would avoid 1 billion tons of greenhouse gas emissions while reducing air pollution for

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Tax Credits and Carbon Capture: How Ethanol Plants Offset Costs

(AgWeb/Pro Farmer)  Ethanol plants are exploring carbon capture technologies to reduce their carbon intensity (CI) scores and qualify for tax credits. Paul Neiffer, via his Farm CPA Report, says the two main methods are point source capture and carbon capture and storage

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RFS Fight Launches in Appeals Court Interest Groups Argue EPA Illegally Finalized RFS Volumes Through 2025

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer)  Though the EPA finalized Renewable Fuel Standard volumes for 2023 to 2025 in June 2023, the future of the rule could change depending on the outcome of a legal battle playing out in a federal

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Biofuel Supporters Ask EPA for Summertime E15

by Carah Hart (Browfield Ag News) A group of biofuel supporters, including the Renewable Fuels Association and the National Corn Growers Association, are asking the Environmental Protection Agency to provide an emergency summer waiver for E-15 quickly. In a letter to the

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8 States Are Planning to BAN the Sale of Gas-Powered Cars Entirely - after Biden Unveiled Ambitious Plans to Phase Them out by 2032

by Tilly Armstrong (Daily Mail)  California was the first state to adopt the plan to ban sales of gas cars by 2035; Electric vehicles made up 7.6 percent of new car sales in the US last year; READ MORE: What does

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In Gasolinegate, the True Cost of Gasoline Far Exceeds What We See at the Pump

by Emily Phillips (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  ... Even today, gasoline as a fuel dominates the transportation sector, despite attempts to increase the market share of electric and alternative-fuel vehicles. In Gasolinegate, authors Burl Haigwood (advisor to the Clean Fuels Development

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Continuum Ag and Siouxland Energy Team up to Focus on Low-CI Corn

by Cassidy Walter (Successful Farming)  The partnership will encourage farmers to discover their carbon intensity score now, to prepare for future market opportunities. -- Today Siouxland Energy Cooperative, an ethanol plant near Sioux Center, Iowa, and Continuum Ag, announced a partnership focused on helping

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EPA: 1 New SRE Petition Filed, 26 SRE Petitions Now Pending

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA released updated small refinery exemption (SRE) data on March 21, reporting that one new SRE petition has been filed under the Renewable Fuel Standard in the past month. A total of 36

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Pressing for GREET Model Update Details for SAF Tax Credits Delayed, But Will 'Send Right Signal,' Ag Secretary Says

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer)   While groups are clamoring for certainty on how the Department of Treasury calculates tax credits for sustainable aviation fuel, Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack said the adjustments to the greenhouse gas model, or "GREET" model, won't

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‘This Will Be Something that People See and Feel’: What to Expect from Biden’s Clean Car Push

by Mike Lee and Jean Chemnick (Politico) The Biden administration is launching its most aggressive regulation to stem tailpipe pollution. --  The transportation rules come as President Joe Biden tries to shed historically low approval ratings as he plunges into a reelection race

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Growth Energy CEO Spotlights Bioethanol’s Potential in Panel at CERAWeek

(Growth Energy) Yesterday (March 18, 2024), Growth Energy CEO Emily Skor joined global biofuel industry leaders on a panel at S&P Global’s CERAWeek to discuss the changing biofuels supply chain and the central role that American bioethanol will have in further decarbonizing the

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Biden-Harris Administration Finalizes Strongest-Ever Pollution Standards for Cars that Position U.S. Companies and Workers to Lead the Clean Vehicle Future, Protect Public Health, Address the Climate Crisis, Save Drivers Money

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)  Final standards will expand consumer choice in clean vehicles and build on historic progress in U.S. auto manufacturing under President Biden’s Investing in America agenda -- Today, March 20, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced final national pollution

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Ethanol Blog: Lawmakers Press Biden Administration to Fight Brazil Ethanol Tariff, Open Ag, Biofuels Trade

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer)   With Brazil set to reconsider an ongoing tariff on U.S. ethanol imports a group of Republican lawmakers asked the Biden administration to be active in an upcoming public-comment period on the 16% tariff that is

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Biden Eases EV Rule but Keeps Heat on Automakers

by Mike Lee (E&E News)  The Biden administration released one of several coming car regulations Tuesday, a clean vehicle formula designed to push automakers to build more fuel-efficient or electric vehicles. The Department of Energy softened its “petroleum equivalency factor” after complaints

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EPA Denies AFPM Petition Seeking Waiver of 2023 Cellulosic Biofuel RVO

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA on March 15 denied a petition filed by the American Fuel & Petroleum Manufacturers in December 2023 seeking a partial waiver of the 2023 cellulosic biofuel renewable volume obligation (RVO) under

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Avoiding SAF Flight Cancellation: Airline Industry, Others Stress Need for Sustainable Aviation Fuels to Take Off

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) Airlines and businesses tied to the bioeconomy are stressing how critical the right policies will be to help fully develop a market for sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) that can help create a new market for

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Lawmakers Push for Year Round E15

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com)  More than 30 members of the U.S. House of Representatives this week sent a letter to House leadership requesting a legislative solution to allow the voluntary sale of E15 year-round nationwide. Reps. Mariannette Miller-Meeks (R-IA), Nikki Budzinski (D-IL), Adrian Smith

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Vilsack: Actions Needed to Assure Biomass Supply

by Jerry Hagstrom (The Hagstrom Report)  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today said today the government needs to take a number of actions to assure an adequate supply of biomass for the biofuels industry in the future. Vilsack released several reports on the

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Reported Volumes of E15, E85 Set New Records in Minnesota and Iowa in 2023

(Renewable Fuels Association)  Reported sales of both E15 and E85 hit record highs in Minnesota in 2023, according to new data released Wednesday by the Minnesota Department of Commerce. Minnesota is one of only two states (Iowa being the other) that specifically track sales

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Biden Set to Crack Down on Auto Emissions to Accelerate EV Sales

by Jennifer A. Doulhy (Bloomberg) EPA expected to finalize tailpipe emission limits within days; Formula for calculating electric vehicle fuel use also coming -- The Biden administration is preparing to roll out the toughest-ever limits on pollution from the nation’s cars and

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The Zombies of the U.S. Tax Code: Why Fossil Fuels Subsidies Seem Impossible to Kill

by Lisa Friedman (New York Times) For the fourth year in a row, President Biden is trying to eliminate federal tax breaks for coal, oil and gas companies. But fossil fuel subsidies have proven difficult to stop. -- ... Mr. Biden’s budget

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SEC Adopts Rules to Enhance and Standardize Climate-Related Disclosures for Investors

(U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission) The Securities and Exchange Commission today adopted rules to enhance and standardize climate-related disclosures by public companies and in public offerings. The final rules reflect the Commission’s efforts to respond to investors’ demand for more consistent,

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Fueling the Future: Biofuels Driving Progress on Net Zero

(S&P Global) The role of biofuels in energy transition is growing, as they can help decarbonize hard-to-abate transport sectors, but more supply is needed to keep the world on track with net-zero goals. S&P Global Commodity Insights explores how regional policies

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EPA to Hold Webinar on Biogas Regulatory Reform Rule Provisions of RFS ‘Set’ Rule --- Rescheduled to April 12, 2024 --- ONLINE

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The U.S. EPA on March 6 announced plans to hold a public webinar on the biogas regulatory reform rule (BRRR) provisions of the Renewable Fuel Standard program. The webinar is scheduled for April 4 from

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Ag, Fuel Groups Urge No Change to RINs: Farm, Fuel Interest Groups Call on EPA to Reject Refiners' RFS Petition

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) Agriculture and fuel interests asked EPA Administrator Michael Regan to reject a petition by CVR Energy to change the biofuels credit trading program in the Renewable Fuel Standard, in a letter to the EPA on

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Soil Carbon Capture Sequestration, Low Carbon Intensity Scores and the Small Water Cycle: The Symbiotic Connection

by Joel Stone (LEC Partners/Biofuels Digest) Soil Carbon Capture Sequestration (SCCS), low carbon intensity (low CI) scores and the Small Water Cycle are connected through various ecological and hydrological processes that occur within terrestrial ecosystems. SCCS refers to the process of

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Scientists Warn a Poorly Managed Hydrogen Rush Could Make Climate Change Worse

by Kari Lydersen (Energy News Network)  A growing body of scientific research is highlighting the indirect ways hydrogen could worsen climate change — and critics say the risks are largely being ignored by the federal government. -- As the federal government rolls

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Canola Sector Anticipates Major Biofuel Boom

by Don Norman (Glacier FarmMedia/Western Producer)  The biofuel industry could drive canola demand into uncharted territory in the coming decade, says one industry expert. “The capacity of crush could grow from 11.3 million metric tonnes today to 18 million metric tonnes in

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Opal Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) OPAL Fuels is a fully integrated, nationwide leader in the production and distribution of low-carbon intensity renewable natural gas (RNG). Our vertical waste-to-energy model combines the upstream production and downstream marketing and distribution of RNG, delivering

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Vilsack Says He’s Confident in E15 Emergency Waiver, Discusses USDA’s SAF Advocacy

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack expressed confidence that the U.S. EPA will issue an emergency waiver to allow E15 to remain available this summer and discussed the USDA’s ongoing efforts with regard to sustainable aviation fuel

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White House Is Seen Missing Deadline Tied to Jet Fuel Tax Credit

by Kim Chipman and Jennifer A. Dlouhy (Bloomberg News) Administration had set March 1 deadline for carbon model; Ethanol industry hopes to benefit from green jet fuel credits -- The Biden administration is missing a self-imposed deadline for updating a government tool used to

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Brown, Ricketts Introduce Bipartisan Bill to Expand Use of Biofuels

(Office of Senator Sherrod Brown (D-OH))  Legislation Would Open New Markets for Ohio Farmers, Producers  --  U.S. Senators Sherrod Brown (D-OH) and Pete Ricketts (R-NE) introduced the bipartisan Renewable Fuel for Ocean-Going Vessels Act to open new markets for farmers in Ohio and across the

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Brown Successfully Pushes Treasury to Fix Proposed Rule to Support American Biogas Manufacturing

(Offfice of Senator Sherrod Brown (D-OH)) Brown Called on Treasury to Act on the Proposed Rules; Changes Will Support Domestic Energy Production and Help Create American Jobs -- Following U.S. Senator Sherrod Brown’s (D-OH) push, the U.S. Department of Treasury agreed to revise

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Emissions from Grid-Linked Green Hydrogen 'Could Be Worse than Brown H2'

by Orlando Jenkinson (Wind Power Monthly) Carbon emissions associated with planned green hydrogen projects could be higher than other forms of hydrogen production, depending on the source of electricity, according to a new report by energy consultancy WoodMackenzie. The company's ‘Over the

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USDA Investing $25 Million in ACE-led Project to Incentivize, Model, and Monetize Climate-Smart Ag Practices in a 10-State Region

(American Coalition for Ethanol) The United States Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Natural Resource Conservation Service (NRCS) recently approved a $25 million investment in the American Coalition for Ethanol (ACE)-led Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP) expansion that builds on the successful South

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Ethanol Report 2-26-24 -- Wrap up of the 29th National Ethanol Conference

(Energy.AgWired.com) The 29th National Ethanol Conference held in San Diego California last week may go down as one of the best and most timely industry meetings ever, setting the stage for major decisions that hang in the balance this year, including

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Renewable Fuels Association with Geoff Cooper

(Veteran on the Move)  This week on Veteran On the Move, Joe Crane welcomes Geoff Cooper, President and CEO of the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA), the leading voice for America’s ethanol industry. Geoff served four years in the Quartermaster Corps, specializing

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U.S. Crop Sector Insulates Itself from World Market with Biofuels, Says Analyst

by Chuck Abbott (Successful Farming)  Exports have been the lodestar of U.S. agriculture since the big Soviet grain deals of the Carter and Reagan years. One-fifth of U.S. farm production is exported. -- After decades of pursuing sales to foreign buyers, the

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EPA, DOE Announce $9.4M to Spur Development of Advanced Biofuels as Part of President Biden’s Investing in America Agenda DEADLINE March 22, 2024

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) As part of President Biden’s Investing in America agenda, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy today released a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) for up to $9.4 million for the development of advanced

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Final Rule in Response to Request from States for Removal of Gasoline Volatility Waiver (E15)

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)  The Environmental Protection Agency is responding to requests from state governors to remove the 1-psi volatility waiver for gasoline-ethanol blends containing 10 percent ethanol in their states. The governors made their request pursuant to CAA section 211(h)(5),

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Clean Fuels Conference Emphasizes a New Era of Industry Growth

(Clean Fuels Alliance America/SAF Magazine) Clean Fuels Alliance America welcomed nearly 850 attendees from over 20 countries to connect with key players from the biodiesel, renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuel industries at the Clean Fuels Conference in Fort Worth, Texas. The conference encompassed

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RFA’s Cooper: 2024 Will Be “Pivotal and Consequential Year” for U.S. Ethanol Industry

(Renewable Fuels Association) At the National Ethanol Conference today (February 20, 2024) in San Diego, Renewable Fuels Association President and CEO Geoff Cooper told nearly 1,000 attendees that 2024 will be “one of the most pivotal and consequential years the ethanol

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CO2 Production by the U.S. Ethanol Industry and the Potential Value of Sequestration

by Scott Irwin (farmdoc daily) There has long been an interest in the role of biofuels in “decarbonizing” the transportation sector in the U.S.  An issue that has been receiving a great deal of attention lately is the potential for ethanol

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Exclusive: Biden Administration to Approve E15 Gasoline Expansion Starting in 2025, Sources Say

by Jarrett Renshaw and Stephanie Kelly (Reuters) The White House will approve a request from a group of Midwest governors to allow year-round sales of gasoline with higher blends of ethanol, but will push the start date into next year, two

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Don’t Believe the EV Hype—For Ethanol, Stay the Course

by Doug Durante (Clean Fuels Development Coalition/South Dakota Farmers Union)  Among the issues that have put a scare into the ethanol industry over the past few years, the threat of electric vehicles has received considerable attention. While threats to the RFS,

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Exclusive: White House Set to Back Tougher Climate Model for Ethanol, Sources Say

by Jarrett Renshaw, Stephanie Kelly and Leah Douglas (Reuters) President Joe Biden's administration is poised to announce an adjustment to its scientific modeling for ethanol that will show the corn-based fuel to be less effective at reducing greenhouse gas emissions than

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Biden Administration Weighs Slowing the Shift to Electric Vehicles

by Maxine Joselow (Washington Post)  The Environmental Protection Agency is considering relaxing one of its most significant climate change rules — tailpipe emissions limits for cars and trucks — by giving automakers more time to boost sales of electric vehicles, according

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USDA Proposes Streamlined Regulation for Biobased Markets (BioPreferred) Program Public Comments DEADLINE March 25, 2024

by Lynn L. Bergeson and Carla N. Hutton (Bergeson and Campbell)  The Rural Business-Cooperative Service (RBCS), an agency of the Rural Development mission area within U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), issued a proposed rule on January 24, 2024, that would adopt changes

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Lawmakers Urge Use of Sound Science in SAF Carbon Modeling

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com)  As the Treasury Department March 1 deadline nears to update the GREET model, a bipartisan, bicameral group of lawmakers have written to the working group in charge of the changes to asking them to ensure they are basing them

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Exclusive: Delta Air Lines Readies Refinery to Process Biofuels

by Laura Sanicola and Laila Kearney (Reuters)  Delta Air Lines Inc (DAL.N), opens new tab plans to start receiving shipments of renewable fuel feedstocks at its Trainer, Pennsylvania, refinery as part of a strategy that could reduce its environmental liabilities by

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2023 Biogas Data: Third Year of Record Growth for U.S. Biogas Industry; Expected to Continue in 2024

(American Biogas Council) $1.8 billion was invested in new projects last year, according to numbers just released by the American Biogas Council -- Newly-released data from the American Biogas Council (ABC) indicates that 2023 was the third year of record growth across

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What’s behind the Republican Hatred of EVs?

by Kelsey Brugger, Rebekah Alvey  (E&E Daily) ... At a recent auto show, Rep. Roger Williams (R-Texas), the Small Business Committee chair, confidently predicted: “EVs won’t exist in a few years.” Hybrids were more viable, argued Williams, the owner of a car

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Geologic Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide: The State of Responsible Primacy

by Jake Ferrell and Dr. Simone H. Stewart (National Wildlife Federation) When it comes to emerging technologies and the implications of deploying climate solutions, which entity should lead the infrastructure charge: the state or the federal government? This question is one

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AFPM Launches Campaign on EV Rules

by Tanya Snyder (Politico's Weekly Transportation) ... The American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers is launching a $7 million campaign today in key battleground states bashing the Biden administration’s efforts to push electric vehicle adoption. AFPM plans to run the ads in Michigan, Wisconsin,

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Purpose-Grown Energy Crops: What Drives Feedstock Innovation

by Glenn Farris (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Diges) In the drive towards a clean energy future and a low-carbon energy environment, purpose-grown energy crops will play a major role. At this time and for many years, researchers associated with universities, national

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Yield10 Bioscience Provides an Update on its Omega-3 Camelina Program

(Yield10 Bioscience) -Prioritizes Activities to Advance Omega-3 Camelina Program in 2024; -Reports Completion of Contra Season Production of Omega-3 Camelina Seed in Chile; - Company also Provides Update on Nasdaq Status Yield10 Bioscience, Inc. (Nasdaq:YTEN) (“Yield10” or the “Company”), an agricultural bioscience company, today provided

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Corn and Soybean Prices Drop 8% to Begin 2024 — and the EPA Is Partly to Blame

by Myra P. Saefong (MarketWatch/Morningstar)  Falling gasoline demand put agency in ‘tough position’: energy trader -- Corn and soybean prices have declined on the back of excess supplies, with disappointing U.S. mandates for plant-based renewable fuels contributing to weakness — and pulling

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Making Progress in Developing the Market

(Biofuels International)  According to Pat Gruber, the CEO of Gevo, in his view, the last 12 months for the biofuels industry can be summarised in one word ‘limbo’. Gruber believes that the company has made progress on things like developing the market,

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BorgWarner, Cummins, Eaton, Ford to EPA: It’s Time to Finalize GHG Phase 3

by Deborah Lockridge (Heavy Duty TruckingInfo) BorgWarner, Cummins, Eaton and Ford support EPA's GHG Phase 3 emissions proposal for heavy-duty trucks. -- What’s the best way to push heavy-duty vehicle emissions toward zero? While major truck and engine makers all say they

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The Records Dilemma Is Decimating the UCO Market—but There Is a Way Out

by Kristof Reiter (Reiter Companies/Biobased Diesel Daily)  How and why the used cooking oil market broke and what can be done to fix it. -- After more than a decade of consolidation in the used cooking oil (UCO) recycling industry, the number

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2024: The Year Traceability Goes Global

by Dani Charles (Veriflux/Biobased Diesel Daily) As traceability requirements go global, so too must the solutions that support them. For much of 2023, the U.S. market was the primary focus of renewable traceability. This focus centered on U.S. EPA’s final rule, issued in

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Big Oil Embraces Corn as Former Foes Unite against EV Threat

by Kim Chipman and Jennifer A. Dlouhy (Bloomberg/Yahoo!)  After decades of battling against more ethanol going into US cars, Big Oil is joining Big Agriculture in a push to expand use of the corn-based biofuel. Fossil-fuel giants are also ramping up investment in

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The Link between Oil and Ag -- Understand Why Oil Prices Impact Corn and Soybean Prices.

by Cassidy Walter (Successful Farming) “Petroleum is the floor,” says Owen Wagner, senior grain and oilseeds analyst for RaboResearch. “That’s the best way to think of it; petroleum sets the foundation.”  Wagner says the price of oil is not a primary driver

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Stopping Biden’s Radical Forced EV Transition

(U.S. House of Representatives Energy & Commerce Committee)  Americans Should Choose the Car They Drive -- President Biden and Democrats are leading a radical rush-to-green agenda that takes away people’s vehicle choice and forces Americans to drive electric vehicles. Electric vehicles are

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PHMSA Delivers Proposed Rule on Carbon Pipeline Safety to White House OMB

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration on Feb. 2 delivered a proposed rule to the White House Office of Management and Budget focused on improving the safety of carbon dioxide

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US RINs Complex Collapses in 2023, Driven by Oversupplied Biomass-Based Diesel Market

by Phillip Herring, Melvin Lee, Sofia Cabrera, Guadalupe Nunez (S&P Global) D4 RINs drop 68.4% since Jan 2023, suppressing D6 RINs; 2.16 billion gallons above the 2023 D4 RVO mandate; Strong incentives to produce/import biomass-based diesel; BO-HO continues to fall US D4 Renewable Identification Numbers

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Hydrogen Rising: IRS Released Proposed Regulation to Section 45V of Internal Revenue Code Public Comments DEADLINE February 26, 2024 Public Hearing March 25, 2024

by John R. Kirkwood, Virginia M. Speck, Joshua L. Andrews, Aaron L. Szabo, Jason Deppen, Bryan Michael Allen (Biofuels Digest) In connection with the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA), on December 22, 2023, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) released a Proposed Regulation related

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GM’s ‘All-in’ Electric Future Now Includes Gasoline

by David Ferris (Politico Pro Energywire) The company's latest hybrid plan illustrates how tough it is for traditional automakers to navigate a transition to electric vehicles. --  General Motors introduced the plug-in hybrid car to America. Then the automaker killed it and

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North Dakota Commissioners Say Counties Won't Be Able to Restrict Summit Carbon Pipeline

by Donnelle Eller (Des Moines Register) The Ames-based company that wants to build a $5.5 billion carbon capture pipeline across Iowa and neighboring states got a boost as North Dakota regulators signaled cities and counties there will be unable to impose

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Auto Dealers Up Campaign Urging Biden Administration to Halt EPA Tailpipe Emission Limits Regulation

by Alexa St. John (Associated Press)  More than 4,700 auto dealerships across the United States urged President Joe Biden in a letter Thursday to halt the Environmental Protection Agency’s efforts to enforce stricter vehicle-pollution standards. The missive comes just weeks before the

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Carbon America Submits First Class VI CO2 Injection Well Permit to EPA Region 8

(Carbon America/Business Wire)  Proposed Geologic CO2 Storage Site for Ethanol CCS Project Located on State Lands in northeast Colorado -- Carbon America has submitted a Class VI CO2 Injection Well permit application to the Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Region 8 office to permanently

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Renewable Diesel (HEFA) Plant Conversions for Maximum SAF Production

by Mark Robertson (Lee Enterprises/Biofuels Digest) Renewable diesel (“RD”) and sustainable aviation fuel (“SAF”) can be produced by hydrotreating virtually any type of biogenic feedstock lipid (oil). In processes involving hydrotreated esters and fatty acids (“HEFA” processes), the most common feedstocks

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16 Republican Governors Urge Biden EPA to Roll Back Proposed Electric Vehicle Standards

by Maya Marchel Hoff  (USA TODAY)  Sixteen Republican governors are calling on the Biden administration to walk back electric vehicle standards, saying Americans just aren't that interested in battery-powered cars and trucks. In an open letter released Monday and lead by Nebraska Gov. Jim

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US Oil Refiners Ask EPA to Limit Participation in Renewable Fuel Credit Market

by Stephanie Kelly (Reuters)  U.S. oil refiners have asked President Joe Biden's administration to reform the renewable fuel credit program by restricting who can participate, claiming the current trading environment allows market manipulation and raises fuel costs. Coffeyville Resources Refining and Marketing

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Growth Energy Outlines 2024 Federal Policy Priorities

(Growth Energy) Growth Energy, the nation’s largest biofuels trade association, published its 2024 federal policy priorities today. Organized into three categories, the agenda offers a roadmap toward a more vibrant, sustainable future characterized by lower fuel costs, lower greenhouse gas (GHG)

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EPA Sends Vehicle Emissions Reduction Plan to White House for Review

by David Shepardson (Reuters)  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sent to the White House for review its proposal to finalize sweeping emissions cuts for new cars and trucks through 2032 that could drastically boost electric vehicle sales, a document made

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Will Biden's EV Push Cost Him Come Election Time?

by James Osborne (Houston Chronicle) Sitting on stage at the Washington Auto Show last week surrounded by the latest electric offerings from Tesla and Rolls-Royce, Rep. Roger Williams, a North Texas Republican whose family had sold cars for three generations, shook his

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A Tale of Two RINs – Digging Deeper

by Adam Shubert (Stillwater Associates) In our recent article, “A Tale of Two RINs,” we reviewed current conditions driving the price of D3 renewable identification numbers (RINs) upwards while the price of D4 RINs is falling. This article drew considerable interest. With respect

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EPA: 8 New SRE Petitions Filed; 15 SRE Petitions Now Pending

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA on Jan. 18 released updated small refinery exemption (SRE) data, reporting that eight new SRE petitions have been filed under the Renewable Fuel Standard in the past month. A total of 15

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Growth Energy Statement on 11th Circuit Court of Appeals Dismissal of SRE Challenge

(Growth Energy) The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit dismissed Hunt Refining Company v. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) today, ruling that the small refinery exemption (SRE) challenge brought by Hunt under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) could not be heard by the

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You Can’t Fly with Lead Wings, or Corn Ethanol’s SAF CI Problem

by Steven Slome, Jia Ming Ong and Matthew Morton (NexantECA/Biofueld Digest)  ... Accordingly, the main tool for achieving the goal of aviation decarbonization is currently liquid Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF).  SAF production is poised to grow significantly, supported by governmental measures such

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Agri-Pulse Open Mic Interview: Geoff Cooper, Renewable Fuels Association

(Agri-Pulse) In depth interviews with leaders in ag policy -- This week’s Open Mic guest is Geoff Cooper, president and CEO of the Renewable Fuels Association. The Iowa caucuses once again provide the opportunity to press the merits of the renewable

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House Panel to Debate Partisan Pipeline Safety Bill

by Andres Picon (E&E Daily)  The Republican-drafted measure includes permitting provisions and language around carbon sequestration. -- A House Energy and Commerce subcommittee will hold a hearing Thursday on a Republican-drafted reauthorization for the federal government’s pipeline regulator. The discussion draft, titled the

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As 40B GREET Deadline Looms, RFA Offers Recommendations for SAF Emissions Modeling

(Renewable Fuels Association) In a letter submitted  to the Biden administration today, the Renewable Fuels Association laid out recommendations for ensuring that the best available science and data are used in determining eligibility for the sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) tax credit established in

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‘Maximum Urgency and De Facto Risk’ — EPA Braces for 2024

by Kevin Bogardus (E&E News Greenwire)  EPA needs to soon cement protections on air, climate and water to avoid those rules being buried by a Republican-led Congress and White House in 2025 if the coming elections turn against Democrats. In addition,

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Social Cost of Carbon Goes Shopping

by Jean Chemnick (Politico's Power Switch)  ... That’s new territory for an old regulatory staple that has been in use since the George W. Bush administration, which started developing the social cost of carbon after a federal court ruled that the

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Oil vs. Ethanol: Battle Lines Blur as Renewables Take Hold

by Marc Heller (Politico Pro Greenwire) An ongoing boom in renewable diesel has pushed big petroleum refiners to expand into biofuels, with implications for the renewable fuel standard. -- For years, petroleum and biofuel companies mixed about as well as oil and

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Big Green? The Clean Energy Leader Enraging Environmentalists

by Timothy Cama (E&E News Greenwire) ... “We are moving from kind of a clean-versus-dirty, renewables-versus-fossil imagination of this kind of bifurcated energy industry to the reality that these are big companies with both renewable and fossil assets,” (Jason) Grumet, a

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RFA Petitions Court on RFS Exemptions

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) RFA Petitions Appeals Court for Rehearing on RFS Exemptions Decision --  The Renewable Fuels Association on Monday asked for a rehearing on a previous court decision to overturn EPA's rejection of 100 small-refinery waiver requests to

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US EPA Reviewing California 2035 Electric Vehicle Sales Mandate Plan Public Comment DEADLINE February 27, 2024

by David Shepardson (Reuters) The U.S. environmental regulatory agency will hold a hearing next week on whether to approve California's plan to require all new vehicles sold in the state by 2035 to be electric or plug-in electric hybrids. The California Air

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to SAF, the ICF Perspective

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Mike McCurdy, Managing Director of Fuels & Power at ICF presented these slides at ABLC Next on how sustainable aviation fuels are taking off in the near term with the latest projected figures for the 2020s,

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waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring/measuring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gas prices natural gas vehicles natural gasoline Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota North Korea Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory Northwest Territories Norwary Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses 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