Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF)

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Freeport East Welcomes Million-Pound Funding for International Green Hydrogen Project

(Freeport East) Freeport East has welcomed significant investment in an international green hydrogen project to drive decarbonisation in the maritime sector. The Hydrogen Zero Emission Maritime (HyZEM) project will receive £1.44 million from Innovate UK and a similar sum from Australia’s

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Farm Waste May Help Power Australia's Biofuel Future

by Jennifer Dudley-Nicholson (St George & Sutherland Shire Leader/Australian Associated Press) Airlines and transport companies may be forced to use more biofuel, with tax breaks for companies that produce it, under proposals the federal government is considering. Transport Minister Catherine King launched

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Biofuels Accelerate UECC’s Decarbonization Journey

by Naida Hakirevic Prevljak (Offshore Energy) Norway-based RoRo transportation provider United European Car Carriers (UECC) said it is on track to exceed its goal of a 45% emissions reduction by 2030 after more than doubling biofuel usage across its fleet last

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GREEN MARINE Fuels Trading Forges Strategic Collaboration with Royal Vopak Terminals for Green Methanol Port Storage Facilities in Shanghai and Tianjin

(GREEN MARINE)  The rapid advancement of the energy transition in shipping underscores the critical importance of methanol as a marine fuel. Essential to the smooth adoption is the necessary supply chain infrastructure.  GREEN MARINE FUELS TRADING is thrilled to unveil a strategic

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Methanol-Ready Mein Schiff 7 Delivered

by Naida Hakirevic Prevljak (Offshore Energy)  Finnish shipbuilder Meyer Turku has delivered Mein Schiff 7, a methanol-ready cruise ship, to German cruise line TUI Cruises. The delivery ceremony for the 111,500 GT newbuilding took place on June 10, 2024. Mein Schiff 7 is

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Ammonia Cuts Shipping GHG Emissions by up-to 61% SGMF Study Is the First to Confirm Significant Well-To-Wake Reduction

by Krishna Ruparelia (SGMF) Peer-reviewed study declares definitive figures for GHG reduction potential with the use of ammonia as a marine fuel -- An independent study has confirmed that greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions of up to 61% are now achievable from using

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The Marine Engine Fueled by Ammonia Combustion Technology Demonstration, a Promising Signal for a Shipbuilding Powerhouse

(Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials)  The first time in the country, KIMM demonstrates the technology of using LNG-ammonia dual-fuel MW-class marine engine combustion;  Highly anticipated technology in the in the global market that focuses heavily on an environmentally sustainable marine engine MW-class marine

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Evergreen Orders 6 Methanol Dual-Fuel Boxships

by Naida Hakirevic Prevljak (Offshore Energy) Taiwanese container shipping company Evergreen Marine has ordered six 2,400 TEU methanol dual-fuel containerships in China, continuing its efforts to decarbonize operations.   The Sub-Panamax vessels will be built by CSSC Huangpu Wenchong Shipbuilding Company Limited, part

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New Markets Provide Sunnier Outlook For Clean Fuels

by Jonathan Martin (Clean Fuels Alliance America) Tremendous growth in the biomass-based diesel industry should be celebrated by producers and farmers, as well as those who enjoy breathing cleaner air and lower greenhouse gas emissions. However, that growth coupled with disappointing Renewable Fuel Standard volumes

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Clean Fuels Applauds Senate Letter Urging Higher RFS Volumes

(Clean Fuels Alliance America)  Today, a bipartisan group of 18 Senators, led by Sens. Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) and Chuck Grassley (R-IA), sent a letter to EPA Administrator Michael Regan encouraging the agency to complete 2026 RFS rules and raise volumes for

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Sailing to the Edge of the Carbon World: Decarbonizing Shipping from American, Chinese, and European Perspectives --- June 26, 2024 --- ONLINE

Over 80% of the world’s trade travels by sea, and that makes global shipping a major contributor to Green House Gas emissions – the OECD estimates that 858 million tons of CO2 emissions globally from the shipping industry in 2022,

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Decatrip Project Enables 1 of the World’s 1st Green Maritime Corridors

(Åbo Akademi University/Biobased Diesel Daily) The innovation project Decatrip, which began in 2022, has been completed. The project, a collaboration between Åbo Akademi University, Rauma Marine Constructions, Viking Line and Kempower, enables one of the world’s first green maritime corridors. The goal of the project was

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Polestar Reduces Supply Chain Emissions through Integration of Renewable Fuels for Ocean Freight

(Polestar) Polestar (Nasdaq: PSNY) is taking the next steps in reducing its supply chain emissions by integrating renewable fuels on its ocean freight routes, which account for around 75% of Polestar’s total transportation emissions. Polestar is now also operating its Vehicle Processing

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First Biofuel Shipping Trial for New Zealand Kiwi Fruit Docks at the Port of Tauranga

(Fresh Plaza) FCC, one of the international shipping partners of Zespri, has successfully completed a trial using biofuel in a charter vessel operating between Hong Kong and New Zealand. The purpose of the trial was to test the performance of the

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‘All These Problems Are Solvable’: Great Lakes Shipping Fights to Cut Emissions

by Stephen Starr (The Guardian) ... “Evolving technology and energy choices [and] vessel designs that impact how existing ships can be retrofitted to accommodate different fuel options” are among the significant challenges vessel owners face in their decarbonizing efforts, Mark Fisher

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Bioeconomy Policy, the ABFA Perspective

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In this presentation by Advanced Biofuels Association president Mike McAdams, we learn about matching policy with real-world reality using the basic tool box of tax credits, grants, loans, mandates and the RFS. We see policy issues

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Unlocking New Zealand's Green Energy Future: Short Rotation Forestry Holds Key to Lowering Fossil Fuel Dependency

(Scion) A two-year research project has shed light on the promising opportunities for regional New Zealand to adopt short rotation forestry (SRF) for bioenergy production. The findings show that leveraging short rotation forestry will not only diversify regional economies, but also contribute to

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Two-Thirds of European Green Shipping Fuel Projects at Risk - Analysis

(Transport & Environment) 4% of European shipping could run on e-fuels by 2030, according to mapping done by T&E. But just a third of these projects are guaranteed as fuel suppliers fear a lack of demand -- Two-thirds of European green shipping

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Vast Receives Planning Consent for CSP-powered Solar Methanol Project in Port Augusta

(Vast)  Vast (Vast Renewables Limited) (Nasdaq: VSTE), a renewable energy company specialising in concentrated solar thermal power (CSP) energy systems that generate zero-carbon, utility-scale electricity and industrial process heat, has received planning consent for Solar Methanol 1 (SM1), a CSP-powered reference

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Transition to One Fossil Fuel Fee (FFF) for Contracts over 3 Months’ Validity

(Maersk) We are pleased to announce the introduction of the Fossil Fuel Fee (FFF). We are making this change as a part of simplifying your logistical moves by streamlining the costs of the different fuel types (mandated by regulations) into a

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The First of Its Kind NB1094 Esvagt Has Met the Sea!

()Cemre Shipyard) On 1.06.2024 Saturday, the world's first e-methanol-fueled service operation vessel NB1094's launching is celebrated at Cemre Shipyard. A magnificent crowd of families and friends who wish to witness this unique moment gathered together. Esvagt's pioneering project will change the path

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Hanwha Ocean to Unveil Eco-Friendly Tech at Posidonia 2024

by Lee Jun-sung (Korea IT Times)  Hanwha Ocean to Showcase Unique Eco-Friendly Technologies at 'Posidonia 2024' Exhibition in Athens, Greece  --  Hanwha Ocean is set to present its distinctive eco-friendly technologies at the 'Posidonia 2024' exhibition, held in Athens, Greece. As a member

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MAN Cryo to Design Hydrogen Supply for Net-Zero Norwegian Ferries

(MAN Energy Solutions)  Torghatten to employ company’s expertise within detail design for bunkering systems, hydrogen piping and vent masts for newbuild vessels -- MAN Cryo has been contracted by Torghatten Nord A/S, the Norwegian ferry company, to work on a project encompassing

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Student Poster Challenge at tcbiomass, The International Conference on Thermochemical Conversion Science: Biomass & Municipal Solid Waste to RNG, Biofuels & Chemicals DEADLINE June 28, 2024

At tcbiomass2024, GTI Energy will host a competitive student poster contest to connect top engineering and science students with global bioenergy experts. Students will have the opportunity to present their research to scientific peers and receive valuable feedback. Undergraduate and Graduate

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The Farm Bill Is an Opportunity for Bold Action on Advanced Biofuels

by Mike McAdams (Advanced Biofuels Association/Real Clear Energy) More and more, agriculture and renewable energy production have become inexorably linked. Solar, wind, and biofuels have created new economic potential and horizons of opportunity for American farmers in the last two decades.

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Capwatt selects Sumitomo SHI FW as Gasification Technology Partner for the Pioneering Mangualde Renewable Methanol Project

(Sumitomo) Sumitomo SHI FW (SFW) has signed an agreement with Capwatt to provide Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) services for a state-of-the-art syngas production plant, integral to the groundbreaking Mangualde Renewable Methanol project in Portugal. This initiative aims to build a cutting-edge biorefinery

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Decarbonisation in Shipping: Europe 2024 --- November 20-21, 2024 --- Hamburg, Germany

After a successful first edition, ACI’s Decarbonisation in Shipping: Europe 2024 will be taking place on the 20th and 21st of November 2024 in Hamburg, Germany. ACI’s 2nd Decarbonisation in Shipping Europe conference convenes industry leaders, policymakers, innovators, and stakeholders to tackle the critical

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The International Organisation for Standardization (ISO) Published Its New Marine Fuel Specification Standard May 30, 2024

by Hussein Al-Khalisy (Argus Media) The 7th edition of the specification standard, ISO 8217:2024, will replace its predecessor, ISO 8217:2017, which has now been withdrawn. The document encompasses seven categories for distillate fuels, four categories for residual fuels at or below 0.5pc

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Midwest Biodiesel Success Stories

by Tom C. Doran (AgriNews) The rising demand for higher biodiesel blends and success stories among Midwest fleets were the topics of a recent Clean Fuels Alliance America podcast. Jennifer Weaver, Original Equipment Manufacturer market manager for Clean Fuels, was joined by Bailey

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Denmark's Norden Bunkers B100 Biodiesel in Singapore

by Anna Prokhorova (Argus Media) Danish shipping firm Norden said it completed a B100 marine biodiesel bunkering operation in Singapore last week. According to the company, it is "the first ever 100pc biofuel (B100) bunkering in Singapore". Norden said it was commissioned by

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Commission Approves up to €1.4 Billion of State Aid by Seven Member States for the Fourth Important Project of Common European Interest in the Hydrogen Value Chain

(European Commission) The European Commission has approved, under EU State aid rules, a fourth Important Project of Common European Interest (‘IPCEI') to support research, innovation and the first industrial deployment in the hydrogen value chain. The project contributes to the EU's

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How the Humble Coconut Is Starting to Fuel Parts of Papua New Guinea

by Bethanie Harriman (The Guardian) Coconut biodiesel offers a cheaper alternative to fuel imports and scientists in the Pacific country are looking at how to use it more widely  --  On Karkar island in Papua New Guinea, hundreds of coconut trees stand tall, stretching

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Sohar Port Receives First Shipment of Biofuel for Use in Marine Tug Operations

(Times of Oman)  Sohar Port received the first shipment of biofuel to begin the experimental phase of using this fuel in tug and barge operations in cooperation with “Svitzer” Company, “Woqod” Company, and “Hormuz Marine” Company. Through these operations, the Port of

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Green COP Launches Pre-Commercial Plant in Malaysia

(Bioenergy International)  Singapore-based Green COP Pte Ltd, a sustainability start-up company pioneering innovative biofuel solutions, has announced the launch of its pre-commercial plant in Johor, Malaysia. According to a statement, the pre-commercial plant is a significant milestone in Green COP’s mission to

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Consortium Signs MoU for the Development of a Green Methanol Facility in Egypt

(AD Ports Group) AD Ports Group (ADX: ADPORTS), a facilitator of global trade, logistics and industry, Transmar, a leading container shipping line and terminal operator in the MENA region, and Orascom Construction, a leading global engineering and construction contractor with a

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UMAS Evolves to Better Serve the Shipping Sector’s Decarbonisation Needs

(UMAS) UMAS, formerly a close collaboration between the UCL Energy Institute shipping research group and UMAS International Ltd, is to take on a new configuration in order to better serve the shipping sector’s needs, as it moves into an era of

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Alternative FuelsSwede Chem Tankers Vessel “Nike” Supplied with ScanOcean B30-DMA Bunker Fuel

(Manifold Times) Bunker fuel delivered by Swedish bunker trader and physical supplier ScanOcean, contained no FAME content and complied with the ISO 8217:2017 for DMA.  --  Swede Chem Tankers AB, a commercial shipping company focusing on transporting liquids in bulk mainly in

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Laskaridis Shipping Co. LTD., CARES and Metis to Find Realistic Pathways to Shipping’s Low Carbon Future

(gCaptain) A research project which brings together The Cambridge Centre for Advanced Research and Education in Singapore (CARES), Laskaridis Shipping Co. Ltd and Metis will evaluate the real impacts of the fuels offered to solve shipping’s decarbonization dilemma.  The International Maritime Organization’s

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California Can Lead the World to Reduce Emissions from Ocean Cargo Ships, Lower Climate Impacts, and Improve Air Quality around Ports

(Berkeley Public Policy The Goldman School) Two reports co-released today by Goldman School of Public Policy, University of California Berkeley and Energy & Environmental Research Associates delve into policy changes and technology to decarbonize ocean going vessels. Non-profit Pacific Environment commissioned

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Proman Stena Bulk Formally Names Methanol Tanker Stena Prosperous in Singapore

(Stena Bulk) After the ceremony, the vessel will be bunkered with a methanol blend that demonstrates the pathway to a decarbonised shipping future --  Proman Stena Bulk, the joint venture between leading tanker company Stena Bulk and leading methanol producer Proman, has

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Lakeway Link Partners with ScanOcean to Utilize Sustainable Marine Fuel, Enhancing Environmental Commitments

(Lakeway Link) Lakeway Link AB, in its latest strategic move towards sustainable operations, has announced a significant new partnership with ScanOcean AB, a leader in renewable marine fuel solutions. This collaboration marks the introduction of B15-DMA, a marine fuel with 15%

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Mitsubishi Heavy Industries and NGK to Jointly Develop Membrane Dehydration Systems for Bioethanol and e-Methanol

(Mitsubish Heavy Industries) The Systems will Improve Efficiency Against Existing Dehydration Processes, Further Promoting the Widespread Use of Clean Fuel --  ・ MHI and NGK aim to achieve the real-world realization of systems using membrane separation system in the dehydration processes for

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X-Press Feeders Sets Course for Sustainable Shipping with First Green Methanol Refuelling in Singapore

(X-Press Feeders) X-Press Feeders, the world's largest independent common carrier, along with the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore and PSA Singapore today achieved a historic milestone towards sustainable shipping with the arrival in Singapore and successful refuelling of X-Press Feeders’

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Raízen Inaugurates the Largest Second Generation Ethanol Plant in the World

(Raízen)  With proprietary technology, Bonfim Bioenergy Park gains E2G unit with production capacity of 82 million liters per year and investment of R$1.2 billion -- Raízen, the largest global producer of ethanol from sugar cane, inaugurated this Friday, its new Second Generation

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Boosting the B35 Program, PTK Rent Out a FAME Storage Vessel to APROBI

(APROBI (Google Translation)) In order to support the government's program in using environmentally friendly fuel, PT Pertamina Trans Kontinental (PTK) signed a contract for ship rental services and Ship to Ship (STS) management in distributing biofuel (fatty acid methyl ester/FAME) to

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Johnson Matthey and thyssenkrupp Uhde Join Forces to Offer an Integrated Solution for Blue Ammonia Technology

(Johnson Matthey)  - Johnson Matthey and thyssenkrupp Uhde to combine expertise to offer integrated technology to produce low carbon (blue) ammonia that is more climate-friendly than current production methods. -Demand for ammonia is growing because it’s easier to store and transport than pure

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GTT Strategic Ventures Invests in Energo, the Technological Expert in the Production of Synthetic Molecules Using Plasma Catalysis

(GTT Group) GTT Strategic Ventures, the investment fund of the GTT Group, announces that it has participated in a €16.5 million financing round to support the development of Energo, the French technology expert in the production of synthetic molecules using plasma

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US' First Hydrogen-Powered Ferry Sea Change Cleared to Enter Service

by Eric Haun (MarineLink)  The United States' first hydrogen-powered ferry, Sea Change, has cleared a key regulatory hurdle, marking a major step on the groundbreaking vessel's long and winding journey toward commercial operations in the San Francisco Bay Area. SWITCH Maritime, the

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Green Methanol and Ammonia Fuel Supply Dynamics

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A new report by the Global Maritime Forum and RMI (founded as the Rocky Mountain Institute), under Mission Innovation’s umbrella, outlines strategies for ports to become first movers in providing green methanol and ammonia bunkering.  Part

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Arnhem to Host First e-Methanol System in Benelux

by Alan Sherrard  (Bioenergy International) In the Netherlands, a consortium with Bright Renewables and HyGear, both part of the HoSt Group, and the University of Twente are set to construct Benelux's first electro-methanol (e-methanol) system. The joint project, "Towards Acceleration and Demonstration of

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Bunker Holding Launches Carbon Insetting Capability

(123 Carbon)  Bunker Holding has delivered maritime emissions reductions to a Fortune 500 company using 123Carbon’s advanced insetting platform, alongside verification partner, Bureau Veritas. This project marks the launch of Bunker holding’s insetting capability, which delivers global decarbonisation opportunities to

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Smelly but Clean: How Ammonia Might Kill Coal under the IRA

by Benjamin Storrow (Politico Pro Climatewire) Biden's climate law is funding "green ammonia" projects in hopes of using the chemical to power the grid, fuel cargo ships and make fertilizer. -- The stinky ammonia under your sink comes from one of the world's

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What You Need to Know with Biofuels

(Lloyd's List/ClassNK)  Biofuels are attracting attention as ‘drop-in’ replacements during shipping’s lengthy transition from fossil to clean fuels -- While a wide availability of alternatives such as hydrogen and ammonia are still some way off, biofuels do not require major modifications to

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One of the World’s Largest Biofuel Plants Is Planned in Malmö

(CMP) Copenhagen Malmö Port (CMP) and Green2x have entered into a partnership with the focus on the design, establishment, and operation of one of the world’s largest biofuel plants to date at CMP’s terminals in the port of Malmö. The establishment

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“K” LINE Conducts First Trial Use of B100 Biofuel for Carbon-free Operations on Car Carrier

(Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Ltd. (“K” LINE)) Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha, Ltd. (“K” LINE) is pleased to announce that we have conducted our first trial use of marine B100 biofuel which was supplied by global energy management company World Fuel Services on car

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Syzygy Plasmonics Demonstrates Groundbreaking CO2-to-Fuel Solution with RTI International

(Syzygy Plasmonics) Joint project delivers drop-in fuel that can be used in today's engines -- Syzygy Plasmonics announced today that it along with the nonprofit research institute RTI International have successfully demonstrated an all-electric CO2-to-Fuel production pathway at RTI's facility in Research Triangle

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The Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping Expands Partnership Platform with the Introduction of Academic Partners

(Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping) The Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping Expands Partnership Platform with the Introduction of four Academic Partners Copenhagen, Denmark — In a move to foster interdisciplinary collaboration between industry and academia, The

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Australian Duo Eyes Ammonia Bunkering Business Opportunities

by Aida Čučuk (Offshore Energy) Australian Hexagon Energy Materials has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with compatriot Oceania Marine Energy regarding the potential development of a low-emissions ammonia bunkering business at Dampier, in the Pilbara region of Western Australia. Under the

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Yara Clean Ammonia and AM Green (earlier Greenko ZeroC) Sign Term Sheet for Sale of Renewable Ammonia from India to Yara Clean Ammonia’s Global Market

(Yara) Yara Clean Ammonia, the world’s largest trader and distributor of ammonia, and Greenko ZeroC, the green ammonia production arm of the India-based AM Green, signed a term sheet for supply of renewable ammonia from Phase 1 of AM Green’s ammonia

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Maris Fiducia Team up with HAV Hydrogen, Norwegian Hydrogen and Ankerbeer for Zero Emission Bulk Shipping

(HAV Hydrogen) Maris Fiducia Norway has entered into cooperation agreements with maritime technology company HAV Hydrogen and the hydrogen producer and distributor Norwegian Hydrogen with the objective of developing, building and operating hydrogen-powered dry-bulk vessels in Europe. The vessels are designed by

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Regarding the Operation of "Sunny Orion" Using Marine Biofuel (B24)

(Asahi Tanker (Google Translation)) Asahi Tanker Co., Ltd. (Headquarters: Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo; President and CEO: Shigekazu Haruyama) has successfully operated the tanker ship "Sunny Orion" using biofuel, which is made by mixing waste cooking oil with heavy oil. The biofuel (B24) used this

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MOU Agreed to Develop ‘Bioship’ Technology and Plans to Construct the World’s First Biomass-Fuelled Ship

(Drax) Leading Japanese companies, NYK Line (NYK), NYK Bulk & Projects Carriers (NBP), TSUNEISHI SHIPBUILDING Co., Ltd. (“TSUNEISHI SHIPBUILDING”) and British renewable energy business, Drax Group (Drax), have signed a new memorandum of understanding (MoU) to develop both the world’s first

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Budget 2024: Unlocking Australia’s Low Carbon Fuels’ Future

(Sustainable Aviation Fuel Alliance Australia and New Zealand (SAFAANZ))  Australia is set to become a key player in the development and deployment of low carbon liquid fuels, including Renewable Diesel and Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) with renewable fuels forming a key

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Successful Propulsion and Manoeuvrability Trials by Fortescue’s Dual-fuelled Ammonia-Powered Vessel in the Port of Singapore

(Fortescue/MPA Singapore) Fortescue, with support from the Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA), government agencies, research institutes, and industry partners, has successfully completed propulsion and manoeuvrability trials of its Singapore-registered Fortescue Green Pioneer in the Port of Singapore. The trials

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Power-to-Liquids Primer: Fuel From Thin Air

by Rose Oates  (BloombergNEF)  E-fuels made from hydrogen and captured carbon dioxide (CO2) via the power-to-liquids (PtL) process can boast extremely low emissions compared to the fossil fuels they replace, depending on the source of carbon. Moreover, e-fuels don’t face the

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Biofuesl as Marine Fuels under the IMO's and EU's Regulatory Framework

(American Bureau of Shipping Regulatory News) This Regulatory News provides background information and guidance for the use of biofuels for Class, EU and IMO requirements. -- With new regulations aimed at reducing air pollutants and greenhouse gases (GHGs), there is increased interest

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IKEA Selects Hapag-Lloyd for Biofuel Shipments

by Sam Chambers (Splash247.com) Hapag-Lloyd has entered a cooperation with IKEA to use biofuel for shipments from Asia in a year’s trial period, something the Scandinavian retail giant estimates will slash CO2 emissions by around 100,000 tonnes.  IKEA’s goal is to reduce

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NYK, GCMD Address Continuous Biofuel Use

by Dom Magli (Port Technology International) The Global Centre for Maritime Decarbonisation (GCMD) has partnered with NYK Line to begin Project LOTUS (long-term impact of continuous biofuel usage on vessel operations). This six-month study will test the continuous usage of a biofuels

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Tata Steel First Indian Steel Company to Ship Raw Material from Australia Using Biofuel Blend

(The Avenue Mail) Tata Steel becomes the first Indian steel company to undertake a full-laden leg voyage from East Coast Australia to India, powered by a B24 biofuel blend with VLSFO (Very Low Sulphur Fuel Oil). This voyage sets a new

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Bunker Holdiing and SyntexNRG Announce Green Methanol Supply Agreement

(Bankers Capital International/EIN Presswire)  Bunker and SyntexNRG to focus on decarbonization of maritime industry. --  Bunker Holding A/S, one of the world's leading marine fuel suppliers, and SyntexNRG Inc., a renewable fuels and technology development company, today (May 7, 2024) announced that they have entered

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$94M Summit Ridge Capital Deal Fuels CMM's Green Fleet Expansion in Brazil

(Compagnie Maritime Monegasque (CMM)/PR Newswire) In a significant stride toward sustainable maritime operations, Compagnie Maritime Monegasque (CMM) announced the closing of up to $94 million in financing. The transaction was funded by Summit Ridge Capital Partners.  Panorama Capital Partners sourced and advised on

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Carbon Clean Achieves Fabrication Milestone on FlagshipONE with the Project’s First Carbon Capture Unit Module

(Carbon Clean)  Carbon Clean, a leader in revolutionising carbon capture solutions, has achieved a fabrication milestone on Ørsted’s FlagshipONE project, Europe’s largest commercial-scale eMethanol facility under construction. The first equipment has been mounted on the structural steel of the first module,

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U.S. Ethanol and SAF Industry Leaders Seek to Intervene in Legal Challenge to EU Sustainable Aviation Fuel Regulation

(Renewable Fuels Association) Leaders of the U.S. ethanol industry are seeking to intervene in a legal challenge of the ReFuelEU Aviation Regulation, which effectively bans the use of renewable, crop-based biofuels like corn ethanol as a feedstock for decarbonizing the aviation sector. Collaborating

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Quadrise and Vertoro Commit to Accelerating Sea-Trials of Sustainable Marine Fuels

(Quadrise/London Stock Exchange) Quadrise Plc (AIM: QED), the supplier of innovative energy solutions for a cleaner planet, provides an update on its Joint Development Agreement ("JDA") with biofuel specialists, Vertoro BV ("Vertoro"). Quadrise has been collaborating with Vertoro since September 2022 to incorporate their novel

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Holland America's Rotterdam Begins Long-Term Biofuel Test

by Anne Kalosh (Seatrade Cruise News) Holland America Line's Rotterdam began a long-term biofuel test using 100% low carbon intensity biofuel while sailing in the Norwegian Fjords. The ship bunkered the biofuel before leaving the Port of Rotterdam April 27 and will

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European Hydrogen Bank Pilot Auction Results

(European Commission)The first EU-wide auction (IF23 Auction) for the production of RFNBO (renewable fuel of non-biological origin) hydrogen was launched on 23 November 2023 and closed on 8 February 2024. The auction attracted 132 projects bids from 17 European countries You

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Bergen Engines Selected for World’s Largest Hydrogen Ferries

(Bergen Engines) Bergen Engines, a leading producer of medium-speed engines and generating sets, has been selected to provide four C25:33L8A generating sets to support the world’s largest hydrogen ferries, operating on Norway’s longest ferry connection from Bodø to Lofoten. The generating sets will be

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Eureka Shipping Announces Construction of New Cutting-Edge Cement Carrier for Great Lakes Trade

(CSL Group/Globe Newswire)  Eureka Shipping, a leading provider of sustainable, high-efficiency cement carrier services jointly owned by SMT Shipping and The CSL Group, is pleased to announce the construction of a state-of-art mechanical/pneumatic cement ship destined for operation in the Great

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Royal Caribbean Group Shares Comprehensive Update on its Decarbonization Journey

(Royal Caribbean Group/PR Newswire) Together, with its first Community Impact Report, the company details its progress its net-zero ambitions and supporting the communities it visits  -- Royal Caribbean Group (NYSE: RCL) released its annual Seastainability Report, outlining milestones the company reached on its

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Biodiesel to Help Port of Detroit Improve Air Quality, Decarbonize

(Detroit/Wayne County Port Authority/Biobased Diesel Daily)  The Detroit/Wayne County Port Authority in Michigan revealed details on Earth Day (April 22) of an ambitious program to dramatically improve air quality and the health of residents by cutting carbon emissions to net zero

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Strength in Numbers: State Legislation Driving Lower Carbon Fuels Across America

(Chevron Renewable Energy Group) Neville Fernandes, Vice President of Corporate Affairs & Development at Chevron Renewable Energy Group and member of the Clean Fuels Alliance America governing board, recently participated in a panel discussion with other policy leaders in the biofuels

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Strait Energy's Unit Completes First Delivery of ISCC EU-Certified Marine Biofuel

(The Star/Bernama) : Straits Energy Resources Bhd’s (Straits Energy) subsidiary, Tumpuan Megah Development Sdn Bhd, has completed the first delivery of International Sustainability and Carbon Certification (ISCC EU) certified marine biofuel by a Malaysian supplier. Tumpuan Megah supplied 4,500 tonnes of ISCC EU-certified

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Monjasa and FAMOIL Expand Biofuels Logistics in South America and Complete First Supply Operation in Peru

(Monjasa) On 22 February 2024, global top 10 marine fuels company, Monjasa, supplied a total of 510 tonnes of B30 marine biofuels the Cargill operated dry bulk carrier, Infinity Sky, in the Port of Callao, Peru. This operation marked the first ISCC-certified

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It’s Time to Fuel Change: Ocean Carriers Consider Alternative Fuels

(Hanwha/Supply Chain Drive) ... Let’s look at the fuels under consideration for ocean shipping. Hydrogen Hydrogen is a widely available, low-cost fuel alternative that can be stored for long periods of time and can support extended travel distances. To harness its power, hydrogen

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The Turin Joint Statement on Sustainable Biofuels – The Background

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Turin Joint Statement on Sustainable Biofuels has now been released, and is here. WHAT THE TURIN JOINT STATEMENT (TJS) IS The Turin Joint Statement seeks to focus attention on G7 Ministers (and by extension heads of state) regarding

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Höegh Autoliners Doubles Biofuel Use in 2023

by Naida Hakirevic Prevljak (Offshore Energy) Norway-based shipping company Höegh Autoliners has doubled its biofuel usage from 2022 to 2023 in response to growing demand for green transportation. -- “We have taken relentless action to solidify our position as the preferred green PCTC carrier

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CMA CGM and Bpifrance Announce the Operational Launch of the Endowment Fund for the French Maritime Sector of 200 Million Euros Financed via Pulse, the CMA CGM Energy Fund

(Bpifrance)  - An unprecedented commitment from a private actor to contribute to the decarbonization of the French maritime industry. - CMA CGM, via its PULSE investment fund, and Bpifrance are bringing together the main players in the maritime sector in France to

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Wallenius Wilhelmsen’s New $1 Billion Multiyear Car-Shipping Contract Includes Marine Biofuel

(Wallenius Wilhelmsen/Biobased Diesel Daily) Wallenius Wilhelmsen announced April 9 that it has recently signed another significant multiyear contract. The new agreement with a leading global player in the premium-car segment is valued at more than USD$1 billion over three years, covering both

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HGK Shipping Welcomes the Approval for HVO100

(Biofuels International) HGK Shipping is supporting the German government’s decision to approve the alternative fuel - HVO100. Europe’s largest inland waterway shipping company believes that this provides an opportunity to press ahead with decarbonising this mode of transport in the medium term. European

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Ocean Network Express Launches Green-Shipping Solution

(Ocean Network Express/ Biobased Diesel Daily)  Global shipping company Ocean Network Express announced April 17 the launch of its reduced-emissions shipping service—ONE LEAF+—designed to meet the shared decarbonization aspirations of the shipping industry. ONE LEAF+ stands for low emission-able freight. The plus

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Carras Secures ABS' First Biofuel Notation for Aquataurus Bulk Carrier

(Marine Link) Greek shipping company Carras (Hellas) has received the ABS Biofuel-1 notation for its Aquataurus ultramax bulk carrier, the first vessel in the world to qualify. The notation is assigned to vessels that use a biofuel blend of up to and

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Biogenic Testing via Carbon-14 Analysis Validates Biofuel Blends for Regulatory Compliance

by Jordan Turner* (Beta Analytic for Advanced Biofuels USA) Biofuels are gaining attention on the market as a renewable alternative to fossil fuels. Often biofuel regulations require assurances of the replacement of fossil fuel with renewables. Carbon-14 analysis can provide

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BHP Says It Aims to Receive First Ammonia-Fuelled Bulk Carrier in 2026

by Jeslyn Lerh (Reuters)  Australia's BHP Group (BHP.AX), opens new tab is planning to receive its first ammonia-fuelled bulk carrier in 2026 as part of the company's plans to cut shipping emissions, a senior executive said. The global mining giant has shortlisted eight companies for

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Peninsula Facilitates B30 Biofuel Supply Deal in Zeebrugge

(Peninsula 360) Peninsula, the leading independent global marine energy supplier, announces the successful conclusion of the first B30 biofuel supply deal in Zeebrugge, Belgium, in collaboration with the Japanese shipping company, Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha (NYK). The deal, which marks a

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Decarbonizing the Shipping Industry

by Wily Salim (LEC Partners/Biofuels Digest) ... Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO), a more dense and more viscous liquid than diesel, is the current dominant fuel used in the marine shipping industry. This is because HFO is relatively affordable, has high energy density,

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Bia Energy Operating Company Announces Significant Developments for Low Carbon Methanol Project at the Port of Caddo-Bossier in Northwest Louisiana

(Bia Energy/CISION) - Planned $1.2 billion facility will produce approximately 550,000 metric tons of blue and bio-methanol per year.  - Bia Energy has secured an agreement with Macquarie Group to commercialize and market the methanol, and a partnership with CapturePoint to capture and

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Zero Emission Maritime Buyers Alliance (ZEMBA) Announcers Successful Completion of Inaugural Collective Tender

(Cargo Owners for Zero Emission Vessels) Global container line Hapag-Lloyd has won ZEMBA’s first tender, will deliver greenhouse gas emissions reduction over 90% as compared to fossil fuel service to ZEMBA members starting in 2025. -- ZEMBA announced the successful conclusion of

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CSA Invests $10m to Boost Maritime Biofuel in Singapore

(Singapore Business Review/MSN) Among the goals of this effort is the development of stable biofuel blends. -- The Coastal Sustainability Alliance (CSA) is investing up to $10m in efforts to develop and increase adoption of maritime biofuel in Singapore Two alliance members,Green COP

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Methanol Institute (MI) and SEA-LNG Unite Against EU Trade Barriers to Biomethane and Biomethanol Fuels

(Methanol Institute/EIN Presswire)   The Methanol Institute (MI) and SEA-LNG, key representatives of the methanol and liquefied natural gas (LNG) industries respectively, express their deep concerns following the recent announcement by the European Commission impacting the trade of biomethane and biomethane-based biofuels

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YSA Design Offers Vision for the Sail Powered Cruise Ship Catamaran

(YSA Design) YSA Design has unveiled a concept for a new type of sail-powered catamaran cruise ship, whose flexibility, sustainability and sea-focused attractions can satisfy guest appetites to experience sensitive and hard to reach waters at close quarters. Codenamed Seabreeze, the design includes

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U.S. Department of Energy Leads International and Domestic Efforts for Zero-Emissions Shipping by 2050

(U.S. Department of Energy) This week at Singapore Maritime Week, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is advancing ambitious decarbonization targets for the maritime transportation sector, both domestically and internationally. DOE is teaming with over 15 government and industry partners in Singapore to foster partnerships and collaborate on

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GoodShipping Launches Decarb Desk to Improve Carbon Insetting Transparency and Efficiency

(GoodShipping)  New digital platform for cargo owners and freight forwarders to help speed up sustainability in global supply chain  -- GoodShipping, the carbon insetting brand of FincoEnergies, has announced today the launch of its new Decarb Desk platform, the next step forward

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Meriaura Orders Two Biofuel Powered 6750 DWT Cargo Vessels from Dutch Royal Bodewes Shipyard

(Meriaura) Meriaura has signed a delivery contract for two Ecotrader cargo ships with the Dutch shipyard Royal Bodewes. According to the contract, the ships will be built in Hoogezand in Holland and their delivery will take place in January and December

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Fueling the Future: Biofuels Driving Progress on Net Zero

(Green Biz/S&P Global) Biofuels are emerging as a critical driver in the fight against climate change, offering a sustainable solution for decarbonizing hard-to-electrify transport sectors like aviation and shipping. But will there be enough biofuels to meet ambitious net-zero goals? S&P

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X-Press Feeders Signs MOU with Six European Ports for Green Shipping Corridors

(X-Press Feeders) European Ports Forge Alliance to Propel Green Shipping Initiatives -- X-Press Feeders, the world’s largest independent common carrier, today signed of a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with six European ports: Port of Antwerp Bruges (Belgium), Port of Tallinn (Estonia), Port

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Astrid Mærsk Arrives in Shanghai for First Green Methanol Bunkering in China, in Partnership with SIPG

(Maersk) Maersk, a global leader in integrated container logistics, achieved a milestone as the large methanol-enabled vessel "Astrid Mærsk” berths at Yangshan port in Shanghai, for the first green methanol bunkering with simultaneous cargo and bunkering operations in China. This historic

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Axpo and ENEGO Consider 100 MW Green Hydrogen Production Plant in Sicily

(Axpo Group)  Axpo has signed a cooperation agreement with French energy investor ENEGO to study the feasibility of a 100 MW green hydrogen plant in Sicily, it was announced today (April 9, 2024). The project shall be located in the Priolo-Augusta

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Colonial Oil Industries to Purchase and Retire 9 Million RINs Due to RFS Violations

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Colonial Oil Industries Inc. must pay a $2.8 million civil penalty and purchase and retire more than 9 million renewable identification numbers (RINs) at an estimated price of $12.2 million under a settlement agreement reached

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YACHT -- – A 5-Letter Word for EARTH MONTH

YACHTs that run on HVO (hydrotreated vegetable oil/renewable diesel) are BEING eyed in Malaysia as a sustainably sourced fuel option for the SUPER-YACHT industry.  Yacht docked at The WHARF in Washington, DC. Photo: J.Ivancic Feadship has BEGUN work on creating a YACHT optimized

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Wah Kwong’s Mr. Hing Chao Joins ShipZERO28.5 line-up

(ZESTA's)  Hing Chao, the visionary Executive Chairman of Wah Kwong Maritime Transport Holdings, will join a panel of maritime industry leaders at the upcoming ShipZERO28.5 event, in conjunction with Singapore Maritime Week, in Singapore on April 18. Mr. Chao's insights and leadership

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Hapag-Lloyd Takes Largest Ship-to-Ship LBM Delivery to Date Made Possible by the Joint Effort of STX Group and Titan Clean Fuels

(Titan)  Titan Clean Fuels, a leading supplier of liquefied natural gas (LNG) and liquefied biomethane (LBM) to shipping customers, and STX Group, a global leader in environmental commodities trading and climate solutions, today announce having successfully concluded a ship-to-ship bunkering of 2,200

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Conversion to E85 Super Ethanol: a Revolution for Yachtsmen --- April 13, 2024 --- Marseille, France

by François-Xavier Ricardou (Boat News) Following the installation of a super ethanol E85 pump on Marseille's Old Port last March, the Ethabox company is organizing a demonstration of its products at this location on April 13, 2024, to explain the keys

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HMM to Collaborate with SIPG on Clean Marine Fuel Supply

by Ajsa Habibic (Offshore Energy) South Korean shipping company HMM and Shanghai International Port Group (SIPG), the exclusive operator of all the public terminals in China’s Port of Shanghai, have inked a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to collaborate on clean marine

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China Releases List for a Biofuel Pilot Scheme to Boost Domestic Consumption

by  Samyak Pandey and Aditya Kondalamahanty (S&P Global)  Major biodiesel exporter faces weak local demand; Government urges demonstrations to support consumption; Loans and carbon profits fall short in driving demand sufficiently -- The Chinese government unveiled a plan for a biodiesel pilot scheme in

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PONANT and FARWIND Energy Partner to Develop Green Hydrogen Refueling Solutions

(Ponant/Farwind)  In the ongoing quest to find ways to decarbonize and thus play its part in the maritime industry’s energy transition, PONANT is collaborating with the Nantes-based startup FARWIND Energy. Under study: innovative solutions for ship refueling with renewable hydrogen. PONANT’s ship

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Saudi Arabia’s Only Biofuel Producer Is Tripling Refining Capacity by 2025

by Sowmya Sundar (Zawya Projects)  The Biofuel Company, which operates the GCC’s largest biofuel refinery, prioritises domestic needs in capacity expansion -- The Biofuel Company, Saudi Arabia’s first and only biofuel producer, is on course to triple its refining capacity by 2025, the

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GSBN, Cosco Complete Blockchain-Based Biofuel Certification Pilot

by Jenny Messenger (Global Trade Review)  Hong Kong-based consortium Global Shipping Business Network (GSBN) has concluded a pilot project with Cosco Shipping to issue blockchain-based certificates for biofuel purchases. GSBN’s Hi ECO product uses its blockchain-enabled network to establish a link between

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FERRY – A 5-Letter Word for EARTH MONTH

FERRY – Maritime fuel presents a GRAND opportunity to de-fossilize TRADE transportation between nations separated by the sea or OCEANs of our blue planet. Hybrid FERRY. photo: Stena Line From Stena Line's NewMax hybrid FERRY to Japan’s FIRST biodiesel and hydrogen vessel, the

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Eni, Fincantieri and RINA Establish Partnership for Maritime Transport Decarbonization

(Eni)  Eni, a global energy company, Fincantieri, one of the world’s largest shipbuilding groups, the only one active in all high-tech marine industry sectors, and RINA, a multinational inspection, certification, and engineering consultancy, have signed an agreement to develop joint initiatives

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More and More Shippers Take Action on Seaborne GHG Emissions

(Maersk)  Strong growth for Maersk ECO Delivery Ocean product in 2023. Over 200 customers saved more than 680,000 tons of GHG emissions. Retail, lifestyle, automotive and FMCG companies are the pioneers. Shippers are increasingly taking action to eliminate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Marquis Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Marquis has become the first well known ethanol producer to step into the world of ethanol-to-jet in a partnership with LanzaJet. The promise and progress, milestones achieved and ahead, were presented by Marquis’ Jennifer Aurandt-Pilgrim at

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RFA Seeks to Intervene in Legal Challenge to EU Maritime Fuel Regulation

(Renewable Fuels Association)  The Renewable Fuels Association on Thursday filed a petition to intervene in support of a legal challenge brought by European ethanol producers against the European Union’s FuelEU Maritime Regulation. By arbitrarily assuming crop-based biofuels like ethanol have the

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UECC Developing Cashew Nutshell Liquid-Based Biofuel for Maritime Use

by Bojan Lepic (Splash247.com)  In collaboration with Lloyd’s Register Fuel Oil Bunker Analysis Advisory Service, Wartsila, and biofuel supplier ACT, United European Car Carriers (UECC) has been assessing and evaluating a cashew nutshell liquid (CNSL)-based biofuel. As part of this partnership, ACT created

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Simply Blue Group Diversifies to Develop Sustainable Fuels Projects

(Simply Blue Group) New sustainable fuels projects in Canada, Europe and Australia have potential to deliver over 300,000 tonnes of SAF annually  -- Simply Blue Group, a leading global offshore wind project developer, is developing onshore renewable energy parks to power

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Sustainable Shipping Fuels Can Reach Cost Parity with Fossil Fuels by 2035 with Decisive Policy, Says New Wärtsilä Report

(Wärtsilä)  New Wärtsilä analysis shows EU ETS and FuelEU Maritime will close price gap, creating policy blueprint to accelerate the global transition to sustainable fuels Sustainable shipping fuels could reach cost parity with fossil fuels as early as 2035 with the help

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Repsol and Bunge Create a Partnership in Spain to Boost Supply of Renewable Fuels

(Repsol) - Through this strategic agreement, Repsol increases its access to the feedstock needed to reach its goal of producing up to 1.7 million tons of renewable fuels by 2027.  - The collaboration is another step forward in Bunge’s long-term

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Hapag-Lloyed Almost Doubled Use of Marine Biofuel in 2023

(Quantum Commodity Intelligence) Container shipping line Hapag-Lloyd sharply increased its use of biofuel bunker blends in 2023 as the company strives to cut emissions to reach its...  READ MORE Related articles Our Focus on Sustainable Shipping: Hapag-Lloyd publishes Sustainability Report 2023 (Hapag-Lloyd) Hapag-Lloyd and

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ABEL Energy Accelerates Townsville Green Methanol Facility to Supply Singapore MPA with Green Shipping Fuel

(ABEL Energy) ABEL Energy is accelerating the potential construction of a $1.7 billion methanol manufacturing plant on 16-22 hectares of land at the Cleveland Bay Industrial Park located in the Townsville State Development Area to produce 400,000 tonnes per annum of

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2023 Billion-Ton Report: An Assessment of U.S. Renewable Carbon Resources

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technology Office's (BETO) 2023 Billion-Ton Report (BT23) is the 4th in a series of assessments of potential biomass resources available in the United States. BT23 explores these resources in

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National Biodiesel Day: Industry Celebrates Feedstock Innovation

(Clean Fuels Alliance America) Annual celebration takes place on Rudolf Diesel’s birthday, March 18 -- On National Biodiesel Day, March 18, the clean fuels industry celebrates a milestone in renewable fuel history while honoring the legacy of Rudolf Diesel, the visionary behind the

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Bold Goals Action Group Releases 40 Bold Actions to Accelerate the Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, the Bold Goals Action Group released the final text of the 40 Bold Actions to Accelerate at ABLC 2024. The release capped a year-long, multi-national effort by bioeconomy stakeholders to define specific actions that

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Leading Global Ocean Carriers Extend Ocean Alliance until 2032

(CMA CGM Group/Biobased Diesel Daily)  CEOs of leading global ocean carriers CMA CGM Group, COSCO Shipping, Evergreen and Orient Overseas Container Line signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) Feb. 27 in Shanghai, China, to extend the Ocean Alliance operational cooperation for

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BV Research Confirms Central Role of Operationa and Energy Efficiency in Meeting Shipping's 2050 Carbon Budget

(Bureau Veritas) Decarbonization simulations reveal the cumulative impact of operational and technical efficiency measures and showcase the importance of energy insetting in bridging the price gap between conventional and new fuels. -- Bureau Veritas (BV), a world leader in testing, inspection and

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Efficient Process for Green Methanol Demonstrated in Container Plant

(INERATEC) The E4MeWi research association is currently demonstrating how effectively green methanol can be produced in the future in a container plant at the Bitterfeld-Wolfen Chemical Park. Methanol is regarded as a key technology for defossilizing shipping and aviation and also

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Biofuels Market Booms as Demand Exceeds Pre-Pandemic Levels

by Felicity Bradstock (OilPrice.com)  - Biofuels, particularly those derived from waste and non-food crops, are gaining traction as a renewable energy source to decarbonize hard-to-abate sectors like aviation and shipping. - The U.S. and India are leading the charge in biofuel

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Wärtsilä, EBDG Join Forces on Methanol-Fueled Power Barge

by Fatima Bahtić (Offshore Energy)  Finnish technology group Wärtsilä has entered into a collaboration agreement with US-based naval architecture and marine engineering firm Elliott Bay Design Group (EBDG) to further develop EBDG’s clean harbor alternative mobile power (CHAMP) barge design. The floating

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Using Solid Waste to Decarbonise Aviation

(Topsoe/Biofuels International)  ... There is an increasing interest in co-processing as a production method to provide the required short-term ramp up in SAF production. Co-processing allows refineries to convert renewable feedstocks into drop-in, biojet fuel at economically competitive prices, meaning it can

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Yang Ming Adopts Biofuel for Sustainable Future

(Yang Ming Marine Transport) To respond to the 2050 net-zero emissions goal, Yang Ming Marine Transport Corp. (Yang Ming) is taking a significant step by adopting sustainable biofuel to its fleet, starting at Hong Kong and Singapore on 7th and 8th

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Argus Green Marine Fuels Conference --- May 14-16, 2024 --- Amsterdam, Netherlands

Gain insight and meet with cross-sector marine fuel suppliers of the future  -- Get key insights from across the various sectors and supply chains involved in the decarbonisation of the marine sector to gain a competitive edge in reducing emissions. The Argus

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Fueling the Future: Biofuels Driving Progress on Net Zero

(S&P Global) The role of biofuels in energy transition is growing, as they can help decarbonize hard-to-abate transport sectors, but more supply is needed to keep the world on track with net-zero goals. S&P Global Commodity Insights explores how regional policies

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Syngenta to Reduce Carbon Impact of Ocean Shipping with Maersk’s ECO Delivery

(Syngenta/Business Wire)  Syngenta finalizes agreement with Maersk for ocean transport using biofuel for a Europe-US shipping route -- Syngenta Crop Protection, a leader in agricultural innovation, is to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from its logistics operations by using Maersk’s ECO

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Nike Ties the Knot with CMA CGM on Biofuels

by Sam Chambers (Splash247.com)  American sportswear giant Nike has contracted French liner CMA CGM to use sustainable biofuel for a part of its maritime transport for a trial 11-month period.  Nike will use sustainable biofuel for the transportation of 36% of its

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HMM Collaborates with Hellmann Worldwide Logistics for Sustainability Initiatives Using Green Sailing Service

(HMM) As part of efforts to manage Scope 3 emissions, HMM has assisted Hellmann Worldwide Logistics (Hellmann) in reducing its carbon emissions following the use of the Green Sailing Service, a low-carbon transport solution. The Green Sailing Service is a carbon insetting

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BV Research Confirms Central Role of Operational and Energy Efficiency in Meeting Shipping's 2050 Carbon Budget

(Bureau Veritas) Decarbonization simulations reveal the cumulative impact of operational and technical efficiency measures and showcase the importance of energy insetting in bridging the price gap between conventional and new fuels.  Bureau Veritas (BV), a world leader in testing, inspection and certification,

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Raízen and Wärtsilä Sign Bioethanol Agreement to Cut Emissions in the Maritime Sector

(Biofuels International) Raízen and Wärtsilä have signed an agreement in order to advance decarbonisation of the marine sector. By studying the effects of ethanol application as a marine fuel, the new initiative aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHG), provide novel

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Vale Trying out Biodiesel in Sudbury Smelter Locomotives

by Len Gillis (Sudbury.com) Company seeking data on how well biofuels will work in reducing the carbon footprint on rail locomotives  -- Vale Base Metals is taking a serious look at reducing the use of traditional fossil fuels in Sudbury, specifically in the

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EE North America and Montauk Renewables Forge Groundbreaking Agreement for Biogenic Carbon Dioxide Delivery

(Montauk Renewables) Montauk and EE North America Forge Path to a Greener Future through CO2 Solutions, Aiming to Transform Environmental Pledges into Tangible Clean Energy Realities.  – In a pivotal move towards sustainable energy solutions, EE North America (“EENA”) and Montauk Renewables,

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Brown, Ricketts Introduce Bipartisan Bill to Expand Use of Biofuels

(Office of Senator Sherrod Brown (D-OH))  Legislation Would Open New Markets for Ohio Farmers, Producers  --  U.S. Senators Sherrod Brown (D-OH) and Pete Ricketts (R-NE) introduced the bipartisan Renewable Fuel for Ocean-Going Vessels Act to open new markets for farmers in Ohio and across the

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Argus Launches New B30 Ucome ARA Price

by Hussein Al-Khalisy (Argus Media) Argus has launched B30 Ucome dob ARA range marine biodiesel blend assessments, replacing a calculated fob ARA range blend price. The assessment will comprise 30pc used cooking oil methyl ester (Ucome) and 70pc very-low sulphur fuel oil

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ECOnnect Energy Announces Key Role in "Project Green" – Revolutionizing Clean e-Fuel Production in Africa

(ECOnnect Energy) ECOnnect Energy is a key partner in "Project Green," an ambitious initiative led by APPL (Alternative Petroleum & Power Limited) to establish itself as a leading supplier of clean E-fuels, including e-methanol and green ammonia, in Africa. Situated on an

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fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata carinata/brassica carinata carob CAS Registry cashew cashew apple CASI Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattails cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) CBG (compressed biogas) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program Certificates of Origin (COs) certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 chemical-looping hydrogen method Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chp chromium chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Production Tax Credit (45Z) Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Heat Standards Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart/conservation agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover cmelina CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location Co-op Extension co-operative co-processing co-products CO2 neutral fuels CO2Removal Certificates (CORCs) coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) Coast Guard coastal habitat conservation coastal hay cobalt cock's foot coco coco methyl ester (CME) cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold flow cold-tolerance college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning commo Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement/engagement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression ratios compression-ignition engine computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology Cook Islands cook stoves cooking fuel cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 COP28 COP30 copper coppice cordgrass corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol benefits methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo 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weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course owa oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil Palm Oil Methyl Ester (PME) palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm trunk sap palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peach shell 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