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Tag "land use policy"

Biofuel Potential in Southeast Asia: Raising Food Yields, Reducing Food Waste and Utilising Residues

(International Renewable Energy Agency) Southeast Asia has considerable resources to produce liquid biofuels sustainably, using biomass feedstocks that would not cause carbon-dioxide emissions or interfere with food supply. Fulfilling the region’s

July 25, 2017 Read Full Article

Corn Farmers, Biofuels Have More to Offer

by Mark Sponsler (Colorado Corn/Journal-Advocate)  … Oxygenating gasoline is required under Clean Air Act amendments, and ethanol — with its clean-burning qualities — has long been regarded as the best additive

July 20, 2017 Read Full Article

Corn Better Used as Food than Biofuel, Study Finds

(Phys.Org/University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)  Corn is grown not only for food, it is also an important renewable energy source. Renewable biofuels can come with hidden economic and environmental issues,

June 21, 2017 Read Full Article

Mainland Miami Ponders Returning Neighborhoods to Nature in Order to Survive Rising Seas

by David Smiley (Miami Herald)  On mainland Miami, miles away from the pumps that keep Biscayne Bay from slowly swallowing South Beach, the neighborhood around Ray Chasser’s riverfront house sometimes

June 19, 2017 Read Full Article

City Donates Land to Lure Kwik Star Project

by Tim Jamison (The Courier) The city is donating land and extending sewer in the Martin Road business park to lure a new biodiesel fuel blending facility. Waterloo City Council

April 26, 2017 Read Full Article

Indonesia Labels EU Palm Oil Resolution ‘Discriminative’ and ‘Protectionist’

by Daryl Worthington (Biofuels International)   Indonesia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs has denounced the European Parliament Resolution on Palm Oil and Deforestation of Rainforests, describing it as ‘discriminative’. In addition, the

April 13, 2017 Read Full Article

Biotechnology: Disrupting the Global Asset Classes of National Security

by Jim Lane (BiofuelsDigest)  …  For any society, an even more perfect class of technology assets would allow us to move in either direction — perfect convertibility. When energy prices

April 12, 2017 Read Full Article

EU Clamps Down on Imports of Unsustainable Palm Oil for Biofuels

(European Parliament/Biomass Magazine)  To counter the impact of unsustainable palm oil production such as deforestation and habitat degradation, particularly in Southeast Asia, the EU should introduce a single certification scheme

April 10, 2017 Read Full Article

Understanding Land Use Change – Are New Tools Needed?

by Jessie Stolark (Energy and Environmental Study Institute)  Are we using the right tools to understand land use change, particularly at the local level, and how can understanding of land use

April 10, 2017 Read Full Article

US Forest Service and Biomass: A Symbiotic Partnership

by Bob Cleaves (Biomass Power Association/Biomass Magazine)  More than 100 million trees across California, many located in the federally managed Sierra, Stanislaus and Sequoia National Forests, are dead, owing to a

April 5, 2017 Read Full Article

Cattle Pastures and Other Degraded Lands Become New Oil Palm Plantations

(Phys.Org)  A new study published last week in the journal Environmental Research Letters by researchers at the University of Puerto Rico offers the first regional look at lands being converted

February 17, 2017 Read Full Article

New Research: Forcing Local Peoples off Their Lands Drives Almost Two-Thirds of Conflicts Between Companies and Local Communities in Africa

(RightsAndResources.org)  Experts at Dakar event point to a significant cause of investment losses, work stoppages and violence across Africa: the failure of governments and companies to respect the land rights

February 17, 2017 Read Full Article

Technology Roadmap: How2Guide for Bioenergy

(International Energy Agency)  Bioenergy is the largest source of renewable energy today, providing heat and electricity, as well as transport fuels. Yet, more so than for other low‑carbon energy technologies,

February 17, 2017 Read Full Article

USDA Releases New Report on Lifecycle Greenhouse Gas Balance of Ethanol

(U.S. Department of Agriculture)  Analysis finds that U.S. corn-based ethanol reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 43 percent compared to gasoline, with additional benefits projected through 2022  —  Agriculture Secretary Tom

January 13, 2017 Read Full Article

Fueling Destruction: The Unintended Consequences of the Renewable Fuel Standard on Land, Water, and Wildlife

by David DeGennaro  (National Wildlife Federation)  Since Congress passed into law in 2005 a federal mandate to blend corn-based ethanol and other renewable fuels into conventional gasoline, the increased demand for

December 20, 2016 Read Full Article

Opposition Wants Biofuels Bill Start Date Staggered

by Mary Karugaba  (New Vision)  Staggering the commencement date would help government build capacity. —  … Presenting the opposition’s views on the Biofuels Bills, 2016 to the parliamentary committee on Natural Resources,

December 20, 2016 Read Full Article

Commission ‘Dangerously’ Out of Touch with Reality on Biofuels

by Dick Roche (EurActiv/Pannonia Ethanol)   A response delivered by Commissioner Miguel Arias Cañete in the European Parliament last week demonstrates just how dangerously out of touch with reality the executive

December 14, 2016 Read Full Article

Commission’s Flip-Flop on Biofuels Puts at Risk Tens of Thousands of Jobs

by Patrick Kent (Irish Cattle & Sheep Farmers’ Association/Euractiv)  The key element of this renewable energy plan is that the ceiling for the crop biofuel component of EU transport fuels

December 6, 2016 Read Full Article

ICSA Slams Latest EU Commission Leaked Proposals on Biofuels

(Irish Cattle and Sheep Farmers Association) … According to Mr Kent (ICSA president Patrick Kent), this strategy flies in the face of logic. The Commission which was supportive of biofuels has

November 30, 2016 Read Full Article

Martin County Wants to Beef up Regulation for New Biofuel Producers

by Lidia Dinkova (TC Palm)  The county is following through on its promise to up safety regulation over biofuel producers after a fire and explosion in a local facility last year. According

November 25, 2016 Read Full Article

Food Security Benefits Found in African Biofuels Production

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Biofuels operations under the right conditions can lead to improved household food security in developing countries, concludes a new study. Irish university research is

November 18, 2016 Read Full Article

White House Decarbonization Report Addresses Biofuels, Biomass

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  The White House has published a mid-century strategy on decarbonization that addresses biofuels and bioenergy. On Nov. 16, the report was filed with the United

November 17, 2016 Read Full Article

Oxfam Report Exposes EU Lobby Firepower of Biofuel Industry behind Destructive Bioenergy Policy

(Oxfam)  The European Union must overhaul its current bioenergy policy, which is based on getting fuel from plants, because the industry is linked to the eviction of thousands of people

November 7, 2016 Read Full Article

Officials: Solar Takes Farmland, Evades Fair Tax Share

by Jeremy Cox (DelmarvaNow.com)  … The measure would bar the energy projects from lands in agricultural zones. That would rob solar developers of their preferred land-use type for building. The recipe

October 10, 2016 Read Full Article

Water-Energy Dependence around Pacific Rim Mapped in New Sandia Study

(Sandia National Laboratories)  A wide-ranging analysis of water vulnerability across the Pacific — including the U.S., China, Russia and Japan — has identified hundreds of locations where energy production depends

September 20, 2016 Read Full Article

CAPRi Blog: Impact of Biofuel Induced Land Corruption on Women; The Case of Chisumbanje Ethanol Project

(Collective Action and Property Rights)  In this blog, Farai Mutondoro, Mary Jane Ncube, Manase Chiweshe and Derick Hamunakwadi discuss the impact of land corruption, particularly on women. The blog is

August 17, 2016 Read Full Article

Seaweed Gains Ground as a Pillar of Food Security in South America

by Orlando Milesi (Inter Press Service)  Seaweed, a nutrient-rich foodstuff that was a regular part of the diet of several South American indigenous peoples, is emerging as a new pillar of

July 5, 2016 Read Full Article

RFS Hearing Finds New Issues to Dig into

by Spencer Chase (Agri-Pulse)  … When it comes to land use, Colin O’Mara, president and CEO of the National Wildlife Federation, testified that a University of Wisconsin study had shown that 7.3

June 27, 2016 Read Full Article

The Problem and Promise of Ethanol

by Art Cullen (Storm Lake Times) … So how can we produce ethanol sustainably — that is, a scheme under which farmers can make money without releasing nitrate to the river

June 20, 2016 Read Full Article

It Depends: Heard on the Floor at ABLC Feedstocks

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …  The headline from the event is that projects and feedstock providers are more engaged than we have seen previously — a wave of technology

June 8, 2016 Read Full Article

The Green Friendship Bridge Series

by Mark Edwards (Algae Industry Magazine)  The Green Friendship Bridge series examines a simple question: “What makes better sense, extending the border wall with Mexico 1,300 miles or taking 13 miles

May 9, 2016 Read Full Article

China’s Grain Reforms to Boost Depressed Corn Processing Industry

by Niu Shuping and David Stanway (Reuters/AgWeek)  China’s plan to let the market set corn prices is bad news for international grain exporters, but should boost the country’s struggling corn

April 6, 2016 Read Full Article

Kinder Morgan Halts Work on $1B Pipeline

(Longview News Journal)  Kinder Morgan is halting work on the $1 billion Palmetto Pipeline after Georgia lawmakers approved a one-year moratorium on permits for petroleum pipelines in the state. The

April 4, 2016 Read Full Article

The Yield Dividend: 5-10X Increase in Sorghum Opening New Options for Africa?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … In South Africa,, Chromatin and Zaad Holdings have entered into an alliance to produce and distribute planting seed for grain and forage sorghum throughout the

April 1, 2016 Read Full Article

US Agency Sets Sights on Grass in Bid to Make a Better Biofuel

by Suzanne Goldenberg (The Guardian)  Arpa-E project deploys drones and robots to breed fast-growing, drought-resistant and greener biofuel from sorghum which could replace corn ethanol — A US government agency is

March 21, 2016 Read Full Article

Biofuels Are Back on the EU Agenda

by Sonja van Renssen (Energy Post)  Biofuels are returning to the political agenda in Europe as EU policymakers start to shape a strategy for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from transport

March 3, 2016 Read Full Article

Garrett County Board Mulls Gas Drilling Restrictions near Deep Creek Lake

(Associated Press/Frederick News Post)  The Garrett County Commissioners are considering a Deep Creek Lake watershed management plan that would restrict drilling for natural gas in the resort area. … The plan

January 4, 2016 Read Full Article

Biofuels and Climate Change: Challenges of Paris Conference

by Demetrio Bueno Carvalho (Astana Times)  … Referring to Brazilian experience, in the past 12 years the blending of ethanol with gasoline (anhydrousethanol) or its use as a pure fuel for automobiles

November 13, 2015 Read Full Article

The President’s Long Game on Fossil Fuels

by James P. Lenfestey  (Star Tribune)  …    Keystone would not, as Obama noted, have any noticeable economic benefit to the U.S., and probably would have a negative impact, since

November 10, 2015 Read Full Article

New Bill Would Keep Fossil Fuel Reserves On Public Lands In The Ground

by Katie Valentine (Think Progress)  …  Sen. Jeff Merkley (D-OR), along with Senator and presidential candidate Bernie Sanders, is introducing a bill Wednesday that would bar new leases on coal,

November 6, 2015 0 comment Read Full Article

Court Appeal of Onida Ethanol Plant Not Slowing Plans as Construction to Start

by Stephen Lee (Capital Journal)  An attorney for a handful of Onida residents opposing the siting of a proposed new ethanol plant just outside of Onida argued in court Monday

October 28, 2015 Read Full Article

INSIGHT-Power Line Opponents Give Renewables Their Keystone Moment

by Nichola Groom (Reuters)  … The visitor represented Clean Line Energy Partners LLC, a Texas company established to build transmission lines for carrying wind and solar power. He had come to

October 20, 2015 Read Full Article

Group Protests Methane Plant in West End

by Deborah Yetter (Courier-Journal)  A spirited group of protesters marched more than 20 blocks along West Broadway Sunday afternoon to show their opposition to a proposed plant in the area that

August 25, 2015 Read Full Article

Future Farm, Future Crop: Utopia or Dystopia? Parts 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 of 5

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As America’s farmers hit retirement age and technology options explode, what comes next? … The average age of the US farmer reached 58.3 years in

August 10, 2015 Read Full Article

Ethiopia: The Biofuel Myth

by Jose Graziano DA Silva (UN Food and Agriculture Organization/AllAfrica.com)  Over the past several years, biofuels have become a bone of contention. For some, a renewable energy source produced from

July 16, 2015 Read Full Article

Food in the Age of Biofuels

by Jose Graziano da Silva (United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization/Project Syndicate) … But this is a false dichotomy. The choice cannot be between food and fuel. We can make good use of both.

July 3, 2015 Read Full Article

Ghosts of Problems Past and Present Loom over Nigerian Palm Oil Plans

by Greg Norman (Mongabay.com)  … Cross River State, a coastal jurisdiction in southeastern Nigeria, still bears the marks of the country’s agricultural heritage when it was the world’s largest palm oil producer.

June 3, 2015 Read Full Article

Wasting the Savanna

By Tim Searchinger and Lyndon Estes (The Washington Post/Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School for Public and International Affairs)  In recent years, as governments have begun to protect tropical forests because

May 11, 2015 Read Full Article

New RSB Standard Proposed to Certify Low-Risk ILUC Biomass

by  Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  It may soon be possible to certify that biomass is not only sustainably sourced, but also considered low-risk for indirect land use change

May 4, 2015 Read Full Article

Neighbors Come out in Opposition of Proposed Ethanol Plant near Caldwell

by Torrie Cope (Idaho Press-Tribune)  Residents who live in the area of Lower Pleasant Ridge Road fear that a proposed ethanol plant could lower their property values, spoil their views

May 4, 2015 Read Full Article

Do Biofuels Still Have A Place In The Global Energy Mix?

By Alexis Arthur (OilPrice.com)  Less than a decade ago, biofuels were set to take the energy world by storm. They promised a low-carbon alternative to gasoline, while advances in algae

April 30, 2015 Read Full Article

Positive Review of “Sustainable Development of Biofuels in Latin America and the Caribbean”

by Thomas N. Thompson  (Biofuels Digest/U.S. Maritime Administration (MARAD), Washington)  … This superb collection of essays shows that Latin America is emerging as a major global producer of biofuels as countries

February 16, 2015 Read Full Article

A Biofuel Debate: Will Cutting Trees Cut Carbon?

by Eduardo Porter (The New York Times)  Does combating climate change require burning the world’s forests and crops for fuel? … Absent a big increase in bioenergy supplies, the climate

February 11, 2015 Read Full Article

Report Based on False Assumption of Either-Or Land Use Approach

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  In the World Resources Institute (WRI) working paper, “Avoiding Bioenergy Competition for Food Crops and Land,” the authors work off the assumption that land-use decisions

February 8, 2015 Read Full Article

In Major Shift, Obama Administration Will Plan for Rising Seas in All Federal Projects

by Juliet Eilperin (The Washington Post)   President Obama issued an executive order Friday directing federal agencies to adopt stricter building and siting standards to reflect scientific projections that future flooding

February 6, 2015 Read Full Article

World Resources Institute Wrong About Biofuels Impact on Land Use and the Environment

(Renewable Fuels Association)  Today (January 30, 2015), the Global Renewable Fuels Alliance (GRFA) criticized a new report by World Resources Institute (WRI) for its false data on the environmental and

February 6, 2015 Read Full Article

To Avoid Worst Consequences of Climate Change, Solutions Must Include Land Use Sector

(Union of Concerned Scientists)  A report from the Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) finds that reducing emissions from the land sector must be part of a global climate solution in

February 6, 2015 Read Full Article

In Colombia, a Palm Oil Boom with Roots in Conflict

by Nick Miroff (The Washington Post)  Long before the massacre, when Mapiripan was just a faraway little place not worth fighting for, Aida Gordilla and her family came to the

December 31, 2014 Read Full Article

West Sacramento Says No to Ethanol Trains

by Tony Bizjak  (Sacramento Bee)  The city of West Sacramento and a Texas-based gasoline company are battling over whether it’s riskier to ship large amounts of ethanol through city streets

December 23, 2014 Read Full Article

Balancing Birds and Biofuels: Grasslands Support More Species than Cornfields

by Kelly April Tyrrell (University of Wisconsin-Madison)  In Wisconsin, bioenergy is for the birds. Really.  In a study published today in the journal PLOS ONE, University of Wisconsin-Madison and Wisconsin

October 17, 2014 Read Full Article

New Report Sheds Light on the Old "Food Vs. Fuel" Bioenergy Debate

by Jennifer Runyon (RenewableEnergyWorld.com) There was never any conflict between using corn for food or for ethanol since corn growers send

October 14, 2014 Read Full Article

Fighting Va. Flooding Linked to Rising Seas Will Be Complicated, Costly

by Rex Springston (Richmond Times-Dispatch) Panel assessing rising seas holds first meeting, discusses action plan Col. Paul B. Olsen, commander of

September 8, 2014 Read Full Article

USDA Provides $328 Million to Conserve Wetlands and Farmland, Boost Economy

(US Department of Agriculture)  Farm Bill program will benefit wildlife and outdoor recreation activity in California Bay Delta Region, Mississippi,

September 8, 2014 Read Full Article

How Two Small New York Towns Have Shaken up the National Fight over Fracking

by Steven Mufson (The Washington Post)  The multibillion-dollar Anschutz Exploration Corp., which helped make its founder, Philip Anschutz, one of the

July 3, 2014 Read Full Article

Proposals for a Reform of the Renewable Energy Directive to a Renewable Energy and Materials Directive (REMD)

by Michael Carus, Lara Dammer, Andreas Hermann and Roland Essel (nova-Institute)  nova-paper #4 “Proposals for a Reform of the Renewable

June 2, 2014 Read Full Article

Using Less Corn Ethanol Reduces Greenhouse Gas Emissions

(Environmental Working Group)  The Environmental Protection Agency’s pending proposal to cut the amount of corn ethanol that must be blended

May 29, 2014 Read Full Article

The Renewable Fuel Standard and Consumer Food Prices

by John M. Urbanchuk (ABF Economics, Agriculture and Biofuels Consulting, LLP)  The impact of biofuel production mandated by the Renewable Fuel

April 14, 2014 Read Full Article

25x'25 Welcomes IPCC Recognition of Renewables in Mitigating Climate Change

(25 x ’25) The 25x’25 Alliance welcomes the recognition by an Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change work group report released

April 14, 2014 Read Full Article

Climate Data Initiative Launches with Strong Public and Private Sector Commitments

by John Podesta, Dr. John P. Holdren  (White House)  … Rising seas threaten our coastlines. Dry regions are at higher risk of

March 19, 2014 Read Full Article

ILUC and the Renewable Fuel Standard: Hard Data Appears for the First Time

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  After six years of debate — finally a database appears on actual indirect land use

February 24, 2014 Read Full Article

Some Good News for a Change: Why The Farm Bill Is a Big Win for Biofuels and Biorefineries

by Brent Erickson (Biotechnology Industry Organization/Biofuels Digest)  … The true good news is that the Senate conferees prevailed in getting $881

February 20, 2014 Read Full Article

Give Me a Renewable Future

by Bob Dinneen (Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Ethanol enhances America’s economy by creating jobs, raising the GDP, increasing incomes

February 18, 2014 Read Full Article

Changes in Land Use Promotes Biodiversity

(University of Bern, Switzerland)  If grassland used intensively, biodiversity decreases. Particularly affected are rare species, a new study headed by

December 30, 2013 Read Full Article

Time for Rebranding: We Are Protein Producers!

by Rob Vierhout (ePURE/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  At the yearly F.O.Licht’s World Ethanol Conference, two speakers spoke about ethanol as a coproduct,

December 26, 2013 Read Full Article

Universities Receive $10M to Study Biofuels

by Martiin Kidston (Missoulian)  If 1 ton of woody debris can produce 50 gallons of fuel, how many gallons of

December 26, 2013 Read Full Article

EU Biofuel Supply Chain Associations Reject European Council Proposal

by Sean Bartlett(Platts)  A European Council proposal to amend the Renewable Energy Directive will fail to realize EU targets for

December 11, 2013 Read Full Article

Financiers of Palm Oil Must Stop Deforestation and Illegal Activity

(Friends of the Earth Europe)  Illegal and harmful production of palm oil in Indonesia is continuing, reveals a new report

November 27, 2013 Read Full Article

Researchers Warn Against High Emissions from Oil Palm Expansion in Brazil

(Science Daily)  Expanding millions of hectares of Brazilian land to produce palm oil for food or for renewable, clean-burning biodiesel

November 20, 2013 Read Full Article

HLPE Refuses to Release Sources of Funding for Report: GRFA

(Global Renewable Fuels Alliance)  As the Committee on World Food Security’s (CFS) annual Plenary gets underway in Rome, the Global

October 30, 2013 Read Full Article

Biodiversity Risks from Fossil Fuel Extraction

N. Butt, H. L. Beyer, J. R. Bennett, D. Biggs, R. Maggini, M. Mills, A. R. Renwick, L. M. Seabrook,

October 29, 2013 Read Full Article

Zimbabwe: Clashes At Chisumbanje Ethanol Plant 'Politically Motivated'

by Tererai Karimakwenda (AllAfrica.com/SW Radio Africa (London))    New clashes between local villagers and the police in the Nyamukwakwa area

September 9, 2013 Read Full Article

Biofuels and the Straw Man

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …ActionAid UK released a report this week focusing on the story of Addax Biofuels in

September 4, 2013 Read Full Article

Africa: Securing Africa's Land for Shared Prosperity

by Makhtar Diop (AllAfrica)  Few development challenges in Africa are as pressing and controversial as land ownership and its persistent

July 22, 2013 Read Full Article

Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining Special Issue — Biomass Futures: Estimating the Sustainable Biomass Role for Meeting the 2020 Targets and Beyond

(Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining)  The Renewable Energy Directive (RED) has set a general binding target for the European Union to

May 23, 2013 Read Full Article

WBA: Enough Land for More Food, Feed, Biofuels

by Anna Simet (Biomass Magazine)  There is enough land available to produce more food, more feed and more biofuels, which

March 29, 2013 Read Full Article

Council for Agricultural Science and Technology Paper Says 2050 Food, Fuel Needs Can Be Met

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The world will be capable of meeting its needs for food, fuel and

March 25, 2013 Read Full Article

BP Biofuels: Time for “The Really Hard Yards” in Biofuels Commercialization

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  At World Biofuels Markets, BP CEO Phil New delivered a keynote speech which attempted to

March 14, 2013 Read Full Article

Myths and Facts about Bioenergy in Africa

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In the Netherlands, PANGEA (Partners for Euro African Green Energy) is launching today a booklet

March 12, 2013 Read Full Article

REA Welcomes Ed Davey’s Support for Biofuels in Europe

by Robin Whitlock  (Renewable Energy Magazine)  …The Renewable Energy Association (REA) has welcomed Energy Secretary Ed Davey’s stance on biofuels at the European

March 5, 2013 Read Full Article

Estimates Reduce Amount of Additional Land Available for Biofuel Production

(American Chemical Society)   Amid efforts to expand production of biofuels, scientists are reporting new estimates that downgrade the amount

February 28, 2013 Read Full Article

Historical Studies Confirm the Existence of Indirect Emissions from Biofuels

(EurActiv.com)  Biofuels made from food crops indirectly generate net emissions of greenhouse gases in the future, confirm the preliminary results

February 26, 2013 Read Full Article

Australia at the Crossroads – Import or Export Aviation Biofuels?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As journalists, at the Digest our job is to ask the 7 Questions. Who, What,

February 26, 2013 Read Full Article

In a World Hungry for Biofuels, Food Security Must Come First

by Olivier De Schutter (The Guardian)  …The new starting point should be to put food security first. Globally, 25% of land

October 26, 2012 Read Full Article

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brackish water Brassica Brazil breweries British Columbia broker brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses Business/General Aviation Business and Industry Program (B&I) business law business resources butadiene Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butanol emissions butyl acetate butyric acid c C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap-and-invest cap-and-trade carbohydrates carbon carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon tax carbon tax-and-dividend Carbon tax border adjustments carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose Cellulosic/Biomass Hydrogen cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program Certificates of Origin (COs) certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 chemical-looping hydrogen method Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel Clean clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot coco cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel Cook Islands cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel diesel with renewables diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E75 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour Education Series 3030 EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylbenzene ethylene ethyl levulinate (EL) ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleet turnover fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia games gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawai'i hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrids Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogen aircraft hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land 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macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol fuel cells methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National 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nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil/gas terminals oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine needles pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass podcasts Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyethylene polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R5 R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD10 RD20 RD30 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Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw/paddy straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy scooters Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications Spent Bleaching Earth Oil (SBEO) sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) subsid succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas/gas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane/e-methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree tamanu/nyamplung Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics Thermal catalytic depolymerization (TCD) thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction totai Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy travel travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale truck trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volatile fatty acids (VFA) volunteers Vulcanol w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment wax weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsin women Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene 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