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Commission Approves €3 Billion German State Aid Scheme to Support the Development of Hydrogen Core Network

(European Commission) The European Commission has approved, under EU State aid rules, an estimated €3 billion German scheme to support the construction of the Hydrogen Core Network (‘HCN'). The measure will contribute to the achievement of the objectives of the EU Hydrogen Strategy and 'Fit for

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ACWA Power and Tunisian Government Sign MOU for Major Green Hydrogen Project

(ACWA Power)  - ACWA Power to explore the development of major green hydrogen project with a first phase of a capacity of 200,000 tonnes per year powered by 4GW of renewable energy.   - Tunisia is envisioned as a central node for green hydrogen

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South Dakota Could Soon Regulate Hydrogen Pipelines, Same as Carbon

by Dominik Dausch  (Sioux Falls Argus Leader)  Just as the South Dakota's Governor's Office of 2009 foresaw the need for carbon dioxide pipelines to come under the purview of state regulators, so too did this year's legislative body decide the same for

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In this presentation, we explored the challenges faced by global hydrogen producers in shifting towards low carbon hydrogen — new technologies for green hydrogen, new carbon capture opportunities to make blue hydrogen, and much more, including

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Denmark’s 1GW Green Hydrogen Production Facility Receives Important Environmental Approval from Authorities

(H2 Energy Europe)  The approval is a key step in establishing an European hydrogen industry, ensuring its safety and benefits to the local community -- H2 Energy Europe announces that it has received environmental approval for its large-scale green hydrogen production

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Green Hydrogen: Italy Planning Pipeline Project with Morocco

(North Africa Post) The Italian government has agreed to finance a feasibility study for building a pipeline destined to transport green hydrogen from Morocco to the European country. This ambitious project has been disclosed lately by Italian MP Debora Serracchiani of the

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How Hydrogen Could Fuel a Net-Zero Future

by Tammy Klein (Transport Energy Strategies) ... Hydrogen has a 300% higher energy content than gasoline, is harnessed by our sun to create life-giving heat and light, and when used in fuel cells, the only ‘waste’ it produces is water. So it’s no surprise

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Energy Groups Launch Two Green Hydrogen Projects in Italy

by Francesca Landini (Reuters)   Four energy companies announced on Tuesday two separate green hydrogen projects in Italy as they move to offer clean fuels to their customers and take advantage of money coming from the European Union's post-pandemic recovery fund. Italian gas

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With Pipeline Growth Booming, the US Agency in Charge of Safety Struggles to Keep up

by Jacob Fischler (Wisconsin Examiner) The pipeline industry added thousands of miles of natural gas, crude oil and carbon dioxide pipelines to the national network in recent years. But the federal regulatory agency responsible for ensuring that vast system’s safety failed

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Hydrogen: A Fuel Carrier for Heavy-Duty Commercial Land, Maritime and Aviation Vehicles, and Energy Storage

by Buff Lopez (Cleantech Group) ... Increased penetration of low-carbon hydrogen could play a significant role in industrial grid-load shifting and heavy-industry decarbonization. Low-carbon hydrogen (hydrogen with up to 80% carbon emissions reduction) could displace 94 Mt of grey hydrogen currently

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ARENA Funding for WA Renewable Hydrogen Study

(Australian Renewable Energy Agency) One of Australia’s largest energy infrastructure businesses and one of Western Australia’s largest chemical manufacturing companies are set to investigate producing and transporting renewable hydrogen through an existing natural gas pipeline south of Perth, in a new

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NZTC Secures £200,000 Funding to Accelerate UK-German Hydrogen Export Opportunity

(Net Zero Technology Center) • £200,000 awarded from Scottish Government to demonstrate hydrogen export opportunity from Scotland to Germany  Research will bring together key learnings from NZTC’s Hydrogen Backbone Link project and other major North Sea infrastructure initiatives such as AquaVentus’s ‘AquaDuctus’ initiative  German hydrogen demand

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Sembcorp and Indonesia’s Persero Sign Joint Development Study Agreement on Green Hydrogen Production and Export

by Felicia Tan (The Edge Singapore)   Sembcorp Industries’ wholly-owned subsidiary, Sembcorp Utilities, has signed a joint development study with Indonesian-state-owned utility company PT PLN (Persero) at the Singapore International Energy Week 2023. Witnessed by Rachmat Kaimuddin, the Indonesian deputy coordinating

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Lhyfe and Thevenin & Ducrot (AVIA) to Build a Green and Renewable Hydrogen Production Site and a Multi-Energy Filling Station in Bussy-Saint-Georges (Greater Paris)

(Lhyfe)  • This site will be the biggest green and renewable hydrogen production site in eastern Ile de France (production capacity of two tonnes per day and installed capacity of 5MW) and the first in the region to offer hydrogen delivery

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EU's Push on Hydrogen Infrastructure Alarms Green Groups

by John Ainger and Samuel Stolton (Bloomberg/Windsor Star) The European Union is backing its commitment to spur a nascent hydrogen market in the region by unlocking billions of euros of funding for cross-border infrastructure projects, a move environmental groups fear could

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Repsol Begins Producing Renewable Hydrogen at Petronor

(Repsol) • Repsol has started up its first electrolyzer at the Petronor industrial center (Biscay, Spain). With an investment of 11 million euros, this renewable hydrogen has an industrial use in the refinery itself, reducing the carbon footprint of the products. The

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Biden-Harris Administration Announces $7 Billion For America’s First Clean Hydrogen Hubs, Driving Clean Manufacturing and Delivering New Economic Opportunities Nationwide

(U.S. Department of Energy) President Biden’s Investing in America Agenda Drives $50 Billion in Public-Private Sector Investment to Jumpstart America’s Clean Hydrogen Economy; Seven Clean Hydrogen Hubs Will Create Tens of Thousands of High-Quality Jobs, Strengthen the Nation’s Energy Security, and

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Here’s the State of Hydrogen presentation from the ABLC CONNECT series episode.The Value Stack, planned capacity, mandates, incentives, major players and their recent activities, pathways, mandates around the world, molecules, and markets. It’s a comprehensive but

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Ireland Unveils Its National Hydrogen Strategy

(William Fry) The Irish government yesterday published the National Hydrogen Strategy (the Strategy), which is the latest policy document identifying its long-term strategic vision towards decarbonising the economy, enhancing the country’s energy security and creating industrial and market opportunities. The Strategy envisions Ireland

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Offshore Hydrogen Production on a New Scale: HOPE Project and its Consortium Selected for a €20 Million European Commission Grant

(Lhyfe)  The HOPE (Hydrogen Offshore Production for Europe) project is being coordinated by Lhyfe (France) and implemented by eight European partners: Alfa Laval (Denmark), Plug (the Netherlands), Strohm (the Netherlands), EDP NEW (Portugal), ERM (France), CEA (France), POM-West-Vlaanderen (Belgium) and

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Germany, Italy Support New Hydrogen-Ready Pipeline Project

by Rachel More and Francesca Landini (Reuters)  German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said on Thursday he is pleased that Italy and Germany have agreed to push ahead with work on the construction of a pipeline to transport gas and hydrogen between the

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Federal Hydrogen Program Is Cutting Out Local Groups, Threatening Climate Goals, Advocates Say

by Nicholas Kusnetz (Inside Climate News) Environmental groups sent a letter to Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm warning that a lack of transparency in an $8 billion clean hydrogen program leaves communities “entirely in the dark.” --As a key piece of

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Can We Replace All Crude Oil within 20 Years with Cellulosic Liquid Hydrocarbons?

by Charles Forsberg and Bruce Dale (Biofuels Digest)  In the United States, crude oil products provide 48% of the total energy to the final customer: residential, commercial, industrial and transportation. Replacement of crude oil products (gasoline, diesel, jet fuel, chemical feed

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Air Products Announces Plan to Build the First Commercial-Scale Hydrogen Refueling Station in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada

(Air Products/PR Newswire) The state-of-the-art, high-capacity station will be built near Air Products' New Net-Zero Hydrogen Energy Complex -- Air Products (NYSE: APD), the world's largest producer of hydrogen and a first-mover in energy transition projects, today announced plans to build a

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Climate Change: Sinopec’s Parent to Build China’s First Long-Distance Hydrogen Pipeline to Boost Green Fuel Usage

by Eric Ng (South China Morning Post) The ‘west-to-east’ demonstration pipeline will stretch over 400km from Inner Mongolia to Beijing, according to China Petrochemical Corp; The project will greatly lower the transport cost of hydrogen, the key barrier to faster

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HyVelocity Gulf Coast Hydrogen Hub applies for U.S. Department of Energy “Regional Clean Hydrogen Hub Funding”

(American Journal of Transportation)  Today, the HyVelocity Hub team announced that it has applied for funding from the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) $8 billion Regional Clean Hydrogen Hubs to rapidly scale clean hydrogen supply and demand along the U.S.

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NIS to Produce Green, Blue Hydrogen Near Its Refinery in Northeast Serbia

(Balkan Green Energy News) Serbian oil and gas company NIS has extended the public call for the design and technical documentation development for the construction of a hydrogen production plant near the Elemir refinery near Zrenjanin. With the production of green

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Study Sees Potential for Huge North Sea Hydrogen Pipelines

by Vera Eckert (Reuters) Costs for tapping offshore wind for hydrogen seen viable; North Sea-bordering countries would gain from joint plan; Local ventures would cut costs, avoid import dependency Investments of between 15 and 22 billion euros ($15.92-$23.36 billion) could buy

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CO2 Pipeline Build-out Generates Bipartisan House Interest

by Jeremy Dillon (E&E News/Politico Pro)  Lawmakers on a House panel found some consensus Wednesday on the operation and safety of carbon dioxide pipelines, as Congress seeks to reauthorize the agency responsible for the nation's pipeline network. The bipartisan interest at a

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Is Hydrogen Really a Clean Enough Fuel to Tackle the Climate Crisis?

by Nina Lakhni (The Guardian) Backers say hydrogen projects should be first in line for almost $26bn in US taxpayer money – but should we believe the hype? ... It’s already used for rocket fuel, but it is now being pushed

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the Nexus of Hydrogen, Wind and Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Wind, Hydrogen and Fuels — they have a lot of cross impact, not just in the area of eFuels. Projects like Grön Fuels in Louisiana, and Gevo’s Net Zero One in South Dakota are showing

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Nine EU Countries Want Low-Carbon Hydrogen Included in Bloc’s Renewables Goals

by Paul Messad (EURACTIV France)  Nine EU member states, including France, have called on the European Commission to include low-carbon hydrogen – produced from nuclear electricity – in the EU’s renewable hydrogen targets. France, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Slovenia, Croatia, Slovakia, Hungary

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Masdar Signs Agreement to Explore Exporting Green Hydrogen from Abu Dhabi to Europe

(Masdar News) • Memorandum of Understanding signed with four Dutch companies – Port of Amsterdam, SkyNRG, Evos Amsterdam, and Zenith Energy – related to development of green hydrogen supply chain through Amsterdam • Green hydrogen could be used for sustainable aviation fuel,

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Hydrogen in Pipelines: A 'Dangerous Experiment?'

by David Ioconangelo (E&E News/Politico Pro) A new report says that clean hydrogen isn't safe if used in gas pipelines. The industry disagrees.  The Biden administration's support for "clean" hydrogen is igniting a debate about how the fuel would be

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Ag Policy Blog: Carbon Pipelines Projects Face Permit Hearings, Litigation and Legislation

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) 2023 will shape up as a major year in the permitting and development of carbon pipelines across the Midwest and Plains states. The Minnesota and South Dakota Public Utilities Commissions each this week will examine the

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German Pipeline Firms Say They Will 'Make Hydrogen Happen' in 2025

by Vera Eckert (Reuters) Germany's Gascade, Ontras and terranets have agreed to convert high-pressure gas pipelines to transport low-carbon hydrogen from the Baltic Sea all the way the south of the country by 2025, the companies said on Thursday. The three pipeline

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Manchester Airport on Track to Be First in UK with Direct Hydrogen Fuel Pipeline, Thanks to Landmark Partnership with HyNet

(Manchester Airport Group) UK’s third largest airport and leading decarbonisation cluster create partnership to take forward plans to make hydrogen-fuelled flying a reality. · Pipeline would make Manchester Airport the first in the UK to secure a direct supply of hydrogen

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Pipelines Are Fundamental for Reaching Climate Goals.

(ClearPath) If the U.S. wants to reach its emissions reduction goals, a diverse mix of energy solutions is needed – including hydrogen and carbon capture. However, we’ll need a huge buildout of pipeline infrastructure to get that hydrogen and captured

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States Are Vying for Money to Start ‘Hydrogen Hubs.’ What Are They?

by Robert Zullo (Wisconsin Examiner) Across the country, states are inking agreements with neighbors or striking out on their own to pursue billions in federal funding to set up “hydrogen hubs,” clustered centers for production, storage and use of the gas

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Renewable Diesel & SAF Roundup

(Biomass Magazine) U.S. renewable diesel capacity continues to rapidly expand and is poised to surpass operating biodiesel capacity, according to data released by the U.S. Energy Information Administration on Sept. 30. Biodiesel capacity fell to 2.089 billion gallons in July, down 126

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Repurposing Gas Infrastructure for Hydrogen - Dream or Reality?

by Hooman Haghighi and Adam Cooper (Wood)  ...  Low-carbon hydrogen has a significant role to play in supporting the UK gas grid to decarbonise. “Electrify where possible” is broadly recognised through industry as one of the most effective methods to

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SoCalGas and the University of California, Irvine Announce Hydrogen Blending Project to Promote Clean Energy and Resiliency Goals

(Electric Energy Online) Project would build upon prior research to blend electrolytic hydrogen into existing pipelines  --   Southern California Gas Co. (SoCalGas) and the University of California, Irvine (UCI) today (Sept 9) announced a proposed collaboration to demonstrate how electrolytic hydrogen can be

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Siemens Energy and Air Liquide Form a Joint Venture for the European Production of Large Scale Renewable Hydrogen Electrolyzers

(Siemens Energy) Siemens Energy and Air Liquide announce the creation of a joint venture dedicated to the series production of industrial scale renewable hydrogen electrolyzers in Europe. With two of the global leading companies in their field combining their expertise,

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Leaders Offer Policy, DOE Hydrogen Hub Updates at Inaugural California Hydrogen Leadership Summit

(Advanced Clean Tech News/GNA) Hydrogen is heating up as a policy topic, as evidenced by the project updates, new bills, and solutions offered by elected leaders, industry leaders, and the more than 350 attendees at the 2022 California Hydrogen Leadership Summit, which

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Which Producers Are Leading the Sustainable Aviation Fuel Race?

by Linnea Ahlgren (Simple Flying) While the landscape is evolving, these are the current front-runners in an industry predicted to make billions of dollars in the coming years. ... Neste At the front of the pack is fuel producer Neste. The company's product made

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Airports Need to Get Hydrogen Ready Now to Land Net Zero Targets According to Research by Jacobs

by Robin Whitlock (Renewable Energy Magazine)  Airport owners and operators need to plan for the delivery and storage of hydrogen now if they are to be ready to fuel hydrogen-powered aircraft by 2035 according to new research by engineering group

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Hydrogen at Risk of Being the Great Missed Opportunity of the Energy Transition: Hydrogen Forecast to 2050

(DNV) Hydrogen has a crucial role in decarbonizing the world’s energy system, but uptake will be too slow. Governments need to make urgent, significant policy interventions, according to a new report by DNV. In Hydrogen Forecast to 2050, DNV predicts the amount of

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Futurist: Battery-Electric Trucks Are a 'Fantasy'

by Josh Fisher (Fleet Owner) BEVs could have their day, but if the industry’s focus is on decarbonization, fuel cells are trucking’s future, according to a transportation futurist, who laid out the case for hydrogen. That's an argument also backed

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German Industry Calls for 10 GW, EUR 10 Billion Push for Offshore Green Hydrogen Production

by Adrijana Buljan (Offshore Wind Biz) Eight associations and networks in Germany, through a joint initiative called Offshore-Wind-H2-Eight (Offshore-Wind-H2-Achter), have called for bigger and concrete steps in bringing hydrogen production at sea, powered by offshore wind, to a more significant spot

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Lhyfe Receives Approval from Schwäbisch Gmünd Municipal Council (Germany) to Develop Local Hydrogen ecosystem

(Lhyfe) Lhyfe, a world pioneer and independant pure player in renewable green hydrogen (Euronext: LHYFE), has received approval from the city of Schwäbisch Gmünd (Baden-Württemberg) to start construction of its plant on an industrial site of about 10,000 m2. A production

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The Port of Rotterdam Authority Accelerates the Reduction of Its Own Carbon Emissions

(Port of Rotterdam) ... To this end, the Port Authority will ensure that all its vessels will switch completely to biofuel in the short term, and it has the ambition that from 2025 new vessels will be emission-free. The Port Authority also

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Miracle Fuel Hydrogen Can Actually Make Climate Change Worse

by David R Baker (Bloomberg)  If it escapes into the air, this green fuel can contribute to global warming — which is why scientists say we need to limit leaks. --  A world desperate for a climate-friendly fuel is pinning its hopes

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The Myth of Hydrogen for Export

(Spitfire Research)  There is a popular myth in the marketplace of ideas at the moment:  the notion that hydrogen will become a way to export renewable electricity in a decarbonized future, from places with an excess of renewable electricity, to

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ZeroAvia Makes Major Strides in Hydrogen Refueling with Shell Collaboration and Airport Pipeline Launch

(ZeroAvia) • The two companies have signed an MOU to develop a compressed, low-carbon hydrogen supply for ZeroAvia's California facilities and power flight testing Collaboration comes as ZeroAvia also unveils Europe's first landside-to-airside hydrogen airport pipeline at its UK R&D facility Equilon Enterprises LLC

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Hydrogen Fuel Network Trial Gets Underway with INEOS at Grangemouth

(INEOS)  •  INEOS are taking part in a project with SGN to bring hydrogen distribution networks a step closer to reality in the UK. Hydrogen supplied from the Grangemouth site in Scotland to the SGN project will help determine how

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Air Products Teaming Up with World Energy to Build $2 Billion Conversion of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Production Facility in Southern California

(Air Products)  Site is World’s First and North America’s Only Commercial-Scale SAF Production Facility; World Energy SAF Expansion to Serve Growing Carbon-Net-Zero Aviation Markets; Project includes New Hydrogen Plant, and Extension and Capacity Increase of Air Products’ Existing Southern California

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BP Gets Government Funding for Kwinana Hydrogen Hub -- Former Oil Refinery Will Produce Hydrogen and Renewable Fuels

by Naomi Klinge (Upstream Energy Explored) Australia has awarded A$70 million (US$52 million) to BP to fund a green hydrogen hub at its Kwinana site in Western Australia as the UK supermajor converts the former oil refinery into a renewables project. Australia

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SwRI Adds Capability for Testing Hydrogen and Natural Gas Blends

(Southwest Research Institute) Southwest Research Institute has upgraded its test equipment to allow for testing the effects of transporting natural gas and hydrogen blends in the same pipeline. The latest capability will help clients research hydrogen-based solutions to understand if infrastructure

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World’s Largest Green Hydrogen Project Unveiled in Texas, with Plan to Produce Clean Rocket Fuel for Elon Musk

by Leigh Collins (ReCharge)  The 60GW Hydrogen City project, announced by local start-up Green Hydrogen International, will be powered by wind and solar, with an on-site salt cavern for H2 storage  --  US start-up Green Hydrogen International (GHI) has announced a 60GW

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FERC Puts Climate in the Pipeline

by Matthew Choi (Politico's Morning Energy)  FERC voted on party lines Thursday to include environmental considerations when approving pipeline permits, fulfilling the aspirations of Chair Rich Glick over the objections of Republican commissioners and lawmakers. The commission will now look at

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thyssenkrupp to Install 200 MW Green Hydrogen Facility for Shell in Port of Rotterdam

(thyssenkrupp) thyssenkrupp Uhde Chlorine Engineers has signed a supply contract with Shell for the large-scale project ‘Hydrogen Holland I’ in the port of Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Under the contract, thyssenkrupp Uhde Chlorine Engineers will engineer, procure and fabricate a 200 MW

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Decarbonizing Medium & Heavy-Duty Fleets | Episode 32

by John Eichberger and Kimberly Okafor (Fuels Institute and Trillium/Love's respectively)  As the world works to decarbonize the transportation energy sector, headlines tend to focus on the light-duty vehicle market. In reality, medium and heavy-duty trucks represent less than 10%

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Cooperation Uniper and Port of Rotterdam Authority in Production Green Hydrogen

(Uniper) Energy company Uniper and the Port of Rotterdam Authority have entered into an agreement for developing the production of green hydrogen at the Uniper location on Maasvlakte. These plans build on the findings of a recent feasibility study and are

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The Oil Industry’s Bright Green Energy Future

by Mike Newman (Parhelion Underwriting) The Oil industry is under pressure on many fronts in the climate change era and faces an existential threat from alternative, renewable sources of energy – but the industry is also best-positioned to win the

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Green Hydrogen: EW Höfe, Alpiq and SOCAR Energy Switzerland Mark a New Milestone

(Alpiq/Electric Energy Online) Alpiq, EW Höfe and SOCAR Energy Switzerland are planning to build an electrolysis plant with a capacity of up to 10 MW in Freienbach (SZ). The commissioning of the plant is scheduled to start at the end

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co-products CO2 neutral fuels CO2Removal Certificates (CORCs) coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) Coast Guard coastal habitat conservation coastal hay cobalt cock's foot coco coco methyl ester (CME) cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold flow cold-tolerance college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning commo Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement/engagement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression ratios compression-ignition engine computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology Cook Islands cook stoves cooking fuel cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 COP28 COP30 copper coppice cordgrass corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate formic acid fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol benefits methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring/measuring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety 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Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota North Korea Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory Northwest Territories Norwary Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course owa oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil Palm Oil Methyl Ester (PME) palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm trunk sap palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peach shell peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellet pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests pet food petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot pilot scale pine pine beetle pine needles pine nut pineapple pinion Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Admin (PHMSA) pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet platinum Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poand podcasts Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyethylene polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propane/renewable propane pumps propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam 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Repowering Assistance Program Republic of Congo repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment Reverse Water-gas Shift RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island rhododendron Ricardo rice rice bran rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw/paddy straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) RNG tax credit roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rosin rotation crops royalties RP-1 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rubber seeds rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program rushes Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass rye straw s saccharification SAF pipeline SAF10 SAF30 SAF40 Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC sal tree Salicornia salt water salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar Samoa Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy scooters Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater seaweed cultivation Seaweed/Macroalgae second-generation biofuel income tax credit Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed husks seed-to-wheel Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shellfish shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silage silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore Singpore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration Small Business Innovatin 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