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Universal Hydrogen Shuts Down After Running Out Of Funds

by Justin Foster (Simply Flying) Universal Hydrogen closed due to lack of funding and a failed merger; The company aimed to develop hydrogen-powered flight but faced infrastructure challenges; Despite achieving a hydrogen-powered flight in 2023, the company couldn't secure further financing. On Thursday, June

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Fokker Next Gen Partners with airBaltic on New Liquid Hydrogen Powered Commercial Aircraft

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir)  Latvian national airline airBaltic has partnered with Netherlands-based Fokker Next Gen to help develop a new liquid hydrogen powered commercial aircraft, to be manufactured at sites in both countries. The companies have signed a MoU through which

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Collaboration between Port of Rotterdam Authority and Rotterdam The Hague Airport for More Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Port of Rotterdam)  On the first day of the World Hydrogen Summit in Ahoy Rotterdam, Rotterdam The Hague Airport and the Port of Rotterdam Authority signed a letter of intent for the further development of supply chains for sustainable fuels, such

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6 Hydrogen-Powered Aircraft that Are Hitting the Skies Soon, from a Flying Car to a Private Jet

by Dan Sloat (Robb Report) These H2eVTOLs are just concepts at this point, but they're coming. And they have the potential to help make aviation emissions free. -- Hydrogen propulsion aviation is evolving faster than expected. H2eVTOLs, as they’re known, have significant

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EasyJet Joins Calls for UK Government to Help Fund Hydrogen-Powered Flight

by Gwyn Topham (The Guardian) Carrier says technology could be a reality by end of the next decade, as it launches a base in Birmingham -- EasyJet has joined aerospace manufacturers in urging the government to help fund hydrogen-powered flight, as the

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Glasgow Airport Hydrogen Hub to Support Zero-Emission Flight by 2027

(Glasgow Airport) Attendees at the Glasgow Airport Hydrogen Innovation Hub summit held yesterday (Thursday 8 February 2024) heard that the infrastructure needed to support zero-emission flight could be in place as early as 2027. The first-of-its-kind aviation hydrogen summit, held at the

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Swiss Adventurer Bertrand Piccard Announces Nonstop, Round-the-World Hydrogen Flight

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online)  Swiss adventurer and climate activist Bertrand Piccard, who has circumnavigated the world in both a balloon and a solar powered plane, has announced plans for a third epic flight, this time aboard a purpose-built aircraft powered

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Hydrogen to Be a Potential Enabler to Singapore’s Aviation Decarbonisation

(Airbus) The Singapore Hydrogen Cooperation Committee sees hydrogen fuel playing a potential role in the state’s aviation decarbonisation journey.  The working group was formed following the signing of the Cooperation Agreement by Airbus, Changi Airport Group, Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS),

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Boeing and the Journey to SAF at Scale

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Boeing Regional Director for Sustainability Dale Smith gave this illuminating presentation at ABLC NEXT 2023 in Washington, DC examining global emissions, the rise of SAF in the context of other emissions-limiting measures, and the progress and

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Safran and Partners Test Aircraft Turboprop Hydrogen Engines

by Charles Alcock (AIN Online)  BeautHyFuel project has received French government funding -- Safran and its partner Turbotech have reported progress in their efforts to develop hydrogen-powered turboprop engines for the general aviation market. Last month, the French companies ground-tested a hydrogen-fueled

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Nordic Aviation Stakeholders to Push Hydrogen Power

(Bioenergy International)  A consortium of Nordic aviation stakeholders including Airbus, Avinor, SAS, Swedavia, and energy utility major Vattenfall AB, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to investigate the feasibility of a hydrogen infrastructure at airports in Sweden and Norway. According to

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ZeroAvia Is Exploring Cryo-compressed Hydrogen to Produce Longer-Range Planes

by Scooter Doll (electrek) Hydrogen-electric plane aviation technology developer ZeroAvia is exploring a form of energy-dense fuel to develop aircraft that can refuel faster and potentially fly farther. The company has signed a memorandum of understanding with hydrogen tech startup Verne to co-develop

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ZeroAvia and ScottishPower Team up to Advance Hydrogen Airport Refuelling Plans

by Michael Holder (Business Green) Companies to explore potential to provide hydrogen refuelling services at Scottish airports  READ MORE Related articles ScottishPower makes hydrogen aviation pact: Partnership with ZeroAvia to explore developing green fuel at airports (ReNEWSBiz) ZeroAvia and ScottishPower to develop hydrogen supply to

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Rolls-Royce Sours on Electric Planes, Says Hydrogen Needs Time

by Siddharth Vikram Philip (Bloomberg)  Rolls-Royce Holdings Plc backed away from electric powered aircraft, with plans to put a business making such engines up for sale and said conventional propulsion will remain the mainstay possibly for the two decades as hydrogen takes

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Groundbreaking Transatlantic Flight Using Greener Fuel Lands in the US

by Katy Austin  (BBC)  The first transatlantic flight by a large passenger plane powered only by alternative fuels has landed in the US. Operated by Virgin Atlantic, it flew from London's Heathrow to New York's JFK airport. Airlines see the flight, which is

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Universal Hydrogen, Japan Airlines Co., Ltd., and JAL Engineering Co., Ltd. Sign Memorandum of Understanding to Bring Hydrogen-Powered Flight to Japan

(Universal Hydrogen/Business Wire)  Following the announcement in March 2023 of Universal Hydrogen’s collaboration in Japan to study green hydrogen supply and logistics solutions for Japanese airlines, the company today announced it has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Japan Airlines Co., Ltd. (JAL) and JAL Engineering Co.,

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Wizz Air UK Chief: Sustainable Aviation Fuel’s Journey to Affordability Will Be ‘Slow’

by Guy Taylor (City A.M.)  Wizz Air’s UK chief has warned it will be a “slow process” to make sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) affordable, tempering expectations for the substance that has become a key pillar of the sector’s route to decarbonise. Marion

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Australia Focuses on Emissions in Aviation Green Paper, as Qantas Ups SAF Commitments

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online)  The Australian government has prioritised decarbonisation of air transport in its newly-released Aviation Green Paper, ‘Towards 2050’ (AGP50), which lays the foundations for the nation’s aviation policy over the next decades. The document identifies key issues

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ZeroAvia and Universal Hydrogen Programmes Edge Closer to Certification

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) The transition to hydrogen-fuelled flights, initially on regional air routes, has received a double boost, with major milestones announced by two leading powertrain developers, ZeroAvia and Universal Hydrogen. Both companies are developing hydrogen propulsion systems to

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Loughborough University Supports Rolls-Royce Hydrogen Research Project with World Industry First

(Loughborough University) A Rolls-Royce hydrogen research project, supported by Loughborough University, has taken a huge step towards achieving net zero aviation. Today (Monday 25 September), the company announced achieving a new world industry first as they, alongside easyJet, look to lead in

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Airbus to Promote Use of Sustainable Aviation Fuels

by Zhu Wenqian (China Daily) France-headquartered aircraft manufacturer Airbus said China has the huge capability of producing sustainable aviation fuels, and it will continue to strengthen cooperation with Chinese suppliers to promote the use of SAF to contribute to the sustainable growth of

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How Aviation Can Cut Emissions by 2035 Using SAF and Existing Tech

by Jerome Bouchard and David Kaplan (Oliver Wyman/Forbes)  Aviation needs to address its greenhouse gas emissions problem, yet the conversation and investment around decarbonization too often focuses on the wrong technologies and the wrong date. The industry cannot wait until 2050 to

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Liebreich: 'Hydrogen Is Starting to Look Like an Economic Bubble — and Here’s Why'

by Leigh Collins (Hydrogen Insight) ... The use of clean hydrogen in a net-zero world would actually be limited, he (Michael Liebreich, founder of Bloomberg NEF) explained, by the physical properties of the gas; the sheer amount of renewable energy that

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Joby Subsidiary H2FLY Completes World’s First Piloted Flight of Liquid Hydrogen Powered Electric Aircraft

(Joby/Business Wire)  -H2FLY, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Joby Aviation, today announced the successful completion of the world’s first piloted flight of a liquid hydrogen-powered electric aircraft. H2FLY, acquired by Joby in 2021, continues to lead the industry on the development and testing of hydrogen

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Hydrogen in Aviation (HIA) Consortium Formed to Advance Zero Carbon Flight in the UK

(Military-Aerospace Electronics)  HIA aims to assist government and policymakers by mapping out infrastructure, regulatory and policy changes with the technological developments in carbon-free flying. A group of leading companies in the UK aviation and renewable energy sectors including easyJet, Rolls-Royce, Airbus, Ørsted,

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Hydrogen and Sustainable Aviation Fuel: Wizz Air’s Vision for the Future

by Miquel Ros (Aerotime Hub)  ... In June 2023, Wizz Air was awarded the title of ‘Most Sustainable Low-Cost Airline’ at the World Finance Sustainability Awards 2023 for the third year in a row.    The award follows other forms of recognition

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Airlines Can Eliminate up to 70% of Emissions by 2050, but Many Will Miss Their Net Zero Goals if Air Traffic Continues to Grow Faster than GDP

(Bain) New research from Bain & Company shows the cost of decarbonizing airlines will start increasing ticket prices by 2026, a trend likely to trim global demand --  A new study from Bain & Company reveals airlines can cut up to

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Running a Hydrogen Plane Could Be Cheaper than Traditional Aircraft by 2035

(Transport & Environment) Deploying hydrogen planes in Europe is economically feasible, new study shows, but must be supported by the right set of policies and incentives.  --   Hydrogen jets could be cheaper to run than fossil fuel planes from 2035

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ZeroAvia and Absolut Hydrogen Partner to Develop Liquid Hydrogen Refueling Infrastructure for Aircraft Operations

(Green Car Congress)  ZeroAvia and Absolut Hydrogen will jointly explore liquid hydrogen (LH2) production, storage and refueling at airports. The partners will work together to build and demonstrate liquefaction and liquid hydrogen storage in an airport context and ultimately explore the technology developments,

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Safran Boss Tells EU Commission SAF Mandates Are ‘Too Shy’

(AIN Online) Safran CEO Olivier Andriès has warned the European Commission that the region might fall behind the U.S. if it does not increase its incentives for airlines to use sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and for the oil industry to advance SAF

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How SAF Experimentation Is Fuelling Change for Military Operators

by Mark Pilling (Flight Global) Over the past six months, an Airbus Defence & Space A400M tactical transport, NH Industries NH90 multirole helicopter and a Eurofighter Typhoon have become the latest military aircraft to undertake test flights with sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). They

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Universal Hydrogen Announces Collaboration in Japan to Study Green Hydrogen Supply and Logistics Solutions for Japanese Airlines

(Universal Hydrogen/Business Wire) Universal Hydrogen Announces Collaboration in Japan to Study Green Hydrogen Supply and Logistics Solutions for Japanese Airlines; Collaboration between Universal Hydrogen, Sojitz Corporation, and Mitsubishi HC Capital Inc. to enable the use of hydrogen-powered aircraft by Japanese

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Rolls-Royce Says It Remains Committed to Sustainable Aviation Fuels

(Proactive Investors) Rolls-Royce Holdings PLC (LSE:RR.) has said it won’t alter its net zero plans, following a report which claimed sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) are not a viable solution to decarbonise air travel. “SAF remains a key part of our sustainability strategy,” a

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Universal Hydrogen Successfully Completes First Flight of Hydrogen Regional Airliner

(Universal Hydrogen/Business Wire) The flight is the largest hydrogen fuel cell powered airplane ever to take to the skies and largest airplane to cruise principally on hydrogen Universal Hydrogen Co., this morning flew a 40-passenger regional airliner using hydrogen fuel cell

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Sustainability Takes Centre Stage in Aviation

(Biofuels International) ... The responsibility of industry leaders and stakeholders to deal with these challenges was a major theme at last year’s World Aviation Festival in Amsterdam, and three emerging realities were highlighted as we move forward. The message of urgency

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Aviation Biofuel Would Need Half of UK Agricultural Land, Report Says

by Danny Halpin (The Independent)  The Royal Society said a portfolio of alternative fuels will be required to meet current passenger demand and achieve net zero.  -- Replacing jet fuel with biomass would require the UK to give up 50% of

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ZeroAvia, Shell, RHIA and Rotterdam The Hague Airport Advance Plans for Hydrogen-Electric Flights by 2025

(ZeroAvia) Zero-emission innovator, a global energy company, and Netherlands’ second city airport target green flights and decarbonising airport operations using hydrogen  ZeroAvia, the leader in developing zero-emission solutions for commercial aviation, today announced signing a collaboration agreement with Shell, Rotterdam The

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Heart, Embraer and Universal Hydrogen join Air New Zealand’s Zero-Emission Regional Aircraft Programme

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online)  Air New Zealand has named Heart Aerospace, Embraer and Universal Hydrogen as new partners in its Mission Next Generation Aircraft accelerator research programme to help identify low-or-no emission technology to replace or upgrade its fleet of 23

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New Consortium to Enable Zero Emission Aviation to Take off in Aotearoa New Zealand

(Airbus) Six international businesses have launched a new consortium to bring zero-emission aviation to life in New Zealand. -- The Hydrogen Consortium’s vision is to support the country to pioneer the commercial deployment of  green hydrogen-powered aircraft.   The partners are international aerospace

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Air Transport World Names American Airlines 2023 Eco-Airline of the Year

(American Airlines) Recognizes American’s industry-leading commitment to reducing emissions operation-wide -- Air Transport World (ATW), the leading media brand serving the information needs of the global airline and commercial air transport communities, announced today American Airlines was named the 2023

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True Sustainability for Private Jets Will Take Time. Here’s What Still Needs to Happen.

by Jaclyn Trop (Robb Report)  Carbon offsets, even when legit, can “still be perceived as a ‘stab in the dark," says one industry expert. From biofuels to battery-powered aircraft, the aviation industry is searching for ways to shrink its carbon footprint.

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Raven Nabs Mavens: The Hydrogen Pioneer Signs H3 Dynamics, Chevron, Hyzon as Partners in Its Quest to Decarbonize

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Wyoming, Raven SR and hydrogen aviation developer H3 Dynamics have inked an MOU to collaborate on waste-to-hydrogen energy systems to support the decarbonization of airport operations and the adoption of hydrogen at airports. H3 Dynamics will

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ICCT Releases Roadmap for Decarbonizing California In-State Aviation Emissions

(International Council on Clean Transportation/Biobased Diesel Daily) The International Council on Clean Transportation announced Jan. 19 the release of a roadmap for decarbonizing California in-state aviation emissions. The briefing assesses the contribution of passenger civil aviation to California’s aviation-sector emissions and evaluates

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Sustainable Aviation Fuel Offers Flight Path to Net-Zero Air Travel

by Marc Hamy & Nancy Gillis (Green Biz/First Movers Coalition)  It will take long-term, coordinated action from airlines, aircraft manufacturers, fuel producers, airports and governments for zero-emissions flight to really take off. -- ... On Nov. 27, a small piece of

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Hydrogen Demo Flights Now Set to Start in the New Year

by Charles Alcock (AIN Online) The first flights of a pair of hydrogen-powered technology demonstrators are now set to happen early in 2023. As 2022 drew to a close rivals ZeroAvia and Universal Hydrogen were making final preparations to begin their

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The Alliance for Zero-Emission Aviation

(European Commission) The Alliance for Zero-Emission Aviation, a public-private initiative led by the European Commission, has held its First General Assembly, with 90 organisations from the aeronautics industry taking part. The objective of the Alliance is to prepare the market

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A Visit from St. Nicholas: The UK Grants $99M to Five Commercial-Scale SAF Projects, Just in Time for Christmas

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ... The UK took a giant leap towards net zero carbon emissions and helping its sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) industry to take flight as government awarded 5 projects a share of the $198M Advanced Fuels Fund.

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Goals Are Set, but Can the Aviation Industry Reach Net-Zero Emissions by 2050? New Bain & Company Research Sheds Light on Key Challenges

(Bain & Company) Aviation industry is united in quest to reduce emissions, but more realistic targets and timelines are needed -- There is clear consensus that reducing emissions is critical, and the aviation industry pledged to significantly invest in the effort

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Airbus Develops Fuel-Cell Engine for Hydrogen Plane

by Tim Hepher (Reuters) Airbus (AIR.PA) has started developing fuel-cell engine technology, it said on Wednesday as it reaffirmed plans to introduce a hydrogen-powered commercial aircraft by 2035. The system is one of several options being considered for a potential zero-emission aircraft based on

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Rolls-Royce Successfully Tests Hydrogen-Powered Jet Engine

by Paul Sandle (Reuters) Britain’s Rolls-Royce said it has successfully run an aircraft engine on hydrogen, a world aviation first that marks a major step towards proving the gas could be key to decarbonising air travel. The ground test, using a

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American Airlines Extends Confidence in Hydrogen Propulsion with Second New Investment

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) American Airlines has announced a strategic investment in distribution and logistics group Universal Hydrogen, the airline’s second hydrogen propulsion partnership in just a few months. Universal Hydrogen offers modular hydrogen capsules transported directly to airports

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Air New Zealand Looks to Zero-Emission Flights by 2026 as Airbus Sees Hydrogen Hub Cluster Potential

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) Air New Zealand plans to introduce at least one zero emission aircraft type for commercial service on regional routes by 2026, as it evaluates technologies to replace or decarbonise its 23 Q300 turboprops from 2030.

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The BTA Urges Braver Sustainable Aviation Fuel Targets

(Business Travel Association (BTA)/HospitalityNet) The Business Travel Association (BTA) has released its second report in its Environmental Social and Governance (ESG) transparency series focusing on sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) and the jet zero pathway. The report, titled Sustainable Aviation Fuel: A Journey Towards

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Dronamics and Cranfield Aerospace Solutions Announce Partnership

(Dronamics) Dronamics, the leading middle-mile cargo drone developer and operator, and Cranfield Aerospace Solutions (CAeS), a leading innovator in the development of zero emissions solutions for aerospace, announced that they will be combining their expertise to integrate hydrogen fuel-cell technology into

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Airlines and Airports Call on UK Gov to Ramp up Support for Green Aviation Fuel Production

by Ilaria Grasso Macola  (City A.M.) A group of UK airlines and airports has called on the government to ramp up state support for the production of sustainable aviation fuels (SAFs). “We believe UK SAF production has the chance to become a

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France Could Lead Way and Make Private Jets Use Biofuel, Says Minister

by Thomas Brent  (The Connexion) ... Private jets should be powered by biofuel rather than be subject to extra taxes or even banned altogether, France’s Minister of Public Action and Accounts Gabriel Attal has said. Mr Attal’s comments come on the back

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FAA, Universities Pursue Critical Research to Achieve U.S. Aviation Climate Goals

(Federal Aviation Administration) The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) issued more than $16 million in grants to 14 universities across the country for research to reduce aviation emissions and noise. The university teams are members of the Aviation

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Low- and Zero-Carbon Fuels Critical to Meeting Aviation Decarbonization Needs

by Emily Kent & Jonathan Lewis (Zero Carbon Fuels/Clean Air Task Force) ... A new CATF analysis, conducted and co-authored by Na’im Merchant, that examines the potential roles for biofuels and scalable zero-emissions fuels such as hydrogen to reduce aviation emissions found

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Carbon-Free Air Travel Could Take Flight by 2050

by Soleil Foy (World War Zero) ... In an effort to decarbonize the aviation industry, countries like the US and Canada are investing in sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) that could potentially reduce the GHG emissions by a minimum of 50% compared to conventional fuel. Similarly, airline

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Rolls-Royce Boss Calls on Aviation to Ramp up Use of Biofuels

by Ilaria Grasso Macola (City A.M.) Rolls-Royce’s chief executive Warren East has called on aviation to ramp up the use of biofuels to deliver its 2050 net-zero pledges. East – who will step down from the engine manufacturer at the end of

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Global Aviation’s Best Shot at Going Green Relies on Scarce Fuel

by Elizabeth Low (Bloomberg News/Governors' Biofuels Coalition) High costs and limited production are dulling sustainable aviation fuel’s prospects -- In Tuas, Singapore’s industrial-heavy district, Finnish company Neste Oyj is building what will one day be the world’s largest facility for sustainable aviation fuel. Once

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Catalyst with Shayle Kann Podcast: Electric and Hydrogen-Fueled Planes Are Coming. But Will They Really Decarbonize Aviation?

by Shayle Kann (Canary Media/Post Script Media)  There’s a crowd of low-carbon technologies vying for a slice of the aviation market. On one hand, the long-haul portion of the market will likely rely on sustainable aviation fuels (SAFs), which still emit greenhouse gases

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Achieving Net Zero Aviation Will Cost $175bn per Year until 2050 and Immediate Action Needed This Decade, Says Report

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online)  A new report on sustainable aviation says an annual average investment of $175 billion will be needed from now until 2050 for the air transport sector to meet its target of net zero carbon emissions. It

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SEA, easyJet Sign Letter of Intent to Green Operations at Milan Airports

(easyJet/Biobased Diesel Daily) Società Esercizi Aeroportuali, the group that manages the airports of Milan Malpensa and Linate, and the low-cost airline easyJet signed a letter of intent July 11 with the aim of working together to implement a more sustainable management

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Aviation Faces Hurdles to Hit Goals for Cutting Emissions

by David Koenig and Kelvin Chan (Associated Press/Chicago Tribune) ...  Airbus and Boeing, the world’s two biggest aircraft makers, both addressed sustainability during Monday’s opening day at Farnborough, although they approached the issue in different ways. Europe’s Airbus and seven airline

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'Hydrogen Long-Term Solution to Net-Zero Target' -- Airbus CEO Sees First H2 Planes on Regional Routes

By Bernd Radowitz (ReCharge) Guillame Faury tells German newspaper sustainable aviation fuels (SAFs) likely short-term solution for decarbonisation while H2-powered aircraft to be important after 2050  --  ... “SAF is the short-term solution, and for long-haul flights probably the long-term one,

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Hydrogen Plane Crash: UK Government Investigators Pinpoint Cause of 2021 Accident

by Rachel Parkes (Recharge) Battery-connected propeller turned into a 'windmill', says the Department for Transport's Air Accident Investigation Branch --  The crash of a hydrogen-powered test plane in the English countryside last year was not caused by the H2 or fuel cell

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NBAA’s Congressional Testimony Highlights Business Aviation’s Focus on Sustainability, Safety and Innovation

(National Business Aviation Association) The National Business Aviation Association (NBAA) today detailed for Congress a policy roadmap for strengthening the general aviation sector in the U.S. and around the world, today and in the years to come. In testimony before the U.S.

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Opinion: Inconvenient Truths behind Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Jim Harris (Bain & Co./Aviation Week)  Governments are making commitments to incentivize sustainable aviation fuel (SAF)—Europe, through February’s “Toulouse Declaration,” and the U.S., with the Biden administration’s aim to have enough SAF to meet 5-10% of jet fuel demand by

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Aviation Industry Intensifies Pressure on Governments to Support Long-Term Decarbonisation Goal

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) Aviation industry pressure is intensifying on governments to adopt a long-term goal to help decarbonise air transport when they meet at this year’s ICAO 41st Assembly. Executives from across the industry have met to detail aviation’s

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Green Infrastructure Critical to Hydrogen Propulsion’s Success

by Chris Kjelgaard (AIN Online)  Aerospace manufacturers agree that the ability to produce hydrogen in vast quantities using only renewable forms of energy such as solar and wind power will prove the most critical factor in the aviation industry’s effort to

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Flying High on Hydrogen: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Nexa and Element 1

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Hydrogen for aviation is now and growing, according to Nexa and Element 1’s latest ABLC presentation. How can it scale up? What if hydrogen transport, storage and trans-loading can be as simple as AvGas or

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Aviation Industry Showcases SAF Initiative during Summit of the Americas

(International Air Transport Association/Biobased Diesel Daily) The International Air Transport Association announced June 6 that airlines from the Americas region are operating flights powered by sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) to demonstrate their commitment to achieving net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. Under

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Santiago de Chile Airport Will Be the First in Latin America to Use Green H2

(VINCI Airports/Nuevo Pudahuel/NGV Journal)  Following VINCI Airports and Groupe ADP’s environmental plans, Nuevo Pudahuel has made the first step to assure Santiago Airport, Arturo Merino Benítez, becomes the first in Latin America to incorporate the use of hydrogen. Along with a

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Airbus Establishes UK Hydrogen Technology Centre to Support ZEROe Aircraft Plan

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) Airbus has taken another significant step towards the introduction of its proposed ZEROe passenger aircraft by 2035 by establishing a Zero Emission Development Centre (ZEDC) for hydrogen technologies at its Filton, UK, facility. A priority

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Pulling Together: Inside The United States Aviation Climate Action Plan

by Sumit Singh (Simple Flying) The US aviation scene is serious about sustainability. -- The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has a goal to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions industry-wide by 2050. With this in mind, the authority revealed its Aviation

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Hydrogen Infrastructure Challenges Rival Aircraft Tech Hurdles

by Gregory Polek (AIN Online) Of all the various renewable energy sources under development, hydrogen represents the so-called “holy grail” in the effort to eliminate carbon emissions from future aircraft, say many scientists. But while the technology exists today to build

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easyJet Partners with GKN Aerospace to Accelerate Adoption of Hydrogen in Aviation

(easyJet)  easyJet, Europe’s leading airline, has announced it is working with GKN Aerospace, the world's leading multi-technology tier 1 aerospace supplier, to work toward reducing carbon emissions in aviation through the adoption of zero carbon emission technologies. easyJet will support the development

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Rules Brittania: The UK’s New Energy Security Strategy, and the Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In the UK, the British Government announced its Energy Security Strategy to create a ‘flow of energy that is affordable, clean and above all secure. We need a power supply that’s made in Britain, for

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Hydrogen-Powered Aircraft Could Contribute Strongly to Aviation’s 2050 Goals, Finds ICCT Study

by Christopher Surgenor (GreenAir Online) If deployed to their maximum potential, liquid hydrogen-powered aircraft could enable aviation emissions to be capped at 2035 levels, although a 6-12% reduction in CO2e emissions relative to projected 2050 levels is more realistic, finds an

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Airbus Plans to Test Hydrogen Engine on A380 Jumbo Jet to Fly in 2026

by Leslie Josephs (CNBC) Airbus will test hydrogen propulsion on an A380, its largest passenger plane. The manufacturer is working with engine maker CFM International, a joint venture of GE and France’s Safran.  --  Airbus said it plans to test a

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EPA Announces Leaded Fuel Endangerment Finding

by Mark Phelps (AvWeb) In a long-anticipated move, the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced today (Jan. 12) that it “will take the necessary steps to regulate lead pollution from aircrafts (sic).” Those steps start with proposing an “endangerment finding” on leaded

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Startup Developing Hydrogen-Powered Aviation to Open Facility in Everett

by Dominic Gates (Seattle Times) ZeroAvia, a startup with facilities in the U.K. and California that aims to integrate hydrogen fuel cells with electric motors to power zero-emission aircraft, said Tuesday it will open a new research facility at Paine Field

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Comment: Net-Zero Aviation Is More than a Flight of Fantasy

by Tim Ryley and Emma Rachel Whittlesea (Australian Aviation) In this cross-posting with The Conversation, Griffith University aviation professor Tim Ryley and research fellow Emma Rachel Whittlesea discuss the steps still required to achieve net-zero emissions in aviation. ... Most recently, at the

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New US Regional Carrier Plans to Be “America’s First Zero-Emission Airline” with Hydrogen-Powered Turboprops

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) New US-based short-haul carrier Connect Airlines has announced plans to become “America’s first zero-emission airline”, signing a letter of intent to retrofit up to 24 turboprop aircraft with hydrogen propulsion systems from California’s Universal Hydrogen. The

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Hungry for Value: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to The Wolfpack on Green Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) If you missed the ABLC Wolfpack’s take on 5 key Green Hydrogen companies, then check out this slide guide that covers FuelCell Energy, Ballard Power Systems, Plug Power, Bloom Energy and Air Products & Chemicals

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The Airline Industry Is Catching Hydrogen Fuel Cell Fever

by Tina Casey (CleanTechnica) United Airlines and ZeroAvia are teaming up to bring the dream of zero emission hydrogen fuel cell flight down to Earth.  --  The dream of all-electric flight just got bumped up in scale last week, when

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H2FLY Joins aireg Initiative for the Production and Use of Renewable Aviation Fuel

(H2FLY and aireg) H2FLY, a German startup developing hydrogen fuel cell systems for aircraft, has joined aireg – the Aviation Initiative for Renewable Energy in Germany. H2FLY is enhancing aireg with its proven experience and expertise regarding the use of

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SAF Is Key to Decarbonising Aviation, Says Heathrow CEO

(Biofuels International) The CEO of Heathrow airport said the only way to get to net zero aviation by 2050 was to change the fuel used in existing planes from kerosene to Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF). John Holland-Kaye made the comments after

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COP26 Outcomes Provide Boost for Aviation Decarbonisation and the Sector’s Net Zero Ambitions

by  Christopher Surgenor  (GreenAir Online)  Whether COP26 is ultimately judged a success or failure, a number of notable outcomes for the aviation sector emerged that could accelerate momentum and encourage progress towards its net zero emissions by mid-century ambition. One

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State of Advanced Biofuels & Biorefining

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  Check out remarks from Jim Lane, Editor & Publisher of The Digest on rationale, forecast, the top news and storylines, feedstocks, genetics, crops, supply chain and more on the state of advanced biofuels and

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DiviGas, Neste, Toyota, Ballard, COP26 Pledges, PNNL, NREL, Others Are Hot on Hydrogen

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) It’s been a hot week for hydrogen with DiviGas securing $3.6 million in seed funding for the commercialization of a new next-generation polymeric hydrogen separation membrane that is a filter at a molecular level that

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Advanced Clean Fleets Rule 100 octane 100% SAF (Sustainable Aviation Fuel) 103 octane 105 octane 108 octane 109 octane 110 octane 113 octane 119 octane 2016 US House and Senate Campaigns 2016 US Presidential Campaign 2018 US Senate and House Campaigns Other Election Activities 2020 Election 2022 Election 2022 US Senate and House Campaign 2024 Election 2nd generation biofuels 3-D 3D printing 3rd generation biofuels 4-H 40A 40B Sustainable Aviation Fuel Tax Credit 45Q Carbon Oxide Sequestration Tax Credit 45V Hydrogen Production Tax Credit 45X Advanced Manufacturing Production Tax Credit 45Z Clean Fuel Production Tax Credit 48C Advanced Energy Project Tax Credit 4th generation fuels 7% solution 81 Octane 84 octane 85 octane 87 octane 88 octane 89 octane 90 octane 91 octane 92 octane 93 octane 94 octane 95 octane 96 octane 98 octane A20 (20% methanol/bioethanol) abu Abu Dhabi acacia acetate acetic acid acetone acid acid hydrolysis adaptive evolution additional carbon additionality adequate/inadequate domestic supply Administrative Procedure Act adsorption Advanced Biofuel Payment Program advanced biofuel prices Advanced biofuels advanced biofuels production Advanced Clean Cars II Rule (ACC and ACCII) Advanced Clean Trucks Rule advanced ethanol advanced ethanol tax credit advertising campaign aerobic digestion aerosols Affordable Clean Energy Program (ACE) afforestation Afghanistan Africa AGARDA (Agriculture Advanced Research and Development Authority) agave aggregation Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) agricultural economics Agricultural Policy Agricultural waste/residue Agriculture agrivoltaic/agrovoltaic agroforestry agrofuels agronomy Air Force air pollution control Air Pollution Policy air quality Aircraft engine emissions airports Alabama Alaska Albania albedo Alberta albizia alcohol fuel cells alcohol fuels alcohol-to-diesel alcohol-to-jet (ATJ)/ethanol-to-jet (ETJ) alfalfa algae algae contamination algae cultivation algae extraction algae harvesting algae parity algae separation algal biofuels Algeria Algiers alkaline exchange membrane (AEM) alkanes alkenes alkylate alligator fat almond almond hulls shells alternative energy vehicles alternative fuels Alternative Fuels Credit alternative fuels excise tax credit Alternative Fuels Tax Credit (AFTC) aluminum Amazon American Indian Tribes American Le Mans Series (ALMS) ammonia ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) ammonia fuel cell ammonia price ammonia terminal amylose anaerobic digestate anaerobic digester/digestion and Energy Use in Transportation Model Angola anhydrous ethanol animal bedding animal fat animal feed animal waste Antactica Antarctica antibiotics antitrust apple Appropriations APR (Aqueous Phase Reforming) aquaculture aquatic organisms Arabidopsis arabinose ARCA Archaea Architecture Arctic Argentian Argentiina Argentina Arizona Arkansas Armenia Army Corps of Engineers aromatics aromatics price ARPA-C ARPA-E ARPA-Terra arrandi artificial intelligence Aruba Asia Asia Pacific asphalt/bitumen ASTM ASTM 6866 ASTM D1655 ASTM D2880 ASTM D396 ASTM D4054 ASTM D4806 Denatured fuel ethanol ASTM D4814 ASTM D5798 ASTM D6751 ASTM D7467 (B6-B20) ASTM D7544 ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) ASTM D7862 ASTM D7875 ASTM D7901 (DME-Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Purposes) ASTM D8076 ASTM D8181 ASTM D975 ASTM E3050 Denatured Ethanol for Cooking ASTM E3146 ASTM standards ASTM WK55232 (D02) ASTM WK63392 ATJ-SPK (Alcohol to Jet Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene) Atlantic Canada atmosphere Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Australia Australian pine Austria Auto manufacturer automotive aviation aviation fuel (SAF) benefits aviation fuel (SAF) mandates aviation fuel (SAF) price aviation fuel (SAF) production aviation fuel (SAF) pumps/delivery aviation fuel (SAF) tax credit aviation fuel (SAF) terminal Aviation Fuel/Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Aviation Gasoline/AvGas avocado award awards/recognition Azerbaijan. b B0 B10 B100 B100 pumps B11 B12 B12.5 B13 B14 B15 B16 B17 B19 B2 B20 B24 B25 B3 B30 B30RD10 B33 B35 B4 B40 B49 B5 B50 B50RD50 B6 B7 B70 B75 B8 B80 B98 B99 Babados nut tree babassu bacteria bagasse Bahamas Bahrain bamboo banana banana stems Bangladesh bankruptcy Barbados barge barley barley fiber barley protein barley straw Basque batteries Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) bauxite beauty leaf tree beaver beer bees Belarus Belgium Belize Benin benzene Bermuda Bhutan big bluestem big data Big Food Big Oil/Oil Majors BIGoil billion ton study bio Bio LPG (Bio Liquid Petroleum Gas) bio-based diesel benefits bio-based economy Bio-CNG pumps Bio-CNG/RNG terminal bio-LNG (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG Pumps (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG terminal bio-natural gas bio-NGV (natural gas for vehicles) bio-oil/pyrolysis oil bio-SPK (bio derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene) biobased Biobased Markets Program biobased materials Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program biochar biochemical conversion BioChemicals/Renewable Chemicals biociiesel bioconversion Biocrude/Green Crude/SynCrude biodegradable biodiesel biodiesel blend wall biodiesel EN 14214 Biodiesel Fuel Education Program biodiesel pipeline biodiesel prices biodiesel production biodiesel pumps biodiesel quality biodiesel standards biodiesel tax credit biodiesel technologies biodiesel terminal biodiversity bioeconomy bioelectricity bioelectrochemical conversion bioenergy Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) biofoundry Biofuel biofuel cells biofuel consumption Biofuel Crops biofuel distribution Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) biofuel producer tax credit biofuel production biofuel tax credit Biofuels Directive biofuels education Biogas Biogas pipeline Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline pumps biogenic carbon biogenic emissions Bioheat biohydrocarbons biohydrogen BioIsoprene BioMADE biomanufacturing biomass Biomass Carbon Removal and Storage (BiCRS) Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) biomass hydrolysis biomass recalcitrance Biomass Research and Development initiative (BRDI) biomass sorghum Biomass to Liquid (BTL) biomass transportation biomaterials bioplastics biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropene bioprospecting BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) old 9003 Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance 9003 Program BioRenewable-1 (BR-1) BioSNG Biotechnology birch bitter orange black carbon black grease black liquor black locust black soldier fly Blend wall blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock blockchain blue carbon boat fuel boiler/furnace fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water brash Brassica Brazil breweries brine British Columbia broker brown grease brownfields Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses Business and Industry Program (B&I) business law business resources Business/General Aviation butadiene butandeiol (bio-BDO) Butane butanediol butanol emissions butanol/biobutanol butyl acetate butylene butyric acid by c C1 C2 C21 C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cactus pear cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canad Canada Canary Islands canary reed grass canarygrass candle nut cannabis canola straw Canola/Rapeseed cap-and-invest cap-and-trade capybara capybras carbohydrates carbon carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber carbon insets Carbon Intensity (CI)/Carbon Footprint carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon standard carbon tax Carbon tax border adjustments carbon tax-and-dividend carbon terminal carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata carinata/brassica carinata carob CAS Registry cashew cashew apple Cashew Nut Shell Liquid (CNSL) CASI Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattails cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) CBG (compressed biogas) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program Certificates of Origin (COs) certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 chemical-looping hydrogen method Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chp chromium chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Heat Standards Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart/conservation agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover cmelina CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location Co-op Extension co-operative co-processing co-products CO2 neutral fuels CO2Removal Certificates (CORCs) coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) Coast Guard coastal habitat conservation coastal hay cobalt cock's foot coco coco methyl ester (CME) cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold flow cold-tolerance college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning commo Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement/engagement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression ratios compression-ignition engine computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology Cook Islands cook stoves cooking fuel cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 COP28 COP30 copper coppice cordgrass corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate formic acid fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol benefits methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring/measuring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gas prices natural gas vehicles natural gasoline Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota North Korea Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory Northwest Territories Norwary Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course owa oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil Palm Oil Methyl Ester (PME) palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm trunk sap palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peach shell peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellet pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests pet food petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot pilot scale pine pine beetle pine needles pine nut pineapple pinion Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Admin (PHMSA) pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet platinum Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poand podcasts Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyethylene polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propane/renewable propane pumps propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis pyrolytic liquefaction Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R Factor R100/RD100 R33 R5 R95B5/RD95B5 R99/RD99 rabbits race radiata pine radish leaves Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rain tree rainforest ranchers RAND rare earth metal/critical minerals RD10 RD100 RD20 RD3 RD30 RD50 RD55 RD80 RD80B20 RD99 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP) Regulated Emissions regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable 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