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U.S. Ethanol and SAF Industry Leaders Seek to Intervene in Legal Challenge to EU Sustainable Aviation Fuel Regulation

(Renewable Fuels Association) Leaders of the U.S. ethanol industry are seeking to intervene in a legal challenge of the ReFuelEU Aviation Regulation, which effectively bans the use of renewable, crop-based biofuels like corn ethanol as a feedstock for decarbonizing the aviation sector. Collaborating

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Eni: The Council of State Cancels the AGCM Provision on the Diesel+ Case and Defines the Concept of 'Green Claim'

(Eni) Eni is pleased to learn of the decision of the Council of State which after 4 years rejected the thesis of the Competition and Market Guarantor Authority (AGCM) according to which Eni had implemented an unfair commercial practice to the

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RFA Seeks to Intervene in Legal Challenge to EU Maritime Fuel Regulation

(Renewable Fuels Association)  The Renewable Fuels Association on Thursday filed a petition to intervene in support of a legal challenge brought by European ethanol producers against the European Union’s FuelEU Maritime Regulation. By arbitrarily assuming crop-based biofuels like ethanol have the

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SEC Adopts Rules to Enhance and Standardize Climate-Related Disclosures for Investors

(U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission) The Securities and Exchange Commission today adopted rules to enhance and standardize climate-related disclosures by public companies and in public offerings. The final rules reflect the Commission’s efforts to respond to investors’ demand for more consistent,

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European Ethanol Producers Raise New Legal Challenge to EU Aviation-Fuel Legislation

by Robin Whitlock (Renewable Energy Magazine) In the latest action addressing improper policymaking and discrimination against sustainable crop-based biofuels, the EU ethanol industry is seeking partial annulment of RefuelEU Aviation Regulation. -- European renewable ethanol producers have launched a new legal challenge,

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Commission Opens In-Depth State Aid Investigation into Swedish Tax Exemption Schemes for Non-Food Biogas and Bio-Propane

(European Commission)  The European Commission has opened an in-depth investigation to assess whether two Swedish tax exemption schemes for non-food-based biogas and bio-propane used for heating or as motor fuel are in line with EU State aid rules. The in-depth investigation

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Viewpoint: Brazil Biofuel Policy under Pressure in 2024

by Conrado Mazzoni (Argus Media) The prospect of a tighter market for Brazil's carbon credit Cbios could intensify struggles between fuel distributors and biofuel producers over compliance with Brazil's national biofuel policy Renovabio in 2024. A flurry of lawsuits filed by distributors opposing Cbio

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Commission Fines Ethanol Producer Lantmännen €47.7 Million over Ethanol Benchmarks Cartel

(European Commission) The Commission has fined Lantmännen ek för and its subsidiary Lantmännen Biorefineries AB (formerly named Lantmännen Agroetanol AB) (together ‘Lantmännen') around €47.7 million for participating in a cartel concerning the wholesale price formation mechanism for ethanol in Europe.  This decision follows

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Our Formal Complaint against Airline Greenwash.

(Promise)  ... Today (November 30, 2023) our lawyers have filed formal complaints against both British Airways (BA) and Virgin Atlantic over their claims that they are reducing emissions from flights and the consequent harm to the climate, via increased efficiency, carbon

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Ethanol Cartel: NCLAT Sets Aside CCI’s Order Imposing ₹38 Crore Penalty on Sugar Mills

by Kr Srivats (The Hindu Business Line) Appellate tribunal raps CCI for flouting principles of natural justice and fluctuating ‘coram’ -- The National Company Law Appellate Tribunal (NCLAT) on Tuesday set aside an order of Competition Commission of India (CCI) that imposed aggregate penalties of ₹38

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California Wades into Oil Lawsuits

by Arianna Skibell (Politico's Power Switch) California’s lawsuit against some of the world’s largest oil companies could supercharge a yearslong campaign to force the industry to pony up for its role in driving climate change. The state joined a growing number of

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Oil Majors Target Judges as Climate Suits Multiply

by Arianna Skibell (Politico's Power Switch) Oil companies and their allies are trying out a new legal defense tactic: Blame the judge. The claims — which include accusations that judges are biased — come as a flood of lawsuits against the fossil

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RFS15 The Policy Origins of the Renewable Fuel Standard (aka, "Ethanol"): The Ethanol Pivot

by Eric Vettel (Energy Today) ... Replacing lead with MTBE reduced emissions almost overnight. By 1995, the Sierra Club celebrated MTBE as the “innovation of the year,” and George H. W. Bush considered the reform one of the most notable accomplishments

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Poland to Challenge EU Climate Laws before Top Court-- Climate Minister Anna Moskwa Named the EU’s 2035 Combustion Engine Phaseout as One of the Laws Warsaw Wants Overturned.

by Zia Weise adn Joshua Posaner (Politico)  Poland will try to overturn the EU’s combustion engine phaseout and other climate laws with an appeal before the bloc’s top court, Climate Minister Anna Moskwa said.  In spring, the bloc passed a law effectively banning the

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Landmark Greenwashing Lawsuit against KLM Airline Granted Court Permission

(Client Earth)  A groundbreaking greenwashing lawsuit against airline KLM challenging its misleading advertising has been granted permission to proceed to a full hearing by a Dutch court. The lawsuit – the first of its kind to challenge airline industry greenwashing –

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KLM Tells Dutch Court It Will Pull ‘Fly Responsibly’ Ads Following Greenwashing Lawsuit

(ClientEarth)  Today Dutch airline KLM told the District Court of Amsterdam that it would scrap its advertising campaign telling customers to ‘Fly Responsibly’, after a lawsuit accused the company of greenwashing. The ad campaign was targeted by legal action brought by Dutch campaigners Fossielvrij,

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Cade's Superintendence Recommends Condemnation in Case of Invitation to Cartelization in the Ethanol Market

(Brazil Ministry of Justice and Public Safety (Google Translation)) The case now goes to judgment by Cade's Court, responsible for the final decision --  The General Superintendence of the Administrative Council for Economic Defense (SG/Cade) recommended, in an order signed

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Ag Policy Blog: Carbon Pipelines Projects Face Permit Hearings, Litigation and Legislation

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) 2023 will shape up as a major year in the permitting and development of carbon pipelines across the Midwest and Plains states. The Minnesota and South Dakota Public Utilities Commissions each this week will examine the

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South Dakota Suggests Delaying Summit Carbon Pipeline Hearings to September or Later

by Jeff Beach (AgWeek)  Iowa-based Summit Carbon Solutions wants to start construction in 2023 to benefit the ethanol industry, but some farmers have concerns about damage to farmland and property values. --  South Dakota regulators say they may need to push

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Countervailing Duties on Biodiesel Originating in Indonesia Confirmed – A Big Win for the EBB

(European Biodiesel Board) The EBB welcomes the European General Court decision to dismiss the actions for annulment initiated by three Indonesian biodiesel producers in March 2020, following the EU imposition of definitive countervailing duties on biodiesel imports from Indonesia.   After

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Brazil Fuel Tax Case Settlement Could Improve Market for Ethanol

by Marta Nogueira (Reuters) A settlement reached by Brazil's Supreme Court in a case opposing the federal government and Brazilian states about state-level taxation on fuels could lead to higher gasoline prices, and improved market conditions for ethanol. The federal government and

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Delta and Other Firms Are Struggling to Meet Sky-High Climate Pledges

by Steven Mufson (Washington Post) Some corporations started out using their sustainability goals as a marketing tool, underestimating the challenges. Now they face charges of “greenwashing” and even litigation. -- Delta Air Lines has embraced one of the corporate world’s most

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Climate Lawsuits Proliferate, Confronting Corporate Polluters

by Sara Schonhardt (Politico Pro Climatewire) Experts predict climate litigation will continue to rise over the next year, with a focus on "filling the gaps" of corporate and government policies. -- Lawsuits are increasingly targeting governments and companies for climate

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Alcogroup, Agroetanol Charged by EU over Ethanol Benchmarks Cartel

by Foo Yun Chee (Reuters)  Belgium’s Alcogroup and Sweden’s Agroetanol were charged by EU antitrust regulators on Thursday with taking part in a bioethanol benchmarks cartel in previous years which could lead to fines. The EU competition enforcer fined Spain’s Abengoa 20

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EU Incapable of Detecting Fraud in Biofuel Imports, Complainant Says

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com) The EU’s approach to monitoring fraud in the importation of used cooking oil (UCO) – a feedstock used to produce green biodiesel – is unfit for purpose, the complainant behind the EU ombudsman’s recent maladministration ruling

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Judgment of the Contentious-Administrative Court The "Unfavorable" Environmental Report for Setting up a Biodiesel Plant in the Port Is Not Open to Challenge

(ceutaactualidad.com (Google translation))  It substantiates that the Environmental Impact Statement, which was unfavorable, is instrumental in nature and is not a definitive administrative act or a qualified procedure that can be challenged on its own. The Contentious-Administrative Court No. 2 of

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How a Powerful US Lobby Group Helps Big Oil to Block Climate Action

by Chris McGreal (The Guardian)  The American Petroleum Institute receives millions from oil companies – and works behinds the scenes to stall or weaken legislation -- ... Shell issued a separate report revealing that its single largest donation to political lobby groups last year

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Shell on Trial as Court Weighs Its Climate Responsibility

by Hugo Miller and Laura Hurst (Bloomberg/Financial Post)  ... A Dutch court verdict against Royal Dutch Shell Plc will determine whether it has a legal responsibility for climate change, in a case that will be watched by Big Oil executives globally. A

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The Supreme Court Rules Canada’s Carbon Price Is Constitutional. It’s a Big Ein for Justin Trudeau’s Climate Plan

by Alex Ballingall (Toronto Star) In a landmark decision for climate action in Canada, the Supreme Court ruled Thursday that Ottawa has the power to impose a carbon price across the country as a “matter of national concern.” The majority ruling from

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REGI INVESTOR ALERT: Bernstein Liebhard LLP Announces that a Securities Class Action Lawsuit Has Been Filed Against Renewable Energy Group, Inc.

(Bernstein Liebhard/Globe Newswire) Bernstein Liebhard, a nationally acclaimed investor rights law firm, announces that a securities class action lawsuit has been filed on behalf of investors who purchased or acquired the securities of Renewable Energy Group, Inc. (“Renewable Energy ”

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Maryland Releases Bold New Plan to Achieve Climate Goals

(Maryland Department of the Environment) State Pursues Ambitious Goal to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions by 50% by 2030 as Nation Officially Re-enters Paris Climate Accord -- The Maryland Department of the Environment (MDE) has released a comprehensive plan that sets a

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Austria to End Crediting of Biofuels from Palm Oil in July

(Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants (UFOP)/Biobased Diesel Daily)  The accounting of biofuels with a high risk of indirect land use change (iLUC) will end in Austria July 1. This exclusion is provided for in the late-January

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U.S. Wins Case against Ethanol Duties in Peru

by Jacqui Fatka  (Farm Progress) The Peruvian National Institute for the Defense of Free Competition and the Protection of Intellectual Property Tribunal announced Friday that the U.S. ethanol industry and the U.S. government won an appeal on a countervailing duty case brought

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Malaysia to File WTO Lawsuit against EU on Jan 15, Says Minister

by Shaheera Aznam Shah  (Malaysian Reserve) Mohd Khairuddin says we will continue to fight against any discriminatory actions which pose a threat to the country’s economy and rakyat’s livelihood -- Malaysia will file its lawsuit against the European Union (EU) on the

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EPA Asks SCOTUS for Delay in RFS Case: Trump Administration Asks for Time to File Response in Small-Refinery Exemption Case

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) The EPA has asked the Supreme Court for an extension to file a response to a refiner's petition for review of an appeals court's January 2020 ruling on small-refinery exemptions. HollyFrontier Corp. appealed to the high

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Exxon's Climate Fix Is Algae. Experts Say It Won't Work

by Benjamin Storrow (E&E News) ... "Algae. A renewable source of energy. ExxonMobil is researching it. To revolutionize biofuels. For more energy. And fewer emissions."  Biofuels represent one of Exxon Mobil's primary answers to climate change. In television ads and presentations

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“Flim Flam” Biofuels Company Wants to Buy the Largest East Coast Oil Refinery

by Steve Horn (The Real News)  ... The little-known company has pitched its proposal to convert the site into a biofuels refinery. It is run by a man one mayor has dubbed the “Flim Flam Man,” and the company has never actually opened

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Climate Cases Put Big Oil’s Behemoth Trade Group in Bull’s-Eye

by Ellen M. Gilmer (BloombergLaw) American Petroleum Institute named in state, local suits; Legal approach could pay off for plaintiffs, attorneys say --  State and local governments taking Big Oil to court over climate change have a new target: the

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Law Firm Investigating Possible Securities Violations by REG

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine) The law firm Lowey Dannenberg P.C. is investigating possible violations of federal securities laws on behalf of investors of Renewable Energy Group Inc. after stock prices fell approximately 20 percent immediately following the company’s June 23 announcement that

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Greenwashing: Court Ruled against Airline KLM

(Stay Grounded)  Claims for high use of biofuels debunked as misleading // More rulings could follow on the aviation industry’s greenwashing  --  KLM just recently lost the case against Eric Stam, revealing the practice of the Dutch Airline of greenwashing their

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Indonesia Allocates US$195 Million Subsidy on Palm Biodiesel Producers over Smallholders

by Hans Nicholas Jong (Mongabay/EcoBusiness) Campaigners have blasted the move, noting that the fund is meant to empower small oil palm farmers and not subsidise the giant multinationals that produce biodiesel. -- ... The social and travel restrictions imposed in response

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UPDATE 1-Malaysia to File WTO Legal Action against EU over Restrictions on Palm Biofuel

by Mei Mei Chu (Today) Malaysia, the world's second largest palm oil producer, will take legal action against the European Union's restrictions on palm oil-based biofuels with the World Trade Organization (WTO), calling the policy a "discriminatory action". Plantation Industries and Commodities

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Fiberight Plant Is Shut Down; Trash Sent to Landfill

by Kate Cough (Ellsworth American) Coastal Resources of Maine, the $70-million waste and recycling facility in Hampden, shut down in late May after an expected $14.7 million in funding fell through. The closure forced the 115 member towns that send their

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Court Backs Refinery Expansion in Challenge to Sweden's Emissions Aims

by Johan Ahlander (Reuters)  ... Preem has said the extra capacity at the plant, on Sweden’s west coast, would be used to make biodiesel and would not mean more crude oil being processed at the plant.  READ MORE

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Govt Restores 20 Percent Ethanol Blending

(ZimEye) The mandatory percentage of ethanol blending has been restored to 20 percent after sitting at 10 percent  after ethanol production fell below market requirements. Energy and Power Development Minister Fortune Chasi announced the restored percentage in a general notice gazetted as

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Netherlands All for Sustainable Palm Oil, Against EU Biofuel Ban

by Translator: Ricky Mohammad Nugraha (Tempo.co)  The Dutch Foreign Affairs Minister Stef Blok said the Netherlands is not backing the European Union biofuel ban that targets Indonesia-produced crude palm oil (CPO). However, Blok asserts that this issue must not be dragged out any further and Indonesia must pursue

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North Dakota Soybean Processors Abandons Spiritwood Energy Park Site

(North Dakota Soybean Processors) After more than three years, $6 million of investment and thousands of hours of management time, North Dakota Soybean Processors announced that it is abandoning its efforts to build a large-scale soybean crushing facility at the

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Abengoa and Alcogroup to Contest EU Antitrust Charges at Hearing: Source

by Foo Yun Chee (Reuters) Spanish ethanol producer Abengoa and Belgian rival Alcogroup will make their final stand against EU antitrust charges over alleged rigging of ethanol benchmarks at a hearing on Tuesday, a source close to the matter said on

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Making Big Oil Pay for Climate Change May Be Impossible

by Erik Larson (Bloomberg)  Across America, cities and states are using the courts to force energy companies to address the damage done by fossil fuels. It’s not going well. -- Exxon Mobil dodged a bullet last month when a judge

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Mexico's Supreme Court Rules against Hiking Ethanol Fuel Content

by David Alire Garcia and Sharay Angulo (Reuters) The Mexican Supreme Court ruled against the modification of a fuel rule on Wednesday that would have allowed higher ethanol content in gasoline, similar to content rules in the United States, arguing that

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Oil Giant Eni Fined €5m for Deceiving Consumers over Its ‘Green’ Diesel

(Government Europa) Italian regulators today (January 15, 2020) fined Italy’s oil giant Eni over advertisements on TV and in newspapers, digital media and petrol stations that falsely claimed Eni Diesel+ was ‘green’.  The watchdog states that the marketing campaign deceives consumers

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Indonesia Set to Sue European Union to WTO

(Tempo.co) Minister of Trade Agus Suparmanto affirmed that Indonesia would file a lawsuit against the European Union (EU) to the World Trade Organization (WTO) this year. The suit would be lodged following the EU's plan to ban the use of crude palm oil

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In Blow to Total, France Upholds Law Banning Palm Oil from Biofuel Scheme

by Geert De Clercq and Gus Trompiz (Reuters)  France’s constitutional court on Friday upheld a law excluding palm oil from the country’s biofuel scheme, rejecting an appeal by energy company Total (TOTF.PA) which says the measure puts at risk its

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Indonesia Set to Face, Sue Europe over Renewable Energy Policies

(Antara News)  The Indonesian government will prepare to take legal action at the World Trade Organization (WTO) to challenge the European Union (EU) over its Renewable Energy Directive II (RED II) and Delegated Regulation (DR). The lawsuit plan was rolled out

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Trash to Treasure: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Fulcrum Bioenergy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Fulcrum Bioenergy is a pioneer in making low-carbon, low-cost, transportation fuels from one of our nation’s most abundant resources – household garbage. And transforming waste to fuel is a beautiful thing, especially when industries like aviation

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Malaysia to File WTO Complaint against EU’s Palm Biofuel Policy by Nov

(Bernama/The Sun Daily)  Malaysia will submit a complaint to the World Trade Organisation (WTO) by November to challenge the European Union’s restrictions on palm biofuel, according to Primary Industries Minister Teresa Kok Suh Sim. She said documents related to the complaint are

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Gujarat High Court Notice to Biofuel Company for Alleged Fraud

(DNA India) ... The Gujarat High Court has restrained renewable fuel company My Eco Energy Private Limited from encashing a bank guarantee furnished by a fuel station owner after the latter moved court alleging that the company is committing fraud

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Tax Dept, OMCs Locked in Dispute over Excise Duty, Oil Firms Served Notice

by Shine Jacob and Dilasha Seth (Business Standard)  The indirect tax department and oil marketing companies are locked in a battle over levy of excise duty on ethanol-blended motor spirit (EBMS), with the latter being issued notices over non-payment of dues,

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“Volkswagen Settlement State Scorecard" Gets a Failing Grade, Places Technology Favorites over Clean Air, State Independence

by Allen Schaeffer (Diesel Technology Forum)   Report Ignores Basic Premise of Settlement, Wrongly Vilifies States that Diversify Spending and Chose Clean Air First  --  Statement from the desk of Allen Schaeffer, executive director of the Diesel Technology Forum, in response to a report

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Malaysia Threatens WTO Case over Dropping Biofuel

(Reuters/The Express Tribune)  Malaysia on Saturday threatened to bring a World Trade Organisation (WTO) challenge if the European Union goes ahead with recommendations to phase out palm oil from transport fuel used in the bloc. In a list of criteria published

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EU Sets Limits on Palm Oil in Biofuels as Trade War Looms

by Ewa Krukowska (Bloomberg Quint)  The European Union set new criteria for the use of palm oil in biofuels in a balancing act to try to avert a trade war with producers in Asia while appeasing climate protagonists at home. The measure

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The Expert Witness: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Bioeconomy Litigation

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Wayne Lee, CEO of Lee Enterprises Consulting offers this illuminating overview of what bioeconomy litigation is, what makes a good expert witness, and more. Lee Enterprises Consulting is the world’s largest bioeconomy consulting group with over 100

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Chipinge Villagers Sue Greenfuel to Stop Seizure of Communal Land

(Radio VOP)  VILLAGERS in Chipinge, Manicaland province have dragged ethanol producer, GreenFuel to court to stop it from occupying their communal land and interfering with their farming activities. Represented by Passmore Nyakureba and Blessing Nyamaropa of Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights, the villagers together with

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“Years of Litigation ahead” in Edeniq vs Aemetis Dispute

(Biofuels International)  The ongoing legal dispute between renewable fuels and chemicals company Aemetis and cellulosic and biorefining technology company Edeniq has “many years of litigation ahead”, according to Aemetis Chairman and CEO Eric McAfee. In a statement issued last week, Edeniq announced

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Argentina Takes Peru to WTO in Biodiesel Row

by Tom Miles (Reuters)  Argentina has launched a dispute at the World Trade Organization to contest Peru’s anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties on Argentina’s exports of biodiesel, a WTO filing published on Wednesday showed. Argentina’s complaint suggests the two countries have failed to

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Bombay High Court Relieves Restriction on Selling BS6 Bio Fuels in India

by Chethan Thimmappa (GaadiKey)  With this landmark order by Bombay High Court, bio fuel manufacturers will now be able to directly sell provided they meet the required quality standard without any restrictions and hence the market accessibility increases  --  Bombay High Court

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Hiring an Expert Witness in Bioeconomy Litigation

by Wayne Lee (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  In August 2017, I published an articlewhich focused on important things that attorneys involved in biofuels or biochemical litigation should look for when choosing an expert witness. This article explores the subject of expert

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NGT Directs Centre to Consider Plea Seeking Compulsory 10 Per Cent Ethanol Blending of Petrol

(Times Now News)  The plea claimed that the government had a project for compulsory blending but only two per cent of blending has been happening. It said that more blending will reduce pollution and also reduce the cost of fuel  --  The

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Mexican Court Overturns Ethanol Blending Injunction

by Josh Pedrick (Platts)  A federal tribunal in Mexico Thursday overturned an injunction blocking ethanol blending from climbing to 10% from 5.8%, two sources connected to the case told S&P Global Platts.  "Effectively, today the collegiate court decided to revoke the suspension,"

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Demand Destruction Part 2? Allowing Exports to Count Toward RFS Compliance

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association) ... Simply put, allowing exported ethanol to count toward compliance with an oil company’s RFS obligation would lead to further demand destruction for U.S. ethanol producers and corn growers who are already suffering the consequences

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UPDATE 1-ADM to Suspend Biodiesel Output at German Plant

by Michael Hogan (Reuters)  U.S. agribusiness group Archer Daniels Midland Co will suspend production at a major biodiesel plant in Germany because of increasing cheap imports of the renewable fuel into the European Union, it said on Friday. The standstill is expected to

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James Hay Reviewing Products after Biofuel Saga

by Hope William-Smith (Money Marketing)  James Hay is reviewing its older products, following its well-publicised issues with the Elysian Fuels biofuel investment scheme.   James Hay revealed last May it is involved in a legal dispute with HM Revenue & Customs around unpaid tax on

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EU Scraps Duty on Most Argentina, Indonesia Biodiesel: Document

Philip Blenkinsop (Reuters)  The European Union has removed duties on biodiesel imports for 13 Argentine and Indonesian producers following the end of legal proceedings at the European Court of Justice (ECJ), an EU document shows. The bloc set anti-dumping duties on imports

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Big Oil Faces Big Test in Climate-Change Court Showdown with SF, Oakland

by Kurtis Alexander (San Francisco Chronicle)  A San Francisco judge who must decide whether to hold the world’s largest oil companies responsible for global warming is ordering up what many are calling the most comprehensive, and unusual, debate on climate change

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EPA Spares Philly Refiner in Bankruptcy Settlement

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy) EPA will allow bankrupt refinery Philadelphia Energy Solutions to meet only a portion of its outstanding obligation under the Renewable Fuel Standard as part of a settlement filed with the Bankruptcy Court in Delaware

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First U.S. City to Ban Fossil Fuel Expansion Offers Roadmap for Others

by Kevon Paynter (Yes! Magazine)  Portland, Ore., climate activists celebrate a win against Big Oil as city- and state-level initiatives gain momentum across the country.  --  ... A key piece of Shell’s arctic drilling fleet, the vessel had arrived in Portland for

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Bill de Blasio: This Is Why New York Is Suing and Divesting from Big Oil

by Bill de Blasio (New York City Mayor/Washington Post)  ... America’s largest city, 8.5 million strong, is taking decisive action on two separate fronts. We are demanding compensation from those who profit from climate change. And we plan to withdraw our

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Embattled Utah Biofuel Company with Polygamous Ties Should Pay Millions for Breach of Contract, Jury Says

by Paighten Harkins (Salt Lake Tribune)  A Box Elder County biofuel company fined for exploiting federal tax credits by importing fuels they claimed they produced may pay millions to one such importer after the company abandoned a $90 million deal

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The Cost of Ethanol: Bad Faith, Broken Promises and a Plan up in Smoke

by Joel Wittnebel (The Oshawa Express)  The shroud of secrecy at Oshawa’s waterfront is starting to lift, and it tells a troubling tale of mismanagement, failed investments and poor decisions that not only led to the end of the proposed ethanol plant,

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South Bibb Neighbors Protest Decision to Allow Ethanol Rail Line

(13WMAZ)  The Executive Director of Macon’s Planning and Zoning Commission, Jim Thomas, says they are going to appeal a judge’s ruling to allow an ethanol-transfer station to open up in south Macon.  Two years ago, the commission rejected the Texas company's application,

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Judge Reverses Macon Zoning Decision, Says Ethanol Fuel Station Can Be Built

by Linda S. Morris (The Telegraph)  A Bibb County judge said the Macon zoning commission “grossly abused their discretion in denying” an application for a permit for a rail terminal and ethanol fuel transfer station in south Macon. Macon Judicial Circuit Court

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European Industry Counterattacks against Argentine Biodiesel

by Aline Robert (EurActiv)  A group representing European biodiesel producers filed a complaint about illegal state aid with the European Commission on 3 November.   It’s the latest episode in a commercial war between European biodiesel and its South American competitor. In September,

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Court Fight Begins over Delaware City Refinery's Ethanol Project

by Scott Goss (The News Journal/DelawareOnline)  A court battle over the Delaware City Refinery's plans to significantly expand its biofuel operations is now officially underway – nearly a year after state regulators approved the project. The dispute pits one of the state's

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Breaking the Bottleneck - POET-DSM Achieves Cellulosic Biofuel Breakthrough

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... In South Dakota, POET-DSM Advanced Biofuels achieved a major breakthrough in cellulosic biofuels production at its Project LIBERTY plant in Emmetsburg, Iowa. The company has solved the critical challenge in pretreatment, overcoming what has been the No.

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Feature: Mexican Ethanol Blending Faces Legal Hurdles Following Injunction

by Josh Pedrick and Silvia Struthers (Platts)  A future that once looked rosy for climbing ethanol blends with gasoline in Mexico could be in jeopardy as legal challenges to a new fuel regulation have found traction in court. A Mexican federal judge has issued

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Oakland and San Francisco Lawsuits to Hold Fossil Fuel Companies Accountable for Their Contributions to Sea Level Rise a 'Bold and Necessary Step to Protect Their Communities,' Says Science Group

by Ken Kimmell (Union of Concerned Scientists)  Oakland and San Francisco today (September 20, 2017) announced lawsuits against fossil fuel companies seeking compensation for current and future costs of adapting to climate-related sea level rise. These lawsuits come on the

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Mexico Court Temporarily Blocks Higher Ethanol in Gasoline -Activist

by Adriana Barrera (Reuters)  A Mexican judge on Wednesday granted a temporary injunction against an increase in the ethanol content in gasoline for domestic consumption to as much as 10 percent, according to an environmentalist involved in the case. Gabriel Quadri, a

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California’s Supreme Court Denies ARB Petition To Review LCFS Case

By Joshua T. Bledsoe and Kimberly Farbota (Latham's Clean Energy Law Report) In a previous post, we described how potential delays in the resolution of the case commonly known as POET I could create uncertainty regarding the future of the California Low Carbon Fuel

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The Expert Witness in Biofuels and Biochemicals Litigation

by Wayne Lee (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  ...  When projects fail to meet expectations, the participant discontent inevitably leads to increased litigation. As with any specialized area, bioeconomy litigation requires the assistance of experienced experts to assist in determining what went wrong,

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Yogurt Maker Fage Sues over Stalled Ethanol Plant

by John Cropley  (Daily Gazette)  More than $20 million is sought  --  Fage has filed a lawsuit seeking more than $20 million from a company that agreed to buy waste whey from its massive yogurt factory in Johnstown. In the complaint

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EBB: There Is No Reason EU Should Act Now to Lower Import Duties

(European Biodiesel Board/Biodiesel Magazine)  EU member states are to decide on the European Commission’s proposal to radically lower the antidumping duties on Argentinian and Indonesian biodiesel imports. The European biodiesel industry warns of the dramatic impact that this decision may

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NBB Considers Legal Options Regarding Surging Argentinian Biodiesel Imports Since Filing of Trade Petition

(National Biodiesel Board)   New data show that dumped and subsidized biodiesel imports from Argentina continue unabated and, in fact, have further surged into the United States. In March of 2017, the National Biodiesel Board (NBB) Fair Trade Coalition filed petitions

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Poet Accuses Engineering Company of Failure in Quest for Cellulosic Ethanol

by Jonathan Ellis (Argus Leader) Ethanol producer Poet is suing an international engineering company that was hired to create a system to help convert biomass into ethanol, underscoring the challenges of creating inexpensive cellulosic ethanol. Poet Design & Construction Inc. hired Andritz

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Smoking Gun Found in Biofuels’ Billion Dollar Baby Brawl?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ...  But almost nothing about the Billion Dollar Baby Brawl has been standard fare as Aemetis, Edeniq, a string of investors and more lawyers than you can easily chain to the bottom of the ocean

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Twin Challenges to LCFS Advance in California Courts

by Joshua T. Bledsoe and Max Friedman (Latham & Watkins LLP/Biodiesel Magazine)  Two related cases, advancing in parallel, have the potential to upend California’s low carbon fuel standard (LCFS), whether via full suspension of the LCFS or carving out diesel

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Refinery, DNREC Seek Dismissal of Ethanol Challenges

by Scott Goss (The News Journal)  The legal battle over Delaware City Refinery’s plans to expand its ethanol operations is heating up, days before a state board will hear the case. ... On its surface, the dispute centers on refinery owner PBF

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Environmentalists Appeal PBF Ethanol Permit

by Scott Goss (News Journal/Delaware Online)  A legal fight over Delaware City Refinery's plans to expand its ethanol operations officially began this week. Two groups filed fundamental challenges Friday to a recently issued state permit that – for the first time – allows

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Closing Arguments Begin in Yearslong Biofuel Fraud Case

by Ouch Sony (Cambodian Daily)  Prosecutor asks for conviction for military general alongside U.K. businessman  --  ... Mr. (Gregg) Fryett and his Cambodian-American associates Um Sam Ang and Soeun Denny, and Cambodian Ouk Keo Ratanak, were jailed in 2013 over a

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Ethanol: TN Sugar Mills, Cane Farmers Bet on Legal Remedy

by R Balaji (The Hindu)  Cash-strapped sugar mills and sugarcane farmers are pinning their hopes on a public interest litigation (PIL) in the High Court to enable them to participate in the Centre’s ethanol-blended fuel programme in the coming year. Last week,

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Green Fuel Sued for $1 million

by Charles Laiton (NewsDay)  The National Oil Infrastructure Company of Zimbabwe (Pvt) Ltd (NOIC) has approached the High Court seeking to compel Billy Rautenbach’s Green Fuel ethanol plant to pay over $1 million storage and handling fees for a three-year

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Railroad to Settle for $170,000 over Ethanol Spill, Fire

by  Kimball Perry (Columbus Dispatch)  Four years ago, a broken rail caused 16 railroad cars to jump the track near Columbus' Weinland Park neighborhood, igniting a fireball of ethanol on board. On Tuesday, the Franklin County commissioners are prepared to accept

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Edeniq: The Billion Dollar Baby Is Torn between Two Lovers

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Edeniq is torn between two lovers: its current ownership group, which shuffled together a financing this week; and Aemetis, which is supposed to be acquiring Edeniq this year for $23 million. How Edeniq landed in this

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PERC Sues Maine DEP over Fiberight Licensing

by Faith DeAmbrose (The Weekly Packet)  Owners of the Orrington-based trash-to-energy facility Penobscot Energy Recovery Company have filed suit in Kennebec County Superior Court against the Maine Department of Environmental Protection, seeking to overturn the issuance of licenses for the

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Three U.S. States Plan Lawsuits over Volkswagen Diesel Pollution

by David Shepardson (Reuters)  Three U.S. states plan to unveil new lawsuits against Volkswagen AG (VOWG_p.DE) on Tuesday tied to the automaker's sale of diesel vehicles with emissions-cheating software, even after they announced settlements with the German automaker in June. Maryland

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Seismic Report Links Earthquakes to Fracking

by Adam Klasfeld (Courthouse News Service)  Officially linking a controversial natural gas-drilling method to earthquakes for the first time, the U.S. Geological Survey released a groundbreaking report documenting links between fracking and skyrocketing seismic activity. Released on Monday, the agency's "2016

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Enerkem Biofuel Plant, Backed by City of Edmonton, Mired in Legal Controversy

by Sylvain Bascaron (CBC News)  Lawsuits totalling $7.4 million allege unpaid services and supplies -- Already years behind schedule and tens of millions of dollars over budget, a project to turn the city of Edmonton's waste into biofuel is now facing

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L.A. County Files Criminal Charges over Porter Ranch Gas Leak

by Paige St. John and Alice Walton (Los Angeles Times)  Southern California Gas Co. on Tuesday was charged with failing to immediately notify state authorities about the natural gas leak in Aliso Canyon. L.A. County Dist. Atty. Jackie Lacey filed four misdemeanor

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South Korea Planning To File Charges Against Volkswagen Exec: Report

by Michael Ballaban (Jalopnik)  1st Gear: Criminal Charges Coming Against Volkswagen’s People  --  We haven’t seen much by the way of actual, personal, criminal consequences for Volkswagen executives, but the first round of charges coming down the pipe might not be

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FOS Orders IFA to Pay Redress over Sipp Biofuel Investment

by Charles Walmsley (CityWire)  The Financial Ombudsman Service (FOS) has ordered a Rugby-based advice firm to compensate a client who invested a £13,700 pension pot in unregulated biofuel scheme Sustainable AgroEnergy. Sustainable AgroEnergy invested in jatropha oil, a form of biofuel, in

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Facing U.S. Storm, VW Set for Easier Ride in Europe on Emissions Scandal

by Barbara Lewis and Kirstin Ridley (Reuters) Volkswagen (VOWG_p.DE) is unlikely to face U.S.-style fines in Europe over its emissions scandal because of a softer regulatory regime and its home country Germany's determination to protect its car industry, EU sources and

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Volkswagen Allocates 20 Billion Bridge Loan to 13 Banks: Sources

by Arno Schuetze (Reuters)  Volkswagen (VOWG_p.DE) has split a 20 billion euro ($21.1 billion) bridge loan between 13 banks to help shoulder the costs of its emissions scandal, two people familiar with the matter said. Eight banks which had initially offered tranches

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Court Appeal of Onida Ethanol Plant Not Slowing Plans as Construction to Start

by Stephen Lee (Capital Journal)  An attorney for a handful of Onida residents opposing the siting of a proposed new ethanol plant just outside of Onida argued in court Monday that Sully County leaders improperly gave the plant a special

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Environmentalists Win ‘Landmark’ Case against Biofuel Project in Sri Lanka

by Jeremy Hance (Mongabay)  Sri Lanka's Supreme Court has ruled in favor of environmental groups that had taken on a biofuel company establishing a plantation in the buffer zone of a national park.  ---  Yala National Park, on the southern

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Amyris and Solazyme at Risk of Taint from Volkswagen NOx Scandal, Says Website; Solazyme Says “Heck No!”

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In California, TheTruthAboutCars reported that Amyris and Solazyme risk being painted with the same tainted brush as Volkswagen due to the fact that both companies collaborated with the company to test emissions of their fuels. It

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Oil companies Can Be Sued by Earthquake Victim, Oklahoma Court Rules

(Thompson Reuters)  An Oklahoma woman who was injured when an earthquake rocked her home in 2011 can sue oil companies for damages, the state's highest court ruled on Tuesday, opening the door to other potential lawsuits against the state's energy

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UK Supreme Court Ruling on Air Quality – Reaction from the European Renewable Ethanol Industry

(ePURE) Following last week’s UK Supreme Court ruling that the UK Government must revise its national air quality plans to tackle nitrogen dioxide (NO2) emissions, a greenhouse gas mainly attributed to diesel fuel use, Robert Wright, Secretary-General of ePURE, the

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Greenwire: Midwest Law Center Can Compromise but Doesn’t Fear a Fight

by Jeremy P. Jacobs (E&E/Greenwire) Ask Chicago environmentalists who’s the Windy City’s best lawyer, and they’re likely to name Howard Learner.  Learner has built his Environmental Law and Policy Center into a Midwest powerhouse over the last 20 years on transportation

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The Great Algae Robbery

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  An arbitration ruling details how Roquette seemingly attempted one of the most brazen intellectual property heists in the history of biotechnology, and almost got away with it.  Today, the story of a JV gone wrong,

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Lawsuit Puts Biodiesel Use under Spotlight

(China Daily/Ecns.cn)  Yingding Biofuel Technology Co Ltd, the privately owned Chinese biodiesel producer, has won its monopoly case against the country's biggest oil refiner, China Petrochemical Corp Ltd. The company had accused the industry giant of blocked sales of its fuel

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4 Minutes With…David Dodds, President, Dodds & Associates, Tech Diligence Guru

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  If you’ve been to ABLC, you’ve likely seen a hugely-popular session where we turn the tables — instead of having CEOs present their companies and technologies, we have technical diligence experts look at companies and

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Statoil Employed Judge in Own Legal Dispute

by Erlend Skarsaune (Aftenbladet.no)  The Biofuel entrepreneurs sued Statoil to clear their names of allegations of corruption. The judge in charge was offered a job by Statoil, accepted, and continued working with the case. The aggrieved parties have fought to be cleared

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Ethanol Plant Owner Settles with Contractor; Hopewell Lawsuit Still Pending

by Markus Schmidt  (Progress-Index)  While Hopewell's lawsuit against the owner of the Appomattox Bio Energy Plant over a $5 million letter of credit is still pending and the city has not yet collected taxes from the plant, the company has

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Lake County Dodging a Legal Bullet on Trash Disposal?

by Marc Chase (Northwest Indiana Times)  The Lake County Solid Waste Management District could avoid potential litigation — but invite other legal problems — if the trash-to-ethanol contract dies between now and April 2. A canceled county contract with Powers Energy

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2nd Lawsuit Challenges Ethanol Project in UP

(WLNS/AP)  Critics of a refinery planned for the Upper Peninsula have filed a second lawsuit against the project. Larry Klein and the Sierra Club claim the U.S. Energy Department failed to follow federal environmental law when it approved the refinery near

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Shell Wins Ad Watchdog Challenge over Green Biofuel Claims

(Click Green)  The UK's advertising watchdog has ruled in favour of oil giant Shell over marketing claims its biofuels reduced CO2 emissions. A national ad campaign for Shell included the boast that biofuel was “one of the most effective ways of

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Airlines Must Pay for Carbon Emissions on European Flights, High Court Rules

by Juliet Eilperin (The Washington Post)  Europe’s highest court ruled Wednesday that the European Union has the legal right to force foreign airlines to pay for their greenhouse gas emissions, a decision that could boost ticket prices but also encourage

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City Sues Failed Osage Ethanol Plant

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The city of Hopewell, Va., has moved forward with a court case against Osage Bio Energy LLC and its wholly owned subsidiary, Appomattox Bio Energy LLC, after the company failed to meet a deadline

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Firm Says it Was Sold Phony Fuel Credits

(Courthouse News Service)  A fuel distributor claims two companies sold it millions of "fraudulently created, and thus invalid" renewable fuel identification numbers. RIN numbers are part of the U.S. EPA's Renewable Fuel Standard program, to encourage use of renewable fuels. ...Vinmar

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Biofuel Feud in Boulder County Prompts Libel Suit against Online Critic

by Erica Meltzer   (Colorado Daily)  A longstanding feud between companies that recycle used cooking oil has led to a rare libel lawsuit against a Longmont biofuel advocate who has been a vocal critic of one of the companies and

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Butamax™ Advanced Biofuels Granted Pivotal Isobutanol Paten

(Butamax)  Butamax™ Advanced Biofuels, LLC today announced that the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has granted patent number 7,993,889, adding another pioneering patent to its biobutanol intellectual property portfolio.  This patent protects foundational methods for low-cost production of

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European Commission Sued for Lack of Transparency on Biofuels Policy

(Client Earth)  The European Commission has been sued, accused of violating European transparency laws. Environmental law organisation ClientEarth, Friends of the Earth Europe (FOEE), FERN and Corporate Europe Observatory (CEO) filed the lawsuit following the Commission’s refusal to provide access

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Bogus Logic in E15 Suits

by Mike Bryan (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  In a thinly veiled attempt to further line their pockets, the meat and poultry industry, and the grocery and convenience store associations, are once again trying to stop the advance of ethanol use in

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Oil Industry Joins Others Attempting to Block E15

by Philip Brasher (Des Moines Register)  The oil industry is joining with food manufacturers, livestock producers and fast-food restaurants in an effort to block an increase in the amount of ethanol that can be added to gasoline. They say the Environmental

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Beet Ethanol Plant Survives Legal Challenge in Rapho Township

by Cindy Stauffer (Lancaster Online) Plans for a beet ethanol plant in Rapho Township have survived a court challenge.  A Lancaster County Court judge has dismissed a lawsuit by four businesses who own land near the site. ... Maibach LLC wants to build a

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Clean Air Task Force Sues EPA Over RFS2

by Joanna Schroeder  (DomesticFuel.com)  Earlier this year Big Oil sued the EPA over the biodiesel requirement in the RFS2. Today (May 25, 2010), the Clean Air Task Force, on behalf of environmental groups including Friends of the Earth, filed suit

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Novozymes Again Sues Danisco

(the Cophenhagen Post)  Danish companies Danisco and Novozymes retread infringement issue, but this time over a different patent. Patent infringements over enzymes used in biofuels are again at issue between Danish companies Danisco and Novozymes, with the latter suing Danisco for the

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Groups Challenge EPA on Greenhouse Finding

by Light and Medium Truck (Transport Topics Online) A group including motor carriers, businesses, several members of Congress and a conservative public interest legal foundation has filed a lawsuit in federal appeals court challenging the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s finding

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Truckers, Oil Refiners Sue California to Overturn State's Low-Carbon Fuel Standard

(edmunds.com)  Oil refiners and truckers have sued California to overturn the state's low-carbon fuel standard.  The suit, filed in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of California, alleges that the LCFS violates the Constitution's commerce clause, which reserves

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India’s PM Makes National Biofuels Mandate Obligatory for All State-Owned Oil Marketing Companies, Will Chase Non-Compliance

by Joelle Dent (Biofuels Digest)  ...Prime Minister Manmohan Singh announced that the National Biofuels Mandate will be obligatory for all government-owned oil marketing companies, and warned that the Central Government will prosecute all noncompliance. ...Earlier this week environmental activist Subhash Dutta

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fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC 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International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo 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long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership 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management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses 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