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In Gasolinegate, the True Cost of Gasoline Far Exceeds What We See at the Pump

by Emily Phillips (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  ... Even today, gasoline as a fuel dominates the transportation sector, despite attempts to increase the market share of electric and alternative-fuel vehicles. In Gasolinegate, authors Burl Haigwood (advisor to the Clean Fuels Development

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Bolivia Strengthens Commitment to Biofuels Development

(Xinhua)  The Bolivian government reaffirmed on Friday its commitment to biofuels and its plan to progressively reduce diesel and gasoline subsidies in the South American country. Adams Hurtado, the country's industrialization and transportation vice minister, said Bolivia has opted for biofuels derived

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The Zombies of the U.S. Tax Code: Why Fossil Fuels Subsidies Seem Impossible to Kill

by Lisa Friedman (New York Times) For the fourth year in a row, President Biden is trying to eliminate federal tax breaks for coal, oil and gas companies. But fossil fuel subsidies have proven difficult to stop. -- ... Mr. Biden’s budget

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Dissent Emerges in Europe over Unrealistic Political Favoritism Given to EVs, Hydrogen in Heavy-Duty Vehicle CO2 Standards

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  The European Waste-based & Advanced Biofuels Association, representing 55-plus stakeholders from the EU waste-based and advanced biodiesel supply chain, noted in early February that it has become apparent that several member states including Germany are

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Thailand Looking to Drop Biofuel Subsidies in September

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) In Thailand, the Bangkok Post reports the Oil Fuel Fund Office is looking to finally end biofuel subsidies for certain blends in September after intending to for several years. Biofuels have been subsidized in Thailand for

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Everything You Wanted to Know about Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel. Charts and Graphs Included

by Jeremy Martin (Union of Concerned Scientists)  ... Biofuels overall account for a small but growing share of US transportation energy. Figure 2 shows that petroleum supplies 94 percent of US transportation energy while biofuels are 6 percent. Of the biofuels,

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aireg: Cancellation of Subsidies for the PtL SAF Production Ramp-up in the 2024 Budget Is Fatal

(aireg (Google Translation)) Sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) are essential for reducing emissions from aviation and thus in particular its climate impact. At present, however, sustainable aviation fuels are only available to a limited extent and are significantly more expensive than fossil

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Nigerians Look to Biofuel as Cost of Cooking Gas Soars

Kadiatou Sakho (AFP/Macao Business)  Hairdresser Shola Abiodun Adeyemi begins preparing lunch by pouring out a glug of bright green biofuel gel into her stove, as many Nigerians seek to reduce cooking expenses. The cost of living has skyrocketed in Nigeria since President

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Gerdes Green Receives Government Subsidy for Damen Combi Freighter 3850 Green Innovations

(Damen)  On 4th October, Damen’s client Gerdes Green received a subsidy from the German Government for the investment in sustainable innovations for a Damen Combi Freighter (CF) 3850 currently under construction, as well as for a second vessel. Damen, together with Gerdes Green

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Corporates Shun Low-Carbon Biodiesel in Oman

by Conrad Prabhu (Oman Daily Observer)   Omani startup Wakud, which operates the country’s first commercial-scale biodiesel plant using waste cooking oil as feedstock, has bemoaned the appallingly low uptake of its low-carbon biodiesel by energy companies and other large corporates operating

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Biofuels Production and Development in China

by Fuli Li and Yixuan Fan (Qingdao Institute of Bioenergy and Bioprocess Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences/IEA Bioenergy Task 39)  Summary: China is the world’s largest liquefied natural gas import country, has the world’s largest car fleet, the second largest gasoline

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Dutch Climate Minister Calls for Strong Coalition to Phase out Fossil Fuel Subsidies

by Pietro Lombardi (Reuters) Dutch Climate Minister Rob Jetten said on Monday he would work in coming weeks to set up a strong international coalition to phase out subsidies and tax breaks tied to the use of fossil fuels blamed for

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Removal of Fuel Subsidies in Nigeria Has Several Effects on Its Citizens: How Biofuels Can Help

by Onyinye Jane Achukwu (Advanced Biofuels USA) In a recent article, Henry Nnaemeka of the Daily Post noted, "The removal of fuel subsidy by the President Bola Ahmed Tinubu-led government has no doubt caused untold hardship for many Nigerians.  However, clean energy

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Subsidy Removal: Rise in Fuel Price Presents Biofuels as Viable Option – Environmentalists

by Henry Nnaemeka (Daily Post) The removal of fuel subsidy by the President Bola Ahmed Tinubu-led government has no doubt caused untold hardship for many Nigerians.  However, clean energy advocates and environmentalists, have described the situation as a blessing in disguise for

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Lawmaker Calls for Relaxation of Biofuel Requirement to Ease Oil Prices

by Beatriz Marie D. Cruz (Business World) The government should provide P5.19 billion in fuel subsidies to the transport, farm and fisheries sectors in the next three months to avert runaway inflation that could hit 6.2% this year amid spiraling global crude prices,

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Vivek Ramaswamy Endorses Ethanol Subsidies: 'True Consumer Choice'

by Tiana Lowe Doescher (Washington Examiner) ... "There are other countries that have true consumer choice. In Brazil, and many countries, it's true that any consumer can choose what blend they want, and we know what choices they make. They do

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Japan Plans to Implement SAF Mandate by 2030

by Erin Voegele (SAF Magazine)  The government of Japan is preparing to implement a mandate for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and take several other actions to support the production, supply and use of SAF within the country, according to a report

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European Airlines Warn of Emissions

byKate Duffy and Siddharth Vikram Philip (Bloomberg/Business Live) Aviation executives are using Paris Air Show to press case for Europe to emulate US and pour money into sector --  Aviation executives implored European leaders to pitch in more taxpayer funding to

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Opinion: Get Tax Credits Right to Make Clean Hydrogen a Boon not a Boondoggle

by Gernot Wagner and Danny Cullenward (Washington Post) ...  Enter Section 45V of the tax code. Under this, clean hydrogen producers that meet low-emissions standards will be eligible for federal incentives that cover up to about 60 percent of the average total

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US Ethanol Industry Expands Focus to Lower-Carbon Aviation Sector

by Stephanie Kelly (Reuters)  The U.S. ethanol industry is lobbying the Biden administration to ensure lower-carbon aviation fuel made from ethanol will qualify for subsidies under the Inflation Reduction Act, arguing such provisions are crucial to meeting U.S. climate goals. The campaign

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From Fossil Fuel Jobs to Clean Energy: Profiles of Locals Who’ve Made the Jump

by Brooke Staggs (Southern California News Group/Orange County Register) ... But Rep. Mike Levin, D-San Juan Capistrano, who worked to bring green jobs to Southern California before he got elected, argues that tax provisions for renewables make sense for the environment

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Airlines in Line for Green Fuel Funding Boost under EU Climate Law

by Kate Abnett and Joanna Plucinska (Reuters)  Airlines could be in line for 2 billion euros in European Union funding to help them switch to sustainable fuels, under reforms to strengthen Europe's climate change policies. The European Parliament on Tuesday approved a

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Gas from Grappa: Spirits Maker Bonollo Turns Waste to Biomethane

by Francesca Landini (Reuters) Bonollo, known for making Italy's traditional spirit grappa, and gas distributor Italgas (IG.MI) opened the first biomethane plant in an Italian distillery on Wednesday, in a move that could spur the country's production of renewable natural gas. Biomethane, which in

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Analysis: Indonesia Must Jump Ethanol Feedstock Hurdle to Repeat Biodiesel Success

by Fransiska Nangoy and Bernadette Christina (Reuters) ... Indonesia imported about 60% of the gasoline it burned last year at a cost of $17 billion, and it aims to replicate the success it had with biodiesel mandates that cut billions

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Canada's Renewable Fuel Sector Could Be Devastated by U.S. Subsidies: Lobby Groups

by Sean Pratt (The Western Producer/Richmond News) Canada’s biodiesel and renewable diesel sectors will be obliterated by a new subsidy program in the United States unless the Canadian government responds in kind, say two lobby groups.  ... The industry suffered a huge

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VoltH2 Receives Operating Subsidy SDE++ for Green Hydrogen Factories in Zeeland

(VoltH2 (Google Translations)) VoltH2 has received a substantial operating subsidy from the Netherlands Enterprise Agency (RVO) and the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Climate Policy (EZK) for the production of green hydrogen. VoltH2 receives this subsidy for its projects in Vlissingen

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Sustainable SAF from Corn

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The SAF Grand Challenge is vast. It sets out to achieve a minimum 50% reduction in lifecycle GHG emissions compared to conventional aviation fuel, increase SAF output to 3 billion gallons per year by 2030,

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Estonian Government Extends Support to the Production of Biomethane for Vehicles

(AltFuels) The State extends subsidies for the production of renewable natural gas used for transportation until June 30, 2024, according an order signed by the Minister of Economic Affairs and Infrastructure Riina Sikkut (SDE). The time for subsidies was set to expire

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Was 2022 a Pivotal Year for BioFuel?

(World Bio Market Insights) Interest in biofuels survived the fossil fuel bonanza of 2022 but there’s still a long road to viability -- The importance of energy to domestic and international politics became more visible than ever before between 2020 and

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Estonia to Extend Subsidization Period for Biomethane Production

(The Baltic Times) ... The subsidy for biomethane supplied for the transport sector is 100 euros minus the average monthly price of natural gas per megawatt-hour for the ongoing month. Support is not paid if the price of gas is higher

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Countervailing Duties on Biodiesel Originating in Indonesia Confirmed – A Big Win for the EBB

(European Biodiesel Board) The EBB welcomes the European General Court decision to dismiss the actions for annulment initiated by three Indonesian biodiesel producers in March 2020, following the EU imposition of definitive countervailing duties on biodiesel imports from Indonesia.   After

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Subsidies Help Oil Industry Profit More Than Ever

by Natasha Lasky  (World War Zero)  In 2021, public subsidies for fossil fuels almost doubled to $700 billion, keeping a dying industry not just afloat, but thriving through a worsening energy crisis. The $697.2 billion total describes explicit subsidies, including price reductions, government funding,

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Support for Fossil Fuels Almost Doubled in 2021, Slowing Progress toward International Climate Goals, According to New Analysis from OECD and IEA

(International Energy Agency) Major economies sharply increased support for the production and consumption of coal, oil and natural gas, with many countries struggling to balance longstanding pledges to phase out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies with efforts to protect households from surging

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Industry Debunks Ethanol Myths

by Tom Doran (AgriNews) Renewable fuel boosters did some “myth busting” and discussed ethanol’s role in gasoline prices during a June 17 National Corn Growers Association podcast. “Over the years we have heard so many arguments against ethanol, and we wanted to

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Sales of High-Blend Ethanol Surge in France Amid Rising Fuel Prices

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com) Record fuel prices seen since Russia’s invasion of Ukraine have led cost-conscious motorists to pivot towards alternative fuel sources, with sales of E85 – a mixture of petrol and up to 85% bioethanol – rising significantly

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Electric Vehicle: India’s Target to Have 20% Ethanol Blended in Petrol by 2025 Could Affect Its Food Security

by Tanvi Deshpande (IndiaSpend.com/Scroll.in)  Achieving the target won’t drastically reduce emissions nor will India achieve energy security because of it. -- For India to meet its target of 20% ethanol blended in petrol by the year 2025 (commonly known as the

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Biofuels Industry Still Waiting on Subsidies to Compete with Oil, Gas, Electric Vehicles

by Anthony Hennen (The Center Square/The Bradford Era) The biofuel industry could dramatically reduce tailpipe emissions from cars and improve air quality, but the effects of the pandemic and government subsidies for green competitors like electric vehicles makes future growth a

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Offo to Postpone End of Biofuel Subsidy

(Bangkok Post) The Oil Fuel Fund Office (Offo) expects to delay a plan to end the biofuel subsidy for two years to give sugar cane, cassava and palm famers more time to manage their output. The government has spent part of the

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Cheap Ethanol Drives French Demand for Gasoline Engine Conversion Kits

(Reuters) Sales of kits that let gasoline engines run on ethanol are surging in France, as drivers switch to using the sharply cheaper crop-based fuel at a time of soaring oil prices. Self-styled market leader FlexFuel Energy Development says it delivered 6,400

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Challenges & Potential of Indonesia's Biodiesel & Bioethanol Programs

(Indonesia Investments) Biodiesel, which is a form of diesel fuel that is derived from plants or animals (in the case of Indonesia it mainly uses fatty acid methyl ether, FAME, which is derived from palm oil), has been on the

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India May Continue Rice Subsidy for Ethanol to Reduce Stock

(UkrAgroConsult)  Rice stock with FCI was at 53.89 mt as on Jan 1 — more than 7-times the stocking norm of 7.61 mt ... As the Centre has approved about 860 crore litres capacity of grain-based ethanol plants, taking the total capacity

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UK Trade Remedies Authority Proposes Trade Measures for Biodiesel Public Comment DEADLINE: January 14, 2022

(UK Government Trade Remedies Authority) The UK TRA has proposed that existing measures on imports of FAME biodiesel are kept, but that measures on imports of HVO biodiesel are removed.  -- In its initial findings, the UK’s Trade Remedies Authority (TRA) has today

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Tesla CEO Elon Musk Says US Should Get Rid of EV Subsidies

by Hyunjoo Jin (Reuters/Times Drive) The billionaire entrepreneur is escalating criticism about the administration and Democrats for a proposal to give union-made, U.S.-built electric vehicles an additional $4,500 tax incentive. Tesla and foreign automakers do not have unions at their U.S.

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Daily on Energy: Call to End Oil and Gas Exploration Will ‘Come Back to Haunt Us,’ Top Analyst Warns

by by Jeremy Beaman and Josh Siegel (Washington Times) ... He (Daniel Yergin, vice chairman of IHS Markit) also claimed IEA’s (International Energy Agency's) report informed a decision by organizers of the U.N.’s COP26 climate conference to give the oil

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G-20 Fossil-Fuel Support Hits Nearly $600 Billion in 2020

by Victoria Cuming and Maia Godemer (BloombergNEF) The Group-of-20 countries have made headlines in recent months with some new pledges to achieve “net-zero” CO2 emissions by 2050 or, in China’s case, by 2060. But back in the here-and-now many of these

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U.S. Agrees to End Fossil Fuel Financing Abroad

by Sara Schonhardt (E&E News) The United States committed today with other countries to stop financing fossil fuel projects abroad by the end of next year, in a seismic shift that could stem the construction of natural gas and oil facilities

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Govt Assures Ethanol Blending Plan Will Not Affect India's Food Security

 (MSN/BusinessToday.IN)  The Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas said on Thursday that India's ambitious Ethanol blending plan will not affect the country's food security as meeting food grain demand is the top focus of the government. Noting that certain reports

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Fossil Fuel Industry Gets Subsidies of $11m a Minute, IMF Finds

by Damian Carrington (The Guardiain) Trillions of dollars a year are ‘adding fuel to the fire’ of the climate crisis, experts say --  The fossil fuel industry benefits from subsidies of $11m every minute, according to analysis by the International Monetary

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Is Hydrogen the New Oil?

by Fred Pearce (China Dialogue)  Hydrogen may have lost the race to fuel electric cars but it looks a likely contender to replace fossil fuels in trucks, ships, planes and heavy industry -- ...  Japan, once a passionate advocate of

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Follow the Money: US Subsidizes Oil and Gas So Investors Never Lose

by María Paula Rubiano A. (Grist)  Finally, we have the numbers and they're not pretty, detailing how it doesn't matter what price fuel is. --  It’s not a secret that subsidies for fossil fuels get in the way of decarbonization. Nations from

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Biprtisan Infrastructure Bill Includes $25 Billion in Potential New Subsidies for Fossil Fuels

by Alleen Brown (The Intercept)  Instead of reducing the role of fossil fuels in the economy, critics say, the bill subsidizes industry “greenwashing.” ... The latest draft bill would make fossil fuel companies eligible for at least $25 billion in new

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EU Extends Tariffs on U.S. Biodiesel for Five Years

by Philip Blenkinsop  (Reuters)  The European Union will retain its tariffs on U.S. biodiesel for a further five years after concluding that removing them would likely lead to a surge of imports at artificially low prices. The tariffs, dating back to 2009, will

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Fact Sheet | Proposals to Reduce Fossil Fuel Subsidies (2021)

by Savannah Bertrand (Environmental and Energy Study Institute) U.S. direct subsidies to the fossil fuel industry are estimated at roughly $20.5 billion per year, including $14.7 billion from federal subsidies and $5.8 billion from state subsidies. When externalities such as health, environmental,

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The World’s Biggest Governments Are Still Propping up Fossil Fuels

by Nathaniel Bullard (Bloomberg Quint)  ... The full breadth of government support, however, covers a lot more than lowering the price tags consumers see. It also includes investment by state-owned companies, budgetary transfers, tax breaks, and concessional grants and loans

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An Open Letter to President Biden on Competition for Climate Change Reduction Businesses

by Bob Kozak (Atlantic Biomass/Biofuels Digest)  Dear President Biden, For someone who says competition is the key to American economic success, “A fair, open, and competitive marketplace has long been a cornerstone of the American economy, while excessive market concentration threatens basic

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G7’s Green Recovery: Promises Kept? The G7 Countries Have Spent More on Fossil Fuels than Clean Energy

by Ashira Morris (Our Daily Planet) The G7 countries have spent more on fossil fuels than clean energy since last March, a new study led by the non-profit Tearfund shows. The seven countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States) from

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Winning the Future: Analyzing the CLEAN Future Act and Its Implications for Biofuels

by Jenna Bloxom* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  The May 5th, 2021 Congressional hearing of the CLEAN Future Act: Driving Decarbonization of the Transportation Sector was a veritable marathon of legislative discourse just shy of four hours long as both parties debated

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Omar, Sanders, Merkley, Markey, Barragán Introduce Bill to End Corporate Handouts to the Fossil Fuel Industry

(Office of Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.))  Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.) and Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) together with Sen. Merkley (D-Ore.), Sen. Markey (D- Mass.) and Rep. Barragan (D-Calif.) introduced legislation to close tax loopholes and eliminate other federal subsidies for

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Fossil Fuels Get Too Many Government Handouts. Biden Wants to Cut Them off.

by Lili Pike (Vox)  The American Jobs Plan proposes taking away major tax breaks for the fossil fuel industry. -- One of the great ironies of climate politics is that America continues to subsidize — to the tune of billions of

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How Joe Biden Can Cut Off the Fossil Fuel Industry’s Federal Funding

by Alexander E. Kaufman (Huffington Post/Yahoo! News)  ... The 11-page Evergreen Action memo highlights the limits of what the Biden administration can do unilaterally. At least a dozen ideas proposed in the document require Congress to act, including nearly all

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Climate Orders up: It's Climate Day at the White House.

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy) It's climate day at the White House. President Joe Biden will unveil executive orders today designed to make climate change a national security priority for years to come, while reshaping the U.S. oil and

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BPPT Exhorts Government to Accelerate Development of Biofuel

(ANTARA)  The Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT) pressed for the government to speed up the development of biofuel as a better alternative to using fossil fuel. "We have to develop biofuel as a substitute for fossil

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Trump's Unplanned Gift to Biden: Clean Energy on the Rise

by Ben Lefebvre and Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico)  ... Biden is expected to speed the adoption of electric vehicles and boost power line transmission networks that will open up new opportunities for renewable power generators, analysts said. ... But the situation for fossil fuels

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LETTER: Support Increase in Oil, Gas Royalties on Federal Land

by Earl Draayer (Sioux City Journal) ... Grassley (Senator Charles Grassley (R-IA)) proposes an increase of 50% of oil and gas royalties on federal land leased to oil and gas companies. The royalties were established a century ago under the

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Shutdown Stopped, but Funding Fight Continues

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy)  However, the emerging package has drawn the ire of progressive and environmental justice groups who are urging Democrats to walk away and try again next Congress. "We have serious concerns about the prospects of the Senate

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Getting Carbon for Everyday Materials from Waste Emissions: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Carbon Capture and Use

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Anyone facing a carbon target or price wants to capture carbon. The advanced players are turning towards carbon capture and use — as a way to pay for carbon capture and a place to put it

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Oil and Gas Companies Keep Taking From Taxpayers. And Taking. Congress Should Raise the Royalty Rates on Federal Lands.

by Senators Tom Udall (D-N) and Charles Grassley (R-IA)  (New York Times) One hundred years ago, Congress passed the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920, setting up a system in which companies lease public lands to wrest valuable oil and gas from

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Biden Plan to End U.S. Fossil Fuel Subsidies Faces Big Challenges

by Timothy Gardner (Reuters)  ... Biden has said axing fossil fuel subsidies will generate money to help pay for his broader $2 trillion climate plan. While Biden can take executive action to reverse President Donald Trump’s rollbacks of rules meant to

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Refineries Are Fighting over Used Cooking Oil and Animal Fat

by Haley Zaremba  (OilPrice.com)  ... In the absence of gasoline demand, refineries have been casting around for alternate solutions to keep their plants up and running, and it looks like they may have found the answer: biofuels. Early on in

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Indonesia May Cut Biodiesel Use Target as Subsidy Fund Depletes

(Fitch Ratings)  The Indonesian government may rein in its push to increase use of biodiesel as it now comes at higher cost following a fall in crude oil prices and sustained strength in crude palm oil (CPO) prices, Fitch Ratings

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The Energy 202: The Oil Industry Thinks It Can Work with Biden, Despite Call for 'Transition' Away from It

by Dino Grandoni with Alexandra Ellerbeck  (Washington Post)  Joe Biden said he wanted a “transition” away from the oil industry. But the oil industry itself thinks it can still work with the Democratic nominee should he win the White House

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Ethanol Use Seen Growing Quickly in India, Not as Much in Thailand

by Marcelo Teixeira (Reuters) Ethanol production and consumption in India, the world’s third largest fuel market, is expected to increase quickly in coming years as the government seems keen to push the industry to higher blend rates, an industry official said on

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Biden Eyes Trade Agenda to Combat Climate Change

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy)  Joe Biden and key Democrats in Congress say they want to use the trade agenda to fight global warming if they win the White House and Senate next month, POLITICO's Gavin Bade reports .

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Trade, Biofuels and the Environment: Key Agriculture Issues in U.S. Election

by P.J. Huffstutter, Karl Plume and Stephanie Kelly (Reuters)  U.S. President Donald Trump enjoys broad support among farmers, but some are unhappy about the impact of his trade and biofuel policies on crop prices and international demand for U.S. agricultural products.

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A Rare Bit of Good News for Oil Refiners: ‘Renewable Diesel’

by Tim Treadgold (Forbes)  ... Until recently renewable diesel was very much a niche product which failed to attract mainstream investor interest. That could change after a leading investment bank, Morgan Stanley MS -2.4%, took a close look at the opportunities opening up

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Iowa Farm Bureau Statement on CARES Act Funding for Agricultural Relief

(Iowa Farm Bureau) ... “The Iowa Farm Bureau Federation (IFBF) applauds Gov. Kim Reynolds’ assistance and focus on agriculture with the CARES Act funding,” said Craig Hill, a Warren County crop and livestock farmer and IFBF president. “This has been

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Enviros Aren’t Happy with Democratic Party Policy

(OK Energy Today/Politico) Environmental activists are complaining that the Democratic Party’s policy platform sent to delegates ahead of a final vote this week omits a call to end tax breaks and subsidies for fossil fuel companies — despite being approved by

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Biofuture Platform Launches Five Principles for Post-COVID Bioeconomy Recovery and Acceleration

(Biofuture Platform)  Principles have been designed to help economies create jobs in a sector severely hit by the crisis  -- The Biofuture Platform, a twenty-country, multi-stakeholder initiative, announced today the launch of a set of voluntary principles. These are intended to

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Axne: Fossil Fuel Companies Shouldn’t Receive Covid Relief Funds

(KMA Land/Iowa Agribusiness Radio Network)  ... During a virtual forum with the Iowa Farmers Union on Wednesday, Third District Congresswoman Cindy Axne was asked whether fossil fuel companies should be eligible for pandemic relief funds. “Listen, my personal belief is no,” Axne

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Exploring the Sustainability of the Indian Sugar Industry

(Standford University/EurekAlert!) Generations of political support for sugar cultivation have helped India become the second-largest producer of sugar worldwide. Now, the country's commitment to renewable energy could create additional benefits, like conserving natural resources and providing better nutrition to the poor. Stanford

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Farmers, Researchers Agree: COVID-19, Climate Change Revealed Holes in Agriculture System

by Sarah Spicer (Wichita Eagle) To preserve the environment, mitigate climate change and stabilize the U.S. food system, Midwest farmers should diversify their crops and move away from raising corn and soybeans, researchers say. The current crop system, which was founded after

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Omar, Sanders, Merkley, Markey, Barragán Introduce Bill to End Corporate Handouts to the Fossil Fuel Industry

(Office of Representative Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.)) Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.) and Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) together with Sen. Merkley (D-Ore.), Sen. Markey (D- Mass.) and Rep. Barragan (D-Calif.) introduced legislation to close tax loopholes and eliminate other federal subsidies for the

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G20 Nations Put $150B into Fossil Fuels

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy)  G20 nations — which account for 80 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions — have committed a total of at least $150 billion to support fossil fuels since the beginning of the coronavirus pandemic,

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Ethanol Prophet Tilts at Petroleum

by Mikkel Pates (AgWeek)  South Dakota ethanol promoter Orrie D. Swayze likes to hear promotions for 30% ethanol blends in gasoline but thinks 50% would be better for the environment and human health.  --  ...  Swazey, 76, ... became worried

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Trump's Biofuel, Trade Policies Are the Worst

by David Kruse (The CommStock Report/Spencer Daily Reporter) President Donald Trump has had the worst biofuel and trade policies that I have ever seen and came with the most farm subsidies ever because of it. When elected I thought "well

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Indonesia Allocates US$195 Million Subsidy on Palm Biodiesel Producers over Smallholders

by Hans Nicholas Jong (Mongabay/EcoBusiness) Campaigners have blasted the move, noting that the fund is meant to empower small oil palm farmers and not subsidise the giant multinationals that produce biodiesel. -- ... The social and travel restrictions imposed in response

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Select Committee Democrats Releases 'Solving The Climate Crisis', A Congressional Roadmap For Ambitious Climate Action

(House Select Committee on the Climate Crisis)  Plan Would Put Americans Back To Work, Save Lives, And Help the United States Reach Net Zero By 2050  --  On Tuesday, led by Speaker Nancy Pelosi and Chair Kathy Castor (D-FL), members of the House Select Committee

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Our View: Politics: What Rural Areas Need from Legislators

(Mankato Free Press)  ... Here’s what rural Minnesota does need: It needs clean water and subsidized wastewater systems. It needs good government that gets state and federal subsidies to provide a life that provides a solid base of services but few luxuries. It needs

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IEA Offers World Governments a Sustainable Recovery Plan to Boost Economic Growth, Create Millions of Jobs and Put Emissions into Structural Decline

(International Energy Agency)  Based on analysis conducted in cooperation with the IMF, new IEA report outlines energy-focused policies and investments to move the world towards a cleaner and more resilient future  -- The International Energy Agency is today presenting a

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Indonesia Weighing Subsidy Options to Support Biodiesel Programme

by Gayatri Suroyo, Tabita Diela, Bernadette Christina Munthe and Fransiska Nangoy (Reuters) The Indonesian government is considering alternate plans to increase subsidies for the country’s ambitious biodiesel programme after crude oil prices tumbled, a finance ministry official said on Wednesday. A historic

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Help for Coronavirus-Stricken Biofuel Industry and Others is Needed Now!

(Solutions from the Land)  ... Compared to the relief that is being considered for the oil industry, it is still a meager response. Changes made late last month by the Federal Reserve to a $600 billion loan program created to help small- and

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Z Energy Puts Biofuel Plant to Sleep, Asks for Govt Money

by Eloise Gibson (Stuff)  Z Energy is "hibernating" its biodiesel plant but may re-open in a year. --Z Energy  has put its Auckland biofuel plant to sleep after a bidding war broke out for the fatty animal waste it runs

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Colombia Imposes Countervailing Tariffs On US Ethanol

by Loren Moss (Finance Colombia) Colombia’s government today announced that it would impose tariffs on ethyl alcohol (ethanol) imports from the United States for the next two years in the amount of 6.646 cents US per kilogram, an amount it says

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Don’t Lose Heart or Courage

by Brian Jennings (Ethanol Producer Magazine/American Coalition for Ethanol)  ...  I encourage us to consider something Winston Churchill said during World War II that has resonance now. “It would be foolish to disguise the gravity of the hour. It would be

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Big Oil Overreaches on COVID-19 Bailout

by Jim Talent (The Gazette) ... Oil companies have requested special access to a $600 billion lending facility at the Federal Reserve, and the administration seems keen to deliver. The president just announced that the Secretary of Energy and Secretary

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Dems on COVID-19 Relief: Leave Fossil Fuels out of This

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy) Maryland Rep. Jamie Raskin led 60 Democratic lawmakers in a letter to House leadership Monday opposing any efforts by the fossil fuel industry to use Covid-19 recovery legislation to "confer immunity" for climate change or pollution, citing efforts that

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Fossil Fuel Firms Linked to Trump Get Millions in Coronavirus Small Business Aid

by Emily Holden (The Guardian)  Revealed: Oil and mining firms – some with ties to Trump officials – taking advantage of funding, review shows -- US fossil fuel companies have taken at least $50m in taxpayer money they probably won’t have

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Energy Transition to Be Shaped by World Response to COVID-19

by Allison Good, Taylor Kuykendall and Dan Testa  (S&P Global)  ... The coronavirus pandemic may accelerate a shift from fossil fuel spending to investments in renewable energy, but the pace of that transition depends heavily on how governments direct economic recovery

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Oil Prices Have Fallen below $0 a Barrel. What Does It Mean for the Climate? This Could Be an Opportunity to Reshape Our Energy System. But It Could Also Simply Lead to a Bailout of Oil Companies.

by Adele Peters (Fast Company)  ... Fracking companies have lost billions over the past decade. Some investors may be even more reluctant to invest in the sector now. “I think on the financial side, I would think twice as a

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COVID-19 Crisis Affects Ethanol Industry

by Kelby Wingert (The Messenger) ... With fewer cars on the roads, fewer people commuting to work and fewer families traveling for vacations, gasoline prices across the nation began to drop. And while consumers at the pump are enjoying the lowest

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As Price of Oil Drops, Trump Orders Plan to Help U.S. Energy Companies: Energy Secretary Says Funds from Fed’s Main Street Loan Program Might Be Needed to Help Oil Companies

by Will Englund (Washington Post) President Trump said Tuesday he has ordered his administration to come up with a plan to provide federal assistance to the oil and gas industry in the United States, which has been staggered by the

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Researchers Model Spatial and Temporal Consequences of Increased Woody Biomass Use on the Global Forest Ecosystem

(University of Maine) Incentivizing both sequestration and avoidance of emissions— using a carbon rental or carbon tax and subsidy approach — versus only a carbon tax encourages protection of natural forests by valuing the standing stock, according to a new study

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UPDATE 1-Brazil Aims to Announce Help for Ethanol Sector This Week -Minister

by Ana Mano and Roberto Samora  (Reuters) Brazil plans to announce this week measures to support its ethanol sector, which has been battered by falling demand and a sharp drop in gasoline prices due to turmoil in oil markets, Agriculture Minister

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Biofuels Industry Seeks Bailout to Weather 'Collapsing Demand'

(Reuters/NewsMax Finance) The U.S. biofuel industry has asked the Trump administration for funds from the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Commodity Credit Corporation to help it survive a demand slump triggered by the coronavirus outbreak, according to a letter seen by

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What's Lining up for Phase Four?

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy)  ... Both the House and Senate have begun work on surface transportation bills ahead of a September deadline to act, but lawmakers haven't been able to settle on how to pay for the legislation, Pro's

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Udall, Grassley Introduce Bill to Ensure Taxpayers Get Fair Share for Public Lands Leasing

(Office of Senator Chuck Grassley (R-IA))  On the 100 year anniversary of the Mineral Leasing Act, senators introduce the Fair Returns for Public Lands Act of 2020 to modernize the country’s antiquated public lands royalty system, increase return to federal

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Democrats Debate Climate Change Issues in Las Vegas — Finally

(Our Daily Planet) At the Democratic Debate in Las Vegas last night, the moderators asked a series of questions on climate change and environmental issues, and the candidates had a chance to both explain their plans and to talk about their

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Energy Ministry Keen to Maintain Subsidies for Biofuels

(Bangkok Post) The Energy Ministry plans to revoke the seven-year time frame for terminating the subsidies for biofuels, expecting to amend the State Oil Fund Act of 2019 within two years. Viraphol Jirapraditkul, director of the Energy Fund Administration Institute (EFAI), said Energy

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LETTER TO THE EDITOR: Every Single Point Ron Hart Tried to Make about Ethanol Was Wrong

by Bob Miller (Destin Log)  Ethanol is in fact an excellent solvent and will help keep injectors clean.  -- I just read Ron Hart’s opinion piece in your paper. I don’t want to call it ignorant but it is extremely poorly researched. Essentially

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FixOurFuel Publishes Aid for Holiday Conversations about Ethanol

(Urban Air Initiative) As the holidays approach, you're bound to end up talking about where you work. And during what's normally pleasant small talk, one mention of the word ethanol can trigger strong opinions and negativity whether from your distant cousin,

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EU Hits Indonesian Biodiesel with Import Duties over Subsidies

by Philip Blenkinsop (Reuters) The European Union confirmed tariffs on Indonesian biodiesel imports on Monday to counter what it sees as unfair subsidies, the latest blow to producers after the bloc ruled that palm oil should be phased out of renewable

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Manure, Trash and Wastewater: U.S. Utilities Get Dirty in Climate Fight

by Nichola Groom (Reuters)  ...  (Joey) Airoso is tapping into a growing market among U.S. utilities for so-called renewable natural gas, or biomethane, that is being driven by the fight against climate change. For farmers, it is a way to get ahead

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Going Head-to-Head-to-Head on Ethanol with Chris Edwards

by Marc J. Rauch (The Auto Channel)  ... Several weeks ago I had the opportunity to write to Chris (Edewards) regarding an anti-ethanol editorial he wrote for the Cato Institute website titled "Time to repeal ethanol subsidies." I didn't have the

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Taxes on Polluting Fuels Are Too Low to Encourage a Shift to Low-Carbon Alternatives

(Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development) Taxing polluting sources of energy is an effective way to curb emissions that harm the planet and human health, and the income generated can be used to ease the low-carbon transition for vulnerable households. Yet

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Fossil Fuels Offer a Poor Return on Energy Investment

(University of Leeds) An evaluation of the global energy return on investment for fossil fuels and renewable sources reveals a much more level playing field than previously believed. An enduring argument for the ongoing use of fossil fuels is their high

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The Problem with the Ethanol Industry

by Robert Rapier (Forbes)  ... The ethanol industry would argue that if refiners weren't being forced to blend ethanol, they wouldn't. That's mostly true. Ethanol has a significantly lower energy content than gasoline, but ethanol is used to increase octane. Thus, refiners would

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The Real Fuel Issue

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association/Washington Post)  I was surprised to see in Catherine Rampell’s July 26 op-ed, “The Grand Old Socialist Party,” a line about “big fat federal government subsidies for corn ethanol.” The last tax credit for ethanol, the

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Planned Anti-Subsidy Duties on Palm Oil Methyl Ester Ineffective

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP))  The preliminary anti-subsidy duties announced by the EU Commission will not reduce imports of palm oil-based biodiesel. This is the conclusion the Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP) has drawn from

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In Lobbying Battle for Electric Vehicle Tax Credit, It’s Car Makers vs. the Oil and Gas Industry

by Dino Grandoni and Steven Mufson (Washington Post)  ... GM, like a fleet of other car manufacturers, is seeking the extension of a tax break that has for a decade helped sustain the sale of cars that need little to no gasoline to

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Governor Jay Inslee Rolls Out More Climate Policy

(Our Daily Planet)  When it comes to climate policy, Governor Jay Inslee already has a plan to address nearly every element of the climate crisis, but on Monday he rolled out a new one — this time aimed at creating “Freedom from Fossil

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United States Spend Ten Times More on Fossil Fuel Subsidies than Education

by James Ellsmoor (Forbes)  The fossil fuel lobby has actively worked in many countries to protect their subsidies and avoid the imposition of carbon taxes. Doing so protects their profits. US spent on these subsidies in 2015 is more than the country’s

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1 Big Thing: The Persistence of Fossil Fuel Subsidies

(Axios)  ... International Energy Agency data shows that worldwide subsidies that lower consumer costs for fossil fuels grew to over $400 billion last year, their highest levels since 2014. Why it matters: The persistence of the payments, despite some progress in pricing reforms in

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The Energy 202: Why Some Climate Activists Are Cooling on a Carbon Tax

by Dino Grandoni (Washington Post)  It is one of most popular plans among economists for addressing climate change. Many Democrats have embraced it. Even some Republicans have come around to the idea. But a carbon tax is increasingly out of favor among left-wing climate

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Biodiesel Bonanza: How Federal Subsidies Prop Up the Industry and Cost Taxpayers Billions

(Taxpayers for Common Sense)  The federal government has subsidized the mature U.S. biodiesel industry for more than a decade. In years when subsidies are larger and more predictable, the industry responds with higher production levels to take advantage of billions of dollars in

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As German Imports Spike, UFOP Fears Add’l Pressure from Indonesia

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP)/Biodiesel Magazine)  Imports of biodiesel to Germany increased sharply in 2018. The rise was triggered by overabundant supply of state-subsidized and consequently low-priced biodiesel from Argentina. The Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen

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Call for EU to Stop Subsidies for Fossil Fuels to Help Bio-Based Materials Sector and the Circular Economy

by Liz Gyekye (BioMarket Insight)  “Please stop all subsidies to fossil fuels. In 2016, €56 billion went from EU member states to fossil fuels.” EU member states need to stop subsidising fossil fuels in order to help the bio-based materials industry, according

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We Can't Tackle Fossil Fuels without Addressing Freight, Flying, Plastics and Chemicals

by Mike Carr (The Hill/New Energy America)  ... In fact, he (oil tycoon Harold Hamm) significantly undercounted the depth of the U.S. Government support for the breakthrough technologies of directional drilling and hydraulic fracturing. In addition to the incentives for private sector risk taking,

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Biofuels Are Key to Reducing Carbon Dioxide Emissions

by Arlin E. Gyberg (StarTribune)  The biofuels industry over the last 30 years has produced more product using less energy and water and contributes far less carbon-dioxide emissions than petroleum fuels.   --  Across Minnesota, about 25 ethanol and biodiesel plants generate about

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Your Views: Q&A on E15 Fuel Had Misinformation

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association/The Gazette)  Rather than providing factual answers to common questions about Unleaded88 gasoline containing 15 percent ethanol (E15), The Gazette’s recent Q&A on the fuel (Page 6A, Monday) perpetuated familiar myths and misinformation about ethanol. After conducting

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What’s the Buzz? Heard on the Floor at the COP24, on Renewable Fuels and More (Biofuture Platform)

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ... “Pretty intense I’d say. Good.” notes Climate Ethanol Alliances’s James Cogan. “We’ve been in a dozen transport energy events so far.” The Message Most discussions here about climate progress in transport get to the hand-wringing stage of

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Penny for Your Corn? Stingy Trade-War Aid Irks U.S. Farmers

by P.J. Huffstutter and Mark Weinraub (Reuters)  ... Federal economists have calculated that the nation’s losses in corn - its largest crop by harvest and export volume - amount to just a penny per bushel, a pittance farmers call absurd. That’s

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Argentina Takes Peru to WTO in Biodiesel Row

by Tom Miles (Reuters)  Argentina has launched a dispute at the World Trade Organization to contest Peru’s anti-dumping and anti-subsidy duties on Argentina’s exports of biodiesel, a WTO filing published on Wednesday showed. Argentina’s complaint suggests the two countries have failed to

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Kudlow Calls for End to Subsidies for Electric Cars, Renewables

by Megan Keller and Timothy Cama (The Hill)  White House chief economic adviser Larry Kudlow said on Monday the Trump administration will seek to end subsidies for electric cars and renewable energy sources, according to reports. Kudlow said he expected subsidies for

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Edwardsville Lab Continues to Impact Ethanol Sector

by DeLoss Jahnke (Farm Week Now)  NCERC has contributed dozens of technologies being used by manufacturers across the country, and interest in continued collaboration keeps growing.  In just 15 years, the National Corn-to-Ethanol Research Center (NCERC) has become a nationally recognized research facility

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No Anti-Dumping Measure against Argentine Biodiesel - EU Commission Abandons EU Agriculture

(UFOP (Google translation))   Deeply disappointed and deceived, the European Oilseed Alliance (EOA) sees itself confronted with the completely surprising decision by the European Commission not to introduce retroactive punitive tariffs against the biodiesel quantities imported from Argentina since September 2017 , Last

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Contrary to Columnist's Claims, the RFS Works

by Cassidy Walter (The Gazette/Iowa Renewable Fuels Association)  As an outspoken libertarian in favor of open markets, it is unfortunate that in a recent column, Adam Sullivan did not look closer at the history of U.S. energy policy before disregarding the Renewable Fuel

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Using PNG, Biofuel for Cooking May Soon Get Cheaper, Subsidy Proposed

(Business Standard)  At present, the government extends a subsidy to users of LPG but PNG and biofuel users do not receive such benefits -- The government is considering a subsidy for all fuels that "are used for cooking". At present, liquefied petroleum

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Chart of the Week (23) -- Argentina Accounts for Almost Two Thirds of EU Biodiesel Imports − Indonesia Is the Largest Palm Oil Exporter to the EU

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP))  Biodiesel imports from Argentina have increased considerably over the past several months. In contrast, imports of soybean oil as feedstock from Argentina have been virtually non-existent. The reverse trend can be seen in

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US Still Subsidizing Fossil Fuels To Tune Of $27 Billion

by Joshua S Hill (Clean Technica)  New research has shown that the United States continues to subsidize the production and consumption of fossil fuels to the tune of $27 billion, despite repeated pledges since 2009 to phase out fossil fuel subsidies. In

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Researchers Outline Plan for Subsidy-Free Biogas

(Bioenergy Insight)  Scientists from Ghent University in Belgium have found that burning biogas is the least cost-effective way to use the product. Instead, they propose using biogas as the raw material for the production of chemicals. ... "Combustion has always been the easy

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Biofuel Policy Adds to Agricultural Market Uncertainty

by Pat Westhoff (Columbia Tribune)  ... Biofuel policy decisions also have the potential to have large impacts on commodity markets and farm income. Most cars in this country run on a blend of 90 percent gasoline and 10 percent ethanol. At current gasoline

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Missouri Governor Releases Final Biodiesel Subsidies

(Associated Press/The Herald)  Missouri Gov. Eric Greitens is releasing funding for biodiesel facilities that he had withheld because of concerns that state revenues could fall short of what's needed to balance the budget. The $4 million announced Thursday is the final amount

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QUOTE OF THE WEEK -- Manhattan Institute

The Manhattan Institute looked at "zero emission vehicles" and found: Broad-based adoption of ZEVs will increase overall emissions of sulfur dioxide, oxides of nitrogen, and particulates, compared with the same number of new internal combustion engines. The simple fact is

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Short Circuit: The High Cost of Electric Vehicle Subsidies

(Manhattan Institute)  Many claim that “zero-emissions vehicles” (ZEVs), especially battery-powered electric vehicles, should replace most, if not all, cars and trucks powered by gasoline-burning internal combustion engines. The primary rationale is to reduce air pollution and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. To effect

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Utilities, Oil Interests Clash over EV Policy at Conservative Policy Summit

by Gavin Bade (Utility Dive)  Utility companies clashed with oil industry interests over electric vehicle and fuel subsidies at a meeting of the American Legislative Exchange Council (ALEC), a conservative political group, last Friday. Oil-backed groups led by the Institute for Energy

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EIA: Subsidies for Renewables Down as Tax Credits Diminish

(U.S. Energy Information Administration/Ethanol Producer Magazine)   Federal subsidies for renewable energy—including biofuels for transportation use and renewable generation of electricity—dropped to $6.7 billion in fiscal year (FY) 2016, a 56 percent decline from FY 2013. Renewable subsidies in FY 2010 and FY

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Indonesian Oil Palm Smallholders Sue State over Subsidy to Biofuel Producers

(South Africa Today/Mongabay)  -A union of palm oil smallholders is challenging the allocation of a billion-dollar fund that they say fails to help them rejuvenate their low-yielding oil palms and instead unfairly subsidizes large biofuel producers. -Only 1 percent of the

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The U.S. Is about to Be the World’s Top Crude Oil Producer. Guess Who Didn’t See It Coming.

by Charles Lane (Washington Post)  ...  Domestic crude production was not inherently “limited,” as O’Connell told Congress in 2011, it just needed a better mouse trap. Fracking was it. Entrepreneurs broke the oil-import addiction, even though the main thing they intended to

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Can Updated Tax Credits Bring Carbon Capture Into the Mainstream?

by Emma Foehringer Merchant  (GreenTechMedia)  Expanded credits in the budget bill could “absolutely make the difference” for the economic viability of carbon capture and sequestration.  --  Among the energy credits tucked inside the budget deal eked out in early February lies a controversial measure: carbon capture and sequestration (CCS)

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Big Oil, Biodiesel Join Forces to Combat Electrification

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  Even though the petroleum and biodiesel industries rarely see eye to eye on U.S. energy policy, the two factions find common ground in a new threat to all liquid fuels—electric vehicles. The opening general session of

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pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania 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morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National 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nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC 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power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propane/renewable propane pumps propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis pyrolytic liquefaction Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R Factor R100/RD100 R33 R5 R95B5/RD95B5 R99/RD99 rabbits race radiata pine radish leaves Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rain tree rainforest ranchers RAND rare earth metal/critical minerals RD10 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