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Smelly but Clean: How Ammonia Might Kill Coal under the IRA

by Benjamin Storrow (Politico Pro Climatewire) Biden's climate law is funding "green ammonia" projects in hopes of using the chemical to power the grid, fuel cargo ships and make fertilizer. -- The stinky ammonia under your sink comes from one of the world's

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6 Hydrogen-Powered Aircraft that Are Hitting the Skies Soon, from a Flying Car to a Private Jet

by Dan Sloat (Robb Report) These H2eVTOLs are just concepts at this point, but they're coming. And they have the potential to help make aviation emissions free. -- Hydrogen propulsion aviation is evolving faster than expected. H2eVTOLs, as they’re known, have significant

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Norway Aims to Use Biofuel for Its F-35 Multirole Fighters.

(Global Defense News Army Recognition Group) The Norwegian Armed Forces have announced an ambitious initiative to have their F-35 fighters fly with biofuel by the end of the year, as indicated on the Norwegian Ministry of Defense's X account on May

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Airlines Clash with the EU over Greenwashing Claims

by Tommaso Lecca (Politico) The Commission has given 20 airlines a 30-day ultimatum to correct their claims. Here’s why. -- ...  Twenty airlines now under investigation by the Commission for alleged greenwashing; Brussels launched the action on April 30, following a warning issued by the European

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Premiere for the Porsche Mobil 1 Supercup with eFuels

(Porsche) The Porsche Mobil 1 Supercup will start the new season with eFuels that are potentially near-carbon-neutral. The feedstock comes from the Haru Oni pilot plant. The up to 32 racing cars in the Supercup will be fuelled exclusively with eFuels

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Haffner Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Haffner Energy’s expertise has been forged over more than 30 years of experience. 30 years’ experience designing, developing and bringing to market a pioneering, patented technology that produces clean fuels with a neutral-to-negative carbon footprint: biomass

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AGQM Publishes Biodiesel Quality Report 2023

(AGQM/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Germany has once again missed its climate-protection targets in the transport sector. In order to achieve these targets, in addition to switching to electromobility and alternative-mobility concepts, the use of climate-friendly biofuels is essential, as they directly reduce greenhouse

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European Airlines Call on Policymakers to Help “Supercharge” Domestic SAF Production

by Christopher Surgenor (GreenAir Online) Carriers meeting at the annual Airlines for Europe (A4E) Summit in Brussels called on policymakers to “supercharge” the production of sustainable aviation fuels across Europe through the introduction of competitive tax credits and the funding and

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The Turin Joint Statement on Sustainable Biofuels – The Background

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Turin Joint Statement on Sustainable Biofuels has now been released, and is here. WHAT THE TURIN JOINT STATEMENT (TJS) IS The Turin Joint Statement seeks to focus attention on G7 Ministers (and by extension heads of state) regarding

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King of Rims Malaysia Partners with DHL Express to Reduce Carbon Emissions via Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(DHL Express) King of Rims Malaysia comes on board GoGreen Plus service in commitment to a 30 percent reduction of carbon emissions associated with international shipments -- King of Rims Malaysia, a leading retailer of car parts and accessories, has signed onto

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Shell Introduces 100% Renewable Diesel at Filling Stations in Germany

(Shell/Biobased Diesel Daily) Shell in Germany announced April 5 that it is expanding its offering for business customers in the mobility sector with its new Shell Renewable Diesel. Through the use of waste and residual materials such as used cooking oil, the

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Shell Commissions Its First German Bio-LNG Plant

(Bioenergy Insight)  After two years of construction, Shell Energy has commissioned its first German bio-LNG plant at the Cologne-Godorf refinery site. With a capacity of 100,000 tonnes per year, it is the largest of its kind in Germany. The low-CO2 fuel is sufficient

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HGK Shipping Welcomes the Approval for HVO100

(Biofuels International) HGK Shipping is supporting the German government’s decision to approve the alternative fuel - HVO100. Europe’s largest inland waterway shipping company believes that this provides an opportunity to press ahead with decarbonising this mode of transport in the medium term. European

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Europe Could Produce 111 bcm of RNG by 2040, Report Finds

(Bioenergy International) A new report by Guidehouse on behalf of the European Biogas Association (EBA) reveals that Europe (EU-27 + UK, Norway, and Switzerland) could produce 111 billion cubic metres (bcm) of biomethane by 2040. This amount represents over 30 percent

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Air Products Receives Funding to Build Two Large-Scale Hydrogen Refueling Stations in the Region of North-Rhine Westphalia Nordrhein Westfalen

(Air Products) Air Products, a world-leading industrial gases company, today received funding from the Ministry of Economic Affairs, Industry, Climate Protection and Energy of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) to build two high-capacity, publicly accessible, low-carbon Hydrogen Refueling Stations (HRS)

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DHL and Prada Group Contribute to More Sustainable Air Freight with SAF

(DHL Group) By leveraging sustainable fuels, DHL Global Forwarding is able to support customers in effectively reducing their transport emissions from air freight. --  DHL Global Forwarding announces the first investment of the Prada Group in Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) credits, utilizing

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Carbon Markets Proliferate Worldwide — Report

by Anne C. Mulkern (Politico Pro Climatewire) Three dozen emissions trading systems are now operating worldwide, raising $74 billion in revenue last year. -- Washington state's carbon market was one of five new or heavily revised systems to launch in 2023, adding

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Futuria Fuels and DME

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Dimethyl-ether is a single molecule that can be produced from a wide range of renewable feedstocks. It can be blended with LPG and used in existing applications. It is chemically similar to propane and butane, and

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Commission Approves €350 Million German State Aid Scheme to Support Renewable Hydrogen Production

(European Commission) The European Commission has approved, under EU State aid rules, a €350 million German scheme to support the production of renewable hydrogen through the European Hydrogen Bank's “Auctions-as-a-Service” tool. The German measure is in line notably with the objectives of the REPowerEU Plan and

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What Other Brands Can Learn From Stellantis' Combustion Investment

by Gerhard Horn (Car Buzz) Stellantis announced that it will be investing $6 billion to keep internal combustion alive for cars like the Dodge Charger. -- Earlier this year, Stellantis announced that it would be investing $6 billion to keep internal combustion alive.

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Hybrids vs EVs: Why Hybrids Are Surging as EV Sales Slow

by John Matarese (Scripps News)  Electric vehicles have received all the hype in recent years, but now sales are slowing as hybrids appear to be en vogue. -- ... But as the spring 2024 car buying season begins, hybrids that use gas and

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More and More Shippers Take Action on Seaborne GHG Emissions

(Maersk)  Strong growth for Maersk ECO Delivery Ocean product in 2023. Over 200 customers saved more than 680,000 tons of GHG emissions. Retail, lifestyle, automotive and FMCG companies are the pioneers. Shippers are increasingly taking action to eliminate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions

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PTT Studying Production of Green Methanol

(Bangkok Post/MSN)  National oil and gas conglomerate PTT Plc is considering building a green methanol production facility at an estimated cost of 3.1 billion baht to support its plan to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and produce methanol-derived fuels. Methanol is traditionally produced

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The Electrifying End to Life on Earth

by Peter Brown (Biofuels Digest) In pursuit of our salvation from climate change we are now engaged in a deliberate effort that will dramatically increase the very polluting toxins that are causing that change. Even more ironically, we will use our

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Nuseed Targets Cotton Regions for Carinata Trials

by Emma Alsop (Grain Central)  Australia's cotton-growing regions are being targeted for trials to grow the non-edible renewable fuel feedstock crop, carinata. Nuseed, the seed division of Australian agricultural chemical company Nufarm, is eyeing trials of carinata this year, according to general

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IAE AG Successfully Tests V2500 Engine on 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(RTX)  Test demonstrates commitment to supporting greater use of SAF  --   IAE International Aero Engines AG (IAE) announced it has successfully tested the V2500 engine with 100% sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) at MTU Maintenance Hannover, Germany. IAE is a multinational consortium comprised

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Ineos May Close Grangemouth Ethanol Plant: Update

by Evelina Lungu and George Barsted (Argus Media) UK-based chemicals firm Ineos has proposed to stop ethanol production at its Grangemouth plant in Scotland in the first quarter of 2025. The company told Argus its ethanol business at Grangemouth has been "running at a

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National Biodiesel Day: Industry Celebrates Feedstock Innovation

(Clean Fuels Alliance America) Annual celebration takes place on Rudolf Diesel’s birthday, March 18 -- On National Biodiesel Day, March 18, the clean fuels industry celebrates a milestone in renewable fuel history while honoring the legacy of Rudolf Diesel, the visionary behind the

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Biofuel Industry Calls on German Government to Delay Rule Allowing Coprocessed HVO to Meet GHG-Reduction Bbligations

(Verband der Deutschen Biokraftstoffindustrie/Biobase Diesel Daily)  The Association of German Biofuel Producers (VDB) announced March 11 that it is calling for a delay in the German federal government’s approval of hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) coprocessed with petroleum in a refinery to

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DEUTZ Opens First HVO Filling Station at Its Factory Site in Cologne

(DEUTZ) Immediate reduction of the DEUTZ fleet’s environmental footprint; Initially for the DEUTZ fleet only – talks with partners already under way; HVO biofuel compatible with all modern diesel engines – reduction in CO2 of up to 90 percent[1] DEUTZ has opened a filling station for

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US Imports 2nd-Highest Volume of Biobased Diesel in History Last Year, Exports Hit 15-Year High

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daiy)  The U.S. imported more than 863 million gallons of biobased diesel in 2023, the second-highest volume of combined biodiesel and renewable diesel imports on record, according to data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration compiled

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Efficient Process for Green Methanol Demonstrated in Container Plant

(INERATEC) The E4MeWi research association is currently demonstrating how effectively green methanol can be produced in the future in a container plant at the Bitterfeld-Wolfen Chemical Park. Methanol is regarded as a key technology for defossilizing shipping and aviation and also

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Vanguard Renewables 10 Years On

by Jim Lane and John Hanselman (Biofuels Digest) “In this period of a very, very short timeframe over several months, back in 2012. for a series of completely disassociated reasons. I had a whole bunch of kind of folks coming to

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Plasser & Theurer Track Machines Now Biofuel-Compatible: New Products Approved to Run on HVO100 Biofuel.

(International Railway Journal) Plasser & Theurer has confirmed that all of its new track maintenance machines are compatible with hydrogenated vegetable oil (HVO) 100 biofuel, helping to substantially reduce CO2 emissions without changes to operation or training of personnel. Plasser says that HVO100

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Bears, Cars and Angry Farmers Fuel Green Backlash

by Karl Mathiesen, Nicolas Camut, Zia Weise, Charlie Cooper and Louise Guillot (Politico) A 28-country guide to how climate policies are splitting Europe. -- And Green parties are taking the hit — polling shows they will face deep electoral pain when EU citizens

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bp Wants to Reposition Its Refinery in Gelsenkirchen for the Future

(bp) bp is planning a major transformation at the Gelsenkirchen site in order to prepare the refinery site for the energy transition and make it future-proof.  High system complexity, structurally high costs and declining demand for conventional fuels are driving the need

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Canada Backs World Energy GH2’s Green Hydrogen Project with $95M

by Ajsa Habibic (Offshore Energy) The Government of Canada has agreed to support the development of Project Nujio’qonik, the country’s first commercial-scale green hydrogen/ammonia facility on the west coast of Newfoundland and Labrador.-- To this end, World Energy GH2, the developer of

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TUHH Study Compares F-T and Methanol Pathways for SAF Production

(Green Car Congress)  A team at Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH) has compared the Fischer-Tropsch (FT) and methanol pathways for the production of Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) derived from renewable energy sources. The results, published in an open-access paper in the

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Stellantis Spending $6 Billion on New Gasoline Engines that Run on Ethanol

by Adrian Padeanu (Motor 1) ... Stellantis is the next auto juggernaut to signal it has no intention of abandoning piston-powered cars anytime soon. The automotive conglomerate that owns 14 brands is spending the equivalent of $6 billion in South America

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Toyota Ups Its Bet on Hybrids in Brazil With $2.2 Billion Plan

by Leonardo Lara (Bloomberg) Japanese carmaker joins global peers GM and Volkswagen; Flex-fuel models boom in Latin America’s biggest economy -- ... The Japanese automaker will use the money to expand production capacity in Latin America’s largest economy for models that use

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European Airlines Secure Supplies of Low-Carbon Jet Fuel

 by Anna Mackenzie, Stéphanie Hamel, Marta Frąckowiak, and Andrey Sychev (Reuters) European airlines are signing sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) deals needed to meet carbon-reduction targets set by the European Union. The adoption of alternative fuels made from bio-based materials could cut carbon emissions by up to 80%

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International Airlines Group Inks 14-year Twelve eSAF Deal, Jumpstarting Era of Fuels Made from CO2, Water

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) International Airlines Group announced a fourteen-year contract with Twelve to supply IAG with 785,000 tonnes* of e-SAF, made from made from CO2, water and renewable energy, to support five European airlines — British Airways, Iberia, Aer

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DHL Renews Partnership with Formula 1® and Doubles Biofuel-Powered Truck Fleet

(DHL Group)  The partnership has seen the transition into a more sustainable era of transport and logistics as Formula 1 looks to reach its Net Zero goal by 2030.  -- DHL commemorates 20 years as the Official Logistics Partner of Formula

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Re-flooded Peatlands Could Unite the Bioeconomy with Conservation

(World Bio Market Insights)  ... Policymakers in Germany, Ireland, and the UK are now trying to encourage regenerative forms of agriculture that could conserve peatland while drawing on its unique ecosystem for fuel, fodder, food, and construction materials.  READ MORE

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Shell Sees Rising Value in German Biomethane Market

by Vera Eckert (Reuters) Germany could play big role in Shell's biomethane plans;  Evisages its own plants in Brandenburg and Lower Saxony; Clients want to lower their carbon footprint --  Shell (SHEL.L) expects growth in German biomethane markets where its client base seeks decarbonised energy and

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German Officials Collaborate with GIZ ESP and Enterprises to Boost Green Hydrogen Industry in Vietnam

by Pooja Chandak (Solar Quarter) In a strategic working session Mr. Jochen Flasbarth, State Secretary of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), joined representatives from GIZ ESP and leading German companies in Vietnam to explore the potential

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European Hydrogen Bank Pilot Auction: 132 Bids Received from 17 European Countries

(European Commission) The pilot auction under the European Hydrogen Bank, for renewable hydrogen production in Europe, has attracted 132 bids from projects located in 17 European countries. The total support requested far exceeds the currently available budget of €800 million, provided by the Innovation Fund.  Kurt Vandenberghe,

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India in Talks with Germany for Technology Collaborations in Biofuel Sector, Says IBA’s Gaurav Kedia

 by Shubhangi Mathur (Moneycontrol/The Election Budget) The government is looking at technologies from Germany to process feedstock such as paddy straw and municipal solid waste, said Gaurav Kedia, Chairman of Indian Biogas Association (IBA).  India is working to accelerate collaborations with Germany for

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GH2 Project Converts Ethanol Into Green Hydrogen and Valuable Acetal

(Hydrogen Central)  GH2 Project Converts Ethanol Into Green Hydrogen and Valuable Acetal. -- The Horizon Europe-funded GH2 Project estimated that the generation of one kilogram of green hydrogen from 87 litres of ethanol can also yield 72 litres of acetal. Researchers working on the project

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DHL Express India and Aragen LifeSciences sign GoGreen Plus Partnership to Reduce Carbon Emissions

(Aragen LifeSciences) GoGreen Plus uses sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) to enable customers to reduce Scope 3 emissions -- DHL Express, the world’s leading international express service provider, and Aragen LifeSciences, a leading provider of contract research, development, and manufacturing services for the

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Dissent Emerges in Europe over Unrealistic Political Favoritism Given to EVs, Hydrogen in Heavy-Duty Vehicle CO2 Standards

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  The European Waste-based & Advanced Biofuels Association, representing 55-plus stakeholders from the EU waste-based and advanced biodiesel supply chain, noted in early February that it has become apparent that several member states including Germany are

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Biofuels M&A: 2023 Review & Outlook: A Thriving Industry, but Few M&A Deals

by Bruce Comer, Frank Kim, Zak Putlak, and John Panvica (Ocean Park/Biofuels Digest) The US biofuels sector in 2023 registered the flourishing of new technologies and billions in new investments – and an unprecedented low level of M&A activity: only two

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Safe, Fast and Simple: Daimler Truck and Linde Set New Standard for Liquid Hydrogen Refueling Technology

(Daimler)  • Daimler Truck and Linde Engineering present sLH2, a jointly developed refueling technology for subcooled liquid hydrogen. Compared to gaseous hydrogen, subcooled liquid hydrogen (sLH2) allows for higher storage density, greater range, faster refueling, lower costs and superior energy efficiency. Daimler Truck

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BASF and Envision Energy Enter a Collaboration to Drive Sustainable Energy Solutions

(BASF)  Collaboration to accelerate conversion of green hydrogen and CO2 to e-methanol; BASF’s new SYNSPIRETM catalyst technology to be combined with Envision Energy’s process package; E-methanol holds significant potential as sustainable energy carrier replacing fossil fuels in various industries BASF process catalysts,

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DHL Partners with Schneider Electric to Launch New Shipping Model for Improved Sustainability and Agility

(DHL Group)  Together with Schneider Electric, DHL Global Forwarding has successfully deployed two innovative multi-modal shipping bridges - between Singapore and North America and between India and North America - to reduce Scope 3 carbon emissions from air freight. -- Pilot schemes

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DHL Express Helps SCREEN Semiconductor Solutions Cut Carbon Emissions Using Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(DHL)  SCREEN Semiconductor Solutions has signed up for DHL’s GoGreen Plus service to reduce carbon emissions DHL Express, the world’s leading international express service provider and SCREEN Semiconductor Solutions Co., Ltd. have signed a long-term agreement for GoGreen Plus, an international shipping

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BLE Publishes Evaluation and Experience Eeport 2022 - UFOP: GHG Efficiency Competition Reduces Biofuel Demand

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen e.V. (UFOP) )  The Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen e.V. (UFOP) is taking the evaluation and experience report 2022 recently published by the Federal Office for Agriculture and Food (BLE) as an opportunity

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German Carbon Capture Row Heightened by EU’s Draft 2040 Climate Plan

by Nikolaus J. Kurmayer (EURACTIV) Germany’s upcoming carbon management strategy is being delayed by government divisions on carbon capture and storage (CCS), further exacerbated by a leaked EU climate policy draft for 2040 promoting the controversial technology. The European Commission is due

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Nordic Aviation Stakeholders to Push Hydrogen Power

(Bioenergy International)  A consortium of Nordic aviation stakeholders including Airbus, Avinor, SAS, Swedavia, and energy utility major Vattenfall AB, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to investigate the feasibility of a hydrogen infrastructure at airports in Sweden and Norway. According to

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Uniper and Jämtkraft to Develop NorthStarH2

by Alan Sherrard  (Bioenergy International) In Sweden, municipal energy company Jämtkraft AB and Uniper Sweden, part of Germany-headed international energy major Uniper SE have signed an agreement to develop NorthStarH2, a carbon capture and utilization (CCU) electro-fuel (eFuel) project in

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Circular Economy, Energy and the Environment

by Jerry Murphy (MaREAI/Science in Society)  MaREI Director Professor Jerry Murphy presented a lecture in the Science in Society Public Lecture Series entitled “Circular Economy, Energy and the Environment” on Thursday 1st February. In this lecture, Prof Murphy explained a series of

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Europe Launches New e-Fuels Project to Decarbonize Shipping

(Safety4Sea)  The new €17 million European GAMMA project aims to make ocean transport and trade more environmentally friendly. Companies and researchers from Europe will collaborate to develop and convert a bulk carrier to operate on climate-neutral fuels and green power, reducing

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Synthetic Aviation Fuel Has Yet to Take Off in Europe: Study

( Agence France Presse/Barron's) The EU has set targets for using synthetic sustainable aviation fuels in European flights but no projects to produce the fuel have yet received a final investment decision, a study published Wednesday said. Transport and Environment, a non-governmental organisation

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Study Identifies Plans for 45 e-Fuel Facilities in Europe, as Norway Leads the Way

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) A new study by European lobby group Transport and Environment (T&E) has identified commitments to build 45 e-kerosene plants in 10 European nations, with combined potential to produce more synthetic aviation fuel by 2030 than required by the

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Mabanaft and TUI Cruises Sign MoU for the Supply of Methanol

(Mabanaft) Hamburg-based energy company Mabanaft has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with TUI Cruises, one of the leading cruise operators, to supply green methanol in the future. The cooperation between Mabanaft and TUI Cruises kicks off with a methanol delivery

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Daimler Truck and Masdar Explore Liquid Green Hydrogen Supply Options to Decarbonize Road Freight Transport in Europe

(Daimler Truck)  - Daimler Truck and Masdar sign MoU to assess liquid green hydrogen exports from Abu Dhabi (UAE) to Europe. - Initiative has significant potential to enable the reduction of CO2-emissions in road freight transport in Europe.   - Agreement supports

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The World’s Best Import Markets for Biodiesel

(Indexd Box/Global Trade) ... The import market for biodiesel has seen significant growth as countries look to meet their energy needs while reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In this article, we will explore the world’s best import markets for biodiesel, using data from the

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Law Library of Congress Publishes Report on Selected Issues in Biotechnology Regulation

by Lynn L. Bergeson and Carla N. Hutton (Bergeson & Campbell) The Law Library of Congress published a November 2023 report entitled Selected Issues in Biotechnology Regulation: Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, China, England, European Union, Germany, India, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, Singapore,

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Green Hydrogen: Italy Planning Pipeline Project with Morocco

(North Africa Post) The Italian government has agreed to finance a feasibility study for building a pipeline destined to transport green hydrogen from Morocco to the European country. This ambitious project has been disclosed lately by Italian MP Debora Serracchiani of the

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Argus Launches Daily German HVO Prices

(Argus Media/PR Newswire) Three regional prices bring new transparency to the value of downstream HVO  --  Global energy and commodity price reporting agency Argus has launched daily prices for German hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO), bringing new price transparency to the physical supply chain

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Green Hydrogen and Biofuels Will Create 1.7 Million Jobs in Europe by 2040 – Executive Summary

by Andrea Hargraves  (brytfmonline) New renewable fuels, such as green hydrogen or biofuels, could create 1.7 million new jobs in Europe and contribute to European GDP growth of €145 billion by 2040. This is the conclusion of the study “Green Molecules: The Imminent

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World first: The First CO2-Negative Biofuel Comes from Germany

(ChemEurope) Start-up Carbon Farming Germany revolutionizes fuel production with BeyondZero -- Carbon Farming Germany has made groundbreaking progress in sustainable fuel production and developed BeyondZero, the world's first CO2-negative biofuel. BeyondZero is the result of an innovative combination of biogas production and carbon storage

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Yusen Logistics Partners with Cathay on SAF

(Yusen Logistics)  Yusen Logistics Co., Ltd. (President: Hiroyuki Okamoto) partners with Cathay (CEO: Ronald Lam) on their Corporate SAF⁽*⁾ Programme effective from January 2024. Cathay's Corporate SAF Programme, launched in 2022, is one of the first initiatives in Asia towards achieving sustainable

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German Environment Minister Signals Openness to Using Biofuels in Agriculture

(Clean Energy Wire) Germany's environment minister Steffi Lemke is moving away from her opposition to the use of biodiesel, at least in the agricultural sector, public broadcaster ARD reports. While there are no concrete plans yet, discussions are currently underway in the

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Global Bioenergies Announces the Start of a New Phase in Its Collaboration with Shell to Develop Low-Carbon Road Fuels

(Global Bioenergies)  Global Bioenergies (FR0011052257 – ALGBE), a key player in industrial biotechnology, announces that the company has signed a new development contract with Shell Global Solutions (Deutschland) GmbH (“Shell”) to further develop low carbon road fuels. While the previous phases

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Sustainable Aviation Fuel 2024

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  This week on ABLC CONNECT, we networked and exchanged information about the world of Sustainable Aviation Fuel, and as part of the proceedings, we had the State of Sustainable Aviation Fuel presentation. The slides are here.

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A Research Project Paving the Way for Large-Scale Production of Green Hydrogen Energy Carriers in Chile

(Fraunhofer IEE) Together with its partners, Fraunhofer Institute for Energy Economics and Energy System Technology IEE is paving the way for the establishment of large-scale production of green hydrogen and its downstream products in Chile. The project’s research focuses on the

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DHL Express and Mytheresa Join Forces to Reduce CO2e Emissions by Using Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(DHL Express)  The collaboration enables CO2e emissions to be reduced through the use of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) instead of conventional jet fuel. -- Largest investment by a DHL customer to date in Europe in the GoGreen Plus service with long-term partnership

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US Imports Record Volume of Biodiesel from Spain in October

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  The U.S. imported more biodiesel from Spain in October 2023 than ever before, according to new data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration. In October, the U.S. received more than 13.3 million gallons from Spain. This marks

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Westfalen Group Switches to Bio-LNG

(Petrol Plaza) The initiative will be rolled out alongside revis bioenergy GmbH and includes the establishment of further bio-LNG stations. -- The Westfalen Group will be relying on CO2-neutral bio-LNG (liquefied biogas) for its mobility customers in the freight forwarding and logistics

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Verbio

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Verbio has developed technology to 60 kta of biobased renewable carbon products to specialty chemicals industry, The VerBioChem venture starts in 2025, with main products 9-DAME and 1-DECENE, based on European RME with low CO2 footprint,

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EC Clears EUR-260m German Aid for Hydrogen Production, Storage

(Renewables Now) The European Commission (EC) said on Tuesday it has granted its approval, under EU state aid rules, for a EUR-260-million (USD 285m) German scheme to back the installation of electrolysers for the production of renewable hydrogen and hydrogen storage. The

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Standard Engines to Endure in Brazil Amid EV Growth

by Laura Guedes and Gabrielle Moreira (Argus Media)  ... With a mature and structured biofuel market, the country is not likely to move away from alternatives linked to ethanol and biodiesel anytime soon, extending flex options and mixtures with fossil

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KPI OceanConnect, Titan Clean Fuels, and SFL Collaborate on Milestone LNG Bunkering Operation

(KPI OceanConnect) KPI OceanConnect, has collaborated with Titan Clean Fuels, and SFL to successfully complete the company’s first LNG bunkering operation for the newly built car carrier, the Emden, taking place in the Port of Emden. Executing an LNG cool down and bunkering operation entails

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New Joint Study Looking into Oman-Netherlands Liquid Hydrogen Corridor

by Ajsa Habibic (Offshore Energy) The Government of Oman and Hydrom have signed an agreement with Port of Amsterdam, Zenith Energy Terminals, and GasLog to jointly study the development of a liquid hydrogen supply chain that will deliver Omani green hydrogen

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Iberdrola and Masdar Sign Global Alliance to Co-invest up to €15 Billion in Offshore Wind and Green Hydrogen Projects in Germany, UK and the USA

(Iberdrola) Following the successful investment agreement in Baltic Eagle in Germany, the first milestone of this alliance is a co-investment in the 1,400 megawatt (MW) East Anglia 3 offshore wind project in the UK. Today (5th December) at COP28 in Dubai, global green energy

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Clariant to Cut 170 Jobs after Closing Romania Plant, Downsize German Operations

by John Revill (Reuters) Clariant (CLN.S) cut its full year earnings guidance on Wednesday after it said it would close its bioethanol plant in Romania and downsize its operations in Germany. The Swiss company said 120 jobs would go with the closure of the Podari

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European Parliament Decides to Tighten CO2 Limits for Heavy Commercial Vehicles

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen e.V. (UFOP)/Biobased Diesel Daily)   The Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen e.V. (UFOP) welcomed the Nov. 22 decision by the European Parliament to lower the CO2-emission limits for heavy-duty commercial vehicles. This decision

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Measuring, Monitoring, Reporting and Verifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions across the International Supply Chain for Natural Gas: International Working Group Joint Statement

(U.S. Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)  Public announcement of International Working Group to establish a greenhouse gas supply chain emissions measurement, monitoring, reporting, and verification (MMRV) framework for providing comparable and reliable information to natural gas market participants The UK

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Biomass to Liquid Fuels: We Need Commercial Scale Gen 2 Success

by Doug Rivers (Lee Enterprise Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  ... And while advances have been made in the materials handling and pretreatment of these feedstocks, commercial scale attempts produce ethanol have been met with multiple and highly visible failures measured in at least hundreds

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Pratt & Whitney and Rolls-Royce Hybrid-Electric Propulsion Programmes Take New Steps

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) The transition to hybrid-electric propulsion for short-haul aircraft has been has been energised by two milestone developments involving engine manufacturers Pratt & Whitney Canada and Rolls-Royce. The former, which produces engines for medium-to-large turboprop aircraft, has

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First Ammonia and Uniper Announced Cooperation on Green Ammonia Project in Texas

(Uniper) First Ammonia will produce ammonia from renewable electricity at their flagship facility in Port of Victoria, Texas; This is the first commercial-scale ammonia facility to use solid-oxide electrolyzers, which are 30% more energy efficient than conventional electrolyzers, meaning less electricity is

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Nigeria and Germany Sign $500 mln Renewable Energy and Gas Deal

by  Felix Onuah (Reuters) ... On Monday (November 20, 2023) German Chancellor Olaf Scholz said Germany will invest 4 billion euros in green energy projects in Africa until 2030, noting these could in turn help Europe's largest economy achieve its own transition

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Can Solar and Farming Coexist?

by Clinton Griffiths (AgWeb)   The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) believes solar could provide up to 40% of the country’s electricity by the year 2035. However, it’s estimated roughly 5.7 million acres of land will be needed. “While that amount is

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Asahi Kasei, Gentari, and JGC Signed MOU on FEED Study for 60 MW Class Alkaline Water Electrolyser to Produce Green Hydrogen in Malaysia

(Asahi Kasei)  Asahi Kasei, Gentari Hydrogen Sdn Bhd, a wholly-owned subsidiary of PETRONAS clean energy arm Gentari Sdn Bhd (Gentari), and JGC Holdings Corporation (JGC) today announced the completion of a detailed feasibility study for production of up to 8,000

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Gerdes Green Receives Government Subsidy for Damen Combi Freighter 3850 Green Innovations

(Damen)  On 4th October, Damen’s client Gerdes Green received a subsidy from the German Government for the investment in sustainable innovations for a Damen Combi Freighter (CF) 3850 currently under construction, as well as for a second vessel. Damen, together with Gerdes Green

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Accelerating the Deployment of Biofuels Is Crucial to Decarbonize Global Transport Sectors

(IEA Bioenergy) There are major challenges to reach a climate neutral society by 2050, as expressed in IEA’s Net Zero by 2050 roadmap. Among different sectors, transport is proving to be a very difficult sector to decarbonize. It implies moving away

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Lufthansa Executive Advocates Limited Biofuel Use, Citing Food Waste, Nature Risks

by Liang Lei (Eco-Business)  The fear is that eateries could be incentivised to waste more food to meet the demand for refuse feedstocks. However, newer “synthetic” kerosene made from carbon gases are still in early stages of development. -- Scaling sustainable aviation

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Ceres' Green Hydrogen Programme Hits Key Milestone

(Ceres/Electric Energy Online)  First-of-a-kind 1-MW scale electrolyser demonstrator in final stages of commissioning; Delivers green hydrogen at <40kWh/kg, up to 25% more efficiently than incumbent technologies; Improvements in performance and cost of next generation technology lays foundation for scale up Ceres, a global leader

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TES and Tokyo Gas Forge New Partnership to Accelerate the Decarbonization of Hard to Abate Sectors through e-NG

(Tree Enegy Solutions)  Tree Energy Solutions (TES), a global green energy company leading the way in the production of e-NG (electric natural gas derived from green hydrogen, widely referred to as e-methane in Japan), and Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd. (Tokyo Gas),

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Oldendorff Study Finds Biofuels Stability and Degradation Issues

by Marcus Hand (Seatrade Maritime News)  A study commissioned by German shipowner Oldendorff Carriers shows stability and degradation issues for biofuels. --  ...  As part of a 2019 research agreement between Oldendorff and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology’s (MIT) Center for Bits

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Raised Cap on GHG Emissions Strengthens Demand for Biodiesel in Germany

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen e. V. (UFOP)/Biobased Diesel Daily)  ... Use of biodiesel and hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) increased substantially month-on-month in Germany this August. At 233,000 metric tons, the amount of biodiesel blended in diesel fuel was not

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Biodiesel Additives Successfully Tested

(AGQM) Sufficient oxidation and cold stability is essential for the safe use of biodiesel (FAME). The additives used must not have any negative interactions with the FAME itself or the base diesel fuel and its additives. Only two antioxidants and one

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Low Carbon Fuels 2040: The Emerging Markets

(Biofuels Digest/Nuu Media) Low Carbon Fuels 2040: The Emerging Markets provides detailed case studies, updates and analysis of the key producers and developers participating in Renewable Diesel projects and Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) projects in the USA, Canada, Europe, Asia, and in South

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Argus Market Paper: Industrial RFNBO Targets Imperil European Fertilizer Self-Sufficiency

(Argus Media)  This paper covers: Adoption of RED III targets for RFNBO use in industry Three strategies available for EU member states to achieve their industrial RFNBO targets Decarbonising industrial-use ammonia, oil refining and methanol production Ammonia production facing greatest pressure from RED III Political challenges of

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Mission to Germany, Poland Builds on USGC’s Bioethanol Efforts in EU

(U.S. Grains Council/Ethanol Producer Magazine) In the 2022/2023 marketing year, the European Union emerged as the second-largest market for U.S. bioethanol, and the U.S. Grains Council is continuously working at the EU Commission- and member-state levels to build alliances and increase

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NZTC Secures £200,000 Funding to Accelerate UK-German Hydrogen Export Opportunity

(Net Zero Technology Center) • £200,000 awarded from Scottish Government to demonstrate hydrogen export opportunity from Scotland to Germany  Research will bring together key learnings from NZTC’s Hydrogen Backbone Link project and other major North Sea infrastructure initiatives such as AquaVentus’s ‘AquaDuctus’ initiative  German hydrogen demand

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Gentari Partners AM Green to Drive Large-Scale Green Hydrogen Production with Global Reach

(Gentari)  Gentari Sdn Bhd (Gentari), via its wholly-owned subsidiary Gentari International Renewables Pte Ltd, has entered into an agreement with AM Green BV (AM Green) to jointly invest, in phases, into a green ammonia platform, AM Green Ammonia Holdings BV (AMG

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CO2-Reduced Diesel: DKV Mobility Opens HVO Supply Network to All Customers

(DKV) DKV Mobility, the leading European B2B platform for on-the-road payment solutions, is continuously expanding its supply offer for alternative fuels. Effective immediately, DKV Mobility customers can purchase the CO2-reduced diesel fuel HVO (in various blends up to HVO100) at ~

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Global Gateway: EU Launches a Team Europe Initiative to Develop Green Hydrogen in Mauritania and Accelerate Its Energy Transition

(European Commission)  ... European Commission President Von der Leyen and the Mauritanian President Mohamed Ould Ghazouani have launched a new Team Europe Initiative, as part of the EU's positive Global Gateway offer, to support investment in the energy transition and

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Lhyfe and Thevenin & Ducrot (AVIA) to Build a Green and Renewable Hydrogen Production Site and a Multi-Energy Filling Station in Bussy-Saint-Georges (Greater Paris)

(Lhyfe)  • This site will be the biggest green and renewable hydrogen production site in eastern Ile de France (production capacity of two tonnes per day and installed capacity of 5MW) and the first in the region to offer hydrogen delivery

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Wizz Air UK Chief: Sustainable Aviation Fuel’s Journey to Affordability Will Be ‘Slow’

by Guy Taylor (City A.M.)  Wizz Air’s UK chief has warned it will be a “slow process” to make sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) affordable, tempering expectations for the substance that has become a key pillar of the sector’s route to decarbonise. Marion

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Technology Cooperation for Aviation Fuels of the Future

(Lufthansa Group) - Lufthansa Airlines, DLR, Airbus, MTU Aero Engines and Munich Airport sign Letter of Intent for research cooperation on Power-to-Liquid aviation fuel - SAF technology of the future: Power-to-Liquid process particularly promising from an environmental and scaling perspective - Sustainable Aviation

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Toyota Chairman Says People Are Finally Seeing the Reality about EVs

by River Davis (Wall Street Journal) Akio Toyoda’s comments come amid cooling U.S. demand and a price war with China -- Toyota Motor  Chairman Akio Toyoda, when asked about electric-vehicle challenges including a recent lull in U.S. demand, said the industry was coming to

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Biofuel Improves Air Quality

(CPH)  It has a positive effect on air quality when flying on bio-based fuel, also known as SAF, Sustainable Aviation Fuel. The number of ultrafine particles emitted decreases when there is biofuel in the tank. This is the result of an

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Sustainable Aviation Fuels: Parts 1-4: What Is SAF? Why Use SAF? Economics of SAF. Politics of SAF.

by Gaulthier Blangez*  (Time to Fly and Advanced Biofuels USA)  Advanced Biofuels USA, in collaboration with Time to Fly, is proud to publish a guide to sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) for a general audience, for corporations working on ESG (environment, social and

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Global Increase in Biomass Carbon Stock Dominated by Growth of Northern Young Forests over Past Decade

by Yang, H., Ciais, P., Frappart, F. et al (Nature Geoscience) Changes in terrestrial carbon storage under environmental and land-use changes remain a critical source of uncertainty in regional and global carbon budgets. We generated global maps of annual live vegetation biomass using

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JM and bp Chosen by EDL to Support Production of SAF at HyKero Plant in Germany

(Johnson Matthey)  • Johnson Matthey and bp’s co-developed Fischer Tropsch (FT) CANS™ technology selected for the project. The EDL HyKero power-to-liquids SAF plant would be the first of its kind at commercial scale in Germany. The licence is the 7th sustainable technologies project contributing to JM’s milestone of

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Brazil Bucks Trend for EVs by Turning to Biofuels

(NHK) Electric vehicles are leading the charge to decarbonize the global auto industry, but Brazil is making a strong case for bioethanol. And some of the biggest names in the business are jumping on board. "I refueled with ethanol," says a driver

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DHL Express and World Energy Agree to Global Partnership to Speed up Aviation Decarbonization via Sustainabile Aviation Fuel Certificates

(DHL)  Seven-year agreement will provide 668 million liters of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) to replace fossil jet fuel; Will enable DHL to reduce approx. 1.7 million tonnes of CO2e on a lifecycle basis, equivalent to operating DHL’s Americas aviation network carbon neutrally

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Lhyfe Builds the Largest Commercial Green Hydrogen Production Plant in Germany, Making Green Hydrogen Available to the Broad Market for the First Time

(Lhyfe) In Schwäbisch Gmünd, Baden-Württemberg, Lhyfe will produce up to 4 tonnes per day of green hydrogen (about 1,000 tonnes per year) based on 10 MW installed capacity; This will be Lhyfe’s 1st large production plant outside of France  --  The project in

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To Tackle Biofuel Fraud, Ireland Takes Matters into Its Own Hands

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV) The Irish government has confirmed it will set up a working group to ensure the sustainability of biofuels used in the country, as concerns grow that tainted fuels are entering the EU market. The decision by

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Rolls-Royce Completes Next Step on Its Journey to Decarbonising Business Aviation

(Rolls-Royce) Rolls-Royce (LSE: RR., ADR: RYCEY) today (October 16, 2023) announces the successful completion of a series of tests with 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) on its latest generation of business aviation engines, the Pearl 15 and the Pearl 10X. The

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Cap­tur­ing CO2 with Elec­tri­city: A Mi­cro­bial En­zyme In­spires Elec­tro­chem­istry

(Max Planck Institute for Marine Microbiology) Sci­ent­ists isol­ate a mi­cro­bial en­zyme and branch it on an elec­trode to ef­fi­ciently and uni­direc­tion­ally con­vert car­bon di­ox­ide to form­ate Humanity continuously emits greenhouse gases and thereby worsens global warming. Increasing research efforts go into developing

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Boeing, NASA, United Airlines to Test SAF Benefits with Air-to-Air Flights

(Boeing)  Boeing ecoDemonstrator Explorer, a 737-10 for United Airlines, will fly on SAF, trailed by NASA's DC-8 Airborne Science Lab measuring non-CO2 emissions; - Studying how SAF can reduce soot and impact contrails; - Supported by FAA, GE Aerospace, German Aerospace Center (DLR),

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BMT Carries out Germany's First B100 Biofuel Bunker Delivery

(Port News) German physical supplier BMT has carried out the country's first bunkering of a B100 biofuels, according to Ship & Bunker. The firm supplied 1,200 mt of the 100% UCOME-based biofuel to Jan De Nul Group's dredger the Kaishuu on Friday, a

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CLAAS: HVO Approval and Initial Factory Fill for Tractors, Combine Harvesters and Forage Harvesters

(CLAAS Group) From 1 October 2023, all CLAAS agricultural machinery that meets the latest emissions standard will be approved for operation with hydrotreated vegetable oils (HVOs). Furthermore, the machines will be filled with the sustainable biofuel before they leave the factory

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the Eco-Farewell to Bioplastics

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  This week on the Digest webinar stage, we looked at The Next Chapter for Bioplastics, our title was the Eco-Friendly Farewell and my guest was Ashvini Shete, Technology Lead – Renewable Chemicals & Materials at Praj

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Belize to Launch Project to Make Biofuel from Seaweed Clogging Caribbean Coasts

by Sarah Morland (Reuters)  Belize is developing a pilot project to convert the masses of foul-smelling sargassum seaweed swamping its pristine beaches into biofuel, its prime minister said in a statement published by regional Caribbean bloc CARICOM on Tuesday. Many Caribbean countries

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Revolutionary Recycling Process Transforms Plastic Waste

(U.S. Department of Energy) Despite millions of Americans depositing their plastic waste into recycling bins, much of that waste, including flexible films, multilayer materials, and colored plastics, cannot be recycled cost-effectively. In fact, only 9% of plastics in the U.S. are

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Half of Germany’s Electricity Needed for Lufthansa to Use 100% SAF, Says CEO

by Dana Stefan (Travel Tomorrow)  Lufthansa Group CEO, Carsten Spohr has stated that the energy required to produce enough sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) to power the entire Lufthansa fleet would require half of Germany’s electricity supply. His comments came at a conference

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How United and Other US Airlines Lost Momentum on Sustainable Jet Fuel

by Ben Elgin (Bloomberg) Despite soaring rhetoric, American carriers are far behind their European counterparts in implementing this climate fix. -- ... Only a half-dozen companies make commercial quantities of SAF, which accounts for about 0.1% of the world’s jet-fuel supply and costs at least

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Lufthansa Group Offers Special Fare with 100 percent Sustainable Aviation Fuel for Passengers Traveling to the UN World Climate Conference in Dubai

(Lufthansa Group) Offer for travelers flying to COP28 from Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Belgium with the Lufthansa Group; Offset of CO₂ emissions entirely through Sustainable Aviation Fuel; Free rebooking option and bike rental voucher as well as e-limousine hotel transfer for Business Class

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Public Perception of CO2 Capture and Storage

by Danny Otto (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research) Surveys show that public opinion about technologies for capturing and storing CO2 in Germany remains divided. Respondents are concerned that the focus on CCS can weaken climate policy, and they have doubts about

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Here Comes the EV Backlash

by Arianna Skibell (Politico's Power Switch)  The battle against electric cars is turning into a campaign issue for conservative politicians on both sides of the Atlantic, a development that threatens to neuter the climate benefits of moving away from gasoline. Some European

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Loughborough University Supports Rolls-Royce Hydrogen Research Project with World Industry First

(Loughborough University) A Rolls-Royce hydrogen research project, supported by Loughborough University, has taken a huge step towards achieving net zero aviation. Today (Monday 25 September), the company announced achieving a new world industry first as they, alongside easyJet, look to lead in

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“On the Road to Net-Zero Emissions”: IVECO and Shell Launch European Bio-LNG Tour

(IVECO/AltFuels) IVECO and Shell are about to start their “ON THE ROAD TO NET-ZERO EMISSIONS” bio-LNG tour, a 10-day long-haul journey across Europe on board an IVECO S-Way truck powered by bio-LNG. The tour will start at the Mittenwalde Shell station

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The Porsche 911 GT3 R rennsport Is a 611-HP Track Star With a Gigantic Wing

by Chris Tsui (The Drive) ...  It can run on E25 fuels including bio-ethanol and eFuel, which, if Porsche has its way, means the GT3 R rennsport can potentially be driven while remaining carbon neutral. ... But with such an inspired setup,

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DHL and Sasol Join Hydrogen Firm HH2E on Sustainable Jet Fuel Project

 by Christoph Steitz and Rachel More (Reuters) German logistics giant DHL (DHLn.DE) is teaming up with energy firm HH2E and South African petrochemicals firm Sasol (SOLJ.J) on the expansion of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production in Germany, HH2E said on Monday. The companies have signed an

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Germany's Scholz Targets Green Jet Fuel Role, Airbus Investment

by by Andreas Rinke, Tim Hepher and Rachel More (Reuters) Chancellor Olaf Scholz on Monday set out Germany's ambitions to become a strategic production centre for sustainable jet fuel and to lure future investment to build on its importance as one of

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Mounting Discontent Augurs Badly for EU Green Deal

by Rasmus Grand Berthelsen (Politico) Recent climate regulations are triggering an unintended backlash that risks undermining Europe’s very own climate agenda from within. -- ... Earlier this month, European Parliament President Roberta Metsola — who is part of the same center-right political grouping

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Renewable Fuels from Green Refineries

Nicolaus Dahmen (Karlsruhe Institute of Technology/IEA Bioenergy Task 34 Newsletter Direct Thermochemical Liquefaction)  ... REF4FU starts from hydrogen, pyrolysis oil based on bio-residues, such as straw or waste wood, methanol from renewable feedstocks, as well as Fischer-Tropsch oil that corresponds to

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Biden's IRA Drives Surge in US Imports of Chinese Used Cooking Oil

by Andrew Hayley (Reuters) U.S. incentives to boost consumption of more environmentally friendly fuel has created a new market for used Chinese cooking oil, worth almost $390 million in the last 12 months and growing rapidly, China's customs data shows. China has

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AGQM Releases New B100 Guidelines for Biodiesel Use as Pure, Unblended Fuel

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  For the first time, the German biodiesel quality-management association AGQM has released a guideline for 100 percent biodiesel (B100) intended for use as a pure fuel in heavy-duty vehicles. The AGQM guideline for a B100 specification

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The UK Is Delaying the Switch to Electric Cars. Automakers Are Furious

by Hanna Ziady (CNN)  The UK government said Wednesday it would delay a ban on the sale of new gas and diesel cars by five years, angering carmakers who warned the move would undermine the industry’s efforts to switch to electric vehicles. The delay

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Scania and Flix Announce Long-​Term Partnership to Make Sustainable Long-​Distance Travel a Reality

(Scania)  New long-term partnership between Flix and Scania will see the increased use of biogas vehicles in bus travel; Initially, Scania will supply up to 50 Bio-LNG (LBG) coaches to be run by Flix’s bus partners across its FlixBus network by

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Decarbonizing Refining: TotalEnergies Launches a Call for Tenders for the Supply of 500,000 Tons per Year of Green Hydrogen

(TotalEnergies/Business Wire)  As part of the drive to decarbonize its European refineries, TotalEnergies (Paris:TTE) (LSE:TTE) (NYSE:TTE) is launching a call for tenders for the supply of 500,000 tons per year of green hydrogen. The use of green hydrogen should avoid the

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BP Commits to Germany with $11 Billion Low-Carbon Investment Push

by Christoph Steitz and Ron Bousso (Reuters)  Aims to decarbonize refineries, build hydrogen hub; 10 billion euro investment challenges rival utilities --  BP (BP.L) plans to invest up to 10 billion euros ($10.7 billion) in low-carbon fuels, renewables and EV charging in Germany by the

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EU Lawmakers Approve Binding Green Fuel Targets for Aviation

by Bart Meijer and Kate Abnett (Reuters) The European Parliament on Wednesday adopted a deal to set binding targets for airlines in Europe to increase their use of sustainable aviation fuels. The approved proposal aims to increase both demand for and supply

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HIF Global, Porsche and Volkswagen Group Unveil New DAC Unit

(HIF Global/PR Newswire) DAC unit, "the future of CO2 recycling," to be installed at the HIF Haru Oni Demonstration facility in Chile in 2024 --  HIF Global, the world's leading eFuels company, together with Porsche AG and Volkswagen Group Innovation, announced today (September

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soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 chemical-looping hydrogen method Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chp chromium chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Production Tax Credit (45Z) Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Heat Standards Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart/conservation agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover cmelina CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location Co-op Extension co-operative co-processing co-products CO2 neutral fuels CO2Removal Certificates (CORCs) coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) Coast Guard coastal habitat conservation coastal hay cobalt cock's foot coco cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold flow cold-tolerance college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning commo Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement/engagement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression ratios compression-ignition engine computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology Cook Islands cook stoves cooking fuel cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 COP28 COP30 copper coppice cordgrass corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring/measuring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gas prices natural gas vehicles natural gasoline Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota North Korea Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory Northwest Territories Norwary Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course owa oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil Palm Oil Methyl Ester (PME) palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm trunk sap palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peach shell peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner 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Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) renewable fuels of non-biological origin (RFNBO) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) REnova RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program Republic of Congo repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment Reverse Water-gas Shift RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island rhododendron Ricardo rice rice bran 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