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What Happens On The Edges Of Cities When Farmland Gives Way To Development

by Amy Mayer & Erica Hunzinger (Harvest Public Media) ... Since 1980, the amount of land being farmed or grazed in the U.S. has dropped 13 percent, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Much of it now is covered

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As We Approach 10th Anniversary of $147 Oil, Could It Happen Again?

by Landon Hall (Fuel Freedom Foundation)  The price of oil reached a record high of $147 on July 11, 2008. Could such a sharp, unexpected spike occur again?  ... Market forces alone aren’t likely to cause oil prices to rise to $147 anytime

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Auto Exec: Raise the Octane Rating of U.S. Gasoline for Bump in Fuel Efficiency

by Jessie Stolark (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  At a recent American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers meeting, General Motors executive Dan Nicholson voiced the automaker’s support in raising the minimum octane rating of the U.S. gasoline pool from 87 to 91,

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Biofuels to Bioproducts: A Growth Industry for Australia

(Bioenergy Australia)  The massive economic, social and environmental benefits that can be delivered to Australians through the creation of a strong bioenergy industry could be lost without clear government strategies. Increased use of 10 per cent ethanol-blended petrol (E10) in Australia could

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How to Make Greener Biofuels

by Martin Høj (ScienceNordic/Phys.Org)  ... The biological processes that transform biomass to alcohol yield a relatively low amount of energy, around 35 per cent of the potential energy stored within the biomass. So we are certainly not using this biomass to its full potential. This

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Energy Entrepreneur Proposes Hibiscus Farm at Molokai Ranch

(Associated Press/Honolulu Star Advertiser) An energy entrepreneur has proposed purchasing the Molokai Ranch and turning part of it into a farm for hibiscus that would be used for bio-fuel. Andres De Rosa, the CEO of renewable energy company Lamplighter Energy, shared his

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Exclusive: Trump Weighs Dropping Personal Efforts on Biofuel Reform - Sources

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)   President Donald Trump is seriously considering abandoning efforts to remake the nation’s biofuel laws after wading deep into an issue that divides some of his core constituencies, according to three sources familiar with the administration’s thinking. Advisers

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March 27, 2018: NHTSA Proposes to Retain Existing CAFE Penalty

(U.S. Department of Transportation)  NHTSA is publishing in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking titled, “Civil Penalties,” which proposes to keep the penalty rate for violations of the agency’s CAFE program as they currently stand and not adjust them for

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Bioemergent Materials: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Alternative Natural Rubber Development

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  “What would industrial progress be without natural rubber?” asks Rubber Journal Asia. “It’s hardly imaginable.” Listed as one of our four most important natural resources (the others being air, water, and petroleum and rubber), it is

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Team Discovers Enzyme Domains that Dramatically Improve Performance

(Phys.Org/ National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  It was more than 10 years in the making, but when it came to uncovering the secrets of the molecular structure of enzymes, perseverance paid off. By studying and comparing the workhorse cellulose-degrading enzymes of two

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Companies Show Interest in Producing Hydrogen in Gladstone

by Tegan Annett (The Observer)  Interest in producing hydrogen as an energy source is on the rise in Central Queensland. At a recent Future of Hydrogen in Australia Conference Gladstone Region Mayor Matt Burnett said two companies approached him about industry opportunities. Cr Burnett, who

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DSM Announces Broad Product Offering for the Biofuels Industry

(DSM/Newswire Today) Royal DSM announces its commitment to bring innovative solutions to the biofuels industry with a full portfolio offering of yeast and enzymes for starch, fiber and biomass conversions - DSM.com. Euronext: DSM KON --  Royal DSM, a global science-based company

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Nth Power and Nth Plant: The Digest’s 2018 Guide to Process Scale-Up, or Not?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) You probably knew him first as the VP for Biofuels at Chevron, and later the Program Manager for the DOE Biomass program. Paul Bryan’s a noted consultant on technology development and sometime lecturer in chemical engineering

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The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations, 3.28.18 Release

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  According to BIO, the global economic value today of the biobased economy – including industrial biotechnology, renewable chemicals and polymers, biofuels, enzymes and biobased materials – is $355.28 billion. And looking at the new USDA Indicators report

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Recovering Phosphorus from Corn Ethanol Waste

by Michael Torrice (Chemical & Engineering News)   Finding a way to reuse the element could help lower nutrient pollution  --  ... When industrial plants process corn grains to make the fuel, or even food products such as corn syrup, they generate by-products containing

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US Grains Body Wants to Supply Ethanol for Fuel Blending

by Tv Jayan (The Hindu Business Line)  Ethanol supplied by sugar producers is enough for around 4% blending, whereas India plans to blend 10% ethanol  --  A trade association representing US ethanol producers said recently it wants to explore the possibility of

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Air New Zealand Says It Will Be at Least 10 Years before Aviation Biofuels Commercial

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In New Zealand, Air New Zealand says that despite talking with 30 companies following its call to source 20 million liters of aviation biofuels last year, no one is scalable at the moment to be able

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UPDATE 1-ADM to Suspend Biodiesel Output at German Plant

by Michael Hogan (Reuters)  U.S. agribusiness group Archer Daniels Midland Co will suspend production at a major biodiesel plant in Germany because of increasing cheap imports of the renewable fuel into the European Union, it said on Friday. The standstill is expected to

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The Circular Economy: It’s Time Has Come

by KSL (Biofuels Digest)  ... Prior to the energy crisis, most economies were too extravagant; now, they have now overreacted and have become retrenchment-mad. It is imperative to think rationally and design progress with the right analysis and tools to

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Bellwether Stocks of the Advanced Bioeconomy Report Good Vibes: Shoulda Put a Ring on ‘Em?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Two bellwether public stocks of the advanced bioeconomy — Amyris and Renewable Energy Group — reported strong quarterly and annual results this past week, and Aemetis’ stock has been on a real tear in recent days

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Researchers Use Light to Turn Yeast into Biochemical Factories

by Lonnie Shekhtman (Princeton University)  ... In a series of experiments, they used light to control genetically modified yeast and increase its output of commercially valuable chemicals. The results offer scientists a powerful new tool to probe and understand the inner working

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James Hay Reviewing Products after Biofuel Saga

by Hope William-Smith (Money Marketing)  James Hay is reviewing its older products, following its well-publicised issues with the Elysian Fuels biofuel investment scheme.   James Hay revealed last May it is involved in a legal dispute with HM Revenue & Customs around unpaid tax on

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Greenbelt Resources and Biofuels & Energy Announce “SLV Biopro”

(Greenbelt Resources)   Greenbelt Resources Corporation (OTC: GRCO), an innovator of sustainable energy production systems, in collaboration with Biofuels & Energy, LLC (B&E), announced today the San Luis Valley Bioproducts Project, known as SLV Biopro. The project will feature Greenbelt’s waste-to-energy interconnected system (ECOsystem) designed

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Alchemy for Modern Times: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to CRI/GTI’s IH2 Process

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The IH2 process was developed by Gas Technology Institute (GTI) of Des Plaines, Illinois—a research, development, and training organization serving energy markets.  GTI experts invented, tested, and patented IH2 technology and are providing ongoing commercialization support. Twelve US

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Europe’s Ethanol CEOs Besieged by RED II and Illusory Truths

by James Cogan (Ethanol Europe Renewables Ltd/Biofuels Digest)  The CEOs of Europe’s big ethanol firms (Tereos, Cristal Union, Alco Group, Crop Energies) are under seige.   They are battling imported and sometimes fake used cooking oil, not-yet-viable advanced fuels, palm oil diesel, imports from

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Byogy Renewables Secures Path to Commercialization With Historic ASTM Bio-Jet Fuel Specification

(Byogy Renewables/PR Newswire)  California biofuel company Byogy Renewables welcomes last week's ASTM Alcohol To Jet (ATJ) ethanol based specification ballot measure approval, putting Byogy on track as a leader to produce one of the world's first "full replacement" renewable jet fuels. The ASTM

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Regulatory Fixes Will Open the Market to Ethanol Quickly -- How EPA Could Easily Remedy Issues with RINs.

by Adam Gustafson (Boyden Gray and Associates/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  ... Such short-term fixes to high RIN prices ignore their underlying cause—EPA’s artificial constraints on the volume of ethanol that can be blended into the nation’s fuel supply. Basic rules of supply

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Enzyme Discovery Enables First-Time Microbial Production of an Aromatic Biofuel

(Phys.Org/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory) Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have discovered a new enzyme that will enable microbial production of a renewable alternative to petroleum-based toluene, a widely

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Sustainability Is All the Rage but Financing of Extreme Fossil Fuels Is on the Rise

by Eshe Nelson (Quartz Media)  ... Last year, when economic losses from natural and man-made disasters exceeded $300 billion, big banks across the globe increased their financing of “extreme” fossil-fuels activities by 11% to $115 billion, according to a new report by a

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Shell — Yes, That Shell — Just Outlined a Radical Scenario for What It Would Take to Halt Climate Change

by Chris Mooney and Steven Mufson (The Washington Post)  Royal Dutch Shell on Monday outlined a scenario in which, by 2070, we would be using far less of the company’s own product — oil — as cars become electric, a massive carbon

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NACSAA Advances Recommendations to Shape UNFCCC Agricultural Work Program

(25 x '25/North American Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance) Last November, we wrote here of a major breakthrough occurring at the global climate talks in Bonn, Germany, where, for the first time, delegates approved plans to establish an agricultural work program. What

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Growing Jobs and Rural Economies: The Farm Bill’s Energy Title --- April 4, 2018 --- Washington, DC

Since their inception in the 2002 Farm Bill, Energy Title (Title IX) programs have helped farmers, ranchers, small businesses, and rural communities generate thousands of jobs and millions in economic development. The sectors impacted by the Energy Title range from renewable energy—including

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China Mulls Hiking Import Duty on US Denatured Ethanol by 15% to 45%

by Srijan Kanoi (Platts)  China's Ministry of Commerce said Friday that they might impose an additional 15% duty, along with the existing 30% duty, on denatured ethanol imports from the US if both China and US fail to reach a trade compensation

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JRC Released New Certified Reference Materials for Automotive Diesel Fuel Testing

(EU Science Hub)  The JRC released two new Certified Reference Materials (CRMs) for automotive diesel fuel containing 7 % biodiesel, so-called 'diesel (B7)'. These CRMs will support fuel producers and fuel testing laboratories in assuring the quality of their measurements, thus improving

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Oyo Compensates Owners of Land Acquired for Cassava Plantation

(The Guardian Nigeria)The Oyo State government has paid compensation to about 77 families whose lands were acquired recently for mass production of cassava in Otu, near Iseyin. The Commissioner for Lands, Housing, and Survey, Mr. Isaac Ajiboye Omodewu, presented the

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Parliamentary Committee Raises Concern over Ethanol Blending Programme

(IANS /Moneylife)  Raising an alarm over slow ethanol procurement for blending with the petrol, a parliamentary committee has flagged loopholes in the government's Ethanol Blending Programme (EBP). The EBP, under Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas, aims at blending ethanol with petrol,

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Low-Cost Sugars and Lignin: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Sweetwater Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Sweetwater Energy has developed a unique and patented technology for producing low-cost sugars and clean lignin fiber from multiple non-food plant materials to help meet the modern world’s increasing demand for biochemicals, bioplastics and biofuels. Sweetwater CEO

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High Tech Algae Farming Industry Gets Boost with Introduction of Bipartisan Algae Agriculture Act of 2018

(Algae Biomass Organization/Globe Newswire)  The Algae Biomass Organization (ABO), the trade association for the algae industry, today applauded the introduction of the Algae Agriculture Act of 2018, a bill that would give algae cultivators and harvesters many of the same advantages as other

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Plymouth Drivers Get Rewarded for Choosing E15

(Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association)  The Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association (MBA) and KS95 FM teamed up today to reward drivers who chose E15 during a two-hour long promotion at the Holiday station on County Road 24 in Plymouth. From 11:30 am to 1:30 pm, MBA

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Where’s Ethanol Going to Go?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... According to POET CEO Jeff Broin, there’s a deal on the table — changing almost by the hour, but a deal none the less. A deal on the table to provide year-round E15 approval for the biofuels industry

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LanzaTech is #1!

(Lanza Tech)  In Washington, LanzaTech took the #1 spot in the 2018 “50 Hottest Companies in the Advanced Bioeconomy” rankings, published in The Digest, the world’s most widely-read bioeconomy daily. It was the third year at the top for LanzaTech, which

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NBB Again Disappointed by Failure to Renew Biodiesel Tax Credit

(National Biodiesel Board)  Congress Reaches Another Deal to Fund the Government That Fails to Reinstate the Biodiesel Tax Credit   --  Today, the U.S. Congress is expected to pass an omnibus spending bill to fund the government that did not include a reinstatement

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West Coast Fuel Supply & Transportation Opportunities --- May 9-10, 2018 --- Napa Valley, CA

Discover the opportunities that lie on the West Coast with a greater understanding of market-based emissions reduction efforts California is considered the market leader in implementing regulatory programs that simultaneously create billions of dollars in revenue and cut carbon dioxide emissions. As

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Medford High School Students Tour Guardian Energy

(Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association)  Thirty-seven students from Medford High School visited Guardian Energy in Janesville yesterday to gain a better understanding of clean Minnesota-produced renewable energy.  The students were briefed on the various processes of ethanol production at the plant, which produces 130

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Boeing Promotes Aviation Biofuel in Africa

by Kaleyesus Bekele (AIN Online)  The Boeing Company has teamed with the South African government, South African Airways (SAA), the Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials (RSB), the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), and U.S. energy firm SKYNRG, to identify biofuel

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Ag Policy Blog: Senators Detail Farm Bill Goals

by Chris Clayton (DTN The Progressive Farmer)  Leaders of the Senate Agriculture Committee are getting ready to move ahead on drafting a farm bill, ideally in April, and will seek to avoid the rancor over food assistance that has tied up

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RFA Leader: EPA Eroding RFS -- Assistant to President Says Search Continues for a Win-Win Proposal

by Chris Clayton (DTN The Progressive Farmer)   A special assistant to President Donald Trump on agriculture said Wednesday, "the search for a win-win continues" in the debate over how to relieve oil refiners of their obligations under the Renewable Fuels Standard. Ray

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DTI Seeks Technology Partners for Algae Extraction

(Algae Industry Magazine)  Diversified Technologies, Inc. (DTI) has received a Phase II SBIR for the USDA NFIA to use pulsed electric field (PEF) processing for algal extraction and predator control. Working with the Arizona Center for Algae Technology and Innovation (AzCATI),

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Enerkem Makes a Major Breakthrough by Producing a New High-Octane Biofuel

(Enerkem/Oil and Gas 360/PR Newswire)  Enerkem Inc., a world-leading waste-to-biofuels and chemicals producer, announced today during the 255th American Chemical Society national meeting being held in New Orleans, that it had succeeded in producing a new high-performance biofuel that could improve the octane rating

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USDA Biobased Economy Report Indicates Potential for Rural Prosperity with Renewable Chemicals

(Biotechnology Innovation Organization/Pharmiweb)  The Biotechnology Innovation Organization (BIO) today applauded USDA’s release of a new report, “Indicators of the U.S. Biobased Economy.” The report measures substantial economic growth, job creation, and household income for the agricultural sector from biofuel and bioenergy production. Moreover,

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Thirty Third Annual RISI North American Conference --- October 10-12, 2018 --- San Francisco, CA

Join industry colleagues in San Francisco for the Thirty Third Annual RISI North American Conference. This is the premier forum to immerse yourself in all aspects of the forest products industry. Discover how RISI's deep industry expertise will help you

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It's Here! ... The (Spending) Level Playing Field

by Kelsey Tamborrino  (Politico's Morning Energy)  EPA grants rise: The agency's operational budget would remain pretty much the same, but grant programs get a boost, Alex Guillén and Annie Snider report. That means the Clean Water and Drinking Water State Revolving funds

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Stora Enso Wins Bio-Based Product of the Year for Lineo by Stora Enso

(Stora Enso/Cision)  Lineo™by Stora Enso, a renewable replacement for oil-based phenolic materials, has been awarded ‘Bio-Based Product of the Year’ at the Bio-Based World News Innovation Awards 2018. Shortlisted alongside products from Clean Plus Inc. and The Chemours Company, the judges recognised

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Global Bioenergies to Present Results of Engine Testing with Renewable Fuels

(Global Bioenergies) Global Bioenergies (Euronext Growth: ALGBE) will present engine testing results on April 5th. Its commercial partner Audi, and German engine & fuels specialist FEV, will join the presentation. ... Global Bioenergies is one of the few companies worldwide, and

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UK-Based Vertas Group Acquires Waste Management Firm

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  U.K.-based Vertas Group Ltd. has acquired a majority stake in MMB Environmental, a million-pound waste management and pest control business. Services provided by Vertas Group include catering, cleaning, grounds maintenance, energy and property management, and more. Vertas

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Chinese Researchers Boost Algae Lipids, Reduce Peroxidation

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  Researchers from Nanjing Tech University in China have published a paper in Biotechnology for Biofuels on their method to increase lipid content and reduce peroxidation in Schizochytrium sp., a marine microalgae rich in docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), which is touted for

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Biodiesel Can Help Reduce Injector Deposit Formation

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine) Modern diesel engines utilize high pressure common rail fuel systems whose small injector gaps are highly sensitive to deposits. New research from the University of Rostock in Germany has shown that biodiesel use can minimize deposit

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10-Day Comment Period on PES Settlement Agreement Closes March 26

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  The public comment period opened March 16 after publication in the Federal Register on the proposed consent decree and environmental settlement agreement lodged by the U.S. Department of Justice with the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the District of

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Borough in London Chooses Biomethane to Fuel Heavy Duty Fleet

 (Islington Council/NGV Journal) Islington Council has revealed plans for a new “green fleet” of vehicles that will use the cleanest possible technology and fuels, as it launches a borough-wide spring clean campaign this month. Fully electric and hybrid cars have been

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Indonesia to Expand Domestic Biodiesel Use

(Jakarta Post)  The Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry plans to expand the use of biodiesel to 3.5 million kiloliters annually by encouraging the mining sector and state-owned railway operator KAI to use the fuel. “I just reported the plan to use biodiesel

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RED II – Europe’s €25 Billion Blunder

by Dick Roche (EURACTIV)  ... Investments worth billions have already been written off as a result of EU U-turns on biofuels. The half-billion Euro Vivergo plant, at one point the largest industrial project in England, is a monument to confused biofuel

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EU Scraps Duty on Most Argentina, Indonesia Biodiesel: Document

Philip Blenkinsop (Reuters)  The European Union has removed duties on biodiesel imports for 13 Argentine and Indonesian producers following the end of legal proceedings at the European Court of Justice (ECJ), an EU document shows. The bloc set anti-dumping duties on imports

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Researchers Develop Methanation Technology to Produce RNG

(University of Waterloo/Biomass Magazine)  Farm manure could be a viable source of renewable energy to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming. Researchers at the University of Waterloo are developing technology to produce renewable natural gas (RNG) from manure so

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What Would a Bill Look Like?

by Kelsey Tamborrino  (Politico's Morning Energy)  Sen. John Cornyn and Rep. John Shimkus have some ideas. The two have been working on a bill for well over a year to overhaul the Renewable Fuel Standard, a likely vehicle for the fixes Perdue

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Project Focus: Converting Dairy By-Products into High Value Bio-Based Chemicals.

(AgriChemWhey/Biobased World News)  ... Producers that can access plentiful feedstocks with the minimum of fuss can have the best of both worlds – exactly the position that Ireland finds itself in. The country is in the midst of a bio-based revolution

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Sakol Energy Poised to Become a Fully Integrated Power Provider

(Sakol Energy) Sakol Energy PLC (SKE), a natural gas provider, has successfully acquired the last biomass licence with high FIT rate as the firm moves to become an integrated power producer after completing three energy deals in three months following listing

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Facebook and Google’s Surprising, Rising Prospects along Agriculture’s Revolutionary Road

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  If you haven’t been to Ankeny, Iowa in recent years — situated between Des Moines and Ames, which is to say between the political and financial capital of the state and Iowa State University and its

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CEC: California EV chargers Will Add 1 GW of Peak Demand by 2025

by Gavin Blade (Utility Dive)  o  California will need between 229,000 and 279,000 electric vehicle chargers in public locations and multi-unit dwellings by 2025 to meet Gov. Jerry Brown's (D) goals of having 5 million zero-emission vehicles on the road

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Export Exchange 2018 --- October 22-24, 2018 --- Minneapolis, MN

Nearly 200 international buyers and end-users are expected to be in Minneapolis, Minnesota from Oct. 22 to 24, 2018  – eager to meet and build relationships with more than 300 domestic suppliers in attendance over three days of educational sessions and networking

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Toyota to Sell Ethanol Fueled Hybrids in Brazil

(Kyodo News)  Toyota Motor Corp. said Tuesday it has unveiled in Brazil a prototype of the world's first hybrid vehicle that runs on ethanol to further cut carbon dioxide emissions, aiming to launch the model in the country in one to

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Trash Facility Director Aiming to Construct Alternative Biofuel Facility

by Andrea Ray (Sippican Week)  If all goes as planned, the Zero Waste Solutions trash processing facility in Rochester could be among the first in the country to produce a renewable alternative to gasoline. That's what Zero Waste CEO Mike Camara told

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UPDATE 2-Pennsylvania Says Bankrupt Refiner Owes $3.8 bln in Taxes - Filing

by  Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)  The state of Pennsylvania wants a federal judge to halt the bankruptcy of Philadelphia Energy Solutions (PES), arguing the refiner owes an estimated $3.8 billion in fuel taxes, according to a court filing on Friday. The state’s Department

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U.S. Agriculture Secretary Says Exports at Risk in Tariff Disputes

by Karl Plume (Reuters)  U.S. agricultural exports could be at risk in any retaliation over tariffs implemented by the White House, U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue said on Monday. ... Perdue said that while the United States is not currently in a

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The MixAlco Process: Green Energy for the Future

by Matt McDowell (The Battalion)  Texas A&M professor’s green energy research is helping turn bio waste into useful chemicals and fuels.  -- ... The MixAlco process, a term originally coined by Mark Holtzapple, chemical engineering professor, uses bio waste as input

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Katter, "Ethanol Is Answer to National Security"

(Bob Katter)  KAP Federal Member for Kennedy, Hon Bob Katter MP says that when it comes to national security there is only one answer; Australia must produce its own fuel. Mr Katter’s comments come in response to Parliament's National Security Committee

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The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Honeywell’s UOP and Renewable Jet and Diesel Technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Honeywell’s UOP has developed a renewable jet fuel processing technology, a renewable diesel process, as well as a joint venture, Envergent Technologies, that will market technologies and equipment for generating power, transportation fuel and heating oil

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California Here I Come: World Energy's Audacious $72M Acquisition of AltAir and the Paramount Oil Refinery

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Paramount Deal: World Energy takes off with audacious $72M acquisition of AltAir and the Paramount oil refinery  --  In Massachusetts, World Energy has acquired renewable jet and diesel producer AltAir Paramount, and its Paramount Petroleum refinery

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Bioeconomy Potential of Portugal, Romania and Poland Profiled in New BIC Country Reports

(Bio-based Industries Consortium)  The Bio-based Industries Consortium (BIC) has published three new Country Reports mapping the potential and identifying opportunities for expanding the bio-based industry in Poland, Portugal and Romania. Poland’s bioeconomy sector is focused on agriculture, forestry and food processing, areas which are already central to the

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Trump Administration Preparing List of Possible Biofuels Tweaks - Sources

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)  The heads of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Agriculture Department are scheduled to meet on Tuesday to winnow down proposals to lower the cost of the nation’s biofuels policy to oil refiners, according to two sources

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New Biodiesel Mandate Starts on May 1, Johnson Says Minnesota Is Ready for B20

by Brandon Lewis (KTOE)  Six weeks remain until Minnesota’s new B20 mandate kicks-in on May 1. House Representative Clark Johnson (D-North Mankato) says all evidence points to the state being ready to go ahead with the change. “For farmers it means a higher

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Opinion: How Blockchain and Digital Coins Can Serve the Biofuels Industry

by Fabio Nehme  (Nehme Commodities/Biofuels International) ... Biofuel market participants should also follow these technological developments closely. There are three areas particularly promising to the biofuels industry: supply chain integrity and traceability, access to financing, and downstream sales.   Increasingly, the management

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Questions Raised over EU’s Proposed Advanced Biofuels List

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EurActiv)  Not all second-generation biofuels listed by the European Commission are sustainable, critics warn, urging policymakers to use the indirect land use change (ILUC) factor to “clean up” the list. The Commission’s proposed revision of the Renewable Energy Directive

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China's Independent Oil Refiners Gear up for Ethanol Push in Cars

by Meng Meng, Josephine Mason (Reuters) China’s top independent oil refiner is buying ethanol and two others are seeking government approval to blend the biofuel into their gasoline ahead of the country’s 2020 deadline to add it to the nation’s fuel supply,

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Big Oil Faces Big Test in Climate-Change Court Showdown with SF, Oakland

by Kurtis Alexander (San Francisco Chronicle)  A San Francisco judge who must decide whether to hold the world’s largest oil companies responsible for global warming is ordering up what many are calling the most comprehensive, and unusual, debate on climate change

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RFA and Paul Jr. Designs Team Up on Hit AMERICAN CHOPPER TV Series with Custom Ethanol-Powered Bike

by Emily Druckman (Renewable Fuels Association)  The Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) has joined forces with Paul Jr. Designs to conceive of and fabricate a signature motorcycle that thrusts American-made fuel ethanol into the spotlight. Known for innovative designs that push creative

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Brazilian Lawmakers Mull Expanded Ethanol Tariff

(Argus Media)  Mato Grosso state congressman Fabio Garcia presented a bill that would remove Brazil's 600mn liter/year (10,339 b/d) tariff exemption on imported ethanol, a move that would hurt imports from the US.  The bill is seen as a response to the

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Sugar Glut Pushes Brazil Mills into Ethanol, White Sugar, Washouts

by Marcelo Teixeira (Reuters)  Brazilian mills are doing everything they can to keep raw sugar off the global market as Brazil’s cane harvest kicks off, to avoid worsening a glut that has driven prices to their lowest in two years. With the benchmark

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EU Biofuel Policy Requires Reliable Framework Conditions -- UFOP and FOP Appeal to Council, Parliament and Commission

(Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants (UFOP))  The trialogue procedure for redrafting the Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) began in late February 2018. Against this backdrop, the German Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP -

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New Edition of “Good Reasons for Biofuels” Brochure Published

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  In Germany, the Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants (UFOP) updated and reissued its consumer information “Good Reasons for Biofuels”. The brochure provides the most important aspects on 24 pages justifying the

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Brazil Regulates Its National Biofuel Policy Law

(Renewables Now)  Brazil's Ministry of Mines and Energy announced on Wednesday that President Michel Temer has signed a decree to regulate the National Biofuel Policy (RenovaBio). According to the new guidelines, the National Energy Policy Council (CNPE) will be in charge of defining

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This USDA Lab Is Turning Billions Of Pounds Of Almond Waste Into Beer, Plastic, And Power

by Adele Peters (Fast Company)  The country’s growing almond habit means that there are lots of shells and hulls to put to good use. These government scientists are working hard to find the best options. ...  “For every pound of almonds we produce,

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Cow Power: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Ag-Grid Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Ag-Grid Energy has a vision to convert agricultural and organic waste into renewable energy, compost and support local area practices that lead us towards a sustainable environment. The company intends to finance, build, own (jointly), operate

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World First ISCC Independent Smallholder Certificate Event --- March 26, 2018 --- Jambi, Indonesia

The independent smallholder from Jambi have received their first ISCC certificate. This will be celebrated on 26 March at Swiss Belholtel in Jambi City together with project partners such as SNV, Government and company representatives and the press. Erwin Widodo,

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Brews, Bangers and Biofuels – Ireland’s Bioeconomy Looking up

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) ... But it’s also about whisky, as reported in the Digest in July 2017, and how Celtic Renewables puts whisky in the car and not just in the jar. It’s about Cork County’s announcement that they are

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New Federal Budget Puts Price on Carbon

by Joshua D. Rhodes (University of Texas at Austin Energy Institute)  Expanded Carbon Credit Could Spur New Coal Power Investment  --  The Furthering carbon capture, Utilization, Technology, Underground storage, and Reduced Emissions (FUTURE) Act, part of the recently enacted Bipartisan Budget Act of

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5th Annual Rethink Methane Symposium --- February 26-27, 2019 --- Sacramento, CA

The expanded two-day event will provide a more in-depth look at the opportunities renewable gas presents to achieve California’s air quality, climate protection and economic development goals. Learn how renewable methane can help California: -Achieve GHG emissions reduction objectives in SB 32,

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CO2 Reuse Summit --- May 16-17, 2018 --- Zurich, Switzerland

The world is constantly looking for pathways to sustainable future. One of the biggest issues are increasing CO2 emissions, which are causing the global warming. Scientists from around the globe developed several technologies enabling us to turn carbon dioxide into

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RFS Roundup: Potential Impacts of the GREENER Fuels Act on Cellulosic Fuels Development

by Jessie Stolark (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  Riding the recent wave of Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) reform talks, Representative Welch (D-VT) and Senator Udall (D-NM) introduced the Growing Renewable Energy through Existing and New Environmentally Responsible Fuels Act (GREENER Fuels Act)

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CALL FOR PAPERS: Revolution in Food and Biomass Production (REFAB) --- October 1-2, 2018 --- Cologne, Germany DEADLINE: uncertain

The conference “Revolution in Food and Biomass Production” in Cologne on 1-2 October 2018 will bring together all future-oriented experts from companies, start-ups and research to have a look at the future of food and biomass production. What high-tech strategies are emerging on

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Revolution in Food and Biomass Production (REFAB) --- October 1-2, 2018 --- Cologne, Germany

The conference “Revolution in Food and Biomass Production” in Cologne on 1-2 October 2018 will bring together all future-oriented experts from companies, start-ups and research to have a look at the future of food and biomass production. What high-tech strategies are emerging on

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DOE Official: Clean Energy Funding Should Be Cut for ‘Exceeding Goals’

by Lacey Johnson (Greentech Media)  The Under Secretary of Energy defends a Trump administration proposal to cut $1.3 billion in funding from the DOE’s renewable energy office.  --  The Energy Department’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is so

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Corn-State Senators Seek Trump Meeting as U.S. Biofuel Changes Loom

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)  A group of senators from U.S. corn states have asked President Donald Trump for a meeting about the nation’s biofuels law, amid expectations the administration will soon act to lower the regulation’s costs to the oil refining

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The U.S. Is about to Be the World’s Top Crude Oil Producer. Guess Who Didn’t See It Coming.

by Charles Lane (Washington Post)  ...  Domestic crude production was not inherently “limited,” as O’Connell told Congress in 2011, it just needed a better mouse trap. Fracking was it. Entrepreneurs broke the oil-import addiction, even though the main thing they intended to

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Co-Optimization of Engines & Fuels: Breakthrough Research in Engine and Fuel Co-Optimization

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The Energy Department today (February 15, 2018) released two studies from the Co-Optimization of Engines & Fuels initiative (Co-Optima). The study, Fuel Blendstocks with the Potential to Optimize Future Gasoline Engine Performance, identifies eight representative high-octane blendstocks across

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XCELIS™ Is DuPont’s Fuel Ethanol Platform

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com)  DuPont gave its new XCELIS™ fuel ethanol platform a colorful debut at the National Ethanol Conference last month in San Antonio, with a rainbow of pastel colored arches along the walkway to the meeting area. “XCELIS is really the way

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Environmental Groups Back Ted Cruz, Republicans on Overhaul of Renewable Fuel Standard

by Ben Wolfgang (Washington Times)  Green organizations back ending corn ethanol mandate  --  ... The intense opposition to the RFS from environmental and conservation groups comes as the White House and congressional leaders work to craft the most serious reforms the program

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Oklahoma Cellulosic Diesel Facility Achieves D7 Q-RIN Status

by Ron Kotrba (Biomass Magazine)  D7 renewable identification numbers (RINs) generated at a biorefinery in Oklahoma City producing cellulosic diesel fuel have been verified by Weaver and granted Q-RIN status. Weaver is an independent third-party auditor and U.S. EPA-approved RIN Quality

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ARPA-E Announces $16M in Funding for 8 New Projects to Develop High-Efficiency Distributed Generations Systems Integrating Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

(FuelsCellsWorks/U.S. Department of Energy)  Innovative Natural-gas Technologies for Efficiency Gain in Reliable and Affordable Thermochemical Electricity-generation (INTEGRATE) The U.S. electric system is dominated by large, central power plants and an extensive transmission and distribution system commonly referred to as the “grid.” Two-thirds

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Finnish Government Supports Increased Biogas Production

(Gasum/NGV Journal)  The Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment has granted Gasum €7.83 million in ‘Bioeconomy and clean solutions’ key project support for increased biogas production. Developing the biogas market and the transport use of natural gas and increasing biogas production

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Algility: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Algae as a New Crop and Technology Platform

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Algae has been reinvented in recent years as a Sustainable New Crop for Food, Feed, Fuel and other products. Part of an international effort to expand Agricultural Production and productive land, and keeping key nutrients on the farm

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'Keep It In The Ground' Activists Optimistic Despite Oil Boom

by Jeff Brady (National Public Radio)  The United States oil business is booming and the country could soon be the largest crude oil producer in the world. Despite this record-breaking production, climate change activists campaigning to move away from fossil fuels

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The Digest’s 2018 Visual Guide to the Economics, Politics of Renewable Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Have you ever wondered why corn farmers march for the RFS, but Wall Streeters don't? Or why merchent oil refiners want the US Renewable Fuel Standard repealed but major oilcos generally support RFS reform? Why are biodiesel

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Opinion: Putin Has Finally Gone Too Far

by David Ignatius (The Washington Post) ... So how can the United States and its closest allies alter (Russian President Vladimir) Putin’s behavior, if they’re truly serious about holding Russia to account? The answer, say several former senior CIA officials,

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First Renewable Hydrogen Refueling Station Opens in the Netherlands

(PitPoint/NGV Journal)  The hydrogen refueling station has been built and will be operated by PitPoint clean fuels and AkzoNobel will supply with renewable hydrogen by pipeline. The fuel is produced sustainably by electrolysis, using electricity produced from wind energy, which is

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Fiat Panda Natural Power Runs on Biomethane for a Whole Year

(Fiat/NGV Journal)  Today marks the first anniversary of the trial on the Panda powered only by biomethane produced at CAP Group’s wastewater treatment plant in Bresso-Niguarda (Milan). On 14 March 2017 Elisa Boscherini (Head of FCA Institutional Relations for the EMEA

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Better Biomass Conversion for Biofuels and Bioproducts

by Krista Eastman (University of Wisconsin-Madison/Phys.Org)  Behind the successful conversion of biomass to a better biofuel or a new green chemical, there is a carefully chosen solvent. The right solvent not only dissolves biomass but also drives the efficiency of the

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Advanced Biofuels Interest in Post Tax Bill Hearing

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com)  The National Biodiesel Board (NBB) and more than 50 member organizations are urging Congressional leaders to extend the biodiesel tax credit as soon as possible for at least 2018. In a letter to House and Senate leadership sent in advance of

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QUOTE OF THE WEEK

John Abraham, in an article in The Guardian, notes, "Biofuels can help solve climate change, especially with a carbon tax  --  We’re not yet optimizing biofuel production for both economic and environmental factors." And, "If society is willing to pay a

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Biofuels Can Help Solve Climate Change, Especially with a Carbon Tax

by John Abraham (The Guardian)  Biofuels can help solve climate change, especially with a carbon tax  --  We’re not yet optimizing biofuel production for both economic and environmental factors ...  These are great starts but we will still need some liquid fuels and for those,

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Scania Engines Being Tested with Raw Untreated Biogas

(Scania/Biomass Magazine)  Producing biogas from waste materials for use as vehicle fuel and heating is not new. And Scania has been working with biogas as an alternative and sustainable source of energy for some years now. However, a couple of innovative

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USDA Seeks Applicants for Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency Improvement Projects under the Rural Energy for America Program DEADLINE: April 30, 2018

(U.S. Department of Agriculture)  – Assistant to the Secretary for Rural Development Anne Hazlett today invited applications for loan guarantees and grants for Renewable Energy Systems and Energy Efficiency Improvement Projects.  These loan guarantees and grants are part of USDA’s Rural Energy

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Electric Dreams: The Impact of EVs for Energy and Metals in Asia --- March 22, 2018

While EVs are the subject of noisy debate among some western commentators, they have been quietly gaining ground in some of Asia’s biggest economies. China is developing a timetable to ban internal combustion engine vehicles, while India aims to have EVs

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Regional Transportation and Climate Listening Session --- April 9, 2018 --- Albany, NY

Focus on the development of policies and strategies for reducing carbon emissions from the transportation sector. Participating TCI states have announced a series of stakeholder discussions to promote a safer, cleaner and more reliable transportation future through policies and strategies that

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Op-Ed: Biofuel from Sugarcane – Why Is SA Not Rushing Ahead?

by Chris Ward (Daily Maverick)  Support for diversification of the sugar industry provides a superb and immediate opportunity for the government of South Africa under its new president to create thousands of new jobs by leveraging sugarcane as a key strategic

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Greenbelt Resources Signs Letter of Intent With Biofuels and Energy, LLC

(Globe Newswire/Greenbelt Resources)    Greenbelt Resources Corporation (OTC:GRCO) (Greenbelt), the developer of a sustainable ECOsystem model that transforms waste into revenue generating bioproducts, today announced that it has signed a Letter of Intent (LOI) with Biofuels and Energy, LLC (B&E), a New

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So-Called ‘Dem’ Ethanol Bill Has It All Wrong

by Doug Sombke (The Hill/South Dakota Farmers Union)  As a card carrying Democrat, I resent the broad brush generalization of the Hill’s March 8 headline, "Dem Bill Would Overhaul Ethanol Mandate.” To imply to readers that the measure by Sen. Tom Udall (D-N.M.) and

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Geothermal Could Profit from U.S. Executive Order to Support Lithium Mining

by Alexander Richter (Think GeoEnergy)  An executive order by U.S. President Donald Trump to support mining activities for critical minerals, could present a boost to lithium mining activities in the U.S. and indirectly help some geothermal projects. As reported recently, U.S. President

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UPM Moving into Bioplastics, Continues Busy 2018

(Biofuels International)  UPM has joined forces with Norwegian packaging company Elopak and chemical producer Dow to convert its renewable naphtha into cartons. Alongside renewable diesel, the Finnish company’s UPM Lappeenranta Biorefinery produces naphtha, an excellent raw material for bioplastics. The naphtha can

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Omani Researchers Convert Wastepaper into Bioplastic, Bioethanol and Biodiesel

(Muscat Daily)  The wastepaper which accounts for more than 35 per cent of the total lignocellulosic waste of the municipal solid waste could be a potential feedstock for value-added products due to its rich cellulose content, researchers in Oman have

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NBB Highlights 5 Individuals' Stories for National Biodiesel Day

(National Biodiesel Board/Biodiesel Magazine)  ... In the U.S., nearly 3 billion gallons of clean, renewable fuel replacing its petroleum counterpart. A thriving and growing diesel vehicle market. And 64,000 jobs supported by biodiesel, many the highest paying jobs in the area.

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Braathens Regional Airlines First Passenger Airline in the World Offering All Travelers to Fly on Biofuel

by Angelos Restanis (Travel Daily News)  Anyone who fly with Braathens Regional Airlines in Sweden as from April 8 will be able to book biofuel flights for an extra fee of SEK 300 (29,50 euros) per flight Braathens Regional Airlines is the first

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Bolivia Invests $1.6 Billion to Boost Output of Sugar-Based Ethanol

(Latin American Herald Tribune)  A $1.6 billion investment by 2025 will allow ethanol made from sugarcane represent 25 percent of fuels used in Bolivia, President Evo Morales said on Thursday. The president was speaking at an event in the eastern city of

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The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Sustainable Bioeconomy for Arid Regions (SBAR)

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Sustainable Bioeconomy for Arid Regions (SBAR) is a multi-level research project that will cultivate two desert-dwelling crops, guayule and guar, for a sustainable bioeconomy. Combined, guayule (perennial) and guar (annual) feedstocks can provide biomass year round

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Youth Climate Justice Summit 2018 --- April 25, 2018 --- St. Paul, MN

Join Climate Generation for a day at the capitol! This is a chance for youth to experience first-hand how to participate in government and policy.  Meet with Governor Dayton and our MN Senators and Representatives to talk about why you care

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OMCs Ready to Pay Higher Offtake for Biofuel: Pradhan

(The Siasat Daily)  The government is prepared to pay a higher offtake price to producers of biofuel than it does for fossil fuels in a bid to boost the use of clean energy, Petroleum Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said on Wednesday. Addressing the

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CON: Keep the Renewable Fuel Standard but Reboot It by Using Bio-Masses instead of Corn

by Michael E. Kraft  (Tribune News Service/Bradenton Herald)  ... Ideally, Congress would reboot the renewable fuel mandate in a new way for today's economy, and design it as one component of a comprehensive response to climate change. For starters, Congress could slowly transition

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Biodiesel and 2nd Gen Biofuels Need Stable Tax Policy

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AdWired.com)  The House Ways and Means Subcommittee on Tax Policy heard from representatives of the biodiesel and advanced biofuels industries Wednesday on the need for “Post Tax Reform of Recently Expired Tax Provisions” that are helping move the nation toward

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Golden ARC Awards "Call for Entries" Announced DEADLINE: May 4 , 2018

(Agricultural Relations Council)  The Agricultural Relations Council (ARC) today issued the annual "Call for Entries" for the highly-respected Golden ARC Awards. The annual contest allows agricultural public relations professionals to submit their best work for comparison to that of colleagues working

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Cloncurry Treated Sewage Water Trial

TREATED sewage water is being used to irrigate paddocks of crops that can be used for biofuels in a trial at Cloncurry. Sorghum, soy beans, sun hemp and leucaena are being irrigated with the treated sewage water at a trial site,

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Venice's Water Buses to Run on Recycled Cooking Oil

by Catherine Edwards (The Local IT)  The water buses that transport locals and tourists through Venice's canals will soon run on environmentally friendly biofuel, made from used cooking oils. The fuel, which is 15 percent renewable, will be produced in a Venetian refinery

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$1.5 Billion Settlement Reached in Syngenta GMO Class Action Suit

by Susan Reidy (World-Grain.com) A $1.5 billion settlement has been reached in the nationwide class action suit over Syngenta’s genetically modified corn seed. It is believed to be one of the largest agricultural settlements in U.S. history. The settlement covers all U.S.

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Valtra Switches to 100-Percent Renewable Fuel to Fill New Tractors

(Valtra)  Valtra has become the first tractor factory in the world to begin using Neste MY Renewable Diesel as the start-up fuel for all new tractors. As a result, around 700,000 litres of fossil diesel fuel will be replaced each

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Harmonizing a Three-Headed Regulatory Monster (EPA, NHTSA, CARB)

by Graham Noyes and Doug Durante (Low Carbon Fuels Coalition/Clean Fuels Development Coalition/Biofuels Digest)  ... While not as entertaining to watch as a Godzilla film with a three-headed flying monster, the current regulatory struggle over national auto standards between the US

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The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to the 2018 Bioeconomy Business Outlook

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Florida, The Digest reports that 72 percent of bioenergy executives are more optimistic about their organization’s prospects for growth and 68 percent about industry growth, than 12 months ago. The findings were among the highlights

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Bioeconomy Execs Bullish on 2018, 74% of Companies Expect Revenue Growth, 62 Percent Expect Jobs Increase; 48% Seeking Finance

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Florida, The Digest reports that 72 percent of bioenergy executives are more optimistic about their organization’s prospects for growth and 68 percent about industry growth, than 12 months ago. The findings were among the highlights

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EPA Chief Signals Showdown With California on Fuel Emission Standards

by Jennifer A. Dlouhy, Ryan Beene and John Lippert (Bloomberg Politics)  Pruitt warns California isn’t in driver’s seat on car rules; EPA faces April 1 deadline to decide on current requirements  --  The Trump administration’s chief environmental regulator signaled a coming showdown with

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Refiners Try to Hold Trump's Attention

 (Politico's Morning Energy)  With a settlement between refiner Philadelphia Energy Solutions and EPA in hand and voting in the Pennsylvania special election over, some biofuels observers think the issue may fall off Trump's radar. A biofuels source told ME Tuesday they

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ACE Talks Opportunities, Challenges for Ethanol Demand in 2018

by Tim Albrecht  (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The American Coalition for Ethanol hosted a webinar Feb. 20 titled “Opportunities and Challenges to Increasing Ethanol Demand in 2018.” The webinar focused on ACE initiatives designed to ensure ethanol continues to grow in the

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Let's Talk Technical -- Reid Vapor Pressure and E15 Choice -- What Roadblocks Limit Ethanol from Expanding into the Market Place?

(Urban Air Initiative)  The ethanol industry faces several roadblocks, in particular we hear about the RVP relief, vapor pressure for blends higher than E10. We also have the MOVES model which is the Motor Vehicle Emissions simulator that the EPA uses to

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Neste's Human Rights Program Making Gradual Impacts on Labor Issues within the Palm Oil Industry

(Neste Corporation)  ... In order to truly have impacts in human rights, we have started identifying potential human rights issues and put in motion a plan to manage the associated risks, particularly in our palm oil supply chain. Engagement to ensure capacity

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(20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones 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loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol benefits methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo 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weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course owa oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil Palm Oil Methyl Ester (PME) palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm trunk sap palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peach shell 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