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Donald Trump Just Made an Extremely Important Promise. It’s One of His Worst Yet.

by Greg Sargent (The Washington Post)  Believe it or not, Donald Trump has now made a very important policy statement. Introducing what he billed as an “energy plan,” Trump promised to “cancel the Paris Climate Plan.” Unlike so much of what

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Licella, Canfor Form JV for Low-Cost, Drop-In Biofuels from Wood Residues and Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Licella and Canfor will form a joint-venture under the name “Licella Pulp Joint Venture” to integrate Licella’s unique Catalytic Hydrothermal Reactor upgrading platform into Canfor Pulp’s kraft and mechanical pulp mills to economically convert biomass,

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Consider the Fully Burdened Price of Fuel over Memorial Day Holiday

by Joanne Ivancic (Advanced Biofuels USA)  As we watch transportation fuel prices rise as we celebrate the beginning of Northern Hemisphere summer and, in the US, as we memorialize those who have died in service to their country, let us

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Point/Counterpoint: Is It Time for Greens To Reassess Their Opposition to Ethanol?

by Senator Timothy Wirth and C. Boyden Gray (Yale Environment 360)  The criticism of ethanol by environmentalists is misguided and just plain wrong. In fact, thanks to improvements in farming techniques, increasing the amount of corn ethanol in U.S. gasoline

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USDA Resumes Incentives to Grow and Harvest Biomass for Energy and Biobased Products

(U.S. Department of Agriculture)  U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) Farm Service Agency (FSA) Administrator Val Dolcini today announced that incentives resume this month for farmers and foresters who grow and harvest biomass for renewable energy and biobased products. The funds

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Competing With Sub $50 Oil: A Strategy for the Biofuels Industry

by Irshad Ahmed (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  ... However, until such time that we internalize the true life-cycle costs of extracting and using fossil fuels, and distinguishing fossil-BTUs from bio-BUTs, we will continue to struggle to find a balance between cheap energy

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USDA Announces More Than $8 Million in Payments to Support the Production of Advanced Biofuel

(US Department of Agriculture)  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack announced today that the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is investing $8.8 million to boost the production of advanced biofuels and sustain jobs at renewable energy facilities in 39 states. USDA continues

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The SynBio Foundry: The Digest’s 2016 8-Slide Guide

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Lawrence Berkeley National Lab, Ames National Lab, Argonne National Lab, Idaho National Lab, Los Alamos National Lab, the National Renewable Energy Lab, Oak Ridge National Lab, Pacific Northwest National Lab, and Sandia National Lab seek

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Evolva, Wageningen and Algae.Tec Advance on High-Margin Bio-Opportunities

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Sweeteners, acrylic, and nutraceuticals led the news at the end of this week, with key announcements out of Evolva, Wageningen and Algae.Tec. ... All the announces are developmental in  nature — patents, R&D, product supply for future

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CAAFI Celebrates 10th Anniversary!

(Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative) We are proud to announce the 10th Anniversary of the initiation of the Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative (CAAFI) as of May 24, 2016, and more importantly, to reflect on the success we’ve achieved to date,

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TSCA Reform: An Analysis of Key Provisions and Fundamental Shifts in the Amended TSCA

(Bergeson & Campbell)  The Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for the 21st Century Act (Lautenberg) makes important changes to the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) that result in fundamental shifts in the requirements and approach under the law, while introducing

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Royal Society Calls for Review of European GM Ban

by Pallab Ghosh (BBC)  The ban on GM crops by European countries should be reassessed, the president of UK science body the Royal Society says.  --  Prof Venki Ramakrishnan said the science of genetic modification had been misunderstood by the public

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Electric Cars Are Not Necessarily Clean

by David Biello (Scientific American) Your battery-powered vehicle is only as green as your electricity supplier  --  ... Tesla has advertised its vehicles as having zero emissions, helping fuel the mania for the fun-driving sedan, but that's not necessarily true. Although the

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Whatever Happened to Advanced Biofuels?

by David Biello (Scientific American) ... Burning cellulosic ethanol as a fuel could result in just 10 percent of the CO2 emissions produced by burning gasoline. One big secret to making it all work is the advanced biofuel refinery's location right next

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Scrapping EU Biofuels Targets Is the Right Thing to Do

By Marc-Olivier Herman (Oxfam International/EurActiv)  ... With the Commission expected to propose new legislation later this year, the biofuel industry is going on the offensive, calling the proposal to drop targets and other support measures for biofuel “recklessly irresponsible” and “populist”.

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Commission Refers Poland to Court of Justice of the EU because of Restrictions to Some Imported Biofuels and Biofuel Raw Materials

(European Commission)  The European Commission decided today to refer Poland to the Court of Justice of the EU for establishing restrictions in Polish law against certain imported biofuels and raw materials for biofuel. Polish law is not fully in line with

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Editorial: UCLA’s Composting Is Wasted Opportunity for Biofuel Production

(Daily Bruin) UCLA has sustained interest in reducing waste over the years, but it might have lost its interest in innovation. While the 45 tons of food waste and biodegradable packaging its dining halls produce every month are all composted, UCLA has

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Ford’s Green CO2 Materials Will Reduce Carbon Emissions

(The Green Optimistic)  Ford, after working with other companies and universities, is taking the next environmentally-friendly leap to include biomaterials in vehicles. By using excess CO2 to create high-quality plastics and foam, the company will use such materials in vehicle seats

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Iowa Biodiesel Board Commends Signing of Bill to Expand IA Biodiesel Incentives

(Biofuels Journal)  It just makes sense! That’s the sentiment from the Iowa Biodiesel Board and other supporters as Iowa Governor Terry Branstad signed SF 2309 into law today, expanding state biodiesel incentives. The bill includes a tax credit that helps keep

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Trump's Right to Support Ethanol Mandates

by Kevin Skunes (Grand Forks Herald)  ... Thankfully, there's one vital energy policy that both Trump and his opponent, Hillary Clinton, have promised to support: the Renewable Fuel Standard, which requires that oil companies make increasing levels of clean, homegrown fuels

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EPA Schedules Hearing on RFS Proposal, Registrations Due May 31

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The U.S. EPA has announced it will hold a public hearing June 9 in Kansas City, Missouri, on its proposed rule for the 2017 renewable fuels standard (RFS). Parties wishing to testify at the

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Ethanol Called Fuel of Future

by Erica Quinlan (AgriNews)  Bobby Likis is an engine builder with 45 years of experience in the automotive service industry. He’s serviced around 200,000 vehicles and answered upward of 100,000 car-related questions on the radio. In this time, he’s seen no mechanical

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Audi Volkswagen Taiwan Fined for False Advertising

(Taipai Times/CNA)  Audi Volkswagen Taiwan Co (奧迪福斯汽車) has been fined NT$5 million (US$153,130) over false advertising in relation to the emissions levels of two of its models, the Fair Trade Commission said yesterday. Advertisements in an Audi Volkswagen Taiwan catalogue claimed

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Alberta Proposes Carbon Tax As Part Of Climate Push

by Martin O'Sullivan (Law360)  An environmental law introduced this week in Alberta would reinvest money from a new carbon tax in green technology and return some of that cash to residents. Bill 20, or the Climate Leadership Implementation Act, would impose

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California Biofuel Industry Calls on State to Allocate Funding

(BIODICO/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  California’s biofuel industry is calling on state legislators to allocate $210 million in the Governor’s Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund to incentivize in-state production of low carbon biofuels. For the first time, biodiesel, ethanol and biomethane trade associations

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New Water-Quality Data on Impact of Corn, Soybeans on Nitrate in Iowa streams

(Phys.Org)  As Iowa farmers have planted more acres of corn to meet the demand driven by the corn-based ethanol industry, many models predicted that nitrate concentrations in Iowa streams would increase accordingly. However, recent IIHR research based on water monitoring

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FPInnovations and Bioénergie La Tuque Enter into a Collaborative Agreement

(Paper Advance/FPInnovations) The agreement covers the installation of a next-generation biorefinery facility in the city of La Tuque  --  FPInnovations and Bioénergie La Tuque (BELT) are proud to announce the signing of a collaborative agreement, the main purpose of which is

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Why Is the BBD RVO So Low and What Can NBB Do about It?

by Don Scott (National Biodiesel Board/Biofuels Digest)  EPA proposes to continue growing the Required Volume Obligations (RVO) for Biomass Based Diesel (BBD) under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), but at a paltry 100 million gallons a year to 2.1 billion gallons

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After 40 years: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to Toxic Substances Control Act reform

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) reform has been a “work in progress” for years. House and Senate passage in 2015 of substantive TSCA reform measures considerably improved the odds that Congress would enact TSCA-reform legislation

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Why Does Biology Take so Long to Make Commercial Products? A Job for BOB

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... (W)hy is so biology so challenging?  --  “It’s partly how we have done it. We sort through the research, then we design, and then we spend a lot of time in the lab pipetting

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UMass Becomes First Major Public University to Divest from Direct Fossil Fuel Holdings

(University of Massachusetts Amherst)  The University of Massachusetts today became the first major public university to divest its endowment from direct holdings in fossil fuels. The decision was made by a unanimous vote of the Board of Directors of the

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Liquid Fuel from the Sun: The Digest’s 2016 8-Slide Guide to Joule Unlimited

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Joule is advancing a production platform for Liquid Fuel from the Sun, expected to eclipse the scale, productivity and cost efficiency of any known alternative to fossil fuel today. Its transformative Helioculture platform directly and

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Sub-$2/Gallon Biobased Hydrocarbon Fuels Head for Diesel-Hungry India

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  India’s SunLight Fuels licenses IH2 Technology for hydrocarbon transportation fuels from agricultural waste  --  In India, Sunlight Fuels has signed a Front End Loading license agreement for IH2 Technology with CRI Catalyst, a division of

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European Bioethanol Offers 15% CO2 Reductions in Transport – Blocking It Is a Form of Climate Crime

by James Cogan (Biofuels Digest/Ethanol Europe Renewables Ltd.)  ... The European Commission in Brussels is right now putting the finishing touches to a Communication on Transport Decarbonisation, due out this summer.  ...  There is a risk the Communication may support fossil

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EPA Is Trying to Get Out of Its Own Way on the RFS

by Brent Erickson (Biotechnology Innovation Organization/Biofuels Digest)  ...  The practical and legal constraints on the RFS are mostly of EPA’s own making. As EPA admitted in the final 2014-2016 rule, it set the volume obligations for those years according to

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Smoke & Fumes

(Center for International Environmental Law)  This is a story about how the world’s most powerful industry used science, communications, and consumer psychology to shape the public debate over climate change. And it begins earlier—decades earlier—than anyone suspected. Explore our documents and

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Report Release Presentation of "Genetically Engineered Crops: Experiences and Prospects"

(National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine)  Distinction Between Genetic Engineering and Conventional Plant Breeding Becoming Less Clear, Says New Report on GE Crops  --  An extensive study by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine has found that

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NAS Reaffirms Safety and Benefits of GMOs

by Kelly Marshall (Precision Ag Wired)  The National Academy of Sciences has released (yet another) reportreaffirming the safety and benefits of GMO crops.  Not surprisingly this report has lead to a flurry of reactions across multiple social media platforms, both positive

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ICBB 2016: International Conference on Biofuels and Bioenergy --- December 29-30, 2016 --- Paris, France

The ICBB 2016: 18th International Conference on Biofuels and Bioenergy aims to bring together leading academic scientists, researchers and research scholars to exchange and share their experiences and research results about all aspects of Biofuels and Bioenergy. It also provides

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RES-T-BIOPLANT: Towards Advanced Biofuels – Options for Integrating 1st and 2nd Generation Biofuel Production

(IEA Implementing Agreement for Renewable Energy Technology Deployment)  The integration of advanced (2nd generation / 2G) biofuel plants with conventional (1st generation / 1G) biofuel plants can lead to significant synergies and cost savings, especially for bioethanol plants. For biodiesel,

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Sweden Takes the Lead in Biofuel-Use in Europe

by Tomas Ekbom (Task 39 May 2016 Newsletter)  The production and use of biofuels in Sweden have increased substantially since the mid-2000s. According to preliminary statistics from SPBI, the share of renewable energy in the road sector was 14.7% in 2015

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Algae Key to More Beef, Less CO2

(Algae Biomass Organization)  Algae has the potential to make a large impact as an ingredient in animal feed, according to Xingen Lei, professor of molecular nutrition at Cornell University. Lei, who has been studying algae’s nutritional benefits for years, is

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Gov. Ricketts Highlights Benefits of Biofuels During Renewable Fuels Month

(Office of Nebraska Governor Pete Ricketts)  Today, Governor Pete Ricketts highlighted Renewable Fuels Month in Nebraska and the importance of biofuels to the state by kicking off a unique ethanol promotion at Sapp Brothers in Omaha.  The Governor previously designated

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Workshop In Japan Aims To Dispel Myths On U.S. Ethanol GHGs

(U.S. Grains Council)  The U.S. Grains Council (USGC) and its industry partners sought to dispel myths about U.S. ethanol and open the door for the renewable fuel in the Japanese market this week at a workshop held in Tokyo for

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Big Oil Could Have Cut CO2 Emissions In 1970s — But Did Nothing

by Chris D'Angelo (The Huffington Post)  New documents show the industry chose to prioritize costs over the planet.  In 1963, Esso (now Exxon Mobil) patented a design for a “novel and highly efficient electrode“ for use in fuel cells —

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Scania Trucks Use Ethanol Made with Clariant's Sunliquid Process

(Clariant/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Clariant, a world leader in specialty chemicals, and Scania, one of the world's top heavy-duty vehicle manufacturers, are celebrating the results and the opportunities generated by the partnership established last year, which involved an investment in sustainable

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What Kevin Cramer Is Telling Trump about Making American Energy Great Again

by Mark Drajem (Bloomberg)  Say what you will about the EPA, but it doesn’t take the easy way out.  EPA issued its proposal for the 2017 Renewable Fuel Standard yesterday, surprisingly early given that it has been increasingly tardy in issuing the

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Ernst: EPA’s Latest RFS Levels Don’t Follow 2007 Law

by O. Kay Henderson (Radio Iowa)  Senator Joni Ernst says EPA administrators may be called before congress to explain the agency’s recent decision on renewable fuel standards. “There is clear direction from congress,” Ernst says, “and the EPA continues not to

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California Zero Emissions Demonstration Project Includes Diesel Plug-In Hybrid Trucks

(Diesel Technology Forum/PR Newswire)  Immediate Air Quality & Climate Benefits Are Available From Existing & Proven Technologies  --  New diesel technology will be part of a $23.6 million zero-emission transportation test program in California for emerging commercial vehicle technologies designed

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Renewable Jet Fuel, Competitive Cost, at Scale: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to AltAir

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In March, United Airlines made history by becoming the first U.S. airline to begin use of commercial-scale volumes of sustainable aviation biofuel for regularly scheduled flights with the departure of United Flight 708 from Los Angeles International

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Good News, Kemosabe: Reverdia and Wageningen UR Launch Development of New Bio-PBS Compounds

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In the Netherlands, Reverdia and Wageningen UR Food & Biobased Research have launched a joint development programme on bio-based PBS (polybutylene succinate) compounds for injection moulding. The new bio-PBS compounds will be durable and based

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WestJet Teams with Clean Energy Centre to Develop a Sustainable Aviation Fuel Supply Chain in Western Canada

(GreenAir Online)  Canadian carrier WestJet is to team with the new Clean Energy Technology Centre (CETC) in the town of Drayton Valley in central Alberta to accelerate the development and deployment of sustainable aviation biofuels in Western Canada. The area

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Hogg Touts Biofuels

by Joe Sutter  (The Messenger)  Education spending, environmental concerns are a focus for senate candidate  --  State Sen. Rob Hogg touted his support for renewables and biofuels while at the Iowa Central Community College fuel testing laboratory Tuesday. The lab is

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How Different Is Diesel from Biodiesel, Really?

by Laurie Winkless (Materials Today)  Australian researchers have found that particulate emissions from a diesel exhaust are heavily influenced by the fuel’s composition According to the European Commission, biofuels now represent around 5 per cent of all transport fuel used in

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Transport Ministers Urged to Support Global Offsetting Mechanism for Aviation

(AviationBenefits.org)  Fifty ministers of transport from countries around the world are gathering in Leipzig for the International Transport Forum Summit, the theme of which is ‘green and inclusive transport’. At the ministerial opening session today, Tony Tyler, Director General and

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Profile: Florida Power & Light Achieves Key Emissions Reductions with Biodiesel

(National Biodiesel Board/Biodiesel Magazine)  “Powered by Biodiesel” decals adorn Florida Power & Light Co.’s diesel vehicles as they traverse Florida and beyond. The signage highlights the key role this advanced biofuel is playing in the company’s sustainability strategy. “FPL operates one

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Start-up to Scale-up: An Interview with Global Bioenergies CEO Marc Delcourt

(ACS Green Chemistry Institute)  Global Bioenergies is one of the few companies in the world and the only one in Europe to develop a process to convert renewable resources into hydrocarbons through fermentation. The company has focused initially on the

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Guest View: For the Farmers, the Biofuel Bubble Has Already Burst

by Isaac Orr (Quad City Times/The Heartland Institute)  ...  Many of the agriculture-related policy discussions taking place in the nation’s capital focus on how corn farmers will be hurt by the biofuel mandate because RFS requires traditional forms of biofuel,

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Jamaica Still Not Producing Ethanol 8 Years On

(Jamaica Observer)  ‘We are yet to see that,’ says economist as he outlines vision for sugar sector  --  Jamaica is still not producing ethanol for the E10 mix of petrol which the Government introduced into the petroleum sector in 2008,

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My Voice: The Positive Reach of Ethanol Impacts Many

by Keith Alverson  (Argus Leader)  As a sixth-generation corn farmer in South Dakota, and one who is deeply involved in sustainability programs in U.S. agriculture, I have learned first-hand how biofuels such as ethanol are good for our health and environment,

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Why Ethanol in Gasoline Remains a Good Idea

by John M. Urbanchuk  (The Intelligencer)  I am writing in response to Andrew Mikula's May 13 letter ("With oil now plentiful, why the need for ethanol in gasoline?"). Several points come to mind. Ethanol has several characteristics that make it an ideal

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Chempolis Gets Green Light for JV Biorefinery Project

(Biofuels International)  A joint venture (JV) project between Chempolis Ltd and Numaligarh Refinery Limited (NRL), which should cost around €110 million, moves on after getting approval from NRL’s board. The project has preceded several preparation stages including signing MoUs with neighbouring

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AkzoNobel Teams up with Royal Cosun to Develop Sustainable Cellulose Products from Sugar Beet Processing

(Biofuels International)  Dutch chemicals giant AkzoNobel and agro-industrial cooperative Royal Cosun have formed a new partnership to develop novel products from cellulose side streams resulting from sugar beet processing. The partnership will combine Royal Cosun's specialist knowledge in separating and purifying

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Suzuki Says Discrepancies Mar Japanese Emissions Testing

(Law 360)   Suzuki Motor Corp. on Wednesday said an internal investigation prompted by regulatory scrutiny over emissions and fuel efficiency standards has shown “discrepancies” in the testing methods used for 16 car models sold in Japan. Although the automaker said

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Biodiesel Blends Benefit Soybean Farmers at Aberdeen Station

(Tri-State Neighbor)  A gas station in Aberdeen added a biodiesel blender pump as part of a program sponsored by the South Dakota Soybean Research and Promotion Council.  ...  “Brown County is one of the top soybean producing areas in South

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National Biodiesel Board Says Production Is Already Ahead of EPA Targets

by Nicole Heslip  (Brownfield Ag News)  The National Biodiesel Board says the industry has already met the biodiesel targets set by EPA for 2018. Vice President of Federal Affairs Anne Steckel tells Brownfield they’re happy to see the timeliness of EPA’s

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In North Dakota's Oil Patch, a Humbling Comedown

by Ernest Scheyder (Reuters)  The fracking party is over, and a quiet desperation has descended on the state's once-booming communities and the thousands of people who were drawn to them.  --  ...  But the price drop quickened, due in part

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Chance Finding Could Transform Plant Production: U of Guelph Study

(NewsWise/University of Guelph)  An almost entirely accidental discovery by University of Guelph researchers could transform food and biofuel production and increase carbon capture on farmland. By tweaking a plant’s genetic profile, the researchers doubled the plant’s growth and increased seed production

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CEC Awards Biodico $1.2M Grant for Zero Net Energy Farms Project

(Biodico Inc./Biodiesel Magazine)  California biodiesel producer Biodico Inc. announced May 18 the California Energy Commission awarded the company a $1.2 million grant for its Zero Net Energy Farms project, which would enable farms to generate all electrical and heating power

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USDA Announces $21 Million Available for Bioeconomy Research and Development

(US Department of Agriculture/EurekAlert!) The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) today (May 18, 2016) announced the availability of $21 million to support the development of regional systems in sustainable bioenergy and biobased products, as well as education and training for the

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Renewable Specialty Chemicals: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to Green Biologics

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Green Biologics is focused on the production of renewable n-butanol and other C4 chemicals from various renewable feedstocks, including sugar (cane, molasses, beets), starch (corn) and cellulosic biomass (corn residues, sugar cane bagasse, forest materials

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Ethanol Sets Sights on Asia-Pacific Region

by Tom C. Doran (AgriNews)  The U.S. Grains Council has long served as an international promoter of corn and other grain exports and has expanded its efforts to include ethanol and dried distillers grains with solubles. The efforts coincide with a

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Women Head 3 Ethanol Plants in the Midwest

by Janna Farley (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Passion, leadership and vision are more important than gender in the work of three top managers.  --  In fact, there are only a handful of women in top management in the industry. Ethanol Producer

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Hope Springs Eternal for Ethanol in the Far East

By Ed Hubbard (Renewable Fuels Association)  ...  At APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum), I found a delegation of countries that weren’t just committed to biofuels, but eager about the future and promise they held for those countries’ domestic economies, energy

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EPPO to Increase B10 Biodiesel Use

(National News Bureau of Thailand)  The Energy Policy and Planning Office (EPPO) has instructed units under the Ministry of Energy to urgently study an increase of B10 biodiesel consumption according to the 2015-2036 Alternative Energy Development Plan. EPPO Director Thawarat Sutabutr,

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It’s Time for an Octane Boost

by Tracey King (Detroit News)  While our automobiles have experienced remarkable changes over the past several decades, the fuels we put in them have not. Specifically, the octane rating of regular gasoline today is the same as it was 40

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Looking at the Sudden Growth of Cellulosic Ethanol

by Ben Nuelle  (Iowa Agribusiness Radio Network)  In April, the Environmental Protection Agency announced a little over 1 million gallons of cellulosic ethanol was produced in the first quarter of 2016. Production is well ahead of 2015 where only 2.2

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Proposed Renewable Fuel Standards for 2017, and the Biomass-Based Diesel Volume for 2018

(Environmental Protection Agency)  EPA proposed increases in renewable fuel volume requirements across all types of biofuels under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program.  These increases would boost production and provide for ambitious yet achievable growth. The proposed volume requirements and associated

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Levulinic Acid as a New Platform for Green Chemistry: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to GF Biochemicals

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In February, GFBiochemicals announced at ABLC 2016 that it has acquired the assets and intellectual property of Segetis, a US-based, venture-backed levulinic acid derivatives producer Segetis has more than 50 patents and over 200 pending patent

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KiOR: The Inside True Story of a Company Gone Wrong-- Parts 1 and 2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels DIgest)  ... Old KiOR was exciting, dramatic, and fast, and the headlines it produced between 2008 and 2011 were candy for a renewables-hungry world. A Breakthrough in Catalytic Pyrolysis to make cost-competitive, drop-in renewable fuels. A “Magic Catalyst”.

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Mass. Top Court Says State GHG Rules Not Good Enough

by Keith Goldberg (Law 360)  Massachusetts' top court on Tuesday reversed a lower court's decision backing the state's approach to greenhouse gas regulations, saying the state's climate change law requires officials to craft rules that establish annually decreasing limits on multiple

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VW, Porsche Seek To Escape Feds' Emissions Suit

by Dani Meyer (Law 360)  Volkswagen and Porsche separately urged a California federal court Monday to toss the government’s allegations that the automakers cheated emissions standards, with Volkswagen arguing that the suit doesn’t show it knowingly committed any misconduct. Volkswagen prefaced

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Solving the Biomass Puzzle

(Ames Laboratory)  Biomass holds great promise as a petroleum replacement, but unlocking its true potential remains a puzzle. A group of researchers at Iowa State University and the U.S Department of Energy’s Ames Laboratory hope to develop the pieces of

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USDA: Inviting Organisations for AFRI Sustainable Bioenergy and Bioproducts Challenge

by Deepika (FundsForNGOs.org)  The National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), an agency of United States Department of Agriculture is seeking applications from organisations for Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Sustainable Bioenergy and Bioproducts (SBEBP) Challenge Area Program with an

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Alkol Biotech Sells Large Batch of Sugarcane Bagasse for 2G Ethanol Testing

(Biofuels International)  Alkol Biotech, a UK-based biofuels research specialist, has announced that it has sold 500 kilos of EUnergyCane’s sugarcane bagasse for scientific cellulosic ethanol technology testing. The EUnergyCane consortium is a group of companies, universities, and government entities directly involved

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From Up North to Down Under With DDGS

by Kassidi Andres (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Mike Bryan is introducing Australia to a DDGS-based feed product made by a company headquartered in North Dakota, where his ethanol career began.   --  ... Today, living on the east coast of Australia in

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Branstad Signature Ensures Iowans Have Greater Access to Homegrown Fuel

(KMALand/Iowa Renewable Fuels Association)  Iowa Governor Terry Branstad signed into law H.F. 2464, a multifaceted bill that secures funding for the state’s highly successful biodiesel and ethanol blender pump program, the Iowa Renewable Fuels Infrastructure Program, through June 30, 2017.

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Scientists Agree, Biodiesel A Key to Global Carbon Reduction

(National Biodiesel Board/PR NewsWire)  World's experts advance the science of quantifying transportation emissions  --  Scientific experts agree that America's Advanced Biofuel, biodiesel, holds significant promise in the effort to reduce carbon emissions. Last year, biodiesel use in the U.S. cut

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Sugarcane Ethanol Carbon Intensity Recertified by California's ARB

(California Ethanol & Power)  Today California Ethanol & Power, LLC (CE&P) announced the updated carbon intensity (CI) for its anticipated sugarcane and sweet sorghum ethanol. On May 9, 2016, California’s Air Resources Board (CARB) under the state’s Low Carbon Fuel

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The Big Year Continues: The Digest’s 2016 8-Slide Guide to Amyris

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Amyris reported Q1 2016 net loss of $15,3M on revenues of 8.8 million, compared with $7.9 million for the first quarter of 2015. The increase from Q1 2015 included product sales growth of 50% over

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Baseball, the Trade Deadline, and the Industrial Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... Some teams are sellers. They reduce costs, go lean, and hunker down in a case of “wait’ll next year”. In industrial biotechnology, the calendar tells us it’s May but it might as well be July, because

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ASU Scores Chunk of $10M DOE Funding for Bioenergy R&D

(Algae Industry Magazine)  The U.S. Department of Energy announced up to $10 million in funding for six projects representing innovative technologies and solutions to advance bioenergy development. These projects, located in Arizona, California, North Carolina, Delaware, and Illinois, will support

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Canadian Ethanol Producer Utilises By-Products to Expand to Biogas Production

(Bioenergy Insight)  Canadian ethanol producer Calgren Renewable Fuels has invested in key co-products to sell in addition to its 58 million gpy ethanol output. The Calgren plant, located in Pixley, California, was the state’s first when it was built in 2009. Today,

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Bellona Europe Calls on European Commission to Promote Marine Bioenergy

by Liz Gyekye  (Bioenergy Insight)  Bellona Europe, a non-profit green organisation, has called on the European Commission to promote marine bioenergy for heat and power and biofuels. The group made the call in its response to the EC’s consultation on a

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Bio-Bean Makes Eco-Friendly Pellet Fuel From Coffee Grounds

by Steve Hanley (Gas2.org)  ... Arthur Kay is an architect by training. While designing a new coffee shop one day, he learned that England creates more than half a million tons of coffee grounds every year. Surely they were good for

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Calif. Carbon Rule Challenge Needs More Oomph, Judge Says

by  Kali Hays (Law 360)  Fuel and agricultural groups need to make more specific arguments if they want to reassert claims tossed from their challenge to California's Low Carbon Fuel Standard, now that the rule has been updated, a California

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Coming to Terms With Sustainability

by  Charlie Niebling (Biomass Magazine/Innovative Natural Resource Solutions LLC)  ...   I, for one, endorse the notion that if America’s forests are stable or growing, when viewed in total, then American use of wood biomass to make energy is by definition

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CALL FOR POSTERS: Bioenergy 2016 Interactive Session --- July 12-14, 2016 --- Washington, DC DEADLINE: June 3, 2016

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) invites students, researchers, public and private organizations, and the general public to submit abstracts for BETO to review and consider for inclusion in the poster session at BETO’s ninth annual conference,Bioenergy

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Denmark Announces Plans for New Advanced Biofuels’ Transportation Target

(Biofuels International)  Denmark has announced plans to set a 0.9% advanced biofuels blending mandate by 2020 for use in transportation as part of its aim to promote “green power”. The announcement was made by the Danish Minister for Business and Growth

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Biofuels Put in Winning Performance at Eurovision

(BusinessGreen)  This year’s song contest was the greenest yet, thanks to mobile generators powered by vegetable oil  --  On Saturday night Stockholm played host to some of the most glamorous - and bizarre - performances in its history as performers

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WEBINAR: Explore the Expanding LCFS Marketplace --- available on demand

Watch the webinar recording and download the slides.  Watch this educational on-demand webinar to gain insight into the supply of domestic and internationally-sourced biofuels into California and fuel-type specific infrastructure limitations that are impacting blending growth. The on-demand webinar discusses the

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RFA Wins TRANSCAER Award for Ethanol Safety

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  For the fourth time, the Renewable Fuels Association (RFA), has won the TRANSCAER National Achievement Award for hosting its series of ethanol safety seminars last year for first and emergency responders. The award is given in

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Oil Firms to Buy More Ethanol from Dry State of Bihar

(Press Trust of India/Business Standard)  Weeks after Bihar banned sale of liquor, the Centre has asked state-owned fuel retailers to buy as much ethanol as they can from distilleries in the state for mixing in petrol. Bihar, which in early April

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Ontario to Spend $7-Billion on Sweeping Climate Change Plan

by Adrian Morrow and Greg Keenan (Globe and Mail)  The Ontario government will spend more than $7-billion over four years on a sweeping climate change plan that will affect every aspect of life – from what people drive to how they

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Seaweed Farm Examines Biofuel Potential

by Jules Scully (Western Telegraph)  The potential of using algae as biofuel is being examined on the Haven waterway. Marine biologists from Swansea University have installed a new seaweed farm in Pembroke Dock to look into the possibilities. The project, funded by the

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Ethanol Blending Pressures Already Shrinking Refiner Margins

by Laura Blewitt  (Bloomberg)  Federally mandated ethanol blending is adding extra pressure to the faltering profits of U.S. refiners. The worst crude oil downturn in a generation, which at first helped refiners’ profits, has now passed through to the fuel prices. Now,

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Guest Commentary: New Gas Pumps Fuel NWI Energy Options

by Michael McIntire (Northwest Indiana Times)  ... Family Express, a favorite local company, is installing new fuel pumps across eight counties with help from the Indiana Corn Marketing Council and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Drivers will have the option to fuel

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World Leaders Must Get on Biofuels Page

by Bliss Baker (Ethanol Producer Magazine/Global Renewable Fuels Alliance) ...  It is estimated that the transportation sector produces 25 to 30 percent of the world’s GHG emissions, making it a key focus for policies aimed at reducing global emissions. If serious

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Ethanol Industry Uses UAS for Variety of Applications

by Ann Bailey (Ethanol Producer Magazine) ... Unmanned aerial systems (UAS) use in the ethanol industry is taking off. From checking on corn fields, to inspecting ethanol plants, to looking over rail cars before shipment, farmers and ethanol producers increasingly are

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Feature: Ethanol Producers Say California 'Carbon Intensity' Scores Still Too High

by Josh Pedrick  (Platts)  Most "legacy" ethanol producers who sell their product in California are unhappy with updated "carbon intensity" scores, saying the application process was inconsistent and left scores too high to meet the state's Low Carbon Fuel Standard. Legacy

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Could Biofuels Be Part of the Future for "Delmarva: A Region of Possibilities"?

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA) "Don’t come to listen, come to act."  That's what the invitation from the Rural Maryland Council, USDA Rural Development office and Maryland Broadband Cooperative said.  We were invited to connect for a day with other

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CALL FOR INNOVATIONS: APRISE 2016 and DETC @ RIMPAC --- July 27-28, 2016 --- Pearl Harbor, Hawaii DEADLINE: May 26, 2016

In collaboration with US Navy, PACOM, University of Hawai’i, and RIMPAC VIP-Week, join Defense Innovation Leadership at the 2016 Asia Pacific Resilience Innovation Summit & Expo and the 7th bi-annual Defense Energy Technology Challenges. Accelerating innovation in support of national

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'Status Quo': Shell Spews Nearly 90,000 Gallons of Oil into Gulf of Mexico in Latest Spill

by Nika Knight  (CommonDreams.org)  'This spill shows why there is a new and vibrant movement in the Gulf of Mexico for no new drilling'  --  Royal Dutch Shell's offshore drilling operations were pouring oil into the Gulf of Mexico on

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BREAKING: High Court Turns Away Exxon's Challenge To $236M MTBE Verdict

by Keith Goldberg (Law 360) The U.S. Supreme Court refused Monday to review a $236 million trial judgment against ExxonMobil Corp. in a groundwater contamination case in New Hampshire, leaving in place a verdict the energy giant claims is a violation

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Many Paths to Money from One Mighty Microbe: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to Deinove

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)   This week we reported that Deinove and Toulouse White Biotechnology are collaborating with the MetaToul* platform (INSA-LISBP Toulouse and MetaboHUB national infrastructure) headed by Prof. Jean-Charles Portais, aims to map the metabolic fluxes of the Deinococcus

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Wassup, EU? The Top 10 Trends in Europe’s Advanced Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In the EU, the European bioeconomy is generating 18.3 million jobs and driving €2.1 trillion in annual revenue in the E28, says nova-insitut, in a report for the Bio-based Industries Consortium. If we had any doubt

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Can the U.S. Military Afford to Run on Biofuels?

by Rich Smith (The Motley Fool)  ...  The beef tallow being used today, however, costs just $2.05 per gallon, making it cheaper than the $2.76 per gallon that the Defense Logistics Agency pays for F-76. A 90-10 diesel-tallow blend, therefore, should

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The Truth About Tight Oil (2016)

(Union of Concerned Scientists) Tight oil is a major source of global warming emissions. Better regulations—and an industry held accountable for its actions—would help. ... Methane is trapped in the same rock deposits as tight oil and is also freed by fracking.

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Pennycress, a Common Weed in Missouri, Could Be the Next Big Thing in Biofuel Innovation

by Kelly Moffitt (St. Louis Public Radio)  ... Toni Kutchan, Vice President for Research at Donald Danforth Plant Science Center, said that sorghum, Camelina sativa and pennycress are non-agricultural crops that researchers are harvesting for oil and biomass to use for

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Massachusetts Supermarket Chain Opens AD Facility

(Stop & Shop Supermarket Company LLC/Biomass Magazine)  The Stop & Shop Supermarket Company LLC celebrated the opening of its green energy facility in Freetown, Massachusetts, on April 15, just in time for Earth Day.  The innovative facility will convert inedible

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National Biodiesel Board Commends Proposed Legislation to Extend Biodiesel Tax Incentive Through 2019

(Biofuels Journal/National Biodiesel Board)  The National Biodiesel Board released the following statement from Vice President of Federal Affairs Anne Steckel after Reps. Kristi Noem, R-S.D., and Bill Pascrell, D-N.J., introduced legislation to extend the biodiesel tax incentive through 2019 and reform

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Tracy Area High School Visits Highwater Ethanol

(Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association)  Twenty-five students from Tracy Area High School toured Highwater Ethanol today to get a better understanding of clean Minnesota-produced renewable energy. During the two-hour-long tour, the students toured the various processes of ethanol production at Highwater Ethanol, which

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Mine Dump Biofuel Pilot Project Achieves Early Success, Holds Much Potential

by Ilan Solomons (Mining Weekly)  Local green technology company G-Tech has recorded early success in its attempt to grow biofuel and other bioenergy feedstock to produce bioethanol and biodiesel as part of a mine dump rehabilitation pilot project in Randfontein,

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The Ethanol in Your Gas Tank Should Come from a Tree in a Maine Forest

by  Kevin L. Raye (Bangor Daily News/Down East Strategies)  Yet our forestry sector is in serious trouble, as mill closures and job losses reverberate through Maine’s economy. The urgency of finding innovative new uses and new markets to maximize the

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Republicans Need to Embrace Renewables — on Their Terms

by Mark R. Maddox (American Action Forum/Livingston Group/The Hill)  ... There is heartburn over subsidies, including concerns about federal dollars being used to support a largely private-sector enterprise that the majority of states have mandated. As well, our national debt is $19

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Oil Market Manipulation Is Alive and Well

by Jim Talent (Americans for Energy Security and Innovation/The Hill)  Opponents of the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) claim that the free hand of an unrestricted marketplace will guide biofuels into our fuel supply, driving economic competition and giving consumers better

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EPA Honors Two Biodiesel Champions

(National Biodiesel Board)  Harvard University & NJ’s Medford Township Public Schools Reduce Carbon Emissions with America’s Advanced Biofuel  --  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) honored two long-time biodiesel leaders for their outstanding commitment to the environment, which includes a

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Scania Delivers 51 Biodiesel And Vegetable Oil Hybrid Buses to Madrid

(The Auto Channel)  In a major commercial breakthrough, Scania will in June start delivering 51 hybridised Scania Citywide buses to Madrid. These complete buses feature cost saving and emission educing hybrid technology that meets the EU suburban and short distance

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A Global Force for Good: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to the US Navy’s Military Biofuels Program

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  To explain the Navy’s marine and aviation biofuels program, Chris Tindal gave the following presentation at ABLC 2016 in February. As we described it earlier this year, “They’re here. $2.05 per gallon, at-scale, domestically produced advanced

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Cruz Aims to Declaw Energy Security Hawks with Appropriations Amendment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... The Def Con 2 alert from the biofuels educational and advocacy group (Advanced Biofuels USA) noted a House Subcommittee draft for defense appropriations, which had this language in Section 8132: None of the funds made available

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UC Riverside Awarded $1.3M from USDA for Green Energy Research

by Sarah Nightingale (University of California Riverside)  Charles Wyman, Distinguished Professor in Chemical and Environmental Engineering and holder of the Ford Motor Company Chair in Environmental Engineering at the Center for Environmental Research and Technology (CE-CERT), and Charles Cai, research engineer

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DOE Funding Opps Target Energy-Intensive Ops (Oil, Gas, Biofuel, Fuel Cell, Chemical)

by Barbara Vergetis Lundin (SmartGridNews.com)  The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is looking for proposals for a new Clean Energy Manufacturing Innovation Institute as part of the Administration's broader National Network for Manufacturing Innovation (NNMI), which drives collaboration between small- and

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Senator Sherrod Brown Announces Up to $2 Million in New Federal Resources for The Ohio State University to Support Research on Biofuel

(Office of Senator Sherrod Brown (D-OH)  25 Percent of Soybean Oil Processed in U.S. is used for Biodiesel and Bioheat. Ohio Ranks Sixth in the Nation for Soybean Production.  --  Today (May 11, 2016), U.S. Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-OH) )

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EPA Finalizes Stronger Methane Emission Rules

by  Devin Henry (The Hill)  The Obama administration on Thursday finalized a new rule designed to cut methane emissions from the oil and natural gas sector, pushing a stronger standard than one proposed last summer. The Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) methane

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Businessman Wants Second Life for Ethanol's Leftovers

by Russell Hubbard (Omaha World-Herald)  ...  (Scott) Hornafius, you see, wants to build a $1 billion, 1,000-mile underground pipeline across Iowa and Nebraska to Wyoming. The line would carry ethanol-plant production leftovers in the form of carbon dioxide — the bubbly stuff

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The E15 Perspective from Those Marketing the Fuel

by Maura Keller (Fuel Marketer News)  ... The argument among those marketers and retailers that have embraced the fuel is that E15 fuel allows them to market a cleaner-burning, higher-octane fuel that can technically be used by more than 200 million cars

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US Looks to Go Gig on Biofuels as It Diversifies Away from Foreign Oil

by Anmar Frangoul (CNBC.com)  ...   The DOE added that the U.S. is currently spending around $1 billion every three days on "imported oil."  ...  The importance of biofuels is only set to increase. A 2011 report from the IEA projects

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EPA Brings Biofuel Production Changes To White House

by Kali Hays (Law360)  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency on Tuesday sent some proposed changes to its Renewable Fuel Standard program to the White House for review, as the agency looks to promote the production of renewable fuels by removing

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Tribunal's Order to Hit Oil Firms' Blending Plans

by Subhayan Chakraborty & Shreya Jai (Business Standard)  Order passed in response to PIL citing media reports that 33 of 35 distilleries making ethanol in UP lacked licence for storage of hazardous chemicals  --  The National Green Tribunal (NGT) in its

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Limpopo Receives R940m Investment for Renewable Energy from US, Chinese Companies

(African News Agency/Engineering News)  American and Chinese companies are set to invest R940-million in Limpopo to pursue renewable energy and ethanol profits, government and investors have announced. The United States’ Bio-Processing Innovation and the Beijing Singling Technology Centre said on

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Commercializing in a World of $30 Oil: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to Reverdia

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Reverdia is a joint venture between Royal DSM, the global Life Sciences and Materials Sciences company, and Roquette Frères, the global starch and starch-derivatives company. Reverdia is dedicated to be the global leader in the

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Stora Enso, Rennovia Ink Biobased Chemicals Development Deal

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In California, Renewable materials company Stora Enso and specialty chemicals company Rennovia Inc. have announced a joint development and license agreement to cooperate on bio-based chemicals development. Under the terms of the agreement, the two companies

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Co-Optimized Fuel-Engine Systems to Transform Our Nation’s Vehicles

by Jonathan Male (U.S. Department of Energy)  The critical need to reduce the nation's dependence on foreign oil and cut greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector has prompted great interest in the advancement of clean energy technologies. The President’s

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Evidence of Benefits of Biofuels in Combating Climate Change is More than Ample

(25 x '25)  ... While recognition of the role of agriculture in meeting climate change challenges is growing among world leaders, it is of concern that biofuels and the low-carbon benefits they provide, especially when compared to fossil-based fuels like gasoline

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This Scientist Just Changed How We Think about Climate Change with One GIF

by Chris Mooney (The Washington Post)  Ed Hawkins spends his days doing, you know, climate science. A professor at the University of Reading in the UK, he has published widely on the overturning circulation in the north Atlantic Ocean, as well

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Agriculture Secretary Vilsack Announces Climate Smart Agriculture and Forestry Results, Additional $72.3 Million Soil Health Investment to Support Paris Agreement

(U.S. Department of Agriculture)  Today, Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack shared the first results of USDA's Building Blocks for Climate Smart Agriculture and Forestry, one year after he unveiled the plan at Michigan State University. In addition to providing specific goals

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CAB-Comm Final Report Documents Accomplishments from Six Years of Algal Research

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The Consortium for Algal Biofuel Commercialization (CAB-Comm), led by the University of California, San Diego, has just released its final report, detailing the many accomplishments and impactful contributions achieved in its six years of operation. CAB-Comm

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Argonne Rolls Out New Version of Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Analysis Tool

by Katie Elyce Jones  (Argonne National Laboratory)  Despite the potential benefits, being one of the first businesses or individuals to embrace a new product or technology can be daunting. That's why the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE's) Argonne National Laboratory

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This Mystery Was Solved: Scientists Say Chemicals from Fracking Wastewater Can Taint Fresh Water Nearby

by Darryl Fears (The Washington Post)  But a study by the U.S. Geological Survey appears to have answered a critical question about the millions of gallons of chemical-laced water that are injected into the wells to fracture rocks and release trapped

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Unitel Wins Patent for Direct Conversion of Algae to Fatty Acids

(Algae Industry Magazine)  Unitel Technologies, an Illinois-based designer and builder of pilot and mini-plants, announced that it has received a patent for a new technology to make fatty acids from a feedstock “soup” of cultivated algae and water. “The major stumbling

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dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring/measuring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gas prices natural gas vehicles natural gasoline Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota North Korea Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory Northwest Territories Norwary Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses 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