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Science Based Targets Initiative (SBTi) Extends Scope to Alternative Carbon Feedstocks

(Renewable Carbon Initiatives)  For the first time, SBTi’s latest draft consultation includes requirements for companies to set alternative feedstock targets for CCU, bio-based and chemical recycling – in line with RCI’s renewable carbon concept The Science Based Targets Initiative (SBTi, sciencebasedtargets.org) provides companies

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Introducing CirculAir: A New Pathway for Sustainable Aviation Fuel from LanzaJet and LanzaTech

by Jimmy Samartzis (LanzaJet) As Chief Executive Officer of LanzaJet, two of the most frequent questions I get asked are: ​“What is LanzaJet’s relationship with LanzaTech?” and ​“Why pursue the Alcohol-to-Jet (ATJ) pathway over all the others?” These two questions are crucial to understanding

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How Water Could Be the Future of Fuel

by Nicolás Rivero and Emily Wright (Washington Post) A new generation of fuels could power planes and ships without warming the planet. -- ... Turning hydrogen into liquid fuel could help slash planet-warming pollution from heavy vehicles, cutting a key source of emissions

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Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Becomes First Company to Produce Bio-methanol from Digester Gas in Japan

(Mitsubishi Gas Chemical) Mitsubishi Gas Chemical Company, Inc. (MGC; Head Office: Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo; President: Masashi Fujii) today June 20, 2024) announced that it has begun producing bio-methanol at a just-completed facility within the company’s Niigata Plant, becoming first producer of bio-methanol

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PyroGenesis Signs Contracts Totaling $2.5 Million to Deliver Greenhouse Gas-Reducing System for Major North American Biofuel Project

(PyroGenesis/Globe Newswire) System to be Part of the $1 Billion Varennes Carbon Recycling Plant  --  PyroGenesis Canada Inc. (http://pyrogenesis.com) (TSX:PYR) (OTCQX:PYRGF) (FRA:8PY), a high-tech company (the “Company” or “PyroGenesis”) that designs, develops, manufactures and commercializes advanced plasma processes and sustainable solutions which

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The ABCDE Chain: Acetogens, the Baltic forests, Clean fuels, Dorpat, the Enlightenment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ... If you have gleaned from earlier editions of The Digest that acetogens can make the useful chemical acetate from waste carbon and green hydrogen, you’ve remembered it well. If recall is sketchy, may I recommend All

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Introduction of the New “OK Renewable Carbon” Certificate: Award Ceremony for the First Products

(Renewable Carbon News)  TÜV AUSTRIA, the Renewable Carbon Initiative (RCI) and the nova-Institute introduce the new certificate at the Renewable Materials Conference in Siegburg -- Defossilisation and renewable carbon economy are new terms that have been circulating for a few years now

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Carbon to Value Initiative Says 4th Cohort Is Open for Apps: Cohort I-III Companies Raised $410M in Follow-on Funding DEADLINE June 21, 2024

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From Massachusetts, New York and Texas, we received news that the Carbon to Value Initiative, a partnership of the Urban Future Lab at NYU Tandon School of Engineering (UFL), Greentown Labs, and Fraunhofer USA has opened the

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to the Circular Carbon Economy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Carbon is the foundation of our material world, says LanzaTech CTO Rob Conrado in these slides presented at ABLC 2024. It’s in the products we use, the planes we fly, the clothes we wear. Where our

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Pathways to eFuels: CO2 Capture and Conversion to Liquid Products

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) CO2, the final frontier. We have, famously, too much of it, and can do too little with us for too high a cost. Yet, researchers are teasing out exciting new applications, such as a pathway to

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Nanoscale Research Might Help Convert CO2 Waste into Usable Products

by Wade Hemsworth (Brighter World) Think of it as recycling on the nanoscale: a tantalizing electrochemical process harvests carbon before it becomes air pollution and restructures it into the components of everyday products. The drive to capture airborne carbon dioxide from industrial

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Praj Industries and Leveraging Bioeconomy for Sustainable Future

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The eminent danger of climate change, Praj’s Expertise and Readiness for Sustainable Future, opportunities with the Multi-feed and Multi-product Biorefinery Complex, and the Collective Efforts Toward Sustainable Future represented by the new Global Biofuels Alliance. These

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Opinion: Not All Carbon-Capture Projects Pay off for the Climate – We Mapped the Pros, Cons of Each

by Volker Sick (University of Michigan/Canadian Biomass Magazine)  Capturing carbon dioxide from the air or industries and recycling it can sound like a win-win climate solution. The greenhouse gas stays out of the atmosphere where it can warm the planet, and

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Since 2005, LanzaTech has been working to create this closed-loop system using waste carbon to make the things we use in our daily lives. LanzaTech is changing how people think about carbon, creating value and new

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ACC Issues Principles to Support Growth of Bio-based Plastics Innovation in U.S.

(American Chemistry Council)  America’s Plastic Makers® are working to reduce reliance on fossil-based raw materials and take advantage of more recycled and bio-based feedstocks. This presents an exciting opportunity to further reduce greenhouse gas emissions in plastic manufacturing.  The American Chemistry Council’s

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Yerrawa Circular Technologies

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Yerrawa is a contender in  the quest to convert other waste materials such as non-cellulosic biowaste, plastics and fossil organic materials into valuable green products without the emission of greenhouse gasses like CO2, CH4, NOx, and/or

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OCOchem Raises $5 Million in Seed Funding Led by TO VC

(OCOchem) The climate tech company’s innovation converts CO2 and water into sustainable platform molecules for use in agriculture, energy, and transportation. -- Carbon conversion startup OCOchem has raised $5 million in Seed funding from lead investor TO VC. INPEX Corp. (IPXHF.NaE), the LCY Lee Family Office, and MIH Capital Management also participated

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Carbon Removal, at County Scale

by Charlotte Levy  (Carbon 180/Medium) Roads to Removal charts the future of US carbon removal through a magnifying glass -- Roads to Removal is the latest brainchild of the Department of Energy and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory — and it’s unlike any report

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LanzaTech CEO Dr. Jennifer Holmgren Recognized in TIME’s Inaugural TIME100 Climate List

(LanzaTech) Dr. Holmgren joins businesses and leaders lauded for their influence in driving climate action for her leadership in scaling carbon biorecycling and catalyzing a circular economy Today (November 16, 2023), TIME named Dr. Jennifer Holmgren, Chief Executive Officer of LanzaTech (NASDAQ: LNZA) to

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Jennifer Holmgren on the Circular Carbon Economy: The Head of Lanzatech Says This Is the Year to Get Serious about It

by Jennifer Holmgren (The Economist) The World Ahead  | By Invitation: Science in 2024 -- Carbon is a main component in the make-up of all living things. It is the primary ingredient in the threads in our clothes, the materials in our homes and

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ArcelorMittal S.A.: ArcelorMittal Announces the First Industrial Production of Ethanol

(ArcelorMittal/Globe Newswire)  ArcelorMittal announces the first industrial production of ethanol at its Steelanol plant, Europe’s first carbon capture and utilisation (CCU) project. This historic milestone was achieved on 7 November 2023, at ArcelorMittal Belgium’s Gent plant. The first industrial-scale production is

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LanzaTech Forms Joint Venture with Olayan Financing Company to Deploy Carbon Recycling Technology in Saudi Arabia

(LanzaTech) LanzaTech Global, Inc. (NASDAQ: LNZA), the carbon recycling company transforming waste carbon into sustainable raw materials, and Olayan Financing Company (OFC), the parent company of The Olayan Group’s businesses and investments in Saudi Arabia and the Middle East, have formed a joint venture

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Measuring Value during a Linear to Circular Transformation

by Russ Freeman (Biofuels Digest) ... Reform emphasizes using carbon already in the natural cycle to displace fossil sources. With realization comes pressure to entice financial investment away from resource mining and toward repurposing. That brings us quickly to the theme of

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Revolutionary Recycling Process Transforms Plastic Waste

(U.S. Department of Energy) Despite millions of Americans depositing their plastic waste into recycling bins, much of that waste, including flexible films, multilayer materials, and colored plastics, cannot be recycled cost-effectively. In fact, only 9% of plastics in the U.S. are

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Aemetis Biogas Closes $53 Million Sale of IRA Tax Credits

(Aemetis) Tax credits generated by investment in negative carbon intensity renewable natural gas production; additional $800 million of IRA investment and production tax credits expected in the next four years from Aemetis renewable fuel projects --  Aemetis, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMTX), a renewable natural

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HIF Global, Porsche and Volkswagen Group Unveil New DAC Unit

(HIF Global/PR Newswire) DAC unit, "the future of CO2 recycling," to be installed at the HIF Haru Oni Demonstration facility in Chile in 2024 --  HIF Global, the world's leading eFuels company, together with Porsche AG and Volkswagen Group Innovation, announced today (September

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The Digest's 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Carbon Capture and eFuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Here’s the State of Carbon Capture and eFuels presentation from the ABLC CONNECT series episode. Current and expected demand, technologies, supply chain, projects of note, current news, key players — a comprehensive but compact look at

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LanzaTech Chief Sustainability Officer: ‘There’s No Need to Take Carbon Out of the Ground; There’s Enough above Ground to Make Everything We Need’

by Elaine Watson (Ag Funder News) A specialist in converting carbon emissions from industrial processes into high-value products via a continuous microbial fermentation process, Illinois-based LanzaTech started out as a fuel company, but is also seeking to make waves in new areas from packaging to

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Biden Admin Seeks to Jumpstart Carbon Recycling with $100 Million in Grants

by Allyson Finch Wilson (NBC News) ... The Biden administration took a step to address that chicken-and-egg problem Monday with the announcement of a $100 million grant program aimed at subsidizing carbon recycling purchases by state and local governments, as well

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Primetals Technologies and LanzaTech Announce Renewal of Ten-Year Cooperation to Advance Industry Transition to Green Steel

(LanzaTech) Cooperation to accelerate deployment of LanzaTech’s commercial carbon recycling technology for iron and steel industry and expand ecosystem of partners -- Primetals Technologies, Limited and LanzaTech Global Inc. (Nasdaq: LNZA), a leading carbon capture and utilization company, today announced the

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Turning Sugar Cane Waste into Biojet Fuel: How a Biorefinery Is Propelling Queensland into the Future

(Queensland Government) If you’ve flown internationally in recent years, you may have found yourself on a plane powered by a biofuel blend. The biofuel propelling you through the air could even have been made from an organic crop like Queensland

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TIME100 Most Influential Companies 2023 ... LanzaTech

(Time Magazine) ... To create TIME100 Companies, our editors, led by Emma Barker, seek nominations from across sectors, and poll our global network of contributors and correspondents, as well as outside experts. Then we evaluate each on key factors, including impact,

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Astra Energy Inc. Announces Strategic Partnership with Phambili, USA

(Astra/Globe Newswire)  Astra Energy Inc. (OTCQB: ASRE) (“Astra” or the “Company”), is pleased to announce that the Company’s subsidiary Astra Energy California Inc. ("Astra California”) has finalized an agreement with Phambili, USA (“Phambili”). Phambili solidifies municipal solid waste (“MSW”) and organic

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World’s Leading Steel Company, ArcelorMittal and LanzaTech Announce First Ethanol Samples from Commercial Flagship Carbon Capture and Utilisation Facility in Ghent, Belgium

(LanzaTech) €200 million commercial scale CCU plant first of its kind in the European steel industry; Facility employing LanzaTech’s cutting-edge carbon recycling process couples decarbonization technology with chemical production to advance EU’s 2030 Climate Target Plan and a circular economy ArcelorMittal

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UK Seeks Comments on Proposed SAF Mandate DEADLINE June 22, 2023

by Erin Voegele (SAF Magazine) A public comment period on a proposed U.K. sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) mandate is set to close June 22. The mandate, proposed by the U.K. Department of Transport in late March, would require jet fuel suppliers

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Boom Supersonic Signs SAF Offtake Agreement With Dimensional Energy

by Justin Foster (Simple Flying) The aircraft manufacturer will partner with Dimensional Energy to purchase 5 million gallons of SAF per year. -- The Boulder, Colorado-based company that is in the process of building the world's fastest airliner, Boom Supersonic, has reached

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DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office Launches New Renewable Carbon Resources Webpage

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) has launched a new, comprehensive webpage dedicated to one of its priority subprograms, Renewable Carbon Resources (RCR), which helps develop RCR technologies and creates strategies for bioenergy and bioproducts production. RCR supports

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) With proven technology at the nexus of two mandated markets, industrial and consumer — LanzaTech has been on fire in recent months. Here’s more on their commercial operating plants, plants scheduled to complete construction in

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XFuel Secures ISCC Certification for Its Sustainable Drop-in Fuels Plant

(XFuel)  XFuel, a producer of sustainable drop-in fuels and carbon removal, has been awarded  both, International Sustainability and Carbon Certification (ISCC) EU and ISCC Plus, allowing the company to produce low- and zero-carbon fuel according to strict sustainability criteria including

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Methanol Reactor Delivered in the Sailboat CO2 to Methanol Project

(Carbon Recycling International) CRI has successfully delivered the methanol reactor for its second commercial scale project in China. The ETL reactor is the core equipment needed for the the conversion of carbon dioxide and hydrogen gas streams - sourced from other

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How This Startup Is Turning Discarded Plastics into Biofuel for Industries

by Bobins Abraham (India Times) An industry report earlier this year said that India generates around 3.4 million tonnes (MT) of plastic waste annually, but only 30 per cent of it is recycled. Over the years, the amount of plastic that is

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Meet 10 Women Who Are Leading The Synthetic Biology Revolution

by John Cumbers (Forbes) ... These ten powerful women are shaping our world as company leaders, biosecurity experts, policymakers, and philanthropists focused on charting a new course to a more sustainable, equitable, clean, and safe future. Emily Leproust, CEO & Co-founder,

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Waste Taking Centre Stage as a Feedstock

(xFuel/Biofuels International)  ... With new technology emerging, we have different feedstock options coming on board. We are beginning to see waste take centre stage as feedstock of choice. One example is lignocellulosic waste -or plant based waste. It is an abundant

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Against the Odds: Continuing down the Path Where Many Have Floundered, LanzaTech’s Momentum Is Undeniable.

by Katie Schroeder (SAF Magazine) When LanzaTech was founded in New Zealand in 2005, the company was born out of a desire to find solutions. At its inception, the founders were looking for a waste feedstock that was abundant and

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BETO Releases New Multi-Year Program Plan

by Valerie Sarisky-Reed  (U.S. Department of Energy)  I am proud to announce the release of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office’s (BETO) new Multi-Year Program Plan (MYPP). The MYPP details our mission, goals, and strategies to enable the widespread adoption

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Market Insights: The Circular Carbon Economy --- March 29, 2023 --- ONLINE

As unmitigated CO2 emissions continue to fuel climate change, innovations that can capture CO2 at scale and turn it into valuable, sustainable resources for society will be integral to rebalancing the carbon cycle and the overall health of the planet. A

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Canada Infrastructure Bank Invests $277M in Que. Biofuels Facility

by Amanda Stephenson (The Canadian Press/Brandon Sun) The Canada Infrastructure Bank is making its first investment in low-carbon fuels, committing $277 million to a biofuels facility under construction in Varennes, Que. The facility — known as Varennes Carbon Recycling — has

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Key Words from ABLC

by Joanne Ivancic (Advanced Biofuels USA)  Every ABLC, held each Spring in Washington, DC, reveals the zeitgeist of the renewable sustainable fuels world and bits of the bioeconomy it intesects. This year was no exception with the following Key Words

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Biofuels as Petroleum Alternatives: Closing the Carbon Cycle with Bacteria

(Open Access Government) ..... Bacteria-generated bioplastics and biofuels are interesting potential alternatives while offering an additional benefit: a closed carbon loop. Compared to traditional petroleum processes that result in large quantities of greenhouse gas production without subsequent carbon capture, some

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Icelandair Reaches Deal to Receive Local SAF Supply

by Rob Gill (BTN Europe) Icelandair has signs a memorandum of understanding with local manufacturer IdunnH2 to take delivery of enough sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) to reduce carbon emissions by up to 10 per cent. The agreement will see the airline

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How to Pull Carbon Dioxide out of Seawater

by David L. Chandler (MIT News) A new method for removing the greenhouse gas from the ocean could be far more efficient than existing systems for removing it from the air. ... Recently, the possibility of removing carbon dioxide directly from ocean

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Japan Opens Comment Period on Updated Biofuel Standards Proposal DEADLINE March 2, 2023

by Erin Voegele (SAF Magazine) The government of Japan on Feb. 1 issued proposed biofuel standards for 2023-2027 that address both ethanol and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). A public comment period is open through March 2, with the new standards scheduled

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First in Technology, First in Commercialization, First in the Hearts of the Bioeconomy: a Presidents’ Day Look at LanzaTech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ... The timelines of the company’s development may have been pushed back here and there by pandemic, but the patience of LanzaTech’s worldwide cadre of fans was rewarded when news arrived from the Financial Temples of

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Guest Post: The State of ‘Carbon Dioxide Removal’ in Seven Charts

by Steven Smith, Jan Minx, Greg Nemet and Oliver Geden (Carbon Brief)  Taking CO2 out of the air – a practice known as carbon dioxide removal (CDR) – is increasingly recognised as a crucial part of achieving climate goals, alongside rapidly

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LanzaTech and Tadweer to Explore Collaboration on Conversion of Waste to Alternative Fuels

(LanzaTech)  The potential project aims to identify the optimum transformation for multiple solid waste streams to clean fuel or clean energy  -- LanzaTech Global, Inc. ("LanzaTech"), an innovative Carbon Capture and Transformation ("CCT") company that transforms waste carbon into materials such

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Advanced Biorefining and Cellulosic Refineries

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ... This week we looked at the world of Cellulosic and Multi-Technology Biorefineries — markets, players, technologies, policy and more. Digest editor Jim Lane presented this State of the Sector presentation as part of the

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Questions and Answers on the EU Delegated Acts on Renewable Hydrogen

(European Commission) 1. What is the Commission proposing today and what are the objectives of these rules? Hydrogen plays a key role in our European Green Deal and in the REPowerEU plan. Upscaling the use of renewable hydrogen, ammonia and other derivatives will accelerate the

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Back to Basics: A Systems Thinker's View on Circularity ... How Is Circularity Different from Sustainability?

by Kori Goldberg (Green Biz)  ...I’ve been asked some version of the following three questions by colleagues, friends and family members. I hope the replay of that dialogue resonates with you and provides new nuance or food for thought. Question 1:

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LanzaTech and AMCI Acquisition Corp. II Announce Closing of Business Combination, Establishing First Public Carbon Capture and Transformation Company

(LanzaTech/Business Wire) On February 10, 2023, LanzaTech’s common stock and public warrants expected to begin trading on Nasdaq under the ticker symbols LNZA and LNZAW, respectively. Total transaction proceeds of approximately $240 million expected to fund business plan through estimated cashflow

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Advanced Biorefineries, the Future of the Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) All the developed and even now developing nations are working hard on Net Zero ambitions and timelines now — India has a goal to reduce 1 billion tons of carbon emissions by 2030 and drop

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EU Commission Proposes Carbon Removal Certifications

by Daniela Castim (World Bio Market Insights) A EU Commission has submitted a proposal for regulation to significantly improve the EU’s capacity to quantify, monitor, and verify carbon removals. The proposal will promote innovative carbon removal technologies and sustainable carbon farming solutions and

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech and Transforming Carbon

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) With proven technology at the nexus of two mandated markets, industrial and consumer — LanzaTech has been on fire in recent months. Here’s more on their commercial operating plants, plants scheduled to complete construction in

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Air Pollution Converted into Fuel, Plastic and Dresses

(AFP/RTE) At LanzaTech's lab in the Chicago suburbs, a beige liquid bubbles away in dozens of glass vats. The concoction includes billions of hungry bacteria, specialized to feed on polluted air - the first step in a recycling system that converts greenhouse

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Can the Aviation Industry Reach 10% SAF Uptake by 2030? The Sky’s the Limit.

(Topsoe/Biofuels Digest) To achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2050, the Clean Skies for Tomorrow Coalition has set a target of 10% SAF adoption by 2030. For fuel producers, that means creating enough supply to meet future demand, and for the aviation industry,

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Praj & ESIIC Partner to Accelerate Bioeconomy in Egypt

(Praj)  On the eve of 27th Climate Change Conference in Egypt, Praj Industries Limited (Praj) has announced that they have entered into an MoU with Egyptian Sugar and Integrated Industries Company (ESIIC) of Egypt. As a part of this MoU,

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Green Energy Biofuel Recognized for Growth, Positive Work Environment

[caption id="" align="alignleft" width="225"] The No. 1 High-Growth Small Company award (Photo: Green Energy Biofuel)[/caption] (Green Energy Biofuel/Biobased Diesel Daily) Green Energy Biofuel, a fast-growing multiservice waste-recycling company based in South Carolina, has won several awards this year in recognition of its

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Research Team Receives $15.8M to Modify Poplar for Bioproducts

by Maria Lameiras (UGA Today) Cutting-edge technologies will enable researchers to reengineer poplar trees to produce alternatives to petroleum-based products -- A multidisciplinary team of researchers at the University of Georgia and two partner institutions have been awarded a $15.8

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Sex Pistols, Jugs, Bottles and Speed: NREL Breaks through on a Fast, Cheap Route to Recycling Plastic in One Pot, at One Time

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) News arrives from Colorado that BOTTLE consortia researchers led by NREL have developed a process that can convert mixed plastics to a single chemical product, working toward a solution that would allow recyclers to skip sorting plastic by type.

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The Chemical Recycling Industry Is at a Pivotal Point in a Volatile Market Environment

(Applied Market Information) AMI has published its 2nd authoritative report on the global Chemical Recycling Industry. New in this edition, the report provides a comprehensive global directory of 181 chemical recyclers and their 449 sites, including headquarter and site level

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The 7 Sustainable Innovations to Watch

Chris Stokel-Walker (Neste) ... Something that is for certain, is that it is not possible for us to continue to rely on fossil fuels if we are to significantly slow down and even stop global warming.  “We need to get to a point

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The Extraordinary Remaking of Ordinary Things, Part 4: Dow, Mura, Berkeley Lab Make Plastic More Recyclable

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In the EU, Dow and Mura Technology followed up on their summer multi-facility partnership to transform plastic recyclability with the specific announce of project one. Mura plans to construct a new facility at Dow’s Böhlen site

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BASF and Samsung Heavy Industries Collaborate on Carbon Capture & Storage Onboard Maritime Vessels

(BASF) • Supporting International Maritime Organization’s target to reduce carbon intensity of international shipping by at least 40% by 2030 BASF’s OASE® blue technology contributing to sustainability and cost savings for CO2 capture in flue gas application Samsung Heavy Industry to evaluate

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The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Formate Utilization for Value-Added Products

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  How do we utilize CO2 with cheaper renewable energy? What products can we make? Those are the questions explored in this project funded by the US Department of Energy’s BETO office and led by Jonathan

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Who Certifies Carbon Dioxide Removal? An Evolving Map of the Carbon Dioxide Removal Certification and Standards Ecosystem

(Arizona State University) Carbon Dioxide Removal (CDR) will be necessary to fulfill the hundreds of pledges to reach carbon neutrality by 2050. As with any industry, standard methodologies and certification are crucial to guarantee performance and safety. However, buyers currently face challenges

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European-Collected UCO as a Sustainable Feedstock

(Biofuels International)  The collection of used cooking oil is crucial to the supply of biodiesel feedstock. Biofuels International spoke to Pol Van Pollaert, Commercial Director of Quatra, a market leader in the collection and recycling of used cooking oil. ... Quatra is

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USTDA Advances Plastic Recycling in Thailand

(US Trade and Development Agency) On August 16, the U.S. Trade and Development Agency awarded a $695,820 grant to Thailand’s VAO Energy Co., Ltd. (VAO) for a feasibility study to develop a large plastic recycling facility that will strengthen Thailand’s waste

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Virtuous Cycles: Breakthroughs in the Use of Bacteria Are Helping Us to Build a New Green Economy.

by Peter Forbes (New Humanist) ... Humans are finally learning from the original carbon cycle, which has governed Earth for 4 billion years. This natural cycle is regulated largely by bacteria and other microbes. Today, using what we know about the

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1 Big Thing: The CO2 Removal Frenzy and the Caveats in Tow

by Mickey Meece (Axios) There's fresh info on something we explored in April — growing support for tech that sucks CO2 from the atmosphere alongside fears the love fest will delay emissions cuts, Ben writes. Driving the news: Two key people working on removal with Stripe —

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BASF Introduces PuriCycle® Portfolio of Catalysts and Adsorbents to Enable Plastics Recycling

(BASF) PuriCycle® comprises novel catalysts and adsorbents solutions; Technology designed to selectively remove impurities from pyrolysis oils derived from plastic waste; Portfolio helps to enable plastics circularity BASF launches PuriCycle®, a new line of advanced high-performance products for the purification of most

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Shell Chemicals Park Moerdijk Accelerates Transition to Become Net Zero Emission and Produce More Sustainable Chemicals

(Shell) First step is investment in upgrader plant that recycles plastic waste to produce circular chemicals.  Investment in upgrader unit scales up the use of plastic waste as feedstock Investment in upgrader supports Shell’s plan to transition Shell Chemicals Park

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Twelve to Deploy World’s First Industrial-Scale Carbon Transformation Platform

(Twelve/Business Wire)  DCVC leads a $130 million financing to increase the production of materials made from captured CO2 for customers such as Mercedes-Benz, Procter & Gamble, Shopify, and the U.S. Air Force Twelve, the carbon transformation company, is announcing $130 million

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Fit for 55: Parliament Pushes for Greener Aviation Fuels

(European Parliament) Suppliers to start delivering sustainable fuel from 2025, reaching 85% of all aviation fuel in EU airports by 2050; Electricity and hydrogen should be part of new fuel mix; Create a Sustainable Aviation Fund to encourage investment in

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Pioneering Recycling Turns Mixed Waste into Premium Plastics with No Climate Impact

(Chalmers University of Technology/EurekAlert!) Only a fraction of the material that could be turned into new plastic is currently recycled. Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology in Sweden have now demonstrated how the carbon atoms in mixed waste can replace all fossil

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Chemical Recycling of Plastic: Neste Acquires European Rights to Alterra Energy’s Thermochemical Liquefaction Technology

(Neste) Neste has purchased the European rights to Alterra Energy’s liquefaction technology, further solidifying the company’s efforts to advance chemical recycling. Alterra Energy is a US-based company that has developed a proprietary thermochemical solution for liquefaction of hard-to-recycle plastic. In Akron,

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KFAS Signs Agreement to Produce Biofuels from Plastic Waste

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In Kuwait, the Kuwait News Agency reports that the Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Sciences, Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research and Q8 Research & Technology Centre signed a tripartite agreement to implement a project to produce

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Circular Heaven, along the Tees: Circular Fuels’s First Commercial Project Heads for Northeast England

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The venture happily named Circular Fuels has announced its new home, at Teesworks on the south side of England’s River Tees. It’s a $200 million waste to rDME project — the best route to decarbonizing LPG,

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Hydrothermal Platform for Recycling Carbon: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Licella

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Licella’s Cat-HTR decarbonization platform could help customers meet their net-zero carbon commitments, said Dr. Alan Del Paggio, Licella’s SVP Americas, at the recent ABLC. How do they use water as the agent of change and

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CO2-based Fuels, Chemicals, Materials, Food, Feed: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Top 10 CO2 Utilization Projects

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Today, we bring you the Top 10 CO2 utilization projects that have found the optimal blend of affordable, reliable, scalable technology and product sets with large markets to transition the world to a circular economy with

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LanzaTech, with the Support of Danone, Discovers Method to Produce Sustainable PET Bottles from Captured Carbon

(LanzaTech/Globe Newswire) Proof of concept for direct production of monoethylene glycol (MEG), a key building block in sustainable PET production, completed at lab scale -- A consortium, including LanzaTech and Danone, led to the discovery of a new route to monoethylene

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Fulcrum BioEnergy Successfully Starts Operations of Its Sierra BioFuels Plant

(Fulcrum BioEnergy) World's first waste to fuels plant achieves major milestone with the production of syngas from landfill waste   --  Fulcrum BioEnergy, Inc., a pioneer in the creation of net-zero carbon, drop-in transportation fuels from landfill waste, today announced the completion

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Embracing the Potential of Carbon Capture and Utilization as an Essential Strategy for Decarbonizing the Power Sector

by Anna Douglas (SkyNano Technologies/Biofuels Digest) ... Transforming CO2 from a Climate Liability into a Useful Commodity There are a variety of technologies being developed today to capture CO2 out of point source emissions. Some of these technologies convert that CO2 into something useful while

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QUOTE OF THE WEEK -- David Richardson

"When a vehicle is fossil-fuelled, carbon that has been stored underground for millions of years is released into the atmosphere as CO2 and is effectively extra or additional carbon. With sustainable fuels, the CO2 released at the tailpipe has, instead,

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AMCI Acquisition Corp. II Announces Filing of a Registration Statement on Form S-4 in Connection with its Proposed Business Combination with LanzaTech

(AMCI Acquisition Corp. II/PR Newswire)  AMCI Acquisition Corp. II ("AMCI") (Nasdaq: AMCI), a publicly-traded special purpose acquisition company, and LanzaTech NZ, Inc. ("LanzaTech"), an innovative Carbon Capture and Transformation ("CCT") company that transforms waste carbon into materials such as sustainable fuels,

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E-fuels: Water and CO2 to Power the Transport of the Future

(Generandi) ... Also known as e-fuels, synthetic fuels are made from hydrogen and CO2 removed from the atmosphere. Their added value is that they are zero net emissions. When they are used, the CO2 emitted by the combustion engine is equivalent to

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Turning Plastic Trash into Clean Hydrogen Fuel

(Nanyang Technological University) Scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) have developed a new method for plastic waste to be converted into hydrogen based on pyrolysis, a high temperature chemical process. Unlike PET plastic bottles which can be recycled easily, plastic litter containing

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STEEL–a 5-letter word for EARTH MONTH. 

It is possible to capture carbon from industrial WASTE GASES, like STEEL mill exhaust, and to recycle it into FUELS, fibers and OTHER chemicals.  LEARN more: https://advancedbiofuelsusa.info/tag/industrial-waste-gases/   Each day throughout EARTH MONTH in 2022, Advanced Biofuels USA will highlight one or

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Renewable Fuels, Monomers, Carbon Sourcing: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Axens

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) There’s a difference between renewable carbon and circular carbon, as noted in this illuminating ABLC slide guide from Axens. How does their circular carbon tech work? Who are they partnering with? How are they accelerating

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The Race to Upcycle CO2 into Fuels, Concrete and More

by Mark Peplow (Nature) Companies are scrambling to turn the greenhouse gas into useful products — but will that slow climate change? -- Tongyezhen is a town with coal in its bones. ... But later this year, a chemical plant

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Clariant Joins the Renewable Carbon Initiative

(Clariant)  Clariant joins the Renewable Carbon Initiative (RCI) to promote the use of renewable raw materials; RCI aims to promote the transition from fossil carbon to renewable carbon for use in the chemical industry; Joining the RCI demonstrates Clariant’s commitment

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World of Renewable Fuels Gathers at ABLC 2022 in Washington, DC

by Justin McPherson (Advanced Biofuels USA)  The 2022 ABCL conference, held March 16 – 18 at the Mayflower Hotel in Washington DC, brought together many different companies, organizations, and ‘ordinary’ people from a variety of different backgrounds, all with their

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Going All in to Get Carbon out: Shopify’s Commitment to Climate Entrepreneurs Reaches $32M

(Shopify) Shopify’s Sustainability Fund partners with 9 new entrepreneurial trailblazers: Picture this: the year is 2030 and companies are approaching net-zero commitment deadlines, yet no solutions exist at scale that pull carbon dioxide out of the air and lock it away for

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SHV Energy and LanzaTech Announce Partnership to Pioneer Renewable Propane

(SHV Energy) SHV Energy and LanzaTech announced a new strategic partnership to employ LanzaTech’s Carbon Capture and Transformation (CCT) technology to bring renewable propane and other sustainable fuels to the market via existing and novel pathways. The collaboration will further expand LanzaTech’s

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Six Carbon Capture and Utilisation Technologies for a Sustainable Chemical and Fuel Production Nominated for the Innovation Award “Best CO2 Utilisation 2022”

(nova-Institute)  Carbon Capture and Utilisation (CCU) Innovations of the Year 2022: A lot of technologies are in place and in development to face the challenges of a sustainable chemicals and fuels production based on the utilisation of captured CO2 from industrial off-gases

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MHIENG and MHIEC to Commence Demonstration Testing of Separation, Capture and Effective Use of CO2 from Waste-to-Energy Plant -- Collaboration with City of Yokohama and Tokyo Gas --

(Mitsubishi Heavy Industries)  Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Engineering, Ltd. (MHIENG) and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Environmental & Chemical Engineering Co., Ltd. (MHIEC) – two group companies of Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (MHI), both based in Yokohama – are poised to commence demonstration testing

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Steel Mill Gases as Raw Material for Green Methanol

(Fraunhofer UMSICHT) Methanol is one of the world's most important compounds and is used, among other things, as a basic chemical or fuel. Its production is still mainly based on fossil raw materials such as natural gas or coal. In

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GreenBiz 350 Podcast Episode 308: LanzaTech CEO Reflects

(GreenBiz)  A visit with 'badass' LanzaTech CEO Jennifer Holmgren (29:10) Jennifer Holmgren was thinking about retirement when she was recruited to lead the carbon recycling company LanzaTech. Under her leadership, the company has forged high-profile relationships to turn captured CO2

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Advanced Biofuels USA Begins TikTok Series of Videos Showing Examples of How to Mitigate Climate Change

by Joanne Ivancic (Advanced Biofuels USA)  Volunteers with Advanced Biofuels USA are responding to the demands from young students and TikTok posters to tell them what is being done to mitigate climate change; to recognize that they know the doom

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Beyond Fossil Carbon? Green Electricity Is Opening Doors to Low-Emission Alternatives for Making Fuels and Chemicals

by Erik F. Ringle (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  With Extensive Data, Broad Analyses, and Detailed Models, NREL Scientists and Collaborators Stake the Boundaries of Producing Chemicals and Fuels From Carbon Dioxide, Biomass, and Renewable Electricity -- ... In fact, growing supplies of

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Overcoming Gaps in Plastics Value Chain: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Nexant ECA

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Material Recovery Facilities have poor economics. Consumers don’t want to be inconvenienced by recycling. There are gaps and challenges to the plastics value chain so what do we do? Nexant shares solid solutions like increasing

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Biggest Breakthrough in Plastic Recycling

by Anjana Nair (Bio Market Insights)  ... The recent research from the Aarhus University, Denmark, demonstrated for the first-time computer vision technology, which can be used to differentiate between a wide range of plastics according to their chemical composition. Applied on

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Neste Successfully Concludes First Series of Processing Trial Runs at Industrial Scale with Liquefied Waste Plastic in Porvoo, Finland

(Neste)  Neste has successfully concluded its first series of trial runs processing liquefied waste plastic at its Porvoo refinery in Finland. After kicking the series off with its first-ever industrial scale trial run with liquefied waste plastic in 2020, Neste has

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Department Of Energy Announces $13.4 Million Investment to Combat Plastic Waste and Reduce Emissions Across The Plastics Industry

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has awarded $13.4 million to seven projects for research and development of novel recycling processes and technologies that that will cut plastic waste and reduce the energy consumption and carbon emissions of single-use plastics at every stage of their lifecycle.   Single-use plastics – plastic bags,

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Brightmark Receives ISCC PLUS Certification

(Brightmark) Certification ensures compliance with high ecological and social sustainability requirements, greenhouse gas emissions savings, and traceability throughout the supply chain   -- Brightmark, LLC the global waste solutions provider, today announced that its Ashley, Indiana Plastics Renewal Facility has been ISCC

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New IEAGHG Report: 2021-02 CO2 as a Feedstock: Comparison of CCU Pathways

(IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Program) A range of carbon dioxide capture technologies have been developed, including amine-based routes and calcium looping methods, some of which are now considered to be at technology readiness level (TRL) 9. These technologies have been deployed

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Top 10 Slide Guides of 2021

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) As we wrap up 2021 this week, The Digest brings you the hottest Top 10 slide guides from this past year – with key themes like carbon upcycling, ethanol to hydrogen, renewable diesel and jet

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Bioproducts: A Clean Energy Solution Fact Sheet

(U.S. Department of Energy) In an effort to build a 100% clean energy economy, the United States is investing in research to develop innovative products made from biological material. Reducing greenhouse gas emissions to meet these goals will require more than

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New Energy Vision Report Analyzes Non-Petroleum Fuel Options for Waste & Recycling Fleets

(Waste Advantage Magazine)  The sustainable energy NGO Energy Vision published a new report on waste and recycling collection truck fleets, entitled The Refuse Revolution. It assesses various alternative fuels and new vehicle technologies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and other

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Recycling CO2: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Dr. Sean Simpson, CSO at LanzaTechshared this illuminating slide guide on CO2 pathways to products, how the LanzaJet platform works, how they integrate engineering with biology and AI, why we need to rethink carbon and

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Revolutionary Renewables: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Avantium

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Did you know Avantium’s two lead products are FDCA, the chemical building block for PEF, a novel, plant-based polyester targeting $200+ billion markets and PlantMEG, a plant-based alternative for fossil-MEG, a key ingredient for PET

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Verbio Commences Operations at Iowa Biorefinery

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Verbio announced on Dec. 8 it has commenced production of renewable natural gas (RNG) at its biorefinery in Nevada, Iowa. The company acquired the former cellulosic ethanol plant from DuPont in 2018. The facility is producing

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How to Communicate With Consumers About Chemical Recycling Solutions --- December 9, 2021 --- ONLINE

Consumers around the globe are craving more sustainable products, and brands are struggling to figure out how to deliver on their recycled content goals. Chemical recycling, also known as advanced or molecular recycling, will be a crucial part of the

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The Problem with Plastics and Fuel Decarbonization Policies: Could Nonbiodegradable Plastics Be Better for the Environment in the Short Term than Biodegradable Plastics?

by Shashi Menon (EcoEngineers)  ... The latter material eventually emits carbon — contributing to higher levels of greenhouse gases (or GHGs) in the atmosphere — whereas nonbiodegradable plastics can sequester carbon for longer periods of time.  Is this actually true? And

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How to Replace 90% of U.S. Gas Consumption: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Ways2H

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  It’s the day after Thanksgiving and your trash pile of turkey bones and leftovers are nightmarish, but Ways2H has a solution by converting organic wastes, including plastics, into hydrogen. Check out this new ABLC slide

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Researchers Engineer Microorganisms to Tackle PET Plastic Pollution

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  Biological Conversion Makes It Possible To Upcycle Polyester Into Performance-Advantaged Bioproducts -- From overflowing landfills to floating garbage islands in the oceans to microplastics in remote wilderness areas, billions of tons of discarded plastic have created a

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LanzaTech: Radically Rethinking Industrial Business Models

by Erik Kobayashi-Solomon (Forbes) A visit this summer to New Zealand-American synthetic biology company, LanzaTech, opened my eyes to what the term “paradigm shift” means. LanzaTech is an industrial chemicals company that leverages innovations in biology, artificial intelligence, and precision

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Lummus and Braskem Partner to License Technology for Two Green Ethylene Projects

(Lummus Technology/PR Newswire) -Lummus and Braskem execute MoU for joint licensing two projects of leading technology to produce green ethylene from ethanol based on Braskem's process operated at their plant in Triunfo, Brazil - Leveraging Lummus and Braskem's extensive experience and

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Electrofuels Advance: Vattenfall, SAS, Shell, LanzaTech, US Air Force, Emerging Fuels Technology and Twelve Advance on Power-to-Liquids via Waste CO2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s a simple idea, using renewable electricity to induce carbon dioxide and hydrogen to form a hydrocarbon. Hydrocarbons, you know, the stuff we burn as liquid fuel and from which we make plastics, fabrics, flavors, fragrances,

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On Announces CleanCloud™ - Turning Carbon Emissions into Running Shoes in Cooperation with LanzaTech and Borealis

(On, Inc./CISION) Swiss sports brand On leads supply chain coalition to reshape carbon waste into running shoes  -- Main Facts: - On announces CleanCloud™ - a sustainability initiative using carbon emissions to create foam for running shoes. - On is moving away from petroleum-based

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SAS, Vattenfall, Shell and LanzaTech to Explore Synthetic Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production

(Vattenfall/CISION)  Vattenfall, SAS, Shell and LanzaTech will together investigate the production of the world's first synthetic sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) using the LanzaJetTM "Alcohol to Jet" technology on a large scale in Sweden. Instead of using virgin fossil material in the production process, the synthetic SAF will be

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CRI Signs Agreement with Jiangsu Sailboat for a 100,000 Tons per Year CO2 to Methanol Plant

(Carbon Recycling International)  ...  Chinese petrochemicals corporation Jiangsu Sailboat Petrochemicals Co. ltd has signed an agreement with Icelandic technology company Carbon Recycling International – CRI hf., to design a chemical plant based on CRI’s Emissions to Liquids (ETL) technology. The plant will

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Smell that Smell! Perfume Made from CO2 Derived Ethanol, Poop Pigments, Cell-Culture News and More: The Digest’s Top 8 Innovations for the Week of October 27th

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) Perfume made out of thin air, well, made from ethanol derived from carbon dioxide anyway, is being made by a startup in New York. Poop pigment – a new pigment produced from sewage sludge in

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Twelve Produces First Batch of E-Jet® Fuel from Carbon Dioxide Through Partnership with the U.S. Air Force

(Twelve) Demonstrated for the first time, this electrochemical process enables a path to fossil-free commercial aviation fuel from CO2 from the air or industrial sources --  — Carbon transformation company Twelve announced today it has produced the first fossil-free jet fuel

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Spain's Nexolub Signs 10-Year Waste Oils Offtake Deal

by Adam Porter (Argus Media)  Spanish trading company Nexolub has signed a 10-year offtake deal with tyre recycling firm Life for Tyres (L4T) to market advanced waste oils from a new plant in Puertollano. The project, due to be completed in

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The Case for Onboard Carbon Dioxide Capture on Long-Range Vehicles

by Amanda Morris (Northwestern Now) Method can be implemented based on existing technologies  --  Researchers argue that long-range vehicles, including cargo ships, should be powered by solid oxide fuel cells and use onboard carbon dioxide (CO2) capture; Depending on fuel

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The First Production of SAF Sustainable Aviation Fuel Developed in Canada

(SAF+ Consortium/CISION) The SAF+ Consortium ("SAF +") is proud to announce one of the first productions of sustainable aviation fuel PtL (Power to Liquids) in North America. This production took place in its pilot factory, located at the ParaChem industrial site, east of Montreal. SAF+ aims to bring to market, by 2025-2026, synthetic

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Waste to Hydrogen: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Ways2H

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Ways2H has overcome issues associated with conventional gasification and are creating value out of waste with their waste-to-hydrogen tech. From the Japan Blue Energy project and input/output options to how the process of taking various

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Major Government-Backed Ventures Launched to Progress Commercial-Scale SAF Production in Japan

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online)  Two major industrial collaborations have been established in Japan to progress ambitions for large-scale production of sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) in the country, writes Tony Harrington. In the first project, sponsored by Japan’s Ministry of the

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Breakthrough Methods Help Integrate Renewable Hydrogen with Waste Carbon Dioxide to Produce Clean Fuels, Chemicals, and More

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  ... NREL is validating utility-scale hydrogen-production processes that could provide tomorrow’s clean fuels and chemical feedstocks to produce low-carbon, high-value products. New IP To Simplify Renewable Hydrogen Reactions Renewable hydrogen could fit into future low-carbon energy systems like

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New UK Collaborations Aim to Produce Sustainable Aviation Fuels from Direct Air Capture and Wood Waste

by Christopher Surgenor  (GreenAir Online) Two sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) projects in the UK have been announced that involve British Airways, one to investigate a commercial facility that would produce more than 100 million litres per year of jet fuel

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Velocys Technology Selected for Japanese E-Fuels Project

(Velocys) Velocys plc (VLS.L), the sustainable fuels technology company, is pleased to announce its Fischer Tropsch (FT) technology has been selected for an e-fuels project by Toyo Engineering Corporation (TOYO) and its consortium of six leading Japanese companies. E-fuels are a

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New Tech for Recycled Plastic Polymers: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to NexantECA

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Today, recycling plastics and advances in depolymerization technologies that have the advantage of creating a recycled monomer with identical properties to the virgin monomer suitable for all applications, including food contacts. NexantECA’s Marisabel Dolan and

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Scientists to Develop CO₂-Free Fermentation Technology amid Surging Demand for Low-Carbon Biofuel

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory) By Combining Electrochemistry With Fermentation, NREL’s Biorefining Process Could Both Increase Fuel Yields and Recycle Carbon Dioxide --  As much as one-third of the carbon in sugar is lost as carbon dioxide (CO2) during fermentation processes that

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Three BioFuel Startups around the World to Keep an Eye on

(Bio Market Insights) ... Widespread information and technology has made it possible for smaller teams to develop solutions through biofuels for a more sustainable world. Here are 3 startups that use biofuels and are a great example of what the future

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Carbon Engineering and LanzaTech Partner to Advance Jet Fuel Made from Air

(LanzaTech) The companies are investigating a commercial facility in the UK that will produce more than 100 million litres per year of jet fuel made from atmospheric carbon dioxide. In co-operation with British Airways and Virgin Atlantic, the collaboration is

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Recycling Plastic Has Been an Uphill Challenge. Could Chemical Recycling Change That?

(PBS NewsHour)  Plastic pollution is a global threat on our lands and seas. Since World War II, we have created over 9 billion cubic tons of it, yet its recycling remains extremely limited. As part of our "Breakthroughs" series, Miles

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Thoughts by Russ: Building a Future We Want

by Russ Freeman (Biofuels Digest) One must wonder what a future Circular Economy might hold and whether we really want one? Since a tipping point seems to have passed in the swing toward such an economy, we need to rather urgently consider how

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LanzaTech and lululemon Partner to Create the First Fabric Using Recycled Carbon Emissions

(LanzaTech)  Partnership includes India Glycols Limited and Far Eastern New Century  -- Biotechnology company LanzaTech today announced it has partnered with lululemon athletica inc. (NASDAQ:LULU), an athletic apparel company, to create the world’s first yarn and fabric using recycled carbon emissions

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Conference on CO2-based Fuels and Chemicals --- March 23-24, 2022 --- hybrid event – ONLINE and Cologne, Germany

The conference is one of the most established worldwide and has developed into a unique meeting and networking place for the entire Carbon Capture & Utilisation (CCU) and Power-to-X industry and its customers. The first day will focus on green

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LanzaTech Confirms Plans for First UK Commercial-Scale Alcohol-to-Jet Fuel Facility in South Wales

by Christopher Surgenor (GreenAir Online)  US-based LanzaTech has announced plans to build and commission what it claims will be the world’s first commercial-scale alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) production facility using ethanol feedstock made from steel mill waste gases and other wastes. The proposed

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Green Energy Biofuel Featured on NPR’s South Carolina Business Review

(Green Energy Biofuel/EIN Presswire)  BioJoe Renwick shares with listeners how his growing recycling enterprise, Green Energy Biofuel, has become more diversified and adaptive through the pandemic.  --  BioJoe Renwick, co-founder and owner of recycling firm Green Energy Biofuel, was recently featured

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co-products CO2 neutral fuels CO2Removal Certificates (CORCs) coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) Coast Guard coastal habitat conservation coastal hay cobalt cock's foot coco coco methyl ester (CME) cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold flow cold-tolerance college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning commo Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement/engagement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression ratios compression-ignition engine computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology Cook Islands cook stoves cooking fuel cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 COP28 COP30 copper coppice cordgrass corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol benefits methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring/measuring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety 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Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota North Korea Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory Northwest Territories Norwary Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course owa oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil Palm Oil Methyl Ester (PME) palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm trunk sap palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peach shell peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellet pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests pet food petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot pilot scale pine pine beetle pine needles pine nut pineapple pinion Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Admin (PHMSA) pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet platinum Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poand podcasts Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyethylene polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propane/renewable propane pumps propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam 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Repowering Assistance Program Republic of Congo repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment Reverse Water-gas Shift RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island rhododendron Ricardo rice rice bran rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw/paddy straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) RNG tax credit roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rosin rotation crops royalties RP-1 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rubber seeds rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program rushes Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass rye straw s saccharification SAF pipeline SAF10 SAF30 SAF40 Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC sal tree Salicornia salt water salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar Samoa Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy scooters Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater seaweed cultivation Seaweed/Macroalgae second-generation biofuel income tax credit Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed husks seed-to-wheel Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shellfish shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silage silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore Singpore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration Small Business Innovatin 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