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IRS Gives 45Z Registration Guidance: New IRS Guidance Urges Biofuel Producers to Register for 45Z Tax Credit by July

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) The IRS released guidance on Friday (May 31, 2024) on how to register for the 45Z Clean Fuel Production Credit, including a list of feedstocks that could qualify for the $1-per-gallon credit. The 45Z credit takes

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AOA Thursday 5-9-2024 Agriculture of America Podcast

(American Ag Network) On Thursday's AOA, with guest host Mike Adams, we have another busy show today. In Segment One we have Mike Zuzolo with Global Commodity Analytics to discuss markets and the upcoming WASDE reports. In Segment Two we discuss

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Biofuel Tax Credit Claims Need More Scrutiny, Watchdog Says

by Erin Schilling (Bloomberg Tax) The IRS needs more authority to properly evaluate—and deny, if necessary—biofuel tax credit claims, an agency watchdog said in a new report. The Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration evaluated biofuel tax claims and found 42 of the

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Aemetis Allocated $10.5 Million IRA Section 48C Tax Credits by DOE and IRS for Biofuels Plant Efficiency Projects

(Aemetis/Globe Newswire) Aemetis, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMTX), a renewable natural gas and renewable fuels company focused on low and negative carbon intensity products, today announced that it received an allocation of $10.5 million of Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) tax credits by the

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White House Is Seen Missing Deadline Tied to Jet Fuel Tax Credit

by Kim Chipman and Jennifer A. Dlouhy (Bloomberg News) Administration had set March 1 deadline for carbon model; Ethanol industry hopes to benefit from green jet fuel credits -- The Biden administration is missing a self-imposed deadline for updating a government tool used to

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STX, BioValue Unveil New Financing Structure for Biomethane

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In the Netherlands, STX Group has unveiled a new structure financing partnership with BioValue for the construction and development of the Groengas Cothen biomethane plant in the Netherlands. The project The new plant adds at least 80GWh of

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Hydrogen Rising: IRS Released Proposed Regulation to Section 45V of Internal Revenue Code Public Comments DEADLINE February 26, 2024 Public Hearing March 25, 2024

by John R. Kirkwood, Virginia M. Speck, Joshua L. Andrews, Aaron L. Szabo, Jason Deppen, Bryan Michael Allen (Biofuels Digest) In connection with the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA), on December 22, 2023, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) released a Proposed Regulation related

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Biden Admin Unveils Tax Rules for ‘Clean’ Hydrogen Public Comment DEADLINE February 26, 2024

by Brian Dabbs (Politico Pro Energywire) The guidance for the 45V tax credit aims to cut emissions produced by the industry. -- The Treasury Department released heavily anticipated tax guidance Friday that would force companies to use low-carbon or zero-emissions energy to

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RFA Welcomes Recognition of GREET Model in SAF Tax Credit Guidance

(Renewable Fuels Association) The U.S. Treasury Department today released guidance regarding the implementation of the Inflation Reduction Act’s sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) tax credit. The guidance clarifies that a soon-to-be-updated version of the Department of Energy’s GREET model will be among the methodologies used

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Optimistic Outlook: Biodiesel Producers in North America Have Their Eyes Set on Hitting a US Output Target of 6 Billion Gallons, Much Earlier than Originally Planned

(Biofuels International)  ... After securing a 3 billion/gallon output last year, production across the US is on track for 4 billion this year with power to add, according to Paul Winters, director of public affairs and Federal Communications for Clean Fuels

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Fulcrum Bioenergy, Aiming to Produce ‘Net-Zero’ Jet Fuel From Plastic Waste, Hits Heavy Turbulence

by James Bruggers  (Inside Climate News) The California company has defaulted on $289 million in Nevada bonds and put $500 million in financing for a facility in Indiana on hold. Meanwhile, U.S. senators don’t want tax credits financing plastics-to-jet-fuel schemes.  --  Six

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Merkley, Colleagues Urge IRS to Properly Implement IRA Sustainable Aviation Fuel Tax Credits, with No Giveaways to the Petroleum Industry

(Office of Senator Jeff Merkley (D-OR)  Senators: "Companies are proposing to manufacture aviatin fuel from sources that include significant amounts of plastic waste, and are claiming that it is sustainable.  That is incorrect.” Today (October 27, 2023), Oregon’s U.S. Senator Jeff Merkley,

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48C Qualified Advanced Energy Project Tax Credit: One Year into the Inflation Reduction Act

by John R. Kirkwood, Christopher B. Berendt, Matthew R. Levy, Jason Deppen, Joshua L. Andrews, Aaron L. Szabo, Brian S. Fennerty, Bryan Michael Allen, Wendy Yan, Virginia M. Speck  (Faegre Drinker Biddle & Reath/Biofuels Digest)  The next round of funding for

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The Sustainable Aviation Fuel Road Ahead

by Byron Dorgan (Bipartisan Policy Center/RealClear Energy) Farmers must play a major role! -- The Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) – signed into law one year ago – created aggressive goals to reduce carbon emissions. One of those goals included furthering the growth

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Protecting the Future of Low-Carbon Aviation

by Emily Skor (Growth Energy/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Launched in 2021, the Biden administration’s Sustainable Aviation Fuel Grand Challenge aims to produce enough low-carbon jet fuel to slash aviation emissions in half by 2050. Thanks to new incentives created by the Inflation Reduction Act,

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Carbon Intensity Is Going to Be A Team Sport

by Margy Eckelkamp (AgWeb) “This is an immense opportunity. For the first time, 45Z provides farmers and biofuel manufacturers a scoreboard with a transparent points system and a business model that rewards scoring points," says Mitchell Hora. The Inflation Reduction Act has

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Why Aren’t We Addressing Climate Change with American Solutions?

by Shawn Feikema  (Minn Post) Requiring U.S. farmers to comply with an international scheme favoring European regulations and norms is a burdensome process most farmers cannot afford – both in time and money. ... Crop-based biofuels offer significant opportunities to decarbonize flight using

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Qualifying Advanced Energy Project 48C Credit Program DEADLINE July 31, 2023

(U.S. Internal Revenue Service)   The Qualifying Advanced Energy Project Credit (48C) program aims to strengthen U.S. industrial competitiveness and clean energy supply chains. As the nation builds a net-zero economy, the 48C tax credit program aims to play a critical

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New Investment Tax Credit Announced for Advanced Energy Projects Includes Sustainable Aviation Fuels and Renewable Chemicals

(U.S. Department of Energy)  As part of President Biden's Investing in America agenda, the U.S. Department of Energy, U.S. Department of the Treasury, and the Internal Revenue Service announced $4 billion in tax credits for projects that expand clean energy, critical materials manufacturing, or recycling. Up to $1.6 billion has

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Growth Energy to IRS: Ethanol Ready for SAF Spotlight

(Growth Energy)  In a letter submitted today, Growth Energy, the nation’s largest biofuels trade association, urged the U.S. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to include the U.S. ethanol industry in its effort to reach the Biden administration’s goals for the expanded use of sustainable

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Central Valley Man Sentenced to over 6 Years in Prison for $9 Million Cow Manure Ponzi Scheme

(U.S. Attorney's Office Eastern District of California)  Ray Brewer, 66, of Porterville, and Sheridan, Montana, was sentenced today to six years and nine months in prison for running a multimillion-dollar fraud scheme where he purported to turn cow manure into green

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Energy Department Unveils Plan Using Hydrogen Energy to Cut US Emissions by 10 Percent

by Rachel Frazin (The Hill) The Energy Department on Monday unveiled a roadmap it says will, using hydrogen energy, enable the U.S. to reduce its emissions by 10 percent in 2050, compared to 2005 levels.  The strategy document calls for specifically targeting hydrogen use

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to SAF in a Season of Change

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Check out this illuminating slide guide to SAF from Mike McCurdy, Managing Director of Fuels & Power at ICF on how sustainable aviation fuels are taking off in the near term with the latest projected

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Aemetis

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In this presentation, Aemetis CEO Eric McAfee took the ABLC 2023 stage in Washington DC to outline the company’s milestones, technology, financial estimates, policy asks, its portfolio of Carbon Zero One projects, and the company’s

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Carbon’s Next Chapter on the Farm

by Margy Eckelkamp (AgWeb) A yet-to-be-realized provision in the Inflation Reduction Act could be the key for farmers to engage in measuring the carbon intensity (CI) of their grain.   The Section 45Z tax credit provides biofuel producers (ethanol, biodiesel and sustainable

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Carbon’s Next Chapter on the Farm

by Margy Eckelkamp (Farm Journal AgWeb) ... The Section 45Z tax credit provides biofuel producers (ethanol, biodiesel and sustainable aviation fuel) with an incentive to produce low-emission fuels. What makes this different than carbon offset programs is it could provide a

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Opinion: Get Tax Credits Right to Make Clean Hydrogen a Boon not a Boondoggle

by Gernot Wagner and Danny Cullenward (Washington Post) ...  Enter Section 45V of the tax code. Under this, clean hydrogen producers that meet low-emissions standards will be eligible for federal incentives that cover up to about 60 percent of the average total

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#90. Truck Stops Take on Alternative Fuels

by Tammy Klein (Transport Energy Strategies) Which fuels are truck stops blending and selling and where are they trending in the next 10, 15, and 20 years? And, what are they planning for electrification? NATSO’s Alternative Fuels Council is helping truck

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L.A. Gas Tycoon, Mormon Polygamists Face Sentencing for $1 Billion Biofuel Scam

by Michele McPhee (Los Angeles Times) The main bad actors in a sprawling scam who formed a very unlikely alliance to defraud the government face a judge, five years after their dramatic arrests -- ... This week, the reckonings in

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RFA to Treasury: Success of SAF Tax Credit Depends on Fair, Science-Based Lifecycle Analysis

(Renewable Fuels Association) The use of science-based, consistent and transparent lifecycle analysis methods will be crucially important in implementing the sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) tax credit under the Inflation Reduction Act, the Renewable Fuels Association said in comments submitted Friday to

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Update to Guidance on Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 – Prevailing Wage and Apprenticeship Training Requirements – With Guidance from Notice 2022-61

by John Kirkwood and Jason Deppen and Virginia Speck (FaegreDrinker/Biofuels Digest) ... On November 30, 2022 the Internal Revenue Service published Notice 2022-61 (the “Notice”) providing initial guidance on the Inflation Reduction Act’s Prevailing Wage and Apprenticeship Requirements. Under the Act,

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Growth Energy to Fuel Beyond in 2023

by Emily Skor (Growth Energy) ... By any measure, 2022 was a banner year for biofuel advocates in Washington, D.C. We secured new funding for blending infrastructure, critical tax incentives for clean energy, a summer waiver for E15 sales, and

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Treasury, IRS Issue Guidance on New Sustainable Aviation Fuel Credit

(U.S. Internal Revenue Service) The Treasury Department and Internal Revenue Service today issued a notice regarding the Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) credit. This is a new credit created by the Inflation Reduction Act of 2022. It applies to a qualified fuel

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NBAA, Coalition Urge IRS to Resolve Questions about SAF Tax Credit Programs

(National Business Aviation Association) NBAA recently joined with a coalition of dozens of aviation stakeholders in submitting comments to the IRS on implementation of the upcoming sustainable aviation fuel blenders tax credit (SAF BTC) and clean fuel production credit (CFPC). Effective Jan.

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Ethanol Blog: Biofuels Groups Ask IRS to Get Carbon Scoring Right in Implementing Clean Fuel Tax Credit

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer)  A new clean fuel production tax credit created by the Inflation Reduction Act could pave the way for significant growth in biofuels including ethanol, sustainable aviation fuel and biodiesel, if the IRS takes steps to

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RFA Provides Input on IRA’s Clean Fuel Production and CCUS Credits, Biofuels Infrastructure Grants

(Renewable Fuels Association) As federal agencies continue to work on implementation of the Inflation Reduction Act, the Renewable Fuels Association on Saturday filed two sets of comments to the Internal Revenue Service, related to credits for carbon sequestration and clean fuel

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RFA Leading the Charge on IRA Implementation

(Renewable Fuels Association) Testimony, Comments Provided to Treasury, IRS, USDA -- In separate comments and testimony to the U.S. Department of Treasury, Internal Revenue Service and the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Renewable Fuels Association laid out the ethanol industry’s priorities

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Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 – Qualified Biogas Property

by John R. Kirkwood, Jason Deppen, and Christopher B. Berendt (FaegreDrinker/Biofuels Digest) ... Section 48(a) of the Internal Revenue Code (IRC) as it existed prior to the adoption of the (Inflation Reduction) Act provides an investment tax credit (ITC) for the

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Breaking It Down Tax Credit Incentives for Carbon Sequestration: Potentially the Most Impactful U.S. Policy to Battle Climate Change

by Bryen Alperin, Gary Blitz, Sarah Grey, Steve Whittaker, John Koenig, John Pierce, and Jason Kuzma  (Carbon Capture Magazine) The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 expanded the 45Q tax credit, the most important federal incentive for encouraging private investment in

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Climate Bill Rekindles Debate over Biodiesel Tax Breaks

by Marc Heller (E&E News) Thirteen years ago, Congress decided a tax credit for companies that blend biodiesel shouldn’t go to refineries that put just a drop of the alternative fuel’s main ingredient — crops, animal fat and other organic material

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REGI INVESTOR ALERT: Bernstein Liebhard LLP Announces that a Securities Class Action Lawsuit Has Been Filed Against Renewable Energy Group, Inc.

(Bernstein Liebhard/Globe Newswire) Bernstein Liebhard, a nationally acclaimed investor rights law firm, announces that a securities class action lawsuit has been filed on behalf of investors who purchased or acquired the securities of Renewable Energy Group, Inc. (“Renewable Energy ”

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Colorado Man Sentenced to Prison for Biodiesel Tax Credit Fraud -- Scheme Defrauded the IRS of $7.2 Million

(U.S. Department of Justice) A Colorado resident was sentenced to 15 months in prison yesterday for his role in a biodiesel tax credit fraud scheme, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard E. Zuckerman of the Justice Department’s Tax Division. According to

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Growth Energy to IRS: Ethanol Plants Ready to Capture More Carbon

(Growth Energy) Today, Growth Energy CEO Emily Skor submitted written comments on the Internal Revenue Service’s (IRS) proposed regulations under section 45Q, a performance-based tax credit for carbon capture projects. In her letter, Skor called on the agency to offer credit for carbon dioxide captured for

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Ethanol's Carbon Underground

by Luke Geiver (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Positioning into the low-carbon biofuels marketplace, ethanol producers are moving forward with sequestration strategies. A more lucrative federal tax credit, along with a reduced minimum production requirement, is making the economics attractive. After more than

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Godot Arrives: Carbon Capture Regs Released Public Comment DEADLINE: August 3, 2020

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy)  The IRS on Thursday released proposed rules for an expanded carbon capture and utilization tax credit, ending a more than two-year wait for the regulations. Congress expanded the carbon capture credit in early 2018

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BD Zones and BDO Zones: Weaponizing Biomass to Support a Bio-Fueled Economic Recovery

by Jordan Solomon (Ecostrat Inc./Biofuels Digest)  The US has over a billion tons of biomass which can be used as a key lever to drive economic recovery. USDA estimates that 3.4 million jobs and nearly $660 billion of economic benefits

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The Door Is Open for Ethanol Producers and CCS

by Roxby Hartley (EcoEngineers/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is receiving a lot of traction thanks to two exciting developments in 2018 and 2019: 1)      California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard recognized CCS as a viable pathway to reduce emissions from

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Biodiesel Fraud Suit Nets $70 Million for Whistleblower, Feds

(Bloomberg Law)  Scheme to defraud EPA renewable fuel program; Criminal cases made damages easy to calculate e-Biofuels LLC and other defendants face a $70 million liability for violating the False Claims Act by engaging in a scheme to defraud the EPA’s renewable

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Colorado Man Sentenced to 83 Months in Prison for Role in $7.2 Million Biodiesel Tax Credit Scheme

(U.S. Department of Justice) A Colorado resident was sentenced to 83 months in prison on Friday for his role in a biodiesel tax credit fraud scheme, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard E. Zuckerman of the Justice Department’s Tax Division. According

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IRS Unveils 45Q Guidance

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy)  Almost two years after Congress initially expanded a tax incentive for carbon capture and sequestration projects as part of its 2018 budget bill, the IRS on Wednesday released its initial guidance on how exactly industries

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Carbon Capture Initiatives and 45Q

by Cácia Pimentel* (Advanced Biofuels USA) On February 15th the Center on Global Energy Policy (CGEP) Carbon Management Research Initiative and the Women in Energy program hosted a panel of experts to discuss carbon capture policies and technologies, especially Carbon Capture, Utilization

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E&C Leaders Release Draft Clean Future Act Legislative Text to Achieve a 100 Percent Clean Economy

(U.S. House Committee on Energy and Commerce) Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Frank Pallone, Jr. (D-NJ), Environment and Climate Change Subcommittee Chairman Paul Tonko (D-NY) and Energy Subcommittee Chairman Bobby L. Rush (D-IL) today released legislative text of the draft Climate Leadership and

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IRS Publishes Guidance on Claiming 2018-’19 Biodiesel Tax Credit

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine) The Internal Revenue Service published guidance Jan. 15 for companies seeking to claim the biodiesel and renewable diesel tax credit for 2018 and 2019. The $1 per gallon tax credit expired Jan. 1, 2018, and remained expired until Dec.

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New Jersey Senator Calls for 45Q Probe

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy)  New Jersey Sen. Bob Menendez called on the IRS' watchdog to open an investigation into potentially fraudulent claims for the tax credit to capture carbon, known as 45Q. In a letter dated Nov. 19

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Michigan Biodiesel Dealer Pleads Guilty to Tax Fraud

(Wisconsin Ag Connection/USAgNet)  A Bloomfield, Mich., biodiesel fuel dealer pleaded guilty today to filing a false income tax return, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard E. Zuckerman of the Justice Department's Tax Division and U.S. Attorney Matthew Schneider of

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Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 6478 -- The IRS Is Soliciting Comments Concerning Biofuel Producer Credit. DEADLINE: December 2, 2019

(Internal Revenue Service/Federal Register) ... The Internal Revenue Service (IRS), as part of its continuing effort to reduce paperwork and respondent burden, invites the general public and other Federal agencies to take this opportunity to comment on information collections, as required

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MOU between EPA, IRS Aims to Improve Biofuel Tax Fraud Analysis

by Erin Voegele (Etanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA posted a notice to its websites Sept. 4 announcing a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the Internal Revenue Service under which the agencies have agreed to share information in an effort to

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An Answer to “Hard to Find” Equity – Opportunity Zone Funds

by Mark Riedy and Eddie Wang (Kilpatrick Townsend & Stockton LLP/Biofuels Digest)  The recently-established Opportunity Zone Program offers developers, including start-up technology companies attempting to develop and commercialize new technologies in the energy, chemical, and infrastructure industries, an exciting, new opportunity to

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IRS to Seek Comment on Key Issues to Be Interpreted in Section 45Q Tax Credit

(Hunton Andrews Kurth)  The Department of Treasury (“Treasury”) and Internal Revenue Service (“IRS”) have released Notice 2019-32 (the “Notice”) seeking comment on key issues to be interpreted in the Section 45Q carbon oxide sequestration tax credit. Congress significantly enhanced the Section 45Q tax

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Green Energy Fraudster Convicted at Trial for Scamming Multiple Federal Agencies and His Customers

(U.S. Department of Justice)  Assistant Attorney General Jeffrey Bossert Clark of the Department of Justice’s Environment and Natural Resources Division (ENRD) and United States Attorney William M. McSwain for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania announced today that a federal jury in

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Jury Finds Pennsylvania Biofuel Company Owners Guilty of Tax and False Statements Conspiracy

(U.S. Department of Justice)  Following a 14-day jury trial in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Ben T. Wootton, of Enola, Pennsylvania, and Race A. Miner, of Buena Vista, Colorado, were found guilty of one count of conspiracy to make false statements to the Environmental

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Colorado Man Pleads Guilty to $7.2 Million Biodiesel Tax Credit Fraud Scheme

(U.S. Department of Justice)  A Colorado resident pleaded guilty today in the U.S. District Court for the District of Colorado to conspiracy to defraud the United States, conspiracy to commit money laundering, and  money laundering, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General

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Avenue 45Q

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy)  The Trump administration is developing guidance to help companies qualify for a built-out tax credit for carbon capture, utilization and storage — a welcome addition for industry officials and lawmakers who have complained the

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Alternative Fuels Council Offers Biodiesel Strategy

by Jeff Hove (Biodiesel Magazine) Jeff Hove, vice president of NATSO's Alternative Fuels Council, provides perspective on current political, regulatory and market events relating to biodiesel blending, and how a myriad of potential changes will affect downstream operators. -- ... But renewable

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A Summary of Federal Programs: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Alternative Fuel and Advanced Vehicle Technology Incentives

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  A wide array of federal incentives supports the development and deployment of alternatives to conventional fuels and engines in transportation. These incentives include tax deductions and credits for vehicle purchases and the installation of refueling systems,

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Pennsylvania Man Pleads Guilty to Biodiesel Tax Conspiracy

(U.S. Department of Justice)  A Harrisburg, Pennsylvania man pleaded guilty yesterday in federal court to one count of conspiring to defraud the Internal Revenue Service (IRS), announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General Richard E. Zuckerman of the Justice Department’s Tax Division,

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Alternative Fuels Council Helps with RFS RIN Management

by Betsy Lillian (NGT News) The Alternative Fuels Council, a subsidiary of NATSO Inc., a national association representing the travel plaza and truckstop industry, has launched a new service designed to help fuel retailers that blend and sell renewable fuels to more

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Colorado Business Owners Indicted For $7 Million Biodiesel Tax Credit Fraud Scheme

(U.S. Department of Justice)  A federal grand jury for the District of Colorado has returned an indictment, which was unsealed today, charging two Colorado business owners with conspiring to defraud the United States and to commit money laundering, money laundering and

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New York Man Pleads Guilty to Multi-State Biodiesel Fraud Scheme

(Department of Justice)  Andre Bernard, of Mount Kisco, New York, pleaded guilty today for his participation in a multi-state scheme to defraud biodiesel buyers and U.S. taxpayers by fraudulently selling biodiesel credits and fraudulently claiming tax credits, announced Acting Assistant

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Two Florida Men Plead Guilty to Multi-State Biodiesel Fraud Scheme

(U.S. Department of Justice)  Thomas Davanzo, of Estero, Florida, and Robert Fedyna, of Naples, Florida, pleaded guilty today for their participation in a multi-state scheme to defraud biodiesel buyers and U.S. taxpayers by fraudulently selling biodiesel credits and fraudulently claiming

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Biofuel Company with Polygamous Ties Spent Big on Utah Politicians even as Frauds Were Found

by Nate Carlisle and Brian Maffly (The Salt Lake Tribune)  Federal agents raided offices of Washakie and Kingstons amid claims the company hasn’t actually manufactured its own biofuels.  --  The storage tanks Washakie Renewable Energy was planning to build while

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BIO Applauds Renewable Chemicals Act Bill

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  Senators Debbie Stabenow (D-MI), Chris Coon (D-DE) and Al Franken have introduced a new bill, S. 2271 the Renewable Chemicals Act of 2015. If passed, the legislation would amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to

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IRS Publishes Tax Code for Biodiesel Tax Credits

by Megan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, the IRS has published a notice that informs claimants about the federal income tax treatment of credits under § 6426(c) and (d) of the Internal Revenue Code that are paid in cash under

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Washington Should Help Capitalize Green Banks

by Mark Muro and Reed Hundt (The Brookings Institution)  ... While the federal government has not been able to lead on the design of modern clean energy and infrastructure finance entities, it now has the opportunity, with its billions of underutilized

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Co-defendent in Bio-Fuel Scam Pleads Guilty

by Hugh R. Morley  (The Record/NorthJersey.com)   ... A Ridgewood businesswoman has pleaded guilty to a charge that she took part in a $100 million biofuel fraud as a top executive of two Bergen County alternative-energy companies that authorities say carried

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Paper Industry Pushed Further into the Black by ‘Black Liquor’ Tax Credits

by Steven Mufson (The Washington Post)  ...The paper industry — which in 2009 raked in billions of dollars in federal subsidiesoriginally intended to promote alternative highway fuels — is now using a different biofuel tax credit to cut its tax bills

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biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropene bioprospecting BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) old 9003 Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance 9003 Program BioRenewable-1 (BR-1) BioSNG Biotechnology birch bitter orange black carbon black grease black liquor black locust black soldier fly Blend wall blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock blockchain blue carbon boat fuel boiler/furnace fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water brash Brassica Brazil breweries brine British Columbia broker brown grease brownfields Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses Business and Industry Program (B&I) business law business resources Business/General Aviation butadiene butandeiol (bio-BDO) Butane butanediol butanol emissions butanol/biobutanol butyl acetate butylene butyric acid by c C1 C2 C21 C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cactus pear cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canad Canada Canary Islands canary reed grass canarygrass candle nut cannabis canola straw Canola/Rapeseed cap-and-invest cap-and-trade capybara capybras carbohydrates carbon carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber carbon insets Carbon Intensity (CI)/Carbon Footprint carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon standard carbon tax Carbon tax border adjustments carbon tax-and-dividend carbon terminal carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata carinata/brassica carinata carob CAS Registry cashew cashew apple CASI Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattails cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) CBG (compressed biogas) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program Certificates of Origin (COs) certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 chemical-looping hydrogen method Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chp chromium chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Production Tax Credit (45Z) Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Heat Standards Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart/conservation agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover cmelina CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location Co-op Extension co-operative co-processing co-products CO2 neutral fuels CO2Removal Certificates (CORCs) coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) Coast Guard coastal habitat conservation coastal hay cobalt cock's foot coco coco methyl ester (CME) cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold flow cold-tolerance college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning commo Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement/engagement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression ratios compression-ignition engine computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology Cook Islands cook stoves cooking fuel cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 COP28 COP30 copper coppice cordgrass corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) 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glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated 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