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OMCs Raise Ethanol Procurement Price to Boost C-Heavy Molasses Utilization

by Abha Rustagi (Energetica India) This decision aims to make the production of ethanol from C-heavy molasses, a byproduct of sugar processing with low sugar content, more appealing for sugar mills. --  In a strategic move to incentivize the production of

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No Dilution in Ethanol-Petrol Blending Plan Despite Sugar Feedstock Curbs: Govt

by Sukalp Sharma (The Indian Express) The decision to stop diversion of sugar cane juice and sugar syrup for ethanol production, taken to ensure enough sugar supply in the country and keep prices of the sweetener in check, led to concerns

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Brazil Offers Ethanol Tech to India to Settle Sugar Dispute

 by Mukesh Jagota (Financial Express) The development came about amid a few rounds of official level talks and a ministerial meeting between the two sides. -- India and Brazil are close to settling their long-standing disputes on the sugar industry, with the

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Virent

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Virent, a subsidiary of Marathon Petroleum developed its BioForming technology to create fuels and chemicals from a wide range of naturally occurring, renewable resources. And now they teamed up with Johnson Matthey to bring to

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Sugar Mills in Maharashtra Diverting Biz towards Ethanol Production

by Abhay Khairnar (Hindustan Times/MSN)  any sugar mills in Maharashtra are shifting their business towards the production of ethanol due to high demand from the oil industry and more returns. Despite certain facilities being non-functional, the state has increased its ethanol

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SUGAR – A 5-Letter Word for EARTH MONTH

[caption id="attachment_177081" align="alignleft" width="300"] Image from https://chemistrypage.in/sugar-compounds/[/caption] A SWEET tasting carbohydrate that is FOUND in all GREEN plants. The fuel storing molecules of this substance can be fermented into fuels like ethanol and isobutanol WHICH can also be used as feedstock

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Geneva Biofuels Conference Hailed a Success

(Biofuels International) Hundreds of delegates from the world of biofuels attended the European biofuel conference in Geneva. The two-day event at the Fairmont Hotel, in the heart of the city, focused on key policy areas including key biofuel market drivers, the

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USDA Expects No Actions under Feedstocks Flexibility Program

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) ... The FFP was reauthorized in the 2018 Farm Bill as an option to avoid sugar forfeitures. The program encourages the domestic production of certain biofuels, including ethanol, butanol and other marketable biofuels, from

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Sustainable SAF from Corn

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The SAF Grand Challenge is vast. It sets out to achieve a minimum 50% reduction in lifecycle GHG emissions compared to conventional aviation fuel, increase SAF output to 3 billion gallons per year by 2030,

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German Minister to Propose Withdrawal from Use of Crop-Based Biofuels

by Michael Hogan (NASDAQ/Reuters)  German environment minister Steffi Lemke said on Tuesday she would soon send proposals to the cabinet for the country to withdraw from the use of crop-based biofuels to achieve reductions in greenhouse gases. “Biofuels stand for land consumption

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The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Advanced Biorefineries

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  This week on ABLC CONNECT, we looked at the State of Advanced Biorefineries, including examples of projects from Gevo, Aemetis, LanzaTech, Grön and Green Plains. The technologies, markets, partners, the rational, the progress to date

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Blue Biofuels Reports Successful Volume Testing of Its Cellulose-to-Sugar Process on Latest Reactor System; 2.5t/Day

(Blue Biofuels)  Blue Biofuels has reached a significant milestone in the scaling of its proprietary Cellulose-to-Sugar (CTS) reactor system. Testing results on a custom modified reactorsystem demonstrate the ability to convert cellulosic material into sugars with high conversion at a throughput

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Sugar Output to Dip 1.4% in 2022-23 as Mills Will Divert Cane to Make More Ethanol: ISMA

by Deepa Jainani (Financial Express)  India’s sugar production in 2022-23 season is likely to fall 1.4% from the current season despite an increase in acreage as mills are likely to divert more cane for ethanol production, industry body Indian Sugar

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SOFTS-Raw Sugar Down to Near Four-Month Low on Brazil Fuel Move

Marcelo Teixeira and Maytaal Angel (NASDAQ/Reuters) ...Raw sugar futures on ICE fell to the lowest since early March on Monday as Brazil's richest state cut taxes on gasoline, possibly leading mills in the country to produce less ethanol and more sugar. ... Dealers

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Flying the Low-Carbon Skies on Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Craig Bettenhausen (Chemical & Engineering News)  Airlines are eager to switch to renewable, low-carbon fuel—as soon as there’s enough to go around  --  On June 6, Malaysia Airlines flew its first passenger flight using jet fuel made in part

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Efforts on to Introduce Ethanol in Agri, Construction Equipment: Gadkari

(Press Trust of India/India Standard) Union Minister Nitin Gadkari on Saturday stressed on the need to switch to alternative fuel like ethanol and said efforts are on to introduce ethanol in construction and agriculture equipment. The Union road transport and highways minister said the country imports petroleum products

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1 Billion Gallons Per Year by 2030: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo Carbohydrates to SAF

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In addition to new hot technologies, Gevo has a goal of 1 billion gallons per year of capacity or more by 2030. How can they achieve this? What is the status with Net-Zero 1

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Sugar & Ethanol Asia --- September 20-22, 2022 --- Bangkok, Thailand

Market insights and projections: Hear from and connect with sugar and cassava millers, ethanol producers and buyers from across Asia-Pacific to identify key growth drivers. Demand for biofuels on the rise Find new business as government policies point to strong industry growth

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Green-Fuel Push Stirs Food Inflation Fears in Rebound From Virus

by Kim Chipman (Bloomberg)  Oil refiners’ attempt to clean up their act is bumping into growing concerns over food prices and supplies as nations seek to get back on their feet -- Soaring demand for crops has once again raised

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India’s Ethanol Plan Seen Erasing Exportable Sugar Surplus

(Business Recorder/Reuters)   India’s government plan to increase ethanol blending in gasoline will erase the country’s exportable sugar surplus in two to three years, according to the chairman of a large Indian company in the sector. Speaking during the Santander ISO Datagro New

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Green Plains Announces Clean Sugar Project in Nebraska

(Green Plains/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Green Plains Inc. and Ospraie Management today announced that recently acquired Fluid Quip Technologies is engineering and constructing a fully scalable commercial Clean Sugar Technology production facility at the Green Plains York Innovation Center. This technology effectively

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Govt's Ethanol Push Prompts Sugar Mills to Raise Production

(Economic Times) "The mills this year have decided to produce certain quantity of ethanol to be sold in the domestic market. It means that there will not be any glut of sugar in the market. There will be limited surplus stock

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20th Datagro Conference on Sugar and Ethanol: COVID 19 Impacts and Renovabio Set the Agenda

by Isabela Rodrigues* (Advanced Biofuels USA) In October, The 20th Datagro Conference on Sugar and Ethanol 2020 took place over a virtual platform with more than 4000 attendees. This year, Brazilian government authorities including Vice President Hamilton Mourão, Secretary of Amazon

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BIOFUEL INDUSTRY: New Ethanol Plant Opened in Masindi

(NTV) As Uganda's sugar production increases, leading to a surplus, new investments in the production of Bio Ethanol fuel, could strengthen value addition in the downstream side of the domestic petroleum industry once the biofuel law is in place. Speaker

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UPDATE 1-Bolsonaro Says U.S. to Give Brazil Extra Sugar Import Quota

(Reuters) The United States will expand a quota for Brazilian sugar to be imported at a lower tax rate by 80,000 tonnes, in exchange for South America’s largest country opening to more U.S. ethanol, Brazil’s President Jair Bolsonaro said on Monday. Bolsonaro’s

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Biomass Sugars to Hydrocarbon Biofuels: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Enzymatic Hydrolysis Development Efforts

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Reducing cost and improving manufacturability of the biomass sugar platform through Continuous Enzymatic Hydrolysis (CEH) technology is one of the goals for NREL. James D. McMillan from NREL shared the latest research developments at the

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Southern Hemisphere Spring Meetings in Brazil: Sugar, Ethanol, Biogas and Biodiesel—Whew!

by Cácia Pimentel* (Advanced Biofuels USA)   Brazilian Biofuels Market players have been busy in the past days, with various seminars and forums organized to discuss the economic and technological development of the sector. Brazil is well known for its clean

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UPDATE 1-Brazil Increases Quota for Tariff-Free Ethanol Imports, but for Only One Year

by Luciano Costa and Jake Spring  (Reuters) Brazil has renewed and increased the size of its tariff-free quota for ethanol imports, but the new allotment will last only one year instead of the two years allocated to the former quota that

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If Rice Is Nice, Rice Trash Is Cash: Gevo, Praj Working to Convert Rice Straw to Products

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... Specifically, in the past month, Gevo also executed an agreement with Praj to develop jet fuel and isooctane from rice straw and other feedstocks. Gruber noted that “we believe this second-generation technology combination has great

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Biomanufacturing 2.0 Cell-Free: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Invizyne Technologies

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Invizyne Technologies is making chemicals the cell-free way using synthetic biology and metabolic engineering. By inputting sugar and using engineered microbes, they can result in useful compounds and commodity chemicals, biofuels, fuel additives, fragrances, and pharmaceuticals. James

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Brazil Millers' Output Mix of Sugar and Ethanol a Hot Market Topic

(Business Times/Bloomberg)  Brazil's sugar mills can make the switch to ethanol easier than ever before, making it harder to predict how much sweetener will come from the world's biggest producer and exporter. Take the case of Sao Paulo-based Usina Batatais. Just two

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UP Sugar Mills to Add Ethanol Plants, Distilleries from Next Year: Yogi

by Virendra Singh Rawat (Business Standard)  Blames previous governments for shutting, selling off state sugar mills  --  Uttar Pradesh chief minister Yogi Adityanath on Thursday announced that the state sugar sector would witness the setting up of ethanol and distillery plants from next year

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€1,000 from 1,000 Growers to Restart Beet Industry

by Siobhan Walsh (AgriLand)  Beet Ireland is looking for 1,000 growers to invest €1,000 in the revival of the beet industry in this country. Over 50 people attended the first grower engagement meeting held in conjunction with the Irish Tillage and Land Use

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Circular Biobased Economy: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to the Biobased Delta

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In a biobased economy renewable raw materials take over the role of fossil raw materials, such as oil. This is extremely important in order to reduce the carbon footprint which has a positive influence on climate

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Shree Renuka Sugars Plans To Expand Ethanol Capacity By 25%

by Sai Ishwarbharath (Bloomberg Quint)  Shree Renuka Sugars Ltd. plans to capitalise on the Union Cabinet’s approval to hike the procurement price of ethanol. “We currently manufacture 12 crore litres of ethanol. We intend to increase the capacity by 25-30 percent in the

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Brazil's Premium on Ethanol Will Have India Become the World's Largest Sugar Producer

(MercoPress)  Brazil will likely step down to become the world's second-largest sugar producer on low global sugar prices and higher profitability and strong demand for ethanol, according to a report by Brazilian consulting company JOB Economia e Planejamento.  Market incentives for

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Vietnam Uses ‘Super-Technology’ to Treat Biowaste

(Vietnam.net Bridge)  The utilization of Carbolosic technology in Vietnam promises to bring great benefits as it turns biological waste into valuable products.  --  The Ministry of Science & Technology (MST) has signed an MOU on transferring technology and building an agricultural waste

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Was There Ever Really a “Sugar Conspiracy”?

by David Merritt Johns, Gerald M. Oppenheimer (Science Magazine)  Over the past quarter-century, historical research has revealed how major industries from tobacco to lead to petroleum have meddled in science to conceal the hazards of their products. Drawing on secret industry

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EU’s Biofuels U-Turn Is Final Nail in Coffin of Irish Sugar

by Dick Roche (Irish Examiner)  When it was enacted in 2009, the EU’s Renewable Energy Directive was seen as a progressive step towards meeting Europe’s climate change targets ....  --  The directive — which provided that by 2020 at least

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Ukrteplo Seeks to Invest UAH 2.5 ln in Biofuel CHPP, Ethanol Plant in Odesa Region

(Ukraine Open for Business) The Ukrteplo Group, operating the largest network of biofuel boilers in the country, intends to build a combined heat and power plant (CHPP) with a capacity of 12 MW in Odesa region. The plant will consume agricultural

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Ethanol: TN Sugar Mills, Cane Farmers Bet on Legal Remedy

by R Balaji (The Hindu)  Cash-strapped sugar mills and sugarcane farmers are pinning their hopes on a public interest litigation (PIL) in the High Court to enable them to participate in the Centre’s ethanol-blended fuel programme in the coming year. Last week,

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Strategic Intent: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to Shell, Sinopec

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  his season, The Digest is hosting the Strategic Intent webinar series, looking at the plans, progress and future milestones of strategic stakeholders in the Advanced Bioeconomy.  In this slide deck, we looked at Shell and Sinopec and their direct investments,

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Tesoro to Acquire Virent

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Wisconsin, Tesoro reached an agreement for Tesoro to acquire Virent. The acquisition, the partners said, will support the scale up and commercialization of Virent’s BioForming technology for the production of low carbon bio-based fuels

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Rubio's Sugar Support Draws Corn, Soybean Questions

by Mackenzie Ryan (Des Moines Register)  ...  After Republican rival Ted Cruz took aim at sugar subsidies during last week's GOP debate, Iowa agriculture and biofuel leaders began questioning how Rubio’s support for that industry compares with his stance on renewable fuels made from corn

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Tamil Nadu Sugar Mills Want Cap on Ethanol Output to Go

by Bharani Vaitheesvaran (Economic Times)  Tamil Nadu sugar mills are lobbying for permissions to produce more ethanol as they find a state government-cap for making the fuel ingredient is disappointingly low. ... A steady drop in prices and production exceeding demand for two

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What Is the Future of Ethanol in Brazil? Perspectives from Datagro Sugar and Ethanol Conference

by Laís F. Thomaz* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  The effect of increased consumption of ethanol due to the reduction of state tax called ICMS (Tax over Merchandise and Services Circulation) has been the reason for celebration by all the energy agro

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Brazil’s Clever Solution to Fuel the Country

(CCTV-America)  Sugar prices are near record lows causing Brazilian companies to reduce their output in favor of a more profitable option: producing fuel. Brazil has become a pioneer in using ethanol to power light vehicles. CCTV’s Paulo Cabral filed this report

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Global Bioenergies: First Production of Liquid Hydrocarbons from Biological Feedstock Using the Isobutene Process

(Global Newswire/Global Bioenergies)  First batch of  "renewable oil"; Ground and air transportation fuels; Perspective of new industrial sectors; Prevention of climate change Global Bioenergies announces today having converted renewable resources into gaseous isobutene, and secondarily into liquid fuels similar to those extracted from oil.

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Small Ethanol Plants Struggle for an Edge

by David Shaffer (Star Tribune)  As production plants have grown larger and more efficient, small, older ethanol plants risk being left behind. ... Most vintage ethanol plants, including Buffalo Lake, expanded over the years, but that isn’t always enough to stay competitive.

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VIII Annual ISO DATAGRO New York Sugar and Ethanol Conference: Report

by Pamela Rockwell* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  It was fitting that the VIII annual ISO DATAGRO New York Sugar and Ethanol Conference took place in the Empire Room of the Waldorf Astoria in New York City. The event is sponsored jointly by

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$15 Million Available for Advanced Biofuels Payment Program

by Anna Austin (Biomass Magazine) The USDA recently issued a notice of contract proposals for its Advanced Biofuel Payment Program, which provides payments to producers to support and expand production of advanced biofuels. According to the NOCP, $15 million is available for

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JBEI GT Collection: A New Resource for Advanced Biofuels Research

(Joint BioEnergy Institute/Biomass Magazine) Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Joint BioEnergy Institute have unveiled the first glycosyltransferase clone collection specifically targeted for the study of the biosynthesis of plant cell walls. The idea behind what is being called “the

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Roxas Wants to Boost Biofuels to 20% of Overall Sales

(BiofuelsDigest) In the Philippines, Roxas Holdings wants to boost the share of biofuel sales to 15% to 20% overall by September, helping to diversify away from sugar. Ethanol production is currently above nameplate capacity of 100,000 liters per day at 120,000 liters

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Sugar Looks to Ethanol to Help Pick up Speed

by Loni Prinsloo (Business Day Live)  ... South Africa has been producing sugar on a large scale since the first Indian labourers docked in Durban in 1860. The sweet cane has been processed mostly to be used in food and drink. However,

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University of Texas Austin Engineer Rewires Yeast Cells For High Lipid Content

(University of Texas at Austin/Biodiesel Magazine)  Researchers at The University of Texas at Austin’s Cockrell School of Engineering have developed a new source of renewable energy, a biofuel, from genetically engineered yeast cells and ordinary table sugar. This yeast produces oils and

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USDA Announces Results of December Invitation, Successful Sale of Remaining Sugar Inventory

(US Department of Agriculture)  he U.S. Department of Agriculture's Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) today announced the results of the Dec. 3 invitation to sell the remainder of its recently acquired sugar inventory for non-food uses. CCC successfully sold its entire

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USPTO Issues Patent to Biofeedstock Company Proterro for Its Biosynthetic Process To Manufacture Fermentable Sugar

(BusinessWire/Proterro)  The United States Patent and Trademark Office has issued U.S. Patent No. 8,597,914 to Proterro, Inc., protecting Proterro’s unique, biosynthetic sugar-making process. The only biofeedstock company that makes sugar instead of extracting it from crops or deconstructing cellulosic materials, Proterro

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Sugar: Brazilian Model Producing More Ethanol and Reducing Output

by Jayashree Bhosale (Economic Times) ... The sugar industry is exploring the possibility of adopting the Brazilian model. Brazil, which tops the world in sugar production, increases ethanol production if sugar prices rule low. Ethanol is manufactured from molasses, the byproduct

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USDA Solicits New Bids under the Feedstock Flexibility Program

(US Department of Agriculture)  The U.S. Department of Agriculture today announced that the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) is offering to sell its recently acquired sugar inventory for use as a feedstock for bio-energy production using the authority of the Feedstock

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USDA Solicits Additional Bids Under the Feedstock Flexibility Program

(US Department of Agriculture)  The Farm Service Agency (FSA) of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) today announced another iteration of the Feedstock Flexibility Program (FFP). These invitations are subsequent to the first series of invitations issued Aug. 15. Congress created

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Cheap Corn Deters Buyers in U.S. Sugar-for-Ethanol Program

by Alan Bjerga and Marvin G. Perez  (Bloomberg)  A glut of corn has damped interest by biofuel makers in a U.S. government program to sell surplus sugar for ethanol, potentially decreasing its effectiveness in propping up sugar prices. With the U.S.

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US Sugar-for-Ethanol Plan Advances

(Business Recorder)  The US government is close to buying surplus sugar to sell to ethanol producers at a loss, in an effort to bolster weak domestic sugar prices and avoid losing hundreds of millions of dollars in defaulted loans. The

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Setting the Example

by Robert Vierhout (ePURE/Ethanol Producer Magazine)   ... Hopefully, European regulators will take note of what has happened. If they are intellectually honest, they should acknowledge that if the U.S. biofuel policy has no real negative impact on the food/feed

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Berkeley Fermentation Process Converts Sugar Directly to Diesel

by Robert Sanders (Biodiesel Magazine/UC Berkeley)  A long-abandoned fermentation process once used to turn starch into explosives can be used to produce renewable diesel fuel to replace the fossil fuels now used in transportation, University of California, Berkeley, scientists have

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Codexis, Mascoma Show that Low-Cost Sugar is the Key, as Biofuels Moves from R&D into Industrial Era

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ...“The government rushed into investments, with no diligence,” says Codexis chief Alan Shaw. “They are just not industrialists, in my opinion.” Two major announcements this week drive the point home in advanced biofuels. In California, Codexis introduced its

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college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning commo Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement/engagement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression ratios compression-ignition engine computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology Cook Islands cook stoves cooking fuel cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 COP28 COP30 copper coppice cordgrass corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade 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kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania 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morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National 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nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC 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