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Bears, Cars and Angry Farmers Fuel Green Backlash

by Karl Mathiesen, Nicolas Camut, Zia Weise, Charlie Cooper and Louise Guillot (Politico) A 28-country guide to how climate policies are splitting Europe. -- And Green parties are taking the hit — polling shows they will face deep electoral pain when EU citizens

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Advanced Biofuels Engineering

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Technology Development, Commercial Verification, Project Design, Modular Construction, and Commissioning/Start-up are a few of the themes in this presentation by Roy Viteri, Business Development Manager at RCM /Thermal Kinetics, given at ABLC Next 2023. How to

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The Risks of Betting on Biofuels with Flex-Fuel Plug-in Hybrid Cars in Brazil

by André Cieplinski (International Council on Clean Transportation) As the world’s largest vehicle markets move toward electric vehicles to decarbonize road transportation, many legacy automakers support doubling down on existing efforts to use biofuels in Brazil, and they’re focusing on using them in plug-in

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Bio-SynDiesel and Bio-SynJet from EBTL and BETL Processes

by David J. Patterson and Gord Crawford (Expander Energy Inc./Biofuels Digest)  Expander’s Enhanced Biomass to Liquids (EBTL™) and Biomass Electrolysis to Liquids (BETL™) processes produce and combine hydrogen and carbon monoxide into paraffin carbon chains in the diesel boiling range to produce

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EPA Sends Vehicle Emissions Reduction Plan to White House for Review

by David Shepardson (Reuters)  The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sent to the White House for review its proposal to finalize sweeping emissions cuts for new cars and trucks through 2032 that could drastically boost electric vehicle sales, a document made

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Timeline 2024: 28 Sustainability Policies, Guidelines and Targets to Track

by Elsa Wenzel (GreenBiz) ... The business of sustainability continues to evolve rapidly. Here are the most important changes to expect in the coming year. Below are some defining moments that will drive change in the business of sustainability in the

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Using Sustainable Aviation Fuels Could Reduce Emissions by up to 80%, Scientists Find

by Jessica Marsh (University of Manchester) A team of scientists have completed tests to quantify the emissions from the combustion of sustainable aviation fuels, revealing a profound reduction when compared to regular jet fuel. Researchers from the National Centre for Atmospheric Science

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IATA Forms New Partnerships to Aid Carbon Benchmarking in the Air and on the Ground

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) IATA has announced a package of partnerships to help drive further cuts in aviation’s emissions in the air and on the ground. Together with the Aviation Impact Accelerator (AIA), an international collaboration of industry and academia,

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At a Crossroads: What's Next for Biofuels?

by David Carpintero (ePURE/The Parliament) Europe’s newly revised Renewable Energy Directive confirms the sustainability of biofuels, but other EU proposals continue to ignore their strategic importance for energy independence, emissions reduction and food security. -- ... One notable bright spot was the declaration

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Universiti Teknologi Petronas and Malaysian Kuwaiti Investment Embark on Pioneer Project in Sabah to Optimise Plantation’s Biomass

( Bernama/Malay Mail)  Universiti Teknologi Petronas (UTP) and Malaysian Kuwaiti Investment Co Sdn Bhd (MKIC) will embark on a pioneering project to optimise the use of palm oil plantation biomass and other wastes in Sabah following an agreement that was inked between

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S&T Researchers Earn $3 Million Grant to Improve Sustainable Jet Fuels

by Peter Ehrhard (Missouri University of Science and Technology)  Missouri S&T researchers have received a $3 million grant from the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) to further study the effects of sustainable aviation fuels on the environment. S&T

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Biden-Harris Administration Proposes to Improve Air Pollution Emissions Data Public Comment DEADLINE October 18, 2023 Public Hearing August 30

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) announced proposed updates to the Agency’s Air Emissions Reporting Requirements rule, including proposing to require reporting of hazardous air pollutants, or “air toxics.” Air toxics are known or suspected to cause cancer

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Technology Fuels a New Future for Internal Combustion Engine

(Transport Topics)  The Secret Lies in the Use of Greener Fuels -- According to fleet executives as well as fleet maintenance managers, the death of the internal combustion engine may prove to be greatly exaggerated in spite of the excitement about electric

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Hawaii’s Clean Energy Transition Faces Steep Hurdles, Study Finds

by Paula Dobbyn (Honolulu Civil Beat) Some industries, especially transportation, face unique challenges in weaning off fossil fuels. -- Aggressive action must be taken by all sectors of the state’s economy if Hawaii wants to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2045

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Biden Administration Rejects GM's Warning that US Emissions Rules Will Be Costly

by David Shepardson (Reuters)  General Motors (GM.N) warned the Biden administration's planned changes to vehicle emissions rules could cost the auto industry hundreds of billions of dollars in penalties by 2031, which the Biden administration said on Thursday was wrong. GM executive David Strickland

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Brazil’s All-Powerful Sugar Industry Is Souring the Country on EVs

by Dayanne Sousa, Leonardo Lara and Simone Preissler Iglesias (Bloomberg) Its flexible-fuel cars — powered by a mix of gasoline and ethanol — are popular, affordable and locally made. That’s a problem for global auto giants peddling electric vehicles. For two decades,

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Biofuel, Farm, Fuel Marketer Groups Urge Fairness in Tailpipe Emissions Standards

(Renewable Fuels Association) America’s farmers, fuel marketers and retailers, and renewable fuel producers today called on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to adopt a market-oriented, technology-neutral approach to transportation decarbonization in its upcoming final tailpipe emissions standards for 2027-2032 light- and

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CPGC and BASF Accelerate Onboard CO2 Capture System Development

(BASF)  CPGC is developing an advanced onboard CO2 capture system based on BASF’s OASE® blue gas treatment technology; BASF’s technology contributing to sustainability and cost savings for CO2 capture in maritime exhaust gas application; Cooperation to address challenges of energy efficiency

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Duckworth, Fischer, Ernst, Klobuchar, Grassley Introduce Bipartisan Bill to Solidify Future of American-Grown Sustainable Aviation Fuels

(Office of Senator Tammy Duckworth (D-IL))  U.S. Senator and pilot Tammy Duckworth (D-IL)—member of the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation (CST) and Chair of the Subcommittee on Aviation Safety, Operations and Innovation—and U.S. Senator Deb Fischer (R-NE) along

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New Book Exposes EPA, Oil Industry’s Role in Ensuring the Dominance of High-Emission Fuels: Gasolinegate Debuts

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Washington, emails obtained through the Freedom of Information Act show that EPA and oil interests collaborated to manipulate computer models used to certify fuel emissions and set standards, say authors Burl Haigwood and Doug Durante

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OrbitMI Harnesses Data-Sharing Power of Veracity by DNV with Reporting Integration

(OrbitMI/American Journal of Transportation) OrbitMI’s reporting tool is being integrated with the cloud platform Veracity by DNV to ease the process of compliance for ship owners and operators by enabling trusted emissions data to be shared with regulators and stakeholders. Stena Bulk

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University of California Research Shows Emissions-Reducing Benefits of E15 Blend

(Renewable Fuels Association) A newly released, peer-reviewed study from the University of California, Riverside, shows that the E15 ethanol blend provides notable emissions reductions compared to California’s regular reformulated gasoline. The Renewable Fuels Association hailed the report as proof of the value of

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Federal Hydrogen Program Is Cutting Out Local Groups, Threatening Climate Goals, Advocates Say

by Nicholas Kusnetz (Inside Climate News) Environmental groups sent a letter to Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm warning that a lack of transparency in an $8 billion clean hydrogen program leaves communities “entirely in the dark.” --As a key piece of

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Bharat Petroleum Starts Pilot to Test ED7 Blend Fuel

by Saurav Anand (Mint) The ED7 fuel blend, developed by BPCL-R&D, consists of 93% diesel and 7% ethanol. The blend has undergone testing and validation on engine test bench in collaboration with Ashok Leyland.  State-run Bharat Petroleum Corp Ltd (BPCL) on

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Toyota, Daimler Truck, Hino, Mitsubishi Fuso Joining Forces in Ecological Technology

by Yuri Kageyama (Associated Press) German truck maker Daimler, Japan’s top automaker Toyota and two other automakers said Tuesday they will work together on new technologies, including using hydrogen fuel, to help fight climate change. The companies said Mitsubishi Fuso Truck and

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Is Corn Ethanol Really Sustainable? Researchers Analyze the True Cost of Biofuel Production

by Anne Manning (Colorado State University/TechXplore)  ... "I think my subjective takeaway is that the biofuels industry is good from an emissions point of view, but it could be much better," (the paper's first author, Jack) Smith said. "The emissions reductions we're

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CSU, TotalEnergies Join Forces to Create Qualification Standards for Greenhouse Gas Measurement Methods

by Anne Manning (Colorado State University) The global oil and gas industry emits tens of millions of metric tons of methane into the atmosphere each year. The potent greenhouse gas is responsible for more than 25% of the global warming we

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Ethanol Plant Fined for Multiple Excessive Air Emissions

by Jared Strong (Iowa Capital Dispatch)  An ethanol plant in north-central Iowa failed to maintain its equipment to limit air pollution and repeatedly emitted harmful chemicals over the course of more than a year, according to the Iowa Department of Natural

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Republicans Prepare to Pummel EPA over Tailpipe Rule: A House Oversight and Accountability Subcommittee Is Also Focusing on the Administration's Electric Vehicle Push. Public Comments Due July 5, 2023

by Emma Dumain (Politico Pro/E&E Daily) The House Oversight and Accountability Committee, under Republican leadership, will continue to challenge the Biden administration’s environmental agenda this week. On Wednesday, the Subcommittee on Economic Growth, Energy Policy and Regulatory Affairs will hold a hearing

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The Importance of the Next Generation Fuels Act

by Geoff Coopper (Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine) The reintroduction of the Next Generation Fuels Act in both the House and Senate gives liquid fuels the opportunity to increase fuel efficiency while reducing tailpipe emissions. And it could potentially help

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Biden Is Set to Propose Toughest-Ever Rules on Car Pollution to Spur EVs

by Jennifer A Dlouhy (Bloomberg)  Proposal will not mandate EVs or ban gas-powered models; EPA will outline standards for cars, light trucks in Detroit --  ... The proposed standards on cars and light trucks, set to be announced Wednesday in Detroit,

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Gazing Higher: The Quest for E30

by Luke Geiver (Ethanol Producer Magazine) E30 could be the future of ethanol. The blend has so much going for it, even if it's not yet in widespread use. For starters, E30 provides an engine with more octane per gallon

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Hydrogen Internal Combustion Engines and Hydrogen Fuel Cells

by Jim Nebergall (Cummins) ... (B)oth hydrogen engines and hydrogen fuel cells are receiving an increasing interest.  Given medium and heavy-duty trucks are a major source of CO2 emissions, the transportation sector’s journey to destination zero features both technologies. As more truck makers join

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Americans See 'Carbon Pollution' as Worse than 'Emissions'

by Minho Kim (Politico Pro) Americans consider “carbon pollution” and “carbon emissions” as more harmful to human health and the environment than “greenhouse gas emissions,” according to a new study that evaluated how people perceive climate change communication. Researchers surveyed more than

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Improving the Internal Combustion Engine

by Ron Lyseng  (Western Producer/SASK Today)  Internal combustion engineers, chemists and scientists are planning to squeeze another century out of the machines. Researchers are making progress to allow both diesel and gasoline burners to meet carbon criteria and the future needs ... There

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to LifeCycle Associates and Counting Carbon

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Life Cycle Associates is an independent business and environmental consulting firm specializing in life cycle analysis of fuel production pathways. The company completes life cycle analysis, model development, process design, analysis of policy implications, regulatory

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Advent Technologies & Vantage Towers Greece Announce Proof of Concept Project to Replace Diesel Generators with Fuel Cells Operating on Biomethanol Aiming to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions

(Advent Technologies Holdings) Advent Technologies Holdings, Inc. (NASDAQ: ADN) ("Advent"), an innovation-driven leader in the fuel cell and hydrogen technology sectors, today launched a proof of concept ("PoC") project with Vantage Towers Greece (“Vantage Towers”) to replace diesel generators with fuel

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Future Capabilities of Combustion Engines and Liquid Fuels

(Fuels Institute)  The United States transportation sector includes nearly 300 million internal combustion engine (ICE) vehicles and American consumers are on pace to purchase another 14 million 2022. Despite the rapid increase in electric vehicle sales, the market will continue to

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How Do Well-to-Wheel Emissions Affect a Fleet’s GHG Emissions?

(Trillium/ACT News) In the push towards reducing emissions, much of the industry’s initial focus was centered around tailpipe emissions. Although vehicle regulations set in place during these initial phases led to many efficiency improvements, the introduction of renewable and low-carbon fuels

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As COP27 Convenes, RFA Stresses Ethanol’s Low-Carbon Benefits and Net-Zero Future

(Renewable Fuels Association) Leaders from around the world are gathering over the next two weeks in Egypt for the 2022 United Nations Climate Change Conference, also known as COP27. As governments and businesses consider options for reducing global greenhouse gas

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Issue Brief | The Growth in Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Commercial Aviation (2019, revised 2022)

by Jeff Overton (Environmental and Energy Study Institute) This issue brief examines the impact the growth of air travel and freight will have on greenhouse gas emissions. Subsequent briefs will feature the aviation industry’s emission mitigation efforts and commitments to reduce

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RFA: California Takes Big Step toward E15 Approval with Release of Emissions Study

(Renewable Fuels Association)  The state of California took an important step toward approving the use of cleaner, lower-cost E15 today (July 15, 2022) by releasing the results of a multi-year study of the fuel’s emissions impacts. The results of the study,

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Commentary: Deconstructing the Roadmaps – What to Expect from Aviation Emissions Reduction Plans

by Nikhil Sachdeva (Roland Berger/GreenAir Online)  ... As one of the world’s biggest emitters of GHGs, the industry and its regulators have long been trying to address its sustainability issues. In recent years, this has increasingly included the publication of

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Michigan Soybean Committee Launches Michigan Advanced Biofuels Coalition

(Michigan Advanced Biofuels Coalition) In a move to foster energy security, cleaner air and more sustainable transportation, the Michigan Soybean Committee is pleased to announce formation of the Michigan Advanced Biofuels Coalition (MiABC). The new coalition promotes the use of advanced biofuels, including

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Industry Debunks Ethanol Myths

by Tom Doran (AgriNews) Renewable fuel boosters did some “myth busting” and discussed ethanol’s role in gasoline prices during a June 17 National Corn Growers Association podcast. “Over the years we have heard so many arguments against ethanol, and we wanted to

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On Track to Lower Emissions

by Katie Schroeder and Anna Simet (Biodiesel Magazine) Biodiesel has not been greatly incorporated into the locomotive industry for a number of reasons, but that may be poised to change. -- ... Brightline, Progress Rail, Union Pacific Rail, BNSF Railway and

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In a Collaboration with GoogleCloud, Gevo to Measure and Verify the Carbon Intensity of Biofuels Across the Supply Chain Utilizing Verity Tracking

(Gevo/Globe Newswire) Partnership expects to enable users to track and verify emissions using datasets and analytics tools from Google Cloud --  Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) today announced that it has entered into a partner agreement with Google Cloud to measure and

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New White Paper Says the Real Cost of Gasoline …Is to Our Health

(Clean Fuels Development Coalition)  A new White Paper from the Clean Fuels Development Coalition rings the alarm that EPA continues to miss opportunities to replace toxic aromatic compounds with clean burning ethanol and the agency could save thousands of lives through

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Clearing the Air on E15 and Smog

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  While E15 scored an important temporary victory in April, we need to continue to educate consumers and policymakers about the higher blend's benefits and true regulatory history as the oil industry and

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A Fuel Switch for Future Farms

by John Blum (Marquette University) A new combustion system for engines allows heavy-duty farm equipment normally powered by diesel fuel to run on gasoline and ethanol, without sacrificing performance. -- Having grown up working on his uncle’s farm and in

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Scope 1, 2, and 3 Emissions Video

by James Lawler (Climate Now) Companies assessing their greenhouse gas emissions will need to analyze their Scope 1, Scope 2, and Scope 3 emissions. This Climate Now mini provides a brief explanation of what that means. Running Time: 2 mins   Date: 04.13.2022 

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Container Ships Begin Biofuel Trials in Singapore

(Biofuels International) CMA CGM along with Maritime and Port Authority of Singapore (MPA) has started biofuel bunkering in Singapore as part of its global trial to scale-up the wider adoption of the clean energy. Its 10,640 teu vessel, APL Paris,

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Companies Worry U.S. SEC Climate Rule May Require Broad Emissions Disclosures

by Katanga Johnson (Reuters)  As the U.S. securities regulator wraps up a draft of a landmark new climate change rule, environmental campaigners and activist investors want it to require companies to disclose not only their own greenhouse gas emissions but those

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GE Aviation Looks to Test Catalyst Using 100% SAF

by Jerry Siebenmark (AIN Online) Through a partnership with the Czech Technical University in Prague (CVUT), GE Aviation Czech will begin testing in 2022 the use of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) in its new Catalyst turboprop engine. The goal of the

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RFA Has Praise and Concern for the Latest Build Back Better Framework

by Larry Lee (Brownfield Ag News) ... (Geoff) ”Cooper says RFA is concerned about the language regarding how the carbon emissions of different sustainable aviation fuel pathways are assessed and measured. Cooper says he is excited about the carbon performance tax credit

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Chevron, Delta Air Lines, and Google Announce Intent to Measure Sustainable Aviation Fuel Emissions Data, Increase Industry Transparency

(Chevron/Business Wire) Chevron will produce SAF test batch and sell SAF to Delta at LAX hub; Chevron and Delta will share results from SAF pilot with Google Cloud to better understand emissions reporting  -- Chevron U.S.A. Inc., through its Chevron

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Renewable Diesel Use Increased Rapidly in the Public Sector and Goods Transport – Neste the First in Finland to Provide Companies a Service for Monitoring Transport Fuel Emissions

(Neste)  Neste is the first company in Finland to provide a service for companies and other organizations to monitor their climate emissions caused by the use of transport fuels. According to Neste’s industry survey* conducted in August 2021, the use of Neste

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Growth Energy’s Bliley Testifies before EPA on Proposed Emissions Standards

(Growth Energy) Today, Growth Energy’s Senior Vice President of Regulatory Affairs Chris Bliley testified before the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) during its hearing on the proposed rulemaking, Revised 2023 and Later Model Year Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards. Earlier this month,

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Net-Zero Renewables: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Can you imagine 100% reduction in GHG emissions? Where 100% of agricultural feedstock nutritional value is returned to the food chain? Check out this illuminating slide guide highlighting Gevo’s Cradle to Cradle Lifecycle actions and

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Air Board Should Expand Use of Biofuels

by Mike Gatto (CalMatters)  ... If we know a solution exists to begin cleaning our air while we work toward a zero-tailpipe-emissions future, then there is no reason to wait. The California Air Resources Board should work quickly to expand

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To Undo the Damage of Trump Rollbacks, Biden Needs to Set Car Standards Stronger than Obama’s

(American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE)) The Biden administration can soon undo the damage of President Trump’s clean car rollback, but only by setting more stringent standards to make up for lost progress. In the face of recent climate change-related extreme

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Research Suggests Use of Biofuels Reduces Cancer Risk

(Renewable Fuels Association)  Review points to fewer toxic chemicals in ethanol-blended gasoline emissions  --  A newly published review of top scientific literature suggests that ethanol-blended fuels widely available at gas stations as E10, E15, or E85 result in less toxic emissions from

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RURAL RENEWABLES: The Senate Agriculture Rural Development and Energy Subcommittee Meets Today on Renewable Energy Opportunities in Rural Areas.

by Matthew Choi (Politico's Morning Energy)  The Senate Agriculture Rural Development and Energy subcommittee meets today on renewable energy opportunities in rural areas. Subcommittee Chair Tina Smith plans to use the hearing to highlight biofuels’ role in emissions reductions, particularly in hard-to-electrify industries like

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More than 200 Entities Ask the EC to Use Crediting System for Renewable Fuels in Vehicle CO2 Regulations

(NGVA Europe/NGV Journal) Together with 223 associations, companies and scientists, NGVA Europe have signed a joint letter to the European Commission: ‘Call to include a voluntary crediting system for sustainable renewable fuels into the vehicle CO2 regulations.’ “The 223 signing associations, companies

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Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) Implementation of CORSIA in the United States

by Dan Williams (FAA Office of Environment and Energy (AEE))  Introduction to CORSIA; U.S. CORSIA Policy and FAA CORSIA MRV Program; Implementation of CORSIA: Progress since 2018; Resources  READ MORE  WATCH RECORDING Click here for more CAAFI webinars, meeting presentations and presentation recordings.

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Top 5: What It’s Really Going to Take to Reach Net Zero

by Tammy Klein (Transportation Energy Strategies)  ... Reaching Net Zero: It’s going to be hard and requires action by governments this decade to get there, says both the ITF and IEA in separate studies. Renewable & Low-Carbon Liquid Fuels Platform: The

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ClearFlame Engine Technologies and Alto Ingredients, Inc. Partner to Demonstrate Decarbonization of Diesel-Fueled Engines Using Ethanol Fuel

(ClearFlame Engine Technologies)  ClearFlame Engine Technologies, a growing startup dedicated to the development of clean engine technology today announced a partnership with Alto Ingredients, Inc. (NASDAQ: ALTO), a leading producer of specialty alcohols and essential ingredients, to conduct pilot demonstrations of

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Aviation Leaders Launch First in-Flight 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuel Emissions Study on Commercial Passenger Jet

(Neste) A team of aerospace specialists has launched the world’s first in-flight emissions study using 100% sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) on a wide-body commercial passenger aircraft. Airbus, German research centre DLR, Rolls-Royce and SAF producer Neste have teamed up to start the

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Competitive Edge: Reducing CO2 Emissions via Next-Gen Industrial Processes – Brimstone Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ...At Brimstone Energy, we developed a process to co-generate cement and hydrogen while eliminating process emissions. If clean energy were used, our process could be CO2-free. Q: What stage of development are you? Choose one: Proof of

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Making Progress on Climate and Clean Air in a New Administration

(Diesel Technology Forum)  As manufacturers are hard at work developing zero-emissions solutions over the next decade, introducing the latest diesel options today can provide significant clean air benefits. ... As transportation sources are now the leading category of GHG emissions, focus will

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Official Release of the MOVES3 Motor Vehicle Emissions Model for SIPs and Transportation Conformity

(Environmental Protection Agency/Federal Register)  The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing the availability of the  (MOVES3) for official purposes outside of California. MOVES3 is the latest state-of-the art upgrade to EPA's modeling tools for estimating emissions from cars, trucks, buses,

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Ford Says Automakers Should Consider Backing California Emissions Deal

by David Shepardson (Reuters)  Ford Motor Co is urging major automakers to consider backing a framework deal with California on vehicle emissions in a bid to reach industry consensus before President-elect Joe Biden takes office, according to a letter seen

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Poll Shows Americans' Unwavering Trust in Farmers and Approval of Sustainability Practices

(AgriMarketing/American Farm Bureau Federation) A majority of U.S. adults have a positive view of farmers' sustainability practices, and an overwhelming majority trust farmers, according to a new national public opinion poll from the American Farm Bureau Federation. The survey of 2,200 U.S. adults

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Marine Biofuel Testing Set to Begin at the Alfa Laval Test & Training Centre

( gCaptain)  As the marine industry races to slash greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, the Alfa Laval Test & Training Centre is taking a key role. The 2800 m2 testing space – already equipped for today’s oil and gas fuels –

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Report Evaluates Emission-Reduction Efforts: The Fuels Institute Compares 14 Initiatives in Terms of Effectiveness, Impact and Overall Cost.

(NACS) As governments consider strategies to reduce emissions from transportation, a new Fuels Institute report provides valuable context to help guide their considerations, encouraging them to consider multiple perspectives before deciding how to proceed. “Impact of Transportation-Related Environmental Initiatives” takes an in-depth look at the

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European Commission Confirms Sustainability of European Biofuels, Yet Sends Mixed Messages on Their Future

(ePURE) A new report from the European Commission underlines the importance and sustainability of renewable ethanol, but also reveals yet again the Commission's strangely contradictory stance wanting to minimise the role of biofuels in achieving the EU Green Deal. Published on 14

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Rich Nations Have Sold 14 Million “Dirty and Dangerous” Vehicles to Developing Nations

by Amy Lupica (Our Daily Planet) A new report from the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) found that rich nations, including the United States, Japan, and the Netherlands, are exporting “dirty and dangerous” cars to developing countries en masse. Between 2015 and 2018, an estimated 14

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California E15 Testing to Start

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com )  ...  To that end, the National Corn Growers Association (NCGA), state corn organizations, ethanol groups and the auto industry, are working with the California Air Resources Board (CARB) to conduct vehicle testing using 15 percent ethanol (E15) at

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UAI: Vehicle Emissions Testing Shows Ethanol Blends Are Cleaner

(Urban Air Initiative/Ethanol Producer Magazine) The future of vehicle emission testing is at our fingertips, literally. The use of portable emissions measurements systems (PEMS) is growing in popularity because it’s an accurate and consistent way to test emissions for real world

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Notice of Request for Information (RFI) on Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy's Medium- and Heavy-Duty Truck Research and Development Activities & SuperTruck Initiative DEADLINE November 9, 2020

(U.S. Department of Energy/Federal Register)  The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) invites public comment on its Request for Information (RFI) number DE-FOA-0002372 regarding the Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy's (EERE) Medium- and Heavy-Duty Truck Research and Development Activities

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In Celebration of National Clean Energy Week, CEBN and the Business Council for Sustainable Energy Launch Interactive Suite of Infographics

(Clean Energy Business Network) Clean energy industries represented the growth sectors of the U.S. energy economy over the past decade, providing good-paying jobs while supporting a cleaner, healthier future for communities across the nation. In celebration of National Clean Energy Week, CEBN

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How a Broken Carburetor Sparked a Bright Future in Biofuels for a New Hampshire High Schooler

by Jackie Pohlman (Renewable Fuels Association) What began as one high school junior’s passion project has gone on to win science fair accolades and capture our attention here at RFA for its demonstration of ethanol’s versatility in engines of all sizes. John

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A New Research Tool to Help Ensure Accurate Ethanol Data

(Urban Air Initiative) A new tool is available for researchers to help ensure accurate and consistent results when conducting fuel and emission testing. Future Fuel Strategies recently published a Fuel Blending Guide for Ethanol: Identifying Sound Practices for Acquiring or Blending Fuels

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Q&A: A Model for Low-Carbon Fuels in the Global Energy Transition

by Alan P. Mammoser (Biodiesel Magazine) Biofuels will likely play an important role in a hoped-for transformation to a low-carbon economy. According to the International Renewable Energy Agency, they will need to play a large role in the direct application of

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My Turn: Robert Morton: Biodiesel Is already Tackling the Climate Crisis

by Robert Morton (Providence Journal) Recently, the House Select Committee on the Climate Crisis released its final report and recommendations for legislative and regulatory measures to address carbon emissions. The report provided an action plan, including a national Low Carbon Fuel

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RFA Supports EPA’s Proposed ‘Anti-Backsliding’ Determination, but Says Agency Used ‘Outdated and Unreliable’ Modeling

(Renewable Fuels Association)  In comments submitted today to the Environmental Protection Agency, the Renewable Fuels Association expressed support for the Agency’s proposal to determine that no additional measures are necessary to mitigate “potential adverse air quality impacts” associated with the Renewable

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The IMO Should Follow ICAO’s Approach in Accounting for Emissions beyond the Plane for Alternative Fuels, EDF & UMAS Report Finds

(Environmental Defense Fund)  Exploring the relevance of ICAO’s Sustainable Aviation Fuels framework for the IMO  -- The international shipping industry will fail to tackle their global greenhouse gas emissions unless they put in place rules that truly reflect the climate impact

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Heard on the Floor at ABLC: 1357 Attendees, Registrants Crowd the Opening Day, Sideline Chat of ABLC Digital

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) What the delegates were saying about CNG, fuel cells, and hydrogen, biogas as a platform, new markets, including EVs and succinic acid,  policy, methane, emissions, novel crops, and renewable diesel. In Florida, ABLC Digital opened for 583 registered

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Review of the National Ambient Air Quality Standards for Particulate Matter on Behalf of the Urban Air Initiative (UAI)

(Urban Air Initiative)  On behalf of the Urban Air Initiative (UAI), we appreciate the opportunity to comment on the above Proposed Rulemaking (Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2015-0072). UAI is a not for profit technical organization with a particular focus on automotive emissions

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The Standoff for E30

by Susanne Retka Schill  (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Energy may be just a block or two apart on Independence Avenue in Washington, D.C., but they are miles apart on their long-term outlook for ethanol. Seemingly

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Fugitive Methane, Eating Elephants, and Brewing Quarantine Ethanol

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ... We left the discussion with a hint about the potential conversion of methane to methanol, which can serve as a powerful chemical building block or, in China most prominently, as a fuel. We’ll pick up from that

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Auto Industry to Fight Lawsuit Saying Auto Standards Too Stringent

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy)  The Alliance for Automotive Innovation, which includes automakers and vehicle parts manufacturers, on Friday moved to defend EPA's auto emissions rollback — from a libertarian think tank that argues the weakened rule is still

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Higher COVID-19 Fatality Rates among Urban Minorities Come Down to Air Pollution

by David Vander Griend (Urban Air Initiative/Biofuels Digest)  ... Whether in New Delhi, Kansas City, New York, or Beijing, less driving has resulted in cleaner air. Vistas that previously were only foggy images have burst through as crystal clear pictures of

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Tom Carper (D-Del.), Laid out Concerns over EPA's Final Auto Emissions Rule

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy) ... EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler will testify before a Senate Environment and Public Works Committee oversight hearing this morning, in his first appearance before the panel since the coronavirus pandemic hit the U.S. Ahead of the hearing,

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EPA’s Anti-Competitive Limits On Ethanol Blending Are Illegal

(Urban Air Initiative) Attorneys for a broad alliance of ethanol, agriculture and clean fuel organizations filed their opening brief arguing that EPA regulatory barriers that prevent ethanol from competing for greater market share are illegal. The brief was filed in the Court of

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Update from Dave on COVID-19, Air Pollution and Ethanol

(Urban Air Initiative) The last few months have been tough, the sudden distress caused by COVID-19 has caused so much harm and heartache for all of us. But if there is something positive coming from this pandemic, it is the world's attention

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How to Make Sure the EU Doesn’t Backtrack on Biofuels

by Emmanuel Desplechin (Ethanol Producer Magazine/ePURE)  In Europe, biofuels continue to be the predominant source of clean transportation fuels, and we will still need low-carbon fuels like ethanol beyond 2030. Policymakers need to make sure the Green Deal does not

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OPINION: Ethanol Dominates in Clean Air Contest

by Chris Bliley (Growth Energy/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  ... When it comes to transportation emissions, newsrooms around the world generally preserve their biggest headlines for the urgent, high-stakes battle against climate change. Biofuels are a major part of that conversation, and

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Global Emissions Standards All in One Place

(Delphi Technologies) Your guide to navigating the changing regulatory landscape.  For nearly three decades, we have been tracking and compiling global emissions regulations and packaging them into easy-to-read reference guides. These publications are designed to be valuable tools for you

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Chicago Suburban Fleets Recognized for B20 Use

(Illinois Soybean Association/Biodiesel Magazine) Two Chicago-area fleets rank among the 100 Best Fleets in the Americas, an annual list of the top public fleets in North and South America. The Forest Preserve District of DuPage County ranks 28 on the list

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Biodiesel vs. Diesel: Everything You Need to Know

(Car and Driver) Are you thinking about switching to a biodiesel-compatible vehicle or running your current diesel car or truck on biodiesel fuel? Continue reading to learn the pros and cons of biodiesel vs. diesel, what's driving the market, and

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Ethanol Blends Saving Lives Through Reduced Vehicle Emissions

(Urban Air Initiative) That is the conclusion of a new peer reviewed technical paper published in the  Journal of Air & Waste Management, validating previous research efforts by the Urban Air Initiative that find when ethanol is added to gasoline, it significantly reduces

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Quantification of Gasoline-Ethanol Blend Emissions Effects

by Nigel N. Clark, David L. McKain Jr., Tammy Klein and Terence Higgins  (Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association) Emissions levels from current gasoline spark-ignited engines are low, and emissions changes associated with blending of ethanol into gasoline are

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Notice of Proposed Rulemaking: Vehicle Test Procedure Adjustments for Tier 3 Certification Test Fuel DEADLINE: August 11, 2020

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to make adjustments to certain laboratory tailpipe emission testing procedures for automobiles, light trucks, and heavy-duty pickup trucks and vans as the result of a test fuel change that was finalized

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NACSAA Submits Livestock, Food Security Policy Recommendations to Global Negotiators

(North America Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance)  The North America Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance (NACSAA), working in partnership with Solutions from the Land (SfL), filed today its latest Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture (KJWA) submissions to global climate negotiators. Farmer-led work groups formulated 35 recommendations

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The Straw Man: Looking Critically at Claims about EV Emissions

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A completely interesting example of what is known as the Straw Man fallacy appeared in coverage of a study that appears in this month’s Nature Sustainability, on electric vehicle emissions. The lead author of the study, University of Nijmegen’s Dr

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EIA Analysis Shows How Carbon Fees Would Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions in the Near Term

(U.S. Energy Information Administration) As part of its most recent Annual Energy Outlook, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) conducted three alternative policy cases on how carbon fees affect emissions from fossil fuel consumption. In the short term, even relatively modest carbon fees reduce

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2019 EPA Automotive Trends Report: Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Fuel Economy, and Technology since 1975

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) ... EPA has collected data on every new light-duty vehicle model sold in the United States since 1975, either from testing performed by EPA at the National Vehicle and Fuel Emissions Laboratory in Ann Arbor, Michigan,

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New Diesel Engine Powered by Ethanol ClearFlame Engines Can Cut Diesel Emissions Burning Straight Ethanol

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) When ClearFlame Engines CEO B.J. Johnson told ethanol industry representatives about the potential ethanol market for the company's all-ethanol diesel engine, those at the recent National Ethanol Conference in Houston could have kissed him. While concerns

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Ethanol Needs to Win the Octane Race- Our Health Depends on It

(Urban Air Initiative) Octane is a necessary component of our fuel, and more of it is needed as car engines become more advanced and efficient. So competition is on the rise for where this octane will come from in order to

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A Decade of Progress in California? Not for Its Recycling Rate

by Jim Stewart (Bioenergy Producers Association/Renewable Energy Project Development and Finance/Biofuels Digest)  The volume of post-recycled municipal solid waste (MSW) being placed in California’s landfills has been steadily climbing for the past decade, during which time the state’s legislature, with its

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Adnoc to Trial Biofuel for Ships as It Caps Sulphur Emissions

by Jennifer Gnana (The National)  Adnoc preparing its fleet for stricter regulations capping emissions set to come into force in 2030 and 2050 -- The Abu Dhabi National Oil Company will trial biofuel as a bunkering fuel for ships as it

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All the Wrong MOVES: EPA's MOVES Model Contains Serious Flaws

by Dave VanderGriend  (Urban Air Initiative/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  EPA's MOVES model contains serious flaws and could heavily impact the industry as EPA conducts anti-backsliding study.  --  What is playing out in front of the ethanol industry is the reality of

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Carbon Emissions Will Fall Just 4 percent by 2050, According to Government Projections

by Rebecca Beitsch (The Hill) ... Though a number of states have set goals to have their electric sector be carbon neutral by 2050 or sooner, the report suggests those efforts could be derailed by growing transportation emissions, which are

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Cooperative Producers Adds E15 at Axtell and Red Cloud Locations

(Nebraska Ethanol Board/KTIC) The Nebraska Ethanol Board (NEB) applauds Cooperative Producers, Inc. (CPI) for adding E15 at their fuel sites in Axtell, Nebraska, and Red Cloud, Nebraska. These additions are CPI’s fifth and sixth locations selling E15 in the state including

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After Five-Month Road Test, B30 Implementation Gets Green Light

by Norman Harsono (Jakarta Post) Biodiesel industry stakeholders have completed a five-month road test, whereby 11 vehicles were driven up to 50,000 kilometers using 30 percent blended biodiesel (B30), as the government is set to mandate the biofuel usage starting early

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Board Now Leads the Way towards Sustainable Flying

(Board Now)  Launch of SkyNRG’s ground-breaking program paves the way to sustainable aviation; 85 per cent reduction of emissions as a result of sustainable aviation fuel  -- Today (October 3, 2019), a significant step will be taken towards sustainable flying. Dutch

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An Identity Crisis—Ethanol Blending is a Refinery?

by Dave VanderGriend (Urban Air Initiative/Biofuels Digest)  ... (A)nyone who owns a blender pump woke up one day in June to find out they were a refiner! Actually, a “fuel manufacturer” to be exact, with all the numbing, strangling regulations that

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Fuel Blending Guide Will Bring Consistency

by Dave VanderGriend  (Ethanol Producer Magazine/ICM/Urban Air Initiative)  Emissions testing reforms needed to reduce misinformation about ethanol.  -- ... Drivers using E15 know it’s a great fuel, but a simple internet search leaves the average driver with a lot of conflicting information

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EPA Regional Eight Supervisor Greg Sopkin Visits Watertown Ethanol Plant

by David Law (MyKXLG)  Cooperative board members and company employees spent most of Tuesday morning at the Glacial Lakes Energy plant in Watertown educating region 8 EPA head Greg Sopkin about the importance of ethanol to the state’s farm economy. Leading

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Alternative Oxygenate Effects on Emissions

(Urban Air Institute)  The Urban Air Initiative (UAI) would like to thank the Coordinated Research Council (CRC) for its recent study that shows simply adding an oxygenate lowers tailpipe emissions. This recent CRC study, Report No. E-129, titled ALTERNATIVE OXYGENATE EFFECTS ON EMISSIONS,

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How Real-World Vehicle Emissions Data Helps Cities Become Emission-Free

(Autocar Professional)  Poor air quality is a major issue for virtually every city globally. It not only affects people’s health, but also other living beings and the environment, says The Real Urban Emissions (TRUE) initiative. The Real Urban Emissions (TRUE) Initiative is

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Dems Say Wheeler Misled Congress

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy)  Senate Environment and Public Works ranking member Tom Carper and House Energy and Commerce Chairman Frank Pallone are calling on Wheeler to provide documents related to the agency's public defense of its proposed Safer

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aireg: No “Flying Shame” with Synthetic Aircraft Fuel

(aireg) According to a recent survey conducted by the Institut für Demoskopie (IfD) Allensbach on behalf of acatech - Deutsche Akademie der Technikwissenschaften, only 2% of the German population would fly less because of environmental and climate protection reasons. Even these

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Emissions from Low- and Mid-Level Blends of Anhydrous Ethanol in Gasoline 2019-01-0997

(SAE International)  Typically ethanol is present in gasoline as a 10% blend by volume (E10), although E15, E85 (51 to 83%), and E0 are also available at selected stations. Numerous studies of tailpipe regulated emissions have been conducted to compare emissions

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New Study: Non Flex Fuel Vehicles Benefit From Ethanol Blends

(Urban Air Initiative)  A newly published study finds that most vehicles on the road today can adapt to mid-level ethanol blends, helping cars run more efficiently while reducing greenhouse gas emissions along with other pollutants. The study was conducted by North Carolina State

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Fuels Institute Study Explores National High-Octane Standard

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  A report released by the Fuels Institute, a research group that studies issues effecting vehicle and fuel markets, outlines ethanol’s potential in helping the nation achieve a high-octane fuel (HOF) standard. According to the study

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E20 by 2020: Hold Your Breath!

by Ramya Natarajan (Economic Times/Center for Study of Science, Technology & Policy)  The National Policy on Biofuels 2018 sets an ethanol-blending target of E20 by 2030. However, if the dispersion modelling results for India look promising for ethanol fuels, policymakers

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FAA Launches Voluntary MRV Program for US Aircraft Operators Participating in CORSIA

(GreenAir Online) The US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has launched the CORSIA MRV Program for US airplane operators with international flights participating in the ICAO carbon offsetting scheme. According to ICAO, it is mandatory for all operators, regardless of the country they are

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Growing Support among EU Environment Ministers for Applying further Carbon Pricing on Aviation Emissions

(GreenAir Online)  A recent proposal by the Netherlands finance ministry for an EU-wide aviation tax to deal with the sector’s growing emissions has received backing from a Belgian environment minister at a meeting of the Council of European Environment Ministers. The

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Alternative Protein Startups: Let’s Get the Facts Straight about Livestock’s Carbon Footprint

by Lauren Manning (AgFunder News) ...  the issue of livestock farming’s impact on the environment is not as clear cut as many of these businesses would have you believe. In fact, many of the data dairy and meat alternative businesses are

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UAI’s Studies Tell the Truth

by Dave VanderGriend (Urban Air Institute/Ethanol Producer Magazine) The need for an updated fuel testing process.  --  Every time we fill our gas tanks, we are exposed to chemicals known to cause cancer. Think about how often that happens, and how a cleaner

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Presentation/Webinar Recording Posted: Effects of Ethanol Blends on Light-Duty Vehicle Emissions

by Tammy Klein (Future Fuel Strategies)  The presentation and webinar recording from the first 2019 web conference for Future Fuel Outlook members is now posted. The webinar focused on the study, “Effects of Ethanol Blends on Light-Duty Vehicle Emissions: A Critical Review.” This is

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Delay in SAFE Rule Disappointing, But Still an Opportunity

(Urban Air Initiative)  EPA’s decision to delay fuel economy rules until “later in the year” provides the Urban Air Initiative an opportunity to continue educating the agency on the benefits of clean octane from higher ethanol blends. Originally the Safer Affordable Fuel-Efficient

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ICAO's Technical Committee Agrees Increase in Stringency Level on Particulates and CORSIA Sustainable Aviation Fuel Methodologies

(GreenAir Online)  ICAO’s Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection (CAEP) has agreed to increase the stringency level of a standard limiting emissions of non-volatile Particulate Matter (nvPM) from aircraft engines. The technical committee’s 11th (CAEP/11) triennial meeting just concluded also delivered new technology goals

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EPA Chief Says Agency, California ‘Far Apart’ on Car Emissions

by  Ryan Beene, Jennifer A Dlouhy, and David R Baker (Bloomberg)  Wheeler, Nichols signal little progress on auto MPG agreement; State shouldn’t have authority on C02 emissions, Wheeler says  --  U.S. and California officials agreed Monday on one thing about auto emissions standards:

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U.S. Groups Support Expansion of Biofuels in Ontario

by Jacqui Fatka (Feedstuffs)  U.S. Grains Council and Growth Energy submit comments in support of 15% renewable fuel content in gasoline use by 2025.  --  This week, Growth Energy and the U.S. Grains Council (USGC) jointly submitted comments to the Canadian province of

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Review Finds No Consensus Among Fuel Studies – Major Implications for Health, Air Quality

by Jessie Stolark (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  A recent review of nearly 100 different peer-reviewed vehicle emission studies, by the independent consulting group Future Fuel Strategies, found that there is no consensus in the literature regarding the health effects of

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UAI: Test Fuels Are Not Representative of Real-World Fuels

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  An analysis commissioned by the Urban Air Initiative raises questions about studies used by U.S. EPA to model ethanol’s emissions. The independent analysis, completed by Future Fuel Strategies, looked at nearly 100 vehicle emissions studies, and

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Independent Study Finds Vehicle Emission Testing Is Not Reliable

(Urban Air Initiative)  A new study finds that many of the test fuels used in emissions research studies do not reflect the makeup of consumer fuels, limiting the ability of ethanol to be used to reduce emissions and improve vehicle

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Finnair Introduces CO2 Offsetting and Biofuel Service for Customers

(Finnair)  Finnair today (January 15, 2019) introduced a service, where its customers can offset the CO2 emissions of their flights by supporting a CO2 emission reduction project or reduce emissions by buying biofuel. Push for change service is available on Finnair web pages at www.finnair.com/pushforchange and

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RFA Publishes E15 Countdown Clock, Calculator and FAQs

(Renewable Fuels Association) E15. Clean. Affordable. Domestic. Fuel.  There’s been a lot of talk recently about “E15,” a biofuel blend of gasoline that contains 15 percent ethanol, a product that comes from crops grown by American farmers. E15 burns cleaner and cooler

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UC Riverside Team Examines Influence of Mid-and High-Level Ethanol Blends on Pollution from GDI Flex Fuel Vehicle

(Green Car Congress)  A team from the University of California Riverside has investigated the influence of low-, mid-, and high-ethanol fueling—as well as the influence of the aromatic hydrocarbons in the fuel blend—on the regulated and greenhouse gas emissions, the mobile

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EU Agrees to Cut Emissions from Cars by 37.5 pct by 2030

by Philip Blenkinsop (Reuters)  The European Union agreed on Monday a compromise over how sharply to curb carbon dioxide emissions from cars and vans, finally settling differences between car-producing countries and more environmentally conscious lawmakers. “We reached a compromise to cut emissions

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Cars and Coal Help Drive 'Strong' CO2 Rise in 2018

by Matt McGrath (BBC) A booming global market for cars has helped drive CO2 emissions to an all-time high in 2018, say researchers. The main factor in the near 3% rise has been coal use in China, driven by government efforts to

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EIA Study: Refiners Could Meet 95 RON Standard Without More Ethanol

(Renewable Fuels Association)  A new Energy Information Administration (EIA) study concludes that U.S. petroleum refineries would have “no problem” meeting a requirement to produce gasoline with a higher minimum octane rating (95 Research Octane Number, or “RON”) beginning in 2022, and assumes that

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Colorado’s Air Quality Regulators Adopt New Vehicle Emission Standards

(Sierra Club) New Standards Mean Cleaner Air and Less Money Spent at the Gas Pump  --   Colorado’s Air Quality Control Commission (AQCC) voted unanimously to adopt the Low Emission Vehicle (LEV) Program standards for cars and trucks. Vehicle emissions are among  the

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Automakers Seek Flexibility at Hearing on Mileage Standards

by Tom Krisher adn Sudhin Thanawala (Associated Press) Automakers sought flexibility while environmental groups blasted the Trump administration’s proposal to roll back fuel economy standards at a public hearing on the plan in the industry’s backyard. At the hearing Tuesday in Dearborn,

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California Urges Trump Administration to Abandon Fuel Rule Plan

by David Shepardson (Reuters)  California’s top air regulator urged the Trump administration on Sunday to abandon a plan to freeze fuel efficiency standards through 2026, as automakers urged state and federal regulators to reach agreement to extend nationwide rules. Mary Nichols, who

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Alaska Airlines Partner with Neste as Part of Its Efforts to Fly Greener and Expand Use of Sustainable Aviation Fuels

(Alaska Airlines/Travel PR News)  As part of Alaska Airlines’ ongoing efforts to fly greener and expand use of sustainable aviation fuels, Neste and Alaska have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU). In addition to Alaska’s efforts to increase fuel-efficiency and adopt innovative flight technology, the

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Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol benefits methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring/measuring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science 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weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course owa oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil Palm Oil Methyl Ester (PME) palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm trunk sap palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peach shell 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refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propane/renewable propane pumps propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis pyrolytic liquefaction Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R Factor R100/RD100 R33 R5 R95B5/RD95B5 R99/RD99 rabbits race radiata pine radish leaves Rahal Letterman Lanigan 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Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy scooters Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater seaweed cultivation Seaweed/Macroalgae second-generation biofuel income tax credit Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed husks seed-to-wheel Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shellfish shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silage silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore Singpore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration Small Business Innovatin Research (SBIR) small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap soapstock Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar 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