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Advanced Biofuels USA: promoting the understanding, development and use of advanced biofuels around the world.

Advanced BioFuels USA

Business and Non-Government Resources

Table of Contents

Aldo Leopold Leadership Program Resources Center :The Aldo Leopold Leadership Program provides a list of resources for additional information on environmental news, science and policy, leadership and communications training, education and outreach, and sustainability issues.

Biofuels for Europe:  ”Biofuels for Europe” aims to provide a fact-based, understandable source for information on biofuels, prepared by a selection of experts from the academia, who have summarized the latest scientific findings on key biofuels issues such as the impact on food and land, GHG emissions, energy security, cost-competitiveness and advanced biofuels. 

Click here for the BioWeb wiki managed by the five U.S. regional Sun Grant Centers of Excellence (University of Tennessee, South Dakota State University, Oregon State University, Oklahoma State University, andCornell University)

All BioWeb content is contributed by experts in their fields and vetted through an academic peer review process. Use navigation bar links to navigate this rich source of peer-reviewed information related to biomass and its utilization.

 

Partnership for Clean Indoor Air (PCIA) and  Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves  Between 2002-2012, 590 Partner organizations joined together through the Partnership for Clean Indoor Air to contribute their resources and expertise to reduce smoke exposure from cooking and heating practices in households around the world. This collaborative effort was focused on four essential elements of effective and sustainable household energy and health programs:

  • Meeting the needs of local communities for clean, efficient, affordable and safe cooking and heating options;
  • Improving cooking technologies, fuels and practices for reducing indoor air pollution;
  • Developing commercial markets for clean and efficient technologies and fuels; and
  • Monitoring and evaluating the health, social, economic and environmental impact of household energy interventions.

As part of PCIA’s integration with the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves, the resources that were produced over the past 10 years of the Partnership are still accessible on this website.However, the content will no longer be updated as of June 1, 2012.  For temporary access to Webinars sponsored by EPA and Winrock, see: http://www.pciaonline.org/webinars

Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) is an independent, nonprofit applied research and development organization. The staff of more than 3,000 specializes in the creation and transfer of technology in engineering and the physical sciences. The Institute occupies more than 1,200 acres in San Antonio, Texas, and provides more than 2 million square feet of laboratories, test facilities, workshops and offices. SwRI’s total revenue for fiscal year 2010 was $548 million.

SwRI has extensive experience in producing and analyzing conventional and alternative fuels, fluids, lubricants, and utilizing microbial and biological techniques. SwRI blends field experience, engineering and chemistry skills, and design and fabrication capabilities to offer an interdisciplinary approach to fuel-related services. This unique interdisciplinary approach to fuel and emission-related services is used by the SwRI staff to produce, analyze, and certify conventional and alternative fuels and additives. Hundreds of qualified engineers, scientists, and technicians bring decades of experience and expertise to each project. Extensive facilities are ready to support new alternative fuels work.

The Engine, Emissions and Vehicle Research Division conducts design, development, and test programs on a wide range of components, engines, transmissions, and vehicles. This is supported by research and modeling of fuel mixing, combustion, tribology, filtration, structural analysis, NVH, and fluid flow analysis. The division organizes multi-client cooperative industry research programs in many areas to help manufacturers achieve lower exhaust emissions and to increase fuel economy. The division also develops specialized instruments, control systems, test apparatus, and data acquisition systems to aid in achieving engine and vehicle performance and emissions goals.

SwRI has more than 50 years of experience as a non-biased testing facility and can assist clients worldwide in fuel and fuel additive registration requirements.  READ MORE

 

European Biofuels Technology Platform searchable list of biofuels research papers initially includes summaries and links to 60 recent reports and papers.  The EBTP is pleased to add further reports and technical papers on feedstocks, conversion technologies, end use, sustainability, policy and markets, and global biofuels. Report details and links can be supplied via the feedback form.

 

The Vermont Bioenergy Initiative (VBI) is a strategic approach to diversified, sustainable agriculture and renewable energy in the state. A program of the Vermont Sustainable Jobs Fund, the Bioenergy Initiative aims to supply farm inputs and reduce fossil fuel consumption using local renewable resources. Since 2003 VBI has focused on biodiesel production and distribution for heating and transportation, oil crops for on-farm biodiesel and feed, grass for heating, and algae for biofuels and wastewater management.

The Vermont Bioenergy Initiative draws the connection between farming and energy and supports research, technical assistance, and infrastructure development in emerging areas of bioenergy. Farmers, industry professionals, students, educators, and entrepreneurs are invited to tap this website to help expand all efforts in renewable energy and environmental technology. Specific resources include the areas of oilseeds to biodieselgrass as a heating fuel, and algae to biofuels and wastewater management.  This is a good place to find interesting short introductory videos about these subjects.

 

The FACT Foundation promotes sustainable biofuels and bioenergy for local communities in developing countries, by providing knowledge and expertise on biofuel implementation, by field testing innovative biofuels and by giving specialist advice on demand.  FACT is a professional, business oriented organization providing advice, know-how and investing in local bioenergy solution projects worldwide.

 

IEA Bioenergy Task 39 Task 39 is a group of international experts working on commercializing sustainable biofuels used for transportation. It is part of the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) implementation agreement for bioenergy, IEA Bioenergy.

The goal of Task 39 is to provide participants with comprehensive information to assist with the development and deployment of transportation biofuels. The Task coordinates both technical and the infrastructure issues related to biofuels. To meet this goal, the Task objectives are to:
  1. Provide information and analyses on policy, markets and implementation issues that help encourage the adoption of sustainable conventional biofuels and help commercialize advanced liquid biofuels as a replacement for fossil-based fuels
  2. Catalyze cooperative research and development projects that will help participants develop improved, cost-effective processes for the production of advanced liquid biofuels
  3. Provide information dissemination, outreach to stakeholders, and coordination with other related groups

Task 39 archives informative newsletters, some that focus on biofuels development in specific countries such as Germany, Austria, Sweden, Finland, along with special reports on specific topics.

 

MBI International : located in Lansing, Michigan, directly across from the Michigan State University campus and in the heart of the Michigan Life Sciences Corridor, applies multidisciplinary expertise, bench-scale laboratories and a robust flexible approach to utilizing pilot-plant facilities to accelerate the development and scale-up of bio-based technologies. We partner with both universities and end-user companies to bridge the gap between early innovations and commercial applications.

The Council of Energy Research and Education Leaders (CEREL) is a multidisciplinary membership organization made up of heads of academic energy research and education centers, institutes, and programs. It provides the means for leaders in energy research, education, and communication to collaboratively use knowledge about energy to improve education, decision-making, and, more generally, the well-being of society.

The Council of Environmental Deans and Directors (CEDD) is an association of institutional  representatives who come together to improve the quality, stature and effectiveness of academic environmental programs at U.S. universities and colleges. CEDD is facilitated by the National Council for Science and the Environment (NCSE) as a part of its University Affiliate Program.

A premier benefit of University Affiliate membership is representation on NCSE’s Council of Environmental Deans and Directors (CEDD). Launched in 2001, CEDD has emerged as the leading organization working to improve the quality, stature, and effectiveness of environmental programs on the nation’s campuses. Government agencies, national and international organizations, and business groups seek out CEDD as a gateway to working with the academic environmental community. Each University Affiliate school designates a representative to serve on CEDD. The group currently includes over 150 members representing academic environmental programs of all sizes and types.

Renewable Energy Bug Find renewable energy companies and information.

Identify Flexible Fuel Vehicles by manufacturer.  Lists by year and model.

Also locate fueling stations with E85 pumps by state, zip code, in US and Canada.

 

Locate retail biodiesel pumps using maps created by the National Biodiesel Board.

The National Biodiesel Board also  lists bulk distributors of biodiesel with information provided by the companies.  The information is not verified by the National Biodiesel Board, nor by Advanced Biofuels USA; nor can either organization vouch for the quality of the product available through these companies or co-ops.

Alabama Clean Fuels put out a video showing the use of biodiesel in fleets–school buses, utilities, municipal vehicles and equipment.  Although the soy checkoff program helped to fund the video, it also touches on used cooking oil as a feedstock and E85 for fleet vehicles.

Find out more about blender pumps from Blend Your Own Ethanol and from the Nebraska Corn Board which offers  limited financial assistance for the installation of ethanol blender pumps in Nebraska.

Used for years to blend and dispense unleaded and premium to give customers several octane choices, blender pumps are now finding a home in the retailing of ethanol fuels, providing stations the unique opportunity to offer mid-level blends between E10 and E85 or to simply blend their own ethanol to create E10 and/or E85. The stations benefit from the blending economics of higher-volume ethanol sales, and their customers enjoy this new array of fuel choices at the pump.

In this new application, blender pumps typically utilize two underground tanks, one containing unleaded gasoline and the other containing E85. In addition to offering more traditional fuels such as unleaded, E10, and E85, the fuel pump can also dispense a variety of mid-level ethanol blends – often E20, E30, and E40 – which are created by mixing the appropriate percentages of fuel from each underground tank.

The National Biodiesel Board also addresses concerns about using biodiesel for consumers and fleet operators, as well as violation of vehicle warranties.

Iowa Wholesale E85 Price Listing Service:  The Iowa Renewable Fuels Association’s (IRFA) E85 Wholesale Price Listing Program is available at: www.iowarfa.org/retailer-center/iowa-wholesale-e85-price-listing-services/. In Iowa, E85 is a fuel blend containing between 70 and 85 percent ethanol, depending on the season.

BYO Ethanol–Today’s petroleum marketers – who find themselves at the center of rising costs and consumers calling for change – can benefit from adding ethanol at their stations in two innovative ways: installing blender pumps and retailing mid-level ethanol blends (MLEBs), which are ethanol blends beyond 10%. Today’s petroleum marketers – who find themselves at the center of rising costs and consumers calling for change – can benefit from adding ethanol at their stations in two innovative ways: installing blender pumps and retailing mid-level ethanol blends (MLEBs), which are ethanol blends beyond 10%.

Used for years to blend and dispense unleaded and premium to give customers several octane choices, blender pumps are now finding a home in the retailing of ethanol fuels, providing stations the unique opportunity to offer mid-level blends between E10 and E85 or to simply blend their own ethanol to create E10 and/or E85. The stations benefit from the blending economics of higher-volume ethanol sales, and their customers enjoy this new array of fuel choices at the pump.

In this new application, blender pumps typically utilize two underground tanks, one containing unleaded gasoline and the other containing E85. In addition to offering more traditional fuels such as unleaded, E10, and E85, the fuel pump can also dispense a variety of mid-level ethanol blends – often E20, E30, and E40 – which are created by mixing the appropriate percentages of fuel from each underground tank. In this new application, blender pumps typically utilize two underground tanks, one containing unleaded gasoline and the other containing E85. In addition to offering more traditional fuels such as unleaded, E10, and E85, the fuel pump can also dispense a variety of mid-level ethanol blends – often E20, E30, and E40 – which are created by mixing the appropriate percentages of fuel from each underground tank.   How they work.

Locate biodiesel plants in the US and Canada on Biodiesel Magazine’s interactive map.  Locate all kinds of biorefineries in Canada on the Canadian Renewable Fuels Association’s web site.

Automotive Fuel Ratings, Certification and Posting:   Final amendments to its Rule for Automotive Fuel Ratings, Certification and Posting (“Fuel Rating Rule” or “Rule”) by adopting rating, certification, and labeling requirements for certain ethanol-gasoline blends. The amendments further the Rule’s goal of helping purchasers identify the correct fuel for their vehicles.  The amendments published in this document will become effective July 14, 2016.  READ MORE

International Energy Agency has mapped global second-generation biofuels demo plants and projects.   You can search by type of plant (biochemical, thermochemical or hybrid), scale (pilot, demo or commercial) and status (planned,on hold, under construction, under commissioning, or operational).  Each individual entry includes data on the project name, location, technology, output, facility type, total investment and a technology brief on each project, plus contact information and project photos.

Currently, large efforts are dedicated to the production of biofuels from lignocellulosic raw materials. While only few production facilities are operational yet, many projects are under construction or planned. But which are the companies involved, where are production facilities under construction, and which technologies will be applied? In order to answer these questions, IEA Bioenergy Task 39 has collected data on pilot and demonstration projects and displays the results in a web-based, interactive map.

Biofuels Digest created a US Advanced Bioenergy Map using Google interactive mapping and showing the locations and status of advanced biofuels (and some biochemical) refineries around the country.  You can get the 30,000 foot view or zoom in to see on exactly what street the facility is located.

Map of current advanced bioprocessing technologies in the US

Yellow – fermentation technologies (dots indicate commercial scale)

Red – thermochemical technologies (dots indicate commercial scale)

Green – algae-based technologies

Blue – Renewable sugars production

Chemical symbol – sites producing renewable chemicals only

The DMV.com Automotive Blog Directory is a list of high quality automotive blogs. It contains not just the blog but lists all the most recent blog postings, tags and categories so that you can keep your fingers on the pulse of the automotive industry.

OilPrice.com We have assembled a team of top investment analysts with the aim of creating the number one information resource for Oil and Energy. We are continually adding articles and information to the site to help educate, inform and keep our readers up to date with all happenings in the Energy sector.

The San Diego Biofuels Initiative known as Educating and Developing Workers for the Green Economy (EDGE Initiative) project comprises of local and national organizations in the biotechnology industry with an aim to develop workers for the green industry and stimulate the economy.  Among these organizations are BIOCOM, CleanTECH San Diego, San Diego Regional EDC, San Diego Center for Algae Biotechnology (SD-CAB) and the San Diego Workforce Partnership.  The partnership between these organizations is part of an algae initiative to encourage green companies to share research and development ideas.  The EDGE Initiative project is also designed to cultivate educational and economic development in San Diego, California.  The Governor’s Office of Economic Development designated the San Diego region as an innovation hub, placing San Diego as one of the largest biofuel industries in the United States.

Project Funding The EDGE Initiative project’s effort to stimulate educational and economic growth placed the need for funding at a high priority for many local and government organizations.  A four million dollar grant was awarded to San Diego by California Department of Labor, to implement workforce training programs in the biofuels industry.  Local green organizations such as Sempra Energy, General Atomics and Sapphire Energy also contributed three million dollars to support ongoing research and development.  The EDGE Initiative project has created excitement among investors, local government agencies and individuals pursuing careers in biotechnology.  San Diego Center for Algae Biotechnology (SD-CAB) will receive a nine million dollar grant from the Department of Energy for algae research and development as part of the EDGE Initiative.  The EDGE Initiative project receives funding from the federal government to support its educational initiatives.

Education and Employment Educators and workforce developers will contribute to the educational and economic programs designed to help workers gain training, employment, and industry skills necessary for the highly regulated and emerging biofuels industry.  Training and educational programs will be provided at the post-secondary, undergraduate, graduate and advanced degree levels.

  • The EDGE Initiative Programs Biofuels Production Certificate
  • Biomass Production Certificate
  • Biofuels Lab Tech Certificate
  • Biofuels Crop Management Certificate
  • Advance training in Biofuels Crop Research
  • Biofuels Immersion Program

For individuals seeking green employment, Training and placement services will be provided to workers within San Diego and the Imperial Valley.  The BioCollaborative Biofuels Web Portal designed to connect job seekers with industry, will become an essential tool in the job search.

Contact Information Information about the specifics of each program will become available in the near future on the EDGE website currently in the process of development by Biocom.  For questions regarding the EDGE Initiative project or to join Biocom’s inquiry list please email edge@biocom.org.

(Watch Video) San Diego’s Newest Green Industry: Algal Biofuels

The National Algae Association has launched a Commercial Opportunities page on its website in response to a growing number of inquiries from throughout the algae supply channel and the investment community about real commercial opportunities in the algae markets.

The Renewable Energy Database, based in Berlin, Germany, maintains a series of maps and lists, including ones of  Renewable Energy Organizations, Events, Products, and Companies.

Energy & Fuels publishes reports of research in all areas of the chemistry of nonnuclear energy sources, including that involved in the formation of, exploration for, and production of fossil fuels; the properties and structure or molecular composition of both raw fuels and refined products; the chemistry involved in the processing and utilization of fuels; fuel cells and their applications; and the analytical and instrumental techniques used in investigations of the foregoing areas.

Research on substances other than fuels whose goal is to elucidate some aspect of fuel chemistry is welcome, as are papers dealing with photochemical fuel and energy production. Papers dealing with nuclear energy or solely with process economics will not be published. Both fundamental and applied research are welcome.

Energy & Fuels includes articles about biofuels.

Elsevier Biofuel is a comprehensive, online discovery solution that covers on-topic, relevant and reliable information. Designed specifically for bio-energy professionals, users have access to peer-reviewed sources and can make smarter decisions utilizing our structured technology and content database of over 900 journals, 800 e-books, and 10 years of patent backfiles.
With the Elsevier Biofuel Tree Thesaurus (EBTT), users can easily and accurately navigate through 800,000 terms organized and grouped into eight structured categories:

  1. Feedstock
  2. Upstream
  3. Downstream
  4. Substancee
  5. Equipment
  6. Method
  7. Properties
  8. Company

GreEnergyNews.com gathers news about many “green” topics, including biofuels.

BioEnergy Research The journal publishes a wide range of articles, including peer-reviewed scientific research, reviews, perspectives and commentary, industry news, and government policy updates. Its coverage brings together a uniquely broad combination of disciplines with a common focus on feedstock biology and science, related to biomass, biofeedstock, and bioenergy production.  READ MORE

BIO (Biotechnology Innovation Organization) has created a map of existing and planned advanced biofuels refineries.  As BIO describes it:  Today, four years later, a number of biorefineries have reached demonstration and pilot scales, and many developers are raising capital to build new commercial-scale facilities. BIO has tracked the development of more than 65 pilot, demonstration and commercial projects for advanced, cellulosic and algae biofuels across the United States and in Canada. Biotechnology companies have developed the technology to produce a range of chemical molecules – including butanol and other higher alcohols, ketones and aromatics, diesels and oils – that can be used as drop-in fuel, fuel additives, or upgraded to military specifications for fuel.  READ MORE

Subscribers to Biofuels Digest (which is free) have access to hundreds of papers, documents and spreadsheets regarding biofuels and advanced biofuels.

Biofuels Digest Deep Connect – powerful, integrated, free–gives you the opportunity to share, company by company, your personal perspective on what information is most important to you — who you would most like to meet. You can also, if you wish, elect to share your contact information — on a company by company basis — and we’ll put you together with the companies you have taken a strong interest in for knowledge-building or business development purposes.

On an aggregate basis (only, unless you indicate otherwise), the total response of the Digest readership will be shared with each company — it will help you to build better presentations, optimize networking time at industry events, structure web communications, and figure out which key people should attend (or can safely skip) industry events.  READ MORE

Renewable Fuels Association’s “Reports and Studies” section of its web site, offers fast and easy access to more than 230 research papers, technical analyses, and studies on a wide variety of ethanol-related issues.  The RFA library of reports and studies is a centralized depository of important resources that allows the public discourse over ethanol to be informed by the latest research from academia, government, industry and other sources.  READ MORE

Biotechnology for Biofuels is an open access, peer-reviewed online journal featuring high-quality studies describing technological and operational advances in the production of biofuels from biomass.

Biotechnology for Biofuels emphasizes understanding and advancing the application of biotechnology and synergistic operations to improve plants and biological conversion systems for the production of fuels from lignocellulosic biomass and any related economic, environmental and policy issues.

Biotechnology for Biofuels focuses on the following areas:

  • Development of plants for biofuels production
  • Plant deconstruction
  • Pretreatment and fractionation
  • Enzyme production and enzymatic conversion
  • Fermentation and bioconversion
  • Integrated systems
  • Process design and economics
  • Life cycle studies   READ MORE

Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining: Movement towards a bioeconomy presents great opportunities for forward-thinking institutions to become catalysts for beneficial change and reap the related benefits. However, given the breadth of the issues involved (agronomy, public policy, microbiology and chemical engineering, to name just a few) and the depth of expertise required along with that breadth, it may be difficult for many institutions to successfully navigate the bioeconomy transition.

That is the purpose of this journal: to help a wide variety of institutions understand and better manage their own bioeconomy transition. Many good technical journals already exist in related fields. This is not another technical journal. Instead, Biofpr will provide reviews by recognized experts across the breadth of related issues, perspective pieces and many other services to help move the bioeconomy forward.   READ MORE

RenewableJetFuel.org Carbon War Room’s Aviation Operation aims to accelerate investment in, and adoption of, sustainable renewable fuels. The success of the operation will be achieved when the percentage of renewable fuel used by fleets is growing at a rate that will allow it to reach 50% of the global jet fuel supply.

Milestones in our progress include:

  • Renewablejetfuel.org and online database established and used to enhance transparency and improve investment and purchasing decisions

Agribiobase  Aimed to promote biobased products, Agrobiobase is a database that covers both biobased chemistry and biomaterials, from raw materials to finished products.   Strategic news and special features also accompany this database and guide you through the world of bioproducts.  IAR’s ecosystem favors the development of innovative projects around biomass and the Biorefinery concept. The strategy is to bring together skills and technologies of extraction, processing and formulation, performing all steps of development from laboratory to industrial scale, including the sustainable development perspective.

Business people can:
- facilitate their sourcing of biobased products,
- and obtain key datas such as their percentage of biobased material, their technical information sheets, their environmental impact etc.  READ MORE

 

Global Renewable Fuels Mandates Interactive Map:  To help people around the world keep track of the changing political landscape, GRFA has launched an Interactive World Biofuels Map available on their new website.  In addition to the map is an alphabetical list of countries and a summary of their renewable fuels mandates.

 

300-x-100px-abdas (2)The African Business Development Association (ABDAS) was launched on 31st January 2006.  ABDAS is an independent voluntary association that actively promotes Industry and Commerce by encouraging the establishment of new businesses, regional and international.

The steps can be defined as follows:

    1. Inviting foreign delegations for face to face meetings with various African trade authorities.
    2. Guiding foreign investors on most lucrative areas of business and facilities. This one-stop facility offers advice, business planning and support for new business start-ups.
    3. Showcasing African products in the international markets.
    4. Showcasing foreign technology, equipment and machinery in Africa.
    5. Organizing and promoting international trade fairs in Africa.
    6. Organizing and financing participation of African manufacturers in trade fairs abroad.
    7. Development of Tourism in Africa.  READ MORE

 

National Corn-to-Ethanol Reseach Center —  NCERC at SIUE — the only center of its kind in the world. Located 20 miles from downtown St. Louis in University Park on the campus of Southern Illinois University Edwardsville, the Center supports a diverse clientele, including industry clients, academia, government, technology providers, trade associations, and domestic and foreign ethanol producers. Our capable, skilled staff offers third-party validation and commercial testing of products, technologies, concepts and ideas.

The NCERC is the only facility in the world at which corn ethanol, cellulosic ethanol, advanced biofuels, and specialty chemical research is conducted simultaneously. As a public/private partnership, the Center offers maximum flexibility and diversity for private clients while simultaneously advancing public sector research. From petri dish to intermediate and pilot scale, the NCERC is fully equipped with the technology and expertise needed to meet any research or technology validation needs.

The Center provides the following services at one convenient location:

Please contact us for more information or view our frequently asked questions to learn more about ethanol. To learn about current employment opportunities, visit Careers at the NCERC.  READ MORE

 

International Directory for Bio-based Businesses Players of the bio-based and CO2-based
industry can now present themselves in the iBIB online directory – for FREE and for an unlimited time period.  Get your FREE Standard Profile now and upload 2 full PDF pages of information on
your company.   Introduce your products, projects or services in detail or just upload your product
catalogue. Everything is possible – iBIB meets your needs Take a look and find your contacts at
www.bio-based.eu/ibib  READ MORE

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scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) construction and demolition waste/debris contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 copper coppice cordgrass corn corn-based products corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed oil cottonseed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs D-8 (proposed) RINs dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DC DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) de-fossilization dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diethyl ether digest Digital Biology dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillation distilled biodiesel distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver divers divestment DME (dimethyl ether) Dominica Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dual cropping Dubai duckweed e E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 price E12 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E40 E50 E55 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecuador ED95 education educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity price electric pathway/eRINs electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end user Energy Bill energy cane energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) Eritrea EROEI erosion control EROWI esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol ethanol/bioethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) Export externalities extremophiles F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal 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engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia geothermal Germany Gerogia Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green Racing GREET model Grenada gribble groundnut ground nut growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf states Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard high performance regular high school project highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horse bedding Horse manure horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HOV High Octane Vehicles HRJ human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrofaction hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal liquefaction hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC 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price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene Israel Italy Ivory Coast JA1 JAA jackfruit Jamaica Japan Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Jetfuel (SAJF)/Renewable Jetfuel (RJF) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa Kuwait labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis lignin Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg Luxemburg lysis M15 M50 macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar mahua Maine maize Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta mamona management changes mandates manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methane/biomethane methane leaks methanol/biomethanol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbe microbiology microorganizms microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco mongongo Montana Montenegro morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) muck multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic 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plant oil plastic Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-gas power/electricity generation prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island private educational business process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating propane propanol property insurance protectionism protein protests public comments Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree PVO pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec 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(REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable hydrogen renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) renewable volume renewable volume obligation (RVO) replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail return on investment R Factor RFI RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RSF2 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securiti Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia 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Beets sugar cane sugar cane prices sugar cane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax cred tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennesee Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation 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