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Capwatt selects Sumitomo SHI FW as Gasification Technology Partner for the Pioneering Mangualde Renewable Methanol Project

(Sumitomo) Sumitomo SHI FW (SFW) has signed an agreement with Capwatt to provide Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) services for a state-of-the-art syngas production plant, integral to the groundbreaking Mangualde Renewable Methanol project in Portugal. This initiative aims to build a cutting-edge biorefinery

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NORDSOL and Prodeval Announce Groundbreaking Bio-LNG Production Facility in Portugal

(Prodeval) NORDSOL, a pioneer and leader in bio-LNG technology, together with Prodeval, a leader in biogas treatment and upgrading solutions, are excited to announce their collaboration to construct a state-of-the-art bio-LNG production plant in the southern region of Portugal. The new plant will

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European Hydrogen Bank Pilot Auction Results

(European Commission)The first EU-wide auction (IF23 Auction) for the production of RFNBO (renewable fuel of non-biological origin) hydrogen was launched on 23 November 2023 and closed on 8 February 2024. The auction attracted 132 projects bids from 17 European countries You

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Repsol Enters Biomethane Production with Acquisition of 40% Stake in Genia Bioenergy

(Repsol) • The shareholding in the company specializing in biomethane will create a platform for growth in the emerging renewable gas industry, considered strategic by the European Union. The operation includes 19 biomethane plants under development, with a total capacity of 1.5TWh

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InfraVia Announces Incorporation of Heygaz Biomethane

(Bioenergy Insight) ... Athanasios Zoulovits, partner at InfraVia, stated: “Circular economy is one of our strong convictions sectors at InfraVia. Heygaz is well set up to play a leadership role in the European biomethane sector, with strong growth prospects driven by

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Bears, Cars and Angry Farmers Fuel Green Backlash

by Karl Mathiesen, Nicolas Camut, Zia Weise, Charlie Cooper and Louise Guillot (Politico) A 28-country guide to how climate policies are splitting Europe. -- And Green parties are taking the hit — polling shows they will face deep electoral pain when EU citizens

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InfraVia Announces the Incorporation of Heygaz Biomethane, a Pan-European Renewable Natural Gas Platform

(InfraVia) Infravia Capital Partners incorporated Heygaz Biomethane (Heygaz), a Pan-European renewable natural gas platform, to address the exciting and deep European renewable natural gas market opportunity and to leverage on the increasing needs of a broad range of industries and transportation

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Repsol Supplies Renewable Fuels for Antarctic Campaign of the Spanish Army

(Repsol) •  Repsol supplies 100% renewable fuels to cover part of the energy needs on the Gabriel de Castilla Base run by the Spanish terrestrial army during the four months of the Antarctic Campaign. The commitment to care for and respect for

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Cepsa and Bio-Oils Begin Construction on the Largest 2G Biofuels Plant in Southern Europe with Investment of 1.2 Billion Euros

(Crepsa) -The facility will double Cepsa's and Bio-Oils' current second-generation biofuels production capacity to 1 million tons -The new plant will begin production in 2026 and is expected to generate 2,000 direct and indirect jobs during construction and operation -2G biofuels, produced

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Prio Launches Eco Bunker Supply in Aveiro

(Transportes & Negocios (Google Translation)) Today (February 16, 2024), Prio carried out the first supply of a ship with eco-bunker biofuel in the port of Aveiro.The supply of 50 tons of eco bunker from Prio to the FWN SUN ship, owned

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Repsol Achieves Certification to Trade SAF within RSB’s Book and Claim System

(Repsol)  • The certification enables Repsol to deliver sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) at specific airports and enter it into the RSB Registry, thus, allowing customers at other airports around the world to claim the carbon reductions of the registered SAF when

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Tecnimont (MAIRE) Awarded a Front-End-Engineering Design for an Integrated Green Hydrogen and Ammonia Plant in Portugal

(Tecnimont (MAIRE)) Tecnimont will carry out FEED and will submit an EPC proposal for a large-scale plant that will produce green hydrogen and green ammonia from dedicated renewable energy; The scope of work includes electrolyzers’ integration, air separation unit for nitrogen production,

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Europe Launches New e-Fuels Project to Decarbonize Shipping

(Safety4Sea)  The new €17 million European GAMMA project aims to make ocean transport and trade more environmentally friendly. Companies and researchers from Europe will collaborate to develop and convert a bulk carrier to operate on climate-neutral fuels and green power, reducing

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BioAdvance Invests 22 Million in Biofuels Factory in Figueira da Foz

by Antonio Larguesa (Eco Sapo (Google Translation)) Company led by Paulo Gaspar builds one of the largest European advanced biofuel units in the Port of Figueira da Foz. It has already reserved land and 50 million for second generation ethanol. -- n industrial investment

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Commission Approves €140 million Portuguese State Aid Scheme to Support the Production of Renewable Hydrogen and Biomethane to Foster the Transition to a Net-Aero Economy

(European Commission)  The European Commission has approved a €140 million Portuguese scheme to support the production of renewable hydrogen and biomethane to foster the transition to a net-zero economy, in line with the Green Deal Industrial Plan. The scheme was approved under the State aid Temporary Crisis

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Atlantic Area Ports to Explore the Use of Green Hydrogen-Based Technologies

by Ajsa Habibi (Offshore Energy)  A consortium of eleven partners from public and private entities from Spain, France, Ireland, and Portugal has kicked off a project that will carry out pilot tests for the application of hydrogen and methanol as an

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Cepsa, Maersk, and Renfe Successfully Complete First 100 Spanish Rail Journeys with Renewable Fuels

(Cepsa)  -This pioneer initiative in Spain has enabled the transport of more than 4,700 containers using renewable diesel, avoiding the emission of nearly 500 tons of CO2 -The results of the test were highly satisfactory, demonstrating optimum engine performance. Renfe, Maersk,

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Cepsa Begins Supply of 100% Renewable Diesel for Professional Customers

(Cepsa) An immediate solution to promote the decarbonization of road transport --  This biofuel is now available at a service station in Madrid, and the company has also started to supply it directly at the facilities of several customers Cepsa is working to

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KBR's Green Ammonia Technology Selected by Madoqua Power2X in Portugal

(KBR/PR Newswire)  KBR (NYSE: KBR) announced today that its K-GreeN® technology has been selected by Madoqua Power2X (Madoqua), a joint venture of Madoqua Renewables, Power2X and Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners, for Madoqua's green ammonia project at Sines Industrial Zone in Portugal. Under the terms of the

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Mitsui to Invest in Renewable Diesel and SAF Production Business in Portugal

(Mitsui & Co.) Mitsui & Co., Ltd. ("Mitsui", Head Office: Tokyo, President and CEO: Kenichi Hori) has agreed to invest in a renewable diesel (hydrotreated vegetable oil/HVO) and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production business operated by Galp SGPS, S.A. ("Galp"), Portugal's

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Life Cycle Assessment of Microalgae-Derived Biodiesel

by Tom Bradley et al (International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment)  Microalgae-derived biofuels are considered a low-carbon alternative to fossil fuels. Nevertheless, as with all biofuels, there is still uncertainty around their sustainability. Most life cycle assessments (LCA) of microalgae biofuels

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Air Europa to Fly to Havana with Cepsa's Second-Generation Biofuels

(Cepsa)  For one year, Air Europa’s first monthly Madrid-Havana flight will fly with sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) produced at Cepsa's energy park in Huelva from organic waste and used cooking oils; First time that two companies in Spain establish a regular supply

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REGA Energy Group Completes 60M€ Funding Round

(REGA Energy Group) REGA Energy Group completed an additional funding round of EUR 60 M with current investor SWEN Capital Partners, a leading European infrastructure fund specialized in biomethane and green hydrogen. "We are delighted to further support REGA in its growth.

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Portugal to Hold Its First Auction for Centralised Purchase of Biomethane and Renewable Hydrogen

(Biofuels International) On 11 July, Portugal's Ministry of Environment and Climate Action announced a public consultation of the first auction of the centralised purchase of biomethane and renewable hydrogen, for injection into the national gas network, reported CE NoticiasFinancieras. The auction will last

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Portugal's Environment Agency Greenlights Galp Biodiesel, Biojet Plant

by Sergio Goncalves (Reuters)  Portugal’s environment regulator on Monday said it had approved a project by Portuguese oil company Galp to launch an industrial-scale plant to produce biodiesel and biojet fuel using cooking oils at its Sines refinery. Galp aims to launch

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Here’s the State of Hydrogen presentation from the ABLC CONNECT series episode.The Value Stack, planned capacity, mandates, incentives, major players and their recent activities, pathways, mandates around the world, molecules, and markets. It’s a comprehensive but

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Cepsa Starts Selling Sustainable Aviation Fuel at Spain’s Major Airports

(Cepsa) • From July onwards, Cepsa has commenced the sale of second-generation sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) at Spain’s four main airports; Madrid, Barcelona, Palma de Mallorca and Seville, responsible for over half of Spain's air passenger traffic Cepsa produces this biofuel at

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Spain and Portugal Cut 500,000 Tons of CO2 Thanks to the Use of (Renewable) Natural Gas and H2 in Transport

(Gasnam/AltFuels) Decarbonizing heavy transport largely depends on the use of renewable gases and their derivatives. This is one of the main conclusions of the report “The decarbonization of heavy transport in Spain and Portugal”, carried out by the Technological Research Institute

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Offshore Hydrogen Production on a New Scale: HOPE Project and its Consortium Selected for a €20 Million European Commission Grant

(Lhyfe)  The HOPE (Hydrogen Offshore Production for Europe) project is being coordinated by Lhyfe (France) and implemented by eight European partners: Alfa Laval (Denmark), Plug (the Netherlands), Strohm (the Netherlands), EDP NEW (Portugal), ERM (France), CEA (France), POM-West-Vlaanderen (Belgium) and

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Lhyfe and Capital Energy Team up to Produce Green Hydrogen at Sea with Power from Offshore Wind Farms in Spain and Portugal

(Lhyfe) The collaboration agreement signed between Lhyfe and Capital Energy could be extended to other markets in the future. Lhyfe is one of the pioneers of green hydrogen production with an offshore production prototype already operational in France.  Lhyfe and Capital

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Cepsa and Volotea Form Partnership to Propel Sustainable Aviation

(Cepsa) • Both companies will boost the development and production of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) from circular raw materials as well as other energy alternatives, such as green hydrogen and electrification Cepsa has a firm commitment to SAF and aims

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White Paper: Policy to Enable Green Hydrogen in Ireland & the Benefits of Hydrogen in Mobility to Ireland

(Hydrogen Mobility Ireland)  A new White Paper prepared by leading representative body Hydrogen Mobility Ireland (HMI), has today issued a number of recommendations on how the deployment of hydrogen across transport could propel Ireland’s transition to net-zero in both transport and

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1st European B+ Summit: Decarbonising HDVs with Higher Biodiesel Blends

by Xavier Noyon (EurActiv/European Biodiesel Board)  The 1st European B+ Summit conference, held in Estoril, Portugal, from 26 to 28 April 2023, brought together industry players from across Europe to discuss the decarbonisation of Heavy-Duty Vehicles (HDVs) through higher biodiesel

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Pepsico Reuses Oil from Its Snacks Plant to Turn It into Biodiesel

(PepsiCo Spain (Google Translation)) The company launches a pilot project that allows more than 40,000 liters of used oil to be converted into HVO, a 100% plant-based biofuel; It will be used for the truck fleet of PepsiCo employees and

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Repsol Launches the First Spanish Service Stations with 100% Renewable Fuel

(Repsol) - The company is supplying 100% renewable fuel at three service stations located in Madrid, Barcelona, and Lisbon (Portugal). - By the end of the year, a total of 50 service stations will be dispensing advanced biofuel with zero

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100% Renewable Fuels Tested in Portugal

(The Portugal News (Google Translation)) 53 vehicles will participate in a Repsol pilot test with 100% renewable diesel. The objective is to evaluate its performance and its ability to reduce CO2 emissions. According to the statement, the pilot test is carried

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Fusion Fuel Enters into Ten Year Hydrogen Purchase Agreement with Hydrogen Ventures

(Fusion Fuel)  Fusion Fuel (NASDAQ: HTOO) announced today that it has signed a ten year offtake contract with European developer Hydrogen Ventures Ltd for thirty tonnes of green hydrogen per annum. First orders are expected to be delivered in the fourth quarter of 2023.

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NIS to Produce Green, Blue Hydrogen Near Its Refinery in Northeast Serbia

(Balkan Green Energy News) Serbian oil and gas company NIS has extended the public call for the design and technical documentation development for the construction of a hydrogen production plant near the Elemir refinery near Zrenjanin. With the production of green

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Cepsa Will Build a New Second-Generation Biofuels Plant in Huelva with an Investment of up to 1,000 Million Euros

(Cepsa (Google Translation)) The project, which will be located in the 'La Rábida' Energy Park in Palos de la Frontera, will generate 1,600 jobs during its construction; Second generation (2G) biofuels will be manufactured from organic waste, such as used

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On the Road to Greater Biodiesel Usage --- April 26-28, 2023 --- Estoril, Portugal

(Biofuels International) Major European industry associations in the biodiesel sector are organising the 1st B+ Summit, to be held on 26, 27 and 28 April in Estoril, Portugal. The conference will bring together representatives from the European industry as well as Portuguese

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ACCIONA Energía and Plug Power Present Their 'Valle H2V Navarra' Project to the Government of Navarra

(ACCIONA)  3,880 Tons/year: The aim is to use 90% of the production of green hydrogen for consumption by the main industrial sectors of the region  -- ACCIONA Energía and Plug Power have presented to the Government of Navarra their Valle H2V Navarra joint

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Nine EU Countries Want Low-Carbon Hydrogen Included in Bloc’s Renewables Goals

by Paul Messad (EURACTIV France)  Nine EU member states, including France, have called on the European Commission to include low-carbon hydrogen – produced from nuclear electricity – in the EU’s renewable hydrogen targets. France, Romania, Bulgaria, Poland, Slovenia, Croatia, Slovakia, Hungary

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Prio, Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings and World Fuel Services Successfully Complete the First Tests with Advanced Biofuels, Produced and Supplied in Portugal

(Apetro) -PRIO fuel, ECO Bunkers B30, allows the Norwegian Cruise Line Holdings fleet to reduce CO 2 emissions by around 30% , that is, 440 tons of CO 2 avoided. -Biofuel produced in Portugal, 100% from waste raw materials. -PRIO supplies at any

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IIT-G Succeeds in Breaking down Woody Biomass for Conversion to Bioethanol Fuel

(The Meghalayan Bureau)  The IIT Guwahati scientists have shown the efficacy of a new type of endoglucanase called RfGH5_4 in breaking down lignocellulosic and hemicellulosic biomass for the eventual conversion to bioethanol fuel. Researchers of Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Guwahati

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Portugal Ends Mandatory Environmental Assessments for Green Hydrogen Projects

by Sergio Goncalves (Reuters) Portugal wants to speed up investments in green hydrogen projects, which are essential to decarbonize the economy, and will end mandatory environmental assessments for them in March 2023, Prime Minister Antonio Costa said. Portugal expects to become a major producer

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Launch of the Green Shipping Challenge at COP27

(U.S. Department of State)  Greenhouse gas emissions from the shipping sector are significant, increasing, and on a trajectory that is incompatible with the goals of the Paris Agreement.  Compared with country emissions, the sector would rank among the top 10 largest

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Azores Airlines Takes off the SATA Group’s First Flight with Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Azores Airlines) October 24 will be written in Azores Airlines’ history as the beginning of a new era, the date of its first-ever flight using sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). This milestone is even more significant considering that, a few days ago, the

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Cepsa Starts Production of Advanced Biofuels at Its Huelva Energy Park

(Cepsa) The company has begun to produce sustainable fuels with used cooking oils at its industrial facilities in Palos de la Frontera; This milestone is part of Cepsa’s Positive Motion strategy that aims to lead biofuels production in Spain and Portugal with 2.5

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EU Biofuel Import Controls Need Tightening: APPB

by Jonathan Gleave (Argus Media) A better traceability of imported feedstocks used to produced advanced biofuels, particularly those derived from the palm oil sector, is essential for both the reputation of the market and the EU but the block's recent drive

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PRIO’s Advanced Biofuels Route – Supporting the Energy Transition and Shipping Decarbonisation

by Filipa Oliveira and Telmo Ferreira (PRIO/EurActiv) Maritime transport emits around 940 million tons of CO2 annually and is responsible for about 2.5% of global greenhouse gas emissions. More than 80% of all goods are transported via international shipping lanes, and the

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The Digest’s Sustainable Aviation Fuel around the World 2022

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Many countries are now active with Sustainable Aviation Fuel — but how much where, and when, and what? The bulk of activity continues to come from the US — however, the EU has been gaining momentum, and

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Iberdrola and bp to Collaborate to Accelerate Green Hydrogen Production in Europe

(Alt Fuels/bp)  Iberdrola and bp announced their intention to form a strategic collaboration aiming to help accelerate the energy transition. Together, the companies intend to collaborate to significantly expand fast EV public charging infrastructure, as well as to develop large scale

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The Navigator Company and P2X Europe Have Signed a Memorandum of Understanding to Create a Unique Joint Venture in Portugal to Produce Green, Non-Fossil Synthetic eFuels

(The Navigator Company) The Navigator Company and Hamburg-based developer P2X Europe have signed a memorandum of understanding to create a unique and powerful joint venture, P2X Portugal, to develop a world-class production facility for industrial-scale production of non-fossil jet fuels

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Air France Halves CO2 Emissions of Two Flights

(Uniting Aviation) n April Air France launched “Air France ACT“, a programme that aims to reduce CO2 emissions by 30% per passenger-km by 2030 compared to 2019 (i.e. 12% less total emissions). To demonstrate how this objective can be achieved, the airline

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SkyTeam Airlines Complete Inaugural Sustainable Flight Challenge to Reduce Carbon Emissions

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) The SkyTeam airline alliance has just completed its first Sustainable Flight Challenge, in which member airlines demonstrated or tested initiatives in the air and on the ground to help reduce their carbon emissions, with the

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Europe: Portugal's Galp Readies for Biofuel Supply

(Bunkerspot) Portuguese energy company Galp will supply biofuel bunkers from September this year. Susana Broco, senior bunker trader at Galp, told delegates at Portugal Shipping Week yesterday (10 May), that the company will be able to supply biofuel blended with gasoil and

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Iberia Is Fast Becoming Europe’s Green Hydrogen Hub after Unveiling Four Large-Scale Projects This Year

(Generandi) CIP and partners announced the 500MW MadoquaPower2X project in Portugal. This adds to the 11.4GW of green hydrogen projects already unveiled in the region in the last three months. Its developers have announced the construction of a 500MW H2 facility, one of the

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Top 5: Transport Energy & the GHG Marginal Cost Abatement Curve

by Tammy Klein (Transport Energy Strategies) • Marginal Cost Abatement: EVs and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are no surprise, but how about pyrolysis with carbon capture? Biogas Moves Up the Priority List in the EU: The war in Ukraine

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Madrid Expands PTV Biogas Plant, Will Be Able to Supply 500 EMT Buses

(Madrid City Council/NGV Journal) At the Valdemingómez Technology Park (PTV), the Mayor of Madrid José Luis Martínez-Almeida launched the expansion of the facility where biogas from organic matter is transformed into biomethane, “a good example of proper waste management” and that

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Competitive Edge: Algae for Future

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) On this Earth Day, we highlight a very green organization – literally green – Algae for Future. This Portugal-based biotech company has the world’s largest algae cascade raceway and is designing, building, and operating commercial-scale microalgae

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New, Nature-Inspired Concepts for Turning CO2 into Clean Fuels

(University of Cambridge) Researchers have developed an efficient concept to turn carbon dioxide into clean, sustainable fuels, without any unwanted by-products or waste.  --  Instead of capturing and storing CO2, which is incredibly energy-intensive, we have demonstrated a new concept

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The Energy to Sustain the Future

(EXAME) ... Anabela Antunes, Director of Operations at PRIO, believes that the energy transition in Portugal could accelerate if the country increases the contribution of biofuels to mobility. “But the development of the energy mix will depend a lot on market

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Fusion Fuel Signs Cooperation Agreement with KEME Energy to Develop Solar-to-Green Hydrogen Farm in Sines, Portugal

(Fusion Fuel Green/Electric Energy Online) Fusion Fuel Green plc (NASDAQ: HTOO), an emerging leader in the green hydrogen sector, announced today (Feb 22) that it has entered into an agreement with KEME Energy to install a green hydrogen production facility

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Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2

by Will Thurmond (Emerging Markets) Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2. (249 pages, September 2021) provides a detailed analysis and outlook for low-carbon feedstock availability, and a feasibility assessment for technology commercialization pathways in sustainable aviation fuels

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Plug Power and Lhyfe Announce Commercial Arrangement to Develop Green Hydrogen Plants throughout Europe

(Lhyfe) Plug Power Inc. (NASDAQ : PLUG), a leading provider of turnkey hydrogen solutions for the global green hydrogen economy, and Lhyfe, a pioneer producer and supplier of renewable and ecological hydrogen, today announced an partnership to jointly pursue and

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ITOCO Launches Its Nopal Cactus Carbon Capture Program in Portugal through a Joint Venture with LATINCHOICE-UNIPESSOAL LDA

(Accesswire/ITOCO) ITOCO INC. (OTC PINK:ITMC) ITOCO is pleased to announce it has selected LATINCHOICE - UNIPESSOAL LDA. in Portugal to Joint Venture as it expands its Nopal Cactus Carbon Capture Program internationally.  The ITOCO Nopal Cactus Carbon Capture Program has been

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Argus and MundoPetróleo Agree on a Downstream Partnership for Spain and Portugal

(Argus Media/PR Newswire) Global energy and commodity price reporting agency Argus has agreed that MundoPetróleo may distribute key fuels data to its customers in the Iberian peninsula. This follows widespread adoption of Argus biofuel prices by downstream fuel operators throughout Spain and Portugal. The international drive

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State of Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) If you missed the recent HydrogenConnect session, here’s your chance to check out the exclusive Digest State of Hydrogen presentation — who’s doing what, where, how and with whom in hydrogen. In today’s Digest, from the why

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Blue Hydrogen for Transport in the US: The Transition to Green Hydrogen & the Conduit to Keeping Pace with the EU

by Salim Rahemtulla (PowerTap Hydrogen Fueling Corp./Biofuels Digest)  As the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) indicates in its Hydrogen Program Plan it published in 2020, “Hydrogen, as a versatile energy carrier and chemical feedstock, offers advantages that unite all of

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Portugal: Dourogás Supplies First Truck with 100% Renewable BioCNG

(Dourogás/NGV Journal) Dourogás GNV, in collaboration with HAVI Logistics, will take another step towards the decarbonization of the economy, by supplying the first refueling of a heavy-duty vehicle with biomethane from a totally renewable source at the Santo António dos Cavaleiros

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Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2

(Emerging Markets Online)  New study! Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2. (249 pages, August 2021) focuses on low-carbon feedstock availability, technology pathways for low carbon renewable diesel, and sustainable aviation production. Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) 2030  covers

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Blue Hydrogen for Transport in the US: The Transition to Green Hydrogen & the Conduit to Keeping Pace with the EU

by Salim Rahemtulla (PowerTap Hydrogen Fueling Corp./Biofuels Digest)  ... In its Hydrogen Program Plan, the DOE demonstrates support for the International Energy Association’s Future of Hydrogen, released at the 2019 G20 Summit, in its effort to “Stimulate commercial demand for clean

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Giving up on Climate Change? EU Says No Way – Invests $140M in Decarbonizing Projects

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  ... The good news is for the first time since the creation of the Innovation Fund, the EU’s latest investment of €118 million (about $140 million) into 32 small innovative projects located in 14 EU Member

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Deciphering Biofuels Policies across Europe

(Biofuels International)  Even as Europe considers a major revamp of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) governing EU biofuels policy until 2030, member states have been working to meet a fast approaching deadline to implement the legislation in its current form,

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Transport Energy & Renewables in the EU – What the Latest Commission Data Tells Us

by James Cogan (Ethanol Europe/Biofuels Digest) ... Oil maintains an overwhelming grip on the sector with a steady 94% share. The rest is biofuels with 5.6% and renewable electricity with 0.6%. Three quarters of the extra energy demand over the

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Portugal Sees Green Hydrogen Output by End-2022, $12 Billion in Investment Lined up

by Sergio Goncalves (Reuters)  Portugal will start producing green hydrogen by the end of 2022 and already has private investment worth around 10 billion euros ($12 billion) lined up for eight projects that are expected to move forward, Environment Minister

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Supply, Projects, Policy, Challenges, Trends: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Green Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Making green hydrogen from water via electrolysis, or from waste — what’s real in the projects being discussed, the applications, the sources? What’s not going to happen, soon (or ever), are the end markets stronger

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The Green Hydrogen Catapult Aims for $2/kg H2 and Needs $110 Billion, If You’ve Any to Spare

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From Europe comes news that major hydrogen project developers including ACWA Power, CWP Renewables, Envision, Iberdrola, Ørsted, Snam, and Yara have joined hands to scale-up green hydrogen production 50-fold in 6 years in a bid to

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PRIO Takes the First Step in Decarbonizing Maritime Transport in the Iberian Peninsula

(PRIO; Google translation) PRIO will launch Eco Bunkers, a green fuel for ships with 15% biodiesel incorporation, developed from recycling processes of residual raw materials, produced at the PRIO Biodiesel plant, in Aveiro. This new product, innovative in the Iberian Peninsula,

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Zero Wants Portugal to Confirm the End of Palm Oil in Biodiesel as Determined by the EU

(Destak.pt)  The environmental association Zero was satisfied today with the end of palm oil in biodiesel in Europe, in 2022, and wants Portugal to confirm the abandonment of this product by transposing the European directive into national legislation. In a statement,

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European Commission Confirms Sustainability of European Biofuels, Yet Sends Mixed Messages on Their Future

(ePURE) A new report from the European Commission underlines the importance and sustainability of renewable ethanol, but also reveals yet again the Commission's strangely contradictory stance wanting to minimise the role of biofuels in achieving the EU Green Deal. Published on 14

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Where’s Your Lithium from? EU’s New Green Deal to Track Critical Materials

by David Thorpe (Future Fuel Stratgies/The Fifth Estate)  Renewable electricity generation and storage requires huge quantities of mined raw materials. In Europe, most of these elements are currently imported and unsustainably produced. So the European Commission has hatched a new plan for

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Bringing Green Hydrogen to Market

by Sandra Enkhardt (PV Magazine Germany) Uniper plans to use its gas power plants and storage facilities for green hydrogen.   -- Siemens and the Uniper fossil fuels business spun out of German energy giant E.on have been working together for

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The Competitive Edge: AmericaBio

(AmericaBio/Biofuels Digest)  ... Our company develops technologies for the deconstruction of forest and also agricultural biomass for sugars that are used for production of renewable fuels, typically ethanol, and higher value products such as Omega-3, SCP, xylo oligosaccharides (XOS), acetic

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The Versatile Ethanol Molecule: Ethylene, with a Similar Molecular Structure to that of Ethanol, Has Enormous Market Opportunity around the World.

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Knock a water molecule off ethanol and you’ll get ethylene, C2H4—the most widely produced organic chemical globally that is the basis for scores of other chemicals and hundreds (maybe thousands) of products, from

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Portuguese Tech Institute to Produce Advanced Biofuels from Tree-Pruning-Waste

by João Ernesto Fonseca  (Euractiv/Lusa)A project to use the waste from pruning vines and fruit trees to produce advanced biofuel is being developed at the BLC3 Campus of Technology and Innovation in Oliveira do Hospital, the campus president said. EURACTIV’s

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Microalgae Applications and Cultivation: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to mBio’s Algae Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  From microalgae applications that include adding value to feed, shrimp larvae culturing, bioplastics and anti-bacterial constituents and other applications, do you know about the latest in algae cultivation technologies? Check out what this team from

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First Career of Advanced Biodiesel-Powered Buses already in Lisbon

(Carris (Google translation)) The “Biodiesel Powered” project is a joint initiative between CARRIS and PRIO to promote sustainable mobility in the city of Lisbon.  The 702 Career | Marquês Pombal Serafina - R. Igreja is supplied with a new fuel specially produced by PRIO from waste cooking oils, which reduces

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USGC: Roadshow Finds Iberian Market Potential for DDGS, Sorghum

(U.S. Grains Council/Ethanol Producer Magazine) With six members along to share their expertise, the U.S. Grains Council conducted a robust, week-long roadshow through Spain and Portugal in October to promote U.S. sorghum and containerized dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) to

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Butanol International Patent Application Published

(SilicoLife) SilicoLife’s international patent application for biological production of n-butanol has been published.  --  SilicoLife announced that the company’s international (PCT) patent application for “Method for n-butanol production using heterologous expression of anaerobic pathways” was published on October 3, 2019, under publication

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Streamlining the Biofuel Production Process

(European Commission)  The production of biofuels like ethanol from non-food biomass is a lucrative prospect for the agricultural sector. However, due to the complexity and expense of the large-scale industrial process currently needed to produce such biofuels, they remain out of

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Assocação Clarifies that 80% of Biodiesel in Portugal Does Not Have Palm Oil

(Ojogo (Google translation)) The Portuguese Association of Biofuel Producers, which accounts for 80% of biodiesel incorporated in diesel in Portugal, said today that none of its member companies uses palm oil in the production of its biofuels. On Monday, environmental protesters

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Portuguese Government Launches Climate Plan With Ambitious Carbon-Neutral Target

by B. Lana Guggenheim (South EU Summit) Electricity market reforms are key to achieving the Portuguese government's 2040 target of producing 90% of energy demand from renewables, according to a newly released report. Currently, the market is too volatile. ... Part of Portugal’s aims

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Researchers at IT Tralee Secure over €1.2m in Funding for Research in Bioeconomy and Marine Sectors.

(Institute of Technology Tralee) Institute of Technology Tralee has been awarded €1.26 million in new funding to partner in two new research initiatives. This brings to over €11m the total value of research grants secured by IT Tralee from competitive

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Biofuels and Electromobility Are Key in Portugal’s Transport Decarbonisation

by Sarantis Michalopoulos  (EurActiv)  EURACTIV.com interviewed José Mendes, Portuguese First Secretary of State for Mobility - Environment and Energy Transition, on the sidelines of COP24 climate talks in Katowice, Poland --   ... Last week, the Portuguese government presented a plan which aims

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Brain Regeneration, Data Storage with Biocomputers, Plastic from Waste Gases, Bamboo Diapers, Gene-Edited Wheat, Jackets from Bison Fluff : The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of November 29th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The pace of bioeconomy invention and change continues at a frenetic pace. Here are the top innovations for the week of November 29th. ... #3 Munich researchers use algae to convert waste gas to carbon fiber In Germany, researchers

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RNG Coalition Member Milestone Underscores Industry Growth

by Betsy Lillian (NGT News)  With the addition of eight new members in September and October, the Coalition for Renewable Natural Gas (RNG Coalition) now represents more than 150 member companies and organizations. The RNG Coalition – a trade association representing the

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Earnings Season: as Novozymes, DSM, Amyris, Gevo, Corbion, and Aemetis Report, Who’s up, Who’s down?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In today’s Digest, let’s look at trends driving the industry’s results at scale — and while money is not the measure of all progress, it is the ultimate yardstick and especially for companies that have reached

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A New Lithium War Is About To Begin

by James Stafford (OilPrice.com)  It’s the modern gold rush. Around the world, the most sought-after mineral isn’t a precious metal, nor is it oil and gas…it’s lithium. Lithium, or “white petroleum” as some call it, has become a crucial element in today’s high-tech economy. Demand

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Bioeconomy Potential of Portugal, Romania and Poland Profiled in New BIC Country Reports

(Bio-based Industries Consortium)  The Bio-based Industries Consortium (BIC) has published three new Country Reports mapping the potential and identifying opportunities for expanding the bio-based industry in Poland, Portugal and Romania. Poland’s bioeconomy sector is focused on agriculture, forestry and food processing, areas which are already central to the

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Five Petrol Station Operators Sell Illegal Diesel

(The Portugal News Online)  Five petrol station operators in Portugal that import diesel from Spain are not adding the correct amount of biofuel required by law, leading to a loss to the state of €48 million.   --  ...  The Portuguese Association of

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Alkol Biotech Agrees to Supply 500,000 Tonnes of Biomass to Europe’s ‘Largest’ Biorefinery

(Biofuel International)  Alkol Biotech and Bio Refinery Development have signed a letter of intent (LOI) for the sourcing of up to 500 thousand tonnes of non-woody lignocellulosic biomass for what would be Europe’s ‘largest’ biorefinery. UK based Alkol Biotech adapts plant varieties

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Wide Range of Issues Covered at Argus Biofuels Conference

by Liz Gyekye (Biofuels International)  New ethanol market developments, legislation and trading were just some of the themes analysed at this year’s Argus Biofuels conference. The conference, which is taking place in London at the Jumeirah Carlton Tower over three days, focused on

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These Countries Want to Ban Gas and Diesel Cars

by Alanna Petroff (CNN) China, the world's largest car market, is working on a plan to ban the production and sale of vehicles powered only by fossil fuels.  It has plenty of company: India, France, Britain and Norway want to ditch gas and diesel cars in favor

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Video Tour of Portugal’s Algafarm

(Algae Industry Magazine)  Portuguese cement facility, Secil, and microalgae biotechnology company, A4F, also based in Portugal, have formed AlgaFarm, a joint venture to develop the use of cement factory flue gas in microalgae production. The industrial production facility is the expansion

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Environmentalists Are Urging the USDA to Reject This Genetically Engineered Eucalyptus Tree

by Chelsea Harvey (The Washington Post)  A genetically engineered, freeze-tolerant eucalyptus tree is moving closer to receiving approval from the U.S. Department of Agriculture, amid concerns about the tree’s possible negative effects on the environment. The USDA has proposed lifting restrictions

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How Gold Can Recycle Biofuel Waste into Useful Additive

(Phys.Org/Tomsk Polytechnic University)  Gold nanoparticles serve as catalysts for obtaining valuable chemical products based on glycerol. Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University and their international colleagues are developing gold catalysts to recycle one of the main byproducts of biofuel production. The

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Reverdia, Gingko BioWorks, Rennovia, Leaf Resources, Mango Materials Take Top Slots in The 40 Hottest Emerging Companies in the Advanced Bioeconomy 2016-17

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)   In Florida, Reverdia took the #1 spot in the 2016 “40 Hottest Emerging Companies in the Advanced Bioeconomy” rankings, published today in The Digest and Nuu, the world’s most widely-read advanced bioeconomy dailies. Last year, Reverdia

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European Commission Slams Portugal for Failing to Comply with the RED

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Belgium, the European Commission has sent to Portugal a reasoned opinion urging the Member State to ensure the full compliance of its biofuel legislation with the Renewable Energy Directive. The Directive sets the objective

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Drop-In Renewable Fuels, Competitive with $30 Oil: The Digest’s 20-Slide Guide to the Correia Process

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Germany and Portugal, a new drop-in biofuels process has emerged which is cost compettive with $30 oil, according to the inventors. The process breaks even with crude oil, on an 10-year amortized basis for

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A New, Renewable, Drop-In, Waste-Based Fuel Emerges, Competitive with $30 Oil

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Out of the EU comes a biogasoline blendstock made from waste residues in a novel process that promises to radically slash the cost of bioconversion. The Digest reports. In Germany and Portugal, a new drop-in biofuels

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Biofuels Capacity to Grow to 61 BGY in 2018

(Lux Research/MarketWired)  Ethanol and Biodiesel Continue Their Domination but Remain Relatively Flat, While Novel Fuels and Novel Feedstocks Grow at Double-Digit Rates, Says Lux Research Global biofuels capacity will grow to 61 billion gallons per year (BGY) in 2018, up from

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Algae Fuel, Algae Research Clusters: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to BIOFAT

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  BIOFAT is a microalgae-to-biofuel FP7 demonstration project that integrates the entire value chain of algae process from optimized growth, starch and oil accumulation, to downstream processing (biorefinery) including biofuel production . The BIOFAT approach integrates

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Is HVO the Holy Grail of the World Biodiesel Market?

(Greenea)  Overcapacity, shortage of sustainable feedstock, blending wall… they all contribute to the increasingly challenging situation on the biodiesel market in Europe. At the same time, new HVO investments start to pop up like mushrooms after a rain. But can

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Innovative Integrated Microalgae Cultivation to Be Demonstrated at One-Hectare Unit in Southern Portugal

(Wageningen UR Food & Biobased Research)   A consortium of biotechnology experts, including experts of Wageningen UR, has started to build a one-hectare pilot unit for the production of microalgae in Portugal. This unit will demonstrate an innovative integrated approach to

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New Council of International Biotech Associations Formed

(Biotechnology Industry Organization)  An international confederation of biotechnology trade associations announced today the ratification of bylaws creating the International Council of Biotechnology Associations (ICBA), with the expressed purpose of advocating for public policies that support the growth of the innovative

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IncBio Has Delivered a 120,000MT/Year Ultrasonic Reactor for South America

(IncBio) IncBio, a leading Portuguese engineering company, who specializes in state of the art, fully automated ultrasonic Biodiesel plants, has delivered a 120,000MT per year ultrasonic transesterification reactor to be installed in South America. The reactor will be used in an existing

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InteSusAl Project Building One-Hectare Demo Unit

(Algae Industry Magazine) The InteSusAl Consortium of biotechnology experts has started building a one-hectare unit in Southern Portugal that will demonstrate an innovative integrated approach to produce microalgae biomass with biodiesel validation in a sustainable manner. The demonstration pilot unit is one of

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Research Cutting Biodiesel Water Usage

(Process Engineering)  Scientists at the University of Porto are currently developing water-free methods to produce biodiesel using waste vegetable oils, animal fats and fatty wastes derived from industrial processes. Traditional methods of biodiesel production use large volumes of water to remove

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Algae Research Gives Hope for Renewable Carbon-Negative Source of Food and Medicines

(University of Greenwich)  Bright pink-orange microalgae found in salt lakes and coastal waters could become a renewable source of food, plastics, health products and fuel as a result of new research announced this week. The University of Greenwich is leading a

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12 MMgy Ultrasonic Biodiesel Facility Planned for Saudi Arabia

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  Portugal-based biodiesel technology provider Incbio announced it has signed an agreement with Saudi Arabia-based Bio Renewable Energy Factory to supply a 40,000 ton per year (12 MMgy) ultrasonic biodiesel refinery. BREF plans to use animal

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An Enzymatic Route to H2 Storage

by Inês A. C. Pereira  (Science Magazine)  Electricity is increasingly produced from renewable sources, but it remains difficult to store electric power at a large scale. Hydrogen is a strong candidate for energy storage, but there is still no safe, economically

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New Biodiesel Facility for Tunisia

(Biofuels International)  Incbio, a Portugal-based biodiesel technology provider, has signed a contract with Biokast Energy to supply an 8,000 tonne capacity a year ultrasonic biodiesel plant for installation in Tunisia, North Africa. The pair expect the plant, to be located in

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New Biodiesel Facility for Tunisia

(Biofuels International)  Incbio, a Portugal-based biodiesel technology provider, has signed a contract with Biokast Energy to supply an 8,000 tonne capacity a year ultrasonic biodiesel plant for installation in Tunisia, North Africa. The pair expect the plant, to be located in

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Enerfuel's 7.5 MMgy Biodiesel Plant in Portugal Begins Operations

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  After years in the works, Enerfuel S.A.’s 25,000 ton (7.5 MMgy) multifeedstock biodiesel plant in Sines, Portugal, has officially begun production. ... The newly operational biodiesel refinery is using animal fats and used cooking oil as

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National Associations Refuse Commission’s Proposal on iLUC

(Asociación de Productores de Energías Renovables Biocarburantes - Spain; Associação Portuguesa de Produtores de Biocombustíveis - Portugal; Krajowa Izba Biopaliw - Poland; Renewable Energy Association – United Kingdom; Verband der Deutschen Biokraftstoffindustrie - Germany)  We support the current target of 10 per cent of

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Camelina on the Move: Global Clean Energy Holdings Acquires Sustainable Oils

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In California, Global Clean Energy Holdings announced that it has acquired Sustainable Oils, a leader in Camelina genetics and production. The acquisition includes 100% ownership interest of Sustainable Oils and the ownership of the key intellectual

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INCBIO Has Secured an Order for the Supply of an 8,000MT/year High FFA Biodiesel Plant from Green Energy Group Limited in Hong Kong

(INCBIO)  Incbio, a leading Portuguese engineering company, who specializes in state of the art fully automated industrial ultrasonic Biodiesel plants, has signed a contract with Biofuel Limited, a wholly-owned subsidiary of Green Energy Group Limited, a public company whose shares

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Algarve University Develops Bio Ethanol Using Carobs

(The Portugal News Online)  Researchers from the University of the Algarve have presented a pioneering research project in which bio ethanol was produced from carobs. Researcher Maria Emília Costa from the Centre of Marine and Environmental Research at the University of

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Incbio Awarded Biodiesel Plant Contract for a Norwegian Client

(OpenPR)  Incbio (www.incbio.com), a leading company in design, build and start-up of biodiesel plants with state of the art ultrasonic reactor technology has been awarded a contract to supply a turnkey transesterification unit for N3Pharma AS, a leading Norwegian pharmaceutical

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Portugal’s Galp Energia to Head up Scientific Project in Mozambique

(Macau Hub)  Portuguese group Galp Energia plans to head up a project for second generation biofuel produced using cultivated jatropha in Mozambique, the Portuguese press reported. The project, which is projected to cost 2 million euros, is 50 percent funded by

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Building a World Market from Scratch

by Alvaro Cordero  (Ethanol Producer Magazine/U.S. Grains Council)  From a barely recognized feed alternative 10 years ago, distillers dried grains with solubles continues to gain recognition and markets. DDGS is now widely recognized internationally, where its use continues to evolve. Forty-four

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European Commission Funds Global Project to Produce Ethanol, Biodiesel and Bioproducts from Algae

(PR-Inside)  Nine partners from seven countries have joined in an innovative project to show that ethanol, biodiesel and bioproducts can be produced from algae on a large scale. The BIOfuel From Algae Technologies (BIOFAT) project, largely funded by the European Commission’s Seventh Framework

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transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate formic acid fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule 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high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international 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Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid 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rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass rye straw s saccharification SAF pipeline SAF10 SAF30 SAF40 Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC sal tree Salicornia salt water salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar Samoa Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy scooters Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater seaweed cultivation Seaweed/Macroalgae second-generation biofuel income tax credit Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed husks seed-to-wheel Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shellfish shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silage silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore Singpore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration Small Business Innovatin 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