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US Opens Way for Brazil Used Cooking Oil in Blow for Farmers

by Clarice Couto and Tarso Veloso (BNN Bloomberg)  Brazil said the US has cleared the way for its shipments of used cooking oil in a move that may further erode profits for American soybean producers and crushers as they face increased

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New Foes Emerge in Carbon Bill Fight: Oil Refiners

by Kelsey Brugger and Emma Dumain (E&E Daily)  Three prominent oil refiners have been raising concerns with Republicans over legislation that would study the carbon intensity of domestic products. Some of the nation’s largest oil companies have been raising concerns with congressional

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Brazil Upholds 18% Tariff on U.S. Ethanol

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com) Despite appeals from the U.S. government, ethanol exporters and importers, Brazil’s Ministry of the Economy (CAMEX) has chosen to continue its 18 percent tariff on U.S. ethanol. U.S. ethanol interests, with support from the Brazil Association of Fuel

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Suspicions of Fake China Cooking Oil Alarm US Biofuel Industry

by Kim Chipman, Tarso Veloso, and Michael Hirtzer (Bloomberg) ... One of the biggest concerns is that China shippers are adding UCO to fresh palm oil. Palm, the world’s most widely used vegetable oil, is a bane to environmentalists and many countries

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House Republicans Call for Better Support of U.S. Biofuel Exports

by Mark Dorenkamp (Brownfield Ag News)  Two Republicans in the U.S. House are urging the Biden administration to take greater action to boost U.S. biofuel exports. Randy Feenstra of Iowa tells Brownfield sustainable aviation fuel could be a game changer for commodity

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Ethanol Blog: Lawmakers Press Biden Administration to Fight Brazil Ethanol Tariff, Open Ag, Biofuels Trade

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer)   With Brazil set to reconsider an ongoing tariff on U.S. ethanol imports a group of Republican lawmakers asked the Biden administration to be active in an upcoming public-comment period on the 16% tariff that is

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US Imports 2nd-Highest Volume of Biobased Diesel in History Last Year, Exports Hit 15-Year High

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daiy)  The U.S. imported more than 863 million gallons of biobased diesel in 2023, the second-highest volume of combined biodiesel and renewable diesel imports on record, according to data from the U.S. Energy Information Administration compiled

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USTR Ag Negotiator Provides Ethanol Trade Outlook

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com)  The Chief Agricultural Negotiator for the U.S. Trade Representative spoke to attendees at the National Ethanol Conference this week about the trade outlook for ethanol. Ambassador Doug McKalip said had just returned from Guatemala where he spoke with government officials

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Growth Energy Outlines 2024 Federal Policy Priorities

(Growth Energy) Growth Energy, the nation’s largest biofuels trade association, published its 2024 federal policy priorities today. Organized into three categories, the agenda offers a roadmap toward a more vibrant, sustainable future characterized by lower fuel costs, lower greenhouse gas (GHG)

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Did Trump or Biden Deliver More for Farmers? The Answer May Surprise You.

by Garrett Downs (Politico) The former president is using his ag record to appeal to Iowa voters. Farm income, however, rose under Biden. -- ... In fact, over the first three years of their presidencies, Biden and Trump’s payments to farmers are

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EU Confirms Probe into Cheap Chinese Biodiesel Decimating EU Industry

 by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV)  European biofuel producers have praised the European Commission’s decision to launch an anti-dumping investigation into Chinese biodiesel imports, calling it a positive step to stop the economic devastation of the domestic EU biofuel sector. Last month, the

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Boundless: Exporting to More Places

by Katie Schroeder (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  ... Ed Hubbard, general counsel and vice president of government affairs at the Renewable Fuels Association, says a growing number of countries around the world are not only committed to using more ethanol but

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Interview: Brazil's Raízen Sees Ethanol Producers Unable to Meet Demand

by Thomas Washington and Harry Clyne (S&P Global)  New processing plants take 6-18 months to complete; Ethanol from sugarcane leaves is RED II-compliant  --  Cellulosic ethanol supply is hampered by a shortage of plants to process EU-compliant biofuel from sugarcane leaves but several

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Toyota Chairman Says People Are Finally Seeing the Reality about EVs

by River Davis (Wall Street Journal) Akio Toyoda’s comments come amid cooling U.S. demand and a price war with China -- Toyota Motor  Chairman Akio Toyoda, when asked about electric-vehicle challenges including a recent lull in U.S. demand, said the industry was coming to

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Europe Just Launched the World’s First Carbon Tariff. Will the United States Follow Suit?

 by Kristoffer Tigue (Inside Climate News) In the U.S., where climate policy has been highly politicized, the concept of a carbon tariff has recently emerged with rare bipartisan support. -- Companies that want to do business in the European Union will soon

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Letter from Europe: Amazing Opp to Get UCO Right

by James Cogan (ClonBio/Biofuels Digest) In an amazing turn of events, on August 16 the European Commission launched an investigation[1] into possible large scale violations in the used cooking oil, palm oil and biodiesel supply chains from South East Asia to

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Indonesia Launches WTO Dispute over EU Duties on Biodiesel Imports

(Channel News Asia/Reuters) Indonesia has requested WTO dispute consultations with the European Union regarding the bloc's imposition of duties on imports of biodiesel from the southeast Asia nation, the global trade body said on Tuesday. The request was circulated to WTO members

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Bold Biofuel Ambitions: This Is an Important Year for India

(Biofuels International) This is an important year for India with the country holding the G20 presidency through to the end of November, giving the nation’s leaders several opportunities to help shape future policies and programmes across many sectors, including their already-declared

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Report: Vietnam Lowers Tariff Rate on Ethanol to 10%

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Vietnam has lowered Most-Favored-Nation tariff rates on ethanol from 15 percent to 10 percent, according to a report filed with the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service’s Global Agricultural Information Network.  The Government of Vietnam issued a decree

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Japan Plans to Implement SAF Mandate by 2030

by Erin Voegele (SAF Magazine)  The government of Japan is preparing to implement a mandate for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and take several other actions to support the production, supply and use of SAF within the country, according to a report

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Alliance for Clean Trade: A Framework Proposal for a New Climate and Trade Alliance between the U.S., EU, and Allies

by Paul Beldsoe and Ed Gresser (Progressive Policy Institute) ... A low-emissions trade deal to help the United States, the European Union, and their allies harmonize approaches to the clean energy transition and incentivize China and other nations to reduce

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Bipartisan Bill Would Lay Groundwork for U.S. Carbon Tariffs

by Emma Dumain  (E&E Daily) Senators from both parties have signed on to legislation that would calculate the emissions intensity of industrial materials produced in the United States. It’s a necessary step, advocates say, toward a carbon border adjustment mechanism, or CBAM,

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USITC: Duties on Argentina, Indonesia Biodiesel Will Continue

(Clean Fuels Alliance America/Biodiesel Magazine)  Clean Fuels Alliance America welcomed the final determination of the U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) in its five-year (“sunset”) review of anti-dumping and countervailing duty orders on biodiesel from Argentina and Indonesia. The USITC found that revocation of

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Letter Asks USTR to Address Ethanol Trading Shortfalls in Brazil

by Kellan Heavican (Brownfield Ag News) A bipartisan group of US Representatives is asking the Biden administration to address Brazil’s unfair trading policies impacting American ethanol.   Ed Hubbard, general counsel and vice president for government affairs with the Renewable Fuels Association,

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Colombia Extends Tariff on US Ethanol for 5 Years

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) A report filed with the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service’s Global Agricultural Information Network on April 11 discusses the Colombian Ministry of Trade, Industry and Tourism’s (MINCIT) March 15 decision to extend its existing 20-cent-per-gallon duty

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US Confronts Brazil over Ethanol Tariff

by Bill Tomson (Agri-Pulse) U.S. Trade Representative Katherine Tai told lawmakers last week she is putting Chief Agriculture Negotiator Doug McKalip in charge of working with Brazil to end its tariff on U.S. ethanol and now McKalip is preparing to

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Senators Ask Biden to Press Brazil President on Ethanol Tariff

by Bill Tomson (Agri-Pulse) When U.S. President Joe Biden meets newly elected Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, known commonly as Lula, Friday afternoon in the White House, several Republican and Democratic U.S. senators are hoping ethanol trade will

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Brazil Reinstates Ethanol Import Tariff Making US Product even Less Viable

by Phillip Herring (S&P Global)  Import arbitrage from US closed by around Real 830/cu m ($163/cu m); Competitive relief for NNE mills  -- Brazil's Foreign Trade Chamber (Camex) has reinstated the original 18% import tariff for ethanol by means of letting the

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Brazil Extends Ethanol Import Tariff Suspension

by Jesse Allen (American Ag Network) There’s good news on the export front this week for the U.S. ethanol industry. Brazil is again suspending its 20 percent ethanol import tariff–a suspension Renewable Fuels Association head Geoff Cooper says the U.S. industry

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EU Strikes Deal on World-First Carbon Border Tariff

by Kate Abnett (Reuters) After all-night negotiations, the European Union struck a political deal on Tuesday (December 13, 2922) to impose a carbon dioxide emissions tariff on imports of polluting goods such as steel and cement, a world-first scheme aiming to

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Countervailing Duties on Biodiesel Originating in Indonesia Confirmed – A Big Win for the EBB

(European Biodiesel Board) The EBB welcomes the European General Court decision to dismiss the actions for annulment initiated by three Indonesian biodiesel producers in March 2020, following the EU imposition of definitive countervailing duties on biodiesel imports from Indonesia.   After

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Government Accepts Recommendations on Import Measures for Biodiesel and Wire Rod

(UK Government Trade Remedies Authority) Recommendations on anti-dumping and countervailing measures on imports of Biodiesel and on anti-dumping measures on imports of Wire Rod have been accepted. -- The government has today [10 November 2022] agreed with the Trade Remedies

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Promoting Favorable Ethanol Action through REEEAC

by Kelly Davis (Renewable Fuels Association) On May 24, the U.S. Department of Commerce’s Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Advisory Committee (REEEAC) held its last Charter 6 meeting. REEEAC advises the Secretary of Commerce regarding the development and administration of programs and policies

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A Review of Global Ethanol Market Development: Where We Stand Today

by Brian Healy (U.S. Grains Council/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  ... Working with three different U.S. administrations over the past several years, three common themes have emerged from this global advocacy and market development program: • Building partnerships • Creating alignment through communication   •

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Current State of North American Ethanol Sector

(Biofuels International)  ... In the Administration’s adjoining Summer Fuels Outlook, the forecast for the average price of petroleum and diesel is that the next few months will see prices reaching their highest inflation-adjusted levels since the summer of 2014. This is

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USGC Helps Create Demand for US Ethanol in Vietnam

(U.S. Grains Council/Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. Grains Council worked with the USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service in Vietnam to engage the Vietnamese Ministry of Industry and Trade (MOIT) and Ministry of Finance (MOF) to reduce most favored nation (MFN) tariffs on

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Brazil Cuts Ethanol Import Tariffs to Zero until End of 2022

by Bernardo Caram and Peter Frontini (Reuters) Brazil’s government announced on Monday it will cut to zero import tariffs for ethanol and six food products until the end of 2022.  READ MORE Brazil to suspend tariff on ethanol imports (Agri-Pulse) Brazil suspends tariff

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New RFA Reports Summarize 2021 Ethanol, Distillers Grains Trade

(Renewable Fuels Association) According to a pair of new statistical reports released today by the Renewable Fuels Association, U.S. exports of ethanol and distillers grains showed resilience in 2021 as the global economy continued to confront the COVID pandemic and supply chain challenges. The annual reports—now

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Brazil Reduces Tariff on Ethanol Imports from 20% to 18%

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The USDA Foreign Agricultural Services on Nov. 12 announced Brazil took action on Nov. 5 to enact a unilateral 10 percent reduction of import tariffs on 87 percent of all goods and services through the

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NBB Welcomes Court Decision to Maintain Duties on Argentine Biodiesel

(National Biodiesel Board)  U.S. Court of International Trade upholds Commerce final determination in changed circumstances review --  The National Biodiesel Board (NBB) today welcomed the U.S. Court of International Trade's decision to uphold the U.S. Department of Commerce's final determination in its changed

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Feature: Brexit Brought Proof of Origin Documentation to European Ethanol Market

by Emma Thomas, Robert Beaman and Karim Elafany (S&P Global) Complexity added to fungibility of UK, EU ethanol product; Proof or origin documentation needed to determine ethanol duty requirements -- The recent tightening of supply in the European ethanol market has resulted

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Ethanol Industry Urges USTR to Move on Brazil’s 'Unfair’ Tariffs

(Inside U.S. Trade's World Trade Online)  The U.S. ethanol industry wants its Brazilian market back, urging the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative to press the country to remove its 20 percent tariffs on ethanol imports or “reevaluate” the U.S.’

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European Union Extends Tariffs on U.S. Biodiesel for 5 Years

(Wisconsin Ag Connection/US Ag Net)  The European Union will retain its tariffs on U.S. biodiesel for an additional five years after concluding that removing them would likely lead to a surge of imports at artificially low prices. According to Reuters, the

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EU Extends Tariffs on U.S. Biodiesel for Five Years

by Philip Blenkinsop  (Reuters)  The European Union will retain its tariffs on U.S. biodiesel for a further five years after concluding that removing them would likely lead to a surge of imports at artificially low prices. The tariffs, dating back to 2009, will

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Update 1-Brazil Fuel Retailers Ask Govt to Cut Ethanol Blending in Gasoline

by Marcelo Teixeira (Reuters) Fuel retailers in Brazil have asked the government to reduce the amount of ethanol required to be blended into gasoline, saying a smaller production in the current season has reduced the biofuel’s supply and increased prices. Fecombustiveis, an association

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Colombia Raises Biofuel Admixture

(BN Americas) Colombia's mines and energy ministry has established guidelines stipulating higher biofuel admixtures in fuel. The required percentage of ethanol in gasoline will rise to 10% from 5% in six departments on April 5 next year. The areas subject

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U.S. Wins Case against Ethanol Duties in Peru

by Jacqui Fatka  (Farm Progress) The Peruvian National Institute for the Defense of Free Competition and the Protection of Intellectual Property Tribunal announced Friday that the U.S. ethanol industry and the U.S. government won an appeal on a countervailing duty case brought

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Brazil Reaches out to Biden amid Ethanol Trade Spat

by Bill Tomson (Agri-Pulse)  Brazil is making it known that the Bolsonaro administration wants a strong relationship with the U.S., but the friendly words come amid rising U.S. frustration over Brazil’s ethanol tariffs. ... But there was no misunderstanding when Brazil reimposed

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Notice of Determination 2020/26: Countervailing Duty on Biodiesel Originating in Argentina

(United Kingdom Department for International Trade)  The Secretary of State for International Trade has determined the countervailing duty on biodiesel originating in Argentina imposed by the following European Union (EU) instrument is to be transitioned: Commissioning Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/244 of

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Transatlantic Trade-Offs: Europe Faces a Potential Flood of Imports

by Emmanuel Desplechin (ePURE/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The recent U.S. presidential election has spurred a lot of talk about what the new administration will mean for the transatlantic trade relationship after four years of on again, off again tariff wars. ... Europe faces

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SoCalGas, SDG&E’s Voluntary RNG Tariff Request Approved

(Bioenergy Insight)  On 17 December, the California Public Utilities Commission approved SoCalGas and San Diego Gas & Electric’s request to offer a voluntary Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Tariff. The programme will allow households and businesses to purchase RNG from the

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Atlantic Council Analyzes the Potential for a Carbon Trade War

by Nick Silvis* (Advanced Biofuels USA)The world is undergoing drastic climate and ecological changes which will have dire ramifications on all facets of global activity. Critical trade relationships, such as the one between the United States and Europe, are facing

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Brazil Tariff-Free Ethanol Imports to Expire as U.S Talks Break Down - Source

(Reuters) Brazil’s tariff-free ethanol import quota with the United States will end on Monday as talks between the two countries on opening up their ethanol and sugar markets have broken down, a Brazilian government source told Reuters on Friday. This means tariffs

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Indonesia Export Levy Revision to Support Crude Palm Oil Prices, Stability Key

(Fitch Ratings)   The revision in Indonesia's export levy structure should support Indonesia's biodiesel consumption growth in 2021 by boosting collections to fund the subsidy burden, Fitch Ratings says. This will also support crude palm oil (CPO) prices, and the Malaysian

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Colombia to Reform Fuel Pricing, Encourage Imports ... Biofuel Challenges

by Patricia Garip (Argus Media)  ... Speaking on the same panel, former mines and energy minister German Arce pointed out the "huge price disparity" between diesel and biodiesel, "one with guaranteed supply and the other with no guarantee." Colombia's biodiesel blend

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Asia’s RCEP Trade Deal to Remove Biofuel Tariffs

by Amandeep Parmar (Argus Media) A new free-trade agreement (FTA) between 15 Asia-Pacific countries will phase out tariffs on a host of biofuels and feedstocks, although existing trade flows may limit the immediate market impact. The Regional Economic Comprehensive Partnership (RCEP) was

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China's Ethanol Blending Plans Face further Hurdles

by Lauren Moffitt (Argus Media) Faltering 10pc ethanol blending (E10) because of tight and high-priced corn feedstock is fuelling doubts about China's transport decarbonisation strategy. State-controlled Sinopec's Jiangsu subsidiary will halt sales of #92 ethanol blended gasoline from November, citing inadequate ethanol

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U.S.-Vietnam Ethanol MOU Aims to Support Partnerships between Countries, Industries

(U.S. Grains Council) The U.S. Grains Council (USGC) and Vietnamese Ministry of Industry and Trade (MOIT) signed an official memorandum of understanding (MOU) this week on expanding the use and availability of ethanol in Vietnam. The agreement promises to further a

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RFA Calls on President Trump to Level Playing Field for Ethanol Exports to Brazil

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, D.C., the Renewable Fuels Association called on President Trump to move forward in seeking reciprocity and fairness in ethanol trade policy with Brazil. In a letter to the president, the association highlighted his August pledge

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European Commission Launches Investigation to Extend “B99” Measures against US Biodiesel Imports

(European Biodiesel Board)  On September 14th 2020, the European Commission formally launched an investigation review aiming at extending anti-dumping and countervailing measures applicable to imports of biodiesel originating in the United States of America (USA), the so called “B99” measures. The

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Brazil Agrees to Extend US Ethanol Quota for 90 Days

by Bill Tomson (Agri-Pulse) The U.S. and Brazil have agreed to revive for 90 days the expired tariff rate quota that allows some U.S. ethanol to flow to the South American country duty free, the two countries said in a joint

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Ethanol Industry Faces Multiple Issues as Harvest Just around Corner

by Lori Potter (Kearney Hub) ... There are tariff and other trade issues that make U.S. ethanol less competitive in export markets. Also, industry leaders continue to wait for Environmental Protection Agency officials to rule on a growing number of

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USGC Examines Opportunities for Ethanol Expansion in Asia

(Feed & Grain News)  Boom in demand for hand sanitizer in South Korea is related to jump in U.S. ethanol imports to the country -- A boom in demand for hand sanitizer in South Korea since the outbreak of COVID-19 is

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UPDATE 1-Brazil Drops Zero-Tariff Ethanol Import Quota Enjoyed by U.S. Producers

by Rodrigo Viga Gaier  (Reuters) Brazil allowed a non-tariff quota for ethanol imports to expire on Monday, which will result in U.S. producers having to pay a 20% tariff unless the Brazilian government takes new action. “The expiry date was today and

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Brazil Should Not Renew Ethanol Quota and Will Negotiate with US, Says Source

(BOL/Reuters (Google translation))  Brazil is unlikely to renew the tariff-free quota for ethanol imports that expires today, and as a result, purchases from outside Mercosur should start paying a 20% tax, a government source with knowledge of the matter told

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Narrower Access Into Brazil

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  On top of the slowdown, the world’s No. 2 ethanol nation is holding strong on policies that check robust U.S. imports. In addition to its tariff rate quota, tough feedstock traceability requirements place another

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Brazil Legislators Press President to Keep Ethanol Tariff

by Ricardo Della Coletta (Associated Press/U.S. News and World Report) A group of Brazilian lawmakers made a final push Thursday to try to convince President Jair Bolsonaro not to reduce tariffs on American ethanol, a major Trump administration request. -- 

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Rep. Marshall Works to Boost Ethanol Exports

by Sarah Motter (WIBW) Congressman Roger Marshall says Kansas is home to 10 biofuel facilities providing high-quality jobs for plant workers in rural communities throughout the state, along with thousands of bushels of soybeans and milo each year. He says overall,

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Ethanol Blog: Members of Congress Press Lighthizer on Brazilian Ethanol Trade

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) A group of federal lawmakers is asking United States' lead trade representative to push Brazil to either eliminate its ethanol-import tariffs or face retaliation, in a letter sent to U.S. Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer on

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Indonesia Mulls Palm Oil Levies Increase to Support Biodiesel Plans

(Today/Reuters) Indonesia may further increase palm oil export levies in future to support its ambitious biodiesel programme as the price of crude oil is expected to remain weak next year, a senior Finance Ministry official said on Wednesday. Indonesia collects levies from

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Anti-Subsidy Duties on Indonesian Biodiesel Must Be Revisited

by Brian Flood (Bloomberg Law) Biodiesel imports hit with countervailing duties up to 64.73%; Court faults subsidy finding regarding Indonesia export tariff  --  The Commerce Department must revisit and possibly lower anti-subsidy duties on imports of biodiesel from Indonesia, the U.S.

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China’s Ethanol Demand Evaporates on COVID-19

(Agri-Pulse Daybreak) China is one of the biggest potential markets for U.S. ethanol, but the country has – at least for now – given up on the idea of increasing its usage of the fuel to reduce air pollution. Chinese ethanol consumption

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RFA Supports White House Consideration of Reciprocal Tariffs on Imports of Brazilian Ethanol

(Renewable Fuels Association) The Renewable Fuels Association today expressed its support for President Trump’s announcement Monday that his administration is considering reciprocal tariffs on fuel ethanol imports from Brazil. The country’s existing tariff rate quota (TRQ) is set to expire at

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Ag Policy Blog: Ethanol and Politics 2020

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) Ethanol is undoubtedly playing a role in 2020 politics in Iowa, including the presidential race. Getting the word "ethanol" into the next aid package also might become a tipping scale in the Iowa U.S. Senate race. The

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Foreign Affairs Dems Press for Info on Ethanol Tariffs

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy)  Two top Democrats on the House Foreign Affairs Committee are seeking more information from the U.S. ambassador to Brazil after it was reported that he asked the Brazilian government to reduce ethanol tariffs in

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China's Phase One Promises Could Be Kept With Ethanol

(RFD TV) As producers worry that China is not fulfilling its phase one promise to buy nearly $40 billion dollars in U.S. exports, ethanol groups say that the country could easily make those numbers if they bought more renewable fuels.  China

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Growth Energy Wants China Ethanol Market Back

by Mark Dorenkamp (Brownfield Ag News) Biofuels groups are tired of ethanol being excluded from China’s phase one purchases.vGrowth Energy senior vice president of global markets Craig Willis says it’s been two years since the Chinese imported ethanol from the U.S. “It

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Vietnam Reduces Ethanol Tariff Rate

(Feed & Grain/U.S. Grains Council)  5% point reduction on import tariffs is expected to create opportunities for increased ethanol trade --  A five-percent point reduction on import tariffs for ethanol is expected to create opportunities for increased ethanol trade with Vietnam.

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Colombia Imposes Countervailing Tariffs On US Ethanol

by Loren Moss (Finance Colombia) Colombia’s government today announced that it would impose tariffs on ethyl alcohol (ethanol) imports from the United States for the next two years in the amount of 6.646 cents US per kilogram, an amount it says

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USTR Report Discusses Barriers to US Exports of Ethanol, DDGS

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative recently issued its 2020 National Trade Estimate, an annual report detailing foreign trade barriers faced by U.S. exporters of goods and services and USTR’s efforts to reduce those

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Duties to Stay on Biodiesel from Argentina

(KIWA Radio/National Biodiesel Board) The National Biodiesel Board (NBB) is pleased that the Department of Commerce will keep countervailing duty orders on imports of Argentinian biodiesel. The Commerce Department made the determination after its “changed circumstances review” of the anti-dumping duty.

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CORRECTED-European Ethanol Makers Fear Influx from U.S. and Brazil

by Sybille de La Hamaide (Reuters)  ... Ethanol consumption slumped globally due to COVID-19 crisis;  EU makers fear cheap imports when demand resumes;  Called the European Commission for action, possibly tariffs;  U.S., Brazilian ethanol exports surged in past months  -- An influx

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EU Renewable Ethanol Producers Inform Commission of Market Challenges during COVID-19

(ePURE) Dramatic shift in demand and possibility of imports could threaten European industry  -- European renewable ethanol producers have asked the European Commission to consider addressing challenges that have arisen from shifting market conditions as a result of the COVID-19 health

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USGC Engagement Helps US Ethanol Fill Australian Fuel Needs

(Aberdeen News/U.S. Grains Council)  U.S. ethanol is helping meet fuel supply needs in Australia — the result of a domestic supply gap and engagement by the U.S. Grains Council (USGC) and its ethanol industry partners. “U.S. ethanol is not subject to tariffs

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House Democrats Warn against Oil Industry Bailout

by Rebecca Beitsch (The Hill) A growing number of Democrats are voicing concern that the White House may pursue broad relief for the oil and gas industry amid sinking prices and the coronavirus pandemic. Twenty House Democrats sent a letter to President Trump on

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China Starts to Reopen Gates to US Ethanol

by Donovan Lim (S&P Global Platts)  China will offer tariff exemptions of nearly 700 types of goods from the US, including fuel ethanol, the Chinese government announced Tuesday, but traders are currently uncertain about its impact on future imports. ... Ethanol sources

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Klobuchar Pledges to Roll Back Refinery Exemptions if Elected

by John Herath (Farm Journal Ag Web)  If elected president, Senator Amy Klobuchar (D-Minn.) plans to immediately roll back all of the small refinery exemptions made to the Renewable Fuels Standard (RFS). Klobuchar made the pledge on the AgriTalk Radio

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USDA Under Secretary Bullish on Ethanol

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com) As China announced a suspension of its ethanol mandate last week, Under Secretary of Agriculture for Trade and Foreign Agricultural Affairs Ted McKinney said he remains bullish on expanding exports for the fuel, despite the trade challenges. “Ethanol

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China Announced Ethanol Mandate Rollback

(Hoosier Ag Today/NAFB News Service) China this week announced a suspension of its ethanol mandate, signaling a further reduction of imports from the United States. The E10 target was suspended because China says, “any promotion of ethanol-gasoline must be based on

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China's Resumption of US Ethanol Imports by No Means Likely Despite Phase One Deal

by Donavan Lim (S&P Global Platts) US exports to China unviable even if tariffs return to pre-tension levels; Philippines' fuel ethanol imports to fall further; South Korea's imports from Pakistan to dry up in Q1  --  An easing of trade tensions between the

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Report Discusses Japan’s Ethanol Demand, Use

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) A report recently filed with the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service’s Global Agricultural Information Network provides insight into Japan’s fuel market and shows potential for increased imports of U.S. ethanol. According to the report, Japan’s annual biofuel

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China Plans to Buy Ethanol, Count Hong Kong Trade in U.S. Pledge

(Bloomberg) Beijing plans to lift trade war tariffs on ethanol, people say; Re-routing trade from Hong Kong could add around $10 billion-- Further details are emerging on how China would increase imports from the U.S. by as much as $200

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EU Weighs Tariffs to Enforce Climate Rules

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy) European countries are threatening to impose tariffs on goods from countries like the United States that have failed to match their climate change policies.   ...    A PAGE OUT OF THE TRUMP PROTECTIONIST PLAYBOOK:

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EU Hits Indonesian Biodiesel with Import Duties over Subsidies

by Philip Blenkinsop (Reuters) The European Union confirmed tariffs on Indonesian biodiesel imports on Monday to counter what it sees as unfair subsidies, the latest blow to producers after the bloc ruled that palm oil should be phased out of renewable

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Japan Trade Agreement Expands Market Access For U.S. Coarse Grains, Co-Products

(U.S. Grains Council) As the ink dries on the final signatures needed for the new U.S.-Japan Trade Agreement, the U.S. Grains Council (USGC) is celebrating improved access to the Japanese market and more than 50 years of partnership with one of

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Commerce Min Turns down US Proposal to Reduce Import Duty on Ethanol

by Preeti Bhagat and Sampad Nandy (Cogencis) he commerce ministry has turned down a request by the US to reduce the import duty on de-natured ethanol entering the country to protect the domestic sugar and potable industry, as well as farmers,

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Raizen Q&A: RenovaBio, Brazilian Corn Ethanol and the Importance of Alternative Markets

by Jacques Moss (knect365) Paulo Corte-Real Neves is Ethanol & Oil Products Trading Director at Raizen, a leading Brazilian sugarcane producer jointly owned by Cosan and Royal Dutch Shell. We sat down with him at the World Ethanol & Biofuels conference to

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Iowa Poll: Despite State Impacts, Registered Republicans Approve of How Trump Has Handled Trade with China

by Donnelle Eller (Des Moines Register) Three-fourths of Iowa's registered Republicans back President Donald Trump’s approach to trade with China, and half say his tariffs have done more to help than harm Iowa agribusiness, a new Des Moines Register/CNN/Mediacom Iowa Poll shows.  The

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Senate Democrats Assail Trump’s $16B Bailout for Farmers

by Steve Karnowski (Associated Press/ABC News) President Donald Trump’s $16 billion bailout package for farmers hurt by the trade war with China unfairly benefits the South at the expense of the North and wealthy producers over smaller farms, Democratic senators

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For Trump, Hints of Trouble in Ethanol Country

by Art Cullen (Storm Lake Times/Washington Post) ... (J.D.) Scholten, a 39-year-old former semi-pro pitcher, was out on a 14-county “Don’t Forget About Us Tour” targeting Iowa towns of 1,000 people or fewer in his uphill climb against Rep. Steve

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Joint Statement from RFA, U.S. Grains Council and Growth Energy on Brazil’s Ethanol Tariff Rate Quota

(Renewable Fuels Association) The Renewable Fuels Association, U.S. Grains Council and Growth Energy expressed their disappointment with the news that the Brazilian government amended the recent August 31st rule that raised the quota on U.S. ethanol imports under the tariff rate

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Iowa Farm Leaders Warn Trump Could Lose Rural Voters unless He Makes Good on Ethanol Deal

by Donnelle Eller (Des Moines Register)  Angry over proposed ethanol changes, Iowa agriculture leaders warned Wednesday that President Donald Trump will lose rural voters next year unless he makes good on a deal to restore millions of gallons of lost renewable fuel demand. "No more

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UK Tweaks Tariffs Amid No-Deal Brexit Countdown

by Kate Proctor and Lisa O'Carroll (The Guardian)  Adjustments made for duties on trucks, bioethanol and clothing in effort to keep prices down  -- The government has announced changes to British tariffs on lorries, bioethanol and clothing in the event of

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Ethanol’s Impact Lauded in Wake of Saudi Attack

by Candace Krebs (Ag Journal) ... “What people don’t realize is that shale provides a particular very light type of oil, and we can’t use that exclusively with the way our refineries are configured,” explains Scott Richman, chief economist for the

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Cruel Summer

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  A series of unfortunate events this summer—all caused by U.S. government action or inaction—has led to a precarious situation in the biodiesel sector, but there may be a silver lining.  --  ... The volume of

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NBB, ASA Ask Commerce Secretary Ross for Meeting Before Final Decision on Argentine Biodiesel Duty Rates

(National Biodiesel Board)  Letter says Commerce must make the right decision, rather than a hurried decision -- Today (September 30, 2019), the National Biodiesel Board (NBB) and American Soybean Association (ASA) sent a letter to Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross, requesting

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Farm-State Fury Creates Pressure for Trump as Trade, Energy Pain Collide

by David J. Lynch (Washington Post)  ... After two decades, Siouxland (Energy Cooperative) this month halted operations following the Environmental Protection Agency’s decision to exempt 31 small oil refiners from a federal law requiring them to blend ethanol in their

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American Farmers Benefit from US-Japan Trade Agreement

by Mario Parker  (Transport Topics/Bloomberg News)  ... Japan will reduce tariffs in stages on U.S. farm goods, such as beef and pork, USTR said in a statement Sept 25. The country will eliminate tariffs on $1.3 billion of U.S. agriculture

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Daily on Energy: How the US Could Get Caught up in a ‘Carbon Trade War’

by Josh Siegel & Abby Smith (Washington Examiner)  ... Readers are probably familiar with the concept of the U.S. imposing “border carbon adjustments” on other countries. This has been a regular feature of carbon tax proposals in Congress and a component of

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APPEC: US Ethanol Exports Slow as Producers Diversify away from China

by Donavan Lim and Yi Jeng Huang (S&P Gobal Platts)  US ethanol exports are forecast to fall around 100 million gallons year on year to 1.5 billion gallons in 2019 as trade flows redirects away from China toward Southeast Asia

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QUOTE OF THE WEEK -- Humeyra Pamuk and Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)

According to Reuters' reporters Humeyra Pamuk and Jarrett Renshaw, Terry Branstad, the former Iowa governor and now U.S. ambassador to China, showed a map of counties that had flipped in Trump’s favor in 2016 but were now considered at risk

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Trump in High-Stakes Balancing Act between Oil and Corn ahead of 2020 Bid

by Humeyra Pamuk and Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)  At a closed-door meeting at the White House on Aug. 19, President Donald Trump looked increasingly alarmed as his top envoy to China delivered evidence of rising Farm Belt frustration over his biofuel policy

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White House Weighs Biofuel Quota Boost Amid Appeals From Iowa

(Bloomberg)  Trump officials honing plan to benefit ethanol, biodiesel; Latest initiative would spike 2020 quotas by 1 billion gallons --  Top administration officials have developed plans to give a 5% boost to U.S. renewable fuel-blending quotas in 2020, as President Donald

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Petroleum Industry Warns Trump It Will Fight Ethanol Moves

by Dave Boyer (The Washington Times) A leading trade group for the petroleum industry warned President Trump on Tuesday to ditch his plan to boost ethanol production, saying it would be a “disastrous political decision.” ...  He (Frank Macchiarola, a vice

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UPDATE 1-Brazil Increases Quota for Tariff-Free Ethanol Imports, but for Only One Year

by Luciano Costa and Jake Spring  (Reuters) Brazil has renewed and increased the size of its tariff-free quota for ethanol imports, but the new allotment will last only one year instead of the two years allocated to the former quota that

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Brazil Sets Sights on China's Ethanol Market, but High Volumes Unlikely

by Marcelo Teixeira (Reuters)  Brazil’s ethanol industry is looking to grab a chunk of China’s ethanol market as the Asian nation targets a 10% blend in gasoline to improve air quality, but a short-term jump in exports is unlikely, according

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Iowa Corn Farmers to Trump: The Government Put Us in 'One Hell of a Bad Situation'

by Tal Axelrod (The Hill) The Iowa Corn Growers Association (ICGA) blasted the Trump administration on Tuesday, saying the government has put it in “one hell of a bad situation.” The trade association hammered President Trump for approving what it called 31 “unjustified” refinery waivers

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Iowa Governor Planning DC Meeting over ‘Short Term Crisis’ in Ethanol Industry

by O. Kay Henderson (Radio Iowa) Governor Kim Reynolds and Midwest governors are planning a trip to Washington, D.C. to talk with President Trump about unrest in farm country. “Let him know first-hand what’s happening on the ground,” Reynolds said this morning. The

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Klobuchar: In First 100 Days as President, Pledges Moratorium on Oil Refinery Waivers, Restoration of Renewable Fuels Tax Credit and More

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Klobuchar says “I will stop the oil refinery waivers”: In Iowa, US Senator Amy Klobuchar of Minnesota said that, if elected President in 2020, would in her first 100 days in office order a moratorium on oil

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China to Boost Ethanol Import Tariffs another 10% on December 15

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In China, Reuters reports that as part of another $75 billion in tariffs on US imports in the latest round of the on-going trade war, as of December 15 US-origin ethanol will face an additional 10%

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Dems Fear another Rural Wipeout Will Reelect Trump

By Elena Schneider and Catherine Boudreau (Politico)  Pitches by some 2020 candidates aren’t yet translating into a broad conversation about the needs of rural voters.  -- As Democratic presidential candidates descended on the Iowa State Fair, a plane buzzed overhead, an

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E15, E30, and Blender Pumps May Become Generally Available, but Refinery Exemptions Make the RFS Irrelevant

by Doug Root* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  Farm Fest in southern Minnesota is always a forum on the health of the agriculture sector of the economy and biofuels. This year was no exception as Rep. Colin Peterson hosted a listening session

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Trade Dispute Affecting Ethanol Production in Midwest

by Andy Knight (The Herald Bulletin) Officials with POET Biorefining in Alexandria are monitoring the ongoing trade dispute between the United States and China, which has resulted in significant tariffs on U.S. ethanol shipments to that country. POET employs more than 40

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Trump Intervention Triggered EPA's Surprise Biofuel Waiver Decision: Sources

by Humeyra Pamuk  (Reuters) A phone call from U.S. President Donald Trump last week ended a nearly two-month-long review of the nation’s biofuels program, three sources familiar with the matter said, with the White House siding in favor of oil refiners over

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RFA to Australia: Choose Ethanol, Not Petroleum Reserve

(Renewable Fuels Association) In a letter sent today (August 15, 2019), the Renewable Fuels Association encouraged Australia’s energy minister to strongly consider U.S. ethanol imports as a cleaner, more affordable alternative to purchasing oil from the U.S. Strategic Petroleum Reserve.  According

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Iowa Farmers Stick With Trump Despite Trade War

by John McCormick and Jesse Naranjo (Wall Street Journal)  ... “He’s doing the right thing,” said Leo Balk, a fifth-generation farmer who raises corn, soybeans, oats, beef and dairy cows on about 300 acres near New Hampton, Iowa. “It hurts, but

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Chinese Demand Heats up Brazil’s Ethanol Industry

by Sarita Reed and Vinicius Fontana (China Dialogue) Adding ethanol to Chinese petrol will decrease emissions but could worsen Brazil’s deforestation -- There are 332 million cars on the road in China, more than anywhere in the world. Most run

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Planned Anti-Subsidy Duties on Palm Oil Methyl Ester Ineffective

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP))  The preliminary anti-subsidy duties announced by the EU Commission will not reduce imports of palm oil-based biodiesel. This is the conclusion the Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP) has drawn from

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EPA Strikes Icy Blow to Ag & Biofuels: 31 Waivers Hit Heart of American Farmers and Biofuels

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  EPA might have a new name in some circles – Exemptions for Petroleum Agency – thanks to the 31 small refinery waivers issued on Friday which has the biofuels and agriculture industries reeling after promises

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China Dismisses Trump Agri Purchase Claim, Says Honouring Pledges; NDRC Says Claims China Not Buying US Agri Products 'Groundless'

by Hallie Gu and Tom Daly (Reuters/Zawya)  Beijing is honouring its pledges to buy U.S. agricultural products, state media cited China's state planning body saying, dismissing an accusation from U.S. President Donald Trump that it had not met purchasing promises in

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China Confirms It Is Suspending Agricultural Product Purchases in Response to Trump’s New Tariffs

by Kate Rooney (CNBC)  A spokesperson for the Chinese Ministry of Commerce says Chinese companies have stopped purchasing U.S. agricultural products in response to President Trump’s new 10% tariffs on $300 billion of Chinese goods.  “This is a serious violation of the

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Brazil Considers Dropping Barriers to U.S. Ethanol

by Rachel Gamarski and Fabiana Batista (Bloomberg)  Decision may be taken before tax-free quota expires end-August; Any tariff on U.S. ethanol would hurt bilateral trade talks -- As China turns its back on American ethanol in a lingering trade spat, Brazil is considering

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China’s Ethanol Goals Could See Big Increase in Demand

by Sean Pratt  (Western Producer)  An analyst doesn’t think China will delay implementing its E10 policy until there is adequate domestic capacity because the policy is being driven by a desire to clean up the country’s air before hosting the 2022

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Opportunities and Risks for Continued Biofuel Expansion in Brazil

by Nikita Pavlenko and Carmen Araujo  (International Council on Clean Transportation)  Brazil’s advanced biofuel industry lags far behind the production capacity of its first-generation biofuel industry. Brazil’s reliance on crop-derived biofuel feedstocks, in conjunction with its vulnerable forests and savannah, presents

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UPDATE 1-EU Plans to Impose Import Duties on Indonesia Biodiesel

by Philip Blenkinsop, Sybille de la Hamaide and Bernadette Christina Munthe (Reuters)   The European Commission has proposed duties ranging from 8% to 18% on imports of biodiesel from Indonesia to counter what it says are unfair subsidies, the latest twist in

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Brazil Considers Reinstating Ethanol Import Tariff

(Argus Media)  Brazil's agriculture ministry is seeking to eliminate a quota for tariff-free ethanol imports when it expires on 31 August, potentially pricing imports from the US out of the domestic market. The ministry told Argus that its interpretation of a 2017 resolution which

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Trump in Iowa Touts Ethanol while Bashing Biden

by Miranda Green (The Hill)  President Trump gave rallygoers in Iowa on Tuesday a sign of what might come in 2020, speaking to them about ethanol while taking hard jabs at Democratic presidential candidate Joe Biden. Speaking in Council Bluffs, Iowa, to celebrate his administration’s

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As Biden Tours Iowa, Farmers Want to Know Where He Stands on Ethanol

by Jarrett Renshaw (Reuters)  Joe Biden may have an ethanol problem.  The former U.S. vice president has pledged support for advanced biofuels as part of his bid for the 2020 Democratic presidential nomination. But Biden, who leads the crowded Democratic field in opinion

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From Ethanol Plants to Protein Factories: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Green Plains

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Digest’s new “Stocks Worth Tracking” Multi-Slide Guide Series highlights hot companies that are making strides in the bioeconomy. Today’s “Stock Worth Tracking” is Green Plains. Green Plains corn milling platform has changed and improved the

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EPA Finalizes E15 Rule Agency Leaves Potential Biofuel Credit Reforms on Table for Later Time

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer)  EPA beat the clock in finalizing year-round E15 on Friday, one day ahead of the beginning of the summer driving season. The agency announced a final rule that also takes a much softer approach on

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Commentary: The Trade Barriers You Don’t Hear About

by Gary Truitt (Hoosier Ag Today)  ...  While we are struggling to export corn, there is a market that is ready buy U.S. corn just in a different form. Ethanol exports have been booming and could expand even more if the

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The Daily 202: Trump Keeps Trying to Pick Winners and Losers – from the Bailout for Farmers to a Border Wall Contract

by James Hohmann (Washington Post)  ... Trump proceeded to tout initiatives he’s taken to help corn growers. He noted that he directed the EPA to make it easier to sell more ethanol in vehicle fuel, lifting summertime fueling restrictions on E15

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US Fuel Mandates No Salve for Farm Trade Losses

(Argus Media)  Higher US biofuel blending mandates cannot make up for lost export trade opportunities, according to farm groups caught in the crossfire of the country's trade war with China. US independent refiners show little concern that the administration will blunt sharply

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Trade War Hurting the U.S. Ethanol Industry 'Badly' -U.S. Grains Council

by Ayenat Mersie (Reuters)  The U.S.-China trade war is hurting the U.S. ethanol industry “badly,” Mike Dwyer, chief economist of the U.S. Grains Council, said on Wednesday at an event at New York Sugar week: * “Without the tariff protection we would

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Trade Decision Is Bad for EU’s Ethanol Industry, Farmers – and Climate Ambitions

(ePURE)  Europe’s renewable ethanol producers are already under pressure from misguided biofuel and agricultural policy decisions; now is not the time to subject them to unfair trade practices  --  The EU’s decision to repeal anti-dumping duties on fuel ethanol imports originating in the United

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China Slaps 25% Import Tariff on US Biodiesel even though It Doesn’t Import Much

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In China, Bloomberg reports that additional tariffs on US biodiesel imports are among the latest retaliation measures in the ongoing US-China trade war. Even though China imports very little biodiesel from the US, it will still increase

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Indonesia 2019 Biodiesel Exports to Rise

(Reuters/The Star Online)  The Indonesia Biodiesel Producers Association (APROBI) estimates the country may export up to 2 million kilolitres (kl) of unblended biodiesel in 2019 in an "optimistic scenario", Vice Chairman Paulus Tjakrawan told reporters on Thursday. In a "pessimistic scenario", he

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Why Democrats Should Visit Farm Communities

by Jennifer Rubin (Washington Post)  A new report confirms that President Trump is causing the most pain in areas of the country that were the most supportive of his 2016 campaign. Personal income for farmers fell by the most in three years in

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China's Huge Grain Stockpiles Set to Linger through Next Year

by Karen Braun (Rueters/NASDAQ)  ... In 2017, China announced it would require gasoline supplies nationwide to be blended with ethanol by 2020, which would require about 15 million tonnes of the biofuel annually. China had an ethanol production capacity of about

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Thank You, Biodiesel Industry

by Donnell Rehagen (National Biodiesel Board/Biodiesel Magazine)  ...  This past year we engaged with organizations like National Renderers Association, National Association of Truck Stop Operators, American Soybean Association, Petroleum Marketers of America, and many more. The National Biodiesel Board has strengthened its

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cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) 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(synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol benefits methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring/measuring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety 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Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota North Korea Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory Northwest Territories Norwary Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course owa oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil Palm Oil Methyl Ester (PME) palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm trunk sap palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peach shell peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellet pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests pet food petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot pilot scale pine pine beetle pine needles pine nut pineapple pinion Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Admin (PHMSA) pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet platinum Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poand podcasts Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyethylene polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propane/renewable propane pumps propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam 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Repowering Assistance Program Republic of Congo repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment Reverse Water-gas Shift RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island rhododendron Ricardo rice rice bran rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw/paddy straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) RNG tax credit roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rosin rotation crops royalties RP-1 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rubber seeds rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program rushes Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass rye straw s saccharification SAF pipeline SAF10 SAF30 SAF40 Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC sal tree Salicornia salt water salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar Samoa Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy scooters Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater seaweed cultivation Seaweed/Macroalgae second-generation biofuel income tax credit Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed husks seed-to-wheel Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shellfish shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silage silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore Singpore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration Small Business Innovatin 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Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar Sugar Beets/Energy Beets Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugar standards sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw sugars sugars-to-fats sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Surface Transportation Board Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum sweetgum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas (synthesis gas) syngas/gas fermentation SYNHH synthesised aromatic kerosene (SAK) synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane/e-methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan 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