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Tag "internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban"

New Poll: Voters Support Ethanol and RFS, Oppose EV Mandates

(Renewable Fuels Association) A new survey of registered voters shows robust support for ethanol and the Renewable Fuel Standard, while also revealing significant opposition to policies that ban liquid fuels or

January 9, 2023 Read Full Article

Food, Feed and Fuel for Europe: The Future of Renewable Ethanol

by David Carpintero  (ePURE/Ethanol Producer Magazine) … As policymakers hammer out the final details of the so-called Fit for 55 package of climate and energy legislation, there is at least

January 3, 2023 Read Full Article

Oregon, Washington Join California in Banning Gas-Powered New Vehicles Starting in 2035

by David Steves (OPB) New cars sold in Oregon and Washington will have to be emissions-free starting in 2035. The rules adopted Monday by both states will mean an end to

December 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Oregon Bans Sales of New Gas-Powered Passenger Cars by 2035

(Associated Press) Policymakers for the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality on Monday approved a rule that prohibits the sale of new gasoline-powered passenger vehicles in Oregon by 2035. The effort comes

December 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Food, Feed and Fuel for Europe: The Future of Renewable Ethanol

by David Carpintero (Ethanol Producer Magazine) … As policymakers hammer out the final details of the so-called Fit for 55 package of climate and energy legislation, there is at least

December 19, 2022 Read Full Article

Oil Industry Confronts a Growing Threat: Newsom’s California

by Wes Venteicher (PoliticoPro) … Fossil fuel companies face an existential threat in California as the state shifts to a carbon neutral future: Lawmakers have set a deadline to ban the sale

December 19, 2022 Read Full Article

Will Gov. Gavin Newsom’s Electric Car Mandate Save the World or Stall on the Freeway?

by David H. Freedman (Newsweek) Shifting the world to zero-emissions all-electric vehicles would in theory eliminate about one-fifth of all carbon-dioxide emissions, the chief greenhouse gas behind climate change. But

December 7, 2022 Read Full Article

Ethanol vs. Electrons: The Future of Fuel

by Matt Roberts (Terrain) Many worry that electrified vehicles, fuel economy standards, and improving battery technology will make the internal combustion engine (ICE) obsolete, illegal, or both, with wildly varying

November 16, 2022 Read Full Article

Face it: Electric Cars Don’t Do Much of Anything for the Environment

by John Stossel (New York Post) … To make sure we have no choice in the matter, some left-leaning states have moved to ban gas-powered cars altogether. California Gov. Gavin Newsom issued an

November 9, 2022 Read Full Article

QUOTE OF THE WEEK — Derrick Morgan

“This (the Biden Administration’s EPA and DOT regulatory efforts to mandate transition to electric vehicles) completely inverts the statutory system, transforming it into a tool for forcing electrification rather than

November 1, 2022 Read Full Article

Advanced Diesel, Other ICEs, and Low-Carbon, Renewable Fuels Are Essential to Achieving California’s Climate and Clean Air Goals for Trucking

(Diesel Technology Forum) The Diesel Technology Forum (DTF) issued the following statement with regards to the California Air Resources Board’s consideration of the so-called Advanced Clean Fleets rule (ACF), which would

October 28, 2022 Read Full Article

EU Approves Ban on New Combustion-Engine Cars from 2035

(Associated Press) European Union lawmakers and member countries reached a deal to ban the sale of new gasoline and diesel cars and vans by 2035. The deal EU negotiators sealed Thursday night

October 28, 2022 Read Full Article

Ag, States Challenge EPA Action on EVs: Ag Groups, States Say EPA, California Used Back Door to Spread Electric Vehicle Use

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer)  Agriculture, fuel interests and several states see EPA’s March 2022 decision to reinstate California’s legal authority to implement a zero-emissions vehicle sales mandate and greenhouse

October 28, 2022 Read Full Article

Let’s Keep Future Truck and Fuel Options Open in California

by Allen Schaeffer (Diesel Technology Forum) Later this week the California Air Resources Board (CARB) will consider a controversial rule that if enacted, will require trucking fleets in California to purchase

October 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Growth Energy Outlines Opportunity to Reduce Emissions before Washington and Oregon Lawmakers

(Growth Energy) Growth Energy recently submitted comments to the Washington Department of Ecology and Oregon Department of Environmental Quality in response to the states’ proposals to follow California’s Advanced Clean Cars

October 25, 2022 Read Full Article

How Biofuels to Help Meet Rising Electricity Demand Pushed by Large-Scale EV Adoption

by Kishan Karunakaran (Buyofuel/Financial Express)  The Indian government is supporting swift transformation of conventional, fossil fuel-based transportation to electric vehicles with policy support, schemes like FAME, financing options and subsidies.

September 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Low-Carbon Fun: Making RV Manufacturing Greener

Troy Baltic, Eric Hannon, Patrick Lahaie, Alexander Pfeiffer and Michael Robichaud (Mckinsey and Co.) … Traditionally, three decarbonization approaches compete to address downstream Scope 3 emissions—those produced when consumers use a

September 23, 2022 Read Full Article

Oregon, Washington Plan to Ban All New Gas-Powered Cars by 2035. What’s Next?

by Pat Dooris, David Mann (KGW8) In just over a decade, all new cars sold in Oregon and Washington will be electric vehicles (EVs) — that’s the plan at least.

September 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Within Clear Sight: The California Air Resources Board Is Working on Its Latest Scoping Plan

by Katie Schroeder (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The California Air Resources Board is working on its latest scoping plan, which could potentially intensify Low Carbon Fuel Standard targets and boost ethanol

September 21, 2022 Read Full Article

UPDATE 2-GM Backs Setting Tough U.S. Emissions Targets for 2030

by David Shepardson (Reuters)  General Motors Co said on Tuesday it backed establishing tougher federal emissions standards to help ensure at least 50% of new vehicles sold by 2030 are zero-emission.

September 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Marco Rubio Says California Electric Car Plan ‘Self-Defeating’: People Will Be ‘Charging Their Cars with Coal’

by Ronn Blitzer (FOXBusiness) The Florida senator warned that imposing a mandate before the necesssary scientific advancements exists will result in ‘ridiculous outcomes’ —  Sen. Marco Rubio, R-Fla., dismissed California’s

September 19, 2022 Read Full Article

Inside Innovation: Long Live Electric, But Diesel’s Not Dead Yet

by John Bleasby  (Daily Commercial News) … When projected over 10 years between 2022 and 2032, it found considerable advantages with advanced diesel technology, particularly when using renewable biofuels, as compared

September 7, 2022 Read Full Article

Ethanol and EVs Pt 1

by Bob Larson (Ag Information Network/Washington State Farm Bureau Report)  … The same week California announced it will end the sale of new liquid-fueled vehicles in 2035, a heat wave

September 7, 2022 Read Full Article

RFA and Ethanol at the Farm Progress Show

by Cindy Zimmerman (AgWired)  Ethanol was in the spotlight at the Farm Progress Show in Iowa this week and the Renewable Fuels Association was there to promote the high octane benefits of the fuel and

September 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Ethanol Report from Farm Progress Show

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.Com)  Ethanol was in the spotlight at the Farm Progress Show in Iowa this week and the Renewable Fuels Association was there to promote the high octane benefits of the fuel

September 2, 2022 Read Full Article

Grassley: Attacks on Ethanol Could Result in Job Loss

(RFD TV)  Iowa Senator Chuck Grassley recently fielded questions from reporters this week regarding ethanol production in the U.S. as the current administration pushes for more electric vehicles.  He calls

September 1, 2022 Read Full Article

California Poised to Phase out Sale of New Gas-Powered Cars

by Kathleen Ronayne (Associated Press)  California is poised to set a 2035 deadline for all new cars, trucks and SUVs sold in the state to be powered by electricity or hydrogen,

August 25, 2022 Read Full Article

It’s Time for Europe to Do Better on Biofuels

by David Carpintero (ePURE/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Crop-based biofuels such as renewable ethanol are by far the main renewable energy source in EU transport. Restricting the contribution of such biofuels to

August 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Climate Bill, State Mandates Jump-Start EVs’ Future But Experts Say It Will Be 20 to 30 Years before EVs Fully Replace Gas-fueled Cars.

by Anne C. Mulkern (E&E News/Politico Pro)  …  Massachusetts Gov. Charlie Baker (R) last week signed legislation banning sales of new gasoline-fueled vehicles in state after 2035. California, New York

August 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Brussels Breaks up with the Car

by Aitor Hernandez-Morales (Politico Pro)  … On August 16, a new mobility plan goes into effect in the city’s so-called Pentagon with the goal of slashing transport emissions, reducing traffic and improving residents’

August 12, 2022 Read Full Article

The Man Helping Volvo’s Trucks Go Green

by Ryan Heath (Politico’s The Long Game)  But we also believe that there is a future for internal combustion. And so we are not decreasing our efforts when it comes to

July 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Federal Government under Pressure to Increase EV Uptake after ACT Announces Petrol Car Ban

by Royce Kurmelovs (The Guardian) Electric vehicle advocates and auto industry say Australia needs nationally mandated fuel efficiency standards —  The federal government is under pressure to act to increase the

July 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Rise of Electric Cars to Shift Biofuels Use to Other Transport Areas

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com) As the pending combustion engine ban sets the clock ticking on the lucrative fuels market for passenger vehicles, the biofuels industry is aiming to bolster its

July 13, 2022 Read Full Article

Will Los Angeles Join a Ban on New Gas Stations?

byLinda Poon (Bloomberg)  The small but growing Safe Cities movement is looking to LA to help stop the construction of new gas stations across North America. —  … Cities in

July 13, 2022 Read Full Article

“EVs Aren’t the Only Answer”: Toyota Scientist on the Future of Cars: Gill Pratt, CEO of the Toyota Research Institute, Fears Hype rather than Science Is Rushing Us into a Battery-Only Future

by Jim Holder (AutoCar)  … Today his (Gill Pratt’s) job titles at Toyota include chief scientist, executive fellow for research and CEO of the Toyota Research Institute; his past includes stints

July 12, 2022 Read Full Article

EU Countries Approve Climate Measures after Long Talks

by Samuel Petrequin (Associated Press) Germany’s transport minister said Thursday that he opposes plans to ban the sale of new cars with combustion engines across the European Union in 2035, arguing

June 29, 2022 Read Full Article

Fit for 55: Transport MEPs Set Ambitious Targets for Greener Aviation Fuels

(European Parliament)  85% of aviation fuel should be sustainable by 2050; Leave space for electricity and hydrogen to be part of new fuel mix; Create a Sustainable Aviation Fund —

June 29, 2022 Read Full Article

Biofuels to Play ‘a Big Role’ in Reducing EU Dependency on Russian Fossil Fuels: MEP

(Biofuels Central) In a landmark decision on 31 May, the EU agreed to end most Russian oil imports by the end of the year. Renewable biofuels have been touted as a

June 27, 2022 Read Full Article

Germany Says No to EU’s 2035 ICE Ban, Others May Follow

by Peter Holderith (The Drive) The three largest economies in the European Union are showing strong opposition to the ambitious 2035 target. Germany’s finance minister Christian Lindner said Tuesday that

June 23, 2022 Read Full Article

NGVA Europe Reacts to Plenary Vote on New CO₂ Emission Standards

(NGVA Europe/NGV Journal) On June 8, the European Parliament plenary voted on the CO₂ emission performance standards for cars and vans and regretfully failed to agree on a pragmatic and practical

June 16, 2022 Read Full Article

EU Lawmakers Back Effective Ban on New Fossil-Fuel Cars from 2035

by Kate Abnett (Reuters)  Lawmakers on the European Parliament’s environment committee on Tuesday backed an EU plan to effectively ban new petrol and diesel car sales from 2035, while voting against

June 7, 2022 Read Full Article

NACS Seeks to Block California Zero-Emission Vehicle Mandate

(NACS)  Regulators “should encourage innovation to meet environmental performance goals,” NACS says. —  NACS on May 13 filed a petition in federal court in Washington, D.C., to challenge the Environmental Protection

May 17, 2022 Read Full Article

RTFA Chief Executive Gaynor Hartnell Talks about Renewable Fuels at Greenfleet

by Gaynor Hartnell (Renewable Transport Fuel Association)  Presenters pre-recorded their presentations in advance of today’s (April 28, 2022) Commercial Vehicle event run by Greenfleet UK. In case you missed it,

May 6, 2022 Read Full Article

California Moves Closer toward Phasing out Gas Cars: State Officials Have Targeted 2035 as the Deadline to End the Sales of New Cars that Produce Emissions.

by Anne C. Mulkern (E&E News Climatewire) California is expected this week to take a significant step toward its goal of phasing out gas-fueled vehicles. The California Air Resources Board is

April 11, 2022 Read Full Article

Washington State Plans to Ban Most Non-Electric Vehicles by 2030

by Minyvonne Burke (NBC News) The bill says that all vehicles of the model year 2030 or later that are sold, purchased, or registered in the state must be electric.

March 28, 2022 Read Full Article

Petrol and Diesel Vehicles ‘Demonised’ as Experts Call for More Investments in Biofuels

by Felix Reeves (Express) MORE investment is needed into biofuels to help lower emissions despite petrol and diesel vehicles being “demonised”, according to one expert.  —  The Government has been

February 8, 2022 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels Can Replace Used Cooking Oil in Aviation, Industry Says

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com)  Under the ReFuelEU Aviation proposal, the percentage of SAF that must be mixed with kerosene would reach 63% in 2050. — Pressure is growing on EU

February 3, 2022 Read Full Article

Petrol and Diesel Cars Need ‘Biofuels’ Like E10 to Achieve Net Zero before EV Rollout

by Felix Reeves (Express) Esperts are urging the Government to consider using sustainable fuels in petrol and diesel cars in a possible follow-up to E10 petrol.  —  With the Government’s

January 31, 2022 Read Full Article

Are Zero-Emission Vehicles the Right Goal for Delivery?

by Megan Lampinen (Automotive World) Allen Schaeffer suggests the delivery segment should be looking at the broader carbon footprint factor as opposed to strictly tailpipe emissions. … The future is eclectic,

January 18, 2022 Read Full Article

In an East Coast First, New Jersey Will Phase out Diesel Trucks

by María Paula Rubiano A. (Grist)  New Jersey joins California, Oregon, and Washington in setting ambitious goals to electrify trucks by 2035. — The New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection

January 3, 2022 Read Full Article

U.S. Reverses Trump Effort to Quash California Vehicle Emissions Rules

by David Shepardson (Reuters) The Biden administration on Tuesday finalized a reversal of a rule issued under then-U.S. President Donald Trump that sought to pre-empt California’s vehicle emissions regulations. The Department

December 23, 2021 Read Full Article

CNG Fuels Opens Scotland’s First Biomethane Refuelling Station

(Bioenergy Insight) CNG Fuels has opened Scotland’s first public access biomethane refuelling station, in response to growing demand from major UK brands. The new station, located adjacent to the busiest

December 21, 2021 Read Full Article

The Bright Future for the Internal Combustion Engine

by Bob Stanton (Government Fleet) … To paraphrase Mark Twain, “The presumptions of the death of the ICE are greatly exaggerated.” The ICE will be with us for decades to

December 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Keep the Tailpipe, Lose the Carbon

by Keith Reid (Fuels Market News) LEADING FUELS-FOCUSED GROUPS SEE ALTERNATIVE FUELS AS KEY PLAYERS IN A NET-ZERO ENVIRONMENT.  … From international political centers to state governments, there seems to

November 12, 2021 Read Full Article

Planes, Trains and Automobiles: It’s Transport Day at COP26. Here’s What You Need to Know.

by Tik Root (Washington Post) … The International Energy Association (IEA) reports that transport emissions are still increasing and account for roughly a quarter of all carbon dioxide released from fuel combustion.

November 11, 2021 Read Full Article

6 Automakers and 30 Countries Say They’ll Phase Out Gasoline Car Sales

by Brad Plumer and Hiroko Tabuchi (Wall Street Journal) Ford, G.M. and Mercedes agreed to work toward selling only zero-emissions vehicles by 2040. But Toyota, Volkswagen and Nissan-Renault did not join

November 10, 2021 Read Full Article

EU Mitght Need More Traditional Biofuels to Meet Climate Goals

by Larry Lee (Brownfield Ag News)  A recent report by RaboResearch says the European Union might need more traditional biofuels to reach environmental goals if new technologies are slow to develop. 

November 8, 2021 Read Full Article

RaboResearch: EU Biofuel Demand to Halve by 2050

(Green Car Congress) The decarbonization of EU road transportation will increasingly impact the demand for fossil and biofuel, especially after 2030. The long-term outlook for biofuels, beyond 2045, does not look

November 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Inspired by Prince Charles’s Aston Martin that Runs on Cheese and Wine, Toby Walne Road-Tests a Rather More Humble Biofuel…Used Chip Fat oil

by Toby Walne (Daily Mail) Using used cooking oil to fuel cars and lorries is very much part of the future; Biofuels could play a role in turning Great Britain

October 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuel Investment Should Occur in California Despite Some Opposition, Regulator Says

by Laura Sanicola (Reuters) California’s biofuel projects are important for the state to achieve its decarbonization goals despite “tremendous pushback” in some instances, a top state environmental regulator said on Tuesday.

October 20, 2021 Read Full Article

‘Fit for 55’ and Its Impact on the Biofuels Industry

(Biofuels International) The name ‘Fit for 55’ may have many people scratching their heads – is it an exercise programme,

October 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Auto Industry Commits to All-Electric, but Hybrids Make Powerful Interim Case; Report

by Neil Winton (Forbes)  As politicians declare their love for clean electric cars and fall over themselves to be the

October 5, 2021 Read Full Article

Toyota Boss Says Carbon Is the Enemy, Not the Internal Combustion Engine

by Ronan Glon (AutoBlog) He argues banning the engine is not the solution  — Toyota boss Akio Toyoda is one of the

September 22, 2021 Read Full Article

IRFA Issues Open Letters to Sanders, Cruz on RFS, Ethanol

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The Iowa Renewable Fuels Association on Aug. 27 issued open letters to Sens. Bernie Sanders,

September 10, 2021 Read Full Article

New York Ices the I.C.E.? New York Is One Step Closer to Eliminating the Sale of Gasoline-Fueled Cars

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy)  New York is one step closer to eliminating the sale of gasoline-fueled cars by

September 9, 2021 Read Full Article

The Major Problems Blocking America’s Electric Car Future: The Electric Future Is Coming. But How Quickly Is Less Certain.

by Daniel Yergin (Politico) … Targets may be motivating. But no matter how much money is spent, shifting such a

August 31, 2021 Read Full Article

The Tough Calculus of Emissions and the Future of EVs

by Mark Mills (TechCrunch)  From materials and batteries to manufacturing, calculating the real carbon cost of EVs is just getting

August 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Felix Leach and Kelly Senecal on Racing Toward Zero: The Untold Story of Driving Green

by Tammy Klein (Transport Energy Strategies)  For this video podcast, I spoke with Dr. Felix Leach, Associate Professor of Engineering Science

August 9, 2021 Read Full Article

CNG Fuels Opens First Biomethane Station to Serve UK North East Region

(CNG Fuels/NGV Journal)  CNG Fuels announced the opening of a new natural gas refueling station for heavy trucks in Newark, Nottinghamshire,

August 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Could Nature’s Own Fuel Save Us from Greenhouse Effect and Electric Grid Failure?

by Ellen Brown (LA Progressive) While biofuels are a less high-tech, cheaper and in many ways more effective solution to

August 2, 2021 Read Full Article

We Can Love Electric Cars, but Let’s Not Spurn Biofuels

by Dan Morgan (The Globalist)  Right now, electric cars have the momentum and the “inevitability” narrative on their side. Is

July 16, 2021 Read Full Article

EU Proposes Effective Ban for New Fossil-Fuel Cars from 2035

by Nick Carey and Christoph Steitz (Reuters/Business Day) -Commission proposes 55% cut in CO2 emissions from cars by 2030; -Proposals

July 15, 2021 Read Full Article

NGVA Europe: Joint Open Letter on the Future of Vehicle CO2 Standards

(NGVA Europe/NGV Journal) Together with a coalition of EU associations from the energy and transport sectors, NGVA Europe has sent an open

July 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Bosch Sees a Place for Renewable Fuels, Challenging Proposed European Union Engine Ban

by Aria Alamalhodaei (TechCrunch) Bosch executives on Thursday criticized proposed EU regulations that would ban the internal combustion engine by

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Biden Faces Pressure to Drive Gasoline and Diesel Cars out of the US

by Oliver Milman (The Guardian)  Joe Biden’s administration, seeking deep cuts to planet-heating emissions, is facing pressure to take a previously

May 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Carper Urges Tough US Rules Barring Gas-Powered Cars by 2035

by Hope Yen and Tom Krisher (Associated Press)  A top Senate Democrat is urging U.S. anti-pollution standards that would follow a

May 1, 2021 Read Full Article

State Lawmakers Pass Bill Mandating Only Electric Cars Sold by 2035

by Rick Karlin (Times Union)  Would essentially ban traditional gas powered vehicles in just over a decade — The state Senate

April 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Washington State to Ban Sales of New Gas-Powered Cars

(NACS)  The target is 2030, and the plan hinges on adoption of a vehicle-miles-traveled tax.  —  Last week, Washington state lawmakers

April 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Biden Wins CAFE Penalty Court Dispute

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy)  The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit in New York has sided

April 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Barasso: Innovation, Not Regulation, Is the Best Way to Improve Our Country’s Mobility

(Senate Committee on Energy and Natural Resources) Today (March 16, 2021), U.S. Senator John Barrasso (R-WY), ranking member of the

April 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Will Biden’s $2.3 Trillion Infrastructure Plan Usher in Era of the EV?

by Sebastian Blanco (Car and Driver) While not targeting gas-powered cars for extinction, the plan intends to bring electric cars

April 5, 2021 Read Full Article

CFDC Calls On EPA to Prioritize Octane in New Fuel Economy Rule

(Clean Fuels Development Coalition)  The Clean Fuels Development Coalition called the pending revision of the nation’s fuel economy rules one of

March 12, 2021 Read Full Article

California City Bans Construction of New Gas Stations in Climate-Fight First

(CBS News)  A Northern California city is believed to be the first in the country to ban all new gas stations

March 12, 2021 Read Full Article

UK Ban on ICE Vehicles Highlights How ‘Policymakers Need to Pay Attention to What’s Working Today’

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  … U.K.’s government announced it is going one step further by banning the sale of

November 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Senator Merkley, Congressman Levin Introduce Legislation to End U.S. Sale of Gasoline-Powered Vehicles by 2035

(Office of Senator Jeff Merkley (D-OR))  The Zero-Emission Vehicles Act of 2020 will position U.S. to lead global auto industry

October 21, 2020 Read Full Article

California to Ban Sales of Gas Cars by 2035

(Our Daily Planet) Yesterday, California Governor Gavin Newsom announced that the state will phase out sales of all gasoline-powered vehicles by

September 24, 2020 Read Full Article

How It All Ties Together – LCFS, Biobased Fuel, Zero Emission Vehicles, ICEV Bans: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to The Big 3 Policies for Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Few countries blend ethanol beyond 10% right now but are targets moving? What about biodiesel targets,

April 7, 2020 Read Full Article

California Bans Government Purchase of Gasoline Vehicles

(Trucking Info) … As part of Gov. Gavin Newsom’s administration’s attempt to combat climate change, California has banned the purchase

December 4, 2019 Read Full Article

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bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 bracken brackish water brash Brassica Brazil breweries brine British Columbia brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses Business/General Aviation Business and Industry Program (B&I) business law business resources butadiene butandeiol (bio-BDO) Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butyl acetate butylene butyric acid c C1 C2 C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar C21 Cabo Verde cactus cactus pear cagaita Californa California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap-and-invest cap-and-trade capybara carbohydrates carbon carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon standard carbon tax carbon tax-and-dividend Carbon tax border adjustments carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata carinata/brassica carinata cashew cashew apple CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattails cattle CBD (cannabidiol) CBG (compressed biogas) cellulase enzymes cellulose cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program Certificates of Origin (COs) certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 chemical-looping hydrogen method Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chromium chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel Clean clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel clean fuel production tax credit Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative co-processing co-products CO2 neutral fuels coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt coco cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel Cook Islands cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stov corn stover corn supply corn surplus Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel diesel with renewables digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E2 E3 E4 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E40 pumps E50 E75 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 education educational business private educational tour Education Series 3030 efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electroly electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) Environmentalists environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) esg ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylbenzene ethylene ethyl levulinate (EL) ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flavors flax Fleets fleet turnover fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service forklifts fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium games gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasificatio gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo gliricidia sepium global warming glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grease Great Green Fleet Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy Green Jobs Greenland Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana gypsum Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawai'i hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras Honge tree nuts Hong Kong horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO20 HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrids Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogen aircraft hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogenolysis hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydrogen terminal hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export India Indiana Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesi Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA Jamaica Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education kalanchoe kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logist logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low c low carbon 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substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Native American tribes natural g natural gas natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherland Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakora North Dakota Northeast Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Noth Dakota Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil/gas terminals oil embargo oil exploration oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil ref oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA overview overview/survey course owa oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree peaches peach shell peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellet pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests pet food petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine needles pine nut pipelines PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid 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(QAPs) quality improvement Quebec Quebed Queensland quote of the week r R5 R33 R99/RD99 race radiata pine radish leaves railroad rainforest rain tree ranchers RAND rare earth metal/critical minerals RD3 RD10 RD20 RD30 RD50 RD55 RD80 RD80B20 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming Regulated Emissions regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit renewable d Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price renewable diesel pipelines Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal 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Rhode Island rhododendron Ricardo rice rice bran rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw/paddy straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) RNG tax credit roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rosin rotation crops royalties RP-1 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program rushes Russia rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass s saccharification saf SAF10 SAF30 SAF40 Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower SAF pipeline sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush salt water Sanctions Santa Monica Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy scooters Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation second-generation biofuel income tax credit Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver simarouba Singapore Singpore SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog soapstock Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solar fuel solaris solar thermochemical hydrogen (STCH) solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South K South Korea South Sudan SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications Spekboom Spent Bleaching Earth Oil (SBEO) sprawl spruce Sri Lanka standards start-up State Department steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) subsid succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcan sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Surface Transportation Board Suriname 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Uruguay US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army usda USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used motor oil used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey Utah utility model value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Venezuela Vermont vetiver Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses vlsfo VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volatile fatty acids (VFA) volunteers Vulcanol w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment wax well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Virginia wet distillers grain what What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat 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