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World Fuel Gets International Sustainability Approval

by Charles Alcock (Aviation International News) New certifications cover North America, Europe and Singapore -- World Fuel Services this week achieved key approvals to meet international standards for carbon reduction measures and services. Today (April 5, 2024), the company announced it has

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Agreement Signed by 6 Companies to Collaborate on Biofuels, Feedstocks between Japan, South Korea

(Eneos/Biobased Diesel Daily) DS Dansuk Co. Ltd., Eneos Corp., HMLP Co. Ltd., Nomura Jimusho Inc., Yoshikawa Yushi Co. Ltd. and Sapporo Yushi Co. Ltd. announced March 22 that they have entered into a memorandum of understanding (MOU) earlier this year designed

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Airports & Sustainable Aviation Fuel: Opportunities from SAF Certification --- April 4, 2024 --- ONLINE

Aimed at airport organisations, this webinar will review the value of sustainability and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) certification. It will help airports to understand what the key sustainability aspects are when we speak about SAF, and what the opportunities are

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WTO Circulates Panel Report on Malaysia’s Biodiesel Policy Complaints against EU

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) ...  WTO appellate body says it is extremely difficult to determine the extent of any contribution that is made toward the achievement of the objective(s) of the measures. Much of this difficulty derives from the fact

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ISCC Clears Brazil's FS Corn Ethanol for SAF

by Vinicius Damazio and Laura Guedes (Argus Media) Brazilian corn-based ethanol producer FS has received certification that its corn-based ethanol complies with international requirements to produce sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). The International Sustainability Carbon Certification (ISCC) Corsia applies to its Lucas do

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Fostering the Good Created by Safe and Sustainable Aviation

by Tony Concil (Airlines.IATA) Tony Concil talks to Juan Carlos Salazar, Secretary General of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), about the organization’s role in tackling aviation challenges. ... With that in mind, the agreement reached at ICAO’s Conference on Aviation and

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Experts Expand the Coverage of Greenhouse Gases in Travel Impact Model for Flight Emissions

(International Council on Clean Transportation)  The International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) announced a series of updates to the Travel Impact Model (TIM) that will more fully reflect the environmental impact of aviation and help people make more sustainable choices when planning air

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Gulf Countries Urged to Fast-Track Production of Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Deena Kamel (The National News)  Gulf countries must quickly begin to produce their own sustainable aviation fuel to gain a share of western-dominated market while supporting a push for greener flights by their national airlines, a UAE official has said. The global supply of SAF is limited, making it

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Event Recap: ISCC Technical Stakeholder Meeting on Sustainable Marine Fuels -- Presentations Available

(International Sustainability and Carbon Certification) ISCC representatives welcomed more than 300 stakeholders to their second ISCC Stakeholder Meeting on Sustainable Marine Fuel (SMF) on February 1st. Held online, the event dived deep into state of the market and how certified sustainable

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Project Presentation – Life Cycle Assessment of the Production of Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) and Renewable Diesel (RD) from Oil Palm and its Crop Residues in Colombia

(International Sustainability and Carbon Certification)  In a collaborative effort funded by the World Bank, ISCC, with the support of its sister companies MEO and GRAS, has been diligently conducting a Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) of Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) and Renewable

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IIP to Sign MoU with Airbus for Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Dalip Singh (The Hindu Business Line) While we have invented the alternative aviation fuel, Airbus will bring its aviation expertise for common good including testing and getting market access, IIP Director Dr Harender Singh Bhist tells businessline -- The Indian Institute

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As 40B GREET Deadline Looms, RFA Offers Recommendations for SAF Emissions Modeling

(Renewable Fuels Association) In a letter submitted  to the Biden administration today, the Renewable Fuels Association laid out recommendations for ensuring that the best available science and data are used in determining eligibility for the sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) tax credit established in

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Mangalore Refinery Follows Suit, Firms Up Plans for Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production after Indian Oil

by Amit Mishra (Swarajya Magazine)  Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited (MRPL), a subsidiary of ONGC, has set the ball rolling for the production of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) in two years to support the government’s one per cent blending target. The MRPL management is in the

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MRPL Firms up Green Aviation Fuel Plans

by Aneesh Phadnis (Business Line) While Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) plans to start the country’s first commercial-scale SAF plant at Panipat by 2026, MRPL is setting up 20-kilolitre-per-day plant to demonstrate indigenously-developed technology -- Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Ltd (MRPL) is gearing up to produce sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) in two years to support the government’s one per cent blending

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Honeywell Ready to Collaborate with Indian Refiners for Aviation Fuel

 by Rohit Vaid (Financial Express)  ... US-based Honeywell, which among other areas also operates in aerospace, is open to investing as well as collaborating with oil refiners in India to manufacture sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), country president Ashish Modi told FE. Sustainable aviation fuel

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ACX Launches Biofuels Physical Trading Platform in ADGM, Abu Dhabi

(ACX/EIN Presswire)  ADGM based ACX Ltd., part of the ACX Group, is proud to announce the start of live trading on its groundbreaking biofuels electronic physical trading platform, ACXBiofuels, as part of its Financial Services Regulatory Authority (FSRA) regulated Recognised Investment

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UN Aviation Meeting Agrees to Goal of 5% Lower Emissions by 2030

by Allison Lampert and Tim Hepher (Reuters) A meeting of more than 100 countries on Friday agreed to an interim goal for emissions reductions from global aviation by 2030 by using less-polluting fuels, but China, Russia and some others aired concerns

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Agreement Reached on Aviation Clean Energy

(Air Transport Action Group)  The aviation sector has adopted a collective goal to start the shift away from fossil fuels at the third Conference on Aviation and Alternative Fuels (CAAF/3), convened by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a United Nations

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IBAC's Edwards Stresses Need for Book-and-Claim

by Kerry Lynch (AIN)  Edwards tells ICAO gathering that book-and-claim addresses current SAF limitations -- International Business Aviation Council (IBAC) director general Kurt Edwards highlighted business aviation’s commitment to sustainability and the need for innovative approaches such as book-and-claim during the third

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ICAO: Malaysia Illustrates Commitment to Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(International Civil Aviation Organization/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Taken together, sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and operational improvements hold the promise of delivering almost two-thirds of the CO2-emissions reductions required to decarbonize international aviation by 2050. Juan Carlos Salazar, secretary general of the International Civil

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Low Carbon Fuels 2040: The Emerging Markets

(Biofuels Digest/Nuu Media) Low Carbon Fuels 2040: The Emerging Markets provides detailed case studies, updates and analysis of the key producers and developers participating in Renewable Diesel projects and Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) projects in the USA, Canada, Europe, Asia, and in South

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CORSIA v. GREET for SAF: What to Do, What to Do

by Tammy Klein (Transport Energy Strategies) ... For SAF and the ethanol-based alcohol-to-jet (AtJ) pathway, the issue is one of models: CORSIA* v. GREET for purposes of calculating the SAF tax credits under the IRA. The IRA states that a fuel’s

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IMO Interim Guidance on the Use of Biofuels in Relation to CII

(Maritime Cyprus)  The 80th session of the IMO’s Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC 80), held in July 2023, has approved the interim guidance on the use of biofuels. This is in relation to assigning CO2 Emission Conversion Factor (Cf) under the Carbon Intensity

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The Sustainable Aviation Fuel Road Ahead

by Byron Dorgan (Bipartisan Policy Center/RealClear Energy) Farmers must play a major role! -- The Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) – signed into law one year ago – created aggressive goals to reduce carbon emissions. One of those goals included furthering the growth

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Sustainable Aviation Fuel’s Success Could Depend On New Tax Codes

by Mark Phelps (AvWeb)   The fiscal future of producing sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) could depend on how the tax codes associated with crop-based biofuels are written. That was the message delivered at a recent SAF conference in Minneapolis by Todd

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Accurately Accounting for SAF Carbon Emission Benefits

by Veronica Bradley  (Clean Fuels Alliance America/SAF Magazine) ... However, carbon accounting methods are still being developed for companies to inventory the impacts of carbon reduction measures like fuel switching, and track their progress to their net-zero goals. The Greenhouse Gas

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MN Bio-Fuels Commends State Leadership for Supporting Agriculture's Role in Reducing Emissions in the Aviation Industry

(Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association)  The Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association (MN Bio-Fuels) commends Minnesota Department of Agriculture Commissioner Thom Petersen for his leadership advocating for the participation of agriculture and biofuel producers in decarbonizing the aviation sector in a recent letter to U.S. Secretary of Agriculture

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Brazil's Raizen Gets Certification for Ethanol-Based SAF

 by Gabriel Araujo (Reuters/NASDAQ) Brazilian energy company Raizen RAIZ4.SA said on Monday it had become the world's first ethanol producer certified to make sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), key in the airline industry's search to reach net zero emissions by 2050. Raizen, a joint venture

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SAF Modeling Debate Isn’t Really about “GREET vs. ICAO.” It’s about Current Data vs. Old Data.

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association) Last year’s Inflation Reduction Act created tax credits meant to stimulate the production and use of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), a critical tool in the aviation sector’s decarbonization strategy. To qualify for the tax credits, SAF

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Korean Air Partners with GS Caltex to Test Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Korean Air) Korean Air has partnered with GS Caltex, a globally-recognized Korean energy and chemical company, to conduct test flights using sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). The test flights using SAF will be analyzed and the results will be used by

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Senators to Treasury: Adopt GREET for SAF Tax Credit

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  A group of 16 senators on June 16 sent a letter to U.S. Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen urging the agency to adopt the U.S. Department of Energy’s GREET model as the secondary methodology for calculating

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First Sustainable Aviation Fuel Batches Certified under CORSIA

(International Civil Aviation Organization) For the first time, sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) have been certified under the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA).  Making use of the two ICAO-approved Sustainability Certification Schemes designed for this purpose, the development marks

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Countries Must Be Allowed to Prepare Own Plans for Sustainable Aviation Fuel: India

by Jagriti Chandra (The Hindu) India urges support for achieving sustainability in aviation alongside other challenges  --  India on May 31 asserted that global mandates for Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) with 2050 as the target year was “too early” and that

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US, EU Transport Leaders Affirm Commitment to Work Together on Reducing Aviation, Marine Emissions

(U.S. Department of Transportation/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Pete Buttigieg, the U.S. secretary of transportation, and Adina Vălean, the European commissioner for transport, met May 22 to discuss EU-U.S. support to Ukraine, ongoing cooperation in aviation and maritime transport, as well as issues

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European Commission to Support SAF Development around the World

(International Civil Air Organization/Biobased Diesel Daily)  The European Commission announced May 24 support for the development of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) under the International Civil Aviation Organization’s Capacity-building and Training for Sustainable Aviation Fuels program (ACT-SAF). In line with the European Green

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IATA: SAF Production to Hit 69 Billion Litres in Five Years

(Biofuels International) The International Air Transport Association (IATA) said it expected renewable fuel production to reach an estimated capacity of at least 69 billion litres (55 million tonnes) by 2028. Sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) will comprise a portion of this growing

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Japan to Require 10 Pct Sustainable Aviation Fuel Supply from 2030

(Jiji Press/Nippon.com) Japan's industry ministry said Friday it plans to require oil wholesalers to make sustainable aviation fuel, or SAF, account for 10 pct of their aviation fuel supply from 2030. The move is aimed at promoting the use of SAF, which

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WTTC Calls for Urgent Action on Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(World Travel and Tourism Council) WTTC President & CEO Julia Simpson calls for immediate government action -- The World Travel & Tourism Council (WTTC) has today called on governments around the world to “get serious” on incentivizing Sustainable Aviation Fuel

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Inpex, Idemitsu to Supply All Nippon Airways with Net-Zero Jet Fuel for G7 Hiroshima Summit

(Inpex/Biobased Diesel Daily) Inpex Corp., Idemitsu Kosan Co. Ltd. and All Nippon Airways Co. Ltd. announced May 1 they will jointly undertake the carbon neutralization of jet fuel across its entire supply chain for select flights in May as the Group

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Mandatory Blended Jet Fuel Likely by '25

by Anu Sharma (Mint)  The government is considering issuing a directive mandating airlines to use blended sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) by 2025. “We have put together an advisory saying we will look at 1% blending of sustainable aviation fuel by 2025,

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US Ethanol Industry Expands Focus to Lower-Carbon Aviation Sector

by Stephanie Kelly (Reuters)  The U.S. ethanol industry is lobbying the Biden administration to ensure lower-carbon aviation fuel made from ethanol will qualify for subsidies under the Inflation Reduction Act, arguing such provisions are crucial to meeting U.S. climate goals. The campaign

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Overview and Update of ASCENT’s SAF Research

Overview and Update of ASCENT’s SAF Research  Presentation slides

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Battle Brews over Climate Law Credits for Aviation Biofuels

by Brian Dabbs (E&E News Energywire)  The Inflation Reduction Act is setting up a fight over the climate footprint of biofuels for aviation, with significant implications for the nation’s emissions trajectory, the U.S. transportation sector and rural communities. In coming weeks, the

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Off the Ground

by Katie Schroeder (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Several alcohol-to-jet projects, partnerships and technologies have been announced in the past 18 months. Ethanol Producer Magazine checks in on each, looking at where they stand and what they might ultimately achieve. ... Multiple airlines forged

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RFA to Treasury: Success of SAF Tax Credit Depends on Fair, Science-Based Lifecycle Analysis

(Renewable Fuels Association) The use of science-based, consistent and transparent lifecycle analysis methods will be crucially important in implementing the sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) tax credit under the Inflation Reduction Act, the Renewable Fuels Association said in comments submitted Friday to

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SAF and the ICAO LTAG Report on Future Trends in International Aviation CO2 Emissions

(Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative) · SAF and the ICAO LTAG Report on Future Trends in International Aviation CO2 Emissions Dr. James Hileman and Dr. Anna Oldani (FAA)  READ MORE

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Japan Working with Singapore, U.S. to Procure More Jet Biofuel

by Shinya Matsumoto (Asash Shimbun) Japan is in negotiations with Singapore and the United States to outline a framework for jointly procuring sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). The government is hoping to bring the agreement into reality in two to three years as

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SAF: Policy to Pave the Way

by Graham Noyes and Alex Menotti (Biodiesel Magazine) To reach U.S. sustainable aviation fuel goals, adequate policy will be crucial. -- The Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Grand Challenge represents a breakthrough in federal energy policy, establishing a comprehensive strategy developed

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European Parliament and Council Reach Compromise Agreement on Changes to the Aviation EU ETS

by Christopher Surgenor  (GreenAir Online) The EU’s Council and Parliament have reached a provisional agreement on revisions to the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) rules applying to the aviation sector. A proposal by the Parliament, and backed by environmental groups and major

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ANA and JOIN Signed a Memorandum of Understanding to Strengthen Cooperation on SAF

(All Nippon Airways) Supporting Decarbonization in Aviation Business -- On December 19, ANA and JOIN signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) to cooperate on SAF-related projects. -- Based on this MOU, ANA will support JOIN's overseas participation in SAF-related projects

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NBAA, Coalition Urge IRS to Resolve Questions about SAF Tax Credit Programs

(National Business Aviation Association) NBAA recently joined with a coalition of dozens of aviation stakeholders in submitting comments to the IRS on implementation of the upcoming sustainable aviation fuel blenders tax credit (SAF BTC) and clean fuel production credit (CFPC). Effective Jan.

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Clean Fuels Files Comments on New SAF, Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Tax Incentives

(Clean Fuels Alliance America) Clean Fuels urges Treasury to use up-to-date, science-based model for carbon scoring  --  On Friday (December 2, 2022), Clean Fuels Alliance America submitted a written response to the U.S. Treasury’s request for comments (Notice 2022-58) on Credits for

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ITOCHU Announces Commencement of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Supply to Japan Airlines

(Itochu Corporation) ITOCHU Corporation (headquartered in Minato-ku, Tokyo; Keita Ishii, President & COO; hereinafter "ITOCHU") announced today that it has reached an agreement with Japan Airlines Co., Ltd. (headquartered in Shinagawa-ku, Tokyo; Yuji Akasaka, President & CEO; hereinafter "JAL") to supply

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Growth Energy Sends Letter to Treasury on Action to Slash Aviation Emissions

(Growth Energy) Today, Growth Energy sent a letter to the U.S. Department of the Treasury on implementation of Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 (IRA) tax credits for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). In her letter, Growth Energy CEO Emily Skor calls on regulators to

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The Corn Bioethanol Chamber Demands Incentives to Produce Aviation Fuels

(ECOS365 (Google Translation)) Faced with an agreement in the UN for air transport to achieve carbon neutrality in 2050, the entity highlighted the need for a law in Argentina to take advantage of the "investment boom" that is coming. -- he

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Governments Adopt 2050 Net-Zero Carbon Goal for Air Transport

(Air Transport Action Group)  Governments meeting at the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Assembly in Montreal have adopted a goal of net-zero carbon emissions for international flights by 2050, one of the only global sector-specific climate goals. The goal aligns international

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Carbon-Free Air Travel Could Take Flight by 2050

by Soleil Foy (World War Zero) ... In an effort to decarbonize the aviation industry, countries like the US and Canada are investing in sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) that could potentially reduce the GHG emissions by a minimum of 50% compared to conventional fuel. Similarly, airline

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Business Aviation Issues Guiding Principles on Sustainability Ahead of U.N. Aviation Forum

Business aviation groups today put forward a set of policy principles to guide long-term carbon emissions reductions in the lead-up to the 41st International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Triennial Assembly convening this week. ICAO, a United Nations agency, convenes its 193 member

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Voted Out: Russia Loses ICAO Council Seat

by Luke Bodell (Simple Flying) Other council members advocated voting against Russia. -- Russia has lost its place on the International Civil Aviation Organization's (ICAO) 36-member governing council after failing to win enough votes from fellow members. The country's violation

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Raquel Sánchez Is Committed to Helping Other Countries in the Development and Use of Sustainable Aviation Fuels

(La Moncloa (Google Translation))  The minister signs a memorandum of understanding with the International Civil Aviation Organization to participate in the program for the development and deployment of sustainable fuels throughout the world. The Minister of Transport, Mobility and Urban Agenda,

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Cooper Discusses Impact of IRA, Possible Rail Strike

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Renewable Fuels Association President and CEO Geoff Cooper on Aug. 13 discussed several current issues impacting the U.S. ethanol sector, including a possible rail strike, ahead of an event held by the White House in

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Quick Summary of Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) Provisions in Inflation Reduction Act

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  In the recently signed Inflation Reduction Act, you can find a number of items that involve sustainable aviation fuels (SFA), particularly the tax credit and transition to a carbon credit.  Thanks to notes about

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Bangchak Group to Produce Thailand’s First and Only SAF from Used Cooking Oil

(Bangckak Corporation Public Company Limited)  Bangchak Corporation Public Company Limited and BBGI Public Company Limited, along with Thanachok Oil Light Company Limited, held a joint press conference on a joint venture, BSGF Company Limited and signed a memorandum of understanding

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EU Flagship Transport Event Showcases SAF Use and Optimised Flight Routings by Airlines

by Christopher Surgenor  (GreenAir Online) To coincide with the European Commission’s ‘Connecting Europe by Air: the Green Transformation’, event held in Lyon, France, ten flights operated by six European airlines departed Lyon Saint Exupéry Airport fuelled with a 30% blend of

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What Happened at the 2022 CAAFI Bienennial General Meeting?

(Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative )  There’s more attention on SAF now than ever before. There’s also a lot going on in the SAF space from near-term commercialization, policy pushes, feedstock development, pathway approvals, airline, airport and business aviation engagement,

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Ambition Urged for Aviation Climate Talks

(Air Transport Action Group) Representatives of over 110 countries will meet in Montreal this week for a series of talks aimed at making progress towards a long-term climate goal for the global aviation sector. High-level government representatives will meet at the

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Neste Delivers Aviation Industry’s First Ever CORSIA Certified Sustainable Aviation Fuel to American Airlines

(Neste) For the first time in aviation history a CORSIA certified batch of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) was delivered to a commercial airline. Neste, the world’s leading SAF producer, delivered a batch of its Neste MY Sustainable Aviation Fuel™ to American Airlines

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Commentary: Deconstructing the Roadmaps – What to Expect from Aviation Emissions Reduction Plans

by Nikhil Sachdeva (Roland Berger/GreenAir Online)  ... As one of the world’s biggest emitters of GHGs, the industry and its regulators have long been trying to address its sustainability issues. In recent years, this has increasingly included the publication of

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Commonwealth Governments Have the Perfect Opportunity to Unite for Aviation Climate Action

(Air Transport Action Group) A week after the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) hosted by Rwanda, a group of States from the association met with aviation industry experts today to discuss the decarbonisation of air transport. Executive Director of the cross-industry

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Reducing Aircraft Emissions Using Biofuels

by Laura Thomson (AZO Cleantech) Many strategies and solutions have been developed to enforce sustainable development in aviation and to limit the negative impact on the environment. This article looks at recent research exploring the use of biofuels to reduce

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Asia-Pacific Governments Urged to Support UN Climate Goal for Aviation

(Air Transport Action Group) Asia-Pacific Governments heard from aviation industry representatives today about the importance of coming to an agreement at the United Nations level on a long-term climate goal for the aviation sector. Executive Director of the cross-industry Air Transport Action

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ICAO Assembly to Consider Topics that Impact Business Aviation

(National Business Aviation Association) ... In addition to these important themes, another topic that will take center stage during the Assembly is whether to agree on a long-term aspirational goal of net-zero carbon emissions from international aviation by 2050. The business

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MME and ProQR/GIZ Launch Study “Governance and Public Policies to Incentivize the Production of Sustainable Aviation Fuel”

(Brazil Ministry of Mines and Energy (Google Translation)) The study is an analytical framework on public policy that will introduce sustainable aviation fuel into the Brazilian energy matrix. -- The Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) and the ProQR Project

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Aviation Climate Action Championed at Stockholm+50

(Air Transport Action Group)  Speaking to delegates meeting at the Stockholm+50 Leadership Dialogue today, Executive Director of the cross-industry Air Transport Action Group, Haldane Dodd urged governments to work together to adopt a long-term climate goal at the upcoming International Civil

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Governments Urged to Deliver Climate Goal for Aviation This Year

(Air Transport Action Group) Aviation industry executives met with government representatives in Montreal today to detail industry aspirations for a long-term climate goal to be agreed for the sector at United Nations meetings later this year. The International Civil Aviation Organization

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SK Innovation Attains CORSIA Verifier Certification

(SK Innovation/Biobased Diesel Daily) SK Innovation Institute of Environmental Science & Technology has become the first CORSIA verifier in the Korean petroleum and refinery industry, allowing it to verify the greenhouse gas emissions for international flights. The Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme

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European Summit of Governments and Industry Pledge Commitment to Net Zero Aviation Emissions

by Christopher Surgenor (GreenAir Online) A summit of 37 European countries, the European Commission and representatives from nearly 150 companies and stakeholders convened by the French government, which currently holds the presidency of the Council of the European Union, has

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Parliamentary Committees Respond to European Commission Proposals on EU ETS Changes and SAF Mandates

by Christopher Surgenor (GreenAir Online) Two draft reports on European Commission proposals to amend the Aviation EU ETS directive and introduce a regulation to kickstart large-scale use of sustainable aviation fuels in the EU have been presented to European Parliament

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States, Green Groups Challenge EPA's Aviation GHG Standard

by Juan Carlos Rodriguez (Law360) States and green groups are urging the D.C. Circuit to order the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to strengthen Trump-era aviation greenhouse gas emissions standards that have been maintained by the Biden administration. California and 11 other states,

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ProBioQAV: Premissas para um Futuro de SAF no Brasil

by Laís Forti Thomaz and Amanda Gondim (Estadao)  A aviação civil tem uma responsabilidade muito grande no que diz respeito às mudanças climáticas. O setor, como se sabe, responde por 3% das emissões globais de transportes. Ainda que já existam algumas possibilidades

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Regulatory and Policy Analysis of Production, Development and Use of Sustainable Aviation Fuels in the United States

Ekrem Korkut and Lara B. Fowler (Frontiers in Energy Research)  The United States, spurred in part by international developments, is expanding its law and policy to incentivize the use of sustainable aviation fuels. While the U.S. has agreed to participate

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COP26 Outcomes Provide Boost for Aviation Decarbonisation and the Sector’s Net Zero Ambitions

by  Christopher Surgenor  (GreenAir Online)  Whether COP26 is ultimately judged a success or failure, a number of notable outcomes for the aviation sector emerged that could accelerate momentum and encourage progress towards its net zero emissions by mid-century ambition. One

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Airlines Want to Make Flight More Sustainable. How Will They Do It?

by Leigh Krietsch Boerner (Chemical & Engineering News)  Air travel produces millions of metric tons of carbon dioxide each year. New technologies could help airlines reduce their emissions and meet their sustainability goals -- ...  Airlines are trying to reduce

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International Aviation Climate Ambition Coalition COP26 Declaration

(UN Climate Change Conference 2021 UK) We, the ministers and representatives of states, participating in the inaugural meeting of the International Aviation Climate Ambition Coalition at the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate

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Want to End Flying Shame? Meet Sustainable Jet Fuel

by Jack Wittels (Bloomberg Green)  ...Last year, even with Covid-19 travel restrictions, more than 1.5 billion barrels of aviation fuel were burned, a figure set to more than triple by 2050 as more people take to the skies. Today, that fuel

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GREET the Dawn of a New Day in Sustainable Aviation Fuels

by Meltem Urgun-Demirtas (U.S. Department of Energy)  ... Innovative thinkers at Argonne, led by Michael Wang, developed the Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Technologies (GREET) model in the mid-1990s to evaluate and compare the energy and environmental

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UK to Launch International Coalition of States at COP26 to Press for Greater Ambition on Aviation Climate Targets

by Christopher Surgenor (GreenAir Online) The UK is to unveil the International Aviation Climate Ambition Coalition during COP26, which will call on ICAO member states to adopt a long-term goal at next year’s ICAO Assembly. Around 15 countries are believed to

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RFA Comments Seek to Foster Export Competitiveness

(Renewable Fuels Association) The Renewable Fuels Association late Friday submitted comments to the International Trade Administration responding to questions posed about the U.S. Clean Technologies Export Competitiveness Strategy. These comments were issued in addition to joint comments submitted earlier by RFA, the U.S. Grains Council

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IATA Approves Resolution for Global Air-Transport Industry to Achieve Net-Zero by 2050

(International Air Transport Association/Biobased Diesel Daily) The International Air Transport Association 77th Annual General Meeting approved a resolution for the global air transport industry to achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2050. This commitment will align with the Paris Agreement goal for

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Skyservice™ Is First Full Service Business Aviation Provider in Canada to Offer Sustainable Aviation Fuel to Private Aircraft Clients

(Skyservice) AirSprint is the company’s first customer to operate with SAF fuel  --  As part of its commitment to environmentally responsible operations in the air and at its facilities, Skyservice Business Aviation (Skyservice™), Canada’s leader in business aviation, is pleased

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U.S. States Push to Surpass World Emissions Norms on Aviation

by David Shepardson and Allison Lampert (Reuters) U.S. President Joe Biden's administration should exceed global standards designed to curb emissions from flights, as pressure mounts to limit the sector's greenhouse gases, five states told the White House in a letter seen by Reuters. Major

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Aviation Industry Looks to ICAO for Leadership on Delivering a Global Long-Term Goal to Reduce Emissions

by Christopher Surgenor (GreenAir Online)  Counterintuitively, the global pandemic has catalysed the aviation sector’s approach in a very positive way to climate action despite going through the worst period in aviation history, said Haldane Dodd, the incoming Executive Director of

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100 Groups Demand Biden Cut Airplane Climate Pollution

(Common Dreams/Center for Biological Diversity)  Coalition blasts EPA delays on replacing do-nothing Trump rule. ---One hundred environmental, community and public-health groups called on the Biden administration today to set strong standards to cut airplane pollution and avoid industry-promoted biofuel greenwashing. As today’s letter notes, the

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Voos Altos e Sustentáveis no Futuro

by Laís Forti Thomaz and Cacia Pimentel (Estadão) O que a nova iniciativa dos Estados Unidos e a Organização Internacional da Aviação Civil (ICAO) podem representar para o Brasil? O governo dos Estados Unidos realizou uma reunião com integrantes de toda

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FAA Awards $100M to Develop Next Generation of Sustainable Aircraft Technology

(Federal Aviation Administration) The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has awarded more than $100 million for companies to help develop technologies that reduce fuel use, emissions and noise. The award is part of a series of steps President

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Not so Fast: But Biofuel and Agriculture Advocates Are Sounding the Alarm

by Matthew Choi (Politico's Morning Energy)  Not so fast: But biofuel and agriculture advocates are sounding the alarm over the language of a proposed $1.25-$1.75 sustainable aviation fuel tax credit, which they argue would make the administration's new SAF targets extremely difficult to achieve.

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Fact Sheet: Biden Administration Advances the Future of Sustainable Fuels in American Aviation

(White House) New Actions Aim to Produce Three Billion Gallons of Sustainable Fuel, Reduce Aviation Emissions by 20% by 2030, and Grow Good-Paying, Union Jobs  --  Today (September 9, 2021), President Biden is taking steps to coordinate leadership and innovation across

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New Funds Requested for DOE SAF Loan Guarantees

(The Alternative Fuels & Chemicals Coalition/PR Newswire)   The Alternative Fuels & Chemicals Coalition (“AFCC”), and its member companies are asking the Biden Administration to incentivize the production and use of sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) – since it would be critical to

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Korean Air Partners with SK Energy to Adopt Carbon-Neutral Jet Fuel

(Korean Air)  Korean Air has partnered with SK Energy, a major petroleum and refinery company in Korea, to introduce carbon-neutral jet fuel to actively counter climate change. Through the partnership, the airline will purchase a month’s worth of carbon-neutral jet fuel

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Biofuel and Ag Leaders Call for Accountable Life Cycle Analysis for SAF Tax Credits

(National Farmers Union) On Friday, Growth Energy, American Farm Bureau Federation, National Biodiesel Board, National Corn Growers Association, National Farmers Union, and the Renewable Fuels Association sent a letter to the U.S. Senate Committee on Finance and the U.S. House of

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S. Korean Defense Agency Develops Palm Oil-based Bio Jet Fuel Production Technique

by Park Sae-jin (AJU Business Daily)  South Korea's state defense research agency has acquired core technologies for the production of palm oil-based bio jet fuel. Through a series of tests, the agency found that the low-carbon renewable fuel could be

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Removing Roadblocks to SAF Deployment: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to BioJet Opportunities

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) You’ve probably seen the IATA Tech Roadmap and ICAO’s goals for aviation’s CO2 emissions to decrease, but how do we get there? Check out this illuminating slide guide from BETO’s Peer Review where Sandia National Labs

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Six Reasons to Support a Blender’s Tax Credit for Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Alexander Laska (Third Way/Biofuels Digest)  ... According to the International Civil Aviation Organization, one of the most impactful things we can do to reduce aviation emissions is get more sustainable aviation fuel —”drop-in” fuels that can be used in today’s aircraft and

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IATA Urges EU Legislators to Adopt a Cautious Approach on SAF Blending Mandate Scope

by Mark Pilling  (GreenAir Online)  IATA has indicated it supports mandating the use of sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) on international flights departing EU airports, which the European Commission is expected to propose in its upcoming ReFuelEU Aviation legislation, but only

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Sustainable Aviation Fuels: Opportunity for Regional Development

by Laís Forti Thomaz and Amanda Gondim (Estadão/neg.fcs.ufg.br/ (Google Translation)) In an article in Estadão, researchers from RBQAV state that Brazil needs to seek international partnerships to fulfill the agreement  -- The global targets for emission reductions have stimulated the development

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Airlines Already Have Their 'RenovaBio' to Reduce Greenhouse Gases

by Delcy MAC Cruz (Energia Que Fala Com Você (Google Translation)) ... The action serves to reduce and offset greenhouse gas emissions. It's CORSIA, which came into effect this year. We interviewed two experts to break down this program focused

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Carinata Now a Listed Feedstock for CORSIA Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Nuseed/Biobased Diesel Daily)  A recent update by the International Civil Aviation Organization now includes carinata as a renewable fuel feedstock with a similar greenhouse gas (GHG) footprint as waste and residuals, like used cooking oil. “For sustainability being categorized with waste is

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RSB, Agroicone Publish Study to Support Sustainable Transformation in Brazil with SAF

(Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials) The aviation sector has ambitious targets for reducing its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and switching from fossil fuels to low-carbon Sustainable Aviation Fuels. SAF is considered the most efficient way to achieve those targets quickly, however, in

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Schneider Introduces Bill to Decarbonize Aviation, Fulfill Climate Commitments

(Office of Congressman Brad Schneider (D-IL-10))  Sustainable Skies Act would boost incentives to use Sustainable Aviation Fuel which cuts aviation emissions by 50% or more  --  Today, Congressman Brad Schneider (IL-10) introduced the Sustainable Skies Act, new legislation to fight carbon emissions

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Getting the Most from Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Lloyd Ritter (Green Capitol LLC/Biofuels Digest) The aviation industry is currently responsible for less than 3% of total global carbon emissions, according to the International Energy Agency (IEA). But with air travel expected to increase by more than 60 percent

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Sustainable Aviation Fuels: Opportunity for Regional Development

by Laís Forti Thomaz and Amanda Gondim (Universidade Federal de Goias/Estadão (Google Translation))  In an article in Estadão, RBQAV researchers affirm that Brazil needs to seek international partnerships to fulfill an agreement  --  ...  Aircraft operators are encouraged to use

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Commentary: The Global Governance of Aviation’s Emissions – Time to Revisit the ICAO/UNFCCC Relationship

by Chris Lyle (GreenAir Online/Air Transport Economics)  In 1997, the UNFCCC’s COP3 decided, via the Kyoto Protocol, to treat international aviation indirectly through ICAO. CO2 emissions from international aviation have since doubled from 317Mt in 1997 to 641Mt in 2019, to

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Sustainable Fuel’s Role in Reducing Emissions Adds to Production Need

by Graham Warwick (Aviation Week)  ... The scale-up challenge is enormous. Barely 0.01% of the 96 billion gal. (364 billion liters) of jet fuel consumed by the world’s airlines in 2019 was sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). But announced projects should

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Transport Ministers Call for Accelerated EU-Wide Deployment and Mandates for Sustainable Aviation Fuels

(GreenAir Online) Eight European transport ministers have called for a harmonised, long-term strategy to decarbonising the air transport sector to include ramping up the production and supply of sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) through an EU-wide blending mandate. Hosting a high-level virtual

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What’s the Future for SAF: Web Conference Recording and Highlights

by Tammy Klein (Transport Energy Strategies) ... Additional efficiency improvements in planes and engines are not likely to be enough and will require lower carbon fuels also known as sustainable aviation fuels (SAF), as alternative energy vectors, such as hydrogen, will

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UK Opens Consultation on Implementing CORSIA and Policy Options for Interaction with UK ETS DEADLINE: February 28, 2021

(GreenAir Online)  As the UK prepares to adopt ICAO’s CORSIA regulations into domestic law, the Department for Transport (DfT) has opened a consultation on its proposed approach for implementing and administering the monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) of aviation CO2 emissions

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Top 10 Bioeconomy Must-Knows in the Biden Transition

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Who are the key bioeconomy players in the new Biden Administration? What recent moves by the outgoing Trump Administration and Congress will set their budget and regulatory framework for 2021. What will the new Administration

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U.S. EPA Finalizing First-Ever Airplane Emissions Rules

by David Shepardson (Reuters) The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) on Monday said it was finalizing the first-ever proposed standards regulating greenhouse gas emissions from airplanes. The EPA said its new requirements for airplanes used in commercial aviation and for large

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OPIS by IHS Markit Launches First Voluntary Carbon Credit Price Assessments Providing Transparency Needed to Advance Paris Agreement Climate Goals

(OPIS/Business Wire) OPIS, an IHS Markit (NYSE: INFO) company and the leading benchmark provider for emissions and carbon markets data, will launch today the world’s first comprehensive daily pricing suite for global voluntary carbon offset credits to advance the global initiative

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What Makes Sustainable Aviation Fuel Sustainable?: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to CORSIA in the RSB System

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  There’s greenwashing and then there’s proof of sustainability. So what’s the difference? Check out RSB’s slide guide on how they help ensure sustainable aviation fuel or SAF is actually sustainable. From their involvement in the

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Flying High with Aviation Biofuel – Continuous SAF Supply Arrives at SFO and LTN Airports, RSB Recognized by ICAO for CORSIA

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) ... First, Signature Flight Support, Neste and NetJets celebrate the official launch of Sustainable Aviation Fuel at SFO and LTN airports which is now available for purchase. Second, RSB has officially been recognized by

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Qatar Airways Launches Passenger Carbon Offset Programme in Partnership with IATA and ClimateCare

(GreenAir Online)  Qatar Airways has launched a voluntary carbon offset programme for passengers in partnership with IATA and ClimateCare. The programme has been developed through IATA’s Carbon Offset Program, which aims to bring standardisation to airline passenger offset programmes and share

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Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Reducing Emissions Today

by Matt Herman (Biodiesel Sustainability Now/National Biodiesel Board)  ... Today, biomass-based diesel is the primary solution for those who want to displace diesel fuel, reduce emissions, and contribute to cleaner air without turning over their entire fleet. Growing from 20

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Airlines Unlikely to Require Significant Amounts of CORSIA Offsets for Six Years, Finds Refinitiv analysis

(GreenAir Online) Only an unlikely very quick aviation sector recovery from the Covid-19 pandemic in the next three years would create any demand for carbon offsets from airlines in the 2021-2023 pilot phase of ICAO’s CORSIA carbon offsetting scheme, finds a

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New Analysis Details Aviation Climate Pathways

(Aviation Benefits Beyond Borders) In new analysis released today, the aviation sector details how it can meet its climate goal of cutting CO2 emissions in half by 2050, compared with 2005. It also highlights that net-zero emissions from air transport

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Sustainable Aviation Fuel Now: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Energy for Airlines

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The consortium concept is not new, so what is different now? Energy for Airlines tackles the answer and shares what the SAF Now Consortium is and what it means for the aviation and biofuels industries. Michael Baer,

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Japanese Producers Buck Weak Demand for Algae-Based Biofuel

(Nikkei Asian Review)  Southeast Asian production rises while palm oil waste also takes the spotlight  --- Japanese biofuel companies are expanding their production of fuel from sources such as algae and palm oil waste, despite the current lack of demand from

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Oneworld Member Airlines Commit to Net Zero Carbon Emissions by 2050

oneworld® member airlines have committed to net zero carbon emissions by 2050, becoming the first global airline alliance to unite behind a common target to achieve carbon neutrality. The alliance’s 13 member airlines plan to achieve this target within the existing environmental

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Sustainable Aviation Fuel Guide: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to SAF Coalition’s Fueling the Future

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Business Aviation Coalition for Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF Coalition) released yesterday a new informational guide detailing how industry leaders can incorporate SAF into their operations and accelerate the adoption of low-carbon fuels, while reducing greenhouse

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S&P Global Platts Launches First Sustainable Aviation Fuel Price Assessments in Europe

(S&P Global/PR Newswire)  New Assessments Add Transparency to Opaque Market to Aid Sector's Energy Transition -- S&P Global Platts ("Platts"), the leading independent provider of information and benchmark prices for the commodities and energy markets, today announces the launch of the

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CAAFI Webinar Series: The State of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)

(Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative) The State of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) by Steve Csonka (CAAFI) Slide deck available here. Webinar recording available here.   Click here for more CAAFI webinars, meeting presentations and presentation recordings.  

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ICAO, CORSIA and Alternative Jet Fuels

by James I. Hileman  (Federal Aviation Administration/CAAFI)  ICAO Background;  CORSIA Overview and Technical Details;  Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) in CORSIA U.N. International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) CAEP - Committee on Aviation Environmental Protection Technical Groups within ICAO CAEP working on CORSIA and Fuels Fuels

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European Commission Invites Feedback on Revisions to the EU ETS ahead of a Public Consultation

(GreenAir Online) The European Commission has opened an eight-week feedback period inviting comments on a revision of the Aviation EU ETS directive in order to implement the international CORSIA scheme consistent with the EU’s 2030 climate objectives and European Green Deal. The Commission

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EPA Proposes CO2 Standards for Aircraft PUBLIC COMMENT DEADLINE: October 19, 2020

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico's Morning Energy)  EPA proposed setting fuel efficiency standards for aircraft engines to bring the U.S. in line with rules set by the International Civil Aviation Organization to reduce carbon dioxide, although green groups have long decried the ICAO

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Sustainable Aviation Fuel’s Affordability: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Airlines for America’s Viewpoint

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) At ABLC last week, Airlines for America’s Nancy Young shared this illuminating presentation that outlines what airlines need to deploy sustainable aviation fuel as well as progress, gaps, opportunities and action to scale up supply and

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The IMO Should Follow ICAO’s Approach in Accounting for Emissions beyond the Plane for Alternative Fuels, EDF & UMAS Report Finds

(Environmental Defense Fund)  Exploring the relevance of ICAO’s Sustainable Aviation Fuels framework for the IMO  -- The international shipping industry will fail to tackle their global greenhouse gas emissions unless they put in place rules that truly reflect the climate impact

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‘Final Blow’ to Aviation Climate Plan as EU Agrees to Weaken Rules

by Chloé Farand (Climate Home News)  EU member states will back an industry proposal to reduce airlines’ climate obligations in response to the coronavirus pandemic, at the UN aviation forum  -- The climate plan for aviation is losing its last shred

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CORSIA: Five Key Takeaways on What Eligibility Decisions Mean for Carbon Markets

by Sarah Leugers (Gold Standard/GreenAir Online) On March 13, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) announced that credits from Gold Standard and five other standards will be eligible for CORSIA, the aviation sector’s carbon market scheme, for the pilot phase 2021-2023. While Gold Standard believes the

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ICAO Receives Eight More Applications from Carbon Programmes Seeking Offset Eligibility under CORSIA

(GreenAir Online) ICAO has received eight applications from emissions unit programmes in the second round of assessments by its Technical Advisory Body (TAB), along with material updates to two applications in the first round. The public is invited to comment by

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3 Things that Need to Happen for Sustainable Aviation Fuel to Take Off

by Lloyd Ritter (Green Capitol LLC/Biofuels Digest) A timely new report came out recently on sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), “Ready for Takeoff: Aviation Biofuels Past, Present, and Future,” written by the Atlantic Council (herein AC).  The key takeaways are three-fold. First, aviation

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Are Sustainable Fuels A Viable Option For Aviation?

by Graham Warwick (Aviation Week) Sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) are a technically viable option today; it is their economic viability that remains in question. Synthetic fuels are 3-5 times more expensive than jet fuel made from fossil fuels—and that was before

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Market for Renewable Aviation Fuel Expected to Skyrocket over Next 5 Years

by Emily Holbrook (Environment & Energy Leader) The market for renewable aviation fuel (RAF) is expected to witness a combined annual growth rate (CAGR) of more than 56.05% from 2020 to 2025. Government policies have been one of the major factors in driving

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NWABF Enlists Senior Energy Executives to Boost Aviation Biofuel Initiatives

(Northwest Advanced Bio-Fuels, LLC/EIN PressWire)  Stefan Unnasch and Nausher Khan Now Working with NWABF Team to Help Grow Sustainable Aviation Fuel Market  -- Northwest Advanced Bio-Fuels (NWABF), known for its ability to produce sustainable jet fuel capacity for the financial marketplace

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Efforts to Link US Airline Rescue Package to Carbon Targets Resisted as Industry Faces Unprecedented Times

(GreenAir Online) Attempts have failed to link the future carbon emissions performance of US airlines to the rescue package aimed at helping the beleaguered sector through the coronavirus crisis. Congress voted last Friday to provide the US aviation industry around

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ICAO Council Gathers to Consider Important Decisions on Carbon Offset Eligibility under CORSIA

(GreenAir Online) During its 219th Session starting next week (March 2), ICAO’s governing Council is expected to make important decisions on the global carbon offsetting scheme for international aviation, CORSIA, which starts in 10 months’ time. Most notable is consideration by Council

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CORSIA Sustainability Certification Schemes (SCS) Evaluation Application Open

(International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO))  In the context of the ICAO Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), an aeroplane operator can reduce its CORSIA offsetting requirements in a given year by claiming emissions reductions from the use of

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ICAO and IAF Sign MoU for the Provision of Verification Training for ICAO's CORSIA

The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and the International Accreditation Forum (IAF) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the provision of training for ICAO's Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA). CORSIA is the first global market-based measure

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Are We There Yet? No, Really, Mom, Are We There Yet?: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to the Latest SAF News from Airlines for America

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  What we need right now is CORSIA and “a significant infusion of sustainable aviation fuels,” according to Nancy Young, VP of Environment for Airlines for America. During her presentation at ABLC NEXT in San Francisco,

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Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative Taps School of Engineering Lab as First in Nation for Screening

by Shawn Robinson (University of Dayton News) The Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative has greenlighted the University of Dayton Heyne Energy and Appropriate Technology Lab and the University of Dayton Research Institute to be the first in the nation to prescreen

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The Market for Sustainable Kerosene Needs the Quota

(aireg e.V.)  On the occasion of the international aireg conference on sustainable aviation fuels in Berlin on October 17th and 18th 2019, aireg proposes the introduction of a GHG reduction quota through sustainable aviation fuels. On a global scale, about 70,000

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pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania 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morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National 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nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course owa oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil Palm Oil Methyl Ester (PME) palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm trunk sap palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peach shell peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellet pellets 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power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propane/renewable propane pumps propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis pyrolytic liquefaction Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R Factor R100/RD100 R33 R5 R95B5/RD95B5 R99/RD99 rabbits race radiata pine radish leaves Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rain tree rainforest ranchers RAND rare earth metal/critical minerals RD10 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