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EV Policy on Collision Course with Reality

by Jesse Allen (American Ag Network)  The ethanol industry says the Biden Administration’s push for an all-electric vehicle fleet is on a collision course with reality. The Renewable Fuels Association says at some point tax policies, infrastructure shortcomings, and tough new

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‘This Will Be Something that People See and Feel’: What to Expect from Biden’s Clean Car Push

by Mike Lee and Jean Chemnick (Politico) The Biden administration is launching its most aggressive regulation to stem tailpipe pollution. --  The transportation rules come as President Joe Biden tries to shed historically low approval ratings as he plunges into a reelection race

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Biden-Harris Administration Finalizes Strongest-Ever Pollution Standards for Cars that Position U.S. Companies and Workers to Lead the Clean Vehicle Future, Protect Public Health, Address the Climate Crisis, Save Drivers Money

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)  Final standards will expand consumer choice in clean vehicles and build on historic progress in U.S. auto manufacturing under President Biden’s Investing in America agenda -- Today, March 20, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency announced final national pollution

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Bears, Cars and Angry Farmers Fuel Green Backlash

by Karl Mathiesen, Nicolas Camut, Zia Weise, Charlie Cooper and Louise Guillot (Politico) A 28-country guide to how climate policies are splitting Europe. -- And Green parties are taking the hit — polling shows they will face deep electoral pain when EU citizens

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Honeywell Collarboates with the Green Solutions Corporation for Vietnam's First Green Hydrogen Manufacturing Plant

(Honeywell/PR Newswire)  Honeywell announced that it has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with The Green Solutions Group Corporation (TGS) on the Tra Vinh Green Hydrogen project, Vietnam's first green hydrogen plant in the Mekong Delta. Honeywell will bring to the project its ready now

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Don’t Believe the EV Hype—For Ethanol, Stay the Course

by Doug Durante (Clean Fuels Development Coalition/South Dakota Farmers Union)  Among the issues that have put a scare into the ethanol industry over the past few years, the threat of electric vehicles has received considerable attention. While threats to the RFS,

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Circular Economy, Energy and the Environment

by Jerry Murphy (MaREAI/Science in Society)  MaREI Director Professor Jerry Murphy presented a lecture in the Science in Society Public Lecture Series entitled “Circular Economy, Energy and the Environment” on Thursday 1st February. In this lecture, Prof Murphy explained a series of

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CFDC Comments on DOE EV Proposal that Could Favor China

(Clean Fuels Development Coalition) : The Clean Fuels Development Coalition (CFDC) submitted comments last week on the Department of Energy’s recent proposed guidance defining “foreign entity of concern” (FEOC), urging the agency to close loopholes that would allow electric vehicle batteries

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House Sets Vote on Bill to Block EPA Tailpipe Rules

by Mike Lee (E&E Daily)  It's part of Republicans' efforts to block the Biden administration's plans to boost electric vehicles. -- The House will take up legislation this week to block the Biden administration’s clean car plan, which critics say would drive

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INSIGHT: 16 US States May Restrict Sale of Combustion-Based Autos

by Al Greenwood (Independent Commodity Interlligence Services) Several US states could adopt restrictions on the sale of light vehicles that rely primarily on internal combustion engines (ICE), which would lower demand for liquid fuels while increasing demand for plastics and chemicals

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Fischer Introduces “Stop EV Freeloading Act” to Support Infrastructure Investments, Promote Fairness

(Office of Senator Deb Fischer (R-NE)) U.S. Senator Deb Fischer (R-Neb.), a member of the Senate Commerce Committee, recently led U.S. Senators Pete Ricketts (R-Neb.), John Cornyn (R-Texas), and Cynthia Lummis (R-Wyo.) in introducing the Stop EV Freeloading Act. The legislation would

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Fork in the Road for Trucks: Hydrogen or Batteries?

by Mike Lee (Politico Pro Climatewire) Truck makers are building both kinds of rigs as regulators and lawmakers throw the dice on the future of freight. -- Earlier this year, Volvo began testing its newest truck in one of the most extreme

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The Complex Path to Biofuel Sustainability

by Raamya Natarajan (The Hindu) Any strategy needs to be carefully examined in the context of the larger ecosystem to avoid negative consequences -- Until a few years ago, working on biofuels called for constant justification in the face of electric vehicles

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New Challenge Backed by Salesforce, Industry Leaders Aims to Accelerate Sustainable Aviation

(Salesforce/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Salesforce, Airbus, Breakthrough Energy, Boom Supersonic, Deloitte, JetBlue Ventures, Qantas Airways Ltd., and World Energy launched a call Aug. 24 for ecopreneurs to submit innovative solutions to support the decarbonization of the aviation sector. This initiative is a collaboration

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EPA Is Ignoring the Glaring Problem with Dirty Electric Vehicles

by Benjamin Zycher (American Enterprise Institute/The Hill)  The Environmental Protection Agency(EPA) has launched a new regulatory effort to force a massive transportation shift to electric vehicles (EVs) with its proposed “multi-pollutant emissions standards” for light- and medium-duty vehicles beginning with model

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Biden Meets Privately with Auto Workers’ Union President

by Zack Colman and Holly Otterbein (Politico) President Joe Biden and United Auto Workers leader Shawn Fain met Wednesday at the White House, a union official and a White House aide told POLITICO, as labor contract discussions are beginning between the

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New Issue Brief Challenges the EV Vision: Biofuels and a Technology Neutral Strategy the Better Approach

(Clean Fuels Development Coalition)  The widespread introduction of electric vehicles as a means of reducing carbon emissions presents a far greater challenge than the public is being led to believe, according to new research by the Clean Fuels Development Coalition (CFDC). This

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Bipartisan Bill Would Lay Groundwork for U.S. Carbon Tariffs

by Emma Dumain  (E&E Daily) Senators from both parties have signed on to legislation that would calculate the emissions intensity of industrial materials produced in the United States. It’s a necessary step, advocates say, toward a carbon border adjustment mechanism, or CBAM,

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Mining Critical to Renewable Energy Tied to Hundreds of Alleged Human Rights Abuses

by Katie Surma (Inside Climate News) A report released Wednesday faults the U.S. and other nations for providing incentives for the mining of rare metals like lithium and cobalt without enacting adequate labor and environmental safeguards. Over the past dozen years, hundreds

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I Love Electric Vehicles – and Was an Early Adopter. But Increasingly I Feel Duped

by Rowan Atkinson (The Guardian) ... Electric vehicles may be a bit soulless, but they’re wonderful mechanisms: fast, quiet and, until recently, very cheap to run. But increasingly, I feel a little duped. When you start to drill into the

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Bill Would Block EVs from Renewable Fuel Standard

by Marc Heller (Politico Pro/E&E News) Two Republican senators said the RFS was intended for liquid fuels, not to be an incentive for electrification. -- An oil industry advocate and an ethanol champion in the Senate are joining forces to try

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Australia to Invest $1.4 Bln to Scale up Renewable Hydrogen Industry

by Praveen Menon (NASDAQ/Reuters) Australia will invest A$2 billion ($1.4 billion) to scale up development of its renewable hydrogen industry, the government announced in its annual budget on Tuesday, as it looks to accelerate clean energy projects in the country. Funds will

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The EV Transition Explained

by Robert N. “Bob” Charette (IEEE Spectrum)  ... Two years ago, I began investigating the veracity of claims surrounding the transition to EVs at scale. The result is a 12-part series and e-book, The EV Transition Explained, that explores the

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What Is the Long-Term Demand for Liquid Hydrocarbon Fuels and Feedstocks?

by Charles Forsberg (Applied Energy) Liquid hydrocarbons made from crude oil serve many functions: (1) a dense, easy-to-store, easy-to-transport energy source, (2) a method for daily-to-seasonal energy storage, (3) a chemical feedstock, (4) a chemical reducing agent and (5) a

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Report: Future Aviation Will Require Massive Energy Growth

by Curt Epstein (AIN Online) With sustainability a key area of focus for the aviation industry, design, and engineering consultancy Atkins has released a white paper examining the energy requirements needed to meet future aviation demand. Sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), hydrogen, and batteries have

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Will Flying Ever Be Green?

by Christopher de Bellaigue (The Guardian) The race is on to develop a battery-powered aircraft. But not everyone’s convinced it will bring us closer to net-zero flight -- ... Hundreds of companies have entered the well-capitalised world of urban air

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Huge Phillips 66 Biofuels Project Will Test the Industry’s Green Promises

by Laila Kearney (Reuters) In the oldest refining town in the American West, Phillips 66 (PSX.N) is promising a greener future as it moves to halt crude-oil processing and build a massive renewable diesel plant, leading a global trend. That plan, announced in 2020,

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Americans Still Aren't Sold on Electric Cars

by Alexa St. John (Business Insider) - Automakers say they are all in on electric, and spending billions to get there. - But EV adoption is still a challenge; less than one-third of US car buyers said they want to

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Is Deere Pushing Electric Tractors? An Exclusive Interview with John Deere's CTO

by Tyne Morgan (Farm Journal/AgWeb) ... Rumors have been circulating about the direction of Deere’s technology investments, and Farm Journal had the chance to sit down with John Deere’s Chief Technology Officer, Jahmy Hindman, to set the record straight and uncover

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An Over-Belief in Electrification Is Harming the Climate

by Gustav Melin (Bioenergy International/Swedish Bioenergy Association)  ... The energy transition cannot be expedited by support and subsidies  --  However, it is difficult to be re-elected on increased carbon dioxide taxes and more expensive energy prices. That’s no excuse, as there are

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New Poll: Voters Support Ethanol and RFS, Oppose EV Mandates

(Renewable Fuels Association) A new survey of registered voters shows robust support for ethanol and the Renewable Fuel Standard, while also revealing significant opposition to policies that ban liquid fuels or mandate electric vehicles. The poll was conducted for the Renewable

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Experts Say There’s a Future for ICE Vehicles, Fuels in a Reduced-Carbon World

(Diesel Technology Forum/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Leaders in engine technology and original equipment manufacturers, among others, say there’s a future for internal-combustion engines (ICEs) and fuels even as the world works to decarbonize. During a webinar Dec. 14 hosted by the Diesel

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The Caribbean Is Swimming in Seaweed. Scientists Aim to Turn It into Jet Fuel and Batteries

by Erik F. Ringle  (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  Backed by U.S. Department of Energy Funding, New R&D Could Help Seed a Uniquely Caribbean Bioeconomy -- ... Kruger (National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) researcher Jacob Kruger) may be unable to eliminate the

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Biochar for Energy Storage Applications

by Kent Goeking (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  Biochar is the charcoal-like carbon product obtained when biomass is heated in an oxygen deficient environment, i.e. pyrolysis. Biochar is well known for its agriculture amendment value for increasing crop yields, and as a

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Will Gov. Gavin Newsom's Electric Car Mandate Save the World or Stall on the Freeway?

by David H. Freedman (Newsweek) Shifting the world to zero-emissions all-electric vehicles would in theory eliminate about one-fifth of all carbon-dioxide emissions, the chief greenhouse gas behind climate change. But making the transition quickly is a tall order and creates

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Electric Cars – Iffy, Alcohol Cars – A Sure Thing

by Dave Stoltz (Biofuels Digest)  Electric cars for our entire light duty vehicle fleet as Governor Newsom and the California Air Resources Board (CARB) want are iffy. The key word to not getting ourselves into the same predicament that we’re

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Ethanol vs. Electrons: The Future of Fuel

by Matt Roberts (Terrain) Many worry that electrified vehicles, fuel economy standards, and improving battery technology will make the internal combustion engine (ICE) obsolete, illegal, or both, with wildly varying estimates of the timeline. Many of these forecasts overlook the

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The World’s First CO2 Battery for Long-Duration Energy Storage Is Headed to the US

by Michelle Lewis (ElecTrek) Italian startup Energy Dome, maker of the world’s first CO2 battery, is officially entering the US market. Energy Dome’s battery uses carbon dioxide to store energy from wind and solar on the grid. ... Our process is based on

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How Much Mining Is Needed to Save the Planet?

by Jael Holzman (E&E News/Greenwire)  With climate change pushing the U.S. toward more rapid adoption of new technologies, many Republicans and Democrats are in rare agreement on one key point: This country needs a lot more mines. But exactly how much new

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Potholes on the Road to Electric Cars

by Lamar Johnson (Politico) ... The Department of Labor plans to add lithium-ion batteries to a list of products whose components are known to be made using child or forced labor, write E&E News' Jael Holzman and David Iaconangelo. ... The department made the

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How the Right’s Hatred of Electric Vehicles Is Growing in Iowa

by Ty Rushing (Iowa Starting Line) Over the last few months, the Starting Line team has noticed an interesting trend in Iowa social media: Stories about electric vehicles drive huge engagement and draw intense debate among supporters and detractors, mostly on

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The Truth about Ethanol and Carbon Emissions

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Associati0n) ... Unfortunately, Reuters took the same flawed and misleading approach to examining ethanol’s carbon footprint that many other biofuel critics and opponents have taken in the past. Like other erroneous attacks on ethanol’s carbon benefits, the Reuters article failed

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Renewable Diesel Projected to Turbo Charge Biofuel Growth

by Kenneth Scott Zuckerberg (CoBank) • By producing fuel using sources with lower carbon intensity compared to traditional petroleum based products, the U.S. biofuels sector is well-positioned to play a major role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The recently enacted

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Top 5: All EVs, All the Time in the EU??

by Tammy Klein (Transport Energy Strategies) ... • Plug-in Hybrids with E85: An IFPEN study has showed that they’re just as climate-friendly as EVs – but will the EU Commission, Parliament and Council listen as they enter the trilogue negotiations

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CO2 Standards for Cars and Vans: Automakers, Auto Parts Industry and Fuel Manufacturers Call for Trilogue Negotiations to Fully Implement the Outcome of Council General Approach to Enable, after 2035, ICE Vehicles Registered to Run Exclusively on CO2-Neutral Fuels

(Fuels Europe) We, automotive companies, fuels manufacturing companies and industry associations are planning our industrial future to be fully consistent with the 2050 climate neutrality goal for Europe.  But our concerns are growing that the limited pathway provided by the Commission’s

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Research: TotalEnergies and the Technical University of Denmark Create a Center of Excellence in Decarbonized Energies

(TotalEnergies/Business Wire)  During his trip to Denmark, Patrick Pouyanné signed an agreement with the President of the Technical University of Denmark (DTU) concerning the creation of the DTU-TotalEnergies Excellence Center of Clean Energy. This advanced research center will focus on developing

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Biden Talks up Electric Vehicle Revolution – but Is America Ready to Give up Gas?

by Tom Perkins (The Guardian)  ...  At the press preview of the Detroit show, getting reads on the state of the US’s EV transition from analysts, officials, the president, and automakers is like administering a Rorschach test. Many praise automakers’ bold electrification goals,

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New Research Confirms Important Role for Renewable Ethanol in Reducing Car Emissions

(ePURE) As the EU starts final negotiations for new car CO2 standards, a study shows plug-in hybrid vehicles running on E85 ethanol blend are at least as climate-friendly as battery electric vehicles --  Plug-in flex-fuel hybrid vehicles running on E85 fuel

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Ruan Orders Class 8 Hypertruck ERX RNG/Electric Vehicles

by Ariana Fine (NGT News)  ... Renewable natural gas (RNG) fuels an on-board generator, the generator recharges the batteries, the batteries power the electric motor to drive the axles, and recharging occurs via regenerative braking. With nearly 4,000 trucks and 300

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Visualizing All the Metals for Renewable Tech

by Nicholas LePen (Elements Visual Capitalist) Visualizing the Metals for Renewable Tech  --  The energy transition will be mineral intensive and create massive demand for all the metals in renewable tech. Electricity from renewable technology grew at the fastest rate in

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Aviation Faces Hurdles to Hit Goals for Cutting Emissions

by David Koenig and Kelvin Chan (Associated Press/Chicago Tribune) ...  Airbus and Boeing, the world’s two biggest aircraft makers, both addressed sustainability during Monday’s opening day at Farnborough, although they approached the issue in different ways. Europe’s Airbus and seven airline

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Florida Family Drives into Electric Car Problem: A Replacement Battery Costs More than Vehicle Itself

by Adam Sabes (FOXBusiness) The Florida family found out a replacement for the electric car's battery would cost thousands -- A family in Florida drove into a major problem after buying a used electric vehicle: the replacement battery for their dead car

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How Hydrogen Propulsion Paired with Autonomous Trucking Can Drastically Improve the Supply Chain

by Jason Wallace (Biofuel Digest/Hydron) ...  As fleet owners navigate these and other challenges, hydrogen propulsion paired with SAE L4 autonomous driving technology is emerging as a key solution to address each of these concerns. Navigating the shortage of truck drivers ... Amid the

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Hydrogen Plane Crash: UK Government Investigators Pinpoint Cause of 2021 Accident

by Rachel Parkes (Recharge) Battery-connected propeller turned into a 'windmill', says the Department for Transport's Air Accident Investigation Branch --  The crash of a hydrogen-powered test plane in the English countryside last year was not caused by the H2 or fuel cell

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"EVs Aren't the Only Answer": Toyota Scientist on the Future of Cars: Gill Pratt, CEO of the Toyota Research Institute, Fears Hype rather than Science Is Rushing Us into a Battery-Only Future

by Jim Holder (AutoCar)  ... Today his (Gill Pratt's) job titles at Toyota include chief scientist, executive fellow for research and CEO of the Toyota Research Institute; his past includes stints as a robotics and computing lead for the US Defense

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Flying High on Hydrogen: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Nexa and Element 1

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Hydrogen for aviation is now and growing, according to Nexa and Element 1’s latest ABLC presentation. How can it scale up? What if hydrogen transport, storage and trans-loading can be as simple as AvGas or

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Futurist: Battery-Electric Trucks Are a 'Fantasy'

by Josh Fisher (Fleet Owner) BEVs could have their day, but if the industry’s focus is on decarbonization, fuel cells are trucking’s future, according to a transportation futurist, who laid out the case for hydrogen. That's an argument also backed

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A Car Powered by Animal Poop Just Broke a World Record

by Tony Ho Tran (Daily Beast) The hydrogen-powered vehicle covered more than 1,200 miles on a single tank of gas. -- A team of engineers in France smashed the record for furthest distance traveled in a hydrogen-powered car last Wednesday. The

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Anglo American Unveils a Prototype of the World's Largest Hydrogen-Powered Mine Haul Truck - A Vital Step towards Reducing Carbon Emissions over Time

(Anglo American) Anglo American plc (“Anglo American”) today unveils a prototype of the world’s largest hydrogen-powered mine haul truck designed to operate in everyday mining conditions at its Mogalakwena PGMs mine in South Africa. The 2MW hydrogen-battery hybrid truck, generating more power than

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DOE Releases Notice of Intent for 2022 Advanced Vehicle Technologies Funding

(Green Car Congress)  The US Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy announced a notice of intent to issue a Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) entitled “Fiscal Year 2022 Vehicle Technologies Office Program Wide FOA.” (DE-FOA-0002718) The potential FOA

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New ATRI Research Quantifies the Environmental Impacts of Zero-Emission Trucks

(American Transport Research Institute) The American Transportation Research Institute (ATRI) today released a new report that analyzes the environmental impacts of zero-emission trucks (ZET).  This analysis, a 2021 top priority of ATRI’s Research Advisory Committee, utilized federal and industry-sourced data to

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The Environmental Price of Clean Energy Is Still Too High: Report

by Erin Marquis (Jalopnik)  Calculating the cost of clean energy is a dirty job, but Ars Technica is here to do it -- ... This excellent deep dive published by Ars Technica Monday into what it really costs to go green is a stirring

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Rivian CEO Believes Battery Supply Chain Will Be the Next Disaster

by Jonathon Ramsey (AutoBlog) Will make the chip shortage look like 'a small appetizer' -- ...  Rivian CEO R.J. Scaringe has the worst news yet. In an interview with the Wall Street Journal, the EV honcho said "Semiconductors are a small appetizer to what

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Rules Brittania: The UK’s New Energy Security Strategy, and the Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In the UK, the British Government announced its Energy Security Strategy to create a ‘flow of energy that is affordable, clean and above all secure. We need a power supply that’s made in Britain, for

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Biden to Invoke Defense Production Act for Electric Vehicle Battery Materials

by Zack Budryk (The Hill) President Biden is set to invoke the Defense Production Act (DPA) as early as this week to step up production of minerals used to manufacture electric vehicle batteries, a source familiar the plans confirmed to The Hill.  Biden is set to

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Team Ethanol on a Marathon

by Leticia Phillips (Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association, UNICA/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  With most predicting a future dominated by electric vehicles, the biofuel industry will live or die by its ability to maintain a sustainable business model that can win over the

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Argonne Pioneers New Processes to Create Materials for Batteries, Biofuels

(Newswise/Argonne National Laboratory) New chemical separations enable battery recycling, biodiesel  --  When recycling cans and bottles, at some point it becomes necessary to separate out plastic from metal. When recycling car batteries, getting out the most valuable metals also requires a separation,

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Grassley and Ernst Call on Biden to Unleash Iowa Biofuel Immediately as Gas Prices Hit Record High, U.S. Bans Russian Oil

(Office of Senator Chuck Grassley (R-IA))  Iowa senators introduce bipartisan legislation to open up the use of clean, American-made renewable fuels that are available right now to replace banned Russian oil  -- As gas prices hit all-time record highs, Sens. Chuck Grassley

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Volkswagen Researching Ethanol-Based Fuel Cells

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com)  Volkswagen has a vision for how ethanol can help achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 or sooner, which includes research on reforming ethanol to create hydrogen for fuel cells. “It’s not about technology, it’s about what you put

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Reserch Underway to Develop Ethanol-Based Fuel Cells for Electric Cars

by Larry Lee (Brownfield Ag News)  ... Pablo Di Si is the Executive Chairman of Volkswagen Latin America in Brazil, and he tells Brownfield they’re trying to develop a new type of compact fuel cell. “We’re looking at R & D

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An Introduction to Sustainable Aviation Fuels -- Part 1 of a Series, "Sustainable Aviation Fuels: A Critical Emissions Mitigation Strategy Gaining Momentum"

by Jeff Overton (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  ... Aviation is a difficult sector to decarbonize. The enormous energy required to fly a heavy aircraft long distances takes an energy dense power source that liquid hydrocarbon fuel provides. Battery technology for

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From Fertilizer to Fuel: Can ‘Green’ Ammonia Be a Climate Fix?

by Nicola Jones (Yale Environment 360) Ammonia has been widely used as a fertilizer for the last century. Now, using renewable energy and a new method for making ammonia, researchers and entrepreneurs believe “green” ammonia can become a significant clean

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New Report Focuses on Non-Petroleum Fuel Options for Waste and Recycling Fleets

by Ariana Fine (NGT News) NGO Energy Vision’s The Refuse Revolution report on alternative fuels and new vehicle technologies for waste and recycling collection truck fleets assesses biodiesel and renewable diesel, fossil and renewable natural gas, hybrid technologies, battery electric vehicles

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JBEI’s Aviation Program: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Joint BioEnergy Institute

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  6 DOE National Labs and 6 Universities are partners with the Joint BioEnergy Institute to help transform the maximum amount of carbon available in bioenergy crops into biofuels and bioproducts. From the importance of jet

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Do We Want All of These Electric Car Mines? If EVs Are Supposed to Be a Social Good, How Do We Deal with Them Needing Mines Nobody Wants?

by Raphael Orlove (Jalopnik) ... 1st Gear: Here’s Another Fun ‘Wait Do We Actually Want These Lithium Mines’ Article -- Every day I feel like there’s a new article about lithium mining coming home. Just the other day, Bloomberg was wringing its

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The Bright Future for the Internal Combustion Engine

by Bob Stanton (Government Fleet) ... To paraphrase Mark Twain, “The presumptions of the death of the ICE are greatly exaggerated.” The ICE will be with us for decades to come and may never disappear from our landscape. ... The information here

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The Race to Secure Clean Energy Materials

by Ben Gelman (Axios) Minerals used in power generation technologies  ... One persistent theme in analyses of the transition to cleaner energy is the scramble to obtain supplies needed for renewables projects, electric vehicle batteries and other low-carbon tech. The big picture: "A typical

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Stora Enso's Wood-based Battery Material Wins Metsä360 Award

(ChemEurope.com) As a material for lithium-ion batteries, lignin has the potential to radically transform traditional industries  -- Stora Enso's bio-based battery material Lignode® by Stora Enso has won the Metsä360 award in Finland. The EUR 30000 prize, funded by the Marjatta

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Living, Moving Biomimicry Dress, Corn-based Sneakers, Cactus Leather, Wood-based Batteries and More: The Digest’s Top 8 Innovations for the Week of November 25th

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) On a day when many are eating way too much turkey, clothing that moves and grows with you sounds like a good idea, but how about self-destructing clothing – a “living” concept dress called “Biomimicry”

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Keep the Tailpipe, Lose the Carbon

by Keith Reid (Fuels Market News) LEADING FUELS-FOCUSED GROUPS SEE ALTERNATIVE FUELS AS KEY PLAYERS IN A NET-ZERO ENVIRONMENT.  ... From international political centers to state governments, there seems to be a rush to not only work toward low-carbon goals

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Siemens Gamesa Reaches Milestone Delivering Green Hydrogen to Zero-Emission Vehicles

by Ariana Fine (NGT News) Earlier this summer, Danish authorities granted Siemens Gamesa’s Brande Hydrogen test site status as an official regulatory test zone, allowing activities here to operate outside the existing electricity regulations and enabling research into how to develop an

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U.S. DOE Announces $199 Million to Reduce Emissions from Cars & Trucks

(U.S. Department of Energy/Clean Technica)  25 Research, Development, and Demonstration Projects Will Advance Electrification of Freight Trucks, Reduce Vehicle Emissions and Improve Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure --  Vice President Kamala Harris joined U.S. Secretary of Energy Jennifer M. Granholm in New

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Airlines’ Net-Zero Pledges Fly on Fumes

by Ed Cropley (Reuters) ... Last month the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the airline industry body, said it wanted aviation’s net carbon footprint to fall to zero by 2050. That’s as it should be. Its own forecasts assume emissions grow 3%

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AUGA Group, AB Presents the First Technology for the “Green” Food Chain - a Climate-Friendly Tractor

(AUGA Group/Globe Newsire)  AUGA group, AB (hereinafter the Company) Europe’s largest vertically integrated organic food producer, has developed and presented the world’s first hybrid biomethane and electric tractor for professional farm use – AUGA M1. This is the company’s first step in offering technological solutions that will eliminate climate pollution throughout

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No Better Time than Now

by Anna Simet (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  ...  While “accelerate” was the theme of the American Coalition for Ethanol’s 34th annual conference—market growth being vital—the myriad policy, investment and operational issues explored at the event orbited largely around the industry’s overarching

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The Major Problems Blocking America’s Electric Car Future: The Electric Future Is Coming. But How Quickly Is Less Certain.

by Daniel Yergin (Politico) ... Targets may be motivating. But no matter how much money is spent, shifting such a vast industrial and consumer ecosystem that is so basic to the economy faces big challenges, with the result that the

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Ethanol Groups to Biden: Biofuels Can Reduce GHG Emissions Now

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  President Biden on Aug. 5 signed an executive order that sets a target to make half of all new vehicles sold in 2030 zero-emissions vehicles. Representatives of the ethanol industry, however, say biofuels can

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Carbon Batteries, TetraPak, EU’s Green Deal: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Stora Enso

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) What’s happening with Stora Enso’s biomaterials segment? Are prices and volumes going up? What about lignode, wood-based carbon for batteries? What do they think about the EU’s Green Deal and new climate targets? Find out

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Could Nature’s Own Fuel Save Us from Greenhouse Effect and Electric Grid Failure?

by Ellen Brown (LA Progressive) While biofuels are a less high-tech, cheaper and in many ways more effective solution to our dependence on petroleum, the United States and other countries are discussing similar plans to the EU’s and California is

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Biden Wants to Turn America’s Auto Fleet Electric. It’s Harder than It Seems.

by Juliet Eilperin and Dino Grandoni (Washington Post) When it comes to meeting President Biden’s climate goals, the math is clear: Half of all cars and SUVs sold in 2030 need to be electric. Next week, the president, major carmakers

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Jose Cuervo, Dole, Crocs Bump up Biobased Products and More: The Digest’s Top 8 Innovations for the Week of July 29th

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) It’s summertime for some around the globe right now, and what better way to relax on National Tequila Day than with agave straws from tequila giant Jose Cuervo. And enjoy some pineapple knowing the leaf

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Bio-Batteries

(Advanced Biofuels USA)  We are seeing a number of articles about bio-based batteries and biodegradable batteries.  Wondering if we should be covering this bio-based mobility development.  Here are some examples: The biodegradable battery (Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology

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Report: US Army Should Incorporate Diesel, Biodiesel as Primary Battlefield Energies

(National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine/Biobased Diesel Daily)  In addition to jet propellant 8 (JP8), the U.S. Army should incorporate the use of diesel and renewable biodiesel as the primary sources of energy brought to the battlefield through 2035

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Auto Alliance Underlines Importance of High Octane Low Carbon Fuels

by Doug Durante (Clean Fuels Development Coalition/Governors' Biofuels Coalition) Commends Daschle HOLC Alliance Fight for National Higher Octane Gasoline Standard in SAFE-2 Rule --  The Clean Fuels Development Coalition (CFDC) called a recent letter from automakers in support of high octane

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Commentary: The Double Standard for Plant-Based Products

(Hoosier Ag News/MNC)  ... Today’s plant-based meats are far more complicated. Two of the most popular brands, Beyond Meat and Impossible Foods, utilize pea protein or soy protein concentrate in their burgers, both of which closely mimic the texture and taste

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Why Latin America is the Middle East of Biofuel

(Lat Am Investor)  ... However, as mining experts reveal elsewhere in this report, copper supply will be unable to replace every existing internal combustion engine with an EV by 2050. ... That means biofuels will also play an important role. Latin

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Winning the Future: Analyzing the CLEAN Future Act and Its Implications for Biofuels

by Jenna Bloxom* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  The May 5th, 2021 Congressional hearing of the CLEAN Future Act: Driving Decarbonization of the Transportation Sector was a veritable marathon of legislative discourse just shy of four hours long as both parties debated

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How Green Are Electric Vehicles? In Short: Very Green. But Plug-in Cars Still Have Environmental Effects.

by Hiroko Tabuchi and Brad Plumer (New York Times) Here’s a guide to the main issues and how they might be addressed. -- ... But a lot depends on how much coal is being burned to charge up those plug-in

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Meriaura Group Heads towards 100% Carbon Neutral Shipping

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) In Finland, Meriaura Group has started the preparation and design of a transport concept that targets to 100% carbon neutrality. The concept is based on hybrid propulsion that combines sustainably produced bio-oil and battery technology. In addition to

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Auto Industry Urges Biden to Back 'Comprehensive' EV Plan

by David Shephardson (Reuters) ... “Neither the current trajectory of consumer adoption of EVs, nor existing levels of federal support for supply- and demand-side policies, is sufficient to meet our goal of a net-zero carbon transportation future.” The White House did not

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Green Nanochem for Biofuels and Batteries: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Sylvatex

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Energy and transportation sectors need renewable solutions, and Sylvatex is using green nanochemistry to turn renewable feedstocks into sustainable solutions for the $2+ trillion market. What is their proprietary tech MicroX? How does it turn renewable

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The Geopolitics of Critical Minerals Supply Chains

by Jane Nakano (Center for Strategic & International Studies) As clean energy technology becomes the latest frontier for geoeconomic rivalry, the security of supply chains for rare earths and critical minerals—essential materials for clean energy—has become a global strategic issue. The

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Electric Cars Are Coming. How Long until They Rule the Road?

by Brad Plumer, Nadja Popovich and Blacki Migliozzi (New York Times)  These vehicles represent the 250 million cars, S.U.V.s, vans and pickup trucks on America’s roads today. The vast majority run on gasoline. Fewer than 1 percent are electric. Automakers are now shifting

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Auto Industry Peers into an Electric Future and Sees Bumps Ahead

by Steven Mufson (Washington Post)  ...  (T)he question is not, ‘Can we sell to the wealthy?’ It is, ‘Can we get the everyday household in mainstream America to buy an EV?’ and we’re still a long way away from that.” Meanwhile,

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WEBINAR: To Discuss Key Findings of DOE's Request for Information in Support of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Truck R&D --- December 15, 2020

The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s), Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is announcing a webinar on Tuesday, December 15, 2020 from 1–4 PM (EST) to discuss key findings from its Request for Information (RFI) from industry, academia,

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Humber's Renewable Ambitions Make Grand Entrance

(Biobased Diesel Daily) The Phillips 66 Humber Refinery in the U.K. recently welcomed the latest addition to its growing renewable fuels infrastructure―a massive processing unit that will convert used cooking oil (UCO) into low-carbon fuel. "We are pleased to take delivery of

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UK 10-Point Plan Addresses SAF, Move to Zero-Emissions Vehicles

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.K. government on Nov. 18 issued its 10-point plan for a green industrial revolution, which addresses sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) and an accelerated phase-out of the sale of new gasoline- and diesel-fueled vehicles. Point six

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UK Refiners Push Back over 2030 Ban on New Fossil Fuel Cars

by Robert Perkins  (S&P Global Platts) Refiners call for more biofuels support; Move seen displacing 60,000 b/d of oil demand; Hybrids get reprieve until 2035, EV sales booming -- The UK's refining sector has voiced its opposition to the UK plans to bring

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How to Build a Green Hydrogen Economy for the US West

by Jeff St. John (GreenTechMedia)  The Intermountain and ACES projects may be the start of a regionwide green hydrogen generation and transmission network.  -- Out in Utah, a coal-fired power plant supplying electricity to Los Angeles is being outfitted with natural-gas-fired

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Commentary: Electrify A Lot … But Not Everything -- Decarbonization Will Require a Judicious Mix of Electrification, RNG, Hydrogen, and Other Emerging Solutions if We Want to Get to a Truly Sustainable Future.

by Matt Tomich and Joanna Underwood (BioCycle Magazine/Energy Vision) ... Some environmental advocates are looking to “electrify everything” to generate power and fuel our transportation systems, because electric motors are more efficient than combustion engines. But electrification is not a

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Bioo Launches Biological Battery that Feeds on Soil and Uses Plants to Produce Electricity

by Helena Tavares Kennedy) In Spain, Bioo, a biotech startup that generates electricity from nature, has developed Bioo Panel, which collects the electrons liberated in soil from the breakdown of organic substances by its natural microorganisms. Installed underground, Bioo Panel visually fits into

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Senator Chuck Grassley Says That Buying an Electric Car Should Not Be a Mandate

(RFD TV)  A prominent Republican Senator says that he is in favor of gas-free cars, but Senator Chuck Grassley says that buying one should not be a mandate.  ... Last week, a group of Democrats introduced a bill that would

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Promise and Peril: California’s EV-Only Policy

by Leticia Phillips (Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association, UNICA /Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Any EV solution should consider a combined approach of the available alternatives and technologies. It is important to remember that vehicles powered by ethanol are already among the best

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ATTENTION OIL INDUSTRY: California Is Banning Gasoline Powered Vehicles -- You have one chance to save yourselves and COME CLEAN

by Marc J. Rauch (The Auto Channel) Today, September 23, 2020, California Governor Gavin Newsom announced that the state will ban the sale of new gasoline powered passenger cars and trucks starting in 2035. The ban is an attempt to push the use

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Solving the Low Carbon Shipping Fuel and Energy Algorithm – Quickly!

by Adrian Tolson (BLUE Insight/Biofuels Digest) BLUE Insight’s Low Carbon Shipping Fuels and Energy Guide 2020 is a market first assessment of the leading low carbon marine fuels with potential to replace fossil fuels as the marine fuel of the future and analyses

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How Do We Move around in a Zero-Carbon World?

by Bill Gates (Gates Notes)  We want more people to be able to travel without contributing to climate change. ... For some of the world’s poorest people—like smallholder farmers in sub-Saharan Africa—the ability to move goods from rural areas to city markets

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Tomorrow Arriving Today: 5 Technology Platforms to Watch for the 2020s that Are Materially Advancing Now, Despite COVID-19

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ... New research shows sustainability has moved from a fringe preference into a core imperative across American life. According to a new survey from clean manufacturing leader Genomatica, 56% of Americans want brands and government to prioritize

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Can Airplanes Go Green? Val Miftakhov Flew Europe’s Largest Commercial-Grade All-Electric Passenger Plane Last Month

by Ilana Marcus (Washington Post)  ... Silicon Valley start-up called ZeroAvia, envisions a future of passenger planes that fly on hydrogen-powered electricity, not jet fuel. ... Miftakhov’s Piper was powered by batteries, but his company is working on integrating a

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Lithium Ion Battery Waste Used in Biodiesel Production from Discarded Vegetable Oil

(Tech Xplore/American Institute of Physics)  ...  Brazilian researchers demonstrated a new chemical approach for producing biodiesel from domestic cooking oil waste by using hydroxide lithium mixed with either sodium hydroxides or potassium hydroxides as catalysts. Their work, published in the Journal of Renewable and

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Reliance to Replace Auto Fuels with Electricity, Hydrogen; Targets Carbon-Zero co by 2035

(India Times/Economic Times) The oil-telecom-to-retail conglomerate, which has pivoted away from energy to the new economy in recent years, will use technology to convert carbon dioxide into valuable chemicals and other material building blocks. -- Reliance Industries, operator of the world's

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DOE Announces $139 Million in Funding for 55 Projects to Advance Innovative Vehicle Technologies

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Today, in his remarks at General Motors in Detroit, U.S. Secretary of Energy Dan Brouillette announced $139 million in federal funding for 55 projects across the country that will support new and innovative advanced vehicle technologies. Six

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Test with Trains Running on Biodiesel

(Groningen (Google Translation))  The provinces of Groningen and Fryslân are going to conduct a test with trains running on biodiesel. Arriva will run on existing fuel with existing trains from September 2020. If this test is successful, other trains will

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Techno-Economic Assessment of Zero-Carbon Fuels.

(Lloyds Register and University Maritime Advisory Services) ... This paper is an example of this collaboration; it examines three important elements of zero-carbon fuels when compared with traditional fossil-based fuels. All candidate fuels considered in this paper have some emissions

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OPEI: New Poll Shows Consumer Confusion around Fuel

(Boating Industry)  Consumers remain confused about the multiple fuel product offerings in the marketplace, says a new study commissioned by the Outdoor Power Equipment Institute (OPEI) and conducted online by The Harris Poll among over 3,000 U.S. adults. The study,

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The New Carbon Economy: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Waste Carbon Utilization and Management

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Electrification and batteries can’t remove the need for carbon,and a more sustainable economy is not a low-carbon economy as much as it will be a renewable carbon based economy, according to Ian Rowe, Technology Manager at

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DOE Announces $133 Million to Accelerate Advanced Vehicle Technologies Research

(U.S. Department of Energy) Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced up to $133 million in new and innovative advanced vehicle technologies research.  This funding supports research that will lead to more affordable, efficient, and secure transportation energy. Funded through the

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Jokowi Says EU Palm Oil Restrictions Are 'Act of Trade War'

by Telly Nathalia (Jakarta Globe) he European Union had provoked a "trade war" by issuing discriminative restrictions on Indonesian palm oil, President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo tweeted on Saturday.  "Indonesia has 13 million hectares of oil palm plantations that produce 46 million tons

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U.S. Department of Energy Launches Energy Storage Grand Challenge

(U.S. Department of Energy) Today, U.S. Energy Secretary Dan Brouillette announced the launch of the Energy Storage Grand Challenge, a comprehensive program to accelerate the development, commercialization, and utilization of next-generation energy storage technologies and sustain American global leadership in energy

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Mazda Claims Big-Battery EVs Have Worse Carbon Impact than Diesels

by James Gilboy (The Drive) When Mazda revealed its first mass-market electric vehicle, the MX-30, the world glossed over its avant-garde design details like suicide doors and sustainably sourced interior materials to focus on its weakest attribute: Range.  With just 124

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Why Electric Cars Still Don’t Live up to the Hype

by Charles Lane (Washington Post) ...  For the past 10 years, I’ve waged a quixotic counteroffensive against electric-car boosterism, raining skepticism on the vehicles’ potential to cure climate change, much less to be the clean, green wave of the transportation future. ... Otherwise, electric cars will

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Ethanol Could Be a ‘Bridge’ toward Transport Electrification, US Farmers Say

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV.com) This article is part of our special report COP25: Is transport decarbonisation pragmatic enough?.  Until electrification of transport is fully in place, ethanol could be used as a “bridge” to make fuels cleaner, US farmers told EURACTIV.com on

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3-year Study Raises Doubts about EVs’ Future

by David Iaconangelo (E&E News/Governors' Biofuels Coalition) ... The future of transportation may be less electric and less shared than some think, and millennials won’t change that, according to a study published yesterday by the MIT Energy Initiative. The initiative’s engineers, economists

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How Lithium Could Be Calif.'s Next 'Gold Rush'

by David Ferris and David Iaconangelo (E&E News)  ...  EnergySource, based in San Diego, is making an expensive gamble that it can be the first to tap a vast reserve of lithium here that has frustrated engineers for decades. Lithium

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Alcohol, Biomethane and Ammonia Are the Best-Positioned Fuels to Reach Zero Net Emissions

(Maersk) A study by A.P. Moller - Maersk and Lloyds Register confirms that the best opportunities for decarbonizing shipping lie in finding new sustainable energy sources. Based on market projections, the best positioned fuels for research and development into net zero

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Tyre Recycler Signs Deal to Turn Their Carbon into High Value Graphite

(Green Distillation Technologies) Tyre recycler Green Distillation Technologies, has signed a deal with New Zealand’s CarbonScape to enhance the value of the carbon produced by its process, turning it into high value graphite. GDT’s world-first tyre recycling process turns end-of-life car, truck and

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Who Willed the Electric Car? China, and Here’s Why

by Lauren Silva Laughlin (Wall Street Journal) Electric vehicles that derive their power from dirty energy aren’t necessarily better for the environment, but they are better for Beijing -- Exxon Mobil Chief Executive Officer Darren Woods recently took a shot

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Alternative Fuel Technologies Can Bridge the Gap

(Energy Transition Outlook 2019/DNV-GL)  ...  It is important to find technically feasible and cost-effective solutions for the deep-sea segment, accounting for more than 80% of world fleet CO2 emissions. Currently, the only technically applicable alternatives for this are liquefied natural gas

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Finland Makes Batteries from Trees. Can Maine?

(Biobased Maine)  ...   Stora Enso just announced an investment of $11.2 million to build a pilot facility to produce lignin-based battery materials at their Sunila Mill in Finland. The facility, anticipated for completion in early 2021, will process lignin (one of the

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DOE Announces $59 Million and 43 Projects to Accelerate Advanced Vehicle Technologies Research

(U.S. Department of Energy) U.S. Department of Energy Under Secretary of Energy Mark W. Menezes announced $59 million for 43 projects for new and innovative advanced vehicle technologies research. Funded through the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, these projects

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SoCalGas and Electrochaea Announce Commissioning of New Biomethanation Reactor System Pilot Project

(Southern California Gas Co./PR Newswire)  Innovative project with U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory converts renewable electricity into renewable methane for storage in existing natural gas pipelines  --  Southern California Gas Co. (SoCalGas) and Electrochaea today announced the commissioning of the nation's

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Batteries from Trees, 3D Printing Developments, Canola Straw Cling Wrap, Biochar, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of August 2nd

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Can you really produce anode materials from trees? Stora Enso says absolutely yes! And they are investing a nice chunk of change to build a pilot plant for lignin-based battery materials. Ok, sounds great, but come

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Arizona Fire Highlights Challenges for Energy Storage

by Jonathan J. Cooper (Associated Press)  Arizona’s largest electric company installed massive batteries near neighborhoods with a large number of solar panels, hoping to capture some of the energy from the afternoon sun to use after dark. Arizona Public Service has been

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Mining Lithium for Electric Cars Is Hurting This Desert’s Local Environment

(Bloomberg/Washington Post)  The Atacama Desert in northern Chile allowed humans and animals to survive for thousands of years in the world’s driest climate. That was before the mining started. Atacama has become one of the busiest mining districts on the planet, after

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Solar Fuel Turns to Plants for Inspiration

(European Commission)  An 'artificial leaf' being developed by EU-funded researchers to produce fuel from sunlight, carbon dioxide and water, could tackle soaring global energy demands, the growing impact of climate change, and dwindling supplies of fossil fuels.  --  Developing new sources of

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The Driven Podcast: Biofuels, Batteries, or Hydrogen

by Giles Parkinson (Renew Economy)  Two years ago, Stephanie Moroz was named one of Australia’s most innovative engineers by Engineers Australia, and her experience working across lithium-ion batteries, internal combustion engines, fuel cells and hydrogen storage gives her a unique perspective of

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DOE Offers $59 Million for Advanced Vehicle Technologies Research DEADLINE: May 1, 2019

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The U.S. Department of Energy has opened a $59 million funding opportunity that aims to accelerate advanced vehicle technologies research. Clean Cities coalition-led alternative fuels projects are eligible to apply for a portion of that

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Energy Department Announces Opening of Battery Recycling Center at Argonne National Lab

(U.S. Department of Energy)  In celebration of National Battery Day on February 18th, Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Daniel Simmons announced the opening of a Battery Recycling Center at Argonne National Laboratory. Aiming to reclaim and recycle

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With Rise of Electric Vehicles, a New Foreign Energy Dependence Looms

by James Osborne (Houston Chronicle) Forecasts say that electric vehicle sales are about to take off worldwide and increase demand for the raw materials that go into batteries. -- Energy Secretary Rick Perry earlier this month said he would put more federal

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Before the Electric Car Takes Over, Someone Needs to Reinvent the Battery

by David Stringer and Kevin Buckland (Bloomberg)  Solid-state technology promises to be cheaper and charge faster than anything on the road today. But no one is close to figuring it out.   --  ... Scientists in Japan, China and the U.S. are among

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Batteries Could Worsen CO2 Emissions — Study

by Christa Marshall (E&E News)  Home batteries like the Tesla Powerwall could spike greenhouse gas emissions significantly unless current policies governing the electrical grid change around the country, according to a new study. The findings in the journal Environmental Science & Technology run counter

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dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring/measuring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gas prices natural gas vehicles natural gasoline Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota North Korea Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory Northwest Territories Norwary Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses 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