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Bio and Synthetic LNG Offer Viable Pathway towards Decarbonization

(SEA-LNG/NGV Journal)  SEA-LNG, the multi-sector industry coalition, has released the latest in its series of independently conducted reports. The CE Delft study analyses the availability and costs of bio-LNG and synthetic-LNG

April 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Methanol as a “Future-Proof” Fuel

by Tammy Klein (Future Fuels Strategies)  … Recently, I wrote a primer for the Methanol Institute entitled, Methanol: A Future-Proof Fuel. Polygeneration, the ability to scale efficiently and cost-effectively, its versatility

April 3, 2020 Read Full Article

New Study Evaluates Map and State of Biomethane Market in Europe

(European Biogas Association/NGV Journal) The European Biogas Association (EBA) has participated in a research on the state of play of the biomethane market in Europe. The report provides a general European

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Neste Expects Global Renewable Diesel Demand to Surge over Next Decade

by Donavan Lim (S&P Global Platts)  Finnish refiner and biodiesel producer Neste expects the worldwide demand for renewable diesel to surge in the next decade, driven by increased demand for

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Dutch Project to Start Methanol Trial

by Malcolm Latarche (ShipInsight) Netherlands-based Green Maritime Methanol consortium is to study the possibilities for renewable Green Methanol as a maritime transport fuel. Green Methanol is an important candidate as a

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Stena Bulk Performs a Test Running an MR Tanker on 100% Biofuel

(Stena Bulk) During the coming weeks Stena Bulk will perform a test running an MR tanker on 100% biofuel. The fuel is the MR1-100 bio-fuel oil, produced from used cooking oil

March 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Neste to Acquire Mahoney Environmental to Strengthen Its Growth Strategy and Position in Renewable Raw Material Sourcing

(Neste) Neste, the world’s leading producer of renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuel produced from waste and residue raw materials, has agreed to acquire 100% of Mahoney Environmental (Mahoney), a collector

March 12, 2020 Read Full Article

CEA-Led Consortium Launches 2.6 MW Rotterdam Green Hydrogen Project

by Henry Edwardes-Evans (S&P Global Platts) 2.6 MW high temp electrolyser from Sunfire; H2 to be used in biofuel production; Supported by EU Horizon funds  —  CEA, Neste, Paul Wurth, Engie and Sunfire

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

ENGIE Invests in Hydrogen Technology Platform H2SITE

(ENGIE) ENGIE, through its corporate venture capital arm ENGIE New Ventures, announces its strategic investment in H2SITE. Headquartered in Bilbao, Spain, H2SITE is a spinoff created by Tecnalia research and technology

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

2019 Demand in Rotterdam Bunker Port More Sustainable

(Port of Rotterdam)  The demand for LNG, bio and low-sulphur bunkers has increased enormously in Rotterdam over the past year. Total sales in this largest European bunker port fell from

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Sekab and Vertoro to Build Large-Scale Demonstration Plant to Produce a New Platform for Sustainable Fuels, Chemicals, and Materials

(Sekab) A new demo plant in Örnsköldsvik will be the first in the world to produce a 2G platform for sustainable fuels, chemicals and materials, coined GOLDILOCKS®, from pulp and paper

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

UECC to Trial Marine Biofuels

(Marine Link) Short sea ro-ro operator UECC and marine biofuel company GoodFuels have launched a joint trial of GoodFuels Bio-Fuel Oil (MR1-100 or BFO) on UECC’s ro-ro vessel M/V Autosky, the

March 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Hydrogen and a Story of a Simple Fuel, and SimpleFuel

by Jim Lane (Hydrogen Digest) There are two places in the world we thought there would long have been a hydrogen project built or announced. One, at the Port of Amsterdam

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Shell Is Looking Forward: The Fossil-Fuel Companies Expect to Profit from Climate Change. I Went to a Private Planning Meeting and Took Notes.

by Malcolm Harris (Vox Media Intelligencer/New York Magazine)  … I asked Fries (Steven Fries, Shell’s chief economist) if Shell is serious about transition, then couldn’t it voluntarily speed it up

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Minding the Cost Gap: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to IEA Bioenergy’s Cost Reduction for Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Today’s top story, “Mind the Gap,” refers to a rather bleak and disturbing assessment offered by IEA Bioenergy on the prospects for cost-competitive advanced biofuels.

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Economics Of Advanced Biofuels

(BioCycle Magazine)  IEA Bioenergy’s new report, “Advanced Biofuels – Potential for Cost Reduction,”  acknowledges the gap between the cost of the advanced biofuels and current fuel prices, and explains how

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Europe’s Largest Green Hydrogen Project Starts in Groningen

(Gasunie) A consortium of Gasunie, Groningen Seaports and Shell Nederland has launched ambitious NortH2 green hydrogen project  —  NortH2 vision: Energy from source to customer – from renewable power to green

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Netherlands All for Sustainable Palm Oil, Against EU Biofuel Ban

by Translator: Ricky Mohammad Nugraha (Tempo.co)  The Dutch Foreign Affairs Minister Stef Blok said the Netherlands is not backing the European Union biofuel ban that targets Indonesia-produced crude palm oil (CPO). However, Blok asserts that this issue

February 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Drive on Bioethanol from Rotterdam

(Port of Rotterdam)  Europe’s largest biorefinery is located in the heart of the Port of Rotterdam. Alco Energy Rotterdam converts corn into bioethanol fuel in a production process that generates

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

1st Commercial-Scale Production of 5-HMF, 1st Hydrogen-Based Residential Area, Largest Fuel Cell System Ever on Major Ship, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of February 20th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s fun to be 1st and this week is full of them…from the first hydrogen-based residential area in the Netherlands to the world’s first commercial-scale production

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

FORGE Announces Investment from Shell Ventures and Valent Low-Carbon Technologies — FORGE Builds Biofuel Production Plant in Ontario

(FORGE Hydrocarbons/Globe Newswire)  FORGE Hydrocarbons Corp (“FORGE”), a Canadian biofuel start-up, announces an equity investment from Shell Ventures and a follow-on contribution from Valent Low-Carbon Technologies, which will help build a

February 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Italian Coffee Producer Lavazza to Join KLM’s Corporate BioFuel Program

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)In Italy, Lavazza and KLM Royal Dutch Airlines signed an agreement which will make the coffee company the first Italian partner in KLM’s Corporate BioFuel Program.

February 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Teresa Kok to Engage Europe on Direction of Malaysian Oil Palm Industry

(The Edge Markets/Bernama) Malaysia will engage four European countries next week on the direction of the Malaysian oil palm industry, to address the widespread anti-palm oil campaign in the continent. Primary Industries

February 5, 2020 Read Full Article

2020 Bioeconomy M&A Deal Review & Outlook

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Digest published today a 2020 Deal Review and Outlook Bioeconomy M&A visual guide that looks at the slurry of recent mergers and acquisitions in the

February 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Hapag-Lloyd to Lower CO2 Emissions Using Biofuel

(Hapag-Lloyd)  Hapag-Lloyd is bunkering “bio”: To reduce the CO2 emissions generated by operating ships, one of its ships recently refuelled in Rotterdam with a new, eco-friendly biofuel. For the first

February 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Who’s the Mystery Date? Green Hydrogen for Renewable Diesel’s Stealthy Project

by Jim Lane (Hydrogen Digest) From Planet Houston we’ve heard that ENGlobal inked a $20 million to supply process modules that will be used to construct a complete hydrogen production facility.

January 31, 2020 Read Full Article

Flying High on Biobased Waste Oils: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to SkyNRG’s SAF

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  SkyNRG recently announced the first dedicated European SAF production unit, but how do we accelerate market growth for sustainable aviation fuel? That’s a question SkyNRG is

January 24, 2020 Read Full Article

EU Invests €11M in Nouryon-Led Green Hydrogen Project in the Netherlands

by Jim Lane (Hydrogen Digest) A consortium comprising Nouryon, Gasunie and four other partners will receive an €11-million European grant towards their proposed green hydrogen project in Delfzijl, the Netherlands. The

January 22, 2020 Read Full Article

FinCo Fuel Group and GoodFuels Join Forces to Accelerate Renewable Fuels

(FinCo Fuel)  FinCo Fuel Group active in the downstream energy market with a broad portfolio of fuel products expands its network with the acquisition of a majority stake in GoodNRG,

January 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Canola Growers See Opportunity in Biofuel Option

by Sean Pratt (Western Producer)  Hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) is starting to make inroads in the fuel sector.  HDRD can be made with the same plant-based feedstocks as biodiesel, so

January 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels – Where Are the Gallons?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From what is an advanced biofuel to why, we take a look at the gallons, the ethanol blend wall, the residue capacity, and over 30 advanced

December 27, 2019 Read Full Article

In Europe, the Blend Is the Trend

by Emmanuel Desplechin (ePURE/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Study shows that E10 can be successful in Europe in the near-term, while E20 can be Europe’s fuel in the future.  —  Europeans continue

December 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Air France Agrees SAF Initiative on Flights from San Francisco while KLM Buys Renewable Fuel from Neste

(GreenAir Online)  Airline group partners Air France and KLM have each entered into new commitments to purchase sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). Air France and Shell have signed a memorandum of

December 20, 2019 Read Full Article

EU’s Increased Demand for Higher Ethanol Blend Could Be Met, Study Shows

(ePURE)  More countries could adopt higher ethanol fuel blends to reduce transport emissions, improve air quality and boost engine performance – without exceeding the existing cap on crop-based biofuels  — Europe’s

December 19, 2019 Read Full Article

CMA CGM Accelerates the Deployment of Marine Biofuel

(CMA CGM Group) CMA CGM has selected Shell to supply tens of thousands of tons of second-generation biofuel derived from used cooking oil; CMA CGM Group ships will be able

December 16, 2019 Read Full Article

The Kodak Moment: The World’s Airlines Consider Their Low-Carbon Options in an Era of Flight-Shaming

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Now, the airlines were just about the first customers to clamor for advanced biofuels. In 2006, Richard Altman of the recently-formed Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels

December 14, 2019 Read Full Article

The Brave and the Innovative: History Maker Ulla Kiiski

(Neste) You may not have heard the name Ulla Kiiski. But the Finnish scientist’s breakthroughs in inventing renewable, non-fossil diesel are poised to go down in history. “Resilience against difficult odds

December 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Neste to Supply KLM Additional Sustainable Aviation Fuel for Fights out of Schiphol

(Neste) KLM has purchased sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) for flights out of Amsterdam Airport Schiphol. The sustainable fuel is produced by Neste from used cooking oil and will reduce CO2 emissions

December 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Thermochemical Technology to Turn Trash to Treasure: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Enerkem’s Waste to Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Taking non-reyclable waste to sustainable chemicals and biofuels is Enerkem’s world. Current products from ‘trash’ include syngas, methanol and ethanol with alternative pathways currently under

December 11, 2019 Read Full Article

MSC Becomes First Major Shipping Line to Use 30% Biofuel Blends

(Mediterranean Shipping Company)  MSC Mediterranean Shipping Company (MSC) is pleased to announce that the company has started to use biofuel in its vessels calling in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. Following successful trials

December 10, 2019 Read Full Article

Trash to Cash – New Anellotech Technology Tackles Plastics Pollution by Recycling Plastic Waste Into Chemicals

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In New York, breaking news arrived that Anellotech is significantly expanding its program with Plas-TCat, a new process technology aiming to convert a wide range

December 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Shell to Provide Financial Support for Norwegian Biorefinery Project

(Bioenergy International)  Biozin Holding AS has announced that it has entered into an agreement with Shell for financial support of their ongoing work to build a full-scale biocrude production facility

December 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuels Production and Consumption in Denmark: Status, Advances and Challenges

by Sune Tjalfe Thomsen and Henning Jørgensen (IEA Bioenergy Task 39 Newsletter)  1. Status of transportation biofuel industry in Denmark In Denmark, a considerable part of the total energy demand is

December 6, 2019 Read Full Article

GARDN, SkyNRG, Waterfall Group and Vancouver Airport Authority Announce Launch of BioPortYVR

(Travel PR News)  The Green Aviation Research and Development Network (GARDN), SkyNRG, Waterfall Group and Vancouver Airport Authority today (November 26, 2019) announced the launch of BioPortYVR, an industry-led project

November 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Shell Aviation to Support SkyNRG’s Dutch SAF Production Facility Development and Secures Fuel Purchase Option

(GreenAir Online) Shell Aviation has expanded its interests in sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) development through an agreement to support SkyNRG’s DSL-01 SAF production plant in Delfzijl, the Netherlands, that is due

November 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Neste Opens an Office in Melbourne, Australia

(Neste) Neste, the world’s leading provider of renewable diesel and the 3rd most sustainable company in the world*, strengthens its footprint in renewable feedstock sourcing. The company has opened an office

November 22, 2019 Read Full Article

Dutch Seaweed-Based Fuel Powers Car to 80 kph in Danish Trial

(Dutch News)  Researchers in Denmark have achieved speeds of up to 80 kph using a car powered by Dutch biofuel made from seaweed. The seaweed fuel was produced by scientists

November 21, 2019 Read Full Article

Pyrolysis Party and Who’s the Pilot Steering the Ship? BTG and GoodFuels to Invest in World’s 1st Marine Biofuel Refinery Based on Pyrolysis Oil

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … In the Netherlands, BTG and GoodFuels are preparing for major investment in a new biorefinery to support shipping’s low carbon fuels demands. Biomass technology group

November 18, 2019 Read Full Article

SHV Energy Joins KLM Corporate BioFuel Programme

(KLM)  Delft University of Technology extends its participation for two-year period  —  SHV Energy has joined the KLM Corporate BioFuel Programme (KCBP). In so doing, SHV Energy will reduce its

November 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Spectacular Delivery of Ready-to-Install Storage Tank to HES Botlek Tank Terminal

(SJR Group)  HES Botlek Tank Terminal B.V. and SJR Group are pleased to announce that the last storage tank which is built offsite will be transported to HES Botlek Tank

November 8, 2019 Read Full Article

The Long Haul to Getting Aviation Biofuel off the Ground

by Angeli Mehta (Ethical Corporation) With the IPCC warning against growing crops for fuel, Angeli Mehta reports on how LanzaTech, SkyNRG and Velocys are trying to get the next generation of

November 5, 2019 Read Full Article

The Race Is on to Repurpose Garbage

by Marc S. Reisch (Chemical & Engineering News)  Despite a spotty track record, companies keep trying to convert trash into energy, fuels, and chemicals  —  … Local press reports noted

October 31, 2019 Read Full Article

World First for Boskalis by Operating a Dredging Vessel on 100% Bio-Fuel Oil

(Royal Boskalis Westminster N.V. ) Royal Boskalis Westminster N.V. (Boskalis) and biofuels supplier GoodFuels are set to take the next key step in the ‘Boskalis on Bio’ program for the testing

October 22, 2019 Read Full Article

50 Million Bucks Says Landfill Is a Viable Energy Source: Suncor Doubles Down on Enerkem

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Canada, news arrived late last week Enerkem closed a $50 million equity investment from Suncor.  What does it mean? Today’s let’s explore that.  As Canada’s leading integrated

October 21, 2019 Read Full Article

Neste MY Renewable Diesel Is Now Available in All Baltic Countries, Including Estonia

(Neste) Neste will introduce Neste MY Renewable Diesel™, produced from 100% renewable raw materials, in Estonia during October 2019. During the initial phase, private car owners and heavy-duty vehicle drivers can refuel with

October 15, 2019 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guides to Biogas

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) An organization well worth knowing in the world of biogas, or renewable methane, is the indefatigable group organized as IEA Bioenergy Task 37, an international working

October 14, 2019 Read Full Article

KLM and Microsoft Join Forces to Advance Sustainable Air Travel

(KLM) Today KLM and Microsoft signed a Letter of Intent in Washington to explore cooperation focused on sustainable air travel. The agreement includes commitment to purchase Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF),

October 8, 2019 Read Full Article

European Biofuel Facility Opens in Antwerp, Belgium

(Targray) Targray has announced the full opening of its Antwerp Biodiesel Terminal, a 24/7 biofuel storage and blending center serving fuel producers, distributors, traders and retailers in markets throughout Europe.

October 8, 2019 Read Full Article

What You Need to Know about Using FPBO on Your FCC Unit

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In the liquid energy market, it’s no longer enough to have fuels which are “affordable and available but not sustainable”, or “sustainable and available but not

October 8, 2019 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Commercializing Conventional and Advanced Transport Biofuels from Biomass and Other Renewable Feedstocks

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Several of the better known IEA Bioenergy rock stars — there are four and possibly five in this set, from the US and Canada, so

October 8, 2019 Read Full Article

Board Now Leads the Way towards Sustainable Flying

(Board Now)  Launch of SkyNRG’s ground-breaking program paves the way to sustainable aviation; 85 per cent reduction of emissions as

October 4, 2019 Read Full Article

Face Fungus, Sustainable Camping Gear, Stationery Made from Stone, Renewable Naphtha, Hydrogen-Powered Tugboat: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of October 4th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  October has arrived with fall fashion, and amongst our offerings this week, the latest in

October 4, 2019 Read Full Article

“The Mindset Is There, We Need the Technologies and to Integrate Them: The Time Is Now”: Looking at Enerkem’s Evolution and the Rise of the Circular Economy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … Enerkem has been famed as a plaform for producing ethanol from municipal solid waste. Yet,

October 3, 2019 Read Full Article

World’s First Combined 2G Ethanol and Crude Lignin Oil Biorefinery Inches Closer to Reality

(PressAT/Vertoro) Sainc Energy Limited (Sainc), a London-based developer of biomass refineries, has entered into a definitive supply contract for 180,000 tons per

October 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Meelunie Joins Forces with GoodShipping Program to Decarbonise Its Ocean Freight

(GoodShipping) Meelunie, a leading global supplier of plant-based ingredients, and the GoodShipping Program have joined forces to decarbonise Meelunie’s Asian ocean

September 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Fungus Fashion, BMW i Hydrogen NEXT Unveiled, Spider Silk and Cellulose Composite, Nestlé Opens Packaging Research Center, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of September 25th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) With Climate Week on many minds this week, it’s good to see innovations being developed to

September 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Neste Opens an Office in Shanghai, China

(Neste)  Neste opens an office in Shanghai and starts renewable raw material sourcing operations in China. “Neste is the 3rd most

September 23, 2019 Read Full Article

Cars Soon Powered by Wood Thanks to Dutch Innovation

(BTG BioLiquids (btg-btl)) TechnipFMC and BTG-BTL to build bio-oil production in Sweden  — Thanks to a Dutch invention, cars in

September 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Netherlands Mulls End to Used Cooking Oil Double-Counting

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV.com) An analysis of the “weak” points of the revised Renewable Energy Directive (RED II), combined with the

September 13, 2019 Read Full Article

How Synthetic Biology Can Help Build Sustainable Cities

by John Cumbers (Green Biz/SynBioBeta)  Sustainability is in vogue, with businesses and cities jostling to improve their public image and produce

September 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Biobased Battery, Starch-Based Gift Cards, Future Fashion, Plant-Based Flame Retardants, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of September 5th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) This week is a merry mix of biobased innovations around the world. From the creation of

September 5, 2019 Read Full Article

9 Constellations to Watch: A Look at the Rising Stars in the Race to SAF

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … (T)oday we explore 9 of those constellations building around Sustainable Aviation Fuels. Some

August 26, 2019 Read Full Article

“Poldering” a New Climate Agreement in the Netherlands

by Paul Sinnige and Timo Gerlagh (Netherlands Enterprise Agency)  …  With a strong focus on passenger transport and recognising that

August 23, 2019 Read Full Article

Kamper Biodiesel Boss Cees B. Has to Be in Jail for 20 Months

by  Caspar van Oirschot  (DE Stentor (Google Translation))  Owner Cees B. (51) of Biodiesel Kampen has been sentenced to 30

August 23, 2019 Read Full Article

Jumbo and GoodFuels Partner to Take Sustainable Bio-Fuel Oil to the Offshore Support Market

(Goodfuels)  Dutch company partnership paves the way for a low carbon energy transition in the offshore support sector. — Leading global

August 20, 2019 Read Full Article

SAF on the Cusp of Rapid Expansion and Replication: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to CAAFI

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Since 2006, the Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative (CAAFI) has sought to enhance energy security and

August 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Report: EU Ethanol Consumption to Increase in 2019

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) A recent report filed with the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service’s Global Agricultural Information Network discusses

August 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Largest WWTP in the Netherlands Will Produce Biomethane for Vehicles

(Bright Biomethane/NGV Journal)  Bright Biomethane has delivered the biogas upgrading system with membrane separation technology to the largest waste water treatment

August 2, 2019 Read Full Article

China Uniquely Placed to ‘Green’ Shipping

by Ned Molloy (China Dialogue Ocean) As the world’s largest exporter and shipbuilder, China could pave the way to a carbon-neutral

August 1, 2019 Read Full Article

Bright Biomethane to Supply Technology to First RNG Upgrade Projects in US

(Bioenergy Insight)  The recently established Bright Biomethane North America, a subsidiary of Dutch company Bright Biomethane, has said that it will

July 23, 2019 Read Full Article

Used Frying Fat Causes a Significant CO2 Reduction in the Transport Sector

(Dutch Emissions Authority (Google Translation)) The Netherlands is on track to reach the European target for renewable energy for transport of

July 12, 2019 Read Full Article

France to Introduce New Tax on Air Travel

(Our Daily Planet) Starting in 2020, France will begin to introduce a new “ecotax” on air travel. The new charge, costing approximately

July 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Paper Pen, Bioasphalt, Water Activated Bio Shampoo, Lignin Self-Healing Elastomer, Bio Crop Coating, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of July 10th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  While many are on vacation this time of year, the bioeconomy is not even close to

July 10, 2019 Read Full Article

Avantium Awarded Funding for VEHICLE

(Avantium)  Avantium N.V. announces that it has been awarded €1.3 million for its Dawn and Mekong Technologies from the Bio Based Industries

July 1, 2019 Read Full Article

EU States Gather to Discuss Imposition of Climate Taxes and Carbon Pricing on European Aviation Sector

(GreenAir Online)  A coalition of EU States came together last week in the Netherlands to discuss how carbon pricing and taxes

June 28, 2019 Read Full Article

Europe, US Aim to Boost Ethanol Share in Gasoline, but Obstacles Remain

by Solomon Lanitis, Chrysa Glystra and Wesley Swift (S&P Global Platts)  Ambitious emissions targets are driving governments across the globe to mandate

June 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Bright Biomethane Opens North America Office to Fuel Future Growth

(Bioenergy Insight) Bright Biomethane opened its first North American office in response to growing business and increasing demand for renewable natural

June 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Virgin Australia Brisbane Biofuel Trial Hits 1 Million KM MIlestone

(Australianaviation.Com.Au)  Virgin Australia’s push into sustainable aviation fuel, part of a strengthening trend in the global airline industry’s push toward cleaner

June 20, 2019 Read Full Article

SkyNRG and UL Sign Deal during Dutch Royal Visit to Explore Development of Sustainable Aviation Fuel in Ireland

(SkyNRG)  SkyNRG and the Bernal Institute at University of Limerick has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to explore the development

June 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Jan De Nul Reveals Ambitious CO₂ Reduction Targets

(Hellenic Shipping News)  Jan De Nul Group has revealed its commitment to reduce CO₂ emissions by 15% a year during maintenance

June 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Miscanthus BBQ Fuel, Microalgae, New Bioreactor for Fermentation, Cacao Bean Waste to Beer, Soy Shoes, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of June 7th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As we turn the corner from spring to summer, the pace of bioeconomy invention and change

June 7, 2019 Read Full Article

Nouryon Announces 2019 Imagine Chemistry winners

(Nouryon)  Surfactants derived from plants, eco-friendly membranes, and miniature sensors were among the eight winning ideas in the 2019 Imagine

May 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Giving Credit Where Credit Is Due…Certifications and the Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  How do you know a company is telling the truth about their sustainability claims? How do

May 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Food, Water, Energy: An Eternal Golden Braid of Value and Sustainability

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Jonathan Trent, late of the OMEGA algae projects, has authored a column on the topic of

May 28, 2019 Read Full Article

KLM, SkyNRG and SHV Energy Greenlight the World’s Largest Stand-Alone Sustainable Aviation Fuels Project

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From the Netherlands comes news that, SkyNRG will develop Europe’s first dedicated plant for the production

May 28, 2019 Read Full Article

Dutch Company Embroiled in Biodiesel Scandal, Earning Millions: VK

(Dutch News)  Officials are investigating the role of a Dutch biodiesel company in a major fraud involving the alternative energy source,

May 27, 2019 Read Full Article

Methanol Institute Releases New Report on Renewable Methanol

(Methanol Institute)  Compared to conventional fuels, renewable methanol cuts carbon dioxide emissions by up to 95%, reduces nitrogen oxide emissions by

May 23, 2019 Read Full Article

UPS Makes Largest Purchase of Renewable Natural Gas Ever in The U.S.

(UPS) Seven-Year 170 Million Gallon Equivalents Purchase from Clean Energy Fuels Corp. Will Reduce GHG Emissions by More than 1 Million

May 23, 2019 Read Full Article

J-ENG and NYK Line Cooperate for Biofuel Research and Test

(Japan Engine Corporation)  Japan Engine Corporation (J-ENG) has announced to cooperate with NIPPON YUSEN KAISHA (NYK Line) to start the research and

May 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Four Arrested as UK, Dutch Authorities Launch Joint Biodiesel Investigation

(Reuters)  Four people were arrested and addresses raided in Britain, the Netherlands and Belgium in a joint Anglo-Dutch investigation into biodiesel

May 16, 2019 Read Full Article

Running on Refuse

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Enerkem is producing methanol and ethanol at its Edmonton, Alberta, plant, diverting up to 24

May 15, 2019 Read Full Article

BP, Nouryon, and Port of Rotterdam Explore Green Hydrogen via Water Electrolysis

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  From the Netherlands arrives the news that BP, Nouryon (formerly AkzoNobel Specialty Chemicals), and the Port

May 10, 2019 Read Full Article

Greening the Gas Grid: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Netherland Enterprise Agency

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Netherland Enterprise Agency is a government agency which operates under the auspices of the Ministry of

May 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Renewable Diesel: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Neste

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Neste started developing renewable fuels in 1980 and is now the world’s largest producer of renewable diesel

May 8, 2019 Read Full Article

Why a Drop of Oil Bounces in a Water/Ethanol Gradient and Eventually Falls to the Bottom of a Jar

by Bob Yirka  (Phys.org)  A team of researchers working at the University of Twente has solved the mystery of why a

May 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Solar Fuel Turns to Plants for Inspiration

(European Commission)  An ‘artificial leaf’ being developed by EU-funded researchers to produce fuel from sunlight, carbon dioxide and water, could tackle

April 30, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuel Market Is Nearing a Tipping Point

by Kerry Reals (Aviation Week & Space Technology)  After years of talking about the potential of biofuels and conducting sporadic demonstration

April 29, 2019 Read Full Article

WATCH: Maersk’s Biofuel Pilot Reaches Hong Kong

(Port Technology/Maersk) A.P Moller-Maersk, the largest container shipping line in the world, has released a video of the Maersk Mette’s historic

April 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Eastern Europe Backs Locally Produced Biofuels to Save Climate and Farmers

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV.com)  Slovakia, Poland and the Czech Republic have signed a joint declaration saying that Europe will be able

April 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Beyond Beef with No Cow, Sunflower Crop Waste for Phone Cases and Binders, BASF’s Bioactives from Rambutan Tree, Repurposing Wastewater Algae, Nouryon’s Biopolymer for Hair Care, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of April 17th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The pace of bioeconomy invention and change continues at a frenetic pace. Here are the top

April 17, 2019 Read Full Article

SJR Tank Construction and HES Botlek Tank Terminal Announce a New Partnership

(HES International)  SJR Tank Construction and HES Botlek Tank Terminal, a subsidiary of HES International B.V., are proud to announce a

April 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Dutch Sustainable Growth Coalition Partners with Maersk in World’s Largest Maritime Biofuel Pilot

by Lejla Charif (Maersk)  Convinced of the urgency to act on climate, a group of Dutch multinationals – FrieslandCampina, Heineken, Philips, DSM,

March 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Growing Support among EU Environment Ministers for Applying further Carbon Pricing on Aviation Emissions

(GreenAir Online)  A recent proposal by the Netherlands finance ministry for an EU-wide aviation tax to deal with the sector’s growing

March 24, 2019 Read Full Article

UK Launch of E10 Won’t Be until 2021: Government Official

by Chrysa Glystra Huw Shortland (S&P Global Platts)  The UK government will not be rolling out use of E10 gasoline before

March 22, 2019 Read Full Article

VARO and GoodFuels Extend Partnership to Scale Bio Fuel Oil Availability to Deep Sea Segment

(GoodFuels)  GoodFuels Bio Fuel Oil now available out of Amsterdam-Rotterdam-Antwerp, powered by VARO  —  VARO Energy subsidiary REINPLUS FIWADO Bunker and GoodFuels have extended their

March 22, 2019 Read Full Article

First Inland Vessel on 100% Sustainable Biofuel for Heineken

(GoodFuels) Sustainable biofuel pioneer GoodFuels and partner REINPLUS FIWADO Bunker have fuelled the ‘For Ever’, the first inland vessel from Combined Cargo Terminals

March 21, 2019 Read Full Article

As German Imports Spike, UFOP Fears Add’l Pressure from Indonesia

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP)/Biodiesel Magazine)  Imports of biodiesel to Germany increased sharply in 2018. The rise was

March 20, 2019 Read Full Article

5 Minutes With… Bram Gräber and Rebecca Groen from SHV Energy.

by Liz Gyekye (BioMarket Insights)  “In use, bio LPG is identical to conventional LPG and therefore has the benefit of being

March 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Marine Biofuels Begin to Make Headway in Ocean Shipping

(Benzinga)  Biofuels created by recycling used cooking oils are being tested by ocean-going ships in pilot trials around the world. Such

March 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Novel Potent Antimicrobial from Thermophilic Bacterium

(University of Groningen/EurekAlert!)  University of Groningen microbiologists and their colleagues from Lithuania have discovered a new glycocin, a small antimicrobial peptide

March 14, 2019 Read Full Article

SEKAB’s Ylwa Alwarsdotter on International Bioeconomy List for the Third Time

(SEKAB) “I feel very privileged to be celebrated in this context. We need more strong women working to develop the bioeconomy

March 14, 2019 Read Full Article

IKEA, CMA CGM and the GoodShipping Program Join Forces to Test Sustainable Marine Bio-Fuel Oil

(GoodShipping Program)  IKEA Transport & Logistics Services, CMA CGM, the GoodShipping Program and the Port of Rotterdam have today announced they

March 13, 2019 Read Full Article

US Dairy Farms: Untapped Biogas Potential

by Peter Brown (Euro Marketing Tools, FFA Fuels Inc./Biomass Magazine)  Countries like Holland and Norway have achieved success in widespread digester

March 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Commercializing Marine Biofuels: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to GoodFuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  GoodFuels is the the market-leader in developing and delivering advanced sustainable fuels for the transport sector, offering

March 11, 2019 Read Full Article

The AllThings.Bio Educational Resources Database Is Now Online!

(AllThings.Bio)  Are you a teacher and looking for educational materials about the bioeconomy? Or are you looking for an online course

March 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Shell Joins Air Liquide, Nouryon in Enerkem Waste-to-Chemicals Project in Rotterdam: The Complete Story

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Shell will become an equal equity partner in the proposed commercial-scale waste-to-chemicals project, which will

March 4, 2019 Read Full Article

BioSNG Bulletin: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Biomass to Synthetic Natural Gas (BioSNG)

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Mark Robertson, from Small Planet Engineering and a member of Lee Enterprises Consulting offers this illuminating

March 1, 2019 Read Full Article

Coalition Provides Sustainable Marine Biofuels Verification

(FreightEurasia)  A proof-of-concept coalition made up of global mining company BHP, NYK, sustainable biofuel supplier GoodFuels and applications’ developer Blockchain Labs

February 27, 2019 Read Full Article

Dutch Finance Ministry Argues for EU-Wide Single Aviation Tax to Cover the Sector’s Environmental Costs

(GreenAir Online)  The Dutch finance ministry has released a paper suggesting the EU should adopt a Europe-wide aviation tax in

February 22, 2019 Read Full Article

Blockchain Bonanza – How Blockchain Is Making Things Saner from Farm to Factory and Beyond

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  It’s a chain full of blocks and each block has information like a timestamp and

February 18, 2019 Read Full Article

BHP and NYK Use GoodFuels Biofuel to Progress Decarbonisation Goals

(GoodFuels)  BHP, NYK, GoodFuels and BLOC collaborate to progress sustainable biofuel bunkering in Rotterdam, verified with blockchain. —  Today (February 4, 2019)

February 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Port of Rotterdam’s Green Scheme

(Biofuels International)  The Port of Rotterdam has announced its incentive scheme, Climate-Friendly Shipping. From the 21st of January interested parties will be

February 4, 2019 Read Full Article

SABIC and Customers Launch Certified Circular Polymers from Mixed Plastic Waste

(SABIC)  o  SABIC and customers Unilever, Vinventions and Walki Group will introduce ISCC certified circular polymers in 2019 during a

February 3, 2019 Read Full Article

Nouryon Partners with Unilever, Investment Companies and Startup Networks to Accelerate Innovation in Chemistry

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In the Netherlands, Nouryon (formerly AkzoNobel Specialty Chemicals) has officially launched the third edition of its

January 31, 2019 Read Full Article

Etihad Airways Flies the World’s First Flight Using Fuel Made in The UAE From Plants Grown in Saltwater by Khalifa University

(Etihad Airways/Aviation Pros)  The Sustainable Bioenergy Research Consortium (SBRC), a non-profit entity established by Masdar Institute that is part of Khalifa

January 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Royal Netherlands Air Force Operates Her F-16 Fighting Falcons per January on Sustainable Aviation Fuel, Supplied by SkyNRG, Shell Aviation and World Energy

(SkyNRG)  Starting per January 14th, the Royal Netherlands Air Force operates her flights from Leeuwarden Airbase on sustainable aviation fuel (SAF).

January 16, 2019 Read Full Article

Why Investors Ditched Sh2tr Biofuels Projects

by Ludger Kasumuni (The Citizen)  Several investors have abandoned their $1 billion (Sh2.3 trillion) biofuels projects in Tanzania, according to a

January 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Yeast Makes Ethanol to Prevent Metabolic Overload

(University of Groningen/Phys.Org) … (Y)east cells produce ethanol as a ‘safety valve’ to prevent overload when their metabolic operation reaches

January 8, 2019 Read Full Article

A Geospatial View of Biodiesel Activity

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  Biodiesel Magazine provides a visual of prominent project development activities over the past year. READ MORE

January 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Aviation Solutions: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to Neste

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Neste has a strong history of developing, commercializing, and marketing new fuels, including diesel, renewable chemicals,

January 3, 2019 Read Full Article

Waste to Energy Major Priority of Govt: Vijay Raghavan

(SME Times)  Principal Scientific Advisor K Vijay Raghavan recently said that waste to energy and scaling up of commercially available technologies

December 27, 2018 Read Full Article

Bioenergy Retrofits for Europe’s Industry

(Netzwerk Biotreibstoffe) BIOFIT (www.biofit-h2020.eu) is an EU project that aims to facilitate the introduction of bioenergy retrofitting in Europe’s industry. The

December 19, 2018 Read Full Article

Swedavia, Fly Green Fund, World Energy, Shell and SkyNRG Enable Sustainable Aviation Fuel Flights from Five Airports in Sweden

(SkyNRG)  This year, Swedavia, the largest Swedish airport operator, received sustainable aviation fuel at five of their airports. With these deliveries, Swedavia

December 19, 2018 Read Full Article

Fast Pyrolysis Technology: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide ABLC Guide to Biomass Technology Group

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Biomass Technology Group develops fast pyrolysis technology and FPBO applications as well as the commercialization of such

December 17, 2018 Read Full Article

$$$ from Neste, Fulcrum, Others Making Renewable Diesel a Dream Come True

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) …  By The Digest’s estimates, there’s been close to two billion dollars in investments in renewable

December 17, 2018 Read Full Article

Year of the Tree, CORSIA Fuels, Mabus’ Remarks, a Breakthrough on Woody Biomass?: Heard on the Floor at the CAAFI General Meeting

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  When the world’s leaders for sustainable aviation fuels have a general meeting the week before the

December 13, 2018 Read Full Article

Neste Strengthens Its Global Leading Position in Renewable Products with a Major Investment in Singapore

(Neste) Neste Corporation has made the final investment decision on additional renewable products production capacity in Singapore. The decision is based

December 13, 2018 Read Full Article

BioLNG EuroNet Will Drive forward Decarbonisation of Road Transport across Europe with LNG

(BioLNG EuroNet) BioLNG EuroNet today (December 6, 2018) announced a commitment to the further expansion of LNG (liquefied natural gas)

December 11, 2018 Read Full Article

Shell, World Energy, SkyNRG, KLM, SAS and Finnair Join Forces to Reduce Carbon Emissions at San Francisco Airport

(SkyNRG)  Shell, World Energy and SkyNRG have initiated the supply of sustainable aviation fuel to three major airlines at San Francisco

December 11, 2018 Read Full Article

Shell, World Energy, SkyNRG, KLM, SAS and Finnair Join Forces to Reduce Carbon Emissions at San Francisco Airport

(SkyNRG) Shell, World Energy and SkyNRG have initiated the supply of sustainable aviation fuel to three major airlines at San Francisco

December 6, 2018 Read Full Article

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fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-gas power-to-liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel 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Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve straw students sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugar cane sugar cane prices sugar cane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil waste water water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass 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