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Notice of Solicitation of Applications for the Biorefinery, Renewable Chemical, and Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program DEADLINES: October 1, 2018 and April 1, 2019

(U.S. Department of Agriculture Rural Business-Cooperative Service/Federal Register)  This Notice announces the solicitation of applications for funds available under the Biorefinery, Renewable Chemical, and Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program (the Program)

August 10, 2018 Read Full Article

More Support for Carbon Utilization in Congress

(Algae Biomass Organization)  This month the momentum for supporting technologies that put carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases to good use got a boost in Congress with the introduction of the

August 2, 2018 Read Full Article

Creative Debt and Equity: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Structures for Bioeconomy Project Finance

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Bottom line, if you’re in the business of financing a renewable fuels project with a loan guarantee in the mix, you’re probably talking with some combination

July 9, 2018 Read Full Article

Up to $4.5 Billion in Loan Authority Available for Renewable Energy and Efficient Energy Projects

by Elizabeth Ingram (HydroWorld.com)  The Loan Programs Office at the U.S. Department of Energy still has up to $4.5 billion in loan authority available for Renewable Energy and Efficient Energy (REEE)

June 25, 2018 Read Full Article

The Carbon Rescuers: 20 Top Waste Projects and Breakthroughs that Capture Used Carbon from the Waste Pile for New Uses

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In these top 20 projects, we usually say that we are using waste, but really we are converting something from a state of waste to a

June 5, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

EIB Launches Financing Initiative for Bioeconomy, Agriculture

(European Investment Bank/Biomass Magazine)  The European Investment Bank, the EU bank, announced the launch of a new financing initiative April 16 that aims to unlock close to EUR 1 billion of

May 18, 2018 Read Full Article

Biofuels Production and Consumption in the US: Status, Advances and Challenges

by Mahmood Ebadian and James D. McMillan (IEA Bioenergy Task 39 Newsletter)  … The Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) was enacted in 2007 to enhance domestic production of fuels and spur

May 11, 2018 Read Full Article

Secretary of Energy Rick Perry Announces $68.5 Million for Advanced Vehicle Technologies Research LOI due May 29, 2018

(U. S. Department of Energy)  Today (May 1, 2018), U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry announced up to $68.5 million in available funding for early-stage research of advanced vehicle technologies that

May 3, 2018 Read Full Article

EIB’s Agriculture and Bioeconomy Programme Loan under Juncker Plan Will Support Close to EUR 1bn of Private Investment across Europe

(European Investment Bank)  New financing initiative targets investments by private cooperatives and companies in the agriculture and bioeconomy sector; The EIB financing will amount to EUR 400m and is expected to back

April 18, 2018 Read Full Article

OMCs Ready to Pay Higher Offtake for Biofuel: Pradhan

(The Siasat Daily)  The government is prepared to pay a higher offtake price to producers of biofuel than it does for fossil fuels in a bid to boost the use of

March 15, 2018 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to USDA and Its Programs

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) “The bioeconomy is a catalyst for economic development in rural America, creating new jobs and providing new markets for farmers and ranchers. Investing in the businesses

March 12, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Energy Programs Should Be Fully Funded and Enhanced in the 2018 Farm Bill

by Jeremy Gilpin, Jordan Blanchard, and Cindy Thyfault (National Rural Lenders Association/Biofuels Digest)  There has been a keen focus the last few weeks for President Trump and the USDA with the release

February 13, 2018 Read Full Article

Getting a Loan Guarantee: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to the USDA 9003 Loan Guarantee program

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The 2014 Farm Bill provides for support of Advanced Biofuels, Renewable Chemicals, and Biobased Product Manufacturing by providing loan guarantees for up to $250 million. USDA

January 18, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Case Studies in Renewable Finance: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide to Funding Bioeconomy Projects in the US vs Internationally

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Bottom line, if you’re in the business of financing a renewable fuels project with a loan guarantee in the mix, you’re probably talking with some combination

December 13, 2017 Read Full Article

Katter’s Australian Party Offers A$400 Million to North Queensland Bioenergy Corp if It Wins Election

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Australia, Katter’s Australian Party has offered an A$400 million loan towards the A$640 million North Queensland Bioenergy Corp. project proposed nearly a decade ago if it’s able

November 22, 2017 Read Full Article

Ground Delay: Where Are the Sustainable Aviation Fuels?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … (S)omething less than $200 million has been so far positively and affordably earmarked by lenders to revolutionize the entire supply chain of US air

February 21, 2017 Read Full Article

Nigeria Plans Biofuel Production with Juicy Investment Incentives

(Offgrid Nigeria)  A draft national policy on biofuel production and distribution likely to be signed into law very soon by Nigeria, has proposed very mouth-watering incentives for investors willing to

December 2, 2016 Read Full Article

Scale-Up: What Makes the Winners Win?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … It’s worth some detail, before the cheering: BioAmber Sarnia demonstrated performance levels validating commercial operation, as defined in its loan agreement with Comerica Bank, Export

September 5, 2016 Read Full Article

USDA: FSFL Program Now Includes Microloan Option

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  On April 29, the USDA announced changes to the Farm Storage Facility Loan Program, which provides low-interest financing so agricultural producers can build or

May 9, 2016 Read Full Article

U.S. Shale Oil Firms Feel Credit Squeeze as Banks Grow Cautious

by Swetha Gopinath and David Henry (Reuters)  Nearly two years into an epic oil rout, U.S. shale drillers that have upended global energy markets are finally feeling a credit squeeze

April 12, 2016 Read Full Article

Energy Department Announces $58 Million to Advance Fuel-Efficient Vehicle Technologies

(U.S. Department of Energy) U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Ernest Moniz announced more than $58 million in funding for vehicle technology advancements and released a report highlighting the successes of DOE’s

January 23, 2016 Read Full Article

Rep. Pompeo Investigates Failing Obama-Backed Green Energy Company

(The Daily Caller News Foundation)  Rep. Mike Pompeo is demanding information on Abengoa, a Spanish green energy firm on the brink of bankruptcy that could leave U.S. taxpayers on the

December 4, 2015 Read Full Article

IFAD Funding for Karnataka’s Bio-Fuel Development Programme

by Jaideep Shenoy (Times of India)  Karnataka’s much touted bio-fuel development programme is set for a $50 million funding from International Fund for Agriculture Development (IFAD). Being given in the form

August 21, 2015 Read Full Article

The US Energy Department Loan Programs Office: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide

(Biofuels Digest) Slide 1: The Department of Energy’s Loan Programs Office (LPO) issues loans and loan guarantees to finance deployment of innovative energy projects and advanced technology vehicle manufacturing facilities in the United

August 13, 2015 Read Full Article

Energy Bill iIncludes Language Benefiting Bioenergy, Algae

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  On July 22, the U.S. Senate Committee on Energy & Natural Resources introduced a bipartisan energy bill, titled the “Energy Policy Modernization Act of 2015.”

August 4, 2015 Read Full Article

USDA Seeks Applications for Loans and Grants to Create Jobs and Support Rural Economic Development

(US Department of Agriculture) Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today announced that USDA is accepting applications for loans and grants to support business expansion, create jobs and increase economic opportunities in rural

June 19, 2015 Read Full Article

Sweetwater Energy Raises $10M; Begins Ramp-Up to First Commercial

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Sweetwater Energy announced it has closed on a $10 million bridge loan. The loan closed as Sweetwater said that it is now opening its Series B

April 21, 2015 Read Full Article

Biofuels: What’s Happened and Where Are We Going?

by Scott Chabina (Fierce Energy)  The transformation of Gen 1.0 to 1.5 and the reality of Gen 2.0.  Advanced, commercially viable biofuel facilities no longer “unicorns on the horizon” … Conventional,

April 16, 2015 Read Full Article

Global Bioenergies Heads for Demo Scale: A Magic Path to Isobutane in Sight

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … In France, Global Bioenergies announced that it has completed the financing of its demo plant, and is commencing construction immediately. The 5,000L demonstration-scale facility will

April 3, 2015 Read Full Article

USDA, DOE Farm and Fuels Funding Updates

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute) USDA and DOE announced a raft of grant and loan opportunities and funded projects, many of them funded through the 2014 Farm Bill. On February 20,

February 27, 2015 Read Full Article

Time for Teddy Talk

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  There are times for TED Talks about wondrous advances in technology and the future that awaits us.   Then, there are times for Teddy Talks:

December 15, 2014 Read Full Article

California Approves $13.5 Million in Loans for Energy-Efficient Upgrades to Schools

(California Energy Commission)  Grants for alternative and renewable fuel projects totaling nearly $8 million also approved The California Energy Commission approved $13.5 million for energy efficiency measures to 14 schools

November 19, 2014 Read Full Article

Manly Plant in Line for $530,000 in State Incentives

by Molly Montag (Globe Gazette)  Worth County officials on Monday signed off on $530,000 in state incentives for a chemical plant being built in Manly.  The incentive package from the

November 12, 2014 Read Full Article

Biofuels and the Debt Offensive: Parts 1, 2 and 3

by Jim Lane  (Biofuels Digest)  Interested in transforming liquid fuels – and wondering “where are the gallons”?   The secret lies in re-structuring the financing of alternative fuels. Today, in part

May 7, 2014 Read Full Article

Alternative Financing Options Subject of Calif. Workshop

by Chris Hanson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The California Energy Commission Lead Commissioner on the 2014 Integrated Energy Policy Report Update conducted a workshop aimed at alternative financing options and strategies

April 28, 2014 Read Full Article

Sec. Moniz Discusses Advanced Technology Vehicle Manufacturing Loans

(US Department of Energy)  U.S. Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz today highlighted key improvements to the Department’s Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing (ATVM) Loan Program at the Motor & Equipment Manufacturers

April 4, 2014 Read Full Article

USDA Enhances Farm Storage Facility Loan Program

(US Department of Agriculture)  The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) today announced the expansion of the Farm Storage and Facility Loan program, which provides low-interest financing to producers. The enhanced

March 21, 2014 Read Full Article

Minnesota Bills to Incentivize Biofuel, Biochemicals, Biomass Thermal

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Legislation pending in the Minnesota Legislature aims to create incentives for renewable chemicals, advanced biofuels, and biomass thermal energy. In the Minnesota House of

March 17, 2014 Read Full Article

Department of Energy Releases $8 Billion Solicitation for Advanced Fossil Energy Projects

(US Department of Energy)  As part of President Obama’s Climate Action Plan, the Energy Department published a solicitation today, making up to $8 billion in loan guarantee authority available to support

December 18, 2013 Read Full Article

European Investment Bank Provides Loan for Second Generation Ethanol Project

(European Investment Bank/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The European Investment Bank is providing a €65 million loan to support the research and development projects of Biochemtex, an engineering subsidiary of the Mossi

December 16, 2013 Read Full Article

Forfieted Idaho Beet Sugar Used for Ethanol

by John O’Connell (Capital Press) Ethanol plants in Idaho, Oregon and California are making ethanol from beet sugar forfeited by Amalgamated Sugar Co. Pacific Ethanol plants in Burley, Boardman, Ore., and

December 6, 2013 Read Full Article

USDA Solicits New Bids under the Feedstock Flexibility Program

(US Department of Agriculture)  The U.S. Department of Agriculture today announced that the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) is offering to sell its recently acquired sugar inventory for use as a

November 19, 2013 Read Full Article

Enerkem and GreenField, Partners in VANERCO, Announce up to $39.8 Million in Repayable Contribution from the Canadian Government

(PR NewsWire/Yahoo!Finance/VANERCO)  Natural Resources Minister Joe Oliver today confirmed SDTC’s financial contribution in VANERCO, the joint venture partnership formed by Enerkem (www.enerkem.com and GreenField www.gfsa.com) to build and operate a cellulosic ethanol

September 27, 2013 Read Full Article

New Frontiers: Now It’s Crude Oil from Algae that Is Being Tested

by Herman Wang (Platts/The Barrel) It’s hard to get excited over a producer making a scant 2 barrels/day of crude. But in the case of Sapphire Energy, those barrels represent the

August 22, 2013 Read Full Article

Problems Galore in Biofuel Programme, Says Official

(Deccan Herald)  The governments, both at the Central and State levels, have realised the need to reduce the use of fossil fuels and implement the biofuel programmes, said Additional Chief

August 14, 2013 Read Full Article

Brazil Loans for Sugar-Cane Mills to Grow 46% to Boost Ethanol

by Stephan Nielsen (Bloomberg)   Brazil’s state development bank expects to disburse 46 percent more in loans this year to sugar-cane mills as the nation seeks to boost ethanol production. The

August 7, 2013 Read Full Article

Rip up the Mortgage: Sapphire Energy Pays off USDA Loan Guarantee in Full

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Sapphire raises new round of equity, pays off USDA Loan Guarantee: “Sapphire Energy is very grateful to the USDA for supporting algae crude oil,” says

July 30, 2013 Read Full Article

Government of Canada Encourages Innovative Biofuel Production in Sarnia

(Digital Journal/FedDev Ontario)  Woodland Biofuels Inc. is receiving a contribution to operate a plant that will produce low-cost biofuel from waste. Patricia Davidson, Member of Parliament for Sarnia-Lambton, announced the

June 27, 2013 Read Full Article

Gov't to Offer NIS 400m in Loans for Alternative Fuels

by Yuval Azoulai (Globes)  The Office of the Chief Scientist is planning a NIS 1.5 billion program to create a new alternative fuels industry. The Office of the Chief Scientist has

December 27, 2012 Read Full Article

Clean Tech R&D Funding for Small Business: NextGen Biofuels Fund Call for Proposals

(MentorWorks)  Due to a decrease in emerging technologies there is a great barrier to market entry for many Canadian entrepreneurs, especially innovators that develop sustainable technologies. The NextGen Biofuels Fund program incorporates

September 11, 2012 Read Full Article

NEXIM Grants $695m Loans for Renewable Energy

by Emeka Ugwuanyi (The Nation)  As part of contribution to developing and using renewable energy as against the current dependence on fossil  fuels, the  Nigerian Export-Import Bank (NEXIM) said it has

December 28, 2011 Read Full Article

Why Biorefining Loan Guarantees Give Back: Think Money, Jobs and Military Might

by Luke Geiver (Biorefining Magazine)  …In the letter, the group pointed out the need for programs like the 9003 Biorefinery Loan Guarantee Program offered through USDA. “Loan guarantees are the

December 10, 2011 Read Full Article

For Obama’s Green-Car Revolution, Fits and Starts

by Carol D. Leonnig and Joe Stephens (The WashingtonPost) The Obama administration has poured roughly $5 billion in taxpayer funds into the electric-car industry, offering incentives to manufacturers, their suppliers and even

December 8, 2011 Read Full Article

Webinar: Accessing USDA Loans for Advanced Biofuels and Chemicals November 28, 2011 1:00 – 2:30 PM Eastern

  Webinar: Accessing USDA Loans for Advanced Biofuels and Chemicals    November 28, 2011 1:00 – 2:30 PM Eastern

A brief overview of the numerous programs within USDA that support the President’s Clean Energy Blueprint and how you might be able to access these programs. The rapidly-expanding bio-based sector

November 15, 2011 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Station Opens Near Duluth

by Steve Kuchera (Duluth News Tribune)  A Northwestern Wisconsin biodiesel producer recently opened its first Minnesota station at a former Armor Fuel & Save station on Midway Road just off

November 10, 2011 Read Full Article

Uncertainty about Ethanol Clouds Cellulosic Plant Plans

by Dan Piller (Des Moines Register)  …The EPA said the biorefineries expected to be online by this year had not materialized, which didn’t come as news to Jim Sturdevant, manager

July 6, 2011 Read Full Article

European Energy Efficiency Fund (EEE–F)

(European Commission)   On 1st July 2011, the Commission launched a new European Energy Efficiency Fund (EEE-F) as part of the European Energy Programme for Recovery (EEPR). It will allocate around EUR 146

July 5, 2011 Read Full Article

Addax Bioenergy Signs Loan Agreement for €258 Million Renewable Energy Project in Sierra Leone

(Business Wire)  Addax Bioenergy S.A. (“Addax Bioenergy”), a subsidiary of the Swiss-based energy group, The Addax and Oryx Group Limited (AOG), announced today the signing of a loan agreement with

June 27, 2011 Read Full Article

Indian River Agrees to Provide 55,000 Tons of Vegetative Waste Annually to Planned Bio-Ethanol Fuel Plant

by Henry A. Stephens  (TCPalm)  INEOS New Planet BioEnergy, which is building an estimated $150 million plant on Oslo Road, will be shipping in 90,000 tons a year of yard

June 27, 2011 Read Full Article

The Advanced Biofuels Leadership Conference, Day 2: We Need the Money

by Will Dalen Rice  (Earth Science Erratics)   … The ALBC was more of a business conference than it was a technology conference. Many technologies have been able to prove viability

May 20, 2011 Read Full Article

USDA Rural Development Invites Applications for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Projects

(US Department of Agriculture)   Agricultural Producers in Non-rural Areas are Now Eligible, Funding May Be Used for Flex-Fuel Pumps

April 15, 2011 Read Full Article

South Dakota Gov. Dennis Daugaard Signs Bill to Boost Ethanol Industry, Development Loans

by Chet Brokaw  (AP/The Republic)  Gov. Dennis Daugaard signed into law Thursday a measure aimed at boosting ethanol sales at

March 25, 2011 Read Full Article

Agriculture Secretary Vilsack Announces Funding for Projects to Create Jobs and New Economic Opportunities for Rural Residents

(USDA) Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack today announced the selection of 16 projects in 10 states for funding to create jobs and

February 21, 2011 Read Full Article

Algaeventure Awarded Loan for Algae Dewatering Systems

Erin Voegele (Biodiesel Magazine)  Algaeventure Systems Inc. has been awarded a $1.5 million loan from the Ohio development department’s R&D

February 4, 2011 Read Full Article

Tax Holidays, Cheap Loans: Why Mississippi is Attracting Greentech

by Michael Kanellos (GreenTechSolar)  In the past year, the state of Mississippi has convinced an impressive array of green tech and other

January 7, 2011 Read Full Article

AfDB Group Approves Euros 65 Million to Finance Markala Sugar Project in Mali

(AllAfrica.com)  The Board of Directors of the African Development Bank (AfDB) approved on Monday, 6 December 2010 in Tunis, a €30-million

December 13, 2010 Read Full Article

EBRD Supports Diversification of Agribusiness in Romania: €80 Million Syndicated Loan to Help Expur Develop Oilseed Business

(ActMedia)  The EBRD is supporting the development of the Romanian rapeseed industry along its value chain, including oilseed crushing, refining

November 3, 2010 Read Full Article

Midwest Biodiesel to rehire workers thanks to $300,000 loan

by Kelsey Volkmann (St. Louis Business Journal)  Midwest Biodiesel Products LLC, the only biodiesel refiner in the St. Louis area,

September 28, 2010 Read Full Article

The Song That Never Ends: the Financing of Cellulosic Ethanol

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …The Infinite Loop in financing cellulosic ethanol is the setting of conditions for loan guarantees

June 24, 2010 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuels Association Writes to USDA on Proposed Rule on Biorefinery Assistance Guaranteed Loan Program

by Bob Dinneen (Renewable Fuels Association)  …The technology exists to process ethanol from cellulose feedstocks; however, the commercialization of cellulose

June 17, 2010 Read Full Article

The Name is Bond, part II: Financiers Find Biofuels Financing Options in Bond Market

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)   …Although equity investors (primarily strategics and venture capitalists) and the government grant market has continued

May 17, 2010 Read Full Article

Vilsack: USDA Needs to Take Chances

by Jerry Hagstrom  (Ag Week)  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack said at a White House clean energy forum May 6 that

May 14, 2010 Read Full Article

Biofuels Industry Eyes Growth

by Thom Gabrukiewicz (ArgusLeader.com)  …Tom Vilsack, the president’s agriculture secretary, said Thursday that much progress has been made – but

May 12, 2010 Read Full Article

Funding for Next Wave of Biofuels Trickling In, Finally

by Katie Fehrenbacher  (earth2tech)  It was about this time last year that the economic downturn’s effects on the ability of next-generation

May 7, 2010 Read Full Article

Agriculture Secretary Vilsack Invites Public Comment on Proposed Rules for USDA Renewable Energy Programs

(USDA)  Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack April 16, 2010, invited public comment on several proposed rules designed to increase the production of advanced

April 20, 2010 Read Full Article

Pickens Encourages Investment in American Energy

by Cindy Zimmerman (DomesticFuel)   “When do we stop investing in OPEC and start investing in America?”   That’s the question that

April 15, 2010 Read Full Article

Federal Loan Programs Ill-Suited for Cellulosic Ethanol

by Cole Gustafson (Prairie Business Magazine) … In addition to problems on Wall Street following the collapse of the financial

March 16, 2010 Read Full Article

Waiting for Godot: The Financing of Commercial Scale Advanced Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …“Cellulosic ethanol is not the same as first generation ethanol,” (Arnie) Klann (Bluefire Ethanol CEO) noted. “There,

March 16, 2010 Read Full Article

“This Approach, We Fear, Drives a Systematic Bias toward Lending for Power Generation Projects.”

(Biofuels Digest) A letter to Energy Secretary Chu from 11 cellulosic ethanol CEOs and directors: “The Department is obligated by

February 9, 2010 Read Full Article

InterAmerican Development Bank Provides $25 Million Funding Boost To Peru’s Biofuel Project

The Inter-American Development Bank has approved a $25 million loan to support an innovative private biofuels project currently being developed

December 16, 2009 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuels Association Concerned about Flaws in DOE Loan Program

 Dear Secretary Chu: The Renewable Fuels Association (RFA), the national trade association representing the U.S. ethanol industry, is writing to

October 29, 2009 Read Full Article

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Cuba cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs D-8 (proposed) RINs dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DC DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) de-fossilization dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel 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development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecuador ED95 education educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity price electric pathway/eRINs electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end user Energy Bill energy cane energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment 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effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard high performance regular high school project highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horse bedding Horse manure horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HOV High Octane Vehicles HRJ human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrofaction hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal liquefaction hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC 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price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene Israel Italy Ivory Coast JA1 JAA jackfruit Jamaica Japan Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Jetfuel (SAJF)/Renewable Jetfuel (RJF) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa Kuwait labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis lignin Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg Luxemburg lysis M15 M50 macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar mahua Maine maize Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta mamona management changes mandates manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methane/biomethane methane leaks methanol/biomethanol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbe microbiology microorganizms microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco mongongo Montana Montenegro morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) muck multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic 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plant oil plastic Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-gas power/electricity generation prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island private educational business process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating propane propanol property insurance protectionism protein protests public comments Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree PVO pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec 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(REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable hydrogen renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) renewable volume renewable volume obligation (RVO) replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail return on investment R Factor RFI RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RSF2 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securiti Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia 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