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Rex Idles NuGen Plant, Explores Carbon Sequestration Project

Rex American Resources Corp. released fiscal fourth quarter financial results on March 26. The company discussed a potential carbon capture and sequestration project under development at its One Earth Energy

March 27, 2020 Read Full Article

The Coronavirus and Ethanol Demand Destruction

by Scott Irwin and Todd Hubbs (FarmDocDaily)  … One implication of the virus-related restrictions is that people are driving much less than before, which means that gasoline and ethanol use

March 27, 2020 Read Full Article

LowCVP News: New Guide Highlights Low Carbon and Sustainable Fuel Opportunities for Decarbonisation of Commercial Fleets

(Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership) A new guide from the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership (LowCVP) for fleet operators shows how renewable fuels can immediately cut greenhouse gas emissions in road transport, particularly

March 27, 2020 Read Full Article

GasTechno and INFRA to Commercialize Integrated Gas-to-Liquides Production System

(GasTechn0/EIN Presswire) Gas Technologies LLC and INFRA Synthetic Fuels, Inc combine technologies to convert natural gas and renewable natural gas into low carbon renewable fuels.  —  Gas Technologies LLC (“GasTechno”),

March 26, 2020 Read Full Article

Looking beyond the Headlines during COVID-19 Pandemic

by Gerard J. Ostheimer and Douglas L. Faulkner (below50/Leatherstocking LLC/Biofuels Digest)  … The 1 – 2 punch of the COVID-19 economic hit and the Saudi – Russian fight over oil

March 26, 2020 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Production: What Next for Zim?

by Nyasha Kavhiza (The Herald) A technical analysis of the current situation will point to the lack of feedstock as the main problem stalling biodiesel production in Zimbabwe. … Instead of discarding

March 25, 2020 Read Full Article

The Secret Sauce: Industry Partnerships Key to Advancing Bio-Based Chemicals and Fuels

by Asanga Padmaperuma (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) … Today, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Laboratories study the development of chemicals and fuels with the use of cost-effective, renewable carbon sources,

March 25, 2020 Read Full Article

ANDRITZ Successfully Starts up the World’s First Fossil-Free Biomethanol Plant at Södra, Sweden

(ANDRITZ) International technology group ANDRITZ has recently started up the world’s first biomethanol plant using ANDRITZ’s self-developed A-Recovery+ concept at the Södra Cell Mönsterås pulp mill in southeastern Sweden. The plant

March 25, 2020 Read Full Article

Cielo’s JV Partner Secures 80 Acre Site for Renewable Fuel Facility Near Medicine Hat, Ab

(Cielo) Cielo Waste Solutions Corp. (CMC.CN)(CWSFF) (“CIELO”/”Company”) announces that Renewable U Medicine Hat Inc. (“Renewable U Medicine Hat”) has informed CIELO that it has secured an agreement in principle to purchase

March 25, 2020 Read Full Article

Where’s Biodiesel At? The Diesel Market, Feedstock Options and more: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to the National Biodiesel Board’s Biodiesel Industry – Part 1

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  While things are topsy turvy around the world right now, Part 1 to this visual National Biodiesel Board slide guide takes us on an industry

March 25, 2020 Read Full Article

The Hand Sanitizer Market: A Salvation for Beleaguered Ethanol Producers, or Not?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … In response to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) created exemptions allowing certain alcohol fuel

March 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Cielo Solicits Waste Feedstock for Nova Scotia Renewable Fuel Facility and Provides Operations Update

(Cielo) Cielo Waste Solutions Corp. (CSE:CMC)(OTCQB:CWSFF) (“Cielo” or the “Company”) announces that Renewable U Halifax Inc. and the Company are actively seeking sources of waste feedstock for the planned Joint Venture

March 23, 2020 Read Full Article

PODCAST: Europe Industrial Ethanol Demand, Prices Spike as Coronavirus Disrupts Market

by Will Beacham (Independent Commodity Intelligence Services) Spot prices for Europe industrial ethanol are spiking and the market is facing disruption as demand soars for disinfectant and cleaning products linked to

March 20, 2020 Read Full Article

The Competitive Edge: Vertimass LLC

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Vertimass seeks to commercialize novel catalytic technology for low cost conversion of ethanol into hydrocarbon fuels to overcome obstacles that limit ethanol use in gasoline for

March 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Coronavirus Responses & Impacts Bioeconomy Survey Results – March 2020

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) During the week of March 16-20, 2020, The Digest surveyed its readers on how they were impacted by the Coronavirus health & economic crisis, and how

March 20, 2020 Read Full Article

ICCT: Potential Biomass-Based Diesel Production in the United States by 2032

by Tammy Klein (Future Fuel Strategies) One of the biggest issues I’ve been working on in my consulting practice over the last year is related to the scale up of renewable

March 19, 2020 Read Full Article

U.S. Company Will Produce Enough Biogas to Drive 5,100 Heavy Trucks from San Francisco to NYC Annually

(Brightmark/NGV Journal) Brightmark has partnered with three Western Michigan farms on the latest in a series of biogas projects the company launched over the past two years. The Michigan farmers have

March 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Where Are We? March 2020 Digest Data Dashboard, The Bioeconomy, By the Numbers

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The past few weeks have been a roller coaster ride and here are the numbers to visualize what is going on.  In today’s Digest, a graphic look

March 19, 2020 Read Full Article

New Report Reveals Global Banks Funneled $2.7 Trillion into Fossil Fuels Since Paris Climate Agreement, with Financing on the Rise Each Year

by Gabby Brown (Sierra Club) The latest version of the most comprehensive report on global banks’ fossil fuel financing, Banking on Climate Change 2020, was released today (March 18, 2020), revealing that 35

March 19, 2020 Read Full Article

PTG Earmarks B5bn for Pumps, Expansion

by Yuthana Praiwan (Bangkok Post)  …PTG is also allocating another 500 million baht for the PPP Green Complex, a palm oil plant in Prachuap Khiri Khan, to make cooking oil

March 18, 2020 Read Full Article

There’s More than One Way to Save the Planet! Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Another New Market for Bioenergy

by Mike Newman (Parhelion Underwriting/Biofuels Digest)  Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is an important strategy to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and mitigate climate change.  CCS is a process by which large amounts

March 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Oil’s Plunge Is an Existential Threat to a Far Cleaner Biofuel

by Fabiana Batista and Tatiana Freitas (Bloomberg/Yahoo! Finance)  … The spectacular plunge in the crude market is sparking unprecedented reverberations across commodities and economies, with Brazil’s corn-ethanol producers standing out

March 17, 2020 Read Full Article

COVID-19 Lowers Corn Demand, Ethanol Price

by Lisa Gibson (Ethanol Producer Magazine) A report from University of Illinois Extension shows weak demand for corn for ethanol use, in the middle of the COVID-19 pandemic. Production will fall

March 17, 2020 Read Full Article

The United States Is Still too Reliant on Oil

by Varsha Koduvayur (CNN Business Perspectives/Foundation for Defense of Democracies)  … While the global decline in oil prices will certainly cause pain for both Saudi Arabia and Russia, its impact on

March 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Blockchain, Ag Futures, CPC Potential for Ethanol Industry: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Ethanol Commodity Plus Carbon

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Commodity Plus Carbon, or CPC can maximize monetization opportunities from the sequestration potential in the agricultural sector. CPC offers synergies between regulated ETS traded carbon

March 17, 2020 Read Full Article

DSM Announces Partnership With SABIC And UPM Biofuels To Create Bio-Based Dyneema®

(Textile World) … UPM Biofuels produces bio-based feedstock UPM BioVerno from the residue of the pulping process. This is then processed by SABIC to make renewable ethylene under their TRUCIRCLE™

March 13, 2020 Read Full Article

U.S. Ethanol Industry ‘Bleeding’ on Oil Collapse, Coronavirus

by Stephanie Kelly (Reuters)  U.S. ethanol producers are feeling the pain as margins on the corn-based fuel slumped this week to an eight-year low for this time of year, weighed

March 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Preem Selects HydroFlex™ for Renewable Fuels Plant with Potential to Save 2.5 Million Tons CO2

(Haldor-Topsoe) o Preem has chosen Haldor Topsoe’s HydroFlex™ renewable fuel technology to produce clean renewable diesel and jet fuel at their Gothenburg refinery in Sweden. —  o The 16,000 barrels-per-day

March 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Methanol as Fuel, Chemical Feedstock and Liquid Hydrogen Carrier: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Methanol as Fuel and Feedstock

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Methanol is versatile – it can be used as turbine fuel, cooking fuel, and as a fuel for solid oxide fuel cells. But G.K.Surya Prakash from

March 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Middle East’s 1st Plant-Based Water Bottle, Biofoams Made from Seafood Waste, Mushrooms, Bamboo Diapers, Biobowls, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of March 12th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Abu Dhabi, food and beverage company Agthia Group PJSC is set to launch the Middle East’s first plant-based water bottle made from corn sugar with

March 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Nova Pangaea Partners with Pakistan’s JS Group to Licence Biofuel Technology

(Biofuels International)  Teeside, UK-based Nova Pangaea Technologies (NPT) has signed a partnership contract with Pakistan’s JS Group to licence NPT’s technology, which converts waste plant biomass into natural platform chemicals

March 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Trailblazing Energy Company Links up with National Group in Support of Its Biofuels Agenda

(Biofuels International)  A leading Australian firm has become a member of a national energy organisation. Viva Energy Australia has linked up with peak national body BioEnergy Australia with CEO Scott

March 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Neste to Acquire Mahoney Environmental to Strengthen Its Growth Strategy and Position in Renewable Raw Material Sourcing

(Neste) Neste, the world’s leading producer of renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuel produced from waste and residue raw materials, has agreed to acquire 100% of Mahoney Environmental (Mahoney), a collector

March 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Promotion of Ethanol to Have Positive Impacts on Energy Security

(The International News) The Embassy of Brazil in Islamabad organised a seminar ‘Sustainable Mobility: Ethanol Talks – Pakistan’, to promote ethanol as a modern and sustainable option for mobility, capable of

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

‘Green Hydrogen’ Project Planned in Oman

(Trade Arabia) Plans to set up a large-scale ‘green hydrogen’ project in the Duqm Special Economic Zone (SEZ) has been unveiled, according to a report. The main promoter of the project is

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

CEA-Led Consortium Launches 2.6 MW Rotterdam Green Hydrogen Project

by Henry Edwardes-Evans (S&P Global Platts) 2.6 MW high temp electrolyser from Sunfire; H2 to be used in biofuel production; Supported by EU Horizon funds  —  CEA, Neste, Paul Wurth, Engie and Sunfire

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

ENGIE Invests in Hydrogen Technology Platform H2SITE

(ENGIE) ENGIE, through its corporate venture capital arm ENGIE New Ventures, announces its strategic investment in H2SITE. Headquartered in Bilbao, Spain, H2SITE is a spinoff created by Tecnalia research and technology

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Safran to Study Biofuels Production in Southwest France

(Safran) Safran Helicopter Engines is joining Euralis, Teréga, ACD (Aquitaine Chimie Durable), Chemparc, Agri Sud Ouest Innovation, Xylofutur, CCI Pau Béarn, Pau and Pays de l’Adour University and the Aerospace Valley

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

The 7 Pillars of Technology Breakthrough: Novozymes’ Innovations in Yeast Show the New Way

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … Let’s explore today — using the recent news from Novozymes about their pioneering advances in yeast — what exactly a breakthrough is, and does. That’s

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Oil’s Epic Crash Reminds Farmers They’re Also Energy Traders

by Isis Almeida, Michael Hirtzer, and Jen Skerritt (Bloomberg) Oil’s nosedive is sending farmers a stark reminder: they also need to be energy traders.  —  Growers have become more vulnerable to

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Neste and Mirova Back Recycling Technologies to Accelerate Transition to Circular Economy for Plastic

(Recycling Technologies) Neste, the world’s leading provider of renewable diesel, renewable jet fuel, and an expert in delivering drop-in renewable chemical solutions, and Mirova, a pioneer impact investor in the natural

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

INA Selects FUTUROL™ Licensed by Axens for Its Project of Advanced Bioethanol Production in Croatia

(Axens)  The Croatian oil and gas company INA has awarded Axens a license agreement to supply Futurol™ cellulosic ethanol technology and contract for basic engineering design of an advanced bioethanol production

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

New Biomethane Station for Heavy Vehicles Opens in Southern Sweden

(Gasum/NGV Journal) Located in Kalmar, this is Gasum’s 10th natural gas station in Sweden and provides heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) with LNG and bio-LNG. The new facility is also an important part of

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Sekab and Vertoro to Build Large-Scale Demonstration Plant to Produce a New Platform for Sustainable Fuels, Chemicals, and Materials

(Sekab) A new demo plant in Örnsköldsvik will be the first in the world to produce a 2G platform for sustainable fuels, chemicals and materials, coined GOLDILOCKS®, from pulp and paper

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Neste Invests in Sunfire, Leading Technology Developer of High-Temperature Electrolysis and Power-to-X Solutions

(Neste) Neste, the world’s leading provider of renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuel, and an expert in delivering drop-in renewable chemical solutions, has acquired a minority stake in the German cleantech

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Brightmark Partners with Michigan Dairy Farms to Produce RNG

(Brightmark Energy/Biomass Magazine) Brightmark, a San Francisco-based waste and energy development company, today (March 5, 2020) announced that it has partnered with three Western Michigan farms on the latest in a

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Gevo Signs Agreement with Viva Energy to Develop Renewable Hydrocarbons in Australia

(Wall Street Online/Globe Newswire/Gevo) Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) has signed a Heads of Agreement (HOA) with Viva Energy Australia Pty Ltd, one of Australia’s leading energy companies and the exclusive supplier

March 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Seaweed-Lined To-Go Containers, Pepsi’s Molded Pulp 6-Pack Rings, Hydrogen-Powered Arctic Station, “Infinite” Toothbrush, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of March 5th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Sit back and just imagine, hanging out at the new International Arctic Station that runs on solar, wind, and hydrogen power, sipping on a Pepsi 6-pack

March 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Building a 100 Percent Clean Future Can Drive an Additional $8 Billion a Year to Rural Communities

by Bidisha Bhattacharyya, Ryan Richards, and Rita Cliffton   (Center for American Progress) Rural communities face many challenges, and climate change is only making matters worse. Flooding and drought are hitting

March 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Could Biofuels Answer Zimbabwe’s Fuel Headache?

by Shingirai Huni (The Herald) Zimbabwe is facing fuel shortages, with long queues now the order of the day at fuel stations. Many motorists now leave their cars at home and use

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

ERM Gets Go ahead to Develop Green Hydrogen at Scale from Offshore Wind

(ERM)  ERM has been awarded £3.12m from the UK Government to further develop its ERM-Dolphyn project, concerning the production of ‘green’ hydrogen at scale from floating, offshore wind turbines. To

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

ARENA announces funding for Yara Pilbara and ENGIE’s feasibility study on a renewable hydrogen to ammonia solution in fertiliser production

(Yara) Collaboration partners Yara International ASA and ENGIE have welcomed the announcement of $995,000 in funding from the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) towards their feasibility study, which is examining the potential to

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Could Government Biofuel Drive Bring £350m Hull Plant Back to Life?

by David Laister (Business Live)  Saltend facility was mothballed after 11 years of “inaction” over petrol pump policy — … Vivergo, an employer of 150 at Saltend Chemicals Park, closed

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

FPT Industrial Is Investigating Plant-Based Biofuels

(Corporate Social Responsibility Newswire)  FPT Industrial a global powertrain brand of CNH Industrial N.V. (NYSE: CNHI/ MI: CNH),  invested in a production plan and tests dedicated to exploring macaúba biodiesel, with a view to

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Do We Really Need Hydrogen?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Jack Brouwer, Director of the National Fuel Cell Research Center at UC Irvine asks this very question. Take a look at his presentation from the

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Indiana Plant to Convert Methane into 8 Million Gallons of Renewable Natural Gas Each Year

by Emily Holbrook (Environment and Energy Leader) This week marks the completion of the Indy High BTU plant at the Indianapolis South Side Landfill. The plant, which will be fully operational March 20,

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

New Diesel Engine Powered by Ethanol ClearFlame Engines Can Cut Diesel Emissions Burning Straight Ethanol

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) When ClearFlame Engines CEO B.J. Johnson told ethanol industry representatives about the potential ethanol market for the company’s all-ethanol diesel engine, those at the recent

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Sunbird Bioenergy Africa Recruits 1 700 Local Farmers in Kawambwa, but Needs More Farmers to Reach Target of 20 000

(Lusaka Times) About 1700 out of the targeted 20,000 cassava out-grower farmers for the 2019/20 farming season have been captured by Sunbird Bioenergy Africa in Kawambwa District. Company Chief Executive Officer Richard

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Research Team Maps out Transition from Petroleum to Wood in Chemical Production

(Biofuels International)  A team of bioengineers and economics from KU Leuven in Belgium has mapped out how wood could replace petroleum in the chemical industry. According to the researchers, who

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Tasmanian Government to Invest $50m in Hydrogen Power Plan

by Carla Howarth (ABC News)  … Tasmania’s Renewable Hydrogen Action Plan includes $20 million for a Tasmanian Renewable Hydrogen Fund, another $20 million in concessional loans and $10 million dollars

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Hydrogen and a Story of a Simple Fuel, and SimpleFuel

by Jim Lane (Hydrogen Digest) There are two places in the world we thought there would long have been a hydrogen

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

CM Discusses Bio-Fuel Production from U-mangra

(The Sanghai Express)  Chief Minister N Biren Singh chaired the first general body meeting of Manipur State Biofuel Board at

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Shell Is Looking Forward: The Fossil-Fuel Companies Expect to Profit from Climate Change. I Went to a Private Planning Meeting and Took Notes.

by Malcolm Harris (Vox Media Intelligencer/New York Magazine)  … I asked Fries (Steven Fries, Shell’s chief economist) if Shell is

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Wall Street Backs away from Arctic Drilling amid Alaska Political Heat

by Yereth Rosen (Reuters) Three big U.S. banks have publicly announced break-ups with Arctic drilling in recent months, reflecting Wall Street’s

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Gov. Jay Inslee’s Low-Carbon Fuel Standard Faces Tough Road ahead in Washington State

by Hal Bernton (Seattle Times) Gov. Jay Inslee’s campaign to clamp down on greenhouse gas emissions from the state’s transportation fuels,

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Government Plans to Double Ethanol Output, Increase Blending to Cut Oil Imports

by Rituraj Tiwari (Economic Times) The enhanced capacity will help meet the government’s target of 10% ethanol blending by 2022.

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Minding the Cost Gap: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to IEA Bioenergy’s Cost Reduction for Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Today’s top story, “Mind the Gap,” refers to a rather bleak and disturbing assessment offered

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

MIND THE GAP: Letter from Europe

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) If you have not followed the Alternative and Renewable Fuels Forum, bookmark this, and today I’ll

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Economics Of Advanced Biofuels

(BioCycle Magazine)  IEA Bioenergy’s new report, “Advanced Biofuels – Potential for Cost Reduction,”  acknowledges the gap between the cost of

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

New Ultra-Low Emission Fleet Fueled by Biogas in Southern California

(Southern California Gas/NGV Journal) Southern California Gas Co. (SoCalGas), officials from the San Joaquin Valley Air Pollution Control District and Western

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

GUEST ARTICLE: Lessons that Novel Proteins Should Learn from Biofuels

by Mark Warner (Warner Advisors LLC/Food Navigator) Can 60% of current meat consumption be replaced by novel vegan meat replacements

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Europe’s Largest Green Hydrogen Project Starts in Groningen

(Gasunie) A consortium of Gasunie, Groningen Seaports and Shell Nederland has launched ambitious NortH2 green hydrogen project  —  NortH2 vision: Energy

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Gevo Secures Funding from Queensland Waste to Biofutures (W2B) Fund

(Gevo) Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) has been awarded part of The Queensland Waste to Biofutures (W2B) Fund to support the development

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

New Biogas Refuelling Station to Be Built in Sweden

(Bioenergy Insight)  A new biogas refuelling station is to be built in Linköping, Sweden. The project, led by Svensk Biogas, will

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Finnair Stops Emissions Credit Scheme and Biofuel Flights after Police Complaint: The National Police Board Advised the Airline that Programmes to Offset Carbon Emissions or Buy Biofuel Are in Breach of the Law.

(News Now Finland) Finnair is stopping its ‘Push for Change’ emissions credit scheme and biofuel flights after a complaint by police. Authorities

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Hydrogen’s Technical, Demand and Economic Potential: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to NREL’s Hydrogen Potential – H2@Scale

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Did you know that the demand potential of the hydrogen market by 2050 is >9X?

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

A Decade of Progress in California? Not for Its Recycling Rate

by Jim Stewart (Bioenergy Producers Association/Renewable Energy Project Development and Finance/Biofuels Digest)  The volume of post-recycled municipal solid waste (MSW) being

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Japanese Consortium to Study SAF Production Using Fulcrum Bioenergy’s Technology

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Japan, Japan Airlines, Marubeni, JXTG Nippon Oil and Energy and JGC Japan have agreed to

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

The Competitive Edge: AmericaBio

(AmericaBio/Biofuels Digest)  … Our company develops technologies for the deconstruction of forest and also agricultural biomass for sugars that are

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Smithfield Foods and RAE Invest further $45 Million in Bioenergy Joint Venture

(Bioenergy Insight)  Smithfield Foods and Roeslein Alternative Energy (RAE) have announced an additional $45 million (€41.5 million) investment in their

March 2, 2020 Read Full Article

New Biogas Refuelling Station to Be Built in Sweden

(Bioenergy Insight)  A new biogas refuelling station is to be built in Linköping, Sweden. The project, led by Svensk Biogas,

March 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Lidl Denmark Adds Two Biogas-Powered Trucks to Its Fleet

(Bioenergy Insight)  Lidl Denmark has added two biogas-powered trucks to its fleet of Lidl’s distribution trucks. The new trucks, built

March 2, 2020 Read Full Article

45Q, the Tax Credit That’s Luring US Companies to Capture CO2 — Cement, Ethanol, and Ammonia Makers Are among Those Looking to Convert Waste Carbon to Cash

by Melody M. Bomgardner (Chemical & Engineering News) …  The most effective policies, economists and industrialists agree, are those that

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

The Jenny Craig Problem and the Theory of Carbon Offsets

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …  Even though solar and wind to use an example, have smaller carbon footprints than,

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Aerospace Company Boom Supersonic to Use Sustainable Aviation Fuels in Test Programme

(Biofuels International)  The company building the world’s fastest supersonic airliner, Boom Supersonic, has announced that is XB-1 test programme will

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Södra Makes First Delivery of Biomethanol in Sweden for Biodiesel Production

(Biofuels International)  Swedish forest-owner association Södra has made a pilot delivery of biomethanol from the world’s first commercial plant for

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

EQTEC to Upgrade Spanish Waste to Energy Facility for Biofuel Production

(Biofuels International)  Waste gasification to energy company EQTEC has been awarded a contract for the upgrade of the existing syngas

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

First Dredger with Ultra-Low Emissions Has Arrived in Belgium

(Jan De Nul Group)  … For its maritime fleet, Jan De Nul Group goes for 100% renewable fuel, a certified sustainable

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Vow ASA Enters Plastic to Fuel Deal with Test Plant in the Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry

(Vow ASA/Globe Newswire)  Vow ASA, through its subsidiary ETIA, has been awarded a contract to provide a pyrolysis testing unit

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Beans Grown with Urine and Martian Soil, New Cosmetic Ingredient Produced by Fermentation, Plant-Based Superglue, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of February 27th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) What a weird week – yummy string beans fertilized with human urine in the form of

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Carolina Opportunity Funds Chooses BioEconomy Solutions

(Carolina Opportunity Funds/PR Newswire)  Inaugural Investment for IMPACT Carolina QOZ Fund  — Carolina Opportunity Funds is pleased to announce that BioEconomy

February 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Low Carbon Hydrogen on the Way in the UK

by Jim Lane (Hydrogen Digest)  From the UK, news is arriving out of research circles about a project called HyPER

February 21, 2020 Read Full Article

The Competitive Edge: Catalyxx

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Catalyxx was formed with the purposes of owning the exclusive rights to a technology, originally

February 21, 2020 Read Full Article

The Scale of Investment Needed to Decarbonize International Shipping

by Randall Krantz, Kasper Søgaard, Dr Tristan Smith (Global Maritime Forum)  To make the decarbonization of the maritime shipping sector

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

New Framework for Biofuels Leaves Many Questions Unanswered

by  (Business Maverick)  The recently published Biofuels Regulatory Framework is an important step in the attempt to develop a national

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Scientists Develop Open-Source Software to Analyze Economics of Biofuels, Bioproducts

by Julie Wurth (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Perennial grasses can be converted into everything from ethanol to bioplastics, but it’s

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Wide-Ranging Partnership to Deploy B100 Biodiesel Technology in Daily, High-Mileage Class 8 Trucks

(National Biodiesel Board)  Wide range of organizations announce a partnership for validation project of biodiesel technology to demonstrate viability in

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Drive on Bioethanol from Rotterdam

(Port of Rotterdam)  Europe’s largest biorefinery is located in the heart of the Port of Rotterdam. Alco Energy Rotterdam converts

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

1st Commercial-Scale Production of 5-HMF, 1st Hydrogen-Based Residential Area, Largest Fuel Cell System Ever on Major Ship, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of February 20th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s fun to be 1st and this week is full of them…from the first hydrogen-based residential

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production Pathway Approved by ASTM

(Biofuels International)  ASTM International has approved a new production pathway for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), created by Applied Research Associates

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Finnish Biofuel Producer Fintoil Invests €100 Million in Biorefinery

(Biofuels International)  Fintoil, a biofuel producer based in Finland that is partly owned by investment company Taaleri, has invested over

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

U.S. Gain Opens RNG Fueling Station at the Moreno Valley USD

by Matthew Mercure  (NGT News) U.S. Gain, a company that specializes in the development, procurement and distribution of renewable natural gas (RNG),

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

From Wind Power to Cow Manure: Oil Traders Seek New Profit Recipe

by Julia Payne (Reuters) The world’s largest oil traders are pouring hundreds of millions of dollars into climate-friendly projects –

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Bristol Transit Operator Launches 77-Biogas-Bus Scheme and CNG Station

(NGV Journal/First Group) As part of its ongoing commitment to improving air quality and tackling the Climate Emergency, First West of

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Fortum India to Make Valuable Products from Agro-Waste, Delhi to Get Clean Air: Faizur Rehman

(DevDiscourse) Paddy residue burning has been a major cause of air pollution in Delhi but now some companies are coming

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

PBF Energy Completes Acquisition of Martinez Refinery, Creates West Coast System

(PBF Energy/PR Newswire) – PBF’s total throughput capacity increases to over 1,000,000 barrels per day; – Establishes PBF as the most complex

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Limited Biofuels M&A Activity in 2019, Stage Set for Potentially Busy 2020

by Bruce Comer (Ocean Park/Biofuels Digest) Biofuels Merger and Acquisition (M&A) activity in North America was subdued in 2019. Only four

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Renewable Gas Infrastructure Expands in San Joaquin Valley

(NGV Journal/Southern California Gas) Southern California Gas Co. (SoCalGas) Vice President Cedric Williams joined Bakersfield Mayor Karen Goh, and local air

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Green Plains to Focus on High-Protein Feed Products

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Green Plains Inc. officials announces plans to transform into an ag tech-focused company that produces

February 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Democrats Say They Won’t Raise Gas Tax

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  Four Democratic candidates for president — former Vice President Joe Biden, billionaire Tom Steyer,

February 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Bioindustrial Innovation Canada Receives $15M Contribution from FedDev Ontario

(Bioindustrial Innovation Canada)  While in Sarnia, Minister Mélanie Joly announces 600 new jobs for Bioindustrial Innovation Canada. FedDev Ontario’s financial contribution

February 18, 2020 Read Full Article

North Dakota Soybean Processors Abandons Spiritwood Energy Park Site

(North Dakota Soybean Processors) After more than three years, $6 million of investment and thousands of hours of management time,

February 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Versalis: Biomass Power Plant Restarted at Crescentino and Bioethanol Production Onstream within the First Half of the Year

(Eni) Versalis, Eni’s chemical company, has announced that all the plants at Crescentino (Vercelli, Piedmont) will be up and running by

February 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Engineered Bacteria for Acetone and Drop-in Fuels from Syngas: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech’s Acetone Platform

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Sean Simpson and Michael Köpke from LanzaTech and researchers from Oak Ridge National Laboratory are working

February 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Carbon Capture Initiatives and 45Q

by Cácia Pimentel* (Advanced Biofuels USA) On February 15th the Center on Global Energy Policy (CGEP) Carbon Management Research Initiative and the

February 18, 2020 Read Full Article

South Dakota’s First Dairy Renewable Natural Gas Project under Construction

(Brightmark/NGV Journal) Brightmark, a San Francisco-based waste and energy development company, has signed a manure supply agreement with two South Dakota

February 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Sandals Runs Successful Biodiesel Pilot Project in Saint Lucia

(Saint Lucia News Online) Following the success of its first Biodiesel Conversion Centre in Saint Lucia, Sandals Resorts International is exploring

February 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Delta Commits $1 Billion to Become World’s 1st Carbon Neutral Airline

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In Georgia arrives news that starting March 1st, Delta is making a $1 billion commitment over

February 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Minister Wants Bio-Ethanol Plant Expedited

(The Tribune)  After the matter was highlighted in The Tribune a few days back, Union Food Processing Industries Minister Harsimrat

February 14, 2020 Read Full Article

FORGE Announces Investment from Shell Ventures and Valent Low-Carbon Technologies — FORGE Builds Biofuel Production Plant in Ontario

(FORGE Hydrocarbons/Globe Newswire)  FORGE Hydrocarbons Corp (“FORGE”), a Canadian biofuel start-up, announces an equity investment from Shell Ventures and a follow-on

February 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Catalytic Conversion at 93% Reduced Cost: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Vertimass’ Sustainable Jet Fuel from Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Vertimass had 300x scale-up in 12 months and increased liquid hydrocarbon yields from 36% to

February 14, 2020 Read Full Article

7 New Changes in USDA Biorefinery Funding Opportunities – Now is the Time to Take Advantage

by Cynthia Thyfault (Global Biofuture Solutions) The USDA Biorefinery, Renewable Chemical, and Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program, also known as the

February 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Brown Grease Separation Technology: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Greasezilla’s FOG – Fats, Oils, Greases to Fuel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Yuck! There’s a $25 billion grease problem, from the underground blob in the U.K. to

February 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Brightmark to Build Dairy RNG Project in South Dakota

(Brightmark Energy/Biomass Magazine) Brightmark, a San Francisco-based waste and energy development company, announced Feb. 5 that it has signed a manure

February 14, 2020 Read Full Article

TATA Projects Wins Order for Bioethanol Plant in India

(Biofuels International)  Indian infrastructure company TATA Projects has received an order from Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL) for its second-generation

February 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Heartland Banks Have a New Worry in Turbulent Ethanol Business

(American Banker)  Banks in corn country are worried the once booming ethanol business has reached its peak as profits have been

February 13, 2020 Read Full Article

World’s Largest Sugarcane Plant Mulls Using Corn to Boost Ethanol Output

by Marcelo Teixeira  (Reuters) The world’s largest plant to process sugarcane, Brazil’s Sao Martinho mill in Pradopolis, Sao Paulo state,

February 13, 2020 Read Full Article

NextChem’s Portfolio Will Include a New HVO Technology (Renewable Diesel) Focus on US Market

(NextChem) NextChem, the company of Maire Tecnimont Group focused on the Energy Transition, will cooperate with Saola Energy to license a

February 13, 2020 Read Full Article

NNPC Begins Construction of Kogi Biofuel Refinery

(Punch) The Kogi State Governor, Alhaji Yahaya Bello, has commended the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation for its interest in establishing a

February 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Whatcom County Stakeholders Fight for Canceled Renewable Diesel Facility

by Teya Heidenreich (Western Front)  After its cancellation on Jan. 21, the Green Apple Renewable Fuels facility is seen by

February 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Rubis Launches Renewable Diesel

(Rubis)  Rubis, the Channel Islands’ most forward-thinking fuel distributor, is launching an advanced biofuel, as an immediate solution towards Jersey’s

February 11, 2020 Read Full Article

3 Reasons to Scale-Up and How: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Scale-Up of Industrial Fermentation Processes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) There are 3 big reasons to scale-up a process but how exactly do you go about

February 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Oberon Fuels, SHV Energy Partner up to Accelerate Renewable DME: Is This Tech a Carbon Removal Machine of Great Importance?

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In California, Oberon Fuels and SHV Energy are partnering to accelerate the use of renewable

February 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Clariant Expands Production Capability & Launches New Products for EMEA Edible Oils & Biofuels Market

(Clariant) Investment in additional production capacity at Yuncos, Spain plant; New product line extends portfolio of highly activated bleaching earths; Production

February 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Ag-Chemicals, Ag-biologicals, Ag-seeds: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Multi-Slide Guide to Evogene’s Artificial Intelligence and Biological Big Data

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Revolutionizing the product development process in life-science based markets through the use of Computational Predictive

February 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Italian Coffee Producer Lavazza to Join KLM’s Corporate BioFuel Program

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)In Italy, Lavazza and KLM Royal Dutch Airlines signed an agreement which will make the coffee

February 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Influx of California RNG Fuels Local Economy & Protects Climate

by Todd Campbell (ACT News/California Natural Gas Vehicle Partnership)  Natural gas is the leading alternative to diesel in medium- and

February 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Plasma Blue Showcases Innovation in the Biodiesel Industry

by Amie Simpson (Brownfield Ag News)  Plasma Blue, a company established by the Minnesota Soybean Research and Promotion Council, is using

February 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Turning Household Waste into Liquefied Biofuel to Save Electricity

by Edgar Brandt (New Era Live)  The founder of Nghishe Biotech, Charles Haluodi, has developed a system to convert organic

February 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Nordics Bet on Advanced Biofuels to Suit Carbon Neutrality Ambitions

by Gerardo Fortuna (EURACTIV.com) Scandinavian governments have raised the bar in their commitment to becoming carbon neutral and several companies have

February 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Posted for Comment: Red Trail Energy, LLC Richardton, North Dakota Starch Ethanol Pathways with Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS)

(California Air Resources Board)  Pathway Summary Red Trail Energy (RTE) operates an ethanol production facility located at Richardton, North Dakota

February 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Gevo/Agri-Energy Earns Sustainability Certification from an Independent International Watchdog Group, the Roundtable of Sustainable Biomaterials (RSB)

(Gevo)  Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO), a company producing a new generation of low-carbon, drop-in, liquid transportations fuels, has received certification from

February 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Finland Releases Biogas Program, Supports Role to Cut Vehicle Emissions

(NGV Journal/Gasum) A working group appointed by the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Employment of Finland published a national biogas program

February 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Policy Swings Shutter Iowa’s Biodiesel Plants

by Marc Heller (E&E News) Fifteen years ago, farmers produced so much soybean oil they couldn’t figure out what to with

February 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Eco-Energy Nears Completion on its Phoenix, Arizona Ethanol Distribution Terminal

(Eco-Energy/Business Wire/Financial Post) Eco-Energy, a leading biofuel supply chain company, is pleased to announce that it has entered the final stage

February 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Paraguayan Government Grants ‘Free Zone Regime’ for Omega Green Biofuel Plant

(Biofuels International)  The government of Paraguay has recently granted a Free Zone regime for the Omega Green project, which is

February 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Hahn & Co. to Buy SK Chemicals’ Biofuel Operation for W382.5b

by Son Ji-hyoung (The Korea Herald)  Seoul-based private equity house Hahn & Co. agreed to buy SK Chemicals’ biofuel operation

February 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Why Are Low Carbon Biofuels Needed to Decrease Greenhouse Gases?

(Agricultural & Applied Economics Association/Cision)  Four AAEA members publish research in AEPP  — Electric vehicles are being introduced gradually, and even

February 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Brown Grease Separation Technology: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Greasezilla’s FOG – Fats, Oils, Greases to Fuel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Yuck! There’s a $25 billion grease problem,from the underground blob in the U.K. to pretty

February 6, 2020 Read Full Article

RNG Essential for GHG Reductions in Northeast, Mid-Atlantic

(Coalition for Renewable Natural Gas/Biomass Magazine) M.J. Bradley & Associates published a report evaluating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions scenarios in medium-

February 6, 2020 Read Full Article
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Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NTSB nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw 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fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-gas power-to-liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve straw students sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugar cane sugar cane prices sugar cane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil waste water water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass 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