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Tag "Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards"

EPA Delivers Final Vehicle Emissions Standards Rule to OMB

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA on Nov. 11 submitted its final rule to revise greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions standards for model year (MY) 2023 and later light-duty

November 12, 2021 Read Full Article

Biden’s Crackdown on Auto Emissions to Be Tougher than Proposed

by Jennifer Dlouhy (Bloomberg) EPA head Regan said final mandate to be ‘more aggressive’; Methane curbs for oil wells may also be strengthened —  The Biden administration will strengthen its

November 11, 2021 Read Full Article

ACE Urges EPA Recognize Ethanol’s Role in Reducing Vehicle GHGs and Improving Fuel Efficiency in Final Rule

(American Coalition for Ethanol/GrainNet) The American Coalition for Ethanol (ACE) set forth recommendations today (Sept. 27) on how the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) Revised 2023 and Later Model Year Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards can and

September 28, 2021 Read Full Article

U.S. Environment Agency Urged by 21 States to Toughen Vehicle Emissions Rewrite

by David Shepardson (Reuters)  A group of 21 state attorneys general, the District of Columbia, and several major U.S. cities urged the Biden administration to finalize significantly stricter vehicle emissions rules

September 28, 2021 Read Full Article

EPA Emission Standards Require Improvements in Fuel Quality Public Comment DEADLINE September 27, 2021

(Solutions from the Land) The EPA is proposing to revise the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions standards for light-duty vehicles for 2023 and later model years to make the standards more stringent. As part

September 16, 2021 Read Full Article

NGVAmerica Asks for NGV Inclusion in Light-duty CAFÉ Standards Redo DEADLINE: September 27, 2021

(NGVAmerica/NGV Journal) NGVAmerica President Dan Gage provided testimony at U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) hearing on the Biden administration’s notice of proposed rulemaking to revise the greenhouse gas emission standards for

September 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Klobuchar, Colleagues Urge Schumer, Pelosi to Support Homegrown Renewable Fuels in Reconciliation Package

(Office of Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)) U.S. Senators Amy Klobuchar (D-MN), Tammy Duckworth (D-IL), Tammy Baldwin (D-WI), Tina Smith (D-MN), and Dick Durbin (D-IL) and Representatives Cindy Axne (D-IA), Angie Craig (D-MN),

September 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuels Industry Hopes Its Efforts to Cut GHG Emissions Will Keep It Relevant as White House Pushes EVs

by Jeff Barber (OPIS) After four years of the Trump administration’s often-chaotic approach to the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), many in the biofuels industry were hoping President Joe Biden would bring

August 26, 2021 Read Full Article

The Fuel Economy Rule: An EPA That Won’t See, Hear, or Speak to the Facts

by Doug Durante (Clean Fuels Development Coalition/Biofuels Digest) The release of the highly anticipated revision of the Safe Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicle (SAFE) proposed rule this month was, for the biofuels

August 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Growth Energy’s Bliley Testifies before EPA on Proposed Emissions Standards

(Growth Energy) Today, Growth Energy’s Senior Vice President of Regulatory Affairs Chris Bliley testified before the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) during its hearing on the proposed rulemaking, Revised 2023 and Later

August 25, 2021 Read Full Article

RFA Testimony to EPA Calls for Inclusion of High-Octane Low-Carbon Fuels

(Renewable Fuels Association) In a hearing today on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s proposed greenhouse gas emissions standards for 2023-2026 light-duty vehicles, the Renewable Fuels Association is spotlighting the role high-octane, low-carbon fuels

August 25, 2021 Read Full Article

New Proposed Federal Greenhouse Gas, Vehicle Efficiency Standards: A Missed Opportunity to Address Climate Change Now DEADLINE for Public Comment: September 27, 2021

(Solutions from the Land)  Earlier this month, the EPA published in the Federal Register a rule proposing its Revised 2023 and Later Model Year Light-Duty Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards. Seeking public comment through Sept. 27

August 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Costly CAFE: The Biden Administration Is Considering Applying Higher Fines to Car Makers

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy) The Biden administration is considering applying higher fines to car makers who missed fuel economy targets for model years 2019 to 2021, potentially reversing

August 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking: Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards for Model Years 2024-2026 Passenger Cars and Light Trucks Public Comment DEADLINE: September 27, 2021 Hearing: August 25, 2021

(National Highway Traffic Safety Administration)  NHTSA, on behalf of the Department of Transportation, is proposing revised fuel economy standards for passenger cars and light trucks for model years 2024-2026. On

August 13, 2021 Read Full Article

RFA Founder Calls for Correction of EPA Transportation Office’s “Shocking Miscarriage of Environmental Justice”

(Dakota Ag Energy)  Speaking to the 14th Annual Bioenergy Conference hosted by Brazilian government and industry stakeholders, the founder of the U.S. Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) charged U.S. EPA Office

August 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Ethanol Groups to Biden: Biofuels Can Reduce GHG Emissions Now

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  President Biden on Aug. 5 signed an executive order that sets a target to make half of all new vehicles sold in 2030 zero-emissions

August 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Proposed EPA Vehicle Emissions Standards Fail to Address Biofuels

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The U.S. EPA on Aug. 5 released a proposed rule to set light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions standards through 2026. Despite calls from government

August 6, 2021 Read Full Article

EPA to Overhaul Pollution Standards for Passenger Vehicles and Heavy-Duty Trucks, Paving Way for Zero-Emission Future PUBLIC COMMENT DEADLINE: September 27, 2021

(Environmental Protection Agency) Today (August 5, 2021), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to set robust federal greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions standards for passenger cars and light trucks to secure pollution

August 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Biden Seeks to Electrify Auto Industry: White House Driving Electric Vehicles, Raising Questions on Direction of Biofuel Policies

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) The president will sign an executive order to make half of all new vehicles sold in 2030 “zero-emission” vehicles, including battery, fuel-cell and plug-in hybrid

August 5, 2021 Read Full Article

U.S. to Set Electric-Vehicle Sales Target of 50% by 2030

by Ben Foldy and Katy Stech Ferek (Wall Street Journal) General Motors, Ford and Stellantis executives with union leaders are expected to join President Biden in announcing voluntary targets —

August 5, 2021 Read Full Article

To Undo the Damage of Trump Rollbacks, Biden Needs to Set Car Standards Stronger than Obama’s

(American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ACEEE)) The Biden administration can soon undo the damage of President Trump’s clean car rollback, but only by setting more stringent standards to

July 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Governors Ask Biden Administration to Expand the Market for Higher-Octane Gasoline in New Fuel Economy Rule

(Governors’ Biofuels Coalition)  High-Octane Ethanol Should Replace Carcinogenic Gasoline Aromatics   — Minnesota Governor Tim Walz and South Dakota Governor Kristi Noem sent a letter to the Biden Administration pointing out the role that

July 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Groups Urge EPA to Propose Higher Octane Fuel Standard

(South Dakota Farmers Union)  South Dakota Farmers Union is among a coalition of agriculture and biofuel groups urging the administration to propose a higher octane fuel standard as the Environmental Protection

July 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Agriculture and Ethanol Groups Echo Automakers Call for Higher-Octane Gasoline Standard in Fuel Economy Rule

(Clean Fuels Development Coalition)  Dozens of agricultural, ethanol, automotive, and manufacturing organizations are calling for higher octane in gasoline to help automakers increase vehicle fuel economy and reduce greenhouse gases.

July 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Blocked By EPA, Biofuels Group Asks OMB For Octane Limit In Vehicle Rule

by Stuart Parker (Inside EPA/Governors’ Biofuels Coalition) A coalition of biofuels and farm groups, led by former Senate Democratic leader Tom Daschle (D-SD), is poised to press White House Office of

July 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Buttigieg Hints Fuel Economy Standards Will Be Ambitious

by Josh Siegel (Washington Examiner’s Daily on Energy) Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg stressed the importance of strict fuel economy standards to clean up the transportation sector because, even as the U.S. shifts to

July 12, 2021 Read Full Article

Report — Stronger Tailpipe Rules Coming

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy)  EPA and the Transportation Department soon will propose a rule boosting federal tailpipe standards almost to Obama-era levels, with an eye toward more aggressive

July 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Auto Alliance Underlines Importance of High Octane Low Carbon Fuels

by Doug Durante (Clean Fuels Development Coalition/Governors’ Biofuels Coalition) Commends Daschle HOLC Alliance Fight for National Higher Octane Gasoline Standard in SAFE-2 Rule —  The Clean Fuels Development Coalition (CFDC) called

June 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Biden Hits Roadblocks on Path to Low-Carbon Economy

by James Osborne (Houston Chronicle) … The decision by a Louisiana federal judge Wednesday requiring the Department of Interior to end its pause on oil and gas leasing came as

June 18, 2021 Read Full Article

EPA Previews More Tailpipe Rules

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy)  EPA air officials said Tuesday they’re in the early stages of additional regulations related to conventional and greenhouse gas emissions from tailpipes. The agency

June 16, 2021 Read Full Article

A Two for One – Biofuels Reduce Carbon for Both Climate and Health

by Dave VanderGriend (Urban Air Initiative/Biofuels Digest)  …  Carbon emissions include not just CO2 but a range of unburned hydrocarbons that are criteria pollutants that form ground level ozone, or summertime

June 8, 2021 Read Full Article

California Urges EPA to Let State Set Car-Emissions Standard

by Matthew Daly (Associated Press) Officials from California, New York and other states urged the Environmental Protection Agency on Wednesday to allow California to set its own automobile tailpipe pollution standards,

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Carper Urges Tough US Rules Barring Gas-Powered Cars by 2035

by Hope Yen and Tom Krisher (Associated Press)  A top Senate Democrat is urging U.S. anti-pollution standards that would follow a deal brokered by California with five automakers and then set

May 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Regan Defends EPA Budget Boost, Role of Ethanol and Biofuels in Emissions Reduction

by Spencer Chase (Agri-Pulse) … On the issue of biofuels, Sen. Joni Ernst, R-Iowa, pressed (Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Michael) Regan on the administration’s views on the future of ethanol,

April 29, 2021 Read Full Article

California Scores Tailpipe Emissions Win

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy)   The EPA on Monday said it will reassess the Trump-era rule preventing California from setting stricter car pollution standards than the federal government after

April 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Biden Administration Takes Step toward Allowing California to Set Its Own Tailpipe Emissions Standards

by Rachel Frazin (The Hill)  … The Transportation Department’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) proposed a withdrawal of its part of a Trump-era rule that preempted states from setting their

April 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Experts on the Outside Looking in: EPA’s Technical Experts Were Largely Shut out

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy) EPA’s technical experts were largely shut out of the rulemaking process when the Trump administration rolled back tailpipe greenhouse gas standards, according to a

April 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Ethanol Infrastructure Push: RFA Makes Case for Including Biofuels in Infrastructure Plans

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) After renewable biofuels appeared to be effectively shut out of President Joe Biden’s plan for infrastructure, leaders in the ethanol industry and their advocates on

April 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Biden Wins CAFE Penalty Court Dispute

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy)  The U.S. Court of Appeals for the 2nd Circuit in New York has sided with the Biden administration in a lovers’ quarrel with green

April 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Tailpipe Litigation Put in Park

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy) Despite procedural objections from states and environmentalists, the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals on Friday granted the Biden administration’s request to pause litigation over

April 5, 2021 Read Full Article

Auto Industry Urges Biden to Back ‘Comprehensive’ EV Plan

by David Shephardson (Reuters) … “Neither the current trajectory of consumer adoption of EVs, nor existing levels of federal support for supply- and demand-side policies, is sufficient to meet our goal

March 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Meeting Emissions Goals Will Save Consumers A LOT of Money — Fact Sheet: Vehicle Greenhouse Gas Emissions Standards

(Consumer Reports) The Biden-Harris Administration has committed to getting the U.S. on a path to a low-carbon economy by 2050, bringing back the Obama-Biden vehicle standards, and setting new, ambitious ones.

March 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Mess with Texas: Time for a 2nd Look at Electric Vehicles

by Burl Haigwood (Clean Fuels Development Coalition)  … Imagine it is 2050 and Texas gets hit by another winter storm, flood, heat wave, or God forbid, a physical or cyber terrorist

March 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Corn Growers Back Higher Ethanol Blends

by Kellan Heavican (Brownfield Ag News) A group of midwestern corn growers associations is attempting to raise fuel efficiency standards by increasing the ethanol blend. … Nebraska Corn introduced a resolution

March 15, 2021 Read Full Article

A Large PR Firm Pledged to Fight Climate Change. Then It Took Millions from a Notorious Fossil Fuel Trade Group.

by Zahra Hirji and Kendall Taggart (BuzzFeed News) Edelman, a PR firm that’s pledged to “work with an environmental conscience,” was paid $4 million to promote one of the most

March 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Automakers Push for Lower Emissions Standard

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy) Automakers are proposing a vehicle emissions standard lower than both the Obama administration’s rates and the deal that California set with five automakers, the

March 15, 2021 Read Full Article

CFDC Calls On EPA to Prioritize Octane in New Fuel Economy Rule

(Clean Fuels Development Coalition)  The Clean Fuels Development Coalition called the pending revision of the nation’s fuel economy rules one of the most immediate and tangible actions the Biden Administration can

March 12, 2021 Read Full Article

SDFU Calls for Repeal & Replace of Fuel Economy Rule to Include Octane and Higher Ethanol Blends

by Rusty Halvorson (KFGO) Speaking at the National Farmers Union National Convention February 26, 2021, South Dakota Chapter President Doug Sombke said ethanol advocates need to prioritize support for a high octane

March 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Virginia Expected to Adopt Clean Car Standards

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy) The Virginia legislature is poised to adopt California’s vehicle emissions standards after the measure cleared the state Senate on Friday, reports the Virginia Mercury. The clean

February 22, 2021 Read Full Article

POET Urges Biden Climate Team to Grasp E15 Philosophy

(Biofuels International)  POET has urged the new Biden administration to embrace E15. The world’s largest biofuels producer, based in Sioux Falls in South Dakota, has also welcomed the new President’s

February 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Carper Dishes on Climate, Environment Landscape

by Zach Coleman (Politico’s Morning Energy)  Even if Biden’s regulations fall short of environmentalists’ wishes, the U.S. is poised for success reducing greenhouse gas emissions given the trajectory of “market

February 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Morgan Stanley: Gasoline Industry Is about to Become Totally Worthless

by Alex Kimani (OilPrice.com)  The average energy investor is by now well aware of the sector’s monumental shift from fossil fuels to renewable energy.  … …  Indeed, the global EV

February 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Biden Team in Talks with Utilities, Car Companies about Emissions: Climate Adviser

by Jeff Mason and Valerie Volcovici (Reuters) U.S. President Joe Biden’s administration has started discussions with the utility and automobile sectors about reducing greenhouse gas emissions, White House domestic climate change

February 4, 2021 Read Full Article

To Make the U.S. Auto Fleet Greener, Increasing Fuel Efficiency Matters More Than Selling Electric Vehicles

by John DeCicco (The Conversation) …  Motorcars stay on the road for a long time, so failing to adequately reduce gasoline vehicle emissions this year burdens the atmosphere with excess carbon

February 4, 2021 Read Full Article

EPA Races to Draft Interim Auto Standards for CO2

by Maxine Joselow (E&E News)  President Biden’s EPA is expected to draft interim auto emissions standards based on an agreement last year between California and five car companies, according to

February 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Toyota, Fiat Chrysler Drop Support for Trump Effort to Bar California Emissions Rules

by David Shepardson (Reuters/Yahoo!Finance) Toyota Motor Corp, Fiat Chrysler and other major automakers said on Tuesday they were joining General Motors in abandoning support for former President Donald Trump’s effort to

February 3, 2021 Read Full Article

General Motors to Eliminate Gasoline and Diesel Light-Duty Cars and SUVs by 2035: Big U.S. Automaker Says It Will Invest Heavily in Electric Vehicles and Become Carbon Neutral by 2040

by Steven Mufson (Washington Post) General Motors said Thursday that it will end the sale of all gasoline and diesel powered passenger cars and light sports utility vehicles by 2035,

January 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Biden Administration to Review SAFE Vehicles Rule

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA’s Safer Affordable Fuel-Efficiency (SAFE) Vehicles Rule is one of the many federal regulations that are set to be reviewed by the Biden administration,

January 26, 2021 Read Full Article

All EVs by 2035? Report Shows Roadblocks

by David Ferris (E&E News) This study, an update by the California Energy Commission on the state’s EV charging needs, is the first to try to game out the implications of

January 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewed Focus on Climate Legislation Could Help Biofuels

by Sara Wyant (Ag Week) The biofuel industry argues that President-elect Joe Biden can also make progress on his climate goals by expanding biofuel usage mandates, embracing a low carbon

January 19, 2021 Read Full Article

NHTSA DelaysPenalty Hike for Automakers

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy) The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration says that a 150 percent jump in civil

January 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Minnesota Announces Rule-making, Making It the First State in the Midwest to Adopt Clean Car Standards

(Sierra Club) Today (December 18, 2020), the Minnesota Pollution Control Agency (MPCA) announced it will publish its draft Clean Car Standards on

December 22, 2020 Read Full Article

RFA Review: Automakers Approve E15 in Nearly All 2021 Vehicles, but FFV Offerings Continue to Slide

(Renewable Fuels Association) An annual analysis of vehicle owner’s manuals and warranty statements by the Renewable Fuels Association reveals that while

December 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Ford Says Automakers Should Consider Backing California Emissions Deal

by David Shepardson (Reuters)  Ford Motor Co is urging major automakers to consider backing a framework deal with California on

December 1, 2020 Read Full Article

A National Zero Carbon Transportation Plan for the US

by Dan Sperling, Lew Fulton, and Vicki Arroyo (University of California Davis) …  Summary of Policy Recommendations Rapidly increase the sales

November 27, 2020 Read Full Article

GM Reverses on Trump, Exits Suit Challenging California’s Tougher Emissions Standards

by Rebecca Beitsch (The Hill)  … General Motors will no longer be siding with the Trump administration in a legal battle

November 24, 2020 Read Full Article

California Official Sees State Auto Emissions Deal as ‘Template’ for Biden

by Nichola Groom, David Shepardson  (Reuters)  California Air Resources Board Chair Mary Nichols, who sources say could be the next federal

November 13, 2020 Read Full Article

US ELECTIONS: Results Show Deeper Divide on Energy Issues, Tough Path for Tackling Climate

by Meghan Gordon, Jasmin Melvin and Maya Weber (S&P Global Platts) Lack of ‘blue wave’ to sweep in climate agenda;

November 5, 2020 Read Full Article

RFA, Others Seek Certainty and Consistency in EPA Treatment of Flex Fuel Vehicles

(Renewable Fuels Association) In comments submitted today to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regarding emissions standard compliance calculations for Flex Fuel vehicles (FFVs),

October 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Elected Officials Urge Automakers to Support Cleaner Cars

by Chris Teale (Smart Cities Dive) More than 200 elected officials at the city and state level issued a joint

October 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Bustos Introduces Next Generation Fuels Act

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Rep. Cheri Bustos, D-Ill., on Sept. 24 introduced the Next Generation Fuels Act, a bill

September 25, 2020 Read Full Article

EPA Seeks Input on F-factor for E85 FFVs DEADLINE: October 26, 2020

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA published notice on Aug. 26 requesting comment on sources and analytical approaches

August 27, 2020 Read Full Article

DOJ Asks Court to Block Automakers from Suit

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy) The Trump administration on Thursday asked a court to block Ford, Honda, Volkswagen and

July 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Weighing in: A Bipartisan Group of Former EPA and Transportation Department Chiefs Filed a Friend-of-the-Court Brief

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  A bipartisan group of former EPA and Transportation Department chiefs filed a friend-of-the-court brief

July 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Farming, Biofuels, Health Groups Challenge EPA on SAFE Rule

(Morning Ag Clips/South Dakota Farmers Union) Broad coalition challenges the Safer Affordable Fuel Efficiency Vehicle Rule;  In response to EPA’s

June 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Sisolak Proposes Car Emission Standards, in Line with California, as Part of Effort to Combat Climate Change

by Riley Snyder (Nevada Independent) Gov. Steve Sisolak and state environmental officials are proposing a set of regulations that would adopt California’s

June 23, 2020 Read Full Article

The Standoff for E30

by Susanne Retka Schill  (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The U.S. Departments of Agriculture and Energy may be just a block or

June 12, 2020 Read Full Article

EPA to Float Cost-Benefit Reforms for Air Rules

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  EPA as soon as today will release its proposed changes to how the agency

June 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Wheels Keep Turning on Innovations for More Efficient and Clean Vehicles

(Department of Energy)  While approximately 30% of today’s new cars can boast fuel economy of at least 30 miles per gallon,

June 3, 2020 Read Full Article

States, Greens Sue over Car Rule

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)   California and 22 other states sued the Trump administration over its rollback of auto

May 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Auto Industry to Fight Lawsuit Saying Auto Standards Too Stringent

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  The Alliance for Automotive Innovation, which includes automakers and vehicle parts manufacturers, on Friday

May 26, 2020 Read Full Article

Tom Carper (D-Del.), Laid out Concerns over EPA’s Final Auto Emissions Rule

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy) … EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler will testify before a Senate Environment and Public Works

May 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Notice of Proposed Rulemaking: Vehicle Test Procedure Adjustments for Tier 3 Certification Test Fuel DEADLINE: August 11, 2020

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is proposing to make adjustments to certain laboratory tailpipe emission testing procedures

April 22, 2020 Read Full Article

Interpreting Tradable Credit Prices in Overlapping Vehicle Regulations

by Benjamin Leard and Virginia McConnel (Resources for the Future (RFF)) The rapid transformation of the US transportation sector is partly

April 21, 2020 Read Full Article

EPA, NHTSA Fail to Address High-Octane Fuel in SAFE Vehicles Rule

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The U.S. EPA and U.S. Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration released

April 7, 2020 Read Full Article

EPA Loses Case Seeking Modeling behind Obama Mileage Rollback

by Rebecca Beitsch (The Hill) The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was wrong to withhold information about how it devised its new

April 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Trump Administration Cuts Fuel Economy, CO2 Standards with Final Regulations

by Sean Szymkowski (Road Show)  The changes, wrapped into the SAFE Vehicles Rule, will result in less stringent CAFE improvements

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Trump Administration to Finalize Weaker Mileage Standards, Dealing a Blow to Obama-Era Climate Policy

by Juliet Eilperin and Brady Dennis (Washington Post)  The new rule will improve the U.S. car and light truck fleet’s

March 31, 2020 Read Full Article

Carper Asks EPA IG to Open Investigation into Process Irregularities and Potential Illegalities Associated with the SAFE Vehicles and Secret Science Rules

(Office of U.S. Senator Tom Carper (D-DE))  U.S. Senator Tom Carper, top Democrat on the Senate Environment and Public Works

March 17, 2020 Read Full Article

2019 EPA Automotive Trends Report: Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Fuel Economy, and Technology since 1975

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) … EPA has collected data on every new light-duty vehicle model sold in the United States

March 6, 2020 Read Full Article

EPA Board: Trump Replacement of Obama-Era Emissions Rule May Not Be as Good for Society

by Rebecca Beitsch (The Hill) The Trump administration’s plans for addressing vehicle emissions may not be as good for society as

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

We Need Better Transportation Options, Not More Roads and More Lanes

by Parris N. Glendening (Washington Post/Smart Growth America’s Leadership Institute) When President Trump attempted to eliminate California’s more stringent fuel

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

DOJ Drops Probe of Carmakers that Aligned with California on Pollution

by Zack Coleman and Alex Guillén (Politico)  DOJ was investigating whether Ford, Volkswagen, Honda and BMW illegally coordinated last year.

February 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Deval Patrick Details 2040 Climate Plan

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  Presidential candidate Deval Patrick released a climate plan Friday setting a timeline to create a carbon

February 3, 2020 Read Full Article

E&C Leaders Release Draft Clean Future Act Legislative Text to Achieve a 100 Percent Clean Economy

(U.S. House Committee on Energy and Commerce) Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Frank Pallone, Jr. (D-NJ), Environment and Climate Change Subcommittee

January 29, 2020 Read Full Article

Plan to Gut Obama’s Auto Mileage Rules Is Getting Dialed Back

by Ryan Beene and Jennifer A Dlouhy (Bloomberg)  Revised proposal will require modest annual efficiency gains; Draft rule is under

January 22, 2020 Read Full Article

Auto Rollback Goes to OMB Review

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  EPA and NHTSA on Tuesday sent their new auto emissions and fuel efficiency rules

January 15, 2020 Read Full Article

Dem Senators Urge Shareholders on Climate:

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy) A trio of Democratic senators urged four major Marathon Petroleum shareholders to exert influence

January 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Advisory Panel Slams Trump’s Regulatory Rollbacks

by Sean Reilly, Kelsey Brugger, Maxine Joselow and Ariel Wittenberg (E&E News)  … The SAB (Science Advisory Board) also lobbed extensive

January 9, 2020 Read Full Article

LETTER TO THE EDITOR: Every Single Point Ron Hart Tried to Make about Ethanol Was Wrong

by Bob Miller (Destin Log)  Ethanol is in fact an excellent solvent and will help keep injectors clean.  — I just

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

What’s Looming in 2020?

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  …  Another looming fight: EPA’s proposals to weaken rules on greenhouse gas emissions from

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Why Electric Cars Still Don’t Live up to the Hype

by Charles Lane (Washington Post) …  For the past 10 years, I’ve waged a quixotic counteroffensive against electric-car boosterism, raining skepticism on the vehicles’

December 31, 2019 Read Full Article

Economics, Expectations and Exports

by Lisa Gibson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Ethanol Producer Magazine talked to three experts about the past year, and what they

December 24, 2019 Read Full Article

EPA Chief Denies Coordinating with DOJ on Investigation of Automakers Siding with California

by Josh Siegel and  Abby Smith (Washington Examiner) Environmental Protection Agency head Andrew Wheeler said he was not involved with the

December 20, 2019 Read Full Article

Is Big Oil Feeling the Heat?

by Matt Carr (New Energy American/The Hill) … In 2016 Big Oil received the gift of the century in a Donald

December 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Trump Says U.S. Will Finalize New Fuel Efficiency Rules Next Year

by David Shepardson (Reuters)  U.S. President Donald Trump said on Friday that his administration will finalize its rollback of Obama-era

December 10, 2019 Read Full Article

New Consumer Reports Analysis Shows Near-Freeze of Fuel Economy Rules Would Cost Consumers $300 Billion

(Consumer Reports)  Rolling back fuel economy requirements down to 1.5% annual increases would raise net cost per vehicle by $2,100 

December 3, 2019 Read Full Article

Reducing Toxic Aromatics: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to High Octane Low Carbon Ethanol

Ethanol is better for your health and “What a difference a year makes.” That’s what Douglas Durante, Executive Director of

December 2, 2019 Read Full Article

EESI Submits Recommendations to House Select Committee on the Climate Crisis

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute) The Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI) today submitted to the U.S. House of Representatives Select

November 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Governors Ask President Trump to Remove Gasoline’s Deadly Aromatics

(Governors’ Biofuels Coalition)  Minnesota Governor Tim Walz and South Dakota Governor Kristi Noem Say Poisonous Aromatics Put Our Health at

November 25, 2019 Read Full Article

California and Nearly Two Dozen Other States Sue Trump Administration for the Right to Set Fuel-Efficiency Standards

by Brady Dennis and Juliet Eilperin (Washington Post)  Lawsuit marks the latest in an escalating fight over one of the

November 16, 2019 Read Full Article

Views from Napa Valley: A Peak at California’s Low Carbon Fuels Program (2019)

by Michele Rubino (Biofuels Digest)  … Take California’s climate change mitigation efforts – and specifically the LCFS (Low Carbon Fuels

October 30, 2019 Read Full Article

DC Circuit Finds That EPA Will Have to Explain Its Rejection of Facts in Rollback of Clean Car Standards

(Sierra Club) (October 25, 2019) the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C Circuit confirmed that EPA cannot ignore the record

October 30, 2019 Read Full Article

Car Clash Hits Cap Hill: Motor Madness

by Gavin Bade (Politico’s Morning Energy)  House lawmakers will hold a hearing today to critique the White House plan to

October 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Lawmakers Pitch Plan to Trash Ethanol Mandate Amid Industry Clashes

by Brian Dabbs (National Journal)  …  Now, though, two retiring Republican House members want to carve out a new future

October 18, 2019 Read Full Article

The Most Detailed Map of Auto Emissions in America

by Nadja Popovich and Denise Lu (New York Times) Transportation is the largest source of planet-warming greenhouse gases in the United

October 10, 2019 Read Full Article

Investors Ask GM to Join in

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  A group of large investors is calling on GM to join a voluntary emissions

October 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Reducing the Fuel Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Medium- and Heavy-Duty Vehicles – New Report and Webinar

(National Academies of Science Engineering Medicine) Tractor-trailers, buses, commercial trucks, and other heavy vehicles are significant contributors in the transportation

October 8, 2019 Read Full Article

White House Nixes Climate Change Language from Vehicle Emissions Proposal

by Rebecca Beitsch (The Hill) The White House removed language calling climate change a “serious challenge” from a proposal that limits

October 4, 2019 Read Full Article

Groups Sue Federal Government over Move to Block CA Emission Standards

by Betsy Lillian (NGT News) Nine environmental advocacy groups are suing the Trump administration over its attempt to prevent California and

October 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Daschle, Sombke Call Pending SAFE Rule the Path to Higher Ethanol Volumes

(Safe Gasoline Campaign) In a wide-ranging interview on a popular South Dakota Business Radio program, Sombke and Daschle stressed that moving to high

September 30, 2019 Read Full Article

New Mexico Commits to Climate Action in the Face of Trump Administration’s Attack on Clean Car Standards

(Sierra Club)  Today, Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham announced that New Mexico will join 14 other states in adopting clean car standards

September 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Trump Administration to Take Away Transportation Funding for CA Due to Its Dirty Air

(Our Daily Planet)  Looking to take further action against the State of California, the Environmental Protection Agency under the guise of

September 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Market Movers

by Lisa Gibson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Projections for E15 have been inconsistent since the May 31 Reid vapor pressure waiver.

September 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Trump Administration Announces One National Program Rule on Federal Preemption of State Fuel Economy Standards

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency) President Trump promised the American people that his Administration would address and correct the current fuel economy

September 20, 2019 Read Full Article

California Sues Trump Administration over Revoking Authority to Limit Car Pollution

by Dino Grandoni and Juliet Eilperin (Washington Post)  22 other states, plus D.C., Los Angeles and New York City, joined

September 20, 2019 Read Full Article

Trump Tweets He’s Revoking California’s Tailpipe Emissions Waiver while Visiting State

by Miranda Green (The Hill) President Trump announced on Wednesday that his administration will be removing California’s tailpipe emissions waiver under

September 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Trump Administration to Revoke California’s Power to Set Stricter Auto Emissions Standards

by Juliet Eilperin and Brady Dennis (Washington Post) The Trump administration will revoke California’s right to set stricter air pollution

September 17, 2019 Read Full Article

In Wake of Saudi Attacks, Ethanol Can Help Provide Real Energy Security

(Renewable Fuels Association) Drone attacks Saturday in Saudi Arabia destroyed oil fields and caused a record spike in oil prices overnight,

September 16, 2019 Read Full Article

Arnold Schwarzenegger: Trump Can’t Erase a Decade of Clean Air Progress with a Sharpie

by Arnold Schwarzenegger (Washington Post) California has been a leader in the fight to clean our air since one of my

September 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Justice Dept. Launches Antitrust Probe of Automakers over Their Fuel Efficiency Deal with California

by Juliet Eilperin and Steven Mufson (Washington Post) The Justice Department has launched an antitrust investigation of four leading automakers over

September 6, 2019 Read Full Article

California, Trump Clash over Cars

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  California and the Trump administration will duke it out in court today over EPA’s

September 6, 2019 Read Full Article

View from a Former Fed: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Multi-Slide Guide to Policy Nexus Advisors’ Federal Programs

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  There’s nothing like a former fed to give a unique perspective on federal programs and

September 3, 2019 Read Full Article

A Farmer’s Plea to the President: Fix our Fuel

by Doug Sombke (The Hill/Farmers Union Enterprises and the South Dakota Farmers Union)  … I recently wrote a letter to the president suggesting

September 1, 2019 Read Full Article

Trump Set to Discuss Biofuels Thursday with USDA, EPA: Sources

by Humeyra Pamuk and Stephanie Kelly (Reuters) President Donald Trump, faced with mounting anger in the farm belt over policies that allowed

August 22, 2019 Read Full Article

Trump Administration Moves to Finalize Weakening of Car Efficiency Standards: The White Houes’s Rule Would Cost the Economy $400 Billion by Midcentury, According to a New Analysis from Energy Innovation.

(GreenTechMedia)  An analysis published Wednesday by clean energy advocacy group Energy Innovation found that if the administration does eliminate California’s waiver,

August 8, 2019 Read Full Article

EPA’s Final SAFE Vehicles Rule under OMB Review

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. EPA submitted its final Safer Affordable Fuel-Efficient (SAFE) Vehicles Rule for Model Years

August 6, 2019 Read Full Article

States Sue Trump Administration for Reduced Penalties on Fuel Efficiency

by Rebecca Beitsch (The Hill)  Thirteen states filed suit against the Trump administration Friday, arguing it was breaking the law by

August 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Major Automakers Strike Climate Deal with California, Rebuffing Trump on Proposed Mileage Freeze

by Juliet Eilperin and Brady Dennis (Washington Post)  The agreement could have vehicles hit 50 miles per gallon on average by

July 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Trump Admin Abandons Fast Timeline for Rollback — Sources

by Maxine Joselow (E&E News)  The Trump administration appears to have abandoned its initial strategy for defending the rollback of Obama-era clean

July 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Diesel Technology Forum Responds to House Select Committee Hearing on the Climate Crisis, “Solving the Climate Crisis: Cleaning Up Heavy Duty Vehicles, Protecting Communities”

(Diesel Technology Forum)  The new generation of diesel technology is helping ports, cities, communities and entire nations meet climate and clean air challenges

July 16, 2019 Read Full Article

Trump Administration Suspends Obama-Era Fuel Efficiency Penalties

by Jessica Campisi (The Hill)  The Trump administration announced late Friday that it will formally suspend an Obama-era regulation that penalized

July 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards / Greenhouse Gas Standards

by Caitlin McCoy, Robin Just (Harvard University Environomental and Energy Law Program) The Environmental & Energy Law Program is tracking the

July 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Republicans Form Conservation Caucus to Take on Environment, Climate Change

by Rebecca Beitsch (The Hill)  Republicans on Wednesday launched an environment-minded conservation caucus aimed at battling the perception that their party

July 12, 2019 Read Full Article

24 Governors Call on Trump to Halt Rollback on Rules for Clean Cars

by  Hiroko Tabuchi (New York Times)  The opposition to one of President Trump’s most consequential regulatory rollbacks — a plan to weaken pollution

July 10, 2019 Read Full Article

California Canada Pollution California, Canada Sidestep Trump, Ink Deal on Emissions

(Associated Press) California picked up an important partner its long-running dispute with the Trump administration over vehicle emissions and fuel economy

July 3, 2019 Read Full Article

Exxon Working to Push Trade Group on Climate Change

by Amy Harder (Axios)  … At issue here is the American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers, whose focus is oil and

July 1, 2019 Read Full Article

The Energy 202: Ex-EPA Engineer Says Wheeler Is Misleading Congress about Car Rule

by Dino Grandoni (Washington Post) Jeff Alson was sitting in his apartment in Ann Arbor, Mich., when he felt like he was

June 28, 2019 Read Full Article

Top EPA Official Resigns Amid Scrutiny over Possible Ethics Violations

by Juliet Eilperin and Brady Dennis (Washington Post)  Bill Wehrum’s ties to his former law firm and power sector clients prompted a

June 27, 2019 Read Full Article

Trump Officials Face off on Car Rule: King, Nichols Headline Auto Rule Hearing

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  Top EPA and Transportation Department officials will likely face intense grilling from Democrats today at

June 20, 2019 Read Full Article

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Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New York Michigan New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil/gas terminals oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine needles pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass podcasts Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyethylene polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD10 RD20 RD30 RD80 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy scooters Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications Spent Bleaching Earth Oil (SBEO) sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) subsid succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas/gas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree tamanu/nyamplung Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics Thermal catalytic depolymerization (TCD) thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction totai Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Fuels Policy; carbon removal Transportation Policy travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale truck trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers Vulcanol w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment wax weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsi Wisconsin Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Yukon Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc

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