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Tag "alcohol-to-jet (ATJ)"

New International Collaboration Aims to Start Large-Scale Production of E-fuels in Sweden

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) A major partnership has been formed by SAS Scandinavian Airlines, Swedish energy company Vattenfall, Shell Aviation and LanzaTech to explore the large-scale production in Sweden

November 30, 2021 Read Full Article

The Grand Switcheroo: Is the Biden Administration Aiming Corn Ethanol at SAF, Putting Spirit in the Sky?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Just back from the AFCC (Alternative Fuels and Chemicals Coalition) event in Washington, and I have to say, the mood was reasonably glum in the world

November 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Airlines Want to Make Flight More Sustainable. How Will They Do It?

by Leigh Krietsch Boerner (Chemical & Engineering News)  Air travel produces millions of metric tons of carbon dioxide each year. New technologies could help airlines reduce their emissions and meet

November 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Flying with 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF)

by Susan Van Dyke (SVD Consulting)  Airbus and Rolls Royce recently announced that they were testing 100% sustainable aviation fuels in flights. These flights will test the impact of 100%

November 12, 2021 Read Full Article

Praj Inks MoU with IndianOil for Accelerating Transition to Cleaner Skies through Production of Alcohol to Jet Fuels

(Praj)  Praj Industries Limited (Praj) and Indian Oil Corporation Limited (IndianOil) have inked an MoU to explore opportunities to fast-track India’s transition to cleaner and greener sources of energy by

November 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Electrofuels Advance: Vattenfall, SAS, Shell, LanzaTech, US Air Force, Emerging Fuels Technology and Twelve Advance on Power-to-Liquids via Waste CO2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s a simple idea, using renewable electricity to induce carbon dioxide and hydrogen to form a hydrocarbon. Hydrocarbons, you know, the stuff we burn as liquid

November 9, 2021 Read Full Article

SAS, Vattenfall, Shell and LanzaTech to Explore Synthetic Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production

(Vattenfall/CISION)  Vattenfall, SAS, Shell and LanzaTech will together investigate the production of the world’s first synthetic sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) using the LanzaJetTM “Alcohol to Jet” technology on a large scale in Sweden. Instead of using virgin fossil

November 3, 2021 Read Full Article

A Digest Exclusive Q&A with Bryan Stonehouse, Head of Aviation Sustainability & Risk, Shell Aviation

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From SAF size and scale, Shell’s plans for scaling up, fuel use and blends and more, check out this Digest exclusive Q&A with Bryan Stonehouse,

November 2, 2021 Read Full Article

First of a Kind Bagasse to Ethanol Project in India.

(LanzaTech) LanzaTech to work with Spray Engineering Devices Limited on Sustainable Ethanol Project  —  Spray Engineering Devices Limited (SED), a multidisciplinary engineering company dedicated to sustainable development, is partnering with LanzaTech

October 27, 2021 Read Full Article

The Future of Flight Could Run on Renewables

(CNNBusiness) The aviation sector is preparing to ramp up production of Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAFs) made from cooking oil, clothing, steel production emissions and other renewable sources.  READ MORE; WATCH

October 27, 2021 Read Full Article

The United Kingdom’s Department for Transport Awards Nova Pangaea Technologies, LanzaJet and British Airways Grant Funding to Help Develop Sustainable Aviation Fuel to Decarbonise the Aviation Industry

(Nova Pangaea Technologies) The Department for Transportation has awarded Project Speedbird, a partnership between Nova Pangaea Technologies, British Airways, and LanzaJet, £484,000 to fund a feasibility for the development of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) in the UK.  The funding was awarded as part of the UK Department of Transport’s Green

October 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Roll-Out of Flex-Fuel Vehicles to Increase Ethanol Demand by Five Times: Nitin Gadkari

(India Infrahub)  Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways Nitin Gadkari said that the E-20 fuel program will ensure using bio-ethanol in 20 per cent blend with Petrol by 2025

October 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Gevo and Axens Ink Alliance for Ethanol-to-Jet Technology and Sustainable Aviation Fuel Commercial Project Development

(Gevo) Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) and Axens North America, Inc. (Axens) have entered into an agreement that establishes a strategic alliance aimed at accelerating the commercialization of sustainable ethanol-to-jet (ETJ) projects

October 13, 2021 Read Full Article

US Secretary of Energy Granholm and US Senator Ossoff Visit LanzaTech Innovation Hub in Georgia and Site of the World’s First LanzaJet Sustainable Fuels Plantl

(LanzaTech) Visit highlights the potential of rural America to create domestic supplies of sustainable fuels and chemicals. — LanzaTech and LanzaJet welcomed Secretary of Energy Jennifer M. Granholm and Senator

October 12, 2021 Read Full Article

WUR Produces Kerosene from Bio-Based Side Streams

(Wageningen University & Research) Wageningen University & Research and its partners have developed a new type of aviation fuel that is produced using bio-based waste streams from the agriculture industry. One

October 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Low Carbon Options for Corn Pathways: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to BETO Conversion R&D

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Program Manager of Conversion R&D at BETO shared this illuminating slide guide on the role of products and Gen1 ethanol. From co-products’ impact on economics

October 8, 2021 Read Full Article

HSSMI Recognised in Award Nomination for Sustainable Aviation Fuel Project

(HSSMI) A trailblazing circular economy project to advance the development of Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) has secured a finalist place at the global Energy Institute 2021 Awards, and HSSMI has been

October 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Ethanol, Biogas, Renewable Chemicals: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Praj

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Dr. Pramod Kumbhar, President and CTO of Praj shared this illuminating slide guide on their Bio-Prism renewable chemicals and materials, Bio-Mobility products, Praj’s 2G tech

October 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewable LPG Pathways: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to SHV Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  100% of their energy products from renewable sources in 2040 – that’s SHV Energy’s goal. From the latest on renewable liquid propane gas pathways to

September 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Gevo Awarded Patent for Process to Upgrade or Convert Ethanol and Bio-based Alcohols to Drop-In Hydrocarbon Fuels

(Gevo) Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO), announced that it has received a patent from the United States Patent and Trademark Office (“USPTO”) for a process that encompasses upgrading ethanol and bio-based alcohols

September 27, 2021 Read Full Article

SynBio: The Science behind LanzaTech’s Success

by Erik Kobayashi-Solomon (Forbes) As I explained in my first overview article in this series, LanzaTech is an industrial chemicals business. But to describe it as merely another commodity chemicals producer misses the point

September 27, 2021 Read Full Article

The Biden Administration to Ensure a Sustainable Future for Aviation: SkyNRG Americas and LanzaTech Secure DOE Funding to Produce SAF in the US

(LanzaTech)  The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office announced more than $64 million in funding for 22 projects focused on developing technologies and processes that produce low-cost, low-carbon biofuels. SkyNRG Americas in

September 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Potential to Produce 5B Gallons of Sustainable Aviation Fuel from CO2

(LanzaTech)  LanzaTech and Argonne National Lab Awarded funding for Aviation Project in Georgia. — The White House set a goal of replacing all jet fuel with sustainable alternatives by 2050, saying

September 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Getting 35B SAF gallons by 2050: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to NREL’s SAF Approach

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Digest reported a few days ago on the Biden administration’s goal of reaching 3 billion gallons of sustainable aviation fuel by 2030 and net

September 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Fact Sheet: Biden Administration Advances the Future of Sustainable Fuels in American Aviation

(White House) New Actions Aim to Produce Three Billion Gallons of Sustainable Fuel, Reduce Aviation Emissions by 20% by 2030, and Grow Good-Paying, Union Jobs  —  Today (September 9, 2021), President

September 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Gevo Announces Plans for Hydrocarbon-Process Pilot Unit at Luverne Facility

(Gevo) Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO), announced that it plans to install an alcohol-to-hydrocarbon process pilot unit at its facility located in Luverne, Minnesota (the “Luverne Facility”). The pilot unit is being

September 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Jet Fuel from Smokestacks

by Keith Button (Aerospace America)  The air transport industry lacks enough suppliers of sustainable aviation fuel to meet the anticipated demand as airlines become more aggressive about reining in their carbon

September 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2

(Emerging Markets Online)  New study! Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2. (249 pages, August 2021) focuses on low-carbon feedstock availability, technology pathways for low carbon renewable diesel, and

August 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Colorado-Based Biofuel Maker Eyes Faster Growth Due to Booming Demand

by Greg Avery (Denver Business Journal) Its first corn-to-fuel production is three years away, and customers want more — a lot more, the CEO says.  READ MORE Biofuel maker Gevo’s

August 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Faster and Cheaper Ethanol-to-Jet-fuel on the Horizon

(Pacific Northwest National Laboratory/Phys.Org) A patented process for converting alcohol sourced from renewable or industrial waste gasses into jet or diesel fuel is being scaled up at the U.S. Department of

August 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Recent Innovations in Turning Agricultural Waste into Biofuels

by Raj Shah and Amanda Loo (altenergymag.com/Koehler Instrument Company)  Wastes from fields and wastes from processing are the two kinds of agricultural wastes. Field wastes are present after harvesting crops

August 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Plants into Planes: ORNL Team Thinks Ethanol Is Future of Commercial Jet Travel

by Ben Cathey (WVLT) … “You know, we’ve been doing that for a long time. East Tennessee’s famous for its production of alcohol,” Dr. Jerry Tuskan laughed as he told

August 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Tech, Feedstock Winners Still to Be Declared as Biofuels Sector Develops

by Tom Brown (ICIS/Biofuels Digest)  … A factor that could stand to drive wider deployment of biofuels could be its relative maturity compared to other emissions-reduction technologies, particularly for heavy industry,

August 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Half of the SAF Projects Expected to Receive UK Govt. Funding Are Supported by British Airways

(British Airways/Biobased Diesel Daily) Four aviation decarbonization projects supported by British Airways and designed to help the industry achieve its targets of net-zero carbon emissions by 2050 have been shortlisted for

August 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Carbon Engineering and LanzaTech Partner to Advance Jet Fuel Made from Air

(LanzaTech) The companies are investigating a commercial facility in the UK that will produce more than 100 million litres per year of jet fuel made from atmospheric carbon dioxide. In

July 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Household Waste and Sewage to Be Used in Jet Fuel Production as Government Makes World-Leading Sustainable Aviation Fuel Commitments

(U.K. Department for Transport and The Rt Hon Grant Shapps MP)  Companies receive funding for sustainable fuel production while sustainable aviation fuel mandate consultation is launched. — 8 companies have

July 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Hydrocarbon Fuels from Industrial Off Gas: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  LanzaTech’s Dr. Laurel Harmon shared this illuminating slide guide at the BETO Peer Review on jet and diesel fuel production from industrial waste gases, commercialization

July 27, 2021 Read Full Article

EU SAF Blending Mandate Proposals Ambitious but Feasible, Says SkyNRG Analysis Report

by Christopher Surgenor  (GreenAir Online)  An analysis by major sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) supplier SkyNRG of the European Commission’s ReFuelEU Aviation initiative, part of the ‘Fit for 55’ package of

July 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Using Cycloalkanes for Jet Fuel: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Ethanol-Derived Jet Blending Components

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) LanzaTech, Purdue and PNNL are working together to develop a commercially viable process to convert an ethanol-derived olefin intermediate into a jet-range hydrocarbon with 60

July 14, 2021 Read Full Article

LanzaJet Joins the Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials

(LanzaJet)  The Sustainability of Aviation Biofuels Is Key Ingredient for the Global Bioeconomy —   LanzaJet today announced it has joined The Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials (RSB).  The RSB unites a collective

July 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Progress in the Commercialization of Biojet / Sustainable Aviation Fuels: Technologies, Potential and Challenges

(IEA Bioenergy) This report, prepared by IEA Bioenergy Task 39, provides an extensive analysis of the current and potential technologies for production of biomass based sustainable aviation fuels (Biojet/SAF). Sustainable Aviation

July 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Removing Roadblocks to SAF Deployment: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to BioJet Opportunities

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) You’ve probably seen the IATA Tech Roadmap and ICAO’s goals for aviation’s CO2 emissions to decrease, but how do we get there? Check out this illuminating

June 30, 2021 Read Full Article

E-Fuels Development for Aviation Gets a Boost with Germany’s New PtL Roadmap

by Susan van Dyk (GreenAir Online)  Germany’s federal and state governments, with backing from industry, have agreed a roadmap that commits to the development of e-fuels – also described as power-to-liquids

June 28, 2021 Read Full Article

LanzaTech Confirms Plans for First UK Commercial-Scale Alcohol-to-Jet Fuel Facility in South Wales

by Christopher Surgenor (GreenAir Online)  US-based LanzaTech has announced plans to build and commission what it claims will be the world’s first commercial-scale alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) production facility using ethanol feedstock made

June 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Novel Composite Catalyst Holds Promise for Cost-Effective Ethanol-to-Jet-Fuel Conversion

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory)  … The well-established, cost-competitive ethanol market provides an opportunity to shift the composition of jet fuel and other fuel products away from petroleum. The Department of

June 7, 2021 Read Full Article

SAF Feedstock Availability: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Sustainable Aviation Fuel in Brazil

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Addressing the challenges of sustainable aviation fuel feedstock availability in Brazil, RSB, in collaboration with Agroicone and the University of Campinas, published the outcomes of

June 1, 2021 Read Full Article

RSB, Agroicone Publish Study to Support Sustainable Transformation in Brazil with SAF

(Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials) The aviation sector has ambitious targets for reducing its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and switching from fossil fuels to low-carbon Sustainable Aviation Fuels. SAF is considered the

May 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Shell Invests in Sustainable Aviation-Fuel Maker LanzaJet

by Laura Hurst (Bloomberg)  U.S. company is building ‘alcohol-to-jet’ facility in Georgia; Other investors include Canada’s Suncor Energy, Japan’s Mitsui — Royal Dutch Shell Plc has invested in sustainable-fuels technology company LanzaJet,

April 6, 2021 Read Full Article

SAF Could Make up 5.5% of 2030 EU Jet Fuel Demand with Targeted Support, Estimates ICCT Feedstock Study

(GreenAir Online) Analysis by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) shows there are sufficient sources of sustainable feedstock to support the production of 3.4 million tonnes (Mt) of advanced sustainable

April 1, 2021 Read Full Article

UK Government to Provide £15 Million in Funding to Support Early-Stage Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production Projects DEADLINE: May 31, 2021

(GreenAir Online) The UK government has launched a £15 million ($21m) ‘Green Fuels, Green Skies’ competition to support early-stage development of UK sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) plants with grant funding. Specifically

April 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Byogy Commissions Sustainable Low Carbon Jet Fuel Plant in Japan Advancing ‘Alcohol to Jet’ to Zero Carbon

(Biogy/PR Newswire) Byogy Renewables Inc., the original architect of the “Alcohol to Jet” (ATJ) process for the production of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF), has built, and is now commissioning, one of

March 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Fuel’s Role in Reducing Emissions Adds to Production Need

by Graham Warwick (Aviation Week)  … The scale-up challenge is enormous. Barely 0.01% of the 96 billion gal. (364 billion liters) of jet fuel consumed by the world’s airlines in

March 8, 2021 Read Full Article

How Sustainability Will Change the Future of Aviation

by Alastair Blanshard and Kata Cserep (ICF)  Trend 2: Sustainable fuels have significant potential but require investment  — The foundations for sustainable aviation fuels (SAFs) are relatively mature. Seven different pathways

March 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuels and the Technologies, Constraints and Burgeoning Demand

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s been a rough 2020 for aviation with COVID-19’s impact on travel. Yet, climate goals remain in place, and the pivot from petroleum to renewable fuels continues,

February 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuel: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Velocys

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Going beyond the utilization of difficult to process solid waste feedstocks to produce advanced, sustainable biofuels, Velocys is also now using carbon capture usage and

February 16, 2021 Read Full Article

British Airways Fuels Its Future with Second Sustainable Aviation Fuel Partnership

(LanzaTech/LanzaJet)  British Airways is investing in sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) technology provider and SAF producer LanzaJet as the company builds its first commercial scale plant in Georgia, USA •British Airways will

February 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Building Europe’s First of Its Kind Alcohol-to-Jet Production Plant

(SkyNRG) Sustainable aviation fuel produced from waste-based ethanol resources — The FLITE consortium, led by SkyNRG and with LanzaTech as the technology provider, will build the first-of-its-kind LanzaJetTM Alcohol to Jet (AtJ)

January 8, 2021 Read Full Article

British Military Looking to Move Aircraft to Sustainable Fuel Sources

by Ed Adamczyk (UPI)  A plan to use sustainable sources for up to 50 percent of military aviation fuel was announced by British Defense Secretary Ben Wallace this week.  The British Ministry of

December 18, 2020 Read Full Article

What Makes Sustainable Aviation Fuel Sustainable?: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to CORSIA in the RSB System

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  There’s greenwashing and then there’s proof of sustainability. So what’s the difference? Check out RSB’s slide guide on how they help ensure sustainable aviation fuel

December 16, 2020 Read Full Article

WEF’s ‘Clean Skies for Tomorrow’ Outlines Pathway to Net-Zero Aviation: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  What is the World Economic Forum doing to help aviation meet net zero goals? First, they recognize that the most immediate action to achieve carbon-neutral

December 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Joint Policy Proposal to Accelerate the Deployment of Sustainable Aviation Fuels in Europe – A Clean Skies for Tomorrow Publication

(World Economic Forum)   What is the World Economic Forum doing to help aviation meet net zero goals?  Through the Forum’s

November 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Disrupting, Scaling Up, Numbering Up: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) COVID-19 continues to change how we do things, and LanzaTech shared this illuminating slide guide on

November 2, 2020 Read Full Article

U.S. Department of Energy Report Looks at Best SAF Pathways: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The 106-billion-gallon global (21-billion-gallon domestic) commercial jet fuel market is projected to grow to over

October 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Prometheus Fuels Licenses Energy-Saving ORNL Ethanol-to-Jet-Fuel Process

(EurekAlert!/Oak Ridge National Laboratory) Prometheus Fuels has licensed an ethanol-to-jet-fuel conversion process developed by researchers at the Department of Energy’s Oak

September 16, 2020 Read Full Article

NREL’s Catalysis Research Team Boosts Efficiency for the Production of High-Octane Gasoline and Jet Fuel from Biomass

by Zia Abdullah (U.S. Department of Energy)  Techno-economic analysis leads to a market-responsive biorefinery concept  —  … THE CHALLENGE: REDUCE

September 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuels Could Soon Take Flight

by Kathiann M. Kowalski (Energy News Network) The Midwest is ready for takeoff as a leader in cleaner aviation, thanks to

September 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Gevo and Praj to Commercialize Sustainable Aviation Fuel in India

(Gevo)  Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) and Praj Industries Ltd. have announced that they have signed a binding, definitive Master Framework Agreement

August 19, 2020 Read Full Article

17 Projects with 4 Billion Gallons, 9 Fast Emerging Players: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to California’s Green Rush

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) At DigestConnect this past Thursday, we talked about the latest the California Low Carbon Fuel Standard,

August 19, 2020 Read Full Article

CAAFI Webinar Series: The State of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)

(Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative) The State of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) by Steve Csonka (CAAFI) Slide deck available here.

August 12, 2020 Read Full Article

GKN Aerospace Continues Jet Engine Biofuel Testing

(GKN Aerospace)  Contract award for continuation of RM12 engine testing with 50/50 mix of jet fuel and biofuel; Test will

June 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Comparison of Particle Number Emissions from In-Flight Aircraft Fueled with Jet A1, JP-5 and an Alcohol-to-Jet Fuel Blend

by Steven Tran, Anthony Brown and Jason S. Olfert (Energy Fuels) The aviation sector has begun to adopt alternative fuels in

June 19, 2020 Read Full Article

DEM-COM: LanzaJet Takes off on Non-Stop Flight to Scale

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) After what could be considered a lengthy out-of-town tryout, LanzaJet is now officially launched as a LanzaTech spin-off

June 3, 2020 Read Full Article

New Lords of Circular Carbon: ArcelorMittal, EU Complete Financing of Steelanol Project

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Brussels, the European Investment Bank, with the support of the European Commission, has granted

May 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Alliance BioEnergy Building Next Generation Prototype towards Commercialization of Its Revolutionary Green Renewable Energy Technology

(Alliance BioEnergy/Globe Newswire) Alliance BioEnergy Plus, Inc. (PINK: ALLM). Alliance BioEnergy Plus Inc., is pleased to announce that it has finalized

April 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Bioenergy Retrofits for Europe’s Industry – Handbook Published

(Netzwerk Biotreibstoffe) The BIOFIT consortium has now published a handbook on “Technical options for retrofitting industries with bioenergy”. The handbook includes

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

The Secret Sauce: Industry Partnerships Key to Advancing Bio-Based Chemicals and Fuels

by Asanga Padmaperuma (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) … Today, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Laboratories study the development of chemicals

March 25, 2020 Read Full Article

Can the European Union’s Kerosene Demand Be Met by the Amount of Biomass Produced in the EU?

(nova-Institute) Regarding climate change and tackling its mitigation there is no question that the aviation industry has to reduce its

March 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Catalytic Conversion at 93% Reduced Cost: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Vertimass’ Sustainable Jet Fuel from Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Vertimass had 300x scale-up in 12 months and increased liquid hydrocarbon yields from 36% to

February 14, 2020 Read Full Article

The Versatile Ethanol Molecule: Ethylene, with a Similar Molecular Structure to that of Ethanol, Has Enormous Market Opportunity around the World.

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Knock a water molecule off ethanol and you’ll get ethylene, C2H4—the most widely

January 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Biofuels Could Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions By 96%

by Steve Hanley (Clean Technica) There is nothing inherently wrong with internal combustion engines. The problem is the fuels we use

December 4, 2019 Read Full Article

Verdict’s in for Vertimass: Yep, It’s Commercially Viable

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  From California the jury’s come in for Vertimass. We received word of a paper in the Proceedings

November 27, 2019 Read Full Article

LanzaTech Moves Forward on Sustainable Aviation Scale Up in the USA and Japan

(LanzaTech) Carbon recycling pioneer, LanzaTech, continues to make strides in scaling up its alcohol to jet (ATJ) platform. Commercialization of the

November 26, 2019 Read Full Article

ANA Receives Passenger Jet via Delivery Flight Powered by Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Biofuels International)  Japanese airline All Nippon Airways (ANA) has received its latest passenger aircraft from the US via a delivery

November 15, 2019 Read Full Article

$73 Million, 35 Projects, Who Won, for What and Why: The DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office 2019 Project Selections

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Washington, the U.S. Department of Energy has selected 35 projects totaling $73 million for bioenergy

October 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Cool Catalytic Conversion: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Vertimass’ Hydrocarbons

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Vertimass’s catalytic conversion is so cool it can convert ethanol into fungible blend stocks in one

August 26, 2019 Read Full Article

New Catalysts, Improved Genetic Tools Bring New Opportunities: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to ORNL’s Biomass to Bioproducts

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Organisms are interesting creatures and genetic tools and biochemical pathway knowledge is changing the way we

August 22, 2019 Read Full Article

Gevo Discusses Plans for Hydrocarbon, RNG Production

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) … During an earnings call, Gevo CEO Patrick Gruber discussed the company’s future plans for aviation

August 21, 2019 Read Full Article

Gevo Enters into Purchase and Sale Agreement for Sustainable Aviation Fuel to Supply Air TOTAL International

(Gevo) Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) announced today that Air TOTAL International SA (“Air TOTAL”) and Gevo have entered into a

August 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Just Drop It in!: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo’s Drop-in Hydrocarbons

by Jim Lane (Biofuhttp://radar.weather.gov/radar_lite.php?product=NCR&rid=LWX&loop=yesels Digest)  Gevo produces and sells low-carbon, renewable, high-performance fuel products. From ethanol to isobutanol, jet fuel, isooctane,

August 8, 2019 Read Full Article

New Coalition Working on SAF: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to AFCC

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Alternative Fuels & Chemicals Coalition advocates for public policy to promote the development and production of

July 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Vertimass Completes First Technology License To Alliance BioEnergy Plus Inc.

(Vertimass/Oil&Gas 360)  Vertimass’ ethanol to renewable chemicals and jet fuel offers ethanol producers new product capabilities  —  Vertimass completed its first technology

July 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Virgin Australia Brisbane Biofuel Trial Hits 1 Million KM MIlestone

(Australianaviation.Com.Au)  Virgin Australia’s push into sustainable aviation fuel, part of a strengthening trend in the global airline industry’s push toward cleaner

June 20, 2019 Read Full Article

ANA and LanzaTech Sign Offtake Agreement for Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  In the land of the rising sun, things are looking a whole lot brighter for

June 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Potential to Decarbonize Long Distance Transport: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Drop-in Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) IEA Bioenergy Task 39, with the help of the National Renewable Energy Lab and University of

June 14, 2019 Read Full Article

World Fuel to Supply Gevo’s Sustainable Jet Fuel for First of Its Kind European Demonstration Event

(Gevo)  Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) announced today that it is supplying its sustainable and renewable alcohol-to-jet fuel (ATJ) to World Fuel

May 21, 2019 Read Full Article

LanzaTech Aims to Fuel Jets and Make Consumer Goods from Recycled Carbon Pollution

by Tom DiChristopher (CNBC) -LanzaTech sells technology that transforms carbon pollution into ethanol, a renewable fuel and feedstock for chemicals. -Founded

May 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Biomass to Hydrocarbon Fuels and Chemicals: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Vertimass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Vertimass technology converts renewable ethanol into gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel blend stocks and high value chemicals.

May 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Gevo to Work With Praj Industries to Commercialize Renewable Isobutanol, Jet Fuel and Isooctane in India

(Gevo/Globe Newswire)  Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) announced today that it has signed a binding, definitive Construction License Agreement with Praj Industries

April 10, 2019 Read Full Article

The Compelling Case for Biojet Fuel

by Jess Hewitt and Jonathan Lewis (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  … Many people are confused by the term “biojet,” and the

April 2, 2019 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Top 10 Celluosic Project Flashpoints, 10 Quick Takes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s all very rosy on the cellulosic potential frontier. As Gevo and Renmatix recently observed, “cellulosic

March 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Renewable Jet Fuel from Woody Biomass

by Marina Bowie (Biobased Maine) According to the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks (1990-2016), the transportation sector is one

February 26, 2019 Read Full Article

No Carbon Left Behind: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) LanzaTechhas over 20 years experience sourcing and supplying over 5 million tons of wood fiber and

February 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Update on CAAFI State-Level Projects

(Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative )  SAJF Deployment Projects Florida, Alabama, Georgia Several developments in Alabama and Florida will enhance opportunities

January 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Gevo Announces Breakthrough Development of Renewable Isoprene, a Key Chemical Building Block for Producing Rubber and Rubber Products

(GEVO/Globe Newswire)  Potentially price competitive with petroleum-based isoprene, made with 100% renewable carbon — Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO), a leading renewable fuels

January 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Gevo Supplies ATJ to California Airport, Joins SAF Coalition

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Gevo Inc. made two announcements in mid-January regarding its efforts to expand the use

January 28, 2019 Read Full Article

Ready for Take Off? Aviation Biofuels Past, Present, and Future

by David Hitchcock (Atlantic Council)  … However, the importance of powering the aviation sector (both military and commercial) through sustainable fuels

January 26, 2019 Read Full Article

The Wonders Down Under: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Australia and the Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IEA Bioenergy Task 42’s goal is to contribute to the development and deployment of integrated biorefineries as

December 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Ethanol’s New Way Forward: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide ABLC Guide to Byogy Renewables

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Byogy Renewables is producing full replacement renewable fuels for all modes of transport, including heavy transport

December 18, 2018 Read Full Article

Renmatix, Gevo Ink Deal to Develop Cellulosic Hydrocarbons for Jet Fuel, Gasoline Markets

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  We have word bubbling up simultaneously from Pennsylvania and Colorado that Gevo and Renmatix inked a

December 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Bio Jet Fuels Good for the Climate, but Technologies Need Tweaking

(Norwegian University of Science and Technology/EurekAlert)  Norway’s forestry wastes could meet 20 per cent of its aviation fuel needs while protecting

November 22, 2018 Read Full Article

The 40 Hottest Technologies in the Advanced Bioeconomy 2018

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In California, Impossible Foods took the #1 spot in the 2018 “40 Hottest Technologies in the

November 9, 2018 Read Full Article

The World’s First Commercial Flight on Fuel Made from Waste Carbon Gases: Now, Will Policy Get the Framework Right for Global Deployment?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Florida, Virgin Atlantic CEO Craig Kreeger, LanzaTech CEO Jennifer Holmgren, a cadre of Virgin Atlantic

October 5, 2018 Read Full Article

Biofuel Takes Flight: Virgin Atlantic 747 Aircraft Partly Powered by Recycled Fuel

by Neil Lancefield (Perth Now) The first commercial flight powered partly by a new form of biofuel converted from alcohol has been

October 5, 2018 Read Full Article

LanzaTech’s Low-Carbon Jet Fuel Ready for Take-Off as Virgin Atlantic Plans for First Commercial Flight in October

(GreenAir Online)   Virgin Atlantic will undertake a passenger flight in October using for the first time low-carbon fuel produced through its partnership

September 20, 2018 Read Full Article

Virgin Australia Targets More Airport Biofuel Trials

by Adrian Schofield (Aviation Daily/Aviation Week)  Virgin Australia has just completed a major biofuel trial at Australia’s Brisbane Airport, and the

September 14, 2018 Read Full Article

Plans for Luverne: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Gevo is a renewable technology, chemical products, and next-generation biofuels company. Gevo has developed proprietary technology

August 31, 2018 Read Full Article

Earnings Season: as Novozymes, DSM, Amyris, Gevo, Corbion, and Aemetis Report, Who’s up, Who’s down?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In today’s Digest, let’s look at trends driving the industry’s results at scale — and while

August 17, 2018 Read Full Article

Gevo to Deploy Shockwave’s Process to Enhance Production of Proteins and Vegetable Oils for the Food Chain While Lowering the Carbon Intensity of Its Ethanol and Isobutanol

(Gevo/Globe Newswire)  Shockwave to Finance the Deployment of Its Equipment at Gevo’s Luverne Facility  —  Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) announced today that it

August 14, 2018 Read Full Article

Gevo Discusses Future Expansion Plans for Luverne Plant Site

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  … “During the quarter we made very good progress in restructuring our balance sheet and

August 10, 2018 Read Full Article

How Is CAAFI Engaging with Emerging Companies, and What Early-Stage Pathways Should SAJF Stakeholders Be Aware of?

(Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuel Initiative) … Feedstocks: The companies are pursuing various feedstock categories, including algae, cellulosics, lipids, sugars, oilseeds,

August 6, 2018 Read Full Article

High-Yield Hydrocarbons from Ethanol: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Vertimass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Vertimass technology was originated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, where scientists discovered novel catalysts that convert

August 1, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

From LanzaTech to Sierra Energy and the Latest Research, Syngas Is on Fire

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  Syngas, or synthesis gas, is on fire lately, with new technologies making the most of

July 9, 2018 Read Full Article

Gevo and Avfuel Enter into Renewable Jet Fuel Supply Agreement

(GEVO/Globe Newswire)  First Long-Term Commercial Contract for Renewable Jet Fuel  —  Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ:GEVO) announced today (June 21, 2018) that it has

June 22, 2018 Read Full Article

PNNL Technology Clears Way for Ethanol-Derived Jet Fuel

(U.S. Department of Energy/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory/EurekAlert!)  ASTM International updates standard for alcohol-to-jet synthetic paraffinic kerosene based on fuel produced by

June 12, 2018 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Sustainable Aviation Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) SAF development in Europe.  An update on EU policy and initiatives by SkyNRG’s Oskar Meijerink

May 17, 2018 Read Full Article

Isobutanol’s Horizons: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Gevo has two proprietary technologies that combine to make it possible to retrofit existing ethanol plants

April 12, 2018 Read Full Article

Jet Fuel from Hooch Comes Closer as ASTM Clears Way for Ethanol-to-Jet, Higher ATJ Blends

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, an ASTM International Sub-Committee has voted in favor of revising specification D7566 (Standard Specification

April 9, 2018 Read Full Article

Byogy Says New ASTM Specification Opens Way for Jet Fuel from Ethanol

(Renewables Now)  California-based biofuel firm Byogy Renewables Inc on Thursday said an approval by ASTM of a new specification will allow

April 4, 2018 Read Full Article

ASTM Sub-Committee Approves Additional Route to Alcohol-to-Jet Fuel and Increases Approved Blend Levels to 50%

(GEVO/Globe Newswire) Next Step is for full ASTM Approval  —   Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ:GEVO) announced today that late last week an ASTM International

April 3, 2018 Read Full Article

Byogy Renewables Secures Path to Commercialization With Historic ASTM Bio-Jet Fuel Specification

(Byogy Renewables/PR Newswire)  California biofuel company Byogy Renewables welcomes last week’s ASTM Alcohol To Jet (ATJ) ethanol based specification ballot measure approval,

March 30, 2018 Read Full Article

Vertimass Named Winner of National Corn Growers Association Competition: “Consider Corn Challenge: New Uses for Field Corn as Feedstock for Making Sustainable Chemicals”

(Vertimass/PR Newswire)  Vertimass’ ethanol to renewable fuels and chemicals offers exceptional corn growth potential  —  The National Corn Growers Association named

March 9, 2018 Read Full Article

GE Aviation Starts Engine Combustor Testing of Unblended Gevo ATJ Renewable Fuel

(GreenAir Online)  Engine manufacturer GE Aviation has started jet engine combustor testing using unblended renewable alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) fuel produced by Gevo. The

February 5, 2018 Read Full Article

CAAFI Highlights Sustainable Alternative Jet Fuel Activities of 2017 and Plans for 2018

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  The  Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative (CAAFI) has taken stock of its busy 2017

January 12, 2018 Read Full Article

Top 10 Bioeconomy Predictions for 2018

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  A mere “The Year in Rewind” as we sail into 2018? Not the good ship Digest!

January 3, 2018 Read Full Article

Affordable, Renewable Hydrocarbons Made from Ethanol: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Vertimass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Vertimass technology was originated at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, where scientists discovered novel catalysts that convert

December 26, 2017 Read Full Article

Notes from Scaleville: The Global Bioenergies, Gevo and Siluria Stories

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) This week we’ve received news from three companies that have struck out in search of new

December 20, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

GE Aviation Testing 100% Gevo ATJ Fuel

(GEVO)  Testing Being Performed as Part of FAA’s CLEEN Program to Promote the Use of Bio-Based Jet Fuels  —  Gevo, Inc.(NASDAQ:GEVO),

December 14, 2017 Read Full Article

Aviation Fuels and Much More: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  We Really Do Mean “Drop-in”.  Gevo has two proprietary technologies that combine to make it possible to

November 13, 2017 Read Full Article

From Seed … to Sky: Delmarva Energy Beet-to-Jetfuel Project Summary Published

(Advanced Biofuels USA)  Advanced Biofuels USA has added a summary of the findings of its USDA-funded feasibility study based on

November 9, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

9 Fly with Gevo’s Jet Fuel from O’Hare on “Fly Green Day”

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Illinois, today is Fly Green Day, sponsored by the O’Hare Fuel Committee, at Chicago O’Hare International Airport. 7

November 8, 2017 Read Full Article

AVAPCO, BYOGY Renewables, and Petron Scientech Announce Partnership to Demonstrate Technologies in the ABBA Integrated Biorefinery Projec

(PR Web)  The ABBA Integrated Biorefinery project, to be built at the AVAPCO Thomaston Georgia site, will co-produce bio jet fuel

October 10, 2017 Read Full Article

8 Fast Flyers Chosen for Top Cat: The Big Attack on Biomass Catalysis Begins

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Somewhere in the files of the Department of Energy it is called the Chemical Catalysis for Bioenergy

October 5, 2017 Read Full Article

Virgin Australia Is Going to Experiment with Biofuels on Flights out of Brisbane

by Simon Thomsen (Business Insider)  Virgin Australia will run a two-year trial mixing biojet fuels with regular avgas on flights out

October 3, 2017 Read Full Article

Crossing the Valley of NLACM with Alcohol-to-Hydrocarbon Technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  There’s one crossing worse than the Valley of Death and that is the Valley of

September 26, 2017 Read Full Article

Energy Beet Feasibility Study Finds Navy Best Potential Near-Term Customer for Alcohol-to-Jetfuel Product

(Advanced Biofuels USA)  USDA-funded feasibility study based on 2016 energy beet project at University of Maryland Eastern Shore finds Navy

September 14, 2017 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech/PNNL Syngas-to-ATJ Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The US Department of Energy initiated a project to advance a hybrid conversion technology for catalytic

August 29, 2017 Read Full Article

Vertibirds Are GO: DOE OKs Vertimass Drop-In Biofuels Technology, Clears Path to Demo Scale

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In California, Vertimass gained its intermediate technology validation with the US DOE’s Bioenergy Technology Office,

August 23, 2017 Read Full Article

DOE, DOD Aim for Take-Off: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Biofuels in Defense and Aviation

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In June 2011, the Secretaries of Agriculture, Energy, and Navy signed MOU to commit $510M

August 22, 2017 Read Full Article

Life-Cycle Analysis of Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Renewable Jet Fuel Production

by Sierk de Jong, Kay Antonissen, Ric Hoefnagels, Laura Lonza, Michael Wang, André Faaij and Martin Junginger (Biotechnology for Biofuels)  The

August 11, 2017 Read Full Article

Gevo and Praj Link up to Push ahead with Isobutanol Technology

(Biofuels International)  India-based bioethanol company Praj Industries will be working with US-based advanced biofuels company Gevo to use Gevo’s proprietary

July 25, 2017 Read Full Article

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isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella 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and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol fuel cells methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National 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Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy scooters Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers 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Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas/gas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane/e-methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree tamanu/nyamplung Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics Thermal catalytic depolymerization (TCD) thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction totai Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Fuels Policy; carbon removal Transportation Policy travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale truck trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) 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alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment wax weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsi Wisconsin Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Yukon Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc

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