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Norwegian NTE’s Plant at Kråkøya Produces Its First Hydrogen

by Aida Čučuk (Offshore Energy) Norwegian NTE’s (Nord-Trøndelag Elektrisitetsverk) green hydrogen production plant at Kråkøya in Nærøysund municipality has produced its first hydrogen gas. -- According to NTE, this represents a significant step forward for zero emissions in the maritime sector as

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Nordic Aviation Stakeholders to Push Hydrogen Power

(Bioenergy International)  A consortium of Nordic aviation stakeholders including Airbus, Avinor, SAS, Swedavia, and energy utility major Vattenfall AB, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to investigate the feasibility of a hydrogen infrastructure at airports in Sweden and Norway. According to

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Europe Launches New e-Fuels Project to Decarbonize Shipping

(Safety4Sea)  The new €17 million European GAMMA project aims to make ocean transport and trade more environmentally friendly. Companies and researchers from Europe will collaborate to develop and convert a bulk carrier to operate on climate-neutral fuels and green power, reducing

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Synthetic Aviation Fuel Has Yet to Take Off in Europe: Study

( Agence France Presse/Barron's) The EU has set targets for using synthetic sustainable aviation fuels in European flights but no projects to produce the fuel have yet received a final investment decision, a study published Wednesday said. Transport and Environment, a non-governmental organisation

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Study Identifies Plans for 45 e-Fuel Facilities in Europe, as Norway Leads the Way

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) A new study by European lobby group Transport and Environment (T&E) has identified commitments to build 45 e-kerosene plants in 10 European nations, with combined potential to produce more synthetic aviation fuel by 2030 than required by the

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EC Targets EUR 480m of EU Funds for CO2 Transport, Storage

by Siobhan Hall (Montel News)   The European Commission has allocated nearly EUR 480m in EU funding to CO2 transport and storage projects as it seeks to create a “European carbon value chain”, it said on Thursday. This includes EUR 131m for Norway’s cross-border Northern

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Norwegian Becomes Co-owner of Norsk e-Fuel

(Norwegian) Norwegian is now a shareholder in Norsk e-Fuel. The company will establish what could be the world's first large-scale production facility for electrofuel. The fossil-free jet fuel will be produced at a plant in Mosjøen in Nordland. The partnership will

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Color Line Switches to Biofuels to Slash Emissions by 85%

by Craig Eason  (Trade Winds News)  Ropax operator switches two of five vessels to locally sourced low-emission fuels  --  Norwegian ropax operator Color Line has spent the past month fuelling two of the company’s high-speed ferries with locally produced biofuel. The Oslo-listed shipping

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Biogas Plant - Turnkey Contract - Technology and Construction Work - Rå Biopark

(Doffin (Google Translation)) Rå Biopark will build a biogas plant in Storfjord municipality, in Skibotn, approx. two hours drive from Tromsø city. The supplier who receives this turnkey contract has complete and overall responsibility for delivering a complete and well-functioning biogas plant according

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Cargo Ship Carrying Biodiesel Feedstock from Malaysia to Italy Attacked by Houthis for Planned Israel Stop

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) In Yemen, Reuters reports that Houthis attacked a cargo ship that was heading to Italy from Malaysia where it loaded 15,000 metric tons of palm oil waste and residues. The feedstock is destined for Eni’s biorefineries but

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U.S. Department of Energy Announces Clean Energy Achievements at COP28

(U.S. Department of Energy)  This week, U.S. Deputy Secretary of Energy David M. Turk traveled to Dubai, United Arab Emirates for the 28th Conference of the Parties to the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP28), where he led the U.S.

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COP28: US Faces 'Huge' CCS Skills Challenge, Energy Department Official Says

by Anthony Lane (OPIS) The U.S. faces a "huge challenge" in increasing the number of skilled workers who can undertake a fast-growing list of planned carbon capture storage projects, James Crabtree, the U.S. assistant secretary of energy for fossil energy and carbon

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Measuring, Monitoring, Reporting and Verifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions across the International Supply Chain for Natural Gas: International Working Group Joint Statement

(U.S. Department for Energy Security and Net Zero)  Public announcement of International Working Group to establish a greenhouse gas supply chain emissions measurement, monitoring, reporting, and verification (MMRV) framework for providing comparable and reliable information to natural gas market participants The UK

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Neste Could Have Excess Sustainable Jet Fuel by 2028 - Executive

by Padraic Halpin (Reuters) Neste (NESTE.HE) could have excess sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production capacity by 2028 and requires more certainty about long-term demand to justify investment after that point, a senior executive at the refiner said on Monday. Neste aims to ramp up

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Lhyfe Opens New Office in the UK

(Energy Global) Lhyfe has expanded its UK operation to Sheffield, South Yorkshire with the aim of accelerating the roll-out of the environmentally friendly gas across the region. The France-based multinational opened the office to identify opportunities to deploy production facilities to

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Sustainable Aviation Fuels: Parts 1-4: What Is SAF? Why Use SAF? Economics of SAF. Politics of SAF.

by Gaulthier Blangez*  (Time to Fly and Advanced Biofuels USA)  Advanced Biofuels USA, in collaboration with Time to Fly, is proud to publish a guide to sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) for a general audience, for corporations working on ESG (environment, social and

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Statkraft to Take Full Control of Norwegian Advanced Biofuels JV

(Renewables Now) Norwegian power company Statkraft AS will take full ownership of its biofuel technology joint venture (JV) and look for a new partner to build a commercial-scale, second-generation biofuels plant at home. Under the arrangement, Statkraft will acquire the 49% stake

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NKT Cable-Laying Vessel to Run on Biofuels

(ReNews.Biz) The NKT Victoria will be able to run on hydrotreated vegetable oil. NKT has certified its cable-laying Vessel NKT Victoria to use biofuels such as hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO). The certification allows NKT to reduce the carbon footprint from the vessels fuel

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Some Countries Are Already Talking about Walking Back Fossil Fuel Car Bans

by Bradley Brownell (Jalopnik) Will anyone be ready for their own EV mandate deadlines? --- In the wake of the United Kingdom Prime Minister opening discussions on potentially delaying the country’s ban on the sale of new gas and diesel cars, we thought it might

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Wallenius Wilhelmsen’s Next Generation Vessels Are Coming!

(Wallenius Wilhelmsen)  “I am very happy that we can launch this to the market now. I know it is expected from us, and that in order to keep our fleet size, we need to continue ordering vessels. However, with no clear

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Nordic Companies Bet on Bio-LNG Vehicles for Long-Haul Route between Norway and Sweden

(Frode Laursen/AltFuels) Frode Laursen, international transport and logistics company focused on FMCG, building materials, recycling and dangerous goods, and Ragn-Sells, expert in sustainable waste management, have together managed to reduce their respective carbon footprints by introducing biomethane-powered trucks on a regular

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New Initiative to Scale Low-Carbon Fuel Production Adopted by Ministers at Global Energy Summit

(International Chamber of Shipping (ICS)/PR Newswire) The Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) has today adopted the Clean Energy Marine Hubs Initiative (CEM-Hubs) at a summit in Goa, India. The first-of-its-kind platform brings together the private sector and governments across the energy-maritime value chain to transform maritime transportation

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Here’s the State of Hydrogen presentation from the ABLC CONNECT series episode.The Value Stack, planned capacity, mandates, incentives, major players and their recent activities, pathways, mandates around the world, molecules, and markets. It’s a comprehensive but

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Scandinavian Biogas Becomes Biokraft

(Market Screener/Biokraft) Scandinavian Biogas is a leading biogas producer with facilities in Sweden, Norway and Korea. Ahead of upcoming northern European expansion with a focus on liquefied biogas, the group has decided to change its brand and logo to Biokraft - I

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Regulations Driving the Biofuels Feedstocks Markets

by Megan Boutwell, Olivier Macé, and Adam Schubert (Stillwater Associates) ... A practical effect of the differences between U.S. and European approaches to biofuels policies manifests in the implementation of preferences, prohibitions, incentives, and penalties applied to the use of different

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Nordic Electrofuel, P2X-Europe Sign Term Sheet for Production, Commercialization of eSAF

(P2X-Europe/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Following extensive negotiations and cooperation that started last year, Norwegian Nordic Electrofuel (NEF) and German P2X-Europe, a joint venture of Mabanaft GmbH & Co. KG (Mabanaft) and H&R Group, signed a term sheet June 23 that formally lays

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EV Manufacturer Pays Wallenius Wilhelmsen to Use Biofuels Shipments

(Maritime Executive) A major EV manufacturer is entering into a shipping agreement where they are going to be paying the additional cost of using environmentally-friendly biofuel for the transportation of their products. The agreement is with Norway’s Wallenius Wilhelmsen and follows

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Yara Clean Ammonia and Bunker Holding to Develop Ammonia as a Shipping Fuel

(Bioenergy International)  Norway-headed Yara Clean Ammonia (YCA), part of global ammonia and fertilizers major Yara International ASA (Yara), and Denmark-headed Bunker Holding A/S, one of the world’s largest supplier and trader of marine fuels, have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)

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Commission Sees Crop Biofuels’ Clean Transport Value, but Outside EU

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV.com)  ... At a G7 meeting in Hiroshima late last month, the world’s richest countries adopted a document, also signed by the EU, in which the value of biofuels – among other options – in decarbonising road transport

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Gasum Inaugurates New RNG Filling Station in Norway

(Biofuels International) Finland-headed gas and energy major Gasum Oy has held the inauguration of a new biomethane - aka renewable natural gas (RNG) - filling station in Ålesund, Norway, and marks Gasum's fourth bioLNG filling station for heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) in

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Opinion: IMO Must Take the Bull by the Horns

(Tradewinds at Nor-Shipping) To supercharge the green shift, we need a clear zero-emissions target by 2050, a market-based levy on CO2 emissions and an improved set of efficiency measures, and as our industry’s global regulator the IMO is the body

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Terntank, AlfaWall Oceanbird and Cristina Aleixendri Munoz Scoop Nor-Shipping Awards

(Nor-Shipping 2023)  The winners of the Nor-Shipping 2023 awards have been announced, with Swedish/Danish tanker operator Terntank, wind power pioneer AlfaWall Oceanbird and Bound4Blue Co-founder and COO Cristina Aleixendri Munoz taking the top prizes. All three were awarded in-front of audiences

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Aker Horizons awarded up to NOK 135 Million in Financing from Innovation Norway for Rjukan Green Hydrogen Project

(Aker Horizons)  Aker Horizons ASA (OSE: “AKH”), a developer of green energy and industry, today announced that Aker Horizons Asset Development, the company’s wholly-owned asset development arm dedicated to hydrogen projects, has been awarded up to NOK 135 million in grants

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Reducing Carbon Footprint: Odfjell Drilling's Offshore Rig Successfully Tests Biofuel Operation

(Offshore Engineer)  Norwegian offshore drilling firm Odfjell Drilling said via social media Thursday that it has, with oil firm Equinor, recently completed a pilot project operating an offshore drilling rig on renewable biofuel.  According to the company, during the pilot, Odfjell Drilling's

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Rå Biopark and Barents NaturGass Partner to Build Bio-LNG Stations in Norway

(Barents NaturGass/AltFuels)  Rå Biopark, the largest environment project in Northern Norway, and Barents NaturGass have signed a Letter Of Intent for the sale and distribution of biogas. The agreement has a duration of 10 years with options for renewal. The frame

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Hydrogen E-Fuel Production Could Create 10,500 Jobs Here - Report

(RTE)  10,500 jobs could be created across the country by 2050 through the production of sustainable aviation fuels for use in aircraft and shipping that are derived from hydrogen, a new report finds. The analysis, by Hydrogen Mobility Ireland, also predicts that

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H2B2 Electrolysis Technologies, Inc., a Global Green Hydrogen Platform Providing Bespoke Integrated Solutions across the Hydrogen Value Chain, to Go Public on the NASDAQ via a Proposed Business Combination with RMG Acquisition Corp. III

(H2B2 Electrolysis Technologies) • H2B2 offers its customers a full suite of customized end-to-end energy solutions through its ability to design, build, own, and operate fully integrated green hydrogen production facilities, augmented by its in-house capabilities to manufacture small, medium,

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Costa Cutting Road Emissions by 90% Using Biofuel-Powered Trucks to Move Supplies

by Holly Payne (Seatrade Cruise News)  Costa Cruises has signed an agreement with LC3 Trasporti to start using bio-LNG-powered trucks to convey supplies for its vessels, slashing its road transport emissions by 90%. The collaboration gets underway May 19, when Costa Firenze will

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Portfolio Company North Ammonia Forms Ground-Breaking Ammonia Partnership with Höegh Autoliners

(Arendals Fossekompani)  With the aim of realizing the use of carbon-free maritime fuels in deep-sea shipping, Höegh Autoliners and North Ammonia has entered a partnership for the supply, distribution, delivery, and consumption of green ammonia, a carbon free fuel produced

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Crud-to-Crude: The Global Potential of Biofuels Made from Human Waste

by Sean Mowbray (Mongabay) • Creating liquid biofuels from human waste shows promise as a way to meet one of alternative energy’s greatest challenges: reducing the transportation sector’s heavy carbon footprint. The good news is there is a steady supply

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ReFuels Exploring IPO

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) In Norway, Refuels N.V., one of Europe’s leading suppliers of renewable biomethane for decarbonization of heavy goods vehicles, intends to have its shares admitted to trading on Euronext Growth Oslo to widen its investor base and strengthen

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Legislation and Regulations about SAF, the Topsoe Perspective

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Case 1, Is Jet Fuel Produced From Soybean Oil? Case 2, Is E-Jet Produced From Fossil CO2 And Green H2 SAF? These are just a couple of the topics tucked into this panoramic survey of

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Norwegian Partners with Norsk e-Fuel to Build New e-Fuel Plant in Norway

(Norsk e-Fuel) Norwegian has announced a landmark partnership with Norsk e-Fuel to build the world’s first full scale e-fuel plant in Mosjøen, Norway. The plant will produce sustainable aviation fuels (SAF), marking an important milestone towards Norwegian's target of 45

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More EU Countries Adopt E10 Fuel Blend with Renewable Ethanol to Reduce Emissions

(ePURE)  As the EU considers the best way to reduce greenhouse-gas emissions from road transport today and in the coming decades, more countries are turning to a solution that delivers proven results: E10, a petrol blend with up to 10% renewable ethanol. This

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Wärtsilä, Höegh LNG, and Partners Awarded Ammonia-to-Hydrogen Project Funding

(Bioenergy International) Finland-headed energy and marine technology group Wärtsilä Oyj, along with Norway-based Höegh LNG AS and other partners including the Institute for Energy Technology (IFE), University of South-East Norway, Sustainable Energy, and BASF SE, has received approximately EUR 5.9 million

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Global: Höegh Autoliners Keen to Expand Aurora Class Fleet with Ammonia Dual-Fuel Propulsion

by Rhys Berry (Bunkerspot) CEO, Andreas Enger, says Höegh Autoliners would like to add a further four Aurora Class vessels with ammonia dual-fuel capability, taking the total number on order to 12. As previously reported, the company has ordered eight LNG-fuelled car carriers, which

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SAS Makes It Easier to Choose Biofuel

(SAS Group) On April 3, SAS launches two ticket types that include biofuel. These will be available on all SAS domestic, Scandinavian and European flights. SAS aims to use fossil-free aviation fuel equivalent of all our domestic flights by 2030, a journey

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Kuehne+Nagel Norway Embarks on Biofuel Journey with ScaleAQ

(Kuehne+Nagel Norway) First customer in Norway to switch to a biofuel-supported supply chain in sea freight; Agreement to transport 1000 TEUs in 2023 with sustainable next-generation biofuel Kuehne+Nagel has been in a trusting partnership with Norwegian technology company ScaleAQ since 2014.

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Study Sees Potential for Huge North Sea Hydrogen Pipelines

by Vera Eckert (Reuters) Costs for tapping offshore wind for hydrogen seen viable; North Sea-bordering countries would gain from joint plan; Local ventures would cut costs, avoid import dependency Investments of between 15 and 22 billion euros ($15.92-$23.36 billion) could buy

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NORAD Asked to Reconsider Its Funding of Transport & Environment

(Bioenergy International) In an open letter, associations representing the EU renewable energy and agriculture industries ask the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD) to reconsider its support to the non-governmental organization Transport & Environment (T&E), which, the signatories say, has led

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PowerCell Sweden Selected for World’s Largest Marine Hydrogen Project

by Alan Sherrard (Bioenergy International) Swedish hydrogen fuel cell technology and hydrogen-electric solutions developer PowerCell Sweden AB (PowerCell) has announced that it has signed an agreement with Norwegian SEAM AS, a leading systems developer and integrator of low- and zero-emission solutions

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Ready for Take-off and Take-up

by John McGarrity (Fastmarkets/Biofuels International) Sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) is at a turning point. Aviation has long been considered one of the hardest industries to decarbonise and unlike the automotive industry, we are still years away from being able to use

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Biogas and Biomethane Firmly on European IOC Radar

(Energy Intelligence) ... US Inflation Reduction Act (IRA). BP, for example, says buying US renewable gas specialist Archaea Energy last year gives it strong potential in a “key fast-growing geography for biogas.” IRA has been a “game changer” in underpinning projects

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Green Fares: Lufthansa Group Is the World's First Airline Group to Offer an Own Fare for More Sustainable Travel

(Luftansa Group) With one click: More climate-friendly flying by using Sustainable Aviation Fuels and contributing to high-quality climate protection projects; New fare available from February 15, 2023 for flights throughout Europe and North Africa; Successful test run shows growing interest

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Construction of Gasum’s Biogas Plant in Götene Begins – First in a Line of Strategic Investments into Increasing Biogas Availability

(Gasum)  Gasum’s next new biogas plant in Götene, Sweden, received final construction permits at the end of January. For Gasum the Götene plant marks the beginning of a string of investments into new biogas production in accordance with the company’s new

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Nor-Shipping 2023 --- June 6-9, 2023 --- Oslo, Norway

Nor-Shipping is at the centre of the oceans. This is where the maritime and ocean industries meet every two years – a natural hub for key decision makers from across the world to connect, collaborate and do deals to unlock

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Aker Carbon Capture Enters Finnish Power-to-X Market

(Aker Carbon Capture/PR Newswire) Aker Carbon Capture will deliver a pre-engineering study to the energy company St1 for the development of a carbon capture facility at Finnsementti's Lappeenranta cement plant. The captured CO2 would be used for the first renewable synthetic

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Wärtsilä Biogas Liquefaction Project Will Significantly Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Sweden

(Wärtsilä) The technology group Wärtsilä will supply its biogas liquefaction technology for an important new project in Mönsterås, Sweden. The system has been ordered by Scandinavian Biogas Mönsterås, a joint venture company between Scandinavian Biogas Fuels (SBF), the majority owner, and local farmers

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An Over-Belief in Electrification Is Harming the Climate

by Gustav Melin (Bioenergy International/Swedish Bioenergy Association)  ... The energy transition cannot be expedited by support and subsidies  --  However, it is difficult to be re-elected on increased carbon dioxide taxes and more expensive energy prices. That’s no excuse, as there are

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Eagle Bulk Completes Voyage on Sustainable Biofuel

by Rhys Berry (Bunkerspot) Eagle Bulk Shipping has announced the completion of a sustainable biofuel voyage with its partners Eramet and Eramet Norway. The voyage involved the company’s 2016-built Ultramax Stamford Eagle and was completed using GoodFuels’ MDF1-100 sustainable biofuel. The voyage, said Eagle Bulk,

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Brazil: Equinor and CNPEM in Partnership for Biofuel R&D

(Equinor/bnamericas) This is a machine translation of the press release originally published in Portuguese. A partnership between Equinor and the National Center for Research in Energy and Materials (CNPEM) will enable the start of research for the production of bio-hydrocarbons

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Linde

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Linde is a leading global industrial gases and engineering company with 2021 sales of $31 billion (€26 billion). The company serves a variety of end markets including chemicals & energy, food & beverage, electronics, healthcare,

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Plasma Technology Makes Recycling of CO2 Local and 100% Circular

(Renewable Carbon News/D-CRBN) The BluePlasma consortium receives approval from VLAIO to set up an R&D pilot project -- In concrete terms, an infrastructure will be built in Antwerp to convert CO2 into CO via plasma technology. The idea is to

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H2Carrier and Anori Plan Greenland’s First PtX Project

(Bioenergy International) H2Carrier's P2XFloater concept is based on making a life extension of an existing Very Large Gas Carrier (VLGC) and expanding upon its design by extending its hull to maximize production capacity. Green hydrogen is produced by pumping onboard

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The Daily Digest’s Biofuels Mandates around the World 2023

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Florida, the Daily Digest today released its annual review of biofuels mandates and targets around the world, looking at the state of biofuels mandates in 65 countries. Get the latest up to the minute

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Furetank Pilots Waste-Based Renewable Fuel for Equinor

(Furetank) The dual-fuel tanker Fure Valö has performed the first voyage on a new Equinor fuel blend containing used cooking oil. It reduces greenhouse gas emissions while, judging from the first test indications, maintaining the same high performance as conventional marine

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Circle K Ireland’s Delivery Fleet to Be Fuelled by HVO Renewable Diesel

(The Irish Times) Company says move is the equivalent of more than 2,000 cars being removed from the road -- Forecourt and convenience retailer Circle K has announced that its fleet of delivery vehicles will be fuelled exclusively by milesBIO HVO100

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Global: VPS Launches New Biofuels Service

by Rhys Berry (Bunkerspot) VPS has announced the launch of a new service, APS-BIO, to ensure the safe and effective use of biofuels. The fuel testing company says the new service has been developed to meet the ‘very different fuel management challenges’

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CARBIOW Project Will Help Europe Lead in Energy and Transport Sector Decarbonization

(Renewable Energy Magazine/Spanish Technology and Innovation Platform “Biomass for the Bioeconomy” – BIOPLAT) CARBIOW (Carbon Negative Biofuels from Organic Waste) is a Research and Innovation Action funded by the European Union under the Horizon Europe Program that addresses green transition

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Launch of the Green Shipping Challenge at COP27

(U.S. Department of State)  Greenhouse gas emissions from the shipping sector are significant, increasing, and on a trajectory that is incompatible with the goals of the Paris Agreement.  Compared with country emissions, the sector would rank among the top 10 largest

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Hot Spots: The 50 Hottest Project Development & Deployment Spots in the Advanced Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Here are the 50 Hottest Project Development & Deployment Spots in the Advanced Bioeconomy for 2022, as selected by the Digest’s editors. READ MORE

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Building the Bio-Based Chemical Economy: Circa Launches Circa Renewable Chemistry Institute

(Circa) To advance and promote the development and commercialisation of renewable chemistry, sustainable biochemicals company Circa Group AS (stock symbol: CIRCA) has launched the Circa Renewable Chemistry Institute at the University of York’s Green Chemistry Centre of Excellence (GCCE) in the

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Where Should We Permanently Store Carbon Dioxide Removed from the Atmosphere?

(Heirloom Carbon) ...  There is only one location big enough to permanently store the 6–10 billion tons of CO2 the world needs to be capturing from the atmosphere each year by 2050 to mitigate the worst impacts of climate change —

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Turkish Airlines Signed Global SAF Declaration

(Turkish Airlines)  Turkish Airlines continues its support for the development of Sustainable Aviation Fuels which play a key role in reducing carbon emissions. Starting to actively use Sustainable Aviation Fuel during its operations as of 2022, Turkish Airlines emphasized the

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Höegh Autoliners Offers Customers Carbon Neutral Operations: Sustainable Biofuel to Make Deep Sea Transportation Greener  

(Höegh Autoliners) Höegh Autoliners now offer our customers the possibility of transporting cargo out of Europe while running on 100% advanced biofuels meeting the highest sustainability standards. An important step in Höegh Autoliners’ ambitious sustainability strategy to reduce its environmental footprint

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Stubble Burning: New Policy to Attract Private Investment in Biomass Power Projects Soon

(Hindustan Times) The new policy is also to encourage the farmers to cut, bale and store paddy straw produced in their fields and facilitate them to sell it for use in various projects --  The Haryana government will soon implement a

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Global Aviation’s Best Shot at Going Green Relies on Scarce Fuel

by Elizabeth Low (Bloomberg News/Governors' Biofuels Coalition) High costs and limited production are dulling sustainable aviation fuel’s prospects -- In Tuas, Singapore’s industrial-heavy district, Finnish company Neste Oyj is building what will one day be the world’s largest facility for sustainable aviation fuel. Once

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H2Carrier Receives Approval in Principle from DNV

(H2Carrier)  H2Carrier is the designer and owner of the proprietary floating energy production and storage system P2XFloater™; the first industrial scale floating green hydrogen and ammonia facility of its kind in the world. The concept is based on proven floating production,

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St1 to Construct a Biogas Upgrading and Liquefaction Refinery in Sweden

(St1)  Energy company St1 has made an investment decision to construct a biogas upgrading and liquefaction refinery in Sobacken, Borås. A prerequisite for the biorefinery investment decision is the long-term off-take contract to buy raw biogas, which St1 has signed with

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Bio-CNG and Bio-LNG on Transport in EU

(UABIO) Biogas technologies introduced in transport sector: Bio-CNG і Bio-LNG. FlixMobility is introducing biogas-powered buses on two long-distance routes in a move to significantly reduce its CO2 emissions. The Biogas buses start operating from July 1, 2021. ... Biogas is a good solution for effectively reducing CO2 emissions, especially for FlixMobility’s long-distance routes such as those between

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The Green Ammonia Boom Is Coming

by Felicity Bradstock  (OilPrice.com) • Green ammonia is emerging as a major contender to become a vital emissions-free fuel for the world. • The renewable fuel is also gaining major attention from energy giants such as Exxon. • Greater investment

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New Bio-CNG Europen Tour Will Reach the Arctic Circle --- July 20 - August 5, 2022 --- Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Germany, Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Norway

(Associazione Culturale Torino-Pechino/NGV Journal)  The Associazione Culturale Torino-Pechino (Torpec 2008), whose main area of ​​activity is the organization of trips outside the central tourist routes, with particular interest in the social, historical and geopolitical dimension of the regions crossed, has presented

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Hot Hydrofaction: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Steeper Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Steeper Energy’s President, Perry Toms, shared this illuminating slide guide at ABLC on how hydrofaction – a proven thermochemical is advancing biofuels commercial acceptance. From milestones to commercialization partners, get all the details on how

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Germany: Scandinavian Biogas Will Supply Biofuel to Alternoil’s Stations

(Scandinavian Biogas/NGV Journal)  Scandinavian Biogas has entered a long-term agreement with Alternoil for the delivery of bio-LNG to be included in the climate-neutral fuel REEFUEL distributed on the German transportation market. The agreed volumes are 8,000 tons during ramp up in

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Horisont Energi Signs a MoU with Lhyfe to Use Renewable Green Hydrogen Produced by Lhyfe to Provide Its Ammonia Plants in Europe

(Lhyfe)  Horisont Energi (EURONEXT: HRGI), a clean energy and carbon transport and storage services provider, and Lhyfe (EURONEXT: LHYFE), a world pioneer and pure player in renewable green hydrogen, announce they have entered a memorandum of understanding (MoU) for the joint

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Sustainable Aviation Fuels: Part 1: What is SAF?

by Gaulthier Blangez*  (Time to Fly and Advanced Biofuels USA)  Advanced Biofuels USA, in collaboration with Time to Fly, is proud to publish a guide to sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) for a general audience, for corporations working on ESG (environment,

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SAF Flying High on Helicopters! Japan’s First SAF Helicopter Flight

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) ...Airbus Helicopters in Japan and Japan’s leading helicopter operator Nakanihon Air (NNK) jointly performed the country’s first ever helicopter flight powered with sustainable aviation fuel. So this made us look at SAF and helicopters

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MME and ProQR/GIZ Launch Study “Governance and Public Policies to Incentivize the Production of Sustainable Aviation Fuel”

(Brazil Ministry of Mines and Energy (Google Translation)) The study is an analytical framework on public policy that will introduce sustainable aviation fuel into the Brazilian energy matrix. -- The Ministry of Mines and Energy (MME) and the ProQR Project

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EU Biofuels Feedstock Supply Uncertain as Reliance on Rapeseed Oil Imports Rises

by Samyak Pandey (S&P Global) Rapeseed oil imports soar in 2021-22 marketing year; Food inflation hits many EU countries plans for crop-based biofuels usage -- The EU's purchases of rapeseed oil have risen sharply in the 2021-22 marketing year (July-June) from the

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Vantaa Energy and St1 to Cooperate in the Distribution of Electric Fuel

(St1) The Power-to-Gas plant (P2G), planned for completion by Vantaa Energy in 2025 in Finland, produces carbon-neutral synthetic gas, the production process of which utilises water and carbon dioxide recovered from the waste treatment process in a new and innovative

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Circa and Valmet Partner to Industrialise Biochemicals Production

(Circa)  Circa and Valmet have signed a Heads of Agreement to realise and optimise the Furacell™ production process at scale through the ReSolute project and future large-scale plants. Valmet will be the main process technology and equipment supplier, and actively contribute

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Joint Venture Raízen Geo Biogás Invests in Biomethane

(Siamig (Google translation))  Eight months after starring in the largest IPO in the country in 2021, Raízen, the fourth largest Brazilian company in terms of revenue, is once again showing the market the reason that led it to seek the

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Carbon Emissions from Transport: It’s Not Only about Technology

by Philippe Marchand (European Technology and Innovation Platform (ETIP)/Transport Energy Strategies)  ... Is the recent about turn in Germany regarding the sunset date for sales of the internal combustion engine vehicle (ICEV), proposed by the European Commission for 2035, a sure

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Germany Plans to 'Further Reduce' Use of Crop-Biofuels

by Sophie Barthel (Argus Media) Germany plans to further reduce the use of biofuels produced from food and feed crops because of rising food costs and waning supply of agricultural products caused by disruption of exports from main suppliers Ukraine and

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The Prime Minister Witnesses the Signing of MOU for French and Emirati Projects to Produce Green Fuel in the SCZone

(SCZone) Today (April 20, 2022), Prime Minister Dr. Mostafa Madbouly witnessed the signing ceremony for 2 Memoranda of Understanding. The first MOU is among the General Authority of Suez Canal Economic Zone, the Sovereign Fund of Egypt, the Egyptian Electricity Transmission

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Future Biogas Chooses Saltend Chemicals Park for Green CO2 Storage

(Bioenergy Insight)  Future Biogas will construct up to 32 new CO2 storage tanks in Saltend Chemicals Park in Hull, UK. The park is owned and operated by px Group, an asset management company for the energy and high hazard industrial

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Vow ASA: Builds Large Scale Pyrolysis Reactor to Meet Increased Demand for Advanced Carbon Products and CO2 Neutral Energy

(Vow ASA) Large and increasing demand from industry to decarbonise, recycle carbon, and to secure access to reliable and locally produced CO2 neutral energy, has motivated cleantech provider Vow ASA (“Vow” or the “Company”) to start building a large scale pyrolysis

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5 Steps to Low Carbon Profitability: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to ABB

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) This is one ABLC slide guide you don’t want to miss! ABB’s John Oyen shares what ABB Energy Industries is all about, highlights 5 ways developers/producers can improve profitability, how Ballard and ABB work on

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The Race to Upcycle CO2 into Fuels, Concrete and More

by Mark Peplow (Nature) Companies are scrambling to turn the greenhouse gas into useful products — but will that slow climate change? -- Tongyezhen is a town with coal in its bones. ... But later this year, a chemical plant

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Luxembourg Airport Invests in SAF Production in Norway

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) Luxembourg airport has invested in and become a shareholder of Norsk e-Fuel AS, an industry consortium located in northern Norway planning to commercialize sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) made from CO2 and water using 100 percent

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Norway Proposes Biofuel Mandate Changes

by Thomas Hughes (Argus Media)  The Norwegian Environment Agency (NEA) has proposed an increase in the amount of waste and advanced biofuels used in road and off-road transport from 1 July following public consultation. But the overall biofuels mandate for road fuels

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Soap, Proteins and Highly Complex Molecules from CO2 – These Are the Winners of the "Best CO2 Utilisation 2022" Innovation Award

(nova Institute) Large scale investments in CO2-based ethanol, methanol and aviation fuel are just around the corner – supporting climate protection and independence from fossil fuels. Participants of the "Conference on CO2-based Fuels & Chemicals 2022" elected the three innovation award

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Honey without the Bee, Greener Circuit Boards, Plant-Based Asphalt, and More: The Digest’s Top 8 Innovations for the Week of March 24th

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) We’ve reported on beef without the cows, pork without the pig, dairy without the cow and now we have honey without the bee from California start-up MeliBio which raised $7.5 million to scale and commercialize

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Travel Pass Biofuel: Inside SAS's New Corporate Offsetting Scheme

by Charlotte Seet (Simple Flying) SAS now offers Travel Pass Biofuel, for corporate customers who regularly travel and want their flights to be fossil fuel free.  -- As a big believer in achieving positive change through sustainability, SAS has set a

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Rapid Growth for Biomethane in Transport

by Daniela Castim (Bio Market Insights) A significant and quick growth was seen in the use of biomethane as a transport fuel in Europe in 2020, according to a recent data report from NVGA (The Natural & Bio Gas Vehicle Association). As stated in the

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New Jet Biofuel Installation Opens the Door for a Greener Airline Industry

(European Commission CORDIS) The EU-funded ITAKA project has provided a pioneering jet biofuel that will be used at Oslo’s principal international airport, a first for commercial aviation. -- The jet biofuel was launched during a public event on 22 January,

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Norwegian Enables Corporate Customers to Reduce Emissions from Business Travel

(Norwegian) Norwegian has entered into a collaboration agreement with Neste, the world’s leading producer of sustainable aviation fuels (SAF). Norwegian’s corporate customers can now reduce their CO2 emissions from business travel by up to 80 per cent through sustainable aviation

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NGVAEurope: +25% of Gas Used in Road Transport Was Renewable in 2020

(NGVAEurope/NGV Journal) The Natural & bio Gas Vehicle Association (NGVA Europe) has released new data, proving rapid growth of biomethane as transport fuel in Europe. With more than a quarter of the gas used in road transport being renewable, an overwhelming

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Carbon Neutral by 2035: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Neste

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  1.5 Mton/a sustainable aviation fuels production capacity by the end of 2023 with plans to grow capacity, helping customers reduce their GHG emissions by at least 20 million tons annually by 2030, reaching carbon neutral

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Scandinavian Biogas Invests in Major Bio-LNG Plant Expansion

(Bioenergy Insight) Scandinavian Biogas will invest SEK 300 million (€28.6 million) in expanding its bio-LNG plant in Gladö Kvarn on Södertörn, south of Stockholm. The expanded plant, expected to be complete in the second half of 2023, will become the largest

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KBR Awarded Early Works Contract for Sustainability-Focused Project by Biojet AS

(KBR/PR Newswire) KBR (NYSE: KBR) announced today it has been awarded an engineering contract by Biojet AS for a concept study for its renewable energy facility in Ringerike, Norway.  Under the terms of the contract, KBR will perform technology evaluations, early engineering and project development

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Shell’s Massive Carbon Capture Plant Is Emitting More Than It’s Capturing

by Anya Zoledziowski (Vice World News)  A new Global Witness report found that it has the same carbon footprint per year as 1.2 million gas-powered cars.  -- A first-of-its-kind “green” Shell facility in Alberta is emitting more greenhouse gases than it’s

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ExxonMobil Expands Interest in Biofuels, Acquires Stake in Biojet AS

(ExxonMobil)  ExxonMobil is expanding its interests in biofuels that can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation sector, acquiring a 49.9% stake in Biojet AS, a Norwegian biofuels company that plans to convert forestry and wood-based construction waste into lower-emissions

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ProBioQAV: Premissas para um Futuro de SAF no Brasil

by Laís Forti Thomaz and Amanda Gondim (Estadao)  A aviação civil tem uma responsabilidade muito grande no que diz respeito às mudanças climáticas. O setor, como se sabe, responde por 3% das emissões globais de transportes. Ainda que já existam algumas possibilidades

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Complete Global Guide: The Digest’s Biofuels Mandates Around the World 2022

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  65 countries have targets or mandates--how much, where, when and what?  READ MORE Commodities 2022: European biofuel mandates to structurally shift ethanol demand higher in the year (S&P Global Platts) European Biofuel Mandates to Structurally Shift Ethanol

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Regulatory and Policy Analysis of Production, Development and Use of Sustainable Aviation Fuels in the United States

Ekrem Korkut and Lara B. Fowler (Frontiers in Energy Research)  The United States, spurred in part by international developments, is expanding its law and policy to incentivize the use of sustainable aviation fuels. While the U.S. has agreed to participate

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Biofuels Policies and Market in Norway

by Odd Jarle Skjelhaugen, Mats Nordum,  Einar Svein, Jarle Horn and Duncan Akporiaye (Norwegian University of Life Sciences/Norwegian Environment Agency/Drivkraft Norge/Norwegian University of Life Sciences/SINTEF)  • Driven by its national climate policy, Norway introduced biofuels blend-in mandates for road transport

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Finnish Carrier Chooses Renewable Gas Trucks for Deliveries in Helsinki

(Gasum/NGV Journal) Logistics company DACHSER Finland has acquired 10 biomethane trucks for its short-distance deliveries in the Helsinki Region. Choosing a fleet powered by environmentally-friendly and fully renewable biogas is part of the company’s climate protection strategy to reduce carbon footprint

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Meeting SAF Demand with Commercial Tech: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Honeywell UOP

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) How can we meet sustainable aviation fuel demand? Check out this ABLC 2021 slide guide from Syed Ali from UOP Renewable Fuels on all their available drop-in renewable fuels, current plants operating using their tech

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Industrial Scale Biochemical Plant on Track: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Circa

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Circa converts waste biomass into a platform molecule that enables the production of high value bio-based chemicals. So how has business been going for them so far? Check out this Q3 slide guide for the

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CleanBay Renewables Secures Investment from AVG Group Sarl

(CleanBay Renewables/Biomass Magazine)  CleanBay Renewables Inc. on Dec. 6 announced it has secured investment from AVG Group Sarl, a Luxembourg based asset manager with a focus on energy transition technology and green alternatives to fossil fuels. AVG’s investment will help

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Renewable Diesel and Jet Fuel: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Haldor Topsoe

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Check out two case stories about sustainable aviation fuel – one renewable diesel and one renewable jet fuel with no diesel – from Haldor Topsoe. How Topsoe’s HydroFlex tech can help produce sustainable aviation fuel,

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First Wave of Ships Explore Green Hydrogen as Route to Net Zero

by Jonathan Saul, Nina Chestney (Reuters) Developers across the world are for the first time testing the use of hydrogen to power ships as the maritime industry races to find technologies to cut emissions and confidence grows the fuel is

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Investment in Shell Energy and Chemicals Park Singapore to Bring Circular Chemicals to Asia Pacific Customers

(Shell)  Shell Eastern Petroleum (Pte) Ltd (Shell) today announced a new investment that supports the growth of the plastic waste to chemicals industry in the region. --  Shell will build a new pyrolysis oil upgrader unit that improves the quality of

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Hydro and Shell Join Forces to Explore Renewable Hydrogen Projects

(Hydro)  Hydro Havrand, Hydro’s green hydrogen company, and Shell New Energies Holding Europe B.V. (“Shell”) have agreed to explore the potential for joint projects producing hydrogen from renewable electricity. The ambition is to use the hydrogen to help decarbonize Hydro’s

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International Aviation Climate Ambition Coalition COP26 Declaration

(UN Climate Change Conference 2021 UK) We, the ministers and representatives of states, participating in the inaugural meeting of the International Aviation Climate Ambition Coalition at the 26th Conference of the Parties (COP26) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate

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Scandinavian Biogas Extends Deal to Deliver Bio-LNG to Rolande’s Stations in Netherlands and Germany

(Rolande/Scandinavian Biogas/NGT News) Scandinavian Biogas has extended the agreement with the Dutch company Rolande for deliveries of bio-LNG. Rolande supplies LNG and bio-LNG to its clients via a network that consists of 20 owned stations in the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany,

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Dollars in the Dirt: Big Ag Pays Farmers for Control of their Soil-Bound Carbon

by Rod Nickel and Karl Plume (Reuters)  The biggest global agriculture companies are competing on a new front: enticing farmers to join programs that keep atmosphere-warming carbon dioxide in the soil. Fertilizer producers Nutrien Ltd (NTR.TO) and Yara (YAR.OL), agribusiness giant Cargill Inc (CARG.UL), and

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Elkem to Test the World's First Carbon Capture Pilot for Smelters

(Elkem) Elkem, a global leader in silicon-based advanced materials, today announces that it will test the world’s first carbon capture pilot for silicon smelters at its plant in Rana, Norway. The project has received financial support from Gassnova CLIMIT and

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State of Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) If you missed the recent HydrogenConnect session, here’s your chance to check out the exclusive Digest State of Hydrogen presentation — who’s doing what, where, how and with whom in hydrogen. In today’s Digest, from the why

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Biofuels Offer a Cost-Effective Way to Lower Shipping Emissions

by Christina Nunez (Argonne National Laboratory) Swapping heavy fuel oil with fuel made from wood waste, waste fats, oils and greases could drastically cut planet-warming emissions from the shipping industry by 40 to 93%. -- Marine shipping traffic has grown steadily

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Stena Bulk’s Zero-Emission Vessels on Water by 2035, GoodFuels, Tufton’s 100% Biofuel Voyage and More Maritime Magic

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) From Sweden comes news that one of the world’s leading tanker shipping companies, Stena Bulk, signed the Global Maritime Forum’s Call to Action for Shipping Decarbonization with milestones that include three carbon neutral-ready methanol powered

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The Climate Can't Wait for Electric Planes. Sustainable Fuel May Be the Answer

by Hanna Ziady (CNN Business) More than 50 airlines, oil companies and other companies, including Delta (DAL), BP (BP) and Boeing (BA), pledged on Wednesday to replace 10% of global jet fuel supply with sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) by 2030. It is one of the boldest commitments yet to tackle

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S-92® Helicopter Completes First Flight Using Biofuel

(Lockheed Martin) Sikorsky, a Lockheed Martin Company leading the way towards a more sustainable aviation future  -- Sikorsky, a Lockheed Martin Company [NYSE: LMT] has approved the use of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF), often referred to as biofuel, for the S-92

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Biofuels Offer a Cost-Effective Way to Lower Shipping Emissions

(Argonne National Laboratory/Tech Xplore)  Marine shipping traffic has grown steadily over the past decade—and so have the associated greenhouse gas emissions. Carbon emissions from ships grew almost 10% between 2012 and 2018, and the industry is a large consumer of

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The Tough Calculus of Emissions and the Future of EVs

by Mark Mills (TechCrunch)  From materials and batteries to manufacturing, calculating the real carbon cost of EVs is just getting started -- ... While an EV self-evidently emits nothing while driving, about 80% of its total lifetime emissions arise from

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Questions and Answers about the Longship Project

(Government of Norway) Here you find the most usual questions we receive about the fullscale CO₂ carbon capture, transport and storage project Longship. he Norwegian government launched the Longship project on 21 September 2020. Longship is a full-scale carbon capture and storage

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REG Posts Q2 Financials, Begins Geismar Renewable Diesel Plant Expansion

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) Renewable Energy Group Inc. has officially moved into the construction phase of its major renewable diesel plant expansion and improvement project in Geismar, Louisiana, the company announced in its second-quarter financials. REG said its board

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EU Invests €122m to Help Bring Low Carbon Technologies to Market

by Priyanka Shrestha (Energy Live News) Technologies including hydrogen, energy storage and renewable energy will be supported, with the aim of deploying them in energy intensive industries  -- The European Union is investing more than €122 million (£104m) in innovative projects

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Shipping Applications Expected to Open New Revenue Gates for Biofuel Manufacturers, Reveals Fact.MR

(Fact.MR) As per a new report published by Fact.MR, a market research and competitive intelligence provider, the global biofuels market is anticipated to exceed a valuation of around US$ 141 Bn by 2021. Under the likely scenario, the market can register a CAGR

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Oslo Bus Company Goes Back to Fossil Fuels after Hefty Tax Bill Levied on Biofuels

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Norway, the Aftenposten newspaper reports Oslo bus company Ruter has decided that more bus routes must change from renewable biodiesel to ordinary diesel, according to an internal memo seen by Aftenposten, to avoid an extra

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Scania and FlixBus Unveil First Long-Distance Coach Powered by Biogas

(Scania and Gasum/NGV Journal) Scania, mobility provider FlixBus and Gasum have partnered to launch the first international coach running on biomethane, which will operate the Stockholm-Oslo route. Powered by bio-LNG, the vehicle will reduce climate impact and contribute to a fossil-free

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GoodFuels and ZERO Unite to Drive Sustainability in the Marine Fuel Supply Chain

(GoodFuels)  GoodFuels, the leading marine biofuels supplier for the global shipping industry, and Norwegian environmental non-profit organisation ZERO have today announced a new partnership aimed at enhancing sustainability within the maritime supply chain. Under the partnership, the organisations will work together to

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MOL Starts Research and Development on Large-scale Liquefied CO2 Carrier - Part of NEDO Demonstration Project Entrusted by Japan CCS

(Mitsui O.S.K. Lines) -Mitsui O.S.K. Lines, Ltd. (MOL; President & CEO: Takeshi Hashimoto) today (June 22, 2021) announced that the company will launch research and development (R&D) on adoption of a large-scale liquefied carbon dioxide (CO2) carrier to complete the basic

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Big Oil (Probably) Isn't Going Away Anytime Soon. But It's Definitely Changing

by Camila Domonoske (NPR) ... European companies – such as French multinational Total and British-based BP – are staking big bets on a pivot from oil to renewable power. Meanwhile, American giants are staking smaller sums of money on more nascent

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Denmark, Norway, and the United States to Lead Zero-Emission Shipping Mission

(U.S. Department of Energy) The governments of Denmark, Norway, and the United States, along with the Global Maritime Forum and the Mærsk Mc-Kinney Møller Center for Zero Carbon Shipping, today announced that they will lead a new Zero-Emission Shipping Mission as

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Equinor and Horisont Progressing Barents Sea Carbon Capture Project

by Josh Lewis (upstream online) Proposed CCS project will have the capacity to store roughly double Norway’s annual greenhouse gas emissions as Equinor targets blue ammonia production --  Norwegian duo Equinor and Horisont Energi have struck a deal to further mature

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Yara Enters Carbon Markets, Introduces Agoro

by Margy Eckelkamp (AgWeb)  With farmers already registered in Iowa, Nebraska and Washington, Yara officially announces its carbon marketplace, Agoro Carbon Alliance. The goal of the program is to create an opportunity for farmers to earn additional revenue by adopting climate-positive practices.

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Biden Faces Pressure to Drive Gasoline and Diesel Cars out of the US

by Oliver Milman (The Guardian)  Joe Biden’s administration, seeking deep cuts to planet-heating emissions, is facing pressure to take a previously unthinkable step: declare the end of the internal combustion engine in the US. Washington state has moved to call time on

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Gasum Will Open Its Northernmost Natural Gas Filling Station in Norway

(Gasum/NGV Journal) As of early August, Gasum’s northernmost natural gas filling station in Norway will be ready to open in Heggstadmoen. The new facility, also the first of its kind in the Norwegian city of Trondheim, will supply LNG, CNG and

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(DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date 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blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass 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inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose 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system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) 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