Carbon Dioxide (CO2)

Back TO HOME

Capturing Greenhouse Gases with the Help of Light

 by Fabio Bergamin (ETH Zurich) Researchers at ETH Zurich are developing a new method to remove CO2 from the atmosphere. It involves molecules that become acidic when exposed to light. Their new process requires much less energy than conventional technologies. Researchers use light-​reactive

Read Full Article

New Research Pathway Uses Renewable Electricity to Produce Formic Acid from Carbon Dioxide

(U.S. Department of Energy)  This technology was developed in the BETO-funded CO2RUe consortium mission and can be used to produce sustainable aviation fuel.  -- Identifying routes to efficiently convert carbon dioxide (CO2) to an intermediate chemical which can be further upgraded to

Read Full Article

Safran Invests in Avnos, at the Forefront of Innovation in CO2 Capture

(Safran)  Safran, through Safran Corporate Ventures, has invested in Avnos Inc., a California-based startup specializing in CO2 capture from ambient air in a process called Direct Air Capture (DAC). The other investors in this funding round are NextEra Energy Resources, LLC, Shell

Read Full Article

Green Methanol: A Carbon Dioxide Pipeline Alternative?

by Jared Strong (Iowa Capital Dispatch) ... CapCO2 Solutions is nearing completion of its first “green methanol” project at an ethanol plant in Illinois. The company hopes that a successful launch there this summer will lead ethanol producers in Iowa to

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Since 2005, LanzaTech has been working to create this closed-loop system using waste carbon to make the things we use in our daily lives. LanzaTech is changing how people think about carbon, creating value and new

Read Full Article

Cementos Argos to Use Microalgae for Carbon Capture

(Global Cement) Cementos Argos has partnered with Ecopetrol, EAFIT and the University of Antioquia to develop a method of carbon capture using microalgae that also produces useable biomass. The partners will process this biomass into biocrude, with similar properties to fuel

Read Full Article

The Rise of Renewable Propane

by Tucker Perkins (Propane Education and Research Council/ACT News)  The push for clean transportation continues to drive fleets toward low-emissions energy options, giving rise to the adoption of more renewable energy sources, including renewable propane. Renewable propane offers the same benefits

Read Full Article

DOE Announces Up to $100 Million for Pilot-Scale Testing of Advanced Carbon Dioxide Removal Technologies

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy and Carbon Management (FECM) today (February 12, 2024) announced up to $100 million to help develop a commercially viable carbon dioxide removal industry in the United States.

Read Full Article

Velocys Secures US$40MM of Growth Capital and Begins New Chapter as a Private Sustainable Aviation Fuel Technology Company

(Velocys) Velocys, a leading sustainable aviation fuel (“SAF”) technology company, announces that it has begun a new chapter following the completion of its take-private on 18 January 2024. As part of the transaction, a new consortium of growth investors, including Carbon

Read Full Article

BASF and Envision Energy Enter a Collaboration to Drive Sustainable Energy Solutions

(BASF)  Collaboration to accelerate conversion of green hydrogen and CO2 to e-methanol; BASF’s new SYNSPIRETM catalyst technology to be combined with Envision Energy’s process package; E-methanol holds significant potential as sustainable energy carrier replacing fossil fuels in various industries BASF process catalysts,

Read Full Article

Carbon Dioxide and the Green Gases Agenda

by Sam Rushing z9Advanced Cryogenics/Biofuels Digest) ... What has become particularly interesting today, and the focus of this article, are ‘green’ applications for the product (CO2). This can include uses from agricultural in nature, such as commercial closed greenhouse CO2 enrichment

Read Full Article

BASF and Envision Energy Enter a Collaboration to Drive Sustainable Energy Solutions

(BASF and Envision Energy)  Collaboration to accelerate conversion of green hydrogen and CO2 to e-methanol; BASF’s new SYNSPIRETM catalyst technology to be combined with Envision Energy’s process package; E-methanol holds significant potential as sustainable energy carrier replacing fossil fuels in various industries BASF process catalysts, a leading

Read Full Article

Uniper and Jämtkraft to Develop NorthStarH2

by Alan Sherrard  (Bioenergy International) In Sweden, municipal energy company Jämtkraft AB and Uniper Sweden, part of Germany-headed international energy major Uniper SE have signed an agreement to develop NorthStarH2, a carbon capture and utilization (CCU) electro-fuel (eFuel) project in

Read Full Article

Circular Economy, Energy and the Environment

by Jerry Murphy (MaREAI/Science in Society)  MaREI Director Professor Jerry Murphy presented a lecture in the Science in Society Public Lecture Series entitled “Circular Economy, Energy and the Environment” on Thursday 1st February. In this lecture, Prof Murphy explained a series of

Read Full Article

Fat, Sugar, Trash: All the Weird Things that May Fuel Planes by 2050

by Nicolás Rivero (Washington Post) ... Each of these new fuel sources comes with its own set of trade-offs: Some will require years of research to develop, others have low ceilings on how much they can grow, and a few may

Read Full Article

Synthetic Aviation Fuel Has Yet to Take Off in Europe: Study

( Agence France Presse/Barron's) The EU has set targets for using synthetic sustainable aviation fuels in European flights but no projects to produce the fuel have yet received a final investment decision, a study published Wednesday said. Transport and Environment, a non-governmental organisation

Read Full Article

University of Sheffield a Key Partner in Two New Direct Air Capture SAF Programmes

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) The University of Sheffield in the UK has become a key partner in two new programmes supporting the production of sustainable aviation fuel from air-captured carbon dioxide. A mobile Direct Air Capture (DAC) plant developed by

Read Full Article

Study Identifies Plans for 45 e-Fuel Facilities in Europe, as Norway Leads the Way

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) A new study by European lobby group Transport and Environment (T&E) has identified commitments to build 45 e-kerosene plants in 10 European nations, with combined potential to produce more synthetic aviation fuel by 2030 than required by the

Read Full Article

Neste and Partner Companies Conclude the E-Fuel Research Project Showcasing Progress in the Development of Electrofuels

(Neste)  Renewable hydrogen produced by green electricity and carbon capture and utilization (CCU) play an important role in combating climate change. Low-emission e-fuels produced using these technologies are particularly suitable for segments that are difficult to electrify, such as aviation and

Read Full Article

Hutanbio Secures £2.25m Seed Investment to Fast-track Supply Biofuels to Global Shipping and Aviation Industries

(Hutanbio) The news is out and we are beyond excited to announce our first tranche of seed investment from London-based Clean Growth Fund – a £101m venture capital fund that is targeting the UK’s most promising early-stage “clean growth” companies that are pioneering

Read Full Article

Webinar: Replacing the Whole Barrel: An Overview of Sustainable and Renewable Biofuels and the Emerging Bioeconomy

by Joanne Ivancic (Advanced Biofuels USA)  Dr. Arti Gaur of Parul University in Vadodara, Gujarat, India, invited Advanced Biofuels USA to present the latest about replacing the whole barrel of petroleum with renewable fuels and chemicals.  The presentation includes an introduction

Read Full Article

A Research Project Paving the Way for Large-Scale Production of Green Hydrogen Energy Carriers in Chile

(Fraunhofer IEE) Together with its partners, Fraunhofer Institute for Energy Economics and Energy System Technology IEE is paving the way for the establishment of large-scale production of green hydrogen and its downstream products in Chile. The project’s research focuses on the

Read Full Article

Notice of Intent to Issue Funding Opportunity: Bipartisan Infrastructure Law - Clean Fuels & Products Shot: Supporting Carbon Utilization Products via Electrochemical Conversion and Refinery Retrofitting

(U.S. Department of Energy)  On December 21, 2023, the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy and Carbon Management (FECM) issued a notice of intent (NOI) to provide funding from the Bipartisan Infrastructure Law for large-scale conversion of carbon emissions into

Read Full Article

8 Rivers Announces Cormorant Clean Energy Project

(8 Rivers Capital/Carbon Capture Magazine) 8 Rivers Capital, LLC, a world-leading decarbonization technology developer, announced it is developing the Cormorant Clean Energy Project, an ultra-low-carbon ammonia production facility in Port Arthur, Texas. The Cormorant project will be powered by 8 Rivers’

Read Full Article

GTI Energy Selected for Award from the U.S. Department of Energy to Demonstrate Industrial Carbon Capture

(GTI Energy)  GTI Energy and U. S. Steel will test innovative solutions for the readiness of carbon capture technology for widescale deployment in industrial applications --  GTI Energy, a leader in carbon management technologies, has been selected for new funding from the

Read Full Article

This Startup Is Removing Carbon from the Air — and Here’s Why JetBlue Is Backing It

by Diana Olick (CNBC) ... Avnos invented what it calls “hybrid direct air capture,” which uses a dehumidification technology to produce approximately five tons of water per ton of CO2 captured. Others consume about that much or more. ... Both water and

Read Full Article

NEXTCHEM (MAIRE) Awarded by Saras an Engineering Design Study for the First Green Synthetic Fuels Pilot Plant in Italy

(MAIRE) The study is related to the development of a pilot plantfor the production of green syntheticfuels from low carbon hydrogen and CO2 in the Sarroch’s refinery (Sardinia), with the potential for scaling-up to an industrial plant; NextChem will apply its proprietary NX CPO technology to boost

Read Full Article

HIF Global and Enap Sign Agreement to Accelerate Use of eFuels in Chile

(HIF Global and Enap)  First collaboration for carbon-neutral eFuels in the Chilean market eFuels can be used in today’s cars without any changes to engines or infrastructure -- - HIF Global, the world’s leading eFuels company, and Chile’s state-owned petroleum company Enap signed

Read Full Article

HYCO1 Celebrates 9,000 Hours of Run-Time on Its Revolutionary, Patent-Pending CO2 Utilization Catalyst

(HYCO1/PR Newswire) HYCO1 celebrates over 9,000 hours of run-time on its proprietary, patent-pending CO2 utilization catalyst at its Houston, Texas CUBE™ Technology Center (CUBE™ is Carbon Utilization at Best Efficiency). Operating for over a year inside of a commercial diameter reactor tube, the HYCO1

Read Full Article

Gasum Signs e-Methane Offtake Agreement with Nordic Ren-Gas

(Bioenergy Insight)  Gasum and Nordic Ren-Gas have signed an e-methane offtake agreement, the companies announced today (9 January). Nordic Ren-Gas’s Power-to-Gas plant in Tampere, Finland will produce 160 GWh of renewable e-methane annually, which Gasum will procure and distribute it to its

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to World Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  World Energy is a low-carbon solutions provider focused on helping the world’s leading companies make their net-zero commitments real. Our solutions Include sustainable aviation fuel, renewable diesel, and renewable naphtha, with plans to create renewable propane

Read Full Article

OCOchem Raises $5 Million in Seed Funding Led by TO VC

(OCOchem) The climate tech company’s innovation converts CO2 and water into sustainable platform molecules for use in agriculture, energy, and transportation. -- Carbon conversion startup OCOchem has raised $5 million in Seed funding from lead investor TO VC. INPEX Corp. (IPXHF.NaE), the LCY Lee Family Office, and MIH Capital Management also participated

Read Full Article

Wison Offshore & Marine’s FGMP Solution Receives Approval-in-Principle (AiP) from BV

(iMarine)  On December 6, Bureau Veritas (BV) issued an Approval-in-Principle (AIP) to Wison Offshore & Marine’s Floating Green Methanol Plant (FGMP) solution. This important milestone marks the recognition of the technical feasibility of Wison Offshore & Marine’s clean energy solution, and

Read Full Article

e-SAF Leader Metafuels Raises $8 Million Seed Round in Bid to Push Sustainable Aviation Fuel into the Mainstream

(Metafuels) Zurich-based climate tech startup will use new funding to implement a pilot facility based on its groundbreaking sustainable kerosene technology in Switzerland Metafuels’ first institutional funding round comes from leading climate VCs Energy Impact Partners (EIP) and Contrarian Ventures Metafuels’ drop-in sustainable aviation fuel will

Read Full Article

Dimensional Energy Secures $20 Million Series A Funding

(Dimensional Energy/Business Wire) Global leader in carbon utilization technology will use funds to accelerate sustainable aviation fuel production and the decarbonization of our economy. -- Dimensional Energy, Inc., a global leader in cutting-edge carbon utilization technology, Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) production and

Read Full Article

Carbon Removal, at County Scale

by Charlotte Levy  (Carbon 180/Medium) Roads to Removal charts the future of US carbon removal through a magnifying glass -- Roads to Removal is the latest brainchild of the Department of Energy and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory — and it’s unlike any report

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Gevo addresses the market need of reducing greenhouse gas emissions with sustainable alternatives, and is commercializing the next generation of advanced, bio-based renewable fuels with sustainable aviation fuel, renewable premium gasoline, and renewable natural gas that

Read Full Article

Japan’s Sumitomo Trials Methanol from CO2 Production

by Nanami Oki (Argus Media) Japanese petrochemical producer Sumitomo Chemical has started pilot production of methanol from CO2 in Japan's southern Ehime prefecture, targeting commercialisation during the 2030s. Sumitomo Chemical aims to complete the demonstration project at its Ehime works site in

Read Full Article

Santos and Tokyo Gas to Collaborate on Carbon-Neutral e-Methane in Australia

(Santos) Santos continues to build momentum to deliver new energy solutions by partnering with Japan’s largest gas utility company, Tokyo Gas, to investigate the potential for producing carbon-neutral e-methane in Australia. E-methane is made by combining green hydrogen and CO2 obtained from

Read Full Article

MIT Turns Captured Carbon Into Fuel–Efficiently -- The Process Turns Carbon Dioxide into Formate, for Use in Fuel Cells

by Prachi Patel (IEEE Spectrum) Researchers at MIT and Harvard University have now reported an electrochemical process that turn carbon dioxide into formate, which, as a liquid or solid, can be used as in fuel cells to produce electricity. The process is 95 percent

Read Full Article

HIF Global and Forico Team up to Deliver Australia's First eFuels Plant

(Forico)  HIF Global, the world’s leading eFuels company, today (November 27, 2023) announces a Memorandum of Understanding with Forico, Tasmania’s largest private forestry manager, to support development of Australia’s first eFuels production facility. The collaboration anticipates utilisation of a site at Forico’s

Read Full Article

Ireland Could Produce Enough SAF to Meet Its Own EU Mandated Volumes, Finds Study

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) A feasibility study has concluded that by 2050, Ireland could generate at least €2.55 billion ($2.8bn) in revenues and create around 1,000 skilled jobs by producing its own sustainable aviation fuel. The research was led by

Read Full Article

Aker Carbon Capture Awarded Feasibility Study by MAN Energy Solutions to Develop Power-to-Fuel Solution

(Aker Carbon Capture)  MAN Energy Solutions has awarded Aker Carbon Capture a feasibility study to develop a joint power-to fuel-solution. The study, which extends Aker Carbon Capture’s partnership with MAN Energy Solutions, investigates the full integration of Aker Carbon Capture’s standardized

Read Full Article

Harvesting Hydrogen

by Susanne Retka Schill  (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The largest ethanol producer in Brazil has teamed up with a hydrogen technology company, along with others, to build what is believed to be the world’s first ethanol-to-hydrogen fueling station. Located on Brazil’s University of

Read Full Article

Petrobras Signs an Agreement with European Energy to Assess the Business Opportunities for e-Methanol

(Petrobras)  Petrobras agreed a Memorandum of Understanding with the Danish company, European Energy, this Thursday (11/16), to investigate the business opportunities for developing an e-methanol plant in Brazil, on a non-binding basis. The agreement was signed in Denmark, at European Energy’s

Read Full Article

Tandem Single Atom Electrocatalyst Realizes Reduction of CO2 to Ethanol

(ChemEurope.com)  Promising strategy to mitigate carbon dioxide emission -- ... Recently, a research group led by Profs. ZHANG Tao and HUANG Yanqiang from the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics (DICP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) has developed a Sn-based tandem electrocatalyst

Read Full Article

Jennifer Holmgren on the Circular Carbon Economy: The Head of Lanzatech Says This Is the Year to Get Serious about It

by Jennifer Holmgren (The Economist) The World Ahead  | By Invitation: Science in 2024 -- Carbon is a main component in the make-up of all living things. It is the primary ingredient in the threads in our clothes, the materials in our homes and

Read Full Article

Willis Sustainable Fuels (UK) Limited, Awarded £4.721M Grant in UK’s Advanced Fuels Fund (AFF) Competition

((Willis Lease Finance Corp./Yahoo!/Globe Newswire) Funding to Support Planned Development of New Power-to-Liquid (PtL) Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Refinery at Teesworks in Northeastern England --  Willis Lease Finance Corporation (NASDAQ: WLFC) (“WLFC”), a leading lessor of commercial aircraft engines and global provider

Read Full Article

Chinese Academy Realizes CO2 Reduction to Ethanol via Tandem Single Atom Electrocatalyst

(Chinese Academy of Sciences/Mirage News)  The electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR) into carbon-based fuels provides a promising strategy to mitigate CO2 emission and promotes the utilization of renewable energy. The Cn (n≥2) liquid products are desirable because of their high energy densities and ease of

Read Full Article

Boeing and Zero Petroleum to Work Together to Advance Sustainable Aviation Fuels

(Boeing)  - Zero Petroleum’s sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) technology will be tested in the UK; - Agreement follows recent Boeing SAF collaborations in the UAE, Japan, Ireland, Ethiopia and Brazil -- Boeing [NYSE: BA] and Zero Petroleum (“Zero”) today announced a collaboration for

Read Full Article

Ethanol Industry's Impact on Local Economy, Carbon Capturing Could Create New Revenue Source

by Brittany Hardaway (WREX)  ... We're getting an inside look into the ethanol industry at Adkins Energy in Lena, Illinois.  Plant producers explain how a grain of corn is fueling the U.S. economy.  "We take corn in from local farmers, we end up

Read Full Article

Biofuels, Renewable Energy Policies on Deck for Delegates

by Timothy Eggert (FarmWeek)  Illinois Farm Bureau’s policy book may feature expanded positions on biofuels and renewable energy, after the Resolutions Committee on Nov. 8 advanced a set of proposals for final consideration at Annual Meeting. Topping the list of submittals approved by

Read Full Article

Uruguay Publishes Definitive 2040 Green Hydrogen Roadmap

(Bnamericas) The Uruguayan energy ministry has published the country’s definitive 2040 green hydrogen roadmap. A draft had been put out to public consultation over a year ago. Officials estimate that a hydrogen and derivatives industry could generate U$1.9bn in revenue a year by 2040 and more

Read Full Article

TES and Tokyo Gas Forge New Partnership to Accelerate the Decarbonization of Hard to Abate Sectors through e-NG

(Tree Enegy Solutions)  Tree Energy Solutions (TES), a global green energy company leading the way in the production of e-NG (electric natural gas derived from green hydrogen, widely referred to as e-methane in Japan), and Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd. (Tokyo Gas),

Read Full Article

Low Carbon Fuels 2040: The Emerging Markets

(Biofuels Digest/Nuu Media) Low Carbon Fuels 2040: The Emerging Markets provides detailed case studies, updates and analysis of the key producers and developers participating in Renewable Diesel projects and Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) projects in the USA, Canada, Europe, Asia, and in South

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Honeywell UOP

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Honeywell UOP creates new technologies that convert oil and natural gas into transportation fuels, energy and petrochemicals. UOP has a century-long record leading technology development for the oil and gas industry UOP technology makes more than

Read Full Article

Potential for €2.55 billion Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Industry in Ireland by 2050

(Avolon/Business Wire)  SAF Industry could provide up to 1,000 high-skilled jobs; Policy changes needed to help accelerate pathway for SAF production; Feasibility study by SkyNRG and SFS Ireland, supported by Avolon, Boeing, ORIX Aviation -- -Ireland has the potential to develop a

Read Full Article

Airbus Renews Its Transatlantic Fleet with Lower-Emission Ships

(Airbus) Airbus will renew the entire fleet of chartered vessels that transport aircraft subassemblies between production facilities in Europe and the United States with three modern, low-emission roll-on/roll-off vessels, supported by wind-assisted propulsion. Airbus has commissioned shipowner Louis Dreyfus Armateurs to build,

Read Full Article

Aramco and ENOWA to Develop First-of-Its-Kind e-Fuel Demonstration Plant

(Aramco) The facility will be built in ENOWA’s Hydrogen Innovation and Development Center in NEOM  --  Aramco, a global integrated energy and chemicals company, and ENOWA, NEOM’s energy and water company, have signed a joint development agreement to construct and establish a

Read Full Article

Technology Cooperation for Aviation Fuels of the Future

(Lufthansa Group) - Lufthansa Airlines, DLR, Airbus, MTU Aero Engines and Munich Airport sign Letter of Intent for research cooperation on Power-to-Liquid aviation fuel - SAF technology of the future: Power-to-Liquid process particularly promising from an environmental and scaling perspective - Sustainable Aviation

Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuels: Parts 1-4: What Is SAF? Why Use SAF? Economics of SAF. Politics of SAF.

by Gaulthier Blangez*  (Time to Fly and Advanced Biofuels USA)  Advanced Biofuels USA, in collaboration with Time to Fly, is proud to publish a guide to sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) for a general audience, for corporations working on ESG (environment, social and

Read Full Article

JM and bp Chosen by EDL to Support Production of SAF at HyKero Plant in Germany

(Johnson Matthey)  • Johnson Matthey and bp’s co-developed Fischer Tropsch (FT) CANS™ technology selected for the project. The EDL HyKero power-to-liquids SAF plant would be the first of its kind at commercial scale in Germany. The licence is the 7th sustainable technologies project contributing to JM’s milestone of

Read Full Article

EPA Announces Winners of the 2023 Green Chemistry Challenge Awards

Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is announcing the winners of the 2023 Green Chemistry Challenge Awards for new and innovative green chemistry technologies. Through the design of chemical products and processes that reduce or eliminate the generation and

Read Full Article

Chemicals from Thin Air: Gas Fermentation and the Future of Bio-manufacturing

(World Bio Market Insights)  Bacteria can metabolise sugars in milk or wheat into wondrous forms like sourdough bread, sauerkraut, beer and cheese. Modern industrial fermentation uses similar techniques: it cultivates biochemicals in the bodies of microorganisms for drugs, proteins, nutraceuticals, and

Read Full Article

NREL Analysis Shows Midwestern Electrofuels Could Become Energy Superheroes

by Zia Abdullah (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  More ethanol, fewer emissions, land with multiple purposes—there are several advantages of using renewable electricity to increase the carbon efficiency of biorefineries. --  ...  Made from carbon dioxide (CO2) from industrial waste gases or directly

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to CO2 Utilization Markets, Resources, and Environmental and Energy Justice

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A recent DOE project aims to quantify resource availability and costs for CO2 utilization (CO2U) in sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production to inform industry, technology communities, and policymakers on location-specific economic and societal impacts. It will provide

Read Full Article

36 Characters in Search of an Author: The Quest for a National Energy Solution, Part 1

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The problem of renewable molecules is not hard to understand. Molecules that are sustainable and affordable are not available.  Those that are sustainable and available are not affordable. If they are available and affordable, they are not

Read Full Article

Orlen, Yokogawa Partner to Develop eSAF Technology

(Orlen/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Orlen and Yokogawa Europe, the regional headquarters for Japan’s Yokogawa Electric Corp., announced Sept. 22 that they have joined forces to initiate industrial-scale production of carbon-neutral synthetic aviation fuels. In a memorandum of understanding (MOU) signed Sept. 21, the

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Upgrading of C1 Building Blocks

A new DOE project aims to develop the centerpiece technology for an integrated biorefinery concept based on the conversion of renewable and waste sources of C1 intermediates (e.g., syngas, CO2, methanol) to produce sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) with improved carbon

Read Full Article

Elyse Energy Signs e-Fuels Financing Deal with Hy24 and Mirova

(Elyse Energy)  Elyse Energy, one of the leading European players in e-fuels, today announces a financing transaction with Hy24 and Mirova to support the development of its e-methanol and sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) projects in France and Spain.   Hy24, managing the

Read Full Article

DHL and Sasol Join Hydrogen Firm HH2E on Sustainable Jet Fuel Project

 by Christoph Steitz and Rachel More (Reuters) German logistics giant DHL (DHLn.DE) is teaming up with energy firm HH2E and South African petrochemicals firm Sasol (SOLJ.J) on the expansion of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production in Germany, HH2E said on Monday. The companies have signed an

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Accelerating the Catalyst and Process Development Cycle for Bioenergy Applications

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ChemCatBio accelerates the development of catalytic technologies for converting biomass and waste resources into fuels and chemicals with a lower carbon footprint. From sustainable aviation fuel to bio-based marine fuel to renewable monomers for material manufacturing, the Chemical

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Carbon Dioxide Utilization Markets, Resources, and Environmental and Energy Justice

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  A new DOE project is quantifying resource availability and costs for CO2 utilization (CO2U) in sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production to inform industry, technology communities, and policymakers on location-specific economic and societal impacts. It will provide insights

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Utilizing Electricity to Produce Intermediates from CO2 and Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A recent DOE project analyzed promising bolt-on compatible CO2 reduction pathways to fuels or products from standalone biorefineries; Published a comprehensive strategic plan for achieving industrial decarbonization goals via CO2 conversion, with inclusion of outyear technical, cost, and carbon intensity targets, and

Read Full Article

United Signs Agreement to Buy up to One Billion Gallons of Sustainable Aviation Fuel from Cemvita

(Cemvita/Business Wire) Cemvita designs synthetic microbes that have the potential to convert CO2 into sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) -- Cemvita Corporation announced an offtake arrangement with United Airlines for up to 1 billion gallons of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) from Cemvita’s first full-scale SAF

Read Full Article

WVU Engineers Study How to Pull Carbon out of Building Air to Make Methanol

(WVU Today) Researchers at West Virginia University have taken the first steps toward developing technology that can capture carbon dioxide in the air and use it for eco-friendly manufacturing of methanol. The process they have begun modeling — which involves pulling air from

Read Full Article

HIF Global, Porsche and Volkswagen Group Unveil New DAC Unit

(HIF Global/PR Newswire) DAC unit, "the future of CO2 recycling," to be installed at the HIF Haru Oni Demonstration facility in Chile in 2024 --  HIF Global, the world's leading eFuels company, together with Porsche AG and Volkswagen Group Innovation, announced today (September

Read Full Article

CARBONCO to Join Jeju Island Green Methanol Production Project

(CARBONCO/Business Wire)  Signs an agreement with Jeju Energy Corporation, Gaoncell, and ThyssenKrupp; Leverages P2X technology which stores and utilizes renewable energy in the form of methanol CARBONCO, a company specializing in decarbonization solutions established by DL E&C Co., Ltd (DL ENGINEERING & CONSTRUCTION) (KRX: 375500),

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Carbon Dioxide Utilization

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office seeks to decarbonize the U.S. economy by developing efficient and economical biological and chemical technologies to convert renewable carbon resources into bioenergy and renewable chemicals and materials. Good news? CO2 represents

Read Full Article

Lydian Raises $12M for Energy-Efficient E-fuels

(Lydian Labs/PR Newswire)  Funding Accelerates Buildout of Pilot Plant Capable of Producing More Than 5,000 Gallons of SAF Annually --  Lydian, a startup aiming to produce sustainable, CO2-derived fuels and chemicals, has announced $12M in new seed funding co-led by Congruent Ventures and Galvanize

Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuel from CO2 and Renewable Electricity - Topsoe REceives Funding fromn EUDP for FrontFuel-Project

(Topsoe) Topsoe announces it will lead the FrontFuel project, pioneering highly efficient Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) production from CO2, water, and renewable electricity; Topsoe will receive a 26.9 million DKK grant from the EUDP to fund the project. Topsoe, a global leader in

Read Full Article

The Future of Sustainable Aviation Fuels

by Owen Wagner (Rabobank) With aviation as a major source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, governments around the world have begun to design incentives for decarbonizing the sector – something the industry, to its credit, has been pursuing for years. Although sustainable

Read Full Article

E-fuels: Axens, Paul Wurth (SMS group) and IFPEN Sign an Agreement for the Co-Development of the Reverse Water Gas Shift Technology

(Axens) Axens, SMS group subsidiary Paul Wurth and IFP Energies nouvelles signed a co-development agreement for the optimization of the Reverse Water Gas Shift technology (RWGS) and its integration into e-fuel projects. The RWGS technology is indeed an essential part of the

Read Full Article

CU Boulder’s Weimer Lab Unveils Economical Method for Producing Clean Fuel

by Susan Glairon  (University of Colorado Boulder)  The University of Colorado Boulder’s Weimer Lab has introduced an efficient and economical method to use renewable energy to produce fuel, opening doors to clean and sustainable energy sources for a wide array of industries,

Read Full Article

Methanol-to-Jet: Taking Off

by Anna Simet (SAF Magazine) Methanol as an alternative fuel continues to make headlines, and leading companies are evaluating the possibilities—not just in aviation, but marine and other sectors as well. A July 25 webinar hosted by the Commercial Aviation Alternative

Read Full Article

Start for the "Leuna100" Project: Use of the Green Fuel Saves Gigatons of CO2

(Fraunhofer Institute for Environmental, Safety and Energy Technology UMSICHT) Green methanol for shipping and industry -- The Berlin-based climate tech start-up C1, together with its partners – the Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Energy Systems IWES, the Fraunhofer Institute for Environmental, Safety and

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Infinium

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Infinium is a Commercial Scale decarbonization Platform for heavy transport, utilizing existing infrastructure for lower emissions today. Infinium’s production process uses renewable power, waste CO2 and water and, unlike most of today’s SAF and Renewable Diesel,

Read Full Article

The Digest's 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Carbon Capture and eFuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Here’s the State of Carbon Capture and eFuels presentation from the ABLC CONNECT series episode. Current and expected demand, technologies, supply chain, projects of note, current news, key players — a comprehensive but compact look at

Read Full Article

The Future of Renewable Fuels Isn’t Pipelines — It’s Green Methanol

by Jeff Bonal (CapCO2/The Gazette)  ... The process is environmentally friendly because it captures carbon before is released into the atmosphere. Also exciting are byproducts that can be sold as commodities rather than transported by pipeline and buried as waste. The production

Read Full Article

Clariant's MegaMax® Catalyst Chosen by European Energy for World's Largest e-Methanol Plant

(Clariant) European Energy is building the world’s largest CO2-to-green methanol plant, with an annual capacity of 32,000 tons; End-customers include maritime giant Maersk, the Lego Group and Novo Nordisk; MegaMax catalyst optimally suited for green methanol production due to its high activity and

Read Full Article

Launch of Demonstration Experiment for CO2 Capture from Waste-to-Energy Plant Flue Gas for Use in Methanation

(Mitsubishi Heavy Industries) Joint Project by the City of Yokohama, Tokyo Gas, and MHI Group to Establish a CCU Chain Based on Regional Cooperation -- The City of Yokohama and Tokyo Gas Co., Ltd. (Tokyo Gas), together with Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.

Read Full Article

Montauk Renewables, Inc. Signs Letter of Intent with European Energy to Provide CO2 for e-Methanol Production

(Montauk Renewables/Globe Newswire) Montauk Renewables, Inc. (NASDAQ: MNTK) (“Montauk” or the “Company”) and its subsidiary, Montauk Energy Holdings, LLC, announced the Company signed a Letter of Intent (“LOI”) with EE North America, LLC (“EE North America”), a North American subsidiary of

Read Full Article

ASTM Decision Brings 100% SAF Certification within Reach

(Swedish Biofuels) Swedish Biofuels AB announced today that the ASTM International Committee has accepted the use of C2 to C5 alcohols as feedstock for the alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) pathway as well as a new specification for fully formulated aviation fuel with aromatics. The

Read Full Article

SAF+ Consortium Signs a Memorandum of Understanding with Air France-KLM Group for e-SAF Supply - First Deliveries to Start by 2030

(SAF+ Consortium)  SAF+ Consortium, a world leader in the production and marketing of e-SAF (Electro Sustainable Aviation Fuel), signed a memorandum of understanding with the Air France-KLM Group for the supply of second-generation e-SAF during the Paris Air Show. The first

Read Full Article

Biofuel and Specialty Chemical Production from Waste By-products Using Genetically-Engineered Bacteria

(Columbia University)  This technology is a genetically modified sulfur oxidizing and iron-reducing bacterial strain that can produce biofuels and specialty chemicals from waste by-products. Unmet Need: Method for managing waste while producing biofuels and chemicals Natural gas, a finite resource, must be replaced

Read Full Article

Biden Admin Seeks to Jumpstart Carbon Recycling with $100 Million in Grants

by Allyson Finch Wilson (NBC News) ... The Biden administration took a step to address that chicken-and-egg problem Monday with the announcement of a $100 million grant program aimed at subsidizing carbon recycling purchases by state and local governments, as well

Read Full Article

CO2 Utilization: Biofuel from the Stack

by Katie Schroeder (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Utilization technologies are stimulating interest in ethanol producers’ constant coproduct, carbon dioxide. An initiative from the U.S. Department of Energy has formed the CO2 Reduction and Upgrading for E-fuels Consortium—or CO2RUe—made up of labs across the

Read Full Article

ENGIE Joins Forces with CMA CGM and Air France-KLM to Accelerate the Decarbonization of Sea and Air Transport by Launching the First Industrial-Scale Renewable and Low-Carbon Fuel Platform in Le Havre

(ENGIE) • ENGIE awarded the Grand Canal project launched by HAROPA PORT on the Gran Canal du Havre for the development of the Salamandre and France KerEAUzen project Development of the Salamandre renewable and low-carbon gas production plant in Le Havre, with

Read Full Article

Allotrope Partners LLC, Axens North America and Sumitomo Corporation of Americas to Study Commercial Production of Low Carbon Biofuel Using Woody Biomass from Forest Thinning in California

(Sumitomo Corporation of Americas)  Allotrope Partners LLC ("Allotrope"), Axens North America ("Axens"), and Sumitomo Corporation of Americas ("SCOA") announced the signing of an agreement to develop a Joint Study for a commercial plant producing cellulosic bioethanol, utilizing the Axens Futurol™ process,

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Renewable Chemicals and Materials

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Here’s the State of Renewable Chemicals and Materials presentation from the ABLC CONNECT series episode.The Value Stack, planned capacity, mandates, incentives, major players and their recent activities, pathways, mandates around the world, molecules, and markets. It’s a comprehensive

Read Full Article

Air Canada Explores Possible Use of Lower-Carbon Plane Fuel

by Stephanie Kelly (Reuters) Canada's largest airline has inked a deal seeking to bring in more lower-carbon aviation fuel from green hydrogen and carbon dioxide by 2025, Air Canada and its partner company told Reuters on Thursday as efforts to reduce

Read Full Article

The Race to Invent a Greener Jet Fuel

by  Ted Anton (Wall Street Journal) With airlines striving to reduce emissions, companies are working to turn beef fat, vegetable oil and carbon waste into sustainable fuels -- Sustainable aviation fuels are approaching a breakthrough moment. Made mostly from agricultural, food and industrial

Read Full Article

Aviation Sector Buys into Cutting-Edge Ways to Reduce CO2 Footprint

by Ken Silverstein (Forbes) ... To that end, a new plant is breaking ground today in Washington State to transform CO2 into jet fuel — a technology that could clean up air travel. The U.S. Air Force has tested the product, affirming that

Read Full Article

GAIL, LanzaTech Enter Strategic Partnership to Explore Biorecycling Carbon Waste into Fuels and Chemicals

(LanzaTech/Yahoo!)  GAIL (India) Limited, India’s largest natural gas company and LanzaTech Global, Inc., (Nasdaq: LNZA)—an innovative carbon capture and utilization (“CCU”) company that converts waste carbon into products that people use in their daily lives—have entered a partnership to explore innovative

Read Full Article

HYCO1 and Kansas Ethanol Collaborate on World's Largest Biogenic CO2 Utilization Facility

(HYCO1/PR Newswire) HYCO1, Inc.  announces that it has entered into a 20-year carbon dioxide supply agreement with Kansas Ethanol, located in Lyons, Kansas for the planned construction of the world's largest biogenic carbon dioxide utilization facility, Green Carbon Synthetics Kansas, LLC.  HYCO1 is

Read Full Article

Offshore Hydrogen Production on a New Scale: HOPE Project and its Consortium Selected for a €20 Million European Commission Grant

(Lhyfe)  The HOPE (Hydrogen Offshore Production for Europe) project is being coordinated by Lhyfe (France) and implemented by eight European partners: Alfa Laval (Denmark), Plug (the Netherlands), Strohm (the Netherlands), EDP NEW (Portugal), ERM (France), CEA (France), POM-West-Vlaanderen (Belgium) and

Read Full Article

Microbial Electrosynthesis – Scientists Discover That Bacteria Can Produce More Chemical Substances Than Thought

(SciTechDaily/Leibniz Institute for Natural Product Research and Infection Biology (Leibniz-HKI)) How bacteria use carbon dioxide and electricity to produce useful chemical -- In the field of microbial electrosynthesis, microbes utilize CO2 and electricity to generate substances like alcohol. The precise biological mechanisms

Read Full Article

Clean, Sustainable Fuels Made ‘From Thin Air’ and Plastic Waste

(Cambridge University) Researchers have demonstrated how carbon dioxide can be captured from industrial processes – or even directly from the air – and transformed into clean, sustainable fuels using just the energy from the sun. -- The researchers, from the University

Read Full Article

Nordic Electrofuel, P2X-Europe Sign Term Sheet for Production, Commercialization of eSAF

(P2X-Europe/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Following extensive negotiations and cooperation that started last year, Norwegian Nordic Electrofuel (NEF) and German P2X-Europe, a joint venture of Mabanaft GmbH & Co. KG (Mabanaft) and H&R Group, signed a term sheet June 23 that formally lays

Read Full Article

Twelve Announces Plans to Scale Production of Sustainable Aviation Fuel Made from CO2 in Washington State

(Washington State Department of Commerce)  Commercial-scale E-Jet fuel production facility in Moses Lake, WA, to supply deals with Shopify, Alaska Airlines, and Microsoft. --  Carbon transformation company Twelve and Washington Governor Jay Inslee today announced plans to scale the production of E-Jet® fuel,

Read Full Article

Gasum Will Supply LNG and Synthetic e-LNG to MSC Cruises’ Eco-Friendly Ships

(Gasum/AltFuels)  Gasum and MSC Cruises, the Cruise Division of MSC Group, have signed a long-term agreement for the supply of LNG to the new MSC Euribia, as well as a Letter of Intent (LOI) with the goal of cooperating on the

Read Full Article

EDF, Holcim, IFPEN and Axens Join Forces to Participate Together in the Creation of the French E-Fuels Air Transport Industry, with the "Take Kair" Project, Supported by Air France-KLM

(Axens) The objective of this cooperation is to take advantage of the complementary expertise of the signatories in order to contribute to the decarbonization of air transport and to support the emergence of the French e-SAF (Sustainable Aviation Fuel) industry,

Read Full Article

Nuclear Diesel: A Game Changer -- Synfuels, Energized by Fission, Can Transform US Competition with China.

by Robert Hargraves  (Real Clean Energy) ... We can change the competition from vehicle electrification to producing zero-emission diesel fuel made from CO2, water, and nuclear energy. The US can leverage its expertise in petroleum refining and chemical engineering. For example,

Read Full Article

A Brighter Horizon for Sustainable Aviation Fuel: Sasol and Topsoe to Form a Future Business to Accelerate Global SAF Production

(Sasol)  Sasol, the global chemicals and energy company, and Topsoe, a global leader in carbon emission reduction technologies, have signed a landmark agreement to establish a 50/50 joint venture (subject to approval by relevant authorities), solidifying their commitment to produce sustainable

Read Full Article

The Aviation Industry’s Quest for Zero Emissions: Challenges and Opportunities

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ... However, this challenge can be met by innovation, policy support, and collaboration across the aviation value chain, as found in a new expert-led, industry-wide report Voices from the Sky, says Milica Folić, Product Line Director at

Read Full Article

US$ 4 bn Investment on Green Hydrogen Launched in Uruguay

(Merco Press)  Uruguayan President Luis Lacalle Pou Thursday announced that US$ 2 billion will be invested in the construction of a green hydrogen plant in Paysandú. The work to begin this year will employ between 1,500 and 3,200 jobs and the

Read Full Article

Amadeus Invests in Sustainable Aviation Fuel Innovator CAPHENIA

by Lauren Hyde (Amadeus) First investment from travel technology leader outside of the software space; German company seeks to produce synthesis gas - the feedstock for sustainable, affordable, and scalable aviation fuel  Amadeus has acquired a minority stake in  CAPHENIA, a future

Read Full Article

Electrifying the Production of Sustainable Aviation Fuel: the Risks, Economics, and Environmental Benefits of Emerging Pathways Including CO2

by R. Gary Grim,  Dwarak Ravikumar, Eric C. D. Tan,  Zhe Huang, Jack R. Ferrell, III,  Michael Resch,  Zhenglong Li,b Chirag Mevawala, Steven D. Phillips, Lesley Snowden-Swan, Ling Tao  and Joshua A. Schaidle (Energy & Environmental Science/National Renewable Energy Laboratory/Pacific

Read Full Article

UK Seeks Comments on Proposed SAF Mandate DEADLINE June 22, 2023

by Erin Voegele (SAF Magazine) A public comment period on a proposed U.K. sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) mandate is set to close June 22. The mandate, proposed by the U.K. Department of Transport in late March, would require jet fuel suppliers

Read Full Article

The Virtual Institute on Feedstocks of the Future (VIFF) Solicites Expressions of Intent for Grant Program DEADLINE June 26, 2023

(Virtual Institute on Feedstocks of the Future) The Virtual Institute on Feedstocks of the Future (VIFF) is soliciting short expressions of intent (EOIs) from U.S.-based researchers and consortia, targeting scientific research to advance the use of future feedstocks in bioproduction. EOIs

Read Full Article

Feedstocks of the Future for a Circular U.S. Bioeconomy: A Summary from a Stakeholder Convening

(Foundation for Food & Agriculture Research) The Foundation for Food & Agriculture Research (FFAR) and Schmidt Futures partnered for a convening to identify strategic research opportunities to advance the circular bioeconomy—an economy that uses waste as inputs and is enabled by

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Infinium

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Nearly 25% of global CO2 emissions are generated by planes, ships and trucking fleets. A new class of synthetic fuel, eFuels are ultra-low carbon fuels that can be dropped into existing engines that use jet

Read Full Article

Adkins Energy LLC and CapCO2 Solutions Inc Converting Ethanol Plant Waste CO2 to Green Methanol

(Adkins Energy) Adkins Energy and CapCO2 Solutions are building the first facility to convert ethanol plant waste CO2 to Green Methanol. This will add a significant new revenue source and a significant step forward in decarbonizing the ethanol industry. Green methanol

Read Full Article

OXCCU Raises $22 Million to Transform Carbon Dioxide into Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(OXCCU TECH LTD) Developed by Oxford University scientists, OXCCU converts captured carbon dioxide into sustainable aviation fuel to cost-effectively decarbonize air transport;  Led by Clean Energy Ventures, the Series A round is composed of new investors including United Airlines and

Read Full Article

E-fuels: Do They Work on the Numbers?

by Ashish Gupta, Muhammad Islam and Clint Johnson (S&B and Saber Equity/Biofuels Digest)  ... E-fuels, also known as synthetic fuels, are produced using renewable energy to power electrolysis of water into “green” hydrogen, which is then combined with carbon dioxide (CO2)

Read Full Article

I Love Electric Vehicles – and Was an Early Adopter. But Increasingly I Feel Duped

by Rowan Atkinson (The Guardian) ... Electric vehicles may be a bit soulless, but they’re wonderful mechanisms: fast, quiet and, until recently, very cheap to run. But increasingly, I feel a little duped. When you start to drill into the

Read Full Article

Available Now! BETO 2023 Project Peer Review Presentations

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) hosted the 2023 Project Peer Review on April 3-7, 2023, in Denver, CO.  During this in-person event, more than 280 projects in BETO’s research, development, and demonstration portfolios presented their progress

Read Full Article

First Experimental Confirmation that Some Microbes Are Powered by Electricity

(Leibniz-Institut für Naturstoff-Forschung und Infektionsbiologie - Hans-Knöll-Institut (Leibniz-HKI)/Phys.Org)  In microbial electrosynthesis, microorganisms use CO2 and electricity to produce alcohol, for example. How this process works biologically, however, has only been speculated about, until now. Researchers at the Leibniz Institute for Natural

Read Full Article

United States: TotalEnergies and TES Join Forces to Develop a Large-Scale e-NG Production Unit

(TotalEnergies) TotalEnergies is joining forces with Tree Energy Solutions (TES) to study and develop a large-scale production unit in the United States for e-natural gas (e-NG), a synthetic gas produced from renewable hydrogen and CO2. The project, which is expected to

Read Full Article

IEA Bioenergy Annual Report 2022

(IEA Bioenergy) The IEA Bioenergy Annual Report 2022 includes the summary of a special feature article ‘Material and Energy Valorization of Waste as Part of a Circular Model’ prepared by Task 36 (full article available here). The Annual Report also features a report

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide Axens Technologies

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Axens offers today the largest portfolio to do so; providing efficient, reliable and flexible technologies to convert biomass into high quality and low-carbon alternative products for the transportation sector as well as the chemical industry.. Axens

Read Full Article

Boom Supersonic Signs SAF Offtake Agreement With Dimensional Energy

by Justin Foster (Simple Flying) The aircraft manufacturer will partner with Dimensional Energy to purchase 5 million gallons of SAF per year. -- The Boulder, Colorado-based company that is in the process of building the world's fastest airliner, Boom Supersonic, has reached

Read Full Article

Disrupting Climate Change: 13 Tech Innovators Helping to Save the Planet

by Meghan Gunn, Kerri Anne Renaulli and Ned Potter (Newsweek) ...These disruptors are pushing the boundaries of technology in creative ways to find solutions to the climate crisis and other, often related, environmental challenges. And they are often doing so

Read Full Article

DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office Launches New Renewable Carbon Resources Webpage

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) has launched a new, comprehensive webpage dedicated to one of its priority subprograms, Renewable Carbon Resources (RCR), which helps develop RCR technologies and creates strategies for bioenergy and bioproducts production. RCR supports

Read Full Article

Driving on Sunshine: Clean, Usable Liquid Fuels Made from Solar Power

(University of Cambridge)  Researchers have developed a solar-powered technology that converts carbon dioxide and water into liquid fuels that can be added directly to a car’s engine as drop-in fuel.   The researchers, from the University of Cambridge, harnessed the power of

Read Full Article

Infinium and Navigator CO2 Collaborate on eFuels Project in US Midwest

(Infinium/PR Newswire) Navigator to provide approximately 600k TPA of CO2 as a feedstock for ultra-low carbon Infinium eFuels  --  Electrofuels provider Infinium and comprehensive carbon management company Navigator CO2 ("Navigator") announced today that they have entered into a Memorandum of Understanding and

Read Full Article

Aviation Climate Task Force Issues First Research Grant to Drive More Sustainable Aviation Fuel using Direct Air Capture Technology

(Aviation Climate Taskforce (ACT)/PR Newswire)   The Aviation Climate Taskforce announces today the funding of its first research grant to pioneer an innovative Direct Air Capture (DAC)-to-Jet approach—transforming conventional DAC to aviation-aligned reactive DAC by combining CO2 capture with CO2 conversion. The $400,000 grant to Susteon will be

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) With proven technology at the nexus of two mandated markets, industrial and consumer — LanzaTech has been on fire in recent months. Here’s more on their commercial operating plants, plants scheduled to complete construction in

Read Full Article

Honeywell Introduces UOP eFining™ Technology for New Class of Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Honeywell UOP) Honeywell UOP eFiningTM can reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 88% compared to conventional jet fuel1  ; HIF Global to deploy Honeywell technology at its second U.S. eFuels facility with potential capacity to decarbonize over 12 billion air passenger

Read Full Article

Ineratec, Zenith Energy Terminals to Develop Commercial-Scale eFuels Plant in Port of Amsterdam

(Ineratec/Biobased Diesel Daily) Ineratec announced May 4 that it has signed a memorandum of understanding with Zenith Energy Terminals to build a power-to-liquid (PtL) plant in the Port of Amsterdam. The signing took place during a delegation trip to the Netherlands with

Read Full Article

Twelve and Emerging Fuels Technology Sign Master License Agreement to Scale Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production

(Emerging Fuels Technology/PR Newswire)  Twelve and EFT are collaborating to scale production of Twelve’s E-Jet® fuel from CO2 to meet growing demand from the aviation industry -- Carbon transformation company Twelve and fuel technology partner Emerging Fuels Technology (EFT) announced today they have signed a Master

Read Full Article

EU Parliament and Council Reach Informal Deal on SAF

by Alan Sherrard (Bioenergy International)  A provisional deal, reached in the late hours of April 25, 2023, between the European Parliament and Council negotiators on RefuelEU Aviation rules, sets the minimum share of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) to be made

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Legislation and Regulations about SAF, the Topsoe Perspective

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Case 1, Is Jet Fuel Produced From Soybean Oil? Case 2, Is E-Jet Produced From Fossil CO2 And Green H2 SAF? These are just a couple of the topics tucked into this panoramic survey of

Read Full Article

World’s Largest E-Fuel Production Plant Is Coming to Texas

by Peter Holderith (The Drive) The Porsche-backed startup behind the project hopes it’ll help bring e-fuel prices down into the sanity range.  --  Porsche-backed HIF Global has received approval to begin construction of the world's largest e-fuels production facility in Texas. This

Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Currently Used and Future Potential of Biomass Resources in the US

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Billion Ton 23 update is coming. BETO needs a comprehensive biomass resource assessment that is end-use agnostic — for example, MSW and microalgae numbers in BT16 do not represent current BETO Analysis. There is

Read Full Article

Airbus Canada, Pratt & Whitney Canada and SAF+ Consortium Collaborate on Developing Next-Generation Sustainable Aviation Fuels in Quebec, Canada

(Pratt & Whitney) Airbus Canada, Pratt & Whitney Canada, and SAF+ Consortium will collaborate on next generation sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), supported by the Government of Quebec. Airbus Canada, Pratt & Whitney Canada, a business unit of Pratt & Whitney, and

Read Full Article

Norwegian Partners with Norsk e-Fuel to Build New e-Fuel Plant in Norway

(Norsk e-Fuel) Norwegian has announced a landmark partnership with Norsk e-Fuel to build the world’s first full scale e-fuel plant in Mosjøen, Norway. The plant will produce sustainable aviation fuels (SAF), marking an important milestone towards Norwegian's target of 45

Read Full Article

From Concept to Commercialization: NREL’s Sustainable Aviation Fuels Program

by Zia Abdullah (National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  The National Renewable Energy Laboratory supports the U.S. DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office with fundamental and applied research, development, and deployment (RD&D) designed to advance technologies to produce biobased energy, fuels, chemicals and products

Read Full Article

Strategizing for a Smooth Landing: The Industry Must Explore New Avenues to Meet the Growing Demand for Sustainable Aviation Fuels.

by Kevin O'Neil (SAF Magazine/ Honeywell) The demand for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) continues to grow as governments around the world set targets to reduce carbon emissions associated with air travel. As a result, the aviation sector and fuel producers

Read Full Article

Cemvita Unveils eCO2 Pilot Plant: Transforming CO2 Emissions into Renewable Feedstocks and Fertilizers

(Cemvita/Business Wire) eCO2TM platform promises to alleviate feedstock shortage and produce carbon-negative fuels and chemicals at competitive market rates  --  Cemvita, the standard for biosolutions in the energy industry, today announced the opening of a pilot plant in Houston, TX. The

Read Full Article
Nearly 50,000 articles in our online library!

Use the categories and tags listed below to access the nearly 50,000 articles indexed on this website.

Our Sponsors
FREE Subscription! Advanced Biofuels USA events calendar; policy and actions; education newsletters
Donate
ARCHIVES
CATEGORIES
tags
Advanced Clean Fleets Rule 100 octane 100% SAF (Sustainable Aviation Fuel) 103 octane 105 octane 108 octane 109 octane 110 octane 113 octane 119 octane 2016 US House and Senate Campaigns 2016 US Presidential Campaign 2018 US Senate and House Campaigns Other Election Activities 2020 Election 2022 Election 2022 US Senate and House Campaign 2024 Election 2nd generation biofuels 3-D 3D printing 3rd generation biofuels 4-H 40A 40B 45Q 45V 45X 45Z 48C 4th generation fuels 7% solution 81 Octane 84 octane 85 octane 87 octane 88 octane 89 octane 90 octane 91 octane 92 octane 93 octane 94 octane 95 octane 96 octane 98 octane A20 (20% methanol/bioethanol) abu Abu Dhabi acacia acetate acetic acid acetone acid acid hydrolysis adaptive evolution additional carbon additionality adequate/inadequate domestic supply Administrative Procedure Act adsorption Advanced Biofuel Payment Program advanced biofuel prices Advanced biofuels advanced biofuels production Advanced Clean Cars II Rule (ACC and ACCII) Advanced Clean Trucks Rule advanced ethanol advanced ethanol tax credit advertising campaign aerobic digestion aerosols Affordable Clean Energy Program (ACE) afforestation Afghanistan Africa AGARDA (Agriculture Advanced Research and Development Authority) agave aggregation Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) agricultural economics Agricultural Policy Agricultural waste/residue Agriculture agrivoltaic/agrovoltaic agroforestry agrofuels agronomy Air Force air pollution control Air Pollution Policy air quality Aircraft engine emissions airports Alabama Alaska Albania albedo Alberta albizia alcohol fuel cells alcohol fuels alcohol-to-diesel alcohol-to-jet (ATJ)/ethanol-to-jet (ETJ) alfalfa algae algae contamination algae cultivation algae extraction algae harvesting algae parity algae separation algal biofuels Algeria Algiers alkaline exchange membrane (AEM) alkanes alkenes alkylate alligator fat almond almond hulls shells alternative energy vehicles alternative fuels Alternative Fuels Credit alternative fuels excise tax credit Alternative Fuels Tax Credit (AFTC) aluminum Amazon American Indian Tribes American Le Mans Series (ALMS) ammonia ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) ammonia terminal amylose anaerobic digestate anaerobic digester/digestion and Energy Use in Transportation Model Angola anhydrous ethanol animal bedding animal fat animal feed animal waste Antactica Antarctica antibiotics antitrust apple Appropriations APR (Aqueous Phase Reforming) aquaculture aquatic organisms Arabidopsis arabinose ARCA Archaea Architecture Arctic Argentian Argentiina Argentina Arizona Arkansas Armenia Army Corps of Engineers aromatics aromatics price ARPA-C ARPA-E ARPA-Terra arrandi artificial intelligence Aruba Asia Asia Pacific asphalt/bitumen ASTM ASTM 6866 ASTM D1655 ASTM D2880 ASTM D396 ASTM D4054 ASTM D4806 Denatured fuel ethanol ASTM D4814 ASTM D5798 ASTM D6751 ASTM D7467 (B6-B20) ASTM D7544 ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) ASTM D7862 ASTM D7875 ASTM D7901 (DME-Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Purposes) ASTM D8076 ASTM D8181 ASTM D975 ASTM E3050 Denatured Ethanol for Cooking ASTM E3146 ASTM standards ASTM WK55232 (D02) ASTM WK63392 ATJ-SPK (Alcohol to Jet Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene) Atlantic Canada atmosphere Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Australia Australian pine Austria Auto manufacturer automotive aviation aviation fuel (SAF) benefits aviation fuel (SAF) mandates aviation fuel (SAF) price aviation fuel (SAF) production aviation fuel (SAF) pumps/delivery aviation fuel (SAF) tax credit aviation fuel (SAF) terminal Aviation Fuel/Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Aviation Gasoline/AvGas avocado award awards/recognition Azerbaijan. b B0 B10 B100 B11 B12 B12.5 B13 B14 B15 B16 B19 B2 B20 B24 B25 B3 B30 B30RD10 B33 B35 B4 B40 B49 B5 B50 B50RD50 B6 B7 B70 B75 B8 B80 B98 B99 Babados nut tree babassu bacteria bagasse Bahamas Bahrain bamboo banana banana stems Bangladesh bankruptcy Barbados barge barley barley fiber barley protein barley straw Basque batteries Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) bauxite beauty leaf tree beaver beer bees Belarus Belgium Belize Benin benzene Bermuda Bhutan big bluestem big data Big Food Big Oil/Oil Majors BIGoil billion ton study bio Bio LPG (Bio Liquid Petroleum Gas) bio-based diesel benefits bio-based economy Bio-CNG pumps Bio-CNG/RNG terminal bio-LNG (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG Pumps (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG terminal bio-natural gas bio-NGV (natural gas for vehicles) bio-oil/pyrolysis oil bio-SPK (bio derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene) biobased Biobased Markets Program biobased materials Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program biochar biochemical conversion BioChemicals/Renewable Chemicals biociiesel bioconversion Biocrude/Green Crude/SynCrude biodegradable biodiesel biodiesel blend wall biodiesel EN 14214 Biodiesel Fuel Education Program biodiesel pipeline biodiesel prices biodiesel production biodiesel pumps biodiesel quality biodiesel standards biodiesel tax credit biodiesel technologies biodiesel terminal biodiversity bioeconomy bioelectricity bioelectrochemical conversion bioenergy Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) biofoundry Biofuel biofuel cells biofuel consumption Biofuel Crops biofuel distribution Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) biofuel producer tax credit biofuel production biofuel tax credit Biofuels Directive biofuels education Biogas Biogas pipeline Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline pumps biogenic carbon biogenic emissions Bioheat biohydrocarbons biohydrogen BioIsoprene BioMADE biomanufacturing biomass Biomass Carbon Removal and Storage (BiCRS) Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) biomass hydrolysis biomass recalcitrance Biomass Research and Development initiative (BRDI) biomass sorghum Biomass to Liquid (BTL) biomass transportation biomaterials bioplastics biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropene bioprospecting BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) old 9003 Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance 9003 Program BioRenewable-1 (BR-1) BioSNG Biotechnology birch bitter orange black carbon black grease black liquor black locust black soldier fly Blend wall blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock blockchain blue carbon boat fuel boiler/furnace fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water brash Brassica Brazil breweries brine British Columbia broker brown grease brownfields Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses Business and Industry Program (B&I) business law business resources Business/General Aviation butadiene butandeiol (bio-BDO) Butane butanediol butanol emissions butanol/biobutanol butyl acetate butylene butyric acid by c C1 C2 C21 C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cactus pear cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canad Canada Canary Islands canary reed grass canarygrass candle nut cannabis canola canola straw canola/rapeseed cap-and-invest cap-and-trade capybara capybras carbohydrates carbon carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber carbon insets Carbon Intensity (CI)/Carbon Footprint carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon standard carbon tax Carbon tax border adjustments carbon tax-and-dividend carbon terminal carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata carinata/brassica carinata carob CAS Registry cashew cashew apple CASI Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattails cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) CBG (compressed biogas) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program Certificates of Origin (COs) certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 chemical-looping hydrogen method Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chp chromium chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel clean fuel production tax credit Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart/conservation agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover cmelina CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location Co-op Extension co-operative co-processing co-products CO2 neutral fuels coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) Coast Guard coastal habitat conservation coastal hay cobalt cock's foot coco cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold flow cold-tolerance college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning commo Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement/engagement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression ratios compression-ignition engine computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology Cook Islands cook stoves cooking fuel cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 COP27 COP28 copper coppice cordgrass corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati knotweed Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring/measuring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gas prices natural gas vehicles natural gasoline Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota North Korea Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory Northwest Territories Norwary Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course owa oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil Palm Oil Methyl Ester (PME) palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm trunk sap palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peach shell peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellet pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests pet food petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot pilot scale pine pine beetle pine needles pine nut pineapple pinion Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Admin (PHMSA) pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poand podcasts Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyethylene polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propane/renewable propane pumps propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis pyrolytic liquefaction Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R Factor R100/RD100 R33 R5 R95B5/RD95B5 R99/RD99 rabbits race radiata pine radish leaves Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rain tree rainforest ranchers RAND rare earth metal/critical minerals RD10 RD100 RD20 RD3 RD30 RD50 RD55 RD80 RD80B20 RD99 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming Regional Conservation Partnership Program (RCPP) Regulated Emissions regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit renewable diesel pipelines Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED/RED II/RED III) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) renewable fuels of non-biological origin (RFNBO) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) REnova RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program Republic of Congo repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment Reverse Water-gas Shift RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island rhododendron Ricardo rice rice bran rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw/paddy straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) RNG tax credit roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rosin rotation crops royalties RP-1 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rubber seeds rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program rushes Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass rye straw s saccharification SAF pipeline SAF10 SAF30 SAF40 Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC sal tree Salicornia salt water salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar Samoa Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy scooters Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater seaweed cultivation Seaweed/Macroalgae second-generation biofuel income tax credit Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed husks seed-to-wheel Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shellfish shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silage silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore Singpore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration Small Business Innovatin Research (SBIR) small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap soapstock Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solar fuel solar thermochemical hydrogen (STCH) solaris solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Southeast Asia Southern Africa Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soy meal soybean prices soybeans Spain spartina specifications Spekboom Spent Bleaching Earth Oil (SBEO) sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar Sugar Beets/Energy Beets Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugar standards sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw sugars sugars-to-fats sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Surface Transportation Board Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum sweetgum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas (synthesis gas) syngas/gas fermentation SYNHH synthesised aromatic kerosene (SAK) synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane/e-methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree tamanu/nyamplung Tamarix tank cars tank-to-wheel tanker trucks tankers Tanzania tar sands tariffs taro Tasmania tax benefit tax credits tax incentives tax parity tax policy taxes tea teach teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training tech transfer technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics Thermal catalytic depolymerization (TCD) thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction totai Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tugboats tung tunicate Tunisia Tunsia Turkey U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) UK Emission Trade Scheme (UK ETS) Ukraine Ukriane UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO UNIDO (United National Industrial Development Organization) United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations (UN) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urban sprawl urbanization Uruguay US Agency for International Development (USAID) US Army US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission USAC USAID USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used motor oil used railroad ties ustain Utah utilities utility model Uzbekistan value chain Value Stack vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont vetiver Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virgin Islands. virgin oils Virginia viruses vlsfo VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volatile fatty acids (VFA) volunteers VTOL (vertical take-off and landing aircraft) Vulcanol w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth water policy water pollution water quality water treatment watermeal watermelon wax weather well-to-wheel West Africa West Coast West Java West Virginia Western Australia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheat prices wheat straw wheatgrass whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsin Wisdonsin women Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yield yields Yukon Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc zoning

© 2008-2024 Copyright Advanced BioFuels USA. All Rights reserved.