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The Secret Sauce: Industry Partnerships Key to Advancing Bio-Based Chemicals and Fuels

by Asanga Padmaperuma (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory) … Today, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) National Laboratories study the development of chemicals and fuels with the use of cost-effective, renewable carbon sources,

March 25, 2020 Read Full Article

Pandas, Slugs and Ants Hint at Shortcut to Greener Biofuel

by Thin Lei Win (Thomson Reuters Foundation)   … Scientists believe the animals’ unique ability to break down tough plant material, including bamboo, could provide clues to ramping up production of

March 25, 2020 Read Full Article

ANDRITZ Successfully Starts up the World’s First Fossil-Free Biomethanol Plant at Södra, Sweden

(ANDRITZ) International technology group ANDRITZ has recently started up the world’s first biomethanol plant using ANDRITZ’s self-developed A-Recovery+ concept at the Södra Cell Mönsterås pulp mill in southeastern Sweden. The plant

March 25, 2020 Read Full Article

Cielo Solicits Waste Feedstock for Nova Scotia Renewable Fuel Facility and Provides Operations Update

(Cielo) Cielo Waste Solutions Corp. (CSE:CMC)(OTCQB:CWSFF) (“Cielo” or the “Company”) announces that Renewable U Halifax Inc. and the Company are actively seeking sources of waste feedstock for the planned Joint Venture

March 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Taking on All of the Biomass for Conversion

by Tao Zhang (Science Magazine) The old saying that “you can make everything from biomass except money” sums up the huge challenges of converting lignocellulose into fuels and chemicals in

March 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Researchers Building Stronger, Greener Concrete with Biofuel Byproducts

(Kansas State University) Kansas State University civil engineers are developing the right mix to reduce concrete’s carbon footprint and make it stronger. Their innovative ingredient: biofuel byproducts.  —  “The idea is to

March 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Research Team Maps out Transition from Petroleum to Wood in Chemical Production

(Biofuels International)  A team of bioengineers and economics from KU Leuven in Belgium has mapped out how wood could replace petroleum in the chemical industry. According to the researchers, who

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Gevo Secures Funding from Queensland Waste to Biofutures (W2B) Fund

(Gevo) Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) has been awarded part of The Queensland Waste to Biofutures (W2B) Fund to support the development of waste to biofutures projects in Queensland, Australia. The W2B fund

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

The Competitive Edge: AmericaBio

(AmericaBio/Biofuels Digest)  … Our company develops technologies for the deconstruction of forest and also agricultural biomass for sugars that are used for production of renewable fuels, typically ethanol, and higher

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Södra Makes First Delivery of Biomethanol in Sweden for Biodiesel Production

(Biofuels International)  Swedish forest-owner association Södra has made a pilot delivery of biomethanol from the world’s first commercial plant for the sustainable fuel. Customer Emmelev plans to use the biomethanol

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Optimizing Co-Product Production: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Alkaline-Oxidative Pretreatment of Woody Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Two birds with one stone – if you can get BOTH a clean sugar stream for the production of hydrocarbon fuels AND lignins that can feed

February 21, 2020 Read Full Article

1st Commercial-Scale Production of 5-HMF, 1st Hydrogen-Based Residential Area, Largest Fuel Cell System Ever on Major Ship, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of February 20th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s fun to be 1st and this week is full of them…from the first hydrogen-based residential area in the Netherlands to the world’s first commercial-scale production

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

A Sustainable Wood Biorefinery for Low–Carbon Footprint Chemicals Production

by Yuhe Liao, Steven-Friso Koelewijn, Gil Van den Bossche, Joost Van Aelst, Sander Van den Bosch, Tom Renders, Kranti Navare, Thomas Nicolaï, Korneel Van Aelst, Maarten Maesen, Hironori Matsushima, Johan

February 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Biomass Leaders Provide State of the Industry at Int’l Event

by Ron Kotrba (Biomass Magazine)  The 13th Annual International Biomass Conference & Expo drew nearly 900 industry stakeholders to Nashville, Tennessee, where, following an awards ceremony, a roundtable discussion with biomass association

February 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Velocys Contracts Worley to Deliver Technology Package for Waste-to-Fuel Projects

(Biofuels International)  Sustainable fuels technology company Velocys has appointed engineering contractor Worley to manage the delivery of its fully integrated technology package. Worley will act as partner in the development

February 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Who’s the Mystery Date? Green Hydrogen for Renewable Diesel’s Stealthy Project

by Jim Lane (Hydrogen Digest) From Planet Houston we’ve heard that ENGlobal inked a $20 million to supply process modules that will be used to construct a complete hydrogen production facility.

January 31, 2020 Read Full Article

Tribal and Alaska Native Biomass Demonstration Projects; Eligibility Criteria

(Federal Register/Land Management Bureau)  The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) is establishing eligibility and selection criteria for Tribal Biomass Demonstration Project and Alaska Native Biomass Demonstration Project proposals submitted for

January 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Who’s the Mystery Date? Green Hydrogen for Renewable Diesel’s Stealthy Project

by Jim Lane (Hydrogen Digest) From Planet Houston we’ve heard that ENGlobal inked a $20 million to supply process modules that will be used to construct a complete hydrogen production facility.

January 16, 2020 Read Full Article

UPM Celebrates Five Years of Operations at Advanced Biofuels Facility in Finland

(Biofuels International)  Finnish company UPM has marked the five-year anniversary of the start of operations of the first biorefinery in the world to produce wood-based advanced biofuels, the Lappeenranta Biorefinery.

January 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Microorganisms Fed with Toxic Gas to Produce Biofuel

(University of Borås/Phys.Org) Today, various processes are used to convert organic waste into biogas. By combining two different processes, it is possible to obtain even more of valuable substances such as

January 14, 2020 Read Full Article

The Science Is Clear on Renewable Wood Energy

by Brian Rogers (Future Forests + Jobs/Biomass Magazine)  …  And over the past year, the facts have been piling up in favor of bioenergy, as international authorities and university scientists

January 14, 2020 Read Full Article

USDA Issues Final Rule for Advanced Biofuel Payment Program

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) The USDA Rural Business-Cooperative Service published a final rule for the Advanced Biofuel Payment Program on Dec. 27. The program provides quarterly payments to producers of

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Orange Peel, Rubbish and Fatbergs: The Fuels behind the Future of Green Transport: New Funding to Boost the Advanced Fuels Industry.

(U.K. Department for Transport, George Freeman MP, and The Rt Hon Grant Shapps MP)  Technological advances towards net-zero to be made through 4 new UK-based advanced biofuel plants; pioneering projects

December 31, 2019 Read Full Article

Custom Chem: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Kiverdi’s CO2 and Syngas Chemicals

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)Kiverdi is taking carbon-rich waste and converting it to sustainable chemicals with their carbon engineering. With CO2 and syngas fed into their reactor, they are creating

December 30, 2019 Read Full Article

Autothermal Pyrolysis: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Rethinking Thermochemical Processing

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Iowa State University is working on fast pyrolysis, and Robert Brown, Director of the university’s Bioeconomy Institute looks at how their work is making us rethink

December 27, 2019 Read Full Article

New BioHub for Europe’s Forestry Capital

(EFI)  EFI, Natural Resources Institute Finland (LUKE) and University of Eastern Finland (UEF) are joining forces to create an International Bioeconomy Knowledge Hub (BioHub) in Joensuu. The three organisations signed a

December 20, 2019 Read Full Article

Biorefining Start-Up Wins Significant EU Funding to Scale-Up Business

(Bioenergy Insight)  Biorefining start-up Chrysalix Technologies has won significant funding from the EU to scale-up its business. The company uses waste wood and agricultural by-products as well as sustainably-grown biomass

December 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Conversion Technologies: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to BETO’s Carbon-Based Fuels and Co-Products

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Why is working with biomass so challenging? Jonathan Male, Director at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) set out to answer that question

December 17, 2019 Read Full Article

The Kodak Moment: The World’s Airlines Consider Their Low-Carbon Options in an Era of Flight-Shaming

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Now, the airlines were just about the first customers to clamor for advanced biofuels. In 2006, Richard Altman of the recently-formed Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels

December 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Rainforest Energy to Produce Bio-Gasoline from Biomass Using Infinity Technology

(Biofuels International)  Rainforest Energy has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Infinity Biofuels for the licensing of patented technology to produce bio-gasoline from biomass across the Americas. The MoU

December 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Caribou Biofuels, Research Foundation for SUNY Sign Agreement

(Caribou Biofuels/Biomass Magazine) Caribou Biofuels Inc., a company that develops hardware and systems to cost-effectively process biomass, has entered into an agreement with the Research Foundation for SUNY, on behalf of

December 13, 2019 Read Full Article

9 Hot New CO2 Applications

by Sam A. Rushing (Advanced Cryogenics/Biofuels Digest)  … Food and beverage applications often account for 70% of all tonnage consumed in the merchant sector. There are also demands of a captive

December 10, 2019 Read Full Article

Shell to Provide Financial Support for Norwegian Biorefinery Project

(Bioenergy International)  Biozin Holding AS has announced that it has entered into an agreement with Shell for financial support of their ongoing work to build a full-scale biocrude production facility

December 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Fuel from MSW and Biomass: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Velocys’ Aviation Fuel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) For 17 years, Velocys has been working on XTL projects and their FT technology has operated on syngas derived from natural gas, landfill gas, coal and

December 5, 2019 Read Full Article

From Waste Woody Biomass to Carbon Negative Transportation Fuels via CCUS

by Philipp Stratmann (Velocys/Biofuels Digest) At this year’s ABLC Next Conference in San Francisco Velocys presented on the opportunity to produce negative emission fuels at our planned Bayou Fuels facility in

December 3, 2019 Read Full Article

Edible Wood? Bringing Biomass into the Food Chain: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Arbiom’s Wood to Food

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s all about the evolution of food production, according to Arbiom’s Ricardo Ekmay, VP Nutrition & Product Development. During his presentation at ABLC NEXT in San

November 27, 2019 Read Full Article

A Planet on Fire: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Red Rock Biofuels’ Call to Action for Aviation Industry

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  “Facing catastrophic problems with the immediacy of wildfire and the sinister creeping of climate change is depressing. It is depressing enough to throw in the towel,

November 21, 2019 Read Full Article

Better Biofuels with Biomass: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Axens and the BioTfueL Project

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  BioTfueL, originally launched by Total, is a project to produce biofuels via thermochemical conversion and includes several partners that work together on this. Axens Solutions

November 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Like Fine Wine, Smellin’ Fine: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Anellotech’s Aromatics

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Fine wine takes time but it’s so worth it when you gather that first aroma of a freshly opened bottle…and Anellotech shows us that the

November 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Plans for £150m UK Bio-Resources-to-Fuel Facility Approved

(Bioenergy Insight)  Plans to build the UK’s first commercial-scale Bio-Substitute Natural Gas (BioSNG) plant have been approved by the council. Cheshire West & Chester Council’s planning committee gave the green

November 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Man with the Plan – Millions Projected for New Projects: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Aemetis’ Multi-Million $ Dairy Biogas and Wood Waste Plants

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Aemetis is known for their advanced renewable fuels by many,like their California ethanol plant and India biodiesel plant, but what you may now know is that

November 12, 2019 Read Full Article

St1 and beyond: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Hydrogen for Renewable Diesel and Other Bio-Based Applications

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) This week, we reported that St1 has awarded ÅF Pöyry with engineering assignment for a new renewable fuel production unit investment project. The new plant will be

November 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Q&A with Brian Rogers, Future Forests + Jobs

by Anna Simet (Biomass Magazine)  … -The recently launched Future Forests + Jobs is an initiative aimed at pushing back against anti-forestry and anti-biomass activists. Why is this effort needed

November 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Renewable Natural Gas Start-up Company Completes Key Milestone Converting Alberta Forest Residues into Pipeline-Quality Gas

(Canadian Gas Association)  An innovative clean energy start-up company, G4 Insights Inc., has successfully demonstrated in a field trial that forestry industry residues can be turned into renewable natural gas

November 4, 2019 Read Full Article

Feedstock Supply Chains & Clariant’s Experience in Romania

by Paolo Corvo (Clariant/Biofuels Digest)  … The success of making use of that sustainable biomass resource and a rapid uptake of bioenergy technologies relies on many factors. One of it is

November 1, 2019 Read Full Article

Biomass Research and Development Technical Advisory Committee Announces Open Meetings — November 19-20, 2019 — Washington, DC

    Biomass Research and Development Technical Advisory Committee Announces Open Meetings   —   November 19-20, 2019   —   Washington, DC

(U.S. Department of Energy/Federal Register)  Purpose of Meeting: To develop advice and guidance that promotes research and development leading to the production of biobased fuels and biobased products. Tentative Agenda

October 31, 2019 Read Full Article

Maersk Join Forces with Industry Peers and Customers to Develop LEO

(Maersk) A.P. Moller – Maersk alongside with Wallenius Wilhelmsen, BMW Group, H&M Group, Levi Strauss & Co. and, Marks & Spencer to explore LEO – a blend of lignin and

October 31, 2019 Read Full Article

Scientists Develop Efficient Methods to Turn Woody Biomass into Fuels

by Brian Wallheimer (Purdue University) … Lignin, a complex compound in cell walls, blocks access to plant carbohydrates that could be cleaved into sugars and then fermented into biofuels. The

October 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Green Shoots: After a Sluggish Decade, Is the Bioenergy Tide Turning?

by Gerard J. Ostheimer, Ph.D. (below50) and Douglas L. Faulkner (“the Clean Tech Conservative” / Leatherstocking LLC) (Biofuels Digest)  …  On the left there is a surging sense of climate action

October 23, 2019 Read Full Article

OP-ED: Achieving Carbon Emission Reductions with Biofuels

by Pat Gruber (GEVO/American Energy Society) It’s a gaping hole in most conversations about fuel: what do we do about liquid transportation fuels? No matter how quickly we try to electrify our

October 21, 2019 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Breakthroughs at the Bioenergy Research Centers

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Over 10 years (2007–2017), three Bioenergy Research Centers produced multiple breakthroughs in the form of deepened understanding of sustainable biomass production practices, targeted re-engineering of

October 18, 2019 Read Full Article

New Study Compares Potential of Different Decarbonisation Options in Road Transport

(VTT) Sustainable fuels could play an important role in reducing transport emissions even as electric vehicles become cheaper says a new study from VTT and the University of Cambridge Judge

October 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Catch & Kill: The Velocys, Oxy, Cemvita, Carbon Engineering, BHP, Ginkgo Chase to Catch Waste, Kill Emissions, Armed with New Organisms to Liberate Value

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Mississippi, Velocys’ Bayou Fuels project has signed with Oxy Low Carbon Ventures to capture carbon dioxide from Velocys’ planned Bayou Fuels biomass-to-fuels project in

October 11, 2019 Read Full Article

The 10 Most Overlooked Stories in the Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) This is such Top Secret stuff that every announcement was, we surmise, buried in the hardest-to-find hole, on the loneliest street, of the most out-of-the-way town

October 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Biomass Pioneer Secures £2.3m to Launch Demo Plant

(Mercia Asset Management) A Teesside business which has developed a new way to generate fuel and chemicals from waste biomass has secured a further £2.3million investment to commercialise its technology. Nova

October 4, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuels Digest Names Gevo as One of the “The Next 50 Companies to Disrupt the World”

(Gevo/Globe Newswire)  Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) announced today that Biofuels Digest has named Gevo on its NEXT 50 list “the Next 50 Companies to Disrupt the World.” The honor was specifically

October 3, 2019 Read Full Article

Experts Discuss Wildfire Mitigation, Beneficial Use of Biomass

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) The California Council on Science & Technology hosted an expert briefing at the California State Capitol Sept. 19 focused on the beneficial uses of wood

October 2, 2019 Read Full Article

$73 Million, 35 Projects, Who Won, for What and Why: The DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office 2019 Project Selections

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Washington, the U.S. Department of Energy has selected 35 projects totaling $73 million for bioenergy research and development support. Funded through the DOE’s Office of

October 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Complete Production Chain from Biomass Residues to Fischer-Tropsch Products Successfully Validated

(VTT) Production of biofuel by gasification of biomass residues was successfully validated in the EU’s COMSYN project in September. The process performance was verified with bark in an 80 hour-long test

September 30, 2019 Read Full Article

The Effect of Feedstock Composition on Fast Pyrolysis and Upgrading to Transportation Fuels: Techno-Economic Analysis and Greenhouse Gas Life Cycle Analysis

by Pimphan A.Meyer, Lesley J.Snowden-Swan, Susanne B.Jones, Kenneth G.Rappé and Damon S.Hartley (Fuel)  Process economics and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are evaluated for the conversion of eleven (11) biomass feedstocks

September 27, 2019 Read Full Article

Bio-Sourced Materials: A New Milestone!

(Michelin)  The BioButterfly project launched by Michelin in 2012 has just achieved another milestone: the construction of France’s first industrial

September 27, 2019 Read Full Article

NCFA: Carbon Stored in Forests Is Not Decreasing

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) The North Carolina Forestry Association has spoken out to dispute a recent report released by the

September 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Delta Invests $2 Million to Investigate Potential Biofuel Production Facility

(Biofuels International)  US airline Delta Air Lines has announced it will invest $2 million (€1.8 million) to carry out a

September 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Biorefinery: ‘The Potential for Farmers to Diversify Their Business in the Future’

by Emma Gilsenan (AgriLand) Biorefinery – which converts biomass to energy and other beneficial by-products – could potentially add more value

September 23, 2019 Read Full Article

Alberta Mine Reclamation Project to Produce Willow for Bioenergy

(Alberta Innovates) Alberta Innovates is joining federal, provincial, municipal and industry partners in contributing to a unique clean technology demonstration project

September 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Want More Miles per Gallon? Start Planting Some Trees

by Beth A. Russell (Idaho National Laboratory) It turns out that trees (or as researchers refer to them, woody biomass) can

September 19, 2019 Read Full Article

UC Engineering Excels with $11.8m MBIE Endeavour Funding

(University of Canterbury/Scoop)  … This research will develop a new process and materials to produce bio-hydrogen and capture carbon dioxide

September 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Cars Soon Powered by Wood Thanks to Dutch Innovation

(BTG BioLiquids (btg-btl)) TechnipFMC and BTG-BTL to build bio-oil production in Sweden  — Thanks to a Dutch invention, cars in

September 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Heavenly Trash – Dream in the Sky or Bringing It Down to Earth? Cielo and the Future of Waste to Renewable Diesel

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  …  Find out how Cielo (Waste Solutions) turns trash to treasure, why they love

September 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Finland Makes Batteries from Trees. Can Maine?

(Biobased Maine)  …   Stora Enso just announced an investment of $11.2 million to build a pilot facility to produce lignin-based battery

August 31, 2019 Read Full Article

From Lignin to Value: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to MetGen’s Enzymes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) MetGen are pioneers in industrial enzymes for lignocellulosic biomass and are trying to empower industries to

August 22, 2019 Read Full Article

The Golden Cow – Is India the Place to Be for Biofuels?

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … Is India the cash cow for biofuels? Or even the golden cow? If Aemetis’

August 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Fact Sheet – Jobs in Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, and Resilience (2019)

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  This fact sheet focuses on employment in the renewable energy and energy efficiency sectors in the

August 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Biomass Risk Ratings: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Ecostrat

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Ecostrat supplies millions of tons of wood fiber and organic feedstock in North America and globally

August 6, 2019 Read Full Article

From Biomass to BioPlus: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to GranBio’s Nanocellulose

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  GranBio is focused on commercial deployment of technologies for the production of biofuels, biochemicals, and nanocellulose.

August 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Blazing Pathways through the Clean-Tech and Governmental Wilderness

by Douglas L. Faulkner (The Cleantech Conservative/Leatherstocking LLC/ Biofuels Digest)  … (W)e first addressed bio-based plastic research needs; second, we reviewed government regulations

August 1, 2019 Read Full Article

Lyonsdale Biomass to Be Dismantled; Lewis County IDA to Acquire Title

(Naturally Lewis)  The Lyonsdale Biomass energy facility at 3823 Marmon Road in Lyonsdale will be dismantled this summer and the vacant

July 23, 2019 Read Full Article

Relieving Two Headaches with One Process: Acetaminophen from Lignin

by Jill Sakai (Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center)  With a new method to synthesize a popular pain-relieving medication from plants rather than

July 12, 2019 Read Full Article

How Low Can You Go with Carbon?: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Aemetis

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Aemetis is an international renewable fuels and biochemicals company using patented industrial biotechnology for the construction and

July 1, 2019 Read Full Article

Partnership for Production of Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(NTBInfo/Avinor)  Avinor has entered into an agreement with Quantafuel to buy sustainable aviation fuel based on Norwegian biomass. The fuel will

June 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Could the RFS Move Toward a Low Carbon Program Like LCFS?

by Jeff Barber (OPIS)  The idea of revising the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) to operate more like the Low Carbon Fuel Standard

June 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Sweden ‘Must Double Biofuels Use’ to Meet Emissions Goal: Report

(The Local)  The use of biofuels for Sweden’s cars and trucks will need to more than double and the use of

June 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Cielo Announces Grand Opening of Aldersyde Refinery

(Cielo)  CSE: CMC: Cielo Waste Solutions Corp. (‘Cielo’ or the ‘Company’) is pleased to announce that it will be holding the “Grand

June 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Potential to Decarbonize Long Distance Transport: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Drop-in Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) IEA Bioenergy Task 39, with the help of the National Renewable Energy Lab and University of

June 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Study Identifies Most Promising Feedstocks for Pyrolysis-Based Biorefinery

(CORDIS/Phy.Org)  A study into the composition and processability of different biomass feedstocks has found sunflower seed husks and poplar wood slabs

June 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Promising Start to 2019: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Stora Enso

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Digest’s “Stocks Worth Tracking” Multi-Slide Guide Series highlights hot companies that are making strides in

June 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Argonne Releases Updated Computer Model to Help Bioenergy Developers Conserve Water

(Argonne National Laboratory)  Critical updates to WATER tool help the bioenergy industry manage resources.   —  The U.S. Department of Energy’s Argonne

June 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Thermochemical Pulp Biorefinery Opens in Ontario

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  FPInnovations and Resolute Forest Products Inc. announced May 27 the commissioning of a new pilot biorefinery

May 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuel Offers a Solution to the World’s Renewable Energy Crisis

by Barclay Ballard (The New Economy)  Solar cells and wind farms are commonly referenced in the fight against climate change, but there

May 21, 2019 Read Full Article

California Energy Commission Awards Nearly $11M to Support Biofuels, Renewable Gas and Microgrids

(Green Car Congress)  The California Energy Commission approved nearly $11 million for clean energy demonstration projects, including biofuels, renewable gas, and microgrids.

May 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Lawmakers Discuss Bill to Encourage Investment in Bio-Based Manufacturing

by Paul Dwyer (WABI TV)  Lawmakers discussed a bill Wednesday aimed at encouraging investment in bio-biased manufacturing to create jobs, bring

May 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Feedstock Flexibility

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Beyond Enerkem, a few companies around the world are looking to feedstocks outside of corn

May 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Aemetis Details Progress with RNG, Cellulosic Ethanol Projects

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Aemetis Inc. released first quarter 2019 financial results May 9, reporting progress with its advanced

May 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Letter from Washington – Taxes, Blends, RINs, Jobs and “The Year of the Tree”

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … (C)onsider this for now a Digested summary of the (Washington, DC) news you can

May 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Anellotech’s Bio-TCat Technology Viability Confirmed during Pilot Plant Campaign – Moving forward with Commercialization

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  We hear the theme song to Disney’s Carousel of Progress… “It’s a great big beautiful

May 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Finnish Bioethanol Project Worth Millions – Swedish SEKAB Provides Technology

(SEKAB) In 2021, the biorefinery Nordfuel is planned to open in Northern Finland. The facility will produce bioethanol and biofuel

April 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Eligibility Criteria for Tribal and Alaska Native Biomass Demonstration Projects Under the Indian Tribal Energy Development and Self-Determination Act

(U.S. Forest Service)  The Indian Tribal Energy Development and Self-Determination Act Amendments of 2017 amends the Tribal Forest Protection Act of

April 18, 2019 Read Full Article

EPA to Propose Rule on Biomass Carbon Neutrality This Summer

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  U.S. EPA Administrator Andrew Wheeler recently informed federal lawmakers that the agency is working on a

April 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Spero Renewables Announces Cooperative Agreement with the Department of Energy

(Spero Renewables/Online PR News)  Spero Renewables Awarded $1.6 Million to Develop & Scale-up SPERLU™ Biomass-based Polymers Production  —  Spero Renewables, LLC, a Green

April 16, 2019 Read Full Article

From Bioenergy to Bioproducts: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to JBEI

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Joint BioEnergy Institute is a U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Research Center dedicated to developing advanced

April 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Don’t Miss Our Biofuel Opportunity

by Dr. David Daggett and the Rev. Jeannine Daggett, Shelton (The Olympian)  We have a good opportunity for a job-producing, environment-saving biofuel

April 9, 2019 Read Full Article

High Velocity Excitement: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Velocys

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Velocys has developed proprietary and commercially-proven Fischer-Tropsch technology that can cost effectively produce low-carbon fuels from

April 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Scion Welcomes Climate Policy Report

(Scion Research)  Crown research institute Scion congratulates the Parliamentary Commissioner for the Environment on his report Farms, forests and fossil fuels:

April 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Gevo Plans to Decarbonize Luverne Plant Using Wind, RNG

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  According to (Gevo CEO Patrick) Gruber, Gevo is working to decarbonize its biorefinery in

March 29, 2019 Read Full Article

SEK 20 Million for New Sustainable Transportation Solutions

(Södra/Cision)  A transition of the transport sector will require new solutions and a changed market. As part of the process to

March 26, 2019 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Top 10 Celluosic Project Flashpoints, 10 Quick Takes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s all very rosy on the cellulosic potential frontier. As Gevo and Renmatix recently observed, “cellulosic

March 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Dutch Sustainable Growth Coalition Partners with Maersk in World’s Largest Maritime Biofuel Pilot

by Lejla Charif (Maersk)  Convinced of the urgency to act on climate, a group of Dutch multinationals – FrieslandCampina, Heineken, Philips, DSM,

March 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Scientists Develop Cheaper, Greener Plant-Based Jet Fuel

by Julie St. Louis (Courthouse News) Chinese scientists have developed a new plant-based biofuel that could help the aviation industry “go

March 22, 2019 Read Full Article

Stora Enso Invests in Next-generation Renewable, Recyclable and Biodegradable Formed Fiber Solutions

(Stora Enso/PR Newswire/FinanzNachrichten)  Stora Enso is investing EUR 5 million to build a new production line and related infrastructure to manufacture formed fiber

March 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Transcription Factor Network Gets to Heart of Wood Formation

by D’Lyn Ford and Jack Wang (North Carolina State University News)  North Carolina State University researchers have uncovered how a complex network

March 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Biomass Breakdown: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Sweetwater Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Sweetwater Energy has developed a unique and patented technology for producing low-cost sugars and clean lignin

March 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Let’s Get Agitated: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Biomass Conversion Agitation Strategies

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Gregory Benz, from Benz Technology International and a member of Lee Enterprises Consulting offers this illuminating overview

March 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Borregaard LignoTech Honored with Biorenewable Deployment Consortium’s Achievement Award

(Biorenewable Deployment Consortium)  The Biorenewable Deployment Consortium (BDC) honored Borregaard LignoTech with the organization’s Spring 2019 Achievement Award for their

March 13, 2019 Read Full Article

This Beetle’s Gut May Hide Clues to Making Better Biofuels

(Berkeley News)  The passalid beetle’s unique gut architecture helps it transform decaying wood into energy-rich materials. —  Decaying wood doesn’t make

March 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Aberdeen’s Wood to Work on Major US Biofuels Plant

by Scott Reid (The Scotsman)  … The multi-million dollar contract has been awarded by IR1 Group, which is building the Red

March 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Throw Deep: Heard on the Floor at the Washington Sustainable Aviation Fuels Summit

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … Port of Seattle Commissioner Fred Felleman noted:  “Secretary Mabus advised us to set a goal.

March 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Supply Chains and Status: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Biomass Torrefaction

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Michael Wild, from Wild & Partner LLC and a member of Lee Enterprises Consulting offers this illuminating

March 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Red Rock Biofuels Gets Option to Double FT Capacity from EFT Reactors at Oregon Diesel/Jet Project

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Oregon, Emerging Fuels Technology, has amended their license agreement with Red Rock Biofuels LLC under

March 4, 2019 Read Full Article

GTI Quantifies Opportunity to Produce Low-Carbon Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) from Wood Wastes

(GTI/Green Car Congress)  GTI has released a site-specific engineering design titled “Low-Carbon Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) from Wood Wastes”. GTI led

February 26, 2019 Read Full Article

10-Slide Guide to the US Ethanol Industry

by Douglas B. Rivers (Biofuels Digest/Lee Enterprises, Inc.)  Past, Present and Future  Douglas B. Rivers, PhD, from Sunflwr Consulting and

February 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Renewable Jet Fuel from Woody Biomass

by Marina Bowie (Biobased Maine) According to the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks (1990-2016), the transportation sector is one

February 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Biomass Separation Technology: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Attis Industries

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Attis Industriesis a diversified company focused on innovation and technology including renewable fuels, bio-based plastics, healthcare

February 25, 2019 Read Full Article

The Competitive Edge: Highbury Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … Highbury was founded in 2009 on the premise that the thermochemical conversion of biomass to

February 22, 2019 Read Full Article

EPA Could Immediately Increase Volume of Low-Carbon Biofuels by Over 50 Percent

by Jesse Stolark (Energy and Environmental Study Institute)  The EPA is leaving 200 million gallons of cellulosic biofuels on the table,

February 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Velocys Customer Red Rock Biofuels Cuts Size of Firm Reactor Order

(StockMarketWire.com)  Alternative fuel company Velocys said it had agreed to a series of amendments in its licensing contracts with Red Rock

February 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Fermentable Sugar as a Raw Material for the Chemical Industry: First Generation as Sustainable as the Second – Significant Reduction in Greenhouse Gases for Both

(Bio-based News)  New study conducts quantitative and qualitative sustainability assessment of bio-based raw materials for the chemical industry An extensive sustainability

February 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Finland Sets World-Leading 30% Biofuel Obligation for 2030

(UPM)  The Finnish Parliament has yesterday 6 February 2019 approved a law that sets a gradually increasing 30% biofuels target for

February 8, 2019 Read Full Article

One Fish Model Study Leads to Three Wins for the Environment

by Tim Theiss (Oak Ridge National Laboratory/Department of Energy) Over the past two years, researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Oak

February 7, 2019 Read Full Article

Commentary: Bring California’s Low-Carbon Wisdom to Washington, D.C.

by Andy Foster (Capital Press/Aemetis Inc.) … With the election behind us and new leadership in the House, it’s time

February 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Want a Bipartisan Push on Climate Change? Start With Unleashing American Biofuels

by Jeff Cosman (Morning Consult/Attis Industries Inc.)  …  And in November, a letter from the Department of Energy, the EPA and

February 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Calvera Delivers Mobile Gas Pipeline to Transport Biomethane in Finland

(Calvera/Gasnam/NGV Journal)  The Industrial Group Calvera has recently supplied a customer in Finland with several units of their containers for the

February 3, 2019 Read Full Article

The Pursuit of Biofuels Evolution and Revolution: Attis Innovations’ Ambitions for Its Newly-Acquired Upstate New York Project.

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … What especially caught industry attention was the teaser that “Attis will use the facility to

January 29, 2019 Read Full Article

The Stora Enso Story – A Magical Tale of Trees and Forests

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … In today’s Digest, we talk about Stora Enso’s story – the renewable materials company

January 28, 2019 Read Full Article

The 7 Most Promising Aviation Biofuels

by Jeff McMahon (Forbes)  … “We really need to focus on the feedstocks that are cheapest and most abundant,” said Jeff Skeer,

January 26, 2019 Read Full Article

From Take-Off to Offtake – Driving Sustainable Aviation Fuels to Commercial Scale

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In a tale of two Washingtons, the sustainable aviation fuels movement will gather in Washington state

January 23, 2019 Read Full Article

Sustainable Connectivity: How Biofuels Can Boost Mobile Access, Support Small Farmers – And Fight Climate Change

by John Garrity, Dennis Garrity and James Daniel (Next Billion)  In rural villages across communities in Africa and Asia, families stay connected with distant

January 21, 2019 Read Full Article

2019: We Need an All-In Climate Strategy

by Seth Ginther (U.S. Industrial Pellets Association (USIPA)/Biofuels Digest)  … There is no one panacea for climate change; rather, we need an

January 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Risk Rating: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide ABLC Guide to Ecostrat

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Ecostrat has over 20 years experience sourcing and supplying over 5 million tons of wood fiber

January 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Finnish Pilot Develops a New Solution for Sustainable Forestry

(VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland Ltd)  New unique mobile application puts forest Big Data to more efficient use  —  The

January 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Green Science Alliance Developed an Effective Method for Making Bioethanol from Plants, Wood, Wood Waste, Paper Waste and Food Waste. The Challenge Now is to Use Bioethanol as a Biofuel and an Alcoholic Drink.

(Green Science Alliance/PR Newswire)  …  Utilizing plants, wood, wood waste, paper waste, and food waste as raw materials for bioethanol

January 9, 2019 Read Full Article

A Rightful Role in the RFS: The Electric Vehicle Market Is Predicted to Soar, and, Pending Overdue Action by the U.S. EPA, Biomass Power Producers Are Positioned to Help Meet Goals Set Forth in the Renewable Fuel Standard.

by Anna Simet (Biomass Magazine)  … The vast complexities of the RFS extend far beyond these components, but a much

January 8, 2019 Read Full Article

Biodiesel’s Past, Present and Future

by Marc Kellens (Biodiesel Magazine)  Marc Kellens, the global technical director for Desmet Ballestra, takes us through the history and future

January 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Wood Pellets: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to IEA Bioenergy Task 40

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) IEA Bioenergy Task 40’s aim is to focus on international bioenergy technology potential, barriers, and trade as

January 4, 2019 Read Full Article

Trump Issues Executive Order on Forest Management

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  An executive order on forest management issued by President Trump in late December addresses how rural

January 2, 2019 Read Full Article

HVO Biodiesel from Colabitoil Makes the Alpine World Cup Roll

(Via TT (Google Translation))  During the Alpine World Championships in Åre, all pistols and buses run on fossil-free fuel HVO. A

January 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Breaching the Biomass Problem: ORNL Team Provides Supercomputer-Aided Insights for How to Turn Plants into Fuel and Materials

by Jonathan Hines (Oak Ridge National Laboratory)  Humans have found uses for woody plants since time immemorial—tools, shelter, firewood. Today,

December 27, 2018 Read Full Article

“REWOFUEL”: Residual Soft Wood Conversion to Drop-in Biofuels

(Netzwerk Biotreibstoffe)  The aim of the EU-funded project REWOFUEL is to demonstrate the performance, reliability, environmental and socio-economic sustainability of the

December 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Assessing Bioenergy Sustainability: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide ABLC Guide to IEA Bioenergy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IEA Bioenergy conducted work on sustainability assessments of bioenergy systems and the carbon balance of forest-based

December 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Maine Technology Institute (MTI) Issues Request for Proposals for Emerging Technology Challenge for Maine’s Forest Resources DEADLINE: January 25, 2019

(Maine Technology Institute)  MTI will award up to $1.5 million in grants to challenge winners, for one or more projects. — The

December 24, 2018 Read Full Article

DOE Awards $1M to UMass Lowell-Led Team to Develop Renewable Fuel Additives from Wood Byproducts; Co-Optima Project

(Green Car Congress)  The US Department of Energy (DOE) has awarded a three-year, $1 million grant to a team of researchers led by

December 19, 2018 Read Full Article
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fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-gas power-to-liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel 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Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve straw students sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugar cane sugar cane prices sugar cane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil waste water water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass 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