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Earth Day 2021 Series Day 13: What Fuel Can My Car or Truck Use? What about My Motorcycle?

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA) With so many options showing up at some gas stations, what should I choose? E85 and Flex Fuel Vehicles (FFVs) We’ve retrofitted my 2002 Ford

April 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Exxon Mulls Closure of Norway’s Slagen Refinery as Region’s Clean Fuel Shift Continues

by Robert Perkins and Elsa Turner (S&P Global)  Cites refining overcapacity, falling demand for fuels; Slagen processes North Sea crude, major fuel exporter; European refiners looking to biofuels, hydrogen projects

April 12, 2021 Read Full Article

Transport Energy & Renewables in the EU – What the Latest Commission Data Tells Us

by James Cogan (Ethanol Europe/Biofuels Digest) … Oil maintains an overwhelming grip on the sector with a steady 94% share. The rest is biofuels with 5.6% and renewable electricity with

April 7, 2021 Read Full Article

New Roadmap Sets out How to Reduce CO2 Emissions Using Industrial Biotechnology

(BSI Group) BSI, in its role as the UK National Standards Body, publishes Industrial biotechnology Report: strategic roadmap for standards and regulations, sponsored by Innovate UK and the Industrial Biotechnology Leadership

April 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Shell Invests in Sustainable Aviation-Fuel Maker LanzaJet

by Laura Hurst (Bloomberg)  U.S. company is building ‘alcohol-to-jet’ facility in Georgia; Other investors include Canada’s Suncor Energy, Japan’s Mitsui — Royal Dutch Shell Plc has invested in sustainable-fuels technology company LanzaJet,

April 6, 2021 Read Full Article

‘Keep off the Grass’: The Biofuel that Could Help Us Achieve Net Zero

(Earlham Institute)  Some grasses are a sustainable energy source that could be a driving force towards achieving net zero carbon emissions, according to new research that demonstrates their resilience to

April 5, 2021 Read Full Article

UK Government to Provide £15 Million in Funding to Support Early-Stage Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production Projects DEADLINE: May 31, 2021

(GreenAir Online) The UK government has launched a £15 million ($21m) ‘Green Fuels, Green Skies’ competition to support early-stage development of UK sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) plants with grant funding. Specifically

April 1, 2021 Read Full Article

UK Companies Partner on HVO-Fueled “Solartainer” to Reduce Off-Grid Power CO2 Emissions by 90%

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In the UK, the Business Desk reports EV3 has teamed with Think Hire to supply a 90% carbon reduction energy solution for off-grid construction projects through

April 1, 2021 Read Full Article

The Renewable Fuels Guide: Helping Fleet Operators Cut Carbon Emissions

(Zemo Partnership)  The Renewable Fuels Guide has been prepared by Zemo Partnership and CENEX. We would like to thank Scania and CNG Fuels for sponsoring the production of the guide.

March 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Zemo Partnership Launches New Scheme to Boost Fleet Operator Confidence and Uptake of Renewable Fuels

(Zemo Partnership)   Zemo Partnership (formerly LowCVP) is launching a new Renewable Fuels Assurance Scheme (RFAS) for high blend renewable fuels. The scheme will give fleet operators robust information about the greenhouse

March 30, 2021 Read Full Article

America’s Cultivation Corridor: Inspiring Ingenuity among International Innovators

by Mark Laurenzo (Iowa Economic Development Authority/Biofuels Digest)  … Coupled with homegrown advancements in precision agriculture that continue to revolutionize the industry, Iowa stands as not only a premier destination

March 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Ryanair to Push for Greater SAF Usage

(Biofuels International) Irish low-cost giant Ryanair has vowed to support the development of sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) to promote a carbon-neutral future. The airline joined the Fuelling Flight Initiative as

March 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Mura Announce Teesside Project Commences Build & New Partnerships

(Mura) Mura are delighted today to announce that construction has started on the world’s first commercial-scale plant to use our revolutionary HydroPRSTM process, able to recycle all forms of plastic waste and provide

March 29, 2021 Read Full Article

USGC Helps Ensure Ethanol Has Environmental Role in Fuel Recovery

(U.S. Grains Council/Ethanol Producer Magazine) As fuel demand begins its recovery around the world, the U.S. Grains Council is taking steps to ensure ethanol will continue to expand as a part

March 23, 2021 Read Full Article

bp and Aria Energy to Capture Methane at California Dairy Farms as Part of Renewable Natural Gas Project

(bp) Partnership advances innovative solution to reduce emissions and produce cleaner fuel — bp and Aria Energy today announced a project to capture methane from waste at three California dairy

March 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Will Green Hydrogen Fulfill High Hopes for Trucking and Shipping Emissions?

by Angeli Mehta (Reuters Events) While there’s debate over whether the technology stacks up against batteries for long-distance trucking, the case in maritime usage seems more clear-cut. Angeli Mehta reports “Everyone

March 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Aviation Leaders Launch First in-Flight 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuel Emissions Study on Commercial Passenger Jet

(Neste) A team of aerospace specialists has launched the world’s first in-flight emissions study using 100% sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) on a wide-body commercial passenger aircraft. Airbus, German research centre DLR,

March 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Jet Zero Takes off with £15m Competition to Reduce Aviation Emissions with Fuel Made from Household Waste

(U.K. Department for Transport) £15 million “Green Fuels, Green Skies” competition launches to turn materials such as everyday wastes into sustainable aviation fuel; New CEO attends second Jet Zero Council meeting to

March 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Climate Change: Jet Fuel from Waste ‘Dramatically Lowers’ Emissions

by Matt McGrath (BBC) A new approach to making jet fuel from food waste has the potential to massively reduce carbon emissions from flying, scientists say. — Currently, most of

March 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Work Begins on Oman’s First Waste-Oil-to-Biofuel Plant

(Oman Observer)  Circular Economy: The project will be implemented as a joint venture in partnership with UK company Green Fuels Ltd — Wakud, a key player in the waste cooking

March 16, 2021 Read Full Article

GPS Marine and Green Biofuels Bring HVO to Thames River Tugs

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) In the UK, a new collaboration between the biggest commercial vessel operator on the Thames, GPS Marine and Green Biofuels, the UK’s leading provider of clean advanced

March 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuels Could Cut Extra 46m Tonnes GHG Emissions from Truck Operations by 2030 as UK Aims for Net Zero 2050

(Zemo Partnership)  A new study by Zemo Partnership (formerly LowCVP) shows how the widespread adoption of high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) can speed up decarbonisation in road transport and support

March 10, 2021 Read Full Article

5 Key Tech Takeaways: Highlights from Tech Presented at ABLC 2020

by Iacovos Vasalos (Center for Research and Technology-Hellas/Biofuels Digest) This report summarizes highlights from the ABLC 2020 Biofuels Digest Virtual Conference, which took place in July 7-10, 2020. (And if you

March 10, 2021 Read Full Article

€400 Switch to Biofuel Heating Can Ease Ireland’s Climate Woes

by Joe Dermody (Irish Examiner) Burning eco-friendly biofuel HVO instead of kerosene and other fossil fuels in domestic boilers could cost home-owners less than €400 in switching costs and help Ireland

March 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Fuel’s Role in Reducing Emissions Adds to Production Need

by Graham Warwick (Aviation Week)  … The scale-up challenge is enormous. Barely 0.01% of the 96 billion gal. (364 billion liters) of jet fuel consumed by the world’s airlines in

March 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Energy Firms Bet on Hydrogen Boom, but Payday Far Away

by Ron Bousso, Stephanie Kelly (Reuters) Governments and energy companies are placing large bets on clean hydrogen playing a leading role in efforts to lower greenhouse gas emissions, but its future

March 4, 2021 Read Full Article

How Sustainability Will Change the Future of Aviation

by Alastair Blanshard and Kata Cserep (ICF)  Trend 2: Sustainable fuels have significant potential but require investment  — The foundations for sustainable aviation fuels (SAFs) are relatively mature. Seven different pathways

March 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Gasrec to Increase Bio-LNG Tanker Fleet by 300%

(Bioenergy Insight) Gasrec will increase the size of its bio-LNG tanker fleet by 300% over the next 12 months. The company’s efforts will help to meet the rapidly growing demand

March 2, 2021 Read Full Article

European Collaboration Projects Plan a Circular Route to Producing Synthetic Aviation Fuels

(GreenAir Online) A recent high-level conference hosted by the Dutch government focused on the potential of synthetic aviation fuels, also called power-to-liquid (PtL) or e-fuels, to significantly lower the aviation

February 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Nova Pangaea Technologies Reaches Operational Milestone and Looks to Expand

(Nova Pangaea Technologies) Nova Pangaea Technologies, the Redcar based cleantech company, has reached a significant milestone in the technological validation of its first of a kind process to sustainably convert forestry

February 26, 2021 Read Full Article

SFO Charges Former Biodiesel Trader with Fraud and Money Laundering

(UK Serious Fraud Office) The SFO has charged biodiesel trader Gianni Rivera with fraud and money laundering in connection with its investigation concerning the sustainable fuel sector.  Rivera, a former employee of

February 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuel on Autosky

(UECC) As we close in on almost one year of continuous biofuel operation on our Autosky, we have the opportunity to reflect on what we have achieved with this fantastic vessel

February 26, 2021 Read Full Article

New Report Charts a Future with BioLPG

(Biofuels International)  A Liquid Gas UK (LGUK) report has outlined the route to decarbonising non-domestic off-grid businesses using bioLPG. The report found that LPG and bioLPG have the potential to

February 25, 2021 Read Full Article

BA Schedules SAF Flights from Next Year

(Biofuels International)  British Airways (BA) has revealed it will operate transatlantic flights partially powered by sustainable fuels as early as next year. BA is investing in sustainable aviation fuel (SAF)

February 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Britain to Introduce Greener Gasoline at Petrol Stations by September

by Ahmad Ghaddar and Nigel Hun (Reuters) Britain is set to introduce E10 gasoline, a motor fuel blended with 10% renewable fuels, by September this year, a move that could cut

February 25, 2021 Read Full Article

REA Publishes ‘Green Pathway’ to Accelerate Drive to Net Zero and Provide Thousands of New Jobs

(Association for Renewable Energy and Clean Technology) REA’s ‘Strategy for Renewable Energy and Clean Technologies’ has been published, producing a green pathway that outlines the measures that need to be

February 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Clean Planet Launch Ultra-Clean Jet Fuel: 75% Cut in CO2 Emissions, Made from Non-Recyclable Plastic

(Clean Planet Energy) Today Clean Planet Energy have announced a breakthrough product in our mission to significantly reduce carbon emissions in fossil-fuel led transport. Branded as ‘Clean Planet Air’, the

February 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Velocys on Scaling Up Net Negative, Carbon Capture-Ready Fuels

by Tammy Klein (Transportation Energy Strategies)  … I spoke to both Neville Hargreaves, Vice President, Waste to Fuels and Drew Miller, Project Finance Director of Velocys about their SAF projects in the U.S. (Bayou Fuels)

February 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Ceres Energy Limited Acquires Stake in Barrow Shipping Limited

(Anaerobic Digestion and Bioresources Association) Ceres Energy Limited has acquired a stake in Barrow Shipping Limited. The move is in line with Ceres’ intention to enhance its standing in the renewable energy arena. Barrow

February 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Fulcrum Announces Plans to Develop SAF Biorefinery in the UK

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) Fulcrum BioEnergy Ltd. on Feb. 16 announced plans to develop a 30 MMgy sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) plant at Essar Oil (UK) Ltd.’s refinery near Liverpool,

February 17, 2021 Read Full Article

From Tree Planting to CO2-Sucking Machines: How Could ‘Negative Emissions’ Help to Tackle the Climate Crisis?

by Daisy Dunne (Independent)  Removing CO2 from air will likely be needed if the world is to meet its climate goals, writes Daisy Dunne, but our options for achieving ‘negative

February 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Choose LNG Today and Make Tomorrow’s Climate Challenge Easier

(SEA-LNG)  … Investing in dual-fuel (DF) engine technology and taking advantage of LNG today, we have the opportunity to reduce GHG emissions now, with up to 21% GHG savings on a

February 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Continued Success for SoBT Researchers with Climate-Friendly Industrial Methodologies

(Dublin City University) A consortium led by researchers based in the School of Biotechnology at DCU continues to redefine the methodology employed in the distilling industry, towards improving sustainability in

February 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuels and the Technologies, Constraints and Burgeoning Demand

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s been a rough 2020 for aviation with COVID-19’s impact on travel. Yet, climate goals remain in place, and the pivot from petroleum to renewable fuels continues,

February 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuel Plant Set for Take off at Stanlow

(Essar)  Essar Oil (UK) Limited (Essar) is delighted to join forces with Fulcrum BioEnergy Limited (Fulcrum) and Essar’s subsidiary company Stanlow Terminals Limited to create a new facility which will convert

February 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuel: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Velocys

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Going beyond the utilization of difficult to process solid waste feedstocks to produce advanced, sustainable biofuels, Velocys is also now using carbon capture usage and

February 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Campaigns Questioning the Use of Woody Biomass for Energy Are Missing Key Facts Says IEA (International Energy Agency) Bioenergy

(International Energy Agency) There are concurrent media campaigns and publications questioning the use of woody biomass for renewable energy production. Several of them misrepresent on-the-ground forestry practise and bioenergy systems, and

February 11, 2021 Read Full Article

World’s Most Sustainable Glass Bottles Created in Ground-Breaking Biofuel Trial

(Encirc) An aspirational mission to create the world’s most sustainable glass bottle has been lauded an incredible success by the industry, following initial results from a ground-breaking trial. — A

February 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Converting Waste Biomass to Biochem, Biofuels, Biopolymers: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Nova Pangaea Technologies

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Circular economies need feasible circular technologies – and newer company from the UK, Nova Pangaea is making huge strides towards commercialization. Check out this slide

February 9, 2021 Read Full Article

50 Renewable Diesel Projects and the Technologies Behind Them

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Renewable diesel, all 9 billion gallons built, under construction, in planning – Take a deep dive into the latest hot renewable diesel news and a special

February 9, 2021 Read Full Article

British Airways Fuels Its Future with Second Sustainable Aviation Fuel Partnership

(LanzaTech/LanzaJet)  British Airways is investing in sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) technology provider and SAF producer LanzaJet as the company builds its first commercial scale plant in Georgia, USA •British Airways will

February 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Future Fuels Change the Balance of Power

by Chris Edwards (Engineering and Technology) Renewables may actually keep carbon fuels going for decades to come, but a new group of energy-rich countries will emerge.  — …    The

February 4, 2021 Read Full Article

UK Frozen Food Distribution Firm Opens Bio-LNG Refuelling Station

(Bioenergy Insight) Frozen food distribution firm Reed Boardall has installed a new bio-LNG refuelling station at its base in Boroughbridge, UK. Owned and operated by Gasrec, the fully-scalable, skid-mounted station

February 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Hydrogen Is Hot! 584 Hydrogen Fueling Stations in 33 Countries, Ways2H Expansion, Preem, Siemens and More

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … What is making hydrogen so hot right now is the news that hydrogen fueling stations are having a dramatic acceleration in growth with

February 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Shell Pulls out of Velocys/British Airways Project to Build the UK’s First Commercial SAF Production Plant

(GreenAir Online) Shell has pulled its support for the Velocys/British Airways Altalto project, which plans to produce sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) from municipal waste in a new plant due to

January 29, 2021 Read Full Article

UK Opens Consultation on Implementing CORSIA and Policy Options for Interaction with UK ETS DEADLINE: February 28, 2021

(GreenAir Online)  As the UK prepares to adopt ICAO’s CORSIA regulations into domestic law, the Department for Transport (DfT) has opened a consultation on its proposed approach for implementing and administering

January 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Boeing Planning to Debut 100% Biofuel Planes by 2030

by Sarah George (edie.net/Eurative)  Boeing has already completed one commercial flight using 100% biofuel in 2018 –Boeing Co has unveiled plans to deliver commercial aircraft capable of using 100% biofuel

January 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Aberdeen Leading the Field with New Energy Transition Degree

(University of Aberdeen) The University of Aberdeen has today launched the UK’s first postgraduate degree programme in Energy Transition Systems and Technologies. The new course, which is available to study full-time

January 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Boost for the Global Deployment of Licella’s Innovative Cat-HTR™ Technology as Global Plastics Licensee Mura Technology Partners with Leading Engineering Firm KBR

(Licella) Licella Holdings (‘Licella’), Mura’s largest single shareholder, congratulate Mura Technology (‘Mura’), UK-based developer and licensee of their Cat-HTR™ platform, on announcing a global partnership with KBR, a leading international provider of science, technology

January 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Greenergy Invests in Advanced Biofuels Project

(Greenergy) Greenergy announces its continued commitment to renewables through an investment in advanced biofuels. Utilising a combination of existing technologies, the project will create low carbon fuels from waste tyre feedstock.

January 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Selwood Pumps Can Be Fueled by Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil in UK Rental First

(Selwood)  … The company has completed extensive testing of HVO (Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil) in its fleet of market-leading pumps. All Selwood

January 15, 2021 Read Full Article

HSBC, Natixis and Mirova Found Natural Capital Investment Alliance

(FinExtra/Mirova) HSBC Pollination Climate Asset Management, Lombard Odier and Mirova, an affiliate of Natixis Investment Managers, are the three founding partners

January 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Libertine Demonstrates Technology to Help Heavy-Duty Vehicles Go ‘Fossil Free’, Enables Improved Cold Start with Bioethanol

(Libertine) Libertine FPE (“Libertine”), the creator of Smart Engine technology for hybrid electric vehicles and distributed power generation, has demonstrated technology

January 13, 2021 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Biofuels Mandates Around the World 2021

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Florida, the Digest today releases its annual review of biofuels mandates and targets around the

January 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Biomethane-Powered Railcars Could Be Introduced in the UK

(Bioenergy Insight)  Lightweight railcars powered by biomethane derived from human, farm, and food waste could be introduced in the UK.

January 5, 2021 Read Full Article

Transforming Carbon Dioxide into Jet Fuel Using an Organic Combustion-Synthesized Fe-Mn-K Catalyst

Benzhen Yao, Tiancun Xiao, Ofentse A. Makgae, Xiangyu Jie, Sergio Gonzalez-Cortes, Shaoliang Guan, Angus I. Kirkland, Jonathan R. Dilworth, Hamid

January 4, 2021 Read Full Article

First Trials of HVO Renewable Fuels in a Property and Tractor

(Mitchell & Webber) Mitchell & Webber are proud to be the first in country to trial a new fossil-free liquid fuel

January 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Bioenergy Business Brings 70 New Jobs as Part of Multimillion-Pound Growth Plan

by Keith O’Connor (The Business Desk) Renewable bioenergy and carbon reduction specialists, Fleetsolve is looking to triple its workforce with the

January 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Notice of Determination 2020/26: Countervailing Duty on Biodiesel Originating in Argentina

(United Kingdom Department for International Trade)  The Secretary of State for International Trade has determined the countervailing duty on biodiesel

January 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Anti-dumping Review for a Canadian Exporting Producer of Biodiesel (Anti-dumping Duty 2452)

(United Kingdom Office of Revenue and Customs) The Commission has published implementing regulation 2020/2098, OJ ref. L425, initiating an anti-dumping and countervailing

December 31, 2020 Read Full Article

Transatlantic Trade-Offs: Europe Faces a Potential Flood of Imports

by Emmanuel Desplechin (ePURE/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The recent U.S. presidential election has spurred a lot of talk about what the

December 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Asda Scales Gas Fleet Fast, with Huge Volvo FH LNG Order

by Martin Tomlinson (Volvo Trucks)  Asda is taking delivery of 202 Volvo FH LNG tractor units in the run-up to

December 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Liquid Fuels Association Pushes for Biofuels Inclusion

(Biofuels International)  The UK and Ireland Fuel Distributors Association (UKIFDA) has welcomed the Sixth Carbon Budget published by the Committee

December 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Number One Energy Port in the Americas Joins SEA-LNG

(SEA-LNG) SEA-LNG is delighted to welcome the Port of Corpus Christi, the largest port in the United States by total

December 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Gas Pumps to Get Climate, Health Warning Labels in Cambridge, MA

by Sebastian Blanco (Car and Driver) Cambridge, Massachusetts, this week became the first city in the U.S. to put health

December 21, 2020 Read Full Article

British Military Looking to Move Aircraft to Sustainable Fuel Sources

by Ed Adamczyk (UPI)  A plan to use sustainable sources for up to 50 percent of military aviation fuel was announced

December 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Lendlease Looks to Renewable Diesel and Other Alternatives to Achieve 2040 Carbon Goals

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In the UK, Lendlease announced plans to eliminate the use of diesel on its construction

December 18, 2020 Read Full Article

EVs Will Leave A Hole In Taxes: 1st Gear: UK Has To Figure Out How To Tax EV Owners As Much As The Rest Of Us

by Raphael Orlove (Jalopnik’s The Morning Shift) The Treasury in the UK is worried that while it’s relatively straightforward to put

December 18, 2020 Read Full Article

96,000 Hectares of UK Agricultural Land Used for Bioenergy Crops in 2019

(Bioenergy Insight) In 2019, 96,000 hectares (ha) of agricultural land in the UK were used to grow crops for bioenergy. 

December 15, 2020 Read Full Article

Flying High with Aviation Biofuel – Continuous SAF Supply Arrives at SFO and LTN Airports, RSB Recognized by ICAO for CORSIA

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) … First, Signature Flight Support, Neste and NetJets celebrate the official launch of Sustainable

December 14, 2020 Read Full Article

ABSL Secures Grant for Biohydrogen Research

(Advanced Biofuel Solutions)  Advanced Biofuel Solutions Ltd (ABSL), University College London (UCL) and Wood have been awarded a £250,000 grant

December 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Bentley Switches to Waste-Based Renewable Fuels to Drive Greener In-House Logistics in Crewe

(Volkswagen) Achieving carbon neutral operations a key pillar of Bentley’s recently launched Beyond100 commitment to becoming end-to-end carbon neutral by

December 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Encirc and Glass Futures Pioneer the Development of the World’s Most Environmentally Friendly Glass Bottle – UK Trial to Be World-First

(Encirc) Leading glass container manufacturer, Encirc, and industry research and technology organisation, Glass Futures, are partnering on a ground-breaking project to

December 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Getting Carbon for Everyday Materials from Waste Emissions: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Carbon Capture and Use

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Anyone facing a carbon target or price wants to capture carbon. The advanced players are turning

December 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Foresight Group Invests £80m in CNG Fuels Refuelling Stations Network

(Bioenergy Insight)  Foresight Group has partnered with CNG Fuels to develop a network of refuelling stations in the UK, providing

December 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Denmark Becomes First Major Oil-Producing Nation to Set Deadline to End Extraction

by Florian Elabdi, Rick Noack and Steven Mufson (Washington Post) Denmark on Friday became the first major oil-producing nation to

December 7, 2020 Read Full Article

REA Backs UK Government’s 2030 Road Transport Plan

(Biofuels International)  The Government’s decision to phase-out the sale of new petrol and diesel cars and vans by 2030 and

December 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Green Biofuels Selected as Construction Fuel Partner

(Biofuels International)  HVO provider Green Biofuels has been selected as the sole provider of fuel for the construction of a

December 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Green Energy Village Plan in North-East Scotland Could Harness Power from Rocks

by Ilona Amos  (The Scotsman)  A pioneering green energy ‘village’ with the capacity to power tens of thousands of homes

December 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Five Reasons Why Internal Combustion Engines Are Here to Stay

by Robert Bryce (RealClearEnergy)  Oil prices are down and bans on automobiles powered by internal combustion engines (ICE) are up

December 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Opinion: Reinventing Fuel-Based Power for a More Secure and Resilient Grid

by Toby Gill (Intelligent Power Generation/Green Car Congress) With battery storage able to provide a unique role in balancing a renewable

December 1, 2020 Read Full Article

They Invest US $ 5 Million to Transform Sewage Waste into Biodiesel

(La Nacion (Google Translation)) The company Explora, which has its plant in Puerto General San Martín, Santa Fe, invested more than

December 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Joint Policy Proposal to Accelerate the Deployment of Sustainable Aviation Fuels in Europe – A Clean Skies for Tomorrow Publication

(World Economic Forum)   What is the World Economic Forum doing to help aviation meet net zero goals?  Through the Forum’s

November 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Research Creates Hydrogen-Producing Living Droplets, Paving Way for Alternative Future Energy Sources

(University of Bristol)  Scientists have built tiny droplet-based microbial factories that produce hydrogen, instead of oxygen, when exposed to daylight

November 27, 2020 Read Full Article

The TIPping Point: Technology, Investment, Policy, and the advanced bioeconomy, Dioxide Materials, Genomatica, ADM, InnovaFeed, Aemetis, Nova Pangaea, and the UK Are Showing the Way

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s possible to summarize the advanced bioeconomy in three words, technology, investment, policy. These are the

November 25, 2020 Read Full Article

USGC: COVID-19 Weighed on 2019-’20 Global Ethanol Trade

(U.S. Grains Council/Ethanol Producer Magazine) At the close of the most recent marketing year, U.S. ethanol exports were down 12 percent

November 25, 2020 Read Full Article

3-D Printed Corals, New Bioreactors to Boost Microalgae Production for Biofuels

by Fintan Burke (Horizon Magazine/Phys.Org) Using light as an energy source, photosynthetic microalgae can be used to produce products like biofuels

November 24, 2020 Read Full Article

UK Ban on ICE Vehicles Highlights How ‘Policymakers Need to Pay Attention to What’s Working Today’

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  … U.K.’s government announced it is going one step further by banning the sale of

November 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Humber’s Renewable Ambitions Make Grand Entrance

(Biobased Diesel Daily) The Phillips 66 Humber Refinery in the U.K. recently welcomed the latest addition to its growing renewable fuels

November 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Industry Asks EU to Include Biogas in New Sustainable Mobility Strategy

(NGV Journal/NGVA Europe) Gas Distributors for Sustainability (GD4S), the European Biogas Association (EBA) and NGVA Europe co-signed a joint letter to

November 24, 2020 Read Full Article

New Biofuel-Trading Venue Sees Untapped Demand in Green Revival

by Kim Chipman (Bloomberg/Yahoo! Finance) The U.S. market for biofuel credits has long drawn calls for reform over lack of transparency.

November 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Emissions Scandal Fears as Tests Suggest Plug-in Hybrids Emit ‘More Pollution than Advertised’

by Madeleine Cuff (iNews) The tests found that even when the cars had a fully charged battery and were driving

November 24, 2020 Read Full Article

EU Aviation Sector Calls for Policy Support and Investment to Help Achieve Carbon Neutrality by 2050

(GreenAir Online) Over 20 European aviation and travel associations have called for a joint commitment between industry and policymakers to achieve

November 20, 2020 Read Full Article

New Membrane Could Pave Way for Cheap, Efficiently Made Biofuels

by Sara West (Imperial College London) Scientists have developed a cost-effective method of biofuel extraction which could make them viable alternatives

November 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Optimising Miscanthus for a Sustainable Bioeconomy

(Terravesta) The growing global bioeconomy has an indispensable role in tackling the climate crisis, and key to delivering a low carbon

November 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Nova Pangaea Technologies Completes Successful E10 Biofuel Trial

(Nova Pangaea Technologies) Nova Pangaea Technologies, the UK based cleantech company, has successfully developed and trialled its first E10 fuel on

November 20, 2020 Read Full Article

UK 10-Point Plan Addresses SAF, Move to Zero-Emissions Vehicles

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.K. government on Nov. 18 issued its 10-point plan for a green industrial revolution,

November 19, 2020 Read Full Article

UK Refiners Push Back over 2030 Ban on New Fossil Fuel Cars

by Robert Perkins  (S&P Global Platts) Refiners call for more biofuels support; Move seen displacing 60,000 b/d of oil demand; Hybrids get reprieve

November 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Bio Engine Technology Ltd Developing Rankine Cycle Engine to Use Renewable Fuel

(Bio Engine Technology)  The engineers at Bio Engine Technology Ltd are dedicated to a simple but effective solution. They are

November 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Rolls-Royce to Test 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuel in Next Generation Engine Demonstrator

(WebWire)  Ground tests with 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) to demonstrate Rolls-Royce engines can unlock SAF’s potential to reduce emissions 

November 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Hydrogen Production to Double by 2030 as the World Advances towards a Sustainable Energy Economy

(Frost & Sullivan/PR Newswire/Investors Hub)  The shift towards hydrogen-based economy arises due to the growing concerns over increasing carbon emissions,

November 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Green Fuels and Aris Bioenergy Sign MOU Committing to Refining of Biodiesel in India

(Green Fuels)  Green Fuels, the world’s leading distributed-scale biodiesel and advanced biofuels company, today signed a memorandum of understanding with Aris Bioenergy Pvt

November 6, 2020 Read Full Article

UK Food Waste Recycler Expecting to Process 10 Tonnes of Pumpkins

(Bioenergy Insight)  Food waste recycler Warrens Group says more than 10 tonnes of perfectly edible pumpkins are likely to end

November 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Improving the Performance of AD Plants

(Bioenergy Insight)  Could biochar be the solution for AD plants with minor gas yields? 4CleanTech, a joint venture between Biogas

November 3, 2020 Read Full Article

BP to Halt Production at Kwinana Refinery

by Amanda Doyle (The Chemical Engineer)  … BP is also exploring additional options for the site, such as a clean

November 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Disrupting, Scaling Up, Numbering Up: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) COVID-19 continues to change how we do things, and LanzaTech shared this illuminating slide guide on

November 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Pandemic Slashes Biofuels Usage across the Board in the UK

(Biofuels International)  Transportation biofuels’ usage in the UK fell steeply during the second half of this year mainly due to

October 29, 2020 Read Full Article

Characterization and Engineering of a Two-Enzyme System for Plastics Depolymerization

by Brandon C. Knott, Erika Erickson, Mark D. Allen, Japheth E. Gado, Rosie Graham, Fiona L. Kearns, Isabel Pardo, Ece Topuzlu, Jared J. Anderson, Harry P. Austin, Graham Dominick,

October 26, 2020 Read Full Article

New Coalition Calls on Government to Act on Negative Emissions Technologies

(Biofuels International)  A letter has been sent to the Chancellor from a new coalition including the CBI, Velocys and Drax

October 22, 2020 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation: ‘Research Confirms UK’s Ability to Lead’

(Biofuels International)  New research by industry coalition Sustainable Aviation confirms that the UK could be home to up to 14

October 22, 2020 Read Full Article

Senator Merkley, Congressman Levin Introduce Legislation to End U.S. Sale of Gasoline-Powered Vehicles by 2035

(Office of Senator Jeff Merkley (D-OR))  The Zero-Emission Vehicles Act of 2020 will position U.S. to lead global auto industry

October 21, 2020 Read Full Article

UK Government to Issue New Biomass Strategy in 2022

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) The U.K. government announced on Oct. 15 that it intends to publish a new biomass strategy

October 21, 2020 Read Full Article

ZeroAvia and Protium Sign Agreement to Develop Green Hydrogen Infrastructure at UK Airports

(GreenAir Online) Zero emissions flight pioneer ZeroAvia has signed a Heads of Terms collaboration with Protium to develop and expand green hydrogen infrastructure for decarbonising

October 20, 2020 Read Full Article

UK Dairy Cooperative Converts Cow Manure into Biogas to Fuel Milk Fleet

(Gasrec/NGV Journal) UK dairy cooperative Arla is driving its sustainability to the next level with a unique three-month trial which will

October 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Neste, Recycling Technologies and Unilever Combine Expertise to Test and Validate Systems to Chemically Recycle Waste Plastics

(Neste)  Recycling Technologies, a specialist plastic recycling technology provider; Neste, the world’s leading provider of renewable diesel, sustainable aviation fuel, and

October 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Prince William and the Royal Foundation Launched the Earthshot Prize

(Royal Foundation) Prince William and The Royal Foundation have launched The Earthshot Prize – the most prestigious global prize for the

October 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Nuclear ‘Not an Effective Low Carbon Option’

by Mark Hutchins (PV Magazine) Researchers in the UK have analyzed 25 years of electricity-production and carbon emissions data from 123

October 8, 2020 Read Full Article

The UK and Decarbonizing Transport

by Brian Healy (Ethanol Producer Magazine/U.S. Grains Council)  Through expanded ethanol use, the U.K. has an opportunity to meet its

October 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Harnessing Plant Power for Renewable Energy

(University of Leeds)  Tapping into the myriad uses of plants and fungi could save people and the planet, says new

October 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Forget Horsepower, Britain’s Farmers Are Turning to Cow Power in a Bid to Be More Sustainable

(Arla)  Arla unveils UK’s first dairy farm ‘fuel station’ as new trial transforms cow poo into power; Trial will use

October 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Hydrogen and Fuel Cells: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Ballard

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Today’s top story is all about hydrogen and fuel cell technology, and how Ballard is working

October 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Heathrow CEO: Aviation Should Have Priority Access to Sustainable Biofuels

by Cecilia Keating (Business Green) Aviation sector will not be able to reach net zero if worldwide capacity of sustainable fuels

October 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Green Fuels to Receive €86,000 Grant in Support of COVID-19-Related Work

(Biofuels International)  … Green Fuels was chosen … for the meaningful work. .. with the waste management sector in Mumbai,

October 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Prepare for Lift-Off: Jet Zero Council to Deliver Carbon-Free Flight

(U.K. Department for Transport, Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, and Robert Courts MP) Jet Zero Council sets out ambitions

September 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Signature Flight Support, Neste, and NetJets Establish Strategic Partnership to Accelerate the adoption of Sustainable Aviation Fuel within Business Aviation

(Signature Flight Support)  This pioneering collaboration combines Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) production and distribution, establishing a permanent supply for private aviation

September 29, 2020 Read Full Article

Scotland’s Opportunity to Grow a New Clean, Sustainable Economy

by Mark Bustard (Industrial Biotechnology Innovation Centre (IBioIC)/Biofuels Digest) The idea of a net zero carbon emissions and zero waste economy

September 29, 2020 Read Full Article

New Tech Converts Natural Gas to Hydrogen at Scale Anywhere and Plastic-Eating Enzyme ‘Cocktail’ Heralds Hope for Plastic Waste

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … In today’s Digest, how Florida-based Transform Materials is literally transforming the petrochemical industry’s ability

September 29, 2020 Read Full Article

BP Helps Establish Coalition to Support Transportation Carbon Pricing Program

(BP) bp and five additional businesses from a range of industries announced they are launching an integrated advocacy campaign to encourage

September 25, 2020 Read Full Article

Heating Oil Industry Launches Plan to Shift to 100% Renewable Fuels by 2050

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) “Biofuels proven as most affordable, immediate path to net-zero carbon,” says NEFI.  —  In Washington, representatives from

September 25, 2020 Read Full Article

Intensive Monoculture Is Putting Water Systems in Peril

(University of Birmingham)  The global spread of vast forest plantations and agricultural monocultures are turning once diverse landscapes into areas

September 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Hopper Dredger First to Sail 2,000 Hours on 100% Sustainable Marine Biofuel

(MAN Energy Solutions/PortNews)  Jan De Nul Group recently announced that its trailing suction hopper dredger, ‘Alexander von Humboldt’, had completed 2,000 hours

September 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Air bp Delivers 210 Tonnes of Sustainable Aviation Fuel to Stockholm Arlanda Airport

(Air bp) 210 tonnes of sustainable aviation fuel has been purchased by Swedavia and its partners – SOS Alarm, Systembolaget

September 24, 2020 Read Full Article

AD and Biogas Industry Awards 2020 Shortlist Revealed

(Bioenergy Insight) … The awards, run by the Anaerobic Digestion and Bioresources Association (ADBA) and the World Biogas Association (WBA),

September 22, 2020 Read Full Article

Powerzeek Adds Liquefied Biogas to Marine Fuel Platform

(Bioenergy Insight)  Powerzeek, a platform company offering an online market place for cleaner energy, has added liquefied biogas (LBG) to

September 22, 2020 Read Full Article

‘Pioneering’ Biomethane Project Progresses in Cornwall, UK

(Bioenergy Insight)  Green fuel generated from agricultural waste in Cornwall, UK, will be used to power the region’s road maintenance

September 22, 2020 Read Full Article

Exclusive: Shell Launches Major Cost-Cutting Drive to Prepare for Energy Transition

by Ron Bousso  (Reuters)  Royal Dutch Shell is looking to slash up to 40% off the cost of producing oil and

September 22, 2020 Read Full Article

Plug-in Hybrids Called a ‘Wolf in Sheep’s Clothing’ as Study Claims Emissions Are Higher than Thought

by Anmar Frangoul (CNBC) Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles have an internal combustion engine as well as a battery-powered electric motor.

September 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Big Oil’s Green Makeover: Can BP Master New Disruptive Technologies or Will It Go the Way of Typewriter Makers?

by Steven Mufson (Washington Post)  … BP, one of the world’s largest oil and gas companies, is aiming to ride

September 17, 2020 Read Full Article

New Green Fuel Product for Off-Road Market in the UK

(Renewable Energy Magazine)  FuelBox and Green Biofuels have launched a new renewable, fossil-free, low emission fuel product for off-road vehicles

September 15, 2020 Read Full Article

2019 May Have Been Peak Year for Oil Demand, BP Trying to Pivot

(Our Daily Planet) Yesterday, the world’s leading oil producers, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), projected a larger decrease in

September 15, 2020 Read Full Article
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Policy (OSTP) offtake agreements Ohio Ohio Wisconsin oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent 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polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota South Dkota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool tools Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Fuels Policy; carbon removal Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers w waiver Wales 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