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Tag "Russia"

EBRD Plans to Invest 80 Million Euros into Ukrainian Bioenergy

by Jack Laurenson (Kiyv Post)  Biomass as a replacement for Russian gas in heating is one grassroots initiative that has become an emerging business, earning real profits for investors. For example,

October 22, 2018 Read Full Article

China New Energy Interim Profit Rises With Positive Policy Changes

by Dayo Laniyan (Morning Star/Alliance News)  Engineering and technology solutions provider China New Energy Ltd said it has seen continued success in the first half of 2018 due to changed policies

September 25, 2018 Read Full Article

Chemists Develop Nanocatalysts for Continuous Biofuel Synthesis

(RUDN University/Phys.Org)  A chemist from RUDN synthesized new catalysts with ruthenium (Ru) nanoparticles for producing biofuel from organic biowaste. Nanocatalysts support more intensive and sustained reactions than the compounds currently available

September 14, 2018 Read Full Article

German Chancellor Fellowship for Tomorrow’s Leaders DEADLINE: September 15, 2018

The Alexander von Humboldt Foundation’s German Chancellor Fellowship program is targeted at recent university graduates from the U.S. and other countries who have an international outlook and initial leadership experience.

August 3, 2018 Read Full Article

Iran to Trump: Oil Will Cost $100 per Barrel, and It Is Your Fault

by Alex Lawler (Reuters)  Oil will soon cost $100 per barrel due to supply disruptions caused by U.S. President Donald Trump, Iran’s OPEC Governor told Reuters on Thursday, as he warned

July 6, 2018 Read Full Article

Strategic Intent: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to UPM, the Biofore Company

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) UPM is going through a transformation to ensure sustainable value creation in the long term. The aim is to improve profitability, generate growth and increase the

June 22, 2018 Read Full Article

Russian Direct Investment Fund : RDIF and JBIC Agree to Collaborate in the Russian Bioenergy Industry

(Russian Direct Investment Fund/4-Traders)  The Russian Direct Investment Fund (RDIF) and JBICIG Partners (JBICIG, a subsidiary of the Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC)) as part of the Russia-Japan Investment Fund

May 29, 2018 Read Full Article

Weak Governance at UN Shipping Agency Delaying Action on Climate Change

(Transparency International Secretariat)  The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) is at risk of unresolved conflicts of interest due to shortcomings in its governance, according to preliminary key findings of a new study by Transparency

April 9, 2018 Read Full Article

‘Keep It In The Ground’ Activists Optimistic Despite Oil Boom

by Jeff Brady (National Public Radio)  The United States oil business is booming and the country could soon be the largest crude oil producer in the world. Despite this record-breaking production,

March 16, 2018 Read Full Article

Opinion: Putin Has Finally Gone Too Far

by David Ignatius (The Washington Post) … So how can the United States and its closest allies alter (Russian President Vladimir) Putin’s behavior, if they’re truly serious about holding Russia

March 16, 2018 Read Full Article

OPEC Will Extend The Cut

by Zainab Calcuttawala (OilPrice.com)  There will be an OPEC deal extension—no matter the public tussling between opposing forces in the industry cartel—if the world’s largest oil producers are really determined to

November 27, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

Russian Scientists Discover Method to Convert Food Waste into Biofuels

(Skoltech)  … Scientists from Skoltech and the Russian Academy of Sciences’ Joint Institute for High Temperatures have proposed converting food waste into biofuel via hydrothermal liquefaction – a thermal depolymerization process

November 20, 2017 Read Full Article

Better Soil Could Trap as Much Planet-Warming Carbon as Transport Produces: Study

by Thin Lei Win (Reuters)  Improving soil health in farmlands could capture extra carbon equivalent to the planet-warming emissions generated by the transport sector, one of the world’s most polluting industries,

November 20, 2017 Read Full Article

Top 10 Wood Waste Projects – Not Letting Waste Go to Waste

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … Regardless of which side of the fence you are on, the chopping continues and there are literally tons of wood waste left behind that

October 2, 2017 Read Full Article

Scientists Test a Microalgal Technology for Wastewater Treatment

(Phys.Org/ Lomonosov Moscow State University)  Members of the Faculty of Biology of the Lomonosov Moscow State University have proved that under Nordic conditions, wastewater could be treated with the help of

August 28, 2017 Read Full Article

Scientists Determine Algae Biofuel Composition

(Phys.Org/Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology)  Scientists have used high-resolution mass spectrometry to determine the composition of a biofuel obtained from the microalgae Spirulina platensis. The researchers studied two biofuel

July 31, 2017 Read Full Article

Divestment Is Shifting the Geopolitics of Fossil Fuels

by Penney Kome (rabble.ca)  …   Almost everyone is targeting fossil fuel consumption and, by extension, Big Oil. Most of us see the oil business as gas stations, or as mammoth corporations,

July 24, 2017 Read Full Article

How Gold Can Recycle Biofuel Waste into Useful Additive

(Phys.Org/Tomsk Polytechnic University)  Gold nanoparticles serve as catalysts for obtaining valuable chemical products based on glycerol. Scientists from Tomsk Polytechnic University and their international colleagues are developing gold catalysts to

May 23, 2017 Read Full Article

Grains Piled on Runways, Parking Lots, Fields Amid Global Glut

by P.J. Huffstutter and Karl Plume (Reuters)  … World stockpiles of corn and wheat are at record highs. From Iowa to China, years of bumper crops and low prices have overwhelmed

April 11, 2017 Read Full Article

Butadiene from Ethanol in One Step: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to ETB Catalytic Technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ETB Catalytic Technologies has developed a one-step process for producing butadiene from ethanol – and attracted investment in March 2016 from Zavkom Group and grant

February 3, 2017 Read Full Article

Birdlife and T&E to Release Anti-Biofuel Documentary in January

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Belgium, following on from the November release of their joint publication “The Black Book of Bioenergy”, Birdlife Europe and Central Asia has again teamed

December 28, 2016 Read Full Article

Trump’s Nixonian Pivot

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  News of high-level appointments have been streaming out of Trump Tower all this week and last, and two trends are already clear: it’s a group

December 22, 2016 Read Full Article

Not Energy Independent, Yet

by Rick Uldricks and Hudson Councilman Casey Weinstein (Twinsburg Patch) In truth, when it comes to energy security, there is good news to be found, but not at the bottom of a

November 15, 2016 Read Full Article

Don’t Let Foreign Interests Prevent US Biofuels Future

by Retired Maj. Gen. Paul D. Eaton (The Hill/VoteVets.org)  Ninety-seven percent America’s motor fuel is blended with homegrown ethanol. From an energy security perspective, this is major progress that should be

October 21, 2016 Read Full Article

WikiLeaks Emails Show How Clinton’s Campaign Chief Once Opened Doors for Energy Firm

by Kevin G. Hall (McClatchyDC)  Hillary Clinton’s campaign chief once opened doors at home and abroad for an alternative energy firm whose investors include a Vladimir Putin-supported Russian company. These

October 20, 2016 Read Full Article

Water-Energy Dependence around Pacific Rim Mapped in New Sandia Study

(Sandia National Laboratories)  A wide-ranging analysis of water vulnerability across the Pacific — including the U.S., China, Russia and Japan — has identified hundreds of locations where energy production depends

September 20, 2016 Read Full Article

Russia Ethanol Production Set to Grow

by Eugene Gerden (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Impending tax abolishment to provide the impetus for the development of Russian ethanol industry.  —  Plans to lift a hefty excise tax on fuel ethanol

September 19, 2016 Read Full Article

Select Stations in Finland to Sell 100 Percent Renewable Diesel

by Ron Kotrba (Biomass Magazine)  Neste announced plans to begin selling 100 percent renewable diesel at select stations in Finland come January. The company says the product launch is one

September 9, 2016 Read Full Article

ICAO Carbon Offsetting Scheme Moves a Step Closer to Agreement as Council Releases Final Draft Resolution Text

(GreenAir Online)  ICAO’s 36-State governing Council has released final draft text of a Resolution to be put before the UN agency’s triennial Assembly later this month on a global market-based

September 5, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Report Features Data on EU Pellet, Biogas Markets

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  A report recently filed with the USDA Foreign Agriculture Service’s Global Agricultural Information Network provides an overview of the European Union’s biofuel market, including data

August 2, 2016 Read Full Article

Clean Energy: Steam Reformation Technology

by Zoltan Kish (Lee Enterprises/Biofuels Digest)  … The primary challenge of clean energy production is the heterogeneous nature of waste and biomass, which creates a widely varying chemical constituency of the energy

June 23, 2016 Read Full Article

A Gift to the Next Generation

by Chris Soules (The Courier)  …  The RFS is one law nearly every farmer knows. It requires oil companies to offer consumers clean, renewable choices at the gasoline pump, including

June 20, 2016 Read Full Article

Hope Springs Eternal for Ethanol in the Far East

By Ed Hubbard (Renewable Fuels Association)  …  At APEC (Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum), I found a delegation of countries that weren’t just committed to biofuels, but eager about the future

May 18, 2016 Read Full Article

USTR Releases Special 301 Report on Protection of American Intellectual Property Rights Across the World

(Office of the United States Trade Representative)  Obama Administration unveils list of the world’s most significant challenges facing American intellectual property rights alongside bipartisan members of Congress and business community

April 27, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

APEC Ethanol Forum Highlights Asia as Next Frontier For Exports

(U.S. Grains Council)  The growing interest for ethanol in the Asia-Pacific region is driven in part by ever-growing environmental concerns, especially those related to rising greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and

April 15, 2016 Read Full Article

Ethanol: For the Rubber or the Road? New Russian Tech Advances for One-Step Alcohol-to-Butadiene

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Russia, ETB Catalytic Technologies has received $0.6 million from ZAVKOM and Skolkovo Fund as a series A investment to build a pilot plant for

April 12, 2016 Read Full Article

AP Interview: Corruption Probe Holds Lessons for Monaco

by Angela Charlton (Associated Press/Washington Post)  Monaco’s government says it’s investigating how an alleged vast oil corruption scandal involving a Monaco-based company long went unnoticed, even though the principality has

April 1, 2016 Read Full Article

Breaking Europe’s Addiction to Oil

by Anders Fogh Rasmussen and Peder Holk Nielsen (Novozymes)  Former Secretary General of NATO Anders Fogh Rasmussen and Novozymes’ CEO take steps to highlight Europe’s problematic addiction to oil –

February 23, 2016 Read Full Article

Bailout the US Shale Oil/Gas Industry or Fund Clean Sustainable Renewable Transportation? A New Way of Looking at the Options. Press Release

For Immediate Release February 12, 2016—Frederick, MD Advanced Biofuels USA correspondent Robert E. Kozak analyses the potential for a reinvigorated US shale oil/gas industry with and without government subsidies; and compares it

February 16, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Bet on Biofuels, Not Russian Gas, Former NATO Chief Tells EU

by Ewa Krukowska (Bloomberg/Renewable Energy World)  European Union governments and companies would do better increasing production of renewables, such as biofuels, than counting on a natural-gas pipeline from Russia to

February 16, 2016 Read Full Article

After the Fall: Rebuilding US Liquid Fuel Production – Invest in Our Land or the Shale Oil Fields? (Part 2 of 2)

Efforts to promote a sustainable use of natural resources are not a waste of money, but rather an investment capable of providing other eco­nomic benefits in the medium term. If

February 12, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Egregor Plans Ethanol Plant in Northern Russia

(Biofuels International)  Egregor Biotech and Evolution Group is planning to construct a bioethanol plant in the forest-rich Komi Republic in Northern Russia. The plant would process 400,000 tpy of unusable

February 11, 2016 Read Full Article

Green Ideas for Emerging Resources: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to VerdeNero, CelloFuel and Russian Opportunity

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  “We are a boutique technical consulting and service firm to the alternative energy and resources industry,” said the VerdeNero manifesto, adding: “We provide services in technology transfer,

November 30, 2015 Read Full Article

Mathieu Flamini’s No Fuel

(The Sun)  Mathieu Flamini has kept a big secret from family, friends and team-mates for SEVEN years.  But today in an exclusive SunSport interview the Arsenal ace reveals that, along

November 19, 2015 Read Full Article

Hamrick Engineering Granted Patent for Extracting Sugars and Nanocellulose from Biomass

(Hamrick Engineering/Your Oil and Gas News)  Hamrick Engineering is pleased to announce the granting of a broad patent for extracting sugars and nanocellulose from lignocellulosic biomass by the US Patent

November 17, 2015 Read Full Article

Answers for Your Questions about Low Oil Prices and Renewable Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Digest looks at security and energy security —  …  This week, the head of Russian state intelligence service, Alexander Bortnikov,warned of a potential “invasion

October 30, 2015 Read Full Article

Why Oil Is Cheap in October 2015 (Part 1 of 2)

by Robert E. Kozak* (Advanced Biofuels USA) Conventional wisdom about declining oil prices, mostly originating from US Department of Energy/Energy Information Administration (DOE/EIA), says the fall of oil prices over

October 27, 2015 0 comment Read Full Article

The 800 Ways Taxpayer Money Supports Fossil Fuel Industries

by Reed Landberg (Bloomberg/Renewable Energy World)  If the world seeks to lower carbon emissions, why is support for fossil fuels so strong? —   As world leaders converge on New York

September 29, 2015 Read Full Article

Calysta and Its Happy Meal

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  It’s not just fish meal, it’s happy meal — for investors, we hear. As Calysta pivots towards methane-to-protein and supersizes its business plan, we visit

September 3, 2015 Read Full Article

Kyoto Protocol’s Carbon Credit Scheme ‘Increased Emissions by 600m Tonnes’

by Arthur Neslen (The Guardian)  Major UNFCCC carbon trading scheme hit by serious corruption allegations involving organised crime in Russia and Ukraine — A key carbon offsetting scheme was so open

August 25, 2015 Read Full Article

UK Diesel Specification to Include New FBT Parameter from November: Sources

(Platts)  The UK diesel specification will include a new limit for filter blocking tendency from November following a series of car engine breakdowns in northern England and Scotland in the

August 6, 2015 Read Full Article

Enzyme Could Create Biofuels 14 Times Faster than Current Methods

by Bill Scanlon (National Renewable Energy Laboratory/Renewable Energy World)   Scientists at the Energy Department’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have developed an enzyme that could change the economics of biofuel

January 14, 2015 Read Full Article

The 41 Weirdest Things Ever Used to Make Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Bunnies, liposuction fat, Prince Charles’ leftover wine, day-old whale, the human poo bus, fire ants dipped in hexane, old beer, raging fireballs, vibrating blobs, dope,

December 31, 2014 Read Full Article

4 Minutes with…Oleg Padalko, Director, N-f-P Partnership

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Main areas of activity:waste minimization programs for industrial enterprises planning and implementation,MSW flows,incl. landfills, analytical description and management programs, pyrolysis, gasification and hydrothermal liquefaction of

December 29, 2014 Read Full Article

EU GHG Deal Calls for 27 Percent Renewables by 2030

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  On Oct. 24, the European Council issued a statement announcing it has agreed on the 2030 climate and energy policy framework for the European Union.

October 31, 2014 Read Full Article

New EU Sanctions against Russia Impact European Biofuel Companies

by Richard Weiner  (Fredrikson & Byron/Biodiesel Magazine)  The Council of the European Union has recently enacted regulations that require the member states of the European Union to impose sanctions against Russian

October 29, 2014 Read Full Article

4 Minutes With…Svitlana Kroll, Senior Research Scientist, Southwest Research Institute

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … With more than 65 years of experience in automotive and fuels research and development, SwRI is uniquely positioned as an international expert in the research,

October 14, 2014 Read Full Article

WEBINAR–Black Sea: New Production and the Hunt for New Markets September 23, 2014 3:00PM GMT

  WEBINAR–Black Sea: New Production and the Hunt for New Markets   September 23, 2014     3:00PM GMT

The Black Sea region has seen significant investment and development undertaken in the agriculture sector – with Russia and Ukraine driving huge growth in export volumes, primarily of wheat and

September 17, 2014 Read Full Article

8 Trends Driving Aviation Biofuels Today

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …  SkyNRG is undertaking its first major feedstock project in South Africa, featuring a nicotine-free energy tobacco crop that’s developed by Sunchem under the name

August 7, 2014 Read Full Article

Why Were This Company’s Computers Attacked Millions of Times This Year? Algae.

by Steven Mufson (The Washington Post)  About 16 months ago, a Florida-based biofuel company called Algenol noticed that its Internet service was slowing down. In checking that out, Jack Voth,

July 14, 2014 Read Full Article

BP June 2014 Statistical Review of World Energy: 53 Years of Oil Left

by Robert Kozak (Advanced Biofuels USA) BP’s  63rd annual  Statistical Review of World Energy was recently released. Some key findings.

July 9, 2014 0 comment Read Full Article

BRICS and Mortar: The Fast-Growing BRIC Economies Take Aim at Aviation Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Brazil, Russia, India and China — and throw in South Africa for a complete BRICSA set.

March 11, 2014 Read Full Article

Renewable Biojet Fuel Partnership Signed in Russia

(Biofuels International)  An agreement has been made by aircraft manufacturer Airbus and RT-Biotechprom, a division of technology and construction company

September 3, 2013 Read Full Article

Comparing Current and 1970 Farm Prosperity: Alcohol for Fuel and the Current Prosperity

by Carl Zulauf and Nick Rettig (Ohio State University/FarmDocDaily) … Corn processed into alcohol for fuel was not a factor in

August 26, 2013 Read Full Article

G8 under Pressure to Rethink Biofuel Mandates

(EurActiv) Leaders of the EU and their partners in the G8 nations are under mounting pressure to reconsider their support

May 9, 2013 Read Full Article

IMF Rejects Fossil Fuel Subsidies, Calls for Reform

By Paul Brown (Climate News Network/ClimateCentral.org)  Fossil fuel subsidies provided by both rich and poor countries to keep their citizens

April 26, 2013 Read Full Article

Did Little Algae Freedom Fighters Win the Cold War?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …This past week in Rotterdam, I ran into algae biofuels’ very own “Dr. No”, John

March 19, 2013 Read Full Article

Korsair Holdings Announces Access to Innovative Waste to Energy Technology

(Digital  Journal)  Korsair Holdings AG (BERLIN: NOM) has signed a sales and marketing license agreement for a Russian waste to

March 12, 2013 Read Full Article

Beta Renewables Sees 2015 as Boom Year for Cellulosic Biofuels

by Nina Chestney (Reuters)  * U.S. cellulosic biofuel goals not reached * Beta sees industry stepping up output by 2015

March 5, 2013 Read Full Article

Inside the Military’s Clean-Energy Revolution

by Julia Whitty (The Atlantic/Mother Jones)  …To get to the Nimitz, 100 miles off Honolulu, our turboprop is flying a 50-50

February 28, 2013 Read Full Article

Running from the Bear: Making Biofuels from Municipal Solid Waste

by Ed Hamrick (Biofuels Digest/Greenworld Fuels)  … There are more than two billion tons of MSW produced worldwide every year, with

November 6, 2012 Read Full Article

Vnesheconombank, Bright Capital, and Renmatix Consider Implementation of an Investment Project in Biochemical and Biofuels Industries

(MSN Money/PR NewsWire)  During the first Moscow International Forum for Innovative Development Open Innovations, the State Corporation ‘Bank for Development

October 31, 2012 Read Full Article

Top Ten: Britain's Most Progressive Biofuel and Biochemical Companies

by Matthew Aylott (National Non-Food Crops Centre)   NNFCC gives its top ten of Britain’s most progressive biofuel and biochemical companies. TMO

September 4, 2012 Read Full Article

IN FOCUS: Lufthansa Details Biofuel Strategy

by Michael Gubisch (FlightGlobal/Flight International)  …Between 15 July and 27 December 2011, Lufthansa deployed a newly delivered Airbus A321 (registration

July 25, 2012 0 comment Read Full Article

US Legislation to Prohibit Airlines from Joining EU ETS Moves a Step Closer as Senate Bill Receives Bipartisan Support

(GreenAirOnline)   A bill introduced into the US upper house by Republican Senator John Thune that would prohibit US aircraft

March 9, 2012 Read Full Article

Jamaica: Russians Interested in Setting up Ethanol Plant

by S. Coward (Caribbean Press Releases)  Jamaica could soon benefit from significant new investment in a number of sectors, coming

March 7, 2012 Read Full Article

Mario Garnero Addresses Council on Foreign Relations and Columbia on ‘Powerhouse Nations’

(MarketWatch)  Mario Garnero, Chairman of Brasilinvest, Brazil’s pioneer merchant bank, stated that BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China) can

December 12, 2011 Read Full Article

INKUD, Lestari Pasifik to Build 616 Bio-Ethanol Plants

(Jakarta Post)   PT INKUD Exchange signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) on Monday with Malaysian biotechnology firm Lestari Pasifik

September 22, 2011 Read Full Article

It’s All about Sugar as Prices Surge and Supply Fears Grow

by Joelle Brink (Biofuels Digest Asia)  …We imagine “food vs fuel” in terms of grain shortages, but where food and

September 8, 2011 Read Full Article

On the Brink of Sweeping Change

by Eugene Gerden (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Russia plans to tap into bountiful resources to expand ethanol production The Russian government

August 25, 2011 Read Full Article

Russia: Waste to Energy Investments Sought by Russian Fund

(Recycling Portal)  A Russian investment fund, Republic of Tatarstan and Wermuth Asset Management plan, is to set up a 200

August 10, 2011 Read Full Article

China to Finance Biofuel Projects in Malaysia; but see: Lestari: No Intention to Solicit Funds from the Public

by Liz Lee (The Star)  Lestari, Arter Group to build 616 plants Lestari Pasifik Bhd, in an unprecedented joint venture

August 9, 2011 Read Full Article

China New Energy's Big Plans for Biofuel

(CheckBioTEch)  A CHINESE green energy specialist is joining Aim in a move valuing the business at £21million. …It is looking

June 27, 2011 Read Full Article

2011 Global Energy Prize Now Accepting Nominations

(PR Newswire)  Energy Efficiency Innovation and Environmental Impact Advances Prized The Global Energy Prize is now accepting nominations for its $1

November 21, 2010 Read Full Article

Russia Could Use Sawdust to Fuel Airplanes

(Ria Novosti)  Russia may start using biofuel made from sawdust to power aircraft, Deputy Transport Minister Valery Okulov said on Tuesday.

November 10, 2010 Read Full Article

Russian Technologies to Build Biofuel Factory

(The Moscow Times)  Russian Technologies will begin construction of the country’s first biofuel factory next spring, the state corporation’s chief, Sergei

September 15, 2010 Read Full Article

Russia Wants to Export Biofuels and Game to EU

(RiaNovosti)  The European market is attractive for Russia due to its proximity and high prices. “Russia could become a supplier

September 9, 2010 Read Full Article

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commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 copper coppice cordgrass corn corn-based products corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed oil cottonseed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs D-8 (proposed) RINs dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DC DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) de-fossilization dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diethyl ether digest Digital Biology dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillation distilled biodiesel distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver divers divestment DME (dimethyl ether) Dominica Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dual cropping Dubai duckweed e E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 price E12 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E40 E50 E55 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecuador ED95 education educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity price electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end user Energy Bill energy cane energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea EROEI erosion control EROWI esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol ethanol/bioethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) Export externalities extremophiles F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertiliz fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungi fungus Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Gerogia Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green Racing GREET model Grenada gribble ground nut groundnut growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf states Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard high performance regular high school project highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horse bedding Horse manure horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HOV High Octane Vehicles HRJ human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrofaction hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen pumps hydropower 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ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene Israel Italy Ivory Coast JA1 JAA jackfruit Jamaica Japan Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Jetfuel (SAJF)/Renewable Jetfuel (RJF) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa Kuwait labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis lignin Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg Luxemburg lysis M15 M50 macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine maize Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta mamona management changes mandates manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanol/biomethanol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbe microbiology microorganizms microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) muck multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NREL NTSB nucle nuclear nutraceuticals nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obama Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol off-take agreements Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olive cake olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone p Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama panda pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanut peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylv Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose perennial grains perennial grasses performan Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-gas power/electricity generation prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island private educational business process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity 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RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RSF2 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securiti Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale 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