If you find this site useful, please

Advanced Biofuels USA: promoting the understanding, development and use of advanced biofuels around the world.

Advanced BioFuels USA

Tag "Pretreatment"

Turning Grams into Tonnes: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide ABLC Guide to Bio Base Europe Pilot Plant

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Bio Base Europe Pilot Plant aims to enable the transition to a sustainable bio-based economy through development, scale-up and custom manufacturing of bio-based product and processes. Hendrik Waegeman, Head

December 4, 2018 Read Full Article

Results Are In: Clariant’s Sunliquid Delivers 6X Lower Carbon Intensity than Fossil Gasoline

by Paolo Corvo (Clariant/Biofuels Digest)  Clariant sunliquid technology delivers low carbon intensity score of 15 gCO2/MJ for the cellulosic ethanol produced using sunliquid technology from agricultural residues feedstock such as corn stover

November 7, 2018 Read Full Article

The Road to Feedstock Flexibility

by Chris Abrams (Biodiesel Magazine/Imerys Filtration)  Imerys personnel have spent much of 2018 talking about new and diverse feedstocks for biodiesel production, and how to help biodiesel manufacturers incorporate them into

October 31, 2018 Read Full Article

Valmet to Supply BioTrac System to Cellulosic Plant in Romania

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Valmet has announced it will supply its BioTrac biomass pretreatment system to Clariant for use in its 500,000-ton-per-year (16.74 MMgy) sunliquid cellulosic ethanol plant in

October 24, 2018 Read Full Article

Concept to Construction and Exports are Crucial

by Lisa Gibson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  In the U.S. ethanol industry, three plants are under construction, while a fourth makes its way through the permitting process. — In an industry with

October 24, 2018 Read Full Article

Researchers Find Value in Unusual Type of Plant Material

by Mark E. Griffin (University of Wisconsin-Madison/Phys.Org)  An ideal biorefinery would turn renewable crops into a variety of fuels and products with little waste. A significant challenge in realizing this vision is

October 9, 2018 Read Full Article

The Idaho Team that Lopped $1 a Gallon off the Cost of Fuel, and How They Did It

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Idaho, researchers at Idaho National Laboratory have have cut the modeled cost of harvesting, storing, transporting, and preprocessing biomass from $149.58/dry ton to $82.86/dry ton. 

September 18, 2018 Read Full Article

Researchers Discover How to Protect Yeast from Damage in Biofuel Production

by Chris Barncard  (University of Wisconsin-Madison)  Some chemicals used to speed up the breakdown of plants for production of biofuels like ethanol are poison to the yeasts that turn the plant

August 13, 2018 Read Full Article

Lessons on the Road to GoBig: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to POET-DSM Cellulosic Ethanol

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In November we reported that POET-DSM Advanced Biofuels achieved a major breakthrough in cellulosic biofuels production at its Project LIBERTY plant in Emmetsburg, Iowa. The company has

August 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Pretreatment of Lignocellulosic Wastes for Biofuel Production: A Critical Review

by DollyKumari and RadhikaSingh (Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews)  … Lignocellulosic waste is becoming popular as a feedstock for biofuel production. The can be converted into usable form for biofuel production

July 30, 2018 Read Full Article

Algae for the Advanced Bioeconomy: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Cellana

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Cellana uses the most productive plants on earth—marine microalgae—to photosynthetically produce its ReNew line of Omega-3 EPA and DHA oils, animal feed, and biofuel feedstocks. Cellana’s

July 17, 2018 Read Full Article

Seeking a Friend for the End of Unreliability: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to the Feedstock Conversion Interface Consortium

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  What is the Feedstock Conversion Interface Consortium and why does it exist? The Why is simple. #1 issue plaguing High and Low Temperature IBR projects is

July 6, 2018 Read Full Article

5 Minutes With… Dhivya Puri, Senior Technical Lead at Fiberight.

by Dave Songer (Bio-Based World News)  “The milestones and professional growth I’ve achieved in this role are above and beyond what I could have accomplished in academia within the same time

July 6, 2018 Read Full Article

Zero to 10 Million in 5 years

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Slow to start and with fewer gallons than targeted through the Renewable Fuel Standard, cellulosic ethanol is showing signs of steady growth.  —  Cellulosic ethanol

June 27, 2018 Read Full Article

USDA Grants Hood $100,000 for Biofuels Project

(Hood College)  The United States Department of Agriculture has awarded Hood College Professor of Biology Craig Laufer $100,000 over an 18-month period to fund research and development of cost-effective biofuels. Successful

June 22, 2018 Read Full Article

New Algae Biofuel Production Method Could Someday Compete with Petroleum

by Philip T. Pienkos (R&D Magazine)  … This time, the leading force was not the DOE (U.S. Department of Energy), but the investment community acting in the belief that the power

June 18, 2018 Read Full Article

NREL Finds Easier Ways to Deconstruct Biomass

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  If there’s an easier, more efficient method, science will find a way. That’s certainly the case in producing cellulosic biofuels, which, at least for now,

June 7, 2018 Read Full Article

The Carbon Rescuers: 20 Top Waste Projects and Breakthroughs that Capture Used Carbon from the Waste Pile for New Uses

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In these top 20 projects, we usually say that we are using waste, but really we are converting something from a state of waste to a

June 5, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

One Commercial, Two Commercial, Three Commercial, Four: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Clariant’s Sunliquid Cellulosic Ethanol Technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Clariant’s sunliquid technology for the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into sugars, followed by fermentation to cellulosic ethanol, is flexible to be used to convert different feedstocks

May 24, 2018 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Fulcrum BioEnergy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Fulcrum BioEnergy has developed a “game-changing process for converting municipal solid waste that would otherwise be landfilled, into renewable transportation fuels including syncrude, jet fuel

May 23, 2018 Read Full Article

Industrial Enzyme Frontiers: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to MetGen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  MetGen’s MetZyme enzymatic solutions cover the entire bio-based value chain from feedstock to high-value chemicals and enable the use of cellulosic feedstocks as well as the

May 21, 2018 Read Full Article

Estonian Forest Magic: Sweetwater, Graanul to Build First Commercial Biorefinery for cellulosic sugars, lignin

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Sweetwater Energy and Europe’s largest wood pellet producer, the Tallinn, Estonia-based AS Graanul Invest, said that they will build a commercial-scale integrated biorefinery that will

May 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Upgraded Aemetis Plant in India Completes Biodiesel Production Using Lower Cost, High FFA Waste Feedstock

(EconoTimes/Aemetis)  Pre-treatment Unit Passes First Production Tests Required to Supply BP Singapore Under Three-year Agreement  —  Aemetis, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMTX) announced today that its Universal Biofuels subsidiary completed the production of high quality distilled

April 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Equipment Needs to Study Mixing of Fibrous Materials

by Gregory T. Benz (Lee Enterprise Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  There are many sources of organic fibers that can be used as feedstock for biofuels and renewable chemicals. The author has tested many

April 17, 2018 Read Full Article

The Relay Race toward Energy Security: Passing the Baton from Bioenergy Research to Industrial Commercialization

by Alison Goss Eng (U.S. Department of Energy) … One approach is through using domestic biomass resources, such as agricultural and forestry residues, grasses, and municipal solid waste. But, how do these

January 25, 2018 Read Full Article

Breaking the Bottleneck: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to POET-DSM Cellulosic Biofuels Commercialization

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In November we reported that POET-DSM Advanced Biofuels achieved a major breakthrough in cellulosic biofuels production at its Project LIBERTY plant in Emmetsburg, Iowa. The company has solved

January 5, 2018 Read Full Article

FCIC to Fund Projects to Improve Biomass Handing

(Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  To accelerate innovation and adoption of new practices and technologies to determine the root cause of biomass handling failures and designing solutions, the Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium

January 3, 2018 Read Full Article

BETO Launches New Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium

(Department of Energy/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office is proud to announce the establishment of the Feedstock-Conversion Interface Consortium—a research and development consortium dedicated to identifying and

December 5, 2017 Read Full Article

Is Cellulosic Ethanol Dead? Despite Setbacks, Signs of Progress

by Jessie Stolark (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  … Several factors have hindered the production of the volumes originally envisioned: extracting energy from cellulose proved much more difficult than extracting it

November 10, 2017 Read Full Article

Advanced Bioeconomy Horizons: The 5 Top R&D Trends Right Now

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Catalytic reaction rates, microcrystalline cellulose, cyanobacteria working in teams, vertical farming, vegan products & markets. The 5 top disruptive techs we’ve seen in recent weeks are

November 10, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

Breaking the Bottleneck – POET-DSM Achieves Cellulosic Biofuel Breakthrough

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … In South Dakota, POET-DSM Advanced Biofuels achieved a major breakthrough in cellulosic biofuels production at its Project LIBERTY plant in Emmetsburg, Iowa. The company has solved the

November 6, 2017 Read Full Article

Consequences of Drought Stress on Biofuels

(Phys.Org/U.S. Department of Energy) …However, weather conditions could greatly affect crop yields. In this study, researchers examined the effect of weather on biofuel production by comparing switchgrass and corn stover

September 11, 2017 Read Full Article

Fermentation Frontiers: Top 10 Trendlines in Industrial Biotech Fermentation

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The most visible advanced industrial fermentation target for a number of years has been cellulosic ethanol, but the targets are diversifying and cellulosics themselves are

September 6, 2017 Read Full Article

Production of Bioethanol from Multiple Waste Streams of Rice Milling

LorenzoFavaro, et al. (Bioresource Technology)   Rice milling by-products are promising feedstocks for bioethanol. Starch-rich residues were efficiently fermented by two engineered amylolytic yeast.  Rice husk, composed by lignocellulose, was pre-treated with

August 25, 2017 Read Full Article

MetGen, Sweetwater Unlocking Lignin – The Roughest, Toughest, Ornieri’st Material that Ever Bushwhack’d a Pioneer in the Valley of Death

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  MetGen, Sweetwater Energy say “there’s gold in them thar side-streams”  —  For all of your questions about the advanced bioeconomy there’s just the one answer

August 17, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

Deep Stabilization: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Fast Pyrolysis and Bio-Oil Upgrading

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Within the ChemCatBio set of core catalysis projects lies Fast Pyrolysis and Upgrading, which has as its goal “to develop cost competitive biofuels through catalytic stabilization

August 8, 2017 Read Full Article

Processing Pathways

by Lisa Gibson (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Interest in cellulosic ethanol from corn fiber is piqued, as technology providers improve on their processes, increasing revenue stream possibilities for producers.  —  Some producers

August 4, 2017 Read Full Article

New Biofuel Technology Cuts Production Time Significantly: UBC Okanagan Researcher Helps Develop Cheaper and Faster Bioreactors

by Nathan Skolski (University of British Columbia Okanagan) New research from a professor of engineering at UBC’s Okanagan Campus might hold the key to biofuels that are cheaper, safer and much

July 21, 2017 Read Full Article

Anellotech Confidential: Pilot Running, New Mystery Investor as Catpyro Begins to Scale

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) …  Anellotech’s Bio-TCat process is designed to produce cost-competitive renewable aromatic (BTX) chemicals (benzene, toluene and xylenes) from non-food biomass for use in making plastics

May 31, 2017 Read Full Article

Turning Chicken Poop and Weeds into Biofuel

(American Chemical Society/EurekAlert!)  Chicken is a favorite, inexpensive meat across the globe. But the bird’s popularity results in a lot of waste that can pollute soil and water. One strategy

May 3, 2017 Read Full Article

Poet Accuses Engineering Company of Failure in Quest for Cellulosic Ethanol

by Jonathan Ellis (Argus Leader) Ethanol producer Poet is suing an international engineering company that was hired to create a system to help convert biomass into ethanol, underscoring the challenges of

May 1, 2017 Read Full Article

Research Focus: Improving the Conversion Process for Sorghum Bagasse Biomass

by Abdul-Sattar Nizami (King Abdulaziz University, Center of Excellence in Environmental Studies (CEES)) (RenewableEnergyFocus.com)  The conservation of biomass is essential for ensuring a continuous and quality supply of feedstock for

April 14, 2017 Read Full Article

Lignocellulosic Biomass Deconstruction

Bernard Cooker (Chemical Processing Solutions/Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  Cheap, plentiful lignocellulosic biomass (LCB), consisting of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, is deconstructed to release useful chemical intermediates in the bioeconomy. These

April 13, 2017 Read Full Article

Oak Ridge Pioneers New Way to See Biomass Pretreatment Impacts

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Tennessee, Oak Ridge National Laboratory scientists have reported in Nature a new high resolution approach to visioning the impact of biomass pre-treatment technology. By

April 10, 2017 Read Full Article

Validated, Integrated: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to Clariant’s Sunliquid Process

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Clariant’s sunliquid technology for the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into sugars, followed by fermentation to cellulosic ethanol, is flexible to be used to convert different

April 3, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

How Brown Rot Fungi Could Lead to More Efficient Biofuels Production

(Lab Manager/U.S. Department of Energy)  Wood’s complex structure makes it highly resistant to biological or chemical decomposition. The structure includes cellulose, long chains of linked sugar molecules, embedded in a

February 28, 2017 Read Full Article

Low Cost Sugars and Lignin Streams: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Pretreatment and Process Hydrolysis

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  According to this presentation deck from NREL’s Melvin Tucker, “to produce high concentration sugar and reactive lignin streams at high yields and low costs from biomass to

February 20, 2017 Read Full Article

Advances in Biofeedstocks and Biofuels, Volume One: Biofeedstocks and Their Processing

(Scrivener Publishing)  The most comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of all the possible aspects for biofeedstock processing and the production of energy from biofeedstocks. Audience Chemical engineers, petroleum engineers, process engineers,

February 18, 2017 Read Full Article

A New Hydrocarbon Brew: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Technical Market Analysis for Biochemical Conversion

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As the project team behind this presentation explains, there’s trouble right here in River City when it comes to accessing good market and technical data

February 16, 2017 Read Full Article

Environmental Friendly Methodology for Production of Ethanol from Bagasse by Sequential Bio-Processing

by Prabhuraj Balakrishnan (University of Manchester/Nanowerk News)  … In a research work by The University of Manchester academics (Prof. Colin Webb’s research group at the School of Chemical Engineering), a new

January 24, 2017 Read Full Article

JBEI Releases 4 New Biobased Technologies for Licensing

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In California, researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) / Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have developed four new technologies available for license: Streamlined

December 27, 2016 Read Full Article

Chief Pilot: The ABPDU, Where the Elite Meet to Defeat Petroleum

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …  “Advanced Biofuels Process Demonstration Unit.”  It’s run out of the Berkeley Lab, and is the technology center behind the technology centers, if you will,

December 15, 2016 Read Full Article

Who’s Got Hot Lignin? The Digest’s 2016 Guide to Lignin Production and Prospects

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Lignocellulosic sugars and lignin have become necessary intermediates for advancing research towards economically producing biofuels and bioproducts. Recently, the US Department of Energy issued a

November 15, 2016 Read Full Article

Who’s Got the Hot Sugars? The Digest’s 2016 Guide to Lignocellulosic Sugars and Their Producers

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Lignocellulosic sugars and lignin have become necessary intermediates for advancing research towards economically producing biofuels and bioproducts. Recently, the US Department of Energy issued a

November 14, 2016 Read Full Article

Get the Results of the Cellulosic Sugar and Lignin Production Capabilities Request for Information!

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The results of the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office’s (BETO’s) Cellulosic Sugar and Lignin Production Capabilities Request for Information (RFI) are now available on the

November 6, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Unraveling the Science Behind Biomass Breakdown

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory)  Researchers at ORNL uncover the chemical reaction that helps break down biomass for biofuel  —  Lignocellulosic biomass—plant matter such as cornstalks, straw, and woody plants—is a

October 21, 2016 Read Full Article

New Pathways for Stover

by Ann Bailey (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Innovation in stover utilization targets feed, sugars and coproduct credits, building markets beyond cellulosic ethanol use.  —  Building a robust biomass supply chain for

October 20, 2016 Read Full Article

Strategic Intent: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to Solvay, Stora Enso

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) This season, The Digest is hosting the Strategic Intent webinar series, looking at the plans, progress and future milestones of strategic stakeholders in the Advanced Bioeconomy.  In this

October 3, 2016 Read Full Article

Advanced Enzymes for Lignocellulosic Conversion: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to MetGen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  “Shaping the future of bioenergy and renewable chemicals,” that’s the lofty technological goal which MetGen has set for itself. The company has made a name

September 26, 2016 Read Full Article

Alliance Releases Data from CTS Cellulosic Ethanol Multiple Feedstock Testing. Results Conclusive: CTS Economically Superior to Existing Cellulosic Conversion Processes

(Alliance BioEnergy Plus, Inc.) Alliance BioEnergy Plus, Inc. (OTCQB:ALLM) (the “Company”), is very pleased to release the results from months of testing and data collection on dozens of lignocellulose feedstocks utilizing

September 9, 2016 Read Full Article

Low Cost Cellulosic Sugars, Hydrogen: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to Electrosep

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Amidst all the discussion this week of deal-making in cellulosic and sugar-based fuels — the likes

September 9, 2016 Read Full Article

Petroleum Today, Bio Tomorrow, BIOFOREVER

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Belgium, the BIOFOREVER  consortium of 14 European companies emerged from stealth with the news

September 2, 2016 Read Full Article

Early-Stage, Breakthrough Technologies: Biofuels, 10 of the Best

by Lorenz Bauer and Gerald Kutney (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  …  In this report, we are focused on bioenergy and

August 26, 2016 Read Full Article

What’s DOE Doing about Feedstock Costs? The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to DOE’s Feedstock Programs

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Is it just cost that bedevils industrial biotechnology in bringing fuels technologies to scale. Not

August 12, 2016 Read Full Article

American Science and Technology Receives New Patent for Method to Increase the Efficiency and Profitability of Organosolv Processing of Lignocellulosic Biomass

(American Science and Technology) New Patent Will Increase the Incentives to Use Renewable Resources for Chemical Production  —  American Science and

August 8, 2016 Read Full Article

Cellulosic Ethanol, What Happened, What’s Happening?

by Irshad Ahmed (Lee Enterprises)  … I believe cellulosic ethanol is here to stay for the long haul and it is finally

August 2, 2016 Read Full Article

Scientists Harness CO2 to Consolidate Biofuel Production Process

by Sarah Yang (Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)  Carbon dioxide has emerged as a new secret ingredient in the recipe for making

July 21, 2016 Read Full Article

US Department of Energy Gives up to $15m for Algae-Based Biofuels’ Projects

(Biofuels International)  … The three projects selected, located in California and Florida, will include multi-disciplinary partners to coordinate improvements from algal

July 17, 2016 Read Full Article

Closing the Loop: Ionic Liquids from Biomass Waste Could Pretreat Plants Destined for Biofuels

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Recycling waste from biofuel production could lower cost for future biorefineries. — Ionic liquids (ILs) have been

July 1, 2016 Read Full Article

Alliance Receives Letter of Intent (LOI) For Plant Sub-License in Columbia

(Alliance Bioenergy +)  Alliance BioEnergy Plus, Inc. (OTCQB:ALLM) (the “Company”), is pleased to announce that it has received an LOI

July 1, 2016 Read Full Article

ICM Has Short List for Its Gen 1.5 Cellulosic Ethanol

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Kansas, ICM said it is is currently in discussion with a short list of

June 20, 2016 Read Full Article

Research Examines Obstacles to Making Biofuel from Perennial Plants

(University of Arkansas)   A University of Arkansas chemistry professor has received a $400,000 award from the National Science Foundation to

June 17, 2016 Read Full Article

DOE Requests Information on Revolutionary Biomass Supply Systems Supporting a Billion-Ton Bioeconomy Vision

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy’s (EERE’s) Bioenergy Technologies

June 14, 2016 Read Full Article

Catalysts and Enzymes in Biofuel Production

by Elizabeth E. Hood and Lorenz Bauer  (Lee Enterprises Consulting, Inc./Biofuels Digest)  … Biofuels can be produced by a number of

June 8, 2016 Read Full Article

“EA” Biomass Pretreatment Cuts Enzyme Use, Boosts Biofuel Production

by Krista Eastman (Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center)  Less input, more output. That’s the achievement of a new biomass pretreatment

May 11, 2016 Read Full Article

USDA, DOE Partner to Invest $10 Million in Green Energy Research

(U.S. Department of Agriculture) The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) and the Department

May 9, 2016 Read Full Article

Takin’ Cellulosic to the Mud Spa

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Out of the unlikely bioeconomy hub of West Palm Beach, Florida, Alliance BioEnergy Plus has

May 6, 2016 Read Full Article

Bringing up Better Biofuel

by  Rosalie Marion Bliss (US Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service)  …  Now, Agricultural Research Service (ARS) scientists have advanced

May 6, 2016 Read Full Article

Explosive Growth: The Digest’s 2016 8-Slide Guide to Nanocellulose and Its Applications

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Last year, we reported that  Research & Markets projected the “Nanocellulose Market by Type (Cellulose nanocrystals, Cellulose

March 23, 2016 Read Full Article

Tyton BioEnergy Systems Announces Technology Breakthrough, New Method for Turning Plant Oils into Jet Fuel

(Tyton/Digital Journal)  Tyton BioEnergy Systems announced today a major technological advancement in the production of sustainable jet fuel. Tyton filed

March 15, 2016 Read Full Article

Study: Bubbles Boost Efficiency of Biorefinery Systems

by Brooks Hays (UPI)  Researchers say their breakthrough can be scaled for industrial biomass processing.  —  A team of researchers

March 2, 2016 Read Full Article

Raizen Has Lowest Price as Cellulosic Ethanol Hinges on Feedstock Cost

(Lux Research/MarketWired)  Of the Six Existing Commercial Cellulosic Ethanol Facilities, Raizen’s Projected Price of $2.17 per Gallon Is Lowest, as

February 24, 2016 Read Full Article

New Ammonia Biomass Pretreatment Process Improves Yield with Lower Enzyme Loading; Improving Cellulosic Biofuel Economics

(Green Car Congress)  A team from the US, China and India, led by researchers from Michigan State University, has developed

February 24, 2016 Read Full Article

ARA Ships 100% Drop-In Biofuels for Navy Certification

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Florida, ARA completed the delivery of over 150,000 gallons of 100% drop-in jet and

February 15, 2016 Read Full Article

Are All Processes Made Equally?: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to Clariant

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Clariant’s sunliquid technology for the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into sugars, followed by fermentation to cellulosic

December 7, 2015 Read Full Article

The Ministry of All the Talents: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to the Joint BioEnergy Institute

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  JBEI’s mission is to convert biomass to biofuels. The goal is to provide the nation

November 13, 2015 Read Full Article

17 Pyromaniax Changing the Energy Landscape

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … 17 — count them, 17 — different pyrolytic technology centers in the UK  … Tyre

October 26, 2015 Read Full Article

A Biorefinery Approach for Castor Biodiesel — Whole Plant Used for 100% Renewable Biodiesel

by Helen Tunnicliffe (The Chemical Engineer Today)  Chemical engineers from Iran have found a way to produce biodiesel from castor

September 30, 2015 Read Full Article

Ending the Pretreatment Crisis? The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to MBI’s AFEX Cellulosic Pretreatment Technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  For every ton of corn, wheat, and rice harvested today, an equal amount of biomass

September 21, 2015 Read Full Article

Poplar Trees Are Best Bet for Biofuel in UW-Led Research Project

by Michelle Ma (University of Washington Today)  Groves of poplar trees could one day fuel our vehicles and be the

September 8, 2015 Read Full Article

Edeniq Announces Completion of Innovative Upgrade to Cellulosic Sugars Pilot Plant

(Edeniq)  California Energy Commission provided funding for biofuels technology breakthrough — – Edeniq, a biorefining and cellulosic technology company, completed a

September 8, 2015 Read Full Article

Ionic Liquid Pretreatment: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  JBEI has opened up the licensing door for some of their signature ionic liquid pre-treatment technologies:

August 17, 2015 Read Full Article

Poplar-Based Bioethanol Production Awaits Spike In Price Of Crude

by Bruce Dorminey (Renewable Energy World)  A rapid-growing tree, many researchers think poplar is missing its calling as a high-quality cellulosic

August 5, 2015 Read Full Article

The Pyromaniax, Class of 2015: The Top 10 Pyrolysis Projects in Renewable Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  It’s been around for a generation or so — fast pyrolysis, that is. Though in

August 4, 2015 Read Full Article

Poplar-Based Bioethanol Production Awaits Spike In Price Of Crude

by Bruce Dorminey (Renewable Energy World)  As the world’s fastest growing temperate tree species, poplar can add a dozen feet

July 21, 2015 Read Full Article

At a Crossroads, Biofuels Seek a New Path Forward

by Richard Martin (MIT Technology Review)  New microbes and new techniques show promise for advanced biofuels, but the industry is still

July 6, 2015 Read Full Article

Cellulosic Ethanol: Where Are the Gallons? Answers for Your Questions.

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Seen a number of high-profile cellulosic projects open in recent years, and not much ethanol

July 2, 2015 Read Full Article

EU Green Lights €120M in Advanced Bioeconomy Projects

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Brussels, The Bio-based Industries Joint Undertaking, a public-private partnership between the EU and the

June 29, 2015 Read Full Article

Genomatica Advances Development of Feedstock for Biochemicals

(Genomatica/Biomass Magazine)   Genomatica announced significant progress in harnessing cellulosic biomass for commercial production of high-quality chemicals rather than just fuels. … Genomatica

June 19, 2015 Read Full Article

Bioenergy and Biofuels Production from Lignocellulosic Biomass via Anaerobic Digestion and Fisher-Tropsch Reaction

(US Department of Agriculture/Ohio State University)  The long term goal of this project is to commercialize an integrated anaerobic digestion

June 17, 2015 Read Full Article

Why We Have a Joint BioEnergy Institute: The Story of Ionic Liquids

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … You see, JBEI’s team believe they have come up with the solution in a new

June 16, 2015 Read Full Article

Sweetwater Energy Raises $10M; Begins Ramp-Up to First Commercial

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Sweetwater Energy announced it has closed on a $10 million bridge loan. The loan closed

April 21, 2015 Read Full Article

Rubber Security

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Though we usually think of diversifying away from petroleum via the fuels for our cars

March 31, 2015 Read Full Article

Metabolic Path to Improved Biofuel Production

(EurekAlert!/US Department of Energy Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)  Researchers with the Energy Biosciences Institute (EBI), a partnership that includes the

March 5, 2015 Read Full Article

Visalia-Based Edeniq Engineering Ethanol’s Future

by George Lurie (The Business Journal NOW)  … Lower oil prices, (Brian) Thome (president and CEO of Edeniq) said, translate into “lower

March 3, 2015 Read Full Article

Novel Pretreatment Could Cut Biofuel Costs by 30 Percent or More

(Science Daily/University of California-Riverside)  Researchers have invented a novel pretreatment technology that could cut the cost of biofuels production by

February 27, 2015 Read Full Article

2015 Sun Grant Conference: Academia Jumps One Step Forward and Shows What Will Be the Future of Lignocellulosic Biomass Production and Utilization in the Southeastern USA

Author, Dan Quadros, in Auburn, Alabama. by Danilo Gusmão de Quadros* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  After two days (February 2-3, 2015)

February 25, 2015 0 comment Read Full Article

UGA Researchers Develop Super Yeast that Turns Pine into Ethanol

(University of Georgia/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Researchers at the University of Georgia have developed a “super strain” of yeast that can

February 16, 2015 Read Full Article

BPI Announces Startup of Pilot Plant Featuring LTSD Technology

(Bio-Process Innovation Inc./Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Bio-Process Innovation Inc. has announced the completion of the construction of its 1-ton pilot plant

February 16, 2015 Read Full Article

New Conversion Process Turns Biomass 'Waste' into Lucrative Chemical Products

by Elizabeth K. Gardner (Purdue University) A new catalytic process is able to convert what was once considered biomass waste into

December 22, 2014 Read Full Article

Feedstocks, Techniques, and Enzymes: The Critical Trio in Any Cellulosic Ethanol Project

(Global BioBusiness)  It may be surprising to know that, strictly speaking, there is no such thing as “cellulosic ethanol”. Instead,

December 8, 2014 Read Full Article

Energy Department Announces $7 Million to Develop Advanced Logistics for Bioenergy Feedstocks

(US Department of Energy)  The Energy Department announced today up to $7 million for two projects aimed at developing and

December 4, 2014 Read Full Article

Edeniq Heads down Success-at-Scale Avenue, in China

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Virtuosos of Visalia land a major contract with China giant Global Bio-chem — a 50KT

December 3, 2014 Read Full Article

4 Minutes With…Alex Baker, Chief Operating Officer, Leaf Resources Limited

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … Glycell pretreatment process. … I studied science with majors in biochemistry and microbiology at Griffith

October 29, 2014 Read Full Article

Clariant’s Demonstration Cellulosic Ethanol Plant in Germany: The Complete Facility, in Pictures

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Producing enzymes and yeasts on site, as part of the complete biomass-to-fuels manufacturing process. …

September 29, 2014 Read Full Article

Methes Energies Signs Catalyst Supply Agreement for Its New Pre-Treatment Process

(Methes Energies)  Methes Energies International Ltd. (NASDAQ: MEIL), a renewable energy company that offers an array of products and services to

September 8, 2014 Read Full Article

First Ionic Liquid Made from Plant Waste

by James Urquhart (Chemistry World)  Ionic liquids – salts that are liquid at room temperature – could potentially be made more

August 28, 2014 Read Full Article

Students Present Research at Ethanol Conference

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  Several University of Minnesota students are giving the ethanol industry a preview of their cutting-edge research in

August 7, 2014 Read Full Article

Improving Commercial Viability of Biofuels

by Sean Nealon (UCR Today) RIVERSIDE, Calif. (www.ucr.edu) — A University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering professor is one

August 6, 2014 Read Full Article

Minn. Funds 5 Biofuel and Bioenergy Projects, Thermal RFP Soon

by Anna Simet (Biomass Magazine)  The Minnesota Department of Agriculture has named five in-state bioenergy projects as recipients of NextGen Energy

July 1, 2014 Read Full Article

Michigan State University Partnership Accelerates Bio-Based Projects

(Michigan State University)  The Michigan Translational Research and Commercialization Program for the Bio-Economy, launched by MSU and the Michigan Economic

June 12, 2014 Read Full Article

Lignin Valorization: Improving Lignin Processing in the Biorefinery

by Arthur J. Ragauskas, Gregg T. Beckham, Mary J. Biddy, Richard Chandra, Fang Chen, Mark F. Davis, Brian H. Davison, Richard

May 16, 2014 Read Full Article

Better Yield Thanks to a Coal Waste Product

by Peter Rüegg (ETH Zurich)  Biofuel can be produced from wood, too. The key to this is the suitable pretreatment of

May 8, 2014 Read Full Article

Neste Oil And DONG Energy To Begin Cooperation On Technology Development For Renewable Fuels

(Nestle Oil) Neste Oil, the world’s largest producer of premium-quality renewable fuels, has joined forces with DONG Energy, one of the

April 18, 2014 Read Full Article

CRIBE, GreenField Partner to Test Demonstration Technology

(Centre for Research and Innovation in the Bio-Economy/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The Centre for Research and Innovation in the Bio-Economy is

March 17, 2014 Read Full Article

Lignocellulose Shown to Have Potential in Bioplastic Production

(Wageningen University/Biomass Magazine)  Chemical building blocks from lignocellulosic feedstock form a huge potential for the production of bioplastics. More specifically,

February 28, 2014 Read Full Article

10 Time Machines for Making Biofuels and Chemicals

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …The new technologies that come along have to provide pressure, temperature and feedstock at their

November 5, 2013 Read Full Article

Wood Completely Broken Down into Its Component Parts

(Fraunhofer)  Crude oil is getting scarce. This is why researchers are seeking to substitute petroleum-based products – like plastics –

October 28, 2013 Read Full Article

Demystifying Cellulose

by Scott Mowrey (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  A primer outlines the inherent challenges for biofuel production using biomass Raw cellulose from

October 16, 2013 Read Full Article

Brazil’s Big Six in Advanced Biofuels & Chemicals: Who’s Doing What Now?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  After taking a leading role in the global first generation wave of ethanol production, here

September 18, 2013 Read Full Article

36th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals April 28-May 1, 2014 Clearwater Beach, FL

  36th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals      April 28-May 1, 2014    Clearwater Beach, FL

The Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemical covers topics such as: Enzyme Science & Technology Biomass Supply & Sustainability Plant Science

August 23, 2013 Read Full Article

Biofuels’ 10 Scariest Challenges: Part 1 of 2

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Upstream, downstream, processing, policy, finance – opportunities and challenges abound in the bioeconomy – but

August 20, 2013 Read Full Article

Secretary Moniz Announces New Biofuels Projects to Drive Cost Reductions, Technological Breakthroughs

(U.S. Department of Energy)  During remarks at the Energy Department’s Biomass 2013 annual conference, Secretary Moniz today highlighted the important

August 6, 2013 Read Full Article

Ultrasound ‘Making Waves’ For Enhancing Biofuel Production

(Science Daily)  All chefs know that “you have to break some eggs to make an omelet,” and that includes engineers

July 2, 2013 Read Full Article

Scientists Develop ‘Green’ Pretreatment of Miscanthus for Biofuel

(University of Illinois/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Two University of Illinois scientists have developed an environmentally friendly and more economical way of pretreating

May 28, 2013 Read Full Article

New Advance in Biofuel Production

by Lynn Yarris(Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)  Joint BioEnergy Institute Researchers Develop Enzyme-free Ionic Liquid Pre-treatment Advanced biofuels – liquid fuels

May 14, 2013 Read Full Article

API Lands Brazil Investment to Commercialize Cellulosic Process

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  With a fresh investment from Brazil’s GranBio, American Process Inc. is poised to

May 6, 2013 Read Full Article

National Labs Release New Biochemical Biorefinery Sizing Study

(US Department of Energy)  The National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Idaho National Laboratory, and Argonne National Laboratory

April 30, 2013 Read Full Article

Cellulosic Technology Must Use Existing Cropland — Study

by Amanda Peterka  (Governors Biofuel Coalition)  Cellulosic biofuels can become profitable for farmers and help displace oil, but they must

April 5, 2013 Read Full Article

Biorefinery 2015 – The Shape of Advanced Biofuels to Come – Part II

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Today in part II, we look at a new set of technologies coming along that

March 26, 2013 Read Full Article

Biochemical Production of Ethanol and Fatty Acid Ethyl Esters from Switchgrass: A Comparative Analysis of Environmental and Economic Performance

by Scott M. Paapa, Todd H. West, Dawn K. Manley, Eric J. Steen, Harry R. Beller, Jay D. Keasling, Dean

March 18, 2013 Read Full Article

Davy Process Technology Ltd and SEKAB E-Technology Form Strategic Partnership

(SEKAB/Davy Process Technology)  Davy Process Technology Limited (Davy), a Johnson Matthey company, andSEKAB, a leading player in the field of

March 13, 2013 Read Full Article

Direvo Reaches Milestone in Consolidated Bioprocessing of Lignocellulose to Lactic Acid

(Direvo)  Direvo Industrial Biotechnology GmbH (Direvo) today announced that it reached an important milestone in developing a consolidated bioprocess for

March 13, 2013 Read Full Article

Recent Advancements in Various Steps of Ethanol, Butanol, and Isobutanol Productions from Woody Materials

by Pedram Fatehi (Biotechnology Progress)  In this review, the recent advancements and technical challenges associated with the production of ethanol, butanol,

March 12, 2013 Read Full Article

Lux: Alternative Fuel Companies Reach for Real Revenue in 2013

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  A 32-page report by Lux Research picks winners and losers in 2012 among alternative

February 25, 2013 Read Full Article

DDGS-to-Cellulosic Ethanol Process Could Commercialize Rapidly

by Holly Jessen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)   NEAtech, a new energy alternatives company, is searching for financing to further test

February 7, 2013 Read Full Article

If Polluters Pay, Will Renewables Rise?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Changes in EU policy and the financing of advanced biofuels have led to a revival

February 6, 2013 Read Full Article

Lawrence Berkeley Lab Says Principle Proven on New Ionic Liquid Pretreatment Process for Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Lawrence Berkeley Lab has developed a new technology that enables the engineering of host microorganisms

January 28, 2013 Read Full Article

Sugar-Rich Willow Can Boost Biofuels’ Green Credentials

by Mark Kinver (BBC News)  Scientists have identified willow trees that yield five times as much sugar as ordinary varieties, “drastically

January 25, 2013 Read Full Article

Acid-Catalyzed Esterification of Karanja (Pongamia pinnata) Oil with High Free Fatty Acids for Biodiesel Production

by K.V. Thiruvengadaravi, J. Nandagopal, P. Baskaralingam, V. Sathya Selva Bala, S. Sivanesan (Fuel/Science Direct)  We report the production of a

January 17, 2013 Read Full Article

Nearly 30,000 articles in our online library!

Use the categories and tags listed below to access the nearly 30,000 articles indexed on this website.

Advanced Biofuels USA Policy Statements and Handouts

Our Sponsors

FREE Subscription! Advanced Biofuels USA events calendar; policy and actions; education newsletters

Donate



Archives

Categories

Tags

2nd generation biofuels 3-D 3rd generation biofuels 4-H 4th generation biofuels 7% solution 45Q 81 Octane 84 octane 85 octane 87 octane 88 octane 89 octane 90 octane 91 octane 92 octane 93 octane 94 octane 95 octane 98 octane 100 octane 103 octane 105 octane 108 octane 109 octane 110 octane 113 octane 119 octane 2016 US House and Senate Campaigns 2016 US Presidential Campaign 2018 US Senate and House Campaigns Other Election Activities 2020 Election Activities Abu Dhabi acacia acetone acid acid hydrolysis adaptive evolution additional carbon additionality adequate domestic supply Administrative Procedure Act advanced biofuel prices Advanced biofuels advanced biofuels production advanced ethanol advanced ethanol tax credit advertising campaign aerosols afforestation Afghanistan Africa agave aggregation agricultura Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) agricultural economics Agricultural Policy Agricultural waste/residue Agriculture agroforestry agrofuels agronomy Aircraft engine emissions Air Force air pollution control Air Pollution Policy airports air quality Alabama Alaska Albania albedo Alberta albizia alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) alcohol fuel cells alcohol fuels alfalfa algae algae contamination algae cultivation algae extraction algae harvesting algae parity algae separation algal biofuels Algeria Algiers alkanes alkenes alkylate alligator fat almond almond hulls shells alternative energy vehicles alternative fuels Alternative Fuels Credit alternative fuels excise tax credit aluminum Amazon American Indian Tribes American Le Mans Series (ALMS) ammonia ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) amylose anaerobi anaerobic digestate anaerobic digester/digestion Angola anhydrous ethanol animal fat animal feed Antactica Antarctica antibiotics antitrust aquaculture aquatic organisms arabinose ARCA Archaea Architecture Arctic Argentina Arizona Arkansas Armenia Army Corps of Engineers aromatics aromatics price ARPA-E Aruba Asia ASTM ASTM 6866 ASTM D396 ASTM D975 ASTM D1655 ASTM D2880 ASTM D4054 ASTM D4806 Denatured fuel ethanol ASTM D4814 ASTM D5798 ASTM D6751 ASTM D7467 (B6-B20) ASTM D7544 ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) ASTM D7862 ASTM D7875 ASTM D7901 (DME-Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Purposes) ASTM D8076 ASTM D8181 ASTM E3146 ASTM standards ASTM WK63392 ATJ-SPK (Alcohol to Jet Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene) Atlantic Canada Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Australia Australian pine Austria Auto manufacturer automotive Aviation biofuel aviation biofuel price aviation biofuel pumps/delivery Aviation Fuel awards/recognition Azerbaijan. B0 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B10 B11 B12.5 B15 B20 B25 B30 B33 B35 B40 B50 B75 B80 B99 B100 Babados nut tree babassu bacteria bagasse Bahamas Bahrain bamboo banana banana stems Bangladesh bankruptcy Barbados barge barley barley fiber barley protein barley straw Basque batteries Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) bauxite beauty leaf tree beaver beer bees Belarus Belgium Belize Benin benzene Bermuda Bhutan big bluestem big data Big Food Big Oil/Oil Majors billion ton study bio-based diesel benefits bio-based economy bio-natural gas bio-NGV (natural gas for vehicles) bio-oil bio-SPK (bio derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene) biobased Biobased Markets Program biobased materials Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program biochar biochemical conversion BioChemicals/Renewable Chemicals biocrude Biocrude/Green Crude/SynCrude biodegradable biodiesel biodiesel blend wall Biodiesel co-product biodiesel EN 14214 Biodiesel Fuel Education Program biodiesel prices biodiesel production biodiesel pumps biodiesel quality biodiesel standards biodiesel tax credit biodiesel technologies biodiesel terminal biodiversity bioeconomy bioelectricity bioenergy Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) Biofuel biofuel consumption Biofuel Crops biofuel distribution Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) biofuel producer tax credit biofuels Biofuels Directive biofuels education biofuel tax credit Biogas Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline biogenic emissions Bioheat biohydrocarbons BioIsoprene Bio LPG biomass Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) biomass hydrolysis biomass recalcitrance Biomass Research and Development initiative (BRDI) biomass sorghum Biomass to Liquid (BTL) biomass transportation biomaterials bioplastics biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropane bioprospecting BioRefineries Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance Biotechnology birch black carbon black grease black liquor black locust blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock Blend wall blockchain/blockcoin blue carbon boat fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brachiaria bracken brackish water Brassica Brazil breweries British Columbia brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses business law business resources butadiene Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butanol emissions butyl acetate C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap cap-and-trade carbohydrates carbon carbon-efficient fuels carbon-neutral carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon f carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon price carbon sequestration carbon sink carbon tax carbon user fee carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis CH pathway cattle cavitation cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program certification certification fuels cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile China chitin CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Power Plan (CPP) climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point CNG Conversion kit co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products CO2 Sequestration coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot cocoa Coconut coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado Columbia combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 copper coppice cordgrass corn corn-based products corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cottonseed oil cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs D-8 (proposed) RINs dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DC DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) de-fossilization dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diethyl ether digest Digital Biology dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillation distilled biodiesel distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver divers divestment DME (dimethyl ether) Dominica Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dual cropping Dubai duckweed e E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 price E12 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E40 E50 E55 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecuador ED95 education educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity price electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end user Energy Bill energy cane energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea EROEI erosion control EROWI esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol ethanol/bioethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) Export externalities extremophiles F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertiliz fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungi fungus Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Gerogia Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing GREET model Grenada gribble groundnut ground nut growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf states Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard high performance regular high school project highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horse bedding Horse manure horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HOV High Octane Vehicles HRJ human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrofaction hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal liquefaction hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export inadequate domestic supply incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map internal combustion engine International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species invest Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene Israel Italy Ivory Coast JA1 JAA jackfruit Jamaica Japan Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Jetfuel (SAJF)/Renewable Jetfuel (RJF) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa Kuwait Kygryzstan labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis lignin Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg Luxemburg lysis M15 M50 macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine maize Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta mamona management changes mandates manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanol/biomethanol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbe microbiology microorganizms microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) muck multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Green Deal New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NREL NTSB nucle nuclear nutraceuticals nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obama Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol off-take agreements Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olive cake olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone p Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama panda pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanut peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylv Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose perennial grains perennial grasses performan Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-gas power/electricity generation prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island private educational business process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating propane propanol property insurance protectionism protein protests public comments Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree PVO pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week R R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 rea reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation regenerative braking regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy for America Program Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable hydrogen renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard renewable propane Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) renewable volume renewable volume obligation (RVO) replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail return on investment R Factor RFI RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RSF2 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securiti Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soy soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve straw students sub-Saharan Africa succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugar cane sugar cane prices sugar cane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname sustain Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax cred tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennesee Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains trans transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tunicate Tunisia Tunsia Turkey Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL ultra low sulfur diesel UN underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USD USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils Velocys Venezuela Vermont video Vietnam vinasse vinegar Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses volunteers w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil waste water water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction what What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsin Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc

Notice

donate nowWe are not accepting donations from people or companies in Florida due to unfair reporting requirements and fees not imposed by any other state.