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Biogas: The Boost of Innovation on New Renewable Energies

by Cácia Pimentel* (Mackenzie University/Advanced Biofuels USA) The V Biogas Forum promoted by the Brazilian Association of the Producers of Biogas and Biomethane – ABIOGAS was held in Sao Paulo on

November 14, 2018 Read Full Article

RNG from Waste Must Be California’s Next Gold Rush

by Todd Campbell (California Natural Gas Vehicle Partnership/ACT News)  … Some of the top waste collection companies in the country have taken note of this unsettling trend, and have set out

November 2, 2018 Read Full Article

Landfill-to-Anything-Soon, Puleeze: In Search of New Energy, Materials from Waste

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The names seem less settled than the markets or science: is it biogas, biomethane, renewable natural gas, or RNG? Whatever your preferred name, you don’t have

October 18, 2018 Read Full Article

A Bird’s Eye View of Bioenergy

by Bill Keba* (Advanced Biofuels USA) The Mid-Atlantic Bioenergy Conference and Expo (MABEX) was held on September 12 and 13 at the Convene at CityView in Philadelphia, Pa. The Mid-Atlantic

October 6, 2018 Read Full Article

A Unique Approach to Renewable Fuel Market Development in Western Pennsylvania

(ACT News)  … Ed Vogel Sr. started the company’s first municipal waste landfill in 1965, the Seneca Landfill in Butler County. More than a decade ago, the Vogel family set out

October 5, 2018 Read Full Article

Enerkem Produces a New Clean, Renewable Alternative Solution to Diesel Fuel for the Transportation Sector

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Canada, we hear that Enerkem has tested and validated the production of fuel-grade bio-DME made from unrecoverable carbon-rich municipal solid waste. More than 1,000 hours

September 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Bogota’s Public Transport Buses Could Run on Biomethane

(National University of Colombia/NGV Journal)  According to Ower Rolando Barreto, Master of Environmental Engineering at the National University of Colombia (UN), “we could have a biogas reserve until 2030 if we

August 16, 2018 Read Full Article

From Food Waste to Biobased

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … “About 1.3 billion tons of food is lost or wasted every year – an estimated one in three mouthfuls of food every day,” according to Alessandro

August 13, 2018 Read Full Article

CalRecycle Awards $25 Million for Organics Recycling Projects–Communities Get Environmental and Economic Boost from California Climate Investments

(CalRecycle)  The California Department of Resources Recycling and Recovery has awarded more than $25 million in California Climate Investments to bolster organics recycling infrastructure in the state and rescue edible food

July 6, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Auburn Researcher: Biofuels Are Still an Important Component of Our Energy Mix

by Steven Taylor (Yellow Hammer)  … But for a moment, let’s reexamine biofuels, as they can still play an important role in our state’s energy production and economic development. According to the

June 18, 2018 Read Full Article

Strategic Intent: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Waste Management

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Waste Management is the largest environmental solutions provider in North America, serving more than 21 million municipal, commercial and industrial customers in the U.S. and Canada.

June 12, 2018 Read Full Article

Waste Management Opens New RNG Facility in Kentucky

by Betsy Lillian (NGT News)  Waste Management has unveiled a $30 million renewable natural gas (RNG) facility in Louisville, Ky. The new Outer Loop Recycling and Disposal Facility processes up to 5,000 standard

June 7, 2018 Read Full Article

A Green Fleet Does Not Go Unnoticed: Georgia County Wins Top Honors

by Betsy Lillian (NGT News)  Thanks in part to its “green fleet policy,” DeKalb County, Ga., has been awarded the No. 1 spot in this year’s edition of “The 100 Best

June 7, 2018 Read Full Article

You’ve Come a Long Ways, Baby: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Velocys’ Renewable Drop-In Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Velocys enables modular gas-to-liquids and biomass-to-liquids plants to convert unconventional, remote and problem gas and waste biomass into valuable, drop-in liquid fuels. And most recently has

May 25, 2018 Read Full Article

RNG Is the Fast Track to Cleaner Air in California

by Thomas Lawson (California Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition/ACT News)  California policy makers—at the local and state level—are increasingly under pressure to make electric vehicles the only clean transportation option for every

May 10, 2018 Read Full Article

Siemens Unveils Natural Gas Engines Capable of Running on Different Fuels

(Siemens Spain/NGV Journal)  Siemens  presented  its  new  high-efficiency,  low-emission  gas  engines  at  the  6th China International Bioenergy and Biomass Utilization Summit in Shanghai. One of the advantages of these new engines is

May 4, 2018 Read Full Article

Biomethane Supply Expected to Grow at North American CNG Stations

(Fortistar/NGV Journal)  Fortistar, LLC will be entering construction shortly on a portfolio of new landfill Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) projects for transportation fuel projects. RNG or biomethane is American-made from sustainable

May 4, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Air Liquide Doubles Its Biomethane Production Capacity

(Air Liquide/Biomass Magazine)  Since the beginning of 2018, Air Liquide has commissioned three new biomethane production units, in the U.S, France, and the U.K. With these units, Air Liquide has doubled

April 25, 2018 Read Full Article

Woodland Meadows Landfill Gas-to-RNG Facility Now Open

by Betsy Lillian (NGT News)  Ameresco Inc. says its gas-to-energy facility at Waste Management’s Woodland Meadows Landfill in Michigan has achieved Environmental Protection Agency approval and is now in operation. Ameresco

April 24, 2018 Read Full Article

Dane County Executive Parisi Kicks Off Construction of First of its Kind Project in the Nation

(Dane County Wisconsin)  Creates Economic Incentive for Development of Lakes Clean Up Efforts  —  Today (April 19, 2018), Dane County Executive Joe Parisi kicked off construction for an innovative project that will

April 23, 2018 Read Full Article

RNG Bill Moves Forward in California

by Betsy Lillian (NGT News)  Today, the California Senate Committee on Energy, Utilities and Communications advanced a pro-renewable natural gas (RNG) bill sponsored by the Coalition for Renewable Natural Gas (RNG

April 19, 2018 Read Full Article

States to Sue EPA over Failure to Enforce Landfill Gas Rules

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  A coalition led by California Attorney General Xavier Becerra and the California Air Resources board has announced plans to sue the U.S. EPA over its failure

April 11, 2018 Read Full Article

What’s Next in Cellulosic Biofuels and Biogas?: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Iogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Iogen says it has “one of the world’s largest and most experienced teams in developing, designing, de-bugging, scaling-up and deploying cellulosic biofuel technology. We’re using innovative thinking

April 2, 2018 Read Full Article

Scania Engines Being Tested with Raw Untreated Biogas

(Scania/Biomass Magazine)  Producing biogas from waste materials for use as vehicle fuel and heating is not new. And Scania has been working with biogas as an alternative and sustainable source of

March 15, 2018 Read Full Article

Whither Goest Thou, Biogas? The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Biogas Markets and Technologies

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  America generates very large quantities of biogas; in total, almost 10% of America’s gasoline consumption in terms of energy equivalent volumes. The largest sources of methane

March 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Brazil: Landfill Gas-Based Fuels Eligible for RenovaBio Program

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  On Feb. 21, Brazil’s Ministry of Mines and Energy published a notice announcing that landfill gas-based fuels will be eligible to comply with the requirements of RenovaBio, the

March 6, 2018 Read Full Article

Biomethane Market Development Gains Momentum in Italy

(Xebec/NGV Journal)  Canada-based Xebec has signed an exclusive three-year agreement with SAPIO Produzione Idrogeno Ossigeno Srl, distributor of technical gases, to help develop Italy’s renewable natural gas (RNG) upgrading infrastructure from

February 21, 2018 Read Full Article

The Greenhouse Gas Pruitt Worries about

by Scott Waldman (E&E News)  Scott Pruitt is one of the Trump administration’s most aggressive critics of climate change science, but lately he’s been talking about the dangers of greenhouse gas.

January 24, 2018 Read Full Article

INSIGHTS Anaerobic Digesters as a Tool for California’s Clean Transportation Efforts

by Cliff Gladstein (Gladstein, Neandross & Associates/ACT News)  As one of the most populous states in the nation and a center of agricultural activity, California faces a waste disposal problem. Organic

January 23, 2018 Read Full Article

Velocys: Envia Seeks EPA Approval to Generate D7 RINs

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  Velocys plc has announced that Envia Energy, the joint venture plant that utilizes its technology, has applied for a fuel pathway approval under the Renewable Fuel

January 17, 2018 Read Full Article

Abu Dhabi Works towards Cooking Oil Recycling Plan

by Anwar Ahmad (Gulf News)  Abu Dhabi will open a new facility to recycle used cooking oil by the end of this year, a top official from Tadweer, the Centre of Waste

January 12, 2018 Read Full Article

Nutrition, Energy from Methane: The Digest’s 2017 Muti-Slide Guide to Calysta

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In December, we reported that Cargill and Calysta will co-create the world’s largest gas fermentation facility in Memphis, Tennessee to produce Calysta’s FeedKind protein, a family of

December 28, 2017 Read Full Article

Aria Energy Partners with BP to Expand RNG Business

by Joseph Bebon (NGT News)  Novi, Mich.-based Aria Energy has announced it purchased a 50% interest in Mavrix LLC from BP and will work with the global oil and gas company to market

December 12, 2017 Read Full Article

Renewable Natural Gas Increasingly Used to Meet Part of EPA’s Renewable Fuel Requirements

(U.S. Energy Information Agency)  Renewable natural gas (RNG), which is derived from biogas collected at landfills and other facilities, is increasingly used to meet government targets for renewable fuel production. In

October 6, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

Environmental and Energy Study Institute Publishes Fact Sheet: Biogas—Converting Waste to Energy

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  The United States produces more than 70 million tons of organic waste each year. While source reduction and feeding the hungry are necessary priorities for reducing

October 4, 2017 Read Full Article

Californian Pipelines Increasing Offer of Renewable Natural Gas

(NGV Journal) Southern California Gas Co. (SoCalGas) announced new initiatives that will make it easier for renewable gas production facilities to connect to the company’s natural gas pipeline system. First

August 24, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

From Coal-Fired CO2: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to Capturing Flue Gas via Microalgae

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A recent DOE project with MicroBio Engineering had the primary objective of a detailed techno-economic and life cycle assessment for a coal-fired power plant with

June 30, 2017 Read Full Article

Biogas – What, Why, When and How? The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to RNG and Its Markets

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As we wrote in our Digest Top 10 Predictions for 2017: Whether it is Intrexon, Calysta or potentially Synata Bio, companies have been switching to

June 6, 2017 Read Full Article

DTE Biomass Acquires RNG Facilities to Fuel Texas Transit Buses

by Lauren Tyler (NGT News)  DTE Biomass Energy, an Ann Arbor, Mich.-based subsidiary of DTE Energy, says it has acquired two landfill gas-to-energy projects in Texas, which will generate enough renewable natural

June 5, 2017 Read Full Article

Landfill Gas Group Launched by REA

(Renewable Energy Association)  REA establishes landfill-gas group; Despite being a declining renewable resource, landfill gas generates enough electricity for over 1 million homes; Ian Morrish of Viridor appointed group’s Chair

May 23, 2017 Read Full Article

ADBA Comments on Election Manifestos

by Chris Noyce (Anaerobic Digestion and Bioresources Association)  Following the launch of the Labour, Liberal Democrat and Conservative manifestos, ADBA has commented on the energy, climate change and environmental policies

May 23, 2017 Read Full Article

Progress on Transport Biofuels in Korea

by Jin-Suk Lee and Kyu-Young Kang (IEA Bioenergy Task 39)  Since Korea imports over 95% of its energy demand, thus energy security has always been an important driver in the national agenda.

May 9, 2017 Read Full Article

Leftovers on Restaurant Diners’ Plates Will Be Turned into Compost, Biofuel

by Cathy Locke (Sacramento Bee) Food left on diners’ plates that goes back to restaurant kitchens in Sacramento County will go into the compost bin instead of landfills. Sacramento County officials

April 24, 2017 Read Full Article

RNG, Cellulosic Fuels and the Renewable Fuel Standard

by Susan Olson (BioCycle Magazine)  Because of an all-time high waiver credit value paired with strong advanced RIN prices, renewable natural gas could fetch $35/MMBtu in 2017. Since 2009, the U.S.

March 7, 2017 Read Full Article

Waste to Fuels Viability: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Velocys Economics

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Velocys enables modular gas-to-liquids and biomass-to-liquids plants to convert unconventional, remote and problem gas and waste biomass into valuable, drop-in liquid fuels. After 15 years

February 8, 2017 Read Full Article

ENVIA Energy’s GTL Plant Is Underway, Produces First Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Oklahoma, the team behind the ENVIA Energy gas-to-liquids plant confirmed that the first Fischer-Tropsch product has been successfully produced at the company’s first commercial-scale plant

February 8, 2017 Read Full Article

UK Company Makes Breakthrough with Sustainable Diesel Fuel Production

by Liz Gyekye (Biofuels International)  A UK sustainable energy company is the first ever to have successfully converted actual landfill gas into usable diesel fuel with no fossil fuel additives,

January 24, 2017 Read Full Article

Decentralized Organics to Energy with Containerized Anaerobic Digestion

by John D. Forcier (Lee Enterprises Consulting, Inc./Biofuels Digest)  Most trash and recycled waste materials are being processed on a regional basis to maximize the economy of scale. There have

January 3, 2017 Read Full Article

Air Liquide to Design, Build Landfill Gas Purification Plant

(Air Liquide/Biomass Magazine)  Air Liquide will design, construct and operate its first landfill gas (LFG) to renewable natural gas (RNG) purification plant in the U.S. at the Northeast Mississippi Landfill

December 12, 2016 Read Full Article

Tapping Landfills to Generate Power Seemed Smart. So Why Is the Industry Threatened?

by Ralph Vartabedian (Los Angeles Times)  … The problem began after the AQMD issued a complex 39-page rule requiring that by no later than Jan. 1, landfill methane power plant emissions meet the same

October 24, 2016 Read Full Article

DOE Awards Microvi Grant for Innovative Biogas Conversion Technology

(Microvi)  Microvi has been awarded a grant from the US Department of Energy for a new groundbreaking biocatalytic technology that converts methane and carbon dioxide in biogas into valuable liquid

October 18, 2016 Read Full Article

Velocys Presses Ahead with Envia GTL Plant as It Announced HY Results

(Biofuels International)  Velocys, a UK-based gas-to-liquids (GTL) has announced that it is pushing ahead with the operational start-up of its Envia GTL plant in Oklahoma City, US.  The company recently

September 29, 2016 Read Full Article

Sacramento County Switches to Renewable LNG

(Government Fleet)  Sacramento County has announced that it will make the switch from liquefied natural gas (LNG) to renewable liquefied natural gas (RLNG) to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The county

September 9, 2016 Read Full Article

Creating Value from Landfill Gas

by Terry Mazanec (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  … The US EPA estimates that 250 million tons of municipal solid wastes are sent to landfills each year. These materials have a wide range

August 22, 2016 Read Full Article

Using Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) as a Biofuel Feedstock

(Environmental Research and Education Foundation) Using a first-of-its-kind Life-Cycle Assessment model of biofuel production using MSW, this report includes an assessment of the environmental impacts associated with MSW conversion via landfill

August 22, 2016 Read Full Article

Clean Fuels Law Brings Ethanol to Oregon — But Mostly from the Midwest

by Hillary Borrud (The Oregonian)  Supporters of Oregon’s controversial low-carbon fuels mandate, newly approved last year, hailed it as a chance to grow a local biofuels industry and reduce drivers’

August 15, 2016 Read Full Article

Landfill Gas Project Opens in Orange County, California

(Orange County, CA/Biomass Magazine)  Orange County 3rd District Supervisor Todd Spitzer recently joined with government, business and project development officials for a ribbon-cutting to ceremonially open the Bowerman Power Project

April 6, 2016 Read Full Article

Biogas in Europe: Current Situation and Perspectives

by Dan Quadros* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  This article is the result of a technical trip to Germany and the UK to participate in strategic meetings and visit labs; to attend

March 4, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Betting on Biogas Growth in 2016

by Amanda Bilek (Biomass Magazine/Great Plains Institute) …   In the summer of 2014, the USDA released the Biogas Opportunities Roadmap. The release of this roadmap marked the first time that federal

January 26, 2016 Read Full Article

UPS to Power Fleet with Gas from Landfills

by Carla Caldwell (Atlanta Business Chronicle)  Atlanta-based United Parcel Service Inc. (NYSE: UPS) will supply its fleet in two states with renewable natural gas produced by landfills. UPS says its

December 23, 2015 Read Full Article

St. Landry Parish Opens Expanded BioCNG Fuel F(acility

(St. Landry Parish/Biomass Magazine) St. Landry Parish has officially opened its expanded BioCNG Vehicle Fuel Facility at its sanitary landfill, which

December 21, 2015 Read Full Article

Hydrogen from Biomethane; Gasoline & Diesel from Tree Residue; Cellulosic Ethanol among New Proposed California LCFS Fuel Pathways

(Green Car Congress)  California Air Resources Board (ARB) staff posted 32 new Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) fuel pathway applications

December 18, 2015 Read Full Article

Partnerships that Speed Tech to Market: The Digest’s 2015 8-Slide Guide to Effective Agricultural Research Services Partnerships

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  This year at ABLC Next, Bill Orts, a Research Leader for Bioproducts at the USDA’s Agricultural Research Service,

December 9, 2015 Read Full Article

CEFC Commits $100 Million to New Australian Bioenergy Fund to Unlock the Potential of Bioenergy

(The Clean Energy Finance Corporation) The Clean Energy Finance Corporation (CEFC) is aiming to accelerate investment in Australia’s bioenergy sector through

December 3, 2015 Read Full Article

A Secret Password for Advanced Biofuels at Scale? Forget “Open Sesame”, Try “Velocys Inside”

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Four new technologies approach scaled operations, all with one element in common – Velocys technology

October 5, 2015 Read Full Article

Study: EPA May Be Underestimating Landfill Methane

by Bobby Magill (Climate Central)  Landfills may be emitting more methane than previously reported because the Environmental Protection Agency may

September 22, 2015 Read Full Article

Turning Garbage Into Profit

by Olga Grigoryants (Pacific Standard)  Last year, Simi Valley Landfill entered what is becoming a fast­-growing business of transforming fetid odors

September 3, 2015 Read Full Article

The Gas Rush: Could the US Switch Fuels over to 51% Renewable Natural Gas?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … In a remarkable presentation at the Infocast Methane Bioengineering Summit in San Diego this week

September 3, 2015 Read Full Article

EPA Issues 2 Proposals to Reduce Landfill Gas Emissions

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  On Aug. 14, the U.S. EPA issued two proposals to further reduce emissions of methane-rich

August 21, 2015 Read Full Article

Xebec Begins Operations at Chinese Landfill Gas Upgrading Project

(Xebec/Biomass Magazine)  Xebec Adsorption Inc., a provider of gas purification and filtration solutions for the natural gas, field gas, biogas,

August 4, 2015 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuel Makers Say EPA Waivers Siphon Away Their Buyers

by Mark Drajem (Bloomberg Business) Companies that make fuel from corn stalks or landfill gas say a federal program designed to

May 29, 2015 Read Full Article

Profit in Plug and Play

by Katie Fletcher (Biomass Magazine)  A cutting-edge waste-to-energy venture at an Oregon landfill will channel flared gas into ethanol production, and

May 5, 2015 Read Full Article

Bill Aims to Alter RVO Process, Definition for Cellulosic Biofuel

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Sen. Jeff Flake, R, Ariz., has introduced legislation that aims to amend the renewable

April 24, 2015 Read Full Article

Trash-to-Biofuel Takes New Turn in Marion

by Rick Smith (The Gazette)  No one has claimed that making biofuel out of garbage is as simple as tossing

April 21, 2015 Read Full Article

BioCNG Expanding for St. Landry Parish

by Rich Piellisch (Fleets & Fuels)  BioCNG is extending its work for the St. Landry Parish Solid Waste Disposal District

March 4, 2015 Read Full Article

The Cellulosic-RIN Revolution

by  Katie Fletcher (Biomass Magazine)  Expanded cellulosic fuel pathways have led to a surge of biogas-based fuel credits, and producers

March 3, 2015 Read Full Article

Blue Ridge Biofuels Expands Biodiesel Production

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  Blue Ridge Biofuels is expanding biodiesel production by renting space and installing processing equipment at

January 7, 2015 Read Full Article

10 Must-See Hot Slides from ABLC Next 2014 – the Advanced Bioeconomy Leadership Conference

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  10 hot companies, 10 hot slides explaining where they are, what they’re up to, and

November 17, 2014 Read Full Article

EPA Moves Goalposts with New Definition for Cellulosic Biofuels

(Institute for Energy Research)  Congress and President Bush determined that the United States should be producing specified amounts of cellulosic

October 21, 2014 Read Full Article

11,000 Biogas Project Opportunities in the US? USDA, DOE, EPA Publish Biogas Opportunities Roadmap

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington, USDA, EPA and the US DOE published the Biogas Opportunities Roadmap, and concluded that: ·

August 8, 2014 Read Full Article

Fulcrum BioEnergy and Cathay Pacific Announce Strategic Investment

(Fulcrum BioEnergy/PRNewswire) — Cathay Pacific Airways announced today that it is the first airline investor in Fulcrum BioEnergy, Inc. (“Fulcrum”),

August 7, 2014 Read Full Article

GTL Joint Venture

(Velocys plc)  Velocys plc (VLS.L), the technology innovator for smaller scale gas-to-liquids (GTL), is pleased to announce that it has

August 4, 2014 Read Full Article

Defusing the Cellulosic Bomb inside the Renewable Fuel Standard

by Jim Lane (Biofuel Digest)  Thought the 2014 volume debate over the Renewable Fuel Standard was tough enough?What about the

May 27, 2014 Read Full Article

ASTM D7901 Standard for DME

(Fleets and Fuels)  It’s Good News for Oberon Fuels, and for Volvo-Mack   ASTM International has issued a standard for dimethyl

February 13, 2014 Read Full Article

Iogen Announces New Drop-In Cellulosic Biofuel

(Iogen)  Iogen Corporation today announced it has developed and patented a new method to make drop-in cellulosic biofuels from biogas using

February 12, 2014 Read Full Article

Clean Energy Becomes the First Ever Commercial Distributor of Transportational Fuel Made from Waste

(Clean Energy)  Clean Energy Fuels Corp. (Nasdaq: CLNE), North America’s largest provider of natural gas for transportation, announced today (October

October 4, 2013 Read Full Article

Jackson Landfill Helps Produce Ethanol

bySam Doerr (KCAU TV)  …You see all that garbage produces methane, a flammable gas that Siouxland Ethanol can use just

July 26, 2013 Read Full Article

Renewable Biogas: Next RFS Darling or Marginal Fuel?

by Mackinnon Lawrence (Biofuels Digest/Pike Research)  …The Toilet Bike, though, brings to light questions around the broader potential for biogas as

September 12, 2012 0 comment Read Full Article

Natural Gas vs. Energy Innovation

by Kate Bechen  (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The production of ethanol is a complex, energy intensive process. Critics often cite the

January 30, 2012 Read Full Article

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credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon price carbon sequestration carbon sink carbon tax carbon user fee carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis CH pathway cattle cavitation cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program certification certification fuels cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile China chitin CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Power Plan (CPP) climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point CNG Conversion kit co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products CO2 Sequestration coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot cocoa Coconut coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado Columbia combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 copper coppice cordgrass corn corn-based products corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cottonseed oil cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental 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Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diethyl ether digest Digital Biology dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillation distilled biodiesel distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver divers divestment DME (dimethyl ether) Dominica Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dual cropping Dubai duckweed e E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 price E12 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E40 E50 E55 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecuador ED95 education educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity price electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end user Energy Bill energy cane energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea EROEI erosion control EROWI esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol ethanol/bioethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) Export externalities extremophiles F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertiliz fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungi fungus Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Gerogia Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green Racing GREET model Grenada gribble ground nut groundnut growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf states Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard high performance regular high school project highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horse bedding Horse manure horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HOV High Octane Vehicles HRJ human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrofaction hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen pumps hydropower 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ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene Israel Italy Ivory Coast JA1 JAA jackfruit Jamaica Japan Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Jetfuel (SAJF)/Renewable Jetfuel (RJF) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa Kuwait labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis lignin Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg Luxemburg lysis M15 M50 macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine maize Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta mamona management changes mandates manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanol/biomethanol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbe microbiology microorganizms microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) muck multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NREL NTSB nucle nuclear nutraceuticals nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obama Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol off-take agreements Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olive cake olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone p Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama panda pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanut peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylv Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose perennial grains perennial grasses performan Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-gas power/electricity generation prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island private educational business process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity 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RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RSF2 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securiti Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale 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