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Govt Notifies Modified Scheme to Produce 1G Ethanol

(Indian Express News Service)  “To increase production of fuel grade ethanol, Govt. is also encouraging distilleries to produce ethanol from maize; & rice available with Food Corporation of India,” the

January 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Shell-Exxon Aims at $2.5 Billion in Dutch Subsidies for Carbon Storage

(Reuters/Energy Market Price) A consortium that includes oil majors Royal Dutch Shell and ExxonMobil has requested a total of 2.1 billion euros ($2.55 billion) in subsidies for a project to store

January 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewable DME: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Oberon Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Taking trash to treasure to a new level, renewable Dimethyl Ethercan be made from animal manure, food and agriculture waste, landfill gas and wood. Oberon

January 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Building Europe’s First of Its Kind Alcohol-to-Jet Production Plant

(SkyNRG) Sustainable aviation fuel produced from waste-based ethanol resources — The FLITE consortium, led by SkyNRG and with LanzaTech as the technology provider, will build the first-of-its-kind LanzaJetTM Alcohol to Jet (AtJ)

January 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Biomethane-Powered Railcars Could Be Introduced in the UK

(Bioenergy Insight)  Lightweight railcars powered by biomethane derived from human, farm, and food waste could be introduced in the UK. Ultra Light Rail Partners has received a £60,000 (€66,700) Innovate

January 5, 2021 Read Full Article

The $40B Awaitng Biden’s DOE

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy) Biden, who oversaw the Obama administration’s stimulus work as vice president, could utilize a pot of $40 billion in unused Energy Department loan authority awarded

January 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Government Extends Interest Subvention for Ethanol to Grain-Based Units

by Sanjay Dutta (MSN/Times of India) The government on Wednesday approved interest subvention of Rs 4,573 crore to raise ethanol manufacturing capacity to 1,000 crore litres by including grain-based distilleries in

January 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Plateau, CONTEC Global Sign MoU to Establish Bio-Fuel Plant

(This Day) … The Government of Plateau State in North Central region of Nigeria has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with CONTEC Global Limited to establish a cassava biofuel plant

December 29, 2020 Read Full Article

Virginia Bio Will Direct New “Virginia Bio-Connect” Statewide Consortium to Strengthen Competitiveness of Virginia’s Life Science Ecosystem

(Biospace) Governor Northam and the Virginia Biotechnology Association (VaBIO) announced today that GO Virginia has approved a competitive grant request to help fund Virginia Bio-Connect, a $3.2 million Statewide industry cluster scale up

December 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Ames Adds New 100% Biodiesel Powered Trucks

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com) Renewable Energy Group and Optimus Technologies recently partnered to help Ames, Iowa grow its fleet of sustainable vehicles. The City of Ames is adding seven new all-purpose dump

December 23, 2020 Read Full Article

The Big, Big Package: What’s under the Christmas Tree for the Bioeconomy, in the $1.4T New Spending Bill?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The $1.4 trillion spending package includes appropriation for Fiscal Year 2021, the COVID stimulus package, extensions of popular tax credits that otherwise expired on December

December 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Gasum Receives €30m to Build Two New Biogas Plants

(Bioenergy Insight)  Gasum has received €30 million from Klimatklivet to establish two new biogas plants in Sweden. Klimatklivet, or Climate Leap, is a programme for investment grants from the Swedish

December 15, 2020 Read Full Article

RFA: Ethanol Industry Needs Support, as COVID-19 Losses Near $4 Billion

(Renewable Fuels Association) With COVID-19 cases on the rise again, state and local governments are taking additional actions to limit travel and promote social distancing. In turn, consumption of ethanol-blended gasoline

December 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Farmers Should Focus on Biofuel to Increase Earning Potential: Gadkari

(The Hindu Business Line) Must make ethanol from corn, sugarcane, biomass and rice husk, says Road Transport Minister  —  Farmers in Bihar should diversify to produce biofuel in order to

December 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Gov. Evers Announces Additional Support for Wisconsin Ethanol Producers

(Office of Wisconsin Governor Tony Evers) Gov. Tony Evers today announced that Wisconsin will be making up to $3.25 million of federal Coronavirus, Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act

December 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Los Angeles County Producing RNG For Vehicle Fuel

(BioCycle Magazine) … The (Los Angeles County) Sanitation Districts recently started up its biogas purification system, supplied by Unison Solutions and designed and installed by TetraTech. “With this new biogas purification

December 10, 2020 Read Full Article

City of Ames Grows Sustainable Fleet with Partners Renewable Energy Group and Optimus Technologies

(Renewable Energy Group/BusinessWire)  Municipal Fleet Adds Seven Additional Heavy-Duty Trucks Running on 100% Biodiesel  — The City of Ames is adding seven new all-purpose dump trucks to their fleet that have

December 9, 2020 Read Full Article

India to Invest $66B in Natural Gas Infrastructure, to Include Biogas

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In India, Business Today reports that the country’s Oil Minister Dharmendra Pradhan said an estimated investment of $66 billion is lined up in developing natural gas

December 7, 2020 Read Full Article

OPINION: Changing the Retail Landscape for Higher Blends

by Cassie Mullen (Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Fuel retailers are beginning to implement a wide range of infrastructure projects across the country. This comes as USDA’s new Higher Blends Infrastructure

December 4, 2020 Read Full Article

LA County Agency Using Biogas Purification System to Create RNG

by Matthew Mercure (NGT News) As part of its mission to convert waste into resources, the Los Angeles County Sanitation Districts has started up a biogas purification system to recycle food waste into

December 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Indonesia Looks at Policy Revamp to Keep Biodiesel Program Alive

by Bernadette Christina and Fathin Ungku (Reuters) Policy adjustments required to sustain biodiesel subsidies; Biodiesel program may see $865 mln deficit in 2021-economist; Price gap between crude palm oil and

December 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Fiberight Buyer Eyes Reopening

by Anne Berleant (Ellsworth American) Among the discussion topics for members of the Municipal Review Committee (MRC) board of directors at a meeting on Nov. 29 were a draft of the

December 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Accelerating New Zealand’s Investment into Biofuels

(New Zealand Ministry for Primary Industries) … “The Wood Fibre Futures project earlier this year identified viable wood-based alternatives to high carbon emitting products such as transport fuel, concrete, steel,

December 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Brazil Nears Key Downstream Sector Approvals in Drive for Cleaner Fuels

by Gareth Chetwynd (Upstream Online)  Mines & Energy Ministry expected to sign off next week on raft of new regulations to free up sector  — Brazil’s Mines & Energy Ministry is expected

December 2, 2020 Read Full Article

The Government of Quebec Announces Its Support for an Advanced Biofuel Project Carried out Jointly by BioÉnergie La Tuque, Neste, and the Council of the Atikamekw Nation

(Neste) An investment of CAD 5.9 million as part of Transition Énergétique Québec  — The Quebec Government has today announced it awards funding totaling CAD 5.943 million (approx. EUR 3.85 million,

December 2, 2020 Read Full Article

$7 Million Allocated to Iowa Renewable Fuels Retailers

by Natalina Sents  (Successful Farming)  Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Mike Naig rolled out the Renewable Fuels Retail Recovery program that includes $7 million in CARES Act funding for renewable fuel

December 1, 2020 Read Full Article

They Invest US $ 5 Million to Transform Sewage Waste into Biodiesel

(La Nacion (Google Translation)) The company Explora, which has its plant in Puerto General San Martín, Santa Fe, invested more than US $ 5 million in a new technology to transform

December 1, 2020 Read Full Article

ORNL Joins Effort to Make Plastic More Recyclable

(Oak Ridge National Laboratory)  From soda bottles to car bumpers to piping, electronics, and packaging, plastics have become a ubiquitous part of our lives. Advancements in materials have made plastics low

November 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Choosing the Right Road to Lower Emissions Today

by Daniel Gage (NGV America/ACT News)  … NGVAmerica spent the last several months poring through fifteen years of public data obtained from the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TXCEQ) and the

November 25, 2020 Read Full Article

The TIPping Point: Technology, Investment, Policy, and the advanced bioeconomy, Dioxide Materials, Genomatica, ADM, InnovaFeed, Aemetis, Nova Pangaea, and the UK Are Showing the Way

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s possible to summarize the advanced bioeconomy in three words, technology, investment, policy. These are the sine qua non, the foundational forces. Technology without investment and

November 25, 2020 Read Full Article

Minnesota Clean Transportation Pilot Program Letters of Interest Due December 7, 2020

(Minnesota Department of Transportation) MnDOT’s Clean Transportation Pilot Funding Program provides up to $2 million annually in grants ranging from $25,000 to $500,000 to pilot, test, and increase adoption of clean

November 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Government Mulls Advancing 20% Ethanol Blending Target

(The Hindu Business Line) May also tap rice lying with FCI and maize from surplus States — The Centre, which is trying to create an additional 468-crore litre ethanol capacities through

November 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Growth Energy Outlines 2021 Biofuel Policy Priorities

(Growth Energy/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Growth Energy CEO Emily Skor today outlined the biofuels industry’s top federal priorities for 2021, highlighting key measures that elected leaders must take to protect the climate,

November 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Nova Pangaea Technologies Completes Successful E10 Biofuel Trial

(Nova Pangaea Technologies) Nova Pangaea Technologies, the UK based cleantech company, has successfully developed and trialled its first E10 fuel on a motorcycle at its headquarters in Redcar, UK. The trial

November 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Transition Book: Priorities for Administrative Action on Carbon Removal in 2021+

(Carbon 180)  We partner with policymakers, scientists, and businesses around the globe to develop policy, promote research, and advance solutions that transform carbon from a pollutant to a resource and

November 19, 2020 Read Full Article

How to Build a Green Hydrogen Economy for the US West

by Jeff St. John (GreenTechMedia)  The Intermountain and ACES projects may be the start of a regionwide green hydrogen generation and transmission network.  — Out in Utah, a coal-fired power plant

November 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Under President Biden the U.S. Military Must Lead the Way on Climate Change

by Ray Mabus (Time Magazine)  … When I left office in January 2017, at sea about 40% of energy came from non-fossil fuel sources. Nuclear is 17% and the rest

November 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Advanced Fuels Production from Engineered Biology: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Seawater-to-Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As part 2 of the seawater-to-fuels discussion from DigestConnect last week, get an insider look at the breakthroughs the U.S. Navy project to produce renewable

November 18, 2020 Read Full Article

U.S. Department of Energy Releases SBIR and STTR Funding Opportunities

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In Washington, the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Science announced a funding opportunity under its SBIR and STTR programs. Small Business Innovation Research

November 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Bio Engine Technology Ltd Developing Rankine Cycle Engine to Use Renewable Fuel

(Bio Engine Technology)  The engineers at Bio Engine Technology Ltd are dedicated to a simple but effective solution. They are developing an engine, matched to a clean organic fuel, which

November 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Indonesia Says B40 Biodiesel Programme Unlikely to Proceed Next Year

(Today Online/Reuters) Indonesia is unlikely to proceed with plans to raise the bio-content of its palm oil-based biodiesel to 40% next year as it struggles to fund the programme, an

November 16, 2020 Read Full Article

NETL to Award $13M to GTI and Partners to Advance Carbon Capture Technology

(Green Car Congress/GTI) GTI and partners, The Ohio State University, Wyoming Integrated Test Center (ITC), and Trimeric Corporation (Trimeric), have been selected for award on a project to advance Ohio State’s

November 13, 2020 Read Full Article

200 Organizations Urge Northeast, Mid-Atlantic Governors to Move on “Ambitious and Equitable” Transportation and Climate Initiative (TCI)

(Insider NJ)  Groups Push For “Strong Safeguards and Guarantees for Overburdened and Underserved Communities” in 12 TCI States & DC; Need for State Leadership Seen As U.S. Formally Abandons Paris

November 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Post-Election Analysis from ABFA: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Advanced Biofuels Association’s Election View

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Did the bioeconomy win or lose? If you missed the conversation on Thursday at DigestConnect, check out this slide guide from Mike McAdams, President of

November 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Government of Canada Announces over $100M to Spur Job Creation in Alberta and Fight Climate Change

(Environment and Climate Change Canada/Business Insider)  The Government of Canada is committed to supporting Albertans during this economically challenging time caused by the global COVID-19 pandemic. That is why today, the Minister

November 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation: ‘Research Confirms UK’s Ability to Lead’

(Biofuels International)  New research by industry coalition Sustainable Aviation confirms that the UK could be home to up to 14 sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production facilities in areas across the

October 22, 2020 Read Full Article

The Need for State and Local Initiative

by Russ Freeman (Biofuels Digest)  … The private sector can provide capital and expertise to: (1) plan; (2) finance; (3) obtain regulatory approvals; (4) mitigate and insure against risk; and then (5)

October 21, 2020 Read Full Article

ZeroAvia and Protium Sign Agreement to Develop Green Hydrogen Infrastructure at UK Airports

(GreenAir Online) Zero emissions flight pioneer ZeroAvia has signed a Heads of Terms collaboration with Protium to develop and expand green hydrogen infrastructure for decarbonising aviation in the UK. Project developer Protium has long-term ambitions

October 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Route to Cleaner Jet Fuels Is Not via Higher Air Ticket Charges

by Dan Colover (Gulf News/S&P Global Platts)  Airlines are making such a switch, but costs will be prohibitive initially  —  …  IATA believes the key to the aviation sector combatting

October 13, 2020 Read Full Article

DOE Launches Two Consortia to Advance Hydrogen Technology

by Michael Bates (NGT News) The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has officially launched the Million Mile Fuel Cell Truck (­M2FCT) and the H2NEW consortia to advance fuel cell truck and hydrogen

October 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Lawsuit Seeks to Stop Nebraska Environmental Trust’s $1.8 Million Grant for Ethanol Pumps

by Martha Stoddard (Omaha World-Herald) Critics of the Nebraska Environmental Trust board’s decision to award $1.8 million to a project installing ethanol blender pumps and storage tanks at gas stations are

October 9, 2020 Read Full Article

NAWCWD, Amyris Collaborate to Develop, Test High-Energy Biosynthetic Fuel

(Naval Air Warfare Center Weapons Division/NAVAIR News) What do bread and liquid jet fuel have in common? Yeast.  At least they can, if you’re talking about the biosynthetic research being done in China

October 7, 2020 Read Full Article

US EPA Announces $3 Million for 12 Food Waste AD Projects

(Bioenergy Insight)  The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has selected 12 organisations and projects to receive around $3 million (€2.55 million) in funding to help reduce food loss and waste

October 6, 2020 Read Full Article

In Celebration of National Clean Energy Week, CEBN and the Business Council for Sustainable Energy Launch Interactive Suite of Infographics

(Clean Energy Business Network) Clean energy industries represented the growth sectors of the U.S. energy economy over the past decade, providing good-paying jobs while supporting a cleaner, healthier future for communities

September 30, 2020 Read Full Article

NNPC Driving Nigeria’s Biofuel Agenda: Nowhere Near 2020 Target

by Ruth Olurounbi  (The Africa Report)  An oil-dependent Nigeria’s push to move away from “the uncertainties of absolute dependence on oil” with crude being its primary source of revenue has led to

September 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Oyetola Flags off Osun Ethanol Bio-Refinery Factory

(The Paradigm) Osun State Governor Adegboyega Oyetola has flagged off the construction of Osun Ethanol Bio-Refinery Factory situated at Ayekale, along Egbeda-Iragbiji road, Iragbiji, Osun State. Laying the foundation of the factory

September 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Biofuture Launches Clean Energy Ministerial Initiative to Accelerate Bioenergy in Energy Transition

(BioFuture Platform)  In a high-level launch event, government representatives, the International Energy Agency and top industry leaders called for international collaboration and engagement with private sector to achieve global climate

September 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Response to Federal Government Investment Package for New & Emerging Technologies and Fuel Security

(Bioenergy Australia/Mirage News) Bioenergy Australia welcomes the Federal Government announcement for investment in new and emerging technologies, including $1.62 billion for the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA), and the expansion focus of ARENA and

September 18, 2020 Read Full Article

R&D Spending as Stimulus

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy) : The Bill Gates-founded Breakthrough Energy organization argued in a new report that funding research and development would provide an immediate economic and jobs stimulus

September 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Grassley Urges More USDA Involvement in Biofuels Industry

(KMA Land) A key U.S. Senator says Agriculture Secretary Sonny Perdue should act to help the pandemic-damaged biofuels industry, despite Perdue’s disputed claim he lacks authority without Congress to do so. Senate

September 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Half of California’s Food Waste Could Be Processed at WWTPs, Says Report

(Bioenergy Insight)  At least half of landfill-bound food waste in California, US, could be processed at the state’s wastewater treatment

September 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Iowa Farm Bureau Statement on CARES Act Funding for Agricultural Relief

(Iowa Farm Bureau) … “The Iowa Farm Bureau Federation (IFBF) applauds Gov. Kim Reynolds’ assistance and focus on agriculture with

August 26, 2020 Read Full Article

Need For Modernising Public Transport, Increasing Use of Biofuels: Nitin Gadkari

(News18) Road Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari on Monday said there is a need to modernise the public transport fleet and

August 26, 2020 Read Full Article

ClearFlame Engine Technologies Awarded $1.1 Million Department of Energy Phase II Grant

(ClearFlame)  Funding will support R&D for clean engine technology on heavy-duty engines  —  ClearFlame Engine Technologies, a start-up company dedicated

August 24, 2020 Read Full Article

IEA Plan Looks to Biofuels to Help Rebuild Post-COVID World

(Solutions from the Land) As dire as the COVID-19 pandemic appears today, there are many who are looking beyond the crisis,

August 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Oil Man’ Reflects on Biofuels

by Larry Sullivan (Lee Enterprises Consulting, Inc./Biofuels Digest)  …  There is much common ground between Big Oil, Big Soy, and

August 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Waste Industry Biogas to Diesel Fuel: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to T2C-Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … A new project is focused on optimizing this new TRIFTS technology at a relevant

August 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Circular Scale: T2C Finds a Path to Feedstock-Scaled Renewable Diesel from Biogas

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A new technology has arrived in South Florida for the conversion of biogas to diesel fuels.

August 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Two Renewable Fuel Producers Scale Up to Increase Productivity and Economic Growth in Rural Southwestern Ontario

(Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario)  Parliamentary Secretary Kate Young announces $10 million for two southwestern Ontario clean energy

August 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Exxon Inks 525 Million Gallon, 5-Year Renewable Diesel Offtake Deal with Global Clean Energy Holdings

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Texas, ExxonMobil has signed an agreement with Global Clean Energy Holdings to purchase 105 million

August 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Hydrogen and Biomethane-Ready Plastic Pipelines Could Drastically Cut UK Emissions

(Bioenergy Insight) Replacing old iron gas pipes with hydrogen and biomethane-ready plastic pipes will cut carbon emissions and deliver the

August 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Blue Flint Ethanol Studying Biomass as Potential Fuel Source

by Dave Thompson (Prarie Public/Bismark Tribune) Blue Flint Ethanol is considering wheat and corn leftovers as it continues efforts to

August 11, 2020 Read Full Article

German Federal Ministry of Energy Funds Renewable Hydrogen Project

(NGV Journal/Ørsted) The partners of the WESTKÜSTE 100 project received funding confirmation from the German Federal Ministry of Economic Affairs

August 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Pertamina to Scale up Renewable Diesel Production in Indonesia

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine) Following a successful production trial of 100 percent renewable diesel (RD100), Indonesia’s state-owned oil company Pertamina

August 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Island of Tenerife Plans to Become a Renewable Hydrogen Hub for Mobility

(SEAFUEL/NGV Journal) The Port Authority of Santa Cruz de Tenerife, Hyundai Canarias and Enagás have joined as partners to the SEAFUEL

August 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Medina Ethanol Producer Secures Low-Cost Power — Development: NYPA Approves Boosted Allocation in Support of Plant Expansion.

(Lockport Union-Sun & Journal)  Medina-based WNY Energy, an ethanol producer, is among businesses in the Western New York region that will receive

July 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Air Transat Inks Agreement to Purchase Sustainable Aviation Fuel from Canadian Power-to-Liquid Start-up

(GreenAir Online)  Leisure carrier Air Transat has signed an offtake agreement, claimed to be the first in Canada, to purchase a

July 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Ethanol Leaders See Happy Days in the Future

by Nat Williams (Illinois Farmer Today) The ethanol industry has a long, complicated history. But supporters believe the best days are

July 27, 2020 Read Full Article

NNPC, Kebbi Cultivate 2,675 Hectares of Cassava for Bio-Ethanol Production – Official

(The Eagle Online)  The Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation and the Kebbi State Government have cultivated cassava on 2,675 hectares of

July 24, 2020 Read Full Article

EIB to Provide Advisory Support to Three ‘First-of-a-Kind’ Climate Action Projects

by Liz Gyekye (BioMarket Insights) The European Investment Bank (EIB) has signed three agreements with leading European innovators to collaborate on

July 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Velocys Welcomes Cross-Party Call for Government to Accelerate Aviation Decarbonisation

(Velocys) Velocys supports MP’s call for Government to enhance investment in aviation decarbonisation and drive a green recovery.  — Velocys has

July 22, 2020 Read Full Article

EUR 11 mln TEN-T Funding for (Bio)LNG Infrastructure Will Accelerate the Shipping Sectors Energy Transition

(Titan LNG) Titan LNG’s Ambitious (Bio)-LNG Breakthrough Project Receives EU Funding  — We are thrilled to announce that Titan LNG, one

July 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Senators Press USDA for Biofuel Infrastructure Grant Flexibility

(Kansas Ag Connection/US AgNet)  U.S. Senators Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) and Tina Smith (D-MN) are pressing U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

July 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Driving on Lignin from the Forest – It May Be Possible!

(Sekab) The companies Peab Asfalt and Sekab have reached a milestone by replacing a fraction of the oil-based bitumen with softwood

July 17, 2020 Read Full Article

G20 Nations Put $150B into Fossil Fuels

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  G20 nations — which account for 80 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions —

July 15, 2020 Read Full Article

5 Ways to Reduce Costs in Integrated Biorefineries: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Enabling Lower-Cost Biofuels

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) just released a new report that outlines five specific, yet broadly

July 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Takeaways: 10 Big Bioeconomy Trendlines at ABLC for Fuels, Chemicals, Materials, Food and Feed

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Here are the Top 10 Trendlines we saw and heard from the 8000+ delegates and viewers

July 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Department of Energy Selects New Projects to Accelerate Innovation and Growth in the Biomanufacturing Sector

(U.S. Department of Energy) Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced the selection of eight projects totaling over $5 million

July 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) signed by the City of Calgary with Steeper Energy Canada Ltd.

(Steeper Energy Canada)  The City of Calgary “The City” and Steeper Energy Canada Ltd. (“Steeper Energy”) are pleased to announce

July 6, 2020 Read Full Article

OPINION: HBIIP: Past the Halfway Point, What Have We Learned?

by Cassie Mullen (Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Believe it or not, we’re already at the halfway point in the 90-day

July 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Jet Fuel from Junk

by Pamela Gregg  (University of Dayton Research Institute) … ASTM International has approved the use of a synthetic oil derived from

July 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Missouri Soybean Farmers Offer Matching Funds for Biodiesel Infrastructure Development

(Missouri Soybean Association) Applicants may receive up to 25 percent of the required cash match for federal funding. — Missouri

July 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Indonesia’s State Oil Company to Produce B100 Biodiesel Next Year

(Biofuels International)  The Indonesian government approved regulations regarding the use of biodiesel as a substitute for fossil fuel across all

July 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Post-COVID Recovery: An Agenda for Resilience, Development and Equality

(The International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)) Increased uptake of renewables, energy efficiency and related energy-transition measures represent far-sighted investment amid the

July 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Select Committee Democrats Releases ‘Solving The Climate Crisis’, A Congressional Roadmap For Ambitious Climate Action

(House Select Committee on the Climate Crisis)  Plan Would Put Americans Back To Work, Save Lives, And Help the United

June 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Our View: Politics: What Rural Areas Need from Legislators

(Mankato Free Press)  … Here’s what rural Minnesota does need: It needs clean water and subsidized wastewater systems. It needs good government

June 29, 2020 Read Full Article

Goias State in Brazil Approves “When Filling Your Tank, Choose Ethanol” Policy

by André Luiz Cançado Motta* (Federal University of Goiás for Advanced Biofuels USA) The President of the Legislative Assembly of

June 25, 2020 Read Full Article

DC Public Works Expands Biodiesel Truck Fleet with Advanced Fuel Systems

(Renewable Energy Group)  Optimus Systems, Paired with 100% Biodiesel from REG, Allows the Department to Easily Achieve Sustainability Goals  —

June 25, 2020 Read Full Article

Funding Programs Available for Clean Truck Technology and Fuels to Reduce Diesel Exhaust Impacts in New York City

by Lidia Henderson (ACT News)  … The webinar focused on renewable natural gas (RNG) and its benefits as a vehicle

June 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Neste Develops New Solutions to Decrease the Use of Crude Oil and Increases Research and Development in Finland

(Neste)  Neste launches a new research project which aims at developing sustainable and globally scalable raw materials and technology solutions

June 19, 2020 Read Full Article

IEA Offers World Governments a Sustainable Recovery Plan to Boost Economic Growth, Create Millions of Jobs and Put Emissions into Structural Decline

(International Energy Agency)  Based on analysis conducted in cooperation with the IMF, new IEA report outlines energy-focused policies and investments

June 19, 2020 Read Full Article

BBI JU Promotes Its Bio-Based Project Achievements via Launch of New Publication

by Liz Gyekye (BioMarket Insights) … BBI JU (Bio-Based Industries Joint Undertaking) has launched a new publication entitled ‘BBI JU:

June 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Fiberight Plant Is Shut Down; Trash Sent to Landfill

by Kate Cough (Ellsworth American) Coastal Resources of Maine, the $70-million waste and recycling facility in Hampden, shut down in late

June 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Solutions from the Land’s Letter to Senate Democrats’ Special Committee on the Climate Crisis

(Solutions from the Land) In response to a call for input from the Senate Democrats’ Special Committee on the Climate

June 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Indonesia Pushes Back Target for Palm Oil Fuel Refinery to 2026

by Tabita Diela, Bernadette Christina Munthe and Fransiska Nangoy (Reuters) Indonesia, the world’s largest producer of palm oil, is pushing back

June 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Part 2 – Clean Energy Innovation Hub Lessons Learned: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to ATCO’s Hydrogen Production

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ATCO built and is currently operating a 0.25 MW (65 kg per day) hydrogen production

June 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Sinopec Charts Plans for More Biofuel Projects in Major Cities

by Zheng Xin (China Daily)  China Petrochemical Corp, the country’s largest oil refiner, vows to further step up its involvement

June 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Nuclear Hydrogen Production’s Potential: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Part 2 of 3 Hot Hydrogen Multi-Slide Guides

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Part 2 of today’s Hot Hydrogen slide guides, Exelon shares this illuminating presentation that digs

June 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Hydrogen and Energy Storage: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Part 3 of 3 Hot Hydrogen Multi-Slide Guides

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Part 3 of today’s Hot Hydrogen slide guides, Southern Company’s Noah Meeks takes a

June 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Kebbi To Generate N388bn Revenues From Ethanol Production – Prof. Ka’oje

by Ibrahim Bello  (The Herald) Prof. Muhammad Ka’oje, the Chairman,  Kebbi State Standing Committee on Bio-Fuel, has said that the biofuel

June 9, 2020 Read Full Article

UK Aviation Coalition Calls for Sector to Be at Heart of Government’s Green Recovery Plan

(Biofuels International) The Sustainable Aviation coalition has called for UK aviation to be at the heart of the Government’s economic

June 5, 2020 Read Full Article

UP Govt to Amend Biofuel Policy to Augment State’s Green Energy Resources

by Virendra Singh Rawat (Business Standard) The Uttar Pradesh government will promote the setting up of biofuel plants for augmenting the state’s green energy resources.

June 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Harvested Seaweed to Help Industries

(Barbados Advocate)  Sargassum seaweed has been a scourge in the eyes of many Barbadians, but Barbados National Oil Company Limited

June 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Powering a Sustainable World in Canada: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Sarnia-Lambton Hybrid Chemistry Cluster

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) With a petrochemical history, Sarnia-Lambton has evolved to agriculture, feedstocks and chemicals with a vision to

June 2, 2020 Read Full Article

European Commission Unveils €750bn Post-Covid Recovery Plan with Green Transition Initiatives

by Liz Gyekye (BioMarket Insights) “Investing in a more circular economy has the potential to create at least 700,000 new jobs

May 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Muswellbrook Ethanol Plant One Step Closer after Muswellbrook Shire Council Votes to Continue Negotiations

by Ian Kirkwood   (Newcastle Herald)  Muswellbrook’s proposed ethanol pilot plant is a step closer to fruition after Muswellbrook Shire Council

May 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Q&A on Cellulosic Ethanol with Clariant

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) DigestConnect hosted a wildly popular webinar in late April with Clariant’s Head of Business Line, Biofuels

May 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Ministry Discloses Updated Egyptian Petrochemicals Plan 2020-2035

(Egypt Today)  … A feasibility study was carried out to launch an ethanol production project worth $110 million. Shareholders have

May 27, 2020 Read Full Article

BBI JU Launches 22 Projects to Support Green Recovery of Europe

(Bio-based Industries Joint Undertaking)  Bio-based Industries Joint Undertaking: a €3.7 billion partnership between the EU and the Bio-based Industries Consortium 

May 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Hydrogen is Hot in Australia! ARENA’s Funding for Hydrogen Continues: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Renewable Hydrogen Deployment

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Australian Renewable Energy Agency, or ARENA, has invested $1.48 billion in 513 projects since 2012, and

May 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Assam: NRL’s Bio Refinery Plant to Use 5 Lakh MT Bamboo as Raw Material Annually

(Northeast Now News)  Sonowal lauds NRL authority for regularly making monthly payment to its workers to the tune of Rs.

May 26, 2020 Read Full Article

Government Launches New £40 Million Clean Growth Fund to sSupercharge Green Start-ups

(U.K. Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy and The Rt Hon Alok Sharma MP) Clean Growth Fund launched as

May 26, 2020 Read Full Article

3 Things that Need to Happen for Sustainable Aviation Fuel to Take Off

by Lloyd Ritter (Green Capitol LLC/Biofuels Digest) A timely new report came out recently on sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), “Ready for

May 26, 2020 Read Full Article

BD Zones and BDO Zones: Weaponizing Biomass to Support a Bio-Fueled Economic Recovery

by Jordan Solomon (Ecostrat Inc./Biofuels Digest)  The US has over a billion tons of biomass which can be used as

May 21, 2020 Read Full Article

DOE Funds CCUS Project at Ethanol Plant, Opens New CCUS FOA

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. Department of Energy on April 24 announced plans to award funding to a

May 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Greenprint for Biomanufacturing and Sustainable Supply Chains: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Biostrategy 2020 in a Post-COVID World

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) As biology ravages the global economy, we have a once-in-a-lifetime, trillion-dollar opportunity to help shape how

May 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Millions in Australian Government Funding for Renewable Methane, Hydrogen, Solar Hydropower Projects

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) From the land down under arrives news of millions pouring in for renewable energy –

May 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Why We Shouldn’t Leave out Biofuels in the Energy Transition

by Matthew Capuano-Rizzo (Leaders in Energy)  … In an Oxford University study, Nobel prize winning economist Joseph Stiglize outlined how

May 15, 2020 Read Full Article

Indonesia Weighing Subsidy Options to Support Biodiesel Programme

by Gayatri Suroyo, Tabita Diela, Bernadette Christina Munthe and Fransiska Nangoy (Reuters) The Indonesian government is considering alternate plans to increase

May 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Help for Coronavirus-Stricken Biofuel Industry and Others is Needed Now!

(Solutions from the Land)  … Compared to the relief that is being considered for the oil industry, it is still

May 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Z Energy Puts Biofuel Plant to Sleep, Asks for Govt Money

by Eloise Gibson (Stuff)  Z Energy is “hibernating” its biodiesel plant but may re-open in a year. –Z Energy  has

May 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Resources for R&D, Pre-Commercial/Demo, Commercial Phases: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Federal Programs Supporting the Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  If you missed the DigestConnect webinar last week, check out the slide guides from Bill

May 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Can U.S. Homegrown Sorghum Help the Ag Industry Get through Covid-19?

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) It’s been only two years since the Environmental Protection Agency approved sorghum oil as an eligible

May 11, 2020 Read Full Article

How Much Clean Air Could $100 Million Buy?

by Todd Campbell (California Natural Gas Vehicle Partnership/Advanced Clean Tech News)  … (L)et’s look at what a hypothetical $100 million

May 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Cellulosic Sugar Producers Co-operative Shutting Down

by Josh Boyce (Blackburn News) The Cellulosic Sugar Producers Co-operative (CSPC) has announced that it’s ceasing operations to mitigate ongoing expenses

May 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Fossil Fuel Firms Linked to Trump Get Millions in Coronavirus Small Business Aid

by Emily Holden (The Guardian)  Revealed: Oil and mining firms – some with ties to Trump officials – taking advantage

May 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Energy Transition to Be Shaped by World Response to COVID-19

by Allison Good, Taylor Kuykendall and Dan Testa  (S&P Global)  … The coronavirus pandemic may accelerate a shift from fossil fuel

May 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Doubling Down on the Energy Transition Post Pandemic

by Tammy Klein (Future Fuels Strategies)  … According to a new IRENA study, accelerating investment in renewable energy would help

May 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Vale Male: Big Changes at the BioEnergy Technologies Office

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … If you’ve noticed that DOE is taking on a much more fundamental bit of science

April 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Oberon Fuels Combats Covid-19 Economy with New Hires, Renewable DME Facility Upgrades

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … In comes news of public-private investments, rural economic development and employment, and even

April 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Oil Prices Have Fallen below $0 a Barrel. What Does It Mean for the Climate? This Could Be an Opportunity to Reshape Our Energy System. But It Could Also Simply Lead to a Bailout of Oil Companies.

by Adele Peters (Fast Company)  … Fracking companies have lost billions over the past decade. Some investors may be even

April 24, 2020 Read Full Article

COVID-19 Crisis Affects Ethanol Industry

by Kelby Wingert (The Messenger) … With fewer cars on the roads, fewer people commuting to work and fewer families traveling

April 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Harvard Study Bolsters Ethanol’s Role In Protecting Public Health, Saving Lives

(Oklahoma Farm Bureau)  … The Harvard team’s recent findings underscore the need to power more of our transportation system with non-petroleum-based fuels,

April 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Getting Money to Survive and Thrive – Federal Programs and Resources Available to Support the Bioeconomy

by Bill Hagy (Lee Enterprises Consulting, Inc./Biofuels Digest) A series of PowerPoint Presentations outlining key Federal Financial Programs and Assistance that

April 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Opportunity Knocking: BioEconomy Solutions Plans to Create 200 Jobs in South Carolina through Operation of a New Crush Facility while Commercializing a Little-Known Crop for the Biomass-Based Diesel Industry

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  Most people in the U.S. have probably never heard of cyperus esculentus, but Victor Garlington,

April 15, 2020 Read Full Article

Neste Joins the European Alliance for a Green Recovery

(Neste) Neste has joined an alliance of cross-party political decision-makers, businesses, NGOs and other stakeholders in a call for a Green

April 15, 2020 Read Full Article

Fraunhofer IFF Researchers Design Green Hydrogen Factory

by Matthew Mercure (NGT News) Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Factory Operation and Automation IFF (Fraunhofer IFF) have designed a factory for

April 14, 2020 Read Full Article

UPDATE 1-Brazil Aims to Announce Help for Ethanol Sector This Week -Minister

by Ana Mano and Roberto Samora  (Reuters) Brazil plans to announce this week measures to support its ethanol sector, which has

April 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Biofuels Industry Needs CCC Assistance

by P. Scott Schearer (Natinal Hog Farmer/Informa Business Media )  Legislative Watch: Biofuels feeling COVID-19 impact; CO2 shortage hits food

April 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Bringing Green Hydrogen to Market

by Sandra Enkhardt (PV Magazine Germany) Uniper plans to use its gas power plants and storage facilities for green hydrogen. 

April 10, 2020 Read Full Article
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catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NTSB nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum 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petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable 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Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory 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Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsi Wisconsin Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Yukon Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc

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