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Rapid Expansion of U.S. Soybean Processing Capacity Risks Industry Overbuild

by Brian Earnest , Tanner Ehmke and Jacqui Fatka (CoBank)  • The push for renewable diesel is boosting demand for soybean oil as a feedstock. Soybean crush capacity in the U.S. is expected to expand 23% over next three years

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Interview - ‘Vertical Integration Will Help Drive Down Biofuel Costs’

by Sowmya Sundar (Zawya Projects)  John Jones, Co-founder and CEO of Omani- Scottish waste to value start-up X2E told Zawya Projects that vertical integration is key to reducing the cost of biofuels to match pump prices -- X2E is building a $1.6 billion

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The Records Dilemma Is Decimating the UCO Market—but There Is a Way Out

by Kristof Reiter (Reiter Companies/Biobased Diesel Daily)  How and why the used cooking oil market broke and what can be done to fix it. -- After more than a decade of consolidation in the used cooking oil (UCO) recycling industry, the number

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Australian Tallow Exports Exceed $1bn for First Time, Driven by Biofuels Industry

by Megan Hughes and Jennifer Nichols (ABC Rural)  In short: Tallow exports from Australia have reached $1 billion for the first time, also making Australia the world's largest exporter. Once used as cooking oil, now the livestock by-product is used in various industries for

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Oil Rush: How Criminal Gangs and Thugs Are Targeting Pubs and Supermarkets for 'Liquid Gold' Cooking Oil Which Can Be Converted to Biofuel and Sold on Black Market

by James Reynolds (Daily Mail) ... Criminal gangs look to exploit price hike by stealing large quantities of waste oil  -- Criminal gangs across the UK have been targeting pubs and supermarkets to steal cooking oil as prices soar in light of

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Asia's UCO Market Poised for Upturn in 2024, UCOME Demand Prospects Uncertain

by Nurul Darni, Chau kit Boey, Aditya Kondalamahanty  (S&P Global)  Asia's used cooking oil market may head higher in 2024 on its rising demand as a sustainable feedstock for biodiesel, while used cooking oil methyl ester biofuel could face the prospect

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Kraftstock, Feedstock, Comstock: The Unleashing of Kraft Lignin as an Abundant, Affordable Feedstock for Drop-in Renewable Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ... First, Comstock has made an investment in RenFuel technology, the focus is to assure that RenFuel has the resources to complete some additional R&D that will broaden the applications of the technology they have already brought to

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Full Circle UCO

by Anna Simet (Biodiesel Magazine) With a single truck in 1953, James Mahoney started up Mahoney Grease Service as a fats and oils recycler, using 13-gallon drums to service customers. Upward of seven decades later, the company has grown to service

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Milei Seeks to Deregulate the Price of Biofuels and Enable Oil Companies to Participate in the Business

(Bichos de Campo (Google Translation)) The National Executive Branch sent to Congress the legislative megaproject with which it will seek to carry out a gigantic reform of the State and regulations, especially economic ones, reducing participation in many sectors. One of the

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Coco Sector Leaders Propose Changes in Biodiesel Additives

(Panay News) Coconut industry leaders want changes in the amount and kind of additives that are mixed in locally sold diesel fuel to increase the revenues of farmers and refiners, and also to cushion the domestic impact of rising crude prices

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Corporates Shun Low-Carbon Biodiesel in Oman

by Conrad Prabhu (Oman Daily Observer)   Omani startup Wakud, which operates the country’s first commercial-scale biodiesel plant using waste cooking oil as feedstock, has bemoaned the appallingly low uptake of its low-carbon biodiesel by energy companies and other large corporates operating

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How Traders Can Capture Value in Sustainable Fuels

by Tapio Melgin, Agata Mucha-Geppert, Xavier Veillard, and Andrew Warrell (McKinsey & Company)  The sustainable-fuel market is nascent, complex, and growing fast. Traders that develop an in-depth understanding across different fuels, feedstocks, and regions can gain a competitive advantage. As countries around

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Biden's IRA Drives Surge in US Imports of Chinese Used Cooking Oil

by Andrew Hayley (Reuters) U.S. incentives to boost consumption of more environmentally friendly fuel has created a new market for used Chinese cooking oil, worth almost $390 million in the last 12 months and growing rapidly, China's customs data shows. China has

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Biomass Feedstocks and Supply-Chains

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Here’s the State of Biomass Feedstocks and Supply-Chains presentation from the ABLC CONNECT series episode. Available supply, conventional crops, new crops and trees, cover crops, R&D initiatives, consortia — a comprehensive but compact look at the industry in

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Sustainable Aviation Fuel Future Foggy: Airline Official Tells Ethanol Industry Future of Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production Uncertain

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) ... Steve Csonka, executive director of the initiative ( Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative), said during a recent panel discussion at the Fuel Ethanol Workshop in Omaha that it is unclear how or if SAF

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Renewable Diesel Bubble Begins to Burst as Costs Spark Pullback

byTarso Veloso Ribeiro, Kim Chipman and Isis Almeida (Bloomberg/Yahoo! Finance) Exxon axes supply deal after delay, Cargill puts plant on hold; Labor woes contribute to rising costs for building plants  -- The US renewable diesel rush is losing steam as

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Makueni’s Castor Beans Feeding Italian Biofuel Firm

by Pius Maundu (Nation Media Group) Castor beans are the raw material for jet fuel; Its production nosedived over the years due to the vagaries of climate change and lack of a steady market -- As a little girl growing

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The Biodiesel Profitability Squeeze

by Maria Gerveni and Scott Irwin (FarmDocDaily)  ... We begin by briefly reviewing data on renewable diesel and FAME biodiesel production trends in recent years.  Figure 1 shows monthly U.S. renewable diesel and FAME (fatty acid methyl ester) biodiesel production

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Will Low Carbon ‘Fuel’ Ag’s Next Golden Age?

by Mike Wilson (Farm Progress)  Oil, ag processors combine to expand demand for low carbon oilseeds. -- ... There is a scenario unfolding that could keep this bull market hot for several years, even if high prices ‘cure’ high prices

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Louis Dreyfus to Expand Canada Canola Plant, Latest to Crush More Oilseeds

by Rod Nickel and Gus Trompiz (Reuters)  Global crop trader Louis Dreyfus Corp (LOUDR.UL) on Tuesday said it will more than double the size of its Canadian canola crushing plant in Yorkton, Saskatchewan, the latest North American oilseed processor to expand. A

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Policy Support Needed to Boost Sustainable Aviation Fuels in China

by Niu Yuhan (China Dialogue) China's aviation sector needs sustainable fuels to lower its carbon footprint, but support is needed to reduce costs and increase production -- ... China’s production of SAFs is just getting started. In late 2022, the

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Argus Launches Asia-Pacific Biofuels on Its Price-Discovery Platform

(Argus Media/Biobased Diesel Daily) Global energy and commodity price-reporting agency Argus has extended its Argus Open Markets real-time electronic price-discovery platform to include used cooking oil (UCO) and used cooking oil methyl ester (UCOME) prices in Asia-Pacific.  The Asia-Pacific UCO and UCOME

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EU Biodiesel Industry Concerned on Import Labelling

by John Houghton-Brown (Argus Media) European producers and traders of biodiesel say Chinese product entering the EU is being wrongly labelled as an 'advanced' biofuel, and sold into Germany where it is counted twice towards emissions savings targets in transport. This,

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Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel: What’s the Difference?

by Maria Gerveni, Scott Irwin, Todd Hubbs  (University of Illinois and U.S. Department of Agriculture/FarmDocDaily) Biomass-based diesel has long played an important role in compliance with the U.S. Renewable Fuels (RFS) mandates (e.g., farmdoc daily, July 19, 2017).  The two main types of

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Aviation Industry in Crosshairs for Next Biofuel Push

(Roll Call) Aviation accounts for 10 percent of U.S. greenhouse gas emissions — a figure expected to triple by 2050 ...  Trucking industry representatives have raised concerns that a larger reliance on SAF will take away key feedstocks from biodiesel,

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Biodiesel Program Encourages Sustainable Palm Oil Business: Ministry

Sugiharto Purnama, Mecca Yumna (Antara)  The government is pursuing a biodiesel-type biofuel program in a bid to lower dependence on petroleum while concomitantly bringing Indonesian palm oil to a better and more sustainable level. "This biodiesel program is not merely a program

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Cost Won’t Be a Long-Term Issue for Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Jaime Llinares Taboada (OPIS)  ... In Spain, energy major Cepsa recently announced a €3 billion ($3.15 billion) investment to build a 2 gigawatt (GW) hydrogen production hub and a program for testing sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) on more than 220

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The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Renewable Diesel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) These slides were presented by Digest editor Jim Lane for the December 22 episode of ABLC CONNECT, and focused on the Drivers, Margins, Project List. Value Stack, Mandates, Policies, Tax Credits, Supply Crunch, and Hot

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Welcome the Golden Age of Advanced Fuels?

by Alexander Koukoulas, Henna Poikolainen, and Esa Sipilä  (AFRY/Biofuels Digest) The second half of 2022 is shaping up to be a watershed year for the advanced fuels and bio-based chemicals industries. New regulatory frameworks to address climate change are providing a

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The Feedstock Conundrum for Renewable Diesel and Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Dave Collings (1898 Co.) Refiners are expanding their interests beyond renewable diesel into the sustainable aviation fuel marketplace. While feedstock availability continues to be a concern, another pathway has opened that may provide some temporary relief. ... In 2021, conversations among

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Insight – How Biofuels and Rising Incomes Impact Grain and Oilseed Demand

(Austrade/Mirage) Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and poor seasonal conditions in North America in 2022 have created spikes in world prices for grain and oilseed (See Figure 1). However, 2 long-term factors are likely to increase global demand for grains and oilseeds over

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The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Neste

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Neste — a company that built massive renewable diesel capacity when it was not fashionable, and have transitioned from a minor oil & gas player in Europe to a Major Player on the Leading Edge

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European-Collected UCO as a Sustainable Feedstock

(Biofuels International)  The collection of used cooking oil is crucial to the supply of biodiesel feedstock. Biofuels International spoke to Pol Van Pollaert, Commercial Director of Quatra, a market leader in the collection and recycling of used cooking oil. ... Quatra is

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NZ's Z Energy to Permanently Shut Biodiesel Plant

by Lauren Moffitt (Argus Media) New Zealand (NZ) fuel distributor Z Energy will permanently close its tallow-based Te Kora Hou biodiesel plant in south Auckland, deeming its production uneconomic compared with the global biofuels market. Te Kora Hou had been scheduled to

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Victor Tango Foxtrot – The Pursuit of Affordable Sustainable Aviation Fuels at Scale

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In aviation fuels as elsewhere in life, it’s sustainable, affordable, available, pick two out of three. You can find affordable SAF, but not in big volumes. You can find as much unaffordable SAF as you like. as

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Chevron to ZEVron: CVX’s Acquisition of Renewable Energy Group Powers Its Search for Net Zero

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ... This summer, the Iowa-Chevron tie has been revived with Chevron’s acquisition of Iowa-based Renewable Energy Group, which now becomes Chevron Renewable Energy Group. They might as well have named it The Ambition Division — the company has set

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Going Rogue

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) ... Biodiesel producers, for instance, have lost market share and feedstock to renewable diesel, not necessarily because renewable diesel is a better fuel. Sometimes policy distortions are the reason the market plays out the way

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Surge in U.S. Renewable Diesel Supply Won't Offset Loss of Petroleum Diesel

by Laura Sanicola (Reuters)  A flood of U.S. renewable diesel plants set to come online in the next three years will not be enough to offset the loss of petroleum diesel refining capacity from plant closings since 2019, a Reuters analysis

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Fabricating a Future for Biodiesel

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) With prices for cleaner feedstocks through the roof, Tactical Fabrication and Smisson-Mathis Energy have forged an all-inclusive, turnkey model for biodiesel production based on the least desirable and lowest-cost materials. After years of development, they

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Paradigm Shifts: Can We Meet the Challenge? How Much Soybean Oil Can We Produce and How Fast Can We Produce It?

by Pete Moss (Biobased Diesel Daily/Frazier, Barnes & Associates)  ...  As announcements for new renewable diesel projects begin to taper off, notifications of new soybean-crushing facilities seemingly occur on a weekly basis. This requires a fight for acres, manufacturing capacity

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What Feedstock Will Meet RD demand?: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to LEC

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) The big question lately – is there enough feedstock available to meet the increased demand for renewable diesel? Pete Rocha, EVP at Lee Enterprises Consulting, shares this illuminating slide guide on how more feedstock

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Analysis: White House Weighs Inflation vs. Farmers in New Biofuel Mandates

by Jarrett Renshaw and Stephanie Kelly (Reuters)  The White House is expected to announce in coming weeks the amount of biofuels like corn-based ethanol that U.S. refiners must blend into their fuel this year, a decision that will force it to

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Germany Plans to 'Further Reduce' Use of Crop-Biofuels

by Sophie Barthel (Argus Media) Germany plans to further reduce the use of biofuels produced from food and feed crops because of rising food costs and waning supply of agricultural products caused by disruption of exports from main suppliers Ukraine and

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6 Key Takeaways from CII Webinar on ‘Ethanol Roadmap for 2025’

by Shivam Dwivedi (Krishi Jagran)  CII (Confederation of Indian Industry) held a webinar titled "Ethanol Roadmap for 2025" on April 22, 2022, and GPS Renewables sponsored the webinar. The 'Ethanol Roadmap for 2025' webinar highlighted the market opportunity of 1G Ethanol

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Traders Pocket 100% Raises in Booming Corner of Fuel Markets

byKim Chipman and Michael Hirtzer (Bloomberg/Yahoo!) Few U.S. traders know how to source renewable fuel ingredients; Net-zero emissions goals by 2050 are driving biofuel demand -- In the hottest U.S. labor market in decades, the hottest job of them all

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The Comment that Silenced the Crowd: Heard on the Floor at ABLC 2022

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ...  Topsoe’s Mikala Grubb stepped in. “What we have is a solids to liquids conversion problem.” The room went quiet, quiet like a church. “750 delegates negotiating in a small hotel but you can hear a watch

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Opinion: The Oil Price Surge Is Bad. The Diesel Crisis Is Worse

by Javier Blas (Brisbane Times) ... The region accounts for about one-third of global biodiesel production. But with Ukrainian vegetable oil exports virtually stopped because of the Russian invasion, the price of rapeseed oil — a key ingredient of biodiesel

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2021 Highlights and 2022 Outlook: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Neste

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Excellent performance in a year of major scheduled maintenance shutdowns and high input costs is a good way to sum up 2021 for Neste. See how their renewable products segment did, what the feedstock market

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ABFA: Data Suggests a Gulf between RFS Proposal and Available Feedstocks, Production Capacity

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) The Advanced Biofuels Association (ABFA) released comments it submitted to U.S. EPA on the proposed Renewable Fuel Standard rule. The comments support a higher standard for the advanced biofuel (D5) pool, referencing data on available

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Behind the Hot Year for Biofuels M&A: 2021 Review and Outlook

by Bruce Comer, Frank Kim and Zak Putlak (Ocean Park/Biofuels Digest) As ethanol producers pursued mergers and acquisitions, and renewable diesel firms built and expanded plants, the biofuels industry increasingly focused on securing feedstocks. Producers seeking to consolidate, optimize or sell

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Raw Material for Biofuel Production Is Available on 7% of the Cultivated Area

(Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants (UFOP))  In 2020, crops such as cereals, oilseeds, protein, sugar and fiber plants, fruit, vegetables, nuts, etc. were cultivated on 1.4 billion hectares worldwide. Most of these products were used to feed

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Stolen Cooking Oil Impacts Biodiesel Industry

by Caroline Foreback (PA Homepage)  There’s been a rise in restaurant cooking oil thefts in our area. A multi-million dollar industry that thieves are taking a huge chunk out of. Tuesday night Eyewitness News heard from a business owner who feels he

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UFOP Misses Recognition of Bioenergy as an Essential Contribution to Climate Protection

(Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants (UFOP)) ... The UFOP therefore appeals to Federal Minister Habeck - also because of his government experience as the former Minister of Agriculture of Schleswig-Holstein - to evaluate the biomass production

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Subsidised Cooking Oil Sold in Biodiesel Market for Easy Profit

(The Sun Daily/Bernama) Some wholesalers and repackaging companies (repackers) are selling subsidised used cooking oil to the biodiesel market for a lucrative profit due to the high price offered for used cooking oil. Deputy Minister of Domestic Trade and Consumer Affairs Datuk

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Megatrends in Sustainability Under the Microscope: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Nexant

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Find out what Steven Slome from Nexant thinks is hot in biofuels, biochemicals and sustainability in this illuminating slide guide from ABLC 2021. From a shift in green priorities, to areas of key growth in

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Renewables 2021: Analysis and Forecast to 2026

(International Energy Agency) Renewables 2021 is the IEA’s primary analysis on the sector, based on current policies and market developments. It forecasts the deployment of renewable energy technologies in electricity, transport and heat to 2026 while also exploring key challenges

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Progress towards Biofuels for Marine Shipping

by Tor I. Simonsen, Noah D. Weiss, Susan van Dyk, Elke van Thuijl, Sune Tjalfe Thomsen (IEA Bioenergy Task 39) Status and identification of barriers for utilization of advanced biofuels in the marine sector -- Biomass has the potential to fully

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Editorial: Conflicting Passions Burn Brightly over Biofuels Production Mandate

by Josh Sosland (World Grain/Milling & Baking News) ... Lost in the back and forth over the RVOs are the global forces driving strong prices for US edible oils. Viewed alone, the supply/demand balance for US soybean oil would not

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Viewpoint: HVO Capacity Growth to Test Feedstock Supply

by Lauren Moffitt (Argus Media) Decarbonisation pledges have increased during a landmark year for global climate diplomacy with the UN's Cop 26 climate conference, with investment in biofuels positioned centre stage of many transition plans. Asia-Pacific in 2022 will see an

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India Cuts GST on Ethanol to 5% to Promote Fuel Blending

by Janani Janarthanan (Bloomberg Quint)  India has lowered the goods and service tax on ethanol meant for blending with gasoline as it looks to curb dependence on imported fuels. The GST on the alcohol has been cut from 18% to 5%

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Column: Grain Traders Eye U.S. Crops, China and Biofuels to Headline 2022 -Braun

by Karen Braun (Reuters) Grain and oilseed markets in 2021 proved just as exciting as in 2020 with prices hitting multiyear highs on shrinking stockpiles. Whether those prices sustain or relax in 2022 will be partially guided by some of the

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Is There Enough Lipid Feedstock for Biofuel?: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to LMC Lipid Feedstocks Outlook

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Advanced Biofuels Association commissioned LMC International to forecast the outlook for supply of lipid feedstocks to determine their ability to meet the ABFA’s goal of reaching 21 billion gallons of biomass-based diesel (BBD) by

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USDA Sees Little Renewable Diesel Benefit for Soybean Oil

by Sean Pratt (Western Producer) Analysts generally concur that the burgeoning renewable diesel industry will result in exploding demand for soybean oil through 2030. But there is one notable exception. The United States Department of Agriculture is forecasting static soybean oil demand from

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Trucking, Airlines Divided over Biofuel Tax Incentives that Could Bolster Feedstock Demand

by Philip Brasher (Agri-Pulse) The biofuel tax incentives in President Joe Biden’s Build Back Better bill could insure a growing market for soybean oil and other farm commodities, but the trucking industry worries the subsidies will kick off a war

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What Biofuels Can Learn From Turkeys…and 8 Ways to Return Biofuels to Integrated End-to-End Control

by Bob Kozak (Atlantic Biomass/Advanced Biofuels USA/Biofuels Digest) As we enjoy this contemplative, introspective, thanks giving time of year, it’s time to think what can be done to revive a stagnant US biofuel industry. The Thanksgiving Turkey is a good place

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The Renewable Era

by Matthew Choi (Politico's Morning Energy)  RENEWABLES ON THE UP: The world is getting more renewables, but it won’t be enough to hit net-zero global emissions by 2050, according to the International Energy Agency’s 2021 renewables report released today. ... IEA is

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House Hearing Focuses on Biofuels, the Renewable Economy

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) The House Agriculture Committee’s Subcommittee on Commodity Exchanges, Energy and Credit on Nov. 16 hosted a hearing on the renewable economy to help inform development of the next Farm Bill. The event featured testimony on the

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Bioeconomy Was Like an Old Truck Stuck in the Mud. The Tow Truck Has Arrived

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  One of the speakers on the second day of the Alternative Fuels & Chemicals Coalition’s Global Biobased Economy Conference & Exhibit, noted that 5 years ago the bioeconomy was like an old truck stuck

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To What Extent Can Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) Mitigate the Environmental Impact of Flying?

by Mike McCurdy and Angus Reid-Kay (ICF)  ... Since SAF is operationally identical and certified as “Jet-A1” fuel, no changes are required in aircraft or engine fuel systems, distribution infrastructure, or storage facilities. That allows SAF use as an interim—and

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US' CVR Mulls Separate Renewables Business as It Moves ahead with RD Projects

by Janet McGurty (S&P Global Platts) Wynnewood RD hydrocracker startup in April 2022; Board approves Wynnewood pre-treatment unit; Engineering in progress for Coffeyville RD conversion -- CVR Energy is considering creating a separate renewables business as it moves forward with completing the renewable

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Tight Feedstock Market, RIN and LCFS Prices: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Neste’s Q3

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Strong performance amid higher energy prices, renewable products with high sales volumes and a healthy margin, and some lower volumes overall due to the scheduled Porvoo turnaround and Naantali shutdown – Peter Vanacker, Neste’s President

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Bio-Based Feedstocks Will Likely Only Be Able to Provide Half of SAF Demand by 2050, Finds ICF Study

by Susan van Dyk  (GreenAir Online) Bio-based feedstock availability for SAF will likely only be sufficient to supply 50% of the SAF required to meet IATA’s net zero carbon by 2050 target, concludes an ICF report prepared for the second edition of

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A Biodiesel Boom (and Conundrum)

by Dan Charles and Marie Godoy (NPR)  There's a biodiesel boom happening! It's fueled by incentives and policies intended to cut greenhouse emissions, and is motivating some oil companies like World Energy in Paramount, California to convert their refineries to

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WA Farmers Enjoy Canola Fields of Gold

by Gregor Heard and Shannon Beattie (Farm Weekly) ... Australian Oilseeds Federation (AOF) executive officer Nick Goddard said the current prices smashed previous highs out of the water. ... The good news extends beyond the farmgate, with Mr Goddard saying crushers, even

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Western Ethanol Producers ‘Caught in the Jaws of a Vise’ with Short Corn Supply and Weak Biofuel Demand

by Mikkel Pates (Park Rapids Enterprise)  Gerald Bachmeier, chief executive officer of Red Trail Energy, Richardton, North Dakota, and Philip Coffin, vice president of Midwest AgEnergy LLC, at Underwood, North Dakota, discuss countermoves to a drought for acquiring local corn

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The Growing Dilemma of Oil Refiners: Move to Biofuels or Stick with What They Know?

by Marcy de Luna (Houston Chronicle)  Sugar Land refiner CVR Energy proclaimed in May that it was shifting from crude refining to the growing demand for renewable fuels. CVR planned to …  READ MORE CVR delays renewable fuel startup at Wynnewood refinery

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US Refiners Delve Deeper into SAF Production on Policy Support Hopes

(Hellenic Shipping News)  Some US refiners are considering adding sustainable aviation fuel to their renewable diesel production plans, spurred by higher demand from airlines seeking lower carbon footprints and the likelihood of increased policy support, some analysts said. “Jet and diesel are

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Chinese Biodiesel Producers Chase High-Value Feedstocks

by Amandeep Parmar (Argus Media) Chinese biodiesel and feedstock suppliers are diversifying to get more value for their money with ever-evolving European legislation regarding waste feedstock incentives. Brown grease is becoming increasingly fashionable among suppliers, of which 18 in China are now

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CVR Energy Takes Wait-and-See Approach on Feedstock Prices for Renewable Diesel Conversions

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) CVR Energy is waiting to complete its hydrocracker conversion for renewable diesel production in Wynnewood, Oklahoma, due to high feedstock prices, CEO David Lamp said in a second-quarter conference call on the company’s earnings. The

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Maersk’s Green Shipping Plan Runs up against Scarce Cooking Oil

(Transport Topics/Bloomberg) A.P. Moller Maersk A/S’s efforts to become carbon-neutral face an unusual hurdle: There isn’t enough used cooking oil to make the biofuel that powers the vessels. “The biofuel is sourced from used cooking oil, but the problem is that the

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Neste Reports Continued Strong Demand for Renewable Diesel

by Erin Voegele (Biodiesel Magazine) Neste released financial results for the first half of 2021 on July 27, reporting solid performance for its renewable products segment. Demand for renewable diesel was robust, but feedstock markets were tight, the company reported. Peter Vanacker,

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Oleochemicals Industry Challenged by Post-pandemic Supply Issues: Report from the 13th World Oleochemicals Conference

by Douglas Root* (Advanced Biofuels USA) The oleochemicals industry is struggling.  Shipping costs have increased.  Suppliers are not able to deliver raw materials, maintenance supplies, and new equipment.  Scheduled maintenance activities have lapsed and restarting equipment is not happening smoothly. 

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Renewable Diesel Backs into UCO

by Tom Bryan (Biodiesel Magazine) The low-quality, low-carbon byproduct of restaurant fryer grease, once largely reserved for modestly-sized biodiesel production, is now a darling input of the industry's new mega plants. Used cooking oil is in high demand as renewable

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Top 12 New Biobased Molecules: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Industrial Biotech’s Inflection Point

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  17 years ago, Werpy and Peterson gave us the seminal “Top 12 Biobased Molecules” – how have they fared? What are the top 12 now, and the top 12 tomorrow? BioCognito’s Nathan Danielson and NCGA’s

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Stinkweed to False Flax: Oilseeds Race to Reap Biofuel Bonanza

by Rod Nickel and Karl Plume (Reuters) ... Botanists, businessmen, farmers and federal lawmakers, they all gathered to peer at the waist-high plant usually considered a pest and uprooted on sight because of its foul odor, toxicity and the grim taste

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Barchart and PRIMA Markets Announce Partnership for Global Biofuels Data

(Barchart/PR Newswire)  Barchart, a leading provider of market data and technology services to the financial, media and commodity industries, has announced a new distribution partnership with PRIMA Markets, a leading research company for the low carbon fuels market, specializing in renewable

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The 10 Biggest WOWs from Day 4 of ABLC

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Florida, day 4 of ABLC is now complete, with 26 more speakers completing their trips to the digital stage. Thursday’s agenda included some of the hottest topics — The Department of Energy Horizons, the future

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Argus Global Renewable Feedstocks Seminar: Europe & Asia --- April 21, 2021 --- ONLINE

Over the last year we have seen a sharp increase in the production of renewable fuels. This has led to renewable feedstocks taking centre stage in the petroleum industry. The Argus Global Renewable Feedstock Seminar will look at the renewable

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The Digest’s Top 10 Advanced Bioeconomy Markets and Predictions for 2021

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  A mere “The Year in Rewind” as we sail into 2021? Not the good ship Digest! Instead, we dust off our crystal ball and offer our predictions for the year ahead. As the sunset of 2020

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Top 10 Slide Guides of 2020

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) ... In today’s Digest, we look at the HOTTEST Digest Slide Guides like Corbion’s biobased Poly Lactic Acid (PLA), Gevo’s low carbon drop-in transportation fuels, Neste, an exclusive Digest Q&A with Clariant, and even some

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PRIMA Pioneers Risk Management in Transport Decarbonisation

(PRIMA/PR Newswire) PRIMA's pricing service has been chosen to launch the world's first risk management contract for the recycled feedstocks cutting transport's carbon emissions. The CME-listed futures contract settles against the daily PRIMA European T1 Used Cooking Oil price assessment published by

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Integrated Strategies to Enable Lower-Cost Biofuels

(U.S. Department of Energy)The Integrated Strategies to Enable Lower-Cost Biofuels report summarizes the findings of a qualitative analysis to identify integrated strategies needed for more affordable biofuels. It outlines five key strategies needed to achieve lower fuel production costs in

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Spotlight: Ethanol Plants Part of the Solution for Forthcoming Renewable Diesel Feedstock Problem

by Corey Lavinsky (S&P Global Platts) Distillers corn oil (DCO) is a co-product of corn ethanol production and can be used as renewable diesel feedstock; Greater demand, higher prices seen for DCO from upcoming surge in renewable diesel capacity; RD made from DCO

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Renewable Products Remain Strong: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Neste

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  “A solid quarter despite market turbulence due to COVID-19”,is how Neste is describing their second quarter of 2020 in this just released presentation. Check out this illuminating slide guide for the scoop on the company’s

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5 Ways to Reduce Costs in Integrated Biorefineries: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Enabling Lower-Cost Biofuels

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) just released a new report that outlines five specific, yet broadly applicable, areas of focus to reduce costs in an integrated biorefinery. This analysis builds upon ongoing R&D strategies to lower

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Potential Feedstocks, Biofuel Markets, Corn and Cellulosic Ethanol: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Increasing Feedstock Production for Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)The Biomass Research and Development Board published a report that looks at how to address the constraints surrounding availability of biomass feedstocks for biofuels. Four questions guide the analysis: What feedstocks and at what price? What

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Refiners Start to Add Renewable Diesel Capacity, Seen as Cost-Cutting Move

by Laura Sanicola and Stephanie Kelly  (Reuters) Refiners such as HollyFrontier Corp and CVR Energy are exploring opportunities to produce renewable diesel to save money on less profitable refineries and offset compliance costs associated with U.S. blending laws. The product, however, currently only

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Without Advanced Renewable Fuels, EU Will Not Meet Climate Objectives

(Advance Fuel) Long-term policy support is crucial to the market rollout of RESfuels to remedy transport’s reliance on fossil fuels, leading European research institutes confirm.  --  Transport makes up one-quarter of all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in Europe and is

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EU Lacks ‘Complete Overview’ about Used Cooking Oil Origins

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EurActiv) The European Commission does not have a “complete overview” of the origin of used cooking oils used for the production of biodiesel consumed in the EU, but appears set to tighten the rules, according to sources close to

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Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel’s Resiliency Even in Crisis: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to REG’s Response to COVID-19

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From planning, people and performance, Renewable Energy Group is on top of things with the coronavirus. Since biodiesel and renewable diesel production has been considered essential business, REG was still working, maintaining full operations of all

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Profitable Growth Through Renewable Solutions: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Neste

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Everyone wants to dominate the world, right? But Neste wants to do it in a nice way by becoming the global leader in renewable and circular solutions. There are 3 ways they are working on this

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EU Commission’s Farm-to-Fork Strategy: UFOP Misses Economically Sustainable Perspective

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen) “This is not what perspective and collaboration look like.” This is how UFOP (Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen) summarises its criticism of the “Farm-to-Fork Strategy” presented today by the European Commission. Strategies

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Biofuel Bolsters Economy and Environment - Humber LEP Responds to E10 Consultation

by David Laister (Business Live)  Department for Transport gets response from home of UK's largest bioethanol plant  --  ... Biofuels are being explored as Net Zero commitments loom large, with the Humber  home to the UK’s largest bioethanol plant, mothballed

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Ethiopian Sustainable Biofuel Future Scenario at a Glance

(Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials) As part of the Fuelling the Sustainable Bioeconomy powered by Boeing’s Global Engagement Portfolio, RSB gathered a group of key stakeholders in the Ethiopian bioeconomy to examine and uncover strategies and scenarios for the future development of

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Z Energy Puts Biofuel Plant to Sleep, Asks for Govt Money

by Eloise Gibson (Stuff)  Z Energy is "hibernating" its biodiesel plant but may re-open in a year. --Z Energy  has put its Auckland biofuel plant to sleep after a bidding war broke out for the fatty animal waste it runs

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Zounds, 40% More Algae! Leading Paradoxically to the Big Feedstock Problem

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A new technology that produces a doubling  of overall biomass in algae and 40 percent in camelina has appeared on the horizon, and I’d like to draw your attention to this work in The Plant Journal and this

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Hero BX Eyes Expanding Biodiesel Footprint When Pandemic Subsides

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  ... “We are surviving day by day,” Peterson (Chris Peterson, president of Hero BX) said. “All our people are still employed.” According to Peterson, Hero BX owner Pat Black strives to provide stability for his staff

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Indonesia’s Biofuel Plan in Limbo as Problems in Sugarcane Production Mount

by Norman Harsono & Wahyoe Boediwardhana  (Jakarta Post) Indonesia's plan to roll out sugarcane-based biogasoline will miss another deadline this year as upstream problems in the country’s sugarcane heartland remain unsolved. The Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry issued five years

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World Energy Doubles Down on Biodiesel Amid Coronavirus Pandemic

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine) “In our space, on a myopic level, we are so used to getting battered around, we’ll get through this too—but on a broader level the dynamics in which we operate will be substantially different,” said Gene

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Vegetable Oil Prices under Pressure Due to Coronavirus Pandemic

(UFOP/Biodiesel Magazine) The vegetable oil markets are currently extremely calm. The coronavirus pandemic is creating pressure in the financial and commodities markets and also pulling down spot prices for oilseeds and byproducts. Above all, crude oil has lost substantial ground in

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Could Government Biofuel Drive Bring £350m Hull Plant Back to Life?

by David Laister (Business Live)  Saltend facility was mothballed after 11 years of "inaction" over petrol pump policy -- ... Vivergo, an employer of 150 at Saltend Chemicals Park, closed in September 2018, with only a skeleton maintenance team remaining.  The

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MIND THE GAP: Letter from Europe

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) If you have not followed the Alternative and Renewable Fuels Forum, bookmark this, and today I’ll give you some of the flavor of this group with 110 members — project owners and developers, policy experts, technologists,

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Most Efficient Source of Fuel May Be Tiniest Organism

by Shelley Schlender (VOA)  ... The tiny single-celled, plantlike organisms known as algae are more efficient than other organisms at converting sunlight and carbon dioxide into the raw materials needed for foods, products and fuels. And not just a few

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They Do Not Deliver Biodiesel and the Oil Companies Do Not Comply with a Mixture in the Diesel

by Gabriela Origlia (La Nacion (Google Translation)) The Bioenergetic League, which brings together representatives of the biofuel producing provinces, said that the sector is going through a very complex situation. Biodiesel producing companies are not delivering their product due to the price

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OUTLOOK ’20: Europe Fatty Acids, Fatty Alcohols Demand Diverges on End-Market Performance

(Independent Commodity Intelligence Services) ...  There were shortages of tallow-derived material, particularly oleic acid, in the second half of 2019 due to limited raw tallow supply.  An increased use of raw tallow for biodiesel production in Europe has put pressure on stocks. This is

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Conversion Technologies: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to BETO’s Carbon-Based Fuels and Co-Products

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Why is working with biomass so challenging? Jonathan Male, Director at the U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) set out to answer that question at ABLC NEXT in San Francisco. Check out his illuminating

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How Policy Can Boost the Market Roll-Out of Renewable Fuels

(ADVANCEFUEL) Policy and governments set ambitious climate and energy targets for the transport sector both on EU level, such as the revised Renewable Energy Directive, and international level, such as the 2015 Paris Agreement. Renewable fuels are among the most viable

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Feedstock Supply Chains & Clariant’s Experience in Romania

by Paolo Corvo (Clariant/Biofuels Digest)  ... The success of making use of that sustainable biomass resource and a rapid uptake of bioenergy technologies relies on many factors. One of it is the cost of feedstock, which is directly dependent on the

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Restaurants Reluctant to Give away Used Edible Oil to Make Biodiesel

by Preety Acharya (Hindustan Times)  Noida: Food safety department officials, who are doing a survey of district restaurants and hotels to encourage them to give away used edible oil to convert it into biodiesel, are facing trouble in convincing them to

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(Philippines) Congress to Probe Price, Supply Bottlenecks for Biofuels

by Charmaine A. Tadalan (Business World) The Joint Congressional Oversight Committee on Biofuels is set to investigate the biofuel industry over price increases in molasses when the 18th Congress opens its first regular session. Senator Sherwin T. Gatchalian, chair of the energy committee, said

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UFOP: Biodiesel Quotas Take Pressure off the Market - Non-EU Countries Show How Bioeconomics Work

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP)/LifePR)   ...The Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP) has noted that the price situation in the vegetable oil markets would be even more dramatic, if countries such as Argentina, Brazil, the

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Higher Biodiesel Blend Pushed as Copra Prices Remain Low

by Anna Mogato (Rappler)  Industry stakeholders say even a 1% increase in coconut methyl ester in diesel can help bring up copra prices, which have been declining -- Biofuels industry stakeholders are asking the government to allow an increase in the coconut methyl

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Government’s Contradictory Policies Killing Agro-Industrial Sectors in Nigeria

by Femi Ibirogba (The Guardian)  ... Mr Rajavelu Rajasekar is a Director (Agro), Allied-Atlantic Distilleries, Agbara, Ogun State, where 250 metric tonnes of raw cassava roots are processed into ethanol. He revealed, in this interview with Head, Agro-Economy Desk, FEMI IBIROGBA,

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Fuel Forward: The Digest’s 2019 Enhanced Multi-Slide Guide to Renewable Energy Group

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Earlier this month, Renewable Energy Group released its 2019 Q1 earnings and held its quarterly earnings conference call with analysts and media. The complete webcast of the event is available at regi.com. Participating in the call for

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Rapeseed Costs Less than Fuel Oil

by Helena Taveras Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In Germany, UFOP reports that for years now, dramatically low prices have defined the level of revenues from rapeseed and soft wheat. The drought year 2018 did not do anything to change this. So anyone who is

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Advanced Biofuels Cost Reduction: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide ABLC Guide to IEA Bioenergy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) IEA Bioenergy is looking at how advanced biofuels could be more affordable and what sort of policy support might be needed? Adam Brown from IEA Bioenergy gave this illuminating overview of the potential for cost reduction for advanced

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The Blues of the Green: How Can Biofuel Be Used

by Shailaja Tripathi (The Hindu)  Close on the heels of the experiment done by a SpiceJet flight using biofuel, we take a look at the scope and potential of this green fuel--  ... While CSIR-Indian Institute of Petroleum (CSIR-IIP) is using jatropha

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EU Commission Begins Anti-Subsidy Process against Indonesia

(Union zur Förderung von Öl- und Proteinpflanzen (Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants - UFOP)) UFOP demands the expedited introduction of preliminary counter measures – customs duties on biodiesel imports should not be circumvented via palm oil

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Mahathir Throws out B20 Biodiesel Challenge

by Amar Shah Mohsen (Sun Daily)  Tun Dr Mahathir Mohamad has challenged Malaysia to emulate Indonesia’s move to introduce a higher biodiesel mandate — the B20 biodiesel fuel — by 2020 and become the world’s top biodiesel-producing country. The Prime Minister noted that

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Higher Ethanol Blend Can Keep Fuel Prices Low – Imee Marcos

by Christia Marie Ramos (Inquirer.net)  Increasing the ethanol blend in gasoline products can keep fuel prices in the country low, Ilocos Norte Gov. Imee Marcos said on Tuesday. She made this suggestion amid the impending implementation of the second round of fuel excise

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C.J.’s Back and REGI’s Got Her: Warner Tapped as New Renewable Energy Group CEO

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Iowa, white smoke has emerged from the REGI conclave: Tesoro EVP and former Sapphire Energy CEO C.J. Warner has been named chief exec of Renewable Energy Group, at a pivotal moment for biodiesel in Washington and

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Petrol Companies Have Two Months to Switch to B10 Biodiesel

(Sun Daily) Petroleum companies have two months to switch from the current B7 (a blend of 7% palm methyl ester and 70% petroleum diesel to B10 biodiesel before its mandatory implementation on Feb 1, 2019. Primary Industries Minister Teresa Kok said B10

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BioFuture: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to BioFuture Platform and the Advanced Biofuels Outlook

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Biofuture Platform aims to be an action-oriented, country-led, multi-stakeholder mechanism for policy dialogue and collaboration among leading countries, organizations, academia and the private sector conscious of the need to accelerate development and scale up deployment

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The Bumpy Road of Common Ethanol Fuel Mixture

(Vietnam.net)  Common ethanol fuel mixture (E5 RON 92 gasoline) has been receiving many incentives from the State. However, high prices of materials for ethanol production and relevant materials plus the high tariff levied on imported ethanol have significantly eroded E5 gasoline’s

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The Complex Dynamics of Coprocessing

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  While oil refiners adding a small percentage of renewable feedstock to their operations sounds simple, the political, economic, technical, societal and market consequences are anything but.  In 2007, at the height of the biodiesel boom, ConocoPhillips and

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High Feedstock Prices Hardly Reached Consumers

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP)) The scarcity of supply of agricultural feedstock due to drought-related declines in yield had little impact on consumer prices. The main factors driving prices up were labour or energy costs. ... The association has

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European Drought Increases Ethanol Feedstock Costs but Also Boosts Dried Distillers Grains Prices

by Chrysa Glystra (S&P Global Platts)  The hot and dry weather that has swept across Northwest Europe over the summer months has seen grains prices skyrocket but has also increased demand for animal feed, including dried distillers grains, a by-product of ethanol

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Biomass, Biomass and More Biomass: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to the DOE’s Billion Ton Report, Vol. 1

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The US Department of Energy’s Billion-Ton Report: Advancing Domestic Resources for a Thriving Bioeconomy says that 1.2 billion tons of biomass would be available at $40 or less per ton by 2040, and 1 billion tons would be available

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Biorefineries Will Have Only Minimal Effects on Wood Products and Feedstocks Markets

(International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis/Phys.Org)  A new report from researchers from IIASA, Luleå University of Technology (LTU), and RISE Research Institutes of Sweden has shown that more biorefineries, which produce biobased fuels and chemicals, will have only a small effect

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The 10 Green Chemicals Driving a Disruptive New Biobased Industry

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  A Petro Brexit (a/k/a, British companies exiting petroleum for the sustainable bioeconomy) : New report highlights how to ensure Britain becomes a world leader in bio-based chemicals In the UK, a recent report identifies 10 specific bio-based chemicals, in

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Veolia Launch New Online Marketplace for Organic Resources in the UK

(Veolia)  As part of the drive to increase the circular economy global resource management company, Veolia, is launching an online trading platform that makes it easier to sell and buy organic resources. Designed to save users time and money, BioTrading will

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Aviation Biofuels: 10 Years, 100,000 Flights and We’re Still Arguing about Feedstock – Why?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  This week marks the 10th anniversary of the first demo flight on biofuel  which was done by Virgin Atlantic. LanzaTech CEO Jennifer Holmgren shared the factoid that, since that day, more than 100,000 commercial flights have used

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Sweet Sorghum as an Ethanol Feedstock in Western Nebraska - Could It Happen?

by Richard Perrin, Lilyan Fulginiti, Subir Bairagi, Ismail Dweikat (KRVN)  It has been proposed that non-irrigated sweet sorghum might be grown in western Nebraska as a seasonal substitute for corn grain in corn ethanol plants. In the research summarized here1, we

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Low Carbon Demand Regears Biodiesel Inputs

by Niamh Boyle (Biodiesel Magazine/Prima Markets)  Prima Markets provides a comprehensive summary of the growing international demand for low carbon fuels, including U.S. policy drivers and waste feedstock consumption, along with a detailed overview of the international trade of low carbon

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Marketing Sustainability: How Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAFs) Are Planning to Take Flight

By Michael Eggleston* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  Flying in Formation: Since the first test flight almost 10 years ago, there have been over 40,000 commercial flights supported by four international airports supplying SAFs. Michael Gill, Executive Director of the cross-industry Air

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Financing Bioeconomy Ventures, Pt. 9: Site Selection – Landscape Risk Analysis for Biomass Acquisition

by Thomas W. Robb, Daniel Lane and John Diecker (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  In the cascade of the decision-making process for site selection of a biomass project, the first two things that must be determined are the availability of infrastructure to support

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What Price Biomass? The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Feedstock Supply Forecasting

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  How much biomass is there? What types, prices, when will they be available, and produced by whom, and how? These are questions that the US Department of Energy undertook to answer, to address a program-wide need

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Queensland Mandate Key to Biofuels Boost

(My Sunshine Coast)  The Australia biodiesel industry is still trying to negotiate deals with oil companies to ramp up production, despite the introduction of a second State mandate, Chief Executive Officer of the Biofuels Association of Australia, Mark Sutton said. There

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Georgia Biodiesel Project Moves Closer to USDA Loan Guarantee

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  Smisson-Mathis Energy LLC, a joint venture between The Smisson Group of Macon, Georgia, and Tactical Fabrication LLC, has been selected by USDA to initiate Phase 2 of the Section 9003 program for the company’s $6.75

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FAO Official: Food-Based Biofuels Not Necessarily Bad

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV)  Brazil demonstrates that sugar cane cultivation can supply both food and ethanol for fuel without harming the environment or pushing up food prices, a senior official from the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation of the

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(20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency egg shell Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit Invvesting ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isobutylene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jersey Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 jet B Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs Joint Office of Energy and Transportation jojoba Jordan JP-10 JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kans grass Kansas Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones 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loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane leaks methane/biomethane methanization methanol benefits methanol fuel cells methanol price Methanol-to-Jet (MTJ-SPK) Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methylbutenol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels milk permeate millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minn Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molinia molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo 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weeds nuclear Nunavut nut shells nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course owa oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil Palm Oil Methyl Ester (PME) palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm trunk sap palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peach shell 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