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EverWind Secures Offtake from Key German Partner Uniper for Canada’s First Green Hydrogen Hub in Nova Scotia

BioChemicals/Renewable Chemicals, BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production, Business News/Analysis, Canada, European Union (EU), Feedstocks, Funding/Financing/Investing, Germany, Green Jobs, Opinions, Policy, Resources, Sustainability, Technical Resources, water
August 26, 2022

(Uniper)  EverWind Fuels Company (“EverWind”), a private developer of green hydrogen and ammonia production in Nova Scotia, Canada, and Uniper today announced the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding (“MOU”) for Uniper to purchase green ammonia from EverWind’s initial production facility in Point Tupper, Nova Scotia (the “Facility” or “Point Tupper”). Under the MOU, EverWind and Uniper intend to negotiate a binding offtake agreement for 500,000 tonnes per annum of green ammonia. Point Tupper is a multi-phase green hydrogen and ammonia production and export facility, which is in advanced stages of development and is expected to reach commercial operation in early 2025, the first in Atlantic Canada.

The signing of this MOU with Uniper in addition to the simultaneous signing of another offtake MOU today results in EverWind having commitments to put in place offtake for one million tonnes per annum of future green ammonia production at Point Tupper.

The MOU was announced this morning ahead of a scheduled green hydrogen/green ammonia exhibition today in Stephenville, Newfoundland and Labrador, that Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, Nova Scotia Premier Tim Houston and other industry and political leaders will attend. At the event, the Honourable Jonathan Wilkinson, Minister of Natural Resources, and German Vice Chancellor Robert Habeck are expected to sign a joint Declaration of Intent to establish a Canada-Germany Hydrogen Alliance.

The Uniper partnership demonstrates EverWind’s commitment to the Province of Nova Scotia: Premier Houston has expressed an intent to make Nova Scotia a leading hub for green hydrogen production and EverWind is committed to be the first to deliver on this ambition. The partnership also demonstrates EverWind’s commitment to the global energy transition and supports Uniper’s ambitions to become a go-to partner for decarbonization solutions. The green ammonia provided to Uniper will facilitate decarbonization across Germany and other European countries while reducing Germany’s dependence on fossil fuel-based products from Russia.

“The transformation of our industry continues. Therefore, I am pleased that E.ON and Uniper each have signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the supply of green ammonia from 2025 on with the Canadian company EverWind Fuels. This is an important step not only to strengthen our bilateral economic relations, but also for a future-oriented and sustainable energy supply” said German Chancellor Olaf Scholz.

Premier Tim Houston commented, “EverWind’s project supports our Provincial goals of decarbonization and green energy leadership. The development of EverWind’s Point Tupper site is incredibly encouraging as a regional green hydrogen hub for Eastern Canada, including new green hydrogen and ammonia production facilities. We are excited about the opportunities that green hydrogen and green ammonia projects provide for the Province, including new clean energy jobs, supporting Nova Scotia’s carbon emissions reduction targets, and establishing Nova Scotia as a global leader in the production of green hydrogen for domestic and export markets.”

Jonathan Wilkinson, Minister of Natural Resources underlined Canada’s important role in the global energy transition, saying, “Canada has enormous potential as a reliable supplier of energy in a net-zero world. Our government is committed to working with our allies to ensure Canadian resources ensure clean energy security at home and around the world.”

Trent Vichie, CEO of EverWind commented: “Green hydrogen and ammonia will play key roles in the fight against climate change and the desire for improved energy security in Europe. Today’s announcements will kickstart the transition of fossil fuel jobs in Nova Scotia to the new green economy. By working together with our partners in government, industry and Indigenous communities, we are sending a clear message to the world that we are in this together.”

Klaus-Dieter Maubach, CEO of Uniper commented, “One of Uniper’s major goals is the effective decarbonization of other industries as well as its own, while still being able to provide security of supply. Especially, in these times Uniper is delighted to start the partnership with EverWind to accelerate the energy transition and diversify our supply. Uniper is building up a portfolio of H2 products on a global scale by originating, transporting and finally supplying customers mainly in Europe in the future. The EverWind project is a very promising opportunity to source green Ammonia based on excellent conditions and governmental relations to support the endeavor. We are excited to cooperate towards an offtake from EverWind in Nova Scotia.”

About the Benefits of EverWind’s Point Tupper Clean Energy Project
Drives local and provincial economic development: Nova Scotia will experience immediate benefits through this project that is expected to attract billions of dollars in new investment and create new jobs

Unlocks Nova Scotia’s potential as a renewable energy leader: This project will deliver on the immense opportunity green hydrogen represents for achieving the Province’s goal of being a leading green energy producer

Demonstrates benefits of Canadian-German partnership: The MoU is a direct result of productive bilateral agreements between Canada and German on clean energy

Kickstarts global green hydrogen economy: Production of green hydrogen in Nova Scotia and offtake of green ammonia to Germany enables development of local and global green economies

Supports global energy security: Provides a viable energy transition solution for Germany and contributes to reduce reliance on Russia

Supports green energy transition in Europe: Provides Uniper access to secure and competitive supply of green ammonia to supply to its diversified customer base throughout Europe

About EverWind’s Point Tupper Facility
EverWind’s initial green hydrogen and ammonia facility is situated on an ideal site in Port Hawkesbury, benefiting from over $600 million of world-class infrastructure, including an existing ice-free deep-water port with two berths that are capable of accommodating the largest vessels in the world. The Facility will produce green hydrogen and convert it into green ammonia using a mix of certified green power from the Nova Scotia grid and onshore wind power. Further phases of the facility will be powered by offshore wind, which enables the production of over ten million tonnes per annum of green ammonia and will be serviced by EverWind’s existing marine infrastructure. To support the development of the Facility, EverWind has engaged a world-class group of partners including leading financial advisors, equipment suppliers, public and community engagement firms, and engineering firms.

Recognition of the Mi’kmaq & their Ancestral Territory
EverWind Fuels acknowledges the ancestral and unceded territory of the Mi’kmaq people, and we acknowledge them as the past, present, and future caretakers of this land, Mi’kma’ki. Our work shares a core principle practiced by the Mi’kmaq: environmental stewardship. We are committed to working with Mi’kmaw through consultation, engagement and delivering a comprehensive partnership on all aspects of the project.

About Uniper
Uniper is a leading international energy company, has around 11,500 employees, and operates in more than 40 countries. The company plans for its power generation business in Europe to be carbon-neutral by 2035. Uniper’s roughly 33 GW of installed generation capacity make it one of the world‘s largest electricity producers. The company’s core activities include power generation in Europe and Russia as well as global energy trading and a broad gas portfolio, which makes Uniper one of Europe’s leading gas companies. In addition, Uniper is a reliable partner for communities, municipal utilities, and industrial enterprises for planning and implementing innovative, lower-carbon solutions on their decarbonization journey. Uniper is a hydrogen pioneer, is active worldwide along the entire hydrogen value chain, and is conducting projects to make hydrogen a mainstay of the energy supply. 

The company is based in Düsseldorf. Together with its main shareholder Fortum, Uniper is also Europe’s third-largest producer of zero-carbon energy. 

About EverWind Fuels LLC
EverWind is a private developer of green hydrogen and ammonia production, storage facilities, and associated transportation assets. EverWind is led by Trent Vichie, a co-founder of Stonepeak Infrastructure Partners. EverWind’s executive team members have previously held CEO and C-Suite positions at various infrastructure, private equity, renewable power, utilities, terminals, and marine logistics companies. The team’s prior investment experience totals more than $45 billion in capital projects spanning over 20 years.  READ MORE

EverWind Fuels and E.ON announce to partner on journey for Transatlantic Hydrogen Bridge between Canada and Europe — Offtake MoUs signed by EverWind shall secure the sale of one million tonnes per annum of green ammonia from EverWind’s Point Tupper facility (Globe Newswire/EverWind)

 

Excerpt from Globe Newswire/EverWind: EverWind Fuels Company (“EverWind”), a private developer of green hydrogen and ammonia production founded by infrastructure veteran Trent Vichie, co-founder of Stonepeak Infrastructure Partners and E.ON Hydrogen GmbH, a wholly owned subsidiary of E.ON SE, agreed on a detailed Memorandum of Understanding (“MOU”) to import green ammonia at scale to Germany beginning in 2025 from EverWind’s initial production facility in Point Tupper, Nova Scotia (the “Facility” or “Point Tupper”).

E.ON SE is one of Europe’s largest operators of energy networks and energy infrastructure and a provider of innovative customer solutions for 50 million customers. 

Under the MoU, EverWind and E.ON intend to work towards an offtake agreement for up to 500,000 tonnes per annum of green ammonia. Point Tupper is a multi-phase green hydrogen and ammonia production and export facility, which is in advanced stages of development and is expected to reach commercial operation in early 2025, the first in Atlantic Canada. EverWind is committed to working with E.ON and Germany to provide green energy and both parties look forward to this work as part of our process to secure offtake for Point Tupper, which is one of the few options globally positioned to deliver green ammonia by 2025.

The partnership supports the decarbonization of Canada and Europe and strengthens the security of green energy supply at a time when Europe needs to reduce its energy dependence on fossil fuels as quickly as possible. E.ON is committed to making green hydrogen accessible to the German small and medium sized businesses (“Mittelstand”), the heart of Germany’s economy. These small and medium sized companies account for the largest share of the country’s economic output and employ about 60 percent of all workers. Green hydrogen is an important lever to develop sustainable solutions, especially in industrial processes such as the production of steel, chemicals and food, as well as in mobility applications.

“The transformation of our industry continues. Therefore, I am pleased that E.ON and Uniper each have signed a Memorandum of Understanding on the supply of green ammonia from 2025 on with the Canadian company EverWind Fuels. This is an important step not only to strengthen our bilateral economic relations, but also for a future-oriented and sustainable energy supply.” said German Chancellor Olaf Scholz.

When asked about the potential impact of EverWind’s project in Nova Scotia, Premier Tim Houston said, “EverWind’s project supports our Provincial goals of decarbonization and green energy leadership. The development of EverWind’s Point Tupper site is incredibly encouraging as a regional green hydrogen hub for Eastern Canada, including new green hydrogen and ammonia production facilities. We are excited about the opportunities that green hydrogen and green ammonia projects provide for the Province, including new clean energy jobs, supporting Nova Scotia’s carbon emissions reduction targets, and establishing Nova Scotia as a global leader in the production of green hydrogen for domestic and export markets.”

Jonathan Wilkinson, Minister of Natural Resources underlined Canada’s important role in the global energy transition, saying, “Canada has enormous potential as a reliable supplier of energy in a net-zero world. Our government is committed to working with our allies to ensure Canadian resources ensure clean energy security at home and around the world.”

“This MoU is a direct result of close collaboration between Canada and Germany, backed by real support from our respective governments,” said Trent Vichie, CEO of EverWind Fuels. “This partnership is a win for Germany, a win for Canada and, in particular, a win for the people of Nova Scotia. We are on track to be the first green ammonia producer in Atlantic Canada, and the first to deliver on Canada’s commitment to becoming a global green fuels leader”.

Patrick Lammers, COO Costumer Solutions at E.ON SE, says: “Today is the start of the transatlantic hydrogen bridge. This way, we can bring the energy of the Canadian wind to Germany by ship. We are not just decarbonizing and diversifying our energy supply. We will create more energy security by cooperation between societies which share the same values and stand for democracy, the rule of law and a social market economy. This step is more urgent than ever. “

Gabriël Clemens, CEO of E.ON’s Green Gas division, commented, “The ‘Mittelstand’ is what makes the German economy a success. Together with the power of EverWind, we target to supply especially small and medium-sized companies – hidden champions with hundreds of thousands of jobs. And municipal institutions reaching millions of people. In doing so, we will close a gap in Germany and Europe. We are on the launching ramp of a fascinating journey.”

EverWind and E.ON announced the MoU in Halifax, Nova Scotia, ahead of today’s green hydrogen/green ammonia exhibition in Stephenville, Newfoundland and Labrador, that Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, German Chancellor Olaf Scholz, Nova Scotia Premier Tim Houston and other industry and political leaders will attend. At the event, the Honourable Jonathan Wilkinson, Minister of Natural Resources, and German Vice Chancellor Robert Habeck are expected to sign a joint Declaration of Intent to establish a Canada-Germany Hydrogen Alliance.

About the Benefits of the EverWind Point Tupper Clean Energy Project

  • Drives local and provincial economic development: Nova Scotia will experience immediate benefits through this project that will attract billions of dollars in new investment and create new jobs
  • Unlocks Nova Scotia’s potential as a renewable energy leader: This project will deliver on the immense opportunity green hydrogen represents for achieving the Province’s goal of being a leading green energy producer
  • Demonstrates benefits of Canadian-German partnership: The MoU is a direct result of productive bilateral agreements between Canada and German on clean energy
  • Kickstarts global green hydrogen economy: Production of green hydrogen in Nova Scotia and offtake of green ammonia to Germany enables development of local and global green economies
  • Supports global energy security: Provides a viable energy transition solution for Germany to reduce reliance on Russia
  • Supports green energy transition in Europe: Provides E.ON access to secure and competitive supply of green ammonia to supply to its diversified customer base throughout Europe

About EverWind’s Point Tupper Facility

EverWind’s green ammonia facility is situated on an ideal site in Port Hawkesbury, benefiting from over $600 million of world-class infrastructure, including an existing ice-free deep-water port with two berths that are capable of accommodating the largest vessels in the world.

The Facility will produce green hydrogen and convert it into green ammonia using a mix of certified green power from the Nova Scotia grid and on-shore wind power, achieving total production of approximately one million tonnes per annum of green ammonia. Further phases of the facility will be powered by offshore wind, which enables production of over ten million tonnes per annum of green ammonia and will be serviced by EverWind’s existing marine infrastructure. To support the development of the Facility, EverWind has engaged a world-class group of partners including leading financial advisors, equipment suppliers, public and community engagement firms, and engineering firms.

Recognition of the Mi’kmaq & their Ancestral Territory

EverWind Fuels acknowledges the ancestral and unceded territory of the Mi’kmaq people, and we acknowledge them as the past, present, and future caretakers of this land, Mi’kma’ki. Our work shares a core principle practiced by the Mi’kmaq: environmental stewardship. We are committed to working with Mi’kmaw through consultation, engagement and delivering a comprehensive partnership on all aspects of the project.

About EverWind

EverWind is a private developer of green hydrogen and ammonia production, storage facilities, and associated transportation assets. EverWind is led by Trent Vichie, a co-founder of Stonepeak Infrastructure Partners. EverWind’s executive team members have previously held CEO and C-Suite positions at various infrastructure, private equity, renewable power, utilities, terminals, and marine logistics companies. The team’s prior investment experience totals more than $45 billion in capital projects spanning over 20 years.

For more information visit www.everwindfuels.com

About E.ON

The E.ON Group is one of Europe’s largest operators of energy networks and energy infrastructure and a provider of innovative customer solutions for 50 million customers. Thus, it is decisively driving forward the energy transition in Europe and is committed to sustainability, climate protection, and the future of our planet.

E.ON SE is an publicly listed energy company with approximately 72,000 employees headquartered in Essen. The Group’s core business is divided into two operating segments: Energy Networks and Customer Solutions.  READ MORE

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genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawai'i hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrids Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogen aircraft hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogenolysis hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydrogen terminal hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesi Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees 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policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo monitoring reporting verifiction (MRV) Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National 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leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) offtake agreements Ohio oil oil/gas terminals oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil ref oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and 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sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 R99/RD99 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree ranchers RAND rare earth metal rare earth metal/critical minerals RD20 RD30 RD55 RD80 RD80B20 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming Regulated Emissions regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED/RED II/RED III) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) renewable fuels of non-biological origin (RFNBO) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw/paddy straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) RNG tax credit roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RP-1 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification SAF30 SAF40 Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower SAF pipeline sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solar thermochemical hydrogen (STCH) solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname sustain Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas/gas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane/e-methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree tamanu/nyamplung Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tugboats tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) UK Emission Trade Scheme (UK ETS) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used motor oil used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium 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