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Cooperation and Development Agreement Signed with Greenfield Global – The Port of Montreal Sets Course for Innovative New Green Energy Solutions

(Montreal Port Authority) In response to the global movement to decarbonize the transportation industry, and consistent with its leadership in environmental issues, the Montreal Port Authority continues to evolve towards clean energy, notably green hydrogen, ethanol and methanol. On June 10, it signed a cooperation and development agreement with Greenfield Global, which

June 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Fenix Marine Services Goes “All-In” with Renewable Fuel

(Felix Marine Services/Yahoo! Finance) Fenix Marine Services (“FMS”) has made one of the largest commitments to environmental sustainability in the maritime sector by fully transitioning its fleet of over 300 pieces of container handling equipment from fossil-based diesel fuel to renewable diesel fuel, effective immediately. This transition also covers smaller, support

June 15, 2021 Read Full Article

FS Innovates with First BECCS (Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage) Project in South America

(FS/PR Newswire)  FS, the first and largest Brazilian company to produce ethanol, animal nutrition and bioenergy products exclusively from corn, brings innovation with a project to implement a revolutionary system utilizing proven technology: the BECCS – Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage system. By implementing the BECCS system, the Company will

June 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Groundbreaking New Partnership Will Use Blockchain Technology to Record, View and Measure the Growth of 50 Million Pongamia Trees

(Investancia) Blockchain will track 50 million trees through Investancia and EcoMatcher Partnership  —  Groundbreaking new partnership will use blockchain technology to record, view and measure the growth of 50 million pongamia trees to be planted in the Paraguayan Chaco forest over the next decade.  Leading agro-research company Investancia has teamed

June 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Global Bioenergies and Swift Fuel Plan the First International Flight of an Aircraft Powered by Aviation Gasoline Made from over 97% Renewable Resources

(Global Bioenergies/Swift Fuel)  A one-hour flight from Saarbrücken to Reims; Aviation gasoline, a one billion-litre market in Europe and the USA;  A step towards the emergence of an aviation biofuel sector — Global Bioenergies (Euronext Growth: ALGBE), a French company that develops petroleum derivative substitutes made from renewable resources, and

June 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Maine $17B Pension Fund Directed to Divest from Fossil Fuels

by Harun Asad (Environment & Energy Leader) In a U.S. first, the state of Maine has passed legislation – bill LD99 – directing the $17 billion Maine Public Employee Retirement System (PERS) to divest $1.3 billion from fossil fuels within 5 years and directs the Treasury to do the same with other state

June 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Plug Power to Build Green Hydrogen Plant in Georgia

(Renewables Now)  Plug Power Inc (NASDAQ:PLUG) plans to build a green hydrogen plant in Camden County, Georgia, investing USD 84 million (EUR 69m) in the project, the US fuel cell systems provider said today. The facility will be capable of producing 15 tonnes of liquid hydrogen a day and will be

June 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Competitive Edge: Can Sweet Gazoil’s Surface Flash Cracking Technology Help Solve Plastics Pollution?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Sweet Gazoil was founded to solve water pollution from waste and used oil. EPA states that 60% of water pollution in the USA comes from waste oil and that 1 gallon of used oil can pollute 1 million gallons of water. The founders were tired

June 11, 2021 Read Full Article

German Industry Warns on Electrolysis Restrictions

(Argus Media)  German industries federation BDI has criticised government plans to limit the exemptions applicable for renewable power used in the electrolysis process for producing hydrogen. The federal government last month proposed rules on exempting the renewable power used by electrolysis sites for producing green hydrogen from the renewable energies law (EEG) levy,

June 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Partnership Secures First bioLPG Delivery for AvantiGas

(Biofuels International)  The first UK bioLPG delivery from Ekobenz has arrived for AvantiGas.  AvantiGas, part of UGI International, has secured the exclusive rights to all of Polish-based Ekobenz’s bioLPG supply. Ekobenz is the first and currently only company in Europe that has succeeded in commercialising bioLPG based on advanced bioethanol

June 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Biomass Supply Chain Risk Standards: A National Standard of Canada

(Ecostrat) After years of hard work, the Biomass Supply Chain Risk Standards have become an official Canadian standard published by CSA Group. “A new National Standard of Canada, CSA W209:21, Biomass supply chain risk, will enable capital markets to quantify bio-feedstock risk more accurately. This will help reduce the level

June 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Germany: LIQVIS Will Start Offering Bio-LNG at Its Filling Stations in 2022

(Uniper/EnviTec)  LIQVIS GmbH and EnviTec Biogas AG have signed an agreement for the supply of bio-LNG. EnviTec Bioenergie Güstrow GmbH, a wholly owned subsidiary of EnviTec Biogas, will start supplying LIQVIS with bio-LNG. Bio-LNG will be produced at the biogas plant in Güstrow. As the fuel will be carbon-neutral, this will

June 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Larissa Perotta of Axens on the Company’s Vegan Technology for SAF/HVO

by Tammy Klein (Transport Energy Strategies)  …  I spoke to Larissa Perotta, technology team manager for the biotechnology renewables group at Axens. We spoke about Axens’ Vegan technology  and trends in SAF and hydrotreated vegetable oil. … ” …  On one side, we started pioneering in the field of lipids in the 1980s

June 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Neste and ITOCHU Corporation Collaborate on First Delivery of Renewable Diesel in the Japanese Market

(Neste) Neste and ITOCHU Corporation have announced that they are joining forces to deliver renewable diesel to the Japanese market. In this collaboration, ITOCHU Corporation will be the first company in Japan to sell and distribute renewable diesel from Neste. In addition, FamilyMart, which is owned by ITOCHU Corporation and is

June 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Bioprinted Cultured Meat, 3D Printed Algae, Biobased Coffee Capsules, Cell-Cultured Human Breast Milk, and More: The Digest’s Top 8 Innovations for the Week of June 10th

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) This week’s Top 8 Innovations are feeding our appetite. With cultured meat innovator MeaTech filing a provisional U.S. patent application for its bioprinting method for printing up some juicy steaks, 3D printed algae that could help future Mars colonies, Swiss coffee capsules now made from

June 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuel Maker Greenjoules Raises $4.5 Million from Blue Ashva Capital

(Economic Times)  … Greenjoules specialises in making renewable biofuels, which are curated entirely from agri residue and renewable waste from agro-processing industries. The biofuel can be used for industrial applications (to power boilers, gensets) and commercial applications (diesel vehicles). … Going ahead, Greenjoules will focus not only on growing its

June 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Big Oil (Probably) Isn’t Going Away Anytime Soon. But It’s Definitely Changing

by Camila Domonoske (NPR) … European companies – such as French multinational Total and British-based BP – are staking big bets on a pivot from oil to renewable power. Meanwhile, American giants are staking smaller sums of money on more nascent technologies, such as carbon capture, without plans to shift

June 9, 2021 Read Full Article

The Pathways, Projects, Players: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Renewable Diesel and SAF

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) There’s nothing hotter right now than renewable diesel and SAF – what are the pathways, projects, who are the players, what are the business models, are there alternative feedstocks? Check out this slide guide from last week’s DigestConnect where Will Thurmond, author of Renewable Diesel

June 9, 2021 Read Full Article

What Color Is Your Hydrogen?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) For an invisible gas, hydrogen seems to come in more colors than boy of crayons. And, you have to learn to weed out the greenwash and the cleanwash. And some of the hogwash.  —  Take for example the news from North Dakota, where Bakken Energy and

June 9, 2021 Read Full Article

100 mgy SAF Project in North Dakota Moves Closer to Realization

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) A sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) biorefinery project near Trenton, North Dakota, is one step closer to being built. The Williams County Planning and Zoning Commission unanimously recommended approval recently of a conditional use permit sought by the developer, according to documents on the county commission

June 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Star Oilco Delivers Sustainable Fuels to Oregon, in Near-Zero Carbon Trucks Using Optimus Technologies’ Vector System

(Morning Ag Clips/Optimus Technologies) Star Oilco demonstrates Oregon’s 2050 80% GHG emission reduction target is achievable today by implementing 100% biodiesel advanced fuel system  —  Optimus Technologies announced today that Star Oilco, one of Oregon’s leading oil and fuel service providers, has achieved massive carbon emission reductions in their heavy-duty fleet operations

June 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Biogest Receives Orders for Two Agricultural Biomethane Plants

(Bioenergy Insight)  Biogest has received orders to build two biomethane (RNG) plants using agricultural waste and by-products from chicken farms in western France. Biomethane (RNG) production from animal, agricultural and food waste is one of the most rapidly expanding sectors of renewable energy, said Biogest. The first project Enerfées is

June 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) from Liquefaction

by John Holladay and Zia Haq (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and U.S. DOE, Bioenergy Technologies Office) In November 2020, PNNL facilitated an international workshop on HTL for SAF production. Present an overview of findings • Quick overview of HTL • Details from the workshop – research opportunities • Examples of

June 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuels: Opportunity for Regional Development

by Laís Forti Thomaz and Amanda Gondim (Estadão/neg.fcs.ufg.br/ (Google Translation)) In an article in Estadão, researchers from RBQAV state that Brazil needs to seek international partnerships to fulfill the agreement  — The global targets for emission reductions have stimulated the development of fuels from sustainable, residual and low-cost raw materials, also

June 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Airlines Already Have Their ‘RenovaBio’ to Reduce Greenhouse Gases

by Delcy MAC Cruz (Energia Que Fala Com Você (Google Translation)) … The action serves to reduce and offset greenhouse gas emissions. It’s CORSIA, which came into effect this year. We interviewed two experts to break down this program focused on international flights —  International flights already have a market

June 8, 2021 Read Full Article

US Energy Secretary Launches Call to Slash Green Hydrogen Costs by 80% RFI DEADLINE: July 7, 2021

by Edith Hancock (PV Tech) The US Department of Energy (DOE) aims to bring the cost of making clean hydrogen down 80% in 10 years as part of a wider call for new developments in the energy sector. Energy Secretary Jennifer Granholm called the target “ambitious yet achievable” on Monday (7

June 8, 2021 Read Full Article

GIDARA ENERGY Announces a New Facility Converting Non-Recyclable Waste into Advanced Biofuels

(GIDARA Energy) GIDARA Energy is pleased to announce its first advanced biofuels facility in Amsterdam; Advanced Methanol Amsterdam (“AMA”). The plant will convert non-recyclable waste into advanced methanol. This product will be used for fuel blending, and therefore meet governmental objectives to achieve CO2 emission reductions as defined in the

June 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Delta Launches Flight to Net Zero, Signs Partnership with CWT

(Delta) In advance of World Environment Day, Delta is launching Flight to Net Zero – a reflection of the airline’s commitment to carbon neutrality. The airline is also acting on that commitment, signing a fifth sustainable aviation fuel agreement with partner CWT. Both reflect Delta’s commitment to making significant, long-term investments to

June 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Top Biofuel Maker Eyes Garbage in Widening Feedstock Hunt

by Robert Tuttle and Kim Chipman (Bloomberg/Yahoo! Finance)  Top Biofuel Maker Eyes Garbage in Widening Feedstock Hunt —  The world’s biggest renewable-diesel producer is looking to convert everything from tree limbs to landfill garbage into fuel for motor vehicles and planes as demand surges for low-carbon fuel sources. In Canada’s Quebec

June 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Maire Tecnimont Group’s Nextchem Awarded by TotalEnergies an Engineering Contract for a Biojet Plant in France

(Maire Tecnimont)  The Front-End Engineering Design contract is a first step towards implementing a plant for processing up to 400,000 tons annually of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF), or BioJet, at Total’s Grandpuits zero-crude platform, due to be operational in 2024; The project is part of TotalEnergies’s plan to convert its

June 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Options Traders Bet on Return of $100 Oil

by Joe Wallace (Wall Street Journal)  Investors have scooped up call options tied to crude prices hitting milestone for first time since gush of U.S. oil in 2014  — Traders have alighted on what some believe to be a one-way bet in the world’s most important commodity market: oil prices going

June 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Chevron Lummus Global and ARA Announce Biofuels ISOCONVERSION Award by ReadiFuels-Iowa

(Chevron Lummus Global)  Chevron Lummus Global LLC (CLG) and Applied Research Associates, Inc. (ARA) today announced that the companies have been awarded a technology contract by ReadiFuels-Iowa, LLC for their renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) project in Sioux Center, Iowa. The scope of the project includes the technology license,

June 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Biochemical Conversion and Lignin Utilization: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Spero Renewables

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Can you really convert 50% of lignin carbon into bio-phenols? Spero Renewables is working on exactly that and making polymers and chemicals from lignin bio-phenols. Spero even enables biofuel cost reduction of $1-2 gallons gasoline equivalent. Get the details on the tech behind it, how

June 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Brightmark to Build World’s Largest Advanced Plastics Recycling and Renewal Facility in Macon, GA

(Brightmark) New state-of-the-art plant will sustainably recycle and convert all types of plastic waste into fully circular products —  Brightmark, the global waste solutions provider, today announced that it will build the world’s largest advanced plastics recycling and renewal facility in Macon-Bibb County, Georgia. The total investment is expected to

June 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Finnish Government Supports Growth of Biomethane as Vehicle Fuel

(Gasum/NGV Journal)  Finland’s Minister of Agriculture and Forestry Jari Leppä has opened Gasum’s new biogas plant, located in Munkkaa, Lohja. The new facility will process around 60,000 tons of biodegradable waste from the Helsinki region each year to produce 40 GWh of biomethane to be used as transport fuel. The amount

June 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Drugs, Biofuel and Handbags: Meat Byproducts Are Big Business

by Bonnie Flaws (Stuff) …  This could include things like collagen from bones, biofuel from animal fat and serum from blood. For a $1.8 billion company, those numbers were meaningful. More than 450 specialty​ ingredients and materials products were exported, he said. In the past year, the supply of animal tallow

June 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Trinity and Ryanair Launch Sustainable Aviation Research Centre

(Biofuels International)  Trinity College Dublin in partnership with Ryanair have announced the launch of a new Ryanair Sustainable Aviation Research Centre. This new initiative has been made possible by a €1.5m donation which Trinity will use to seed a multi-disciplinary research team to engage in research around sustainable aviation fuels,

June 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Govt Should Give Tax Breaks on Ethanol: Expert Committee

by Yogima Seth Sharma (Economic Times)  “In order to bring predictability and to encourage investment by entrepreneurs in expansion or setting up of new ethanol capacities, the government may devise and declare a floor price of ethanol for five years with an escalation clause for purchase by oil marketing companies (OMCs),”

June 7, 2021 Read Full Article

On-Site Hydrogen Production Technology Accelerates to Market

by Susan Bauer (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)  California hydrogen fueling stations could soon benefit from lower cost approach —  A new technology that generates hydrogen from conventional natural gas, or renewable natural gas made from biomass, could be the next big thing to advance California’s Hydrogen Highway, fuel cell vehicles and

June 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Haldor Topsoe Establishes Focused Green Hydrogen Organization to Accelerate Electrolysis Business

by Ulrik Frøhlke (Haldor Topsoe) – The new green hydrogen organization is fully dedicated to accelerating all aspects of Topsoe’s business within electrolysis, including development of high-performance electrolysis technology, sales, and partnerships. -The organization will leverage Topsoe’s unique insights into solid oxide electrolysis, which is the most efficient electrolysis technology

June 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Monolith Materials Receives Investments from SK Inc. and NextEra Energy Resources

(Monolith) Support for the clean hydrogen manufacturer continues to grow as its technology accelerates progress toward a decarbonized global energy system Monolith Materials, Inc., a leader in green hydrogen production, today announced it has received new investments from a consortium of investors led by SK Inc. and includes NextEra Energy Resources,

June 7, 2021 Read Full Article

New Joint Venture: Advanced Thermal Conversion Technology for Renewable DME

(SHV Energy) SHV Energy and KEW Technology, a pioneering UK sustainable energy solutions company, will form a joint venture. The new joint venture is named Circular Fuels Ltd. It will develop renewable dimethyl ether (rDME) production plants. This strategic collaboration will demonstrate the viability of converting renewable and recycled carbon

June 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Lignin Leads the Way – World’s First Lignin Bio-Asphalt Road, Lignin’s Array of Applications and More

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) … We know you can make almost anything out of lignin, so why not a road? And that’s just what happened in the Netherlands with the world’s first test road made from bio-asphalt with lignin. This lignin – fully plant-based and produced by Avantium –

June 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Snam Will Help Boost Biomethane & Hydrogen Mobility in Emilia Romagna

(Snam/NGV Journal) The president of the Region of Emilia-Romagna, Stefano Bonaccini, and Marco Alverà, CEO of Snam, signed memorandum of understanding to promote the energy transition throughout Emilia-Romagna focusing on hydrogen, biomethane, sustainable mobility and energy efficiency. The agreements also seeks to identify medium- and long-term development actions which, also involving

June 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Trucking Expands with Circle K, Trillium, Musket Partnership

(Trillium)  Refined products agreement leads to creative, low-carbon renewable natural gas solution —Musket and Trillium, members of the Love’s Family of Companies, have entered into an agreement with Circle K to expand sustainable trucking in California. A 2020 supply partnership between Musket and Circle K created a joint purchasing agreement and allowed Circle K

June 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Navigator Announces Momentum Building Larger Carbon Capture Project

(Navigator CO2 Ventures/CISION) Successful non-binding open season of Midwest carbon capture and sequestration project complete; pipeline project would benefit agricultural, liquid fuels and other industrial emission sources —  Navigator CO2 Ventures (“Navigator”) announced today the successful conclusion of the non-binding open season of its carbon capture pipeline system (“CCS”). The proposed

June 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Fuels and Products from Waste: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Organic Waste Conversion

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Wet waste, municipal sludge residuals, animal manure, food waste, inedible fats/oils/greases – all things we used to throw away, but now can be converted into valuable bioproducts. Check out this illuminating slide guide on BETO’s strategy on organic waste, the problems it solves, converting these

June 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Competitive Edge: KX2 Development

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … Startups working on new technology for renewable chemicals and fuels often need help with scale effort during piloting and commercialization. Our group is one of the best in the world for conceptual process design and piloting. Our team has helped new technology development at

June 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Biden’s 2022 Budget Includes Funds for SAF, Biofuels, Bioenergy

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The budget includes proposed support for biofuels; biorefinery, renewable chemical and biobased product manufacturing; renewable energy; and sustainable aviation fuel. For biofuels, the budget would allocate $1 billion in support over the 2022-’26 period, including $500 million in 2022, $250 million in 2023 and $250

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

UK Hydrogen Project to Use Food Waste-Derived Biomethane

(Bioenergy Insight) BayoTech and IBMS Group will launch the UK’s first renewable hydrogen project using biomethane from food waste as a feedstock. The project will produce 1,000 kilograms of renewable hydrogen per day to fuel zero-emission vehicles in London and Surrey. The partnership timed its public debut to support the launch

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Wall Street’s Favorite Climate Solution Is Mired in Disagreements

by Jess Shankelman and Akshat Rathi (Bloomberg)  Two titans of finance are working with hundreds of executives and scientists to set up a global trade in carbon offsets. It’s messy, and time’s running out. — … Create a market that turns a ton of removed carbon into a commodity just like

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Crossing the Pond: The European Commission Is Partnering with Gates’ Breakthrough Energy Catalyst DEADLINE June 30, 2021

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy)  The European Commission is partnering with Gates’ Breakthrough Energy Catalyst to finance climate technology development as the continent aims to reach net-zero emissions by 2050. The partnership plans to tap into $1 billion from 2022-2026 in new investments for projects centered in green hydrogen,

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

India Brings forward by 2 Years 20% Ethanol Blend to Gasoline

(Reuters) India’s government will bring forward to 2023 from 2025 the possibility of fuel companies selling gasoline containing up to 20% of ethanol (E20), according to brokers and a publication in the country’s official gazette on Wednesday. It is the second time India’s government anticipates sales of the E20 fuel, which

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Nordsol and DBG Bio Energy B.V. to Collaborate on Green Bio-LNG Production

(Nordsol) Nordsol and DBG Bio Energy B.V. have signed an agreement to collaborate on the development of a new bio-LNG installation in the Netherlands. The envisioned installation will be established and owned by DBG Bio Energy B.V. Nordsol will supply the bio-LNG installation and provide their expertise on bio-LNG permitting processes,

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

UrbanX Group Signs Engineering Design Contract for Its Renewable Diesel Facility in Bakersfield

(Urban X Group/Business Wire) UrbanX Renewables Group of Long Beach, CA, executed its front-end engineering design contract, an essential step for building the state’s first facility producing ultra-low carbon renewable diesel, a fuel essentially indistinguishable from the petroleum product it is replacing. The company will produce renewable diesel from vegetable oil,

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Home-Grown Algae, Biodegradable Algae Fishing Nets, Lab-Grown Lamb, and More: The Digest’s Top 8 Innovations for the Week of June 3rd

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) We’ve all seen the horrific photos of ocean trash, much of it consisting of plastic fishing nets, but now biodegradable fishing nets made from algae and other biobased materials are on the uptake. Speaking of algae, in Italy, home-grown algae is being encouraged so folks

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Abu Dhabi Doorstep UCO Collection to Begin Next Year

(Biofuels International)  Abu Dhabi’s waste management centre will start recycling waste cooking oil (UCO) from homes and restaurants to produce biofuels. Abdul Mohsin Al Katheeri, acting director of projects and facilities at Tadweer, said the doorstep project is expected to start next year. Residents will be provided with secure containers

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Neste and Vitol Aviation Enable Heathrow to Become First Major UK Airport to Incorporate SAF

(Biofuels International)  Sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) is to be incorporated into Heathrow’s main fuel supply ahead of the G7 Summit.  Vitol Aviation, a fuel supplier at Heathrow, is making Neste MY Sustainable Aviation Fuel  available before world leaders meet in the UK from 11 to 13 June. Vitol Aviation also intends to

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Alfa Laval Wins €15.22 Million HVO and SAF Order

(Biofuels International) Alfa Laval has won an order to supply a feedstock pre-treatment processing line to a petroleum refiner to support the production of renewable diesel (HVO) and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) in Europe. The order comprises Alfa Laval high-speed separators and various compact heat exchangers along with other equipment,

June 3, 2021 Read Full Article

QUOTE OF THE WEEK — American Express Global Business Travel

“Lower or zero carbon technologies such as hydrogen and electric flight are unlikely to impact at scale until mid-century. This leaves SAF as the only viable, in-sector, option for reducing emissions in the short to medium term.” –– American Express Global Business Travel discussing support of sustainable aviation fuel. READ

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

American Express Global Business Travel and Shell Form Alliance to Help Increase Supply of Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(American Express Global Business Travel)  Both companies plan to increase the supply and use of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF); The collaboration will aggregate SAF demand for corporate travel, to unlock investment and scale SAF production across technology types over the coming years  — American Express Global Business Travel (GBT) and

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article
    Unlocking Capital For Climate Solutions The Benefits of a National Climate Bank   —   June 8, 2021   —   ONLINE

Unlocking Capital For Climate Solutions The Benefits of a National Climate Bank — June 8, 2021 — ONLINE

The Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI) invites you to a briefing on how a national climate bank could deploy capital at scale to advance climate change solutions. Over 20 green banks currently exist in the United States, providing flexible and affordable financing for a wide range of clean energy

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Iowans Pressing for More Biofuels Language from Biden Administration

by Rachel Droze (We Are Iowa) Some Iowa farmers say they feel President Joe Biden isn’t following through on campaign promises made about the ethanol and renewable fuels industry. During his campaign, Biden made a promise to promote biofuels, but in the American Jobs Plan, the president’s infrastructure proposal, the path envisioned

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Stinkweed to False Flax: Oilseeds Race to Reap Biofuel Bonanza

by Rod Nickel and Karl Plume (Reuters) … Botanists, businessmen, farmers and federal lawmakers, they all gathered to peer at the waist-high plant usually considered a pest and uprooted on sight because of its foul odor, toxicity and the grim taste it leaves in the milk of grazing cattle. This was

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Carbon Removal and the Dangers of Extractivism

by Simon Nicholson (Taylor & Francis Group/Norwegian University of Science and Technology) Carbon removal options could cleanse the air of some portion of a dangerous byproduct of fossil fuel extraction and combustion. In this way, carbon removal technologies and practices might be thought to represent a kind of “de-extraction” of

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

MEIA Spotlight — Ryan Powell

(Maryland Energy Innovation Accelerator) Ryan Powell is the founder and CEO of Manta Biofuel, an MEIA Startup that produces crude oil from algae at a cost that could be competitive with traditional petroleum. Manta’s team has developed their proprietary magnetic algae harvesting technology and low-cost continuous flow hydrothermal liquefaction system.  “We are

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Nebraska Governor Pete Ricketts Has Signed a New Law that Will Allow Ethanol Plants to Sequester Carbon.

(jioforme) … He tells Brownfield that the law creates a legal and regulatory framework for sequestering carbon in geological structures. “This means that ethanol plants can take in carbon dioxide and store it on the ground to improve carbon dioxide emissions,” he says. “That means, for example, if your car

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Flemish Expertise Centres Join Forces with Industry to Push Green Hydrogen Production forward

(Electric Energy Online/DEME) Flemish research centres imec and VITO (both partners in EnergyVille), together with industrial pioneers Bekaert, Colruyt Group, DEME and John Cockerill announced today (May 28) that they are joining forces to invest in the production of green hydrogen. Under the flag of Hyve, the consortium aims at

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

POET Acquires Flint Hills Resources’ Biofuel Business

(POET)  POET, the world’s largest producer of biofuels, has acquired the bioethanol assets of Flint Hills Resources’ in their entirety, expanding the company’s production capacity by 40 percent.   POET is a world leader in green bioproducts, with an ever-growing suite of renewable solutions including bioethanol, renewable CO2, purified alcohol, high-protein

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Ørsted and HOFOR Enters into Agreement on Green Power for Groundbreaking Hydrogen Project

(Electric Energy Online/Ørsted) Today (May 31), Ørsted and HOFOR (Greater Copenhagen Utility) entered into an agreement that will secure green power for part of the potential 1.3 GW Green Fuels for Denmark project to produce sustainable fuels in the Greater Copenhagen area. Avedøre Power Station, where the power from Aflandshage can be

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

ACWA Power Signs MoU with Neutral Fuels to Supply Saudi Arabia’s Red Sea Project

(ACWA Power)  ACWA Power, a leading Saudi developer, investor and operator of power generation and desalinated water plants, has signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Neutral Fuels, the GCC’s largest biofuel producer, for future collaboration on the supply of its Net Zero Biofuel™ for Saudi Arabia’s most ambitious regenerative

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Nasdaq and Fortum Join Forces to Develop Carbon Removal Market

by Nora Buli (Reuters)  Financial services company Nasdaq (NDAQ.O) and Finnish state-owned utility Fortum (FORTUM.HE) have joined forces to develop a trading platform for carbon removal credits, they said on Tuesday. … Backed by Fortum, Puro.earth was founded in 2019 and offers verifiable and tradable carbon removal credits on an

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Therm vs Ferm – Which Has Bigger Returns?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In the battle between THERM vs FERM, today we look at a case study and what technology provides the best yields and returns given the economic conditions and prices of now. Gasify everything? Slice and dice the fractions? Targeted fermentation for high-value markets or “mass with

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

3rd Gear: Toyota’s Hydrogen Party Trick

by Erik Shilling(Jalopnik) Toyota has a hydrogen-combustion racecar that sounds pretty good, and which it put through its paces last month. Automotive News was there for it. Toyota still apparently thinks hydrogen combustion is part of the future, which is a little dubious, but I appreciate the effort. [Toyota president Akio Toyoda’s] message

June 1, 2021 Read Full Article

WELTEC Customer Uses Biomethane as Truck Fuel

(WELTEC/Renewable Energy Magazine)  The biogas plant of the Northern Irish food logistics company McCulla Transport will go live producing biomethane in July 2021 following a plant expansion by WELTEC BIOPOWER and partner companies. At the site in Lisburn, south of Belfast, 450 standard m³ of biogas will be processed into biomethane/ RNG every hour.

June 1, 2021 Read Full Article

‘It’s the Future’: Big Biodiesel Investments Keep Sask. an Energy Powerhouse

by Arthur White-Crummey (Regina Leader-Post)  Biodiesel is pushing up canola prices and driving massive investment in Saskatchewan, as farmers and business cash in on a new oil boom.  — A sudden rush of canola crush investments could add billions to Saskatchewan’s economy and drive up already sky-high prices for farmers, as

June 1, 2021 Read Full Article

USGC Helps Connect Dots on Corn and Ethanol in India

(U.S. Grains Council/Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. Grains Council recently participated in the biannual Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) Maize Summit, at which both Amit Sachdev, USGC representative in India, and Kansas Corn Commission Executive Director Greg Krissek spoke about the potential for corn in India. While

June 1, 2021 Read Full Article

EXCLUSIVE-CVR Energy Explores Producing Sustainable Aviation Fuel -Sources

by Laura Sanicola (Reuters) U.S. billionaire Carl Icahn’s CVR Energy Inc is exploring whether it can produce sustainable aviation fuel at its refineries, according to three sources familiar with the matter. Renewable fuels account for just a fraction of the fuel for road transportation, but refiners are trying to source different

June 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewable Diesel Production Facility Grows Closer to Reality for Port Arthur

by Monique Batson (The News) A new renewable diesel production facility first proposed in 2020 is one step closer to becoming a reality after the Port Arthur city council authorized the city manager to execute an industrial district agreement with the company. Emerald Biofuels, LLC. announced in April 2020 its intention

June 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Commentary: The Double Standard for Plant-Based Products

(Hoosier Ag News/MNC)  … Today’s plant-based meats are far more complicated. Two of the most popular brands, Beyond Meat and Impossible Foods, utilize pea protein or soy protein concentrate in their burgers, both of which closely mimic the texture and taste of real beef. While in a few key areas this

June 1, 2021 Read Full Article

SAF Feedstock Availability: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Sustainable Aviation Fuel in Brazil

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Addressing the challenges of sustainable aviation fuel feedstock availability in Brazil, RSB, in collaboration with Agroicone and the University of Campinas, published the outcomes of research into non-crop feedstock availability and potential in Brazil for the production of SAF. The development of this factsheet is

June 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Nacero Announces First U.S. Manufacturing Facility to Produce Gasoline from Natural Gas at Penwell Location West of Odessa

(Nacero) The Odessa Development Corporation and Nacero Inc., a Houston-based company, announced plans on Wednesday to build a $6.5 – $7.0 billion lower carbon gasoline manufacturing facility at a site in Penwell, Texas, in two phases.   Phase one will produce 70,000 barrels per day of gasoline component (ready for blending).  Phase

June 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Biden’s Budget Pledges $36B for Climate, Nearly Doubling Federal Spending on It

(Our Daily Planet) The Biden administration released its detailed budget proposal on Friday and it contained $36 billion in total for climate, a huge increase in climate-related spending. According to the budget justification, the increase of more than $14 billion compared over current spending invests “in resilience and clean energy, enhancing U.S. competitiveness, and

June 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Economical Cell-free Isobutanol Production: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Invizyne Technologies

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Biomass derived sugars can be used by engineered microbes to make fuels and chemicals – but Invizyne is looking at alternative methods to improve cellulosic utilization and conversion. Check out their BETO presentation highlighting their tech that uses only enzymes (cell-free) instead of the whole

June 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Vertex Energy to Acquire Alabama Refinery and Related Logistics Assets

(Vertex Energy/IRDirect.net) Vertex to acquire 100% of Mobile Chemical LP Refinery; Transforms Vertex into a Leading Independent Refiner of Renewable and Conventional Products; Multi-phase Renewable Diesel Project to Drive Superior “Clean Refining” Economics; Anticipate $3 billion in Annual Revenue and more than $400 million in Gross Profit by Year-End 2023;

May 28, 2021 Read Full Article

3D Printed Biobased Flood Barriers, Big Dairy Helps Cultured Milk Startups, gelatin clothing, castor oil tights, and more: The Digest’s Top 8 Innovations for the week of May 27th

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) Gelatin isn’t usually thought of as something you’d wear, unless you are a toddler playing with your wiggly treat, but now a designer in Iceland turned a gelatin-based material into seamless clothing articles using molds. This is not your grandma’s Jello mold. And in France,

May 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Big Oil’s Tough Clean-Energy Transition Early Movers in Decarbonization Shift Offer a Glimpse of the Hard Times ahead for Exxon and Chevron

by Rochelle Toplensky (Wall Street Journal)  … Pressure on the petroleum industry to decarbonize is building on multiple fronts. U.S. oil giants that look at their more forward-thinking peers across the Atlantic for inspiration will find some lessons, but not easy ones. The major European oil companies have refocused their attention on extending

May 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Venture Global Launches Carbon Capture and Sequestration Project

(Venture Global) Venture Global LNG announced plans to capture and sequester carbon at its Calcasieu Pass and Plaquemines LNG facilities. Having concluded a comprehensive engineering and geotechnical analysis, the company is launching, subject only to regulatory approvals, a shovel-ready carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) project, compressing CO2 at its sites and

May 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Jeanne McCaherty’s Testimony to MN House Conference Committee on the Future Fuels Act

(Minnesota Bio-Fuels Association) …  Jeanne McCaherty, CEO of Guardian Energy and board member of MN Bio-Fuels, testified in support of the Future Fuels Act to the Minnesota House Conference Committee.  Here’s her testimony in full: … Specifically, we have discussed strategies that can harness the power of our region’s rich agricultural,

May 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Manchin Not So Excited for EVs

by Matthew Choi (Politico/Governors’ Biofuels Coalition) Senate Energy Committee Chair Joe Manchin (D-W.Va.) expressed skepticism at investing major federal bucks into electric vehicle infrastructure, as Biden’s plan proposes. “I don’t remember Henry Ford — when he built the Model T — that we went out and built filling stations for him,” Manchin told reporters, including

May 27, 2021 Read Full Article

UK Government Selects 24 Project for Phase 1 of Direct Carbon Capture R&D Program

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In the UK, the government has selected 24 projects for the first phase of its R&D challenge to find direct air carbon capture and greenhouse gas removal technologies, many of which are bio-based. From those projects, a select few will go on to the second phase

May 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Today’s Fermentation Landscape: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Commercial Fermentation

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From pilot plant to scale-up demo and finally commercialization,Mark Warner shares this illuminating slide guide on what the opportunities and bottlenecks are for commercial fermentation. What’s impeding fermentation’s full potential in the bioeconomy? What’s available now? What’s the forecasted fermentation demand? Are we commercial-ready?  READ

May 27, 2021 Read Full Article

10 Worlds That Shook This Day: 10 Different Worlds Shaken to Their Foundations by Events Taking Place around the World and within the Circular Economy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … Things move faster these days, and in the past 24 hours, we’ve had 10 different Worlds shaken to their foundations by events taking place around the world and within the Circular Economy. 1. United States announced as Chair of multilateral Biofuture Platform In Brazil, the United

May 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Shell on Trial as Court Weighs Its Climate Responsibility

by Hugo Miller and Laura Hurst (Bloomberg/Financial Post)  … A Dutch court verdict against Royal Dutch Shell Plc will determine whether it has a legal responsibility for climate change, in a case that will be watched by Big Oil executives globally. A panel of judges in a lower court in The

May 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Financing Carbon Capture

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy)   Sens. Michael Bennet (D-Colo.) and Rob Portman (R-Ohio) are introducing legislation today that would help businesses finance carbon capture technology at power plants and other industrial facilities, and seek to give a boost to direct air capture. The bill, dubbed the Carbon Capture Improvement Act, would also open up tax-exempt

May 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Battelle and Catahoula Resources Forge Partnership to Accelerate Carbon Capture, Utilization and Storage

(Battelle) Battelle and Catahoula Resources (“Catahoula”) will jointly develop solutions for the capture, transport and sequestration of carbon dioxide produced at ethanol facilities in Nebraska. The agreement pairs the world’s largest private independent research and development company with a portfolio company of private investment firm The Energy and Minerals Group (“EMG”), one of the

May 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Haldor Topsoe and Preem Achieve 85% Co-processing of Renewable Feedstock

by Ulrik Frøhlke (Haldor Topsoe) -Haldor Topsoe has revamped Preem’s renewable hydrotreater unit at their refinery in Gothenburg, Sweden. -The hydrotreater is now able to co-process 85% renewable feedstock utilizing Topsoe’s HydroFlex™ technology. -The unit has a capacity of 6,600 barrels per day.  — Together, Topsoe and Preem have concluded the

May 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Eurotank Amsterdam Invests in Storage for Biofuels

(VTTI) Eurotank Amsterdam (ETA, part of VTTI) is investing in the conversion of its gas oil tanks, making them suitable for storing biofuels, mixed biofuels and hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO), following a successful pilot project. The project will realise a total capacity of 75,000 cubic metres and the first phase will

May 26, 2021 Read Full Article

United States Announced as Chair of Multilateral Biofuture Platform during Biofuture Summit II

(Biofuture Platform/PR Newswire) – Policy Blueprint was also unveiled to urgently accelerate the growth of the global bioeconomy; – The IEA’s Net Zero by 2050 report published last week has highlighted the critical role that sustainable bioenergy will play in the clean energy transition    —  The United States is in line to

May 26, 2021 Read Full Article

WSSC Water Commissioners Approve Contract with Washington Gas to Advance Innovative Piscataway Bioenergy Project

(WSSC Water) WSSC Water Commissioners today approved an 18-year contract with Washington Gas (WGL) for the construction and installation of approximately 900 feet of natural gas pipeline and related infrastructure to supply natural gas to, and convey renewable natural gas from WSSC Water’s Piscataway Bioenergy facility in Accokeek, Maryland in Prince

May 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Erasing Emissions: Minnesota Soybean Showcases Biodiesel’s ‘Heroic’ Environmental Impact

(Minnesota Soybean Research and Promotion Council/KROX) Over the course of two decades, biodiesel has proven to be nothing short of heroic in helping to clean Minnesota’s air. Starting this week, the Minnesota Soybean Research & Promotional Council (MSR&PC) is debuting a super-powered campaign that highlights the wonder of biodiesel. For

May 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Equilibrium, GGP Select Amp Americas to Manage Arizona Dairy RNG Project

by Matthew Mercure (NGT News) Amp Americas has entered a deal with Equilibrium and Green Gas Partners (GGP) to operate and manage their dairy RNG project in Maricopa, Ariz. The project, in operation since 2018, was developed by Equilibrium and GGP. It is designed to capture dairy waste from approximately 30,000 milking cows across three dairy

May 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Meet the Startup Producing Oil to Fight Climate Change

by Emily Pontecorvo  (Grist)  How Charm Industrial became a go-to in Big Tech’s mission to offset its carbon footprint.  —  … The friends, all engineers by training, had designed a machine that could turn agricultural waste, like almond shells, into renewable hydrogen fuel. They’d even found a partner, the owner

May 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Report Shows How U.S. Farmers Can Fight Climate Change

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com)  A new report commissioned by Farm Journal Foundation finds U.S. farmers have the potential to significantly reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and become part of the global solution to climate change. U.S. agriculture contributes about 10% of the total greenhouse gas emissions of the entire national economy,

May 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Greasezilla Announces $8 Million Investment from Sheltowee CleanTech Fund for New Site Development

(Greasezilla) Greasezilla is actively seeking new FOG (fats, oils and grease) processing locations nationwide for joint ventures with government and private operators — Downey Ridge Environmental Company, developer of Greasezilla™ FOG separation and processing systems, announces that Sheltowee CleanTech Fund I, LLC, is investing over $8,000,000 to expand Greasezilla technology nationwide. Greasezilla will

May 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Hydrogenated Vegetable Oil Trends: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to HVO Tech and Hot Feedstocks

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  If you missed last week’s trio of experts from renowned NexantECA, led by ABLC Wolfpack’s own Steve Slome, at DigestConnect, here’s your chance to get the inside look at using CO2, waste plastics and existing infrastructure and equipment to shift to a circular economy. It’s

May 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuel Is at the Center of 4 Dynamics

by Mike Newman (Parhelion Underwriting/Biofuels Digest) A transition to carbon-neutral flying is possible and sustainable aviation fuels are the most promising decarbonization pathway in the near term. — … Looking ahead, the airline industry is facing even more stringent regulations as the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA)

May 25, 2021 Read Full Article

SAF: Bioethanol Production from Sunflower Biomass

(UABIO)  …  In Ukraine, there are about 20 producers of bioethanol with a total capacity of over 300 thousand tons/year, but there are only 8 companies with a total capacity of 128 thousand tons/year that really produce bioethanol. Raw materials for bioethanol production The raw materials for the production of first-generation

May 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Active Ethanol Policy for Jobs Creation

by Tim Newbold (The Guardian) The global approach to energy is changing rapidly. The urgency of the challenge that climate change presents has focused significant attention and resources on renewable energy solutions, as countries and companies seek to reduce emissions. One of the ways that an increasing number of countries have

May 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Equinor and Horisont Progressing Barents Sea Carbon Capture Project

by Josh Lewis (upstream online) Proposed CCS project will have the capacity to store roughly double Norway’s annual greenhouse gas emissions as Equinor targets blue ammonia production —  Norwegian duo Equinor and Horisont Energi have struck a deal to further mature a carbon transportation and storage project in the Barents Sea,

May 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Why Latin America is the Middle East of Biofuel

(Lat Am Investor)  … However, as mining experts reveal elsewhere in this report, copper supply will be unable to replace every existing internal combustion engine with an EV by 2050. … That means biofuels will also play an important role. Latin America is already the world’s largest biofuel producer and, more

May 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Successful Completion of Illinois Basin – Decatur CCS Project; CO2 from Ethanol Plant

(Green Car Congress)  ADM and the University of Illinois announced the successful completion of the Illinois Basin – Decatur Project (IBDP), a carbon capture and storage (CCS) project designed to evaluate and test the technology at commercial scale. This is one of two CCS projects located adjacent to ADM’s corn processing plant in Decatur, Illinois.

May 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Neste Is Testing Renewable Gasoline in Sweden for Possible Commercialization Internationally

(Neste) Until now, there have been no commercial drop-in solutions for replacing fossil gasoline to reduce high amounts of greenhouse gas emissions from conventional petrol cars, without investing into new vehicles or modifying the old ones. Neste, the world’s leading producer of renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) may be the first to have

May 24, 2021 Read Full Article

New JV to Push rDME into Big League – SHV Energy and UGI to Accelerate rDME with Joint Venture

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) SHV Energy and UGI International are launching a joint venture to advance the production and use of Renewable Dimethyl Ether, rDME, a low-carbon sustainable liquid gas, to accelerate renewable solutions for the LPG industry and is aiming to develop the full potential of rDME as

May 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Developing the Market Place for Renewable Fuels

(Biofuels International) Pat Gruber, CEO of Gevo, has expressed his views to Biofuels International about what the next 12 months will bring. He said: “We appear to be in the midst of a great ‘awakening’. We can do something about GHGs, reduce them, and not break the bank while doing

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Repsol Joins Enerkem, Agbar to Build Waste-to-Methanol Plant in Tarragona, Spain

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) Spanish energy company Repsol is joining forces with Canadian firm Enerkem and Grupo Agbar, a Spain-based water and waste management business, to build a waste-to-chemicals plant in Tarragona, Spain. Under the joint venture Ecoplanta Molecular Recycling Solutions, the plant will process around 400,000 metric

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Viterra Plans to Build Supersized Canola Crush Plant in Regina, Saskatchewan

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  Ag network company Viterra plans to build a new canola crushing facility in Regina, Saskatchewan. The company says it’s in the feasibility stage to finalize the plant’s capabilities and design. The initial targeted annual crush capacity of the project is 2.5 million metric tons.

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Phillips 66 Begins Renewable Diesel Production at San Francisco Refinery

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) Phillips 66 has completed the hydrotreater conversion at its Rodeo, California, petroleum refinery near San Francisco and has begun to produce renewable diesel. “Earlier this month, we commenced renewable diesel production at the San Francisco Refinery with the completion of the diesel hydrotreater conversion,” said

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Shell, Daimler to Link Green Hydrogen Truck Fueling in Germany, Netherlands

by James Burgess (S&P Global Platts) Shell and Daimler Truck will roll out a hydrogen refueling network between three renewable hydrogen production hubs in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, and Cologne and Hamburg in Germany from 2025, Shell said May 20. Shell aims to launch heavy-duty refueling stations between the three locations,

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Aemetis Notified of US Forest Service Grant for Patented Process Enabling Use of Waste Wood for the ‘Carbon Zero’ Jet/Diesel Plant

(Aemetis/Globe Newswire)  Finalizing Grant for “Valorizing Forest Waste for Cellulosic Ethanol Production” to Extract Sugars from Waste Forest and Orchard Wood Using Ionic Liquids Technology Licensed Exclusively to Aemetis from DOE-Funded Joint BioEnergy Institute (JBEI) — Aemetis, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMTX), a renewable natural gas and renewable fuels company focused on negative

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Fueling a Renewable Future

by Trevor Hoag (The Iola Register)  Kansas Gov. Laura Kelly toured the East Kansas Agri-Energy ethanol plant in Garnett on Wednesday, part of a series of stops at industries around Southeast Kansas. — Imagine the smell of baked bread, then beer. That’s the air at the East Kansas Agri-Energy ethanol plant, which

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Green-Fuel Push Stirs Food Inflation Fears in Rebound From Virus

by Kim Chipman (Bloomberg)  Oil refiners’ attempt to clean up their act is bumping into growing concerns over food prices and supplies as nations seek to get back on their feet — Soaring demand for crops has once again raised the question of whether nations should really depend on ethanol

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Improve Your Environmental Performance with the Enhanced Cleaner Energy LNG Solution, Thanks to Biomethane

(CMA CGM)  An unrivalled low-carbon offering made available by the CMA CGM Group. Enhancements to the CMA CGM Group’s CLEANER ENERGY LNG solution. ACT with CMA CGM+, a complete range of high value-added services to analyze, reduce and offset the environmental footprint of the shipment of your goods. — On April

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Samskip’s New Partnership with Unilever and TMA Logistics Demonstrates the Viability of 100% Biofuel for Haulage Services

(Port News)  Global shipping company Samskip has strengthened its commitment to sustainability in the supply chain with a series of customer projects to advance the use of carbon-neutral biofuel as part of its haulage services, according to the company’s release. A new partnership between Samskip, Unilever, and TMA Logistics and is

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

More Meat without Meat, Fermentation-Based Silk, Bioplastic Water Bottles, Adidas and Allbirds Unlikely Solemates and More: The Digest’s Top 8 Innovations for the Week of May 21st

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) Competitors coming together – Adidas and Allbirds – both shoe manufacturers are working together on green sneakers, a company working to commercialize biobased silk polymers, the European Union looking at waste feathers from poultry into usable materials, and three companies moving forward with lab-grown chicken

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Unicane Expands, to Begin Ethanol Export from Nigeria

by Dayo Adenubi (The Punch) Unicane Industries Limited has announced the completion of the second phase of its plant extension, making it the largest ethanol producer on the continent. Unicane, a manufacturer of ethanol in Lokoja, Kogi State, made the announcement in a statement made available to our correspondent on Tuesday.

May 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Barchart and PRIMA Markets Announce Partnership for Global Biofuels Data

(Barchart/PR Newswire)  Barchart, a leading provider of market data and technology services to the financial, media and commodity industries, has announced a new distribution partnership with PRIMA Markets, a leading research company for the low carbon fuels market, specializing in renewable diesel, biodiesel, ethanol and feedstocks. Through this new partnership, PRIMA

May 20, 2021 Read Full Article

RSB, Agroicone Publish Study to Support Sustainable Transformation in Brazil with SAF

(Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials) The aviation sector has ambitious targets for reducing its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and switching from fossil fuels to low-carbon Sustainable Aviation Fuels. SAF is considered the most efficient way to achieve those targets quickly, however, in Brazil, the availability, location and potential emissions reductions, as well

May 20, 2021 Read Full Article

What Has Productivity 4X as Dense as Corn?: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Advanced Algal Systems

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Why algae? With biofuel yield 8-13 times larger than corn, well, why not! We took key slides from the 100+ slide deck from this year’s U.S. DOE BETO presentation on the latest goings ons with algae, program goals, portfolio and projects, progress, future plans, and

May 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Anaerobic Digestion: An Economic & Environmental Benefit for Farm and Ranch Livestock Operations

by Bill Hagy (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest) How can one determine if an anaerobic digester will provide a value-added economic opportunity as well as an environmental solution for my livestock operation? There are several factors to consider: Size of the farm or ranch operation and manure type Location of the farm

May 20, 2021 Read Full Article

From Biodiesel, DME to Carbon Capture, PT Pertamina Realizes Sustainable Green Economy

(Antara News) In the framework to run the direction of the President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) regarding the Grand National Energy Strategy for energy transformation and strengthening green economy, green technology and green products, PT Pertamina (Persero) continues to prioritize various energy transition programs towards new and renewable energy by utilizing the

May 20, 2021 Read Full Article

USDA Releases 90-Day Progress Report on Climate-Smart Agriculture and Forestry

(U.S. Department of Agriculture) The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) today published the 90-Day Progress Report on Climate-Smart Agriculture and Forestry (PDF, 561 KB). The report represents an important step toward in President Biden’s Executive Order on Tackling the Climate Crisis at Home and Abroad and shift towards a whole-of-department approach to climate solutions. The

May 20, 2021 Read Full Article

United Airlines to Lead Industry Switch to Sustainable Aviation Fuel with Global Corporations, Customers

(United Airlines)  New United Eco-Skies Alliance Program includes global corporate leaders who, with United, will pay towards more sustainable aviation fuel, all companies invited to participate  — United Airlines continues to lead the industry towards a more sustainable future with the launch of the first-of-its-kind Eco-Skies Alliance SM program. Working with the

May 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuel Project Proposed in McFarland Would Bury Carbon from Ag Waste, Produce Alternative to Diesel

by John Cox (Bakersfield.com) An Iowa technology company has proposed a first-of-its-kind bioenergy project in McFarland that’s expected to help cut a significant source of local air pollution while also reducing diesel emissions, burying carbon and employing about 50 local residents. The project spearheaded by Iowa-based technology company Frontline BioEnergy

May 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewable Diesel Revives Refinery on Rosedale

by John Cox (Bakersfield.com) A major industrial property that has sat idle for years in the heart of Bakersfield is coming back to life to refine used cooking oil, rendered animal fats and a canola-related grain called camelina. Torrance-based biofuels company Global Clean Energy Holdings Inc. is refurbishing equipment and

May 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Velocys Provides Update on US, UK Biorefinery Rrojects

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) Velocys provided an update on its proposed commercial-scale U.K. and U.S. biorefinery projects in its 2020 financial report, released on May 17. The company also discussed an agreement that could allow its technology to be deployed in Japan. U.K.-based Velocys has designed, developed and now licenses

May 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Directed Funding Opportunity for Biomass Compositional Analysis DEADLINE: June 18, 2021

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) is offering directed funding assistance for industry and universities interested in leveraging NREL’s unique biomass compositional analysis capabilities. Eligibility All U.S. companies and universities are eligible to apply for this directed funding opportunity (DFO). Foreign companies

May 19, 2021 Read Full Article

RFS: Can the Oil, Corn, and Biofuels Industries Find Middle Ground?

by Lisa Whitley Coleman (EHS Daily Advisor) The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) ends its current phase in 2022. The EPA has asked the oil, corn, and biofuels industries for input on the next phase of the biofuel policy, according to Reuters. … “The original intent of the law was to enhance

May 19, 2021 Read Full Article

SoCalGas to partner with SunLine Transit Agency to Test Combination of Technologies to Produce Hydrogen from RNG

(Green Car Congress) Southern California Gas Co. (SoCalGas) will demonstrate a combination of technologies that will produce hydrogen from renewable natural gas (RNG) at SunLine Transit Agency’s hydrogen fueling station in Thousand Palms, California. The research project, called “H2 SilverSTARS,” will produce renewable hydrogen to fuel SunLine’s fleet of 17 hydrogen fuel cell

May 19, 2021 Read Full Article

2021 Project Peer Review—Presentation Database

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) hosted its 2021 Project Peer Review virtually on March 8‒12, 2021; March 15‒16, 2021; and March 22‒26, 2021. Presentations for all sessions can be found in the searchable database below. For more information, including a complete schedule, view the 2021 Project Peer Review Agenda.

May 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Paraguay Will Have Its Biofuel Plant Operational in 2024

(Investing.com (Google Translation))  The “Omega Green” biofuel plant, owned by the company ECB Group Paraguay, will operate at full capacity in the second half of 2024 and intends to put the South American country “on the global map of the production of advanced biofuels “, said this Thursday the director of

May 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Air France-KLM, Total, Groupe ADP and Airbus Join Forces to Decarbonize Air Transportation and Carry Out The First Long-Haul Flight Powered By Sustainable Aviation Fuel Produced in France

(Air France KLM Group) Air France-KLM, Total, Groupe ADP and Airbus have joined forces to carry out the first long-haul flight powered by Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) (1) produced in France. At 3:40 p.m. today, Air France Flight 342 took off from Paris-Charles de Gaulle airport’s Terminal 2E for Montreal with

May 19, 2021 Read Full Article

ABS Unveils Latest Trends and Projections for Future Fuels and Decarbonization

(American Bureau of Shipping) Low Carbon Shipping Outlook Suggests Industry Will Need to Do More to Meet GHG Targets —  ABS has published the latest trends and projections on carbon-reduction strategies for shipping as the industry looks to meet decarbonization ambitions. Setting the Course to Low Carbon Shipping examines new fuels,

May 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Wendy’s Restaurants Report Darling Ingredients Partnership Produced 2.8M Gallons of Renewable Diesel in 2020

(Fleet News Daily/Darling Ingredients) Wendy’s french fry and chicken nugget production is processed by a DAR PRO Solutions operation which then gets transported to Darling’s Diamond Green Diesel plant —  Wendy’s recently-released Corporate Responsibility Report cites its partnership with DAR PRO Solutions, a Darling Ingredients brand, for producing 2.8 million gallons

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

One of Europe’s Largest Bio-LNG Plants under Construction in Italy

(HAM Group) HAM Group and HAM Italy are developing in Faenza, Italy, one of the largest facilities in Europe producing 100% biomethane for transportation, with an estimated annual capacity of 9 million kilos, equivalent to 140GWh/year. The project starts from the biogas generated by two digesters owned by Caviro Spa, an

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Board Determines CVR Energy Will Focus on Renewable Fuels, Funds Renewable Diesel Projects

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) CVR Energy Inc.’s board of directors has determined that the company is no longer interested in acquiring another crude oil refinery and instead will focus on renewable fuels. As a result, the board has approved expenditures of up to $10 million to move its

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Praj’s Technology Breakthrough for Producing “Bio-bitumen”

(Praj) Praj Industries India’s most accomplished industrial biotech company has achieved yet another milestone by developing innovative technology to produce Bio-bitumen based on lignin. The Netherlands-based Circular Biobased Delta, one of Europe’s premier consortia to promote bioeconomy, has approved Praj’s Bio-bitumen samples processed from Purified Lignin, as a part of their

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Oakland’s Used Cooking Oil Is Being Turned into Renewable Fuel for Buses and Trucks

by Talib Visram (Fast Company)  …  In Oakland, California, the circularity of the model is most clear. Since 2019, it’s been in a partnership with the city, where it’s helping Oakland’s plans to reduce carbon emissions by nearly 56% by 2030, compared to its 2005 levels. Here’s how it works. Neste’s collection partner

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Bulk of Greenhouse Gas Reductions from Transport Sector in California Delivered by Renewable Diesel, Biodiesel

(Diesel Technology Forum)  New data from California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) Program confirms the substantial role of internal combustion engine technologies in CO2 reductions, outpacing EV technologies 3:1 — Newly-released data from the California Air Resources Board, shows that low carbon transportation fuels powering internal combustion engines deliver the state’s

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

EU’s Dismissal of Crop-Based Biofuels Will Impede Transport Decarbonisation: Industry

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EurActiv) The EU’s decision to cap the share of crop-based biofuels in the bloc’s energy mix risks hampering efforts to decarbonise the transport sector, industry has warned ahead of the revision of the renewable energy directive. Environmentalists, on the contrary, say the EU executive is not going

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article
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2nd generation biofuels 3-D 3D printing 3rd generation biofuels 4-H 4th generation fuels 7% solution 45Q 81 Octane 84 octane 85 octane 87 octane 88 octane 89 octane 90 octane 91 octane 92 octane 93 octane 94 octane 95 octane 96 octane 98 octane 100 octane 103 octane 105 octane 108 octane 109 octane 110 octane 113 octane 119 octane 2016 US House and Senate Campaigns 2016 US Presidential Campaign 2018 US Senate and House Campaigns Other Election Activities 2020 Election 2022 9003 Program a A20 (20% methanol/bioethanol) Abu Dhabi acacia acetic acid acetone acid acid hydrolysis adaptive evolution additional carbon additionality adequate/inadequate domestic supply Administrative Procedure Act advanced advanced biofuel prices Advanced biofuels advanced biofuels production advanced ethanol advanced ethanol tax credit advertising campaign aerosols Affordable Clean Energy Program (ACE) afforestation Afghanistan Africa AGARDA (Agriculture Advanced Research and Development Authority) agave aggregation agr Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) agricultural economics Agricultural Policy Agricultural waste/residue Agriculture agroforestry agrofuels agronomy Aircraft engine emissions Air Force air pollution control Air Pollution Policy airports air quality Alabama Alaska Albania albedo Alberta albizia alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) alcohol fuel cells alcohol fuels alfalfa algae algae contamination algae cultivation algae extraction algae harvesting algae parity algae separation algal biofuels Algeria Algiers alkanes alkenes alkylate alligator fat almond almond hulls shells alternative energy vehicles alternative fuels Alternative Fuels Credit alternative fuels excise tax credit Alternative Fuels Tax Credit (AFTC) aluminum Amazon American Indian Tribes American Le Mans Series (ALMS) ammonia ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) amylose anaerobic digestate anaerobic digester/digestion Angola anhydrous ethanol animal bedding animal fat animal feed animal waste Antactica Antarctica antibiotics antitrust Appropriations APR (Aqueous Phase Reforming) aquaculture aquatic organisms Arabidopsis arabinose ARCA Archaea Architecture Arctic Argentian Argentina Arizona Arkansas Armenia Army Corps of Engineers aromatics aromatics price ARPA-C ARPA-E ARPA-Terra artificial intelligence Aruba Asia ASTM ASTM 6866 ASTM D396 ASTM D975 ASTM D1655 ASTM D2880 ASTM D4054 ASTM D4806 Denatured fuel ethanol ASTM D4814 ASTM D5798 ASTM D6751 ASTM D7467 (B6-B20) ASTM D7544 ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) ASTM D7862 ASTM D7875 ASTM D7901 (DME-Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Purposes) ASTM D8076 ASTM D8181 ASTM E3146 ASTM standards ASTM WK55232 (D02) ASTM WK63392 ATJ-SPK (Alcohol to Jet Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene) Atlantic Canada atmosphere Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Australia Australian pine Austria Auto manufacturer automotive aviation aviation fuel (SAF) benefits aviation fuel (SAF) price aviation fuel (SAF) production aviation fuel (SAF) pumps/delivery aviation fuel (SAF) terminal Aviation Fuel/Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Aviation Gasoline/AvGas awards awards/recognition Azerbaijan. b B0 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B10 B11 B12 B12.5 B13 B14 B15 B20 B25 B30 B33 B35 B40 B50 B70 B75 B80 B98 B99 B100 Babados nut tree babassu bacteria bagasse Bahamas Bahrain bamboo banana banana stems Bangladesh bankruptcy Barbados barge barley barley fiber barley protein barley straw Basque batteries Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) bauxite beauty leaf tree beaver beer bees Belarus Belgium Belize Benin benzene Bermuda Bhutan big bluestem big data Big Food Big Oil/Oil Majors billion ton study bio bio-based diesel benefits bio-based economy bio-LNG (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG Pumps (Liquified Natural Gas) bio-natural gas bio-NGV (natural gas for vehicles) bio-oil/pyrolysis oil bio-SPK (bio derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene) biobased Biobased Markets Program biobased materials Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program biochar biochemical conversion BioChemicals/Renewable Chemicals bioconversion biocrude Biocrude/Green Crude/SynCrude biodegradable biodiesel biodiesel blend wall biodiesel EN 14214 Biodiesel Fuel Education Program biodiesel prices biodiesel production biodiesel pumps biodiesel quality biodiesel standards biodiesel tax credit biodiesel technologies biodiesel terminal biodiversity bioeconomy bioelectricity bioenergy Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) biofoundry Biofuel biofuel consumption Biofuel Crops biofuel distribution Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) biofuel producer tax credit biofuel production Biofuels Directive biofuels education biofuel tax credit Biogas Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline pumps biogenic carbon biogenic emissions Bioheat biohydrocarbons biohydrogen BioIsoprene Bio LPG biomass Biomass Carbon Removal and Storage (BiCRS) Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) biomass hydrolysis biomass recalcitrance Biomass Research and Development initiative (BRDI) biomass sorghum Biomass to Liquid (BTL) biomass transportation biomaterials bioplastics biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropene bioprospecting BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance 9003 BioRenewable-1 (BR-1) BioSNG Biotechnology birch bitter orange black carbon black grease black liquor black locust blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock Blend wall blockchain blue carbon boat fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water Brassica Brazil breweries British Columbia broker brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses Business/General Aviation Business and Industry Program (B&I) business law business resources butadiene Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butanol emissions butyl acetate c C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cagaita calibration Californi California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap-and-invest cap-and-trade carbohydrates carbon carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon tax carbon tax-and-dividend Carbon tax border adjustments carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose Cellulosic/Biomass Hydrogen cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Standard/Policy Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel Cook Islands cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diesel with renewables diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E75 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour Education Series 3030 EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene ethyl levulinate (EL) ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleet turnover fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawai'i hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) HFS-SIP hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Bio- Renewable Fuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherland Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) offtake agreements Ohio Ohio Wisconsin oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon Oregone organic solar cells osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrochemical photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD80 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota South Dkota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool tools Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Fuels Policy; carbon removal Transportation Policy travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale truck trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment wax weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey 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