If you find this site useful, please

Advanced Biofuels USA: promoting the understanding, development and use of advanced biofuels around the world.

Advanced BioFuels USA

Technical Resources

Renewable Jet Fuel Tech: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to UOP

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) You’ve probably heard of Honeywell UOP, but did you know they are working on making commercial renewable aviation biofuels a reality? At ABLC Digital, they shared this illuminating slide guide on their latest projects, including ones with AltAir, United Airlines, World Energy, and others. Also take

October 21, 2020 Read Full Article

CleanBay, Evoqua Water Technologies to Partner on US RNG Project

(Bioenergy Insight)  CleanBay Renewables has chosen Evoqua Water Technologies as a key partner for its Westover, Maryland bio-refinery. Evoqua and CleanBay are currently in negotiations for Evoqua to provide its field-proven anaerobic digestion (AD) and water treatment technology for the Westover facility. The plant is expected to recycle more than

October 20, 2020 Read Full Article

National Laboratories Point to Sugars as a Key Factor in Ideal Feedstock for Biofuels

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  NREL, Oak Ridge Scientists Reveal Economics Must Include More Than Size of Poplar Trees  — Popular wisdom holds that tall, fast-growing trees are best for biomass, but new research by two U.S. Department of Energy National Laboratories reveals the size of trees is only part of the

October 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Gradable™ to Present Grain Carbon Scoring Program to California Air Resources Board

(Yahoo! News/Business Wire) First-of-its-kind model provides unique win-win for farmers, grain buyers, consumers, and environment  —  Gradable™, the leading technology and services provider for scoring, sourcing, and pricing Low-Carbon Grain from farm to fork, today announced it’s been invited by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) to demonstrate how its program

October 15, 2020 Read Full Article

Q&A: How Regenerative Ag Benefits Farmers in General Mills’ Key Sourcing Regions

by Nate Birt (Farm Journal Ag Web) Over the past year, a wave of global food companies have transitioned their focus from sustainable to regenerative agriculture. General Mills—maker of Cheerios cereal, Yoplait yogurt, Nature Valley granola bars and Pillsbury desserts, among its more than 100 brands—has been doing that for years.

October 13, 2020 Read Full Article

A Testing Route to Market for Sustainable Aviation Fuels

by Steve Zabarnick (University of Dayton Research Institute)  With increasing demand for a greater variety of sustainable alternative aviation fuels, the importance of a systematic pathway for the accurate testing, validation and approval of alternative jet fuels has never been more important. Part of this process is the FAA-sponsored “D4054 Clearinghouse”

October 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Foundation Analytical Laboratory: Science Built, Client Driven

(Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Focused on biofuels, Foundation Analytical Laboratory’s mission is to deliver exemplary customer service with scientific excellence. The Iowa-based company not only supports fleets and standalone ethanol plants, but biofuel input providers. After a successful career in the food industry, gaining experience in processing, production and distribution, Diane

October 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Nacelle Solutions, U.S. Gain Complete Two Wisconsin RNG Facilities

by Michael Bates (NGT News) Nacelle Solutions says two renewable natural gas (RNG) facilities in Wisconsin – S&S Jerseyland Dairy in Sturgeon Bay and Dallmann East River Dairy in Brillion – have been completed and recently begun operations. Nacelle will own, operate and maintain the RNG processing equipment under a long-term service

October 6, 2020 Read Full Article

25 Years in the Bioeconomy: A Journey Still Exciting, An Adventure Still Rewarding

by Wayne Lee (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  Editor’s note to readers: Lee Enterprises Consulting celebrates its 25th anniversary on October 4th — having grown from a boutique biodiesel consulting firm to the world’s largest bioeconomy consulting collective.  Today, the bioeconomy is a worldwide business encompassing fuels, advanced agriculture, renewable chemicals, vegan

October 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Pertamina to Use Honeywell UOP Technologies to Produce Advanced Biofuels in Indonesia

(Honeywell UOP) National Oil Company of Indonesia to open green fuels refinery in Plaju and revamp Cilacap refinery for renewable diesel production  — Honeywell today announced PT Pertamina (Persero) will use Honeywell UOP technologies to produce advanced biofuels at its Plaju and Cilacap refineries in Indonesia. The company will use UOP Renewable

September 29, 2020 Read Full Article

Biomass Pretreatment Innovations: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Forest Concepts

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) At ABLC Digital in July, Jim Dooley, Chief Technology Officer at Forest Concepts shared this illuminating presentation on the latest innovations in biomass pretreatments, how they maximize flowability, their crumbler solutions that can handle any moisture content and a wide range of materials, how they

September 29, 2020 Read Full Article

Better Catalysts for a Sustainable Bioeconomy

by Brigitte Osterath (The Federal Council Swiss Government/Paul Scherrer Institute)  Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI and from ETH Zurich want to make so-called zeolites more efficient. Today, these compounds are already indispensable additives in the chemical industry and have been used as catalysts in oil refineries since the 1960s. Now,

September 22, 2020 Read Full Article

What Fuel Properties Enable Higher Thermal Efficiency in Spark-Ignited Engines?

by James P.Szybist, StephenBusch, Robert L.McCormick, Josh A.Pihl, Derek A.Splitter, Matthew A.Ratcliff, Christopher P.Kolodziej, John M.E.Storey, MelanieMoses-DeBusk, DavidVuilleumier, MagnusSjöberg, C. ScottSluder, TobyRockstroh, PaulMiles (Progress in Energy and Combustion Science/Science Direct)  The Co-Optimization of Fuels and Engines (Co-Optima) initiative from the US Department of Energy aims to co-develop fuels and engines

September 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Evonik, Avril, POET Collaborations: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to DSM’s Evolution

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … DSM has certainly evolved with the times.  Atul Thakrar, President of its Bio-based Products & Services, shared this illuminating presentation at ABLC Digital on their recent collaborations with companies like Evonik on sustainable salmon farming with a new algal oil with complete omega 3

September 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Solving the Low Carbon Shipping Fuel and Energy Algorithm – Quickly!

by Adrian Tolson (BLUE Insight/Biofuels Digest) BLUE Insight’s Low Carbon Shipping Fuels and Energy Guide 2020 is a market first assessment of the leading low carbon marine fuels with potential to replace fossil fuels as the marine fuel of the future and analyses the companies, the R&D projects and collaborations, producing and supplying

September 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Lallemand Launches New Convergence Yeast, Enzyme Platform: Could Save Ethanol Producers $1M/Year in Replacing All External Fermentation Enzymes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Wisconsin, Lallemand Biofuels & Distilled Spirits has announced a next generation advanced yeast and enzyme platform called Convergence, which combines a new yeast that generates virtually all the glucoamylase (GA) required for fermentation combined with a small amount of complementary exogenous enzyme. The bottom line impact

September 15, 2020 Read Full Article

How Agricultural Lenders Can Boost Climate Resilience

(Environmental Defense Fund) … A new report from EDF — Financing resilient agriculture: How agricultural lenders can reduce climate risk and help farmers build resilience [PDF] — describes climate risks to the agricultural lending sector and provides a path forward for lenders to support a more resilient agricultural system. Key findings Climate

September 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Integrating D3MAX Distillers Tech with Ethanol Facility: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to ACE Ethanol with D3MAX

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ACE Ethanol’s facility in Stanley, Wisconsin has a D3MAX corn fiber to ethanol plant. Mark Yancey, Chief Technology Officer at D3MAX takes us on a tour of the plant, shares their startup issues and successes to date, shows us the Ace Ethanol D3MAX process integration, a

September 10, 2020 Read Full Article

In COVID-19 World, Biobased Industries Key to Rebuilding a Strong, Sustainable Economy

by Matt Lipscomb (DMC Bio/Biofuels Digest)  …   One of the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic has been the realization of the fragility of current global supply chains. As consumers and companies begin to value supply chain stability and robustness in addition to competitive prices, there is an opportunity for biobased industries

September 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Testing Household Food Waste Bin Behavior Change in Ireland

(BioCycle Magazine)  The Food Waste Recycling Project is an initiative of Cré (Composting & Anaerobic Digestion Association of Ireland), the Regional Waste Management Planning Lead Authorities Connacht Ulster, Eastern Midlands, Southern (WMPLA) and the Irish Waste Management Association. With funding from the Department of Communications, Climate Action and Environment (DCCAE),

September 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Farmers Business Network to Spin Out New Venture to Track Carbon Footprints of Crops And Help Farmers Make More for Low-Carbon Ones

by Amy Feldman (Forbes) Agtech unicorn Farmers Business Network is spinning out a new sustainable farming company, called GRO Network, that will track and score the carbon footprint of specific crops down to the bushel and allow farmers to make more for their crops that have lower carbon footprints. In a

September 4, 2020 Read Full Article

The Gas Industry’s Survival Plan: Make Fuel From Cow Poop Fossil Fuel Companies Think Renewable Natural Gas Is the Answer to Their PR Problems. Environmentalists Think Not.

by Naureen S Malik (Bloomberg)  … In 2014, Bar-Way began working with Vanguard Renewables to install a biodigester, which uses specialized bacteria to convert organic material—for example, cow poop—into biogas, a versatile fuel. Once it’s purified, this biomethane, also known as renewable natural gas (RNG), is chemically identical to the

September 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Ethanol Fuel Blends Safety Training for All First Responders and Interested Public—Be Prepared in a Changed World

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA) 1) We are no longer living in an all-hydrocarbon fuel world. 2) If there’s water involved, the ethanol stays with the water. 3) AR-AFFF is the only firefighting foam that can successfully extinguish an ethanol fire or suppress flammable vapors. 4) When firefighters are

September 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Why Should You Care about the VRIN?

by Jim Ramm (EcoEngineers)  The VRIN is an important piece to maintaining RFS compliance  — Intimate knowledge of clean fuel regulations and record-keeping requirements is needed to maintain compliance in the U.S. Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS). The USEPA bases much of its compliance enforcement on the number of renewable energy credits

September 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Fortistar and Paloma Dairy Begin Construction on a Renewable Natural Gas Facility that Will Power Enough Trucks to Move 10 Million Miles of Freight

(Fortistar and Palima Dairy/BusinessWire)  Fortistar and Paloma Dairy today announced the beginning of construction on a dairy digester renewable natural gas (RNG) facility, the Sunoma Renewable Biofuel Project. The new facility will produce 1.6 million gasoline gallon equivalents (GGE) of vehicle fuel annually for the Class 8 trucking sector—enough fuel to

September 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Fueling the Sustainable Bioeconomy: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) 2019 was a banner year for RSB that saw growing recognition of RSB’s leadership in the circular and bio-based economy, as well as engagement of new sectors and overall expansion of their global footprint. Check out their just released annual report that dives into their exciting

September 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Regenerative Farming: Let’s Look Forward, Not Backward

by John Fargher (AgFunderNews/AgriWebb) Regenerative farming has often been a controversial topic – largely due to confusion regarding its true definition. Some believe that it involves a return to pre-industrial farming techniques, and fear it’s about pursuing sustainability instead of profits. This is simply untrue. In fact, the term was popularized

August 29, 2020 Read Full Article

A New Research Tool to Help Ensure Accurate Ethanol Data

(Urban Air Initiative) A new tool is available for researchers to help ensure accurate and consistent results when conducting fuel and emission testing. Future Fuel Strategies recently published a Fuel Blending Guide for Ethanol: Identifying Sound Practices for Acquiring or Blending Fuels for Studies of Emissions Changes. The Urban Air Initiative (UAI)

August 26, 2020 Read Full Article

RFA Safety Programs the Hottest Ticket in Town

(Renewable Fuels Association) Within the course of a week, the Renewable Fuels Association provided ethanol safety training to nearly 600 participants across the United States and in nine other countries around the world. “We’re thrilled to see this participation in our safety programs,” said RFA Director of Safety and Technical Programs

August 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Ammonfuel Highlights and Download of the Report

(Haldor Topsoe) In August 2020, Alfa Laval, Hafnia, Haldor Topsoe, Vestas, and Siemens Gamesa issued the report “Ammonfuel – an industrial view of ammonia as a marine fuel” based on own industrial expertise and input from a list of competent industrial players. Objective The ammonfuel report provides ship owners with a

August 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Cutting-Edge Biofuel Demonstrator Plant Depends on Proven Wood-Processing Technology

(Bruks Siwertell) Norway exemplifies a green-shift; turning around its oil-powered economy to pioneering the adoption of a renewable energy movement that sees around 98 percent of its energy mix derived from renewables, mostly hydropower. However, it is still wise to diversify.  Enter Silva Green Fuel, a new biofuel demonstrator plant. Developed

August 13, 2020 Read Full Article

CAAFI Webinar Series: The State of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)

(Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative) The State of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) by Steve Csonka (CAAFI) Slide deck available here. Webinar recording available here.     

August 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Are You Aware of a Game-Changing Fuel?

by Steve Klein (CStore Decisions) Biodiesel and renewable diesel have likely been on your fleet customers’ minds for a few years now — their usage is certainly on the rise. Perhaps you’ve even started offering the fuels in some form. But did you know they can be blended together and provide

August 6, 2020 Read Full Article

SAF Pathways, Emerging Tech, Commercialization: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to CAAFI & Sustainable Aviation Fuel Affordability

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) If you missed the first Sustainable Aviation Fuels session at ABLC Digital in July, have no fear, Steve Csonka’s slide guide is here! From enabling SAF affordability to the latest emerging technologies that lower cost or increase value, the potential for U.S. SAF build-out, the current SAF

August 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Biomass Alliance for Logistics Efficiency and Specifications: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to BALES Bioenergy Feedstock Analysis

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Bale analysis, probes, core samples – measuring and analysis of bioenergy feedstocks is key. In this illuminating slide guide from ABLC Digital, the Idaho National Laboratory, Antares Group, ASDI, and B Hames Consulting share how bale probes are a novel sensor for in-field, real-time analysis of

August 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Co-Locating Renewable Diesel with Ethanol Biorefinery: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Saola Energy’s Renewable Diesel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) NextChem was in the news yesterday with the big announcement that they will co-license GranBio’s patented technology for the production of second-generation ethanol, but at ABLC Digital, NextChem was also mentioned in Saola Energy’s presentation and their partnership too. Find out how a renewable diesel plant

August 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Inside GranBio, NextChem’s New Partnership to “Blow Out” Cellulosic Ethanol Global Roll-Out

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) News arrives from Sao Paulo and Rome that GranBio and NextChem have inked a strategic alliance and will co-license GranBio’s patented technology for the production of second-generation ethanol. NextChem is a subsidiary of Italian engineering giant Maire Tecnimont dedicated to the energy transition. The news follows

August 3, 2020 Read Full Article

SRECTrade Launches Low Carbon Fuel Standard Credit Calculator App

by Matthew Mercure (NGT News)  SRECTrade, a commodity management and transaction platform, has launched a California Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) Credit Calculator app.  The app is currently available on the Apple App Store for iPhone users. The app provides clean transportation fleet operators a valuable tool to calculate the estimated value from

July 28, 2020 Read Full Article

5 Big Scale-up Projects – From Beginning to End of Supply Chain, These Projects Show How Scale-up Happens

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … In today’s Digest, rev up the engines for these 5 projects – feedstock supply for renewable fuels and high protein feed; fats, oils, and grease separation technology; waste-to-energy facility that just entered full commercial operation; tech deployment for ethanol plant efficiency; and a

July 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Pivotal Research Discovers Practices, Technologies Key to Sustainable Farming

by Anna Marie Tomczyk (Argonne National Laboratory/Phys.Org)  … The practices that grain farmers use to produce their crops—managing fertility, tillage practice and crop rotations—influence the overall carbon footprint of U.S. agriculture.  By using sustainable practices, farmers could substantially reduce their carbon footprint and become a vital partner to the biofuel

July 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Renewable Natural Gas & Advanced Energy: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Ameresco’s Biogas & Gasification

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) At ABLC Digital, Michael Bakas, Executive Vice President of Distributed Energy Systems at Ameresco shared these illuminating slide guides about their advanced renewable energy and tech portfolio including their design, build, operation and maintenance of the largest wastewater treatment biogas-to-renewable natural gas facility of its kind

July 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Competitive Edge: Aequor Inc.

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … Aequors green, non-toxic TSCA-approved ingredients can lower costs and improve the profitability of biofuel production. By dispersing clumping and killing bacteria that attack yeast, Aequors treatments boosts algae and yeast biomass by up to 40% in half the time, preclude the need for antibiotics

July 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Sime Darby Plantation Publishes Its Oil Palm Genome to Support the Company’s Ambition for a Deforestation-Free Industry

(Sime Darby) Publication of the research is to enable other researchers to accelerate their ability to increase oil palm yield. Over 10 years of research and RM150 million of investment in R&D has resulted in a much more detailed genome sequence than what has been publicly available before, with identification

July 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Sustainable Projects and Operations: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to ABB’s Bioeconomy Projects

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ABB is making a world of difference with more sustainable use of resources and energy projects. What are their 2030 targets? How are they using pioneering tech and responsible operations to move the needle forward? How does their deep oil, gas and chemicals expertise help with

July 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Energy Flow Charts: Charting the Complex Relationships among Energy, Water, and Carbon

(Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory) Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) produced the first diagrams illustrating U.S. national commodity use in the mid-1970s. The most widely recognized of these charts is the U.S. energy flow chart. LLNL has also published charts depicting carbon (or carbon dioxide potential) flow and water flow at the national level as well

July 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Swedish Industry Representatives Outline Key Credibility Principles for New Sector Sustainability Standard

(Sekab)  ISO developing a global mass balance standard for the industry; New standard to help drive shift towards recycled and renewable materials; Call to include traceability and transparency for credibility  — The International Organization for Standardization (ISO), has started work to establish a globally recognized mass balance standard for the industry.

July 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Upgrading Biogas to Renewable Natural Gas: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Greenlane Renewables

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The transportation and utility/pipeline industries are ripe for decarbonizing and Greenlane Renewables are using their conversion of low-grade biogas to high-value renewable natural gas to decarbonize the natural gas grid and commercial transportation. RNG happens to be resilient during COVID-19 too according to Greenlane, and this

July 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Greenlane Renewables Signs New $2.4 Million System Supply Contract with Grupo Cocal of Brazil

(Greenlane Renewables) Greenlane Renewables Inc. (Greenlane) (TSXV: GRN / FSE: 52G) today announced that its wholly-owned subsidiary, Greenlane Biogas North America Ltd., has signed a $2.4 million (US$1.8 million) contract with Grupo Cocal (Cocal), a Brazilian sugar mill operator that refines sugar and produces ethanol biofuel from sugarcane. Greenlane will supply

July 8, 2020 Read Full Article

What is Carbon-Negative Fuel and How Can Fleets Procure It?

by Marc Rowe (ACT News/Trillium) One question we hear often from our customers is how can the use of renewable natural gas as a transportation fuel remove carbon from the atmosphere? This is a hard concept for many to wrap their heads around. Although difficult to comprehend, the use of “carbon-negative”

July 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Jet Fuel from Junk

by Pamela Gregg  (University of Dayton Research Institute) … ASTM International has approved the use of a synthetic oil derived from municipal waste in the manufacture of jet fuel at petroleum refineries. The co-processing of “syncrude” with petroleum at the refinery level is the second new specification for jet fuel approved

July 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Digging into Dung and Anaerobic Digestion: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Biogas and RNG from Manure

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) On last week’s DigestConnect webinar, Christopher Bush, Founder of Canada-based Catalyst Agri-Innovations Society shared this fun and informative slide guide complete with poop pictures and more importantly, the reason why cow manure and farm waste makes a fantastic renewable biogas and renewable natural gas. From

June 29, 2020 Read Full Article

The Competitive Edge: Drystill Holdings Inc.

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … Drystill invented a low temperature low energy distillation technique. While beneficial in a many industrial sectors, it has can be particularly helpful in reducing capital and operating costs in the biofuel industry. The technology can be used worldwide for both first and second generation

June 26, 2020 Read Full Article

NACSAA Submits Policy Recommendations to Senate Climate Crisis Panel

(North America Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance) The North America Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance (NACSAA) submitted last week a detailed set of policy and program recommendations to the Senate Democrats’ Special Committee on the Climate Crisis. The submission, which was made in response to the Committee’s request for input from agriculture and

June 22, 2020 Read Full Article

Part 2 – Clean Energy Innovation Hub Lessons Learned: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to ATCO’s Hydrogen Production

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ATCO built and is currently operating a 0.25 MW (65 kg per day) hydrogen production facility in Jandakot, Western Australia. Hydrogen produced at the Clean Energy Innovation Hub is used for blending, direct fuel testing and to power a fuel cell for residential energy back

June 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Driving Ethanol’s Digital Transformation

by Susanne Retka Schill (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Ethanol producers are no strangers to computers and automation. Distributed control systems (DCS) have been in use for decades to monitor and control fermentation and distillation. Indeed, the needs of the ethanol industry drove innovation in computerized truck receiving and weighing to speed up

June 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Ethanol’s Carbon Underground

by Luke Geiver (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Positioning into the low-carbon biofuels marketplace, ethanol producers are moving forward with sequestration strategies. A more lucrative federal tax credit, along with a reduced minimum production requirement, is making the economics attractive. After more than 20 years of research, sponsored largely by the U.S.

June 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Fugitive Methane, Eating Elephants, and Brewing Quarantine Ethanol

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … We left the discussion with a hint about the potential conversion of methane to methanol, which can serve as a powerful chemical building block or, in China most prominently, as a fuel. We’ll pick up from that point today. Wolf Ron Cascone Here’s some background on methane

June 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Strategic Selection of RNG Refinement Systems

by Anu D. Vij and Mike Pawlowski (Ship & Shore Environmental/Biofuels Digest) There is increasing emphasis on Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) applications in today’s Green Economy. Technology is moving at a rapid pace for RNG. Refinement of streams from a variety of sources of methane into quality pipeline gas requires a

June 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Powering a Sustainable World in Canada: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Sarnia-Lambton Hybrid Chemistry Cluster

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) With a petrochemical history, Sarnia-Lambton has evolved to agriculture, feedstocks and chemicals with a vision to be Canada’s premier location for the development of and investment in clean, green, and sustainable chemistry technologies. A look at their commercialization hub, how they support the development of ideas

June 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Technical Report Comparison of Biofuel Life Cycle Analysis Tools Phase 2, Part 2: Biochemical 2G Ethanol Production and Distribution

by Antonio Bonomi, Otávio Cavalett, Bruno Colling Klein, Mateus Ferreira Chagas, and Nariê Rinke Dias Souza (Brazilian Biorenewables National Laboratory (LNBR)/ National Center for Research in Energy and Materials (CNPEM)/IEA Bioenergy)  Second-generation (2G) or lignocellulosic biofuels are deemed advanced in view of the several advantages when compared to first generation

May 29, 2020 Read Full Article

New Iowa State Web Hub Offers Resources to Track COVID-19’s Economic Impacts

(Iowa State University) Tracking COVID-19’s economic impacts, especially in the state of Iowa, is now possible thanks to resources on a new web hub. The webpage “COVID-19 Pandemic: Research and Resources” developed by the Center for Agricultural and Rural Development and the Department of Economics at Iowa State University, examines the pandemic’s impacts

May 26, 2020 Read Full Article

Palm Biofuel, Agro-Based Pharmaceuticals, Others Can Replace Petroleum, Says Ikuenobe

(The Guardian)  … Oil palm can fetch Nigeria as much revenue as the crude oil can so said the Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Godwin Emefiele. But self-inflicted challenges that de-ranked the country from the largest producer in the pre-independence era to the fifth producer are getting compounded

May 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Ethiopian Sustainable Biofuel Future Scenario at a Glance

(Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials) As part of the Fuelling the Sustainable Bioeconomy powered by Boeing’s Global Engagement Portfolio, RSB gathered a group of key stakeholders in the Ethiopian bioeconomy to examine and uncover strategies and scenarios for the future development of a sustainable biofuels industry in the country. The outcomes of

May 19, 2020 Read Full Article

The Door Is Open for Ethanol Producers and CCS

by Roxby Hartley (EcoEngineers/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is receiving a lot of traction thanks to two exciting developments in 2018 and 2019: 1)      California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard recognized CCS as a viable pathway to reduce emissions from transportation fuels.   2)      The United States Congress passed legislation expanding

May 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Greenprint for Biomanufacturing and Sustainable Supply Chains: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Biostrategy 2020 in a Post-COVID World

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) As biology ravages the global economy, we have a once-in-a-lifetime, trillion-dollar opportunity to help shape how biology will also rebuild it, reports Synbiobeta. We can redefine the economy, supply chains, and manufacturing at local, state, national, and global levels, and bring back the millions of jobs

May 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Ensuring a Viable Biobased Circular Economy: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In the past 50 years, population has doubled, food and water tripled, fossil fuels quadrupled. So how do we transition to a net positive world? That’s where RSB comes in with their community, resources and sustainability standard and certification system as part of a global movement to

May 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Global Emissions Standards All in One Place

(Delphi Technologies) Your guide to navigating the changing regulatory landscape.  For nearly three decades, we have been tracking and compiling global emissions regulations and packaging them into easy-to-read reference guides. These publications are designed to be valuable tools for you and your company to use as standards around the world

May 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Silicon-based DNA Synthesis: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Twist Bioscience’s DNA Writing

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) DNA is changing the world. That’s what Twist Biosciences is focusing on with synthetic DNA being the future of chemicals, food, therapeutics, diagnostics and even data storage. From next-gen sequencing to synthetic biology, Twist Biosciences envisions a huge expanding market of about $2.3 billion, and their

April 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Draft Soil Enrichment Protocol Incentivizes Carbon Storage Public Comment DEADLINE: May 18, 2020

by Sally Brown (University of Washington/BioCycle Magazine)  The Climate Action Reserve (CAR) released a first draft of its new Soil Enrichment Protocol (SEP) on April 17th that gives carbon credits for regenerative farming practices. The purpose of the protocol — available for public comment — is to provide guidance on how

April 30, 2020 Read Full Article

AgSTAR’s New Digester Project Development Handbook

by Nick Elger and Vanessa McKinney (BioCycle Magazine)  Hot off the “press,” AgSTAR’s updated handbook is a comprehensive compilation of the latest knowledge in the industry on best practices for anaerobic digestion and biogas systems.  —  For 26 years, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) AgSTAR Program has

April 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Renewable Hydrogen and Natural Gas 101: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Xebec’s Renewable Gas

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Xebec is reducing carbon emissions in the gas grid by accelerating the adoption of renewable gases, focusing on both renewable natural gas and renewable hydrogen. With a $100 million in order backlog that validates the technology and over $60 million invested into proprietary technology, and

April 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Project: Blockchain Database for Sustainable Biofuels

(Roundtable for Sustainable Biomaterials) The “Blockchain database for sustainable biofuels” project is jointly led by the Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials (RSB) and Bioledger and aims to demonstrate the feasibility of a blockchain-based database solution for the European sustainably-certified biofuels market, with an initial focus on the used cooking oil (UCO) biodiesel

April 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Joint Evolution: Technology Providers Have Adapted Their Pretreatment Offerings as the Biodiesel Industry Evolved to Rely More on Waste Feedstocks, and as Renewable Diesel Emerges.

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  … Markus Dielacher, CEO of BDI-BioEnergy International, says many companies offering pretreatment systems came from the vegetable oil side. “They started with clean feedstock and it worked,” he says. “We came from the other side, the worst feedstocks, and went to the cleaner ones. It’s

April 15, 2020 Read Full Article

MAGE – Multiplex Automated Genome Engineering Generates Billions of Variants: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to enEvolv’s Genome Engineering

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) enEvolv produces biobased chemicals for the energy, specialty chemicals, nutrition and therapeutics industries, develops novel strains and improves existing ones focusing on their ultra-rapid genome engineering platform. Marco Farsheed, enEvolv’s Co-Founder and CEO shared this illuminating presentation on why strain engineering is challenging, how enEvolv’s variation

April 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Great Plains Institute’s Latest Report: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to A Clean Fuels Policy for the Midwest

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  The Midwestern Clean Fuels Initiative, facilitated by the Great Plains Institute, is a broad coalition of fuels producers and marketers, nonprofit and research organizations, scientists and engineers, and agriculture and industry stakeholders. The coalition works to create economic benefits for the region through policy,

April 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Iowa’s Renewable Energy Portfolio & Opportunity: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to All Things Iowa

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  At last week’s Digest webinar, Mark Laurenzo from the Iowa Economic Development Authority shared this illuminating presentation on Iowa’s key value propositions, activity from the biosciences industry in the state where bioscience R&D expenditures per capita is 30% higher than the national figure, how there

April 7, 2020 Read Full Article

4 New Opportunities for Ethanol Facilities, Thanks to Breakthrough Membrane Technology

by Joel Stone (ConVergInce Advisers/Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biofuels Digest)  A unique and affordable membrane technology exhibiting extremely low fouling rates can offer significant benefits to dry mill ethanol operations, especially on streams containing protein and oil components. First opportunity: Recover soluble protein, oil, and insolubles from stillage backset … Second Opportunity:

April 7, 2020 Read Full Article

EcoEngineers Profile: Regulatory Engagement Work with Dane County

(EcoEngineers) EcoEngineers’ Regulatory Engagement services and Dane County due diligence resulted in a large win for the renewable natural gas (RNG) industry. We are happy to announce USEPA’s green light to allow the Dane County offloading station to accept biogas from multiple upstream facilities and inject RNG into the commercial natural gas

April 6, 2020 Read Full Article

The Competitive Edge: Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials (RSB)

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … The Roundtable on Sustainable Biomaterials (RSB) was founded in 2007 by a small group of leading organisations from civil society, industry and academia with a mission of promoting the global sustainable production, conversion and use of biofuels. Working with our multi-stakeholder community, we developed a

April 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Bits of the Batch: Researchers Use New Molecular Biology Tools to Identify Inhabitants of Ethanol Plant Bacterial Communities.

by Lisa Gibson (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Lactic acid bacteria cells grow and reproduce much more quickly than yeast cells do, consuming the nutrients meant for the yeast in fermentation and producing organic acids instead of ethanol at a molecule ratio of 1:1. That lost production can cost a plant more than

March 30, 2020 Read Full Article

LowCVP News: New Guide Highlights Low Carbon and Sustainable Fuel Opportunities for Decarbonisation of Commercial Fleets

(Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership) A new guide from the Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership (LowCVP) for fleet operators shows how renewable fuels can immediately cut greenhouse gas emissions in road transport, particularly from commercial vehicles for which few low emission solutions are currently available.  While the focus has been mainly on vehicle

March 27, 2020 Read Full Article

UK-Based Future Biogas Launches AD Consultancy Service

(Bioenergy Insight)  The UK’s biggest green gas producer, Future Biogas, will launch a subsidiary consultancy service focused on anaerobic digestion (AD). Launching on 8 April, Fern AD will focus on the biological expertise required to optimise AD plant efficiency, helping operators to benefit from Future Biogas’ industry-leading biologists and in-house laboratory. Future

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Florida Biodiesel, Inc. Has Developed a COVID-19 Disinfectant Generator

(Florida Biodiesel/Open PR) Florida Biodiesel, Inc. has developed the portable ECA-1 Hypochlorous acid generator that produces 700 parts per million of free available chlorine. Optimum Health Care and Wellness Centre Ltd. has chosen the ECA-1 Hypochlorous acid generator as a hands-on educational tool to demonstrate advanced COVID-19 suppression techniques. The

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

5 Lessons Learned on Controlling Fermentation Facility Capital Costs

by Mark Warner (Warner Advisors LLC/Biofuels Digest) Biotechnology funding is surging and contract fermentation options remain limited, so companies seeking to commercialize advanced biotechnologies are again evaluating options to build required production capacity.  While the “build” approach comes with many benefits, capital costs and requisite funding required to build a commercial-scale fermentation

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

OPINION: HBIIP Funds Can Ease Transition to Higher Ethanol Blends

by Cassie Mullen (Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  …  USDA announced it will offer $100 million in biofuel infrastructure grants under the Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program (HBIIP). Transportation fueling and biodiesel distribution facilities will be able to apply for funds to help install, retrofit, and/or upgrade fuel storage, dispensers,

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

New Book: Sustainable Aviation – Greening the Flight Path

(GreenAir Online) This book highlights the latest research in the field of sustainable aviation, covering future developments in carbon emissions reduction, carbon trading and the impact of emerging technologies on aviation, as well as social, legal and regulatory changes as they pertain to the aviation sector. The book is a reference

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

CORSIA Sustainability Certification Schemes (SCS) Evaluation Application Open

(International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO))  In the context of the ICAO Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), an aeroplane operator can reduce its CORSIA offsetting requirements in a given year by claiming emissions reductions from the use of CORSIA Eligible Fuels (CEF). In order to become eligible, such

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Beans Grown with Urine and Martian Soil, New Cosmetic Ingredient Produced by Fermentation, Plant-Based Superglue, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of February 27th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) What a weird week – yummy string beans fertilized with human urine in the form of struvite and cultivated using artificial Martian and lunar soil, making Marvin the Martian hungry for some beans. If that’s too gross for you though, how about superglue made from plant-derived

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Scientists Develop Open-Source Software to Analyze Economics of Biofuels, Bioproducts

by Julie Wurth (University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) Perennial grasses can be converted into everything from ethanol to bioplastics, but it’s unclear which bioproducts hold the greatest potential.  BioSTEAM, a new open-source simulation software package in Python developed by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, gives scientists, engineers, biotechnology companies,

February 20, 2020 Read Full Article

The Competitive Edge: Sustainable Technologies srl

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … Sustainable Technologies is active in the niche of R&D on fermentative processes. The company has developed a rational method for the management of anaerobic digestion processes. Currently the company is also engaged in a research on the production of biographene from purified biogas. Q:

February 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Brown Grease Separation Technology: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Greasezilla’s FOG – Fats, Oils, Greases to Fuel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Yuck! There’s a $25 billion grease problem, from the underground blob in the U.K. to pretty much any public treatment facilities and liquid waste haulers, but Greasezilla has a patented system to help solve the grease trap waste problem. Find out the details of the

February 14, 2020 Read Full Article

NextChem’s Portfolio Will Include a New HVO Technology (Renewable Diesel) Focus on US Market

(NextChem) NextChem, the company of Maire Tecnimont Group focused on the Energy Transition, will cooperate with Saola Energy to license a technology for the production of Renewable Diesel, suitable for both small bolt-on facilities and large plants. A roadshow to promote the technology on the American market taking off today from

February 13, 2020 Read Full Article

3 Reasons to Scale-Up and How: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Scale-Up of Industrial Fermentation Processes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) There are 3 big reasons to scale-up a process but how exactly do you go about doing it? What should you do to prepare for scale-up? How do you successfully scale-up a fermentation process? H. Brett Schreyer from Lee Enterprises Consulting answers these questions in this

February 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Ag-Chemicals, Ag-biologicals, Ag-seeds: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Multi-Slide Guide to Evogene’s Artificial Intelligence and Biological Big Data

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Revolutionizing the product development process in life-science based markets through the use of Computational Predictive Biology platform – sounds like a big mission, but for Evogene, it’s just what they do. They utilize artificial intelligence and other algorithms on unique biological BIG DATA with deep

February 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Enyzmes and Microbes Innovation: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Novozymes’ Biology Business

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) 20 product launches in one year is impressive and Novozymes is a world leader in biological solutions focusing on enzymes and microbes, but even leaders hit road bumps. While Novozymes had some improvement in the second half of 2019, they still had “unsatisfactory 2019 sales

February 5, 2020 Read Full Article

From the Other Side: Bio-Fuels Co-Products

by Matthew L. Gibson (Lee Enterprises Consulting, Inc./Biofuels Digest)   … Today I’m going to put on my “Food Production Hat” and share with you some thoughts about where your co-products ultimately end up:  Food.  What your downstream customers have to deal with.  Hopefully, you can glean some nuggets to think about and start

February 4, 2020 Read Full Article

WEBINAR: Low-Cost, Low-Volume Prescreening of Novel SAF

by Joshua Heyne (University of Dayton/CAAFI) Fit-for-purpose properties to Tier 3 and 4 Operability Limits … This Prescreening isn’t (doesn’t) • Required • Affect the formal approval process • Comprehensive • Additional properties that alternative fuels are sensitive to are not additionally evaluated. • thermal stability • contaminates, metals, or

January 30, 2020 Read Full Article

An Ounce of Prevention: With a Global Rise in Cyber Threats

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  With a global rise in cyber threats—including within the ethanol industry—experts offer security tips and best practices. — … What was once a far-fetched story line is now an increasingly real concern: ransomware. In these incidents, malicious software is installed on a computer or

January 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Blended Curriculum: The Nebraska Ethanol Board Offers Workshops

by Lisa Gibson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The Nebraska Ethanol Board offers workshops to help retailers learn more about E15 and higher blends. Other states offer help with grant application processes, or are pushing for for mid-level blends.  —  Considering updating his fuel dispensers, Dan O’Neill, president and CEO of Kwik

January 30, 2020 Read Full Article

CARB Moves forward with Third-Party Verification for Low Carbon Fuel Standard

(Green Car Congress) California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) has supported an innovative revolution in alternative fuels. Those fuels have replaced more than 2.5 billion gallons of petroleum fuel in the past 12 months, providing Californians with cleaner alternatives. The California Air Resources Board has released a list of CARB-certified, third-party verifiers who

January 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Brightmark Energy Partners with Larson Family Farms on Florida Biogas Project

(Brightmark Energy) Project will convert 230,000 tons of manure per year into renewable natural gas, reduce methane emissions from Central Florida dairy farms —  Brightmark Energy, a San Francisco-based waste and energy development company, announced today that it has partnered with four dairy farms in central Florida to build and

January 23, 2020 Read Full Article

B&C Launches TSCA Tutor™ Online, On-Demand Training Courses

(Bergeson & Campbell)  Bergeson & Campbell, P.C. (B&C®) is pleased to announce the release of the complete suite of TSCA Tutor™ regulatory training courses online and on-demand at www.TSCAtutor.com.  Professionals seeking expert, efficient, essential training can preview and enroll in on-demand classes to complete at their own pace and timing.  In

January 22, 2020 Read Full Article

Let’s Get Real with Anaerobic Digestion: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Design Realities for Anaerobic Digestion Systems

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Reality bites sometimes but John Forcier from Forcier Consulting Engineers and Lee Enterprises gives some good advice for dealing with anaerobic digestion reality like sand and grit removal, foaming, heating and insultation, corrosion protection, and – a’hem – odor control and gas cleaning. Check this

January 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Walking the Fine Line: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Maximizing Anaerobic Digester Output

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Everyone wants to lower their risk. But how do you do that? Just ask John Forcier from Forcier Consulting Engineers and an Associate at Lee Consulting, who gave this illuminating presentation at ABLC NEXT in San Francisco. He shared how manures and WWT sludge have

January 20, 2020 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Techno-Economic Analysis – Using a Third Party Part 4

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  This is Part 4 of a 4 part series that focuses on Techno-Economic Analysis from Lee Enterprises. This Slide Guide covers what the advantages are of using a third party, why it makes sense in terms of efficiency, objectivity and credibility, and more.  READ MORE

January 16, 2020 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Techno-Economic Analysis for Tech Developers Part 3

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) This is Part 3 of a 4 part series that focuses on Techno-Economic Analysis from Lee Enterprises. This Slide Guide focuses on techno-economics for technology developers, how you can demonstrate economic value, figuring out when is the right time to start modeling, and more.  READ

January 15, 2020 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Techno-Economic Analysis

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  This is Part 1 of a 4 part seriesthat focuses on Techno-Economic Analysis from Lee Enterprises. This Slide Guide covers what exactly techno-economic modeling and analysis even is, how it works, cost estimation methods and accuracy, platforms, and more.  READ MORE

January 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Top Industrial Biotechnology Trends in the U.S. – The View from Europe

by Mark Warner (Warner Advisors LLC/Biofuels Digest)  …   Housed in a region with significant historic chemical operations, including the home of where buna rubber was first commercialized, Eastern Germany is similar to parts of the industrial midwestern United States.  The area benefits from a strong infrastructure of research and scale-up facilities,

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Merrick’s Bioprocessing: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Bioprocess Engineering Toolbox

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Bioprocessing is complex, but does it have to be? Just ask Michael Washer at Merrick who gave this illuminating presentation at ABLC NEXT in San Francisco. He shared details on their FEL process to build the right project, how they used best practices to scale-up,

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuel Center Releases Calendar of Biofuel Training Events for the Year 2020

(Advanced Biofuel Center/AltEnergyMag.com)  The Advanced Biofuel Center is a bioenergy crop research and development company that has established the Biodiesel Business Academy to provide quality, impartial, informative and enjoyable advanced-level training with enhanced technology in the field of biodiesel production. The knowledge arm of Advanced Biofuel Center (ABC), Biodiesel Business

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Finding Environmental Markets Carbon Credits, Water Quality Markets Rebuild for Farmers

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) When Ohio farmer Fred Yoder testified last month before the House Select Committee on Climate Change, the long-time no-till farmer and champion of climate-smart farming practices told lawmakers one of the best things that could happen would be to get back a carbon market that

December 31, 2019 Read Full Article

Hydrogen Tech’s Diversified Future: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Hydrogenics

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Hydrogenics is a unit of Cummins Inc. active in designing, manufacturing, building and installing industrial and commercial Hydrogen generation, Hydrogen fuel cells and MW-scale energy storage solutions. Based in Mississauga, Canada with manufacturing facilities located in Germany, Belgium and United States, the company offers PEM and alkaline

December 23, 2019 Read Full Article

Simplifying Biology for Biochemicals: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to DMC’s Metabolic Engineering Tech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Digital biology, synthetic biology and metabolic engineering are not all the same – just ask Matt Lipscomb, CEO and Founder of DMC who shared this presentation at ABLC NEXT in San Francisco. Check out this Slide-Guide to find out how DMC uses their novel

December 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Xebec Enters California Dairy RNG Market with Maas Energy Works

(Xebec Adsorbtion, Inc./Biomass Magazine) Xebec Adsorption Inc., a global provider of clean energy solutions, announced today that it signed a letter of intent on Dec. 4, 2019, with Maas Energy Works for five renewable natural gas (RNG) systems. Four of these systems will use Xebec’s innovative small-scale containerized Biostream upgrading solution.

December 11, 2019 Read Full Article

On the Road to Success from Research to Product: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Cyclotron Road

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Cyclotron Road is a partnership between the non-profit Activate.org and Lawrence Berkeley National Lab to empower scientists to advance their technologies from concept to first product through a fellowship program. It’s a home for hard tech innovators. Companies like Opus 12, MicroByre, Visolis, CinderBio, and others had

December 10, 2019 Read Full Article

OPINION: Pipe Dope and Higher Ethanol Blends

by Cassie Mullen (Renewable Fuels Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The compatibility of pipe dope associated with underground storage tank systems for blends of ethanol above 10 percent has been a subject of controversy for many years and has been repeatedly misrepresented by those hoping to suppress market adoption of additional blends. Ethanol

December 5, 2019 Read Full Article

GARDN, SkyNRG, Waterfall Group and Vancouver Airport Authority Announce Launch of BioPortYVR

(Travel PR News)  The Green Aviation Research and Development Network (GARDN), SkyNRG, Waterfall Group and Vancouver Airport Authority today (November 26, 2019) announced the launch of BioPortYVR, an industry-led project to increase the supply of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). BioPortYVR supports provincial and federal government climate action commitments and is

November 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Air Force Microbiologist Patents Anti-Microbial Fuel Additive

by Troy Carter   (TechLink Center)  Available to industry via license agreement  — A scientist at the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory has discovered that special proteins can keep microbes from colonizing inside fuel tanks and degrading the fuels–especially biodiesel. Dr. Oscar Ruiz, director and lead scientist at the lab’s Fuel

November 29, 2019 Read Full Article

How to Avoid a Thanksgiving Disaster This Year?

(Green Energy Biofuels) … Recycling holiday oil and grease is a much cheaper alternative to the cost of repairs. Every drop poured down the drain increases the size of a growing clog in the sewage system, so do not let the grease from your feast make this a holiday you don’t

November 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Iowa Smart Agriculture Forum Serves Up Solutions from the Land

(Solutions from the Land) Iowa agriculture, business, academic, government and conservation leaders met in Des Moines on Monday in a forum that began an exploration of the impacts that extreme weather events and changing climatic conditions are having on the state’s agriculture sector. More importantly, those participating in the event

November 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Content Test for Industries Announced by TestOil

(finanzen.net/PR Newswire/TestOil) TestOil, an industry leader in oil analysis, just announced a new test to determine the biodiesel content in conventional diesel fuel. The test is primarily in response to requests by industrial customers that need to ensure the fuel they are using meets OEM requirements for biodiesel content. TestOil’s Analytical

November 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Calgren Dairy Fuels’ Lagoon Digester Cluster Project: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Pooping Cows Bringing Us Biofuel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Methane – we all know there’s too much of it and much of it comes from farting and pooping cows. But Calgren has been doing something about that for years, before cow manure memes became cool. Calgren turns dairy manure biogas into biofuels as well as

November 22, 2019 Read Full Article

Fuels Institute Resource Helps Navigate Biofuel Regulations — The Report Helps Retailers Better Understand Their Responsibilities.

(National Association of Convenience Stores) Biofuels are playing an increasingly important role in the U.S. fuel supply due to a combination of regulatory programs, market developments and technological advancements, but navigating the federal requirements pertaining to the storage and dispensing of such fuels can be confusing. To provide greater clarity in

November 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Top 5 Tips How to Fund Your Project

by CJ Evans (American Diversified Energy Consulting Services and Alternative Fuels & Chemicals Coalition)  … There is more than $54 billion available in funding and loan authority from the federal government. This funding supports each of the nine Technology Readiness Levels (TRLs) from initial concept through first commercialization (see http://www.americandiversified.energy/directory for a

November 15, 2019 Read Full Article

LuminUltra Warns of Increased Microbial Influenced Corrosion with IMO 2020 Compliant Fuels

(Port News)  LuminUltra, the microbial monitoring specialist, has highlighted important concerns over the quality of some compliant fuels as the shipping industry gears up towards meeting the International Maritime Organization’s sulphur cap, which enters into force in January. Commenting on the blending of biodiesel with HSFO and distillates, which go

November 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Just Published: Worldwide Fuel Charter 2019 – Gasoline and Diesel Fuel and Worldwide Fuel Charter for Methane-Based Transportation Fuels.

(European Automobile Manufacturers Association) The Worldwide Fuel Charter and Guidelines have two purposes. First of all, they inform policymakers and other interested parties how fuel quality can significantly affect engine and vehicle operation, durability and emissions performance throughout the year. Secondly, their purpose is to promote harmonised fuel quality worldwide

November 1, 2019 Read Full Article

RFA Receives Grants for Ethanol Safety Education

(Renewable Fuels Association)   The Renewable Fuels Association has recently been awarded grants to support its safety education program through on-site seminars and Internet webinars. Both grants were received via the association’s work with TRANSCAER, a voluntary national outreach effort that focuses on assisting communities to prepare for and respond to

October 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative Taps School of Engineering Lab as First in Nation for Screening

by Shawn Robinson (University of Dayton News) The Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative has greenlighted the University of Dayton Heyne Energy and Appropriate Technology Lab and the University of Dayton Research Institute to be the first in the nation to prescreen alternative aviation fuels for viability to enter the American Society

October 23, 2019 Read Full Article

City Fleets Run on Bio-Based Diesel Fuels, Meeting Sustainability Goals while Delivering Essential Services

(Diesel Technology Forum)  Cities gain substantial emissions performance improvements, greenhouse gas reductions and cost savings by using the latest-generation diesel powertrains combined with bio-based diesel fuels —  More cities and counties in California are switching to renewable diesel and biodiesel fuels for their diesel-engined vehicles, according to panelists today at the League

October 22, 2019 Read Full Article

MetGen Wins Frost & Sullivan 2019 European Technology Innovation Award

(MetGen)  Based on its recent analysis of the European industrial enzymes market, Frost & Sullivan recognizes Finland-based MetGen with the 2019 European Technology Innovation Award for its enzyme technologies, METNIN™ and ENZINE®. METNIN™ enables complete valorization of lignin for use in various applications, allowing the products made of lignin to be

October 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Europe Leads the Way in Biofuel Testing Services Landscape, EU’s Regulatory Framework Remains Pivotal: FMI’s Analysis

(Decatimes) The global demand for biofuel testing services accounted for revenues roughly equating US$ 1.5 billion in 2018. A new Future Market Insights (FMI) study envisages robust growth outlook for the biofuel testing services market, in the light of staggering growth in the biofuel production. There has been rapid growth in the

October 18, 2019 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to the Agile BioFoundry and the Transformation of Markets through Genetic Innovation

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Agile BioFoundry brings together a specialist team of scientists, engineers, and technical staff from eight of the U.S. Department of Energy’s national laboratories, with the aim that their collective skills, expertise, and experience lead to rapid innovation and growth in the biomanufacturing sector. The

October 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Scientists in Australia Develop Graphene Filter to Extract Methane from Biogas

(Bioenergy Insight)  Scientists at the University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia have designed a graphene filter to purify methane from biogas. The research team, led by Dr Rakesh Joshi of the UNSW School of Materials Science and Engineering, found that graphene membranes can be used to extract methane present

October 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Leveraging Biofuels for a Cleaner Mobility Future

by Jonathan Male (U.S. Department of Energy)  Biofuels are critical to our energy future. No matter how far electric vehicles come in the next 25 years, the internal combustion engines of today will continue to be a big part of our transportation reality. The only way to continue to move

October 14, 2019 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guides to Biogas

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) An organization well worth knowing in the world of biogas, or renewable methane, is the indefatigable group organized as IEA Bioenergy Task 37, an international working group which covers the anaerobic digestion of biomass feedstocks including agricultural residues, energy crops, organic-rich waste waters, the organic fraction of

October 14, 2019 Read Full Article

The Potential of Hydrothermal Liquefaction (HTL) Routes for Biofuels Production

(Netwerk Betreibstoffe/BEsustainable Magazine Autumn 2019) Hydrothermal Liquefaction is one of the most promising technologies for the conversion of sustainable biomass into renewable transport fuels. Five European research and innovation projects and the Norwegian National Centre Bio4Fuels are jointly organizing an expert workshop to discuss state-of-the-art, developments and applications of this technology.

October 11, 2019 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Technical, Economic and Environmental Assessment of Biorefineries

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) First comes the techno-economic assessment, then comes the deployment, as perhaps someone once said, or should have. For the road to bioeconomy passes through the graces of a successful evalutation of the inputs anf the outputs and the costs and values thereof. Those thoughtful assessors

October 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Call for Partners: Use or Invest in (Biobased) Polymerization Shared Facility

by Jim Lane and Marcel van Berkel (Biofuels Digest/Polymerization Shared Facility) Green Chemistry Campus, REWIN and Wageningen University are planning the development of the first multipurpose Polymerization Shared Facility Pilot Plant in Bergen op Zoom. In this facility new and redesigned bio-polymers can be produced at a sub-commercial scale.Currently the consortium

October 1, 2019 Read Full Article

ABC Helps Develop New RNG Interconnection Guide

(American Biogas Counci/Biomass Magazine) The Northeast Gas Association and Gas Technology Institute released the Interconnect Guide for Renewable Natural Gas in New York State, which was sponsored by several natural gas utilities. The American Biogas Council and its member experts provided industry insight and review for the report. The guidance document

September 25, 2019 Read Full Article

State Level Climate Smart Ag Groups Growing

(North American Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance)  State-level climate smart ag groups are growing, evidenced by wide media attention drawn by a forum held last month by the Florida Climate Smart Agriculture (FL CSA) Work Group, and an early meeting of a robust new work group of ag and forestry leaders

September 23, 2019 Read Full Article

Crown Opens New Global Headquarters and Innovation Center

(Crown Iron Works)  …  Crown Iron Works unveils its new Global Headquarters and Innovation Center in Blaine, Minnesota. The 68,000 square-foot, $12 million facility accommodates increased staff, and fuels technological advancements for the company and its customers through its state-of-the-art Innovation Center—a safety-first environment that supports and optimizes custom process

September 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Forest Products Industry Barriers to Producing Biofuels

(Biorenewable Deployment Consortium) BDC is a 501c3 organization focused on education and brokering partnerships in order to accelerate the deployment of economic bioprocesses and assist the forest products industry to get the most value from the tree.  BDC membership represents bioprocess companies and the major forest products companies.   BDC believes

September 16, 2019 Read Full Article

Get with the Program: Biogas Producers Struggling to Generate Revenue from Their Digestate

by Ron Kotrba (Biomass Magazine)  Biogas producers struggling to generate revenue from their digestate may find an opportunity to turn this around through the American Biogas Council’s Digestate Standard Testing and Certification Program.  —  … Exeter Agri-Energy was formed to run two anaerobic digesters built at Stonyvale Farm in 2011.

September 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Alcohol School: Innovations in Ethanol

by Lisa Gibson (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Delivering the last presentation of the day for The Alcohol School Sept. 12, Scott Kohl, chief technology officer for Franzenburg, discussed several innovations in ethanol production. Yield, amylase formulations, fiber separation, coproduct fractionation, accelerated fermentation, genetically modified (GM) yeast and water conservation techniques made his

September 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Contract Fermentation Update, Market Continues to Tighten

by Mark Warner (Warner Advisors LLC)  … Contract manufacturing options are diminishing and the facilities currently operating are looking for more favorable commercial terms. If you are planning to scale a fermentation process through contract fermentation facilities, it is going to be a good time to bring your “A” game

September 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Insane in the Membrane: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Whitefox’s Membranes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Whitefox uses membranes to carry out industrial water separation steps, including membranes for biofuels. Their first industrial installation was in Europe in 2002 for pharmaceutical grade ethanol, but installations now have expanded to industrial and potable alcohol, perfume reactors, and even Vitamin C facilities. Check

August 28, 2019 Read Full Article

Revisit Your Facility’s Grease Waste Process and Turn Fog Into an Asset

(Greasezilla) You may be flushing a valuable resource down the metaphorical drain when disposing of grease trap waste. Yes, the big bad wolf of commercial plumbing that the industry has struggled to combat over the past two decades may be hiding a gem in that mess of congealed fats, oils and

August 19, 2019 Read Full Article

American Coalition for Ethanol : ACE Calls on EPA to Rely on the GREET Model as It Considers Future RFS Volumes

(American Coalitin for Ethanol/Market Screener)  American Coalition for Ethanol (ACE) CEO Brian Jennings highlighted the important role corn ethanol could have in further reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions if properly valued under the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) in a letter to Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator Andrew Wheeler today, informing the agency of

July 26, 2019 Read Full Article

New Publication – Technical, Economic and Environmental Assessment of Biorefinery Concepts: Developing a Practical Approach for Characterisation

(IEA Bioenergy)  The idea of biorefining in general is considered a promising concept for the processing of biomass into a spectrum of bio-based products and bioenergy. It is seen as one of the enabling technologies of the circular economy, closing loops of streams and aiming at the valorisation of multiple outputs.

July 22, 2019 Read Full Article

Firm Launches Plan to Cut One Trillion Tons of CO2 From Atmosphere

(Solutions from the Land)  A company that says it is “dedicated to harnessing nature to help farmers sustainably feed the planet,” announced last month the launch of The Terraton Initiative™, a project designed to accelerate carbon sequestration at an unprecedented scale. … Among the steps cited by Indigo are regenerative farming practices

July 9, 2019 Read Full Article

More than 30,000 articles in our online library!

Use the categories and tags listed below to access the more than 30,000 articles indexed on this website.

Our Sponsors

FREE Subscription! Advanced Biofuels USA events calendar; policy and actions; education newsletters

Donate



Archives

Categories

Tags

2nd generation biofuels 3-D 3D printing 3rd generation biofuels 4-H 4th generation biofuels 7% solution 45Q 81 Octane 84 octane 85 octane 87 octane 88 octane 89 octane 90 octane 91 octane 92 octane 93 octane 94 octane 95 octane 96 octane 98 octane 100 octane 103 octane 105 octane 108 octane 109 octane 110 octane 113 octane 119 octane 2016 US House and Senate Campaigns 2016 US Presidential Campaign 2018 US Senate and House Campaigns Other Election Activities 2020 Election Activities 2022 9003 Program A20 (20% methanol/bioethanol) Abu Dhabi acacia acetic acid acetone acid acid hydrolysis adaptive evolution additional carbon additionality adequate/inadequate domestic supply Administrative Procedure Act advanced biofuel prices Advanced biofuels advanced biofuels production advanced ethanol advanced ethanol tax credit advertising campaign aerosols Affordable Clean Energy Program (ACE) afforestation Afghanistan Africa AGARDA (Agriculture Advanced Research and Development Authority) agave aggregation Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) agricultural economics Agricultural Policy Agricultural waste/residue Agriculture agroforestry agrofuels agronomy Aircraft engine emissions Air Force air pollution control Air Pollution Policy airports air quality Alabama Alaska Albania albedo Alberta albizia alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) alcohol fuel cells alcohol fuels alfalfa algae algae contamination algae cultivation algae extraction algae harvesting algae parity algae separation algal biofuels Algeria Algiers alkanes alkenes alkylate alligator fat almond almond hulls shells alternative energy vehicles alternative fuels Alternative Fuels Credit alternative fuels excise tax credit Alternative Fuels Tax Credit (AFTC) aluminum Amazon American Indian Tribes American Le Mans Series (ALMS) ammonia ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) amylose anaerobic digestate anaerobic digester/digestion Angola anhydrous ethanol animal bedding animal fat animal feed animal waste Antactica Antarctica antibiotics antitrust Appropriations APR (Aqueous Phase Reforming) aquaculture aquatic organisms Arabidopsis arabinose ARCA Archaea Architecture Arctic Argentian Argentina Arizona Arkansas Armenia Army Corps of Engineers aromatics aromatics price ARPA-E ARPA-Terra artificial intelligence Aruba Asia ASTM ASTM 6866 ASTM D396 ASTM D975 ASTM D1655 ASTM D2880 ASTM D4054 ASTM D4806 Denatured fuel ethanol ASTM D4814 ASTM D5798 ASTM D6751 ASTM D7467 (B6-B20) ASTM D7544 ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) ASTM D7862 ASTM D7875 ASTM D7901 (DME-Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Purposes) ASTM D8076 ASTM D8181 ASTM E3146 ASTM standards ASTM WK55232 (D02) ASTM WK63392 ATJ-SPK (Alcohol to Jet Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene) Atlantic Canada Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Australia Australian pine Austria Auto manufacturer automotive aviation Aviation biofuel aviation biofuel benefits aviation biofuel price aviation biofuel pumps/delivery Aviation Fuel aviation fuel production awards/recognition Azerbaijan. b B0 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B10 B11 B12 B12.5 B13 B14 B15 B20 B25 B30 B33 B35 B40 B50 B75 B80 B98 B99 B100 Babados nut tree babassu bacteria bagasse Bahamas Bahrain bamboo banana banana stems Bangladesh bankruptcy Barbados barge barley barley fiber barley protein barley straw Basque batteries Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) bauxite beauty leaf tree beaver beer bees Belarus Belgium Belize Benin benzene Bermuda Bhutan big bluestem big data Big Food Big Oil/Oil Majors billion ton study bio bio-based diesel benefits bio-based economy bio-LNG (Liquified Natural Gas Bio-LNG Pumps (Liquified Natural Gas bio-natural gas bio-NGV (natural gas for vehicles) bio-oil/pyrolysis oil bio-SPK (bio derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene) biobased Biobased Markets Program biobased materials Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program biochar biochemical conversion BioChemicals/Renewable Chemicals bioconversion Biocrude/Green Crude/SynCrude biodegradable biodiesel biodiesel blend wall biodiesel EN 14214 Biodiesel Fuel Education Program biodiesel prices biodiesel production biodiesel pumps biodiesel quality biodiesel standards biodiesel tax credit biodiesel technologies biodiesel terminal biodiversity bioeconomy bioelectricity bioenergy Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) Biofuel biofuel consumption Biofuel Crops biofuel distribution Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) biofuel producer tax credit biofuels Biofuels Directive biofuels education biofuel tax credit Biogas Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline biogenic carbon biogenic emissions Bioheat biohydrocarbons BioIsoprene Bio LPG biomass Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) biomass hydrolysis biomass recalcitrance Biomass Research and Development initiative (BRDI) biomass sorghum Biomass to Liquid (BTL) biomass transportation biomaterials bioplastics biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropene bioprospecting BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance BioRenewable-1 (BR-1) BioSNG Biotechnology birch black carbon black grease black liquor black locust blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock Blend wall blockchain blue carbon boat fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water Brassica Brazil breweries British Columbia broker brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses business law business resources butadiene Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butanol emissions butyl acetate c C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap-and-invest cap-and-trade carbohydrates carbon carbon-efficient fuels carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon price carbon recycling carbon sequestration carbon sink carbon tax carbon tax-and-dividend Carbon tax border adjustments carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile China chitin chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products CO2 Sequestration coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG / R-CNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diethyl ether digital Digital Biology dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dual cropping Dubai duckweed e-diesel e-LNG e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) French fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility green Jo Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrofaction hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Jetfuel (SAJF)/Renewable Jetfuel (RJF) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kero kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NTSB nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulation regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit renewable d Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname sustai Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsi Wisconsin Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Yukon Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc

Notice

donate nowWe are not accepting donations from people or companies in Florida due to unfair reporting requirements and fees not imposed by any other state.