If you find this site useful, please

Advanced Biofuels USA: promoting the understanding, development and use of advanced biofuels around the world.

Advanced BioFuels USA

water

Turning Carbon into Solar Fuel – Closing the Loop on CO2 Emissions

by Scarlett Evans (Bio Market Insights)  …  Finding technologies to curb our carbon is essential, and attention is turning to projects that make carbon cutting a priority. One such project is

September 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Hydrogen Ecosystem for Aviation: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Airbus ZEROe

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  It’s all about hydrogen propulsion with the ZEROe aircraft which Airbus aims to develop by 2035 as the world’s first zero-emission commercial aircraft. What is

September 13, 2021 Read Full Article

The World’s First Offshore Green Hydrogen Plant

by Bea Howarth (AZoCleantech)  The world’s first offshore green hydrogen plant, powered by floating wind turbines, is on track to go into operation in 2022 in France. This project will

September 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Environmental Group Warns Hydrogen Is a ‘False Solution’ for Renewables

by Zack Budryk (The Hill)  Environmental advocacy group Earthjustice warned in a report published Tuesday that hydrogen cannot serve as a “silver bullet” against climate change if it is derived from fossil

September 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Tenneco Explores Synthetic Fuels for Climate-Neutral Mobility

Tenneco is putting its 100-plus years of powertrain expertise in improving vehicle fuel efficiency and reducing emissions to work to explore synthetic fuels (e-fuels), a viable near-term solution to further

September 1, 2021 Read Full Article

NASA Awards $750,000 in Competition to Convert Carbon Dioxide into Sugar

(National Aeronautics and Space Administration)  On Earth, plants and ocean microbes use sunlight to turn carbon dioxide, or CO2, into sugars for energy. Humans don’t have that ability, at least not

August 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Artificial Photosynthesis Technology Emerging

(National Research Council of Science & Technology/Phys.Org) Korean researchers are striving to turn artificial photosynthesis technology into reality to achieve carbon neutrality or accomplish a net carbon emission value of zero.

August 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Green Hydrogen: EW Höfe, Alpiq and SOCAR Energy Switzerland Mark a New Milestone

(Alpiq/Electric Energy Online) Alpiq, EW Höfe and SOCAR Energy Switzerland are planning to build an electrolysis plant with a capacity of up to 10 MW in Freienbach (SZ). The commissioning

August 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Pathways, Projects, Policy: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Hydrogen demand keeps going up. It is essential to many processes, like biofuels production, chemical processes and oil refining and is one of the most

August 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Blue Hydrogen for Transport in the US: The Transition to Green Hydrogen & the Conduit to Keeping Pace with the EU

by Salim Rahemtulla (PowerTap Hydrogen Fueling Corp./Biofuels Digest)  … In its Hydrogen Program Plan, the DOE demonstrates support for the International Energy Association’s Future of Hydrogen, released at the 2019 G20

August 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Maersk Secures Green E-Methanol for the World’s First Container Vessel Operating on Carbon Neutral Fuel

(Maersk)  European Energy will establish a new e-methanol facility in Denmark and provide renewable energy to fuel it. —  A.P. Moller – Maersk has identified its partners to produce green fuel

August 20, 2021 Read Full Article

UK Government Launches Plan for a World-Leading Hydrogen Economy

(U.K. Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy, The Rt Hon Kwasi Kwarteng MP, and The Rt Hon Anne-Marie Trevelyan MP) First-ever vision to kick start world-leading hydrogen economy set to

August 18, 2021 Read Full Article

The Government Supports 79 Innovative Renewable Energy Projects in the Industrial Fabric

(Government of Spain/Institute for Energy Diversification and Saving (IDAE)) Linked to an investment of 162 million, they will accelerate the energy transition in the production of beer, milk, cheese, meat, fertilizers,

August 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Giving up on Climate Change? EU Says No Way – Invests $140M in Decarbonizing Projects

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … The good news is for the first time since the creation of the Innovation Fund, the EU’s latest investment of €118 million (about $140 million)

August 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Your Top Questions Answered: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to DigestConnect’s Q&A

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Want your most perplexing questions of the year answered? If you missed the last DigestConnect of the season, then check out this Q&A slide guide

August 5, 2021 Read Full Article

Biprtisan Infrastructure Bill Includes $25 Billion in Potential New Subsidies for Fossil Fuels

by Alleen Brown (The Intercept)  Instead of reducing the role of fossil fuels in the economy, critics say, the bill subsidizes industry “greenwashing.” … The latest draft bill would make

August 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Hydrogen Electrolysis with Ben Wiley

(Climate Now) Declining renewable energy costs have sparked a renewed interest in green hydrogen, which has the potential to decarbonize sectors in which electricity cannot. Because hydrogen doesn’t occur by itself

August 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Scientists to Develop CO₂-Free Fermentation Technology amid Surging Demand for Low-Carbon Biofuel

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory) By Combining Electrochemistry With Fermentation, NREL’s Biorefining Process Could Both Increase Fuel Yields and Recycle Carbon Dioxide —  As much as one-third of the carbon in sugar

July 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Converting Renewable Electricity into Stable Molecules Could Provide Long-Term Energy Storage

by Beth Mundy (Tech Xplore/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory)  For renewable energy and energy storage technologies, variation is the name of the game. The intensity of the natural resources that provide renewable energy

July 29, 2021 Read Full Article

UPDATE 1-Private Equity Firm to Buy Canada’s Idled Come-by-Chance Oil Refinery

by Devika Krishna Kumar (Reuters) Private equity firm Cresta Fund Management has agreed to buy a controlling stake in idled Canadian 135,000-barrel-per-day (bpd) Come-by-Chance refinery, a fund representative said on Monday,

July 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Crapo, Whitehouse, Reed, Panetta Introduce Legislation to Encourage Innovation in the Clean Energy Sector

(Office of Senator Mike Crapo (R-Idaho)) According to a report by the International Energy Agency, approximately 40 percent of cumulative CO2 emissions reductions needed to meet sustainability targets rely on technologies not yet

July 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Household Waste and Sewage to Be Used in Jet Fuel Production as Government Makes World-Leading Sustainable Aviation Fuel Commitments

(U.K. Department for Transport and The Rt Hon Grant Shapps MP)  Companies receive funding for sustainable fuel production while sustainable aviation fuel mandate consultation is launched. — 8 companies have

July 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Direct Air Capture CO2 for Aviation E-fuels Production Faces Many Obstacles, Finds E4Tech Study

by Susan van Dyk (GreenAir Online)  Although using CO2 from direct air capture (DAC) is important for e-fuels production in a net zero energy system, it is currently too expensive

July 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Aerospace Players Enter Canadian Partnerships on Hybrid-Electric Aircraft and Sustainable Aviation Fuels

by Mark Pilling  (GreenAir Online)  … P&WC’s announcement is the second sustainability initiative launched in Quebec in the past week, with Airbus joining the SAF+ Consortium, a group of aerospace

July 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Big Oil Companies Push Hydrogen as Green Alternative, but Obstacles Remain

by Sarah McFarlane (Wall Street Journal)  BP, Shell want to make the gas using renewable energy, but doing so remains expensive — Big oil companies have long touted hydrogen energy as a way to

July 26, 2021 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Photolysis – Splitting Water with Photons to Make Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As we conclude Gas Week here in Digestville, we’d like to share this intelligent and thoughtful summary of photolysis – that is, splitting water with

July 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Green Hydrogen: What’s Really Real in a Gathering of Haters, Hypers, Pettifoggers, Filibusters, and Transformative Technologies Like You’ve Never Ever Seen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) On June 7, 2021, the US Department of Energy launched the Hydrogen Shot, which got kinda mixed up with the Moderna and Pfizer shots in the

July 26, 2021 Read Full Article

IOC to Build India’s First Green Hydrogen Plant at Mathura Refinery

(PTI/Economic Times) Hydrogen is the latest buzz for meeting the world’s energy needs. Hydrogen, in itself, is a clean fuel but manufacturing it is energy-intensive and has carbon byproducts.  — 

July 23, 2021 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Multi-Guide Slide to Nanoplazz’s Green Hydrogen, Syngas Technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Nanoplazz Technologies has developed cutting-edge plasma reactor technology to convert greenhouse gases into value-added fuels and chemicals and to produce carbon nanoparticles with diamond cores

July 23, 2021 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Multi-Guide Slide to National Hydrogen Strategies: Japan

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) As we continue with Gas Week, we’re providing you with 10 National Hydrogen Strategies between now and Friday. Today: (as we near the Summer Olympics)

July 22, 2021 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Multi-Guide Slide to National Hydrogen Strategies: Germany

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As we continue with Gas Week, we’re providing you with 10 National Hydrogen Strategies between now and Friday. Today: Germany.  READ MORE

July 22, 2021 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Multi-Guide Slide to National Hydrogen Strategies: France

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As we continue with Gas Week, we’re providing you with 10 National Hydrogen Strategies between now and Friday. Today: France. READ MORE  

July 22, 2021 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Multi-Guide Slide to National Hydrogen Strategies: The United States of America

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As we continue with Gas Week, we’re providing you with 10 National Hydrogen Strategies between now and Friday. Today, the Big Kahuna (or Enchilada, if

July 21, 2021 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Multi-Guide Slide to National Hydrogen Strategies: Finland

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Finns are flying when it comes to hydrogen and, even better, this national hydrogen strategy has some great green hydrogen factoids and charts whether

July 20, 2021 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Green Hydrogen Horizons

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  It’s Gas Week here in Digestville, all this week we’re highlighting new technologies, commercial breakthroughs and new strategies relating to the production of, applications for,

July 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Vattenfall and Preem Take Their Fossil-Free Hydrogen Biofuel Collaboration to the Next Level

(Preem) According to a study conducted in the spring, the Preem Lysekil plant is very well suited for an electrolysis plant for hydrogen biofuel production. Carbon dioxide emissions can be reduced

July 14, 2021 Read Full Article

HYVIA: Renault’s New Path to Green Hydrogen-Powered Mobility

(Renault/NGV Journal)  Renault and Plug Power have revealed plans for its HYVIA project. ‘HY’ for hydrogen, ‘VIA’ for road, HYVIA builds on the expertise of Plug Power and a network of more

July 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Fortescue Future Industries signs Option Agreement with TasPorts for Land and Operating Access for Green Hydrogen Plant

(Fortescue Future Industries) Australian Fortescue Future Industries Pty Ltd (FFI) has signed an Option Agreement with Tasmanian Ports Corporation Pty Ltd (TasPorts) to exclusively negotiate all land and operating access

July 13, 2021 Read Full Article

British Columbia Hydrogen Strategy Provides Vision for Clean-Energy Future

(British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Low Carbon Innovation and Ministry of Environment and Climate Change Strategy)  The Government of British Columbia is releasing its hydrogen strategy – a blueprint for how

July 12, 2021 Read Full Article

Creating Carbon-Negative ‘Green’ Hydrogen to Fuel Our World

(University of Canterbury)  University of Canterbury engineering researchers are developing a carbon-neutral – even carbon-negative – way to create clean ‘green’ hydrogen to power our world more sustainably. — University

July 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Avangrid Outlines US Green Hydrogen Vision

(ReNewsBiz)  Avangrid has submitted green hydrogen project concepts on the US east and west coasts in response to the Department of Energy’s request for information (RfI). The green hydrogen project concepts are

July 8, 2021 Read Full Article

DOE Announces $52.5 Million to Accelerate Progress in Clean Hydrogen

(U.S. Department of Energy) Projects Support DOE’s Recently Announced Hydrogen Energy Earthshot to Lower Cost, Advance Breakthroughs for Clean Hydrogen Technology — The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced $52.5

July 7, 2021 Read Full Article

LCA Model for Biofuels: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to GREET

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in Technologies Model – aka GREET – can be used to address impacts and conduct life cycle

July 2, 2021 Read Full Article

E-Fuels Development for Aviation Gets a Boost with Germany’s New PtL Roadmap

by Susan van Dyk (GreenAir Online)  Germany’s federal and state governments, with backing from industry, have agreed a roadmap that commits to the development of e-fuels – also described as power-to-liquids

June 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Finland’s Largest Power-to-Gas Plant – Wärtsilä and Vantaa Energy to Continue Planning towards an Investment Decision

(Electric Energy Online/Wärtsilä) The technology group Wärtsilä and Finnish utility, Vantaa Energy Ltd, have signed a co-operation agreement for pre-engineering and development of a Power-to-Gas (P2G) plant for Vantaa Energy. The

June 18, 2021 Read Full Article

German Industry Warns on Electrolysis Restrictions

(Argus Media)  German industries federation BDI has criticised government plans to limit the exemptions applicable for renewable power used in the electrolysis process for producing hydrogen. The federal government last month proposed

June 11, 2021 Read Full Article

What Color Is Your Hydrogen?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) For an invisible gas, hydrogen seems to come in more colors than boy of crayons. And, you have to learn to weed out the greenwash

June 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Haldor Topsoe Establishes Focused Green Hydrogen Organization to Accelerate Electrolysis Business

by Ulrik Frøhlke (Haldor Topsoe) – The new green hydrogen organization is fully dedicated to accelerating all aspects of Topsoe’s business within electrolysis, including development of high-performance electrolysis technology, sales,

June 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Flemish Expertise Centres Join Forces with Industry to Push Green Hydrogen Production forward

(Electric Energy Online/DEME) Flemish research centres imec and VITO (both partners in EnergyVille), together with industrial pioneers Bekaert, Colruyt Group, DEME and John Cockerill announced today (May 28) that they

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Ørsted and HOFOR Enters into Agreement on Green Power for Groundbreaking Hydrogen Project

(Electric Energy Online/Ørsted) Today (May 31), Ørsted and HOFOR (Greater Copenhagen Utility) entered into an agreement that will secure green power for part of the potential 1.3 GW Green Fuels for Denmark

June 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Enzyme System for the Hydrogen Economy

(Ruhr University in Bochum)  An enzyme could make a dream of the energy industry come true: it can efficiently generate hydrogen from electricity as well as convert hydrogen into electricity.

May 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Roadmap Lays out Path to Renewable Hydrogen Growth in the Pacific Northwest

by David Wagman (PV Magazine)  The plan calls to “lead with projects” that produce renewable hydrogen and deliver it to customers. — The Center for Sustainable Infrastructure (CSI) and the Renewable

May 21, 2021 Read Full Article

2021 Project Peer Review—Presentation Database

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) hosted its 2021 Project Peer Review virtually on March 8‒12, 2021; March 15‒16, 2021; and March 22‒26, 2021. Presentations for all sessions can

May 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Bosch Sees a Place for Renewable Fuels, Challenging Proposed European Union Engine Ban

by Aria Alamalhodaei (TechCrunch) Bosch executives on Thursday criticized proposed EU regulations that would ban the internal combustion engine by 2025, saying that lawmakers “shy away” from discussing the consequences

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

The Renewable & Low-Carbon Liquid Fuels Platform, toward Transport Fuels’ Transformation

(Fuels Europe) The major organisations[1] operating in the liquid fuels value chain have joined forces to form the Renewable & Low-Carbon Liquid Fuel Platform. These partners are working together to contribute to the decarbonisation of the

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

VoltH2 and Virya Energy Sign Agreement for Hydrogen Plant

(Vision Hydrogen/Globe Newswire) Vision Hydrogen Corporation (OTCQB:VIHD) (the “Company”) is pleased to announce that VoltH2, a Europe-based developer of green hydrogen production infrastructure projects that is 17.5% owned by the Company,

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Green Hydrogen: Can It Power a Carbon-Free Economy?

by Jim Robbins (Energy Today) Saudi Arabia is constructing a futuristic city in the desert on the Red Sea called Neom. The $500 billion city — complete with flying taxis

May 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Over $100 Million to Build Australia’s First Large-Scale Hydrogen Plants

(Australian Renewable Energy Agency/Electric Energy Online) On behalf of the Australian Government, the Australian Renewable Energy Agency (ARENA) has today (May 5) announced that it has conditionally approved $103.3 million towards

May 14, 2021 Read Full Article

E-fuels Offer Clean Future for Shipping and Aviation, Green Groups Tell EU

(Transportation & Environment) The EU should promote the use of green synthetic fuels, or e-fuels, by ships and planes as part of its upcoming maritime and aviation fuel laws, environmental

May 14, 2021 Read Full Article

The 10 Biggest WOWs from Day 4 of ABLC

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Florida, day 4 of ABLC is now complete, with 26 more speakers completing their trips to the digital stage. Thursday’s agenda included some of the

May 7, 2021 Read Full Article

SoCalGas & California Energy Commission to Provide Funding to Test Hydrogen Fuel Cell Technology for Marine Vessels

(Southern California Gas/PR Newswire)  Led by Zero Emission Industries, the project will test hydrogen fuel cell marine vessel technology designed

May 3, 2021 Read Full Article

New Technology to Make Green Hydrogen Enters Next Phase

(Southern California Gas) New technology being tested by H2U Technologies and SoCalGas to make green hydrogen from water and renewable

May 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Aker Solutions Wins FEED Contract for e-Fuel Plant in Norway

(Aker Solutions) Aker Solutions has signed a contract with Nordic Blue Crude (NBC) for front-end engineering and design (FEED) of

April 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewables Push Will Pave Way for Green Hydrogen: Lower Production Costs and Net Zero Policies Will Also Be Factors S&P Global Ratings Reports Find

(ReNewsBiz) Supportive net zero policies, a steep decline in production costs from electrolysis as well as a broad push towards renewables

April 29, 2021 Read Full Article

bp, Iberdrola and Enagás Study the Development of the Largest Green Hydrogen Project in the Valencian Community

(Iberdrola (Google translation)) This project would be located at the bp refinery in Castellón, where a 20 megawatt (MW) electrolyzer

April 29, 2021 Read Full Article

US Ammonia Producer Unveils Green Hydrogen Project

(ReNewsBiz)  When completed in 2023 the 20MW electrolyser in Louisiana will be the largest in North America — The largest producer

April 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Chevron, Toyota Enter MoU to Develop Commercially Viable Hydrogen

by Michael Bates (NGT News) Chevron U.S.A. Inc., a subsidiary of Chevron Corp., and Toyota Motor North America Inc. have entered a memorandum of

April 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Earth Day Series Day 20: Hydrogen. Beyond Tomorrow.

by Gaulthier Blangez* (Advanced Biofuels USA)   Let’s go back to the basics. The “Bio” term comes from ancient Greek and

April 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Earth Day Series Day 15:  Food AND Fuel: The Promise of Advanced Biofuels

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  Aren’t there ways to make renewable fuel that doesn’t harm food supplies?  Yes, there

April 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Alfa Laval Becomes Partner in Unique Power-to-X Consortium to Produce Renewable Clean Fuels

(Alfa Laval/PR Newswire) Alfa Laval – a world leader in heat transfer, centrifugal separation and fluid handling – becomes a

April 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Oxy Low Carbon Ventures, Cemvita Factory Announce Plan to Develop Pilot Plant for Innovative CO2-to-Bio-Ethylene Technology

(Oxy Low Carbon Ventures/PR Newswire)  Oxy Low Carbon Ventures (OLCV), a subsidiary of Occidental (NYSE: OXY), and bio-engineering startup Cemvita Factory today

April 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Earth Day 2021 Series Day 7: Flying Green

by Gaulthier Blangez* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  What are we talking about?  Do you know that airlines’ activities, from passenger transportation to freight

April 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Waste-to-Hydrogen Tokyo Facility Ready to Rock – Is 2021 the Year of Hydrogen?

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) News comes from the Land of the Rising Sun that a first-of-its-kind Tokyo facility will

April 5, 2021 Read Full Article

High Level Conference on Synthetic SAF — February 8, 2021 — ONLINE

To speed-up the European dialogue on Synthetic SAF and offer a stage to a range of initiatives, the Minister of

April 1, 2021 Read Full Article

SAF Could Make up 5.5% of 2030 EU Jet Fuel Demand with Targeted Support, Estimates ICCT Feedstock Study

(GreenAir Online) Analysis by the International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) shows there are sufficient sources of sustainable feedstock to support

April 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Brookfield Renewable, Plug Power Partner on Hydropower-Fueled Hydrogen Plant

by Elizabeth Ingram (Hydro Review) Plug Power Inc. and Brookfield Renewable Partners L.P. announced plans to build a green hydrogen production

April 1, 2021 Read Full Article

ExxonMobil and Porsche Test Lower-Carbon Fuel in Race Conditions

(ExxonMobil/Porsche/Business Newswire) ExxonMobil and Porsche are testing advanced biofuels and renewable, lower-carbon eFuels, as part of a new agreement to find pathways

March 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Repsol Seeking EU and Spanish Funding for More than 30 Decarbonization Projects

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) In Spain, Repsol is responding to the Spanish government’s calls for expressions of interest with a portfolio

March 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Haldor Topsoe and Nel ASA to Offer End-to-End Green Ammonia and eMethanol™ Solutions

by Svend Ravn (Haldor Topsoe) -Haldor Topsoe and Nel have entered a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the intent to

March 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Daily on Energy: Gas Companies, Ttilities, and Labor Unions Push Biden to Support ‘Clean’ Hydrogen

by Josh Siegel and Abby Smith (Washington Examiner)  … Natural gas companies, utilities, and labor unions are joining forces to

March 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Will Green Hydrogen Fulfill High Hopes for Trucking and Shipping Emissions?

by Angeli Mehta (Reuters Events) While there’s debate over whether the technology stacks up against batteries for long-distance trucking, the case

March 19, 2021 Read Full Article

EU Planning Staggered Increase in Use of Green Jet Fuel

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com)  The EU’s upcoming ReFuelEU proposal, aimed at cutting emissions in the aviation sector, will apply a

March 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Petronor and SENER Formalize the Agreement for the Start-up of the First Electrolyzer Plant

(Petronor) -With an investment of 120 million euros, it is expected to come into operation in 2022 in its first phase.

March 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Fusion Fuel Green, Zolio Rios Sign MoU to Develop Green Hydrogen

by Matthew Mercure (NGT News) Fusion Fuel Green, a green hydrogen technology company, has signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with Grupo

March 16, 2021 Read Full Article

How Siemens Energy Is Targeting the US Green Hydrogen Opportunity

by Jeff St. John (GreenTech Media)  The latest test at the Utah mega-project marks the third U.S. entry into electrolysis,

March 12, 2021 Read Full Article

Shell Plans to Produce SAF in Köln, Germany, by Late 2025

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) Shell announced in late February that it intends to produce sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) in

March 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Spanish Service Station Operators Plan to Sell Zero Emission Hydrogen

(Spanish Confederation of Service Station Entrepreneurs/NGV Journal) The Spanish Confederation of Service Station Entrepreneurs (CEEES) signed a memorandum of understanding with

March 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Fuel’s Role in Reducing Emissions Adds to Production Need

by Graham Warwick (Aviation Week)  … The scale-up challenge is enormous. Barely 0.01% of the 96 billion gal. (364 billion

March 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Haldor Topsoe to Build Large-Scale SOEC Electrolyzer Manufacturing Facility to Meet Customer Needs for Green Hydrogen Production

by Ulrik Frøhlke (Haldor Topsoe) Topsoe will invest in a manufacturing facility producing highly efficient solid oxide electrolyzers (SOEC) with

March 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Energy Firms Bet on Hydrogen Boom, but Payday Far Away

by Ron Bousso, Stephanie Kelly (Reuters) Governments and energy companies are placing large bets on clean hydrogen playing a leading role

March 4, 2021 Read Full Article

LCRI Looks at Hydrogen, Biofuels, Synthetic Fuels: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Low-Carbon Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Hydrogen, ammonia, synthetic hydrocarbon fuels, and biofuels can provide greenhouse gas emissions reduction for difficult-to-decarbonize

March 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Fuels from Thin Air: Prometheus Joins the Chase to Make Captured CO2 into Net Zero Hydrocarbon Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) One more company to focus on in our tour of CO2 usage. It’s another electrofuels play

March 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Shell Wants to Produce Synthetic Kerosene in the Rhineland Refinery

(Shell) Shell would like to manufacture sustainable aviation fuels in the Wesseling section of the Rheinland refinery. To this end,

March 2, 2021 Read Full Article

The Return of Electrofuels: Amazon, Mitsubishi, AP Ventures Invest in Infinium’s Bid to Make Fuels from CO2, Water

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Infinium Electrofuels process converts renewable power into green hydrogen, then uses this green hydrogen and

March 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Transport Ministers Call for Accelerated EU-Wide Deployment and Mandates for Sustainable Aviation Fuels

(GreenAir Online) Eight European transport ministers have called for a harmonised, long-term strategy to decarbonising the air transport sector to include

February 26, 2021 Read Full Article

European Collaboration Projects Plan a Circular Route to Producing Synthetic Aviation Fuels

(GreenAir Online) A recent high-level conference hosted by the Dutch government focused on the potential of synthetic aviation fuels, also

February 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Portugal Sees Green Hydrogen Output by End-2022, $12 Billion in Investment Lined up

by Sergio Goncalves (Reuters)  Portugal will start producing green hydrogen by the end of 2022 and already has private investment

February 26, 2021 Read Full Article

How to Utilise CO2? The Nominees for the Innovation Award “Best CO2 Utilisation 2021” Have the Answers!

(nova-Institute) Carbon capture and utilisation (CCU) is one of the most obvious solutions to further reduce CO2 emissions, but it is

February 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Enel Green Power and Saras Team up to Develop Green Hydrogen

(Enel Group) A memorandum of intent has been signed to develop a project to supply green hydrogen to the Sarroch

February 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Global Spending in Hydrogen Projects to Reach $300bn by 2030

(EnergyMarketPrice.com) Global hydrogen project pipeline will see strong growth in the next ten years as investments in the sector are

February 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Separation Tech for Biobased Products: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Sulzer Chemtech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  What are the latest separation technologies for biobased product applications like biofuels, biochemicals, biopolymers? Dr.

February 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Crushing Ethanol’s CO2 Footprint: Summit Carbon Launches 10MT Carbon Capture & Storage Monster; Green Plains Is in

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Sometimes, as the song says, you gotta bury your troubles, and when your trouble is the

February 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Low Carbon Renewable Hydrogen Tech: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to SBI BioEnergy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Started in 1998 as SBI Fine Chemicals, then in 2009 SBI BioEnergy to commercialize renewable

February 17, 2021 Read Full Article

VTT, Neste et al in Search for E-Fuels Breakthrough

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Finland, a partnership led by VTT and Neste aimed at using sustainable electricity and

February 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Neste’s Veturi Partner Programme to Commercialize E-Fuels

(Neste)  The e-fuel research project related to Neste’s Veturi programme was launched in January 2021. Headed by VTT Technical Research Centre

February 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Arizona Company Uses the Sun and Zero_Point Energy to Reduce the Cost of Making Green Hydrogen from Water

(United Energies Development Corporation/PR Newswire) United Energies Development Corporation, a wholesale industrial retail gas producer and alternative energy company, today announced

February 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Supply, Projects, Policy, Challenges, Trends: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Green Hydrogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Making green hydrogen from water via electrolysis, or from waste — what’s real in the

February 3, 2021 Read Full Article

KLM Renames Corporate Biofuel Program to Highlight Sustainability Aspect

(KLM/Biobased Diesel Daily) KLM has renamed its Corporate BioFuel Programme the KLM Corporate SAF Programme. SAF stands for sustainable aviation fuel.

February 2, 2021 Read Full Article

New Gas for Climate Policy Paper Calls for a Binding Target for 11% Renewable Gas by 2030

(Gas for Climate) Gas for Climate advocates in new policy paper, that by 2030, 11% of all gas consumed in

February 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Hydrogen Is Hot! 584 Hydrogen Fueling Stations in 33 Countries, Ways2H Expansion, Preem, Siemens and More

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … What is making hydrogen so hot right now is the news that hydrogen

February 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Governor Cuomo Announces Hydrogen Fuel Cell Energy Provider Plug Power To Build New Innovation Center in Monroe County

(Office of New York Governor Andrew M. Cuomo)$125 Million Project Will Create Almost 380 New Jobs; Company Will Build State-of-the-Art

January 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Hydrogen Cost, Production, Applications and Implications: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Hydrogen Competitiveness

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Full decarbonisation requires a multidimensional strategy, which has spurred renewed interest in hydrogen and technological

January 25, 2021 Read Full Article

First ‘Hydrogen Valley’ in Italy Is Underway, Will Boost Green Mobility

(Snam/NGV Journal)  FNM, A2A and Snam have signed a memorandum of understanding to provide a further boost to the development of

January 22, 2021 Read Full Article

HYSLAND: Calvera Collaborates in Green Hydrogen Project in Mallorca

(NGV Journal/Gasnam / Calvera) The entry of the Grupo Industrial Calvera into the HYSLAND project, promoted by a consortium made up

January 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Vattenfall and Preem Look into Large-Scale Production of Fossil-Free Hydrogen

(Vattenfall) The collaboration between Vattenfall and Swedish fuel company Preem, aimed at producing fossil-free hydrogen for biofuel production, is entering

January 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Germany Announces Three Green Hydrogen Projects

by Chloe Jardine (Argus Media) Germany’s research ministry today presented three large-scale research projects on green hydrogen, with a focus on the

January 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Total and Engie Partner to Develop France’s Largest Site for the Production of Green Hydrogen from 100% Renewable Electricity

(Total)  Total and Engie have signed a cooperation agreement to design, develop, build and operate the Masshylia project, France’s largest renewable

January 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Iberdrola to Supply Green Hydrogen for Buses in Barcelona in 2021

(Electric Energy Online) TMB has selected the company to build a hydrogen plant on the Zona Franca industrial area, the

January 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Transforming Carbon Dioxide into Jet Fuel Using an Organic Combustion-Synthesized Fe-Mn-K Catalyst

Benzhen Yao, Tiancun Xiao, Ofentse A. Makgae, Xiangyu Jie, Sergio Gonzalez-Cortes, Shaoliang Guan, Angus I. Kirkland, Jonathan R. Dilworth, Hamid

January 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Decarbonizing Hydrogen in the US Power and Industrial Sectors: Identifying and Incentivizing Opportunities to Lower Emissions

by Jay Bartlett and Alan Krupnick (Resources for the Future)  This report examines tax credits that could make hydrogen energy

December 29, 2020 Read Full Article

Biofuels, Plastics Upcycling, Cleaner Hydrogen: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to NextChem

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  NextChem is focused on 3 solutions that all tie in together – cleaner hydrogen, biofuels

December 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Hydrogen Production Is Set to Increase 5000% in Just 5 Years

by Alex Kimani (OilPrice.com) After decades of stagnation and multiple false dawns, the hydrogen economy appears primed for a major takeoff. A growing number

December 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Yara’s Green Ammonia Behemoth: The 500,000 Tonner that Will De-fossilize Agriculture

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Yara announces plans to fully electrify its ammonia plant in Porsgrunn, Norway with the

December 17, 2020 Read Full Article

WEF’s ‘Clean Skies for Tomorrow’ Outlines Pathway to Net-Zero Aviation: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  What is the World Economic Forum doing to help aviation meet net zero goals? First,

December 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Energy Department Announces $33 Million to Advance Hydrogen and Fuel Cell R&D and the H2@Scale Vision DEADLINE January 15, 2021

(U.S. Department of Energy) Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $33 million in funding to support innovative hydrogen and

December 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Enel Green Power and Maire Tecnimont Group’s NextChem Sign MoU for a Green Hydrogen Production Plant in the United States

(Enel Green Power)  The MoU is related to a project for the production of green hydrogen via electrolysis using renewable

December 10, 2020 Read Full Article

The Green Hydrogen Catapult Aims for $2/kg H2 and Needs $110 Billion, If You’ve Any to Spare

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From Europe comes news that major hydrogen project developers including ACWA Power, CWP Renewables, Envision, Iberdrola,

December 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Green Energy Village Plan in North-East Scotland Could Harness Power from Rocks

by Ilona Amos  (The Scotsman)  A pioneering green energy ‘village’ with the capacity to power tens of thousands of homes

December 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Porsche and Siemens Energy, with Partners, Advance Climate-Neutral eFuels Development

(Porsche)  Porsche, Siemens Energy and a lineup of international companies are developing and implementing a pilot project in Chile that

December 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Mixed Renewable Gas Unit: Galician Project Will Now Investigate Creation of Green Hydrogen and Synthetic Gas

(Edar Bens / Naturgy / EnergyLab / NGV Journal) The research project Mixed Renewable Gas Unit, funded by the Galician Innovation

December 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Green Methanol Production in Container Format

(Ruhr University Bochum) Methanol is an important raw material for the chemical industry. So far it has mostly been obtained

November 30, 2020 Read Full Article

MHI to Invest in Green Hydrogen & Green Ammonia in South Australia

(Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd./Electric Energy Online) To Deliver Project Engineering, Hydrogen Gas Turbines and Compressors to Decarbonize Local Industries, Targeting

November 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Research Creates Hydrogen-Producing Living Droplets, Paving Way for Alternative Future Energy Sources

(University of Bristol)  Scientists have built tiny droplet-based microbial factories that produce hydrogen, instead of oxygen, when exposed to daylight

November 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Utilizing CO2, as the Cause of Global Warming, as the Source for Fuel and Energy? Green Science Alliance Confirmed Artificial Photosynthesis with their Original Catalyst

(Green Science Alliance Co./CISION/PR Newswire) … Artificial photosynthesis is one of the innovative technologies to clean up our atmosphere. Just

November 19, 2020 Read Full Article

How to Build a Green Hydrogen Economy for the US West

by Jeff St. John (GreenTechMedia)  The Intermountain and ACES projects may be the start of a regionwide green hydrogen generation

November 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Titan LNG Receives EU Funding for Biogas Bunkering Project

(Bioenergy Insight) Dutch gas supplier Titan LNG has signed a deal to receive European Union funding for its Bio2Bunker biogas

November 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Hydrogen Production to Double by 2030 as the World Advances towards a Sustainable Energy Economy

(Frost & Sullivan/PR Newswire/Investors Hub)  The shift towards hydrogen-based economy arises due to the growing concerns over increasing carbon emissions,

November 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Green Hydrogen Project Combining Tidal Power and Battery Tech Aims for Continuous Production

by Anmar Frangoul (CNBC)  Hydrogen has a diverse range of applications and can be deployed in a range of sectors, including

November 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Orsted and BP Look to Develop Major Renewable Hydrogen Project in Germany

by Anmar Frangoul (CNBC)  The last few years have seen a number of projects connected to green hydrogen take shape.

November 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Sustainable Bioeconomy Vital for Freshwater Resources

(Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research/Phys.Org) In the future, the world may increasingly rely on renewable biomass resources for the provision of

October 23, 2020 Read Full Article

How Waste CO2 Is Helping to Turn Renewable Energy into Liquid Fuel

by Rex Merrifield (Horizon, The EU Research and Innovation Magazine) Storing power generated by strong winds or bright sunshine by

October 15, 2020 Read Full Article

Porsche Researches Synthetic Fuels

(Porsche)  Although synthetic fuels are considered a realistic alternative to make car traffic more climate-friendly, availability is poor. Porsche wants

October 14, 2020 Read Full Article

ANL Releases 2020 Updates to GREET Models

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Argonne National Laboratory’s Systems Assessment Center on Oct. 9 announced the 2020 release of the

October 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Global Fuel Standards Are Pushing the Dirtiest Oil out of the Market

by Michael J. Coren (Quartz) Not all oil is equal. We think of petroleum as equivalent whether it comes from the

October 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Marquard & Bahls to Increase Participation in Nordic Blue Crude

(Marquard & Bahls) Marquard & Bahls and Nordic Blue Crude have entered into an agreement, through which Marquard & Bahls shall

October 13, 2020 Read Full Article

DOE Launches Two Consortia to Advance Hydrogen Technology

by Michael Bates (NGT News) The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has officially launched the Million Mile Fuel Cell Truck (­M2FCT) and

October 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Article in Science: Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell Technology to Unlock the Full Potential of Renewable Power

by Aleksandra Wójcik (Haldor Topsoe)  An article in the esteemed Science magazine suggests that solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) technology

October 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Biofuels Are a Controversial Climate Solution. Could They Still Help Save the Planet?

by Emily Pontecorvo (Grist) Two recent studies add fresh evidence to both sides of an age-old debate.  …  (Lee) Lynd’s study aimed

September 30, 2020 Read Full Article

For a Climate-Friendly Industry: Using Carbon Dioxide and Hydrogen as Raw Materials for Sustainable Chemicals

(Siemens)  Evonik and Siemens Energy put pilot plant into operations; Artificial photosynthesis closes carbon dioxide cycle; The Federal Ministry of

September 23, 2020 Read Full Article

This Hydrogen-Powered Supercar Can Drive 1,000 Miles on a Single Tank

by Peter Valdes-Dapena (CNN Business) Hyperion, a California-based company, has unveiled a hydrogen-powered supercar the company hopes will change the

September 1, 2020 Read Full Article

More than 30,000 articles in our online library!

Use the categories and tags listed below to access the more than 30,000 articles indexed on this website.

Our Sponsors

FREE Subscription! Advanced Biofuels USA events calendar; policy and actions; education newsletters

Donate



Archives

Categories

Tags

2nd generation biofuels 3-D 3D printing 3rd generation biofuels 4-H 4th generation fuels 7% solution 45Q 81 Octane 84 octane 85 octane 87 octane 88 octane 89 octane 90 octane 91 octane 92 octane 93 octane 94 octane 95 octane 96 octane 98 octane 100 octane 103 octane 105 octane 108 octane 109 octane 110 octane 113 octane 119 octane 2016 US House and Senate Campaigns 2016 US Presidential Campaign 2018 US Senate and House Campaigns Other Election Activities 2020 Election 2022 2022 US Senate and House Campaign 9003 Program a A20 (20% methanol/bioethanol) Abu Dhabi acacia acetate acetic acid acetone acid acid hydrolysis adaptive evolution additional carbon additionality adequate/inadequate domestic supply Administrative Procedure Act advanced advanced biofuel prices Advanced biofuels advanced biofuels production advanced ethanol advanced ethanol tax credit advertising campaign aerobic digestion aerosols Affordable Clean Energy Program (ACE) afforestation Afghanistan Africa AGARDA (Agriculture Advanced Research and Development Authority) agave aggregation agr Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) agricultural economics Agricultural Policy Agricultural waste/residue Agriculture agroforestry agrofuels agronomy Aircraft engine emissions Air Force air pollution control Air Pollution Policy airports air quality Alabama Alaska Albania albedo Alberta albizia alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) alcohol fuel cells alcohol fuels alfalfa algae algae contamination algae cultivation algae extraction algae harvesting algae parity algae separation algal biofuels Algeria Algiers alkanes alkenes alkylate alligator fat almond almond hulls shells alternative energy vehicles alternative fuels Alternative Fuels Credit alternative fuels excise tax credit Alternative Fuels Tax Credit (AFTC) aluminum Amazon American Indian Tribes American Le Mans Series (ALMS) ammonia ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) amylose anaerobic digestate anaerobic digester/digestion Angola anhydrous ethanol animal bedding animal fat animal feed animal waste Antactica Antarctica antibiotics antitrust Appropriations APR (Aqueous Phase Reforming) aquaculture aquatic organisms Arabidopsis arabinose ARCA Archaea Architecture Arctic Argentian Argentina Arizona Arkansas Armenia Army Corps of Engineers aromatics aromatics price ARPA-C ARPA-E ARPA-Terra artificial intelligence Aruba Asia asphalt/bitumen ASTM ASTM 6866 ASTM D396 ASTM D975 ASTM D1655 ASTM D2880 ASTM D4054 ASTM D4806 Denatured fuel ethanol ASTM D4814 ASTM D5798 ASTM D6751 ASTM D7467 (B6-B20) ASTM D7544 ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) ASTM D7862 ASTM D7875 ASTM D7901 (DME-Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Purposes) ASTM D8076 ASTM D8181 ASTM E3146 ASTM standards ASTM WK55232 (D02) ASTM WK63392 ATJ-SPK (Alcohol to Jet Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene) Atlantic Canada atmosphere Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Australia Australian pine Austria Auto manufacturer automotive aviation aviation fuel (SAF) benefits aviation fuel (SAF) price aviation fuel (SAF) production aviation fuel (SAF) pumps/delivery aviation fuel (SAF) terminal Aviation Fuel/Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Aviation Gasoline/AvGas avocado awards/recognition Azerbaijan. b B0 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B10 B11 B12 B12.5 B13 B14 B15 B20 B25 B30 B33 B35 B40 B50 B70 B75 B80 B98 B99 B100 Babados nut tree babassu bacteria bagasse Bahamas Bahrain bamboo banana banana stems Bangladesh bankruptcy Barbados barge barley barley fiber barley protein barley straw Basque batteries Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) bauxite beauty leaf tree beaver beer bees Belarus Belgium Belize Benin benzene Bermuda Bhutan big bluestem big data Big Food Big Oil/Oil Majors billion ton study bio bio-based diesel benefits bio-based economy bio-LNG (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG Pumps (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG terminal bio-natural gas bio-NGV (natural gas for vehicles) bio-oil/pyrolysis oil bio-SPK (bio derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene) biobased Biobased Markets Program biobased materials Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program biochar biochemical conversion BioChemicals/Renewable Chemicals bioconversion Biocrude/Green Crude/SynCrude biodegradable biodiesel biodiesel blend wall biodiesel EN 14214 Biodiesel Fuel Education Program biodiesel prices biodiesel production biodiesel pumps biodiesel quality biodiesel standards biodiesel tax credit biodiesel technologies biodiesel terminal biodiversity bioeconomy bioelectricity bioenergy Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) biofoundry Biofuel biofuel consumption Biofuel Crops biofuel distribution Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) biofuel producer tax credit biofuel production Biofuels Directive biofuels education biofuel tax credit Biogas Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline pumps biogenic carbon biogenic emissions Bioheat biohydrocarbons biohydrogen BioIsoprene Bio LPG biomass Biomass Carbon Removal and Storage (BiCRS) Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) biomass hydrolysis biomass recalcitrance Biomass Research and Development initiative (BRDI) biomass sorghum Biomass to Liquid (BTL) biomass transportation biomaterials bioplastics biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropene bioprospecting BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance 9003 BioRenewable-1 (BR-1) BioSNG Biotechnology birch bitter orange black carbon black grease black liquor black locust blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock Blend wall blockchain blue carbon boat fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water Brassica Brazil breweries British Columbia broker brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses Business/General Aviation Business and Industry Program (B&I) business law business resources butadiene Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butanol emissions butyl acetate c C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap-and-invest cap-and-trade carbohydrates carbon carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon cred carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon tax carbon tax-and-dividend Carbon tax border adjustments carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose Cellulosic/Biomass Hydrogen cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot coco cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel Cook Islands cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diesel with renewables diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E75 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour Education Series 3030 EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene ethyl levulinate (EL) ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferr ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleet turnover fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawai'i hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Bio- Renewable Fuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New York Michigan New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) offtake agreements Ohio oil oil/gas terminals oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyethylene polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD10 RD20 RD30 RD80 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) subsid succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics Thermal catalytic depolymerization (TCD) thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Fuels Policy; carbon removal Transportation Policy travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale truck trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers Vulcanol w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment wax weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsi Wisconsin Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Yukon Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc

Notice

donate nowWe are not accepting donations from people or companies in Florida due to unfair reporting requirements and fees not imposed by any other state.