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Agriculture/Food Processing Residues nonfield crop

Feedstocks and a Growing Biodiesel, Renewable Diesel Industry

by Aimie Simpson (Brownfield Ag News) U.S. farmers are ready to meet demand for feedstocks in a growing biodiesel and renewable diesel industry.   East Central Iowa farmer David Walton, a Clean Fuels Alliance America governing board member, says the industry is poised to see rapid growth in the next 10 years

January 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Lawmaker Proposes Raising EU Green Jet Fuel Target to 100% by 2050

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com) A draft European Parliament report calls for greater ambition in the EU’s proposed green jet fuel law, including a higher percentage of mandatory sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) for planes refuelling in the bloc. The draft, seen by EURACTIV, puts forward amendments that would raise the percentage

January 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Swedavia Continues Work to Phase out Fossil Fuels through new HVO 100 incentive for companies operating at its airports

(Swedavia) To encourage companies and other organisations operating at Swedavia’s airports to become fossil-free and start refuelling with HVO, fossil-free diesel, on January 1 Swedavia introduced a special HVO 100 incentive at Stockholm Arlanda Airport and Göteborg Landvetter Airport. The goal is now for all ground operations at every Swedavia airport to

January 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Biofuels Market Dynamics 2022 and Beyond: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to IHS Markit’s Outlook

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Last week,we were surrounded by a Ministry of All the Talents, as you might say, experts from the holy of holies, IHS Markit, yes, Dan Yergin’s fabled firm. Want to find out what was covered with Christoph Berg, Stephan Li and Kevin Lindemer? From biofuels

January 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Animal, Vegetable or Mineral (Oil)? Exploring the Potential Impacts of New Renewable Diesel Capacity on Oil and Fat Markets in the United States

by Chris Malins and Cato Sandford (International Council on Clean Transportation)  This report provides an overview of the U.S. renewable diesel market and explores the potential market and environmental impacts of increased renewable diesel capacity. The United States currently supports renewable diesel supply through the federal Renewable Fuel Standard, a biomass-based

January 19, 2022 Read Full Article

Argus Launches Biomethane Guarantee of Origin Price Assessments

(Bioenergy Insight) Global energy and commodity intelligence company Argus has launched biomethane guarantee of origin price assessments. Biomethane can be used as an alternative or as a supplement to natural gas in industry, transport and heating. The new Argus Renewable Gas Guarantee of Origin (RGGO) prices cover biomethane from two

January 18, 2022 Read Full Article

The European Waste-based & Advanced Biofuels Supply Chain

(European Waste-based & Advanced Biofuels Association/EurActiv) EWABA represents the interests of the European waste-based and advanced biodiesel supply chain. Our 35+ members are producers of biodiesel from used cooking oil, animal fats and other advanced waste feedstocks, waste collectors and technology providers. The waste-based and advanced biodiesel supply chain is as complex

January 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Advanced Feedstocks Represent a Generational Opportunity – Here’s How to Take It

by Mikala Grubb  (Haldor Topsoe)  The global transition to sustainably produced fuels offers refiners, biorefiners, and investors a once-in-a-generation-sized opportunity. The key to taking it will be advanced feedstocks, as detailed in this column which uncovers how to make the most of the enormous potential. … Add to this the

January 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Indaba Renewable Fuels to Produce 6,500 Barrels per Day SAF in 2 Locations Using Haldor Topsoe Tech

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) News just in that Indaba Renewable Fuels will build two greenfield refineries in California and Missouri to produce Sustainable Aviation Fuel utilizing Topsoe’s HydroFlex technology. The facilities are expected to begin production of SAF in 2024 with the capacity of the plants expected to be 6500

January 17, 2022 Read Full Article

WasteFuel Announces WasteFuel Marine, a Green Shipping Fuel Solution

(WasteFuel) WasteFuel, a developer of low-carbon biofuels, announced today the launch of WasteFuel Marine, a renewable fuel solution for the shipping sector. WasteFuel Marine’s initial product will be bio-methanol for container ships. WasteFuel aims for its marine fuels to reduce CO2 emissions by 95% and Nitrogen Oxide emissions by up to

January 14, 2022 Read Full Article

Opinion: Clean Fuel Production Is Growing Sustainably

by Donnell Rehagen (National Biodiesel Board/Clean Fuels Alliance America/Agri/Pulse) America’s demand for cleaner, better fuels is growing. Washington state recently joined Oregon and California in launching a clean fuels program. New York, Connecticut and Rhode Island have adopted requirements for Bioheat® fuel in heating oil. Airlines around the world are committing

January 13, 2022 Read Full Article

Pre-treatment for the Production of Renewable Diesel

(Biofuels International) Desmet Ballestra Group expertise lies in the oils and fats industry and this has helped it play an important rose in the biofuels market. … Desmet Ballestra Group was founded in 1946. We are a technology provider mainly focussing on all processes related to vegetable oil production and

January 10, 2022 Read Full Article

ExxonMobil and Neste to Supply Sustainable Aviation Fuel in France

(ExxonMobil)Aviation fuel supplier ExxonMobil and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) producer Neste announce plans for commercial-scale distribution of Neste MY Sustainable Aviation Fuel™ at the largest airports in France. This important step is taken in preparation of the 1% SAF mandate introduced by the French government and effective on Jan 1,

January 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Charting a Course toward Cleaner Shipping

by Christina Nunez  (Industry Today) Research suggests that swapping heavy fuel with fuel made from wood waste, waste fats, oils and greases could cut planet-warming emissions. … Using batteries instead of heavy fuel oil to propel gigantic cargo ships, which annually move more than 10 billion tons of goods, isn’t yet

January 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Megatrends in Sustainability Under the Microscope: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Nexant

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Find out what Steven Slome from Nexant thinks is hot in biofuels, biochemicals and sustainability in this illuminating slide guide from ABLC 2021. From a shift in green priorities, to areas of key growth in biofuels and biochemicals, this is one you won’t want to

January 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Airlines Have a Recipe to Reach Zero Emissions by 2050. The Key Ingredient: Cooking Oil

by Hugo Martin (Los Angeles Times/Aviation Pros) … In a first, one of the two engines on the 737 Max 8 was powered exclusively by fuel made from used cooking oil and rendered waste fat from beef, pork and chicken. Refined at a Southern California plant, the fuel produces about 80%

January 5, 2022 Read Full Article

Biodiesel vs Electric Vehicles (Optimus Technologies founder Colin Huwyler)

(Aaron Watson Business & Investing)  Colin Huwyler is the CEO of Optimus Technologies, a firm that designs and builds EPA compliant biodiesel conversion systems (“Vector Systems”) with integrated telematics to allow medium and heavy-duty diesel engines to operate on up to 100% biodiesel in temperatures to -20F. Colin founded the company

January 3, 2022 Read Full Article

JBEI’s Aviation Program: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Joint BioEnergy Institute

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  6 DOE National Labs and 6 Universities are partners with the Joint BioEnergy Institute to help transform the maximum amount of carbon available in bioenergy crops into biofuels and bioproducts. From the importance of jet fuels, the JBEI Aviation Program, the latest on SAF molecules,

January 3, 2022 Read Full Article

Top 10 Predictions for the Advanced Bioeconomy in 2022

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A mere “The Year in Rewind” as we sail into 2022? Not the good ship Digest! Instead, we dust off our crystal ball and offer our predictions for the year ahead. As the sunset of 2021 gives way to the dawn of 2022, once again roll

January 3, 2022 Read Full Article

Don’t Pitch Those Peels, Recycle Them: California’s New Food-Waste Law

by Francine Kiefer (Christian Science Monitor)  …  beginning Jan. 1, (California) is requiring every city and county to have a program to collect organic waste … and turn it into compost, biofuel, or energy. Several states, and even a few countries, such as France, have some type of law to

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

SAF Taking Off in 2022: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to ICF’s SAF

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As you wait for the clock countdown to 2022 today, check out this slide guide from Mike McCurdy, Managing Director of Fuels & Power at ICF on how sustainable aviation fuels are taking off in the near term with the latest projected figures for 2022

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewables 2021: Analysis and Forecast to 2026

(International Energy Agency) Renewables 2021 is the IEA’s primary analysis on the sector, based on current policies and market developments. It forecasts the deployment of renewable energy technologies in electricity, transport and heat to 2026 while also exploring key challenges to the industry and identifying barriers to faster growth. Renewables

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuels Policies and Market in Norway

by Odd Jarle Skjelhaugen, Mats Nordum,  Einar Svein, Jarle Horn and Duncan Akporiaye (Norwegian University of Life Sciences/Norwegian Environment Agency/Drivkraft Norge/Norwegian University of Life Sciences/SINTEF)  • Driven by its national climate policy, Norway introduced biofuels blend-in mandates for road transport in 2009. The blend-in rates started low and increased year

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Progress in Commercialization of Biojet /Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF): Technologies, Potential and Challenges

by Susan van Dyk and Jack Saddler (IEA Bioenergy Task 39) Biojet/ Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) must play a major role if the aviation sector is to significantly reduce its carbon footprint. To meet its carbon reduction targets, large volumes of biojet fuel will be required (likely more than 100

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Petrobras and Vibra Test Diesel with Renewable Content on Bus Lines in Curitiba

(Petrobras) Petrobras and Vibra will begin, in January, tests with the new Diesel R5 (with 5% renewable content), produced at the Getúlio Vargas Refinery (Repar). Three bus lines operated by Auto Viação Redentor, in Curitiba, Paraná, will run on the new fuel for the next six months. During the period, around 120

December 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Top 10 Slide Guides of 2021

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) As we wrap up 2021 this week, The Digest brings you the hottest Top 10 slide guides from this past year – with key themes like carbon upcycling, ethanol to hydrogen, renewable diesel and jet fuel, enzyme tech and microbes. So what did you click

December 30, 2021 Read Full Article

USDA Secretary Vilsack Meets with GE Aviation on Sustainable Aviation Fuel to Reduce CO2

by Jay Stowe (GE Aviation/Biobased Diesel Daily) After leading USDA Secretary Tom Vilsack on a tour of the engine development assembly facility at GE Aviation’s headquarters in Evendale, Ohio, in early December, chief engineer Chris Lorence posed a rhetorical question to the reporters assembled for a news conference: “What does the

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuel: Decoupling Carbon from Commercial Flight Fact Sheet

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) empowers energy companies and aviation stakeholders by supporting advances in research, development, and demonstration to overcome barriers for widespread deployment of low-carbon sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). SAF made from renewable biomass and waste resources have the potential to deliver the performance of

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Irving Based Biofuel Producer Announces Mega Merger

(WBAP) A mega merger announced for an Irving based company. A billion dollar merger is in the works for Darling Ingredients that would enable the company to produce bio-friendly hydrocarbon fuel.  Darling CEO Randy Stuewe announced plans for agri-foods reprocessing firm Darling to purchase Valley Proteins of Virginia for $1.1 billion.

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

NY to Require Biodiesel Blending with Heating Oil in 2022

by Laura Sanicola (Long Island Press/Reuters)  New York will become the largest state to enact a biodiesel blending requirement for heating oil, according to legislation passed in the state on Wednesday night. Petroleum-based heating oil sold in the state beginning in July 2022 will need to be mixed with increasing amounts

December 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Australia to Raise Biofuels Consumption: USDA

(Argus Media) Australia’s federal government will implement new fuel standards for gasoline from 1 January 2022, which may significantly raise the ethanol blend rate in the country and boost demand for imports. Under the new fuel quality standard, Australia aims to reduce maximum aromatics content in the gasoline pool to 35pc

December 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Meeting SAF Demand with Commercial Tech: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Honeywell UOP

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) How can we meet sustainable aviation fuel demand? Check out this ABLC 2021 slide guide from Syed Ali from UOP Renewable Fuels on all their available drop-in renewable fuels, current plants operating using their tech for renewable diesel and jet fuel, their first commercial SAF

December 22, 2021 Read Full Article

VW Officially Approves Using Paraffinic Fuels in Latest-Generation Diesel Engines

(Volkswagen/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Volkswagen plans to reduce the carbon footprint of its fleet in Europe by 40 percent by the year 2030. The company is therefore increasingly focusing on fully and partially electric vehicles. As a further alternative, Volkswagen is now officially approving models with the latest-generation 4-cylinder diesel engines

December 21, 2021 Read Full Article

White House Science Advisor Visits Diamond Green Diesel

(Darling Ingredients, Inc./Biobased Diesel Daily) Darling Ingredients Inc. announced Dec. 16 that it hosted Eric S. Lander, President Biden’s science advisor and director of the White House Office of Science and Technology, at its joint-venture renewable diesel facility, Diamond Green Diesel, in Norco, Louisiana. The goal of Lander’s visit was to

December 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Malaysia Airlines Flies the First Flight in Malaysia Using Sustainable Aviation Fuel – PETRONAS and Neste Collaborate with the Airline to Mark a Major Milestone in Malaysia’s Aviation Industry

(Neste) Malaysia Airlines, the national carrier of Malaysia, today operated its inaugural flight using sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) in partnership with PETRONAS Dagangan Berhad (PDB) and Neste. The flight marks Malaysia Airlines’ commitment to make SAF the cleaner and more viable energy option for regular flights by 2025. The historic flight

December 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuel Usage Expected to Stay Strong

by Martha Blum (AgriNews) … “I’m very confident biofuels will play an important role in our global energy future, but I expect it to be a bumpy ride,” said Scott Irwin, Laurence J. Norton Chair of Agricultural Marketing in the Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics at the University of Illinois.

December 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Bioheat Fuel: The Key to Gaining and Maintaining Market Share

by Charlie Uglietto (Cubby Oil & Energy/Mechanical Hub)  … There are better alternatives than electrification, and the best option we have available right now, at least for homes with an existing oil boiler, is Bioheat® fuel. Bioheat is a liquid fuel oil alternative that’s 100% renewable and available right now.

December 17, 2021 Read Full Article

UK Trade Remedies Authority Proposes Trade Measures for Biodiesel Public Comment DEADLINE: January 14, 2022

(UK Government Trade Remedies Authority) The UK TRA has proposed that existing measures on imports of FAME biodiesel are kept, but that measures on imports of HVO biodiesel are removed.  — In its initial findings, the UK’s Trade Remedies Authority (TRA) has today (15 December 2021) proposed that existing measures on imports of

December 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Sinclair Selects ARA’s HCU Pretreat for Renewable Diesel Project at its Sinclair, Wyoming Refinery

(Applied Research Associates/Globe Newswire)  Applied Research Associates, Inc. (ARA) today announced the licensing of its patented Hydrothermal Cleanup feedstock pretreatment technology (“HCU Pretreat”) to Sinclair Wyoming Refining Company (Sinclair) for the development of a 7,500 BPD renewable feedstock pretreatment unit at Sinclair’s renewable diesel refinery in Sinclair, Wyoming.  Sinclair, a leader

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Chicago Area Clean Cities Recognizes Sustainable Transportation Leaders

by Ariana Fine (NGT News) Chicago Area Clean Cities Coalition (CACC) has named its 2021 Leadership Award winners. The awards are given annually to organizations and individuals that take actions to locally reduce vehicle emissions and improve air quality. This year’s awardees include Rivian, Ozinga, Cook-Illinois Corp., Trillium and B20 Club. Dr.

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

ESG Clean Energy Signs Letter of Intent with Ethatec GmbH to Use Carbon-Free Power Generation for Ethanol Production

(ESG Clean Energy) ESG Clean Energy, LLC, developers of net zero, distributed power generation and clean energy manufacturing solutions, announced today it has signed a letter of intent (LOI) with Ethatec GmbH for the use of ESG’s patented CO2-free power generation technology to power its production of ethanol. Under the LOI,

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Is There Enough Lipid Feedstock for Biofuel?: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to LMC Lipid Feedstocks Outlook

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Advanced Biofuels Association commissioned LMC International to forecast the outlook for supply of lipid feedstocks to determine their ability to meet the ABFA’s goal of reaching 21 billion gallons of biomass-based diesel (BBD) by 2040 and 9 billion gallons of BBD by 2030. So

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

USDA Sees Little Renewable Diesel Benefit for Soybean Oil

by Sean Pratt (Western Producer) Analysts generally concur that the burgeoning renewable diesel industry will result in exploding demand for soybean oil through 2030. But there is one notable exception. The United States Department of Agriculture is forecasting static soybean oil demand from the renewable fuel sector after 2022, at about 12 billion

December 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Titan, Attero, and Nordsol Awarded €4.3M in Funding for a Bio-LNG Production Plant

(Titan LNG)  The FirstBio2Shipping project will help decarbonize maritime transport through scalable and decentralized production of bio-LNG  —  The FirstBio2Shipping project, set to be completed in 2023, will achieve a decentralized production of bio-LNG designated for use in the maritime industry. The plant, located at the Attero facility in Wilp,

December 13, 2021 Read Full Article

CHS : Growing a Renewable Diesel Revolution

(Market Screener) As the United States focuses on tackling climate change, the energy market is seen as a key part of the solution. While federal policy and funding is focused on electric vehicles, a quieter potential answer is emerging: the growing adoption of renewable fuels. While renewable fuels including biodiesel and

December 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Eagle Bulk Shipping Partners with Sustainability Pioneer GoodFuels to Take on First Biofuels

(Hellenic Shipping News)  Eagle Bulk Shipping, one of the world’s largest owner-operators within the Supramax and Ultramax dry bulk segment, has successfully completed a fossil-free voyage in partnership with GoodFuels, the leading biofuels pioneer for the global transport industry. As part of Eagle Bulk Shipping’s ambitions to improve the environmental performance

December 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Climate Bill Rekindles Debate over Biodiesel Tax Breaks

by Marc Heller (E&E News) Thirteen years ago, Congress decided a tax credit for companies that blend biodiesel shouldn’t go to refineries that put just a drop of the alternative fuel’s main ingredient — crops, animal fat and other organic material — into petroleum. The idea, lawmakers said, was to use

December 8, 2021 Read Full Article

CleanBay Renewables Secures Investment from AVG Group Sarl

(CleanBay Renewables/Biomass Magazine)  CleanBay Renewables Inc. on Dec. 6 announced it has secured investment from AVG Group Sarl, a Luxembourg based asset manager with a focus on energy transition technology and green alternatives to fossil fuels. AVG’s investment will help fund CleanBay’s development portfolio of bioconversion facilities across the U.S.,

December 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Sherdar Australia Bio Refinery Announces Plans to Develop Australia’s First-Ever Renewable Diesel Processing and Storage Facility

(MacauBusiness.com) The facility will produce renewable fuels with lower carbon emissions than conventional fossil fuels by utilising local feedstock.–  Sherdar Australia Bio Refinery Pty Ltd, an Australian-based company, today announced plans to develop a renewable diesel processing and storage facility in the country. When in full operation, the facility aims to

December 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewable Diesel and Jet Fuel: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Haldor Topsoe

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Check out two case stories about sustainable aviation fuel – one renewable diesel and one renewable jet fuel with no diesel – from Haldor Topsoe. How Topsoe’s HydroFlex tech can help produce sustainable aviation fuel, the latest on their H2Bridge tech integrating hydrogen and hydrotreating

December 7, 2021 Read Full Article

GEFCO France and Gardien Transports Test Biodiesel Fuel in Car Transporters

(GEFCO) In November, GEFCO France and Gardien Transports started testing synthetic biodiesel made from waste oil and fat as an alternative fuel for two car transporters distributing new vehicles in the Hauts-de-France region of northern France. This one-year project supports GEFCO France’s efforts to reduce carbon emissions from its finished vehicles

December 3, 2021 Read Full Article

CMA CGM, Shell Perform First Bio-LNG Bunkering in Rotterdam

by Surabhi Sahu, Piers De Wilde and Britt Russell-Webster (S&P Global) Containerships Aurora receives 44 cu m of Bio-LNG; Bio-LNG reduces GHG emissions by at least 67% on well-to-wake basis; LNG’s share in global bunker fuel mix to rise to 16% in 2030: Platts Analytics  — Global shipping company CMA CGM and energy

December 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Pratt & Whitney and Embraer Partner on 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuel Flight Demonstration Program

(Pratt & Whitney/Public Now) Pratt & Whitney today announced that it has signed a memorandum of understanding with Embraer to collaborate on studies of 100% sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). Technical teams from the two companies will engage to define an integrated ground and flight test plan for 100% SAF in

December 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Indian Bio-Jet Fuel Technology Receives Formal Military Certification

(India Ministry of Science and Technology)  CSIR-IIP Dehradun’s home-grown technology to produce bio-jet fuel has been formally approved for use on military aircraft of the Indian Air Force (IAF). The provisional clearance (PC) certificate was handed over by Shri R. Kamalakannan, Group Director (AT&FOL), Centre for Military Airworthiness and Certification (CEMILAC)

November 30, 2021 Read Full Article

State of Advanced Biofuels & Biorefining

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  Check out remarks from Jim Lane, Editor & Publisher of The Digest on rationale, forecast, the top news and storylines, feedstocks, genetics, crops, supply chain and more on the state of advanced biofuels and biorefining in this exclusive Digest-only State of the Industry.  READ

November 30, 2021 Read Full Article

New Report Highlights Biomethane Ramp-up and Best Pathways for Full Renewable Gas Deployment

(European Biogas Association)  By 2050, 30 to 40 % of Europe’s total gas consumption could be made up of sustainable biomethane, according to the 11th edition of the Statistical Report launched today by the European Biogas Association. The report provides an in-depth analysis on the state of the art and the

November 29, 2021 Read Full Article

ABFC Releases Annual ‘Biofuels in Canada’ 2021 Report with Expanded Scope, 2020 Data

(Advanced Biofuels Canada) Advanced Biofuels Canada (ABFC) announced the release of the Biofuels in Canada 2021 (BIC) report, with full open-source access to Canadian market data for renewable, low-carbon, and conventional fuels. This report is fifth in a series commissioned annually by Advanced Biofuels Canada and independently authored by Navius

November 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Biodiesel, Renewable Diesel Producers Prepare for Thanksgiving

(Biodiesel Magazine/National Biodiesel Board) This Thanksgiving, many biodiesel producers are prepping for the holiday surge in used cooking oil. National Biodiesel Board members — such as Newport Biodiesel in Rhode Island, New Leaf Biofuel in San Diego and American GreenFuels in Connecticut — harvest and recycle used cooking oil into biodiesel

November 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Investment in Shell Energy and Chemicals Park Singapore to Bring Circular Chemicals to Asia Pacific Customers

(Shell)  Shell Eastern Petroleum (Pte) Ltd (Shell) today announced a new investment that supports the growth of the plastic waste to chemicals industry in the region. —  Shell will build a new pyrolysis oil upgrader unit that improves the quality of pyrolysis oil, a liquid made from hard-to-recycle plastic waste that

November 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Glomar Offshore to Supply All of Its North Sea Operated Vessels with HVO20 and ChangeXL, 20% Renewable Diesel

(Biofuels Central) Glomar Offshore to supply all of its North Sea operated vessels with HVO20 and ChangeXL, 20% renewable diesel.  Glomar Offshore has signed a deal to supply all our North Sea operated vessels with HVO20 and ChangeXL (HVO20 MET CHANGEXL), via our long standing fuel provided Gulf Bunkering. HVO20 is a

November 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Bolivia Projects Renewable Diesel Production from Non-Consumer Oils

(ABI/Bolivia.com (Google Translation))  The Hydrocarbons Ministry plans to implement biodiesel and renewable diesel projects using oils not suitable for human consumption. The Ministry of Hydrocarbons and Energies (MHE) plans to implement the Diesel Oil Import Substitution Program through the Biodiesel (FAME) and Renewable Diesel (HVO) projects , for which it develops

November 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Iowa Company REG Is Helping Others Meet Sustainability Goals with Its Biofuel Innovations

(Renewable Energy Group/Ag Funder News) As companies and organizations around the world look to reduce their environmental footprint and meet sustainability goals, a growing number are leveraging custom-made renewable fuel solutions from Iowa-based companies. Renewable Energy Group (REG) in Ames, Iowa, is one such company providing innovative solutions to government and industry. It

November 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Airlines Want to Make Flight More Sustainable. How Will They Do It?

by Leigh Krietsch Boerner (Chemical & Engineering News)  Air travel produces millions of metric tons of carbon dioxide each year. New technologies could help airlines reduce their emissions and meet their sustainability goals — …  Airlines are trying to reduce their emissions in several ways. Probably the most common is

November 18, 2021 Read Full Article

HVO: Public Bodies Launch Biofuel Transport and Home Heating Trials

(The Irish Times) Around two-thirds of households in the north rely on kerosene to heat their homes. Some industry insiders have mooted HVO as a potential green energy replacement.  HVO advocates say the biofuel could replace kerosene and diesel at relatively low cost, cutting emissions by up to 90 per

November 17, 2021 Read Full Article

To What Extent Can Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) Mitigate the Environmental Impact of Flying?

by Mike McCurdy and Angus Reid-Kay (ICF)  … Since SAF is operationally identical and certified as “Jet-A1” fuel, no changes are required in aircraft or engine fuel systems, distribution infrastructure, or storage facilities. That allows SAF use as an interim—and long-term—solution to decarbonizing the aviation industry, while electric and clean hydrogen powertrains

November 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Alba Soler, Dr. Calliope Panoutsou and Dr. Kyriakos Maniatis on “Sustainable Biomass Availability in the EU to 2050”

by Tammy Klein (Transport Energy Strategies)  For this video podcast, I spoke with Alba Soler Estrella, Science Associate Low-Carbon Pathways, at Concawe, the European refining industry’s scientific and technical body, Dr. Calliope Panoutsou of the Imperial College London Consultants and Dr. Kyriakos Maniatis, recently retired from the European Commission, DG Energy about “Sustainable Biomass Availability

November 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuels, the World’s Energy Past and Future

by Mario Osava (Inter Press Service)  The biofuel from this mini biogas power plant in the municipality of Entre Rios do Oeste, in the southern Brazilian state of Paraná, is supplied by local pig farmers, who earn extra income while the municipality saves on energy costs for its facilities and

November 11, 2021 Read Full Article

First A319neo Flight with 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Airbus) Airbus, Dassault Aviation, ONERA, the French Ministry of Transports and Safran have launched the first in-flight study of a single-aisle aircraft running on unblended sustainable aviation fuel (SAF).  During the flight test over the Toulouse region on 28 October, one CFM LEAP-1A engine of an Airbus A319neo test aircraft operated

November 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Want to End Flying Shame? Meet Sustainable Jet Fuel

by Jack Wittels (Bloomberg Green)  …Last year, even with Covid-19 travel restrictions, more than 1.5 billion barrels of aviation fuel were burned, a figure set to more than triple by 2050 as more people take to the skies. Today, that fuel is almost exclusively petroleum-based, but the airline industry is backing a potential

November 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Transport Pioneers Unite around Landmark Carbon-Neutral Bunkering, Cutting 4000 Tonnes of CO2 Using Marine Biofuel

by Emily Dove (GoodShipping) A ground-breaking partnership between 18 companies from around the world join GoodShipping for landmark carbon-neutral bunkering to reduce 4,000 tonnes of CO2 on several ship journeys between Rotterdam and the United Kingdom. As the COP26 climate summit today holds discussions specifically focused on transport, sustainable cargo

November 10, 2021 Read Full Article

EU’s Strict Green Criteria for Biofuels Will Hinder Supply, MEPs Warn

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com) The EU’s “restrictive” approach to biofuels sustainability criteria will harm producers’ ability to meet increased demand for green fuels coming from the transport sector, says Henna Virkkunen, a Finnish lawmaker in the European Parliament. Speaking at a policy roundtable last week, Virkkunen criticised the European Commission’s

November 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Counting the Cost of Shifting to Renewables

(Biofuels International)  In recent years, renewable technologies have reached technical readiness, providing commercially viable solutions for the energy transition – some backed by over 15 years of research and development. But as legislation and technology for low-carbon energy industries converge, a new emerging market has been created – the renewable

November 9, 2021 Read Full Article

TEPSA Tarragona Gains Authorisation for Biofuel Imports

(Biofuels International) TEPSA Tarragona has been given the green light to import animal by-products for the production of biofuels. Spain’s Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food has authorised the importation of these products into the Port of Tarragona. The authorisation allows TEPSA to import liquid animal by-products from outside the

November 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Greasezilla® Deploys FOG Separation System Designed for Exterior Placement

(Greasezilla) Greasezilla’s® industry leading FOG (fats, oils & grease) separation technology is now available in a self-contained, fully-enclosed configuration adaptable to most locations  — Downey Ridge Environmental Company, developer of Greasezilla® FOG separation and processing  systems, announces the release of a new enclosed modular system produced for sites that require or desire exterior

November 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Premiere: Covestro at the China International Import Expo (CIIE) in Shanghai — Pioneering Work for the Circular Economy and a Climate-Neutral Future

(Covestro) Broad portfolio of technologies, products and solutions —  Covestro is experiencing a premiere this year: the company will be represented for the first time at the China International Import Expo (CIIE), an important national import fair for China in Shanghai. Under the motto “Pioneering a Circular Economy for a Climate-Neutral

November 8, 2021 Read Full Article

BDI Celebrates 25 Years of Innovation in Biodiesel—and Much More

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) Twenty-five years ago, on Sept. 12, 1996, Wilhelm Hammer and Helmut Gössler founded BDI-Anlagenbau GmbH, launching the beginning of an impressive corporate history that changed the global biodiesel landscape with its “from waste to value” concept. Today, BDI Holding GmbH operates a financially strong holding

November 2, 2021 Read Full Article

TriMet Drives Oregon’s Transportation Industry toward a Cleaner Air Future with Shift to Renewable Diesel

by Roberta Altstadt (TriMet News) Oregon’s largest consumer of diesel to cut carbon footprint by more than half in less than a year’s time  — On Wednesday, Oct. 27, 2021, TriMet’s Board of Directors unanimously supported TriMet’s latest step to reduce our carbon footprint—shifting to renewable diesel to power our diesel fixed-route

November 2, 2021 Read Full Article

A Digest Exclusive Q&A with Bryan Stonehouse, Head of Aviation Sustainability & Risk, Shell Aviation

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) From SAF size and scale, Shell’s plans for scaling up, fuel use and blends and more, check out this Digest exclusive Q&A with Bryan Stonehouse, Head of Aviation Sustainability & Risk at Shell Aviation. … Shell recently announced its ambition to produce around 2 million

November 2, 2021 Read Full Article

The Advanced Bioeconomy State of the Industry 2021: As Seen at ABLC

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ABLC 2021 has come and gone with its theme of ““building a bridge to Net Zero” and 560 delegates from 300 organizations grappling with the immense opportunities and supply chain challenges posed by the world’s rapid turn towards charting a path toward a post-fossil society. We

November 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Tight Feedstock Market, RIN and LCFS Prices: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Neste’s Q3

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Strong performance amid higher energy prices, renewable products with high sales volumes and a healthy margin, and some lower volumes overall due to the scheduled Porvoo turnaround and Naantali shutdown – Peter Vanacker, Neste’s President and CEO shared the latest news and Q4 outlook that

November 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Eni Begins SAF Production at Taranto Site

(Biofuels International)  Eni has launched the production of alternative sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) that will significantly contribute to the decarbonisation of aviation in the short to medium term. Eni SAF is produced exclusively from waste and residues, in line with the company’s strategic decision not to use palm oil from

October 30, 2021 Read Full Article

JGC And Cosmo Oil to Build First Sustainable Aviation Fuel Project In Japan Using Honeywell Technology

(Honeywell)  JGC Holdings and Cosmo Oil using Honeywell UOP Ecofining™ technology to convert locally sourced used cooking oil into renewable jet fuel; Project will be first commercial scale sustainable aviation fuel project in Japan; UOP Ecofining process has been used to produce SAF commercially since 2016 Honeywell today (October 28,

October 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Heard on the Floor at ABLC 2021 – October 28

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) ABLC 2021 continues today with its theme of ““building a bridge to Net Zero” after a flurry of announcements buzzed around the floor yesterday, as the 560 delegates grappled with the immense opportunities and supply chain challenges posed by the world’s rapid turn towards charting a

October 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Aeromexico Recognizes International Day of Climate Action with SAF

(Aeromexico/Biobased Diesel Daily) As part of the International Day of Climate Action Oct. 24, Aeromexico operated its first flights between the U.S. and Mexico with sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), reducing 27 tons of CO2 emissions, equivalent to making more than 3,800 cars zero-emission for one day in Mexico City. The flights

October 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Leading SAF Provider SkyNRG Partners with Climate-Tech Company CHOOSE to Launch SAF Solution for Airlines and Travel Companies

(SkyNRG) – Fly On SAF is meant for airlines and travel companies servicing leisure and business travelers that want to fly more sustainably.  – The solution enables airlines and travel companies to integrate SAF and Carbon Offsets into their customer experience through an API.  – First Fly on SAF partners

October 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Sufficient Sustainable Biomass Feedstock Available to Support an Ambitious Low-Carbon Liquid Fuels Strategy for EU Transport

(Fuels Europe) A new study by Imperial College London Consultants concludes that the potential availability of sustainable biomass, with no harm to biodiversity, could support an advanced and waste-based biofuel production of up to 175 Mtoe in 2050. This conclusion reinforces a study by Concawe showing that advanced and waste-based biofuels,

October 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Maryland Animal Waste Technology Grants Applications Due December 31, 2021

(Maryland Department of Agriculture)  Maryland’s Animal Waste Technology Fund provides grants to eligible applicants to research or demonstrate innovative, economically feasible animal waste technologies. Proposals for State Fiscal Year 2022 will focus on the development of an Assessment and Strategy Plan that provides updated data on animal waste generated in

October 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Tepsa Tarragona Getting Ready to Import Animal By-products to Produce Biofuels

(Biofuels Central)  Tepsa Tarragona getting ready to import animal by-products to produce biofuels. The company specialized in liquid bulk Tepsa has obtained authorization from the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food to import animal by-products for the production of biofuels through its terminal in Tarragona. It is the second Spanish port

October 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Enviva and GreenGasUSA Announce a 10-Year Renewable Natural Gas Offtake Agreement to Decarbonize Enviva’s Scope 1 Emissions

(Enviva) Enviva Partners, LP (NYSE: EVA) (“Enviva”) and GreenGasUSA, an integrated renewable natural gas (RNG) solutions provider, announced today a 10-year RNG offtake agreement to decarbonize natural gas-related emissions in Enviva’s operations. The agreement is expected to eliminate more than 64,000 metric tons of carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent from the atmosphere

October 22, 2021 Read Full Article

A Biodiesel Boom (and Conundrum)

by Dan Charles and Marie Godoy (NPR)  There’s a biodiesel boom happening! It’s fueled by incentives and policies intended to cut greenhouse emissions, and is motivating some oil companies like World Energy in Paramount, California to convert their refineries to process soybean oil instead of crude. NPR’s food and agriculture

October 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuel Investment Should Occur in California Despite Some Opposition, Regulator Says

by Laura Sanicola (Reuters) California’s biofuel projects are important for the state to achieve its decarbonization goals despite “tremendous pushback” in some instances, a top state environmental regulator said on Tuesday. California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard program incentivizes energy companies to seek out new feedstocks that would lower the carbon intensity

October 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Crops, Genetics, Feedstocks, Supply Chains: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to State of the Sector

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Whether you are using novel crops, residues, developing supply-chains, or developing new feedstocks for the bioeconomy, this is an exclusive Digest slide guide you won’t want to miss! Straight from our recent State of the Sector presentation at ABLC CONNECT.  READ MORE

October 18, 2021 Read Full Article

First Dutch BioLNG Plant Opens, Fuel Will Be Available at Shell Stations

(Renewi/Nordsol/NGV Journal) With the press of a button, Dutch king Willem-Alexander officially put into service the first bio-LNG plant of the Netherlands. With this scoop, initiators Nordsol, Renewi and Shell have taken the next step in making road freight transport more sustainable. It is expected that the new plant will produce

October 16, 2021 Read Full Article

4AIR Launches First Interactive Sustainable Aviation Fuel Map for Business Jets

(4AIR/Business Wire) New interactive map developed and maintained by 4AIR shows where to find Sustainable Aviation Fuel regardless of who makes or markets it; Informational map intended to spur use and expand availability of the climate-friendly fuel; SAF Locations Verified by 4AIR 4AIR, the first and only rating system focused

October 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Construction Begins on Nebraska Plant to Pretreat Animal Fats for Renewable Diesel

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) JST Global LLC, a joint venture between Tyson Foods and Jacob Stern & Sons, began construction on a facility in mid-September that will pretreat animal fats for the growing renewable diesel industry. The 6.5-acre project site is adjacent to Tyson Foods’ largest beef operation, located

October 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Argonne National Laboratory Releases 2021 GREET Update

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Argonne National Laboratory’s Systems Assessment Center on Oct. 11 announced the 2021 release of the suite of GREET models, an analytical tool that stimulates the energy use and emissions output of vehicle and fuel combinations. Major expansions and updates included in GREET 2021 include those

October 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Prince Charles Reveals Car Runs on Cheese and Wine Biofuel

by Thomas Bywater (New Zealand Herald) … Called E85, the fuel is a potent cocktail of distilled bioethanol from waste wine and fermented dairy solids. The vintage Aston Martin DB6 which has been in the prince’s possession for 51 years was modified to run on the mixture – roughly 85-per cent

October 12, 2021 Read Full Article

Potential Future Regulation Addressing Pyrolysis and Gasification Units Public Comments DEADLINE: November 8, 2021

(Federal Register) A Proposed Rule by the Environmental Protection Agency — The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is soliciting information and requesting comments to assist in the potential development of regulations for pyrolysis and gasification units that are used to convert solid or semi-solid feedstocks, including solid waste (e.g., municipal solid waste,

October 12, 2021 Read Full Article

WUR Produces Kerosene from Bio-Based Side Streams

(Wageningen University & Research) Wageningen University & Research and its partners have developed a new type of aviation fuel that is produced using bio-based waste streams from the agriculture industry. One of the targets of the Renewable Energy Directive II (RED II) is to increase the use of advanced biofuels in

October 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Pertamina Sucessfully Tests Aviation Biofuel in Short Flight

(Jakarta Globe) State-owned oil company Pertamina successfully tested a new jet fuel product with a tiny blend of biofuel in a short-distance flight from Jakarta to Bandung on Wednesday. A CN-235 propeller aircraft manufactured by Dirgantara Indonesia functioned as a testbed aircraft to fly using Pertamina’s aviation biofuel product. “We made history

October 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewable Energy Group Collaborates with Iowa State University on Hydrotreater Pilot Plant

(ACROFAN) The two organizations celebrated a ribbon cutting at the facility on October 4, 2021 — Ames-based biofuels producer, Renewable Energy Group, Inc. (REG) (NASDAQ: REGI), joined Iowa State University (ISU) at the BioCentury Research Farm (BCRF) for a ribbon cutting ceremony on Monday to celebrate the start of a new

October 5, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuels Offer a Cost-Effective Way to Lower Shipping Emissions

by Christina Nunez (Argonne National Laboratory) Swapping heavy fuel oil with fuel made from wood waste, waste fats, oils and greases could drastically cut planet-warming emissions from the shipping industry by 40 to 93%. — Marine shipping traffic has grown steadily over the past decade — and so have the

October 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Shell Starts Production at Its First U.S. Renewable Natural Gas Facility

(Shell U.S./NGV Journal) Shell Oil Products US, subsidiary of Royal Dutch Shell plc, has successfully achieved startup and production at its first U.S. biomethane facility, Shell New Energies Junction City in Oregon. The plant utilizes locally sourced cow manure and excess agricultural residues to produce an expected 736,000 MMBtu a year

September 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Process, Installs, Rationale, Forecast, Directions: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Biogas & RNG

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) What’s the bottom line with biogas and renewable natural gas?What are the latest developments in this sector? Where is the RNG industry going and why? Where are the latest installs? Find out all this and more in this exclusive Digest Connect slide guide. READ MORE

September 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Aqualia Now Producing Biogas at Spanish WWTP

(Bioenergy Insight)  Water company Aqualia is now producing biogas at the Guijuelo wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Spain. The new biofactory project in Salamanca, north-western Spain, transforms waste generated by the agri-food industry, together with sludge from the WWTP, into energy, biofuels, bioplastics and biofertilisers. The 3,000 tons of biowaste

September 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Neste’s Transformation Journey Into Renewables: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Neste

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) SAF agreements with airlines and airports, renewable polymers and chemicals sales and partnerships going up globally, production in Singapore and Rotterdam taking off, M&A action, and more is helping Neste achieve 2030 goals. Get all the latest details on Neste’s business segments, strategy moving forward,

September 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Stena Bulk’s Zero-Emission Vessels on Water by 2035, GoodFuels, Tufton’s 100% Biofuel Voyage and More Maritime Magic

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) From Sweden comes news that one of the world’s leading tanker shipping companies, Stena Bulk, signed the Global Maritime Forum’s Call to Action for Shipping Decarbonization with milestones that include three carbon neutral-ready methanol powered MR tankers into Stena Bulk’s fleet, exploring low carbon fuels

September 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Is Renewable Diesel the Real Deal?

by Sherry Listgarten (Palo Alto Online)  Have you noticed the flags advertising “Renewable Diesel” at local 76 stations? I did and wondered if it was the real deal or a form of “greenwashing,” where eco-claims are not backed up by actual emissions reductions. … If you are driving a diesel car

September 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Honeywell and Wood Introduce Groundbreaking Technologies to Support Efforts toward Carbon-Neutral Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Honeywell/PR Newswire) – Wood’s hydrogen plant technology coupled with Honeywell UOP EcofiningTM process technology and carbon capture and storage can reduce lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions 100% when compared to petroleum-based aviation fuels – Widespread use of Honeywell and Wood technologies have potential to remove the equivalent of 34 million metric tons

September 24, 2021 Read Full Article

The Climate Can’t Wait for Electric Planes. Sustainable Fuel May Be the Answer

by Hanna Ziady (CNN Business) More than 50 airlines, oil companies and other companies, including Delta (DAL), BP (BP) and Boeing (BA), pledged on Wednesday to replace 10% of global jet fuel supply with sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) by 2030. It is one of the boldest commitments yet to tackle the environmental impact of air travel and will require

September 24, 2021 Read Full Article

The Guijuelo Biofactory Transforms Waste from the Agri-Food Industry into Biofuel to Travel to the Moon

(Aqualia (Google Translation)) • Aqualia has presented this morning (September 16, 20212) at the Guijuelo (Salamanca) treatment plant the biofactory project in which the waste generated by the agri-food industry, together with the sludge from the plant, is transformed into energy, biofuels, bioplastics and biofertilizers The 3,000 tons of bio-waste

September 22, 2021 Read Full Article

US Refiners Delve Deeper into SAF Production on Policy Support Hopes

(Hellenic Shipping News)  Some US refiners are considering adding sustainable aviation fuel to their renewable diesel production plans, spurred by higher demand from airlines seeking lower carbon footprints and the likelihood of increased policy support, some analysts said. “Jet and diesel are going to typically be priced very similarly, so to

September 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels, Solid to Liquid Tech, Biocrudes: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Haldor Topsoe

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  If you missed this slide guide from ABLC Digital on what it will take for advanced biofuels to take off further, here’s your chance! Haldor Topsoe leaders cover thoughts on legislation, feedstocks, biofuel production, solid to liquid technologies, upgrading of biocrudes, and more.  READ MORE

September 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Shell’s Biojet Bombshell: 600MGY by 2025, Much More by 2030, as SAFtember Keeps on Rollin’

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In the Netherlands, Royal Dutch Shell said it will produce around 2 million tonnes of sustainable aviation fuel a year by 2025. That’s around 600 million gallons per year — dwarfing any other SAF production either in production or on the boards. Shell also aims

September 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Brazil: Adecoagro & Galileo Embark on Biomethane for Vehicles Project

(Galileo Technologies/NGV Journal) Starting this month, Adecoagro, one of the main food and renewable energy producers in South America, replaces fossil fuels with bio-CNG in 13 fleet vehicles in its sugar processing facility in Ivinhema (Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil): seven light-duty, three commercial vehicles and three trucks. This renewable fuel

September 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Shell to Build Dutch Biofuels Plant in Net-Zero Push

by Siddarth S (Reuters)  Royal Dutch Shell (RDSa.L) plans to build a biofuels facility in the Netherlands to help achieve its target of net-zero carbon emissions by 2050, it said on Thursday. The facility in Rotterdam will be able to produce 820,000 tonnes of renewable fuel per year when it starts production in

September 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Getting 35B SAF gallons by 2050: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to NREL’s SAF Approach

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Digest reported a few days ago on the Biden administration’s goal of reaching 3 billion gallons of sustainable aviation fuel by 2030 and net zero emissions by 2050 but how do we get there? NREL shares this illuminating slide guide on how to reach

September 15, 2021 Read Full Article

ECB Group Renewable Diesel Project in Latin America Uses Unique Hydrogen Integration Design

by Dan Szeezil (Renewable Fuels, Honeywell/Biofuels Digest) The first renewable diesel project in South America will be built in Paraguay. The Omega Green renewable fuel complex developed by ECB Group has an investment cost of more than $800 million and is the largest private investment in the country’s history. The facility

September 15, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuel Extracted from Hazelnut Shells Show Potential as Renewable Energy Source

by Mark Bustos (The Science Times) A form of biofuel found in hazelnut shells can be a new renewable energy source – using various thermochemical processes to extract oils from the waste material. Researchers from the Heilongjiang Academy of Agricultural Machinery Sciences describe the new extracting biofuel from this renewable resource.

September 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Fact Sheet: Biden Administration Advances the Future of Sustainable Fuels in American Aviation

(White House) New Actions Aim to Produce Three Billion Gallons of Sustainable Fuel, Reduce Aviation Emissions by 20% by 2030, and Grow Good-Paying, Union Jobs  —  Today (September 9, 2021), President Biden is taking steps to coordinate leadership and innovation across the federal government, aircraft manufacturers, airlines, fuel producers, airports, and

September 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Neste to Acquire US Based Agri Trading to Strengthen Its Renewable Raw Material Trading and Sourcing to Serve Increasing Customer Demand for Renewable and Circular Solutions

(Neste)  Neste has agreed to acquire 100% of Agri Trading, one of the largest independent renewable waste and residue fat and oil traders in the United States, and its affiliate entities.The transaction is subject to the completion of customary closing conditions and regulatory approval. “This agreement supports our renewables growth strategy and

September 8, 2021 Read Full Article

MENA Region’s Largest Biodiesel Refinery Starts in Jebel-Ali

(BioD Technology FZE/Globe Newswire)  Dubai is now home to the MENA region’s largest biodiesel refinery. The 2nd generation waste-to-energy refinery is BioD’s biodiesel second plant and boasts a per annum capacity of 30,000 Mt per annum. In line with the UAE’s latest initiative ”Operation 300 Billion. Make it in the

September 8, 2021 Read Full Article

S&P Global Platts to Publish Prices Showing Cost to Reduce Carbon Emissions Using Biofuels

(S&P Global Platts/PR Newswire)  New prices offer granular look at actual costs of reducing greenhouse gas emissions with biofuels —  S&P Global Platts, the leading independent provider of information and benchmark prices for the commodities and energy markets, today announced it has launched a suite of 36 new daily prices to

September 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Big Changes in Renewable Diesel & SAF Feedstock Partnerships

by Will Thurmond (Emerging Markets Online/Biofuels Digest) A new study titled Renewable Diesel and Sustainable Aviation 2030, Vol 2  (September, 2021) has discovered some surprising answers and useful insights to key questions regarding feedstock availability, scale up, partnerships and from 2020 to 2030 where many states and nations have targets. For example,

September 8, 2021 Read Full Article

EU Biofuel Reform Plan Risks Undermining Waste-Based Fuels: Industry

by Sean Goulding Carroll  (EURACTIV.com) The European Commission’s proposal to halt advanced biofuels from being double-counted towards road transport energy targets would diminish the use of waste-based fuels in favour of cheaper crop-based biofuels, a leading industry organisation has told EURACTIV. Under current legislation, advanced biofuels from waste sources such as

September 6, 2021 Read Full Article

LG Chem to Build Korea’s First Next-Generation Hydro-Treated Vegetable Oil Plant with Dansuk Industrial

(LG Chem) LG Chem to build Korea’s first next-generation Hydro-Treated Vegetable Oil plant with Dansuk Industrial; ■ Heads of Agreement for establishment of a joint venture signed with Dansuk Industrial on the 2nd.     – Plans to establish HVO plant by 2024 at LG Chem’s Daesan Complex; ■ Reinforcing the sustainability strategies

September 3, 2021 Read Full Article

ExxonMobil Introduces EMRD™, a Renewable Diesel Process Technology to Enable High Yields from Bio-Feedstocks

(ExxonMobil/Business Wire) ExxonMobil Catalysts and Licensing LLC (“ExxonMobil”) has introduced ExxonMobil Renewable Diesel process technology (“EMRD”) to help meet the evolving needs for mobility, while utilizing renewable feedstock. This new process technology converts feedstocks including, but not limited to, vegetable oils, unconverted cooking oil and animal fats, into renewable diesel. Meets advanced

September 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Decarbonizing Ag & Transportation: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to BETO

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office’s Nichole Fitzgerald, Program Manager, shared this short but sweet slide guide on BETO’s goals for 2021-2030 with large volumes of biomass being critical to achieving those goals, why they are looking at CO2 removal, feedstock technologies program

September 1, 2021 Read Full Article

The Oil Industry’s Bright Green Energy Future

by Mike Newman (Parhelion Underwriting) The Oil industry is under pressure on many fronts in the climate change era and faces an existential threat from alternative, renewable sources of energy – but the industry is also best-positioned to win the Prize in energy’s green future. … First, the background, from

September 1, 2021 Read Full Article

Grant Invests over €250K in R&D to Support Drive for Biofuel to Heat Irish Homes

(Laois News/Grant Engineering)  Grant Engineering, Ireland’s leading home heating appliance manufacturer, has invested over €250,000 in pioneering a major R&D breakthrough that could help reduce carbon emissions in rural and hard to heat homes throughout Ireland, including homes in Laois. The breakthrough will also help prevent Irish homeowners from incurring

August 31, 2021 Read Full Article

£4 Million Funding to Boost UK Biomass Production

(U.K. Department for Business, Energy & Industrial Strategy and Lord Callanan) 24 projects receive government funding of up to £200,000 to increase UK production of biomass that can be used as sources of green energy.  —  24 projects will receive government funding of up to £200,000 to increase UK production

August 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Farm-Powered Anaerobic Digestion: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Vanguard Renewables

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Vanguard Renewables sequesters organic waste that could be a dangerous contributor to greenhouse gas emissions and converts it into a powerful source of renewable energy, renewable natural gas. Find out how it works, the role of farms, project inputs and outputs, and more.  READ MORE Dairy

August 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2

(Emerging Markets Online)  New study! Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2. (249 pages, August 2021) focuses on low-carbon feedstock availability, technology pathways for low carbon renewable diesel, and sustainable aviation production. Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) 2030  covers four key areas: 1) renewable diesel producer case studies

August 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Airlines Commit to Reducing Carbon Emissions, but Challenges Stand in the Way

by Bailey Berg (Washington Post) … One promising method is boosting access to and the use of more-sustainable fuels. Fuels powered by plant and municipal waste could help lower carbon dioxide emissions up to 80 percent compared with conventional fossil-based jet fuel, according to Aviation Benefits Beyond Borders, but ramping

August 24, 2021 Read Full Article

BioCarbonics Seeks AD Operators to Explore Green CO2 Opportunities

(Bioenergy Insight)  Anaerobic digestion (AD) plant operators are being offered a new opportunity to benefit from an ‘innovative’ carbon capture and utilisation (CCU) model, proposed by BioCarbonics. The UK-based green CO2 company has created a new channel to market for the biogas industry to enable CO2 captured from biogas facilities to be

August 24, 2021 Read Full Article

WEC to Move to 100% Renewable Fuel; Hydrogen Class Delayed

by Stephen Kilbey  (Racer Magazine) TotalEnergies is set to provide 100% renewable fuel for the FIA World Endurance Championship and Le Mans 24 Hours from 2022 onwards. The new fuel, named “Excellium Racing 100,” is produced from bioethanol made from winemaking residues from the French agricultural industry and ETBE (Ethyl Tertio

August 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Recent Innovations in Turning Agricultural Waste into Biofuels

by Raj Shah and Amanda Loo (altenergymag.com/Koehler Instrument Company)  Wastes from fields and wastes from processing are the two kinds of agricultural wastes. Field wastes are present after harvesting crops and include stems, leaves, and stalks, and waste after processing crops includes seeds, peels, husks, etc. Lignocellulosic biomass is composed

August 19, 2021 Read Full Article

EPA Approves “Koole-Neste Pathway” for D4 RIN Production from SAF

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) In Washington, Koole Tankstorage Botlek B.V. (Koole) and Neste Oyj (Neste) asked the Envrionmental Protection Agency to approve a pathway for the generation of biomass-based diesel (D-code 4) renewable identification numbers (RINs) for renewable jet fuel and renewable diesel bottoms produced from renewable diesel through a fractionation process,

August 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Waste to Biogas and RNG: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Ag-Grid Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Ag-Grid Energy is working on not letting waste go to waste. Find out how in this slide guide on their latest projects in Massachusetts, Connecticut and New York, where they see the RNG industry going and why, their expansion strategy, current Ag-Grid partnerships, and more. 

August 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Stepping into the Biofuel Market

(Biofuels International)  Businesses interested in producing biodiesel need advanced processing solutions that can achieve high purity levels while maximising the recovery of this fuel. When Bremfield, a leading Malaysian vegetable oil processor, was looking to add biodiesel to its product portfolio, Sulzer Chemtech’s distillation technology offered an effective solution with

August 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Chinese Biodiesel Producers Chase High-Value Feedstocks

by Amandeep Parmar (Argus Media) Chinese biodiesel and feedstock suppliers are diversifying to get more value for their money with ever-evolving European legislation regarding waste feedstock incentives. Brown grease is becoming increasingly fashionable among suppliers, of which 18 in China are now registered with the main International Sustainability and Carbon Certification

August 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Japanese Transport Firm Makes Diesel Fuel Using Ramen Broth

(Kyodo News) The enterprising president of a transport firm in southwestern Japan has come up with a way to power his trucks with a biodiesel fuel made partly from leftover “tonkotsu” ramen soup broth. The firm, Nishida Shoun, based in Fukuoka Prefecture, mixes lard extracted from the broth, which is made

August 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Comments on New Zealand’s Blending Policy Show Ethanol’s Role in GHG Reductions

(U.S. Grains) Ethanol’s greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction benefits could help New Zealand lower emissions by 30 percent by 2030, reaching net zero by 2050, the U.S. Grains Council (USGC) and industry partners told that country’s policymakers in comments submitted last month. A proposed mandate in New Zealand would go beyond previous

August 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Special: Anaerobic Digestion Explained

(Bio Market Insights) While it may sound like an unappealing bodily process, anaerobic digestion is a crucial method to create biogas for electricity generation, as well as a source of bio-fertiliser production. We thought we’d take a closer look at just what the process involves, and why it’s important in boosting

August 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Tech, Feedstock Winners Still to Be Declared as Biofuels Sector Develops

by Tom Brown (ICIS/Biofuels Digest)  … A factor that could stand to drive wider deployment of biofuels could be its relative maturity compared to other emissions-reduction technologies, particularly for heavy industry, with around half of the innovations that are likely to contribute to those goals currently not yet in existence or

August 11, 2021 Read Full Article

Top 5: Hydrogen, Bioenergy & CCUS to “Crack the Nut” on Decarbonization

by Tammy Klein (Transportation Energy Strategies)  … • Hard-to-Abate Transport Sectors: A Citi report notes that hydrogen, bioenergy and CCUS are key to “cracking the nut” of hard-to-abate sectors like aviation, shipping and trucking and recommends sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) for aviation, ammonia for shipping and biofuels, electrification and hydrogen

August 9, 2021 Read Full Article

PBF Energy Selects Honeywell Technology for Potential Renewable Diesel Fuel Project

(UOP Honeywell)  North American-based refiner selects Honeywell UOP single-stage Ecofining™ technology  —  Honeywell today (August 5, 2021) announced that PBF Energy Inc., an independent petroleum refiner and supplier of transportation fuels, would use Honeywell Ecofining™ technology for a potential renewable diesel project at its Chalmette Refinery in Louisiana. PBF is

August 9, 2021 Read Full Article

HollyFrontier Buys Most Sinclair Oil Assets in Part to Boost Renewables Portfolio

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) In Texas, HollyFrontier Corporation and Holly Energy Partners, L.P have entered into definitive agreements under which HollyFrontier and HEP will acquire Sinclair Oil Corporation and Sinclair Transportation Company from The Sinclair Companies. Under the terms of HollyFrontier’s definitive agreement, HollyFrontier will acquire Sinclair’s: • Branded marketing business and

August 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Waste to Energy: Biofuel from Kelp Harvesting and Fish

by Kelsey Adkisson  (Pacific Northwest National Laboratory/Newswise)  Possibility of cheaper, greener fuel for remote, coastal Alaska communities —   Kelp is plentiful in remote, coastal Alaska. Fuel is not. And it’s expensive. Many isolated communities rely on diesel generators for energy because they are not connected to pipelines or the electrical grid.

August 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Video Episode 2.2: Clean Fuel: Jet Fuel

(Climate Now) Aviation is responsible for 2.5% of global greenhouse gas emissions, though this figure is expected to grow as developing parts of the world become wealthier and increase demand for air travel. Experts have looked to sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) to decrease emissions as it can be used with

August 3, 2021 Read Full Article
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2nd generation biofuels 3-D 3D printing 3rd generation biofuels 4-H 4th generation fuels 7% solution 45Q 81 Octane 84 octane 85 octane 87 octane 88 octane 89 octane 90 octane 91 octane 92 octane 93 octane 94 octane 95 octane 96 octane 98 octane 100 octane 100% SAF (Sustainable Aviation Fuel) 103 octane 105 octane 108 octane 109 octane 110 octane 113 octane 119 octane 2016 US House and Senate Campaigns 2016 US Presidential Campaign 2018 US Senate and House Campaigns Other Election Activities 2020 Election 2022 2022 US Senate and House Campaign 9003 Program a A20 (20% methanol/bioethanol) Abu Dhabi acacia acetate acetic acid acetone acid acid hydrolysis adaptive evolution additional carbon additionality adequate/inadequate domestic supply Administrative Procedure Act advanced advanced biofuel prices Advanced biofuels advanced biofuels production advanced ethanol advanced ethanol tax credit advertising campaign aerobic digestion aerosols Affordable Clean Energy Program (ACE) afforestation Afghanistan Africa AGARDA (Agriculture Advanced Research and Development Authority) agave aggregation agr Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) agricultural economics Agricultural Policy Agricultural waste/residue Agriculture agroforestry agrofuels agronomy Aircraft engine emissions Air Force air pollution control Air Pollution Policy airports air quality Alabama Alaska Albania albedo Alberta albizia alcohol-to-diesel alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) alcohol fuel cells alcohol fuels alfalfa algae algae contamination algae cultivation algae extraction algae harvesting algae parity algae separation algal biofuels Algeria Algiers alkanes alkenes alkylate alligator fat almond almond hulls shells alternative energy vehicles alternative fuels Alternative Fuels Credit alternative fuels excise tax credit Alternative Fuels Tax Credit (AFTC) aluminum Amazon American Indian Tribes American Le Mans Series (ALMS) ammonia ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) amylose anaerobic digestate anaerobic digester/digestion Angola anhydrous ethanol animal bedding animal fat animal feed animal waste Antactica Antarctica antibiotics antitrust Appropriations APR (Aqueous Phase Reforming) aquaculture aquatic organisms Arabidopsis arabinose ARCA Archaea Architecture Arctic Argentian Argentina Arizona Arkansas Armenia Army Corps of Engineers aromatics aromatics price ARPA-C ARPA-E ARPA-Terra artificial intelligence Aruba Asia asphalt/bitumen ASTM ASTM 6866 ASTM D396 ASTM D975 ASTM D1655 ASTM D2880 ASTM D4054 ASTM D4806 Denatured fuel ethanol ASTM D4814 ASTM D5798 ASTM D6751 ASTM D7467 (B6-B20) ASTM D7544 ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) ASTM D7862 ASTM D7875 ASTM D7901 (DME-Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Purposes) ASTM D8076 ASTM D8181 ASTM E3146 ASTM standards ASTM WK55232 (D02) ASTM WK63392 ATJ-SPK (Alcohol to Jet Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene) Atlantic Canada atmosphere Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Australia Australian pine Austria Auto manufacturer automotive aviation aviation fuel (SAF) benefits aviation fuel (SAF) price aviation fuel (SAF) production aviation fuel (SAF) pumps/delivery aviation fuel (SAF) tax credit aviation fuel (SAF) terminal Aviation Fuel/Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Aviation Gasoline/AvGas avocado awards/recognition Azerbaijan. b B0 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B10 B11 B12 B12.5 B13 B14 B15 B20 B25 B30 B33 B35 B40 B50 B70 B75 B80 B98 B99 B100 Babados nut tree babassu bacteria bagasse Bahamas Bahrain bamboo banana banana stems Bangladesh bankruptcy Barbados barge barley barley fiber barley protein barley straw Basque batteries Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) bauxite beauty leaf tree beaver beer bees Belarus Belgium Belize Benin benzene Bermuda Bhutan big bluestem big data Big Food Big Oil/Oil Majors billion ton study bio bio-based diesel benefits bio-based economy Bio-CNG/RNG terminal Bio-CNG pumps bio-LNG (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG Pumps (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG terminal bio-natural gas bio-NGV (natural gas for vehicles) bio-oil/pyrolysis oil bio-SPK (bio derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene) biobased Biobased Markets Program biobased materials Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program biochar biochemical conversion BioChemicals/Renewable Chemicals bioconversion Biocrude/Green Crude/SynCrude biodegradable biodiesel biodiesel blend wall biodiesel EN 14214 Biodiesel Fuel Education Program biodiesel prices biodiesel production biodiesel pumps biodiesel quality biodiesel standards biodiesel tax credit biodiesel technologies biodiesel terminal biodiversity bioeconomy bioelectricity bioenergy Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) biofoundry Biofuel biofuel consumption Biofuel Crops biofuel distribution Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) biofuel producer tax credit biofuel production Biofuels Directive biofuels education biofuel tax credit Biogas Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline pumps biogenic carbon biogenic emissions Bioheat biohydrocarbons biohydrogen BioIsoprene Bio LPG biomass Biomass Carbon Removal and Storage (BiCRS) Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) biomass hydrolysis biomass recalcitrance Biomass Research and Development initiative (BRDI) biomass sorghum Biomass to Liquid (BTL) biomass transportation biomaterials bioplastics biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropene bioprospecting BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) old 9003 Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance 9003 BioRenewable-1 (BR-1) BioSNG Biotechnology birch bitter orange black carbon black grease black liquor black locust blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock Blend wall blockchain blue carbon boat fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water Brassica Brazil breweries British Columbia broker brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses Business/General Aviation Business and Industry Program (B&I) business law business resources butadiene Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butanol emissions butyl acetate butyric acid c C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap-and-invest cap-and-trade carbohydrates carbon carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon tax carbon tax-and-dividend Carbon tax border adjustments carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) CBG (compressed biogas) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose Cellulosic/Biomass Hydrogen cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program Certificates of Origin (COs) certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 chemical-looping hydrogen method Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot coco cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel Cook Islands cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel diesel with renewables diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E75 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour Education Series 3030 EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene ethyl levulinate (EL) ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleet turnover fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia games gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawai'i hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogen aircraft hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesi Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization methanol Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol fuel cells methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil/gas terminals oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine needles pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass podcasts Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyethylene polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R5 R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD10 RD20 RD30 RD80 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED/RED II/REDIII) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw/paddy straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy scooters Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications Spent Bleaching Earth Oil (SBEO) sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) subsid succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas/gas fermentation synthesised aromatic kerosene (SAK) synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane/e-methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree tamanu/nyamplung Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars 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