If you find this site useful, please

Donate

Advanced Biofuels USA: promoting the understanding, development and use of advanced biofuels around the world.

Advanced BioFuels USA

Agriculture/Food Processing Residues nonfield crop

The Chemicals Companies Decarbonising with Bio-feedstocks

(Bio Market Insights)  Accenture and NexantECA, an energy and chemicals advisory company, estimate that the chemicals industry needs to cut annual GHG emissions by 186 million tons in total over the next thirty years to reach net zero by 2050. While most chemical companies have focused on their clean energy strategy,

June 25, 2022 Read Full Article

Surge in U.S. Renewable Diesel Supply Won’t Offset Loss of Petroleum Diesel

by Laura Sanicola (Reuters)  A flood of U.S. renewable diesel plants set to come online in the next three years will not be enough to offset the loss of petroleum diesel refining capacity from plant closings since 2019, a Reuters analysis of federal data shows. U.S. refining capacity has declined in

June 24, 2022 Read Full Article

Which Producers Are Leading the Sustainable Aviation Fuel Race?

by Linnea Ahlgren (Simple Flying) While the landscape is evolving, these are the current front-runners in an industry predicted to make billions of dollars in the coming years. … Neste At the front of the pack is fuel producer Neste. The company’s product made from renewable waste sources is powering planes

June 21, 2022 Read Full Article

ExxonMobil Methanol to Jet Technology to Provide New Route for Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production

(ExxonMobil/Business Wire) ExxonMobil today announced a unique process technology to enable the manufacture of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) from renewable methanol. ExxonMobil is focused on growing its lower-emission fuels business by leveraging technology and infrastructure. ExxonMobil is engineering proprietary methanol to jet technology that will produce SAF when renewable methanol is

June 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Fabricating a Future for Biodiesel

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) With prices for cleaner feedstocks through the roof, Tactical Fabrication and Smisson-Mathis Energy have forged an all-inclusive, turnkey model for biodiesel production based on the least desirable and lowest-cost materials. After years of development, they are now ready to roll it out to the world.

June 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Qantas and Airbus Joint Investment to Kickstart Australian Biofuels Industry

(Qantas) The Qantas Group and Airbus will invest up to US$200 million to accelerate the establishment of a sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) industry in Australia, in a landmark agreement. The Australian Sustainable Aviation Fuel Partnership was signed by Qantas Group CEO Alan Joyce and Airbus CEO Guillaume Faury in Doha

June 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Topsoe Technology to Reduce Customers’ Greenhouse Gas Emissions by 12 Million Tonnes in 2022

by Ulrik Frøhlke (Topsoe) Topsoe’s technologies are set to reduce its customers’ greenhouse gas emissions by 12 million tonnes in 2022 alone. These reductions will not be one-offs but ongoing for the years to come. The key driver is Topsoe’s renewable fuels solutions, producing low-carbon fuels from waste and biomass. 2022

June 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Cargill Supports Customers’ Decarbonization Journey with New Advanced Biodiesel Plant

(Cargill)  New facility helps customers reduce carbon emissions using innovative technology to transform waste into biofuel  — In a move aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions and promoting circular fuel possibilities, Cargill has completed its first state-of-the-art advanced biodiesel plant in Ghent, Belgium which converts waste oils and residues into

June 17, 2022 Read Full Article

If EVs Don’t Cut CO2 Fast Enough, These Fuels Might Help:

(E&E News/Politico Pro)   Researchers with DOE say gasoline might have to be substituted with biofuels to ensure that climate targets are achieved as electric vehicles slowly phase in. — The U.S. Department of Energy released the results of a six-year initiative that provides a national road map for alternative ways to

June 17, 2022 Read Full Article

EWABA Welcomes Broadening of Sustainable Feedstock Base

(Biofuels International)  EWABA has welcomed the broadening of the sustainable feedstock base in today’s Council General Approach on the ReFuelEU aviation proposal. The EWABA association, representing the EU waste-based and advanced biodiesel industry, strongly backed the broadening of the feedstock base included in the ReFuelEU general approach agreed by EU

June 16, 2022 Read Full Article

Examining the Role of SAF in a Net-Zero Aviation Industry

(Biofuels International)  … Sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) has the potential to cut lifecycle emissions from aviation by up to 80%, making it the largest contributing factor to decarbonising air travel. Biofuels International asks Angela Robledo, business development director, lowcarbon fuels at Worley about the firm’s contributions to this market and

June 16, 2022 Read Full Article

BioFormate Bio-gasoline & SAF Blendstock: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Virent

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Virent, a subsidiary of Marathon Petroleum developed its BioForming technology to create fuels and chemicals from a wide range of naturally occurring, renewable resources. And now they teamed up with Johnson Matthey to bring to market Virent’s proprietary tech for the production of BioFormate, enabling

June 16, 2022 Read Full Article

Cepsa Joins Forces with Veuliong to Accelerate the Decarbonization of Air Transport

(Cepsa) Both companies will drive the development and production of sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) from circular raw materials, in addition to other energy alternatives such as green hydrogen and electrification; This is a new partnership between Cepsa and a major airline as part of the company’s steadfast commitment to SAF.

June 15, 2022 Read Full Article

Apex, Nevada Site Acquired for Largest Western US Renewable Diesel Refinery

(Vegas Renewable Diesel/PR Newswire) Vegas Renewable Diesel Inc. (VRD) announces acquisition of a prime site near Las Vegas for the largest renewable diesel refinery to be built in the Western United States. Permitting is presently under way. Capacity is targeted at 100 million gallons per month of renewable diesel.  The primary feedstock to be

June 14, 2022 Read Full Article

On the Road to a Net-Zero-Carbon Transportation Future

(U.S. Department of Energy)  America’s car, truck, and train wheels keep turning, while planes and boats take to the skies and oceans, releasing 1.5 billion tons of greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere every year. Breakthroughs from the U.S. Department of Energy Co-Optimization of Fuels & Engines (Co-Optima) initiative could make

June 14, 2022 Read Full Article

All 24 Hours of Le Mans Race Cars to Use 100% Renewable Fuel Produced by TotalEnergies

(TotalEnergies)  For the first time in the endurance event’s history, the 62 race cars competing in the 90th 24 Hours of Le Mans (June 11-12, 2022) will be supplied with a 100% renewable fuel developed and produced by TotalEnergies: Excellium Racing 100. This zero-oil fuel will deliver a reduction in

June 13, 2022 Read Full Article

Flying the Low-Carbon Skies on Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Craig Bettenhausen (Chemical & Engineering News)  Airlines are eager to switch to renewable, low-carbon fuel—as soon as there’s enough to go around  —  On June 6, Malaysia Airlines flew its first passenger flight using jet fuel made in part by Neste from used cooking oil. It was an hour-long

June 13, 2022 Read Full Article

Lawsuits Challenge Two Massive Bay Area Biofuel Refinery Projects

(Center for Biological Diversity) Rushed Review Ignored Dangers to Communities, Environment  — Communities for a Better Environment and the Center for Biological Diversity sued Contra Costa County on Tuesday over its rushed approval of two proposed biofuel refineries in the Bay Area using incomplete and misleading environmental reviews. The lawsuits challenge flawed environmental review

June 9, 2022 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuels: Part 1: What is SAF?

by Gaulthier Blangez*  (Time to Fly and Advanced Biofuels USA)  Advanced Biofuels USA, in collaboration with Time to Fly, is proud to publish a guide to sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) for a general audience, for corporations working on ESG (environment, social and governance) efforts, as well as for potential investors.

June 9, 2022 Read Full Article

Meeting 2030 SAF Targets in the US and Europe Needs Rapid Action on Capacity and Feedstocks, Says Report

by Tony Harrington (GreenAir Online) A new market report by SkyNRG, the Amsterdam-based global provider of sustainable aviation fuels, predicts that both the US and Europe will fall short of their 2030 SAF targets unless production capacity is increased and fuel feedstock sources are expanded, and estimates the need for more than

June 7, 2022 Read Full Article

What Feedstock Will Meet RD demand?: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to LEC

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) The big question lately – is there enough feedstock available to meet the increased demand for renewable diesel? Pete Rocha, EVP at Lee Enterprises Consulting, shares this illuminating slide guide on how more feedstock is required to support RD growth, which feedstock of the

June 6, 2022 Read Full Article

First ACH130 Flying with SAF in Scandinavia

(Airbus/Vertical Magazine) Helsinki Citycopter is committed to offering its Scandinavian customers exclusive flights in ACH130s while taking the first steps in reducing greenhouse gas emissions with Neste MY Sustainable Aviation Fuel. Helsinki Citycopter will begin by replacing 10% of its annual refueling with an approximate mixture of 38% SAF and

May 28, 2022 Read Full Article

Heartwell Renewables LLC Awards a Services Contract for a Renewable Diesel Plant

(Worley) Worley has been awarded a contract by Heartwell Renewables LLC (Heartwell), a joint venture between The Love’s Family of Companies and Cargill, for the detailed and field engineering services for a greenfield renewable diesel plant in Hastings, Nebraska. The new plant will produce an estimated 302 million litres of

May 27, 2022 Read Full Article

Conservationists Sue to Stop SoCal Biofuel Refinery Expansion

by Hillel Aron (Courthouse News Service)  Biofuels are considered by some to be an important tool in the fight against climate change. But it has a growing number of detractors, including those within the environmental justice movement.  — Three environmental nonprofits filed a lawsuit Monday against the city of Paramount to

May 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Aemetis Reports Progress with Biogas, SAF Projects

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Aemetis Inc. released first quarter 2022 financial results on May 12, confirming that the company’s corn ethanol plant in Keyes, California, is operating at near capacity and discussing progress with the company’s biogas, renewable diesel, sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and carbon capture projects. Andy Foster,

May 17, 2022 Read Full Article

British Columbia Files LCFS Overhaul

by Elliott Blackburn (Argus Media) British Columbia is proposing low-carbon fuel requirements for marine and aviation fuel and expanding the activities that can generate credits under new legislation updating the province’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS). The Canadian province’s government yesterday filed legislation that would replace the original 14-year-old enabling legislation

May 16, 2022 Read Full Article

Renewable Diesel & SAF Outlook: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Emerging Markets Online

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) What’s the short, mid and long term outlook for renewable diesel and sustainable aviation fuels? Find out from William Thurmond, President & CEO of Emerging Markets Online in this illuminating slide guide to find out where electrofuels, fats and greases, cellulosic-GTL, RNG and other

May 16, 2022 Read Full Article

Phillips 66 Makes Final Investment Decision to Convert San Francisco Refinery to a Renewable Fuels Facility

(Phillips 66)  It will be one of the world’s largest facilities of its kind; expected to begin commercial operation in the first quarter of 2024 —  Phillips 66 (NYSE: PSX) made a final investment decision Wednesday to move forward with Rodeo Renewed, the project to convert its San Francisco Refinery in

May 13, 2022 Read Full Article

Salmon Farm Waste Fuels Motor Launch

(The Fish Site) In a world first, a fuel produced from waste from Scottish salmon farms has been successfully used to power a motor launch. — The 100 percent renewable fuel demonstration was the culmination of SALMO (Sustainable Aquaculture Leading to Marine Opportunities), a Maritime Research and Innovation UK (MarRI-UK)

May 11, 2022 Read Full Article

Singapore Set to Have Largest SAF Output Capacity

(Biofuels International) Singapore is expected to have the world’s largest sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) production capacity when Finnish producer Neste’s facility in Tuas is early next year. Neste is now the top SAF producer globally in terms of output and capacity. The Finland-based firm produces renewable fuels, mainly from waste and residues

May 10, 2022 Read Full Article

Darling Ingredients Inc. to Acquire Largest Independent Brazilian Rendering Company, FASA Group

(Darling Ingredients/PR Newswire)  Darling Ingredients Inc. (NYSE: DAR), the world’s leading company turning food waste into sustainable products and producer of renewable energy, today announced it has entered into a definitive agreement to purchase Brazil’s largest independent rendering company, FASA Group for approximately R$2.8 billion Brazilian Real in cash ($560 million USD at today’s exchange rate), subject

May 10, 2022 Read Full Article

Biosolutions for the Bioeconomy: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Novozymes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Things are looking good for Novozymes this year with 10% organic sales growth, two new product launches in the first quarter including HiPhorious – a phytase solution for improved phosphate uptake – in animal nutrition, the construction of production line for Advanced Protein Solutions in

May 10, 2022 Read Full Article

Blue Biofuels Partners with Leading Machine Builder K.R. Komarek to Build Blue Biofuels’ CTS Machines

(Blue Biofuels)  This will accelerate and solidify the scale-up and commercialization of Blue Biofuels’ patented Cellulose-to-Sugar (“CTS”) process for the production of cellulosic ethanol and sustainable aviation fuel. — Blue Biofuels, Inc. (PINK: BIOF). – Blue Biofuels, Inc. announces that its 5th generation of the Cellulose-to-Sugar (“CTS”) machine is on schedule and

May 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Bay Area Refineries to Start Producing Biofuels instead of Crude Oil

by Shomik Mukherjee (Times Herald)  Environmentalists opposed Contra Costa County supervisors’ approval of the projects, saying biofuels are just as destructive to the planet as fossil fuels —  Over the objections of environmentalists, Contra Costa County supervisors today gave Marathon Petroleum and Phillips 66 permission to start producing liquid biofuels at the oil refineries

May 5, 2022 Read Full Article

Rwanda Signs Agreement with Eni to Evaluate UCO Collection, Biobased Diesel Feedstock Production

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) Italian multinational oil and gas company Eni S.p.A. and the government of Rwanda signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) this month to evaluate the feasibility of circular-economy projects focused on collecting used cooking oil and waste oils, waste-management valorization and recycling. The fields of interest

May 3, 2022 Read Full Article

Darling Ingredients Completes Acquisition of Valley Proteins

(Darling Ingredients/Biobased Diesel Daily) Darling Ingredients Inc. announced May 2 it has completed the acquisition of Valley Proteins, one of the largest independent rendering companies in the U.S. The company first announced the acquisition in December for a purchase price of $1.1 billion, plus or minus various closing adjustments. As part

May 3, 2022 Read Full Article

Biofuels Industry Pushes for Greater Use in Europe to Reduce Reliance on Russia

by Samyak Pandey (S&P Global) Major industry players seek long-term mandates, ambitious targets; Feedstock availability for industry remains key to achieve targets  — Industry leaders strongly stressed increased biofuels consumption through blending mandates and other measures in a bid to make Europe energy independent and reduce reliance on Russia at S&P Global Commodity

May 3, 2022 Read Full Article

GS Caltex, Posco International Team up for Biofuel Push

by Lee Ji-yoon (Korea Herald)  South Korean refiner GS Caltex said Sunday it has teamed up with Posco International, the trading unit of steel giant Posco, to make a big push into the burgeoning biofuel market amid growing calls for emissions cuts globally. Under the deal, the two firms seek to

May 2, 2022 Read Full Article

WORLD – a BONUS 5-letter Word as We Reflect on EARTH MONTH. 

Sustainable, renewable FUELS are key to achieving the United Nations’ 17 Sustainable Development GOALS to transform our WORLD. Food, feed and fuel co-products OFTEN result from sustainable, renewable fuel production; and using climate SMART agricultural practices to produce feedstock WHILE sequestering carbon help us REACH Goal #2 Zero Hunger. Certainly,

May 1, 2022 Read Full Article

Mountain West Airport Sells a Biofuel Made with Animal Fat

by Emma Gibson (KUNM Boise State Public Radio) Airplanes flying in or out of a Mountain West airport now can gas up with a blend of jet fuel and livestock fat. This spring, the Eagle County Regional Airport near Vail, Colorado, began offering the fatty jet fuel sourced from unwanted livestock tallow,

April 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Alternative Fuels Are Today’s Solution Bridging the Gap Toward a Zero Emissions Future

by Lisa Colicchio (Metrolink/Biofuels Digest)  … Many advanced biofuels deliver up to 80 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. Even more impressive than the emission reductions offered by advanced biofuels is the low cost required for transition. Advanced fuels are drop-in fuel replacements and require almost no change or equipment upgrades

April 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Cathay Pacific Launches Asia’s 1st Major Corporate SAF Program

(Cathay Pacific/Biobased Diesel Daily) Cathay Pacific is launching its pilot corporate sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) program, the first major program of its kind in Asia. The program provides corporate customers the opportunity to reduce their carbon footprint from business travel or airfreight by contributing to the use of SAF uplifted for

April 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Japan: TotalEnergies and ENEOS to Study Sustainable Aviation Fuel production at ENEOS Negishi Refinery

(TotalEnergies) TotalEnergies and ENEOS Corporation announced a collaboration to jointly conduct a feasibility study to assess the production of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) in ENEOS Negishi Refinery in Yokohama city, Japan. The companies have already started to conduct the study for feedstock procurement and production of SAF related to this project.

April 25, 2022 Read Full Article

Will Indonesia’s Ban on Palm Oil Exports Derail Renewable Diesel Growth in the U.S.?

by Tyne Morgan (AgWeb) Soybean oil prices hit nearly limit up in overnight trading after Indonesia announced it will effectively ban palm oil exports as of April 28 due to soaring domestic prices. While no timeline was given on the announced export ban, Indonesia said the ban on palm oil exports

April 25, 2022 Read Full Article

World Energy Secures Permits; Will Completely Convert Its Southern Calif. Refinery to Create North America’s Largest SAF Hub

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In a sweet SAF switcheroo, huge news arrived from California-based World Energy, a carbon-net-zero solutions provider, that it secured the critical permits required to completely convert and increase output by 700 percent at its Southern California renewable fuels production facility, the world’s first and North America’s

April 25, 2022 Read Full Article

Whisky Generates a Lot of Waste. It Could Soon Help Fuel Your Car

by Rebecca Cairns (CNN Business) … But for every liter of whisky, there is a huge amount of waste: around 2.5 kilograms of solid by-products known as draff, 8 liters of liquid known as pot ale, and 10 liters of spent lees, a watery residue. This amounts to 684,000 metric tons of

April 25, 2022 Read Full Article

Traders Pocket 100% Raises in Booming Corner of Fuel Markets

byKim Chipman and Michael Hirtzer (Bloomberg/Yahoo!) Few U.S. traders know how to source renewable fuel ingredients; Net-zero emissions goals by 2050 are driving biofuel demand — In the hottest U.S. labor market in decades, the hottest job of them all right now might be trading fats. That’s right — animal

April 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Biofuels Industry Tackles COVID-19, War Challenges

by Susan Reidy (WorldGrain.com) Just as the global biofuels industry was regaining ground from a severe drop in production caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, it is now facing new struggles with rising feedstock prices caused in part by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, and the return of the food-versus-fuel debate.  After seeing

April 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Decision on the European Commission’s Refusal to Grant Public Access to Documents Concerning Compliance with Biofuels Sustainability Criteria under the Renewable Energy Directive (Case 1527/2020/DL)

(European Ombudsman) The complainant wished to obtain access to a list of all countries of origin of used cooking oil (UCO) for the years 2016 to 2019, together with the volumes of UCO feedstock collected for each country for each year, as reported by the voluntary certification schemes for biofuels

April 20, 2022 Read Full Article

NYK and Sanyo Kaiji Start Japan’s First Ship-to-Ship Biofuel Supply Trial for Tugboats

(NYK Line) Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha (hereinafter, NYK) and its affiliate Sanyo Kaiji Kabushiki Kaisha (hereinafter, Sanyo Kaiji) have started a continuous three-month test navigation using biodiesel (hereinafter biofuel) supplied by Toyotsu Energy Corporation in tugboats operated by Sanyo Kaiji. The biofuel will be supplied via ship-to-ship* using a bunkering

April 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Synthica Energy Launches Permitting Phase for New Anaerobic Digestion and Renewable Natural Gas Facility in the Heart of

(Synthica Energy/Business Wire)  Synthica Energy, LLC announced today it has entered the permitting phase of development for a new anaerobic digestion facility in the heart of Kentucky’s famed distillery region. The facility will focus on converting distillery byproducts (stillage) from Kentucky’s growing bourbon industry into Renewable Natural Gas (RNG). Synthica’s facility

April 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Refuel Energy Inc. Announces Plans for Renewable Fuel Facility in Southern Ontario

(Refuel Energy/Business Wire)  Proposed project – Refuel YYZ – would produce hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) in Southern Ontario — -Refuel Energy Inc. (Refuel) announced today that planning is underway for the construction of a 3000bpd renewable fuel plant in Southern Ontario. The proposed facility would supply

April 20, 2022 Read Full Article

JetBlue among Airlines Giving New Life to Sustainable Biofuel

by Tina Casey (Triple Pundit)  The global economy will need liquid fuel for many years to come. That is especially true of the airline industry, which continues to face significant challenges along the road to electrification. What’s wrong with electric airplanes? Electric mobility has made remarkable progress over the past 10

April 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Refinery Celebrates Expansion that Makes It Largest of Its Kind in Western U.S.

by John Cox (Bakersfield.com)  A clean-energy project two years and more than $40 million in the making got a proper christening Thursday as Denver-based Crimson Renewable Energy Holdings LLC celebrated an expansion that cements its position as the largest producer of ultra-low carbon biodiesel in the Western United States. The

April 15, 2022 Read Full Article

Chip Flory: Green Fuel Drives the Future of Soybeans

by Chip Flory (AgWeb) The soybean industry continues to prep for what’s expected to be demand growth for renewable diesel, sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), “green” marine fuels and higher blends of biodiesel in home heating in the eastern U.S. Here are a few numbers for perspective:  Soybean oil use for biofuels

April 7, 2022 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuels, Monomers, Carbon Sourcing: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Axens

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) There’s a difference between renewable carbon and circular carbon, as noted in this illuminating ABLC slide guide from Axens. How does their circular carbon tech work? Who are they partnering with? How are they accelerating industrialization? From feedstock to products and technology, find out all

April 7, 2022 Read Full Article

B&W, Kiewit Partner to Develop Biomass Power Plant for Fidelis’ Renewable Diesel, SAF Project

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) Babcock & Wilcox announced March 31 that it is partnering with Kiewit Industrial to deliver Fidelis New Energy’s planned net-negative carbon impact biomass power plant at the Port of Greater Baton Rouge, Louisiana. The 200-megawatt electric plant will be the largest of its kind

April 5, 2022 Read Full Article

Tidewater Renewables Ltd. Enters into Strategic Renewable Natural Gas and Feedstock Partnership and Provides Operational Update

(Tidewater Renewables/CISION)  Tidewater Renewables Ltd. (“Tidewater Renewables” or the “Corporation“) (TSX: LCFS) is pleased to announce that it has entered into a strategic renewable natural gas (“RNG“) and feedstock partnership (the “Partnership“) with Rimrock RNG Inc. (“Rimrock“), and Rimrock Cattle Company Ltd. (“RCC“). RCC and its affiliates are one of the largest

April 5, 2022 Read Full Article

REG Unveils EnDura Branded Fuels Suite in Bid to Shake-up Heavy-Duty Transport

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Iowa, Renewable Energy Group introduced its EnDura Fuels line of renewable fuels solutions. This branded product launch supports Renewable Energy Group’s ongoing efforts to help the transport industry meet its sustainability and business growth objectives, while strengthening the Company’s position in the marketplace. The EnDura

March 31, 2022 Read Full Article

British Airways Takes First Delivery of Commercial-Scale SAF Produced by Phillips 66

by Christopher Surgenor (GreenAir Online)  British Airways has taken delivery from oil major Phillips 66 of an initial batch of the UK’s first commercial-scale production of sustainable aviation fuel. The fuel is being produced through co-processing at the Phillips 66 Humber Refinery in northeast England from sustainable waste feedstocks under

March 30, 2022 Read Full Article

Oil Majors Look to Co-processing as a Rapid Route to Producing Sustainable Aviation Fuels at Scale

by Susan van Dyk (GreenAir Online)  The demand for SAF is high but supply remains limited as facilities are still under construction, and production in many cases is years away. But since last year, several oil companies have started producing SAF through co-processing, which is giving SAF supply a boost.

March 30, 2022 Read Full Article

Spain Approves Biogas Roadmap, Focused on Mobility and Industry

(MITECO/NGV Journal) The Council of Ministers, at the proposal of the Ministry for the Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge (MITECO), has approved the Biogas Roadmap, which identifies the challenges and opportunities for the development of this renewable gas and proposes multiplying by 3.8 its production by 2030, exceeding 10.4 TWh.

March 29, 2022 Read Full Article

Mundo UFG Presents Series of Interviews on Solutions to Climate Change: This Episode Focuses on Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel

(RTVEFone Foundation/Federal University of Goiás)  Mundo UFG, programming on the campus-based TV UFG at the Federal University of Goiás, highlighted renewable fuels in four of its hour-long segments recently.  This episode focuses on biodiesel and related research and business topics. As moderator for two of the episodes, Marcelo Pedro noted

March 29, 2022 Read Full Article

The Rise of Renewable Diesel & Biodiesel

by Nicolas Bulver (Renewable Energy Group/Union Pacific Track Record)  What is causing the increased demand for renewable diesel and biodiesel and what is the impact on supply chains? Can waste products become fuel? The answer is yes if you’re talking about vegetable oils, greases or animal fats. These very products,

March 29, 2022 Read Full Article

Increasing Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production with Feedstocks

by Marine Bessoles (ICF) There is pressure on the aviation industry to decarbonize coming from a myriad of sources including investors, passengers, government, and society at large. Popular protests such as the Swedish flygskam (translated in English as “flight shame”) movement combined with the contrail-free skies of the COVID-19 pandemic have

March 29, 2022 Read Full Article

First A380 Powered by 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuel Takes to the Skies

(Airbus) Airbus has performed a first A380 flight powered by 100% Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF). Airbus’ A380 test aircraft MSN 1 took off from Blagnac Airport, Toulouse, France at 08h43 on Friday 25 March. The flight lasted about three hours, operating one Rolls-Royce Trent 900 engine on 100% SAF. 27 tonnes of

March 29, 2022 Read Full Article

RNG, Renewable Fuels from Solar, Waste Wood & Carbon: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Aemetis

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Third generation tech is what Aemetis calls it – using renewable fuels for carbon capture & sequestration siphons carbon from the atmosphere into crops which are converted into renewable fuels, then the solar energy is released as transportation energy while the CO2 from biofuels production

March 28, 2022 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuel — Accelerating a New Industry to Drive Down Emisions and Drive Up the Economy

(Bioenergy Australia)  A report released today by the Sustainable Aviation Fuels Alliance of Australia and New Zealand (SAFAANZ) titled Bridging the price gap for Sustainable Aviation Fuel, has identified, amongst a number of other recommendations, the creation of a Jet Council as an immediate priority action for Government to accelerate the

March 25, 2022 Read Full Article

CycleØ, New Biomethane Platform Focused on Vehicle and Grid Markets

(Ara Partners/NGV Journal) Ara Partners, a private equity firm that specializes in industrial decarbonization investments, has partnered with Laurence Molke to create CycleØ Group Limited, a European biomethane platform, through the acquisition of FNX Liquid Natural Gas S.L. The new company is particularly focused on opportunities in the biogas-to-vehicle (bio-G2V) and

March 24, 2022 Read Full Article

EIA Projects U.S. Renewable Diesel Supply to Surpass Biodiesel in AEO2022

by Estella Shi, Will Sommer, Andrew Smiddy (U.S. Energy Information Administration) In our Annual Energy Outlook 2022 (AEO2022) Reference case, which reflects current laws and regulations, we project that renewable diesel supply (domestic production and net imports) will exceed biodiesel supply in the near term. We project that renewable diesel supply will increase to

March 24, 2022 Read Full Article

The Comment that Silenced the Crowd: Heard on the Floor at ABLC 2022

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …  Topsoe’s Mikala Grubb stepped in. “What we have is a solids to liquids conversion problem.” The room went quiet, quiet like a church. “750 delegates negotiating in a small hotel but you can hear a watch ticking,” that silence. What she was describing was the

March 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Shell Scotford Ponders Biofuels Investment

by Lindsay Morey (Sherwin Park Strathcoma County News) Shell Scotford completed a pilot project in summer of 2021 that processed 1.5 million litres of canola oil and tallow in its refinery. A final investment decision is expected later this year. —  The possible investment into biofuels is Shell Scotford’s latest

March 21, 2022 Read Full Article

50 Hottest Projects in the Advanced Bioeconomy 2022

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) On Day 2 of ABLC in Washington, DC, The Digest announced the 50 Hottest Projects in the Advanced Bioeconomy 2022. This year, the focus was on advanced bioeconomy manufacturing sites, completed or in development, at pilot, demonstration or commercial scale for intermediates or finished products, rather

March 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Greasezilla Partners with LEND Environmental to Produce Premium UCO and Brown Grease Biofuels in Los Angeles

(Greasezilla)  Downey Ridge Environmental Company, developer of Greasezilla® fats, oils and grease (FOG) and used cooking oil (UCO) separation and processing system, is partnering with LEND Environmental to accelerate recycling of used cooking oil and grease trap waste across southern California. The companies will set up additional locations to separate

March 17, 2022 Read Full Article

ABLC 2022 – State of the Industry

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  ABLC’s theme of “Dawn of Net Zero” and hundreds of delegates from organizations all over the world grappling with the immense opportunities and supply chain challenges posed by the world’s rapid turn towards charting a path toward a post-fossil society. After hearing from leaders

March 17, 2022 Read Full Article

From Seed to Skin: How Biodiesel Makes the EU Go Round — and Go Green

(European Biodiesel Board/Politico)  Europe will need much more of this renewable fuel to decarbonize the transport system. The advantages stretch way beyond the obvious.– … EU countries have a huge challenge ahead of them: phase out fossil fuels in order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from transport by 90 percent

March 14, 2022 Read Full Article

Rossi Biofuel and MOL Group Build a Unique Biodiesel Plant in Europe in Komárom

(MOL Group (Google Translation)) Annual biodiesel capacity of 50,000 tons; State-of-the-art technology unique in Europe; 85 percent greenhouse gas savings over conventional fuels; The investment is in line with MOL Group’s SHAPE TOMORROW 2030+ corporate strategy Rossi Biofuel’s new plant in Komárom was inaugurated, which will significantly increase the amount

March 14, 2022 Read Full Article

15 Mgy Biodiesel Plant Using BDI’s RepCat Technology Comes Online in Hungary

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  Rossi Biofuel, a 25/75 joint venture between MOL Group and Envien Group, cut the ribbon for its new biodiesel plant in Komárom, Hungary, March 11. The facility, sized at 15 million gallons per year (mgy), is the first in Europe to come online using

March 12, 2022 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuel and Renewable Diesel: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to NextChem

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  NextChem and Saola Energy have partnered to provide renewable diesel sized to your feedstock supply. Find out how as well as how their tech obtains high yields in SAF production, how hydrogen solutions can further abate the already high GHG emission reduction compared to fossil

March 12, 2022 Read Full Article

S3:E3: United Airlines Flies Towards Greener Skies

by Dan Bresette and Emma Johnson (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  The aviation industry will be one of the toughest sectors to decarbonize. Yet, most of the major airlines have announced net zero emissions goals by 2050. So how are they going to get there? Dan and Emma talk with Aaron

March 9, 2022 Read Full Article

Fitec Lands Contract to Build World’s First Avocado Biogas Facility

(Fitec Environmental Technologies Inc./Biogas World) Mexico-based Villa Avocado will digest the waste from their avocado oil production facility to close the loop and create renewable energy. — Fitec Environmental Technologies Inc., a Canadian biogas design and engineering company, has signed a contract to build a biogas facility for Villa Avocado, an

March 8, 2022 Read Full Article

Nova Pangaea, Aemetis, World Energy, Gevo, USA BioEnergy, Sherdar Australia Bio Refinery, DG Fuels, and Sweetwater Commercialization

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) Nova Pangaea Technologies, the UK cleantech company at the heart of the drive to Net Zero, started the Front-End Engineering Design (FEED) study for its first commercial plant in the UK. Aemetis, Gevo, USA BioEnergy, DG Fuels and others have also announced feedstock deals, loans,

March 7, 2022 Read Full Article

Eni, Mozambique Government Partner on Biofuel Feedstocks

(Eni/Biomass Magazine) Eni and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of the Republic of Mozambique (MADER) on Feb. 28 signed an agreement for the cooperation and development of agricultural projects in Mozambique, aimed at producing oil seeds and vegetable oils to be used as agro-feedstock for the production of biofuels.

March 3, 2022 Read Full Article

Ethanol Mergers at 5-Year High in 2021

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) Ethanol Mergers, Acquisitions Rebound in 2021; Renewable Diesel Construction Booms  — U.S. ethanol companies pursued more mergers and acquisitions than they have in five years, and the renewable diesel industry continued to grow and expand in 2021, according to a new report by the preeminent

March 3, 2022 Read Full Article

Canadian Council for Sustainable Aviation Fuels Launches

(Canadian Council for Sustainable Aviation Fuels/Biomass Magazine) Canadian aviation industry leaders are joining forces to create the Canadian Council for Sustainable Aviation Fuels (C-SAF), whose mission is to accelerate the deployment of sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) in Canada to ensure that the Canadian aviation sector remains competitive as it transitions to a net-zero

March 2, 2022 Read Full Article

340 Mgy SAF Plant Being Built in China

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) Oriental Energy Company Ltd. is building a sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) manufacturing facility with an annual production capacity of approximately 340 million gallons in Maoming, China, in southwestern Guangdong province. The project will be built in two phases and involves two production units that

March 2, 2022 Read Full Article

Neste Inks Renewable Diesel JV with Marathon, to Invest $1B in US Production

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) from Finland and Ohio comes the news that Neste has established a 50/50 joint venture with Marathon Petroleum to produce renewable diesel following a conversion project of Marathon’s refinery in Martinez, California. Through the JV Neste obtains a 50% interest in the Martinez Renewable Fuels project.

March 2, 2022 Read Full Article

Chevron Agrees to Acquire Renewable Energy Group in $3.15 Billion All-Cash Deal

(Renewable Energy Group/Biobased Diesel Daily) Chevron Corp. and Renewable Energy Group Inc. announced Feb. 28 a definitive agreement under which Chevron will acquire the outstanding shares of REG in an all-cash transaction valued at $3.15 billion, or $61.50 per share. The acquisition combines REG’s growing renewable fuels production and leading feedstock

February 28, 2022 Read Full Article

DOE Issues 2 RFIs on Biomass Conversion, Organic Waste

(U.S. Department of Energy/Biomass Magazine)   The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office has released two new requests for information (RFIs) related to biomass conversion research and development and community organic waste programs. The Conversion Research and Development program is working towards improved

February 23, 2022 Read Full Article

Steamboat Fuels Chose Curaçao for Its Strategic Location and Maritime Infrastructure

(Curaçao Chronicle) The American company Steamboat Fuels has chosen Curaçao because of the strategic location of the island and the ‘availability of workers with experience in the processing industry’. The company has plans for a factory near Bullen Bay where vegetable oils and animal fats are treated to serve as

February 22, 2022 Read Full Article

2021 Highlights and 2022 Outlook: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Neste

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Excellent performance in a year of major scheduled maintenance shutdowns and high input costs is a good way to sum up 2021 for Neste. See how their renewable products segment did, what the feedstock market looked like, how U.S. RIN and LCFS prices affected it,

February 22, 2022 Read Full Article

Agilyx, Virgin Group, REG, Louisiana Green Fuels, Circular SynTech, and Others Advance on Waste-to-Fuels

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) Just in the last few days, it’s been all about low carbon, lower carbon, net-zero carbon – and all of it from waste. Virgin Group and Agilyx’s strategic partnership to produce lower carbon fuel from plastic waste. REG’s state-of-the-art pretreatment facility to refine some of

February 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Renewable Energy Group Announces Strategic Investment in Expanded Low Carbon Feedstock Processing in Europe

(Renewable Energy Group/Business Wire) Renewable Energy Group, Inc. (REG) (NASDAQ: REGI) will install a state-of-the-art pretreatment facility in Germany, enabling the company to refine some of the lowest carbon intensity, hardest to convert waste fats and oils for bio-based diesel production. The project is located on the North Sea harbor of

February 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Vopak Building Storage for Shell Biorefinery

(Tank Storage) Vopak and Shell have begun a long-term co-operation deal under which Vopak will store and supply feedstocks for Shell’s biorefinery in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, from its Vlaardingen terminal. Shell’s 820,000 tpa biorefinery at the Shell Energy and Chemicals Park Rotterdam will produce fuels such as sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and renewable

February 18, 2022 Read Full Article

SAF Is Soarin’: Neste, Shell, World Energy, Itochu, Aemetis, Vertimass Making Advances as Capacity Is Set to Ramp

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  …  Big players with access to affordable capital, too — making the limiting barriers more about affordable feedstock and a drive to squeeze every point out of the Carbon Intensity by strategic siting of projects. Netse and Itochu in Japan From Japan, news arrived that Neste

February 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Spanish Project Will Allow to Produce Biogas and Renewable H2 at Low Cost

(Aqualia/FCC Medioambiente/NGV Journal) The ECLOSION project will develop new materials, technologies and processes for the generation, storage, transport and use in different applications, including vehicle fuel, of renewable hydrogen and biomethane, obtained from bio-waste (urban, agri-food, wastewater and sewage sludge). The consortium, coordinated by Aqualia, has the collaboration of 10 prestigious

February 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Netherlands: Shell Becomes the First to Offer Bio-LNG to Trucking Clients

(Shell Netherlands/NGV Journal) Shell bio-LNG is available as a road transport fuel in the Netherlands from February 15, as a blend with regular LNG. Hereby Shell becomes the first in the country to offer bio-LNG to all of its customers. After gearing up production Shell plans to offer pure bio-LNG to

February 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Climate Friendly Jet Fuel: 3 Strategies for Accelerating Its Production

(U.S. Department of Energy) Supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office, the National Renewable Energy Laboratory is striving to bring more low- and zero-net-carbon sustainable aviation fuel to the market. The equivalent of 30,000 Olympic-sized swimming pools—that’s how much jet fuel the United States consumes in a typical

February 17, 2022 Read Full Article

Aemetis India to Acquire Site for Biodiesel and Sustainable Aviation Fuel Feedstock Refining Facility

(Aemetis) India biodiesel plant adds pre-treatment facility to convert crude tallow into refined tallow for biodiesel production and export of feedstock to California  —  Aemetis, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMTX), a renewable fuels company focused on negative carbon intensity products, announced today that the Universal Biofuels subsidiary of Aemetis in Kakinada, India has agreed

February 16, 2022 Read Full Article

An Important Message to Food Companies and Their Investors: Stop Paying to Landfill Waste

(Green Energy Biofuel/EIN Presswire)  With Green Energy Biofuel, food companies that pay to landfill waste can turn cost centers into revenue streams and satisfy investors by going—and making—green. —  Despite ESG goals and investor pressure to go green, some of the largest food companies in the U.S. continue to landfill tons

February 15, 2022 Read Full Article

CAAS, Singapore Airlines, and Temasek Pick ExxonMobil to Supply Sustainable Aviation Fuel for Singapore Pilot

(Singapore Airlines)  The Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS), Singapore Airlines (SIA), and Singapore-headquartered global investment company Temasek have selected ExxonMobil as the vendor to supply and deliver sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) as part of a pilot on the use of SAF in Singapore. Under this pilot, SIA, with support

February 14, 2022 Read Full Article

An Introduction to Sustainable Aviation Fuels — Part 1 of a Series, “Sustainable Aviation Fuels: A Critical Emissions Mitigation Strategy Gaining Momentum”

by Jeff Overton (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  … Aviation is a difficult sector to decarbonize. The enormous energy required to fly a heavy aircraft long distances takes an energy dense power source that liquid hydrocarbon fuel provides. Battery technology for electric flight is improving. However, batteries currently do not have

February 14, 2022 Read Full Article

From the Lab to the Sky: Five Things to Know about Biofuel-Powered Flights

(U.S. Department of Energy ) On December 1, 2021, a United 737 Max 8 carried more than 100 passengers from Chicago to Washington, D.C.—just one of roughly 87,000 flights over the United States that day. Reporters and TV crews gathered to meet the travelers on the tarmac because this flight differed

February 12, 2022 Read Full Article

Fuel the Crush: Renewable Diesel Pumps Up Soybean Demand

by Sara Schafer (AgWeb) … “The administration is committed to making this happen, and so I think there is a much larger appetite to get this industry off the ground now than there even was six months or a year ago,” says Alexa Combelic, director of government affairs for the

February 10, 2022 Read Full Article

Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2

by Will Thurmond (Emerging Markets) Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2. (249 pages, September 2021) provides a detailed analysis and outlook for low-carbon feedstock availability, and a feasibility assessment for technology commercialization pathways in sustainable aviation fuels and low-carbon renewable diesel production. INTRODUCTION AND TABLE OF CONTENTS

February 10, 2022 Read Full Article

Green Fuels Shortage Looming Due to EU Restrictions, Industry Warns

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com) Europe is in danger of failing to meet the transport industry’s soaring demand for sustainable liquid fuels due to EU restrictions on biofuels, a new industry position paper has claimed. Demand for green liquid fuels in Europe is set to double by 2030, an industry-commissioned study found,

February 10, 2022 Read Full Article

Scientists Extract Hydrogen from Banana Peels

by Anjana Nair (Bio Market Insights) … An important candidate is hydrogen produced from organic waste, or “biomass” of plants and animals. Biomass absorbs, removes, and stores CO2 from the atmosphere, while biomass decomposition can also bring ways to negative emissions of greenhouse gases removal. But even though biomass heralds

February 10, 2022 Read Full Article

Eni-SEA Agreement on Biofuel for Commercial Flights

(Eni) Eni and SEA, the Milan Malpensa and Milan Linate airports operator, have signed an agreement to promote decarbonization initiatives in the aviation sector and accelerate the ecological transition of the two airports. The agreement stems from a collaboration that first began in December 2021 with the supply of biofuels (SAFs)

February 9, 2022 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels Can Replace Used Cooking Oil in Aviation, Industry Says

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com)  Under the ReFuelEU Aviation proposal, the percentage of SAF that must be mixed with kerosene would reach 63% in 2050. — Pressure is growing on EU lawmakers to ensure agricultural and waste residues are legally required in the production of green jet fuel to prevent a

February 3, 2022 Read Full Article

St1 Strengthens Waste Feedstock Business by Acquiring Brocklesby Ltd in the UK

(St1) Energy company St1 Nordic Oy has acquired 100% of Brocklesby Ltd. Brocklesby is a recycling expert of used cooking oil and fatty food waste, being one of the UK’s leading refiners in this field. The waste collection is based on strong partnerships with a large number of restaurants, retailers and food

February 2, 2022 Read Full Article

Cynersorb: Designed for the Future

by David Gittins and Tony Smith (Biobased Diesel Daily)  … Biofuel producers are drawn towards lower-quality feedstocks, either due to their more favorable carbon-intensity (CI) values or simply because the higher-quality feedstocks are already captured in long-term supply agreements with other producers. These feedstocks contain more impurities than virgin oils.

February 2, 2022 Read Full Article

New Request for Information on Scaling and Energy Strategies for Organic Waste Streams DEADLINE March 11, 2022

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) has released a new request for information (RFI) for feedback related to community-scale resource and energy strategies from organic waste streams. The RFI, titled “Community-Scale Resource and Energy Recovery from Waste Solutions,”

February 1, 2022 Read Full Article

Big FOG Disposal Challenge in the Big Easy

by Brian Levine (Greasezilla)  Safeway Used Oil & Grease finds their solution with Greasezilla  — New Orleans boasts more than 1,400 eateries offering a delectable and diverse selection of Creole, Cajun, and international cuisines to an estimated nineteen million tourists each year. For local grease trap waste professionals, the amount of

January 28, 2022 Read Full Article

Cepsa and the Iberia Group Seal an Ambitious Strtegic Alliance to Decarbonize Air Transport on a Large Scale

(Crepsa) º The two major Spanish companies are joining forces to develop and produce sustainable aviation biofuels (SAF) on a large scale from waste, recycled used oils, and other sustainable plant-based feedstocks (2nd generation bios) The agreement, which also includes Iberia Express, contemplates other alternative energy sources such as renewable

January 26, 2022 Read Full Article

Eni Biofuel to Power Aeroporti di Roma Vehicles

(Eni) A new milestone has been reached in the partnership between Eni and Aeroporti di Roma, as part of their strategic agreement aimed at promoting decarbonization initiatives in the aviation sector and accelerating the green transition of airports. A shipment of 5,000 litres of pure HVO hydrogenated biofuel arrived at Fiumicino

January 26, 2022 Read Full Article

New Book on Birth of American Biodiesel

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com)At the National Biodiesel Conference last week, attendees were introduced to a new book o the history of biodiesel – “The Birth of American Biodiesel: Biographical Accounts Celebrate 30 Years of Pioneers, Leaders and the Bold Vision for the National Biodiesel Board,” by Ron Kotrba. The book was commissioned

January 25, 2022 Read Full Article

Why Are Certain Crops Used to Make Biofuels?

(Sustainable, Secure Food Blog) … Biofuels are a low-carbon fuel option that we can use to make a difference right now. Many states are already using ethanol as part of their gasoline supply systems. In California, biodiesel and renewable diesel made up over 25% of the fuel used for diesel

January 25, 2022 Read Full Article

Feedstocks and a Growing Biodiesel, Renewable Diesel Industry

by Aimie Simpson (Brownfield Ag News) U.S. farmers are ready to meet demand for feedstocks in a growing biodiesel and renewable diesel industry.   East Central Iowa farmer David Walton, a Clean Fuels Alliance America governing board member, says the industry is poised to see rapid growth in the next 10 years

January 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Lawmaker Proposes Raising EU Green Jet Fuel Target to 100% by 2050

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com) A draft European Parliament report calls for greater ambition in the EU’s proposed green jet fuel law, including a higher percentage of mandatory sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) for planes refuelling in the bloc. The draft, seen by EURACTIV, puts forward amendments that would raise the percentage

January 21, 2022 Read Full Article

Swedavia Continues Work to Phase out Fossil Fuels through new HVO 100 incentive for companies operating at its airports

(Swedavia) To encourage companies and other organisations operating at Swedavia’s airports to become fossil-free and start refuelling with HVO, fossil-free diesel, on January 1 Swedavia introduced a special HVO 100 incentive at Stockholm Arlanda Airport and Göteborg Landvetter Airport. The goal is now for all ground operations at every Swedavia airport to

January 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Biofuels Market Dynamics 2022 and Beyond: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to IHS Markit’s Outlook

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Last week,we were surrounded by a Ministry of All the Talents, as you might say, experts from the holy of holies, IHS Markit, yes, Dan Yergin’s fabled firm. Want to find out what was covered with Christoph Berg, Stephan Li and Kevin Lindemer? From biofuels

January 20, 2022 Read Full Article

Animal, Vegetable or Mineral (Oil)? Exploring the Potential Impacts of New Renewable Diesel Capacity on Oil and Fat Markets in the United States

by Chris Malins and Cato Sandford (International Council on Clean Transportation)  This report provides an overview of the U.S. renewable diesel market and explores the potential market and environmental impacts of increased renewable diesel capacity. The United States currently supports renewable diesel supply through the federal Renewable Fuel Standard, a biomass-based

January 19, 2022 Read Full Article

Argus Launches Biomethane Guarantee of Origin Price Assessments

(Bioenergy Insight) Global energy and commodity intelligence company Argus has launched biomethane guarantee of origin price assessments. Biomethane can be used as an alternative or as a supplement to natural gas in industry, transport and heating. The new Argus Renewable Gas Guarantee of Origin (RGGO) prices cover biomethane from two

January 18, 2022 Read Full Article

The European Waste-based & Advanced Biofuels Supply Chain

(European Waste-based & Advanced Biofuels Association/EurActiv) EWABA represents the interests of the European waste-based and advanced biodiesel supply chain. Our 35+ members are producers of biodiesel from used cooking oil, animal fats and other advanced waste feedstocks, waste collectors and technology providers. The waste-based and advanced biodiesel supply chain is as complex

January 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Advanced Feedstocks Represent a Generational Opportunity – Here’s How to Take It

by Mikala Grubb  (Haldor Topsoe)  The global transition to sustainably produced fuels offers refiners, biorefiners, and investors a once-in-a-generation-sized opportunity. The key to taking it will be advanced feedstocks, as detailed in this column which uncovers how to make the most of the enormous potential. … Add to this the

January 18, 2022 Read Full Article

Indaba Renewable Fuels to Produce 6,500 Barrels per Day SAF in 2 Locations Using Haldor Topsoe Tech

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) News just in that Indaba Renewable Fuels will build two greenfield refineries in California and Missouri to produce Sustainable Aviation Fuel utilizing Topsoe’s HydroFlex technology. The facilities are expected to begin production of SAF in 2024 with the capacity of the plants expected to be 6500

January 17, 2022 Read Full Article

WasteFuel Announces WasteFuel Marine, a Green Shipping Fuel Solution

(WasteFuel) WasteFuel, a developer of low-carbon biofuels, announced today the launch of WasteFuel Marine, a renewable fuel solution for the shipping sector. WasteFuel Marine’s initial product will be bio-methanol for container ships. WasteFuel aims for its marine fuels to reduce CO2 emissions by 95% and Nitrogen Oxide emissions by up to

January 14, 2022 Read Full Article

Opinion: Clean Fuel Production Is Growing Sustainably

by Donnell Rehagen (National Biodiesel Board/Clean Fuels Alliance America/Agri/Pulse) America’s demand for cleaner, better fuels is growing. Washington state recently joined Oregon and California in launching a clean fuels program. New York, Connecticut and Rhode Island have adopted requirements for Bioheat® fuel in heating oil. Airlines around the world are committing

January 13, 2022 Read Full Article

Pre-treatment for the Production of Renewable Diesel

(Biofuels International) Desmet Ballestra Group expertise lies in the oils and fats industry and this has helped it play an important rose in the biofuels market. … Desmet Ballestra Group was founded in 1946. We are a technology provider mainly focussing on all processes related to vegetable oil production and

January 10, 2022 Read Full Article

ExxonMobil and Neste to Supply Sustainable Aviation Fuel in France

(ExxonMobil)Aviation fuel supplier ExxonMobil and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) producer Neste announce plans for commercial-scale distribution of Neste MY Sustainable Aviation Fuel™ at the largest airports in France. This important step is taken in preparation of the 1% SAF mandate introduced by the French government and effective on Jan 1,

January 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Charting a Course toward Cleaner Shipping

by Christina Nunez  (Industry Today) Research suggests that swapping heavy fuel with fuel made from wood waste, waste fats, oils and greases could cut planet-warming emissions. … Using batteries instead of heavy fuel oil to propel gigantic cargo ships, which annually move more than 10 billion tons of goods, isn’t yet

January 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Megatrends in Sustainability Under the Microscope: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Nexant

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Find out what Steven Slome from Nexant thinks is hot in biofuels, biochemicals and sustainability in this illuminating slide guide from ABLC 2021. From a shift in green priorities, to areas of key growth in biofuels and biochemicals, this is one you won’t want to

January 6, 2022 Read Full Article

Airlines Have a Recipe to Reach Zero Emissions by 2050. The Key Ingredient: Cooking Oil

by Hugo Martin (Los Angeles Times/Aviation Pros) … In a first, one of the two engines on the 737 Max 8 was powered exclusively by fuel made from used cooking oil and rendered waste fat from beef, pork and chicken. Refined at a Southern California plant, the fuel produces about 80%

January 5, 2022 Read Full Article

Biodiesel vs Electric Vehicles (Optimus Technologies founder Colin Huwyler)

(Aaron Watson Business & Investing)  Colin Huwyler is the CEO of Optimus Technologies, a firm that designs and builds EPA compliant biodiesel conversion systems (“Vector Systems”) with integrated telematics to allow medium and heavy-duty diesel engines to operate on up to 100% biodiesel in temperatures to -20F. Colin founded the company

January 3, 2022 Read Full Article

JBEI’s Aviation Program: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Joint BioEnergy Institute

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  6 DOE National Labs and 6 Universities are partners with the Joint BioEnergy Institute to help transform the maximum amount of carbon available in bioenergy crops into biofuels and bioproducts. From the importance of jet fuels, the JBEI Aviation Program, the latest on SAF molecules,

January 3, 2022 Read Full Article

Top 10 Predictions for the Advanced Bioeconomy in 2022

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A mere “The Year in Rewind” as we sail into 2022? Not the good ship Digest! Instead, we dust off our crystal ball and offer our predictions for the year ahead. As the sunset of 2021 gives way to the dawn of 2022, once again roll

January 3, 2022 Read Full Article

Don’t Pitch Those Peels, Recycle Them: California’s New Food-Waste Law

by Francine Kiefer (Christian Science Monitor)  …  beginning Jan. 1, (California) is requiring every city and county to have a program to collect organic waste … and turn it into compost, biofuel, or energy. Several states, and even a few countries, such as France, have some type of law to

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

SAF Taking Off in 2022: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to ICF’s SAF

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As you wait for the clock countdown to 2022 today, check out this slide guide from Mike McCurdy, Managing Director of Fuels & Power at ICF on how sustainable aviation fuels are taking off in the near term with the latest projected figures for 2022

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewables 2021: Analysis and Forecast to 2026

(International Energy Agency) Renewables 2021 is the IEA’s primary analysis on the sector, based on current policies and market developments. It forecasts the deployment of renewable energy technologies in electricity, transport and heat to 2026 while also exploring key challenges to the industry and identifying barriers to faster growth. Renewables

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuels Policies and Market in Norway

by Odd Jarle Skjelhaugen, Mats Nordum,  Einar Svein, Jarle Horn and Duncan Akporiaye (Norwegian University of Life Sciences/Norwegian Environment Agency/Drivkraft Norge/Norwegian University of Life Sciences/SINTEF)  • Driven by its national climate policy, Norway introduced biofuels blend-in mandates for road transport in 2009. The blend-in rates started low and increased year

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Progress in Commercialization of Biojet /Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF): Technologies, Potential and Challenges

by Susan van Dyk and Jack Saddler (IEA Bioenergy Task 39) Biojet/ Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) must play a major role if the aviation sector is to significantly reduce its carbon footprint. To meet its carbon reduction targets, large volumes of biojet fuel will be required (likely more than 100

December 31, 2021 Read Full Article

Petrobras and Vibra Test Diesel with Renewable Content on Bus Lines in Curitiba

(Petrobras) Petrobras and Vibra will begin, in January, tests with the new Diesel R5 (with 5% renewable content), produced at the Getúlio Vargas Refinery (Repar). Three bus lines operated by Auto Viação Redentor, in Curitiba, Paraná, will run on the new fuel for the next six months. During the period, around 120

December 30, 2021 Read Full Article

Top 10 Slide Guides of 2021

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) As we wrap up 2021 this week, The Digest brings you the hottest Top 10 slide guides from this past year – with key themes like carbon upcycling, ethanol to hydrogen, renewable diesel and jet fuel, enzyme tech and microbes. So what did you click

December 30, 2021 Read Full Article

USDA Secretary Vilsack Meets with GE Aviation on Sustainable Aviation Fuel to Reduce CO2

by Jay Stowe (GE Aviation/Biobased Diesel Daily) After leading USDA Secretary Tom Vilsack on a tour of the engine development assembly facility at GE Aviation’s headquarters in Evendale, Ohio, in early December, chief engineer Chris Lorence posed a rhetorical question to the reporters assembled for a news conference: “What does the

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuel: Decoupling Carbon from Commercial Flight Fact Sheet

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) empowers energy companies and aviation stakeholders by supporting advances in research, development, and demonstration to overcome barriers for widespread deployment of low-carbon sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). SAF made from renewable biomass and waste resources have the potential to deliver the performance of

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Irving Based Biofuel Producer Announces Mega Merger

(WBAP) A mega merger announced for an Irving based company. A billion dollar merger is in the works for Darling Ingredients that would enable the company to produce bio-friendly hydrocarbon fuel.  Darling CEO Randy Stuewe announced plans for agri-foods reprocessing firm Darling to purchase Valley Proteins of Virginia for $1.1 billion.

December 29, 2021 Read Full Article

NY to Require Biodiesel Blending with Heating Oil in 2022

by Laura Sanicola (Long Island Press/Reuters)  New York will become the largest state to enact a biodiesel blending requirement for heating oil, according to legislation passed in the state on Wednesday night. Petroleum-based heating oil sold in the state beginning in July 2022 will need to be mixed with increasing amounts

December 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Australia to Raise Biofuels Consumption: USDA

(Argus Media) Australia’s federal government will implement new fuel standards for gasoline from 1 January 2022, which may significantly raise the ethanol blend rate in the country and boost demand for imports. Under the new fuel quality standard, Australia aims to reduce maximum aromatics content in the gasoline pool to 35pc

December 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Meeting SAF Demand with Commercial Tech: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Honeywell UOP

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) How can we meet sustainable aviation fuel demand? Check out this ABLC 2021 slide guide from Syed Ali from UOP Renewable Fuels on all their available drop-in renewable fuels, current plants operating using their tech for renewable diesel and jet fuel, their first commercial SAF

December 22, 2021 Read Full Article

VW Officially Approves Using Paraffinic Fuels in Latest-Generation Diesel Engines

(Volkswagen/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Volkswagen plans to reduce the carbon footprint of its fleet in Europe by 40 percent by the year 2030. The company is therefore increasingly focusing on fully and partially electric vehicles. As a further alternative, Volkswagen is now officially approving models with the latest-generation 4-cylinder diesel engines

December 21, 2021 Read Full Article
1 2 3 11

More than 40,000 articles in our online library!

Use the categories and tags listed below to access the more than 40,000 articles indexed on this website.

Our Sponsors

FREE Subscription! Advanced Biofuels USA events calendar; policy and actions; education newsletters

Donate

 

Donate

 

Archives

Categories

Tags

2nd generation biofuels 3-D 3D printing 3rd generation biofuels 4-H 4th generation fuels 7% solution 45Q 81 Octane 84 octane 85 octane 87 octane 88 octane 89 octane 90 octane 91 octane 92 octane 93 octane 94 octane 95 octane 96 octane 98 octane 100 octane 100% SAF (Sustainable Aviation Fuel) 103 octane 105 octane 108 octane 109 octane 110 octane 113 octane 119 octane 2016 US House and Senate Campaigns 2016 US Presidential Campaign 2018 US Senate and House Campaigns Other Election Activities 2020 Election 2022 2022 US Senate and House Campaign 9003 Program a A20 (20% methanol/bioethanol) Abu Dhabi acacia acetate acetic acid acetone acid acid hydrolysis adaptive evolution additional carbon additionality adequate/inadequate domestic supply Administrative Procedure Act advanced advanced biofuel prices Advanced biofuels advanced biofuels production advanced ethanol advanced ethanol tax credit advertising campaign aerobic digestion aerosols Affordable Clean Energy Program (ACE) afforestation Afghanistan Africa AGARDA (Agriculture Advanced Research and Development Authority) agave aggregation agr Agricultural Conservation Easement Program (ACEP) agricultural economics Agricultural Policy Agricultural waste/residue Agriculture agroforestry agrofuels agronomy Aircraft engine emissions Air Force air pollution control Air Pollution Policy airport airports air quality Alabama Alaska Albania albedo Alberta albizia alcohol-to-diesel alcohol-to-jet (ATJ) alcohol fuel cells alcohol fuels alfalfa algae algae contamination algae cultivation algae extraction algae harvesting algae parity algae separation algal biofuels Algeria Algiers alkanes alkenes alkylate alligator fat almond almond hulls shells alternative energy vehicles alternative fuels Alternative Fuels Credit alternative fuels excise tax credit Alternative Fuels Tax Credit (AFTC) aluminum Amazon American Indian Tribes American Le Mans Series (ALMS) ammonia ammonia fiber explosion (AFEX) amylose anaerobic digestate anaerobic digester/digestion and Energy Use in Transportation Model Angola anhydrous ethanol animal bedding animal fat animal feed animal waste Antactica Antarctica antibiotics antitrust Appropriations APR (Aqueous Phase Reforming) aquaculture aquatic organisms Arabidopsis arabinose ARCA Archaea Architecture Arctic Argentian Argentina Arizona Arkansas Armenia Army Corps of Engineers aromatics aromatics price ARPA-C ARPA-E ARPA-Terra artificial intelligence Aruba Asia asphalt/bitumen ASTM ASTM 6866 ASTM D396 ASTM D975 ASTM D1655 ASTM D2880 ASTM D4054 ASTM D4806 Denatured fuel ethanol ASTM D4814 ASTM D5798 ASTM D6751 ASTM D7467 (B6-B20) ASTM D7544 ASTM D7566 (Standard Specification for Aviation Turbine Fuel Containing Synthesized Hydrocarbons) ASTM D7862 ASTM D7875 ASTM D7901 (DME-Dimethyl Ether for Fuel Purposes) ASTM D8076 ASTM D8181 ASTM E3146 ASTM standards ASTM WK55232 (D02) ASTM WK63392 ATJ-SPK (Alcohol to Jet Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene) Atlantic Canada atmosphere Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Australia Australian pine Austria Auto manufacturer automotive aviation aviation fuel (SAF) benefits aviation fuel (SAF) price aviation fuel (SAF) production aviation fuel (SAF) pumps/delivery aviation fuel (SAF) tax credit aviation fuel (SAF) terminal Aviation Fuel/Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Aviation Gasoline/AvGas avocado awards/recognition Azerbaijan. b B0 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B10 B11 B12 B12.5 B13 B14 B15 B20 B25 B30 B33 B35 B40 B50 B70 B75 B80 B98 B99 B100 Babados nut tree babassu bacteria bagasse Bahamas Bahrain bamboo banana banana stems Bangladesh bankruptcy Barbados barge barley barley fiber barley protein barley straw Basque batteries Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) bauxite beauty leaf tree beaver beer bees Belarus Belgium Belize Benin benzene Bermuda Bhutan big bluestem big data Big Food Big Oil/Oil Majors billion ton study bio bio-based diesel benefits bio-based economy Bio-CNG/RNG terminal Bio-CNG pumps bio-LNG (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG Pumps (Liquified Natural Gas) Bio-LNG terminal bio-natural gas bio-NGV (natural gas for vehicles) bio-oil/pyrolysis oil bio-SPK (bio derived synthetic paraffinic kerosene) biobased Biobased Markets Program biobased materials Biobased Product Manufacturing Assistance Program biochar biochemical conversion BioChemicals/Renewable Chemicals bioconversion Biocrude/Green Crude/SynCrude biodegradable biodiesel biodiesel blend wall biodiesel EN 14214 Biodiesel Fuel Education Program biodiesel prices biodiesel production biodiesel pumps biodiesel quality biodiesel standards biodiesel tax credit biodiesel technologies biodiesel terminal biodiversity bioeconomy bioelectricity bioelectrochemical conversion bioenergy Bioenergy Program for Advanced Biofuels Bioenergy with Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) biofoundry Biofuel biofuel consumption Biofuel Crops biofuel distribution Biofuel Infrastructure Partnership (BIP) biofuel producer tax credit biofuel production Biofuels Directive biofuels education biofuel tax credit Biogas Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline Biogasoline/Renewable Gasoline pumps biogenic carbon biogenic emissions Bioheat biohydrocarbons biohydrogen BioIsoprene Bio LPG biomass Biomass Carbon Removal and Storage (BiCRS) Biomass Crop Assistance Program (BCAP) biomass hydrolysis biomass recalcitrance Biomass Research and Development initiative (BRDI) biomass sorghum Biomass to Liquid (BTL) biomass transportation biomaterials bioplastics biopower Biopreferred bioproducts biopropene bioprospecting BioRefineries/Renewable Fuel Production Biorefinery Assistance Program (BAP) old 9003 Biorefinery Renewable Chemical Biobased Product Mfgr Assistance 9003 BioRenewable-1 (BR-1) BioSNG Biotechnology birch bitter orange black carbon black grease black liquor black locust blender blender pumps Blenders Credit blending blendstock Blend wall blockchain blue carbon boat fuel Bolivia bolt-on Bonaire bonds book-and-claim border tax Borneo Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana BQ-9000 Brachiaria bracken brackish water Brassica Brazil breweries British Columbia broker brownfields brown grease Brunei Btu's BTX (Benzene Toluene Xylene) Bu12.5 Bu16 Budget building block chemicals Bulgaria bunker oil Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Burkina Faso Burma Burundi buses Business/General Aviation Business and Industry Program (B&I) business law business resources butadiene Butane butanediol butanol/biobutanol butanol emissions butyl acetate butyric acid c C3 sugar C5 sugar C6 sugar Cabo Verde cactus cagaita calibration California California Air Resources Board (CARB) Cambodia Camelina camels Cameroon Canada canarygrass Canary Islands canary reed grass candle nut cannabis canola/rapeseed canola straw cap-and-invest cap-and-trade carbohydrates carbon carbon-14 testing carbon-efficient fuels carbon/CO2 sequestration carbon capture and storage (CCS) carbon capture and utilization (CCU) carbon cost carbon credit carbon credit markets carbon cycle carbon debt Carbon Dioxide (CO2) carbon efficiency carbon emissions carbon fiber Carbon Intensity (CI) carbon life cycle carbon markets Carbon Monoxide (CO) carbon negative carbon neutrality carbon offsets carbon pipeline carbon price carbon recycling carbon removal carbon sink carbon tax carbon tax-and-dividend Carbon tax border adjustments carbon user fee Carbon Utilization and Biogas Education Program carcinogens cardoon Caribbean carinata/brassica carinata carob cashew cashew apple CASI CAS Registry Cassava cassava price cassava pulp cassava stalk castor bean castor stalk catalysis catalysts catalytic decarboxylation catalytic hydrothermal conversion catalytic hydrothermal conversion-to-jet (CHCJ) catalytic hydrothermal gasification catalytic hydrothermolysis jet CHJ pathway cattle cavitation CBD (cannabidiol) cell culturing cellulase enzymes cellulose Cellulosic/Biomass Hydrogen cellulosic biofuel Cellulosic biomass cellulosic diesel Cellulosic ethanol cellulosic ethanol price cellulosic feedstock cellulosic production tax credit cellulosic sugars Cellulosic Tax Credit cellulosic waiver credit cement Central African Republic Central America Certificate Program Certificates of Origin (COs) certification certification fuels cesium cetane Chad change in soil condition charging stations CHCJ-5 Chesapeake Bay chicken feathers chickens Chile Chili China chitin chufa/cyperus esculents/nutsedge CIA circular economy citrus citrus greening disease Citrus Peel Clean clean air Clean Air Act (CAA) clean diesel Clean Fuel Standard/Policy (CFS) Clean Power Plan (CPP) Clean Trucks Plan Clean Water Act climate change Climate Change Adaptation climate change effects climate change mitigation climate legislation climate smart agriculture closed-loop system Clostridium thermocellum cloud point clover CNG Conversion kit co co-generation co-location co-operative Co-op Extension co-processing co-products coal Coal and Biomass to Liquid (CBTL) coastal habitat conservation coastal hay Coast Guard cobalt cock's foot coco cocoa Coconut coffee coffee cherries coffee grounds coffee pulp cold-tolerance cold flow college/university Colombia Colorado combined heat and power (CHP) Comment Request commercial flights commercialization commissioning Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compliance credits compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG/R-CNG/bioCNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) Conservation Stewardship Program (CSP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel Cook Islands cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 COP25 COP26 copper coppice cordgrass corn-based products corn/maize corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cuphea cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D5 (5%DME) D20 (20%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel diesel with renewables diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel direct air capture directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E40 E50 E55 E75 E78 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED95 educatio education educational business private educational tour Education Series 3030 EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electricity price electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) end user Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylbenzene ethylene ethyl levulinate (EL) ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication externalities extremophiles f F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax Fleets fleet turnover fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP h Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawai'i hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrids Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrocarbon fuels hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen hydrogen aircraft hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogenolysis hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron iron oxide IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) ISO 9000 isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isomerisation isooctane isooctene isopropanol Israel Italy Ivory Coast JAA jackfruit Jamaica jamelão Japan jatobá Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper Just A MInute Just Transition jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kalanchoe kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land prices land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M3 M15 M50 M100 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts mass balance standard Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methan methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanization Methanol/Biomethanol/Renewable Methanol methanol fuel cells methanol price Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbial electrosynthesis microbiology microorganisms/microbes microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover mineralization minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum MON (Motor Octane Number) Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil/gas terminals oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) osage orange OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay Paris Agreement parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photoelectrocatalysis photoelectrochemical photolysis photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine needles pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass podcasts Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyethylene polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps/fueling station pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R5 R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD10 RD20 RD30 RD55 RD80 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming Regulated Emissions regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED/RED II/REDIII) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw/paddy straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications Spent Bleaching Earth Oil (SBEO) sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) subsid succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname sustain Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas/gas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane/e-methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree tamanu/nyamplung Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics Thermal catalytic depolymerization (TCD) thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction totai Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy travel travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale truck trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used motor oil used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volatile fatty acids (VFA) volunteers Vulcanol w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment wax weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsin women Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Yukon Zambia Zanzibar zein