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What Fits the Process

(BDI Bioenergy/Biofuels International) ... When biodiesel producers shift to waste-based material as feedstock, the first choice is often used cooking oil (UCO). The main reason is that UCO’s feedstock parameters are close enough to that of vegetable oil. The result is

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2023 Billion-Ton Report

(U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy KDF) The U.S. Department of Energy Bioenergy Technology Office's (BETO's) 2023 Billion-Ton Report (BT23) is an assessment of renewable carbon resources potentially available in the United States. BT23 explores these resources in terms of quantity, price,

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Phillips 66 Announces Major Milestone in Production of Renewable Diesel

(Phillips 66/Business Wire)  Phillips 66 (NYSE: PSX) today announced a major milestone in its conversion of the San Francisco refinery into the Rodeo Renewable Energy Complex, expanding commercial scale production of renewable diesel. The Rodeo Renewed project has progressed, with the facility

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Bolivian State-Owned Biodiesel Plant in Santa Cruz de la Sierra Begins Operations

(Bolivian Ministry of Hydrocarbons and Energy/Biobased Diesel Daily)   A start-up ceremony was held March 26 in Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia, for the first biodiesel plant built by state-owned oil company Yacimientos Petrolófilos Fiscales Bolivianos. “Today is a historic day

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The Digest’s 2024 Multi-Slide Guide to Renewable Fuel Technologies from Honeywell UOP

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Honeywell UOP creates new technologies that convert oil and natural gas into transportation fuels, energy and petrochemicals. UOP has a century-long record leading technology development for the oil and gas industry UOP technology makes more than

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Northdale Oil Considering Building Biodiesel Plant in Grand Forks

by Ann Bailey (The Dickinson Press) The proposed biodiesel plant would process raw vegetable oil such as soybean or canola, said Tyler Stockton, Northdale Oil Inc. procurement manager -- Northdale Oil Inc. a Grand Forks fuel company, is financing a feasibility

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ZeaKal Delivers Synergistic Innovation to Enhance Sustainability of Corn Production

(Oklahoma Farm Report) ZeaKal today (March 19, 2024) announced the successful development of its groundbreaking PhotoSeed™ technology in corn, improving the crop’s oil and sustainability profile without compromising yield or protein. With the immediate implementation of PhotoSeed corn’s route to market, ZeaKal aims

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National Biodiesel Day: Industry Celebrates Feedstock Innovation

(Clean Fuels Alliance America) Annual celebration takes place on Rudolf Diesel’s birthday, March 18 -- On National Biodiesel Day, March 18, the clean fuels industry celebrates a milestone in renewable fuel history while honoring the legacy of Rudolf Diesel, the visionary behind the

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The Rise of Renewable Propane

by Tucker Perkins (Propane Education and Research Council/ACT News)  The push for clean transportation continues to drive fleets toward low-emissions energy options, giving rise to the adoption of more renewable energy sources, including renewable propane. Renewable propane offers the same benefits

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India Could Triple Its Biofuel Use and Accelerate Global Deployment

by Jeremy Moorhouse and Astha Gupta (IEA) India has quickly joined the ranks of major biofuel producer and consumer thanks to a set of coordinated policies, high-level political support, and an abundance of feedstocks. Over the next five years it has the

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Eni Rovuma Basin Starts Producing Vegetable Oil for Biorefining in Mozambique

(Eni) Eni Rovuma Basin (ERB) announces the beginning of production of vegetable oil which will be used as feedstock in Eni’s biorefineries. This initiative is part of Eni’s strategy to contribute to the decarbonization of transportation, and it will include Mozambique

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Biofuel Is Poised to Usurp Crude Oil Refining in the Bay Area. But Are Their ‘Renewable’ Fuels a Green Solution or ‘Greenwashing’?

by Katie Lauer (SiliconValley.com) With concerns over sustainability increasing in the energy industry, fossil-fuel companies have embraced plans to revamp, rather than decommission, vast networks of steaming, flashing and aging refinery pipelines into more eco-friendly assets. In 2020, two Bay Area refineries

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Fat, Sugar, Trash: All the Weird Things that May Fuel Planes by 2050

by Nicolás Rivero (Washington Post) ... Each of these new fuel sources comes with its own set of trade-offs: Some will require years of research to develop, others have low ceilings on how much they can grow, and a few may

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China Achieves Mass Production of Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(CGTN)  A Chinese company has developed a sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) which will soon enter the commercial market, according to Science and Technology Daily. SAF is a new type of aviation fuel that blends bio-manufactured green jet fuel with traditional fuel. It

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On the Ground in Colorado, NREL Is Simulating Sustainable Aviation Fuel Combustion during Flight

by Erik F. Ringle (National Renewable Energy Laboratory) Laboratory Supports Industry in Fine-Tuning Sustainable Aviation Fuel Chemistry Ahead of Seeking Approval for Widespread Airplane Use -- ... But changes are coming for jet fuel, and the aviation industry is actively inviting

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Everything You Wanted to Know about Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel. Charts and Graphs Included

by Jeremy Martin (Union of Concerned Scientists)  ... Biofuels overall account for a small but growing share of US transportation energy. Figure 2 shows that petroleum supplies 94 percent of US transportation energy while biofuels are 6 percent. Of the biofuels,

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EPA Recommends Approval for Brownfield Biofuels Project Public Comment DEADLINE January 23, 2024

(Government of Western Australia Environmental Protection Authority)   An Environmental Protection Authority (EPA) report on a proposal to repurpose an old oil refinery for biofuel production flags the selection of a brownfield site as good environmental practice. The independent EPA has recommended

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Eni Rovuma Basin Starts Producing Vegetable Oil for Biorefining in Mozambique

(Eni)    Eni Rovuma Basin (ERB) announces the beginning of production of vegetable oil which will be used as feedstock in Eni’s biorefineries. This initiative is part of Eni’s strategy to contribute to the decarbonization of transportation, and it will include

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Only B7, B20 Diesel to Be Available in Thailand from May 1

(The Nation) The Energy Business Department will seek Cabinet endorsement for discontinuing the sale of B10 diesel oil, leaving only B7 and B20 oil options available, the department’s chief said. Nanthika Thangsupanich, the department’s director-general, said the move comes in response to

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Repsol Collects Used Cooking Oil at Its Service Stations in Galicia to Produce Renewable Fuel

(Repsol) • The company has set up collection points for used cooking oil at 176 service stations in the Autonomous Region of Galicia in northwestern Spain to make it easier for its customers to manage this domestic waste sustainably. Repsol collaborates with

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China Accelerates Biodiesel Demo Projects, Carbon Credit Methodologies

by Ivy Yin, Samyak Pandey, Oceana Zhou, Daisy Xu (S&P Global)  Big biodiesel exporter, weak domestic demand; Government calls for demos to build home demand; Loans, carbon profits 'not enough to drive demand'  --  China is to accelerate development of biodiesel demonstration projects and

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Judge Inclined to Halt Los Angeles Biofuel Refinery Expansion, Siding with Environmental Groups

by Hillel Aron (Courthouse News Service) AltAir Paramount wants to expand its biofuel refinery. Environmental justice groups say the project would increase pollution of the surrounding residential neighborhood. -- A Superior Court judge on Friday said he was likely to halt the

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IFC Invests Sh32 Billion in Kenya’s Biofuel Project

by Allan Odhiambo (Business Daily)  The International Finance Corporation(IFC) is set to invest Sh31.96 billion ($210 million) in an agribusiness project by Italian firm, Eni Kenya. The IFC said the investment in the form of a senior loan will support capital requirements

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Biofuels Drive Canola Demand

by Don Norman (Manitoba Co-operator)  The Canola Council of Canada is seeking ways to increase yields to meet the rising demand for biofuels.  “Biofuels seem to be taking the front-and-centre space for the oilseed sector, at least in Western Canada,” said Curtis Rempel, vice-president of crop

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Novozymes Launches Quara® LowP for Renewable Diesel fFedstock Pre-treatment

(Novozymes/Yahoo! Finance) Novozymes, a global leader in biosolutions, marks a significant milestone in the renewable diesel and SAF (Sustainable Aviation Fuel) industry with the launch of Quara® LowP, an enzymatic solution designed to transform the feedstock pre-treatment process.  As the world seeks

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Petrobras Technology Enables Riograndense Refinery to Process 100% Renewable Feedstocks

(Petrobras) Test Unveils Pioneering Advancements in Biorefining on a Global Scale -- The Riograndense Petroleum Refinery (RPR) has accomplished a historic achievement by successfully processing 100% soybean oil in a Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) Unit at the Refinery. This milestone was made

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CVR Ramps Up Production at Wynnewood, Considers Shift to SAF

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) CVR Energy Inc. processed a record volume of renewable feedstock at its Wynnewood refinery in Oklahoma during the fourth quarter. The facility’s feedstock pretreatment unit is nearing mechanical completion and CVR is continuing to evaluate the

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Eni and Saipem: Agreement to Develop New Biorefineries

(Eni) Eni and Saipem have signed an agreement for the development of biorefining. It was signed today by Giuseppe Ricci, Chief Operating Officer for Energy Evolution at Eni, and Alessandro Puliti, Chief Executive Officer at Saipem, to support the transformation path

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Low Carbon Fuels 2040: The Emerging Markets

(Biofuels Digest/Nuu Media) Low Carbon Fuels 2040: The Emerging Markets provides detailed case studies, updates and analysis of the key producers and developers participating in Renewable Diesel projects and Sustainable Aviation Fuels (SAF) projects in the USA, Canada, Europe, Asia, and in South

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Japan's 1st: Coastal Vessel Successfully Operated Using Biofuel Mixed Waste Cooking Oil Directly with Fuel Oil

(Mitsui O.S.K. Lines and MOL Coastal Shipping)  Mitsui O.S.K. Lines, Ltd. (MOL; President & CEO: Takeshi Hashimoto) and its group company MOL Coastal Shipping, Ltd. (President: Hiroshi Kobayashi) today announced that an MOL Coastal Shipping-operated 499 GT coastal vessel, the "Tetsuun

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Honeywell UOP

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Honeywell UOP creates new technologies that convert oil and natural gas into transportation fuels, energy and petrochemicals. UOP has a century-long record leading technology development for the oil and gas industry UOP technology makes more than

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Biofuel Boom to Push US Soy Meal Exports to Record High

by Kim Chipman and Tarso Veloso Ribeiro (Bloomberg)  Oil from crushed soybeans is key ingredient in green diesel; Soy meal byproduct shipments to pass record in 2024, US says -- Shipments of US soybean meal to other countries are expected to climb to a

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Argus White Paper -- Hydrotreated Biofuels: From Niche to Key Commodities

(Argus Media)  Renewable targets in road and air transport are strengthening across Europe, while industries are stepping up efforts to reduce their carbon footprint. These trends have brought 'hydrotreated' biofuels - drop-in fuels that can replace fossil fuel without requiring engine

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Used Cooking Oil Being Developed as Aviation Fuel: Ministry

by Ade Irma J, Resinta S (Antara Indonesian News Agency)  The Indonesian Industry Ministry stated that the potential of used cooking oil, currently being developed globally, could be tapped to serve as sustainable aviation fuel (SAF). "This used cooking oil is a raw material

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UAE: Meet Emirati Green Champion Leading Research in Biofuel Production

by Angel Tesorero (Khaleej Times) Sara Ishaq Alkhoori became one of the recipients of this year's L'Oréal-Unesco For Women in Science International Award -- Emirati researcher Sara Ishaq Alkhoori, 28, wants to create a greener future. Her research as a PhD student at

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Trafigura Selects IsoTherming® Technology for Grassroots Diesel Hydrotreater in Argentina

(Elessent Clean Technologies/Biobased Diesel Daily)  Elessent Clean Technologies announced in early September the signing of license and engineering contracts with Trafigura for the construction of a state-of-the-art IsoTherming® diesel hydrotreater at the Bahía Blanca Refinery in Argentina. The diesel hydrotreater is scaled

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Clean Fuels Releases Outlook on Global Supplies of Used Cooking Oil for Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel Production

(Clean Fuels Alliance America) Global UCO supplies are anticipated to rise from 3.7 billion gallons in 2022 to between 5 billion and 10 billion gallons by 2030. The U.S. market at 850 million gallons could rise to 1.1 billion gallons. Clean Fuels

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Eni, LG Chem Explore Renewable Diesel, SAF Project Development in South Korea

(Eni/Biobased Diesel Daily)  South Korea’s leading chemicals producer LG Chem and Italian energy group Eni Sustainable Mobility jointly announced Sept. 14 that they are exploring the possibility to develop and operate a new biorefinery at LG Chem’s Daesan chemical complex, 80

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Yokogawa and Phytochem Products to Collaborate on Recovery Technology for Bio-based Ingredients

by Mary Bailey (Chemical Engineering)  Yokogawa Solution Service Corp. and Phytochem Products Inc. announced the signing of an agreement whereby the two companies will collaborate in the development of a technology for the extraction of functional ingredients and biofuels from byproducts that have been

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15 Largest Biodiesel Producers in the World

by Zahaab Rehman (Insider Monkey) In this article, we take a look at the 15 largest biodiesel producers in the world. You can skip our detailed analysis of the biodiesel industry and go directly to the 5 Largest Biodiesel Producers in the World. The

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SPOTLIGHT | SAF Feedstock Flexibility via Pretreatment

(SAF Magazine)  With the Distinct Knowhow that BDI BioEnergy Has Gained Regarding Oils and Fats in General Since the Early 1990s, the Company Knows All the Critical Factors and Is Able to Provide Appropriate, Tailor-Made Solutions. With demand for SAF feedstocks

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Axens Will Provide Vegan Technology to Haike Chemicals for Its Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) Project in China

(Axens) Shandong Haike Chemical Co. Ltd, a Chinese refining and petrochemical company, has selected Axens’ Vegan® technology to produce low carbon, cost competitive sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) by retrofitting its existing assets. Vegan® technology is a second-generation hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) solution which

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Construction Underway on Imperial’s Renewable Diesel Facility near Edmonton, Alberta

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  In its second-quarter financials released July 28, Imperial, Canada’s largest petroleum refiner, said the renewable diesel project at its Strathcona refinery near Edmonton, Alberta, passed a significant milestone during the quarter. In May, key contractors were

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ART, a Chevron, Grace Joint Venture, Launches Catalyst System to Produce Renewable Diesel, Sustainable Aviation Fuel from 100% Renewable Sources

(W.R. Grace & Co./Globe Newswire)   Advanced Refining Technologies LLC (ART), a joint venture of Chevron (NYSE: CVX) and specialty chemicals leader W. R. Grace & Co. (Grace), today launched ENDEAVOR™, a hydroprocessing catalyst solution to produce renewable diesel (RD) and

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The Race to Invent a Greener Jet Fuel

by  Ted Anton (Wall Street Journal) With airlines striving to reduce emissions, companies are working to turn beef fat, vegetable oil and carbon waste into sustainable fuels -- Sustainable aviation fuels are approaching a breakthrough moment. Made mostly from agricultural, food and industrial

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MAIRE's Subsidiaries Awarded New Biofuel Contracts

by Bella Weetch (Hydrocarbon Engineering) ...  The pre-treatment plant, to be installed inside the Plock Refinery in Central Poland, shall process vegetable oils, used cooking oils and animal fats to produce renewable diesel (also known as hydrotreated vegetable oil, or HVO)

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After More than 15 Years, BDI’s RepCat Technology Comes of Age

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily) The commissioning of three new plants in less than a handful of months marks a milestone for the decade-and-a-half-old “new” biodiesel technology. BDI-BioEnergy International, the Austrian biodiesel process-technology provider and plant builder whose pioneering achievements in

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Engineers India Chief Hopes for Policy Revision to Make Sustainable Aviation Fuel Affordable

by Manish Pant (Business Today) Together with the advancements in production technology, interventions such as viability gap funding or a capex subsidy will help to encourage new investments in the fuel -- The upcoming facility at the MRPL complex in

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Productive Pilot with 100% FAME for Inland Shipping

(FinCo Group) The Dutch maritime logistics company VT Group (Verenigde Tankrederij BV) has joined forces with FinCo Group, an independent supplier of sustainable energy solutions, to jointly make an ambitious contribution to the necessary CO 2 reduction in the inland

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BP Targets Farms and Feedstock as Biofuel Race Gathers Pace

by Ron Bousso (Reuters) BP considers investing in feedstock producers; BP could invest directly in feedstock crop farming; BP aims to triple biofuel output by 2030  --... BP said it will increase biofuel output three-fold by 2030 to 100,000 bpd, or

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Pepsico Reuses Oil from Its Snacks Plant to Turn It into Biodiesel

(PepsiCo Spain (Google Translation)) The company launches a pilot project that allows more than 40,000 liters of used oil to be converted into HVO, a 100% plant-based biofuel; It will be used for the truck fleet of PepsiCo employees and

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MOL and Wizz Air Commercially Test Sustainable Aviation Fuel Supply at Budapest Airport

(Wizz Air) Three Wizz Air flights took off from Budapest Airport with 37% blend of Neste MY Sustainable Aviation Fuel™produced from renewable waste and residue raw materials supplied by MOL MOL, in cooperation with Neste, Budapest Airport, RÜK (Airport Fuel Supply Kft.) and Wizz Air,

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Indian Oil Plans Country's First Green Jet Fuel Plant Worth Rs 1,000 Crore at Panipat

byAmit Mishra (Swarajya) State-owned Indian Oil Corporation (IOC) is planning to build a Rs 1,000 crore ($122 million) sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) plant at Panipat in Haryana to meet the surging demand for eco-friendly fuel.  The move to establish the nation’s

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PBF Begins Commissioning Renewable Diesel Unit at Chalmette Refinery in Louisiana

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  Construction on PBF Energy’s 306-million-gallon-per-year renewable diesel production unit co-located with the company’s Chalmette refinery in Louisiana has reached mechanical completion, the company announced in its first-quarter financials. The project, which includes a repurposed hydrocracker and

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CVR Ramps up Renewable Diesel Production in Q1

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  CVR Energy Inc. is continuing to ramp up renewable diesel production at its Wynnewood refinery in Oklahoma. Total vegetable oil throughput during the first quarter was approximately 22.4 million gallons, up from 12.8 million gallons during

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South Dakota Corn Will Be Used to Create Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Ariana Schumacher  (West Central Tribune) Gevo plant will produce sustainable biofuel for jets in Lake Preston, South Dakota.  --  ... Gevo, a company making biofuel for jets, broke ground on its first commercial scale sustainable aviation fuel facility, Net-Zero 1, in Lake

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Petrobras to Conduct New Studies to Expand Production of Biodiesel

by Bella Weetch (Hydrocarbon Engineering)Petrobras has clarified that as part of its BioRefining programme it is conducting new project studies to expand the production of Diesel R, Petrobras' fuel produced by co-processing mineral diesel with vegetable oil, which contains a

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Biofuel Policies and the Current Food Crisis

by Joseph Glauber and Charlotte Hebebrand (International Food Policy Research Institute/Daily Star) ... Despite the recurring food versus fuel debate and criticism expressed during previous price spikes, biofuel policies have grown in popularity. That growth will likely continue.  The International Energy Agency

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Clean Fuels Applauds Senate Letter Urging Stronger RFS Volumes

(Clean Fuels Alliance America/Biobased Diesel Daily) Clean Fuels Alliance America applauded a bipartisan letter from 16 U.S. senators April 14 that calls on U.S. EPA to increase volumes for advanced biofuels and biomass-based diesel as it finalizes Renewable Fuel Standard volumes

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Clean Fuels Alliance America (Clean Fuels) and California Advanced Biofuels Alliance (CABA)2 Comment on California Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) Workshop

(Clean Fuels Alliance America and California Advanced Biofuels Alliance) ... Support for 30%/35% Targets Without Virgin-Oil Credit Cap. We commend CARB staff for maintaining a focus on strengthening the CI reduction targets through 2030. As noted in our prior comments,

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Trane Technologies Approves Renewable Diesel Fuel for Thermo King® Refrigerated Transport Solutions

(Trane Technologies)  Trane Technologies has approved the use of hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO), also known as renewable diesel, a sustainable fossil-free alternative to diesel fuel in Thermo King® global cold-chain solutions, including refrigerated truck and trailer product lines. The use of HVO

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Government Will Build the Biodiesel Plant II in El Alto with an Investment of Approximately $40 Million

(Bnamericas/Government of Bolivia) With the aim of consolidating the country's industrialization and gradually reducing imports of diesel, the National Government, through YPFB, the operational arm of the Nationalization of Hydrocarbons, will build the Plant of Biodiesel II and Derivatives "Heroes

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Government Will Build the Biodiesel Plant II in El Alto with an Investment of Approximately $40 Million

(Bnamericas/Government of Bolivia) With the aim of consolidating the country's industrialization and gradually reducing imports of diesel, the National Government, through YPFB, the operational arm of the Nationalization of Hydrocarbons, will build the Plant of Biodiesel II and Derivatives "Heroes

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Ready for Take-off and Take-up

by John McGarrity (Fastmarkets/Biofuels International) Sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) is at a turning point. Aviation has long been considered one of the hardest industries to decarbonise and unlike the automotive industry, we are still years away from being able to use

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Biodiesel and Kosher Glycerin: An Important Fuel and Its Valuable Coproduct

by Rabbi Mordechai Stareshefsky (Biobased Diesel Daily)  Biodiesel producers who are using plant-based feedstock, or those who are willing to switch, can get certified kosher and capture more value from their glycerin coproduct. About 350,000 tons of glycerin are produced in

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Feedstock Imperatives: What Biobased Diesel Producers Need to Know to Develop a Common-Sense Feedstock Specification.

by Christine Riedl (Biobased Diesel Daily/BDI-BioEnergy International) In the most relevant market newsletters, feedstocks like used cooking oil (UCO) or animal fats are specified by the free fatty acid (FFA) content, moisture, insoluble impurities and unsaponifiable matter (MIU), and sometimes

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Requirements and Solutions for Pretreatment of HVO Feedstocks

by Veronique Gibon, Wim De Greyt, Jan De Kock, Mark Kellens (Biobased Diesel Daily/Desmet Ballestra) Hydrotreated vegetable oil can reduce the use of fossil fuels and recycle waste streams, but its production requires efficient, flexible, safe, reliable and sustainable pretreatment

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Biodiesel and Renewable Diesel: What’s the Difference?

by Maria Gerveni, Scott Irwin, Todd Hubbs  (University of Illinois and U.S. Department of Agriculture/FarmDocDaily) Biomass-based diesel has long played an important role in compliance with the U.S. Renewable Fuels (RFS) mandates (e.g., farmdoc daily, July 19, 2017).  The two main types of

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Biofuels M&A: 2022 Review & Outlook 2023

by Bruce Comer, Frank Kim, and Zak Putlak (Ocean Park/Biofuels Digest)  The market for buying and selling biofuels plants followed a historic 2021 with a transformational year in 2022, driven by one pivotal biomass-based diesel (BBD) transaction. Overall, seven mergers and

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Biofuels’ Driving Forces in 2023 – Energy Security, Emissions and Costs

(Biofuels International) Jeremy Moorhouse, Renewable Energy Analyst, International Energy Agency, outlines what the year ahead holds for the biofuels industry. Following Russia’s invasion of Ukraine, policymakers around the world are evaluating whether biofuels can help balance three competing priorities: energy security,

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Evonik Integrates Alcoholates Business into Catalysts Division

(Evonik/Biobased Diesel Daily) Evonik Corp. is pooling its expertise and integrating the alcoholates business into its catalysts business line. The existing extensive portfolio of heterogeneous catalysts is thus supplemented by homogeneous catalysts. As of January, the international network of production sites

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The Future Is Now: Renewable Propane

by Steve Whaley (Propane Education and Research Council/ACT News) For decades, fleet owners have relied on propane autogas as a powerful, low-carbon energy source to fuel everything from school buses to delivery vehicles, taxis to paratransit fleets and all kinds of

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The Digest’s 2023 Multi-Slide Guide to Sustainable SAF from Corn

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The SAF Grand Challenge is vast. It sets out to achieve a minimum 50% reduction in lifecycle GHG emissions compared to conventional aviation fuel, increase SAF output to 3 billion gallons per year by 2030,

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Sustainable Aviation Fuel Offers Flight Path to Net-Zero Air Travel

by Marc Hamy & Nancy Gillis (Green Biz/First Movers Coalition)  It will take long-term, coordinated action from airlines, aircraft manufacturers, fuel producers, airports and governments for zero-emissions flight to really take off. -- ... On Nov. 27, a small piece of

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Repsol and the EIB Sign a EUR 120m Loan Agreement to Finance the First Advanced Biofuels Plant in Spain

(Repsol) - EIB supports the construction of an innovative advanced biofuels plant in Cartagena, Spain, therefore supporting Repsol’s decarbonisation strategy.  - The project, which is fully aligned with the European Green Deal, REPowerEU and the Fit for 55 package, contributes to

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University of Missouri Is Helping the Aviation Industry Go “Green”

(Show Me Mizzou/University of Missouri) Using part of a $12.8 million grant from the U.S. Department of Energy, MU researchers are working with an interdisciplinary group to optimize green energy for aviation use. -- While biodiesel and ethanol are two

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Current and Future California SAF Pathways & Supply

by Chuck Sorenson (Lee Enterprises Consulting/Biiofuels Digest) ... AltAir Paramount LLC was the first company to bring California-produced renewable fuels at scale to the California market.  They purchased the former Paramount Oil refinery near Los Angeles in 2013 and converted

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Is the Biofuel Industry Approaching a Feedstock Crunch?

(International Energy Agency) This report forms a component of Chapter 4 of Renewables 2022 and addresses a key question in renewable energy markets. About this report Biodiesel, renewable diesel and biojet fuel producers are headed for a feedstock supply crunch during 2022-2027 if

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Engineers India Gains on Bagging MRPL Order for Bio-ATF Plant

(Capital Market/Business Standard) Engineers India advanced 2.97% to Rs 81.60 after the company secured an order from Mangalore Refinery & Petrochemicals (MRPL) for preparation of BDEP, DFR and pre-project activities for bio-ATF plant at MRPL. The EPC company has been selected by

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Brazil's Bolsonaro Vetoes Biodiesel Decision

by Roberto Samora, Rafaella Barros and Carolina Pulice (Noticias/Reuters) Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro on Friday vetoed a National Energy Policy Council (CNPE) decision that would allow biodiesel produced by "any technological means of production" to be included in biodiesel. mixed with diesel fuel. Last week's

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What Future Fuel Will You Burn?

by Willie Vogt (Farm Progress/American Agriculturist) ... During that visit, the ag journalists got a look at experimentation being done on different kinds of fuels for use in developing countries where diesel might not be readily available. I learned about using sheep

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Can the Aviation Industry Reach 10% SAF Uptake by 2030? The Sky’s the Limit.

(Topsoe/Biofuels Digest) To achieve net-zero carbon emissions by 2050, the Clean Skies for Tomorrow Coalition has set a target of 10% SAF adoption by 2030. For fuel producers, that means creating enough supply to meet future demand, and for the aviation industry,

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Renewable Diesel Projected to Turbo Charge U.S. Biofuel Growth

(AgriNews) ... According to a new report from CoBank’s Knowledge Exchange, the recent surge of investments in U.S. renewable diesel production capacity is likely to ignite a period of growth and transition for the biofuels industry. “The outlook for biofuels is favorable

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All About Renewable Energy for Kids

(Solar Power Guide) ... Biomass Energy -- Biomass energy includes organic materials that come from plants and animals. It's possible to burn solid matter such as wood and garbage. Material from animal waste or rotting garbage produces biogas, which can also be

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Chinese Contractor Fires up Shell’s Biofuels Facility Modules

by Xu Yihe (Upstream Energy Explored)  Facility will capture CO2 emissions from manufacturing process and store them in depleted North Sea field -- Chinese manufacturing group Shanghai Yanda Engineering has cut the first steel for modules as part of biofuels facilities

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Topsoe Chosen to Support Federated Co-operatives Limited in Establishing Renewable Diesel Production in Saskatchewan, Canada

by Ulrik Frøhlke (Topsoe) Topsoe, a global leader in carbon emission reduction technologies, has been selected by Federated Co-operatives Limited (FCL) to officially support the production of renewable diesel in Regina, Saskatchewan, Canada. FCL has chosen Topsoe’s HydroFlexTM process to produce low-carbon renewable diesel. Henrik

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Eni: The Procurement of Palm Oil Has Come to an End

(Eni) Eni has definitively ended the procurement of palm oil for use at the Venice and Gela biorefineries for the production of hydrogenated biofuels. The last shipments arrived in the last few weeks, ahead of the declared goal of becoming 'palm

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Repsol and PLD Space Develop Renewable Fuels for Microlaunchers

(Repsol) - The alliance of these two Spanish companies, unprecedented in the space segment, combines technology and sustainability. -The main challenge of the agreement is to formulate new renewable rocket fuels and reduce the carbon footprint by 90% or even

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The Biodiesel Industry Proves More Promising and Eco-Friendly than the Fossil Fuel Counterparts

(AIN News/Pan Oleo/LaosNews.net)   Biofuels have contributed much towards our independence from foreign oil. The use of biofuels also rendered a positive influence on the economic growth of our nation. The conversion of waste to other reusable energies has great commercial significance

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Eni Starts Exporting Vegetable Oil for Biorefining from Kenya

(Eni)  The cargo that left the port of Mombasa is the first from Africa --  The first cargo of vegetable oil for biorefining produced by Eni in Kenya has left the port of Mombasa, on its way to Gela’s biorefinery. This

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NEXT Renewable Fuels and Its Big, Big, Big, Long, Long, Long Project in Oregon

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) We’ve long admired NEXT Renewable Fuels, developing one of the largest renewable diesel and plants in the nation, at Port Westward, near Clastskanie, on the Columbia River west of Portland. The Energizer Bunny could take lessons

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Renewable Diesel Projected to Turbo Charge Biofuel Growth

by Kenneth Scott Zuckerberg (CoBank) • By producing fuel using sources with lower carbon intensity compared to traditional petroleum based products, the U.S. biofuels sector is well-positioned to play a major role in reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The recently enacted

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The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of Renewable Diesel and DME

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) What’s up with the most exciting molecule in the bioeconomy as measured by capacity building? There are greenfield projects, refinery conversions, new technologies headed toward commercial, and the exciting arrival of DME at scale. What

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Cummins QSK95 Engine Proven Fully Compatible With Renewable Diesel

(Cummins/Business Wire)  Cummins Inc. (NYSE: CMI) is pleased to announce that its popular Tier 4 QSK95 engine can be safely used with renewable diesel, without any negative impact to its current EPA emission requirements or reliability. “Cummins is ready to assist customers

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Feature: Biodiesel Fundamentals Support Higher Blends, Brazil Considers Change

by Nicolle Monteiro de Castro (S&P Global)  Biodiesel mandate for 2023 remains unclear; Diesel-biodiesel spread falls in August; Glycerin price falls 54% over five months -- Shifting price structures in diesel and soybean oil markets could support an increased biodiesel blending in Brazil,

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The Digest’s Sustainable Aviation Fuel around the World 2022

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Many countries are now active with Sustainable Aviation Fuel — but how much where, and when, and what? The bulk of activity continues to come from the US — however, the EU has been gaining momentum, and

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The Feedstock Challenge

(Biofuels International) The processing of oils and fats into biofuels, regardless of whether they are waste oils or crude vegetable oils, requires pretreatment before the feedstock can be utilised in a biodiesel or hydrogenation process (HVO, HEFA, sustainable aviation fuel

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Group Urges CARB to Limit Biobased Diesel from Lipids under California LCFS

by Ron Kotrba (Biobased Diesel Daily)  The International Council on Clean Transportation suggests setting a cap on lipids “would prevent California’s [biobased diesel] market shifting from one that is primarily waste oil-based to one increasingly reliant on food-based fuels with

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HVO Is a Fuel You Need to Know

(Diesel Technology Forum)  HVO, along with renewable diesel and biodiesel, delivers significant GHG and other emissions benefits with the promise for even more in the future  --  ...  The path to decarbonization isn’t as straightforward for commercial trucks and off-road engines

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Eni Launches the First Production of Vegetable Oil for Biorefining in Kenya

(Eni) The initiative in Kenya represents the first integrated project in the world to bring Africa into the vertical bio-refinery supply chain by providing income opportunities and market access to thousands of farmers in degraded areas. --   Eni completed the construction

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Anniversary Book: Funding, Organizational Growth, and Feedstock Wars

(Clean Fuels Alliance America) As the 1990s dawned, more than a decade of renewed research had been performed on various straight vegetable oils and esterified varieties by a number of individuals and universities both in the U.S. (North Dakota State, Idaho,

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ExxonMobil Methanol to Jet Technology to Provide New Route for Sustainable Aviation Fuel Production

(ExxonMobil/Business Wire) ExxonMobil today announced a unique process technology to enable the manufacture of sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) from renewable methanol. ExxonMobil is focused on growing its lower-emission fuels business by leveraging technology and infrastructure. ExxonMobil is engineering proprietary methanol to

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Topsoe Technology to Reduce Customers' Greenhouse Gas Emissions by 12 Million Tonnes in 2022

by Ulrik Frøhlke (Topsoe) Topsoe’s technologies are set to reduce its customers’ greenhouse gas emissions by 12 million tonnes in 2022 alone. These reductions will not be one-offs but ongoing for the years to come. The key driver is Topsoe’s renewable fuels

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Lawsuits Challenge Two Massive Bay Area Biofuel Refinery Projects

(Center for Biological Diversity) Rushed Review Ignored Dangers to Communities, Environment  -- Communities for a Better Environment and the Center for Biological Diversity sued Contra Costa County on Tuesday over its rushed approval of two proposed biofuel refineries in the Bay

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As Demand for Renewable Diesel Grows, ADM, Marathon Petroleum Corp., and North Dakota Celebrate Groundbreaking of Green Bison Production Facility

(Marathon Petroleum Corp.) Spiritwood, North Dakota, facility – the state’s first dedicated soybean processing plant – expected to be online by 2023 harvest; Vegetable oil produced at facility expected to support approximately 75 million gallons of annual renewable diesel production 

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What Feedstock Will Meet RD demand?: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to LEC

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) The big question lately – is there enough feedstock available to meet the increased demand for renewable diesel? Pete Rocha, EVP at Lee Enterprises Consulting, shares this illuminating slide guide on how more feedstock

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SAF Production Expands for a Low-Carbon Future

by Scott Jenkins (Chemical Engineering Magazine)  ... The current environmental and geopolitical situation is prompting petroleum refiners across the globe to evaluate their assets and explore how to adapt to a carbon-constrained future, and one in which the negative climate effects

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Heartwell Renewables LLC Awards a Services Contract for a Renewable Diesel Plant

(Worley) Worley has been awarded a contract by Heartwell Renewables LLC (Heartwell), a joint venture between The Love’s Family of Companies and Cargill, for the detailed and field engineering services for a greenfield renewable diesel plant in Hastings, Nebraska. The

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Conservationists Sue to Stop SoCal Biofuel Refinery Expansion

by Hillel Aron (Courthouse News Service)  Biofuels are considered by some to be an important tool in the fight against climate change. But it has a growing number of detractors, including those within the environmental justice movement.  -- Three environmental nonprofits

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Phillips 66 Makes Final Investment Decision to Convert San Francisco Refinery to a Renewable Fuels Facility

(Phillips 66)  It will be one of the world’s largest facilities of its kind; expected to begin commercial operation in the first quarter of 2024 --  Phillips 66 (NYSE: PSX) made a final investment decision Wednesday to move forward with Rodeo

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UFOP Rejects Reduction of the Cap for Biofuels from Cultivated Biomass

(Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants) The GHG Quota Act regulates market balancing -- The Federal Environment Ministry's initiative to reduce the so-called cap on biofuels from cultivated biomass has met with incomprehension. The UFOP rejects the

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Liquid Biofuels Market Size to Surpass Around US$ 247.38 Billion by 2027 -- Emergen Research

(Emergen Research/EIN Presswire) Growing environmental awareness and increasing government supportive policies and initiatives regarding the adoption of biofuels are driving the market. -- The Global Liquid biofuels Market report, released by Emegen research, provides the target audience with the key information pertaining

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Bay Area Refineries to Start Producing Biofuels instead of Crude Oil

by Shomik Mukherjee (Times Herald)  Environmentalists opposed Contra Costa County supervisors’ approval of the projects, saying biofuels are just as destructive to the planet as fossil fuels --  Over the objections of environmentalists, Contra Costa County supervisors today gave Marathon Petroleum and

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First in Thailand - Bangchak and BBGI Ink MoU with Thanachok Oil Light to Produce Sustainable Aviation Fuel from Used Cooking Oil Moving towards Low Carbon Economy and Fully Applying BCG Economy Model

(Banchak) Chaiwat Kovavisarach, President and Group Chief Executive Officer, Bangchak Group, and Kittiphong Limsuwannarot, President and Chief Executive Officer, BBGI Public Company Limited, signed a memorandum of understanding for the procurement of raw materials, products, plant construction, and retail of Sustainable

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Biofuels Industry Pushes for Greater Use in Europe to Reduce Reliance on Russia

by Samyak Pandey (S&P Global) Major industry players seek long-term mandates, ambitious targets; Feedstock availability for industry remains key to achieve targets  -- Industry leaders strongly stressed increased biofuels consumption through blending mandates and other measures in a bid to make Europe energy

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GS Caltex, Posco International Team up for Biofuel Push

by Lee Ji-yoon (Korea Herald)  South Korean refiner GS Caltex said Sunday it has teamed up with Posco International, the trading unit of steel giant Posco, to make a big push into the burgeoning biofuel market amid growing calls for emissions

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PLANT – a 5-letter word for EARTH MONTH. 

PLANT has three key meanings in the WORLD of biofuels: a PLANT, as in factory or biorefinery; and PLANT as the source of feedstock for that biorefinery to make biofuel; and to PLANT that feedstock in a sustainable way.  LEARN

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Alternative Fuels Are Today’s Solution Bridging the Gap Toward a Zero Emissions Future

by Lisa Colicchio (Metrolink/Biofuels Digest)  ... Many advanced biofuels deliver up to 80 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. Even more impressive than the emission reductions offered by advanced biofuels is the low cost required for transition. Advanced fuels are drop-in

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SCB Group Voted Best Commodity, Energy Broker for 3rd Consecutive Year

(SCB Group/Biobased Diesel Daily)SCB Group, a world-leading, low carbon commodity company, announced April 19 that for the third consecutive year it was voted the Best Overall Commodity Broker and Best Overall Energy Broker in the 2022 Energy Risk Awards by

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Will Indonesia's Ban on Palm Oil Exports Derail Renewable Diesel Growth in the U.S.?

by Tyne Morgan (AgWeb) Soybean oil prices hit nearly limit up in overnight trading after Indonesia announced it will effectively ban palm oil exports as of April 28 due to soaring domestic prices. While no timeline was given on the announced export

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Traders Pocket 100% Raises in Booming Corner of Fuel Markets

byKim Chipman and Michael Hirtzer (Bloomberg/Yahoo!) Few U.S. traders know how to source renewable fuel ingredients; Net-zero emissions goals by 2050 are driving biofuel demand -- In the hottest U.S. labor market in decades, the hottest job of them all

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Biofuels Industry Tackles COVID-19, War Challenges

by Susan Reidy (WorldGrain.com) Just as the global biofuels industry was regaining ground from a severe drop in production caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, it is now facing new struggles with rising feedstock prices caused in part by Russia’s invasion of

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Refuel Energy Inc. Announces Plans for Renewable Fuel Facility in Southern Ontario

(Refuel Energy/Business Wire)  Proposed project – Refuel YYZ – would produce hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) and sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) in Southern Ontario -- -Refuel Energy Inc. (Refuel) announced today that planning is underway for the construction of a 3000bpd renewable

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The Dogged Victims of Inexorable Disputation: Bioeconomy and the Scoring of Carbon

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ...  Bioeconomy professionals, are the Dogged Victims of Inexorable Disputation, if I can bend Bobby Jones’ memorable golfing phrase. Why? Because better to have lousy carbon targets than no carbon targets at all, say most people,

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Alternative Fuels Fast Becoming the Preferred Ones, Know How and Why

(News On Air) Alternative fuels are non-conventional and advanced fuels, which can be used in place of existing fossil fuels like petroleum products, coal, natural gas and others. They are preferred across the globe over conventional fuels because of their

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Organic Waste Into Energy – How Does Second Generation Biofuels Work?

(Emegen Research) Growing environmental awareness and increasing government supportive policies and initiatives regarding the adoption are driving the demand of the market.  --  Advancing research and development for the production of cost-effective second generation biofuels is augmenting the demand for the

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Shipping Eyes Biofuels on Route to Decarbonisation, Shares Infineum Expert

by Rob Ashton (Manifold Times) The International Maritime Organization (IMO) has adopted mandatory measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping under its pollution prevention treaty (MARPOL). Rob Ashton, Infineum Marine Fuel Additive Market Manager, explores the actions IMO has taken, the

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REG Unveils EnDura Branded Fuels Suite in Bid to Shake-up Heavy-Duty Transport

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Iowa, Renewable Energy Group introduced its EnDura Fuels line of renewable fuels solutions. This branded product launch supports Renewable Energy Group’s ongoing efforts to help the transport industry meet its sustainability and business growth objectives,

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The Rise of Renewable Diesel & Biodiesel

by Nicolas Bulver (Renewable Energy Group/Union Pacific Track Record)  What is causing the increased demand for renewable diesel and biodiesel and what is the impact on supply chains? Can waste products become fuel? The answer is yes if you’re talking about

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The Comment that Silenced the Crowd: Heard on the Floor at ABLC 2022

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ...  Topsoe’s Mikala Grubb stepped in. “What we have is a solids to liquids conversion problem.” The room went quiet, quiet like a church. “750 delegates negotiating in a small hotel but you can hear a watch

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Clean Fuels Alliance America Celebrates a Biodiesel Innovator in Honor of National Biodiesel Day

(Clean Fuels Alliance America)  National Biodiesel Day takes place March 18, in honor of Rudolf Diesel’s birthday. In the 1890s, Rudolf invented the diesel engine, which was designed to run on peanut oil. This year it was especially meaningful as

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Rudolf Diesel's Enduring Invention

(Diesel Technology Forum) ... Diesel would be right at home today working to develop new fuels and energy sources to tackle a major sociological need, meeting the challenge of climate change. Indeed, thousands of engineers around the world are doing just

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Rossi Biofuel and MOL Group Build a Unique Biodiesel Plant in Europe in Komárom

(MOL Group (Google Translation)) Annual biodiesel capacity of 50,000 tons; State-of-the-art technology unique in Europe; 85 percent greenhouse gas savings over conventional fuels; The investment is in line with MOL Group's SHAPE TOMORROW 2030+ corporate strategy Rossi Biofuel's new plant in

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Eni, Mozambique Government Partner on Biofuel Feedstocks

(Eni/Biomass Magazine) Eni and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development of the Republic of Mozambique (MADER) on Feb. 28 signed an agreement for the cooperation and development of agricultural projects in Mozambique, aimed at producing oil seeds and vegetable oils

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The Energy to Sustain the Future

(EXAME) ... Anabela Antunes, Director of Operations at PRIO, believes that the energy transition in Portugal could accelerate if the country increases the contribution of biofuels to mobility. “But the development of the energy mix will depend a lot on market

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Neste Inks Renewable Diesel JV with Marathon, to Invest $1B in US Production

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) from Finland and Ohio comes the news that Neste has established a 50/50 joint venture with Marathon Petroleum to produce renewable diesel following a conversion project of Marathon’s refinery in Martinez, California. Through the JV Neste obtains

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Steamboat Fuels Chose Curaçao for Its Strategic Location and Maritime Infrastructure

(Curaçao Chronicle) The American company Steamboat Fuels has chosen Curaçao because of the strategic location of the island and the 'availability of workers with experience in the processing industry'. The company has plans for a factory near Bullen Bay where

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2021 Highlights and 2022 Outlook: The Digest’s 2022 Multi-Slide Guide to Neste

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Excellent performance in a year of major scheduled maintenance shutdowns and high input costs is a good way to sum up 2021 for Neste. See how their renewable products segment did, what the feedstock market

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Vopak Building Storage for Shell Biorefinery

(Tank Storage) Vopak and Shell have begun a long-term co-operation deal under which Vopak will store and supply feedstocks for Shell’s biorefinery in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, from its Vlaardingen terminal. Shell’s 820,000 tpa biorefinery at the Shell Energy and Chemicals Park Rotterdam will produce

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South Dakota Soybean Processors to Build New Multi-Seed Crush Plant

(Biobased Diesel Daily) South Dakota Soybean Processors LLC announced plans Feb. 9 to construct a multi-seed processing plant near Mitchell, South Dakota. The plant will have the capacity to process 35 million bushels of soybeans annually, or the equivalent 1 million

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From the Lab to the Sky: Five Things to Know about Biofuel-Powered Flights

(U.S. Department of Energy ) On December 1, 2021, a United 737 Max 8 carried more than 100 passengers from Chicago to Washington, D.C.—just one of roughly 87,000 flights over the United States that day. Reporters and TV crews gathered to

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Behind the Hot Year for Biofuels M&A: 2021 Review and Outlook

by Bruce Comer, Frank Kim and Zak Putlak (Ocean Park/Biofuels Digest) As ethanol producers pursued mergers and acquisitions, and renewable diesel firms built and expanded plants, the biofuels industry increasingly focused on securing feedstocks. Producers seeking to consolidate, optimize or sell

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Fuel the Crush: Renewable Diesel Pumps Up Soybean Demand

by Sara Schafer (AgWeb) ... “The administration is committed to making this happen, and so I think there is a much larger appetite to get this industry off the ground now than there even was six months or a year

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Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2

by Will Thurmond (Emerging Markets) Renewable Diesel & Sustainable Aviation Fuels 2030, Vol 2. (249 pages, September 2021) provides a detailed analysis and outlook for low-carbon feedstock availability, and a feasibility assessment for technology commercialization pathways in sustainable aviation fuels

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Aemetis Signs Agreement with Japan Airlines to Supply 90 Million Gallons of Sustainable Aviation Fuel

(Aemetis)  Fuel to be delivered to San Francisco International Airport  -- Aemetis, Inc. (NASDAQ: AMTX), a renewable fuels company focused on negative carbon intensity products, announced today that an offtake agreement has been signed with Japan Airlines (“JAL”) for 90 million gallons

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Bunge Expects Continuing Boom in Global Biofuels Demand - Bloomberg

by Carl Surran (Seeking Alpha) Bunge (BG -0.8%) said a surge in biofuel demand that helped lift the company to record profits in 2021 and stronger than expected Q4 earnings and revenues should accelerate in coming years. The expanded use of biofuels such as renewable

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The Steady Boom in Renewable Diesel Continues

(Biofuels International) Tom Fox, head of renewable fuels, OTX, outlines how as the world emerges from the Covid pandemic, the renewable diesel (RD) market will continue its steady boom this year. He said: "Despite challenges, RD and its related process

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Animal, Vegetable or Mineral (Oil)? Exploring the Potential Impacts of New Renewable Diesel Capacity on Oil and Fat Markets in the United States

by Chris Malins and Cato Sandford (International Council on Clean Transportation)  This report provides an overview of the U.S. renewable diesel market and explores the potential market and environmental impacts of increased renewable diesel capacity. The United States currently supports renewable diesel

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Indaba Renewable Fuels to Produce 6,500 Barrels per Day SAF in 2 Locations Using Haldor Topsoe Tech

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) News just in that Indaba Renewable Fuels will build two greenfield refineries in California and Missouri to produce Sustainable Aviation Fuel utilizing Topsoe’s HydroFlex technology. The facilities are expected to begin production of SAF in 2024

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Opinion: Clean Fuel Production Is Growing Sustainably

by Donnell Rehagen (National Biodiesel Board/Clean Fuels Alliance America/Agri/Pulse) America’s demand for cleaner, better fuels is growing. Washington state recently joined Oregon and California in launching a clean fuels program. New York, Connecticut and Rhode Island have adopted requirements for Bioheat®

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meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus corn syrup corn-based products corn/maize Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption CORSIA (Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation) cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cotton seed hulls cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality county cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crassulacean acid metabolism plants (CAM) crimes criteria pollutants Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant cuphea currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cusi cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs d-5 D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs (Cellulosic Diesel) D-8 (proposed) RINs D20 (20%DME) D5 (5%DME) dairy waste dandelion DARPA date kernel oil date palm date palm pits date palm waste Dates DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization defossilize Dehydration Delaware DeltaWing demonstration demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Health and Human Services Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose dfdsffsfdfsf diatoms diesel Diesel Emissions Reduction Act (DERA) diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices Diesel R5 diesel with renewables diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diethyl ether digital Digital Biology diisobutylene (DIB) dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct air capture direct injection direct ocean capture Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) direct-to-fuel directed evolution dispense distillates distillation distilled biodiesel distilled palm methyl ester (DPME) distilleries distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver diversification divestment DME/rDME (dimethyl ether)/renewable DME DMF (2.5-dimethylfuran) Dominican Republic double cropping drawdown Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought tolerant drought-resistant dry ice dual cropping Dubai duckweed e e-diesel e-LNG (synthetic/electro Liquified Natural Gas) e-methanol e-NG (synthetic natural gas) E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E10 E10 certification fuel E10 price E100 E100 conversion kit E12 E13 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E2 E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E3 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E35 E4 E40 E40 conversion kit E40 pumps E5 E5 price E50 E55 E6 E7 E75 E78 E8 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecosystems Services Ecuador ED7 (7% ethanol 93% diesel) ED95 education Education Series 3030 educational business private educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt El Salvador Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric car/Electric Vehicle (EV) Prices electric grid electricity electricity price electricity/power generation electricity/power transmission electrocatalysis electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels (e-fuels) electrofuels (e-fuels) prices electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) electrons Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants embargo eminent domain emissions emissions standards EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 EN 228 EN 590 EN228 (standard pump gasoline) end user end-of-life Endangered Species Act (ESA) Energy Bill energy cane energy consumption energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy prices energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine Development engine problems Engine/Fuel Co-optimization engineering England enhanced oil recovery (EOR) entrepreneur environment environmental impact study (EIS) environmental justice/socially inclusive environmental policy Environmental Quality Incentive Program (EQIP) Environmentalists Enzymatic enzymatic conversion enzymatic depolymerization enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling Enzyme solicitation enzymes EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) EPACT (Energy Policy Act) Equatorial Guinea equipment eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea erosion control EROWI (Energy Return on Water Invested) ESG (Environmental Social Governance) esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) etha ethane ethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blend wall ethanol blended diesel ED ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol emissions ethanol ether diesel fuel ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol to gas ethanol tolerance Ethanol-to-Gasoline (ETG) ethanol/bioethanol ethanol/methanol synthesis ethanol2G Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethyl levulinate (EL) ethylbenzene ethylene ets eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) eutrophication executive order executive order--state externalities extremophiles f F Factor F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) Fair trade False Claims Act FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farmers farming farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Reserve Bank Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices feedstock storage feedstock terminal feedstock transportation Feedstocks fermentation ferry fertilizer fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SPK/A) Fischer-Tropsch/FT fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose Fixed Base Operator (FBO) flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleet turnover Fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) flight tests Flightpath flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs biomaterials/bioplastics food vs fuel food waste for forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil Foreign Policy forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources Forest Service forestry forklifts Formate fossil carbon fossil fuel Frace fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud free fatty acids (FFA) Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) freight/cargo French French Guiana fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel fuel additives fuel cell electric vehicle (FCEV) fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungus/fungi Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon gallium Gambia games gas prices gas tax/highway user fee gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gasoline-range hydrocarbons Gemany General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal German Germany Gerrmany Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane giant kelp Giant King Grass Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect Global South global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats gorse Governance practices) Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government resources government subsidies grain sorghum/milo grain speculators grains GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene graphite GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green bonds green chemistry Green Deal EU green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green New Deal Green Racing Green Recovery green/black economy Greenland GREET Greenhouse Gases Regulated Emissions and Energy Use in Transportation Model Grenada gribble growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guerbet reaction Guinea Guinea Bissau Gulf states gulmohar Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP gypsum h Haiti Halophytes harvest site processing harvesting Hawai'i hay hazardous waste hazelnut HBIIP Higher Blends Infrastructure Incentive Program HDCJ HDO-SAK (hydro deoxygenated synthetic aromatic kerosene) health health benefits health effects heat of combustion heat of vaporization heat-tolerance heather heating oil/fuel Heavy Duty Truck Rule heavy duty vehicles (HDV) hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 helicopters hemicellulace enzymes hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb hexanol HFO (Heavy Residual Fuel Oil) hibiscus high blend renewable fuels (HBRF) High Hydrogen Content Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (HHC-SPK) High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard High Octane Gasoline (HOG) high octane low carbon (HOLC) fuel High Octane Vehicles (HOV) high performance regular high school project high sulphur fuel oil (HSFO) high-octane/low-carbon (HOLC) liquid fuels Highway Bill highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Hong Kong Honge tree nuts hops horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HPF (High Performance Fuels) HRJ (Hydrotreated Renewable Jet) human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 HVO20 HVO30 Hybrid aircraft hybrid buses hybrid locomotive hybrid ships hybrids hydrocarbon fuels Hydrocarbon-Hydroprocesed Esters and Fatty Acids (HC-HEFA-SPK) hydrodeoxygenation hydrodiesel hydrofaction hydroformylation hydrogen aircraft hydrogen carrier hydrogen combustion engines hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen leaks hydrogen pipeline hydrogen price hydrogen pumps/fueling stations hydrogen tax credit hydrogen terminal Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Hydrogen/Renewable Hydrogen Price hydrogenase hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogenolysis hydropower Hydroprocessed fermented sugars to synthetic isoparaffins (HFS-SIP) hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal carbonization hydrothermal gasification hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrotreatment hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois Illiois illuppai ILUC (Indirect/Induced Land Use Change) import/export incinerator ash India Indian beech tree Indian grass Indiana indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial burners industrial ethanol industrial gases industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation insecticide/pesticide insects insurance integrated biorefineries integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map intercropping internal combustion engine internal combustion engine/gasoline engine ban International international balance of payments International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) International Energy Agency (IEA) International Maritime Organization (IMO) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Organization for Standardization (ISO) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Sustainability and Carbon Certification model(ISCC) International Trade 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kulpa kusum Kuwait Kygryzstan labels labor policy Labrador lactic acid lactose Lake County lamp oil land ownership land prices land rights land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy landfill methane Landfills landscape Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree leaf ant Lebanon lecithin legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena levulinic acid Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis (LCA) light rail lignin Lignin Ethanol Oil (LEO) Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars lime Lipid liquefaction liquid liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels liquidation Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Biogas (LBG) pumps liquified biomethane (LBM) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louis Louisiana low c low carbon emissions low carbon octane standard (LCOS) Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel low sulfur fuel low sulfur marine fuel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg lysis M100 M15 M3 M50 ma macadamia macauba Macedonia machine learning machinery macororo Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali mallees Malta Malyasia mamona management changes mandates mangaba manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land marine algae Marine Corps Marine Diesel Oil (MDO) Marine Fuel Oil Marine Gas Oil (MGO) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel (SMF) price Marine/Maritime Bio and Renewable/Sustainable Fuel Terminal Marine/maritime renewable fuel terminal/bunkering market forces market share marketing markets/sales Mars Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute mass balance standard Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritania 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morula motorcycles motors MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 MOVES3 (MOtor Vehicle Emission Simulator model) Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed mvr Myanmar n-butanol n-butene nahar Namibia nano nano particles nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials naphtha/bionaphtha/renewable naphtha naphthene NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Environmental Policy Act National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Security Council National Transportation Safety Board National 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nutrition oak oat hulls oat straw oats Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Office of Science Technology and Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes oil/gas terminals Oils Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olive water olives Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm ammonia production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing on-site hydrogen production one p one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontaio Ontario OPEC 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