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Tag "Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II)"

Greener Flights from Greener Fields – Using Aviation Biofuel

(European Commission)  Jet fuel from renewable sources holds the key to significantly reducing the environmental impact of aviation. EU-funded researchers have set out to boost Europe’s production capacity, and are

September 14, 2020 Read Full Article

From Americas to EU, Asia, Africa, Who’s Got What?: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Biofuel Mandates Around the World 2020

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Today, biobased mandates around the world. Where are the markets you can count on, how much can you count on? 65 countries in all, We’ll

September 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Lignocellulosic Platform Goes Beyond Biofuels: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Clariant’s Sunliquid

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Chemicals, catalysis, additives – At ABLC Digital this July, Clariant shared how they are working on advancing biofuels globally and details on their sunliquid technology to

September 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Report Addresses Impact of COVID-19 on Canada’s Biofuel Industry

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) A report recently filed with the USDA Foreign Agricultural Service’s Global Agricultural Information Network provides insight into how the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted ethanol and

September 4, 2020 Read Full Article

EC Launches Public Consultation on Potential Revision of REDII DEADLINE: September 21, 2020

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) The European Commission in August launched a public consultation on the potential revision of the 2018 Renewable Energy Directive (REDII) to better align the policy with

September 1, 2020 Read Full Article

The Use of Forest Biomass for Climate Change Mitigation: Dispelling Some Misconceptions

(IEA Bioenergy) Articles and statements in the media have raised concerns over the climate effects of bioenergy from managed forests2. As some of these statements seem to reflect misconceptions about

September 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Follow the Rainbow! The Digest Interview: Dr. Chaudhari at Praj Industries on 2020 and What the Future Holds

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … The recent launch of Praj’s Bio-Prism platform comprises of renewable chemicals and materials (RCM) solutions and promises sustainability while reimagining nature. We are

August 31, 2020 Read Full Article

Austrocel to Kick off Bioethanol Production at the End of Year

(EUWID Pulp and Paper News) Dissolving pulp producer Austrocel has a multi-year bioethanol supply agreement with Austria’s oil and gas company OMV. — Austria’s dissolving pulp producer Austrocel is making progress

August 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Biofuture Platform Launches Five Principles for Post-COVID Bioeconomy Recovery and Acceleration

(Biofuture Platform)  Principles have been designed to help economies create jobs in a sector severely hit by the crisis  — The Biofuture Platform, a twenty-country, multi-stakeholder initiative, announced today the launch

August 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Viable Alternative Already Exists to Fossil Fuels and They Need to Be Supported

(Biofuels International)  Biofuels represent 89% of all renewable energy sources in transport and its role in the decarbonisation of the transport sector in the EU will be pivotal in the

August 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Inside GranBio, NextChem’s New Partnership to “Blow Out” Cellulosic Ethanol Global Roll-Out

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) News arrives from Sao Paulo and Rome that GranBio and NextChem have inked a strategic alliance and will co-license GranBio’s patented technology for the production of

August 3, 2020 Read Full Article

The EU Kick-Starts a Hydrogen Revolution with Ambitions for Hydrogen-Powered Commercial Aircraft by 2035

(GreenAir Online)  A hydrogen-powered short-range commercial passenger aircraft could be flying within Europe by 2035, finds a major new study commissioned by the EU’s public-private Clean Sky 2 and Fuel Cells

July 28, 2020 Read Full Article

USDA GAIN Report Says Pandemic Will Slash Biofuel Use by up to 10%

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In the Netherlands, a new USDA GAIN report says the COVID-19 pandemic will slash European bioethanol and biodiesel use by approximately ten and six percent, respectively.

July 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Biofuel Marketing Opportunity: ADM Partners with U.S. Soybean Export Council to Earn Export Certification.

(Farm Progress) ADM and one other U.S. exporter have partnered with the U.S. Soybean Export Council to certify U.S. Soy as part of the SSAP-RED (U.S. Soy Sustainability Assurance Protocol-Renewable Energy

July 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Lithuanian Terminals See Huge Jump in Biofuel Transshipping Due to RED

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) In Lithuania, Bunkerspot reports that national terminal operator KN says biofuel throughput has been 37,000 metric tons this year so far compared to just 5,000 tons

July 10, 2020 Read Full Article

UPDATE 1-Malaysia to File WTO Legal Action against EU over Restrictions on Palm Biofuel

by Mei Mei Chu (Today) Malaysia, the world’s second largest palm oil producer, will take legal action against the European Union’s restrictions on palm oil-based biofuels with the World Trade Organization

July 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Without Advanced Renewable Fuels, EU Will Not Meet Climate Objectives

(Advance Fuel) Long-term policy support is crucial to the market rollout of RESfuels to remedy transport’s reliance on fossil fuels, leading European research institutes confirm.  —  Transport makes up one-quarter

June 25, 2020 Read Full Article

EU Lacks ‘Complete Overview’ about Used Cooking Oil Origins

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EurActiv) The European Commission does not have a “complete overview” of the origin of used cooking oils used for the production of biodiesel consumed in the EU, but

June 25, 2020 Read Full Article

Platts Proposes to Increase Minimum GHG Savings in Ethanol T2 FOB Rotterdam Assessment to 60%

(S&P Global Platts) Following a formal public consultation and review, S&P Global Platts is proposing to amend the minimum greenhouse gas savings on fuel grade ethanol reflected in its Ethanol T2

June 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Rethink Plastic Alliance et al Launch Policy Brief on Plastic-to-Fuels ahead of EC Meeting on Revised Renewable Energy Directive

by Liz Gyekye (BioMarkets Insights) “The current crisis is creating an opportunity for real change. Yet, plastic-to-fuel is encouraging reliance on our current linear system – convincing consumers that this waste

June 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Bioliquids and Their Use in Power Generation – A Technology Review

by T.Seljak, M.Buffi, A.Valera-Medina, C.T.Chong, D.Chiaramonti, T.Katrašnik (Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews) -A systematic and holistic assessment of relevant properties of bioliquids.  -New technical advances of piston engines and micro

June 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Biofuels Production and Consumption in Germany: Status, Advances and Challenges

by Franziska Müller-Langer, Nicolaus Dahmen and Gabriel Costa de Paiva (Deutsches Biomasseforschungszentrum/Karlsruhe Institute of Technology/IEA Bioenergy)  … This feature article summarizes the current status of transport sector biofuels in Germany

May 29, 2020 Read Full Article

Aviation and Fuel Sectors Respond Favourably to Major EU Policy Initiative to Boost Sustainable Aviation Fuels

(GreenAir Online) The European Commission has received a largely enthusiastic response to its new roadmap initiative, ReFuelEU Aviation, aimed at boosting the supply and demand for sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) in the

May 29, 2020 Read Full Article

Q&A on Cellulosic Ethanol with Clariant

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) DigestConnect hosted a wildly popular webinar in late April with Clariant’s Head of Business Line, Biofuels & Derivatives at Clariant but there were so many fantastic

May 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Commission Re-opens Controversial Advanced Biofuel List in Transport

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV.com) The European Commission has launched a stakeholder consultation to expand the list of the so-called advanced or second-generation biofuels of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED II), EURACTIV.com

May 25, 2020 Read Full Article

European Bioeconomy Alliance Position on the EU Green Deal

(The European Bioeconomy Alliance (EUBA)/Biofuels Digest) The ambitious European Commission strategy to drastically reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the EU and achieve climate neutrality by 2050 has recently been set in

May 12, 2020 Read Full Article

How to Make Sure the EU Doesn’t Backtrack on Biofuels

by Emmanuel Desplechin (Ethanol Producer Magazine/ePURE)  In Europe, biofuels continue to be the predominant source of clean transportation fuels, and we will still need low-carbon fuels like ethanol beyond 2030.

May 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Drax Launches Biomass Carbon Calculator to Measure Supply Chain Emissions

(Biofuels International)  Drax has launched a Biomass Carbon Calculator to help the industry accurately measure emissions in the biomass supply chain. The new tool will allow the sector to identify

May 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Biofuel for Ships: Diesel and Gasoline Sourced from Renewables

by Iris Kumpmann (Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft/Tech Xplore)  … Researchers at the Fraunhofer Institute for Environmental, Safety and Energy Technology UMSICHT in Oberhausen have been looking into alternative climate-friendly fuels. They are now

May 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Biodiesel Boss: Green Deal Could Use Available Technologies ‘Without Prejudices’

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV.com) The much-awaited re-visit of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) as part of the new Green Deal should get rid of “prejudices” and take advantage of technologies

April 22, 2020 Read Full Article

15 Newest Projects – Who’s Got What Underway?

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) While the world may be at a standstill,there are still many projects going on and moving forward. But where are these projects? Who’s involved? How

April 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Article: How COVID-19 Will Affect Global Biofuels Demand

(IHS Markit/FO Licht)  There is also early evidence that as restrictions have been lifted in China, more people there are preferring to travel by private cars or taxis rather than

April 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Dropping Biofuel Mandate Would Be a Toxic Blow for the Industry

by Theodor Goumas (ART Fuels Forum/EurActiv) Last week, a large group of EU-based biofuel producers and associations raised a red flag over reports that some member states are considering or are

April 6, 2020 Read Full Article

17th International Conference on Renewable Mobility in Berlin on 20/21 January 2020

(FNR/AdvanceFuel) More than 600 participants from 25 countries attended the conference and took part in the presentations and discussions regarding possible options for a more sustainable future mobility serving under the

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Biofuels Industry Tackling Challenges

by Susan Reidy (World-Grain.com) Despite a challenging environment, the global biofuels industry is holding steady and driving ahead with new policies, innovations and legislation to promote more robust growth in the

March 30, 2020 Read Full Article

INA Selects FUTUROL™ Licensed by Axens for Its Project of Advanced Bioethanol Production in Croatia

(Axens)  The Croatian oil and gas company INA has awarded Axens a license agreement to supply Futurol™ cellulosic ethanol technology and contract for basic engineering design of an advanced bioethanol production

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

EU Climate Law Falls Short of Expectations — UFOP: Climate Protection by Consensus and Motivating instead of Using the “Crowbar”

(Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants (UFOP)) The climate law presented today by the EU Commission does not meet the expectations of a previously announced, more ambitious climate

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

UFOP Questions Straw’s Feedstock Potential for “Advanced” Biofuels

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)   In Germany, UFOP reports that straw is a scarce commodity and not waste, making it a sought-after resource, but that the use of grain straw

March 9, 2020 Read Full Article

MIND THE GAP: Letter from Europe

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) If you have not followed the Alternative and Renewable Fuels Forum, bookmark this, and today I’ll give you some of the flavor of this group with

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Indonesia Prepares for Battle in Switzerland… Malaysia Lobbies in the UK … The 3-monochloropropane diol (3-MCPD) Debate ….

(Palm Oil Monitor)  This week Indonesia and the EU are meeting in Geneva for a WTO consultation over the revised Renewable Energy Directive (RED). The meeting is the culmination of

February 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuels Are Crucial: International Conference on Renewable Mobility Discusses the “Green Deal” and Defossilisation of the Transport Sector

(Fuels of the Future) Discussions and presentations at the 17th International Conference on Renewable Mobility focus on the impact of the German government’s climate protection package and the new European Commission’s

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Sustainable Biofuels from Cultivated Biomass Need to Be a Part of the European “Green Deal”

Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP))  European agriculture urgently needs reliable sales alternatives to stabilise its agricultural revenue. This is one of the central concerns of farmers in the

February 10, 2020 Read Full Article

INA 2G-Ethanol Plant Project Basic Engineering in Croatia

(De Smet Engineers & Contractors)  De Smet Engineers & Contractors (DSEC) has started working on a Basic Engineering contract for the Croatian Oil & Gas Company INA, covering the OSBL

January 31, 2020 Read Full Article

Sustainable Intensification of Arable Production for Food Security and Climate Protection

(Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants (UFOP))  The “Green Deal” starts in the field — Berlin, 16 January 2020. The Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein

January 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Used Cooking Oil Biodiesel: Best in Class to Decarbonise Road Transport

(EWABA/EurActiv)  According to EWABA, Farm Europe’s op-ed “Fraudulent Used Cooking Oil biodiesel – bad for the climate and a blow to EU farm, oilseed and plant protein sectors” was “slanderous

January 3, 2020 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 10 Top Advanced Bioeconomy Markets & Predictions for 2020

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A mere “The Year in Rewind” as we sail into 2020? Not the good ship Digest! Instead, we dust off our crystal ball and offer our

January 2, 2020 Read Full Article

A Look into the Maximum Potential Availability and Demand for Low-Carbon Feedstocks/Fuels in Europe (2020–2050) (Literature Review)

(Concawe)  In light of the EU’s ambitious targets for achieving a lowcarbon economy by 2030, Concawe has completed a study of the long-term availability of low-carbon feedstocks and fuels, and

December 21, 2019 Read Full Article

Position Paper: Climate Change Mitigation with Sustainable Renewable Fuels

(Bio-Based News) Making use of existing sustainable options to reduce greenhouse gases in transport, encouraging the development of new technologies Climate change mitigation is one of the global challenges of this

December 20, 2019 Read Full Article

EU’s Increased Demand for Higher Ethanol Blend Could Be Met, Study Shows

(ePURE)  More countries could adopt higher ethanol fuel blends to reduce transport emissions, improve air quality and boost engine performance – without exceeding the existing cap on crop-based biofuels  — Europe’s

December 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuel Expert Calls on EU to Revisit RED II to Avoid ‘Impetus of Oil’

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV.com) The EU should look at how countries across the world promote biofuels in their national policies and, following the announcement of the Green Deal, basically “revisit” the

December 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuels Production and Consumption in Denmark: Status, Advances and Challenges

by Sune Tjalfe Thomsen and Henning Jørgensen (IEA Bioenergy Task 39 Newsletter)  1. Status of transportation biofuel industry in Denmark — In Denmark, a considerable part of the total energy

December 6, 2019 Read Full Article

INSIGHT: Rise of HVO to Be the Downfall of Traditional Biodiesel in Europe

by Samantha Wright (Independent Commodity Intelligence Service)  As hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) use grows in Europe, with more expansions anticipated in the next few years, questions are arising as to its

December 4, 2019 Read Full Article

How Policy Can Boost the Market Roll-Out of Renewable Fuels

(ADVANCEFUEL) Policy and governments set ambitious climate and energy targets for the transport sector both on EU level, such as the revised Renewable Energy Directive, and international level, such as the

December 4, 2019 Read Full Article

Ethanol Could Be a ‘Bridge’ toward Transport Electrification, US Farmers Say

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV.com) This article is part of our special report COP25: Is transport decarbonisation pragmatic enough?.  Until electrification of transport is fully in place, ethanol could be used as a

December 3, 2019 Read Full Article

Biomass Fuels and Biofuels in Germany Report Published

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  In Germany, the Federal Office for Agriculture and Food (BLE) published their 8th annual report on the evaluation and progress of biomass fuels and biofuels in Germany,

December 2, 2019 Read Full Article

EU Regulations Will Incentivise Higher Ethanol Consumption in 2020

by Jacques Moss (KNect365) 2020 is likely to prove a strong year for the European ethanol industry, as member states leave headroom for a cap on crop-based biofuels consumption which

November 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuels: Advancing European Market Uptake

by Vanessa Vivian Wabitsch (REVOLVE/BE Sustainable Magazine)  Discovering the world, working with people across the globe, commuting to work everyday or consuming exotic fruits imported to Europe – nearly every

November 11, 2019 Read Full Article

UK’s First Net Zero Emissions Biofuel for Heavy Trucks Will Arrive in 2021

(CNG Fuels/NGV Journal) CNG Fuels announced plans to become the UK’s first supplier of carbon neutral fuel for HGVs, using manure to help fleet operators achieve Net Zero emissions. The company

November 8, 2019 Read Full Article

The Long Haul to Getting Aviation Biofuel off the Ground

by Angeli Mehta (Ethical Corporation) With the IPCC warning against growing crops for fuel, Angeli Mehta reports on how LanzaTech, SkyNRG and Velocys are trying to get the next generation of

November 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Views from Napa Valley: A Peak at California’s Low Carbon Fuels Program (2019)

by Michele Rubino (Biofuels Digest)  … Take California’s climate change mitigation efforts – and specifically the LCFS (Low Carbon Fuels Standard), the State’s flagship Program aimed at decarbonizing the transportation

October 30, 2019 Read Full Article

European Biofuels Industry Cries Foul that Green EU Financing Doesn’t Include Sustainable Technologies

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest) In Belgium, as the EU institutions begin negotiations on a new regulation defining sustainability in green finance,

October 24, 2019 Read Full Article

EU Parliament Unfazed by Trade Fight over Palm Biofuel Phase-Out

by Hans Nicholas Jong (Mongabay.com/Eco-Business) A European member of parliament says the bloc isn’t concerned about threats by Indonesia and Malaysia

October 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Indonesia Set to Face, Sue Europe over Renewable Energy Policies

(Antara News)  The Indonesian government will prepare to take legal action at the World Trade Organization (WTO) to challenge the

October 10, 2019 Read Full Article

European Biofuel Facility Opens in Antwerp, Belgium

(Targray) Targray has announced the full opening of its Antwerp Biodiesel Terminal, a 24/7 biofuel storage and blending center serving

October 8, 2019 Read Full Article

Analysis: EU Biofuels 2020 Policy Framework Headache for Blenders

by Chrysa Glystra (S&P Global Platts) EU RED II rules raise mandates every year; EU member states choose how to implement directive; Mandates

September 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Netherlands Mulls End to Used Cooking Oil Double-Counting

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV.com) An analysis of the “weak” points of the revised Renewable Energy Directive (RED II), combined with the

September 13, 2019 Read Full Article

EU Curbs Used Cooking Oil in Biodiesel Due to Fears of Fraud

by Valerie Flynn (The Sunday Times) The Department of the Environment has said it may have to alter the statutory

August 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Petroleum Companies Ramp up HVO Production in Europe

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP)/Biodiesel Magazine) Production of hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) in the European Union has picked

August 22, 2019 Read Full Article

Planned Anti-Subsidy Duties on Palm Oil Methyl Ester Ineffective

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP))  The preliminary anti-subsidy duties announced by the EU Commission will not reduce imports

August 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Malaysia Calling on the EU to Accept MSPO as a Recognized Certification Scheme under REDII

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Malaysia, as part of bilateral dialogue with the European Union over the past three months, in

July 31, 2019 Read Full Article

France Bans Palm Oil from Biofuels

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP))   France is tightening up regulations on the use of palm oil as

July 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Heard on the Floor at the 2019 BIO World Congress on Industrial Biotechnology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … (T)he bioeconomy’s biggest and grandest show, the BIO World Congress, takes us on an

July 10, 2019 Read Full Article

Wärtsilä Forms Biogas Solutions Unit to Speed up Adoption of Clean Fuels

(Wärtsilä)    The technology group Wärtsilä further strengthens its commitment to environmental sustainability with the formation of Wärtsilä Biogas Solutions.

July 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Total Starts Up the La Mède Biorefinery

(Total)  Total has started up production at the La Mède biorefinery in southeastern France, with the first batches of biofuel

July 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Concerns Rise as Low Palm Oil Prices May Increase Use for Biofuel

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP)/Biodiesel Magazine)  Selling prices for palm oil and diesel fuel have recently converged to

June 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Europe, US Aim to Boost Ethanol Share in Gasoline, but Obstacles Remain

by Solomon Lanitis, Chrysa Glystra and Wesley Swift (S&P Global Platts)  Ambitious emissions targets are driving governments across the globe to mandate

June 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuel Expert: In Europe, Facts Don’t Win over Theories

(EURACTIV) Europe’s demonstrated preference for ideology over science explains why Europe is both the most vocal climate proponent on the world

June 19, 2019 Read Full Article

European Ethanol Scores Higher Greenhouse Gas Savings – Again

(ePURE) EU ethanol production and use resulted in more than 71% average savings over fossil fuels in 2018, according to the

May 31, 2019 Read Full Article

Poland against EU Plan to Ban Use of Palm Oil for Biofuels: Envoy

(The Sun Daily/Bernama)  Poland is against the European Union’s (EU) proposed plan to ban the use of palm oil as a

May 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Giving Credit Where Credit Is Due…Certifications and the Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  How do you know a company is telling the truth about their sustainability claims? How do

May 29, 2019 Read Full Article

EU Publishes ILUC Risk Additions to RED in Official Journal Following Scrutiny Period

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Belgium, in the absence of objections by European Parliament and Council on the proposed text within

May 28, 2019 Read Full Article

Ethanol Doing the Heavy Lifting in Transport Climate Action

by James Cogan (Ethanol Europe/Climate Change News)  New E5, E10 and B7 labels recently appeared on petrol and diesel nozzles across Europe

May 17, 2019 Read Full Article

When Will the EU ‘Get Real’ on Biofuels? European Union Must Embrace Biofuels to Achieve Climate Goals.

by Emmanuel Desplechin (Ethanol Producer Magazine/ePURE)  … And the EU consistently downplays one of the best tools it has already for an

April 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Eastern Europe Backs Locally Produced Biofuels to Save Climate and Farmers

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV.com)  Slovakia, Poland and the Czech Republic have signed a joint declaration saying that Europe will be able

April 17, 2019 Read Full Article

As German Imports Spike, UFOP Fears Add’l Pressure from Indonesia

(Union zur Förderung von Oel- und Proteinpflanzen (UFOP)/Biodiesel Magazine)  Imports of biodiesel to Germany increased sharply in 2018. The rise was

March 20, 2019 Read Full Article

5 Minutes With… Peter Jürgens

by Liz Gyekye (BioMarket Insights)  “There is a huge interest in the circular economy at the moment. In relation to the

March 15, 2019 Read Full Article

EU Sets Limits on Palm Oil in Biofuels as Trade War Looms

by Ewa Krukowska (Bloomberg Quint)  The European Union set new criteria for the use of palm oil in biofuels in a balancing

March 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Gevo and HCS Group Enter Into Game-Changing, Long-Term Supply Agreement for Renewable Isooctane Worth Up to $180 Million; Gevo and Haltermann Carless Ready to Roll out to Mass Markets like Outdoor Power Equipment

(Gevo) Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) announced today that HCS Group and Gevohave entered into a long-term, definitive, binding and bankable renewable isooctane purchase and sale agreement, dated February

March 1, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuels: Commission Blacklists Palm Oil, Throws Soybeans Lifeline

by Gerardo Fortuna (EurActiv)  In an eagerly-awaited decision, the European Commission last week categorised palm oil as a high-emitting biofuel crop but

February 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Fermentable Sugar as a Raw Material for the Chemical Industry: First Generation as Sustainable as the Second – Significant Reduction in Greenhouse Gases for Both

(Bio-based News)  New study conducts quantitative and qualitative sustainability assessment of bio-based raw materials for the chemical industry An extensive sustainability

February 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Finland Sets World-Leading 30% Biofuel Obligation for 2030

(UPM)  The Finnish Parliament has yesterday 6 February 2019 approved a law that sets a gradually increasing 30% biofuels target for

February 8, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuel Sustainability Criteria ‘Blocked’ in EU Commission

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EurActiv)  A delegated act determining the sustainability criteria of biofuels under the new renewable energy directive (RED II) has

February 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Transport Bursts onto Global Decarbonisation Map

by Matthew Stone (PRIMA/Biofuels Digest)  … Exponential growth in liquid renewable transport fuel solutions however is still needed to keep governments and

February 3, 2019 Read Full Article

Palm Oil’s Loss May Be U.S. Soybean Gain in EU Biofuel Rule (1)

by Stephen Gardner (Bloomberg)  European Union must propose rule on biofuel crops that cause deforestation or other land-use change by Feb. 1; Palm

January 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Final Version Published of Renewable Energy Directive – RED II: DIRECTIVE (EU) 2018/2001

(Netzwerk Biotreibstoffe)  The final version of the Directive on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources (RED IIi)

January 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Europe’s Next Biofuels Move: Promoting European Ethanol Key to Europe’s Long-Term Environmental Goals.

by Emmanuel Desplechin (ePURE, the European Renewable Ethanol Association/Ethanol Producer Magazine)   … First, it opens the door to a more effective approach

January 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Biogas Innovations: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to IEA Bioenergy Task 37

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IEA Bioenergy has several member countries involved in Task 37 which aims to improve innovations in biogas

January 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuels Mandates around the World 2019

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Florida, the Digest today (January 1, 2019) releases its annual review of biofuels mandates and

January 2, 2019 Read Full Article

UFOP Publishes Special Report “Biodiesel 2017/2018”

(Netzwerk Biotreibstoffe)  With the special report “Biodiesel 2017/2018”, the Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants (UFOP) annually summarizes

December 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Biofuels Production and Consumption in the European Union (EU): Status, Advances and Challenges

by Laura Lonza and Adrian O’Connell (EAI Bioenergy Task 39) 1. Status of the biofuels industry in the EU The EU is the

December 19, 2018 Read Full Article

The Malaysian Biodiesel Mandate – Outlook to 2020: Growth Opportunities & Companies to Action

(GlobeNewswire/ResearchAndMarkets.com)  The “Malaysian Biodiesel Mandate”report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com’s offering. This study offers a detailed overview of the biodiesel mandate in Malaysia and

December 17, 2018 Read Full Article

The FORBIO Project: A Sustainable Alternative for Contaminated and Underutilized Lands

(Global Bioenergy Partnership)  The FORBIO (Fostering Sustainable Feedstock Production for Advanced Biofuels on underutilized land in Europe) Project gave stakeholders in

December 15, 2018 Read Full Article

US Ethanol Producers: We Are Oil’s Biggest Competitor, Cleaner Too

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV)  Increasing ethanol use will help countries around the world meet their Paris Agreement climate goals in a cheaper

December 14, 2018 Read Full Article

EU Commission Begins Anti-Subsidy Process against Indonesia

(Union zur Förderung von Öl- und Proteinpflanzen (Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants – UFOP)) UFOP demands

December 11, 2018 Read Full Article

Q&A: RED II Offers Flexibility to EU Member States

(Argus Media)  Angel Alvarez Alberdi is secretary general of the European Waste-to-Advanced Biofuels Association (EWABA). He spoke to Argus about the EU’s Renewable

December 11, 2018 Read Full Article

UPM and LSB Speak out over Finalised REDll Policy

(Biofuels International) The revised Renewable Energy Directive (REDll) policy, first outlined by The European Commission at the end of 2016, has now been

December 6, 2018 Read Full Article

Long-Term Decarbonisation Strategy: Bioenergy Recognised as a Key Contributor to Achieve a Net-Zero Carbon Economy by 2050

(Bioenergy Europe)  Today, the Commission has published its long-term strategy for emissions reduction looking at different options to reduce greenhouse gas

December 3, 2018 Read Full Article

Analysis of High and Low Indirect Land-Use Change Definitions in European Union Renewable Fuel Policy

by Stephanie Searle & Jacopo Giuntoli (International Council on Clean Transportation)  The European Union (EU) will continue incentivizing the use of

November 21, 2018 Read Full Article

BASF Produces Methanol According to the Biomass Balance Approach

(BASF) Production with second generation renewable raw materials; Reduction of greenhouse gases by at least 50 percent; Independent certification of the process; Methanol: important

November 14, 2018 Read Full Article

European Parliament Approves REDII

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  On Nov. 13, the European Parliament approved new targets for renewables, energy efficiency and second-generation

November 14, 2018 Read Full Article

APPA Claims Biofuel a Key Ingredient in Spain’s Energy Plan

(Renewable Energy Magazine)  Even if the ambitious goal to reach five million electric vehicles in Spain by 2030 is fulfilled, the

November 9, 2018 Read Full Article

Biodiesel 2016/2017 – Report on Progress and Future Prospects; Excerpt from the UFOP Annual Report

(UFOP)  The assessment report provides information on the most important aspects of the national and European biofuel policy and the biodiesel

November 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Why Rewarding Renewable Fuels under the Truck CO2 Regulation Would Be a Bad Idea

by Cristina Mestre (Transport & Environment/EURACTIV)  It may sound like a good thing to reward advanced fuels. But doing it under the

November 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Waste Gasification: 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to 2-Stage Incineration and “True” Gasification

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) IEA Bioenergy Task 33 is a working group of international experts with the aim to promote

October 25, 2018 Read Full Article

EU to Engage Local Palm Oil Industry Stakeholders in Talks, Plantations Visits

(AFIQ AZIZ/The Malaysian Reserve)    The visit is aimed to provide the EU delegations with a clearer and first-hand exposure

October 19, 2018 Read Full Article

EU’s Biofuel Transport Consumption on the Increase

(Biofuels International)  Biofuel consumption for transport in the European Union increased by 9.2% between 2016 and 2017, according to new data

October 5, 2018 Read Full Article

Analysis: Where Are We with E10 Gasoline in Europe?

by  Chrysa Glystra (S&P Global/Platts)   Increasing biofuel mandates across Europe for 2019, combined with navigating the complexities of the post-2020 renewable

September 4, 2018 Read Full Article

Fly Green: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to SkyNRG

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  SkyNRG is the global market leader for sustainable jet fuel, supplying more than 20 carriers across

August 16, 2018 Read Full Article

Croatia Approves 0.1% Advanced Biofuels Mandate

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Croatia, not to be left behind as the European Union moves towards advanced biofuel consumption, the

July 20, 2018 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels Are Key to Decarbonising Transportation

by  Markus Rarbach (Clariant/EurActiv)  The recent agreements on the revised Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) are setting the tone for creating a

July 17, 2018 Read Full Article

RED Alert — Canadian Biofuel Lobbying Intensifies

(Politico Brussels Influence)  Canadian company Agrisoma Biosiences Inc. is pushing to get “Carinata,” its second generation biofuel, subsidized by the EU

July 10, 2018 Read Full Article

Sustainable Aviation Fuels Incentive under New EU Renewable Energy Directive Not Enough, Says IATA

(GreenAir Online)  The EU Council, European Parliament and European Commission have agreed a new post-2020 regulatory framework that includes an EU-wide

June 25, 2018 Read Full Article

EU Reaches Deal on REDII, Sets New Goals for Renewables

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  On June 14, negotiators from the European Commission, the European Parliament and the European Council reached

June 20, 2018 Read Full Article

MPOC Elated on EU Palm Biofuel Ban

(Borneo Post)  The Malaysian Palm Oil Council (MPOC) is elated on the latest development in the European Union (EU) which deferred

June 20, 2018 Read Full Article

EU Recognises Importance of Crop-Based Ethanol to Achieving Climate Goals

(ePURE/EurActiv)  RED II agreement by negotiators is a step in the right direction, allowing Member States to use sustainable biofuels in

June 15, 2018 Read Full Article

EU Farmers Boss: DG Agri ‘Not Properly Consulted’ in Biofuels Talks

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV.com)  EU farmers are “quite worried” about the fact that the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Agriculture and Rural

June 12, 2018 Read Full Article

EU Biofuel Regulation Is Not Sustainable Long-Term

(EurekAlert!/Lund University)  The EU biofuel regulation does not guarantee a reduced climate impact – nor does it address the core issue

May 31, 2018 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Sustainable Aviation Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) SAF development in Europe.  An update on EU policy and initiatives by SkyNRG’s Oskar Meijerink

May 17, 2018 Read Full Article

This Land Is Your Land, This Land Is My Land: European Biofuels and the Debate over the ‘Agreeable Corridor’

by Michael Eggleston* (Advanced Biofuels USA) As Europe’s revised Renewable Energy Directive (REDII) plans are set into motion, disagreements about

May 16, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Biofuels in the Renewable Energy Directive: The Last Call

by Géraldine Kutas (The Parliament Magazine/Brazilian Sugarcane Industry Association (UNICA))  Ahead of this week’s RED II negotiations, Géraldine Kutas explains where policymakers

May 15, 2018 Read Full Article

NGOs Tell Commission to Listen to Science and Differentiate Biofuels

by Claire Stam (EurActiv)  A coalition of Czech and Slovak NGOs has called on the European Commission to draw a line in the Renewable

May 9, 2018 Read Full Article

Bioenergy (Biofuels/Biomass) Low-Carbon Biofuels, Bioproducts Crucial to Two Degree Scenario

by Jessie Stolark (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  In April, the European Commission, International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), below50, the Biofuture

May 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Drills and Pipelines May Pollute Our Climate but Words Will Break or Make Us

by Michael Eggleston* (Advanced Biofuels USA) Carbon is the backbone of the fossil-based economy and feedstock to a bio-based economy.

May 3, 2018 Read Full Article

To Meet Emission Reductions Objectives in Transport, Sustainable Renewable Fuels Are an Important Part of the Solution

(Methanol Institute/EIN Presswire)   The Methanol Institute (MI), the trade association representing the global methanol industry this week released a paper providing

May 2, 2018 Read Full Article

Ireland Increases Crop-Based Biofuel Transport Share, Provides ‘Business Certainty’

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EurActiv) Ireland’s environment ministry has decided to increase the crop-based biofuel share in transport to 10% from the

April 30, 2018 Read Full Article

As Petroleum Prices, Demand Soars, US, EU Dither on Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … US gasoline prices are at a three-year high, says CNBC. This time, the response has been

April 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Is the EU Killing the Magic Plant? The Emerging International Consensus on Low Carbon Fuels Takes Center Stage in (Spite of) Brussels

by Steve Bi* (Advanced Biofuels USA) At one of a series of bioenergy conferences in Brussels, April 10-12, 2018, some

April 25, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

UPM Biofuels Gains the World’s First RSB Low Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC) Risk Certification for Its Feedstocks

(Globe Newswire)  UPM Biofuels’ continuous efforts for a more sustainable supply chain and operations has been recognized by the world’s first

April 25, 2018 Read Full Article

Europe’s Renewables ‘Multipliers’ Only Subtract

by Emmanuel Desplechin (ePURE/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  … They rely on “multipliers” that artificially inflate the contribution of certain renewables, while doing nothing

April 23, 2018 Read Full Article

Messages from Brussels: More Biofuels for Transport Are Badly Needed and Can Be Produced Sustainably

(BioFuture Platform)  Several international initiatives and organizations met in Brussels to discuss the need and the ways to scale up

April 18, 2018 Read Full Article

Why We Need Ecological Biofuels

by Paloma López Bermejo (The Parliament Magazine)  We must establish concrete criteria for determining how sustainable growing, manufacturing, transporting and

April 17, 2018 Read Full Article

RED II Perpetuates Advanced Biofuel Trade Distortions and Incentivises Fraud

(Ethanol Europe Renewables/EurActiv) The Energy Directive (RED 2) transport decarbonisation ambitions ostensibly promote major capital investment in truly advanced biofuels

April 17, 2018 Read Full Article

Talking Carbon: Europe’s Prejudice towards Carbon Capture Utilization (CCU) Technology

by Michael Eggleston* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  With over 260 million cars on the road in Europe, industry leaders and governmental

April 6, 2018 Read Full Article

Proteins and Renewable Energy: One and the Same Challenge

(Farm Europe)  Despite 30 years of efforts and no less than 5 “protein plans”, the European Union still suffers from a considerable chronic

April 2, 2018 Read Full Article

CO2 Use Is Slowly Picking up Speed

(Bio-based News/nova-Institut) First semi-commercial facilities, technical advances, but political support still unclear  —  6th Conference on Carbon Dioxides as Feedstock for Fuels,

April 2, 2018 Read Full Article

RED II – Europe’s €25 Billion Blunder

by Dick Roche (EURACTIV)  … Investments worth billions have already been written off as a result of EU U-turns on biofuels.

March 21, 2018 Read Full Article

EU Biofuel Policy Requires Reliable Framework Conditions — UFOP and FOP Appeal to Council, Parliament and Commission

(Union for the Promotion of Oil and Protein Plants (UFOP))  The trialogue procedure for redrafting the Renewable Energy Directive (RED

March 19, 2018 Read Full Article

Report on 8th ISCC Global Sustainability Conference; Presentations Published

(International Sustainability and Carbon Certification)  Tuesday 20 February 2018, Brussels, Belgium high profile speakers discussed on the latest updates on a

March 12, 2018 Read Full Article

Is Energy from Woody Biomass Positive for the Climate?

(International Energy Agency)  IEA Bioenergy has produced a brief on the question ‘Is energy from woody biomass positive for the climate?’

February 27, 2018 Read Full Article

Farmers Defend Biofuels as Part of EU’s Upcoming ‘Protein Strategy’

by Sarantis Michalopoulos (EURACTIV.com)  There is a need to maintain the EU’s main source of protein feed that are the co-product of

February 24, 2018 Read Full Article

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Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NTSB nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulation regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit renewable d Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname sustai Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West 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