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9 Hot New CO2 Applications

by Sam A. Rushing (Advanced Cryogenics/Biofuels Digest)  … Food and beverage applications often account for 70% of all tonnage consumed in the merchant sector. There are also demands of a captive

December 10, 2019 Read Full Article

Fiberight Waste Facility Opens Doors after Delays, Serving Central Maine Region

by Meg Robbins (Morning Sentinel)  After more than a year of delays, the Hampden-based trash-to-fuel plant is processing trash from 115 Maine communities, and hopes to see that number climb. 

December 3, 2019 Read Full Article

Cemvita Factory Rockin’ It: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Cemvita’s CO2 Utilization

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Earlier this week we talked about making protein and meat out of air, so taking CO2 and utilizing it seems right in line. C+C Music Factory’s

November 29, 2019 Read Full Article

LanzaTech Moves Forward on Sustainable Aviation Scale Up in the USA and Japan

(LanzaTech) Carbon recycling pioneer, LanzaTech, continues to make strides in scaling up its alcohol to jet (ATJ) platform. Commercialization of the ATJ process has been years in the making, starting with

November 26, 2019 Read Full Article

50 Million Bucks Says Landfill Is a Viable Energy Source: Suncor Doubles Down on Enerkem

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Canada, news arrived late last week Enerkem closed a $50 million equity investment from Suncor.  What does it mean? Today’s let’s explore that.  As Canada’s leading integrated

October 21, 2019 Read Full Article

Velocys Wins $0.5 Million Order in Japan for Fischer-Tropsch Technology

(Biofuels International) Velocys has secured a purchase order and technical service agreements with Toyo Engineering (Toyo) for its biomass-to-jet fuel technology in a demonstration facility in Japan. The company has

October 3, 2019 Read Full Article

The NEXT 50 Companies to Disrupt the World

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Florida, The Digest recognized the NEXT 50, “the 50 Next Companies to Disrupt the World”, bioeconomy companies that are just now reaching commercial scale with

September 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Algae Researchers and Private Industry Are Working in Open Collaboration to Find Algae Bloom and HAB Remediation Solutions.

by Barry Cohen (National Algae Association) Continuous and devastating algae blooms & HAB problems are affecting fishing, swimming, tourism, real estate values and local economies. NAA today is encouraging algae researchers

September 18, 2019 Read Full Article

VTT Says Materials and Chemicals the First Commodities to Be Commercialized by Carbon Reuse

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In Finland, VTT published a new report called “The Carbon Reuse Economy – Transforming CO2 from a pollutant into a resource” and presents its view

September 16, 2019 Read Full Article

How Synthetic Biology Can Help Build Sustainable Cities

by John Cumbers (Green Biz/SynBioBeta)  Sustainability is in vogue, with businesses and cities jostling to improve their public image and produce goods and services using renewable sources. Yet cities exponentially swell

September 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Biotech to Biochem: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Versalis’ Chemistry from Renewables

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Versalis, a wholly owned subsidiary of Eni, and while their history lies with traditional chemicals, they now have strategic guidelines for chemistry from renewables. Their biotech

September 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Clariant Successfully Concludes Testing of Energy Crop Miscanthus at Straubing Plant for GRACE Project

(Clariant)  INA has chosen Clariant’s sunliquid® technology to assess usability of miscanthus for conversion into lignocellulosic sugars & ethanol within the EU-funded GRACE project in which INA participates; About 30

September 3, 2019 Read Full Article

Heavenly Trash – Dream in the Sky or Bringing It Down to Earth? Cielo and the Future of Waste to Renewable Diesel

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  …  Find out how Cielo (Waste Solutions) turns trash to treasure, why they love anything with cellulosic fiber, how they plan on becoming a

September 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Insane in the Membrane: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Whitefox’s Membranes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Whitefox uses membranes to carry out industrial water separation steps, including membranes for biofuels. Their first industrial installation was in Europe in 2002 for pharmaceutical

August 28, 2019 Read Full Article

Cool Catalytic Conversion: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Vertimass’ Hydrocarbons

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Vertimass’s catalytic conversion is so cool it can convert ethanol into fungible blend stocks in one step without added hydrogen. Their technology produces hydrocarbon fuels and

August 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Transport Biofuels: Tracking Clean Energy Progress

by Pharoah Le Feuvre   (International Energy Agency)  Transport biofuel production expanded 7% year-on-year in 2018, and 3% annual production growth is expected over the next five years. This falls short

August 23, 2019 Read Full Article

The Golden Cow – Is India the Place to Be for Biofuels?

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … Is India the cash cow for biofuels? Or even the golden cow? If Aemetis’ recent 200% year over year increase in biodiesel sales is

August 19, 2019 Read Full Article

No Carbon Left Behind: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to LanzaTech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  LanzaTech has produced 5.5 million gallons of ethanol since start up and has compelling project economics to back it up. Jennifer Holmgren, CEO of LanzaTech

August 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Vegan Renewable Diesel, Futurol Tech: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Axens’ Fuel Feedstocks

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Axens Solutions is covering the entire project development cycle and working on things like BioTfuel and Vegan which are renewable diesel and jet fuels, Futurol,

August 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Switzerland’s First Commercial Hydrogen Production Project in the Works

by Tami Hood (Hydrogen Fuel News)   Alpiq and H2 Energy to develop hydrogen-powered transportation in Switzerland.  The nation’s first system for commercial hydrogen production is planned at the Gösgen hydropower plant.

August 7, 2019 Read Full Article

MDA Biofuels Grants Expand Access and Production

(Minnesota Department of Agriculture)  Four grants from the Minnesota Department of Agriculture (MDA) will expand biofuel access and production to advance renewable energy efforts around the state. The MDA’s Agricultural Growth,

August 7, 2019 Read Full Article

Ready to Meet Market Growth?: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Biomass Gasification

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Missed The Digest’s webinar on Biomass Gasification? Wondering what it is or where it’s at? Biomass Gasification is a thermochemical process in which a renewable solid

August 7, 2019 Read Full Article

Novo Holdings Invests $72 Million in Sustainable Products Leader LanzaTech

(Lanza Tech) Novo Holdings A/S (Novo Holdings) and LanzaTech, a pioneer in the production of next generation fuels and chemicals through the recycling of carbon pollution, announce today that they have

August 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Range of Possibilities: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Global Bioenergies’ Bio-Isobutene

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Global Bioenergies produces isobutene from sugars with a commercial plant in preparation. Their technology can transform isobutene into isooctane, ETBE, C12/C16 hydrocarbons and more, which makes

August 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Euglena Sets Sights as an Olympic Hopeful for Algae-Based Aviation Jet Fuel

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  Midorimushi – other than being a cool sounding Ninja name, it’s scientific name is Euglena. No, it’s not the latest superhero in a manga comic. It’s

August 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Here Comes the Sun – Sunliquid Tech: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Clariant

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Clariant, a Switzerland based specialty chemicals company, has four business areas: Care Chemicals, Natural Resources, Catalysis and Plastics & Coatings. While the first half of the

July 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Ayas Renewables Completes Definitive Engineering for Glycerin to Bio-Renewable Propylene Glycol Plant

(Ayas Renewables/PR NewsWire)  New Facility To Showcase US Presidential Green Chemistry Award-Winning Process That Provides 99.9% Pure, Bio-Renewable Propylene Glycol At Competitive Price  — Ayas Renewables, Inc. has completed definitive engineering and

July 23, 2019 Read Full Article

Carbon-Negative Fuels Come Clearer, Closer with Oberon’s Leap to Demo Scale

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  From California comes news that Oberon Fuels has been officially awarded a grant for $2,876,139 from the California Energy Commission (CEC) for a first-of-its-kind, multi-phase project

July 16, 2019 Read Full Article

NovoNutrients Gets $300K from DOE Program for CO2 to Feed Technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Today, the U.S. Department of Energy announced $600,000 in federal funding for two projects that fall under the High Performance Computing for Materials (HPC4Mtls) program.  One of

July 12, 2019 Read Full Article

The Energy Transition and Oil Companies’ Hard Choices

by Rob West and Bassam Fattouh (The Oxford Institute for Energy Studies)  In this Energy Insight, we explore the challenges of the energy transition for international oil companies (IOCs). We argue

July 9, 2019 Read Full Article

How Low Can You Go with Carbon?: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Aemetis

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Aemetis is an international renewable fuels and biochemicals company using patented industrial biotechnology for the construction and operation of advanced biorefineries. They own and operate a 60+

July 1, 2019 Read Full Article

Renewable Polymer Plant: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Avantium

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Avantium, a renewable chemicals company, develops and commercializes biobased plastics, chemicals, and fuels. The company offers polyethylene furanoate (PEF), a biobased and recyclable polymer that is

June 25, 2019 Read Full Article

California Project to Test Renewable Dimethyl Ether as Transportation Fuel

by Betsy Lillian (NGT News)  Oberon Fuels, a California-based producer of dimethyl ether (DME), has been awarded a $2.88 million grant from the California Energy Commission (CEC) for a multi-phase project

June 18, 2019 Read Full Article

ANA and LanzaTech Sign Offtake Agreement for Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  In the land of the rising sun, things are looking a whole lot brighter for All Nippon Airways (ANA), Japan’s largest airline, and for LanzaTech

June 17, 2019 Read Full Article

Opportunities in High-Protein Feed

by Mallorie F. Wilken (ICM/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The market is growing and ethanol can play an important role, providing diversified revenue streams. — … Traditionally, one cheap source of protein has been

June 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Proposed Biofuel Project Now Half-Way to Commercialization ‘Tipping Point’

by Steve Creedy (Airline Ratings)  Biofuel production will need to reach 7 billion litres annually if it is to reach the commercialization tipping point of two percent of the aviation fuel

May 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Biomass to Hydrocarbon Fuels and Chemicals: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Vertimass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Vertimass technology converts renewable ethanol into gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel blend stocks and high value chemicals. They recently had $2 million scale-up and $500k catalyst optimization

May 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Feedstock Flexibility

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Beyond Enerkem, a few companies around the world are looking to feedstocks outside of corn to produce cellulosic ethanol.  —  A few well-known ethanol producers are

May 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Anellotech’s Bio-TCat Technology Viability Confirmed during Pilot Plant Campaign – Moving forward with Commercialization

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  We hear the theme song to Disney’s Carousel of Progress… “It’s a great big beautiful tomorrow…” but it’s also a great big beautiful today because

May 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Algal Biofuel: The Long Road to Commercial Viability

by Chris Lo (Power Technology)  The green technology sector has fallen out of love with algae as a feedstock for biofuel production, but there is hope yet for algae-derived fuel in

April 30, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuel Market Is Nearing a Tipping Point

by Kerry Reals (Aviation Week & Space Technology)  After years of talking about the potential of biofuels and conducting sporadic demonstration flights powered partially by alternatives to kerosene, experts in the

April 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Gevo to Work With Praj Industries to Commercialize Renewable Isobutanol, Jet Fuel and Isooctane in India

(Gevo/Globe Newswire)  Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) announced today that it has signed a binding, definitive Construction License Agreement with Praj Industries Ltd., dated April 4, 2019, to commercialize the production of

April 10, 2019 Read Full Article

No Compromise: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Amyris

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Amyris has a proprietary process of engineering organisms (yeast) using renewably-sourced carbon from plants (sugarcane) to make sustainable, custom molecules. They use their technology to create products

March 29, 2019 Read Full Article

TerViva Raises $20 Million in Series D to Drive Product Development and Market Expansion

(TerViva/MarketWatch/PR NewsWire)  Led by Ag Family Offices and Climate-Smart Investors, Funding Round Brings Ag-Tech Firm to $40 Million Raised for High-Yielding, Sustainable Plant Protein Product Development  —   TerViva, an agriculture technology firm

March 27, 2019 Read Full Article

Proposal for Sweden to Follow Norway’s Lead and Mandate Use of Sustainable Aviation Fuels from 2021

(GreenAir Online)  A report commissioned by the Swedish government to investigate how GHG emissions can be reduced from aviation has proposed a mandate requiring fuel companies from 2021 to provide airlines

March 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Brazil’s GranBio Acquires USA’s American Process

by Helena Taveres Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … The acquisition of American Process Inc’s technologies, intellectual property portfolio and physical assets strengthens GranBio’s market position in the deployment of highly competitive industrial

March 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Pilot Plants: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Zeton

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  David Edwards,VP Sales and Marketing at Zeton and a member of Lee Enterprises Consulting offers this overview of the types of Zeton’s 800+ projects in over

March 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Throw Deep: Heard on the Floor at the Washington Sustainable Aviation Fuels Summit

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … Port of Seattle Commissioner Fred Felleman noted:  “Secretary Mabus advised us to set a goal. If it’s good enough for the Navy, it’s good enough

March 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Shell Joins Air Liquide, Nouryon in Enerkem Waste-to-Chemicals Project in Rotterdam: The Complete Story

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Shell will become an equal equity partner in the proposed commercial-scale waste-to-chemicals project, which will be the first of its kind in Europe to make

March 4, 2019 Read Full Article

BP Partners with Virent and Johnson Matthey on Virent’s Bioforming® Process for Production of Bio-Paraxylene

(Virent)  BP, Virent Inc. and Johnson Matthey (JM) have signed an agreement that will further advance the commercialization of Virent’s Bioforming® process for production of bio-paraxylene (PX), a key raw material

March 4, 2019 Read Full Article

Cellulosic Commercialization: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Cellulosic Ethanol

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Douglas B. Rivers, PhD,from Sunflwr Consulting and a member of Lee Enterprises Consulting offers this illuminating overview and more READ MORE    

February 28, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuel-Blended ATF to Fire IAF Fleet in Test Run over Two Years

by Sharath S. Srivatsa (The Hindu) After successfully flying its transport aircraft AN-32 with Jatropha-blended ATF (aviation turbine fuel), the Indian Air Force is now looking to test its entire fleet of

February 22, 2019 Read Full Article

Pilot Plant to Turn Sugarcane Waste into Biofuel and Beer Bottles

(Queensland University of Technology)  QUT researchers and Mercurius Australia have commenced work on a pilot plant to prove the economic viability of turning sugarcane waste into either jet and diesel fuel

February 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Biorefineries Assessment: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to IEA Bioenergy Task 42

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IEA Bioenergy Task 42 is working on the analysis and assessment of biorefining in the whole value chain in order to meet its mission to facilitate the

February 8, 2019 Read Full Article

Almond Joy: CEC Poised to Award $10 Million to Advance Aemetis, West Coast Nut Waste-to-Fuels Commercial Projects

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In California, the California Energy Commission has issued a Notice of Proposed Award (NOPA) for a $5 million grant to the Aemetis Riverbank cellulosic ethanol biorefinery,

February 5, 2019 Read Full Article

LR and UMAS Release New ‘Zero-Emission Vessels Transition Pathways’ Study.

(Lloyd’s Register)  A study that examines three key energy pathways to help identify the actions required for the shipping industry to transition to a zero-carbon future by 2050.  —  Today, Lloyd’s Register

January 31, 2019 Read Full Article

CAAFI Publishes Presentations from CAAFI Biennial General Meeting 2018 · December 4-6, 2018

(Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative)  CAAFI community is making great strides in the deployment of sustainable alternative jet fuel. The event included presentations and discussions of results from a number of

January 29, 2019 Read Full Article

January 2019 PyNe43 Newsletter Available

(Netzwerk Biotreibstoffe) It (January 2019 PyNe43 Newsletter) contains contributions on Electrocatalytic upgrading to stabilize pyrolysis oil Progress towards commercialization at pilot and demonstration scale Pyrolysis of forestry and fishery residue

January 28, 2019 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels Cost Reduction: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide ABLC Guide to IEA Bioenergy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) IEA Bioenergy is looking at how advanced biofuels could be more affordable and what sort of policy support might be needed? Adam Brown from IEA Bioenergy gave

January 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Cellulosic Ethanol and DDGS: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to D3MAX

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  D3MAX is a corn fiber-to-ethanol technology provider. Mark Yancey, D3MAX’s CTO, gave this illuminating overview of the technology and process behind the cellulosic ethanol and high protein

January 10, 2019 Read Full Article

Biodiesel’s Cutting Edge

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  Biodiesel Magazine profiles nine companies whose process technologies, products and services are on the frontline

January 4, 2019 Read Full Article

The Most of Every Kernel: Two Corn Kernel Fiber-to-Ethanol Plants are under Construction, Stirring Hope that the Concept Is Gaining Steam.

by Matt Thompson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  In October 2018, construction began on Ace Ethanol’s cellulosic ethanol plant in Stanley, Wisconsin. The

January 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Top 18 of 2018 – Looking Back to Look Forward

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … So on this last day of 2018, join the Biofuels Digest in looking back

December 31, 2018 Read Full Article

Catalysis Rocking: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to ChemCatBio

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ChemCatBio is a research and development consortium dedicated to identifying and overcoming catalysis challenges for biomass

December 26, 2018 Read Full Article

The Wonders Down Under: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Australia and the Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IEA Bioenergy Task 42’s goal is to contribute to the development and deployment of integrated biorefineries as

December 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Table’s Been Set in 2018: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide ABLC Guide to Cellana

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Cellana develops algae-based products and has demonstrated commercially scalable yields for multi-products. Their algae is the

December 24, 2018 Read Full Article

The Blues of the Green: How Can Biofuel Be Used

by Shailaja Tripathi (The Hindu)  Close on the heels of the experiment done by a SpiceJet flight using biofuel, we take

December 17, 2018 Read Full Article

Fast Pyrolysis Technology: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide ABLC Guide to Biomass Technology Group

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Biomass Technology Group develops fast pyrolysis technology and FPBO applications as well as the commercialization of such

December 17, 2018 Read Full Article

São Paulo Invests in Pioneering Biogas Plant

(Investe São Paulo/NGV Journal)  The companies Raízen and Geo Energética have merged in a joint venture to create the first plant

December 14, 2018 Read Full Article

Top 4 Techs: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Carbon Capture, Gas-to-Liquids, Bio-Based Ethylene Glycol, Biomass to Commodity Chemical Application

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Carbon Capture, Gas-to-Liquids (GTL) Technologies, Bio-Based Ethylene Glycol, and Biomass to Commodity Chemical Application. EPIC Modular Process writes that “through our

December 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Renmatix, Gevo Ink Deal to Develop Cellulosic Hydrocarbons for Jet Fuel, Gasoline Markets

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  We have word bubbling up simultaneously from Pennsylvania and Colorado that Gevo and Renmatix inked a

December 7, 2018 Read Full Article

NCERC Pumped up with 15 Years of Success

by Karen Binder (AgriNews)  While most talk these days about ethanol swirls around fuel credits and marketing needs, the National Corn-to-Ethanol

December 6, 2018 Read Full Article

‘CSIR Searching for Commercial Partner to Run Flights on Biofuel’

by Santosh Patnaik (The Hindu)  Move will help India reduce oil import bill to almost zero, says CSIR D-G — The

December 6, 2018 Read Full Article

Commercializing 2nd-Gen Biofuels: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide ABLC Guide to Axens

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Following the acquisition of Heurtey Petrochem and the integration of 50% of Eurecat, Axens Group now

December 5, 2018 Read Full Article

Lockheed Martin Invests in FORGE Hydrocarbons’ Lipid to Hydrocarbons Technology

(Lockheed Martin)  Forge Hydrocarbons Corporation (FORGE) today announced that it has received a $4 million USD investment from Lockheed Martin (LMT)

December 5, 2018 Read Full Article

Innovative Conversion Technologies: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide ABLC Guide to Using Canadian Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Bioindustrial Innovation Canada (BIC) is a nationally focused not-for-profit organization based in Sarnia, Ontario, in the

November 30, 2018 Read Full Article

Fueling the Future: Developing a More Efficient Process for Producing Biobased High-Octane Gasoline

by Zia Abdullah (U.S. Department of Energy)  Over the past five years, the market share for premium gasoline in the United

November 28, 2018 Read Full Article

Tapping the Genetic Power of Algae: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Algenol

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Algenol is a global, industrial biotechnology company that is commercializing its patented algae technology platform for

November 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Delta Refinery Will Convert Plastic Waste to Jet Fuel with Sir Richard Branson-backed Agilyx

by Alex Gailey (Atlanta Business Chronicle)  Monroe Energy, Delta’s subsidiary refinery, will start converting plastic waste into jet fuel under an agreement

November 21, 2018 Read Full Article

A Fuel Value over $7.00 per Gallon, and Everyone’s Chasing It: The Birth of USA Bioenergy and the Surge in Renewable Diesel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In California, we are now seeing project flow projecting a sustainable $7.63 price for renewable diesel

November 21, 2018 Read Full Article

It Might Be Giant: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Nanocellulose, American Process Style

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  A few years back, Research & Markets startled the bio world when they projected that the “Nanocellulose

November 15, 2018 Read Full Article

Greenbelt Initiates CBE Project to Produce Bioethanol for CBD Extraction

(Greenbelt Resources Corporation/Globe Newswire)   Greenbelt Resources Corporation (OTC: GRCO) (Greenbelt) has announced commencing Phase 1 of the “California BioEthanol Project,” a three-phased

November 14, 2018 Read Full Article

BioFuture: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to BioFuture Platform and the Advanced Biofuels Outlook

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Biofuture Platform aims to be an action-oriented, country-led, multi-stakeholder mechanism for policy dialogue and collaboration

November 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Entrepreneurial Impact: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Cyclotron Road NEXT APPLICATIONS FALL 2019

Cyclotron Road is a fellowship program affiliated with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory that supports leading entrepreneurial scientists as they

November 6, 2018 Read Full Article

Alternative Aviation Fuels: A Sustainable Future is Taking Off

(Roundtable for Sustainable Biomaterials)  The aviation industry has committed to major action in the global fight against climate change, including carbon

October 29, 2018 Read Full Article

10,000 Hours: 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to GoBiGas Gasification Technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IEA Bioenergy Task 33 is a working group of international experts with the aim to promote the

October 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Valmet to Supply BioTrac System to Cellulosic Plant in Romania

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Valmet has announced it will supply its BioTrac biomass pretreatment system to Clariant for use

October 24, 2018 Read Full Article

EU Mounts €100M Investment Push to Promote the Bioeconomy

by Éanna Kelly (Science/Business) EU Commission and European Investment Bank searching for fund manager to drive private investment in a sprawling

October 24, 2018 Read Full Article

Neste and Air BP Enter into Innovative Industry Collaboration to Support Sustainable Aviation Fuel Supply Chain Development

(BP) Neste, the world’s leading renewable products producer, and Air BP, the international aviation fuel products and services supplier, have

October 12, 2018 Read Full Article

Scaling up Biobased BTX: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Anellotech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Founded in 2008, Anellotech has developed a clean technology platform for inexpensively producing bio-based chemicals from

October 10, 2018 Read Full Article

Getting the Most out of Technoeconomic Analyses

by Daniel A. Lane (Lee Enterprises Consulting, Inc./Biofuels Digest/Saille Consulting)  At its most basic level, technoeconomic analysis or assessment (TEA) is a

October 9, 2018 Read Full Article

Expanded Technology Readiness Level (TRL) Definitions for the Bioeconomy

by Dave Humbird (Lee Enterprises Consulting, Inc./DWH Process Consulting LLC/Biofuels Digest)  For new technologies in the bioeconomy (and in the chemical

October 2, 2018 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Clariant’s Sunliquid Cellulosic Technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Clariant’s sunliquid technology for the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into sugars, followed by fermentation to cellulosic

September 17, 2018 Read Full Article

SAS Pledges to Use Renewable Jet Fuels on All Domestic Flights by 2030 and Partners with Swedish Oil Refiner Preem

(GreenAir Online)  Scandinavian airline SAS has signed a letter of intent with Sweden’s largest fuel company Preem to produce renewable aviation fuels using

August 17, 2018 Read Full Article

The Road to Biobased BTX: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Anellotech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Founded in 2008, Anellotech has developed a clean technology platform for inexpensively producing bio-based chemicals from

August 15, 2018 Read Full Article

Hydrogen Fuel Breakthrough in Queensland Could Fire up Massive New Export Market

by Lexy Hamilton-Smith  (ABC News)  Two cars powered by hydrogen derived from ammonia will be tested in Brisbane today thanks to

August 10, 2018 Read Full Article

Gevo Discusses Future Expansion Plans for Luverne Plant Site

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  … “During the quarter we made very good progress in restructuring our balance sheet and

August 10, 2018 Read Full Article

Building Commercialization Partnerships: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Green Biologics

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Green Biologics is focused on the production of renewable n-butanol and other C4 chemicals from various

August 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Lessons on the Road to GoBig: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to POET-DSM Cellulosic Ethanol

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In November we reported that POET-DSM Advanced Biofuels achieved a major breakthrough in cellulosic biofuels production at

August 7, 2018 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to the US Department of Energy’s Demonstration and Market Transformation Programs

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The goal of the US Department of Energy’s Demonstration and Market Transformation focus at the BioEnergy

August 3, 2018 Read Full Article

Attis Industries Taps Timber Industry Leader for Procurement of Raw Materials

(Attis Industries)  Agreement Creates Feedstock Advantage for First Commercial Facility  —  Attis Industries Inc. (NASDAQ: ATIS) (the “Company” or “Attis”), a diversified

July 20, 2018 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels Are Key to Decarbonising Transportation

by  Markus Rarbach (Clariant/EurActiv)  The recent agreements on the revised Renewable Energy Directive (RED II) are setting the tone for creating a

July 17, 2018 Read Full Article

Global Bioenergies and Audi Renew Their Partnership in Renewable Gasoline

(Global Bioenergies)  Global Bioenergies (Euronext Growth: ALGBE) and Audi announced today the signing of a new agreement focused on the

July 12, 2018 Read Full Article

On Energy Independence Day, India, China Surge as Leaders in Clean Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … Because if you want it, here it is, come and get it, biofuels that

July 11, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Nanocellulose on the March: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to American Process

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A few years back, Research & Markets startled the bio world when they projected that the “Nanocellulose

July 10, 2018 Read Full Article

5 Minutes With… Dhivya Puri, Senior Technical Lead at Fiberight.

by Dave Songer (Bio-Based World News)  “The milestones and professional growth I’ve achieved in this role are above and beyond what

July 6, 2018 Read Full Article

GoBiGas: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Advanced Biofuel Production via Gasification

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  High quality biomethane from biomass through gasification? A Swedish plant is now a first for injecting biomethane

June 28, 2018 Read Full Article

High-Performance: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Avantium

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The company is now safely emerged from its celebrated IPO, and is embarked on the development

June 22, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Succinic’s Next Season: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to BioAmber

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  BioAmber’s Mission? To be a fast growing producer of chemical intermediates that uses sugars instead of

June 21, 2018 Read Full Article

Taking off: Velocys, Shell, British Airways, UK Government, New Energy Risk, Red Rock Biofuels, TCG Global, PQ, and Advanced Plasma Power Figure in Key Renewable Jet Fuel Project Advances

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  New Energy Risk’s new performance insurance for TCG Global’s gasifiers and a significant project advance from

June 21, 2018 Read Full Article

Inventure Renewables’ Mixed Super Critical Fluid Technology Successfully Adopted At Wilmar Plant In China

(Inventure Renewables/Cision/PR Newswire)  Patented Technology Converts By-Product from Soft Oil Seed Refining Into FAME for Oleochemical and Biodiesel Production.  —  Inventure

June 20, 2018 Read Full Article

Engineered Proteins Could Improve Biomanufacturing Production of Medicines, Fuels

(Purdue University Research Foundation News)  Purdue University researchers have developed a series of engineered proteins that could improve biomanufacturing processes for the

June 15, 2018 Read Full Article

World’s First Commercial Waste Gas to Ethanol Plant Now in Operation

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … In Illinois, carbon recycling company, LanzaTech, and its joint venture partner, Shougang Group, a leading Chinese

June 11, 2018 Read Full Article

QUOTE OF THE WEEK — Michael Tamor

A recent Biofuels Digest article noted that Michael Tamor, a Henry Ford Technical Fellow at Ford, at a recent DOE

June 8, 2018 Read Full Article

Solar Fuels Come Nearer: Direct-from-Air CO2 Capture Cost Drops below $100/Ton Threshold

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  A technology for direct air capture of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, with a cost that

June 8, 2018 Read Full Article

One Commercial, Two Commercial, Three Commercial, Four: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Clariant’s Sunliquid Cellulosic Ethanol Technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Clariant’s sunliquid technology for the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into sugars, followed by fermentation to cellulosic

May 24, 2018 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Fulcrum BioEnergy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Fulcrum BioEnergy has developed a “game-changing process for converting municipal solid waste that would otherwise

May 23, 2018 Read Full Article

Biofuels Production and Consumption in the US: Status, Advances and Challenges

by Mahmood Ebadian and James D. McMillan (IEA Bioenergy Task 39 Newsletter)  … The Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) was enacted

May 11, 2018 Read Full Article

Capital Light Scale-Up : Utopia or Perfect Storm?

by Mark Warner (Warner Advisors LLC/Biofuels Digest)  Capital light scale-up utilizes existing fermentation facilities, in lieu of purpose-built demonstration facilities, to bring

May 9, 2018 Read Full Article

Tech-Agnostic, Integrated, Diversified Biorefineries: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to SG Preston

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  SG Preston is a Philadelphia-based bioenergy company, which has unveiled its Multi-Facility Program that will include the

May 9, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Estonian Forest Magic: Sweetwater, Graanul to Build First Commercial Biorefinery for cellulosic sugars, lignin

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Sweetwater Energy and Europe’s largest wood pellet producer, the Tallinn, Estonia-based AS Graanul Invest, said

May 7, 2018 Read Full Article

Succinctly Succinic: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Reverdia and Bio-Succinic Acid

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Reverdia is a joint venture between Royal DSM, the global Life Sciences and Materials Sciences

May 4, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Integrating Biology and Chemistry: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to the Center for Biorenewable Chemicals

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  CBiRC was founded in 2008 with funding from NSF, creating an Engineering Research Center focused on

May 2, 2018 Read Full Article

Green Technology Born in Reality: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Renewable Chemicals

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The estimable and always fascinating and quotable James Iademarco gave this illuminating overview of the

April 30, 2018 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Prairie Catalytic, LanzaTech, Synvina, Fulcrum BioEnergy, POET-DSM, Cargilla/Calysta, Enerkem, and REG Geismar

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  ABLC 2018 wrapped up with the ABLC Wolfpack including James Iademarco from Strategic Avalanche, David Dodds with Dodds &

April 24, 2018 Read Full Article

Jet Fuels from Crops: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to the SPARC Regional Biojet Consortium

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Sometimes, what an engine needs to roar to life is a spark. Or a SPARC, as

April 16, 2018 Read Full Article

Contract Fermentation Landscape: Facility Selection in an Environment of Limited Options

by  Mark Warner (Warner Advisors LLC/Biofuels Digest)  Funding for early stage advanced biotechnology is ramping up and companies commercializing fermentation-based technologies

April 12, 2018 Read Full Article

Greenbelt Resources Signs Non-Disclosure Agreement with Duckweed DAYS

(Greenbelt Resources)   Greenbelt Resources Corporation (OTC: GRCO) (Greenbelt), the developer of a sustainable ECOsystem model that transforms waste into revenue generating bioproducts,

April 2, 2018 Read Full Article

Nth Power and Nth Plant: The Digest’s 2018 Guide to Process Scale-Up, or Not?

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) You probably knew him first as the VP for Biofuels at Chevron, and later the Program

March 30, 2018 Read Full Article

Alchemy for Modern Times: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to CRI/GTI’s IH2 Process

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The IH2 process was developed by Gas Technology Institute (GTI) of Des Plaines, Illinois—a research, development, and

March 30, 2018 Read Full Article

Greenbelt’s Testing Facility to Become Commercial Production Plant; “California BioEthanol Project” Designed to Meet the Growth of Local Protein and Ethanol Extraction Needs

(Greenbelt Resources Corporation)  Greenbelt Resources Corporation (OTC:GRCO) (Greenbelt) has announced Phase 1 of the “California BioEthanol Project,” a three-phased initiative that will

February 21, 2018 Read Full Article

Brazil Bilateral: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to US-Brazil R&D in Thermochemical Bio Conversion

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The Brazil Bilateral is a co-operative R&D effort between Brazil’s Petrobras and the US National renewable

January 25, 2018 Read Full Article

CAAFI (Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative) Expands Leadership Team; Chris Tindal Added as CAAFI Assistant Director

(Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative)  CAAFI announced today (January 16, 2018) that it is expanding its Administrative Leadership Team, naming Chris

January 19, 2018 Read Full Article

Cash out of Trash: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Fiberight

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Fiberight is a privately held company founded in 2007 with current operations in Virginia, Maryland and

January 12, 2018 Read Full Article

Breaking the Bottleneck: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to POET-DSM Cellulosic Biofuels Commercialization

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In November we reported that POET-DSM Advanced Biofuels achieved a major breakthrough in cellulosic biofuels production at its

January 5, 2018 Read Full Article

Affordable, Low-Capex GTL Is Here: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Velocys

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Velocys enables modular gas-to-liquids and biomass-to-liquids plants to convert unconventional, remote and problem gas and waste

January 4, 2018 Read Full Article

Notes from Scaleville: The Global Bioenergies, Gevo and Siluria Stories

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) This week we’ve received news from three companies that have struck out in search of new

December 20, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

$76.8 Million Advanced Biofuel Demonstration Plant Coming to Norway

(Biofuels International)  A (CDN) $76.8 million (€50.7 million) industrial scale advanced biofuel demonstration plant will be constructed at a former pulp

December 18, 2017 Read Full Article

VIDEO: Planning Permission for Celtic Renewables’ Whiskey Waste to Biofuel Plant

(Waste Management World)  Celtic Renewables has secured planning permission from Falkirk Council to build a commercial demonstrator plant, which will produce

December 13, 2017 Read Full Article

Now Deploying at Commercial Scale: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Clariant’s Sunliquid Cellulosic Ethanol Technology

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Clariant’s sunliquid technology for the conversion of lignocellulosic biomass into sugars, followed by fermentation to cellulosic

November 30, 2017 Read Full Article

Charting a Cellulosic Path — Enzyme Advances Hold Promise in Corn Ethanol

by Todd Neeley (DTN The Progressive Farmer)  Cellulosic technology companies have invested time and millions of dollars to explore ways to

November 22, 2017 Read Full Article

Nevada DowDuPont Plant: Was the Technology Ready?

by Dan Mika (Nevada Journal)  The DowDuPont cellulosic ethanol plant sits mostly empty today after the chemical giant suspended operations and laid

November 21, 2017 Read Full Article

$2.25 Per Gallon Biohydrocarbon Fuels, Unsubsidized? Biozin Licenses IH2 Technology — Heads for Commercial-Scale in Norway

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Texas, CRI/Criterion Catalyst Company has awarded an FEL-2 license agreement for the IH2 technology which converts biomass

November 16, 2017 Read Full Article

30 Hot Cellulosic Technologies, 30 Quick Takes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Last week, DowDuPont said it was exiting the cellulosic biofuels business and you’d think that the

November 14, 2017 Read Full Article

What’s Next in Cellulosic Biofuels and Biogas?: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Iogen

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)   Iogen says it has has “one of the world’s largest and most experienced teams in

November 9, 2017 Read Full Article

Got Feedstock? Have Greenbelt Resources Test For Feasibility

(PR Newswire/Greenbelt Resources) The beauty of bioethanol is that it can be created from an amazing number of feedstocks of

November 2, 2017 Read Full Article

Affordable, Drop-In Hydrocarbons from Wood: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to CRI/GTI’s IH2 Process

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The IH2 process was developed by Gas Technology Institute (GTI) of Des Plaines, Illinois—a research, development, and

November 1, 2017 Read Full Article

Waste Makes Haste: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Enerkem

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Enerkem’s technology converts non-recyclable municipal solid waste (i.e. garbage) into clean fuels and renewable chemicals. Enerkem Alberta Biofuels is

October 31, 2017 Read Full Article

Carbon Negative, Compression Ignition: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to Oberon Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Oberon Fuels is facilitating the growth of the DME transportation industry by converting biogas and other

October 26, 2017 Read Full Article

Advance to Go!: The Digest’s 2017 Multi-Slide Guide to the State of the Advanced Bioeconomy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Advanced Bioeconomy Leadership Conference on Next-Gen Technologies and Markets opens in San Francisco with a

October 17, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

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multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol nahar Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York 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peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-gas prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw 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development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smokestack soap social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa 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Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils Velocys Venezuela Vermont video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel 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