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Tag "Colorado"

Colorado Man Sentenced to Prison for Biodiesel Tax Credit Fraud — Scheme Defrauded the IRS of $7.2 Million

(U.S. Department of Justice) A Colorado resident was sentenced to 15 months in prison yesterday for his role in a biodiesel tax credit fraud scheme, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney General

October 29, 2020 Read Full Article

Characterization and Engineering of a Two-Enzyme System for Plastics Depolymerization

by Brandon C. Knott, Erika Erickson, Mark D. Allen, Japheth E. Gado, Rosie Graham, Fiona L. Kearns, Isabel Pardo, Ece Topuzlu, Jared J. Anderson, Harry P. Austin, Graham Dominick, Christopher W. Johnson, Nicholas A. Rorrer, Caralyn J. Szostkiewicz, Valérie Copié, Christina M.

October 26, 2020 Read Full Article

National Laboratories Point to Sugars as a Key Factor in Ideal Feedstock for Biofuels

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  NREL, Oak Ridge Scientists Reveal Economics Must Include More Than Size of Poplar Trees  — Popular wisdom holds that tall, fast-growing trees are best for biomass, but

October 19, 2020 Read Full Article

DOE Launches Two Consortia to Advance Hydrogen Technology

by Michael Bates (NGT News) The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has officially launched the Million Mile Fuel Cell Truck (­M2FCT) and the H2NEW consortia to advance fuel cell truck and hydrogen

October 13, 2020 Read Full Article

U.S. Oil Refiners Press on Renewable Diesel for Canadian Market: Few Such Projects Seen Moving forward within Canada

by Laura Sanicola, Rod Nickel (AgCanada/Glacier Farm Media/Reuters) U.S. oil refineries are moving aggressively to produce renewable diesel, partly to cash in on Canada’s greener fuel standard before Canadian refiners modify

October 6, 2020 Read Full Article

New Tech Converts Natural Gas to Hydrogen at Scale Anywhere and Plastic-Eating Enzyme ‘Cocktail’ Heralds Hope for Plastic Waste

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … In today’s Digest, how Florida-based Transform Materials is literally transforming the petrochemical industry’s ability to convert flared natural gas often emitted at hydraulic fracking

September 29, 2020 Read Full Article

NREL’s Catalysis Research Team Boosts Efficiency for the Production of High-Octane Gasoline and Jet Fuel from Biomass

by Zia Abdullah (U.S. Department of Energy)  Techno-economic analysis leads to a market-responsive biorefinery concept  —  … THE CHALLENGE: REDUCE BIOMASS TO BIOFUEL CONVERSION COSTS  — … The production of biofuels

September 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Clean Energy Fuels Providing RNG to MTA Buses and More

by Michael Bates (NGT News) Clean Energy Fuels Corp., a provider of clean fuel for the transportation market, has been contracted by New York Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) to provide its Redeem renewable natural

September 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Cummins-Powered 1949 Ford Truck Is Now the Fastest Diesel Vehicle Up Pikes Peak

by Caleb Jacobs (The Drive) Ole Smokey F1 conquered the course’s 156 turns with precision and, oh yeah, tons of power.  — …  (Scott) Birdsall drove the 6.7-liter Cummins-powered Ford

August 31, 2020 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels Show Real Promise for Replacing Some Fossil Fuels

(Colorado State University/Science Daily)  A new study predicted significant climate benefits stemming from the use of advanced biofuel technologies.  — Biofuel and bioenergy systems are integral to scenarios for displacing fossil

August 26, 2020 Read Full Article

Gevo’s Historic $900 Million Offtake Deal with Trafigura Group

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Colorado, Gevo entered into a long term, take or pay Renewable Hydrocarbons Purchase and Sale Agreement with Trafigura Group, the largest contract in Gevo’s history.

August 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Dual-Purpose Hemp Cultivars Have Best Biofuel Potential

by Katie Pratt (University of Kentucky College of Agriculture, Food and Environment) Dual-purpose industrial hemp cultivars show the best potential for coproduction of biofuel and bioproducts, according to University of Kentucky

August 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Department of Energy Announces $97 Million for Bioenergy Research and Development

(U.S. Department of Energy) Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced more than $97 million in funding for 33 projects that will support high-impact technology research and development to accelerate

July 31, 2020 Read Full Article

New Process Turns Carbon into Cleaner, High-Performance Diesel Biofuel Blendstock

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory/Phys.org) A new single-phase catalyst that enables the conversion of renewable and waste carbon into sustainable diesel fuels has been developed through a unique collaboration between the National

July 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Department of Energy Selects Three Projects to Increase Industry Access to High-Performance Computing Capabilities

(U.S. Department of Energy) Today, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) selected three projects to receive approximately $1 million in funding to leverage the unique computational capabilities at DOE’s National

July 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Proof of Quality: A New Biodiesel Fuel Quality Report by National Renewable Energy Laboratory

by Ron Kotrba (Biodiesel Magazine)  A new biodiesel fuel quality report by National Renewable Energy Laboratory surveying U.S. and Canadian BQ-9000 producers suggests the North American biodiesel industry has learned

July 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Explore a Collection of National Laboratory-Developed Models and Tools for Bioenergy Analysis.

(U.S. Department of Energy) This website provides researchers interested in bioenergy and bioeconomy analysis with an inventory of bioenergy and bioproducts models and tools, key information about each model, and an

July 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Department of Energy Selects Seven Projects to Accelerate Adoption of Performance-Advantaged Biofuels

(U.S. Department of Energy) Today (July 2, 2020), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced the selection of seven projects totaling $1.94 million to conduct research and development to accelerate the

July 2, 2020 Read Full Article

CARB Adopts Rule Requiring State Transition from Diesel Trucks

by Michael Bates (NGT News)  The California Air Resources Board (CARB) has adopted a first-in-the-world rule – the Advanced Clean Truck regulation – that requires truck manufacturers to transition from diesel trucks and

June 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Colorado: City of Boulder Plans to Cut Vehicle Emissions with Biomethane

(City of Boulder/CGRS/NGV Journal) The city of Boulder has signed an agreement with Western Disposal for the sale of renewable natural gas produced by a new system at the city’s Water

June 29, 2020 Read Full Article

Answer to Energy Storage Problem Could Be Hydrogen

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory) Hydrogen has the greatest potential among technologies for seasonal energy storage in the future, according to an analysis conducted by researchers at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory

June 29, 2020 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuels Expansion: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo’s Next-Gen Renewable Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Gevo is developing a platform to fund expansion projects in the next phase of its unique, next generation renewable fuels business. Their commercial-scale facilities are

June 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Climate Mitigation Potential of Agricultural Conservation Practices Is Significant!

(Solutions from the Land) A blog posted on the World Resources Institute (WRI) website last month dismissed the potential for regenerative agriculture and related systems to contribute to large-scale emissions

June 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Turning Manure into Money

by Jim Morrison (Washington Post) When Randy Jordan, a fifth-generation dairy farmer in central Massachusetts, looked into turning manure from his 300 cows into natural gas more than a decade ago,

June 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Positive Results Achieved from NREL’s Use of Industry-Relevant Ozone Treatment to Deconstruct Biomass

by Zia Abdullah (U.S. Department of Energy/National Renewable Energy Laboratory) Achieves high sugar yields with low enzyme loadings; Deconstructing Biomass with a Common Pulp and Paper Industry Method  — Ozone treatment (aka

May 26, 2020 Read Full Article

3 Things that Need to Happen for Sustainable Aviation Fuel to Take Off

by Lloyd Ritter (Green Capitol LLC/Biofuels Digest) A timely new report came out recently on sustainable aviation fuel (SAF), “Ready for Takeoff: Aviation Biofuels Past, Present, and Future,” written by the

May 26, 2020 Read Full Article

Senate Committee Passes Gardner Bills to Strengthen Cybersecurity and Bioeconomy

(Office of Senator Cory Gardner (R-CO))  Today (May 20, 2020) the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation passed S. 3712 and S. 3734, two bipartisan bills cosponsored by U.S. Senator

May 22, 2020 Read Full Article

Longmont Waste Services Unveils RNG-Powered Fleet, New Facility

by Michael Bates (NGT News) As part of a project prioritized in Longmont’s 2018 greenhouse gas inventory, the Colorado city has become the first city along the Front Range to implement

May 21, 2020 Read Full Article

NREL Tool Quickly Provides Answers for Chemical Reactions

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory)  In the same manner that pocket calculators made math faster and easier, a new machine-learning tool developed at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has significantly

May 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Leading with Soil: Scaling Soil Carbon Storage in Agriculture

(Carbon 180) Soil carbon storage offers significant economic and environmental opportunities for farmers and ranchers. Agricultural practices that store carbon in the soil can help fight climate change at a

May 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Jet Fuel, Isooctane Gasoline, Ethanol and Isobutanol: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo’s Low Carbon Drop-In Transportation Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Gevo’s business strategy is to secure off take agreements for jet fuel and isooctane striking a price that gives attractive returns for project financing for

May 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Lignin Research Yields Additional Answers into Bacteria’s Role

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory/Phys.Org)  A collaboration between the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and three other national laboratories has yielded new insight into the ability of bacteria to break down

April 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Gevo Tightens Belt, Plans to Push Forward with Project Funding Amid COVID-19 Layoffs

(Gevo) Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) announced today that due to the impact the COVID-19 virus has had on the economy and Gevo’s industry, Gevo has suspended production operations at its production

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Co-Optimization of Fuels & Engines: A Transportation Future with Science in the Driver’s Seat Mapping a Viable Route Forward for Affordable, Efficient, and Clean Fuels and Engines

by John Farrell,  Robert Wagner, Chris Moen and Dan Gaspar  (U.S. Department of Energy) …  For the past four years, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has been funding the CoOptimization

March 25, 2020 Read Full Article

Researchers Building Stronger, Greener Concrete with Biofuel Byproducts

(Kansas State University) Kansas State University civil engineers are developing the right mix to reduce concrete’s carbon footprint and make it stronger. Their innovative ingredient: biofuel byproducts.  —  “The idea is to

March 17, 2020 Read Full Article

High Country News Internships & Fellowship DEADLINES: March 15, 2020 and November 1, 2020

(High Country News) High Country News is looking for informed and enthusiastic editorial interns and fellows to report on natural resource, environmental and community issues in the 12 Western states. High Country

March 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Indiana Plant to Convert Methane into 8 Million Gallons of Renewable Natural Gas Each Year

by Emily Holbrook (Environment and Energy Leader) This week marks the completion of the Indy High BTU plant at the Indianapolis South Side Landfill. The plant, which will be fully operational March 20,

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Most Efficient Source of Fuel May Be Tiniest Organism

by Shelley Schlender (VOA)  … The tiny single-celled, plantlike organisms known as algae are more efficient than other organisms at converting sunlight and carbon dioxide into the raw materials needed

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Colorado Man Sentenced to 83 Months in Prison for Role in $7.2 Million Biodiesel Tax Credit Scheme

(U.S. Department of Justice) A Colorado resident was sentenced to 83 months in prison on Friday for his role in a biodiesel tax credit fraud scheme, announced Principal Deputy Assistant Attorney

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Hydrogen’s Technical, Demand and Economic Potential: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to NREL’s Hydrogen Potential – H2@Scale

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Did you know that the demand potential of the hydrogen market by 2050 is >9X? National Renewable Energy Laboratory recently presented the latest on the

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Aerospace Company Boom Supersonic to Use Sustainable Aviation Fuels in Test Programme

(Biofuels International)  The company building the world’s fastest supersonic airliner, Boom Supersonic, has announced that is XB-1 test programme will be carbon neutral through the use of sustainable aviation fuels

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Biomass Sugars to Hydrocarbon Biofuels: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Enzymatic Hydrolysis Development Efforts

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Reducing cost and improving manufacturability of the biomass sugar platform through Continuous Enzymatic Hydrolysis (CEH) technology is one of the goals for NREL. James D.

February 26, 2020 Read Full Article

Colorado Legislators Take up Proposal for Renewable Natural Gas Standard

by Allen Best (Energy News) The bill would require large natural gas utilities to source some of their supply from dairies, landfills and other sources. — Colorado would require natural gas

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Delta Commits $1 Billion to Become World’s 1st Carbon Neutral Airline

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In Georgia arrives news that starting March 1st, Delta is making a $1 billion commitment over the next 10 years to mitigate all emissions from its

February 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Bringing Algal Biofuel Production to Scale: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Biocrude Production in Advanced Photobioreactor-Based Biorefinery

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Everyone wants more productive algal strains – but how do you get them? Can you advance the technology enough to get economical, large-scale algal biofuel production? Ron

February 13, 2020 Read Full Article

All the Wrong MOVES: EPA’s MOVES Model Contains Serious Flaws

by Dave VanderGriend  (Urban Air Initiative/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  EPA’s MOVES model contains serious flaws and could heavily impact the industry as EPA conducts anti-backsliding study.  —  What is playing out

January 30, 2020 Read Full Article

At the Table, or On the Menu?

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association) As discussions about climate change ramp up, ethanol and its impact on emissions and the environment should be top of mind. — We’re only

January 23, 2020 Read Full Article

WPI Professor Expands Green Energy Research with $2M DOE Grant — Chemical Engineer Works to Turn Yard Waste and Food Waste into Biofuel

by Sharon Gaudin (Worcester Polytech Institute) Chemical engineers at Worcester Polytechnic Institute are broadening attempts to convert waste into environmentally friendly biofuels, lowering reliance on fossil fuels, cutting the amount of

January 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Cellulosic Mixotrophy: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Novel Platform for Algal Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) There’s a lot of flat, dry land in the U.S. but researchers at Arizona State University and others are looking at how that land could support

January 22, 2020 Read Full Article

10 Reasons Why Algae Are Interesting: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Non-Isocyanate Polyurethanes for Carbon Capture Reuse and Sequestration

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Algae is a wondrous thing…and here are 10 reasons why. But that’s not all! What about polyurethanes? Fully renewable polyurethanes from unsaturated lipids and protein-derived

January 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Suncor Asks 10th Circuit to Review EPA’s Denial of Controversial Biofuels Exemption

by Michael Karlik (Colorado Politics) Suncor Energy U.S.A. has filed a petition asking the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit to review a federal decision denying the company a one-year

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Bill Would Create ARPA–Terra, a New Research Agency to Invest in Early Stage Research on Innovative Agricultural Technologies that Enhance Environmental Sustainability, Export Competitiveness, and Crop Resilience

(Office of Senator Michael Bennet, D-CO)   Colorado U.S. Senator Michael Bennet and U.S. Representative Cindy Axne (IA-3) announced they have introduced new legislation to create the Advanced Research Projects Agency–Terra (ARPA–Terra),

December 20, 2019 Read Full Article

Research Yields Potential Bioblendstock for Diesel Fuel

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory/Phys.Org)  The NREL scientists, along with colleagues at Yale University, Argonne National Laboratory, and Oak Ridge National Laboratory, are part of the Department of Energy’s Co-Optimization of

December 19, 2019 Read Full Article

Delta Enters Offtake Agreement with Gevo for 10 Million Gallons Per Year of Sustainable Aviation Fuel, Creates Long-Term Carbon Solution

(Gevo) Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ:  GEVO) – Delta’s work to create a sustainable future continues with a long-term offtake agreement under which Delta will purchase 10 million gallons per year of advanced

December 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Simplifying Biology for Biochemicals: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to DMC’s Metabolic Engineering Tech

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Digital biology, synthetic biology and metabolic engineering are not all the same – just ask Matt Lipscomb, CEO and Founder of DMC who shared

December 13, 2019 Read Full Article

Dominion Energy and Vanguard Renewables Form Strategic Partnership to Develop First Nationwide Network of Dairy Waste-to-Energy Projects

(Business Wire) Dominion Energy and Vanguard Renewables announced today a more than $200 million, nationwide strategic partnership to convert methane from U.S. dairy farms into clean, renewable natural gas (RNG) that

December 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Choices at the Pump: Convenience Matters Dives into What It Will Take to Add E15 to Your Fuel Lineup.

(National Association of Convenience Stores) On this week’s episode of Convenience Matters, “Increasing Fuel Options for Consumers,” NACS hosts John Eichberger, executive director for the Fuels Institute, and Donovan Woods, director

December 5, 2019 Read Full Article

Maine Eyed for Project that Converts Electricity to Storable Gas

by Tux Turkel (Press Herald)  Wind and other renewables produce excess power that could be used in the state’s natural gas pipeline system.  — … The transmission lines connecting Maine’s far-flung

December 4, 2019 Read Full Article

Klobuchar Leads Letter Expressing Concern that the Newly Proposed Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) Blending Targets Will Be Undermined by Continued Abuse of ‘Hardship’ Waivers

(Office of Senator Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)) Klobuchar has spent months calling for an end to the harm caused by abuse of hardship waivers  —  U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) led

December 4, 2019 Read Full Article

Biofuels Could Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions By 96%

by Steve Hanley (Clean Technica) There is nothing inherently wrong with internal combustion engines. The problem is the fuels we use to run them emit billions of tons of greenhouse gases

December 4, 2019 Read Full Article

Wanted – Stronger Microbial Strains: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to NREL’s Biological Sugar Upgrades

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Microbial strains convert lignocellulosic sugars to fuel precursors, but Jeff Linger from National Renewable Energy

December 3, 2019 Read Full Article

Applications Being Accepted for ACS Summer School on Green Chemistry & Sustainable Energy DEADLINE: January 24, 2020

(ACS)  July 7-14, 2020,  Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado Applications for 2020 are now open.APPLY NOW Apply by January

December 2, 2019 Read Full Article

TEA Tornado Plot, Technical Hurdles, and Driving Down MFSP: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to NREL’s Algal Biomass

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) The commercialization of algae has several challenges, but Lieve M. Laurens from National Renewable Energy Laboratory

November 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Are Ancient Bugs the Key to Storing Wind and Solar?

by Stephen Lacey (GreenTechMedia) In this special podcast episode: We tour NREL’s new bioreactor that creates renewable methane from microorganisms,

November 6, 2019 Read Full Article

The New Science Fossil Fuel Companies Fear

by Zack Coleman (Politico)  Researchers can now link weather events to emissions – and to the companies responsible. A string

November 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Colorado Unveils Study Boosting Use of Renewable Natural Gas in Mobility

(Government of Colorado/NGV Journal)  The Colorado Energy Office released a Renewable Natural Gas in Transportation: Colorado Market Study that provides

November 5, 2019 Read Full Article

WEBINAR: Drop-In Biofuels: The Key Role that Co-Processing Will Play in Their Production

(IEA Bioenergy/Netzwerk Betreibstoffe) Presentation online  This webinar presents the 2019 update of the 2014 IEA Bioenergy Task 39 “drop-in” biofuels

October 11, 2019 Read Full Article

Michael Bloomberg Says Cities Can Help Us Meet Paris Climate Goal

by Josh Siegel & Abby Smith (Washington Examiner’s Daily on Energy) New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg and eight other U.S. mayors released

October 10, 2019 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Commercializing Conventional and Advanced Transport Biofuels from Biomass and Other Renewable Feedstocks

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Several of the better known IEA Bioenergy rock stars — there are four and possibly

October 8, 2019 Read Full Article

Engineering Thermophiles to Produce Drop-in Fuels from Syngas: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Syngas Bioprocess

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Drop-in fuels from syngas are in. Syngas feedstocks are relatively inexpensive and diverse, thermophiles have several

October 3, 2019 Read Full Article

Better Breakdown: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to PET Upcycling

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) As frustrated as you may get with your pet sometimes, we aren’t talking about upcycling dogs

October 2, 2019 Read Full Article

$73 Million, 35 Projects, Who Won, for What and Why: The DOE Bioenergy Technologies Office 2019 Project Selections

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Washington, the U.S. Department of Energy has selected 35 projects totaling $73 million for bioenergy

October 2, 2019 Read Full Article

Making Enzymes More Effective: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Enzyme Engineering

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Enzyme technology enables advanced biofuels. But can we do better? Can enzymes improve conversion? Can understanding enzyme

September 30, 2019 Read Full Article

Wondering What If — Real-World Fuels Are Needed as Part of Real-World Testing to Prove Ethanol’s Worth in Helping to Boost Octane and Lower Emissions.

by Steve Vander Griend (Ethanol Producer Magazine/Urban Air Initiative)  … While we are all glad Reid vapor pressure (RVP) relief

September 26, 2019 Read Full Article

Fungus Fashion, BMW i Hydrogen NEXT Unveiled, Spider Silk and Cellulose Composite, Nestlé Opens Packaging Research Center, and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of September 25th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) With Climate Week on many minds this week, it’s good to see innovations being developed to

September 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Increase Value, Reduce Costs: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Advanced Algal Systems

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)Advanced Algal Systems. Maybe you’ve heard of it but did you know that technologies are being

September 20, 2019 Read Full Article

Colorado to Evaluate Feasibility of LCFS Program

by Erin Voegele (Biodiesel Magazine) Colorado has taken an initial step toward considering the establishment of a Low Carbon Fuel

September 18, 2019 Read Full Article

Pick up the PACE: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Algae for Coproducts and Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) PACE – Producing Algae for Coproducts and Energy, has several project goals including increasing algal biomass

September 16, 2019 Read Full Article

Gevo Reaches Joint Development Agreement to Explore Converting Plant Sugars into Fuel

by Andrew Kessel (Proactive Investors)  The plan is to investigate the potential of sugars and glycerol derived from cellulose to

September 11, 2019 Read Full Article

MU’s Cheng Utilizing Deep Learning Expertise for Key Federal Biofuel Project

(University of Missouri College of Engineering) Mizzou Engineering’s Jianlin Cheng has put his world-class protein prediction skills to stellar use in the field

September 9, 2019 Read Full Article

Gevo Announces Breakthrough Development of Low-Carbon No Particulate Renewable Diesel

(GEVO)  Converting Isobutanol or Fusel Oils to Renewable Diesel  — Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) a leading renewable fuels and chemicals manufacturer, announced today

September 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Environmental Advocates Should Take Another Look at Biofuels

by Sen. Chuck Grassley (R-IA) and former Sen. Timothy Wirth (D-CO)  (The Hill)  … But public policy to date has put

August 15, 2019 Read Full Article

City in Colorado Develops Innovative Biogas Plant & CNG Station Project

(City of Longmont/NGV Journal)  Steel rising on a site at the northwest corner of the city of Longmont’s Wastewater Treatment Plant

August 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Just Drop It in!: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo’s Drop-in Hydrocarbons

by Jim Lane (Biofuhttp://radar.weather.gov/radar_lite.php?product=NCR&rid=LWX&loop=yesels Digest)  Gevo produces and sells low-carbon, renewable, high-performance fuel products. From ethanol to isobutanol, jet fuel, isooctane,

August 8, 2019 Read Full Article

Gevo Receives ISCC Plus Certification

(Geva/Globe Newswire)  Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO) announced today (August 5, 2019) it has achieved its International Sustainability and Carbon Certification

August 6, 2019 Read Full Article

Major Automakers Strike Climate Deal with California, Rebuffing Trump on Proposed Mileage Freeze

by Juliet Eilperin and Brady Dennis (Washington Post)  The agreement could have vehicles hit 50 miles per gallon on average by

July 25, 2019 Read Full Article

Eco-Friendly Biofuels Made from Food Waste Could Cut ‘Flight Shame’ among Air Travelers

by Jeremy Deaton (NBC News)   “Biofuels are what’s going to save us when it comes to aviation.”  —  … The airline

July 19, 2019 Read Full Article

RE-CORD Signature of a Memorandum of Understanding with the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL)

(RE-CORD)  The Renewable Energy Consortium for Research and Demonstration (RE-CORD) signed today a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the U.S. Department of Energy’s

July 5, 2019 Read Full Article

These Nano-Bugs Eat CO2 and Make Eco-Friendly Fuel

by Trent Knoss (University of Colorado Boulder)  CU Boulder researchers have developed nanobio-hybrid organisms capable of using airborne carbon dioxide and

July 3, 2019 Read Full Article

NREL Announces Participants for 2019 Executive Energy Leadership Program

(U.S. Department of Energy)  The U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has selected 21 leaders to participate in

July 1, 2019 Read Full Article

Potential to Decarbonize Long Distance Transport: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Drop-in Biofuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) IEA Bioenergy Task 39, with the help of the National Renewable Energy Lab and University of

June 14, 2019 Read Full Article

Bipartisan Legislation Would Help Finance Carbon Capture and Storage Projects

(Office of Senator Michael Bennet (D-CO))  U.S. Senators Michael Bennet (D-CO) and Rob Portman (R-OH) today reintroduced a bill to make

June 12, 2019 Read Full Article

The Energy 202: Green New Deal Is Alive and Well in Liberal Cities and States

by Dino Grandoni (Washington Post)  The Green New Deal may be floundering in Washington. But it is alive and well in left-leaning states

June 3, 2019 Read Full Article

EERE’s SBIR Selects Bioenergy Phase I Innovation Projects

(U.S. Department of Energy)  American small businesses got nearly a $22 million boost from the Energy Department’s Office of Energy Efficiency

May 28, 2019 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to Gevo

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The Digest’s new “Stocks Worth Tracking” Multi-Slide Guide Series highlights hot companies that are making strides

May 28, 2019 Read Full Article

UPS Makes Largest Purchase of Renewable Natural Gas Ever in The U.S.

(UPS) Seven-Year 170 Million Gallon Equivalents Purchase from Clean Energy Fuels Corp. Will Reduce GHG Emissions by More than 1 Million

May 23, 2019 Read Full Article

Microalgae: The Green Mines for Fueling the Future and Mitigating Heavy Metals

by Neha Arora (Science Trends)  …  Biofuels, particularly bioethanol and biodiesel, have been touted as one of the most propitious and

May 21, 2019 Read Full Article

State Leadership Fuels Carbon Reduction, Clean Energy Booms

(Solutions from the Land)  … The swelling momentum of state leadership pushing forward climate issues and solutions, as well as growing

May 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Making America Carbon Neutral Could Cost $1 Trillion a Year

by Ari Natter (Bloomberg Business Week)  Democrats are going all in on green initiatives, but they won’t be easy to pull

May 14, 2019 Read Full Article

ExxonMobil Promises $100m for Biofuels and CCS Research

(Business Green)  Oil giant ExxonMobil this week promised a fresh wave of up to $100m R&D cash to support the development

May 12, 2019 Read Full Article

Novel Process Derives Algae-Based Biofuel from Wastewater

by David Wagman (Engineering 360)  … However, growing cyanobacteria at an industrial scale requires a lot of water and nutrients. The

May 10, 2019 Read Full Article

Algal Biofuel: The Long Road to Commercial Viability

by Chris Lo (Power Technology)  The green technology sector has fallen out of love with algae as a feedstock for biofuel

April 30, 2019 Read Full Article

Jury Finds Pennsylvania Biofuel Company Owners Guilty of Tax and False Statements Conspiracy

(U.S. Department of Justice)  Following a 14-day jury trial in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, Ben T. Wootton, of Enola, Pennsylvania, and Race A.

April 24, 2019 Read Full Article

Gone but Not Forgotten: The Green New Deal Resolution Sunk in the Senate on Tuesday.

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy) — The Green New Deal resolution sunk in the Senate on Tuesday. Now Senate Democrats

March 27, 2019 Read Full Article

Colorado Man Pleads Guilty to $7.2 Million Biodiesel Tax Credit Fraud Scheme

(U.S. Department of Justice)  A Colorado resident pleaded guilty today in the U.S. District Court for the District of Colorado to

March 26, 2019 Read Full Article

The Digest’s Top 10 Celluosic Project Flashpoints, 10 Quick Takes

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) It’s all very rosy on the cellulosic potential frontier. As Gevo and Renmatix recently observed, “cellulosic

March 26, 2019 Read Full Article

NBB Commemorates National Biodiesel Day with Biodiesel Success Stories

(National Biodiesel Board)  Meet just a few of biodiesel’s movers and shakers making an impact in this innovative industry —  National Biodiesel

March 15, 2019 Read Full Article

Building a Greener Tour Bus: Biodiesel Group Crowd-Funding a Sustainable Alternative for Traveling Bands

by Steve Graham (The New Scene)  Eric Skjerseth and Jennifer Zidon are building what they call the nation’s most sustainable tour

March 8, 2019 Read Full Article

3-D-Printed Live Cells Convert Glucose to Ethanol, Carbon Dioxide to Enhance Catalytic Efficiency

by Anne M Stark (Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory/Phys.Org)  Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) researchers have 3-D printed live cells that

March 7, 2019 Read Full Article

News Release: NREL Pioneers Cleaner Route to Upcycle Plastics into Superior Products

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory) Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have discovered a method of

March 1, 2019 Read Full Article

Flax Fiber Skis, Biobased Turf for 2020 Olympics, Gevo’s Isoprene, Veja Vegan Leather, Castor Oil Jacket Membrane and More: The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of February 8th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The pace of bioeconomy invention and change continues at a frenetic pace. Here are the top

February 8, 2019 Read Full Article

Fuel & Engine Co-Optimization: The Digest’s 2019 Multi-Slide Guide to NREL

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  National Renewable Energy Lab (NREL) is working to address key questions like what fuels engines

February 6, 2019 Read Full Article

NREL Seeks Participants for 2019 Executive Energy Leadership Program

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) The U.S. Department of Energy’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is seeking applicants for its 2019 Executive

February 5, 2019 Read Full Article

ARPA-E Projects to Develop Sensors for Bioenergy, Agriculture

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The U.S. Department of Energy’s Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy recently awarded nearly $6 million to

January 31, 2019 Read Full Article

Gevo Announces Breakthrough Development of Renewable Isoprene, a Key Chemical Building Block for Producing Rubber and Rubber Products

(GEVO/Globe Newswire)  Potentially price competitive with petroleum-based isoprene, made with 100% renewable carbon — Gevo, Inc. (NASDAQ: GEVO), a leading renewable fuels

January 29, 2019 Read Full Article

Out of Harm’s Way

by Lisa Gibson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)   A fatal fire at Southwest Iowa Renewable Energy in 2016 prompted the facility to make

January 28, 2019 Read Full Article

Longmont Trash Trucks Switching to RNG Through New Biogas Project

by Betsy Lillian (NGT News)  The City of Longmont, Colo., has begun construction on a biogas treatment and renewable natural gas

January 24, 2019 Read Full Article

From Take-Off to Offtake – Driving Sustainable Aviation Fuels to Commercial Scale

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In a tale of two Washingtons, the sustainable aviation fuels movement will gather in Washington state

January 23, 2019 Read Full Article

Advancements in Catalytic Fast Pyrolysis Give Biofuels a Boost

(National Renewable Energy Laboratory) National laboratory researchers demonstrate improvements in bio-oil yield through catalyst and process development.  —  Researchers from the National

January 10, 2019 Read Full Article

A Rightful Role in the RFS: The Electric Vehicle Market Is Predicted to Soar, and, Pending Overdue Action by the U.S. EPA, Biomass Power Producers Are Positioned to Help Meet Goals Set Forth in the Renewable Fuel Standard.

by Anna Simet (Biomass Magazine)  … The vast complexities of the RFS extend far beyond these components, but a much

January 8, 2019 Read Full Article

Grease. Gunk. Sludge. Where Most People See a Nasty Nuisance, These Scientists See Powerful Potential.

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Join us on this episode as we wade into the world of bioenergy and learn about the folks

December 21, 2018 Read Full Article

More Than 1,000 Institutions Are Now Divesting from Fossil Fuels

by Joshua S Hill (CleanTechnica)  The global divestment movement has celebrated an important milestone this week as it now boasts more

December 17, 2018 Read Full Article

School of ExxonMobil: Algae Biofuel

(ExxonMobile)Discover the wonderful world of algae, along with a very inquisitive young scientist.  WATCH VIDEO NREL, ExxonMobil Teams Imagine, Research

December 14, 2018 Read Full Article

Renmatix, Gevo Ink Deal to Develop Cellulosic Hydrocarbons for Jet Fuel, Gasoline Markets

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  We have word bubbling up simultaneously from Pennsylvania and Colorado that Gevo and Renmatix inked a

December 7, 2018 Read Full Article

To Fulfill Biofuels’ Promise, Scientists Boost Plant Oils with Gene Editing

by Cici Zhang (Chemical and Engineering News)  Increasing the fatty acids in crops’ seeds, leaves, and stems could make biofuels more

December 5, 2018 Read Full Article

Florida ‘Best Site’ for Algae Cultivation

(Biofuels International) New research has evaluated a number of specific regions across the United States and concluded Florida is the best

December 3, 2018 Read Full Article

More Sustainable: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide ABLC Guide to Intensification Response & Landscape Design in Bioenergy Production

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Many prominent bioenergy critiques are feedstock-focused — for example, iLUC (Searchinger et al. 2008), carbon debt.

December 3, 2018 Read Full Article

Brain Regeneration, Data Storage with Biocomputers, Plastic from Waste Gases, Bamboo Diapers, Gene-Edited Wheat, Jackets from Bison Fluff : The Digest’s Top 10 Innovations for the Week of November 29th

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The pace of bioeconomy invention and change continues at a frenetic pace. Here are the top

November 30, 2018 Read Full Article

Fueling the Future: Developing a More Efficient Process for Producing Biobased High-Octane Gasoline

by Zia Abdullah (U.S. Department of Energy)  Over the past five years, the market share for premium gasoline in the United

November 28, 2018 Read Full Article

Algae ‘Blooms’ in Automotive Industry

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  Mazda is investing in it. Honda is using it for R&D and potential byproducts. Algenol, AlgaEnergy and others grow and develop it. Euglena began

November 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Department of Energy Announces $98 Million for 40 Transformative Energy Technology Projects; Fuel Cell Projects Funded for $12.5M

(FuelCellsWorks)  The U.S. Department of Energy announced $98 million in funding for 40 new projects as part of OPEN 2018, the

November 22, 2018 Read Full Article

Colorado’s Air Quality Regulators Adopt New Vehicle Emission Standards

(Sierra Club) New Standards Mean Cleaner Air and Less Money Spent at the Gas Pump  —   Colorado’s Air Quality Control Commission (AQCC)

November 17, 2018 Read Full Article

Report on the Thermochemical Sciences Symposium at Auburn University

by Leyla Battista-Channell*  (Advanced Biofuels USA) Auburn, Alabama: Home to the Auburn tigers, the “loveliest village on the plains,” and

November 12, 2018 Read Full Article

Federal Investments in Algae Cultivation Technologies Paying Big Dividends

by Matt Carr (Algae Biomass Organization/Biofuels Digest)  Algae-derived products and technologies are on the cusp of changing nearly everything. Algae will transform

November 6, 2018 Read Full Article

EPA Acting Administrator Wheeler, USDA Secretary Perdue, and DOE Secretary Perry Send Letter to Congress on Biomass Carbon Neutrality — Managed Forests Can Bolster Domestic Energy Production

(U.S. Environmental Protection Agency)  Today, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Acting Administrator Andrew Wheeler, along with U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)

November 2, 2018 Read Full Article

Growing Algae More Sustainably for Biofuel Production

by Jessica Cox (Colorado State University/Phys.Org)  … Another source used to create biofuel is algae – both single-celled microalgae and macroalgae such as kelp. Though

October 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Colorado Bioenergy Producer Asks EPA to Process eRIN Applications

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  The owner of a biomass power plant in Colorado is the latest representative of the

October 20, 2018 Read Full Article

The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to 26 Advantaged Biobased Chemical Platforms

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The problem: The vast number of potential chemicals and products that could be made from biomass makes

October 18, 2018 Read Full Article

Development, Deployment of Integrated Biorefineries: The Digest’s Multi-Slide Guide to Biorefining in the US

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  IEA Bioenergy Task 42’s goal is to contribute to the development and deployment of integrated biorefineries as

October 2, 2018 Read Full Article

Advancing Energy Independence: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to Biogas and the Global Methane Initiative

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Why consider biogas to Renewable Natural Gas (RNG)?  First, there’s the momentum nationally and internationally on RNG

October 2, 2018 Read Full Article

Election 2018: Clean Energy’s Future Could Rise or Fall with 36 Governors’ Races

by Marianne Lavelle and Dan Gearino  (Inside Climate News)  Governors have the power to set the agenda on renewable energy or throw

September 28, 2018 Read Full Article

Enerkem Produces a New Clean, Renewable Alternative Solution to Diesel Fuel for the Transportation Sector

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Canada, we hear that Enerkem has tested and validated the production of fuel-grade bio-DME made

September 26, 2018 Read Full Article

Department of Energy Announces 36 Projects for Bioenergy Research and Development

(U.S. Department of Energy)  Today, the U.S. Department of Energy announced the selection of 36 projects totaling $80 million to support

September 4, 2018 Read Full Article

Letter to Editor: A Push for Ethanol

by Trent Bushner (Denver Post)  Re: “Don’t be a Luddite, ditch the buggy for electric,” Aug. 16 commentary  —  I applaud Sen. Kevin

September 3, 2018 Read Full Article

Motorists Can Make Better Decisions at the Pump: Misconceptions about Gasoline Mean Lost Savings, Dirtier Air

by Jeff Rice (Journal-Advocate)  … Motorists shop almost exclusively according to price, except when the price goes down, and labor under

August 31, 2018 Read Full Article

Complex Networks Identify Genes for Biofuel Crops

(U.S. Department of Energy/Phys.Org)  To improve biofuel production, scientists must understand the fundamental interactions that lead to the expression of

August 15, 2018 Read Full Article

Colorado’s Alternative Energy Economy Boosted by Wind and Biofuels

by Aldo Svaldi (Denver Post)  Advanced energy job gains slowed last year, but should recover in 2018  —   Mention alternative energy,

August 13, 2018 Read Full Article

Colorado Business Owner Pleads Guilty to $7 Million Biodiesel Tax Credit Fraud Scheme

(U.S. Department of Justice) A Colorado business owner pleaded guilty today to conspiracy to impair and impede the Internal Revenue Service

August 9, 2018 Read Full Article

High Performance Fuels & Vehicles, Both: The Digest’s 2018 Multi-Slide Guide to DOE’s Co-Optima Project and HP Fuels

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  The US Department of Energy has a key project called Co-Optima, which aims to determine key

July 31, 2018 Read Full Article

Fueled for the Future Red Rock Biofuels Facility Breaks Ground in Lakeview

by Kurt Liedtke (Herald and News)  On Wednesday, members of Red Rock Biofuels, political dignitaries, corporate representatives and a large

July 30, 2018 Read Full Article

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fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco Mongolia mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon emissions neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NTSB nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond opportunity zones optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Indonesia Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peak oil demand peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin peela kaner pellets Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman 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Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup 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parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United 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