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Tag "Carbon Dioxide (CO2)"

C02 as Feedstock!: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Carbon to Value Initiative

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Carbontech—technologies that capture and convert CO2 into valuable end products or services is hot right now in attempts to make the planet not so hot

January 27, 2021 Read Full Article

North Dakota Bill Would Benefit CCS Projects at Ethanol Plants

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Representatives of the North Dakota ethanol industry on Jan. 20 testified in favor of a bill that aims to create a sales and use tax

January 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Coal, Ethanol Industries Seek Sales Tax Exemption for Carbon Storage Projects

by Amy R. Sisk (Bismark Tribune)  Several North Dakota coal and ethanol plants are inching closer to capturing the carbon dioxide they generate and storing it underground, and they’re asking

January 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Getting to Neutral Carbon: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Carbon Drawdown

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory’s A.J. Simon shared this illuminating slide guide at ABLC 2020 to look at the role that bioeconomy pathways play in drawing

January 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Aemetis: Patent Award Enables Launch of ‘Carbon Zero’ Plants

(Aemetis/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Aemetis Inc. announced Jan. 15 that its exclusively licensed technology for the production of below zero carbon renewable fuel was awarded U.S. Patent No. 10907184 (to be published February 2,

January 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Gevo Announces Net-Zero Project Concept

(Gevo) Gevo, Inc. (“Gevo”) (NASDAQ: GEVO), announces the concept of Net-Zero Projects for the production of energy dense liquid hydrocarbons using renewable energy and Gevo’s proprietary technology. The concept of a

January 12, 2021 Read Full Article

Could Sustainable Fuel Derived from Cooking Oil Help Aviation Navigate to a Cleaner Future?

by Zhaki Abdullah (Channel News Asia)  … Sustainable aviation fuels (SAF) will play a major role in this new normal for aviation, said Jonathan Wood, Neste’s Europe and Asia-Pacific vice president

January 12, 2021 Read Full Article

French Fermentalg Stock Jumps on News of Planned Suez Algae-Based JV

(SeeNews/Renewables Now) – French microalgae firm Fermentalg (EPA:FALG) saw its shares jump 35% on Tuesday after it announced the signing of a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with domestic waste management

January 8, 2021 Read Full Article

IRS Issues Final Rule for 45Q Tax Credit

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The U.S. Treasury Department and the Internal Revenue Service on Jan. 6 issued final regulations regarding the section 45Q tax credit for qualified carbon oxide sequestration. The

January 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Mining the Sky for CO2 with Metal Trees, Towers and Pumps

by John Fialka (E&E News) … “Can we afford not to do this?” was the way Steve Oldham, the CEO of Carbon Engineering, headquartered in Squamish, British Columbia, put it in

January 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Transforming Carbon Dioxide into Jet Fuel Using an Organic Combustion-Synthesized Fe-Mn-K Catalyst

Benzhen Yao, Tiancun Xiao, Ofentse A. Makgae, Xiangyu Jie, Sergio Gonzalez-Cortes, Shaoliang Guan, Angus I. Kirkland, Jonathan R. Dilworth, Hamid A. Al-Megren, Saeed M. Alshihri, Peter J. Dobson, Gari P.

January 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Germany Rings in 2021 with CO2 Tax, Coal Phase-out

(Energy Market Price)  From January 1, 2021 the government will charge 25 euros ($30) per tonne of carbon dioxide emissions released by the transport and heating sectors Germany is aiming

January 4, 2021 Read Full Article

45Q – The Drive to Qualify

by Alex Tiller (Carbonvert Inc./Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The road to qualifying for the 45Q tax credit can be confusing, with strict limitations on project phases and what constitutes start of

December 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Biofuels, Plastics Upcycling, Cleaner Hydrogen: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to NextChem

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  NextChem is focused on 3 solutions that all tie in together – cleaner hydrogen, biofuels and a circular economy. Find out why and how in

December 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Ethanol Stocks Pile Up as Plants Produce for Byproducts

by Tyne Morgan (Farm Journal AgWeb)  … Peter Meyer of S&P Global Platts says ethanol plants are now producing ethanol not for the fuel, but for the byproducts. “Ethanol plants are selling a

December 22, 2020 Read Full Article

SCALE Act Could Help Ethanol Plants Transport CO2 to Customers

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Reps. Marc Veasey, D-Texas; David McKinley, R-W.V.; Cheri Bustos, D-Ill.; and Pete Stauber, R-Minn., on Dec. 16 introduced the Storing CO2 and Lowering Emissions (SCALE)

December 22, 2020 Read Full Article

This Biotech Startup Is Making Palm Oil-Substitutes and Omega-3s from Carbon Emissions

by Kristin Toussaint (Fast Company) Instead of having more carbon go into the atmosphere, making our planet warmer and speeding up the effects of climate change, you might soon be

December 22, 2020 Read Full Article

Carbon Clean and Veolia Team up to Fund Green Projects in India through a Joint Venture

(Carbon Clean) Carbon Clean, a leader in low-cost carbon dioxide capture and separation technology, announced today that it has joined forces with Veolia, the global leader for optimised resource management, to

December 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Yara’s Green Ammonia Behemoth: The 500,000 Tonner that Will De-fossilize Agriculture

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Yara announces plans to fully electrify its ammonia plant in Porsgrunn, Norway with the potential to cut 800,000 tons of CO2 per annum, equivalent

December 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Engineers Go Microbial to Store Energy, Sequester CO2

by Blaine Friedlander (Cornell University/Science Daily)  By borrowing nature’s blueprints for photosynthesis, bioengineers have found a way to efficiently absorb and store large-scale, low-cost renewable energy from the sun – while

December 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Applications Open for Innovation Award “Best CO2 Utilisation 2021” DEADLINE January 15, 2021

Producers and inventors of innovative products and technologies are invited to hand in a completed application form  and a leaflet or a two-page PDF about the product in English including

December 14, 2020 Read Full Article

WEF’s ‘Clean Skies for Tomorrow’ Outlines Pathway to Net-Zero Aviation: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Sustainable Aviation Fuel

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  What is the World Economic Forum doing to help aviation meet net zero goals? First, they recognize that the most immediate action to achieve carbon-neutral

December 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Emissions-to-Feed Protein Production, Fermentation Animal-Free Cheese, Greener Medical Gloves, and More: The Digest’s Top 8 Innovations for the Week of December 4th

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) This week is filled with ‘Gouda ideas’ like San Francisco animal-free cheesemaker that uses precision fermentation to produce casein, a protein present in cow’s milk,

December 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Porsche and Siemens Energy, with Partners, Advance Climate-Neutral eFuels Development

(Porsche)  Porsche, Siemens Energy and a lineup of international companies are developing and implementing a pilot project in Chile that is expected to yield the world’s first integrated, commercial, industrial-scale

December 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Is the Future Diesel-Free? 7 Hard Questions about Diesel, Biofuels and ICEs

by Samuel Morgan (Neste) The whole transport industry agrees on the need to decarbonize traffic fast. However, there’s confusion on what that means for diesel, renewable diesel and the internal combustion

December 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Could We Ever Pull Enough Carbon out of the Atmosphere to Stop Climate Change?

by Donavyn Coffey (Live Science) … Sabine Fuss has been looking for these answers for the last two years. An economist in Berlin, Fuss leads a research group at the

December 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Incentives Spur Investors to Pick Up Pace on Low-Carbon Projects

by Dean Scott (Bloomberg Law) Growing interest in combining federal, state credits in low-carbon projects; Congress’ inaction on 45Q credit extension a worrying sign for new efforts  — A mix of

December 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Green Methanol Production in Container Format

(Ruhr University Bochum) Methanol is an important raw material for the chemical industry. So far it has mostly been obtained from fossil natural gas. A team with RUB participation wants

November 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Uniper Energy Dubai & Neutral Fuels Join Forces to Deliver Maritime Biofuel in Fujairah

(Uniper Energy)  Uniper Energy DMCC (UED) and Neutral Fuels have announced that they will collaborate to provide maritime biofuel in Fujairah, UAE. Both leaders in their fields, UED supplies very

November 25, 2020 Read Full Article

Researchers Develop Effective Solid Carbonation Module to Recycle Industrial Exhaust Gas and Byproducts

by Park Sae-jin (Aju Business Daily)  … The Korea Advanced Institute of Science & Technology (KAIST) said on November 23 that its research team led by Koh Dong-yeun has developed

November 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Renewi, Nordsol, Shell to Produce Bio-LNG in Amsterdam Westpoort

(Bioenergy Insight)  Renewi, Nordsol, and Shell have started construction on the first bio-LNG installation in Amsterdam Westpoort.  The new bio-LNG installation is an extension for the current processing of, among

November 24, 2020 Read Full Article

The Icy Challenge ahead for COVID-19 Vaccine Distributors: “We Don’t Have All the Answers”

(CBS News) … Dry ice is made from carbon dioxide, a by-product of ethanol production. With Americans driving less in the wake of the pandemic, ethanol plants shut down, resulting

November 23, 2020 Read Full Article

New Membrane Could Pave Way for Cheap, Efficiently Made Biofuels

by Sara West (Imperial College London) Scientists have developed a cost-effective method of biofuel extraction which could make them viable alternatives to fossil fuels in transport. Biofuels, which are made from

November 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Short CO₂ Supply May Complicate COVID-19 Vaccine Rollout

by Craig Bettenhausen (Chemical and Engineering News)  A lot more people will need to buy, handle, and store dry ice. The industry is moving quickly to get ready  —  …

November 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Utilizing CO2, as the Cause of Global Warming, as the Source for Fuel and Energy? Green Science Alliance Confirmed Artificial Photosynthesis with their Original Catalyst

(Green Science Alliance Co./CISION/PR Newswire) … Artificial photosynthesis is one of the innovative technologies to clean up our atmosphere. Just like plants, this technology utilizes the energy of sun light

November 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Greenhouse Gases to Carbon Neutrality and Carbon Negativity; an Overview of Popular Emission Terms

by Aytek Yuksel (Cummins) … This article brings you the basics around some of the common terms associated with air quality and emissions. What are the different greenhouse gases (GHG)? There

November 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Titan LNG Receives EU Funding for Biogas Bunkering Project

(Bioenergy Insight) Dutch gas supplier Titan LNG has signed a deal to receive European Union funding for its Bio2Bunker biogas project.  Titan LNG, a major supplier of liquefied natural gas

November 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Is Seaweed the Future of Fuel?

by Rebecca Pool  (Engineering and Technology) A growing band of scientists and engineers wants to feed and fuel the world with seaweed. –… The last decade has seen a surge

October 31, 2020 Read Full Article

TerraSync Algae Micro Cover Crop: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Accelergy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … Mark P. Allen, Vice President of Integrated Carbon Solutions at Accelergy, shared this illuminating slide guide on how Accelergy’s TerraSync is cost competitive, has

October 30, 2020 Read Full Article

We’re Open to It: FERC Commissioners Approved a Policy Statement that They Are Open to Establishing Market Rules that Will Allow for Putting a Price on Carbon Dioxide Emissions.

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy) FERC (Federal Energy Regulatory Commission)  commissioners approved a policy statement that they are open to establishing market rules that will allow for putting a

October 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Midwest AgEnergy Drilling Well to Test Carbon Capture at Ethanol Plant

by Maddie Biertempfel (KXNet)  Midwest AgEnergy’s Blue Flint biorefinery in Underwood turns corn into ethanol, but that process’s byproduct, carbon dioxide, can be harmful to the environment. The energy company is

October 15, 2020 Read Full Article

How Waste CO2 Is Helping to Turn Renewable Energy into Liquid Fuel

by Rex Merrifield (Horizon, The EU Research and Innovation Magazine) Storing power generated by strong winds or bright sunshine by turning it into liquid fuel such as methanol can help

October 15, 2020 Read Full Article

Porsche Researches Synthetic Fuels

(Porsche)  Although synthetic fuels are considered a realistic alternative to make car traffic more climate-friendly, availability is poor. Porsche wants to change this. “With electricity alone, you can’t move forward

October 14, 2020 Read Full Article

ANL Releases 2020 Updates to GREET Models

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Argonne National Laboratory’s Systems Assessment Center on Oct. 9 announced the 2020 release of the suite of Greenhouse gases, Regulated Emissions, and Energy use in

October 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Marquard & Bahls to Increase Participation in Nordic Blue Crude

(Marquard & Bahls) Marquard & Bahls and Nordic Blue Crude have entered into an agreement, through which Marquard & Bahls shall increase its shareholding in the Norwegian company and will commit

October 13, 2020 Read Full Article

SOL Group Invests with CropEnergies €15 Million in the Recovery of Biogenic CO2 by Alcoholic Fermentation in Belgium.

(SOL Group)  From 2021 up to 65,000 tonnes of biogenic CO2 of the highest purity will be captured annually.  —  SOL Group SOL – one of the leading European players

October 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Article in Science: Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell Technology to Unlock the Full Potential of Renewable Power

by Aleksandra Wójcik (Haldor Topsoe)  An article in the esteemed Science magazine suggests that solid oxide electrolysis cell (SOEC) technology can unlock the full potential of renewable power and provide

October 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Algae for Fuel Production on Mars

by Brian Wang (Next Big Future) Algae could be used for fuel production on Mars and it would also produce oxygen on Mars. It would also produce fertilizer for growing crops

October 8, 2020 Read Full Article

The Great Success of the Virtual 2020 Algae Biomass Summit

(Algae Biomass Organization) The virtual Algae Biomass Summit concluded last week, and the most significant takeaway was that the new online format provided a more dynamic collaboration than ever before, and with larger

October 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Nuclear ‘Not an Effective Low Carbon Option’

by Mark Hutchins (PV Magazine) Researchers in the UK have analyzed 25 years of electricity-production and carbon emissions data from 123 countries. Their findings show renewables are considerably more effective than

October 8, 2020 Read Full Article

ACE Rule Heads to Court

by Eric Wolff (Politico’s Morning Energy)  The Trump carbon rules for power plants goes to court in a mirror image of the case from 2016 when the Obama administration’s more

October 8, 2020 Read Full Article

MSC Sees Hydrogen and Biofuels in Shipping’s Future Fuel Mix

(Maritime Executive) The global shipping industry is continuing to explore the news sources of fuel that will help it to reduce its environmental impact and meet the industry goals of reducing

October 7, 2020 Read Full Article

New Report Reveals EPA Reform on Biogenic Crops Ruling Could Add Hundreds of Millions in Wages, Thousands of Jobs to U.S. Economy

(Biogenic CO2 Coalition)  Scientifically Backed Change in Status of Carbon Emissions from Ag Feedstocks Could Provide Massive Boost to Struggling U.S. Economy —  The Biogenic CO2 Coalition, a working group of leading

October 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Alco Bio Fuel, Messer Benelux and IJsfabriek Strombeek Once again Investing Millions of Euros in Recycling CO2 in North Sea Port

(Alco Bio Fuel)  Biorefinery Alco Bio Fuel (ABF), industrial gas supplier Messer Benelux and IJsfabriek Strombeek will continue their efforts to reduce CO2 emissions in Belgium. Together they are investing

October 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Carbon Farming, Algae Biofertilizer: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Accelergy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Just look at those melons and what a difference algae can make! And that’s just part of the story that shows us that, yes, CO2 emissions CAN

October 2, 2020 Read Full Article

How to Get a Handle on Carbon Dioxide Uptake by Plants

(Rutgers Today)    Combining two tools would boost understanding of climate change  —  How much carbon dioxide, a pivotal greenhouse gas behind global warming, is absorbed by plants on land?

October 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Switching to Switchgrass – Will DOE and USDA Funding Turn Switchgrass into a Rockstar Biofuel Feedstock?

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … So as we look for better biofuel feedstocks, we look at switchgrass because of new U.S. Department of Energy AND U.S. Department of

September 28, 2020 Read Full Article

CALL FOR NOMINATIONS Innovation Award “Best CO2 Utilisation 2021” DEADLINE: January 15, 2021

Award to be presented at the 9th Conference on CO2-based Fuels and Chemicals — March 23-24, 2021 — ONLINE and On-Site in Cologne, Germany Innovation submission is open now. Submit your

September 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Transforming the Power Sector Alone Will Only Get the World One-Third of the Way to Net-Zero Emissions, New IEA Report Says, Highlighting the Need for Greater Efforts in Other Key Sectors

(International Energy Agency)  Reaching energy and climate goals demands a dramatic scaling up of clean energy technologies – starting now  — A major effort to develop and deploy clean energy technologies

September 24, 2020 Read Full Article

For a Climate-Friendly Industry: Using Carbon Dioxide and Hydrogen as Raw Materials for Sustainable Chemicals

(Siemens)  Evonik and Siemens Energy put pilot plant into operations; Artificial photosynthesis closes carbon dioxide cycle; The Federal Ministry of Education and Research is funding the various project stages with

September 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Clean Fuel Standard a Second Carbon Tax, says Saskatchewan’s Minister of Energy and Resources

by Brian Zinchuk (MSN/The Canadian Press/Estevan Mercury) In its efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 30 million tonnes per

September 22, 2020 Read Full Article

LanzaTech Eyes Two More Spin-off Companies

by Kirstin Korosec (TechCrunch) LanzaTech CEO Jennifer Holmgren said Tuesday on the Disrupt 2020 virtual stage that the carbon capture technology company

September 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Solving the Low Carbon Shipping Fuel and Energy Algorithm – Quickly!

by Adrian Tolson (BLUE Insight/Biofuels Digest) BLUE Insight’s Low Carbon Shipping Fuels and Energy Guide 2020 is a market first assessment of the

September 16, 2020 Read Full Article

2019 Project Peer Review Report Published

(U.S. Department of Energy) The U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office (BETO) hosted the 2019 Project Peer Review on March

September 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Expert Q&A: Negative Emissions & Environmental Assessment Could Help Save the Planet

by Anthony J. Campanella (State University College at Buffalo/Planet Forward)  George Washington University recently hosted a daylong workshop for NGOs

September 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Expert View: The Future Is in Our Hands – Recognising the True Potential of Next Generation Carbon Capture Technology

by Gert-Jan Gruter (Avantium/BioMarket Insights) … While CCS removes atmospheric CO2, it goes no further in creating a more sustainable way

September 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Green Hydrogen VS Biomethane

(UABIO) Recently, we have noticed an informational boom about the prospects for green hydrogen. UABIO supports the development of hydrogen technologies

September 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Haldor Topsoe Joins Ambitious Sustainable Fuel Project in Denmark

by Svend Ravn  (Haldor Topsoe)  – The project aims to develop a ground-breaking hydrogen and sustainable fuel facility based on electrolysis

August 31, 2020 Read Full Article

Biofuels Digest Published Library of Recorded Presentations on Multitude of Bioeconomy Topics

(Biofuels Digest)  Recorded presentations for your on-demand review and enjoyment. Just Pick and Click! On BioChannelTV RENEWABLE DIESEL & DME

August 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Innovative CO2 Recycling for Liquid Detergent and Cleaning Products

(Mibelle Group)  The Mibelle Group uses novel technology to obtain alcohol from CO2.  — The Mibelle Group has recently started to

August 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Non-Top500 Argonne System Helps Find Method to Convert CO2 into Ethanol

(Inside HPC/Northern Illinois University) By supercomputing standards, Argonne National Lab’s Bebop (stood up in 2017, 1.75 teraflops, bumped off the Top500 list after

August 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Committee to Review Wyo. Carbon Capture, Utilization

by Jeremy Dillon (County 17/E&E News)  The Senate Environment and Public Works Committee will head to Wyoming this week for a

August 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Waste Industry Biogas to Diesel Fuel: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to T2C-Energy

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) … A new project is focused on optimizing this new TRIFTS technology at a relevant

August 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Circular Scale: T2C Finds a Path to Feedstock-Scaled Renewable Diesel from Biogas

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) A new technology has arrived in South Florida for the conversion of biogas to diesel fuels.

August 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Groups Say Proposed Rule Would Penalize Ethanol Blends

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com) The Urban Air Initiative (UAI), a coalition of state corn grower organizations, and the American Coalition for Ethanol, and the

August 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Can We Get to Space without Damaging the Earth through Huge Carbon Emissions?

by David Verbeek and Helene Fouquet (Bloomberg/Los Angeles Times)  When a SpaceX Falcon Heavy rocket blasts off on a plume of

August 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Two Renewable Fuel Producers Scale Up to Increase Productivity and Economic Growth in Rural Southwestern Ontario

(Federal Economic Development Agency for Southern Ontario)  Parliamentary Secretary Kate Young announces $10 million for two southwestern Ontario clean energy

August 13, 2020 Read Full Article

CAAFI Webinar Series: The State of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF)

(Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative) The State of Sustainable Aviation Fuel (SAF) by Steve Csonka (CAAFI) Slide deck available here.

August 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Frontiers in the Bioeconomy: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Praj’s Bio-Mobility, 2G Ethanol & Renewable Chem

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) At ABLC Digital in July, Pramod Kumbhar, President and CTO at Praj Matrix’s R&D Center

August 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Turning Carbon Dioxide into Liquid Fuel

by Joseph E. Harmon (Argonne National Laboratory)  New electrocatalyst efficiently converts carbon dioxide into ethanol. … A research team, led

August 11, 2020 Read Full Article

CO2 Usage in an Old Application, with a New Twist in an Ever-Growing Spiked Beverage Market

by Sam A. Rushing (Advanced Cryogenics, Ltd./Biofuels Digest) New markets are opening, and competition is heating up over carbonating more than

August 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Rich in Sun or Wind? Here’s How Your Country Can Export Renewables

by Marc Engelhardt  (Siemens Enegy)  Green e-methanol is the ideal basis for a variety of alternative fuels and chemical compounds concentrated

August 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Murkowski: Carbon Management Has Significant Promise

(U.S. Senate Committee on Energy & Natural Resources) U.S. Senator Lisa Murkowski, R-Alaska, today chaired a hearing focused on the development of carbon removal

August 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Growth Energy to IRS: Ethanol Plants Ready to Capture More Carbon

(Growth Energy) Today, Growth Energy CEO Emily Skor submitted written comments on the Internal Revenue Service’s (IRS) proposed regulations under section 45Q, a performance-based tax

August 4, 2020 Read Full Article

New Catalyst for Creating Syngas from Waste CO2

by Amanda Doyle (The Chemical Engineer) A  catalyst produced via flame spray pyrolysis can be used to turn waste CO2 into

July 29, 2020 Read Full Article

Air Transat Inks Agreement to Purchase Sustainable Aviation Fuel from Canadian Power-to-Liquid Start-up

(GreenAir Online)  Leisure carrier Air Transat has signed an offtake agreement, claimed to be the first in Canada, to purchase a

July 28, 2020 Read Full Article

“Just a Minute” Educational Series Presents Episode 2 about Making Chemicals from Waste CO2

(Advanced Biofuels USA) The second episode of  “Just A Minute or So about Renewable Fuels” focuses on making chemicals from

July 22, 2020 Read Full Article

EUR 11 mln TEN-T Funding for (Bio)LNG Infrastructure Will Accelerate the Shipping Sectors Energy Transition

(Titan LNG) Titan LNG’s Ambitious (Bio)-LNG Breakthrough Project Receives EU Funding  — We are thrilled to announce that Titan LNG, one

July 21, 2020 Read Full Article

The NEGEM Project – Assessing the Realistic Potential of Carbon Dioxide Removal and Its Contribution to Achieving Climate Neutrality

(NEGEM)  ● Reducing GHG emissions continues to be the main priority in climate change mitigation, but carbon dioxide removal from

July 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Reliance to Replace Auto Fuels with Electricity, Hydrogen; Targets Carbon-Zero co by 2035

(India Times/Economic Times) The oil-telecom-to-retail conglomerate, which has pivoted away from energy to the new economy in recent years, will

July 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Microbes Pave Way for Green Flight

by Irini Angelidaki (Technical University of Denmark)  … “Soon bacteria, yeast, and fungi will become the factories that produce not only

July 16, 2020 Read Full Article

E-Fuels Can Replace Fossil Fuels

by Ib Chorkendorff (Technical University of Denmark)  The aircraft, ships, and lorries of the future must be powered by e-fuels—fuels

July 16, 2020 Read Full Article

More Biofuel from Same Amount of Biomass

by Peter Vang Hendriksen (Technical University of Denmark) It is possible to produce much more biofuel from the same amount of

July 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Aerion Supersonic and Carbon Engineering Join Forces to Deliver Carbon Neutral Supersonic Travel

(Carbon Engineering)  Supersonic aircraft company, Aerion, the leader in supersonic technology and global mobility, and Carbon Engineering Ltd. (CE), a leading Direct

July 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Scientists from Russia and Germany to Develop New Biotechnology Using Algae

(Peter the Great St.Petersburg Polytechnic University/EurekAlert!)  Project to create a resource and CO2-neutral energy closed-loop technology from microalgae Chlorella sorokiniana and

July 14, 2020 Read Full Article

New Video Spotlights Ethanol’s Important Co-Products

(Renewable Fuels Association) A new video from the Renewable Fuels Association and Kansas Corn provides a clear introduction to other important products

July 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Competitive Edge: REN Energy International

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Objective is to sustainably meet the legislated demand in British Columbia for renewable fuels. We

July 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Biomethane, the Key to Decarbonize Now the European Mobility

(European Biogas Association/NGV Journal) The European Biogas Association (EBA) is launching a new paper providing a comprehensive analysis on the potential

July 3, 2020 Read Full Article

What is Carbon-Negative Fuel and How Can Fleets Procure It?

by Marc Rowe (ACT News/Trillium) One question we hear often from our customers is how can the use of renewable natural

July 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Midwest AgEnergy’s Blue Flint Facility Advancing CO2 Project; Receives $3.4 Million Grant

(Midwest AgEnergy) Midwest AgEnergy Group (MAG), the parent company to ethanol biorefinery, Blue Flint, near Underwood, ND, announced today that they

July 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Engineers Find Neat Way to Turn Waste Carbon Dioxide into Useful Material

by Lachlan Gilbert (University of South Wales Sydney Newsroom)  Making catalysts to convert waste carbon dioxide into useful industrial products

June 30, 2020 Read Full Article

An Innovative Catalyst with Pt, Re and SnO2 Nanoparticles as Anode Material in Ethanol Fuel Cells

(Polish Academy of Sciences/EurekAlert!) Scientists working at the Department for Functional Nanomaterials at the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish

June 26, 2020 Read Full Article

Without Advanced Renewable Fuels, EU Will Not Meet Climate Objectives

(Advance Fuel) Long-term policy support is crucial to the market rollout of RESfuels to remedy transport’s reliance on fossil fuels,

June 25, 2020 Read Full Article

The Exhaust Gas from a Power Plant Can Be Recovered and Used as a Raw Reaction Material Energy-Saving CO2 Capture Technology with H2 Gas Is Developed by Integrating the CO2 Separation and Conversion Process

(Science Daily/Japan Science and Technology Agency)  A research group developed a new technology that can drastically conserve the energy used

June 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Repsol Announces Green Hydrogen and Biogas Projects in Spain

(Bioenergy Insight)  Spanish fuel company Repsol has announced two industrial decarbonisation projects involving green hydrogen and biogas. The CEO of

June 23, 2020 Read Full Article

AgBioEn to Start Production End-2021 with Just 25% of Construction Completed

by Meghan Sapp (Biofuels Digest)  In Australia, Shepparton News reports that energy production can already begin at the AgBioEn biofuel project

June 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Smart Farms of the Future: Making Bioenergy Crops More Environmentally Friendly

by Julie Chao (Joint BioEnergy Institute) Farmers have enough worries – between bad weather, rising costs, and shifting market demands – without

June 22, 2020 Read Full Article

Neste Develops New Solutions to Decrease the Use of Crude Oil and Increases Research and Development in Finland

(Neste)  Neste launches a new research project which aims at developing sustainable and globally scalable raw materials and technology solutions

June 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Excess Capacity, Export Competition Will Force U.S. Ethanol Industry to Transform

(CoBank/Associated Press) Excess production capacity and reduced demand will force the U.S. ethanol industry to transform its business model to create

June 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Clariant and Ineratec to Commercialize Renewable-Fuel Technologies

by Scott Jenkins (Chemical Engineering) Clariant (Muttenz, Switzerland; www.clariant.com) and Ineratec (Karlsruhe, Germany; www.ineratec.de) have entered into a partnership to develop and commercialize

June 18, 2020 Read Full Article

CO2 Outlook: Consequences of the Crunch

by Sam A. Rushing (Advanced Cryogenics Ltd./Etanol Producer Magazine)  As the U.S. ethanol industry reduced production this spring, a vital

June 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Ethanol’s Carbon Underground

by Luke Geiver (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Positioning into the low-carbon biofuels marketplace, ethanol producers are moving forward with sequestration strategies.

June 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Profitable Growth Through Renewable Solutions: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Neste

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) Everyone wants to dominate the world, right? But Neste wants to do it in a nice

June 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Norsk e-Fuel Planning Europe’s First Commercial H2-Based Renewable Aviation Fuel Facility in Norway

(Norak e-Fuel) Norsk e-Fuel is planning Europe’s first commercial plant for hydrogen-based renewable aviation fuel in Norway Leading industry consortium

June 11, 2020 Read Full Article

UAI: EPA Keeping Ethanol from Its True Lower Carbon Value

by Steve Vander Griend (Urban Air Initiative/Ethanol Producer Magazine) In a world intent on lowering carbon emissions, any positive steps lowering

June 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Renewable Fuel from Carbon Dioxide with the Aid of Solar Energy

(Linköping University/EurekAlert!) Researchers at Linköping University, Sweden, are attempting to convert carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, to fuel using energy from

June 10, 2020 Read Full Article

Carbon Capture and Storage Pipeline Grows by 10 Large-Scale Facilities Globally

(Global CCS Institute)  The Global CCS Institute, an international think tank, has added 10 carbon capture and storage (CCS) facilities to its global database,

June 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Lidl Switzerland Bets on Renewable Synthetic Gas for Mobility

(Empa/NGV Journal) By 2030, Lidl Switzerland wants to deliver its goods to all its stores without the use of fossil fuels.

June 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Leading Danish Companies Join Forces on an Ambitious Sustainable Fuel Project

(Ørsted)  Copenhagen Airports, A.P. Moller – Maersk, DSV Panalpina, DFDS, SAS and Ørsted have formed the first partnership of its

May 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Q&A on Cellulosic Ethanol with Clariant

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) DigestConnect hosted a wildly popular webinar in late April with Clariant’s Head of Business Line, Biofuels

May 28, 2020 Read Full Article

The Door Is Open for Ethanol Producers and CCS

by Roxby Hartley (EcoEngineers/Ethanol Producer Magazine) Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is receiving a lot of traction thanks to two exciting

May 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Ag Groups Ask Congress to Address GHG Emissions from Annual Crops

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) The Biogenic CO2 Coalition sent a letter to Capitol Hill on May 11 asking lawmakers

May 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Groups Ask Congress to Provide COVID-19 Relief for Biofuels

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) A group of 11 ag and biofuel groups sent a letter to House Speaker Nancy

May 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Making Commodity Chemicals Requires Fossil Fuels. New Devices Could Do It with Renewables

by Robert F. Service (Science Magazine) As windmills and solar panels multiply, the supply of renewable electricity sometimes exceeds demand. Chemists

May 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Ethanol and Biodiesel Industry Groups Commend 24 Senators’ RFS Letter to President

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest) In Washington, D.C., two biofuels groups, Iowa Biodiesel Board and Renewable Fuels Assocation, both

May 11, 2020 Read Full Article

The EPA Introduced the First-Ever US Airplane Carbon Regulations

by Dharna Noor (Gizmodo) This week, the Environmental Protection Agency proposed carbon dioxide standards for the airline industry. Yes, the Trump EPA. The standards would be

May 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Gene Edited Algae and Microbes to Make Fuel on Mars

by Brian Wang (Next BIG Future) NASA NIAC fund work to use bioorganisms to perform atmospheric in-situ resource utilization (ISRU). Utilizing 100%

May 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels USA Starts “Just A Minute” Educational Series

(Advanced Biofuels USA) The first episode of  “Just A Minute or So about Renewable Fuels” focuses on what might be

April 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Amid Pandemic, Iowa Ethanol Plant Restarts Production to Help Des Moines Water Treatment

by Austin Cannon (Des Moines Register) The domino effects of the COVID-19 pandemic are widespread, but here’s a peculiar one:

April 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Oberon Fuels Combats Covid-19 Economy with New Hires, Renewable DME Facility Upgrades

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … In comes news of public-private investments, rural economic development and employment, and even

April 27, 2020 Read Full Article

COVID-19 Crisis Affects Ethanol Industry

by Kelby Wingert (The Messenger) … With fewer cars on the roads, fewer people commuting to work and fewer families traveling

April 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Using Waste Carbon Feedstocks to Produce Chemicals

by Elizabeth R. Nesbitt (U.S. International Trade Commission)  Emerging carbon capture utilization (CCU) technologies potentially allow chemical companies and other

April 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Don’t Look to Mature Forests to Soak Up Carbon Dioxide Emissions: Results of Australian Study May Have Impact on New York State Carbon Neutrality Goals

(Suny College of Environmental Science and Forestry) Research published today in Nature suggests mature forests are limited in their ability to

April 23, 2020 Read Full Article

New RFA Analysis: Ethanol Industry Could See $10 Billion in Losses Due to COVID-19

(Renewable Fuels Association) As the COVID-19 pandemic and crude oil glut continue to ravage world fuel markets, U.S. ethanol sales in

April 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Coronavirus to Burst Another Bubble? Carbonation Shortage Threatens Seltzer, Beer and Soda

by Chloe Sorvino (Forbes) Soft drink and beer makers are scrambling for access to CO2, a key ingredient in the carbonization

April 20, 2020 Read Full Article

Oil Boom: ZeaKal Boosts Soybean Oil Output by 18%, Protein up 3%, No Drop in Yield

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  … ZeaKal, which announced that its multiyear field trials of its PhotoSeed technology – and their

April 17, 2020 Read Full Article

FDA Reversal May Block Ethanol Plants from Hand Sanitizer Market

by Ben Nuelle (Agri-Pulse) Some ethanol plants who just spent thousands of dollars altering equipment to make hand sanitizer are fuming

April 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Converting Biomass Plant into RNG – Site Layout, Catalysts Requirements: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Low-Carbon Renewable Natural Gas from Wood Wastes – Part 1

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  California needs facilities that can dramatically reduce GHG emissions and black carbon production by

April 15, 2020 Read Full Article

Coronavirus Disrupts CO2 Supplies

by Pan Demetrakakes (Food Processing) One of the more obscure effects of the coronacrisis is starting to worry American meat processors:

April 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Biofuels Industry Needs CCC Assistance

by P. Scott Schearer (Natinal Hog Farmer/Informa Business Media )  Legislative Watch: Biofuels feeling COVID-19 impact; CO2 shortage hits food

April 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Farm Bureau Details COVID-19 Impact on Ethanol

by Cindy Zimmerman (Energy.AgWired.com)  Agricultural commodity prices are taking big hits from the COVID-19 emergency, and one of the most

April 9, 2020 Read Full Article

Grassley Urging USDA to Aid Ethanol Industry through CCC

(The Hagstrom Report/The Fence Post)  Senate Finance Committee Chairman Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa, said today that he will send a letter

April 8, 2020 Read Full Article

Methanol as a “Future-Proof” Fuel

by Tammy Klein (Future Fuels Strategies)  … Recently, I wrote a primer for the Methanol Institute entitled, Methanol: A Future-Proof Fuel.

April 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Bill Gates-Led Fund Invests in Synthetic Palm Oil Startup

by Akshat Rathi (Bloomberg Green)  C16 Biosciences uses yeast to convert food waste and industrial byproducts into a sustainable alternative. Breakthrough

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Bio-Based Chemicals: A 2020 Update

Ed de Jong, Heinz Stichnothe, Geoff Bell and Henning Jørgensen (EIA Bioenergy) Since the first issue of the IEA Bioenergy Task

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Scaling Algae for Carbon Capture and Biofuels

(Boss Magazine)  … What else algae can suck up, though, is carbon dioxide. When harnessed for carbon capture, algae could

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

Power-to-Fuel Project Plans 6 Commercial-Scale Carbon Neutral Fuel Facilities by 2030

by Helena Tavares Kennedy (Biofuels Digest)  … The Power-to-Fuel project, led by Liquid Wind, will establish commercial-scale renewable fuel facilities.

March 30, 2020 Read Full Article

There’s More than One Way to Save the Planet! Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS) Another New Market for Bioenergy

by Mike Newman (Parhelion Underwriting/Biofuels Digest)  Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is an important strategy to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and

March 18, 2020 Read Full Article

EIA Analysis Shows How Carbon Fees Would Reduce Carbon Dioxide Emissions in the Near Term

(U.S. Energy Information Administration) As part of its most recent Annual Energy Outlook, the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) conducted three alternative policy

March 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Researchers Building Stronger, Greener Concrete with Biofuel Byproducts

(Kansas State University) Kansas State University civil engineers are developing the right mix to reduce concrete’s carbon footprint and make it

March 17, 2020 Read Full Article
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NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota Northeast northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Northwest Territories Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NTSB nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) offtake agreements Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production 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pentanol pentose pequi perennial grains perennial grasses Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition petroleum pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine beetle pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic plastic-to-jet Plug-in Flex Fuel Hybrid Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland poli Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter/waste power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED and RED II) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar-to-fuels solar biofuels solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur diesel) Ultra Low Sulfur Fuel Oil (ULSFO) underground storage tanks (UST) UNESCO United Arab Emirates (UAE) United Nations' International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) United Nations (UN) United States Auto Club Unleaded 88/E15 uranium urbanization urban sprawl Uruguay USAC US Agency for International Development (USAID) USAID US Army USDA Agricultural Research Service (ARS) used cooking oil (UCO) used railroad ties US ethanol exports US Geological Survey US Product Safety Commission Utah utility model Uzbekistan value chain vanadium Vancouver Vanuatu Vatican VEETC vegetable oils vehicles miles traveled (VMT) Velocys Venezuela Vermont Victoria video Vietnam vinasse vinegar vineyard waste Virginia Virgin Islands. virgin oils viruses VLSFO (very low sulfur fuel oil) volunteers w waiver Wales warranty Washington Washington DC waste waste-to-chemicals Waste-to-Energy waste-to-fuel waste alcohol Waste CO2 waste heat waste management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey 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