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Tag "climate legislation"

The Future of DAC Is Knocking: How We Innovate toward Gigaton-Scale Carbon Removal

by Peter Minor (Carbon 180)  In discussions of promising carbon removal technologies, direct air capture (DAC) can often steal the limelight. That tracks with the industry narrative: a futuristic technology

November 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Giant Pipeline in U.S. Midwest Tests Future of Carbon Capture

by Leah Douglas (Reuters) … The project, dubbed the Midwest Carbon Express, had ambitions to become the world’s largest carbon dioxide pipeline, moving climate-warming greenhouse gases from Midwest biofuels plants

November 24, 2021 Read Full Article

It’s Hailed as the Clean Energy of the Future. But Hydrogen Produces ‘Substantial’ Emissions, Study Shows.

by Rachel Pannett (Washington Post) New research casts doubt on the environmental credentials of ‘blue’ hydrogen produced using fossils fuels  —  … But a new study published in the journal Applied Energy found

November 18, 2021 Read Full Article

House Hearing Focuses on Biofuels, the Renewable Economy

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine) The House Agriculture Committee’s Subcommittee on Commodity Exchanges, Energy and Credit on Nov. 16 hosted a hearing on the renewable economy to help inform development of

November 17, 2021 Read Full Article

Gevo Investing in Corn-Based Aviation Fuel, Including Restart of Minnesota Plant

by Jeff Beach (AgWeek)Gevo’s Luverne, Minnesota, plant is again making isobutanol and next year will be converting into a hydrocarbon facility to make sustainable aviation fuel. — After shutting down in

November 9, 2021 Read Full Article

EU’s Strict Green Criteria for Biofuels Will Hinder Supply, MEPs Warn

by Sean Goulding Carroll (EURACTIV.com) The EU’s “restrictive” approach to biofuels sustainability criteria will harm producers’ ability to meet increased demand for green fuels coming from the transport sector, says Henna

November 9, 2021 Read Full Article

RFA Has Praise and Concern for the Latest Build Back Better Framework

by Larry Lee (Brownfield Ag News) … (Geoff) ”Cooper says RFA is concerned about the language regarding how the carbon emissions of different sustainable aviation fuel pathways are assessed and measured.

November 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Opinion: Ahead of UN Climate Conference, Here’s Why Biden Must Embrace Biofuels

by By Rep. Randy Feenstra (Agri-Pulse)  … As gasoline prices skyrocket and President Biden and congressional Democrats are increasingly compelled to reduce carbon emissions, the facts paint a clear picture: Now

October 30, 2021 Read Full Article

SfL Commends BBBA’s Acknowledgement of Ag Leadership in Environmental Stewardship

(Solutions from the Land)  Solutions from the Land applauds the inclusion of much needed agricultural climate action investments in the $1.75-trillion Build Back Better Act (BBBA) spending and tax framework

October 29, 2021 Read Full Article

FIRST IN ME: Sens. Chris Coons (D-Del.) and John Cornyn (R-Tex.) Are Introducing a Trifecta of Legislation, Dubbed the Hydrogen Infrastructure Initiative

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy) Sens. Chris Coons (D-Del.) and John Cornyn (R-Tex.) are introducing a trifecta of legislation, dubbed the Hydrogen Infrastructure Initiative, to bolster hydrogen deployment and support

October 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Feenstra Introduces Legislation to Study Electric Vehicle Costs, Biojet Fuel

(Office of Congressman Randy Feenstra (R-IA-04))  “These proposals aim to help consumers and taxpayers save money while also bolstering demand for corn, soybeans, and biofuels produced in the 4th District.” 

October 22, 2021 Read Full Article

US Secretary of Energy Granholm and US Senator Ossoff Visit LanzaTech Innovation Hub in Georgia and Site of the World’s First LanzaJet Sustainable Fuels Plantl

(LanzaTech) Visit highlights the potential of rural America to create domestic supplies of sustainable fuels and chemicals. — LanzaTech and LanzaJet welcomed Secretary of Energy Jennifer M. Granholm and Senator

October 12, 2021 Read Full Article

‘Fit for 55’ and Its Impact on the Biofuels Industry

(Biofuels International) The name ‘Fit for 55’ may have many people scratching their heads – is it an exercise programme, or maybe a breakfast cereal? – but in EU circles

October 6, 2021 Read Full Article

The Voice of Conservatives Is Important in Renewable Energy Policy Discussions

(Solutions from the Land)  … Those who advocate for no- and low-carbon fuels and other energy solutions come from across political parties – Democrats and Republicans – and from all along

October 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Democrats Prep Carbon Tax Option to Pay for Spending Bill

by Laura Davison, Ari Natter, and Jennifer A Dlouhy (Bloomberg) Carbon tax gains momentum as talks on spending bill heat up; Plan would use tax proceeds to send cash payments

September 27, 2021 Read Full Article

Matching For More: The Defour Group’s Dean Drake’s Plan Involves Match Blending Mid-Level Blends

by Melissa Anderson (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The Defour Group’s Dean Drake, a former GM public policy analyst, says liquid fuels have a shared future with electric vehicles if ethanol blending

September 25, 2021 Read Full Article

Opinion: Why I’ve Fought for Biofuels through Congress’ Infrastructure Debate

by Rep. Cindy Axne (D-IA 3rd) (Agri-Pulse)  … Starting this spring, I made it my mission to help members of the Biden Administration, the Senate, and my own colleagues in

September 24, 2021 Read Full Article

Electric Vehicle Tax Credits Take Preference over Biofuels in Democratic Spending Package

by Ben Nuelle (Agri-Pulse)  The key committee provisions in the $3.5 trillion reconciliation package show that Democrats in Congress are in line with President Joe Biden’s vision to put electric

September 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels, Solid to Liquid Tech, Biocrudes: The Digest’s 2021 Multi-Slide Guide to Haldor Topsoe

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  If you missed this slide guide from ABLC Digital on what it will take for advanced biofuels to take off further, here’s your chance! Haldor

September 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Washington’s Attack on Oil And Gas May Backfire

by Irina Slav (OilPrice.com) …  Last week, the House Oversight Committee wrote to the executives of the biggest oil companies operating in the United States along with the American Petroleum Institute and

September 21, 2021 Read Full Article

NGVAmerica: Passing the Infrastructure Bill Will Advance a Carbon-Negative Transport Future

by Daniel Gage (NGVAmerica/ACT News) The recently approved Senate Bipartisan Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act of 2021 includes multiple opportunities to improve not just the health of our planet, but of

September 20, 2021 Read Full Article

U.S. Farm & Biofuel Leaders Seek Immediate Aviation Fuel Fix to Budget Bill

(Renewable Fuels Association) America’s top biofuel and farm advocates called on Democratic leaders to fix a major flaw in the House Ways & Means Committee text released Friday night for tax provisions of

September 14, 2021 Read Full Article

Not so Fast: But Biofuel and Agriculture Advocates Are Sounding the Alarm

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy)  Not so fast: But biofuel and agriculture advocates are sounding the alarm over the language of a proposed $1.25-$1.75 sustainable aviation fuel tax credit, which they

September 13, 2021 Read Full Article

Van Hollen Leads Senate Democrats in Announcing New Legislation to Make Polluters Pay for Climate Damage

(Office of Senator Chris Van Hollen (D-MD)) U.S. Senator Chris Van Hollen (D-Md.) – joined by Senators Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.), Ed Markey (D-Mass.), Sheldon Whitehouse (D-R.I.), Elizabeth Warren (D-Mass.), and Jeff

September 10, 2021 Read Full Article

ACE Thanks ‘Biofuel Champions’ for Pushing for Renewable Fuels Support

(Biofuels International) US senators are urging Congressional leaders to include support for homegrown renewable fuels in the upcoming reconciliation package. Senators Amy Klobuchar (D-MN), Tammy Duckworth (D-IL), Tammy Baldwin (D-WI),

September 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Feenstra Introduces Biofuel Cell Research Act

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Rep. Randy Feenstra, R-Iowa, on Aug. 24 introduced a bill that aims to establish a research, development and demonstration program for a commercially viable fuel

September 9, 2021 Read Full Article

New Funds Requested for DOE SAF Loan Guarantees

(The Alternative Fuels & Chemicals Coalition/PR Newswire)   The Alternative Fuels & Chemicals Coalition (“AFCC”), and its member companies are asking the Biden Administration to incentivize the production and use of sustainable

September 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Sustainable Jet Fuel Incentives Make Wish List for Spending Bill

by Lillianna Byington (Bloomberg Government) Lawmakers and industry are pushing for incentives to make flying greener as part of a $3.5 trillion tax and spending bill. Democrats, who are prioritizing environmental projects

September 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Klobuchar, Colleagues Urge Schumer, Pelosi to Support Homegrown Renewable Fuels in Reconciliation Package

(Office of Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)) U.S. Senators Amy Klobuchar (D-MN), Tammy Duckworth (D-IL), Tammy Baldwin (D-WI), Tina Smith (D-MN), and Dick Durbin (D-IL) and Representatives Cindy Axne (D-IA), Angie Craig (D-MN),

September 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Progressive Pollster: 65 Percent of Likely Voters Would Back Polluters Tax

by Zack Budryk (The Hill) American voters are broadly supportive of proposals to tax major fossil fuel companies for the costs of climate change, according to polling from the left-leaning firm Data

August 20, 2021 Read Full Article

The Infrastructure Deal Could Create Pipelines for Captured CO2

by Justine Calma (The Verge)  The bipartisan infrastructure package gives billions to carbon capture and removal — A new generation of pipelines could be born out of the bipartisan infrastructure deal

August 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Ethanol Advocates Discuss CFS, post-2022 RFS at FEW

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) … When it comes to a federal clean fuels standard (CFS), Bliley (Chris Bliley, senior vice president of regulatory affairs at Growth Energy) stressed

August 9, 2021 Read Full Article

Lawmakers from Both Parties Call for Investment in Ag as a Climate Solution

(North America Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance) Thirty lawmakers from both houses of Congress have written a letter urging House and Senate leadership to support an historic, long-term investment in farmers, ranchers

August 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Biden Seeks to Electrify Auto Industry: White House Driving Electric Vehicles, Raising Questions on Direction of Biofuel Policies

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) The president will sign an executive order to make half of all new vehicles sold in 2030 “zero-emission” vehicles, including battery, fuel-cell and plug-in hybrid

August 5, 2021 Read Full Article

U.S. Senate Democrats Target Big Oil for Carbon Polluters Fund

by Richard Cowan (Reuters) A group of Democratic U.S. senators on Wednesday unveiled legislation establishing a $500 billion fund to be financed by Big Oil and other “carbon polluters” that they

August 5, 2021 Read Full Article

Amendment Holds Slow Senate Infrastructure Bill’s Progress: Delays May Push Debate into the Weekend, Frustrating Hopes to Finish This Week

by Jessica Wehrman, Lindsey McPherson, and Joseph Morton (Roll Call) … The bill already includes language requiring a study on the “cradle to grave environmental impact” of electric vehicles. But Sen. Joni Ernst,

August 5, 2021 Read Full Article

Grassley Says Electric over Ethanol Vehicles a Climate Religion for Many in Infrastructure Bill

(National Association of Farm Bureaus/NewsDakota.com)  A Midwest Senator claims the pending infrastructure bill’s heavy emphasis on electric over ethanol-powered vehicles has several root causes, ranging from climate change to ethanol’s continued

August 5, 2021 Read Full Article

Biprtisan Infrastructure Bill Includes $25 Billion in Potential New Subsidies for Fossil Fuels

by Alleen Brown (The Intercept)  Instead of reducing the role of fossil fuels in the economy, critics say, the bill subsidizes industry “greenwashing.” … The latest draft bill would make

August 4, 2021 Read Full Article

Harder Introduces Landmark Legislation to Help Farmers Lead on Climate Change

(Office of Representative Josh Harder (R-CA 10th) Bill will establish billions in new initiatives to support the efforts of the agriculture industry in leading the way on climate —  Representative Josh

August 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Fit for 55: The EU’s Plan for a Green Transition

(European Council)  As part of the European Green Deal, with the European Climate Law, the EU has set itself a binding target of achieving climate neutrality by 2050. This requires current greenhouse

July 29, 2021 Read Full Article

QUOTE OF THE WEEK — Angie Craig

“I was disappointed not to see biofuels included in the initial bipartisan infrastructure framework, but rest assured that as conversations in Washington continue to focus on infrastructure investments and efforts

July 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Deciphering Biofuels Policies across Europe

(Biofuels International)  Even as Europe considers a major revamp of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) governing EU biofuels policy until 2030, member states have been working to meet a fast

July 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Climate Border Patrol

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy)   Sen. Chris Coons (D-Del.) and Rep. Scott Peters (D-Calif.) unveiled legislation Monday to create a carbon border fee mechanism, putting into legislative text a

July 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuels Infrastructure Can Support Iowa, Save Planet, Says Axne

Cindy Axne (D-IA-3rd) Key funding would help reduce carbon emissions and reliance on foreign energy while investing in Iowa’s rural communities  — Investments in biofuels infrastructure represent the best of all

July 12, 2021 Read Full Article

Opinion: The Smart Way to Reduce Emissions and Outmaneuver Our Rivals

by James A. Baker III and Greg Bertelsen (Washington Post)  … One thing has become crystal clear during the long-running debate about climate change: Most nations won’t risk their own

July 6, 2021 Read Full Article

Congressional Climate Camp #1: Budget, Appropriations, and Stimulus Briefing Series: Congressional Climate Camps

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute) The Environmental and Energy Study Institute (EESI) is holding a Climate Camp online briefing series. We are going over the basics of the legislative process, highlighting key areas

July 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Drilling for the Truth: A Draft Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Is Pinning Disinformation and Lobbying Campaigns

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy) A draft report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is pinning disinformation and lobbying campaigns — including by Exxon Mobil — as major culprits

July 2, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuels Big Day on The Hill

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy)  Minnesota Sen. Amy Klobuchar (D) will unveil a package of bills today with two of her Republican colleagues to boost biofuels infrastructure. Klobuchar and Sen. Joni

June 30, 2021 Read Full Article

NBB Members Highlight Policy Priorities in Letter to Congressional Leaders

(National Biodiesel Board) Industry members deliver letter ahead of annual advocacy day fly-in  — Today, the National Biodiesel Board delivered to Congressional leaders a letter signed by more than 50 companies outlining the

June 24, 2021 Read Full Article

EU Ethanol Sets New Record for Greenhouse-Gas Reduction, Increasing Its Importance to Europe’s Green Deal Goals

(ePURE) Renewable ethanol from ePURE members reduced GHG emissions by more than 75% compared to fossil fuels in 2020, according to the latest audited producer data —  Production and use of

June 24, 2021 Read Full Article

GOP Tiptoes into Climate

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy) THE GOP’s CCC: As Democrats move closer toward writing a climate bill they can move on their own, Rep. John Curtis (R-Utah) is unveiling a

June 23, 2021 Read Full Article

Connecticut Shelves Transportation Climate Initiative

by Christine Stuart (NBC Connecticut) Transportation Climate Initiative proponents rallied outside the state Capitol Friday to encourage lawmakers to pass legislation that would create a carbon cap on transportation emissions. It will

June 22, 2021 Read Full Article

Ethanol Blog: New Coalition Pushes Congress to Begin Work on National Clean Fuel Policy

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) A new coalition of 23 agriculture, biofuels, technology and other companies and interest groups is pushing federal lawmakers to begin work on legislation aimed at

June 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Ethanol Blog: New Coalition Pushes Congress to Begin Work on National Clean Fuel Policy

by Todd Neeley (DTN Progressive Farmer) A new coalition of 23 agriculture, biofuels, technology and other companies and interest groups is pushing federal lawmakers to begin work on legislation aimed at

June 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Promises, Promises: Why Plans for an All-Electric Future Are Wildly Premature

by Lawrence Ulrich (AutoBlog) … Beyond the worst examples of greenwashing — including opportunistic start-ups like Nikola and Lordstown Motors that seem more like vaporware with each day — most major

May 28, 2021 Read Full Article

Iowa Lawmakers Urge Biden to Prioritize Biofuels

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Sens. Joni Ernst, R-Iowa, Chuck Grassley, R-Iowa, and Reps. Randy Feenstra, R-Iowa; Ashley Hinson, R-Iowa; and Mariannette Miller-Meeks, R-Iowa, sent a letter to President Biden

May 26, 2021 Read Full Article

‘Groundbreaking’ Biofuels Bill Enters Final Stages: VDB

by Sophie Barthel (Argus Media) The environment committee of the German parliament, the Bundestag, agreed today on a final draft law aimed to transpose the recast of the Renewable Energy Directive (RED

May 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Schneider Introduces Bill to Decarbonize Aviation, Fulfill Climate Commitments

(Office of Congressman Brad Schneider (D-IL-10))  Sustainable Skies Act would boost incentives to use Sustainable Aviation Fuel which cuts aviation emissions by 50% or more  —  Today, Congressman Brad Schneider (IL-10)

May 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Winning the Future: Analyzing the CLEAN Future Act and Its Implications for Biofuels

by Jenna Bloxom* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  The May 5th, 2021 Congressional hearing of the CLEAN Future Act: Driving Decarbonization of the Transportation Sector was a veritable marathon of legislative discourse

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Roughly USD 912m Earmarked for Clean Energy in California Budget Revision

(Renewables Now)  California governor Gavin Newsom has presented a revision plan for the state’s 2021-2022 budget that earmarks USD 912 million (EUR 749.6m) for energy investments, including offshore wind, storage

May 18, 2021 Read Full Article

Midwest Lawmakers Push for Biofuel-Powered Vehicles in Mix of Biden Electric Vehicles

(NewsDakota.com/NAFB) Midwest lawmakers continue to push for inclusion of more biofuel vehicles in the president’s climate effort to convert the nation’s

May 5, 2021 Read Full Article

Washington State Passes Low-Carbon Clean Fuel Standard — Establishing a ‘Clean Fuel Coast’ from San Diego to the Klondike Gateway

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  In Washington state, HB 1091. the Clean Fuel Standard has been passed by the legislature and

April 26, 2021 Read Full Article

Ag Policy Blog: Growing Climate Solutions Act Returns with Bi-Partisan Backing

by Chris Clayton (DTN Progressive Farmer) The U.S. Senate is ready to move ahead with an agricultural climate bill that has

April 21, 2021 Read Full Article

Omar, Sanders, Merkley, Markey, Barragán Introduce Bill to End Corporate Handouts to the Fossil Fuel Industry

(Office of Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.))  Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.) and Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) together with Sen. Merkley (D-Ore.),

April 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Axne Calls for Including Biofuels Infrastructure in American Jobs Act

by O. Kay Henderson (Radio Iowa) Iowa Congresswoman Cindy Axne is calling on congressional leaders to include money for the

April 19, 2021 Read Full Article

RFA Urges Adoption of Nationwide LCFS Policy That Would ‘Build’ on the RFS

by Jordan Godwin (OPIS Biofuels News) The Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) will ask Congress to adopt a national clean fuels policy

April 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Biden Releases $2 Trillion Jobs and Infrastructure Plan

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) President Biden on March 31 released a $2 trillion infrastructure and jobs plan, officially titled

April 1, 2021 Read Full Article

The Supreme Court Rules Canada’s Carbon Price Is Constitutional. It’s a Big Ein for Justin Trudeau’s Climate Plan

by Alex Ballingall (Toronto Star) In a landmark decision for climate action in Canada, the Supreme Court ruled Thursday that Ottawa

March 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Storage Wars: … The Energy Storage Tax Incentive and Deployment Act

by Matthew Choi (Politico’s Morning Energy)  Bipartisan Sens. Heinrich and Susan Collins (R-Maine), along with Reps. Earl Blumenauer (D-Ore.), Mike Doyle (D-Pa.) and Vern Buchanan (R-Fla.), introduced

March 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Biofuel Supported Bills Introduced on Capitol Hill

by Jacqui Fatka (Farm Progress)  House climate proposal includes RFS integrity provisions and Adopt GREET Act recognizes ethanol’s improved environmental

March 4, 2021 Read Full Article

House Democrats Unveil Sweeping Climate Legislation to Transform Country’s Energy Mix

(Aken Gump)  On Tuesday, March 2, Democrats on the House Energy and Commerce (E&C) Committee introduced a sweeping climate proposal—the Climate

March 3, 2021 Read Full Article

Carbon Tax Meets New Washington Politics

by Annie Snider (Politico’s Morning Energy) President Joe Biden has revived the idea of a carbon tax, but climate hawks

February 16, 2021 Read Full Article

Tonko Talks Climate Bill

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  The House Energy and Commerce Committee’s climate legislation from last year will be the

February 10, 2021 Read Full Article

Ed Markey on the Green New Deal, Biden

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  … The Massachusetts senator also said he wants Democrats to pursue a clean energy

February 8, 2021 Read Full Article

How Joe Biden Can Cut Off the Fossil Fuel Industry’s Federal Funding

by Alexander E. Kaufman (Huffington Post/Yahoo! News)  … The 11-page Evergreen Action memo highlights the limits of what the Biden

January 29, 2021 Read Full Article

Top 10 Bioeconomy Must-Knows in the Biden Transition

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Who are the key bioeconomy players in the new Biden Administration? What recent moves by

January 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Carbon Reductions On the Rise in 2021

by Donnell Rehagen (National Biodiesel Board)  With carbon reduction taking center stage, biodiesel and renewable diesel can provide immediate and

January 20, 2021 Read Full Article

Renewed Focus on Climate Legislation Could Help Biofuels

by Sara Wyant (Ag Week) The biofuel industry argues that President-elect Joe Biden can also make progress on his climate

January 19, 2021 Read Full Article

Congress Continues To Affirm That Climate Security Is National Security

(Clean Technica)  … Congress voted to override the president’s veto of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA), enacting H.R. 6395,

January 8, 2021 Read Full Article

House Rules Would Exempt Coronavirus, Climate Bills from Budget Limits

(CQ Roll Call)  Changes could paper over differences within House Democratic Caucus between deficit hawks and progressives  — The new rules

January 8, 2021 Read Full Article

Biden Climate Team Says It Underestimated Trump’s Damage

by Adam Aton (E&E News)  President-elect Joe Biden’s transition team says the Trump administration has done more damage than anticipated to

January 7, 2021 Read Full Article

Biden Climate Plan Looks for Buy-in from Farmers Who Are Often Skeptical about Global Warming

by Georgina Gustin (Inside Climate News)  The administration has options to cut emissions even if a Republican-led Senate opposes climate-focused

January 5, 2021 Read Full Article

Sneak Peek of Major Climate Legislation in the Maryland General Assembly in 2021 Webinar Review

by Hannah DelSordo* (Advanced Biofuels USA) The upcoming climate legislation of the Maryland General Assembly in 2021 will be focusing

December 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Biden Wants the U.S. to Stop Contributing to Climate Change by 2050. Here’s What that Would Actually Take.

by Chris Mooney (Washington Post) … And all of it is powered by an array of solar and sometimes distant

December 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Inslee Proposes His Latest Climate-Change Package as Part of Washington Budget

by Joseph O’Sullivan (Seattle Times)  … One of the largest pieces of the proposal is a low-carbon fuel standard for transportation

December 16, 2020 Read Full Article

5 Reasons Clean Fuel Standards Are the Secret Key to Decarbonizing Transportation

by Jeremy Martin (Union of Concerned Scientists) Clean Fuel Standards like the California Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS) have been around for more

December 16, 2020 Read Full Article

France to Oblige Airlines to Use Green but Expensive Biofuel

(The Connexion) Airlines will be required to use 1% of bio-jet fuel from 2022. It is 80% less polluting than

December 15, 2020 Read Full Article

Ag Leaders Meet with Biden Team to Explain Priorities

by Ben Nuelle (AgriPulse) … Carbon sequestration payments to farmers is something said to be on the table for the

December 7, 2020 Read Full Article

Biden Plan to End U.S. Fossil Fuel Subsidies Faces Big Challenges

by Timothy Gardner (Reuters)  … Biden has said axing fossil fuel subsidies will generate money to help pay for his

December 2, 2020 Read Full Article

Capito to Confront Climate in EPW Role

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  Wyoming Sen. John Barrasso’s decision to relinquish the Environment and Public Works Committee gavel in

November 24, 2020 Read Full Article

Transition Book: Priorities for Administrative Action on Carbon Removal in 2021+

(Carbon 180)  We partner with policymakers, scientists, and businesses around the globe to develop policy, promote research, and advance solutions

November 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Can Biden Keep His Promise to Make Farms Climate Friendly?

by Charlie Mitchell (The New Republic) The president-elect will have to overcome major obstacles, including some of his own advisers

November 16, 2020 Read Full Article

U.S. Renewable Fuels Legislation Could Garner Bipartisan Support under Biden

by Stephanie Kelly and Laura Sanicola  (Reuters)  Renewable fuels are a niche market for now, but with Democratic President-Elect Joe

November 10, 2020 Read Full Article

US ELECTIONS: Results Show Deeper Divide on Energy Issues, Tough Path for Tackling Climate

by Meghan Gordon, Jasmin Melvin and Maya Weber (S&P Global Platts) Lack of ‘blue wave’ to sweep in climate agenda;

November 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Biden Eyes Trade Agenda to Combat Climate Change

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  Joe Biden and key Democrats in Congress say they want to use the trade

October 15, 2020 Read Full Article

Bustos Introduces Next Generation Fuels Act

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) Rep. Cheri Bustos, D-Ill., on Sept. 24 introduced the Next Generation Fuels Act, a bill

September 25, 2020 Read Full Article

Democrats Unveil New Agenda for Economic Recovery and Climate Action

by Justine Calma (The Verge)  Democrats will commit today to a wide-ranging new progressive agenda that simultaneously tackles pandemic recovery,

September 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Proactively Leveraging Ethanol’s Low-Carbon Value

by Brian Jennings (American Coalition for Ethanol/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Merely playing defense on the RFS does not constitute a plan

September 7, 2020 Read Full Article

WoodMac: Biden Loss Would End Hopes of US Decarbonization by 2050

by Karl-Erik Stromsta  (GreenTechMedia) The upcoming U.S. presidential election will dictate the pace of decarbonization in the world’s largest economy for

September 6, 2020 Read Full Article

California Issues 190% More New Oil and Gas Drilling Permits

(Our Daily Planet)  While California Governor Gavin Newsom has called his state “a leader in the fight to transition away from fossil

September 3, 2020 Read Full Article

US Fuel-Makers Could Face ‘Irreparable’ Damage from Demand Collapse and the Move to Green Policy

by Josh Siegel (Washington Examiner)  … “Thankfully, I am not invested in refineries,” said Tom Kloza, global head of energy

August 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Biogenic Emissions: Credit Where It’s Due

by Luke Geiver (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The push to alter biogenic emissions regulations could boost corn farming and ethanol production

August 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Joe Biden Picks Kamala Harris as Running Mate and What This Means for Climate in 2020

(Our Daily Planet) … (U.S. Senator Kamala) Harris has been a steady champion of climate action in the Senate but perhaps

August 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Durbin Introduces Bill To Fund A Clean Climate Future

(Office of Senator Dick Durbin (D-IL))  Today (August 7, 2020), U.S. Senator Dick Durbin (D-IL) announced the introduction of America’s Clean

August 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Climate Crisis Staff Report Aims to Build Back a Cleaner, More Resilient Aviation Sector

by Jeff Overton (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  On June 30, the House Select Committee on the Climate Crisis released

August 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Omar, Sanders, Merkley, Markey, Barragán Introduce Bill to End Corporate Handouts to the Fossil Fuel Industry

(Office of Representative Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.)) Rep. Ilhan Omar (D-Minn.) and Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) together with Sen. Merkley (D-Ore.), Sen.

July 27, 2020 Read Full Article

QUOTE OF THE WEEK — Michael McAdams

“The forward-thinking climate plan recently released by House Democrats acknowledges the important role liquid transportation fuels will continue to play

July 17, 2020 Read Full Article

Biden Has a New Climate Road Map. Here’s What’s Missing

by Adam Aton (E&E News) Climate investment goals, green job targets and key decarbonization deadlines were missing from an environmental platform

July 9, 2020 Read Full Article

The Congressional Action Plan for a Clean Energy Economy and a Healthy, Resilient, and Just America Majority Staff Report: Is It Worth Supporting?

by Robert Kozak* (Advanced Biofuels USA/Atlantic Biomass, LLC)  Today the US House of Representatives Democratic Select Committee on Climate Change

June 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Select Committee Democrats Releases ‘Solving The Climate Crisis’, A Congressional Roadmap For Ambitious Climate Action

(House Select Committee on the Climate Crisis)  Plan Would Put Americans Back To Work, Save Lives, And Help the United

June 30, 2020 Read Full Article

NACSAA Submits Policy Recommendations to Senate Climate Crisis Panel

(North America Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance) The North America Climate Smart Agriculture Alliance (NACSAA) submitted last week a detailed set

June 22, 2020 Read Full Article

Democrats Unveil $1.5 Trillion Infrastructure Plan

by Rebecca Beitsch (The Hill) House Democrats unveiled a $1.5 trillion infrastructure plan Thursday that calls for a huge increase in

June 19, 2020 Read Full Article

Slip-up Reveals Chevron Ties to Architect of Climate Attack

by Corbin Hiar (E&E News) It was an audacious messaging campaign: White environmentalists are hurting black communities by pushing radical climate

June 19, 2020 Read Full Article

In Rare Bipartisan Bill, U.S. Senators Tackle Climate Change via Agriculture

by Valerie Volcovici (Reuters/Yahoo!) U.S. senators on Thursday introduced a bipartisan bill that would direct the Agriculture Department to help farmers,

June 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Inside the House’s Infrastructure Bill

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)   The House Transportation Committee’s five-year surface transportation bill — expected to be unveiled later

June 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Q&A on Cellulosic Ethanol with Clariant

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) DigestConnect hosted a wildly popular webinar in late April with Clariant’s Head of Business Line, Biofuels

May 28, 2020 Read Full Article

At Last, a Climate Policy Platform that Can Unite the Left: The Factions of the Democratic Coalition Have Come into Alignment on Climate Change.

by David Roberts (Vox)  … Robinson Meyer captured it well in a 2017 piece in the Atlantic: “Democrats Are Shockingly

May 28, 2020 Read Full Article

Why We Shouldn’t Leave out Biofuels in the Energy Transition

by Matthew Capuano-Rizzo (Leaders in Energy)  … In an Oxford University study, Nobel prize winning economist Joseph Stiglize outlined how

May 15, 2020 Read Full Article

Evergreen Action Plan

by Sam Ricketts, Bracken Hendricks and Maggie Thomas (Medium)  A National Mobilization to Defeat the Climate Crisis and Build a

May 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Running for Office on Climate Change?

by Peter Brown (Euro Marketing Tools/Biofuels Digest) This election cycle has confirmed that the United States’ political hopefuls have abdicated any

May 14, 2020 Read Full Article

Climate Power 2020 Seeks to Change the Politics of Climate Change

(Our Daily Planet)  Today, the Center for American Progress Action Fund, the League of Conservation Voters, and the Sierra Club

May 13, 2020 Read Full Article

This Is Not the Green Stimulus You’re Looking for

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  House Democrats unveiled a $3 trillion package on Tuesday to respond to the coronavirus crisis

May 13, 2020 Read Full Article

Groups Ask Congress to Provide COVID-19 Relief for Biofuels

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine) A group of 11 ag and biofuel groups sent a letter to House Speaker Nancy

May 12, 2020 Read Full Article

Conservative Youth Climate Group Seeks to Move beyond Green New Deal

by Abby Smith (Washington Examiner) The American Conservation Coalition, a conservative youth climate group, unveiled a climate policy framework Tuesday that

April 21, 2020 Read Full Article

Plastics Industry Oversold Recycling to Americans, Now What?

by Zoey Shipley and Miro Korenha (Our Daily Planet) NPR and PBS Frontline recently announced a new joint investigation which has revealed that since the 1980s,

April 1, 2020 Read Full Article

A Moderate Proposal: Nationalize the Fossil Fuel Industry

by Kate Aronoff (The New Republic) … For the last week, the White House has reportedly been exploring low-interest loans to

March 18, 2020 Read Full Article

Hawaii Bill Could Become Nation’s First Carbon Emissions Tax

(Associated Press) Hawaii could become the first state to enact a tax on carbon emissions, but the bill still requires passage

March 11, 2020 Read Full Article

Committee Endorses More Flexible Biofuel Component Bill

(ERR/Estonian Public Broadcasting/BNS) The economic affairs committee of the parliament has decided to send to second reading a bill seeking

March 10, 2020 Read Full Article

EU Commission Unveils Climate Law Amid Criticism

by Samuel Petrequin (Associated Press) Amid fierce criticism from environmental activists, the European Commission unveiled plans Wednesday for its first ever

March 5, 2020 Read Full Article

Congresswoman Pingree Introduces the Agriculture Resilience Act to Promote Farmer-Driven Climate Solutions Legislation Sets Goal of Reaching Net-Zero Greenhouse Gas Emissions in U.S. Agriculture by 2040

(Office of Congresswoman Chellie Pingree (D-Maine)) Congresswoman Chellie Pingree (D-Maine) today introduced the Agriculture Resilience Act (ARA), comprehensive legislation that sets

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Gov. Jay Inslee’s Low-Carbon Fuel Standard Faces Tough Road ahead in Washington State

by Hal Bernton (Seattle Times) Gov. Jay Inslee’s campaign to clamp down on greenhouse gas emissions from the state’s transportation fuels,

March 4, 2020 Read Full Article

Port of Seattle Supports State-Wide Low Carbon Fuel Standard in Washington, US

(Biofuels International)  The Port of Seattle in the US state of Washington has supported the state-wide implementation of a low

March 3, 2020 Read Full Article

Congresswoman Angie Craig Leads Letter Reiterating Support for Biofuels, Reducing Carbon Emissions

(Office of Congresswoman Angie Craig (D-MN2))  Today, U.S. Reps. Angie Craig (MN-02) and Dave Loebsack (IA-02) delivered a letter signed by

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Rep. McEachin and Chair Grijalva Unveil Landmark Environmental Justice Legislation Following Year-Long Collaborative Effort

(Blue Virginia)  Great work by Rep. Donald McEachin (D-VA04) on the landmark Environmental Justice for All Act, which they introduced at a

February 27, 2020 Read Full Article

Climate Change and Ethanol: Get the Facts Right

by Andrea Kent (Ethanol Producer Magazine/Greenfield Global/Renewable Industries Canada)  Myths and misinformation about ethanol and its effect on health and

February 19, 2020 Read Full Article

NRDC: DOE Is Flouting the Will of Congress by Delaying Clean Energy R&D

(Natural Resources Defense Council) The Department of Energy is flouting the will of Congress by delaying clean energy R&D and Congress

February 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Time for a Price on Carbon

(Congressman Ted Deutch (D-FL-22)/OurEnergyPolicy.org) You don’t have to search hard to find an American community already experiencing, firsthand, the devastating

February 4, 2020 Read Full Article

How House Republicans Won over Conservatives to Gain Consensus on a Climate Agenda

by Josh Siegel  (Washington Examiner) House Republicans have convinced their most conservative members to support a forthcoming plan for the federal

January 31, 2020 Read Full Article

Carbon Emissions Will Fall Just 4 percent by 2050, According to Government Projections

by Rebecca Beitsch (The Hill) … Though a number of states have set goals to have their electric sector be

January 30, 2020 Read Full Article

Iowans Push 2020 Candidates to Focus on Climate Change

by Rebecca Beitsch  (The Hill)  … While climate change has been given short shrift on the debate stages, it’s been

January 29, 2020 Read Full Article

E&C Leaders Release Draft Clean Future Act Legislative Text to Achieve a 100 Percent Clean Economy

(U.S. House Committee on Energy and Commerce) Energy and Commerce Committee Chairman Frank Pallone, Jr. (D-NJ), Environment and Climate Change Subcommittee

January 29, 2020 Read Full Article

Democrats’ Infrastructure Proposal Gets Green Tint

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy) DON’T CALL IT INFRASTRUCTURE WEEK… But House Democratic leaders are expected to roll out their

January 29, 2020 Read Full Article

How Plastic Can Fit in a Circular Carbon Economy: The Digest’s 2020 Multi-Slide Guide to Recycling and Upcycling Plastics

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) We’ve seen the staggering numbers, 78 million tons of annual plastics production, 98% virgin feedstock,

January 24, 2020 Read Full Article

At the Table, or On the Menu?

by Geoff Cooper (Renewable Fuels Association) As discussions about climate change ramp up, ethanol and its impact on emissions and

January 23, 2020 Read Full Article

Military Researching Ways to Suck Carbon From Air to Make Fuel

by Bobby Magill (Bloomberg)  Military could use carbon captured from the air and sea water to make fuel; Pentagon involvement

January 22, 2020 Read Full Article

Exclusive: What’s in Republicans’ New Climate-Change Push

by Amy Harder (Axios) Trees, plastics and favorable tax policy are at the core of House Republicans’ new push on

January 22, 2020 Read Full Article

Payments for Ecosystem Services Key to Enabling Agricultural Solutions to Sustainable Development Goals, Ag Renaissance

(Solutions from the Land) As discussions on climate change, clean water, hunger, poverty and biodiversity grow both on the domestic

January 16, 2020 Read Full Article

Dems Tee up Climate Plans

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  The legislative framework that senior Democrats on the House Energy and Commerce Committee want

January 9, 2020 Read Full Article

What’s Looming in 2020?

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  …  Another looming fight: EPA’s proposals to weaken rules on greenhouse gas emissions from

January 6, 2020 Read Full Article

Valuable and Viable: Changes to the 45Q Tax Credit Increase the Monetary Value of Carbon Dioxide for Ethanol Producers.

by Andrew Duguid (Battelle/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  Changes to Section 45Q of the U.S. tax code have made it easier for

December 31, 2019 Read Full Article

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weeds nuclear Nunavut nutraceuticals nutrient credit trading nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) Offices of Inspector Generals offtake agreements Ohio oil oil/gas terminals oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil p oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins oligomerization olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open 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process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests proton exchange membrane (PEM) public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD10 RD20 RD30 RD80 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation Refined Bleached Deodorized Palm Oil (RBDPO) refineries reforestation Reformate regenerative braking regenerative farming regulations Regulations-Federal Regulations-State Regulatory Enhancement Growth Support (REGS) Reid vapor pressure (RVP) remediation remediation rice straw Renewable Chemical renewable chemical producer tax incentive renewable chemical production tax credit Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel/HVO/Paraffinic Diesel Renewable Diesel/Green Diesel price Renewable Diesel Production renewable diesel pumps renewable diesel tax credit renewable diesel terminal Renewable Energy Renewable Energy Directive (RED/RED II/REDIII) Renewable Energy Standard Renewable Energy to Fuels through Utilization of Energy-Dense Liquids (REFUEL) renewable fuel renewable fuel oil (RFO) Renewable Fuels Directive (EU) Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) revisions/repeal Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS and RFS2) renewable gasoline blendstock renewable marine diesel Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) price Renewable Natural Gas (RNG) pumps Renewable Portfolio Standards Renewable Power Standard Renewable Synthesized Iso-Paraffinic Fuels (SIP) Renewable Transport Fuel Obligation (RTFO) renewable volume obligation (RVO) RenovaBio replacement molecules Repowering Assistance Program repurpose research and development research facility resiliency resource depletion resurrection grass retail retrofit return on investment R Factor RFI (Request for Information) RFS "reset" RHD100 Rhizosphere Observations Optimizing Terrestrial Sequestration (ROOTS) Rhode Island Ricardo rice rice bran oil rice hulls rice husks rice price rice straw RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA (Ribonucleic acid) roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Rural Renewable Energy Pilot Program Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy scooters Scotland scum sea level rise seaports seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog smokestack soap Social social benefit investing social cost social value social venture Society of Automotive Engineers (SAE) soi soil soil amendments soil carbon soil health soil microbial biomass solar energy solar energy-to-chemical conversion solaris solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) Solomon Islands Solutions solvent liquefaction Somalia soot sorghum sorghum oil sorghum stover South Africa South America South Australia South Carolina South Dakota Southeast Asia Southern Africa South Korea South Pacific South Sudan Soviet Union SOx (Sulfur oxides) soybean prices soybeans soy meal Spain spartina specifications Spent Bleaching Earth Oil (SBEO) sprawl spruce Sri Lanka Stakeholders standards start-up State Department Statistics steam explosion steam methane reformation steam reformation steel stevia stillage storage tanks Straight (pure) Vegetable Oil (SVO or PVO) stranded assets Strategic Bioenergy Reserve STrategiv Petroleum Reserve straw students su sub-Saharan Africa sub-sim (substantially similar) subsid succinic acid sucrose Sudan sugar sugar-to-biodiesel sugar-to-farnesane sugar-to-jetfuel Sugar Beets/Energy Beets sugarcane sugarcane prices sugarcane straw Sugar kelp sugar palm sugar platform sugar prices sugars sugars-to-fats sugar standards sulfur Sumatra sunflower sunflower stalks supercritical fluid supercritical hydrolysis supply agreements supply chain Supreme Court surahart Suriname Sustainability Swaziland Sweden sweetgum sweet potatoes Sweet sorghum swine waste Switchgrass Switzerland sycamore syngas syngas/gas fermentation synthetic biology synthetic diesel synthetic gasoline synthetic kerosene synthetic liquified gas (SLG) synthetic methane/e-methane synthetic natural gas Syria Tailoring Rule Taiwan Tajikistan tall fescue tall oil tallow tallow tree tamanu/nyamplung Tamarix tank-to-wheel tank cars tankers tanker trucks Tanzania tariffs taro tar sands Tasmania tax benefit tax credit taxes tax incentives tax parity tax policy tea teach-the-teacher teacher teacher resources teacher training technical course Technical Readiness Levels techno-economic analysis technology transfer tech transfer telephone utility poles Tennessee termites terpenes terrestrial carbon testing Texas textbook Thailand theft therapeutics Thermal catalytic depolymerization (TCD) thermal deoxygenation thermocatalytic conversion thermochemical conversion thermochemical liquefaction Tibet Tier 3 Tier 4 tilapia tillage Timor-Leste tires tobacco tobacco tree Togo Tokyo toluene Tonga tool Toronto torrefaction totai Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) trade trade dispute/discrimination trade group trade organization Trade Policy trade secrets training trains transesterification transgenics transition Transportation Fuels Policy Transportation Fuels Policy--Municipal Transportation Fuels Policy--State Transportation Fuels Policy; carbon removal Transportation Policy travel policy Treasury Department trees Trinidad and Tobago triticale truck trucks tubers tung tunicate Tunisia Turkey UCOME (Used Cooking Oil Methyl Ester) Uganda UK (United Kingdom) Ukraine UL (Underwriters Laboratory) ULSD (ultra low sulfur 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management waste oil waste paper waste vegetable oil wastewater water water consumption water footprint water hyacinth watermeal watermelon water pollution water quality water treatment wax weather well-to-wheel West Africa Western Australia West Java West Virginia wet distillers grain wet extraction What You Can Do wheat wheat bran wheat fiber wheatgrass wheat prices wheat straw whey whisky white grease White House wildlife habitat willow wind energy wine wastage/grape marc winter crops Wisconsi Wisconsin Wood woody biomass World Bank World Trade Organization (WTO) Wyoming XTL xylan xylene xylose yard waste yeast yellow grease yellowhorn tree Yemen yields Yukon Zambia Zanzibar zein zeolites Zimbabwe zinc

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