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Tag "Clean Air Act (CAA)"

Senators to Trump Administration: Don’t Challenge California’s Clean Car Standards

(Office of Senator Dianne Feinstein) Senator Dianne Feinstein (D-Calif.) today was joined by 22 senators in calling on the Trump administration to end its challenge of California’s authority to set vehicle emission

October 24, 2018 Read Full Article

RFA President Says February Not Soon Enough for E15 Rulemaking

(WNAX)  This week, the Environmental Protection Agency published its rule making agenda for 2019 and in it said they’’ll start the rulemaking process for year-round use of E15 in February of

October 22, 2018 Read Full Article

Understanding the Emissions Benefits of Higher Ethanol Blends: EPA Modeling Fails to Tell the Whole Story.

by Steve Vander Griend (Clean Fuels Development Coalition)  Adding ethanol to gasoline improves it in every way. It lowers carbon, reduces common air pollutants for smog formation, lessens CO2 emissions,

September 6, 2018 Read Full Article

NFU, FUE & UAI Announce Alliance to Pursue Expanded Use Of American-Grown, High-Octane Biofuels

(National Farmers Union) In an effort to expand the market for domestic agriculture products, reduce harmful emissions, and provide consumers with lower cost fuel choices, National Farmers Union, Farmers Union Enterprises

August 22, 2018 Read Full Article

California Drivers Pay Growing Cost for Climate Program

by David R. Baker (San Francisco Chronicle)  A California program to fight climate change may now add more to the cost of gasoline than the state gas-tax increase that many voters want

August 10, 2018 Read Full Article

California Schemin’

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy) The Trump administration’s proposed freeze of vehicle fuel efficiency standards sought by the Obama administration and plan to end California’s power to enforce its own

August 3, 2018 Read Full Article

RFA: EPA Is Working on an E15 Rule

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  Bob Dinneen, the outgoing CEO of the Renewable Fuels Association, told reporters Wednesday that he thinks EPA staff is working on a rule to

August 2, 2018 Read Full Article

RFA Welcomes Inclusion of High Octane Fuels in 2021-2026 CAFE/GHG Proposal

(Renewable Fuels Association)  The Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) today welcomed the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA) request for public comments on how high octane fuels could facilitate engine efficiency improvements and

August 2, 2018 Read Full Article

Trump Administration to Freeze Fuel Efficiency Requirements

by Brady Dennis, Michael Laris and Juliet Eilperin (The Washington Post) The Trump administration on Thursday announced plans to freeze fuel efficiency requirements for the nation’s cars and trucks through 2026 — a massive

August 2, 2018 Read Full Article

Daily on Energy: Democrats ‘Pleased’ to Hear from Trump’s New EPA Pick: EPA’S Wheeler Promises ‘50-State Solution’ for New Auto Rules

by John Siciliano (Washington Examiner)   Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Andrew Wheeler confirmed to senators Wednesday that the Trump administration this week will release a proposal to weaken Obama-era fuel efficiency standards.

August 1, 2018 Read Full Article

Inside the Draft Auto Rule Rollback

by Alex Guillén (Politico’s Morning Energy)  The Trump administration is expected to formally roll back vehicle fuel economy and emissions requirements later this week, and a draft version of the EPA-NHTSA

July 30, 2018 Read Full Article

Extra Administration Analysis Delays Fuel Economy Rules

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  Fuel economy rules from EPA and the Department of Transportation that were widely expected this week will be delayed, as the feds are adding

July 26, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Judge Throws out New York City’s Climate Change Lawsuit against 5 Major Oil Companies

by Tom DiChristopher (CNBC)  A federal judge dismissed New York’s lawsuit against five big oil and gas companies for their role in climate change. New York argued the companies should compensate the city

July 23, 2018 Read Full Article

Report: Clean Car Rules Coming Soon

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)Mark your calendars, readers. An EPA official told E&E News that the Trump administration will propose its plans for weakening Obama-era clean car standards next

July 20, 2018 Read Full Article

California Is Cutting Greenhouse Gases, but Not from Cars. Can That Change?

by David R. Baker (San Francisco Chronicle)  … Emissions from transportation — cars, trucks, trains, planes and ships — keep rising. And since transportation accounts for more greenhouse gas emissions than

July 17, 2018 Read Full Article

California Regulator Sees ‘Window’ for Deal on Fuel Economy Rules

by David Shepardson (Reuters) California is ready to work with major automakers on revisions to greenhouse gas emission vehicle rules through 2025 and sees a “window” for a deal in the

July 10, 2018 Read Full Article

AAPCA Releases 2018 Edition of The Greatest Story Seldom Told

(Association of Air Pollution Control Agencies)  Today, the Association of Air Pollution Control Agencies (AAPCA) released the 2018 edition of The Greatest Story Seldom Told: Profiles and Success Stories in Air Pollution

July 3, 2018 Read Full Article

Justice Kennedy’s Retirement Could Reshape the Environment

by Robinson Meyer (The Atlantic)  A new justice will likely weaken the Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, and Endangered Species Act.  —  … With Kennedy gone, a more conservative Supreme Court

June 29, 2018 Read Full Article

EPA Chief Hints He Could Order More Ethanol in Fuel

by Chris Prentice (Reuters)  A week after the White House suspended its bid to reform the nation’s biofuels policy to aid oil refiners, the head of the Environmental Protection Agency on

June 14, 2018 Read Full Article

Pruitt’s SAB Story

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy)  EPA’s independent Science Advisory Board will meet today and Friday for the first time since Administrator Scott Pruitt barred scientists on the committee from receiving

May 31, 2018 Read Full Article

EPA Can’t Keep Prior Fuel Economy Data in Its Blind Spot: Critics

by Abby Smith (Bloomberg)  Lawsuits seek to force consideration of prior data in fuel economy proposal; Automakers expect fuller analysis, data to back up agencies’ proposed options  —  Lawsuits over the EPA’s April

May 24, 2018 Read Full Article

‘Climate Change Is Real,’ Automakers Declare To Trump

by Ryan Felton (Jalopnik)  Major automakers are still reeling from the sudden realization they’ve collectively succumbed to Stockholm Syndrome, after they buddied up with President Donald Trump to alter fuel economy standards set

May 22, 2018 Read Full Article

The Interaction of the Clean Air Act, California’s CAA Waiver, Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards, Renewable Fuel Standards and California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  The Trump Administration is taking a new look at Obama Administration era Co2 regulations.  On the transportation side, these include reviewing Corporate Average Fuel Economy

May 21, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

EPA Set To Give Oil Another Victory At Ethanol’s Expense

(Urban Air Initiative)  A proposed rule to make ethanol blends above 15% illegal in anything other than flex fuel vehicles (FFVs) is a potential death blow to the ethanol industry according

May 21, 2018 Read Full Article

EPA, California Officials Meet on Fuel-Efficiency Rules

by John Siciliano (Washington Examiner)  The Environmental Protection Agency is meeting with California officials this week in Washington to negotiate the creation of a national fuel efficiency standard after the state

May 17, 2018 Read Full Article

A Higher Market for Ethanol Former Author of RFS Legislation Sees Octane Levels as Advancement for Ethanol

by Chris Clayton (DTN The Progressive Farmer)  Former U.S. Senate Majority Leader Tom Daschle keeps close tabs on what’s happening with biofuels even though he’s been out of the U.S. Senate

May 15, 2018 Read Full Article

If at First You Don’t Succeed: The Looming Fight between the Trump Administration and the State of California over Climate Change Rules for Cars

by Kelsey Tamborrino (Politico’s Morning Energy) The looming fight between the Trump administration and the state of California over climate change rules for cars will cover some familiar terrain –

May 9, 2018 Read Full Article

EPA Lacks Power to Administratively Expand Ethanol Waiver

(Institute for Energy Research)  The Trump administration is considering expanding the ethanol fuel waiver in the Clean Air Act (CAA) to allow E15 fuel (gasoline containing up to 15% ethanol) to

May 9, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Former Volkswagen CEO Indicted Over Emission Testing Scandal

by Sonari Glinton (National Public Radio)  Martin Winterkorn, the former head of Volkswagen, was indicted on Thursday along with five other former VW executives on charges of conspiracy and fraud in

May 4, 2018 Read Full Article

California And 16 Other States Are Suing Trump To Stop Him Destroying Emissions Standards

by Raphael Orlove (Jalopnik)  Our emissions standards are probably the biggest booster to automotive performance in the past half century, making our cars not only more eco-friendly but more powerful, too. Trump has

May 1, 2018 Read Full Article

Trump’s EPA Argues More People Will Die in Car Accidents unless California Fuel Rules Are Weakened

by Evan Halper (Los Angeles Times)  The Trump administration is embracing a curious — and some would say dated — argument as it builds its case to weaken federal rules

April 20, 2018 Read Full Article

QUOTE OF THE WEEK

In his article suggesting scrapping Corporate Average Fuel Economy standards in favor of a Clean Air Act life cycle analysis-based methodology for CO2 transportation emission reduction, Bob Kozak advised, “(I)f

February 16, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

Let’s Regulate CO2 Emissions, and Forget the 55.4 MPG 2025 Corporate Annual Fuel Economy Standard: The Inexpensive Way to Quickly Reduce Green House Gases

by Robert Kozak* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  The 2025 Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standard of 54.5 miles/gallon has become a significant issue since the election of Donald Trump as president of

February 15, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

California Gears Up for Trump Battle on Car-Emissions Rules

by Mark Chediak, Dana Hull and John Lippert (Bloomberg)  Official sees ‘war’ if state’s rule-setting rights revoked; Air Resources Board planning zero-emissions bus proposal  —  …   The state has special authority under

February 5, 2018 Read Full Article

QUOTE OF THE WEEK

In an Ethanol Producer Magazine article, Urban Air Initiative’s David Hallberg explains how, with proper adherence to Clean Air Act regulations, ethanol can substitute for carcinogens in our fuel. “(I)t

January 24, 2018 Read Full Article

Respecting the Law

by David Hallberg (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  (T)he U.S. Department of Energy’s adherence to laws, and a proposal from the Urban Air Initiative to escape the aromatics dilemma.  —  … Hopefully Pruitt

January 24, 2018 Read Full Article

A New Years Resolution for EPA: Do Your Job!

by Doug Sombke (South Dakota Farmers Union/Biofuels Digest)  …  I am referring to the mandatory requirements in the Clean Air Act that EPA enforce section 202 (l), the “clean octane” provision designed

January 3, 2018 0 comment Read Full Article

EPA to Issue Report on RFS Impacts Next Spring

by Marc Heller (E&E Publishing/Greenwire) U.S. EPA will report on the environmental effects of biofuel mandates next spring, four years later than required by Congress, the agency said in documents accompanying

December 5, 2017 Read Full Article

Is E25 Legal in the Mini Cooper?

by Dave VanderGriend (Ethanol Producer Magazine/ICM/Urban Air Initiative)  … In an over-simplified explanation, the EPA has claimed the legal authority to regulate ethanol blends under section 211(f) of the Clean Air

November 27, 2017 Read Full Article

Get Yer Hot Hot E15 Action Here!

by Anthony Adragna (Politico’s Morning Energy)   Sen. Jim Inhofe will take to the Senate floor to opine on the need for Republicans to work together to support fossil fuels. Sources familiar

July 19, 2017 0 comment Read Full Article

Iowa Ethanol Supporters Push for Expanded E15 Access

by Rod Swoboda (Wallaces Farmer)  Proponents call on Congress to support legislation to remove barriers to make E15 ethanol blend available year-round.  —  The U.S. Senate is considering legislation that

July 7, 2017 Read Full Article

ACE Urges Ethanol Advocates to Participate in EPA Regulatory Reform Comment Period

(American Coalition for Ethanol)  The American Coalition for Ethanol (ACE) submitted a public comment focused on its ethanol priorities soon after EPA formally began seeking input on existing regulations to

May 1, 2017 Read Full Article

ACE Outlines Ethanol Priorities to EPA on Regulatory Reform Agenda

(KTIC Radio) The American Coalition for Ethanol (ACE) submitted a public comment addressed to Environmental Protection Agency Administrator Scott Pruitt thanking him for establishing a Regulatory Reform Task Force to evaluate

April 14, 2017 Read Full Article

UAI Coalition Challenges Clean Air Act Interpretation

by Dave VanderGriend (Urban Air Initiative/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  For decades, the U.S. EPA has insisted that it gets to decide how much ethanol can be used in gasoline. If ethanol

March 27, 2017 Read Full Article

Sierra Club Threatens to Sue EPA Over Clean Air Act Violations

by Lauren Tyler (NGT News)  The Sierra Club has filed a notice of intent to sue the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for its failure to conduct the required environmental

February 24, 2017 Read Full Article

How Fiat Chrysler’s Diesel Woes Differ from Massive VW Scandal

by Brent Snavely and Nathan Bomey (Detroit Free Press)  The U.S. EPA said Thursday it notified Fiat Chrysler Automobiles of Clean Air Act violations for the diesel emissions of 104,000 Jeep Grand

January 13, 2017 Read Full Article

Can America Really Be ‘Great Again’ With A Gutted EPA?

by Margo T. Oge (Huffington Post)  …  Businessmen are always looking for a good return on investment. America’s environmental protections are a steal. The public health benefits of a cleaner

December 22, 2016 Read Full Article

What’s Next in Cellulosic Biofuels?: The Digest’s 2016 Multi-Slide Guide to Iogen and the Cellulosic Sector

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Iogen says it has has “one of the world’s largest and most experienced teams in developing, designing, de-bugging, scaling-up and deploying cellulosic biofuel technology. We’re

December 12, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Letter: A Big Vision Business Plan

by Jason Frerichs (Argus Leader)  …  As a state senator, I am hopeful we can generate bi-partisan support for putting S.D. state-owned undesignated flex fuel autos on E30. Then, adjoining state

October 1, 2016 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels USA Submits Comments on CAFE Standards Midterm Review

(Advanced Biofuels USA)  Advanced Biofuels USA fully supports meeting the 2022 CAFE standards.  It is our understanding that the key to vehicle manufacturers meeting these standards rests on the ability

September 30, 2016 Read Full Article

Barbecues, Beaches and E15? You Bet

by Bob Dinneen (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  … Nearly 30 years ago, the U.S. EPA provided a 1-pound-per-square-inch (psi) waiver of the Reid vapor pressure (RVP) volatility requirements for certain ethanol blends.

April 14, 2016 Read Full Article

Major Regulatory Milestones in First Quarter Set Joule Up for Commercial Success

(Joule/BusinessWire)  EPA Qualifies Joule Ethanol Under Clean Air Act  —  Joule, the pioneer of drop-in liquid fuels from recycled CO2, today announced major accomplishments in the first quarter of 2016

April 8, 2016 Read Full Article

Fact Sheet: A Brief History of Octane in Gasoline: From Lead to Ethanol

by Jessie Stolark (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  A cornerstone of U.S. environmental policy has been the reduction of harmful tailpipe emissions from cars and trucks. Thanks to EPA regulations

April 7, 2016 Read Full Article

B&C Professionals Help Tell the Story of EPA’s “Half Century of Progress”

(Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.)  Many Americans today, including many legislators at the federal and state levels, were not yet born when the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was created by

March 23, 2016 Read Full Article

Why Flint? Why Dieselgate? Why Was the EPA Prevented From Acting?

by Robert E. Kozak* (Advanced Biofuels USA) Of all the grandstanding by politicians over the Flint, Michigan, drinking water disaster perhaps the most hypocritical has been that of Democrats such

February 9, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

Ethanol Backers Say Higher Blends Would Reduce Air Toxics

by Renee Schoof (Bloomberg BNA)  A group of farm-state governors and some advocates for clean energy are pressing the Environmental Protection Agency to get tougher on toxic air pollution from motor

February 2, 2016 Read Full Article

Ethanol: Does EPA’s RFS Ruling Meet Congress’s Intent?

by Jonathan Coppess (University of Illinois/AgFax) Today’s article completes the discussion of EPA’s final rule for the RFS. The previous articles in this series provided background on the RFS, a general review

January 25, 2016 Read Full Article

RFA Comments on DOE’s Innovative “Optima” Program

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com) The Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy (EERE) had a call for information on Co-Optimization of Fuels and Engines (Optima). The Renewable Fuels Association (RFA) submitted

January 14, 2016 Read Full Article

Defour Group and Transportation Fuel Consulting Post Responses to DOE Request Regarding Co-Optimization of Fuels and Engines

(Defour Group/Transportation Fuels Consulting)  Dean Drake of the Defour Group LLC (D4) and Gary Herwick of Transportation Fuels Consulting (TFC) have submitted comments to the U.S. Department of Energy’s Request for

January 12, 2016 Read Full Article

United States Files Complaint Against Volkswagen, Audi and Porsche for Alleged Clean Air Act Violations

(U.S. Department of Justice)  The Department of Justice, on behalf of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), today filed a civil complaint in federal court in Detroit, Michigan, against Volkswagen AG,

January 4, 2016 0 comment Read Full Article

All Auto Owners Can Choose Premium E30

by Joanna Schroeder (DomesticFuel.com)  Back in September I brought you a story about Orrie Swayze, an active ethanol advocate, who

November 4, 2015 Read Full Article

Volkswagen’s Woes Could Affect Ethanol Plants

by James L. Pray (Ethanol Producer Magazine/BrownWinick Law Firm)  … Diesel-powered Volkswagen cars and ethanol plants share more than their common

October 27, 2015 Read Full Article

VW Scandal Raises Doubts over Clean Diesel and Lab-Based Emissions Testing

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute) On September 22, Volkswagen Motors (VW) admitted that it had cheated on emissions testing in Europe

September 28, 2015 Read Full Article

Gasoline Aromatics: the New Lead?

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  After scientists found that toxic lead particles in engine exhaust were accumulating in bodies and

September 21, 2015 Read Full Article

Your Guide To Dieselgate: Volkswagen’s Diesel Cheating Catastrophe

by Patrick George (Jalopnik)  Yes, it’s a catastrophe. There’s no other way to describe the allegations from the Environmental Protection

September 21, 2015 Read Full Article

EPA Says VW Running Massive Clean Air Scam via Jettas, Audis, Passats

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest) In Washington, EPA issued a notice of violation of the Clean Air Act to Volkswagen AG,

September 21, 2015 Read Full Article

EPA Includes Carbon Tax in Final Power Plant Rule

(Common Dreams/Friends of the Earth)  Yesterday (August 3, 2015), the Environmental Protection Agency finalized a rule to reduce carbon pollution

August 30, 2015 Read Full Article

Shedding Light on U.S. Biofuels: The ‘Food versus Fuel’ Debate

by Stephanie Mercier (Ag Web)  The U.S. biofuels sector marks its birth back in 1979, when Congress established a blender’s credit

August 17, 2015 Read Full Article

EESI Asks EPA to Focus on Steps to Increase Volumes of Advanced and Cellulosic Fuels

(Energy and Environmental Study Institute)  … In comments to EPA, EESI points out that when Congress was debating the Renewable Fuel

August 3, 2015 Read Full Article

Industry’s Withering Critique of EPA’s Renewable Fuel Standard Proposals for 2014, 2015, 2016: The Digested Version

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  Heard dire comments like “POET expects to stop all future U.S. cellulosic investments if EPA’s

July 31, 2015 Read Full Article

Court Dismisses E30 Test Fuel Case, But Decision Could Help Open Door for Mid-Level Blends

by  Laura Small (Environmental and Energy Study Institute)  On July 14, the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals denied a petition

July 17, 2015 Read Full Article

Federal Court Slams Ethanol and EPA in One Ruling

by John Siciliano  (Washington Examiner)  A federal appeals court slammed the ethanol industry on Tuesday for suing the Environmental Protection

July 16, 2015 Read Full Article

The Need For A New Fuel Paradigm: Transitioning From Legacy Fuels to Modern Efficient Fuels

by Bill Brandon (Leaders in Energy)  … This two-part White Paper presents the proposition that we need to transition away from

June 25, 2015 Read Full Article

EPA Finding on Aircraft Emissions Can’t Be Counted on to Motivate Biofuels Development and Deployment

by Joanne Ivancic* (Advanced Biofuels USA)  In the world of renewable jet fuel, hopes that the Environmental Protection Agency’s finding that

June 12, 2015 0 comment Read Full Article

Biofuel Trade Groups Discuss RFS Rulemaking, Announce Ad Campaign

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine/Ethanol Producer Magazine)  On May 12, representatives of two biofuel trade organizations discussed the choice the

May 13, 2015 Read Full Article

Ethanol Industry Continues to Evolve as Usage Levels off

by Loretta Sorensen (Midwest Producer)  … Kansas Corn CEO Greg Krissek said there is some slowing of ethanol production on the

April 7, 2015 Read Full Article

A CORN-acopia of Energy Options Coming

by Jason Spiess (Fargo Business Examiner)  Recently I sat down with Tom Lilja, executive director, North Dakota Corn Growers Association,

February 25, 2015 Read Full Article

EPA Seeks Nominations for Technical Subcommittee

by Erin Voegele (Ethanol Producer Magazine)  The U.S. EPA is requesting nominations for its Mobile Sources Technical Review Subcommittee, which

January 8, 2015 Read Full Article

AG Schmidt Challenges EPA Ethanol Emissions Model

(Office of Kansas Attorney General Derek Schmidt)  Kansas Attorney General Derek Schmidt has asked a federal appeals court to block

December 10, 2014 Read Full Article

Supreme Court Issues Its Decision on EPA's GHG Tailoring Rule

by Erin Voegele (Biomass Magazine)  On June 23, the U.S. Supreme Court issued its decision on the U.S. EPA’s Tailoring

June 27, 2014 Read Full Article

Ultrafine Particles from Vehicles: A Missing Piece in Emissions Regulations

(Environmental and Energy Study Institute) On Monday June 2, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) took the single largest step to

June 9, 2014 Read Full Article

Advanced Biofuels Leadership Conference Rumblings of Discontent

by Joanne Ivancic (Advanced Biofuels USA)  In the meetings, hallways and conference sessions at Biofuels Digest’s Advanced Biofuels Leadership Conference

April 21, 2014 0 comment Read Full Article

A Tale of Two Californians

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest)  As Senator Barbara Boxer nixes action on Renewable Fuel Standard reform legislation through the Environment

December 13, 2013 Read Full Article

Senators Could Dethrone King Corn in Ethanol Standards

by Clare Foran (National Journal)  Senators are working on separate bills to aggressively reduce the amount of corn-based ethanol required under

December 12, 2013 Read Full Article

Big News: No More Requirement to Use Ethanol in Gasoline!

by Douglas Durante (The Hill Congress Blog)  … the Clean Air Act amendments of 1990 included a prescribed formula for reformulated

September 24, 2013 Read Full Article

EPA’s 2017-2025 Light Duty Vehicle Rule Discourages Alternative Fuel Use

by Jim Lane (Biofuels Digest/BIO)  …While there are a number of obstacles impeding further growth in alternative energy, few are

August 8, 2012 Read Full Article

A Call for Statutory Clarity

by Bryan Sims (Biorefining Magazine)   …Today, in an industry that’s working to produce high-performance, fungible, drop-in molecules, some on

October 3, 2011 Read Full Article

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commodity trading common reed Community activity community college Community involvement community scale Community Wood Energy Program competition compliance compost Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) compression-ignition engine compression ratios computer simulation concrete condensate Congo Congressional Budget Office (CBO) Connecticut Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) construction and demolition waste/debris consumer education contamination contest contrails conversion technology cooking fuel cook stoves cooperatives COP21 COP22 COP23 COP24 copper coppice cordgrass corn corn-based products corn bran Corn cobs corn ethanol corn fiber corn growers corn harvest corn kernel corn meal corn oil corn oil/distillers corn oil (DCO) corn prices corn stalks corn stover corn supply corn surplus Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards corporate social responsibility corrosion corruption cosmetics Costa Rica cotton cottonseed oil cotton seed oil cotton stalk cottonwood Council on Environmental Quality cover crops cow rumen cracking Crambe crimes Croatia crop crop insurance cropland croton crowdfunding crude oil Cuba cup plant currency/foreign exchange policy curriculum cutworm caterpillars cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) cylindro Cyprus Czech Republic d D-3 (cellulosic) RINs D-4 (bio-based diesel) RINs D-5 (advanced biofuel) RINs D-6 (renewable fuel) RINs D-7 RINs D-8 (proposed) RINs dairy waste dandelion DARPA date palm date palm pits Dates DC DDGS (distiller’s dried grains with solubles) de-fossilization dead zone decanol decision-support tool deep water drilling Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Defense Production Act deficit definitions deforestation defossilization Delaware DeltaWing demonstration scale/unit Denmark densify density Department of Agriculture (USDA) Department of Commerce Department of Defense (DOD) Department of Education Department of Energy (DOE) Department of Homeland Security Department of Justice Department of Labor Department of the Interior Department of Transportation (DOT) depolymerization depots dextrose diatoms diesel diesel-range hydrocarbons diesel-to-biodiesel conversion diesel fuel blendstock diesel prices diethyl ether digest Digital Biology dilute acid hydrolysis pretreatment DIN 51605 DIN EN 15376 (Ethanol blending component) direct-to-fuel directed evolution direct injection Direct Sugar to Hydrocarbon Conversion (DSHC) dispense distillation distilled biodiesel distributed/centralized distribution distribution capacity distribution waiver divers divestment DME (dimethyl ether) Dominica Dominican Republic double cropping Drones/Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) drop-in biofuels/hydrocarbons drought drought-resistant drought tolerant dual cropping Dubai duckweed e E. coli E0 E0 price E1 E2 E3 E5 E5 price E6 E7 E8 E10 E10 price E12 E15 E15 price E15 pumps E20 E20 price E20 pumps E22 E25 E25 pumps E27 E30 E30 capable E30 certification fuel E30 optimized E30 price E30 pumps E40 E50 E55 E80 E85 E85 conversion kit E85 optimized engines E85 price E85 pumps E90 E92 E95 E97 E98 E100 E100 conversion kit earthquakes East Africa Eastern Europe economic development Economic Development Administration economic modeling economic policy economics Ecuador ED95 education educational tour EERE efficiency Egypt Electric aircraft Electric Car/Electric Vehicle (EV) electric grid electricity electricity price electrochemical electrochemical cell electrofuels electrolysis electrolytic cation exchange electromethanogenesis (ME) Elephant grass/Napier grass elephants El Salvador embargo emissions emissions standards EN 228 EN 590 EN 15751 EN 15940 EN 16709 end user Energy Bill energy cane energy crops energy density energy dominance energy grasses energy independence Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 (EISA) Energy Information Administration (US EIA) energy law energy policy energy reserves Energy Return on Energy Invested (EROEI or EROI) energy security Energy Security Trust energy storage enforcement engine Engine/Fuel Co-optimization Engine Development engineering engine problems England entrepreneur environment Environmentalists environmental justice environmental policy enzymatic conversion enzymatic hydrolysis enzyme production enzyme recycling enzymes Enzyme solicitation EPA (Environmental Protection Agency) eRINs/electric pathway Eritrea EROEI erosion control EROWI esterification Estonia ETBE (ethyl tert-butyl ether) ethane ethanol ethanol/bioethanol ethanol benefits ethanol blends/ethanol flex fuels ethanol blend wall ethanol emissions ethanol fire ethanol fuel cells ethanol hybrid ethanol pipeline ethanol prices ethanol production ethanol pumps ethanol tax ethanol terminal ethanol tolerance Ethiopia Ethiopian mustard ethylene eucalyptus Euglena European Emissions Trading System (ETS) European Union (EU) Export externalities extremophiles F-24 F-34 F-76 (Marine Diesel) F-T FAEE (fatty acid ethyl esters) FAME (Fatty Acid Methyl Ester) Farm Bill Farm Bureau farm equipment farmers farming farm policy Farm to Fleet Farm to Fly farnesane farnesene Fats fecal sludge Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) federal land Federal Railroad Administration Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Federal Transit Administration (FTA) feed Feed In Tariffs (FIT) feed prices Feedstock Flexibility Program for Bioenergy Producers feedstock logistics feedstock material feedstock prices Feedstocks feedstock storage feedstock transportation fermentation ferry fertiliz fertilizer F Factor fiber Fiji Financing Finland Fischer-Tropsch/FT Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Kerosene with Aromatics (FT-SKA Fischer-Tropsch Synthetic Paraffinic Kerosene (FT-SPK) fish feed fish oil fish waste fit for purpose flameleaf sumac flavors flax fleets fleshings flex-fuel vehicles (FFV) Flightpath flight tests flixweed/tansy/herb-Sophia flood-prone soil Florida flue gas FOG (Fats/Oils/Grease) follow-the-crop food Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) food and fuel food policy food prices food processing waste food safety food security food vs fuel food waste forage forage sorghum forecasts foreign oil forest Forest Biomass for Energy forest biotechnology forest residue/waste Forest resources forestry Forest Service fossil carbon fossil fuel fracking fractionation fragrance France franchise fraud Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) free fatty acids (FFA) fructose fruit FT-SKA fuel additives fuel cells fuel economy fuel efficiency fuel injection fuel mixtures fuel molecules fuel oil fuel performance fuel prices Fuel Quality Directive (FQD) fuel registration Fuel Retailers fuel testing fuel transportation fuel use fuel wholesaler fully burdened cost fund funding fungi fungus Furanics furfural fusel oils Future Farmers of America (FFA) Gabon Gambia gas-to-liquid (GTL) gasification gasoline gasoline-range hydrocarbons gasoline baseline gasoline consumption gasoline mandate gasoline markets gasoline price gas prices gas tax/highway user fee General Services Administration general waiver authority generators genetically engineered yeast cells genetically enhanced microbes genetically modified organism (GMO) genome Georgia Georgia (country) geothermal Germany Gerogia Ghana GHG (Greenhouse Gas Emissions) giant cane Giant Reed/Arundo GIS glass tubing gliricidia sepium global rebound effect global warming global warming potential glucose glycerin glycerin standards glycerol goats Government Accountability Office (GAO) government investment government subsidies grains grain sorghum/milo grain speculators GRAND-AM grants grants-local grants-state grapefruit grapes graphene GRAS (generally regarded as safe) Grasses grasshoppers grease Great Green Fleet Great Lakes Greece green/black economy green chemistry green economy green house facility Green Jobs Green Racing GREET model Grenada gribble groundnut ground nut growers gua beans Guam guar Guatemala guayule Guinea Gulf states Gumweed (grindelia squarosa) Guyana GWP Haiti Halophytes harvesting harvest site processing Hawaii hazardous waste HDCJ health health benefits health effects heat-tolerance heating oil/fuel heat of combustion heat of vaporization hedging HEFA (Hydro-processed esters and fatty acids) HEFA50 hemicellulose hemicellulosic sugars Hemp hemp oil hemp seed herb HFS-SIP hibiscus High Octane Fuel (HOF) High Octane Fuel Standard high performance regular high school project highway rights-of-way Highway Trust Fund history hog farmers hombayniya homogeneous-charge compression-ignition Honduras honey locust Honge tree nuts Hong Kong hops horse bedding Horse manure horticulture Housing and Urban Development (HUD) HOV High Octane Vehicles HRJ human rights Hungary Hurricane Sandy HVO (Hydrotreated vegetable oil) HVO100 Hybrid aircraft hybrids hydrocarbon fuels hydrofaction hydrogen hydrogenation hydrogenation-derived renewable diesel (HDRD) hydrogen fuel cells hydrogen pumps hydropower hydroprocessing hydropyrolysis hydrothermal liquefaction hydrothermal treatment Hydrotreated renewable diesel (HRD) hydrotreating hydrous ethanol hypoxia zone Iceland Idaho Illinois illuppai ILUC (Indirect Land Use Change) import/export inadequate domestic supply incinerator ash India Indiana Indian beech tree Indian grass indirect effects indirect emissions indirect fuel use change indium Indonesia industrial ethanol industrial sugars industrial waste industrial waste gases IndyCar infographic Infrastructure inhibitors innovation integrated food/energy systems intellectual property Inter-American Development Bank inter-crop interactive map internal combustion engine International international balance of payments International Energy Agency (IEA) International Monetary Fund (IMF) International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) International Trade International Trade Administration International Trade Commission Internships inulin invasive species invest Investing investment tax credit ionic liquids Iowa IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Iran Iraq Ireland iridium iron IRS (Internal Revenue Service) IS 1460 ISO 8217 (marine distillate fuel standard) isobutanol isobutanol price isobutanol pump price isobutene isooctane isooctene Israel Italy Ivory Coast JA1 JAA jackfruit Jamaica Japan Jatropha Jerusalem artichoke jet jet A Jet A-1 Jetfuel (Sustainable Alternative Jetfuel (SAJF)/Renewable Jetfuel (RJF) Jimmy Carter Jobs jojoba Jordan JP-4 JP-5 JP-8 JP-10 juniper jute K-12 Education Kabakanjagala kamani Kansas Kans grass Karanja Kazakhstan kelp Kemiri Sunan kenaf Kentucky Kenya kerosene ketones kinggrass Kiribati Knowledge Discovery Framework Korea Kosovo kudzu kukui nut kulpa Kuwait labels Labrador lactose Lake County lamp oil landfill methane Landfills land ownership land rights landscape land subsidence land tenure land transfer land use land use change land use policy Laos Latin America Latvia LCFS (Low Carbon Fuel Standard) lead Leadtree Lebanon legislation Legislation-Federal Legislation-State lemna lend-lease Lesotho lesquerella leucaena Liberia Libya licensing lichens life cycle analysis lignin Lignocellulosic Biofuel lignocellulosic sugars Lipid liquefaction liquidation liquid petroleum gas (LPG) liquid transportation fuels Liquified Biogas (LBG) Liquified Natural Gas (LNG) lithium Lithuania litigation Litigation-Federal Litigation-State livestock loan guarantees loans lobbying loblolly pine locomotives lodgepole pine logistics long-term contracts Louisiana low carbon emissions Low Emission Vehicle Standards (LEV) low sulfur diesel lubricants lumber mill Luxembourg Luxemburg lysis M15 M50 macadamia macauba Macedonia Madagascar magnesium mahua Maine maize Malawi Malaysia Mali mallees Malta mamona management changes mandates manganese mango mangrove Manitoba mannose manure maple maps marginal land Marine/Maritime Biofuel marine algae Marine Corps Marine Gas Oil (MGO) market forces marketing markets/sales market share Marshall Islands Maryland Masdar Institute Massachusetts Master Limited Partnership (MLP) Mauritius Mazda meat mechanics training medical waste MEEC membranes mergers and acquisitions mesquite methanation methane/biomethane methane leaks methanol/biomethanol Mexico Michelin GreenX Challenge Michigan micro-crop microalgae microbe microbiology microorganizms microwave Mid-Atlantic Middle East Midwest mileage military military policy military reserves military specifications military strategic flexibility military strategy military use of biofuels millennium fruit millet millettia pinnata milo stover minerals mining Minnesota miscanthus misfueling missile fuel Mississippi Missouri mixed prarie mobile refinery modeling modular molasses mold molybdenum Monaco mongongo Montana Montenegro moose morama Moringa tree Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) muck multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol Namibia nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Lab National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem neodymium Nepal net energy balance Netherlands Nevada New Brunswick Newfoundland new fuel approval New Guinea New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New South Wales New York New Zealand next generation biofuels next generation vehicles NHRA drag racing Nicaragua nickel Niger Nigeria nipa sap nitrate leaching nitrates nitrogen Nitrogen fertiliser nitrogen starvation nitrous oxide (N2O) Niue NO2 noodles nopal North Africa North America North Carolina North Dakota northern catalpa Northern Ireland Northern Territory North Korea Norway Nova Scotia NOx (nitrogen oxides) noxious weeds NREL NTSB nucle nuclear nutraceuticals nutrient management nutrients nutrition nut shells oak oat hulls oats oat straw Obama Obligated Parties/Point of Obligation (PoO) ocean-based energy Oceania octane octane price/value octanol off-take agreements Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Ohio oil oil embargo oil exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olive cake olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone p Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama panda pandas panic grass papaya paper Papua Papua New Guinea paraffins Paraguay parity partial waiver particulates pasture land Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) patents pathways Paulownia paulownia tree payments peaches peak oil peanut peanuts/groundnuts peas pectin pellets Pennsylv Pennsylvania pennycress/stinkweed pentane pentanol pentose perennial grains perennial grasses performan Performance permitting Peru pest-tolerance pesticide-tolerance pests petition pharmaceuticals phase separation Philippines phosphorus photobioreactor photosynthesis phragmites pigeon pea pilot scale pine pineapple pine nut pinion pipelines Pistacia chinensis PLA plant cell research plant cell walls plant oil plastic Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) plume grass Poland Policy politics pollinators pollution pollution control polyfuel polymer polymerization polysaccharides pomace pomegranates pongamia pongamia pinnata poplar poppy population control Portable refinery Portugal poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-gas power/electricity generation prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island private educational business process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity 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RICO (Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act) RIMPAC RINs (Renewable Identification Numbers) RINs markets RINs price risk management RJ-4 RJ-6 RME (rape methyl ester) RME180 RNA roadmap rocket fuel Romania RON (Research Octane Number) rotation crops royalties RSF2 RTP (rapid thermal processing) rubber rumen ruminants rural development Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago sago pond weed SAIC SAK sales Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securiti Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale 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