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Department of Energy Invests $72 Million in Carbon Capture Technologies

Carbon Capture, Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Energy, Federal Agency, Feedstocks, Funding/Financing/Investing, grants, Podcasts, R & D Focus
September 12, 2020

(U.S. Department of Energy) Today(September 1, 2020), the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced the award of approximately $72 million in federal funding to support the development and advancement of carbon capture technologies under two funding opportunity announcements (FOAs). Under this cost-shared research and development (R&D), DOE is awarding $51 million to nine new projects for coal and natural gas power and industrial sources. DOE is awarding a total of $21 million to 18 projects for technologies that remove carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere, a process known as “direct air capture.”

“The projects selected as a part of this research will help us develop the technological solutions needed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions,” said Secretary of Energy Dan Brouillette. “This is critical to balancing our Nation’s energy use while continuing to lead the world in emissions reductions.”

Through DOE’s Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage R&D Program, the Office of Fossil Energy has a comprehensive portfolio of technological solutions that help keep CO2 emissions out of the atmosphere. Many of these R&D efforts can be applied across both the energy and the industrial sectors.

“The primary mission of our office is to ensure that the United States can continue to rely on its fossil fuel resources for clean and secure energy. The advancement of carbon capture technologies, including direct air capture, contributes to that mission,” said Assistant Secretary for Fossil Energy Steven Winberg. “Our ultimate goal is to mature these technologies so that they can be commercialized and brought to market.”

Under the first FOA, Capture Research and Development (R&D): Engineering Scale Testing from Coal- and Natural Gas-Based Flue Gas and Initial Engineering Design for Industrial Sources, DOE selected nine projects to receive $51 million for cost-shared R&D. These efforts aim to design initial engineering studies to develop technologies to capture CO2 generated as a byproduct of manufacturing at industrial sites.

DOE also selected 18 projects to receive $21 million under the second FOA, Novel Research and Development for the Direct Capture of Carbon Dioxide from the Atmosphere. These projects will focus on the development of new materials for use in direct air capture and will also complete field testing. 

To view the full list of selected projects and their descriptions, click here.

To learn more about the programs within the Office of Fossil Energy, visit the Office of Fossil Energy website. More information about the National Energy Technology Laboratory is available on the NETL website.  READ MORE

 

The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy has selected 18 projects for cost-shared research and development under the funding opportunity announcement (FOA) DE-FOA-0002188, Novel Research and Development for the Direct Capture of Carbon Dioxide from the Atmosphere.

The National Energy Technology Laboratory will manage the selected projects, which are described below:

(1) Direct Air Capture Using Novel Structured Adsorbents

Electricore (Valencia, CA) plans to build and operate a 30 kg per day DAC system that combines Climeworks’ process and hardware with Svante’s transformational structured adsorbent laminate filter, advancing the process and identifying optimization options for this DAC configuration. Field testing will be conducted at a renewable power generation site in California to capture operational data on the novel process and material combination under real conditions. Data will be used to advise techno-economics and life cycle analysis of the technology.

DOE Funding: $2,500,000; Non-DOE Funding: $712,880; Total: $3,212,880

(2) Advanced Integrated Reticular Sorbent-Coated System to Capture COfrom the Atmosphere

GE Research (Niskayuna, NY) plans to develop an “Advanced Integrated Reticular Sorbent-Coated System to Capture CO2 from the Atmosphere (AIR2CO2).” The team’s key objective will be to demonstrate an AIR2CO2 material system that integrates advanced metal-organic framework sorbents and sorbent-binder slurry coatings to capture and release atmospheric CO2.

DOE Funding: $799,981; Non-DOE Funding: $199,995; Total: $999,976

(3) MIL-101(Cr)-Amine Sorbents Evaluation Under Realistic Direct Air Capture Conditions

Georgia Tech Research Corporation (Atlanta, GA) plans to develop and test MIL-101(Cr)-based sorbents in the form of powders, in composite polymer/MOF fibers and on the surface of monoliths. The experimental portion of this project will synthesize and characterize powder, fiber, and monolith MIL-101(Cr)-based sorbents. If successful, the development of DAC materials suitable for a more diverse climate spectrum will expand the currently limited development of DAC technology towards a scenario of global deployment.

DOE Funding: $755,166; Non-DOE Funding: $191,482; Total: $946,648

(4) Demonstration of a Continuous-Motion Direct Air Capture System

Global Thermostat Operations, LLC (New York, NY) plans to prototype the unique mechanical components of the proposed continuous-motion system, refine the process steps and supporting plant process equipment, assess the impacts on material lifetime, assess the capital equipment needed and associated cost, and finally delineate key performance indicators. The team’s ultimate goal is to advance the most promising process improvements, where a DAC plant is operated in a continuous fashion rather than a discrete batchwise fashion.

DOE Funding: $2,499,996; Non-DOE Funding: $850,000; Total: $3,349,996

(5) Experimental Demonstration of Alkalinity Concentration Swing for Direct Air Capture of Carbon Dioxide

Harvard University (Cambridge, MA) plans to perform an experimental demonstration of a novel process for capture of COfrom the air and release into a concentrated COenvironment. The process involves raising and lowering the alkalinity of an inexpensive alkaline aqueous solution, which changes both the concentration of dissolved inorganic carbon and the partitioning of dissolved inorganic carbon among chemical species within the solution.

DOE Funding: $720,048; Non-DOE Funding: $180,858; Total: $900,906

(6) High-Performance, Hybrid Polymer Membrane for Carbon Dioxide Separation from Ambient Air

InnoSense, LLC (Torrance, CA) plans to develop a highly CO2-permeable, ultra-thin, and selective hybrid polymer membrane for DAC applications. Researchers will achieve process optimization by understanding the effects of membrane performance (e.g., thickness, permeability, selectivity, etc.) and processing conditions (e.g., temperature, pressure, humidity, gas compositions, flow rate, etc.) through lab-scale experiments and process simulation.

DOE Funding: $799,998; Non-DOE Funding: $200,001; Total: $999,999

(7) Transformational Sorbent Materials for a Substantial Reduction in the Energy Requirement for Direct Air Capture of CO2

InnoSepra, LLC (Middlesex, NJ) plans to utilize computational tools, materials characterization, and lab-scale testing to optimize previously identified transformational materials to determine their performance under DAC conditions. The overall objectives of the work are to demonstrate that the materials can lead to a substantial reduction in the energy requirement for direct capture of COfrom air compared to current state-of-the-art DAC processes.

DOE Funding: $800,000; Non-DOE Funding: $200,000; Total: $1,000,000

(8) A Combined Water and CO2 Direct Air Capture System

IWVC, LLC (Venice, CA) plans to design, manufacture, and field test a combined water and CO2 DAC system at a field site located on the San Diego State University Brawley campus. The team’s ultimate goal is to demonstrate the technical and economic performance of a transformational technology that simultaneously captures CO2 and water from the air.

DOE Funding: $2,500,000; Non-DOE Funding: $672,000; Total: $3,172,000

(9) TRAPS: Tunable, Rapid-uptake, AminoPolymer Aerogel Sorbent for Direct Air Capture of CO2

Palo Alto Research Center (Palo Alto, CA) plans to develop tunable, rapid-uptake, aminopolymer aerogel sorbent for DAC of CO2, a novel solid sorbent for DAC. The chief objective of this effort is to develop a solid sorbent for DAC of CO2 that will achieve equilibrium uptake capacity of 4 mmol/g, uptake rate of 0.15 mmol/g/min, and oxidation resistance that is 7 times greater than state-of-the-art polyethylenimine.

DOE Funding: $799,998; Non-DOE Funding: $200,000; Total: $999,998

(10) Direct Air Capture Using Trapped Small Amines in Hierarchical Nanoporous Capsules on Porous Electrospun Hollow Fibers

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (Troy, NY) plans to develop an innovative sorbent structure of trapped small amines in hierarchical nanoporous capsules embedded in porous electrospun fibers for DAC. The proposed sorbent structure is designed to address challenges associated with DAC of CO2, including the dilute concentration of CO2 in air, large land use, and high overall energy use and process cost.

DOE Funding: $800,000; Non-DOE Funding: $200,000; Total: $1,000,000

(11) Development of Advanced Solid Sorbents for Direct Air Capture

RTI International (Research Triangle Park, NC) plans to develop two different novel materials, metal organic frameworks (i.e., MOFs and physisorption) and phosphorous dendrimers (i.e., P-dendrimers and chemisorption) for DAC. The project team will focus on developing novel, robust, high capacity, regenerable COadsorbents for DAC that substantially reduce the energy required for regeneration, are resistant to material degradation (i.e., dusting and spalling), and are highly selective to CO2 over moisture and nitrogen.

DOE Funding: $800,000; Non-DOE Funding: $200,502; Total: $1,000,502

(12) Direct Air Capture Recovery of Energy for CCUS Partnership (DAC RECO2UP)

Southern States Energy Board (Peachtree Corners, GA) plans to scale up and integrate solid-amine COadsorption-desorption contactor technology which has been proven in the laboratory. The team’s ultimate goal is to decrease the cost of DAC through the testing of existing DAC materials in integrated field units that produce a concentrated CO2 stream of at least 95 percent purity.

DOE Funding: $2,500,000; Non-DOE Funding: $651,790; Total: $3,151,790

(13) Membrane Adsorbents Comprising Self-Assembled Inorganic Nanocages (SINCs) for Super-fast Direct Air Capture Enabled by Passive Cooling

SUNY (Amherst, NY), in collaboration with University at Buffalo and Trimeric Corporation, plans to develop highly porous membrane adsorbents comprising CO2-philic polymers and self-assembled inorganic nanocages for rapid temperature swing adsorption using electricity-free solar heating and radiative cooling, enabling an economically viable approach for DAC. The resulting experimental data will be incorporated into the techno-economic analysis to assess the feasibility, economic opportunity, and impact on CO2 emissions of this technology if implemented at scale.

DOE Funding: $800,000; Non-DOE Funding: $200,000; Total: $1,000,000

(14) Low Regeneration Temperature Sorbents for Direct Air Capture of CO2

Susteon Inc. (Cary, NY) plans to develop amine-doped solid sorbents catalyzed by ionic liquids that have the potential to increase the CO2 desorption rate by several orders of magnitude at desorption temperatures of 80-90°C. The anticipated benefits of this sorbent process are greater than 20 percent reduction in the energy required for sorbent regeneration, the potential to use waste heat for sorbent regeneration, increase in sorbent lifetime/stability due to lower regeneration temperature, and lower sorbent replacement cost due to the increased stability.

DOE Funding: $799,687; Non-DOE Funding: $200,000; Total: $999,687

(15) Next Generation Fiber-Encapsulated Nanoscale Hybrid Materials for Direct Air Capture with Selective Water Rejection

The Trustees of Columbia University in the City of New York (New York, NY) plan to develop a tailored material in combination with state-of-the-art anhydrous nanofluid solvent and electrospinning technologies to form a hybrid coaxial-fiber system for DAC with selective rejection of water. The project team will investigate underlying mechanisms that impact sorption kinetics, thermodynamics, and mass transfer to gain an understanding that will enable tuning key parameters of encapsulated hybrid coaxial fiber for optimal operating conditions in DAC.

DOE Funding: $800,000; Non-DOE Funding: $200,000; Total: $1,000,000

(16) Gradient Amine Sorbents for Low Vacuum Swing CO2 Capture at Ambient Temperature

The University of Akron (Akron, OH) in collaboration with Aspen Aerogels, Inc., plans to determine the cost-effectiveness of a low vacuum swing adsorption process for DAC. If successful, the development of the proposed technology could help alleviate the impact of CO2 emissions from fossil fuel usage on climate change. The proposed concept could also be further extended to the separation of acid gases and sulfur-containing gas molecules from process streams in chemical and natural gas industry.

DOE Funding: $800,000; Non-DOE Funding: $200,262; Total: $1,000,262

(17) Electrochemically-Driven Carbon Dioxide Separation

University of Delaware (Newark, DE) plans to develop an electrochemically driven COseparator (EDCS) using poly (aryl piperidinium) (PAP) ionomers. The ionomers will perform near-continuous COseparation from air under ambient conditions at a rate of 0.4 mol/m2-hr with <235 kJ/mol (1.49 MWh/t) cell electrical energy input and zero thermal energy input. The team will also perform extensive characterization of the kinetics, thermodynamics, and transport properties of CO2, bicarbonate, carbonate, and hydroxide in PAP ionomers.

DOE Funding: $800,000; Non-DOE Funding: $200,000; Total: $1,000,000

(18) Development of Novel Materials for Direct Air Capture of CO2

University of Kentucky Research Foundation (Lexington, KY) plans to develop an enhanced depolarized electro-membrane system. The overall process will be expected to extract CO2 from ambient air, up-concentrate and regenerate the extracted CO2, and simultaneously renew the capture solvent at greater than 30 percent reduced energy consumption and footprint compared to state-of-the-art DAC technologies.

DOE Funding: $699,509; Non-DOE Funding: $174,904; Total: $874,413

To learn more about the programs within the Office of Fossil Energy, visit the Office of Fossil Energy website. More information about the National Energy Technology Laboratory is available on the NETL websiteREAD MORE

 

#28: S2E28: How many jobs will a direct air capture industry create?—w/ John Larsen of Rhodium Group (NORI Podcast)

Wyoming lauds US carbon capture study; utility skeptical  —  Wyoming’s governor is promoting a Trump administration study that says capturing carbon dioxide emitted by four coal-fired power plants would be an economical way to curtail the pollution (ABC News/Associated Press)

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Morocco morula motorcycles MOVES (motor vehicle emissions simulator) modeling system MOVES2014 Mozambique MSW (Municipal Solid Waste) MTBE (Methyl tert-butyl ether) multi-fuel municipal/city mushroom mushroom substrate mustard seed Myanmar n-butanol nahar Namibia nano nanocatalysts nanocellulose nanomaterials nano particles naphtha/bionaphtha NASCAR National Academies of Science National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Guard National Highway Traffic Safety Administration National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Laboratory National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) National Oilheat Research Alliance National Park Service National Research Council National Science Foundation (NSF) national security National Transportation Safety Board Native American tribes natural gas Natural Gas Act natural gas input natural gasoline natural gas prices natural gas vehicles Navy Nebraska neem negative carbon 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exploration oil monopoly oil price parity oil prices oil production oil refineries oil replacement Oils oil sands oil seed oil seed crops oil speculators oil spill oil subsidies oil taxes Oklahoma olefins olive cake olive oil olive pits olives olive water Oman Omega-3s on-farm algae production on-farm biodiesel on-farm ethanol production on-farm natural gas production on-farm processing one pound waiver onion waste online courses Ontario OPEC (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries) open fuel standard open pond optimized flex fuel vehicles orange peel orchard grass orchard prunings Oregon organic solar cells OSHA Overseas Private Investment Corporation overview overview/survey course oxygen oxygenate ozone Pakistan Palau palm palm biomass palm fatty acid distillate palm fiber palm fronds palm kernel palm kernel oil palm kernel shell palm oil palm oil mill effluent (POME) palm oil prices palm waste Paludiculture/peatland cultivation Panama pandas panic grass papaya paper 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poster sessions potamogeton potassium potato poultry litter power-to-x/gas/liquid prairie grasses pre-processing precision farming/agriculture precursors/biointermediates premium gasoline Pretreatment pretreatment equipment price price of water prickly pear Prince Edward Island process flow diagram producer tax credit Production tax credit productivity project insurance propagating Propane/Biopropane/Renewable Propane propanol property insurance propylene protectionism protein protests public comments public health policy Puerto Rico pulp Pulp/Paper Mill pump retrofit kit pumps pungam Punnai tree pyrolysis Q-RIN QAP Qatar quality assurance Quality Assurance Plans (QAPs) quality improvement quantum dots Quebec Queensland quote of the week r R33 rabbits race radiata pine Rahal Letterman Lanigan Racing railroad rainforest rain tree RAND rare earth metal RD20 RD30 RD99 RD100 reclaimed mine lands recycled oil recycled plastics recycling red algae redcedar Reducing Emissions from 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Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) Rural Energy Self-Sufficiency Initiative Russia Russian olive rutabaga Rwanda ry rye Rye grass s saccharification Safer and Affordable Fuel Efficient Vehicles (SAFE) safety safflower sago pond weed SAIC SAK Salicornia salt-tolerant saltbush saltcedar sal tree salt water Sanctions Santa Monica sardine oil Saskatchewan Saudi Arabia sawdust scale up Scandinavia scholarships/fellowships Science Advisory Board (SAB) Science Policy Scotland scum sea level rise seashore mallow seawater Seaweed/Macroalgae seaweed cultivation Section 526 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) seed-to-wheel seed husks Senegal Serbia sesame sewage Seychelles shale shale gas shale oil shark oil sheep shipping shipping containers shipworm Sierra Leone silica Silphie/cup plant/Indian cup silver silver maple simarouba Singapore sisal SK slash Slovakia Slovakia/Slovak Republic Slovenia sludge Small Business Administration small engines small refinery exemption (SRE) smog 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